University of Notre Dame


1844 Feb. 1
Calhoun, J(ohn) C.: Fort Hill, (South Carolina)
 to O(restes) A. Brownson: (Boston, Massachusetts)

He is much gratified that Brownson has revived his (Brownson Quarterly) Review. The first step towards any effectual reform is to put down and disregard party machinery. No devise ever was adopted better calculated to gull the community. It originated with (Martin) Van Buren. With them Democracy is but a profession - which is laid aside whenever it stands in the way of obtaining political power. He had hoped that the disaster of '37 would have reformed them. What Brownson says in reference to Calhoun in connection with nullification, Calhoun heartily approves. It is the portion of his public conduct that he would rather be rescued from oblivion than any other.

I-3-g - A.L.S. - 2pp. - 8vo. - {3}

1844 Feb. 1
McLaughlin, Father Peter: Cleveland, Ohio
 to Bishop John Baptist Purcell: of Cincinnati, Ohio

The people of St. Mary's congregation are willing to form a society for the purpose of buying the first eligible lot that may be sold in Cleveland he asks Purcell's permission to organize it. However he asks Purcell whether the money should be placed in the name of one of the parishoners or in the hands of brokers, or as he suggests in the name of the bishop. He fears that should the person chosen be either English or German the sum would be used exclusively for only one of these groups. The terms of the society is 25 cents a month. He thanks Purcell for the crosses etc., sent him and gives the numbers of births, deaths, marriages etc. in the congregation.

II-4-h - A.L.S. - 1p. - 8vo. - {3}

1844 Feb. 1
Munroe, Nathan: Bradford, (Massachusetts)
 to Orestes A. Brownson: (Boston, Massachusetts)

His calling, that of parish minister has kept him an observer of men's minds, and in these years he has observed quackery beating upon us, the constant fever for what is new, and the consequent endangering of and in some cases, the wrecking of men's minds. Brownson's recent lecture before the Haverhill Lyceum was providentially appropriate. Brownson's remarks on Providence and the coming judgement, which ideas men are determined to get rid of, were very opportune. We have churches in abundance, but where is the Church? Men know her not, and in the minds of many she is of less consequence than the asses of Kish. Men in this age seek license and not restraint, gold rather than good. The Unity of the Church exists, but in what does it lie? He thanks Brownson for the quest of the truth that all thinkers of the age are seeking.

I-3-e - A.L.S. - 2pp. - 8vo. - {1}

1844 Feb. 2
(Odin) Bishop John Mary: Galveston, Texas
 to Bishop A(nthony) Blanc: New Orleans, L(ouisian)a

(Odin) is sending Blanc the letter he wrote to Cardinal (James Philip) Fransoni in support of Blanc's request for a coadjutor. He was so ill when the Neptune left that he could not write when he should have. Father (John) Timon was the main support of the Congregation and it will be very difficult to replace him. On the Other hand he will be a great help in the midst of Blanc's troubles. Mr. McElroy died at Victoria soon after his return to Texas. Father (Eudald) Estany, (C.M.), who came to make his retreat at Galveston, brought (Odin) the news; he was ill only four days. Does Blanc think the Ursulines could undertake an establishment at Galveston this year; (Odin) must think seriously about a school for young girls.

V-5-a - A.L.S. - (French) - 2pp. - 4to. - {6}

1844 Feb. 3
(Kenrick), Bishop Peter Richard: St. Louis, (Missouri)
 to Bishop (Anthony) Blanc: New Orleans, (Louisiana)

(Kenrick) apologizes for not answering until now the letter Blanc wrote him since the death of his predecessor, (Bishop Joseph Rosati). (Kenrick) feels more and more his incapacity for his position. He has just written to Rome to give the Sacred Congregation his views on Blanc's choice of a coadjutor. The appointment of Father (John) Timon, (C.M.) would be an irreparable loss to his order but the American episcopate would gain. (Kenrick) is anxious for news about the unfortunate case brought against Blanc by the trustees. If it is carried to the Supreme Court, Blanc will surely win. Religion cannot but gain; it would be better to let the property of the Cathedral be lost entirely than to keep it for the profit of the trustees. The letter which accompanies this one must be for Blanc as the information it asks for can be found nowhere else. (On the address side of the letter): Fav(ore)d(?) by Geo(rge) Walker.

V-5-a - A.L.S. - (French) - 3pp. - 4to. - {4}

1844 Feb. 3
De la Hailandiere, Celestine Bishop of Vincennes: Vincennes, Indiana
 to Bishop John Baptist Purcell: of Cincinnati, Ohio

He asks Purcell if it is at Purcell's order that Father (Joseph) Ferneding is listed in the Almanac of Baltimore as pastor of St. Mary's church in Cincinnati. He has been surprised to find that Ferneding was received among the clergy of Cincinnati but he admits with difficulty that such a one has been named a pastor by the bishop of that diocese. Purcell cannot be ignorant that the pretended cession of Bishop (Guy) Chabrat is without foundation and that therefore Ferneding is in flagrant opposition to his duty. He does not think that Purcell will retain him in such a state of affairs.

