SOUTH BEND, INDIANA
(St. Hedwig's; 1882) "Secular teachers remained until 1882 when Brother Stanislaus took charge." Sr. Renata. 1882
(1842 and 1884) "At South Bend, where I found only seven Catholic families in 1842, we have now 5,000 Catholics and four churches."
-- Sorin Letters. P. 195. 1884
(1847) "It was deemed impossible to send a Brother to town this year to keep the school there."Brothers Particular Council, Jan. 19, 1847
(St. Hedwig's, 1895) "In 1884 a large brick school house, then the largest in the city was erected. In 1895, 860 pupils in all attending. About 400 boys. Teachers: Brothers Stanislaus, Director, and Bros. Robert and Peter." 1895
(St. Joseph's; 1889) "One Brother and three Sisters of Holy Cross. 1895: Sisters of Holy Cross." 1889
(St. Joseph's Church, 1873) "Father Sorin drew the plan, Brother Charles superintended the work, and Brother Edward, treasurer of Notre Dame, paid the bills." History of St. Joseph's County-- Howard. Vol. i. p. 421. 1873
(St. Patrick's, 1865) "In 1865 a separate school for boys was opened by Rev. P.O. Cooney, C.S.C., in a wing of the old church. In 1872 Rev. D. J. Spillane, C.S.C. erected a new frame school house at the cost of $1,600. This building was removed to its present location (1898) on South Scott Street.... at present there are 80 boys in attendance, under the control of two teachers. The older boys are taught by Brother Romanus. This Brother was preceded in the school by Brothers Aloysius, Hilarion, Hilary, Theogene, Justin, Emmanuel, Benjamin, Daniel, Raymond, Urban and Hubert. The average annual expense for maintenance of the school is about $700., paid for by the revenues of the church.
The pro rata of each pupil's expense is $9.00."
-- A History of Catholicity in Indiana, Blanchard: Vol. I, p. 530. 1898.
(1934) "Holy Cross accepts two new schools." In the Associate, 4:4.
(1883) "The Congregation of St. Hedwig's numbers over 500 Polish families.... The parish school has upwards of 240 children in daily attendance. It is under the charge of a Brother (Stanislaus) and two lay teachers."
-- Ave Maria, 19:74. 1883
(St. Hedwig's School, 1888) Students...275; Teachers, Brother Stanislaus and two laymen. 1888
(St. Hedwig's; 1889)-- Two Brothers. 1889
(St. Hedwig's; 1898) "In 1884 a brick house was erected -- the largest in the city -- the number of pupils attending was 860. These are instructed by three Brothers and five Sisters of Holy Cross. Brother Stanislaus, Director, Robert and Adalbert." A History of Catholicity in Indiana, Blanchard: Vol. I, p. 438. 1898
"Sorin altered the decision of naming Brother Bernard to teach Catholics of South Bend. Needed very badly at Notre Dame to handle pupils of the small study room who were in a state of rebellion'".Gatian Chronicles May 30, 1847
1859: (Change South Bend to St. Joseph) "We (Sorin and Sr. Angela) intend, if we can, to change the name of the town to St. Joseph City. We now have two thirds of the best names, but they have a majority of the bigots' and inferior votes. We feel confident, however, with St. Joseph's protection, to gain our point. Mother
Angela makes a number of converts to her side."
-- Sorin. 1859
(St. Joseph's, 1849) "Brother Gatian shall be sent to South Bend as soon as possible to begin there a regular school, at least a French class."
-- Minutes Monthly Council of Brothers, 1849.
See also --"Foundations"-- South Bend.
(St. Joseph's) "September 14, 1852. Very Rev. E. Sorin, purchased from Samual Cottrell and his wife, Catherine, lots numbers 124, 125, and 126, in this town of Lowell, not the city of South Bend, for the consideration of $250, the deed, in part, providing that the property be used 'for the benefit of the Catholic Church of St. Joseph.'"
-- Blanchard, p. 433. September 14, 1852
(1858) "A house shall be rented also for a Brothers' school."
-- Local Council. May 17, 1858.
(1892) "Brother Benjamin was appointed superior of St. Patrick's School." Provincial Chapter, 1892.
(St. Joseph's; 1862-on) "In the year 1862, a frame building.... 18' X 26', was erected on Lowell Heights, at the northwest corner of South Bend and Notre Dame Avenues, to serve as the first school for the larger boys. Here Brothers Raymond, Daniel, Romuald, and Philip, surnamed the 'Presbyterian' (because he was a lineal descendant of John Knox) taught the school for several years; and the large boys who they made good, still speak at this late date (1901) with the fondest recollections of the school-masterly abilities and eccentric methods of these early masters"-- On September 13, 1869, Father Frere, then pastor of the new church on the original Church property, had this school moved from the hill into the middle of the parish, to the site of the present parochial residence, and Brother Raymond taught the boys here until March 3, 1871; when Father Demers, a succeeding pastor, sold the school for $100 and the larger boys were returned to the Sisters in St. Alexis' school, which had in the meantime been called "The Assumption Academy" History of St. Joe County, -- Howard: -- Vol. I, p. 420. 1862-on
(St. Patrick's School) First school in a wing of the Church (50' X 32') erected in 1867. Separated from body of the Church by folding doors. In 1872 a two-story frame building, erected for school-house. Pupils in 1895: 82. Teachers:
(St. Patrick's School, 1867) "We visited St. Patrick's School South Bend the other day, and were courteously received by our old friends, Brothers Philip and Nazarius. To judge by the appearance of the bright, intelligent faces surrounding them, their office is a pleasant one, though not a sinecure."
