University of Notre Dame

The Story of Notre Dame
Brother Aidan's Extracts


"When he landed in New York, July 20, Bishop Brute brought back with him 19 priests and seminarians, among whom were the Rev. Celestine de la Hailandiere . . . .

"The Bishop counted on getting some religious order to take charge of the College and devote its entergies to its development." 1836

(Bishop Hailandiere -- Moreau; 1839) "As a missionary from Vincennes in the United States, where we lack so many things that are necessary for the development and progress of our Faith, I came to France in the hope of finding some Brothers who might be willing to devote themselves to the instruction of our people. It is saddening for a priestly heart to see his children asking instruction from Protestants because they have been deprived of their Catholic schools.

"But one difficulty presents itself: the language spoken in the United States. English predominates almost everywhere, and, consequently, it would be necessary for the Brothers to teach in this langugage. For this reason it would seem inadvisable for us to seek Brothers in France; but in America we cannot expect to find, at least for a time, young men who have the qualities necessary for founders. With the passage of time and with the help of our Divine Master, we hope to be able to find some vocations. In our own diocese we already have two young boys of religious dispositions who wait only for a hand to guide and form them; but their religious training must come from France, that country which God seems to have chosen to take the lead in doing good . . . What are our pecuniary resources for such foundation? We have none other than our great confidence in God -- in our good God who has for the last half century been pleased to manifest His mercy to our America." THE KING'S HIGHWAY, Mother M. Eleanore, p. 105, July 24, 1839 (For Protestants and schools, see Mother Theodore on Bigotry)

"The new Bishop yearned fervently to strengthen so noble a foundation (Bishop Brute's), but he frankly admitted in his letter from Paris, July 24, 1839: 'For pecuniary resourcs we have none other than our great confidence in God, in our good God who has for the last half-century been pleased to mainfest His mercy to our America." FLAME IN THE WILDERNESS, p. 75, McAllister, 1839

(Msgr. de la Hailandiere -- Moreau) "On July 24, 1839, Msgr de la H., then Vicar General of Bishop Brute's had written Father Moreau from Paris, to ask for a group of Brothers of St. Joseph for the Vincennes Mission." 1839

(Bishop Hailandiere -- on Sorin) "No doubt I can pay its (new colony) expense from New York to here. I'm always satisfied with Sorin. He seemed to me to want to obtain too quickly what no establishment in America obtained, without years of work. Knowledge of country and time will ripen this ardent but good soul." BH

(Bishop Hailandiere -- Moreau, 1840) "Monsieur l'abbe and dear friend, you asked me to obtain for you funds from the Council of the Propagation of the Faith to pay the passage of your good Brothers of St. Joseph. Did you not give me reason to hope that you yourself would found our school, and did not your zealous women promoters, for whom I left a small remembrance, promise to help you? All we have been able to do so far is to be greatly paralyzed, since we shall be unable to help the faithful to build churches and procure the subsistence of our poor priests. You can form no idea of our necessary expenses. Furthermore, the funds of which you speak will be disposable only in May or June of next year. We must have your Brothers immediately if we do not wish to see our work spoiled. You offer your African foundations as an excuse for delay. I am sorry that your establishments in Algiers are causing you trouble, since Algiers has resources a thousand times better than ours. I conclude by begging you to do a little more through charity for Vincennes. Three Brothers would not be sufficient: four were promised, with a priest to direct them. Without this re-inforcement we can do nothing. Let us hope that Providence will come to your assistance and to ours." (After Father Moreau had explained his reasons for delay, Bishop Hailandiere wrote the foregoing letter) THE KING'S HIGHWAY, pp. 105-6, 1840

(Hailandiere -- Moreau, 1840) "All we have been able to do so far is to prepare for your children a house on a farm, on the produce of which they can live until they can speak and teach English . . . . Furthermore, the funds of which you speak (from the Prop. of the Faith) will be disposable only in May or June of next year, etc. as above." Ibid.

(Bishop -- Moreau, Nov. 23, 1840) "For our establishment the principle is to have Brothers solidly pious and as many as possible. The young will be more useful for teaching because they will learn English better; the older ones necessary to communicate the religious spirit. A priest who knows well the spirit of the Congregation of your Brothers is necessary. He will have a good share of work and merit.

"I intend to place your Brothers 30 miles from here, 7 miles from a little town, (Washington) where we have a priest and a church. This would be in the middle of the countryside and almost on the edge of a country road. Most of the farmers there are Catholics and there may be hope of recruiting among them. Besides we own there 160 acres, which were given for a school and which if cultivated would furnish existence for Brothers. Enough buildings already. Later we shall get better ones. At Vincennes the schoolhouse is built. I have also built two houses for the Brothers; on arriving they shall be better off than any of us has been."

(Feb. 27, 1840) -- Bishop Hailandiere without news of Moreau since his departure from Mans and vice-versa. Bishop says no place chosen in Vincennes. Prefers to let Brothers choose on arrival. Plenty of places offered, choice embarrassing. More difficult to get good vocations. Bishop has three young Europeans, 2 of whom speak French and German, whom he is preparing to join Brothers. One speaks English passably. A work from Moreau saying he is busy about my 'poor diocese' would be consoling. If Hailandiere knew the day of the Brothers' arrival, he would have them looked out for in New York, or send someone from Vincennes to meet them. Hailandiere's agent in New York, Louis Gayot, 102 Leonard Street. Mr. M.A. Frenaye, living at St. Joseph's church, Philadelphia, is a good friend and will do everything for the Brothers. Hailandiere to stay in the East for the Council at Baltimore until mid-June, and if Brothers arrive he will do everything for them himself.

Supposes Sisters of Ruille could come at same time. Fears that they are delaying too long. They ought to come in spring. Their house being built for them.

("Bishop Hailandiere knows little English and makes no effort to acquire it." -- Sister M. Godecker, O.S.B.)

(September 15, 1840) Bishop wrote that he had prepared for Brothers arrival.

(Bishop to Moreau; August 13, 1840) Hailandiere visited Holy Cross after his consecretion and obtained promise of Brothers and expected fulfillment when the African foundations and lack of money rather than men forced postponing of sending Brothers to Indiana. Hailandiere wrote thinking the Brothers had already left for the United States. He expresses joy at the idea of having Brothers GENERAL ARCHIVES, 1840

(Bishop Hailandiere: 8/13/40) . . . Moreau had written Hailandiere saying no doubt he was sending four Brothers, but letter came too late before Hailandiere could reply Brothers left. It seems clear that Hailandiere expected to make priests and Brothers independent by having a motherhouse here.

(8/26/40) Bishop has Moreau's letter of June 15. Moreau had asked 1500 francs to facilitate the Brothers' passage. Replied: 1) too much, each Bro. being able to come from Havre to N.Y. for less than 200 francs; 2) Bishop has prepared a house and farm on which Brothers can live; they can't teach because they don't know English; 3) Doesn't know how much the Propagation of the Faith will give next year, but if it is only 40,000 francs (as Moreau suggests), Hailandiere will be much embarrassed, and his ministry largely paralyzed because he can't build churches and keep poor priests alive. Expense increases proportionately to success. Could only receive funds by May or June, 1841. Asks Moreau to do more for Vincennes. Two Brothers not enough. Without extra help he can do nothing.