II-4-i - A.L.S. - 1p. - 8vo. - (French) - {5}

1844 Feb. 3
Lévèque, R.S.C., Madame Louisa: St. Michael, (Louisiana)
 to Bishop (Anthony Blanc: New Orleans, Louisiana)

She received (Blanc)'s letter yesterday. (Blanc) is to send the little orphan at once; the ones he sends always have first place. She hopes soon to ask (Blanc) to send the little Martinez girl for boarding school. She is waiting for a reply from Mother General. A letter from Mother (Aloysia) Hardey, (R.S.C.) this week asks them to make a novena for Mother General and Mother de Bouchaud, (R.S.C.), both of whom are ill. Madame Lévèque thanks (Blanc) for the news of her sister Madame Evelina (Lévèque, R.S.C.) whose Superior, Mother Bathilde, had written that she is doing well. They have only 39 pupils and expect many more. They have not yet dared to have Father Lapuy teach the children; from his sermons they would judge that he is not capable. Antoinette is very well. Lévèque is not surprised that Felicie Trepagnier has left; her health is so poor.

V-5-a - A.L.S. - (French) - 3pp. - 4to. - {8}

1844 Feb. 5
Brownson, Orestes A.: Boston, (Massachusetts)
 to (John C. Calhoun: Fort Hill, South Carolina)

Brownson has just received through Calhoun's attention, a bill reported by Norrick changing the postal law; reducing the rates on postage but actually raises it on periodicals, prohibiting the postmasters from making remittances to publishers' names. It will raise the cost of sending one issue from twenty and a half to thirty cents. Newspapers are allowed one copy of any paper in the country free of any mailing charge. Periodicals which cannot bear a heavy tax, should also be permitted this privilege; the higher order of literature most needs encouragement. Mail rates generally should be reduced to prevent the postal system from falling into the hands of private companies even though at first it may become a tax upon the government. He does not intend to discuss a subject on which the Senator is better informed than himself and apologizes for so doing.

I-3-g - A.L.(incomplete) - 3pp. - 8vo. - {2}

1844 Feb. 5
Wheeler, J.,: Burlington, V(ermon)t
 to O(restes) A. Brownson: Boston, Massachusetts

He thanks Brownson for sending the first numbers of (Brownson's Quarterly) Review. The doctrine Brownson advances on the unity of the Church, accords with that of the Vermont Chronicle except that the latter dispenses with the Romish phraeseology. That objectionable phrasesology was supposed to express not the idea of a spiritual Church, but the power of an ecclesiastical organization.

He doubts that Brownson was right in looking for the organic law of Protestantism in its etymology, rather is it in the justification by the profession of principles of righteousness. Faith in the Word and proscription of any earthly authority whatever will bring freedom and make toward the perfection of humanity.

He takes to be philosophically false the attempted justification by (John C.) Calhoun of his States Rights Doctrine by the proposition; "All law is restraint; ergo, the less the better." Law, to Wheeler, is the just action of the organism. The Constitution must be so regarded, since loyalty can not be to restraint.

Were Calhoun elected President, he fears that Calhoun would lend himself to readily to the counsels of Southern men.

I-3-g - A.L.S. - 3pp. - 8vo. - {3}

1844 Feb. 5
Young, Father Joshue M.: Lancaster, Ohio
 to Bishop John Baptist Purcell: of Cincinnati, Ohio

He asks pardon for his delay in answering Purcell's letter about his health. Since this is his first sickness in five years he does not see that the location is to blame, nor any reason for removal. He feels to blame for the failure of Lancaster to support their pastor. He had been dividing his time between Lancaster and Columbus. Now Lancaster has furnished a house for the priest and with Purcell's admonition will take care of the pastor's needs. They have hope of getting rid of the most pressing debts. Fairfield and Hocking counties contain 260 Catholic families which attend Lancaster and Logan churches. He adds the statistics for those churches for the year 1843. He asks for two orphan children for Mrs. Geraghty and Mrs. John Geraghty. He has a letter from Mr. Ehinger asking him to recommend his nephew John Walt for the seminary. He does not think that Walt shows any signs of a vocation. Father Schonat coincides in his judgment. He asks when the priests will hold their reunion. Feels that the new arrivals should devote themselves first to retreats and renewals.

II-4-i - A.L.S. - 3pp. - 8vo. - {5}

1844 Feb. 7
Brunner, C.PP.S., Father Francis DeSales: Norwalk, Ohio
 to Bishop John Baptist Purcell: of Cincinnati, Ohio

He asks Purcell about certain matters: 1. about a marriage case. 2. about civil authorization for marriages which he lacks. 3. marriages during lent. 4. days of indulgences. 5. his power of admitting other Precious Blood Fathers to faculties. 6. Baltimore ordo and a list of the clergy. 7. a letter from Purcell. 8. the missions at Tiffin and Wolfscreek among the Germans and Richland and Attica. 9. Certain land belonging to the bishop. 10. lenten dispensation. 11. getting at least one more chalice. 12. the learning of English.

II-4-i - A.L.S. - 2pp. - 12mo. - (Latin) - {5}

1844 Feb. 7
McCaffrey, Father James: Marietta, Ohio
 to Bishop John Baptist Purcell: of Cincinnati, Ohio

He acknowledges Purcell's of Jan. 25, and sends by the bearer Mr. Clarkin $77, $57 from Mrs. Reilly for a chalice and the rest for money Purcell advanced for Mrs. Brophy. Mrs. Kelly wants her initials inscribed on the chalice. Purcell will please consecrate it. As to the propriety of going into debt for an organ the organ is much desired and Mrs.Brophy promises to collect the money assuring that it will be paid in two years. He leaves the real decision to the Bishop. He did not know that he had faculties in Virginia since they had previously demanded his certificate of ordination to perform ceremonies and his license from Cincinnati was not sufficient. He desires to know about the marriages of persons coming from Virginia after the publication of banns in Marietta and of those from other dioceses when the publication of banns has not been made known.

