University of Notre Dame


1843 Sept. 1
O'Sullivan, J(ohn) L.: New York, (New York)
 to O(restes) A. Brownson: Boston, Mass(achusetts)

It is a matter of sincere pleasure to him that Brownson, due to Rantral's appointment as Collector in Boston, can be able to support his large family. When Brownson jumped at the suggestion to sever the arrangement between himself and the (Democratic) Review, he repelled the idea since he thought Brownson dependent upon the Review. But now, and since the Review is in no position to bear that monthly drain, if Brownson feels himself independent of the Review, it would be highly desirable to the Review if he terminated the arrangement with them. He fears that Brownson's taking office emanating from Tylerism would tend to increase the unpopularity of his articles with a portion of their party and readers. He does not want to influence Brownson's freedom of action, but he thinks they understand each other. But he hopes Brownson will continue, in the event of his breaking the arrangement, to furnish as many articles of a literary character as they could afford to pay for.

I-3-g - A.L.S. - 3pp. - 8vo. - {2}

1843 Sep. 1
Gaux, J.A.: New Orleans, (Louisiana)

Receipted bill for 350 copies of the ordo for 1844, $154.

V-4-o - A. Receipt S. - (French) - 2pp. - 12mo. - {0}

1843 (Sep. 1)
Bach, Father F(erdinand) D(ominic): New Orleans, (Louisiana)
 to Father (Stephen) Rousselon: New Orleans, (Louisiana)

Rousselon will find enclosed the fees up to today. Those for August have not yet been paid. Perhaps Providence will augment their poor treasury. (In Rousselon's hand): Received $55.90 September 1.

V-4-o - A.L.S. - (French) - 2pp. - 4to. - {1}

1843 Sept. 2
Brownson, O(restes) A.: Boston, (Massachusetts)
 to Isaac (T.) Hecker: New York, (New York)

Brownson regrets that he will be unable to furnish the address. He is worn out. Brownson has concluded his essays on the government. The Oration is out, Brownson took great pains with it. Brownson asks Hecker to pay Brownson's respects to Rev. Mr. Haight, and to tell him that all reports that Brownson is going over to the Roman Catholic are false. (John C.) Calhoun is gaining ground every day. Brownson do is not dispair of him yet. Brownson tells Hecker to rouse up his folks. Brownson is expecting to return to the hospital, though he has not received his appointment, he has not yet returned to preaching. Brownson is glad that Hecker has returned home. After all, these Communities Brook arms) are humbugs. Brownson says that they must rehabilitate the church and work under its direction. (Albert) Brisbane was lecturing in Boston but produced no sensation. Fournierism will not take with the Bostonians and Brisbane will not recommend it.

I-4-g - A.L.S. (Photostat, Paulist Archives) - 2pp. - 8v. - {4}

1843 Sep. 3
Le Cler, A.: New Orleans, (Louisiana)
 to (Bishop Anthony Blanc: New Orleans, Louisiana)

A receipt for $28.87 for materials from Le Clertinsmith.

V-4-o - Note S. - (French) - 1p. - 16mo. - {1}

1843 Sep. 4
Morisot, Father J.M.: (Assumption, Louisiana?)
 to Father (Stephen Rousselon: New Orleans, Louisiana)

Learning that (Adrien) Rouquette was leaving for New Orleans, he takes the opportunity to write. He received the letter (Rousselon) sent him through Bishop (Anthony Blanc). Morisot had a private talk with (Blanc) who gave him hope. Morisot would regard his trials as light if he had some assurance of one day exercising the holy ministry of which he has rendered himself unworthy by his faults. He submits in advance to (Blanc)'s decision which will be determined by the reply of the Bishop of Dijon, who, Morisot fears, will treat him severely without considering the sufferings he has already endured to expiate for his sin. P.S. Morisot asks (Rousselon) to send him the autumn section of the breviary.

V-4-o - A.L.S. - (French) - 2pp. - 4to. - {3}

1843 Sep. 4
Moser, Father Joseph: New Orleans, (Louisiana)
 to Bishop (Anthony) Blanc: (New Orleans, Louisiana)

Having lost during the revolution in the Canton of Argovy, 1840-41, not only his little fortune but also his house and papers, Moser has taken asy(lum) here, where he wishes to continue propagating the gospel of Christ. He believes his papers will be satisfactory as also will be the opinion of the people about him, whom he considers as his flock. He asks Blanc to consider the situation of a priest made homeless by a revolution and to grant him recognizance.

