University of Notre Dame


1843 Nov. 1
St. Louis de Gonzague, Sister de: (New Orleans, Louisiana)
 to Bishop A(nthony) Blanc: New Orleans, (Louisiana)

Sister has told her father that after her profession he cannot continue his visits in the cloister but she has not persuaded him. He says that Blanc promised that he would always be able to go in to see her, that he cannot leave his chair and that there is no regard for his infirmity and age, etc. Her father plans to send F. Garcia to talk to Blanc and recall the promises Blanc made in the presence of Garcia and his brother. She hopes that all can be arranged. Her retreat is to begin Saturday evening. She has had a little trouble with the dowry but she received it today.

V-4-o - A.L.S. - (French) - 3pp. - 4to. - {2}

1843 Nov. 1
Deluol, Father L(ouis) R(egis): Baltimore, (Maryland)
 to Bishop A(nthony) Blanc: New Orleans, L(ouisian)a

Deluol recommends the bearer, Father Edward McColgan, pastor of St. Peter's, Baltimore. McColgan has begun a large church which is much needed in the west part of Baltimore. He did not think he would have to go outside the city to procure funds to complete this enterprise but a crowd of outside collectors have taken the substance of Baltimore. The Archbishop, whose revenues are very slender and who receives nothing from the Propagation, cannot help McColgan. So he decided to solicit from the generosity of neighbors. McColgan is an excellent priest who, while young, has already done much good. He is one of their students.

V-4-o - A.L.S. - (French) - 3pp. - 4to. - {2}

1843 Nov. 2
Sweet, G. H.:
Snow's Store, V(ermon)t
 to O(restes) A. Brownson: Boston, Mass(achusetts)

He has notic3d by the papers that Brownson is to commence a Review of his own in Boston. He would like to know more about it, and how long before the first number will be issued? If Brownson intends to really do this, then he will discontinue his subscription with the "Democratic Review", and if he is notified in time, he can, as an agent, obtain for Brownson many subscriptions in his section of the country and in northern and western New York among his friends. He asks Brownson to oblige with a reply, and any aid he can render will be cheerfully given.

I-3-g - A.L.S. - 1p. - 8vo. - {2}

1843 Nov. 3
Brunner, Father Francis Maria DeSales:
On Board Ship
 to Bishop John Baptist Purcell: of Cincinnati, Ohio

Before Pufcell left he asked them to send word to him of the day of their departure. They had hoped to sail the second but did not get started until the 5th. All his associate Fathers of the Precious Blood are sincerely attached to Purcell and pray for him and his diocese.

II-4-h - A.L.S. - 1p. - 12mo. - (French) - {1}

1843 Nov. 3
Coxe, Rich(ard?) S.: Washington, (District of Columbia)
 to Bishop Ant(hony) Blanc: New Orleans, (Louisiana)

Blanc's letter of October 23 has just been received. The record of the case has not yet been printed and Coxe has not had the opportunity to examine the case so that he could write to Mr. Seghers or Mr. Read. Coxe regrets that Blanc should have felt any uneasiness on account of the retainer sent him; he has no question it will come in good time.

V-4-o - A.L.S. - 2pp. - 4to. - {1}

1843 Nov. 4
McIntyre, Philip: New Orleans, (Louisiana)

McIntyre notifies Bishop (Anthony) Blanc and the trustees of St. Patrick's Church that he has sold his title and interest in the judgment obtained in his favor against St. Patrick's to Mary Louisa McIntyre. It is to her they will make all future payments.

V-4-o - A.Note S. - 1p. - 12mo. - {3}

1843 Nov. 5
Morisot, Father (J.M.): Assumption, (Louisiana)
 to Father (Stephen) Rousselon: New Orleans, (Louisiana)

Rousselon's last letter did so much good for Morisot. In his trials man here below needs to hear the consoling voice of a friend. Bishop (John Mary Odin, C.M.) of Texas, on his return from Donaldsonville, brought the news that Rousselon had been gravely ill but now out of danger. Morisot also has been ill. He will never forget what has been done for him by Bishop (Anthony) Blanc) who is now with them. How he wishes he could soften (Blanc)'s sufferings caused by the bickerings of some bad Catholics. P.S. They have just had word that they believe is false; that (Blanc)'s life was in danger and that to avoid assassination he disguised himself as a sailor and fled by sea. (Adrien) Rouquette is deeply grieved by the injustices of his fellow countrymen. He sends his respects to (Blanc) and Rousselon.

