University of Notre Dame


1844 June 1
Fransonius, Cardinal James Phil.: Rome, Italy
 to Bishop John Baptist Purcell: of Cincinnati, Ohio

This letter will be given to Purcell by Father James Frederick Wood who having completed his studies and been ordained priest returns to his own country. He has completed his studies with honor to Purcell and has lived honorably in the College in Rome. Because of his good morals and his progress in studies they expect him to be of utility to Purcell and to religion.

II-4-i - A.L.S. - lp. - 8vo. - (Latin) - {2}

1844 Jun. 1
Robillard, J.C.: New York, (New York)
 to Bishop (Anthony) Blanc: New Orleans, (Louisiana)

Having lately received the agency of the principal church ornament manufacturers of Paris and Lyons, Robillard solicits the orders of prelates. He offers as references Bishop Hughes of New York and Bishop McCloskey, Coadjutor.

V-5-a - Form L. Printed - 2pp. - 4to. - {1}

1844 June 3
Alger, F.: Boston, Massachusetts
 to O(restes) A. Brownson: Boston, Massachusetts

He has left a copy of the last London edition of Phillips' mineralogy for him, and also a copy of Lilliman's journal, in which Brownson will find a notice of the very recent publication of Dana on mineralogy. These may afford Brownson some hints by way of comparison. He points out a few articles which may be of special interest to Brownson, saying that they are entirely new in this edition. He says there is on one page a curious figure of a crystal of lead with remarks upon it. If Brownson should like to introduce the figure, he will send him the cut.

I-3-g - A.L.S. - 1p. - 8vo. - {1}

1844 June 3,
Baraga, (Father) Frederick: L'Anse, (Michigan)
 to Bishop Peter Paul Lefevere: (Detroit, Michigan)

False reports, sent by the Methodist preachers of L'Anse to Mr. Robert Stuart, have caused a terrible persecution against Father Baraga and also a circular to be published which abolishes religious freedom and almost closes the doors to the Catholic missionaries in Indian countries. Baraga believes that the purpose of that circular was to chase him out of L'Anse. Mr. Stuart has always protected the Methodists and is very angry that Baraga had established a Catholic mission in L'Anse. But Baraga hopes that the letter he wrote to Mr. Stuart will prevent that justice be openly violated. He asks the Bishop to go without delay to Washington with these documents and give them to Mr. Spenser, the Secretary of War. Baraga is sure that he does not know the truth of this whole affair. If he knew it, he would not agree to it, he being a free American. Baraga would go to Washington himself if he were not so far away and so busy. So he begs the Bishop again to do so without fail, because it is very important and of great consequence. P.S. The sum of $800. which he put down for expenses for the mission, is not exaggerated if he includes his voyage to Lapointe which lasted 20 days, then the schoolteacher, the hired man and the great quantity of provisions which were needed up to date. Baraga expects a big sum from Europe, which will come into the hands of Mr. Crooks. He also asks that the Bishop send him 9 yards of lasting through Mr. Livingston at Saut.

- A.L.S. - French - 2pp.

 He encloses the following: 

1844 May 29,
Baraga, Father Frederick: L'Anse, (Michigan)
 to Mr. Robert Stuart: L'Anse, Michigan

Baraga answers the circular written in the Superintendency of Indian Affairs, Detroit, April 3, 1844. He received it May 18, 1844, therefore for him this is the day of its publication. He intends to abide by everything in the circular, but as a law cannot be in effect before its publication so that circular cannot be applied to his mission and school before May 18. By that date, Baraga's mission was already established nearly 7 months. The Circular, being a law, states that wherever a mission or school has been established, the interference of another sect cannot be permitted, otherwise that particular portion of the school fund which may have heretofore been paid, as well as all aid from the mechanics and farmers employed by the government will be withdrawn. To this Baraga replies: He established his mission (1.) at a time when religious liberty was yet in its full rigor and (2.) by the wish and request of the Indians. (3.) He never interfered with the Methodist establishment because those coming now to his instructions had absolutely and repeatedly declared that they did not wish to join the Methodist Mission. They have always wanted to become Catholics. When Baraga came to L'Anse he was requested by them to remain permanently. If any other reports were given to Mr. Stuart, they were false. It is true that some Indians and half breeds that once belonged to the Methodist Mission, became Catholics, but even that was no interference with that Mission, as almost all these people belonged to the family of the deceased chief Bineshi who before he died recommended them to join the Catholic religion. Therefore they had not intended to remain Methodists. Concerning the carpenter for the Indians, Mr. Johnson, he made some sash for the Catholic Indians but he did not deliver them, before the Circular was published. Baraga demands that he deliver them, even if he should not be obliged to work for the Catholic Indians any longer. The American government cannot deprive these Indians of their mechanics as they have been promised in solemn treaty to have a blacksmith for 25 years whether Methodists or not. Had Baraga known that a law against free religion would come to L'Anse he would never have consented to come and would not have spent $800. for the mission. He cannot give it up now and go somewhere else. as Mr. Stuart desires. Anyhow his Indians would never join the Methodists. Baraga asks Mr. Stuart not to enforce a law backwards to a time when it did not exist. His Indians live peacefully now with the other Indians and he will always endeavor to keep them so. He hopes to see Mr. Stuart in Lapointe in August to discull this personally. P.S. Baraga is under the impression that only his coming to L'Anse which Mr. Stuart did not like, caused the Circular to be published a publication which is surprising in these free, liberal and happy states.

III-2-h - A.L.S. copy of - English - 4pp {2}

1844 June 6
Brownson, O(restes) A.: Mt. Bellingham, (Massachusetts)
 to Isaac (T.) Hecker: Concord, Mass(achusetts)

Brownson hardly knows what advice to give on Hecker's present interior state; there is much in the state to approve, and there is much that is dangerous. Hecker must be able to fix his thoughts and feelings on the object he chooses, because this is the highest aim of self spiritual culture. It is easy to follow a natural tendency, Hecker must struggle to acquire sanctity. Hecker's victory will be in learning Latin and Greek. Hecker can gain this victory only through the grace of God. Brownson is preparing to unite himself with the Catholic Church because he knows that outside of it he cannot attain the purity and sanctity of life. Hecker, no doubt, feels a repugnance to joining the Church, but one ought not to be ashamed of Christ, and the Church opens a sphere for Hecker especially. There is a huge German Catholic population in the United States, especially in Wisconsin. It is Hecker's work to save the German population. Hecker must take up his cross, which is resisting his tendency to mysticism which is stopping him from receiving many spiritual blessings. Hecker had better give up the Greek, and command himself sufficiently to master the Latin, with that and the French, English, and German he should do very well. Brownson wants Hecker to come and visit the Bishop (Benedict Fenwick) who is a very kind and good man. Hekcer must choose the Catholic Church to receive her blessing.