V-4-o - L.S. - 3pp. - 4to. - {1}

1843 Sept. 6
(Hecker), Isaac: New York, (New York)
 to O(restes) A. Brownson: Chelsea, Mass(achusetts)

A committee has been appointed, among whose members is his brother, John, to further the candidacy of (John C.) Calhoun for the presidency, and this committee desires an address from Brownson. (James T.) Brady, who will impress himself upon the country's history, quoted Brownson's remarks upon Calhoun's study of the principles of our government as coming from one of the greatest men in the country. William Channing is still a Protestant in head, although a Catholic at heart. What beauty and music would come forth were his head and heart in unison. Dr. (Henry) Vethake, very poor and delicately sensitive is a profound Swedenborgian. He communes with him more and more deeply, too, than with anyone else. Edward Palmer's formula is to act in society and do the best you can. P. S. He has received the address from Brownson, and wonders what the Tammany democracy will say.

I-3-g - A.L.S. - 4pp. - 8vo. - {6}

1843 Sep. 6
Rousselon, Father E(tienne): New Orleans, (Louisiana)

Bishop Anthony Blanc notifies Father C(onstantine) Maenhaut that he has dispensed Michael Grabiel and Marie Carmelita Castellanos from two banns.

V-4-o - D.S. - (Latin) - 1p. - folio - {4}

1843 Sep. 7(!)
Anduze, Father M(atthew) B(ernard): N(ew) O(rleans, Louisiana)
 to Father N(apoleon) J(oseph) Perché: New Orleans, (Louisiana)

Father (Peter Vincent) Plunkett told Anduze that Perché had written him but having received nothing he asks Perché to advise him about the call he proposes to make on Bishop (Anthony Blanc) tomorrow.

- A.L.S. - (French) -

 On the same paper: 

1843 Sep. 6
P(erché), Father N(apoleon) J(oseph): (New Orleans, Louisiana)
 to Father (Matthew Bernard Anduze): (New Orleans, Louisiana)

The Bishop has been obliged to be absent for several weeks; he has gone to visit some parishes. This will delay Anduze's interview. Perché thinks Anduze will see Father (Stephen) Rousselon and when time and the roads permit they can see and talk with him at length. Perché is sorry Anduze did not receive the letter which however said only that the Bishop would write or have Rousselon write as Perché thinks he did. This letter was dated August 21 and addressed to Mandeville.

- A.L.S. - (French) -

V-4-o - A.L.S. - (French) - 2pp. - 12mo. - {5}

1843 Sep. 7
Billon, Father J(osep)h: New Iberia, (Louisiana)
 to Bishop (Anthony) Blanc: New Orleans, (Louisiana)

Billon dislikes very much to tell Blanc that he is not happy at Father (Julien) Priour's. He has no reproaches for Priour but his house is so badly organized that Billon cannot study well. He is continually distracted by the noise and children playing. His room is like a public place; Priour's sister has her wardrobe there, his nephew and mulatto have their beds and trunks nearby and must go through this room to get there. Another thing is that every word he says is published and sometimes amplified by Mrs. Carlo to the point where twice he has almost had a disagreement with Mr. Chanet. So Billon would like Blanc to withdraw him; however he hopes he would have the strength to submit to Blanc's orders no matter how distasteful. Father (Ve. Modeste) Mina is quite ready to give him hospitality; the people of St. Mary's, (Charenton?) will also receive him very willingly. Billon has learned that Mrs. St. Marc has written to Blanc to ask him to take the church of New Iberia; Billon would advise Blanc to think twice about it. She would give Blanc title to the revenues of the church but despite all her efforts she has not been able to collect these revenues. It needs everyone to put out the debts of this church; if he is not mistaken the debt is 8,000 piastres. On the other hand if the church belonged to Blanc he could not maintain a pastor in the parish any more easily; the people are as rough here as in the other places of Attakapas and disposed to strike or shoot at the slightest dissatisfaction.

V-4-o - A.L.S. - (French) - 4pp. - 4to. - {9}

1843 Sep. 7
Lucas, F(ielding): (New York, New York)
 to A.D. Wackerbath: (England)

Lucas introduces (James Roosevelt) Bayley of New York, lately, like Wackerbath, an Anglican clergyman, now like him, a Catholic. Bayley has been at Rome, at St. Sulpice at Paris and is now on his way back to New York. Bayley is desirous of seeing the state of things in England and having received much gratification from Wackerbath's writings, he begged for an opportunity of making his acquaintance.