V-4-o - A.L.S. - (French) - 4pp. - 4to. - {4}

1843 Nov. 5
Pierz, Father Francois: Arbre Croche, Michigan
 to Bishop (Peter Paul) Lefevere: Detroit, Michigan

Father Pierz received Lefevere's letter of October 23. He is sending back immediately the account demanded by the Bishop for the government. He made changes in the matter presented to him by the Bishop, so that in case of a government investigation he may be able to justify himself, since the Secretary of War is not friendly to Catholic Schools. This exactness on the part of the government is caused by Father Santeli's complaint 2 years ago. Concerning the expenses for the first 3 posts, Pierz put the receipts of his own school report to the government. The Bishop should place in his report, the receipts for the two furnaces amounting to $38. As for the remaining post, it is not necessary to present anything. Concerning the furnaces Lefevere sent to him, Father (Otho) Skolla took one to La Pointe de St. Ignace. Pierz needing badly this extra furnace, is waiting for another one to come from Mackinac. Pierz awaits an answer from Washington to Lefevere's letter concerning the young Indian boys. These boys wish to learn the crafts which Mr. Stewart had advised as being the most useful to them. Winter is so early this year that the Indians did not have the time to get everything done in the fields.

III-2-h - A.L.S. - (French) - 2pp. - 8vo. - {3}

1843 Nov. 6
Brownson, O(restes) A.: Chelsea, (Massachusetts)
 to R(alph) W(aldo) Emerson: Concord, Mass(achusetts)

Brownson will lecture before the Lyceum on the Wednesday evening, the twenty-first. It will give Brownson great pleasure to make Emerson's house his home while in Concord.

I-4-h - A.L.S.(Photostat from Harvard College Library) - 2pp. - 12mo. - {1}

1843 Nov. 7
Ménard, Father Ch(arle)s M.: Lafourche Intérieure, (Louisiana)
 to Bishop Ant(hony) Blanc: New Orleans, L(ouisian)a

Ménard asks for a dispensation for J. Boudraux and Marie Adams. He will marry them next Saturday and takes advantage of the privilege that it is sufficient to have sent the request. Father (Hyacinthe) Tumoine is well; they will leave Monday for the retreat.

V-4-o - A.L.S. - (French) - 2pp. - 4to. - {4}

1843 Nov. 8
Blanc, Bishop Anthony: New Orleans, (Louisiana)

Blanc notifies Father C(onstantine) Maenhaut, pastor of St. Mary's, that he has dispensed Peter Auguste Roy and Elizabeth Emilie Elliot, widow of Ch(arles) W. Dutillet from the three banns.

V-4-o - D.S. - (Latin) - 1p. - folio - {4}

1843 Nov. 8
Brownson, O(restes) A.: Chelsea, (Massachusetts)
 to Isaac (T.) Hecker: New York, (New York)

Brownson has used his first issue of the Review answering many of the difficulties that face Hecker. Brownson wrote two articles, that will not fit into the first issue, that will show that no reform work can be successfully carried on until the world has received the unity and Catholicity of the Church as an outward visible institution. In it Brownson show that no theory, if born as pure theory, can even embody itself in a practical institution. It must be born in union with the institution. Platonism is essentially the same as Christianity, but Plato is a philosophy, Jesus Christ is an institution; Fournierism may be basically true, but it is a spirit without a body. Brownson has looked at (William H.) Channing's movement in New York, Channing's attempt to unify the Churches will fail because he is attempting to form a new Church. He says that unity is based on love. The error is that men do not love, and that is why they are now divided. These reformers take it for granted that the Church is the end, and that you must be good to come into the Church, instead of coming into the Church on the condition of being good. Brownson advises Hecker to associate with Mr. Haight's congregation if he can do so. Brownson, himself, cannot associate with any of the fragments, since he is in the position that he is. In the present state of the Christian world no Church should be more acceptable to the soul seeking union and catholicity than the Episcopal. Brownson feels that the time is not far distant when there will be a union of the fragments. Brownson is going to lecture in New York, Philadelphia, and Baltimore late in December and all during January.