(Sept. 15, 1840) Bishop has just received a letter from Moreau saying the Brothers will not leave until 1841. Hailandiere complains of plans and promises made, how he had prepared rooms, had school built, and young men held while awaiting Brothers to join them. Bishop had announced coming of Brothers to public. Great deception and discouragement causes. Complains a year lost is great. GENERAL ARCHIVES

(Bishop -- Moreau Contract. made at Mans, February 2, 1845) Bishop Hailandiere approves the priests, Brothers and Sisters of Holy Cross. Allows them to follow their Constitutions. They will remain dependent on Ste. Croix, recognizing the Ordinary as local superior, coming to an understanding with him on diocesan foundations, making none outside his diocese without his consent in writing. The Sisters of the College will live as soon as possible in the buildings of the novitiate of the Brothers, who are to be transferred to Indianapolis with promise of Bishop of 2500 francs to cover expenses and 375 acres. The Brothers will have for local superior the pastor who will request them. They will not be obiged to do anything contrary to their Rule without the permission of their American Superior. Nor will they ask a price for founding new establishments, and will receive annually 50 piastres, 160 francs, in their schools. Msgr. gives property to Notre Dame on condition that it is maintained, without which it will return to donor. Msgr. will back up requisition for money paid to Propagation of the Faith for the establishment in his diocese; in return they will justify the generosity by use of the funds . . . the Rector (?) will allow native or Irish Brothers, who can, to enter the ecclesiastical state. The priests of the diocese who with the Bishop's permission enter the Society of Holy Cross, will continue to belong to him and can't be used outside the diocese -- signed February 3, 1845, Celestin, Bishop of Vincennes, Basil Moreau, Champeau, Chappe, Drouelle, Santry. ANN. C.S.C. 148 (Contract ended H's battle with Notre Dame and was drawn up on his visit to Sainte Croix).

(Bishop H.-- Sorin; St. Peter's Dec. 19, 1841) "Brother Vincent here seems decided upon taking care of the school with great interest.

"I don't admit your establishment can be outside Bishop's powers and sphere of action. To my mind and to those experienced men I have consulted, whether it be a diocesan establishment or depend on Ste. Croix a large part of the action ought to be reserved to the Bishop. It is clear in the first case since the establishment is at diocesan expense. In the second case it is natural, too, otherwise the Bishop's investment could be turned over to the profit of another diocese to the detriment of Vincennes. Af first I didn't think I would have to give these explanations. Before arriving at an opinion, why did you seek advise from discontented people? The Bishop's conduct is simple and clear. Sorin influenced by opinions of his advisers. "Those who have yellow fever, see yellow."

Bishop awaits Moreau's reply before deciding. Sorin should understand that Bishop Hailandiere has to go easy on spending.

(St. Peter's; December 28, 1841) Reply to Sorin's answer to Hailandiere's letter of 12/10/41. Hailandiere concluded Sorin has asked advice of others: Sorin's words, one of his letters, and his conduct justify the suspicion. Sorin hadn't denied it. Sorin asks 1600 francs in gold given Hailandiere on Sorin's arrival. Hailandiere says Sorin is inexact and unjustified in his demands. Bishop encloses account, and tells Sorin to accept it or contest it before they go farther.

Father Delaune gone to make collection in Canada for the diocese. A part can be applied to the Brothers, insofar as they are Brothers of the diocese, not otherwise. "You understand the consequences?"

(Bishop H.-- Sorin; 12/28/41) Bishop gave Sorin $1024. for traveling, trunks, 2 oxen, mare, equipment, etc. Hailandiere received from Sorin $337.52, leaving a balance of $686.63. Of the total spent by the Bishop for Sorin, $390.1 was given to Sorin or the Brothers' Director. (1,360 francs: $261.80)

(Bishop H. -- Sorin; Jan 17, 1842) Sorin is right to renounce disputing. Too much like a little war. Sorin had no right to make it. H. shouldn't join it. Is grateful for Sorin's silence; warns him lest his silence be like ashes covering a fire that's not yet out . . . Sorin wrong in suspecting diocesan priests hostile to him.

"You have passed some trying days. That may be true. Could it be otherwise? But it is no less true that there isn't a missionary in Indiana who hadn't suffered more in the beginning. There are now few free of more privation than you. If your intention is to insinuate that I have made these three months so trying, I should greatly like to know in what way and how? In my cool exterior of which you complain there is a lesson which you should have understood: a check on your ardor, as you wanted immediately a new house, and Church in brick, a colleague from France, Sisters, etc. That is why usually I kept silence. When I had the pleasure of offering you something, too often your thanks only took the form of a new request in which, without effort, we could see only exaction. It's true I could give but little, still wasn't this little all I could give? And in order to give even this little wasn't I sometimes obliged to keep nothing?

"When I wrote you in France did I promise much? Then you came when, never poorer, I felt embarassed. To conclude, let me say that to leave one's native land and all that it holds dear is only the first step for the missionary in the way of sacrifice; here you must expect to suffer a great deal for a long time.

"You say I am not for you today as I was yesterday. This complaint, my dear colleague is without foundation. I have never changed regarding your Brothers or you. I desired greatly your Brothers and I am happy to have them. To keep them I will do all that I can reasonably do. You, my dear colleague, I esteem; I consider you as a good priest, I believe you've piety, zeal, a sensitive conscience, ability. In time, I think, with fidelity to grace, you can do a great [work] in this diocese for the glory of God. Yes, but I thought you lacked something; a just appreciation of your position as superior . . . a certain disposition to let your positive ideas be modified; finally, I have to repeat it a little more marked confidence in your Bishop, and I told you so. Veneration I don't merit, devotion it should be offered to God . . . If you have the courage to have confidence in your Bishop, you acquire thereby a right to all I can do for you . . . ."

(February 19, 1842) Bishop H.sends $1000 to Sorin, received from Delaune. Can't visit Sorin.

"Bro. Vincent is succeeding in Vincennes, likes his school and is liked."

Bishop Hailandiere sends money to Sorin -- H. borrowed it. Asks Sorin to make it last. "Cash here is so valuable that one can buy things for half price with it."

Sorin can have the taking of the habit any time he wishes. (Letter addressed to Sorin at St. Peter's) H. will be 200 miles away, but that won't make any difference.

(August 15, 1842) St. Mary-of-the-Woods. Sorin apparently asked him about a school in Detroit. "You came here for the diocese of Vincennes. It's the diocese that paid first expense. Brothers have been asked for several places and haven't been obtained. I do not understand how you can think of any other diocese as long as Vincennes needs men."

"I hear from France that Moreau has received 9000 francs as an INDEPENDENT Congregation. You probably know more than I."