I-4-g - A.L.S.(Photostat, Paulist Archives) - 3pp. - 8vo. - {2}

1844 Jun. 6
(Chanche), Bishop John Joseph: Natchez, (Mississippi)
 to Bishop (Anthony) Blanc: New Orleans, L(ouisian)a

(Chanche) has Blanc's letter of May 30 which contains so much interesting information. He had heard of Blanc's ceremonies at the burial of the President of the trustees (J. Cucullu). (Chanche) had hoped the poor man had come to a sense of his duties but sees that his doubts were better grounded than his Hopes. Blanc's affairs seem to promise better every day. (Chanche) waits anxiously for the decision of the Court. (Chanche) has received the letter of (Bishop John Hughes?); he does not like it. (Hughes?) is now in contest with one who is said to be the most unprincipled man in the world. (Chanche) fears things are not permanently quiet in Philadelphia. (Chanche) thinks of leaving for the north at the end of this month. He will go to St. Louis; he must make arrangements there or in Kentucky or Georgetown for a college in this neighborhood. It is not probable that he will go to New Orleans. He is sorry that (Bishop Michael Portier) did not stay at Blanc's house; (Chanche) will certainly tell him that it is a bad move. Blanc does not have any reason to be uneasy because the secret of his nomination has been divulged in St. Louis. It will give the (Vincentians) time to make preparations and make their opposition less. (Chanche) is sorry that the Bishop of Little Rock did not stop on his way up the river. (Pierce) Connelly, formerly of Natchez and late of Grand Coteau has obtained permission to separate from his wife; he was to receive minor orders and holy orders in due time. His wife, (Cornelia Peacock) Connelly, was to enter a convent. The children are provided for. This is not yet known in this country. (Chanche) is glad Father (Matthew Bernard) Anduze is gone; he hopes Fulhouse(?) will soon follow.

V-5-a - A.L.S. - 4pp. - 4to. - {10}

1844 June 6
Pitman, R. C.:
Wesleyan University, (Middletown, Connecticut)
O(restes) A. Brownson: Boston, (Massachusetts)

At the hint of Brownson in his letter accepting the nomination to speak at the commencent at Wesleyan University, Pitman, representing the "Mystical Seven", secret organization of fourteen members at Wesleyan organized for the purpose of Friendship, Literature and Mystery, replies that the "Seven" would have him speak on some practical subject, with the suggestion that he make some slight reference to the Mystical character of the society.

I-3-g - A.L.S. - 2pp. - 8vo. - {1}

1844 Jun. 6
Placet, Father J.: Montainville, France
 to Bishop (Anthony Blanc): New Orleans, (Louisiana)

Since (Blanc)'s last letter to Father de Charbonnelle, former director of the Seminary at Versailles concerning Placet's leaving for New Orleans, Placet has been ordained a priest. For five years he has served as assistant or pastor but he has never given up the thought of going to the New World but he has always been advised to wait. The Bishop of Versailles is not opposed but tells him that his leaving just at the time that the Bishop himself is leaving for Rouen would have a bad influence. They must rally around the new Bishop. Then Placet can tell Bishop Gros of his vocation. Placet also asks for admission in the name of Father Vergne of the Limoges diocese who has served in the Versailles diocese for 13 years. (On the back of the Mrs. Bains(?); Amèlie.

V-5-a - A.L.S. - (French) - 4pp. - 4to. - {4}

(1844) Jun. 7
Dalgairns, J(ohn) D.: Littlemore, (England)
 to (Benjamin B. J. McMaster): (New York, New York)

McMaster's letter was not the first intelligence he has had of (Reverend Arthur) Carey's death for he had read of it in an English periodical and both he and (John Henry) Newman felt it very acutely. Carey had interested Dalgairns greatly and it was a relief to receive a letter from a person who could tell something about him. McMaster seems to doubt that Dalgairns feels an interest in the Anglo-American church. They feel a great interest in persons involved in the same struggle as they. McMaster may well feel dreary at the loss of such a fried as Carey, but if he turns his thoughts to England he may always rely on sympathy there. It may comfort him to remember that at the outset of the movement in England, Newman and (John) Keble lost their most intimate friend, (Richard Hurrell) Froude and that his memory had a great effect upon the course of the movement. McMaster will see that Dalgairns has not been idle about the publishing of Carey's works by the accompanying note of Newman. Dalgairns hopes that the "Lives of the English Saints" may replace the British Critic. Carey once asked Dalgairns how these publications could reach America. He thinks they could be had through Wiley and Putnam. The name of the publisher is Toovey. Dr. (Edward B.) Pusey is publishing a set of translations of French devotional works. Their English theology is so cold and unmeditative that an infusion of "unction" is necessary. The first and only one of the books previously translated sold very well. He would like to hear from McMaster if many others felt about Carey as McMaster did. He thanks McMaster for the sermon he promised to send.

- A.L.S. -


1844 Jun. 7
N(ewman), J(ohn) H(enry): (Oxford, England)
 to (John D.) D(algairns): (Littlemore, England)

M(cMaster)'s letter is an interesting and kind one. It is out of his power to avail himself of his suggestion. It would be a privilege to be concerned in giving the world the remains of a man like Carey, but he, Newman, is the last who should do it. Carey was high in the favor of his church. With Newman it is just the reverse although there may be many individuals who think kindly of him. It is plain that though Carey was born on this side of the Atlantic, he is the property of America. As to the revived British Critic, Newman does not know enough to judge. He supposes that McMaster knows of Pusey's series.

