University of Notre Dame


1844 July
McLaughlin, Father Peter: (Cleveland, Ohio)
 to Bishop John Baptist Purcell: of Cincinnati, Ohio

The Germans of Cleveland without consulting him have begun signing a paper asking Purcell on the occasion of his visit to grant them a separate church. If the Germans get hold of St. Mary's they will cause the bishop sorrow because the two leaders of the Germans are schismatical in their ideas of church property. Not more than eight or nine Germans do anything for the church and the church was built without their money, while the English have decorated it and purchased its vestments etc. The Dutch are able to build a church of their own. He objects to a joint pastorship with a German priest but will submit if Purcell so orders. The church is not too large for the English and the people are English. The people to be converted are English. If 200 subscribers cannot build a church, he does not know who can. Let the German priest come even quarterly in the year. Purcell would agree were he living in Cleveland. McLaughlin has intended to buy a lot for a new church but he did not because he knew the Germans would clamor about to whom it would belong.

II-4-i - A.L.S. - 3pp. - 8vo. - {3}

1844 Jul.-Dec.
Maurian, Charles: New Orleans, (Louisiana)

(71 marriage licenses issued in New Orleans. For the names of the contracting parties and the dates of the licenses see the original calendar.)

V-5-b - 71 licenses - - 12mo. - {174}

1844 Jul. 1
Jouanneault, Father V(ictor): Cov(ington, Louisiana)
 to Bishop (Anthony) Blanc: New Orleans, (Louisiana)

Jouanneault has to go to Mandeville every two weeks to say Mass not counting two cathechisms every Saturday at the college. He has to transform a pool room into a chapel. William Duplessis will pay the rent and get the necessary things for the altar from the St. Louis Cathedral. Jouanneault does not see anything contrary to the discipline of the Church in this since Blanc has left the arrangements to Jouanneault. Duplessis will not have anything to do with the government of the chapel.

V-5-b - A.L.S. - (French) - 2pp. - 12mo. - {3}

1844 Jul. 3
Tiblier Brothers: New Orleans, (Louisiana)

A statement for $13.12 to Marie Dedune on which $7.78 was paid.

V-5-b - A. Bill - (French) - 1p. - 32mo. - {1}

1844 Jul. 3
Tiblier Brothers: New Orleans, (Louisiana)

A receipt for 7.78 piastres paid by Marie Dedune on the bishop's account.

V-5-b - A. Receipt S. - (French) - 1p. - 32mo. - {1}

1844 Jul. 3
Vial, L.: N(ew) O(rleans, Louisiana)

Receipt for 8 piastres from Miss Marie (Dedune) for payment in full.

V-5-b - A. Bill S. - (French) - 1p. - 16mo. - {1}

1844 Jul. 5
Jordan, Father Paul: West Baton Rouge, (Louisiana)
 to Bishop (Anthony) le(!) Blanc: New Orleans, Louisiana

He has written twice lately: first, to tell Blanc about the contract he has with Auguste Levèque about his horse; secondly, about parish business. Jordan hopes that Father (Joseph N.) Brogard will be satisfied with his large parish of Baton Rouge at least when there is not sufficient cause to dispense with parish rights. Brogard went to L'Ance to perform marriages without telling Jordan anything about it and the two times that Jordan made a request, he was met with great formality. He sends his best wishes to Fathers Rousselon and (Maenhaut) Mannehaut.

V-5-b - A.L.S. - (French) - 2pp. - 4to. - {4}

1844 Jul. 6
Roux, Father B(enedict): St. Louis, (Missouri)
 to Bishop A(nthony) Blanc: New Orleans, L(ouisian)a

Marguerite Roque, originally from Canada, left St. Louis last fall to go to New Orleans. Her sister, who has been in St. Louis for the last few weeks, is greatly worried about her. She would like to know whether Marguerite is in a Community. If she has not chosen a religious life Blanc is to have her come back to St. Louis with the captain of the steamboat who brings this letter. If she has been called to the religious life and is happy, she is to remain as she is. If Blanc is too busy, Father (Stephen) Rousselon could take care of this. (On the address side of this letter is written): Mrs. Simmons is waiting for an answer which can be left at Father (J.?) Walsh's. Mrs. Simmons will leave for St. Louis soon.