Hailandiere hasn't meditated Sorin's project of free schools. Hasn't any ideas but sees lots of difficulties.

Mr. Fresnaye wants to know Sorin's decision regarding the orphans he offered him.

(October 9, 1842) "With regard to your much desired College, I have only to say that the more I reflect on it, the more I conclude not to give any approbation to the plan . . . I expected from your Brothers only for the schools to be established in the various congregations of the diocese. I have no objection to your having a college somewhere else, but on condition that its erection should not prevent you from sending Brothers where they will be requested and supported properly in a manner hereinafter to be agreed upon."

Fr. Delaune collected $3,072.25 Hailandiere deducts $790.25. Balance: $2,282. Hailandiere spent on Brothers for provisions etc. $95.92. Gave Sorin before leaving for South Bend, $609. Gave him and Brothers on leaving $310.

(Bishop H.-- Moreau; Nov. 18, 1842) " . . . on this day Father Sorin has left with seven Brothers to go to take possession of the property. Though in the diocese the property is at a distance of 265 miles from Vincennes; such a distance would be an unsurmountable obstacle to the moving of the Brothers, now were it not for the great advantage the College will in time afford. My opinion and that of my priests is that the College, if well conducted, will certainly have a success. The novitiate will remain till next spring under the direction of Brother Vincent and one of my priests (Chartier) whom I have allowed to enter your Society. They shall go to rejoin Father Sorin when he will be ready to receive them. In compliance with the urgent and often reiterated request of Sorin, 2 or 3 conferences have taken place between him and my Vicar General in order to determine the reciprocal relations of the diocese and the Community. When all is committed to writing Father Sorin will immediately forward you a copy of the agreement."

"The school we have here, which we've been obliged to call "free", or we should have had no pupils, has had a good beginning. It had at the end of last year (1841) 85 children among whom were several Protestants. Its influence is felt in the town. How may schools could we not establish! But money! the wretch is always a defaulter."

(Bishop H.-- Sorin) "I am happy to know that your new position at South Bend pleases you. It seems to reopen your soul to your Bishop. Ah, may you never again occasion him so much trouble. Perhaps you do not realize the evil you have done."

(January 10, 1843) Hailandiere desires establishment at St. Peter's, but desires only Indianapolis and the Knobs of New Albany. "After these are provided for I haven't intention of permitting other establishments in the interest of those which exist. Now these two places are accepted, but if you want Indianapolis instead of St. Peter's I can arrange. I offer you a fine chance to develop and establish yourself in the diocese . . . "

(January 30, 1843) So Notre Dame is a charge of the diocese. "I thought it was no longer in question. Your Father Moreau, it seems to me, decided it against your wishes. I'm not opposed to it . . . "

Doesn't feel himself free to give title, as Sorin wants it . . . "You are not agents, you are the owners of the land . . . Nobody else can take it as long as Sorin uses it as agreed. Regrets Brothers worrying about it."

(April 11, 1843) Brother John has given him a package from Moreau which contained a letter. Brother John visited school of Bro. Anselm; not satisfied. Hailandiere far from satisfied with him. Brother Anselm has "a very singular character."

"I asked you already to tell me positively what deed you want. You don't say. If, as I suspect, you wanted it so you can sell all or part of the land given, I tell you frankly I don't know if I have the power to do it, but if I had it I would not use it. I reply so after having asked advice. The lands which are given to me as Bishop I only own with a title similar to that you complain of . . . .

Sorin's account with Hailandiere: (April 11, 1843)

      Balance Sorin's favor                           $86.83      Received of Mrs. Carroll                         10.00      Interest on 2 shares                              1.70      Salaries of Bro. Anselm and Celestine            75.00      Goods left at St. Peter's & sold by Bro. John   163.56      Total                                          $337.19 

(Hailandiere -- Sorin) Hailandiere is hurrying Lalumiere to send the deed . . . which he hasn't. Is awaiting an occasion to send essential titles. How does Sorin want the deed made? In Sorin's baptisimal name and those of Brother or Brothers, if they are to be co-proprietors? Owner should make a declaration before the County Court.

Doesn't want school at Pokagon as it would be outside diocese. Again, people there ought to calm down first before starting a school.

      Conta:      Paid for books Brother Anselm bought at Louisville   $  3.00      For Bro. Celestine on leaving                          20.00      Shoes for Bro. Anselm                                   1.25      Shoes for Bro. Anselm on leaving                       10.00      Cost of Carrol box                                      7.37 1/4      For wagon and horses                                  250.00      Ceremonial . . . $1.25; Bro. Anselm . . . $2.00         3.25                                                            -------                                                           $294.87 1/4      $337.19 - 294.87 1/4:  Balance   $42.32 

(Hailandiere -- Sorin) Hailandiere intends to give land with charges and disadvantages. Doesn't want Sorin to abandon it, because he feels it is legitimately acquired.

Because of Sorin's financial distress, he can't build church thisyear. House will be enough.

Will need only one Brother at Vincennes. Is keeping Bro. Anselm. "He seems proud," but believes his vocation surer than Br. Celestine's desired: "Making a good novitiate is an important thing for your Brothers . . . ."

Fresnaye still wants to know about orphans. Sorin should write him.

(April 12, 1843) The Joyaux masons and good people want to build Sorin's house. They are capable. Their price if given board, scaffolding, tools, etc. for just laying bricks is 80 cents a 1,000. Hailandiere will pay them if he takes them, just to keep him.

Surprised at Sorin's letter. No desire to continue correspondence. Offended at Sorin's lack of gratitude. Astonished that his remarks about Brother John surprised Sorin (Sorin apparently sent Bro. John outside of diocese without Hailandiere's permission) Hailandiere says if he can send one, why not ten or twenty? If so, what becomes of Sorin's agreement with the bishop?

(H-S. February 29, 1843) Sorin will know his resources after selling stuff at St. Peter's. Is sending draft for $500 on Fresnaye. If Sorin finds another way of paying the $300, price of horse and wagon Hailandiere gave Sorin, that will be more than I have to send you. Hailandiere had refused $225 for the wagon without equipment. Is losing $25 on the horses.

(January 6, 1843) (St. Peter's) hailandiere doesn't think it impossible that Sorin has two houses even from the beginning. Advisable in many ways . . . .

"On money the proposition I make you does not increase the difficulties. I suppose that next year you will build only at South Bend. Your Brothers become less numerous at St. Peter's; could be satisfied with what they have until then. While waiting we will make the doors, finish the windows, prepare the floors etc. At South Bend you will build but only the center or a wing of the building you are planning. Suppose 80-100,000 bricks at $2.50 the 1000 for laying; lime and sand with not cost any more. That makes $500. If this is only one third of the expense that would total $1500. But your Brother will do part of the work. Therefore, all would be about $1000-1200 . . . I think you can meet this expense even if you have to borrow. I am asking $3000. for you at the Council of the Propagation of the Faith. If they give me only $2000 you could build next year at St. Peter's and your building at South Bend will permit you to have some boarders. I know you shouldn't want to count on South Bend alms . . . I can send a mason to South Bend from here, or you can get one from Chicago.