I-4-g - A.L.S. (Photostat, Paulist Archives) - 3pp. - 8v. - {1}

1843 Nov. 8
(Odin, C.M.), Bishop John Mary: Assumption, (Louisiana)
 to Bishop A(nthony) Blanc: New Orleans, L(ouisian)a

(Odin) was very worried about Blanc last week. Father (J.A.) Faure had talked of a large delegation who had presented themselves to discuss the affairs of the (St. Louis) Cathedral or rather to make Blanc adopt the resolutions of the schismatic meeting held on the 27th of last month at the St. Louis Hotel. But he was misinformed and saw by the latest Propagateur that all had been done by correspondence. Blanc's two letters could not help but please all the friends of religion. Their moderation and firmness assured the triumph of the cause. Blanc's idea of leaving the priests at the Cathedral while dispensing the trustees from furnishing their upkeep was truly a happy one. If the priests have to abandon their posts the blame will fall on their persecutors. What a consolation to have thus assured the future of Catholicism in his diocese. (Odin) will leave Saturday for Donaldson where he will preach on Sunday and on Tuesday he will take the Armstrong to go to New Orleans. He thinks there can no longer be danger of yellow fever.

V-4-o - A.L.S. - (French) - 2pp. - 4to. - {3}

1843 Nov. 8
Pieron, A.: Lafayette, (Louisiana)
 to Bishop (Anthony) Blanc: New Orleans, (Louisiana)

Pieron is sending an issue of his newspaper published at Lafayette to prove to Blanc that if he has enemies he also has friends in their area. Up to now he has remained neutral in the ridiculous discussions of the trustees but seeing that they will be guided only by their violent feelings and will yield only to force, it becomes the duty of every father of a family to put forth his right as a Catholic and a citizen. He submits the article he has written in the defense of religion; he will be happy if his efforts can be of some use. His columns are always open to Blanc should he have use for them.

V-4-o - A.L.S. - (French) - 3pp. - 12mo. - {1}

1843 Nov. 9
Cuyten, J,: Haaren, Holland
 to Bishop Peter Paul Lefevere,: Datroit, (Michigan)

Cuyten, Head of the Seminary, Bois-le-Duc, has received Lefevere's letter of April 4, 1842. In this late answer he does not know what to say of Lefevere's needs. He has spoken frequently concerning them but without any apparent effect. He sends, however, 150 francs by Father Peter (John) DeSmet, (S.J.) when DeSmet returns to America later this year. As to workers he will do what he can but he regards it dangerous to send a young and inexperienced priest into the foreigh missions outside of a religious order. However he will look for suitable workers for the American missions. Formerly his subjects used to contribute to the fraternity of St. Francis Xavier founded pontifically to send funds to the North American missions but now they have united with the Lyons Association of the Propagation and do not have money to give. They give freely, however, of their prayers for the missionaries, as he does frequently in his masses at the seminary.

III-2-h - A.L.S. - (Latin) - 1p. - 8vo. - {3}

1843 Nov. 10
Clark, Joseph F.: Andover, (Massachusetts)
 to O(restes) A. Brownson: (Boston, Massachusetts)

As Secretary of the Andover Library Association he requests Brownson to favor them with a lecture on Friday Evening, Nov. 17. The limited amount of funds will not admit of paying more than $10.