II-4-i - A.L.S. - 2pp. - 8vo. - {3}

1844 Feb. 7
Delano, Lucien B.: Ottawa, Illinois
 to O(restes) A. Brownson: Boston, Mass(achusetts)

Although through all these years Brownson has not heard from him, he has read much about Brownson in the papers. Moreau (Delano) told him that upon the latter's visit to New York, Brownson was still wearing the old sixpence. He is at his own place on the Michigan and Illinois Canal which has been stopped but which he hopes will be reopened in the summer. Loring is keeping a hotel. Loring and himself stick to the Democrats. Illinois is strong for (Martin) Van (Buren) and opposed to the tariff. He knows that Brownson is for Calhoun yet he has never seen the first Democrat in Illinois for Calhoun or John Tyler.

I-3-g - A.L.S. - 1p. - 8vo. - {3}

1844 Feb. 8
Derepo: New Orleans, (Louisiana)

Receipted bill for $102 to the pastor of St. Augustine Church for 68 locks, put on each pew.

V-2-a - Receipt S. - (French) - 1p. - 16mo. - {1}

1844 Feb. 9
(Hailandière), Bishop Cel(estin de la): Vincennes, (Indiana)
 to Bishop (Anthony Blanc: New Orleans, Louisiana)

(Hailandière) wrote (Blanc) several days ago through one of their young people who was going to France to see his father. At that time he did not know of (Blanc)'s request for a coadjutor. He has been away; on his return he wrote to Cardinal Fransoni recommending in a special way the one (Blanc) recommended. However he does not think he will get him; he is so necessary to the order he directs. (Hailandière) has written to Father Joseph Kundeck to return. It is simply astounding that having asked permission to take a 3 or 4 weeks trip he should establish himself with (Blanc) and take on the building of a church. He has so much to do at home and 500 German families in his care. As for Father (F.M.) Masquelet, if (Blanc) has (Hailandière)'s letter he doubts if (Blanc) has employed him. If Masquelet does not settle with him, (Hailandière) will take other means with him. (Blanc)'s trials are multiplying; (Hailandière) will pray for him. His conviction is that all will end in glory for God and to the advantage of (Blanc)'s diocese. P.S. Not knowing Kundeck's address (Hailandière) asks (Blanc) to deliver the enclosed.

V-5-a - A.L.S. - (French) - 2pp. - 4to. - {3}

1844 Feb. 9
Reynolds, v.g., Father I(gnatius) A.: Louisville, Kentucky
 to Bishop John Baptist Purcell: of Cincinnati, Ohio

He received Purcell's of Feb. 7, that morning. The bulls have not yet arrived and he still hopes that another be chosen for Charleston (S.C.). When the bulls come he will make a retreat and come to a decision. Bishop (Guy) Chabrat's left eye is almost useless and his right very weak. He does not say office and says Mass only on Sunday. There is no prospect of recovery. Bishop (Benedict Joseph) Flaget has been sick for a month. As to Father (Joseph) Ferneding, Reynolds repeats the conversation of Bishop Chabrat as he remembers it. Chabrat said that Ferneding had gone to the diocese of (Vincennes) subject to recall and that he would let him stay in Cincinnati still subject to recall. Chabrat says that he was under the impression that Ferneding left Indiana with the forced consent of Bishop (Celestine) De la Hailandiere. Reynolds thought Chabrat understood the case otherwise and that Chabrat cleared the case by permitting Ferneding to go to Cincinnati. Reynolds would accept Purcell's invitation for a visit but he is still engaged in all his duties there, and has additional duties because of Chabrat's infirmities.

P.S. He believes he should have written to De la Hailandiere.

II-4-i - A.L.S. - 3pp. - 8vo. - {9}

1844 Feb. 10
Cavelier, A. and Z.: New Orleans, (Louisiana)
 to Father (Stephen) Rousselon: (New Orleans, Louisiana)

Receipted bill for wine and corks, $72.75. Signed by L. Girard.

V-5-a - Receipt - (French) - 2pp. - 32mo. - {1}

1844 Feb. 10
(Hughes), Bishop John: New York, (New York)
 to Bishop (Anthony) Blanc: New Orleans, Louisiana

(Hughes) apologizes for not writing sooner to express his sympathy in Blanc's many trials. It is a privilege Blanc enjoys in being selected to suffer. (Hughes) is pleased with Blanc's selection for coadjutor; (Hughes) will urge the appointment with all earnestness. He does not know the third name and fears the second would not be equal to the plan. The Bulls for the late appointments have not arrived yet. (Hughes) has no small trouble with the trustee system in his diocese but he is rooting it out wherever it can be done. The Brandagee family here are well but still much afflicted with grief. Blanc is to tell Mr. Brandagee that (Hughes) pays as much attention to the family as he can. He is almost overwhelmed with duties; having as yet no one with whom to divide his labors.