- A.L.S. -

I-1-m - A.L.S. - 6pp. - 12mo. - {7}

1844 Jun. 7
Paquin, (C.M.), Father Joseph: Galveston, (Texas)
 to Bishop A(nthony) Blanc: New Orleans, L(ouisian)a

It will be four weeks tomorrow since they arrived here. It would be hard to describe Bishop (John Mary) Odin's joy at the sight of two missionaries. Odin was ill but he soon forgot his troubles and continues to improve. Galveston has grown a lot since Paquin saw it. However there are still not many Catholics although Odin knows how to gain the affections of both Catholics and Protestants. Two days ago Odin left for Houston, from there to San Antonio visiting scattered Catholics along the way. He has given Paquin charge of Galveston and Houston and on his return will send Paquin into the interior. The climate can weaken the most robust constitution. Father (John) Brands, (C.M.) is complaining a little today. If Blanc could come for a visit it would do Odin much good. Blanc would be astonished to see Odin's Cathedral.

V-5-a - A.L.S. - (French) - 3pp. - 4to. - {5}

1844 June 8
M(c Master), B(enjamin) B.J.: Hyde Park, New York
 to Rev. Edgar P. Wadhams: Ticonderoga, New York

McMaster apologizes for not writing sooner and explains his presence in Hyde Park. When the Bishop refused to ordain him this summer he was advised by some friends and Dr. (Henry) McVickar to leave the Seminary. McVickar suggested he leave the diocese. In the meantime, Mr. Laydon, a son in law of J. Astor, and a resident of Hyde Park, made an application to him through Dr. Sherwood for a tutor to one of his sons. Dr. McVickar conferred with the Bishop, and then advised McMaster to take it; the Bishop procured for him a $100 a year more than was intended--in all $500 a year. McMaster came to Hyde Park a few days before Wadhams' last letter to him was written. On Ascension Day his thoughts, like Wadhams', were of their lost friend, (Arthur) Carey. He believes that his prayers for Carey are reciprocated. Carey's hassock, for which Wadhams has asked, cannot be found, but McMaster says he will give Wadhams the little candlestick Carey used. John has probably taken the hassock. Carey's brother has two and one half dollars which Wadhams left with him, and with which he would like to know what to do. Seaburg tried to get the editing of Carey's works, but Carey's brother left orders to retain the papers; hence, it is not likely that they will be published immediately. McMaster believes this will be for the best. He has written to John Dalgairns, through whom he hopes to get Carey's papers published under the auspices of (John) Newman, and with whom Carey carried on a correspondence. It is doubtful when he shall take orders, and should the General convention pass an anti-popery test, he shall decline taking them at all. He believes Rome is not the absolute Mistress, she is at least the Mother of all churches, and the only standard of truth and error. He prays to God to keep him in this faith and to guide him wisely in his remaining acts. He is afraid to die outside of the Church of Rome because of his own miserable, heretical, enslaved Communion. He has heard that H. U. Onderdonk has been forced to resign the Episcopate of Pennsylwania on account of intermperance. Seventy of Onderdonk's clergy threatened to impeach him if he would not resign from all duties. McMaster believes that Wadhams knew of Onderdonk's intermperance before, and is glad that it was made public. Platt and Whicker are to have a special three day examination in Geneva. Platt will be straightforward while Whicker will talk much and say nothing. Johnson is an absolute Papist, a fact which if known is South Carolina, will prevent him from getting his orders. His progress since being baptized last winter shows the grace in our sacraments. The "Lives of the Saints" have been published in two little volumes in London, the first being that of "St. Stephen Harding", founder of the Cistercian Order. Newman was erroneously thought to be the author. McMaster has not been able to get a copy of it. The second is the "Family of St. Richard" written by Newman. The third is "St. Augustine of Canterbury". McMaster is going to try to get all of them. He has seen a volume of "St. Bonaventure's Life of Christ "which was probably translated by (Frederick) Oak(e)ley, in Wiley and Putnams Bulletin. He had read a part of it in Latin last Passion Week. He slightly recommends St. Francis de Sales "Introduction to a Devout Life" as a Confessors' Manual. He has read part of "Doctor Dubitantium", but as yet it is too learned for him. Taylor's "Holy Living and Dying" is good. He believes that they must study devotional and practical books and themselves, and aim very high. Thus they will arrive at a practical rule for examining others. He does not know the book on the Blessed Virgin of which Wadhams spoke. He begs Wadhams to come and visit him. He will acknowledge Wadhams kind offer of money when he meets him. He gives his respects to Dyer. He speaks of Dr. Sherwood's kindness to him, and of Sherwood's progress over Seabury. The latter is an Aristotelian and McMaster is out of patience with him.

I-1-m - A.L.S. - 4pp. - 8to. - {4}

1844 Jun. 9
Roman, Ch(arle)s: (New Orleans, Louisiana)

Permission for his negress Martha's child to be baptized; she is about one year and is to be called Josette.

V-5-a - A. Note S. - (French) - 2pp. - 32mo. - {0}

1844 Jun. 10
Sceaulx, J(osep)h Ch(evali)er de: Pascagoula, (Mississippi)
 to Bishop (Anthony Blanc): New Orleans, (Louisiana)

Sceaulx lacks words to express his gratitude for (Blanc)'s kindnesses to him while he was in New Orleans. He arrived here May 26 and was taken to Mr. Victor, a French innkeeper who got him a job with Mr. Mecrey who is running a hotel since it is the fever season and many people are there. He has been cleaning and scrubbing. Under the unfortunate Louis XVI, Sceaulx's father was a ship's captain who took to fishing in order to feed his wife and children and Father Caron who brought Sceaulx up as a little boy and who made shoes in the emigration for Sceaulx was born at Gerzey February 16, 1796 and was naturalized as a Frenchman. Sceaulx will try to earn enough money to return to Europe a little later. P.S. If (Blanc) could place Sceaulx as a teacher in a parish with a French priest it would make him very happy as here there is no question of religion.