"Reasons for keeping both houses: 1) Utilizes materials collected; 2) You can enjoy present harvest; 3) You are not obliged to sell the stock etc. 4) You can keep your Brothers going with hardly any expense. 5) You will avoid the great difficulty of having all your Brothers at South Bend, where you can't house them. 6) They might waste time instead of studying; 7) After all you don't need a house in the S.(?) How can your Brothers go each year to Notre Dame for Retreat? Would it be easy to found a second house later?

"I know that Chartier is in agreement with my idea. He told me that you couldn't do it without the consent of the Brother's council. Be careful as long as you haven't a regular council. The one you have is without authority, and has only the power you give it."

(October 12, 1843)

Sorin sent a Brother to Pokagon prairies, Michigan, without the Bishop's consent.

Sorin wrote saying he couldn't accept deed for the lands at Notre Dame, but doesn't say why. Sorin supposes condition of sale differs from those granted Mr. (Father) Bach . . . .

Sorin wishes to impose on Bishop idea of free Brothers schools. Offers his ideas. Schools paid for by Brothers or priests. If by Brothers, fine; but Hailandiere thinks it's too much for Sorin. If at expense of priests, Sorin wants free schools in the sense that the priest pays $40 per Brother and traveling expenses, $10 or $50. (275 francs). Sorin wants praise for this generosity. If schools were not free, the price per Brother was agreed on as $50. (price asked by Sisters of Charity) Results of Sorin's "free" schools; 1) $50 per Brother; 2) Board and room for Brother, $70; 3) Rent of 1 or 2 classrooms, $40; 4) books etc. $30; Total $190: He wouldn't find it anywhere in the diocese." -- with one exception. Ask the priests who most often are not sure of their meals. "That is to make impossible the establishment of your Brothers in the diocese. That is clear. Not to have seen it shows you don't know the diocese at all."

Hence, Hailandiere is forced to oppose the Sorin project. Hailandiere says frankly the reason he didn't ask for Christian Brothers is that their schools are free.

Regrets departure of Brother Celestine. Hailandiere finds Sorin gives the habit too soon. There's a difference between France and Indiana. In France men made subdeacons two years before ordination, in the U.S. a week or even three days suffice. Why? Because the trial period is never too long as all their experience shows. "Do you think your Brothers different?"

ON ORPHANS: Sorin's orphans are young because he let the older ones go. Sorin expresses great desire to have orphan asylum. Hailandiere asks him to reflect. Impossible for two reasons: 1) No children 2) No money. "Let us study the country, the customs, feel our way. Permit me this word a long time, pray again, let us await Providence. I haven't laid the first stone of my seminary. And yet is there a thing I desire more!

ON SORIN'S PROSPECTUS: $100 is too much. "Our Sisters of Terre Haute ask only $80. -- the extra branches too low." should give distances from Chicago, Detroit and Buffalo, and want to come with detail.

Sorin asked money. Hailandiere replied, "It is four months since I've had a cent for myself. I'm borrowing on all sides and I owe." Sorin mustn't count on Hailandiere for money.

(December 19, 1843) Hailandiere has no difficulty in admitting Sorin's refusal of land at Pokagon. If he lives he'll find someone to accept the gift.

Can't approve departure of Brother John (to France) No purpose, useless and costly.

Have spoken to several Bishops, especially Bishop of Detroit, about Notre Dame. He's well disposed toward Sorin. All glad to have Brothers, but to contribute to the establishment of Sorin is something else. (Bishop at Baltimore for Council.)

(April 10, 1844) Three-fourths of Sorin's letter of March 28 replies or explains things Hailandiere hadn't spoken of.

S: Ought Brothers take in little girls in their schools?

H: Ordinarily no: perhaps in some particular case; reserves right to decide.

S: Ought schools be free?

H: Already answered, will ask priests at retreat.

S: Should Brothers go to other dioceses?

H: An agreemet already made that none should go outside Vincennes without my permission. hardly had Sorin reached South Bend than he hurried to violate it. Sorin ought to go to diocesan retreat.

(March 7, 1844) Hailandiere complains of Sorin's lack of confidence in him. Hailandiere doesn't refuse to pay for Brother Vincent, but in turn will demand all Sorin refused from him. Sorin forgets that the Brothers are for the diocese.

(July 7, 1844) Bishop glad Moreau is coming. Will help him understand customs of country etc. (Didn't come till 1857)

(Hailandiere -- Moreau) (July 17, 1844) Hailandiere complains against Moreau's saying he didn't know engagement forbade founding schools outside diocese before furnishing all the subjects he wanted. This question settled only last year.

(October 18, 1844) (Am. Gen. Ms 63 F) Hailandiere satisfied with Brother Mary Joseph at Vincennes for two weeks now. Sorin feels need of separate novitiate from college. Hence Sorin builds novitiate. "You will see that that is not enough, as I've often told you."

(October 30, 1844; N.Y.) Before leaving for France and Ste. Croix expected letter from Sorin and his decision on Indianapolis. Hailandiere visited Le Mans for second time, February 3, 1845.

(June 20, 1845) Sends Sorin deed for land of N.D. asks him to approve it before having it recorded so that if necessary it can be corrected. Regrets Sorin can't come to Vincennes. Notes he can go anywhere else in the U.S. where his presence isn't necessary. Sorin's attitude not in agreement of spirit with Bishop and Moreau. Hailandiere and Moreau want Sorin to restrain himself -- do one thing before another. Sorin ought to stick to diocese and not start places outside it. Hailandiere brought him here for the diocese, not another. Indianapolis comes first.

(August 27, 1839) Hailandiere, Bishop-elect of Vincennes, came to Ste. Croix to regulate conditions and details of a request for Brothers, which he had already made by letter of July 24, on advice of M. Molleveut, director of Seminary of St. Sulpice, having failed to get any elsewhere. Hailandiere wanted to found community to save children from Protestant schools where they are forced to go, risking loss of Faith. Couldn't find a Brotherhood in the U.S . . . . at least not in the beginning. Three or four Brothers really capable of giving instructions and giving religious instructions to future Brothers would suffice at first, especially if accompanied by a priest of Ste. Croix. All financial resources in the hands of God, although Bishop would help them if he had to found them himself, but it'd be better if establishment had to depend on Ste. Croix. This is substance of letter. Moreau agreed to send Brothers in a year, but put it off to two years. (Ann. Gen. 187)

(Hailandiere -- Moreau. Rennes, March 23, 1845) Says he just heard Sorin has established a mission at Dubuque. Asks Moreau to call it off in accordance with agreement. Insists on fulfillment of his part of treaty. Says he saw Sorin before leaving for France, been friendly with him, had agreed upon everything . . . Thinks he will never get along well with Sorin. Bellier who represented Eudists at Vincennes, more docile up to two years ago, then contrary. Today Eudist college ruined. They spent 58,000 francs of Propaganda, given to pay for college, and they didn't pay it. Bellier so suave with a 40,000 francs debt.