V-5-b - A.L.S. - (French) - 2pp. - 4to. - {5}

1844 Jul. 7
Castille, Joseph B.: St. Martin, (Louisiana)
 to Bishop (Anthony Blanc: New Orleans, Louisiana)

He and his family cannot attend their parish as it is 30 miles away. He and his neighbors for four years have had pews at Grand Coteau and they wish to know if the priest from Grand Coteau could come to their homes when they have need of him; it is only 9 miles. Castille's address is: Care of Francois Robin at Grand Coteau. Signing with Castille are: B(aptis)te Guidry, Jean B(aptis)te Bergeron, Charles A. Bertrand, Simeon Choutin, and Joseph Andre Choutin.

V-5-b - A.L.S. - (French) - 1p. - folio - {8}

(1844 Jul. 7)
Valentin, Francois: (New Orleans, Louisiana)

He asks Father (James) Lesne to baptize the child slave born July 7, 1844.

V-5-b - Note S. - (French) - 2pp. - 32mo - {1}

1844 Jul. 8
Brassac, Father H(ercul)e: Paris, (France)
 to Bishop A(nthony) Blanc: New Orleans, Louis)ia)na

Blanc's two letters dated January 16 and April 1 have arrived; the second was brought by Father (Victor) Jamey. Jamey left Paris a few days ago. Brassac hopes that Jamey will be back working for Blanc. The recruiting of good priests will be difficult; he has seen two or three priests but they recoil at the thought of entering a country where the clergy has everything to dread. Jamey has probably written Blanc that Father (Matthew Bernard) Anduze has arrived here. The Apostolic Nuncio Monsignor (Nicolo) Fornari told Brassac that he had received information about Anduze. Yesterday Brassac heard that Anduze was staying at the Seminary for Foreign Missions. Through Jamey Brassac got the collection of the "Propagateur" and the "Penseur". The "Penseur" is an infamous paper and the editor is a contemptible man. Father (James Ignatius?) Mullon must be on his way back to New Orleans; he left Paris 5 or 6 weeks ago. Father (Charles F.) Morechini left yesterday for Corsica. Brassac had suffered to know that Blanc had been so prejudiced against him. After the death of Father (Joseph) Tichitolle Blanc opposed Brassac's nomination for Donaldson; Brassac did not feel any resentments. After Bishop (Leo Raymond) DeNeckere's death the choice was between Blanc and Father (Auguste) Jeanjean. Jeanjean was nominated perfect and an opposition was formed against Blanc headed by two men whom he does not need to name. Brassac viewed Blanc's nomination with sorrow because he knew that there were many influential persons in New Orleans, above all members of the lodges, who were hostile to Blanc. Brassac attributed it to what happened in Baton Rouge while Blanc was pastor. Father Boué became Brassac's neighbor. Boué made slanderous remarks; he was responsible for the differences between St. Michael and Brassac. Brassac was then forced to tell Blanc about Bouée's behavior and Blanc took Bouée's side. Brassac sent his resignation in 1836 which was finally accepted in 1837. Brassac, during the council of 1837, heard about Blanc's opposition to Brassac's nomination as bishop of Natchez. If Bishop (Simon) Bruté had considered Brassac's reasons of refusing his nomination he would not have presented Brassac. Blanc said it would be a great pleasure to welcome Brassac back near him. This proves that Blanc has recognized Brassac's innocence. He still misses Louisiana but as long as his father is alive he cannot think of returning. He asks Blanc to burn this letter, to forget its contents and remember only the time when both were young and far from foreseeing the test awaiting them.