V-5-a - A.L.S. - 2pp. - 4to. - {2}

1844 Feb. 10,
Pierz, Father Francois: Arbre Croche, Michigan
 to Bishop Peter (Paul) Lefevere: OF Detroit, Michigan

Pierz asks counsel of Lefevere. Since the savages now know the catechism by heart they need an advanced catechism. Pierz has prepared such a catechism composed of extracts of many catechisms of which Madame (Maria Anna) Fisher has made a translation. But he has a difficulty. In the European catechisms there are 5 precepts of the Church, which he quotes, but in Baraga's catechism there are 7 precepts and which he also quotes with the Indian translation, and they are not the same. They are in essence the same except for two variations and the order in which the precepts were presented. Baraga's did not have the precept on the marriage and the European caechisms did not include the precept on support. Pierz does not dare change anything in the liturgy of the Church withput the permission of his superiors. He asked, Lefevere, to tell him which form to put in his catechism. Father (Frederick) Baraga took the 7 Precepts from a canadian catechism. They believe that the savages would accept the catechism of Baraga, since that they are used to it and would wonder about any changes. Moreover, Pierz believe that if Baraga's 7 precepts had to be submitted to Rome they would be rejected, because the 5 European precepts bind under grave sin and the precept of support does not. He asks if Lefevere has received his letters of Nov. 29, Dec. 21 and Jan. 2, containing details of the needs of the mission. He needs immediate aid if Lefevere has received the government money. He suggests an exchange of $100 through the payment of a sum to be paid in Detroit. He himself is in good health. He asks the Bishop to consider seriously the missions at Sault and River aux Tourtes. He asks the means to build a church and continue his mission there in the spring.

III-2-h - A.L.S. - (French) - 3pp. - 8vo. - {3}

1844 Feb. 10
Rousselon, Father E(tienne): New Orleans, (Louisiana)
 to Father C(onstantine) Maenhaut: (New Orleans, Louisiana)

Bishop Anthony Blanc dispenses Justin Marc Rideau and Jane Clark, widow of David Evans from the Publication of two banns.

V-5-a - A.D.S - (Latin) - 1p. - folio - {5}

1844 Feb. 12
Haskins, Father Geo(rge) F.: Paris, (France)
 to J(ames) R(oosevelt) Bayley: New York, (New York)

The ocean which separates them and the time since their last interview have not weakened his affections. He received Bayley's letter of November 28 enclosing a draught for $500. Bayley neglects to give the details of his shipwreck and this angers Haskins. Haskins also desires to know the reception given Bayley by his family and also some news of Mr. Price, John Williams, Dr. (Samuel Farmar) Jarvis, Bishop (Benjamin T.) Onderdonk. The papers from the United States do not arrive in Paris regularly. Haskins does not think he has money enough to go to Belgium. Haskins is trying to secure the books Bayley desires.

II-2-n - A.L.S. - 4pp. - 4to. - {5}

1844 Feb. 12
Roman, Jean Jacques Judge: St. James Parish, Louisiana
 to Father Constantin(e) Maenhaut: New Orleans, (Louisiana)

Jacques Auguste Denissat(?) Juriand, a doctor living and practicing in St. James Parish, son of the late Augustin Dominique Juriand and Elizabeth Bringier; and Marie Emilie Eugénie Fagot, daughter of Emilie Jourdan and Samuel Fagot, have applied to Roman to obtain a marriage license which he grants.

V-5-a - A.D.S. - (French) - 1p. - folio - {7}

1844 Feb. 12
Rousselon, Father E(tienne): New Orleans, (Louisiana)
 to Father C(onstantine) Maenhaut: (New Orleans, Louisiana)

Bishop Anthony Blanc dispenses Arthur Anderson and Adelaide Maria Martin from the publishing of two banns.

V-5-a - A.D.S. - (Latin) - 1p. - folio - {4}

1844 (Feb. 13)
Curiel, J.: (New Orleans, Louisiana)
 to Father E(tienne) Rousselon: (New Orleans, Louisiana)

A bill for $51.40 for groceries.

V-5-a - Bill - (French) - 1p. - 12mo. - {1}

1844 Feb. 13
(Flaget), Bishop B(enedict) J(oseph): Louisville, Kentucky
 to Bishop (Anthony Blanc: New Orleans, Louisiana)

For more than six weeks (Flaget) has had such a cold that he has had to stay in bed or in his room without being able to say Mass. Therefore (Blanc) will not be surprised that he has not fulfilled the commission (Blanc) confided to him. His coadjutor (Bishop Guy Ignatius Chabrat) has taken over the commission. By the Spanish letter of Bishop (Didacus de Hernandez?) of Guadalajara (Blanc) will see the sum which Father (Joseph Stahlschmidt) Stalsmith, with the authorization of the above Bishop, collected in the episcopal city. This sum came to 1537 pesos which Stalsmith placed in the Bishop's hands along with two chalices. After such success Stalsmith obtained permission to collect in the interior of the diocese. But since his departure no one has been able to find him and it was presumed that he was dead. It became important to find out to what Bishop in the United States he belonged in order to send him the money. Not knowing that Bishop (Joseph) Rosati was dead, they wrote to him. (Flaget) sends the letter enclosed in this one (no enclosure). (Blanc) is to find among the Spaniards in New Orleans, a banker or businessman in contact with people of Guadalajara who would draw, in (Flaget)'s or his coadjutor's name, on this Bishop to whom (Blanc) would certify that Stalsmith was a member of the clergy of Kentucky, that he had bought a lot for the Germans he was serving and built a church but was not able to pay for them because of business failures and that (Flaget) had authorized him to go to Mexico. After considerable expense to provide for the Sisters of the Good Shepherd, (Flaget) has been obliged to contract debts. (Blanc) is to indicate the sum deposited with the Bishop of Guadalajara and draw on that Bishop so that the money can be paid at New Orleans or at Louisville. (P.S.) May God bless the petition (Blanc) has sent to the Pontiff and may Blanc triumph in his church.