(Rennes, France, June 14, 1845) Hailandiere has received Moreau's letter saying he'll hold Sorin back from the Dubuque business. Thanks Moreau for great hospitality, etc. Plans leaving Havre at end of July, and would be glad to take more Brothers over, or else De St. Palais can do it about December.

(Hailandiere -- Sorin; Nov. 29, 1845) Glad to know Sorin is going to found an establishment at Indianapolis.

Bishop angry at two of Sorin's letter to M. Father Martin, pastor of parish with school at Vincennes. Sorin trying to break it up. His Brothers want "comfort" -- no spirit of sacrifice. Sorin making Brothers too fast. M. Martin forbids them to talk with seminarians, bad influence.

Mr. Martin, Father Martin, later Bishop of Natchitoches, La.

(December 17, 1845) Attacks Sorin for his school at Vincennes and the conduct of the Brothers, who want too much, always complaining etc. They lack knowledge and love of the spirit of sacrifice without which they will do nothing. Better to have a few good ones than many bad ones.

(January 8, 1846) Hailandiere learns that Sorin never had the intention of having an establishment at Indianapolis, said so just to gain time.

(January 27, 1847) Hailandiere can't refuse Sorin's request to go to France. Attacks Sorin for neglecting novitiate. Novitiate more important than college. Hailandiere has supported Sorin's and Moreau's request from Propagation of Faith for Novitiate but can't continue if Sorin won't build the novitiate.

Sorin's charters never shown Hailandiere for approval. Hailandiere disapproves of Sorin's concentration of houses at Notre Dame. Wants to know Sorin's future plans. Bishop asked Brothers of Holy Cross "to teach the Catholics and the poor"-- his only wish. Consented to the college only in deference. But the college absorbs all Sorin's attentions. "How many Brothers employed in the congregations (parishes)? Only two Brothers employed in the diocese is something sad. Are there any elsewhere than at Vincennes and Madison?"

Reproaches Sorin for absence at Detroit, Canada, Louisville, etc. without ordinary's permission.

For Mishawaka can buy Presbyterian Church. Hailandiere will give $100.

(Good Friday, 1846) Doesn't regret didn't buy Presbyterian Church at Mishawaka. It was a poor frame house . . . they wanted to build in brick.

(September 13, 1846) Sorin can touch the 5000 francs when he settles his debts with the Bishop. Doesn't want Brothers on conditions Sorin proposes. Brother Francis has no religious virtues, complains of everything -- his room, bed, kitchen, "although they are better than any seminarian in France." Bad mannered. Sorin forms them poorly and defends them when they are wrong.

"I regret to have complaints to make, but after so many demands, have you listened to me once? Have you stopped complaining? Such a state of things can't continue. I have the honor of being your humble servant, "Celestine."

(December 20, 1846) Hardly had Sorin left when Hailandiere received letters from several priests saying Sorin didn't reply to their letters or that Sorn demanded impossible candidates for the Brothers. Indicates pretentions of Moreau. Hailandiere has written Paris and Lyons, opposes allocation to Moreau. Mentioned Moreau's refusal on Novitiate at Indianapolis. Sorin's conduct has prevented Hailandiere from helping him much more. Must Hailandiere reserve his help for another congregation, which will identify itself more with the diocese? Will Sorin cooperate more with the diocese? Hailandiere doesn't know. Why did Sorin wish to depend on someone else?

(January 21, 1847) When he wrote Paris and Lyons against Moreau, Hailandiere didn't know Sorin had drawn on Moreau and besides Sorin said he wanted to collect directly from Propagation of Faith and not through Moreau. Hailandiere not upset that Moreau knows that when he does not keep his word, Hailandiere isn't obliged to support him. Sorin hurt that Hailandiere doesn't believe what he writes him -- from long experience he doesn't believe him anymore. Hailandiere thinking of forming a Congregation for the diocese, as Sorin won't cooperate.

(February 18, 1847) Thanks to Sorin for favorable disposition to Hailandiere's proposition . . . .

Glad Sorin bought at Indianapolis, a good bargain. Hailandiere offers Sorin for it, $500. Hailandiere will sell 375 acres for $3, $1,125 Will use money Sorin ought to receive from France. Can borrow from Fresnaye.

Perhaps Sorin can get something from Detroit. If Sorin thinks he is right about his request from Detroit, he can either write Archbishop Purcell, and have him write Bishop of Detroit, or sell his interests there. Regrets Bishop of Detroit objects.

(March 6, 1847) . . . Prefers Brothers better at Indianapolis than here. Hailandiere offers St. Peter's for Sisters of Holy Cross. Would be better than at Bertrand. Thinks it's better for Sisters if they were united with Sisters of Providence. These are more advanced and have resources. Union useful to both. Sorin can make his conditions. Merely a suggestion and very confidential.

(March 23, 1847) Fresnaye refuses loan because he has no confidence in Sorin. Latter lets his drafts be protested, which hurts his credit.

(July 2, 1847) Sorin's letter of June 8 very pleasant. Sorin's good intentions almost make him regret his intention of quitting. Will be a grand recommendation for Hailandiere's successor.

Admits having made many mistakes as regards Sorin's Community. Although he doesn't know what they are, he asks pardon. Says he always acted by his conscience and for the good of the diocese. Never understood reasons for disagreement with Sorin.

"Let me tell you that you had a small part in the motives which decided me." (to resign) "The Eudists, after the Sisters of Providence, Terre Haute, had the great part. May God pardon all the bitterness in which they steeped my ecclesiastical career." "Poor Bishop whose heart and courage failed."

(July 11, 1847) Received designs of Notre Dame. Will come to see him but not as Bishop. Msgr. Bazin of Moville has already accepted. Will arrive soon. Wrote Bazin explaining Sorin's position. Hailandiere can't get $3000 for Sorin. Hailandiere had to withdraw his subscription for Indianapolis, because he had no money. "It is the priest's fault. Why don't they finish?" Why not give a mortgage on Indianapolis if it is worth more than $3000? Propagation of Faith to give him this year, 14,880 francs Has Sorin received it? If mission could pay what it owes him, he would gladly give $3000, accepting a life annuity in exchange.

(August 15, 1847) Mr. Thomas drawing up acts for Phipps property. In whose name should they be drawn up -- Sorin's or the Brothers'. Is the university legally organized? It has a right to be, but is it? Has sent money to Mr. McDermott directly at Indianapolis.

Regrets Sorin is sick and several others. "Here we cure fever so quickly, you ought to have our remedy."

(August 29, 1847) Will welcome Sisters, 4 Sisters, 1 priest, and 3 Brothers for St. Peter's. One Sister will be able to teach. Good place for Novitiate. Can't give more than $500. Besides Sorin's 15,000 francs from Propagation of Faith almost half of what Hailandiere gets for whole diocese.