V-5-b - A.L.S. - (French) - 4pp. - 4to. - {13}

1844 Jul. 8
St. Aubin, Father F. C(harles) B(outelou) de: (Thibodeauxville, Louisiana)
 to Bishop (Anthony Blanc: New Orleans, Louisiana)

St. Aubin has just received Blanc's letter of June 18. On Tuesday Father (Charles M.) Menard went to the seminary to return the following day or Thursday morning. St. Aubin was to leave on Thursday; Menard did not come back until Friday. If the parish had been left without anybody it would have given more reason to talk against the priest than in the case of the slaves. The first girl, aged 13-14, was offered by her owner, Widow Mechin, daughter of the late Mrs. Riche. St. Aubin went to see Mrs. Mechin and wishing to settle for her mother's funeral, she offered to loan the sister of the first slave, two years older. St. Aubin blames old (Mrs.) Daniel for the trouble between Father (John B. Audizio) Odizio and his assistants. She would have caused the death of Father (Julian) Priour had he remained in Thibodauxville. She is responsible for Father (Victor Jouanneault) Joannaux's misery and for all the worrying St. Aubin had to do lately. She managed to get into Mr. Trone's house and there she acquired a great power. The two sisters of St. Aubin's vicar know all that happens. They have gone as far as to say that Blanc could not choose any other priest than Menard to replace Father (Ferdinand Dominic) Bac(h) but that he prefers to be reserved for Thibodauxville because of his sisters. St. Aubin said something about it to Father Rousselon; he would have warned Blanc but he does not like to be a talebearer. The Sisters Menard had a similar reputation before becoming his parishioners. Their brother had the same reputation while he was studying. St. Aubin will leave tomorrow to make a trip to 17 places down the Bayou. During St. Aubin's absence Father (Bonaventure) Armengol came to check what was left of the poor funds and he made many observations. Armengol told St. Aubin that he did not want to keep the agreement they had made for three bonds of $200 each on Louise (Bazire)'s account. Armengol threatened to sell the first note. St. Aubin had left him his beautiful vermeil church plate and a crucifix in 1830 at Paris and $100. Leaving Assumption Parish abruptly made St. Aubin lose more than $800 in fees due him. Mother Thérèse (Chevrel, O. Carm.?) alone knows what St. Aubin has done for her and her establishment. St. Aubin has seen nothing of Vigor since his return from New Orleans. Vigor told him how he regretted the delay of the funds the consul was to receive for a Frenchman staying at his place.

V-5-b - A.L.S. - (French) - 4pp. - 4to. - {14}

1844 Jul. 8
Saulet, B.: (New Orleans, Louisiana)

(A bill?) for 12 piastres for the hiring of his negress Charlote.

V-5-b - A. Note S. - (French) - 1p. - 32mo. - {0}

1844 Jul. 9
Jouanneault, Father V(ictor): Covington, (Louisiana)
 to Bishop (Anthony) Blanc: New Orleans, (Louisiana)

Some difficulties have come up concerning the place they were supposed to rent at Mandeville. Jouanneault celebrated mass in the college itself with his own equipment so there was no debate with (William) Duplessis. He asks Blanc to have Father (Stephen) Rousselon bring a missal, a ritual and an altar-stone for this new station. By sending them through Sister Regina (Smith, S.C.) the things will reach him safely. The children are surprisingly well disposed, only they are obliged to assist at the instructions of a Presbyterian minister. Reverend Macauley came to Jouanneault's first sermon so he went to hear Macauley. Jouanneault is going to continue to go up to Madisonville as before only there will be Mass only every two weeks at Covington which is enough because of the small number of Catholics. At present his own school has not suffered from these new arrangements. The Methodist Minister, who is building a church at Madison, is going to close his school which is very large so Jouanneault hopes his won will be larger. Adding to these occupations, the supervising of the enlarging of his presbytery makes him the busiest priest in the diocese. (On the third page of the letter is written in Blanc's hand:) "I have replied to the letter; now it remains to be seen if the commission is carried out." (On the address side of the letter is written): G.R. Sorapuru(?)