V-5-a - A.L.S. - (French) - 4pp. - 4to. - {5}

1844 June 10
Slack, Charles W.: Boston, Massachusetts
 to O(restes) A. Brownson:

The Government of the Mechanic Apprentices Library Association proposed a vote of thanks to Brownson for the generous donation of his "Brownson's Quarterly Review" to the reading department of the institution. The association feels itself under many obligations to Brownson for his interest in its welfare and permanent establishment expressed by his lectures and a free grant of his writings, especially since the new enterprise of Brownson has not proved so agreeable with his desires and feelings. He trusts that the Review will create high and noble resolves, awaken a conviction of their responsibilities, and will conduce toward the mental and moral improvement and self respect of the young members of the Society.

I-3-g - A.L.S. - 2pp. - 8vo. - {2}

1844 June 11
De la Hailandiere, Celestine, Bp. Vin.: Vincennes, Indiana
 to Bishop John Baptist Purcell: of Cincinnati, Ohio

He has often been astonished to hear complaints coming from Cincinnati against him. He has read several such letters and now has one before his eyes addressed from Cincinnati to France dated Nov.21, 1843, containing serious charges against him. This time they charge him with a scandalous affair with a woman or a sister. De la Hailandiere demands that if Purcell knows who wrote the letter that he inform him. Purcell can easily understand the interest he has in this affair. (He adds on another page under the same date the following.)

He is about to write to Rome for a coadjutor and hopes that Purcell will join him in this effort. He suggests the following as candidates: 1. Father Martin J. Spalding of the diocese of Bardstown; 2. Father Charles I. White of Baltimore; 3. Father George Goodwine of Baltimore. He does not know whether the second agrees with Purcell or not. He knows even less about the third but presents him on a recommendation made to him. It is the first that he desires. He has seen the bishop of Louisville and that which was said against Spalding at Bardstown has been retracted. De la Hailandiere wishes that Purcell would join him in recommending him strongly.

II-4-i - A.L.S. - 2pp. - 8vo. - (French) - {7}

1844 Jun. 11
Praz, R.S.C.J., Madame A.: Grand Coteau, (Louisiana)
 to Bishop A(nthony) Blanc: New Orleans, (Louisiana)

The boat which will bring Blanc her letter will take their Superior to St. Michael and leave Praz with all the responsibility during her absence. The Superior will return soon; the Community (Religious of The Sacred Heart) is doing very well. Their little boarding school is doing well.

V-5-a - A.L.S. - (French) - 2pp. - 4to. - {2}

1844 Jun. 12
Armengol, (C.M.), Father B(onaventure): St. Louis, (Missouri)
 to Bishop (Anthony) Blanc: New Orleans, (Louisiana)

Bishop (Peter Richard) Kenric(k) thinks it more prudent to send to the Propaganda only those seminarians prepared for theology and to hold the number to the limit of the grant. Armengol and Felix (Dicharry?) leave today for (Wheeling?) Whilling; Father (J.M.) Masnou and Arsenaux leave today on the Missouri for Assumption. Masnou's departure causes Kenric(k) pain. Felix received $85 from his family; Armengol withheld $100 of the sum Blanc gave him, Masnou will reimburse Blanc for the rest. They have paid Father (Charles F. Moracchini's $2000. However since the seminary owes Armengol's brother $300 and $150 has been promised to Father (Anthony) Andrieux's father; and Armengol has been commissioned to buy several things in Paris for Blanc's seminary; it would suit Armengol if Blanc would make available to him in Paris the sum which is to be given to the seminary in August and November, say around 4000 francs. They have learned that Father (John) Timon, (C.M.) recently gave a retreat at Philadelphia; they do not know the date of his return. Father (Claude) Lunel and Father (J.?) Conway have asked Armengol to buy them some vestments in Paris; they could pay Blanc and Armengol could have the money in Paris.

V-5-a - A.L.S. - (French) - 2pp. - folio - {10}

1844 Jun. 12
(Hailandière), Bishop Cél(estin de la): Vincennes, (Indiana)
 to Bishop Anth(ony) Blanc: New Orleans, L(ouisian)a

He has decided at last to ask for a coadjutor; his letter has left for Rome. The names he proposes are the following: 1.Father Martin J(ohn) Spalding, pastor of Bardstown; 2. Father Charles I(gnatius) White, pastor of the Cathedral of Baltimore; 3. Father George (J. Goodwin) Goodwine, priest of the Boston diocese. (Hailandière) would like the first one; what they said about him at the council has been withdrawn. Blanc is to write to Rome; it will be a new occasion for pressing the reply to Blanc's own request. (P.S.) Should (Hailandière) give Bishop (John Mary) Odin a general invitation? If so, Blanc is to do so in (Hailandière)'s name; he does not know Odin's address.

V-5-a - A.L.S. - (French) - 2pp. - 4to. - {5}

1844 Jun. 12
Rousselon, Father E(tienne): New Orleans, (Louisiana)
 to Father C(onstantine) Maenhaut: (New Orleans, Louisiana)

Bishop Anthony Blanc grants a dispensation from two banns for John C. Elder and Elizabeth Duffel, widow of Adolphe Seghers.

V-5-a - A.D.S. - (Latin) - 1p. - folio - {5}

1844 Jun. 12
Smith, Persifor F. Judge: Jefferson Parish, Louisiana

License is granted to celebrate the marriage of Vital Prosper Chedville with Trocadie Marquez.

V-5-a - A.D.S. - 2pp. - folio - {2}

1844 Jun. 12
White, Palmyre(?): (New Orleans, Louisiana)

Permission for the negress, Eméline, and the mulatress, Mathilde, to have their children baptized as Catholics.

V-5-a - A. Note S. - (French) - 2pp. - 12mo. - {0}

1844 Jun. 15
Martin, Father (Giles F.): St. Martinville, (Louisiana)
 to Bishop (Anthony) Blanc: New Orleans, Louisiana

Martin would have written sooner but he was counting on Mr. Lebesque's trip to give Blanc an account of their operations. He blessed and took possession of their new church. On May 27 he also blessed the cemetery at Pont Breaux. He rejoices in the decision of the Supreme Court. Blanc is to give his regards to Father Rousselon.