(September 5, 1847) Received Sorin's letter of August 26, Glad he has recovered. Sorin wanted title of Phipps property (Indianapolis) made in his own name. Hailandiere opposed.

After resigning the Bishop went to New Orleans -- ill. Then to Laurigan in France. Those attached to him in America, continued to be so in France. Very disheartened.

Sorin invited Hailandiere to come to stay at Notre Dame, but Hailandiere too busy with his affairs in France and then Bishop Bazin might not like it. He apparently had never visited South Bend or Fort Wayne.

From Propagation of Faith, N.D. received 5,000 francs.

(March 26, 1846) From M. Guizot, Minister of Foreign Affairs, 3000 francs.

From Propaganda, January and March, 1847 . . . 10,000 francs

From Moreau his "billet" . . . 2,600 francs

(April 22, 1847)
N.D. had 17678 francs. 30c
owes 16819 francs. 45
Balance 858.85

(Bishop Hailandiere -- Moreau; April 2, 1845) Moreau's Council in extraordinary meeting heard letter of Bishop Hailandiere in which he asks Ste. Croix to obey terms of treaty of 1845 and prevent Sorin from founding places outside the diocese without Bishop's permission. Council agrees with him because of treaty, and because too much hurry in making foundations might hurt work on Society. With the sad experience of Eudists before us, a plan should be laid down by Ste. Croix, which declares, however, that Sorin's zeal so far merits only praise and sympathy.

(Hailandiere -- Sorin; October 14, 1841) (Vincennes) Bishop Hailandiere has advanced $100 to the Brother in the gold Sorin gave him to sell. Hailandiere has sold only $50 worth.

Bishop wrote Moreau, October 13, thanking him for the Brothers, Asks for prayers, "Prayer, Oh! what would the missionary be without it? What would the poor Bishop of Vincennes be in the midst of so many trials which multiply? "O my God, for me crosses, provided You give me courage to bear them as I should!"

Bishop Hailandiere officially deeded the land at Notre Dame to Father Sorin and John Pieau (Brother Vincent). 1843

"The good Bishop de la Hailandiere regarded as a signal favor from heaven their landing in New York on the 13th of September, the eve of the Exaltation of the Holy Cross" AVE MARIA, 27:160, 1841

(November 3, 1841) "Dear Father Sorin: I think I am going to Terre Haute in a few days. I will ask the good Sisters to pray for your Brothers. I earnestly commend them to your prayers. So far, God has blessed them beyond our hopes. But, lest a bad mind should destroy all, pray that they may increase in humility. I also recommend myself to your prayers. I have great need of them.

"Often I nearly lose courage. Oh! but for the thought of the Cross of Jesus and the outrages of His Passion, where should I find srength and support? May you, my dear confrere, know but the charms of your mission!" *Celestine, Bishop of Vincennes.

(November 3, 1841 -- SCHOLASTIC: April 18, 1885) (Editor's Note: "From Bishop's letter may be gained an idea of the simplicity and devotedness which characterized the pioneers in the work which was destined to have such a magnificent issue, and the almost prophetic vision of the good Bishop, as he encouraged Father Sorin to persevere in his undertaking.")

(November 22, 1841; H-S) Proposes that Father Delaune go collecting. Is able to do it. Bishop doubts success of it in the Antilles. Idea of going to collect in Mexico repugnant to him. A priest of the diocese already been in Antilles. Ought to know its value. Two other priests gone to New Orleans, and one of the East. He sees nothing for Sorin in these places. Suggests Canada as the one hope. Better chance too, of getting novices. If Father Delaune goes he ought to receive one third or one fourth for his churches at St. Mary's and Mt. Pleasant.

(1842) "The Bishop agreed to Father Moreau's requirements, and then told him in his letter of November 18, 1842, of the gift of land which he had just made to the new college." THE KING'S HIGHWAY, Mother M.E. p. 111. (See also "Moreau -- Hailandiere, 1841 and 1842")

(St. Severa's relics -- 1842) "In the same year a small shrine containing relics of the twelve apostles, with the body of St. Severa, martyr, was given to the Brothers by the same Bishop (deH.)."

(Hailandiere -- Sorin, 1842) "I offer you my wishes for your success. May the angels of God accompany you on your way and may Notre Dame du Lac smile at your arrival and bless you! Oh, may the work you are going to begin make saints! . . . . My hopes are as immense as my desires." *Celestine, Bishop of Vincennes, Nov. 15, 1842

"I appreciate the intention you express of giving my name to one of your Brothers. Nevertheless, I tell you frankly, that I do not desire it should be given to anything whatsoever. Bird of passage, nothing should remain of me. I am happy to know that your position in South Bend pleases you.

"I offer you my blessing for your Brothers . . . and for their Father. Our prayers accompany you. Also, before God remember the poor Bishop of Vincennes."

(First Colony; Bishop to Moreau, Feb. 25, 1842) . . . I wanted to leave you full liberty . . . it is enough merit for the diocese of Vincennes and its Bishop to have a college like yours without having conditions imposed.

"I am going, nevertheless, to make some observations because your deputy here, M. Sorin, wants me to make them. He is opposed to making the establishment dependent upon Ste. Croix, Le Mans. He wants me to tell you I've no repugnance to accept it as a diocesan establishment and to undertake the care and upkeep, which I gladly do, confiding for the upkeep of this establishment and for more complete foundation in the care of Providence."

" . . . Your second letter commands more circumspection on my part. I do not think I can adhere purely and simply to what you ask me. How could I sign without reserve an act which would oblige me more or less according to the interpretation you give it, which after all would resume itself in a decision sent by you to your Brothers without my control or adhesion since your Brothers would depend on you alone?

"You have, M. le Sup. to choose between the two cases which arise naturally: the Brothers will belong to the Diocese of Vincennes or else to you as if they were only a simple private establishment." Bishop de la Hailandiere to Moreau, AN. GEN. S.C. 254

(1842) Bishop -- Sorin . . . "Enclosed, find the $310 you asked of me; also a letter of credit on Mr. Coquillard for the sum of $231.12 1/2 . . . I will be thankful to you to forward me the list of the articles you intend to leave (at St. Peter's) with the value at which you estimate them. I will take all I can reasonably purchase. Do not forget that the tax for this year on the land du Lac (N.D. du Lac) has not been paid.