-- Scholastic, Oct. 12, 1867
(South Bend versus St. Joseph) "Carl Schurz, when Sorin and Mother Angela desired to change the name of South Bend to St. Joseph got only ten votes in an assembly, said, 'You may have the best argument, the old fellow has a majority of the votes.'"
-- Scholastic, 41:3
(St. Joseph's Academy) "The Council allows Brother Peter of Alcantara for the Academy of St. Joseph, South Bend. March 26, 1867.
(St. Patrick's, 1866; Sorin) "The new foundation at St. Patrick's is still in swaddling clothes, but will perhaps emerge from them. The Rev. Fr. Cooney is superior." Sorin. 1866
(St. Joseph's, 1870) "Regarding Brother Raymond, the Superior General remarked that no Brother should be sent to teach school in Lowell, as no accommodations were prepared there for a Brother and it simply would be spoiling the parishioners to give them a teacher for their children without receiving some aid or even thanks from them...." Provincial Chapter. 1870
1873: "The school at Lowell was unanimously ordered re-opened
-- Provincial Chapter. 1873
(St. Patrick's School, 1872) "...we attended the examination in the parish school, which is under charge of Brother Theogene, C.S.C. To judge from the classes we heard -- the arithmetic classes -- Brother Theogene's efforts to make the young ideas shoot have resulted in complete success. We had time to hear the arithmetic classes only; and on pointing out some of those whose promptness and intelligent answers to questions pleased us, he gave us their names...."
-- Scholastic, April 13, 1872.
(St. Joseph's School, 1873) "Brother Adolphus is to replace Brother Justin at Lowell."
-- Local Council, Nov. 28, 1873
(St. Patrick's; 1880) "Brother Angelus was appointed assistant teacher in St. Patrick's." Local Council, Jan. 9, 1880
(1880; Provincial Archives) "Brother Bernadine was appointed to South Bend." (St. Patrick's ??)Provincial Council, July 30, 1880
(1880; Provincial Archives) "Brother Ambrose was appointed to Lowell." Provincial Council, July 30, 1880
(St. Joseph's, 1884) "In 1884, a two story brick building, 30' X 60' was erected on the church property, to serve as a school for boys, and as a hall for dramatic entertainments, the cost of the building being about $4,000; but the youth of east South Bend were not ripe enough for the drama, the school was not self-supporting, and, in 1890, the Congregation, tired of paying both interest and rent for the priest's house, returned the children to the Sister's schools and remodeled the hall for a home for the pastor."
-- Blanchard's History - Vol. I, p. 435. 1884
(1885: Brother Daniel) (St. Patrick's)
(St. Joseph's School, 1886) "Here the Sisters taught until 1886, when the pastor, Father Fallize, erected a school for boys directed by the Brothers of Holy Cross. The Sisters' classroom was emptied of equipment as Father Fallize ordered all the furniture used by the boys to be moved to the new building. The Brothers were unable to handle the situation. A year later they were recalled to Notre Dame, and the boys left to run the streets." Our Provinces, pp. 92-3 Sr. Renata. 1886
(1888: St. Joseph's School... 1893) "The first school erected in St. Joseph parish was built in 1852 by Very Rev. E. Sorin at a cost of about $1,800. The first teachers for the boys were Brothers Raymond, Daniel, Romuald and Philip.
"Up to 1868 there were two separate schools, one for boys and one for girls. In that year the schools were united and taught by the Sisters. In 1881 another attempt was made to have a separate school for boys, but it failed after two years and the project was abandoned." 1888-1893
(St. Patrick's, South Bend, 1898) "The school is taught by two Brothers and two Sisters of Holy Cross from St. Joseph's Academy, and two lay teachers. The total number of pupils is about 489, and of these the girls, 130 in number are taught in the Academy."
-- History of etc. Blanchard, Vol. I, p. 437. 1898
(St. Joseph's... 1907) "In this little church, persons whose heads are not yet silvered have often seen a living exemplification of that Universal Church, which knows neither race nor color, neither rich nor poor, neither lofty nor lowly, but only our common humanity as brethren of Christ. Even as it is related of Chief Justice Taney, who was often seen at the Communion Table, kneeling, as it might chance, beside some poor colored Catholic of the Congregation; so here at the altar rail of St. Joseph's knelt as equals, as Christians, to receive the bread of life, whites, Indians, and negroes: children of New and Old England; of Virginia, and France; of Ireland and Germany; of Italy and Belgium. There, at least, the poor Pottawatomie, Chippewa, of Miami, the meek Ethiopian and the Caucasian, found themselves as Brothers in the one Mother Church."
-- Howard, p. 619. 1907