II-2-n - A.L.S. - 2pp. - 4to. - {2}

1843 Sept. 8
Kennard, James Jr.: Portsmouth, N(ew) H(ampshire)
 to Orestes A. Brownson: Boston, (Massachusetts)

Whenever he reads a book that invigorates, elevates, and reveals him to himself, he wants to thank the author. So he congratulates and thanks Brownson for his book "Charles Elwood". He has had prejudices about Brownson, which came from reading slanderous articles about him. Now he wants to acknowledge how wrong he was in accepting these articles as truth. He does not agree altogether with Brownson's religious views but would, were he in Boston, listen to him with pleasure and profit. As to politics, he agrees more in ends with Brownson rather than means. He is more conservative but he wishes Brownson success. He admires the straightforward way in which Brownson tells the truth. The editor of the Democratic Review must be a paragon of boldness to allow Brownson to appear thus plainly in his columns.

I-3-g - A.L.S. - 2pp. - 8vo. - {2}

1843 Sep. 8
Masnou, C.M., Father J.: Ascension, (Louisiana)
 to Bishop A(nthony) Blanc: New Orleans, (Louisiana)

A young lady has asked Masnou to write a letter of recommendation to present to Blanc. She has had many troubles. She came from Ste. Lucie a short time ago with a family who treated her very harshly; she wishes to go back. Masnou could have procured the necessary means for her if she had stayed several more days at Donaldson but under the circumstances it was better for her to leave as soon as possible. She is a good and pious person who has edified everyone.

V-4-o - A.L.S. - (French) - 3pp. - 4to. - {1}

1843 Sep. 10
Moulard, Father C.: New Orleans, (Louisiana)

Moulard, an assistant at St. Louis Church, baptized Marie Catherine Emilie (Labadie), born November 25, 1839, daughter of Pierre Labadie and Marie Anne Elinor Jean Baptiste. Godfather: Moulard; godmother, Marie Philippe Alexandre. On the same day Moulard Baptized Joseph Ernest (Labadie), born January 20, 1842 son of (the above parents). God-parents: Jules Tardot and Cecile Sauvinet. It was at the request of Tardot and Cécile Evelina Sauvinet and of St. Stanislaus Bonnafaux(?) (this name is crossed out) and St. A(ugust)in(?) Sauvinet present at the above baptisms who have signed this declaration and who were permitted to make the registration.

V-4-o - Draft(?) - (French) - 2pp. - 8vo. - {9}

1843 Sept. 10
Pierz, Father Francois: Arbre Croche, (Michigan)
 to Bishop Peter Paul Lefevere: of Detroit, (Michigan)

Pierz sends a copy of his reports on the schools, so that the Bishop can see their present condition. Se also sent a receipt for $216 of the government funds. He told this to Mr. Stewart and gave him an "apendix" in addition to his report. Pierz asked Mr. Stewart for the necessary building material for the new schools at Arbre Croche, and La Croix. But Stewart said he did not have any money for such purposes. He could furnish the carpenters if Pierz could furnish the wood; but that, the Indians could do. Pierz already has given the nails, and he asks Lefevere to send immediately the locks, glass and furnaces. They are to be sent to Mr. Abbot at Mackinac. The two cases of glass that Lefevere gave Pierz were not enough for the church at Cheboygan. The savages ask Pierz for bells, he asked Lefevere to send them, and he urges the Bishop to send them as soon as possible. At pay day the savages of Mackinac remained sober; only four drank a little too much. He met with Stewart concerning a petition of the savages to the government for their emancipation and for the right to become citizens of the United States. 12 young savages came to Pierz desiring to learn the several crafts necessary for his missions but he lacks the means to help them. He talked with Stewart concerning the matter of the savages and Stewart told him there was $10,000 that the government could spend yearly for education of the savages. The young savages could have this sum if the Bishop would write a letter to the secretary of War who would be able to help the 12 young Indians pay the cost of learning the trades. They wish to leave next fall to learn a job, if the Bishop succeeds in getting the government aid and this is necessary for the welfare of the mission. But he wants Lefevere to see that the Indians are not placed among the whites. He did not have the time to pay a visit at Sault Ste. Marie, because of the great number of sick Indians, and other necessary problems. To-morrow, Father Pierz will go to the Castor Islands and others before the weather gets too bad. This month, Father (J.B.) Proulx, a priest from Manitowaning, (Canada) might come to Arbre Croche and he believes that Father Frederick Baraga would arrive at the end of the month. The attendence at his schools is good; the little and large pupils are eager to learn something. Pierz is trying hard and his assistants try harder to serve him. He raised their pay to 1 shilling per lesson. He had many catechisms and hopes to baptize many. He does not doubt, that in a two-year period the mission will be successful. He paid $15 debt of Mr. Cadotte, the teacher at Sau(l)t Ste. Marie, to Mr. Halbert the tradesman. Since this debt was charged to Lefevre, he asks Lefevere to refund the $15 dollars. Father Santeli was not a good apostle and if he talks to Lefevere against Father (Otho) Skolla, the Bishop is not to believe him, since Skolla is better than Santeli. P.S. Pierz is much worried about the goods of Mr. Godey, as they may be lost. He asks Lefevere to search for them. Pierz encloses the following copy of his report:

Pierz, Father Francis: Arbre Croche, Michigan
 to (Stewart), Indian Agent: (Sault Ste. Marie, Michigan)

Pierz sends the report requested July 8, 1843. In the mission under his charge there are 1100 Catholic Indians of the Ottawa tribe. There are a few pagans whose number he does not know. The Christians live chiefly by fishing. They cultivate from 1 to 4 acres raising corn, potatoes and vegetables. They build neat houses, make their own clothing - some in the manner of the whites. Only the pagans and a few Christians engage in the chase in the winter. They are located in the villages of Arbre Croche, Lacroix, Middletwon, Cheboygan and Isle Castor, etc. There are three schools under his mission which are kept by assistants, although he occasionally conducts them himself. He has received $400 from Bishop (Peter Paul Lefevere) of Detroit which he has spent as follows: $79 to Madame Fisher at Arbre Croche, $50 to Michel Kinis at Lacroix, $20 to Dominic Enwechki at Lacroix and $18 to Michel Gosigwad at Middletown. The rest he spent for the Director and for necessary expenses at the school such as books, etc. Since the number of students is increasing and he had to divide the groups at Arbre Croche and Lacroix into two classes and at the same time increase the pay of the assistants 1 shilling a lesson, it is apparent that he must receive more aid. The schools at Arbre Croche and Lacroix are unfinished and the Indians need aid to finish them. Finally he remarks that the Indians have improved much during the past year not only in the practice of temperance but also because they have hope that they will be permitted to buy their land and not be removed from it.

- (copy of) A.L.S. - 2pp. - 8vo. -

III 2-h - A.L.S. - (French) - 5pp. - 8vo. - {9}

1843 Sept. 11
Brownson, O(restes) A.: Boston, (Massachusetts)
 to Isaac (T. Hecker): (New York, New York)

Hecker is to tell his brother that Brownson will send a draft of his address soon. The (Martin) Van Buren folks are cutting their own throats. Brownson and some of his Boston friends will make a move responsive to Hecker's soon. Mr. (John C.) C(alhoun)'s friends must bestir themselves. Brownson tells Hecker to tell their New York friends not to be discouraged. They will dent the little magician yet, and place the Statesman in the Presidential chair. The Spectator at Washington will be a daily paper soon. In going for Mr. C(alhoun) it must be understood that they go for the one term principle. Mr. C(alhoun) himself consents to this. Brownson asks who drew up the resolutions. They are able, though perhaps a little too heavy for popular effect. They take the right ground and delight Brownson.

I-4-g1p. - 8vo. - {3} - A.L.S. (Photostat, Paulist Archives) -

1843 Sep. 12
Rhett, R. B(arnwell): Washington, D. C.
 to O(restes) A. Brownson: Boston, Massachusetts

He has just received a pamphlet on the "National Convention" from New York, the style of which not allow him to impute it to anyone but Brownson. He has put out another on the same subject, which is already in print. It will come out in the "Spectator" Brownson will find that many of their views are alike; so much the better for beating them into the popular mind. He believes there was one course which would have given M(artin) V(an) B(uren) the presidency. That was assenting to the District plan of Representatives, and settling the tariff rightly at the approaching cession of Congress. He has already stumbled at the first, and he considers that himself or Brownson is as likely to be president as M(artin) V(an) B(uren).

I-3-g - A.L.S. - 2pp. - 8vo. - {2}

(1843 Sep. 13)
Brogard, Father J(oseph) N(icolas): (Baton Rouge, Louisiana)
 to Father Stephen Rousselon: New Orleans, (Louisiana)

Brogard takes advantage of the return of Father (John) Caretta who brought Rousselon's letter of August 30 to send the $6 he received from the members of the Propagation of the Faith for last year. The smallness of the sum will let Rousselon know that he has been able to form only one section; the second is almost complete. They have received the January number and are waiting for February.

V-4-o - A.L.S. - (French) - 2pp. - 4to. - {2}

1843 Sept. 13
Sane, Moses:
University of Vermont (Burlington, Vermont)
 to O(restes) A. Brownson: (Boston, Massachusetts)

He has the honor to announce Brownson's election as an honorary member of the University Institute of the University of Vermont. On behalf of the society he expresses high gratification in listening to Brownson's "Oration"; and they exceedingly regret the circumstances that interrupted the harmony of their anniversary.