"I offer you my wishes for your success. May the angels of God accompany you on your way, and may N.D. du Lac smile at your arrival and bless you! Oh! may the work you are going to begin make saints! May the merit of the missionaries who have, nearly two ages ago, planted the cross that you will find there, -- may those of Badin, De Seille, Petit (our dear Benjamin) -- serve as a cornerstone for the edifice that your piety and zeal prompt you to build! . . . May my hopes be as immense as my desire. Adieu." *Celestine, Bishop of Vincennes. November 15, 1842

(1843) "You have had for predecessors only the saintly priests De Seille and Petit, but South Bend (N.D.) was perhaps the first point in the West which ever possessed resident missionaries. It is certain, at least, that Father Marquette was there in 1669, and that Father Allouez succeeded him. It is astonishing to see how many memories center around this point." Letter to Sorin, 1843. AVE MARIA, 15:635

(Hailandiere -- Motto to Sorin; Archives; 1843) "I suppose you have read all about him (Fr. De Seille) in the 'Annals of the Propagation of the Faith'? If not, I will procure it for you. They are your predecessors -- it belongs to you to collect all that regards them. It is a treasure, a perfume of virtue, a true glory." Letter to Sorin, dated Vincennes, March 30, 1843

(December 15, 1843) Hailandiere approved without restriction the Constitutions of Priests and Brothers . . . Pastors asking for Brothers, would only be able to furnish them with board and lodging. Bishop ofered Sorin a chance to open a second college at Indianapolis. Sorin refused. Hailandiere, while approving erection of a college, felt results for religion would be inconsiderable as most students would be Protestants. Regretted schools weren't opened for Brothers; would desire to have one everywhere a Priest was stationed. 1843

(Sorin on de la Hailandiere): ". . . What he can't brook is that we receive help from the Propaganda. We escaped him in spite of him . . . Let him leave us in peace. That's all I ask of him. For my part I wish to have nothing to do with him." Letter to Moreau, July 2, 1844

(Bishop Hailandiere's Contract, Feb. 2, 1845) "Soon after the charter was granted (1844) the Bishop of Vincennes visited Father Moreau and, during an interview with the Fahther Founder, on February 2, 1845, drew up and signed a contract, in which we read:

"'The Right Reverend Bishop de la Hailandiere of Vincennes approves of the priests, the Brothers, and the Sisters of Holy Cross for his diocese and permits them to follow their Constitutions. they will remain dependent on N.D. de Ste. Croix by considering the Ordinary as their local superior. The Bishop donated the property of N.D. du Lac on condition that a college be maintained. He will support the demands for help that will be made to the Propagation of the Faith for establishments in his diocese on condition that the use of these funds be made known to him." ON THE KING'S HIGHWAY, p. 146

(Bishop Hailandiere and the Brothers, July 3, 1846) "The kind and virtuous Father Delaune no longer has powers for Indiana. He has been accepted with the most tender benevolence by the Bishop of Louisville. He is going to help Father Sorin in a new foundation in Kentucky (St. Mary's, Lebanon). The Bishop of Vincennes said, also, that he is going to dismiss the Brothers. (of Holy Cross)" "Journals and Letters of Mother Theodore Guerin", p. 202 (Letter to the Very Rev. A. Martin, afterward Bishop of Natchitoches, La.) (See "Vincennes, Foundations outside, 1844, 1846

(Hailandiere and the Brothers) (Same letter as above written by Mother Theodore to Rev. Aug. Martin, former Vicar General of Vincennes, 1st Bishop of Natchitoches, La. who left Vincennes because of the conflict of Bishop de la Hailandiere with the Sisters of Providence: (also the following) "After a short stay in New Orleans with Archbishop Blanc, Father Martin proceeded to Baltimore to lay before the Sixth Provincial Council of Baltimore, May, 1846, at the request of the priests of the Indiana diocese, the situation in the Diocese of Vincennes. The Most Rev. Samuel Ecclestion, Archbishop of Baltimore, advised him to take the matter to Rome, which he did." JOURNALS AND LETTERS OF MOTHER THEODORE, p. 199

(Hailandiere and the Priests) September 20, 1846. (Letter from Rev. Aug. Martin to Bishop Bouvier: "Finally, she (Mother Theodore) tells me that His Lordship has formally declared that he is going to send all of Fr. Moreau's priests (of Holy Cross) out of the diocese."

(St. Mary's Kentucky, 1846?) "In the meantime Father Martin had been to Rome, Father Sorin of Notre Dame had transferred his Brothers to the Diocese of Louisville; Father Delaune, pastor at Madison, had gone to take the presidency of Father Sorin's college in Kentucky." LETTERS AND JOURNALS OF MOTHER THEODORE, p. 209

(Bishop Hailandiere and Vincennes; retired; 1881) " . . . he retired on his family estate, which afforded him a living until his death . . . . By economy he always saved some money, which, from time to time, he sent to aid his old diocese of Vincennes. The last remittance was the year before his death, 1881, when $750 was the amount he had saved up for his beloved diocese. He died May 1, 1882, in his 84th year, and at his own request his body was transferred to the city of Vincennes . . . ."

" . . . In physical appearance he was a large man, imposing and fine looking. His heart was in keeping with his makeup, for he was generous and devoted to his trust. This was endorsed by his substantial love for the diocese of Vincennes during the 35 years of his life after he resigned as its Bishop. He was a man of wonderful energy and force of character, while his intellect was far beyond the average." Col. Chas. Blanchard: A HISTORY OF THE CATHOLIC CHURCH IN INDIANA, p. 69, Vol. II

(1848-1882) "He never forgot the diocese of Vincennes and every year sent from his private means considerable sums of money to aid the diocese." Cauthorn: "History of Vincennes", 1901, p.196

(1882) "The death is announced of Msgr. de la Hailandiere, formerly Bishop of Vincennes, which occurred May 1st, at Combourg, France. The venerable prelate received all the consolations of religion and met death calmly and with resignation. His funeral obsequies, presided over by the Archbishop of Rennes, took place on Monday, May 8th in the church of Combourg. Msgr. de la Hailandiere was conscrated in 1839, and was in the 84th year of his age. After resigning the see of Vincennes and quitting the country, he still felt the warmest interest in the progress of the Church here, and was always delighted to hear good news from America." AVE MARIA, 18:437

(1882) "The remains of the Right Reverend Celestine de la Hailandiere, second Bishop of Vincennes, who died last May in France, were laid to rest in the Cathedral of that city on November 22. Bishop Chatard spoke of his being a man of God. He was distinguished alike for noble birth and noble deeds." AVE MARIA, 18:958

(Alerding's 'History of Vincennes', p. 180) "Bishop Hailandiere was a man of majestic appearance; his smile, when pleased, full of grace and dignity, exercised a bewitching attraction which none could resist; his frown, when displeased, made everybody quail . . . .

"Had he followed a civil career, as he at first designed, if events which seemed very propitious then, had only favored, he would, in a short time, have advanced himself to the very front rank in his own country . . . ."

"The extraordinary talents and remarkable energy which had attracted atention to Hailandiere in the world when so young, were now brought into full activity." SERMON OF REV. ERNEST AUDRAN, 1882, pp. 162- (discussing his appointment as Vicar General of Vincennes). "The coming of a certain number of German emigrants at different times and points of the diocese soon made the importance of providing them with priests felt, and two years only after their arrival it was resolved that Dr. Hailandiere should return to Europe to procure both priests and students who could speak their language. He hastened back accordingly, and having visited Stasbourg, obtained permission from the Bishop to take along with all the young me whom he could persuade to follow him.