V-5-a - A.L.S. - (French) - 4pp. - 4to. - {6}

1844 Feb. 13
(O'Connor), Michael, Bp. of Pittsburgh: Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania
 to Bishop John Baptist Purcell: of Cincinnati, Ohio

If Mr. Frenaye gave him a copy of the "Notizie della Missioni" for Purcell he must have mislaid it. He thinks Frenaye just thought he gave him one. Bishop (Guy) Chabrat's affliction is distressing. He expects to start the Pittsburgh Catholic soon and may make the editor of the Telegraph pope. He thinks that he will try to get passed by the state legislature some law safeguarding the tenure of eccle siastical property. He thinks that there is danger in having everything centered in the bishop and thinks church law should provide for associating some clergymen with the bishop. He mentions the circular from Lyons regarding the complaints of the Germans. To prevent some individuals giving a bad answer he suggests that the bishops get together on the answer. He speaks of the tyranny of the German groups. He thinks that the Ligourians (Redemptorists) contribute to keeping the spirit alive. He has seen some documents written by them and has sent for some others. The bishops should adopt some general course in treating these matters.

P.S. was Father James J. Mullon's trip to Europe for helth or some other cause?

II-4-i - A.L.S. - 3pp. - 8vo. - {10}

1844 Feb. 15
(Eccleston), Samuel, Abp. of Baltimore: Baltimore, Maryland
 to Bishop John Baptist Purcell: of Cincinnati, Ohio

He is forwarding by this same mail the bulls for Bishop-elect Martin J. Henni of Milwaukee since he did not know where else to send them. The acts of the late provincial council (1843) have been printed but were held up to include the letter of the Pope which accompanied the bulls for the new bishop He is much pleased with the gentleman Purcell introduced to him. Father Dolan paid over the money to the party concerned. He says Purcell was right in calling Father (Simon) Saenderl's communication "most strange" but the latest and most scandalous is the published letter in the Baltimore papers in the last week on temperance societies. Eccleston has withdrawn Sanderl's faculties after conferring with the Redemptorists' superior who assured him that Sanderl would not write any more articles. Suggests that Purcell might make some comment on these indiscretions in the Telegraph.

II-4-i - A.L.S. - 2pp. - 8vo. - {7}

1844 Feb. 16
(Fenwick), Bishop Benedict (Joseph): Boston, (Massachusetts)
 to Bishop Ant(hony) Blanc: New Orleans, Louisiana

(Fenwick) acknowledges the receipt of Blanc's letter and will recommend to Rome the individuals whom Blanc named as his coadjutor. Blanc's situation, surrounded by infidels and Freemasons, is a painful one but the better portion of Catholics of the United States sympathize with him while they know no terms strong enough to stigmatize the conduct of the infamous trustees. What more ridiculous than for them to institute a suit against Blanc! They deny that Blanc has jurisdiction and then sue him for not sending them a pastor.

V-5-a - A.L.S. - 3pp. - 4to. - {1}

1844 Feb. 16
McNamee, Father James: Fort Ball, Ohio
 to Bishop John Baptist Purcell: of Cincinnati, Ohio

Besides the statistics requested by Purcell he brings up the question of the smallness of the church at Tiffin. He speaks also of his saying Mass at Wapakoneta, a year previously. He hopes to start a church at Fort Ball on the occasion of Purcell's visit this fall. The church at Maumee is indebted to the amount of $500. Father Louis A. Rappe took money intended for Maumee to Toledo. This McNamee does not think fair because of the aid Maumee had given to the neighboring churches. He gives the statistics. of the churches under his care including especially those of McCutchensville, Wolf Creek, Crawford, Hancock and Hardin. He has been visited by the Precious Blood Fathers, Fathers Salesius Brunner and John Wettmer. He asks about a certain blessing for St. Agatha's day.

II-4-i - A.L.S. - 3pp. - 8vo. - {13}

1844 Feb. 17
Bope, J.: Pittsburgh, (Pennsylvania)
 to (Francis) P. McFarland:
Mt. St. Mary's(Emmittsburgh, M(aryla)nd

From Mt. St. Mary's he went to his brother and sister, and mailed McFarland's letter. He lived four days with Father J(osue) M. Young at Lancaster. At Cincinniati he called on Father (John B. Doherty) Dougherty. Bishop (John Baptist) Purcell had not returned. Father Edward Purcell is a perfect priest. Bope went to Brown County where he expected to be assigned and did not think it as good as the Mountain. He did not have dimissorials and the Bishop has spoken to Father (John) McCaffrey in Baltimore and was not willing to receive him. Bope promises to repay McFarland and Mr. McCloskey. He is now at Pittsburgh. He is convinced that he did right in leaving the Mountain.

I-1-a - A.L.S. - 3pp. - 4to. - {7}

1844 Feb. 17
DeGoesbriand, Father Louis: Louisville, Ohio
 to Bishop John Baptist Purcell: of Cincinnati, Ohio

He acknowledges Purcell's of last December and mentions a letter of Msgr. Fitzpatrick and the religious at Norwalk, who were at Canton on their way to their destination. He speaks of a letter from his father who did not suffer from his trip to meet Purcell. He mentions his own desire to see his parents. He would like to increase the church. It will not be beautiful having been poorly begun but when the population increases a better one can be built. He gives the statistics of Louisville and for St. Genevieve in Holmes County. He asks Purcell to send on on the money has for him after taking out the price of his subscription to the Telegraph and that of Mr. Moffit.

II-4-i - A.L.S. - 3pp. - 8vo. - (French) - {4}

1844 Feb. 17
Smith, Persifor F. Judge: Jefferson Parish, Louisiana

License is hereby granted to celebrate the marriage of Virgil Boullemet with Caroline Walters. (On the back): Joseph Felix Lambert, born (the ink here is faded and illegible) son of Ferdinand(?) LambertJoseph Klar(?)…Marie Fauchet(?).