I-3-g - A.L.S. - 1p. - 8vo. - {1}

1843 Nov. 10
(Loras), Mathias, Bishop of Dubuque: St. Louis, (Missouri)
 to Father E(tienne) Rousselon: New Orleans, Louisiana

(Loras) has Rousselon's letters of the 5th and 27th of September. The 18 Masses for the ordos will be faithfully said. He will send his rectifications of the ordo in July; he also has received the Propagateur with which he is very much pleased. Everyone should make it his duty to encourage it. He will receive Bishop (Anthony) Blanc's and Rousselon's about the Lyons catechism translated into English. The editor, without consulting (Loras) called it the Belley Catechism; it will be corrected in the next edition. (Loras) read in the October 28th Propagateur about the deplorable affairs at the (St. Louis) Cathedral (at New Orleans). He would say that the Bishop will never be through with it except by a strong show of authority. He ought to abandon the temporal to those infamous schismatics.

V-4-o - A.L.S. - (French) - 2pp. - 4to. - {3}

1843 Nov. 10
Priner, Warren: Beverly, (Massachusetts)
 to O(restes) A. Brownson: Boston, Massachusetts

He has received Brownson's letter stating that he will lecture for them on Tuesday evening, either the 21st or 23rd of this month. He asks if Brownson could lecture at another time, as the dates chosen by Brownson are already closed.

I-3-g - A.L.S. - 1p. - 8vo. - {1}

1843 Nov. 10
Pryor, John and others: New Orleans, (Louisiana)
 to Bishop A(nthony) Blanc: New Orleans, L(ouisian)a

They have seen with deep regret the persecutions Blanc has undergone. They were born and instructed in Ireland, under trials most severe. They cannot understand how men who never comply with the duties of a Catholic can insist on being received as proper members. The wardens seem to hold the doctrines of the Church in contempt. They talk about the right they have to appoint a curate. This strange doctrine is among the greatest novelties they have met in this land of their adoption. If they continue Blanc's enemies he is assured of their united cooperation as members of St. Patrick's Total Abstinence Society, numbering 1560. Pryor is chairman; (other names of the committee are) John C. Lawlor(?), N. Fitzsimmons, Salvester Quinn, D.J. O'Callaghan, J.P. Kerwin.

V-4-o - L. - 3pp. - folio - {7}

1843 Nov. 10
Smith, Persifor F. Judge: Jefferson Parish, Louisiana

Pierre Auguste Delachaise has applied for a license to marry Francoise Sophie Enoul Degué Livaudais. Smith grants lincense to any ecclesiastic or magistrate to celebrate the marriage.

V-4-o - A.D.S. - 1p. - folio - {2}

1843 Nov. 11
Barton, Ira M.:
 to Orestes A. Brownson: Boston, Massachusetts

Their lectures take place on Thursday evenings. He has taken the liberty of putting down Brownson's name for Thursday evening, Feb. 15th. If this is inconvenient for Brownson Barton would like to be advised so that the change can be made.

I-3-g - A.L.S. - 1p. - 8vo. - {1}

1843 Nov. 11
Roux, Father B(enedict): St. Louis, (Missouri)
 to Bishop (Anthony Blanc: New Orleans, Louisiana)

Mrs. Lamborn, formerly Maria Allen, has asked Roux to write in her favor. She will bring this letter and tell (Blanc) of her misfortunes. She is a Catholic, a respectable woman. She was received into the Church at the Ursuline Convent in New Orleans, during Bishop De Ne(c)kere's time and Blanc served as godfather. All this young lady wishes is to procure a position with a family where she can teach music, her only means of raising her little family. P.S. He sends regards to Rousselon.

V-4-o - A.L.S. - (French) - 1p. - 4to. - {3}

1843 Nov. 12
Chartier, Father Et(ien)ne: Avoyelles, (Louisiana)
 to Father (Stephen) Rousselon: New Orleans, (Louisiana)

On arriving home from Alexandria, Chartier found Rousselon's letter of October 17. An administrator has been named for Father (Robert) Doogan's estate but only as a formality as he left hardly enough to bury himself. However it is possible that his friends will get together to pay his debts. He will make known the claims of the diocese and as he will buy some articles at the auction, he will try to get permission to pay Rousselon on Doogan's account. Chartier will soon come down to New Orleans; he will have something positive to tell Rousselon. He will not neglect Mr. Hoffer's interests with Doogan's administrator. Chartier received two numbers of the Propagateur. He greatly admires the Bishop's two letters to the trustees. He also read the Pontiff's brief. The letters take away any pretext for continuing the fight. Chartier finds Clause 16, about fees, anti-Catholic and unconstitutional. The Bishop has shown firmness and prudence. Chartier also has had his little struggles but truth has been victorious. Mr. Belleone, a former judge, ill with dropsy, sent someone as soon as learned that Chartier had arrived. Chartier heard his confession and tomorrow will take him Holy and Communion. At last the unbelievers are confounded and Chartier hears that they show some regret at his leaving. He will visit two more sick persons tomorrow. So he does not regret his start at Avoyelles. He reviews his thanks for Rousselon's kindness in his days of trial last summer.