"Whilst engaged in this work, and when momentarily in Paris, he heard of the death of Bishop Brute, and also heard the news of his appointment as Coadjutor with the right of succession . . . The death of Dr. Brute happening so soon, he found himself to be his successor before his consecration as Bishop.

" . . . It was not enough, in fact, to have priests and material aid to organize congregations in the newly and yet very sparsely settled country, which could not give any aid. Institutions which must ensure the permanent establishment of the Church had to be looked to. Now, he persuaded, in Rennes, the Eudists to send a body of priests to found a college in Vincennes at their expense; the newly established Society of Holy Cross, to send a delegation of Brothers, with a priest at their head, to prepare the way for the creation of schools for boys all over the dicoese . . . ."

(Brute to Hailandiere) When he landed in New York, July 20, Bishop Brute brought back with him 19 priests and seminarians, among whom were the Rev. Celestine de la Hailandiere . . . .

The Bishop counted on getting him some religious order to take charge of the College and devote its energies to is development. 1836

(Hailandiere to Moreau) On July 24, 1839, Msgr. de la Hailandiere then vicar general of Bishop Brute, had written Father Moreau from Paris to ask for a group of Brothers of St. Joseph for the Vincennes mission.

(Hailandiere to Moreau) "This discouraged and somewhat demanding letter was to the fire of our Founder's zealous heart but an added fuel. Straightway he appealed to all the associations of his works of the Good Shepherd and St. Joseph, and with legal permission, organized a lottery through which tickets worth one franc could be purchased by all those willing to help the worthy cause. He solicited also from the people of Le Mans vestments, altar necessities and adornments, linen, and clothing. So generous was the response that several large chests were filled. Meantime, Father Moreau wrote to inform Father Mollevaut of the new project and to ask his advice. The pious director advised him to send subjects who possessed "a life based on the spirit of faith and of prayer, which are absolutely necessary for success in the apostolate of the foreign missions (adding the further counsel): You have good reason to think that such dispositions are not found at every step in this day and age. All seek the things that are their own. In foreign lands necessity requires most that the missionaries belong to a Community; that is an advantage that yours will have." Mother M. Eleanore, ON THE KING'S HIGHWAY, pp. 106-7, 1839

Algiers mission had used all available Brothers. None left for Bishop Hailandiere in 1840. He had to put off his departure for Vincennes. He wrote in August expressing regrets that a priest did not accompany the Brothers and asked for two more Brothers: for, he said, he wanted five to form a motherhouse.

Letter from Hailandiere to Sorin suggesting possible site for college. See Scholastic, 19:1,2

See also Bishop Hailandiere -- Sorin, 25

"Monsieur l'abbe and dear Friend,

"You ask me to obtain for you funds from the Propagation of the Faith to pay the passage of your good Brothers of St. Joseph. Did you not give me reason to hope that you yourself would found our schools, and did not your zealous women promoters, for whom I left a small remembrance, promise to help you? . . . . . . . . . " ON THE KING'S HIGHWAY, pp.105-6, 1840

"Bishop resolved to aid Brothers as much as possible. He approved sending Sisters of Ste. Croix said he had three postulants already. He had hurt almost all the neighbors by refusing to let little girls go to the Brother's school, and it was only by promising Sisters that he could reconcile them." SORIN, 1841

Bishop wrote Fr. Delaune who was on a collection tour in Canada, saying he would apply collection to Brothers if he thought it apropos.

"Sorin to Bishop: Very happy at Notre Dame, although bitterly cold. All Brothers well so far, except for colds. Their apartment far from being comfortable. However, they appear satisfied, for which I bless God." December 24, 1844

See under: Foundations, Finances, Orphanage, Brother Vincent, Indianapolis, Novitiate, Vincennes, Early Nore Dame, Co-education.

See Life of Father Moreau by his nephew, Bk 2, p. 19

See under "Dependence"; "School Law, Catholic".

(1842; Dependence) "I am willing to send you next May, another priest, two Brothers, and two Sisters if you wish. But allow me first to tell your Lordship that, conformable to your letter of October 13, 1841, I desire to make our foundations dependent on Holy Cross, because such is the spirit of our Rules and the wish of my Council and mine likewise. Then, my Lord, you will have the advantage derived from this work without having the burden, and you will have the enjoyment of it so long as you protect; for I pledge my word not to withdraw our confreres and our Brothers from your diocese so long as they can live there" September 14, 1842; Father Moreau

(Sorin loses favor of Bishop Hailandiere; see under "Sorin -- Vincennes")

Bishop Hailandier and the importance of the Novitiate -- see Novitiate (Brothers), 1846

(Bishop Hailandiere and the Brothers, 1840 and 1842) When Bishop Hailandiere heard of delay in sending him Brothers, he was furious. On September 15, 1840 he wrote Father Moreau that he had prepared rooms against the Brothers' arrival, and built a school. There are some young men, he added whom he can't hold any longer and who awaited coming of Brothers in order to join them. Father Moreau replied with an explanation and the Bishop was appeased.

Bishop also wrote three letters to Father Sorin, telling of clothes and money he was sending him at Notre Dame, and wishing him success in that establishment. 1842

(Concerning Dependence; Bishop to Father Moreau; 1841) "His Lordship looked surprised and even offended at the amount of the bill. (3,000 francs, -- $579) and after telling Father Sorin he would not pay it, he added that he would write to Father Rector Moreau to decide the important question: Shall the Brothers be subject to the direction of the Ordinary? Do they belong to your house of Le Mans or to the diocese?

"The answer of Father Moreau was somewhat vague, and for the present settled nothing. This uncertainty on the one side and the other could not be but injurious to the estblishment of the Brothers, who, having no resources of their own, and depending, even for the necessaries of life, on their Motherhouse and on the diocese, hardly dared to ask help from anyone before ascertaining definitely to whom they should look. On their side neither the diocese nor the Motherhouse was in a hurry to act until this question was setled . . . While Father Moreau continued to do all he could for them, Msgr Hailandiere maintained a kind of reserve, as much as to say he would have been able and willing to do more if the Brother's establishment had been placed entirely under his care." SORIN'S CHRONICLES

Cauthorn, "History of St. Francis Xavier Cathedral," pp. 57 etc.

See: Historical Studies, Vol II, Walsh's Article.

See under "Bishop Alerding"; "Brothers", "Novitiate, Sorin's neglect of, 1846"

See The Diocese of Ft. Wayne, pp. 26-7

See under Diocese of Vincennes, p. 174, Alerding

" . . . .that remarkable man who helped Bishop Brute to found and establish the See of Vincennes . . . ." BISHOP ALERDING, DIOCESE OF VINCENNES, p. 179

" . . . the youngest of the prelates who attended the Council of Baltimore in May 1840. There he impressed his fellow bishops by his ability, zeal, and person merit. Shea III 653, HISTORY OF THE CATHOLIC CHURCH IN THE U.S.

1841 in a letter to the Propagation he estimated the population of his diocese at 25-30,000 -- with a steady growth by births, conversions, and imigration. Ibid.

‹— Brother Aidan's Extracts —›