V-5-a - A.D.S. - 2pp. - 8vo. - {6}

1844 Feb. 18
Mégret, Father A(nthony) D.: Vermillionville, (Louisiana)
 to Bishop A(nthony) Blanc: New Orleans, (Louisiana)

In his letter of January 28 Mégret told of the change in (E.T.) Guégnon toward Mégret and received Blanc's reply. This editor has asked for several interviews in which he proved worthy of confidence. The controversy was instigated by persons Blanc knows. The governor himself furnished Guégnon with a discourse between a Protestant minister and Bishop (John Baptist) Purcell to reply to Mégret. The letter written to Blanc by the President of the trustees had been ordered done by the express request of the governor to the editor who showed Mégret the text copied by Ed. Mouton, president. Mégret does not doubt that these same persons may have much to do with the persecutions at New Orleans. Mégret went to Pont Perry to say Mass the first Sunday of this month. They have plenty there and the leading citizens urged Mégret to offer some land for a court house as they wished the future village to be on church property. Mégret agreed and at a meeting on Monday they named the place Abb(e)ville. So it is no longer St. Mary Magdeleine of Pont Perry but St. Mary Magdeleine of Abbville. Several days ago Mégret saw Father (Stephen Theodore) Badin whom he invited to spend Lent with him. Badin said he would. Mégret hopes to go after him at St. Martinville in a few days. Blanc will recall that Mégret submitted a copy of a new hymn for their parishes. Everything is ready but since they will soon see each other at the retreat, Mégret will wait until then to confer with Father Rousselon to whom Blanc referred him.

V-5-a - A.L.S. - (French) - 4pp. - 4to. - {7}

1844 Feb. 20
Falzun, J(o)hn: New Orleans, (Louisiana)

Permission for his negress Betzy to marry Cyrus.

- A. Note S. - (French) -

 on the same paper 

(1844 Feb. 20)
Falzun, Sarah: (New Orleans, Louisiana)

Permission for Betzy to marry Cirus.

- Note - (French) -

V-5-a - A. Note S., Note - (French) - 2pp. - 16mo. - {1}

1844 Feb. 20
LeBlanc, Ch(arle)s: (New Orleans, Louisiana)

Permission for Francois and Felicité to marry.

V-5-a - A. Note S. - (French) - 2pp. - 16mo. - {0}

1844 Feb. 21
Brisbane, A(lbert): New York, (New York)
 to O(restes) A. Brownson: Boston, (Massachusetts)

He has collected all the Democratics which he could find. He has tried all over, but will try again. He will forward them to Brownson as he has requested. He shall insert an advertisement of the Review in the Phalanx. Brownson has a great cause to contend for: the unity of the Church, but he believes there can be no unity until all men are educated, intellectually and morally, and all are supplied with abundance. Brownson cannot have the same religion as a European peasant, except in form and name, because his intellectual development is immensely greater. We must educate the low and ignorant, or depress the more educated and intelligent, before we can have a unity of religious belief.

I-3-g - A.L.S. - 2pp. - 8vo. - {1}

1844 Feb. 21
Rappe, Father Louis Amadeus: Toledo, Ohio
 to Bishop John Baptist Purcell: of Cincinnati, Ohio

He submits a marriage case requiring a dispensation in public honesty. Speaks of his visit down the Line and of the plans for a Temperance celebration on St. Patrick's day. He has heard that there is a new missionary at Piqua. He speaks of the usefulness of a fellow laborer within 15 or 16 miles. He has caught a cold which has not improved. They are planning a Temperance rally for Toledo, but he does not know how to get medals as Purcell does in Cincinnati. He speaks of a letter from a friend in France whom Purcell met in Europe. His friend Abbe Caron tells him that there is still hope that the Ursulines will come to his convent. He is sorry to hear of Purcell's ill success in Europe.

II-4-i - A.L.S. - 3pp. - 8vo. - {4}

1844 Feb. 22
Brownson, Orestes A.: Boston, (Massachusetts)
The Editor of the Nantucket Inquirer(Nantucket, Massachusetts)

In the paper of the 8th the editor inserts a note signed Aaron Mitchell, in reply to one copied from the Boston Atlas into (the Inquirer) of a previous date. In consequence of the destruction of navigation by ice, Brownson did not receive …

I-3-g - A. Draft (Incomplete) - 1p. - 4to. - {3}

1844 Feb. 22
McCaffrey, Father James: Marietta, Ohio
 to Bishop John Baptist Purcell: of Cincinnati, Ohio

In answer to Purcell's request for something definite about the organ he asked several people who promised to subscribe. If Purcell grants his permission McCaffrey wants to collect through the county and in his old missions since the congregation could not meet the debt, not being able to carry the debts they have. Should Purcell decide to send the organ he wants it and the other things by Easter. Rev. Mr. Heis has not arrived and Father O'Meally of Portsmouth says that he has been unable to meet all his appointments because of the conditions of the roads, but expects to visit his German families before Easter. Father (Charles) McCallion wants him also in Archer's Settlement.

II-4-i - A.L.S. - 1p. - 8vo. - {4}

1844 February 22
(McMaster, S.H.CJ.), Sister St. John: Sharon Hill, Pennsylvania
 to (James Alphonsus McMaster): (New York, New York)

(Sister) S(ain)t John tells (McMaster) that the lemons arrived and she received his letter with the money. She encloses a letter for Gertrude which she began last week.