V-5-a - A.L.S. - (French) - 3pp. - 4to. - {4}

1844 Jun. 16
Masnou, C.M., Father J.: Donaldsonville, (Louisiana)
 to Bishop (Anthony) Blanc: New Orleans, (Louisiana)

Masnou arrived in Donaldsonville with (Lucien) Arcenaux to go to the Seminary of (St. Vincent de Paul) to replace Father (Bonaventure) Armengol, (C.M.). Masnou asks for faculties.

V-5-a - A.L.S. - 2pp. - 4to. - {4}

1844 Jun. 17
(Ray, R.U.), Mother Ste. Seraphine: New Orleans, (Louisiana)
 to Bishop (Anthony) Blanc: New Orleans, (Louisiana)

Mother told her Community (Ursulines) about Blanc's letter only yesterday. She wanted to talk first with her Mothers Councillors, several of whom seemed quite frightened about an undertaking which they believed impossible. But once the first impression was gone only three expressed a contrary opinion. All the others believed they saw the hand of God in this work so it was easy to decide that the foundation would be established. Blanc is to tell Bishop (John Mary) Odin, (C.M.). Now they must choose the subjects and the funds for this undertaking.

V-5-a - A.L.S. - (French) - 2pp. - 4to. - {3}

1844 Jun. 20
Cooper, Geo(rge) E., Jos(eph) L. LeBourgeoise and Edw(ar)dG. McCormick:
Committee, Philomatheian Society (Mt. St. Mary's College Emmitsburgh, Maryland)
 to F(rancis) P. McFarland: (Emmitsburg, Maryland)

The Committee has been appointed to thank McFarland for the time he has given the society and hope that he will be successful in guiding the society in the future.

I-1-a - L.S. - 1p. - 4to. - {2}

1844 Jun. 21
Ory, Father Jean Jacques: Montfaucon, (France)
 to Bishop (William Louis) Dubourg(!): New Orleans, (Louisiana)

Ory asks a favor for the parents about the fate of two of their sons who left in 1736(!) to go to America. They lived in New Orleans where one died according to a letter written by the other. But since the letter gave no details there is reason to believe it was a forgery. His name was Etienne Aubry and his brother's name is Venuste (Aubry). According to the letter he died in 1842. They are the sons of Venuste Aubry and Marie Joseph Aubry. (On the back of the letter in Bishop Blanc's? hand): David Burns from 1837; Caroline O. Sherrod.

V-5-a - A.L.S. - (French) - 4pp. - 4to. - {5}

1844 Jun. 22
Beverley, (C.B.): New Orleans, (Louisiana)
 to Bishop (Anthony) Blanc: New Orleans, Lou(isian)a

When he spoke to Blanc yesterday concerning the judgment lately rendered in the case of the City Bank vs. McIntyre, Beverley had not read the judgment. Now he has a copy and the case is entirely in favor of McIntyre and against the Church and all other parties. Beverley urges on Blanc the great necessity of making every possible exertion to procure today about $11,000 is cash and Beverly thinks he can make an arrangement with McIntyre to sell Blanc his entire claim to St. Patrick's Church. Beverley does not think he could accomplish anything with McIntyre after Monday morning. (Pierre) Soule is urging him not to sell.

V-5-a - A.L.S - 3pp. - 4to. - {4}

1844 Jun. 22
Blanc, Bishop Anthony: New Orleans, (Louisiana)
 to Father C(onstantine) Maenhaut: New Orleans, (Louisiana)

Blanc dispenses Louis Francois Lebon and Marguerite Zélia Constant from three banns.

V-5-a - A.D.S. - (Latin) - 2pp. - folio - {3}

1844 Jun. 22
Dupuy, Father Enn(emond): Iberville, (Louisiana)
 to Bishop Ant(hony) Blanc: New Orleans, L(ouisian)a

Dupuy writes Blanc on the part of the trustees of St. Peter's Church opposite St. Gabriel. They met last Sunday and after four hours of scolding the bishop and pastor, they chose 6 trustees. They passed a unanimous resolution to agree with anything Dupuy asked. They came to see him and offered to give him their church. When Dupuy said he did not want it, they asked him to write to offer it to Blanc. For four or five months, two Episcopal ministers, one masculine and one feminine, have had a female academy at Bayou Goula and they preach every Sunday. At first there was a large audience since it was favored by Paul Hébert, Major Butler, Colonel Andrews and Esquire Thompson. Finally this couple was rushed to the north. Now they say they prefer the Catholic religion, even at Plaquemine and propose sending a delegate to Blanc to give him their church too. Dupuy asks Blanc to investigate whether the trustees have the power to make a solid sale. Also whether Dupuy can say Mass once a month at St. Peter's. He asks for the faculty to bless this chapel as well as that of St. Rose de Lima. Some time ago certain ones made desperate efforts to restore the trustees at St. Gabriel. They no longer talk about it. The latest decision of the Supreme Court in Blanc's favor has silenced the tongues of the calumniators and even those in Philadelphia had their eyes opened. P.S. A Calvinist minister named Delaunay said he wanted to see Dupuy, that he spoke Italian, French, and English and wished to debate with him; he has not yet appeared.

V-5-a - A.L.S. - (French) - 4pp. - 4to. - {12}

1844 Jun. 23
Boué, Father: Lyons, (France)
 to Bishop Ant(oin)e Blanc: New Orleans, (Louisiana)

Only today Boué received Blanc's letter of April 27. It did not find him at St. Just but at Ainay, one of the most important parishes of Lyons where he was installed last Sunday. It was hard to leave the the flock he had governed for more than twenty years. Since Blanc's visit at Lyons Boué had completed the beautifying of his church. He had a parish of 4000, now he has one of 20; he had a church almost completely restored, now he has one in a deplorable state. The pastor of Sury has been refused for St. Chamon; Sury will gain by it. Boué congratulates Blanc on being rid of the man who sowed the tares in his field. Father (James) Lesne's return to better feelings also ought to fill Blanc's heart with joy. It will be difficult to find subjects for New Orleans just now. Boué will make Blanc's requests known to His Eminence as well as to the Seminary. If he can obtain nothing, he will write to the Seminary at Puy. Blanc's allocation is a magnificent sum. Nothing new about the family; Blanc is to write his brothers a little more often. Boué sent on the letter addressed to Blanc's nephew. (P.S.) Boué has honored Mr. Choiselat's draft: the 1000 francs have been paid him.