I-3-g - A.L.S. - 1p. - 8vo. - {2}

1843 Sep. 14
Field, Eliza: New Orleans, (Louisiana)

She gives permission to the servant Adolphe to marry; he belongs to the estate of P.T. Dubourg.

V-4-o - A. Note S. - (French) - 1p. - 32mo. - {1}

1843 Sep. 14
Frenaye, M(ark) A.: Philadelphia, (Pennsylvania)
 to Bishop Ant(hony) Blanc: New Orleans, (Louisiana)

Frenaye received Blanc's letter in reply to his about the Bouquet children; he sends his thanks and those of their uncle. A copy of Blanc's letter was sent to the mother in Marseilles. Her brother-in-law pointed out that she should come. On Bishop (Joseph) Rosati's order, Frenaye sends an interesting notice about the missions; also one for Bishop Chanche and for Bishop (Odin) Audin. (P.S.) Since May, exchange with France has returned to 5.25.

V-4-o - A.L.S. - (French) - 1p. - 4to. - {3}

1843 Sep. 14
(Hecker), Issac: New York, (New York)
 to O(restes) A. Brownson: Chelsea, Mass(achusetts)

The friends of J(ohn) C. Calhoun intend to start a paper in New York for Calhoun as a candidate for the presidency. Brownson having expressed a willingness to occupy the place of editor, they thought perhaps he might be willing to accept the present opportunity. Hecker asks Brownson's conditions. He would regret the loss of Brownson's pen in the (Democratic) Review still the newspaper may present advantages. (A. Brownson) Alcott and (Margaret) Fuller have been there five days. They occupied their time in holding conversations. Hecker feels that Brownson's address is precisely what they want.

I-3-g - A.L.S. - 3pp. - 8vo. - {4}

1843 Sep. 15
de Palerne, Juliette: New Orleans, (Louisiana)

She gives permission to her slave Esther to marry Adolphe, slave of another master.

V-4-o - Note S. - (French) - 2pp. - 12mo. - {0}

1843 Sep. 15
Ivers, D.C., M.D.: Ballyshannon, (Ireland)
 to Bishop A(nthony) Blanc: New Orleans, (Louisiana)

Ivers begs Blanc to send him information on Thady Conolly from either Ballyshannon or Bundoran reported to have died at New Orleans. His reason is a property being involved in a law suit in which Conolly is one of the defendants.

V-4-o - A.L.S. - 2pp. - 4to. - {2}

1843 Sep. 18
Armengol, Father B(onaventure): Paris, (France)
 to Bishop Ant(hony) Blanc: New Orleans, Louisiana

Through Father (John) Boullier, (C.M.) who leaves tomorrow for America, Armengol notifies Blanc that Father (John) Timon, (C.M.), Father (John) O'Reil(l)y, (C.M.), almost ten other (Vincentians), and Armengol will leave from Havre, October 8, on the Mary Queen's Land toward New Orleans and hope to arrive during November. Some of the party are destined for the Seminary. God blessed their General Assembly. The Superior of their Seminary in Dublin is now in their Paris house and says that he could not send Blanc the seminarians he asked for because it was impossible for them to pay for the trip. Bishop (Joseph) Rosati has returned to Rome; his health is too bad to leave him any desire to return to America. Bishop (Michael O'Connor, S.J.) O'Connell of Pittsburgh is there; he says Mass in their chapel. Bishop (John Joseph Hughes) of New York and Bishop (Guy Ignatius) Chabrat leave on the same steamer as Boullier. Armengol sends respects to Father Rousselon. Their new Superior General Father Etienne, Timon, and Boullier send their respects to Blanc.

V-4-o - A.L.S. - (French) - 3pp. - 4to. - {9}

1843 Sept. 18
Brownson, O(restes) A.: Chelsea, (Massachusetts)
 to Isaac (T. Hecker): (New York, New York)

Brownson had not prepared an address. He has been sick all the week, and in his present state of suspension, is incapable of intellectual effort. Brownson admits that he would like to be at the head of a paper in New York City devoted to the support of Mr. (John C.) Calhoun. As to terms, the person who has management of the business must make an offer to Brownson, if he considers them just, he will accept at once. Brownson would refuse to accept any responsibility but editorial responsibility on a paper.

I-4-g - A.L.S. (Photostat, Paulist Archives) - 1p. - 8v. - {2}

1843 Sep. 19
Martin, Father (Jean): St. James, (Louisiana)
 to Father (Stephen) Rousselon: New Orleans, (Louisiana)

When Rousselon wrote about a young man of 14 who could fill the place of singer and sacristan, Martin already had one. He is a young Frenchman with whom he is satisfied. He needed only an altar boy to serve Mass on Sunday and carry the cross for services; he now has both. He likes it at St. James; there is much to do. He wishes the trustees at New Orleans would behave as well as those of St. James.