I-2-e - A.L.S. - 2pp. - 12mo. - {1}

1844 Feb. 22
Montgomery, Father Charles P.: Zanesville, Ohio
 to Bishop John Baptist Purcell: of Cincinnati, Ohio

He submits to Purcell the case of a lady formerly married to a Catholic who not a Catholic herself wants to marry another Catholic now. There are certain facts that indicate that her first husband is dead but a rumor has come that a man answering his description is in Ireland. For urgent reasons Montgomery submits this case to Purcell. He asks whether Purcell's letter about public penance applied to those married outside before the announcement. He explains why he wrote to Father (John B. Duerinck) instead of Father Edward Purcell about some business in Cincinnati. He explains the failure of the Dominicans there to furnish Purcell statistics to the loss of the paper containing them by Father Wilson. He wends a remittance for the Catholic Herald for certain of the Fathers he mentions. He asks for a copy of the pamphlet "Gallileo".

II-4-i - A.L.S. - 4pp. - 8vo. - {6}

1844 Feb. 23
Armengol, Father B(onaventure): New Orleans, (Louisiana)

Armengol asks Father (Stephen) Rousselon to pay T(homas) S. Elder $61.12 on his account.

V-5-a - A. Note S. - (French) - 2pp. - 32mo. - {2}

1844 Feb. 23
(Flaget), Bishop B(enedict) J(oseph): Louisville, K(entucky)
 to Bishop (Anthony) Blanc: New Orleans, Louisiana

Last week (Flaget) wrote that he could not fulfill the important commission Blanc had given him to the Holy Father because of a bad chest cold which had confined him to his room for more than three weeks. He is better bodily but his heart is so sad. The oculists at New Orleans have said that Bishop (Guy Ignatius) Chabrat's eye would not recover its sight and those of Louisville believe that this will bring about the loss of the other eye. What a deplorable situation in the diocese if his coadjutor loses his sight and leaves its administration to (Flaget) at an age of more than 80 years. Especially now when the most capable priest in Kentucky is about to leave it forever. They are fortunate to have learned in their youth that the desired kingdom is to be obtained only through trials. Blanc is to embrace Chabrat for (Flaget) and to give his opinion of the doctors consulted. (P.S.) (Flaget) sends greetings to all the clergy and particularly Father (Napoleon Joseph) Perché who is to get from the Sisters whom he directs, some albs for the Church of Our Lady of Portland which Perché built before leaving for Blanc's diocese. All the albs and altar linens, as well as a cope and silver chalice, have been stolen.

V-5-a - A.L.S. - (French) - 4pp. - 8vo. - {4}

1844 Feb. 24
Lucas, Father P(eter): St. Martinville, (Louisiana)
 to Bishop (Anthony) Blanc: New Orleans, L(ouisian)a

Before Lent, dances were in vogue; should Lucas refuse Easter Communion to those who do not promise to give them up? Last Thursday they buried a lawyer of the town who in spite of falling away, ended his life in a most edifying way. They are still working on the new church; they almost hope to be able to have Mass there for Easter. For two days, Father (Giles F.) Martin has had a violent colic. Mr. Lebesque took him to his home in his carriage and Mrs. Lebesque sat up with him. For several weeks he had been able to say Mass and preach as usual.

V-5-a - A.L.S. - (French) - 3pp. - 4to. - {3}

1844 Feb. 25
Bock, Rosa: (New Orleans, Louisiana)

Permission for her negress Sara to have her child baptized Marie Lumena.

V-5-a - A. Note S. - (French) - 2pp. - 12mo. - {0}

1844 Feb. 25
Timon, C.M., Father John: St. Louis, Missouri
 to Bishop John Baptist Purcell: of Cincinnati, Ohio

The bearer Father B. Rollando is on his way to Philadelphia. He expects to be able to congratulate Purcell on his safe arrival but he has found it impossible to leave St. Louis. He requests Purcell to tell him the prospects for the seminary. He asks Purcell to let him know if the arrangements made with the Vincentians does not meet his views. He begs him to let no delicacy prevent what is for the greater good of the diocese.

II-4-i - A.L.S. - 1p. - 8vo. - {5}

1844 Feb. 27
Anduze, Father M(atthew) B(ernard): New Orleans, (Louisiana)
 to Bishop Ant(hony) Blanc: New Orleans, (Louisiana)

Blanc's not answering Anduze's two last letters is an affront to an old priest. Several days ago Dr. Labatut gave Anduze an exeat which Blanc had addressed to Labatut for Anduze. The form of this document could not help but annoy a priest who has worked in the diocese of his ordination for 25 years. Anduze asks Blanc to change it. The document, in a way, takes away his character as a priest; has Blanc reflected that a partial censure would be equivalent to an excommunication? For two years Blanc has deprived Anduze of an income of $3000. In this land of liberty and justice there is no ecclesiastical court to which a priest can have recourse. He can no longer remain in the position in which Blanc has placed him. Fathers P., Ev., and Bé. left the diocese with good recommendations and Anduze is forced to remain and live as he can because it is believed that he is the cause of Father (Stephen) R(oussel?)on not being pastor of the Cathedral. He hopes Blanc will one day be convinced that he was deceived.