V-4-o - A.L.S. - 4pp. - 8vo. - {4}

1843 Nov. 12
(Power), Michael, Bishop of: Toronto, (Ontario, Canada)
 to Bishop P(eter) P(aul Lefevere) Lebvre,: Detroit, (Michigan)

He sends Lefevere the decisions and decrees asked for last September. The first document entitled "Resolutiones S(acrae) Congregationis de Prop(aganda) fide" applies to all that part of North American which formerly formed the old diocese of Quebec, (Canada) of which Detroit was a part. The Sacred Congregation makes a great distinction between the parishes canonically erected and those served only as missions. In Canada today there no longer remains any doubt in this matter and all the bishops are perfectly agreed, having taken the decisions herein submitted to Lefevere, as their rule. Lefevere will see that in reference to mixed marriages they have, for the regularly erected parishes, the decree of Benedict XIV which gets them out of difficulty and which has been accepted in all the dioceses of Quebec and consequently at Detroit since 1765 - the decree of Clement XIII being dated November 29, 1764. The decree "Tametsi" of the Council of Trent had probably been published for a long time in all the dioceses of Ireland except those of Dublin, Kildare, Leighlin, Ossory, Ferns, and Meath and in the wardenship of Galway. Power sends the proof that it was published even in these last named dioceses since December 2, 1827 and that the decree had begun to be in effect January 1, 1828, thirty days after its publication in each parish of these dioceses following the text of the law in question. So that the Council is in force at least as to the decree "Tametsi" in all Ireland since that time: the proof is evident in the pages sent, (marked) No. 2. Lefevere will find another decree marked No. 3, dated March 19, 1785 whereby mixed marriages contracted even in that part of Ireland where the decree "Tametsi" was accepted at the time, are declared valid. Finally Lefevere will find a solution of the question whether it is sometimes permitted to give the nuptial blessing outside of Mass. He will see that at least in the case where a Mass for the dead with the body present concurs with the Mass for the couple, it is permitted to give it. This is granted where the necessity of the moment and the impossibility of fulfilling both obligations at one time because there is only one priest in the place. The Church does not wish those being married to be deprived of prayers and special blessings of the Church under such circumstances. In their missions it is not just the simple concurrence of a Mass for the dead and a Mass for the couple to be married but very urgent circumstances and a moral and sometimes physical impossibility which prevents the celebration of Holy Mass; it seems to Power that if the Sacred Congregation made a similar declaration for the case submitted to it, it would make one even more liberal for the missions where the poor people marry many times only when they can get a priest. In Canada they insist that the parties assist at Mass and receive the nuptial blessing when it can be done. If they are obliged to marry outside of Mass because of some unforeseen circumstance or because they cannot do otherwise, they raise no difficulties about giving the blessing in question by pronouncing all the prayers in the missal. The decision of the Sacred Congregation is marked No. 4. Power would have sent all this sooner but immediately upon his return to Toronto he had to go the Kingston, (Ontario, Canada) where he hopes to succeed in getting a bill passed to authorize the bishop to possess all the goods given to the churches, colleges, and hospitals, etc., in his name. Later will come the Department of Education which will give them more trouble perhaps. Amherstburg, (Ontario, Canada) is still vacant. Twice Power has been on the point of sending really edifying priests there but in one case he was unable to obtain the consent of the superior and in another case, the consent of the bishop. He asks Lefevere to encourage the Jesuits to continue their services in this place until Power can find some one who fits this important mission. The bearer of this letter is a little Canadian who knows perfectly the language of the Indians of Lake Huron and Lake Superior. He is to speak Indian with the Fathers so that by spring some one of them would be ready to begin the important mission that they have taken over voluntarily. Bishop (Remigius Gaulin) of Kingston is very weak; he is still in Lower Canada. His coadjutor (Bishop Patrick Phelan) is embarrassed because all papers are locked up. They hope that affairs will end advantageously for Bishop Gaulin in January. In a postscript Power sends his congratulations on the nomination of Bishop J(ohn) M(artin) Henni to the bishopric of Milwaukee. Lefevere will be relieved of the responsibility and Wisconsin Territory will no longer rest on his shoulders. (Father Francis Norbert Blanchet, Vicar General of the Oregon Territory has just been named Vicar Apostolic of that vast region, Father (Peter John) DeSmet, (S.J.) having succeeded in throwing the burden on other shoulders. (In this letter are included the copies of the documents in Latin mentioned in the letter. 1) The resolution of the Sacred Congregation of the Propaganda on mixed marriages and other marriages contracted in Canada in answer to the questions of the Archbishop of Guebec, dated November 17, 1835. 2) The declaration of the Archbishop David (Murray) of Dublin that he decree "Tametsi" is in effect in certain counties of Ireland. 3) The decree of the Sacred Congregation concerning mixed marriages in Ireland, dated March 19,1785 as promulgated in the specified counties on December 2, 1827 with authentication of Bishop Power on November 12, 1843, and 4) A copy of a decree of the same congregation about giving the nuptial blessing outside of Mass when a requiem with the body present must be celebrated, dated March 13, 1819. All documents copied by J.J. Hay, Secretary (to Bishop Power).