V-4-o - A.L.S. - (French) - 3pp. - 4to. - {2}

(1843) Sep. 19
Perché, Father N(apoleon) J(oseph): (New Orleans, Louisiana)
 to Father (Stephen) Rousselon: New Orleans, (Louisiana)

Perché has just learned that the rumor is that he has yellow fever. There is nothing to it. All last week he had sick people to see; he is going right now again but it is outside the city and he will go by carriage. Tomorrow he will leave if he can because Father (Victor) Jamey's coming for the Ember Days will give him a moment of leisure. Thursday Perché will say Mass for that poor woman whose death is going to cause difficulties for Rousselon. He thinks those gentlemen will understand why he cannot go any more than Father (Peter Victor) Plunkett, who is tired out. (P.S.) Perché is sending 16 copies of the Propagateur. Mr. de Vernier (?) has subscribed for 6, perhaps he has already taken them. Rousselon is to do whatever he can with the others.

V-4-o - A.L.S. - (French) - 2pp. - 8vo. - {3}

1843 Sep. 20
Jamey, Father V(ictor): Villers la Ville, (France)
 to Bishop (Anthony Blanc: New Orleans, Louisiana)

(Blanc)'s letter of August 17 pained and astonished him. It made him decide to leave as soon as possible for Louisiana. The Rossi sisters' behaviour is no less offensive to Cardinal (James Philip) Fransoni than for (Blanc); it is a real scandal. The amount of their claims proves that they were deceived. Here are the explanations (Blanc) asked for: 1. The paid notes were returned to those who had signed them. 2. The notes of Frédéric Lutz and Joseph and Rachel Gradenigo are in the hands of Antoine Verradin living at St. Landry. Jamey is surprised that he did not give them to Father Rousselon as Jamey asked him to before he left. 3. As for the trustees at Opelousas, four things are certain: They bought from the (Father Flavius Henry) Rossi estate. They have never given a note. If they paid they should have receipts. They have Jamey's account book and they can see whether he credited or debited the $400 in question. Jamey paid the first installment to Mr. Bignon and gave a receipt. When Jamey gave a report on the accounts, Labyche whom Jamey had accused of fraud in his administration, claimed that all the debts of the fabrique were paid and Jamey proved that not only did they still owe $400 to the Rossi estate but that they still owed Jamey a large amount for which they gave him two small pieces of land across from the church. 4. When Father (Anthony Désiré) Mégret went on retreat he knew that Jamey was going back to France and if he had given Jamey any money, he would not have failed to draw up a receipt. Mégret never replied when Jamey reproached him for buying a house and slaves with Jamey's money. 5. Jamey sold some books to (Adrien?) Rouquette for $65 and asked Rouquette to give the money to Rousselon. If (Blanc) writes to Fransoni, he is to tell him that Bignon, named administrator of the estate, had to furnish bond. Bignon's house and store are mortgaged to Gustave Cahanin for well above their value. Jamey accepted the unpaid notes and even a note from Bignon but with a mortgage on the slave Bignon had bought from the estate. Mrs. Thompson also owed $143 to the estate, and to get it Jamey had to take a piece of land which he sold on credit for the same price as can be seen by the deed to J(osep)h Jobin. Lutz has as endorser, Felix Dejean, Garrigue's son-in-law. Dejean having gone bankrupt before Lutz's note fell due, Jamey got the endorsement of Dupré and Jubertie and took flour and whiskey from their store which he disposed of at a loss of $10 which he has nearly covered by interest owed by Dr. Chook(?), the only one who took any. To better understand the ingratitude and infamy of the Rossi sisters one can recall that the liquidation of the estate took place at the time of the bank failures. If their interests were not given to a conscientious man nothing would be easier than to send them notes at a loss of 30, 40, or even 50 percent, saying that they received them before their depreciation. People at Opelousas know that their brother received only a few notes which he sold to Michael Prudhomme at 20 per cent discount and some merchandise from Bignon's store. He did not get as much as $800 of all he received for his third. In writing to Fransoni or the Rossi sisters, (Blanc) would do well to give them an idea of the state of the country; it is perhaps the best way to make them feel how unjust and offensive their procedure is.