V-5-a - A.L.S. - (French) - 4pp. - 4to. - {3}

1844 Jun. 23
Bouligny, U.(?) Jr.(?): New Orleans, (Louisiana)

Permission for his mulatress, Mary Ann, to have her child baptized.

V-5-a - A. Note S. - (French) - 2pp. - 32mo. - {0}

(1844) June 23
Leach, John C.:
 to O(restes) A. Brownson: Boston, (Mass.)

Leach asks Brownson to speak in his behalf to the new collector. This collector promised Leach a job earlier in his campaign, now he has the office and is more wary; recently he saw Leach, and without any questions from Leach, began a long speech that told of the numerous applications he had received for positions. Leach feels that he will have little chance for a job if Robert Rantoul. Jr. is made Secretary of the Treasury. Rantoul has treated both Brownson and Leach badly, but Leach says that Rantoul is nothing but a tool in the hands of a knave, Stephen Hoyt Leach learned this recently and now sees that it was Hoyt who caused his rejection. How it was with Brownson, Leach cannot say, but he feels that Hoyt promised Brownson's doom, too, Leach wants to eject Rantoul and give him a dose of his own medicine. When Mr. W. promised Leach an inspectorship he rejected it and said that he wanted Hoyt's place. Hoyt has tried to thwart Mr. W., too. Mr. W. thought poorly of it but did not give a decisive answer. Leach applied to Crocker too, and got as favorable an answer as he could expect. If Mr. Bibb should accept, Leach's object is attained, if not, Rantoul will be appointed. Then Hoyt, through Rantoul will be able to reject Leach. Leach has told Brownson this so that he may proceed intelligently on Leach's behalf. Leach feels that Mr. Williams is kindly disposed toward him, but he reminds Brownson that a simple journeyman is easily pushed aside by politicians, if he is fighting single-handed. For this reason he solicits Brownson's aid, which, he feels sure will be given to him.

P.S.—Hazwell was with Leach on Friday When Leach told him that the next issue of the Review would contain portraits of the Whig nominees for President and Vice-President, he laughingly remarked that he felt sure they would be graphic. Leach wants an extra copy to send to Hazwell. Leach feels that Brownson feels no malice towards Hazwell in spite of Hazwell's unwarranted scolding of Brownson.

I-3-g - A.L.S. - 3pp. - 8vo. - {3}

1844 Jun. 23
Lucas, Father P(eter): St. Martinville, (Louisiana)
 to Bishop (Anthony) Blanc: New Orleans, L(ouisian)a

From time to time Father (Giles F.) Martin, who is well, has told Lucas that he costs Martin $600. The little salary Martin gives him, his board and the upkeep of his horse could well cost him that. Since Lucas has been with Martin, Martin has received nothing from the trustees except the fees from some burials, but he is far from being paid. Lucas leaves it to Blanc as to what he should do.

V-5-a - A.L.S. - (French) - 3pp. - 4to. - {3}

1844 Jun. 23
Perdreaux, Silphide: New Orleans, (louisiana)

Permission for his negress, Virginia, to have her child baptized.

V-5-a - Note - (French) - 2pp. - 32mo. - {0}

1844 Jun. 24
Blanc, Bishop Anthony: New Orleans, (Louisiana)
 to Father C(onstantine) Maenhaut: New Orleans, (Louisiana)

Blanc dispenses James Quin(n) and Mary (Nowal) Nough from the publishing of the banns.

V-5-a - A.D.S. - (Latin) - 2pp. - 4to. - {3}

1844 Jun. 24
Smith, Persifor F. Judge: Jefferson Parish, Louisiana

License is granted to celebrate the marriage of Francisco Sala y Balaguer with Escolastica Le Blanc. Francisco is commonly known as Damian Casas.

V-5-a - A.D.S. - 1p. - 8vo. - {3}

1844 Jun. 25
(Anduze, Father Matthew Bernard): New Orleans, (Louisiana)
 to Dr. Isidore Labatut: New Orleans, (Louisiana)

Copy. As Labatut has consulted him about the most efficient means to take to stop the differences about the Church of St. Louis, (Anduze) sends what he believes will best achieve this result. He was personally the object of outrageous and unjust attacks on the part of the trustees and their friends but these attacks never influenced his way of seeing, speaking, or writing. From his frequent dealings with Bishop (Anthony) Blanc, (Anduze) believes that the means indicated in this letter conform to Blanc's views. But what (Anduze) says is only the expression of his own opinion. It is not only a question of reestablishing the Cathedral as it was before the death of Father (Louis) Moni. (Anduze espresses his opinions of the state of affairs and lists 12 conditions for the management of the Cathedral.)

V-5-a - A. Copy - (French) - 9pp. - 4to. - {4}

1844 Jun. 26
Blanc, Bishop Anthony: New Orleans, (Louisiana)
 to Father C(onstantine) Maenhaut: New Orleans, (Louisiana)

Blanc dispenses Octave Borne and Louise Bonnelly from the publishing of the three banns.

V-5-a - A.D.S. - (Latin) - 1p. - folio - {3}

1844 Jun. 26
Ménard, Father Ch(arle)s M.: Thibodauxville, (Louisian)a
 to Bishop A(nthony) Blanc: New Orleans, L(ouisian)a

Father (F. Charles Boutelou) de St. Aubin has just received Blanc's letter which seems to have mortified him greatly and also seemed to make him somewhat suspicious of Mènard. St. Aubin cited Bayou Black, Bayou Sec, Petit Caillou, and la Chenière, places where he said a single Mass, had baptisms and validated some marriages. Menard replied that these did not count for real missions. Mènard will make the missions but he will have to delay one of the most important ones, Terrebonne, about 14 leagues away because of the rising of water caused by a crevasse in Bayou Lafourche. St. Aubin has made Mènard feel that he was the one to tell Blanc about a certain matter; Mènard told him that he only replied to what Blanc asked him. It is 10 days since those two persons disappeared who were to be sold at auction soon; they now have one who is at least 30 years old. St. Aubin thought that when Mènard left Thibodaux Tuesday to go to St. Michael, that he was going to the seminary and advised him to return for Thursday morning; Mènard did not arrive until Friday. St. Aubin had not left yet as he changed his plan in order to take the steamer Pitcher to go to Chenière.