III-2-h - A.L.S. - (Inclosure in Latin) - 3pp. - 8vo. - 10pp. - 4to. - {10}

1843 Nov. 23
Pierce, Wellington: Clinton, Mich(igan)
 to O(restes) A. Brownson: (Boston, Massachusetts)

He has been a subscriber to the "Boston Quarterly Review", and to the "Democratic Review" since Brownson started to contribute to that journal. Since he has a deep admiration for Brownson's intellectual honesty, he wishes to become a subscriber to the new work which Brownson is to edit--the "Brownson Review". He would also like a copy of Brownson's letter to W. E. Channing entitled "Mediatorial life of Jesus", if it is in published form. He will remit payment for both when he receives the first number of the Review.

I-3-g - A.L.S. - 2pp. - 8vo. - {1}

1843 Nov. 25
(Hailandière), Bishop Cel(estin de la): Vincennes, (Indiana)
 to Bishop Ant(hony) Blanc: New Orleans, L(ouisian)a

(Hailandière) hastens to give the information asked about Mr. Tumoine. He knows little about him. He is said to have done well in humanities in France. However he did not finish and had to study at Vincennes. (Hailandière) does not know his dispositions. He would probably have been received into (Hailandière)'s seminary if he had persisted but he is perhaps too dissatisfied with the Eudists; he will be better with Blanc. Blanc is truly severely tried. (Hailandière) does not doubt that the issue will be in Blanc's favor. He congratulates Blanc on having declared his priests at (St. Louis Cathedral) independent of the trustees. To separate the question of money and the spiritual is to place himself on ground where defense is easy. (Hailandière) would not withdraw the priests; he would leave them there until they were chased out. Then the odium would fall on those who chased them out. (Hailandière) dismissed the Sisters of Charity; he does not regret it. The latest Superior was incapable. He called in the Sisters of Providence; he has just installed them in a house he just bought on Market Street. He will use their vacated house for the seminary. He has 20 students there now. All are waiting for the (Vincentians). Blanc is to give the few lines on the other page to Father Jos(eph) Kundeck who, he supposes, is at New Orleans.

- A.L.S. - (French) -

 On the same paper: 

(1843 Nov. 25
(Hailandière), Bishop Cel(estin de la): (Vincennes, Louisiana)
 to Father Jos(eph) Kundeck: (New Orleans, Louisiana)

(Hailandière) thought again on Kundeck's going to Mexico. There seem to be few motives to go, many to remain; the success is more than incertain. At present he does not wish him to go. He had thought Kundeck should be free to come before Christmas; Kundeck thinks not; he is to do as he can.