V-4-o - A.L.S. - (French) - 4pp. - 8vo. - {16}

1843 Sept. 21
Baraga, (Father) Fred(erick): Lepointe, (Wisconsin)
 to Bishop Peter Paul Lefevere: Detroit, Michigan

Baraga received the Bishop's letter of Aug. 30 and also one from the Archbishop of Vienna who notified him that $300.- have been sent to him. Baraga took notice that Bishop Lefevere used the $300.- as a down payment for the $400.- which he said to Mr. Crooks for Baraga, also that the Bishop is endeavouring to get the $300.- of government annuity for him. Baraga thanks the Bishop and begs him to assist him further, as he has hardly any other income than what he receives from Europe. The people of his mission as also those of Fond du Lac and L'Anse are very poor. They can hardly support a priest. About the receipts for which the Bishops asks, Baraga does not know how to write them now as he had been told to send blank checks, signed with his name to the Bishop who would fill them out and date them as he saw fit. Baraga declares that he cannot receive any government payment, either for last year, or for this year until September but he hopes that he will receive a small part of the $250.- from the treaty of Lapointe. He has not yet received official assurance of it. However, Baraga begs the Bishop to let him have the $300.- which his friends and relatives have sent specially for him to pay his debts to the Fur Company. The bishop should give that sum to the agent of that Company in Detroit, who will show him the bill. The Indians of Grand Portage are about to make a treaty with the Government and will receive their payment next year, if the treaty is ratified. In that case, they could easily support a missionary and they hope to get Father Francis Pierz. Again, Baraga mentions that he will spend his winter in L'Arise, Where he intends to build a little chapel in honor of St. Francis Xavier. He asks no extra money for that, but the Bishop should pay the $300. of this year and not mention any more the $400. of last year and everything will be well. Baraga intends to leave for L'Anse in a few days. He is very sorry that he could not obtain another missionary for the missions on Lake Superior. He asks the Bishop to send him one on the first boat next spring. He also regrets it greatly that the Bishop could not come this year and hopes he can come next September.

III-2-h - A.L.S. - French - 3pp. {2}

1843 Sep. 21
Brogard, Father J(oseph) N(icolas): Baton Rouge, (Louisiana)
 to Father S(tephen) Rousselon: New Orleans, L(ouisian)a

Last week Brogard wrote to the Bishop to ask for a dispensation for Auguste Lévèque and Basilide Landry. Having received no reply Brogard concluded that Blanc is not at home and asks Rousselon to send it. Lévèque could not pay more than $20. People are dying there like flies. Day before yesterday they had at least 7 funerals of which three were at the military hospital. It must be yellow fever.

V-4-o - A.L.S. - (French) - 2pp. - 4to. - {3}

1843 Sept. 22
Wood, James Frederick: Mont Alto, Italy
 to Bishop John Baptist Purcell, Cincinnati: St. Sulpice, Paris, France

He writes again in answer to Purcell's letter. They are now having their vacation at Frascati, after the annual retreat. The Rector has begun to speak of ordination which may take place at Christmas or Easter. He has asked that his be postponed to Easter because of his dogma classes. He speaks of the honors he has won. An uncle and an aunt of his in England have died within a week of each other. He has had no letters from home but Father Edward Purcell's letters indicate that there is some family trouble, concerning Mr. W. Perhaps Purcell will tell him more. Purcell knows more of the news of Italy than he.

II-4-h - A.L.S. - 4pp. - 8vo. - {1}

1843 Sep. 22
Wood, Nath(anie)l M.: Waterville College, ?
 to O(restes) A. Brownson: (Boston, Massachusetts)

The members of the Literary Fraternity and the Crosophian Adelphi, literary societies, invite him to make an oration at their anniversary celebrations, to be held on the evening of the second Tuesday of August next. They have decided to unite in their celebration, contrary to custom, in order that they might possibly obtain his services. They would be greatly obliged if he would accept their invitation. They would like to hear his answer as soon as possible.

I-3-g - A.L.S. - 2pp. - 8vo. - {1}

1843 Sept. 23
Parker, John A.,: New York, (New York)
 to O(restes) A. Brownson: Boston, Mass(achusetts)

Parker incloses a petition and argument written by him to Gorimer Bouck which the writer feels is a pressing public problem, and which he asks Brownson to consider. He calls attention to several points. 1. The citizen has sovereignty and freedom by implied contract with the state, and has the right to protection by the state. 2. The individual states have surrendered only specific powers to the federal government and the remaining rights of sovereignty are sufficient from which sufficiency flows a duty to protect its citizens in their rights against other states. 3. U. S. Government is bound to sustain the Supreme Courts' decisions by force of arms if necessary. 4. By the amendment to the U. S. Constitution depriving a citizen of the right to sue another state, his rights are not destroyed nor abridged. The amendment merely follows the custom and practice of sovereignty between different states for the preservation of their dignity. 5. A denial to the citizen of his rights is a breach of contract permitting him to take the law into his own hands. Parker deplores the lack of established principles in the matter of credit of the soverign states. In the establishment of the principles here advanced (evidently referring to the enclosed printed matter) he sees a strengthening of the government and the Union, and a restoration of credit. He expresses the hope that the writing by Brownson will be published in one of the current periodicals.