V-5-a - A.L.S. - (French) - 2pp. - 4to. - {8}

1844 Jun. 27
(Jamey, Father Victor): Paris, (France)
 to Bishop (Anthony) Blanc: New Orleans, Louisiana

(Jamey) will give a short history of the Father (Flavius Henry) Rossi estate. On November 13, 1841, about 15 months after Rossi's death, (Jamey) arranged things with Mr. Bignon who had continued as administrator without bond. (Jamey) for fear of exposing Rossi's sisters to losing everything, accepted the unpaid notes. Bignon had bought the brother's part. (Jamey) accepted Bignon's note for the balance as well as what he owed for the slave and other things he had bought at auction. Bignon had brought court action against F. Lutz but as he could not pay, (Jamey) renewed his note and took Ant(hony) Dupère and Jubertie as endorsers, but they went bankrupt a few months later. Dumartrait and Ollivier will soon fail in their turn. (Jamey) has approached Mr. Chrétien and others but in vain. He has renewed several other notes for which he will probably never be repaid. He has given an account to Father (Stephen) Rousselon of the entire amount of this estate. The letter Rousselon received from the Rossi brother is full of lies. He tried everything to disinherit the sisters. He consulted a lawyer, Lewis, to find out whether, being religious, they had a right to their brother's estate. Father Buquet, commissioned to deliver the celebrets to Paris, asked (Jamey) on what terms he had been with Blanc and (Jamey), laughing, told him that he had been on very good terms. Buquet spoke of Father (Matthew Bernard) Anduze and (Jamey) told him Anduze was coming to Paris soon. The next day after Father Desgenetes asked (Jamey) why he had not told him that a canon from New Orleans had come with him. Desgenetes told (Jamey) that he should call at the nuncio's, Monsignor (Nicolo) Fornari; the Nuncio greeted (Jamey) as pastor of St. Augustine's. He told (Jamey) that Anduze had not talked of religion but of the $100,000 he had lost. He came back on his old friendship with Cardinal Capellari, Pope Gregory XVI, who had him say Mass in his private chapel and take chocolate with him. (Jamey) told the nuncio how scandalous it would be to reinstate him so quickly. Father (Hercule) Brassac was much embarrassed when (Jamey) told him of Anduze's arrival. The first time (Jamey) saw Brassac(?) (Jamey) was with Father (Charles F.) Morac(c)hini and he knew that Blanc had appointed him to the Cathedral. Rousselon's letters call him pastor of St. Augustine's. After seeing his exeat several asked him where he was employed in New Orleans. Soon (Jamey) hopes he will no longer need it; he will probably not return to New Orleans.

V-5-a - A.L.S. - (French) - 4pp. - 4to. - {17}

1844 June 28
Alger, F(rancis): Boston, Massachusetts
 to O(restes) A. Brownson: Boston, (Massachusetts)

Since he knows Brownson has the intention of writing an extensive article on mineralogy for the next issue of the "Review" he takes the liberty of sending him one of the volumes of Whewell, a celebrated work. If Brownson wants him to, he will send him the other two volumes also. He sends the inclosed in order to let Brownson see what Prof. Brande has to say of Allan's Edition. He thinks Brownson's organ of destructiveness too fiercely manifested itself in the first sentence of his notice. He has no complaint himself, but Brownson's readers abroad may have.

I-3-g - A.L.S. - 10pp. - 8vo. - {1}

1844 Jun. 28
Armengol, (C.M.), Father B(onaventure): New York, (New York)
 to Bishop Ant(hony) Blanc: New Orleans, L(ouisian)a

It was impossible for them to take the steamer on the 20th; they will leave tomorrow for Boston where they will go by way of England on the Acadia having paid their passage: $240 for the two. He did not see Father (John) Timon; they went up the Ohio. At Louisville he found Bishop (Guy Ignatius) Chabrat quite troubled with his eyes; his nephew reads to him. Armengol was surprised on reaching Philadelphia to find no one but the Brothers at the Seminary. At the beginning of the troubles Bishop (Francis Patrick) Kenric(k) abandoned his seminary and gave the keys to the mayor of the city who placed troops there to preserve it from flames. The seminary which they said at New Orleans had been burned was a house that had been empty before the fire but had at one time been occupied by the Sisters. The Sisters' house did not suffer. Two Sisters were insulted. There were only about 14 Irish who took up arms to defend themselves; there were several thousand Americans. The Irish killed about 30 natives wounded many. The preachers and newspapers treated the Pope, Kenrick and the priests outrageously. They did not dare appear in public without being disguised. The Irish seem prepared to defend themselves and have in mind to burn their own houses. Armengol was there 4 days, staying at the Seminary. A sentinel guarded it every night. Father (Bartholomew) Rol(l)ando, (C.M.) came the last day and accompanied them yesterday to the train; no one insulted them on the trip. Armengol has heard with joy the judgment which the Supreme Court gave in Blanc's favor. Armengol sends his respects to Father Rousselon and all the priests.

P.S. In Paris Armengol will send Blanc the list of Felix (Dicharry)'s expenses.

V-5-a - A.L.S. - (French) - 3pp. - 4to. - {8}

1844 Jun. 28
Gallwey, R.S.H.J., Madame J.: St. Michael, (Louisiana)
 to Bishop A(nthony) Blanc: New Orleans, (Louisiana)

She does not know how she can fill an office so greatly above her capacity and merit. Madame (Maria) Cutts, (R.S.C.) was disappointed by the boat engaged by Mr. Vasian; the Captain refused to land because she was not on the levee. She left on Sunday accompanied by Madame C. Hardey (R.S.C.), who will scarcely return as her disease is making rapid progress. Mother (Louisa) Léveque, (R.S.C.) and all their little "troupeau" send regards.