- A.L.S. - (English) -

V-4-o - A.L.S. - (French & English) - 4pp. - 4to. - {7}

1843 Nov. 26
Ducros, G.: (New Orleans, Louisiana)

Ducros gives permission for his negress Henriette to have her child baptized.

V-4-o - A. Note S. - (French) - 2pp. - 32mo. - {0}

1843 Nov. 27
B(ellune), D(uchesse) de: Versailles, (France)
 to Bishop (Anthony Blanc: New Orleans, Louisiana)

She received (Blanc)'s letter of July 8 more than a month ago. Her health is a little unsteady but also, the subject of her letter, being a contradiction of all she wrote some months ago, makes her regret having to tell him. Three weeks after she had asked (Blanc)'s intervention in carrying out the plan of having Miss I(zabel) return to Europe, she received a letter from Mr. Stockes (Charles Stokes) stating that this plan was contrary to Mr. de (la) B(elinaye?)'s wishes and that he was going to write to the young lady to notify her of her father's order not to leave New Orleans. It seems to B(ellune) that, after a separation so greatly to be desired by everyone and which circumstances made so difficult to achieve, the first thing would be not only the need to alleviate so unfortunate a fate but to try to prevent new misfortunes. For this young person to be left to herself in a country so far away could only expose her to danger. B(ellune) sees Miss I.'s future as so precarious that she fears the results and she shares the anxiety of her husband concerning the existence of a poor infant who could become the principal victim. All he can do is to send some help to the mother; this, though slight is far beyond her husband's modest fortune. She deplores Miss I.'s blindness in refusing to separate from her child. Only religion can inspire sacrifice and Miss I. does not have it. B(ellune)'s husband joins in her thanks; he will write (Blanc) soon.

V-4-o - A.L.S. - (French) - 4pp. - 8vo. - {4}

1843 Nov. 27
Rice, John S.: New Haven, (Connecticut)
 to O(restes) A. Brownson: Boston, (Massachusetts)

He is gratified to hear from Brownson that his invitation is accepted. Since Brownson has mentioned the early part of January, he wonders if the second Thursday if January would be convenient for Brownson.

I-3-g - A.L.S. - 1p. - 8vo. - {1}

1843 Nov. 28
Priour, Father J(ulien): New Iberia, (Louisiana)
 to Bishop A(nthony) Blanc: New Orleans, L(ouisia)na

Priour is answering Blanc's letter as soon as it was received. No one can give him figures on the population of the parishes of New Iberia and St. Mary's (Charenton) better than Dr. Smith. 1. He estimates the number of inhabitants to be 7000 or 7500; the Catholic population is 4000 or 4500, 2. Baptisms, 200 to 250. 3. Easter Communions, 340 to 50 at New Iberia; about 60 St. Mary's, 28 at Patersonville and 20 to 25 in the other little missions. 4. Two churches, St. Peter's at New Iberia and St. Mary's, and soon one at Franklin according to what the trustees of St. Martin's, (Attakapas) have promised. The old church there will do for the present. Priour's church is up for sale. He and Father (Joseph) Billon visit St. Mary's alternately twice a month. Recently Billon said he did not want to have his vestments brought from St. Charles and that he did not know if he would stay all year with Priour. Priour has Billon's washing done, gives him half of the baptisms, a goodly number of mass stipends and $200 a year. If Billon wishes to withdraw, Priour would not object as it only with the greatest economy that he can manage. He has 8 mouths to feed, including a young man of 16 or 17 showing fine dispositions for the ecclesiastical state. In spite of poverty, if Blanc wants $150 or $200 Priour will give it to him. Blanc is to place a subscription to the Propagateur Catholique for Mrs. Smith of New Iberia and Dr. Guitzinger of Fausse Point. Priour wrote to Father Perché several days ago to enter subscriptions for Ursin Provost, Jr. at Jeanerett's, St. Mary's. (P.S.) Father (Giles F.?) Martin could not be worse and the Cardinal is dying to see him leave for the old world.