V-5-a - A.L.S. - (French) - 3pp. - folio - {3}

1844 Feb. 27
Clinton, R.: Mobile, Ala(bama)
 to Bishop Ant(hony) Blanc: New Orleans, L(ouisian)a

It is now three years since a matter affecting Clinton took place. Circumstances at the time of his arrival in Mobile made it inconvenient to write immediately. When Clinton was about to leave the (Catholic Male Orphan?) Asylum at New Orleans he called twice to see Blanc but was not permitted to see either Blanc or Father Maenhaut. This satisfies Clinton that some misunderstanding had taken place. He has his choice of two situations in the country equally lucrative as the situation in the Asylum but money was not his principal object. Clinton thought he felt heavily grieved when in his native land he was persecuted by those of a different creed for contributing his aid in preserving children of the poor from proselytism. But in this country the very persons who ought to coincide with his views were the ones to declare themselves in favor of a man who brought corrupt books into that school. Clinton must not charge the Directors with want of the necessary qualities but he must infer that he was the victim of a calumny which has always been kept from him. His most anxious wish is that they will let him know their objection to him.

V-5-a - A.L.S. - 4pp. - folio - {2}

1844 Feb. 28
Poincy, D.: New Orleans, (Louisiana)
 to Father (Stephen) Rousselon: (New Orleans, Louisiana)

Receipted bill for biscuits and flour for $9.85.

V-5-a - A. Bill S. - (French) - 1p. - 16mo. - {1}

(1844?) Feb. 29
Green, Frances H.: Smithfield, R(hode) I(sland)
 to Orestes A. Brownson: (Boston, Massachusetts)

Green sends her first sheets. She would like Brownson to notice it. A severe criticism would be as welcome as praise. She was swayed by a publisher against her own wishes, to consent to have printing begin when she was only two chapters in advance, and in ill health. She hopes it is worthy of some kind of notice. The introduction is not hers.

I-3-g - A.L.S. - 2pp. - 4to. - {1}

1844 Feb. 29
(Hailandière), Bishop Cél(estin de la): Vinc(ennes, Indiana)
 to Bishop Anth(ony) Blanc: New Orleans, Louisiana

(Hailandière) thanks Blanc for all he did for their young travelers. He did not send the seminarian to Blanc knowing that there would be many at his house and the seminarian did not find it agreeable. Father (F.M.) Masquelet wrote to (Hailandière) in the same vein in which he talked to Blanc but (Hailandière) does not believe a word. As for the money of Masquelet's collection, Blanc is to ask him for it in (Hailandière)'s name since (Hailandière) is still in charge of Illinois. Father(John?) Lefranc left them so abruptly that (Hailandière) was quite disconcerted; (Hailandière) has learned since that Lefranc thought (Hailandière) had told everything he knew about Lefranc; (Hailandière) has never said a word to anyone, even to his vicar general, which would give any suspicion of what Lefranc wants to keep hidden. (Hailandière) refused him a certificate because Lefranc refused to stay in his parish until he could be replaced. Father (John A.) Vab(ret?) told (Hailandière) that Father (Joseph) Kundeck was going to stay with Blanc. (Hailandière) cannot believe it; Kundeck has left his congregation without a priest for 4 or 5 months; in the state in which he left his affairs at Jasper he could not do so and (Hailandière) will oppose it. He has written Kundeck to be back home on Passion Sunday. He had authorization for an absence of only 3 weeks. Enough priests from Indiana have already gone to Louisiana: (Hailandieère) does not want it said that he sends them there. About Mr. P., a young Lorettine in Kentucky, dispensed from her vows at Louisville and brought by way of Vincennes to the Sisters at Terre H(aute) was sent back for, among other things, correspondence with him. She is going down to New Orleans, Blanc is to say nothing about (Hailandière) but to keep his eyes open. In regard to the Eudists there is nothing to be done except in favor of Chané (Father Chanet?); (Hailandière) would like to talk to Blanc about the ones from Trinidad. But before things go too far there must be a showdown; (Hailandière) has taken steps. He has withdrawn the powers of the vicar general. (Hailandière) needs a coadjutor or at least a friend. They await news of Blanc's affair. Next week, the Father (Roman) Weinzoepflen affair; they hope only in God.

V-5-a - A.L.S - (French) - 4pp. - 4to. - {11}

1844 Feb. 29
Lucas, F(ielding), Jr.: Balt(imore, Maryland)
 to Bishop A(nthony) Blanc: New Orleans, (Louisiana)

In reply to Blanc's of the 6th, Lucas annexes the account of Father V(ictor) Jouann(e)ault; Blanc will see that the balance, including the almanacs for 1844, is $24.26.

- A.L.S. -

 On the same paper 

Jouann(e)ault's total account was $68.62. On July 13 Father A(lexis) J. Elder paid $34.31, a bill remitted by Sister Regina (Smith, S.C.). Jouann(e)ault sent another bill for $21.07 to Blanc. On November 13, Bishop (John Joseph) Chanche paid Jouann(e)ault's account of $34.31 and $18.75 for 100 almanacs for 1841. Lucas has closed the account, carrying the balance to the credit of Blanc's account. Blanc's account was $93.93. On his last statement Father (Gilbert?) Raymond had not paid for "End of Controversy" but settled a few days since.

V-5-a - A.L.S. - 4pp. - 4to. - {6}

1844 Feb. 29
May, Samuel J.: Boston, (Massachusetts)
 to O(restes) A. Brownson: Boston, (Massachusetts)

He has been requested by the ladies and gentlemen of Lexington to invite Brownson to give them a lecture in the Lexington Lyceum next Monday evening. If this is not convenient for Brownson, would he lecture on Tuesday evening at 7 o'clock The fee will be $10.00. He asks Brownson to let him know in the Saturday morning mail, or by omnibus Saturday evening.

I-3-g - A.L.S. - 1p. - 8vo. - {1}