V-5-a - A.L.S. - 3pp. - 4to. - {4}

1844 Jun. 28
Giustiniani, C.M., Father J(oseph): Natchitoches, (Louisiana)
 to Bishop (Anthony) Blanc: New Orleans, L(ouisian)a

Giustiniani asks Blanc's influence in favor of one of his parishioners, J(ea)n Laplace who, knowing of Blanc's friendship with Thomas Barret(t), asks Blanc to recommend him as deputy collector of custons here. Since his business misfortunes Laplace has been without employment. Things in the parish are going on as usual except that Giustiniani regrets the absence of the Leconte and Buard families who have gone north and will not be back until fall. Father Pasc(u)al, (C.M.) has been gone for a month to the missions of Bayou Pierre and Cad(d)o and writes that he may not return before the end of next month. Father (J.M.) Mignard, (C.M.) is well and sends his respects.

V-5-a - A.L.S. - (French) - 2pp. - 4to. - {9}

1844 Jun. 28
O'Hara, W.A.: Cincinnati, (Ohio)
 to Bishop (Anthony) Blanc: New Orleans, L(ouisian)a

O'Hara hands Blanc his account with the Roman Catholic Society for Diffusion of Religious Knowledge. (The bill is for) $42 for 20 Mores Catholici and 320 Catechisms. (The name of) W(illia)m Rhodes (also appears on the letter).

V-5-a - A.L.S. - 2pp. - 4to. - {3}

1844 Jun. 28
Stewart, Ch(arle)s H.: Detroit, (Michigan)
 to Bishop (Peter Paul) Lefev(e)re: (Detroit, Michigan)

Stewart has designed for the last two weeks to see Lefevere, but because of his engagements and Lefevere's occupations, he has not been able to see him. His object was to solicit his care of the accompanying parcel. The reasons why he took this liberty he cannot state well by letter. When the present term is over, he will call on the Bishop. (A note in Lefevere's hand says) "The above package was sent to C.H. Stewart on the 21 July 1852 by the American Express Com. to his address 15th Street Washington D.C."

III-2-h - A.L.S. - 1p. - 8vo. -

1844 June 28
Sumner, Henry: Newberry C.H., South Carolina
 to O(restes) A. Brownson: Boston, Mass(achusetts)

By this letter he introduces to Brownson his brother, A.G. Summer, who is to visit Boston for his health and pleasure. He requests Brownson to introduce him to some of Brownson's influential friends especially Bancroft. He states that the (Brownson's Quarterly) Review is steadily gaining in reputation and standing, and that it will soon occupy its proper elevated position.

I-3-g - A.L.S. - 1p. - 8vo. - {2}

1844 Jun. 29
Blanc, Bishop Anthony: New Orleans, (Louisiana)
 to Father C(onstantine) Maenhaut: New Orleans, (Louisiana)

Blanc dispenses Francois Antoine Callejas and Anna Maria Ossorio y Castilla, widow of Juan A. Callejas, from first grade affinity.

V-5-a - A.D.S. - (Latin) - 1p. - folio - {4}

1844 Jun. 29
Dicharry, Felix: New York, (New York)
 to Bishop (Anthony Blanc: New Orleans, Louisiana)

How happy he is to have left everything for God. If he could only take leave of himself but that is not the work of one day. They leave today for Boston where they will sail Monday for Liverpool. He is grateful for Blanc's kindness.

V-5-a - A.L.S. - (French) - 1p. - 4to. - {1}

1844 Jun. 29
Laplace, J(ea)n: Natchitoches, (louisiana)
 to Bishop (Anthony) Blanc: New Orleans, (Louisiana)

Having learned that Thomas Barrett of New Orleans has just been appointed Customs Collector and that he is a friend of Blanc, Laplace asks Blanc to give his support to Laplace to obtain the post of Deputy Collector at Natchitoches. The knowledge Laplace has of Texas and of this part of Louisiana makes him believe that he could carry out the duties. The bank failures have wiped out a fortune and the work of ten years. He is sending Barrett a petition signed by the most prominent people here and well known in New Orleans.

V-5-a - A.L.S. - (French) - 3pp. - 4to. - {2}

(1844) (June 30)
Hecker, Isaac: Boston, Massachusetts
 to O(restes) A. Brownson: Chelsea, Mass(achusetts)

Hecker did not write from Worcester because he left sooner than he anticipated. He did not have time to visit Brownson in Chelsea. The College (Holy Cross) is finely situated on Pokachoag Hill. The professors are Jesuits and are well chosen. They have an enrollment of 25 students. Their day is strictly laid out for them, i.e., a certain time for Mass, study, breakfast, prayers, recreation, recitation, etc. "The boys seemed very happy and full of spirit". If Brownson's wife visited the college, Hecker thinks she will be pleased. "There are no women there for obvious resons". The professors were well educated in Catholic education, but their philosophical basis is upon scripture and church, not appreciating any other method. Hecker believes he would shriek if united to them. Those men seem to me wanting that vital consciousness of divine eternal—which have so animated so many of the children of the true Church. They have many morals but Hecker wishes they did not take so much snuff. Tomorrow Hecker is going to visit Father (George) McCloskey. He has told none of his union to the Church because he can not give a satisfactory explanation. "Let men say as they may, it is only by grace that we come to the knowledge of the truth it is in Jesus". Hecker will write after his visit with Father McCloskey.

I-3-g - A.L.S. - 4pp. - 8vo. - {4}

1844 Jun. 30
Sceaulx, J(osep)h Ch(evali)er de: Biloxi, (Mississippi)
 to Bishop (Anthony Blanc): New Orleans, (Louisiana)

Sceaulx had hopes that he would not have to call on (Blanc) for help again. After six weeks of hard work, Mr. Mecrey, keeper of the hotel, told him he would have no more work for him. Sceaulx left on the 26th for Pass Christian where for three days he went oyster fishing with some fisherman who took him to Biloxi where, being recommended to a Mr. Delaunay he was again employed in a hotel but one very much inferior to the one at Pascagoula. Today he sang in the choir and the pastor has promised to speak to the French Consul who is to arrive July 4, about giving Sceaulx free passage to France. Mecrey gave him a reference in English in which it is not possible to give much praise. (His address is): care of Mr. Tizaine.

V-5-a - A.L.S. - (French) - 4pp. - 4to. - {4}