I-3-g - A.L.S. - 4pp. - 8vo. - {1}

1843 Sept. 24
Oehls, Father: Ibourg,
 to Bishop John Baptist Purcell, Cincinnati: at St. Sulpice, Paris, France

Anna Maria Bedenbecker of Ibourg, near Osnabruck whose husband has been living for some years at Cincinnati has received a letter from him in which he tells her that he has assigned through Purcell 5000 francs for her. Further Purcell has written to her that the dum can be obtained from the Abbe Hofmann at Anvers. She asks the writer of this letter to obtain for her a letter of exchange directed to Schwenger at Osnabruck. In case the commission has already been given to Abbe Hoffmann, Purcell is requested to have him send the money to Osnabruck. (There is enclosed an account of the transaction.)

II-4-h - A.L.S. - 2pp. - 8vo. - (French) - {2}

1843 Sep. 25
Thorpe, Elizabeth: Woodville, Mississippi
 to Bishop (Anthony) Blanc: New Orleans, Lou(isiana)

Her afflictions induce her to once again address Blanc about the American system against her -- torturing and insulting her because she is English. Teaching in a small school scarcely affords her a living. The system drags her features into convulsions, hurts her sight and oppresses her brain. She cannot attend her duties. She has had no tranquility for more than 3 years. It would be very imprudent to acknowledge herself a Catholic here, so great is the prejudice. Could Blanc not use his influence with the government to have this espionage put down. (P.S.) Her address is care of William Mays with whose family she is staying.

V-4-o - A.L.S. - 4pp. - 4to. - {2}

1843 Sep. 26
(Chanche), Bishop John Joseph: Natchez, (Mississippi)
 to Bishop (Anthony) Blanc: New Orleans, (Louisiana)

(Chanche) received Blanc's letter of the 9th just after he had received one from Father (Stephen) Rousselon announcing the death of Father (Ferdinand Dominic) Bach. This event and the circumstances in relation to Father (Matthew Bernard) Anduze are afflicting indeed. (Chanche) would never tolerate Anduze in New Orleans even with permission to say Mass. Blanc must be embarrassed in the difficult affair of a successor for Bach. (Chanche) thinks the only one to appoint is Rousselon. (Chanche) received the news yesterday of the death of Mr. Nicollet, he died without a priest. This news has (Chanche) completely unhinged.

V-4-o - A.L.S. - 3pp. - 4to. - {5}

1843 Sep. 26
(Odin, C.M.), Bishop John Mary: On board the Mary Tompkins
 to Bishop A(nthony) Blanc: New Orleans, L(ouisian)a

Sickness obliged (Odin) to stay in Missouri longer than he wished but the fever has not come back for three weeks and his strength is returning. He will stop at Donaldsonville and then go to the Seminary until the yellow fever stops. He is sending two trunks to New Orleans to the care of Father Rousselon. Bishop (Peter Richard) Kenrick was at the seminary several days before (Odin's) departure; his health seemed excellent. A letter from Paris informed them that Father (Jean-Baptiste) Etienne, (C.M.) had been elected Superior General.

V-4-o - A.L.S. - (French) - 2pp. - folio - {3}

1843 Sept. 30
De Goesbriand, M.: Havre, France
 to Bishop John Baptist Purcell, Cincinnati: Havre, France

In accordance with Purcell's announcement that he would depart from Havre Oct. 1, he expresses his desire to meet Purcell and hear about his son, however, he must leave Havre. He has left a small package containing a crucifix for Purcell and hopes to meet him at Rouen or Paris. He takes the liberty of enclosing a small package "d'images". He hopes that his son (Father Louis DeGoesbriand) will become experienced enough to visit Europe sometime for Purcell, yet apologizes for any indiscretion in the desire. He would willingly have protracted his stay had he known when Purcell would arrive, but he could get no such information.

II-4-h - A.L.S. - 2pp. - 8vo. - (Partly French) - {2}

1843 Sep. 30
Dupuy, Father Enn(emond): Iberville, (Louisiana)
 to Father E(tienne) Rousselon: New Orleans, L(ouisian)a

Dupuy asks Rousselon to tell him the state of affairs, what the Bishop is doing and what the Propagateur Catholique has become. People everywhere ask him about things and he cannot answer. Nothing new except much sickness.

V-4-o - A.L.S. - (French) - 2pp. - 4to. - {2}