V-4-o - A.L.S. - (French) - 4pp. - 4to. - {12}

1843 Nov. 28
Read, Will(iam) Geo(rge): Balti(mor)e, (Maryland)
 to Bishop (Anthony) Blanc: New Orleans, Louisiana

Blanc's favours of the 9th and two previous have come to hand. On receipt of the second, Read wrote to Mr. Coxe from whom he received a letter assuring him of further communication as soon as the clerk of the Supreme Court prints the record of their cause. He thinks it will scarcely be reached at the present term. In relation to Blanc's last letter, Read's remarks must be made and received with caution. If the diocese of New Orleans were actually incorporated under the Spanish domination, the act of 1816 was undoubtedly an invasion of vested rights. Read considers this sustained by the case of the Regents of the University of Maryland vs. Williams. There has been no such acceptance of the new charter by the Bishop of New Orleans as will amount in law to a waiver of his vested rights under the Spanish crown. The language of the Court of Appeals on this head is so clear the (he quotes it). This suggests the important query of who constituted the corporation. The document Blanc enclosed could not be received precisely as an act of incorporation; Read would presume the contrary. But he would regard the Pope's allocution as evidence of an incorporation on which it might be left to a jury to presume a royal grant or charter. Read's answer is limited to hints rather than assurances. He does not think an application to Blanc's legislature could avail him. For, if the act of 1816 is valid it could not be impaired but with the consent of his refractory corporators the trustees. His very application might be construed into an admission of its present validity.

V-4-o - A.L.S. - 4pp. - 4to. - {3}

1843 Nov. 28
St. Patrick: New Orleans, (Louisiana)
 to Bishop Anthony Blanc: New Orleans, (Louisiana)

He prays that God will support Blanc especially at present when he is encompassed by a set of irreligious infidels. The necessity for 2 or 3 priests has increased one hundred fold during the last month so that one priest could not attend all the faithful at St. Patrick's. Blanc has at least three priests who understand English; one of them an Irishman, one a German, and one a Frenchman. Blanc is not to suppose that because St. Patrick's is now in debt that a provision cannot be made for the support of two or more priests. In the room of giving one $2000 a year, let each priest on his turn have the collection on Sunday. In Dublin the priests get their support in this manner.

V-4-o - A.L.S. - 3pp. - folio - {2}

1843 Nov. 28
Scott, J. Parkin: Baltimore, (Maryland)
 to Bishop (Anthony) Blanc: New Orleans, (Louisiana)

Their friend, (William George) Read has shown Scott Blanc's letter of the 16th and his answer dated today in relation to Blanc's rights in opposition to the refractory trustees. Scott fully concurs in Read's opinions expressed in his letter: the Court of Appeals in the case of The Regents of the University of M(aryland) vs. Williams has but followed out the doctrine laid down in the Dartmouth College case. The legal doctrines of prescription do not apply but he fears that there has been such an acquiescence in the act of 1816 as to establish the fact of an acceptance of its provisions by the original corporation, if one existed prior to the act of 1816 under the Spanish government.

V-4-o - A.L.S. - 3pp. - 4to. - {2}

1843 Nov. 30
(Chanche), Bishop John Joseph: Natchez, (Mississippi)
 to Bishop (Anthony) Blanc: New Orleans, (Louisiana)

Sister Regina (Smith, S.C.) with 7 other Sisters arrived there yesterday. Father (Louis Regis) Deluol had directed them to spend a day or two in Natchez. Sister Regina caught a violent cold crossing the mountains. She suffered much in Wheeling. The first regular packet leaves on Saturday; (Chanche) will accompany them if he can. He will not let them go down by the transient boats as they might have to wait several hours below the hill. (Chanche) thanks Blanc for the information sent but he cannot make out the name of the Bishop in 1799. He hopes the calm Blanc speaks of will not be followed by any outbreak. It is time the good Catholics brought the trustees to rights. The Bishops in the north will be very busy this winter performing consecrations.

V-4-o - A.L.S. - 3pp. - 4to. - {3}