V-5-b - A.L.S. - (French) - 4pp. - 4to. - {9}

1844 Jul. 11
(Byrne), Bishop Andrew: Little Rock, Ark(ansas)
 to Bishop (Anthony) Blanc: New Orleans, L(ouisian)a

(Byrne) has received Blanc's letter and excellent pastoral. He could do nothing for the student who came from Charleston; he left for Memphis. (Byrne) did not think that this place was so involved in debt. There is a little church and Sisters' house for which about $2000 were subscribed; there remains over the buildings twice the amount they are worth. Half the property is in the name of Father (Joseph) Richardbole and the other half in the name of the Sisters. It was since (Byrne)'s arrival that they got deeds; the titles are in dispute. The Sisters here and at (Arkansas) Post are in debt to Richardbole for $3341 as 6 per cent. (Byrne) visisted the Post last month with Father (John) Corry; the Sisters so long deprived of Mass were delighted. They have a large debt on their houses and grounds and never got a deed. Neither is there a deed for the ground on which the church is erected. (Byrne) also visited New Gascony and other stations where he found many of the old French families who have preserved the Faith.

(Byrne) is now going to visit the northwest counties and then going to see Bishop (Peter Richard) Kenrick and the Superior of the Sisters. (Byrne) sends regards to Father Minault (Maenhaut?) and others; Corry sends his respects. P.S. (Byrne) was delighted to find that Blanc triumphed in the case of the Cathedral. Richardbole speaks of going to St. Louis when he settles his affairs. (Byrne) would be glad if he remained.

V-5-b - A.L.S. - 4pp. - 4to. - {7}

1844 Jul. 11
Smith, Persifor F. Judge: Jefferson Parish, Louisiana

License is granted to celebrate the marriage of Charles LeBreton with Marie Celestine Juvmeur(?) Kernion.

V-5-b - A.D.S. - 1p. - 8vo. - {2}

1844 Jul. 12
Brogard, Father J(oseph) N.: Baton Rouge, (Louisiana)
 to Bishop Ant(hony) Blanc: New Orleans, L(ouisia)na

Brogard received Blanc's letter of July 3. He gives in to Blanc's wish to have him leave the post he is now occupying. His wisest move would be to cross the ocean again. For that he would need a certificate from Blanc stating that he had served for five years and how he had done. He belongs to the diocese of Nancy. As soon as Blanc lets him know his final decision Brogard will settle everything with the trustees and go up the Mississippi. Blanc's proposing that Brogard leave B(aton) R(ouge) expresses his discontent over the calumnies which the "Courrier des E(tats) U(nis)" published against Brogard. It is not true that Brogard refused to preach in French. It is also not true that he has elected trustees of his choice by means of the Irish and soldiers. It is also false to say that no persons of French origin come to church. The article was written by a couple of persons because of his refusal to sacrifice his duty to their vanity. P.S. In case Blanc would agree to let him stay at Baton Rouge for a while, Brogard does not think that he would be able to remain more than six months. Preaching is very hard on him.

V-5-b - A.L.S. - (French) - 4pp. - 4to. - {2}

1844 Jul. 12
Labatut, I(sido)re, D(ieu) Augustin, and A.J. Guirot: New Orleans, (Louisiana)
 to Bishop Ant(hony) Blanc: New Orleans, (Louisiana)

They send Blanc an extract of the resolutions taken by the trustees of St. Louis Church on the 8th of this month. They are also ready to confer with whatever committee Blanc appoints.

- A.L.S. - (French) - 2pp


1844 Jul. 8
Dubuc, Ant(hony): (New Orleans, Louisiana)

Special meeting, July 8, 1844 of the trustees. I(sido)re Labatut presented the following resolutions which were unanimously adopted: Resolved that the trustees are ready to enter into an agreement with the Bishop of New Orleans on the basis of the judgment of the Supreme Court of (Louisiana) in the case of the trustees versus Bishop Blanc. A committee of three members is to be appointed to confer with a like committee appointed by the Bishop to settle the difficulties between the trustees and the clergy.

- A.D.S. - (French) - 1p.

V-5-b - A.L.S., A.D.S. - (French) - 3pp. - 4to. & folio - {5}

1844 Jul. 12
Lucas, F(ielding) Jr.: Baltimore, (Maryland)
 to Bishop (Anthony) Blanc: New Orleans, (Louisiana)

It would be very desirable to receive the information asked for by Father C(harles) I. White, editor of the U.S. Catholic Directory, from the 15th to the 20th of August.

- A.L.S. -

 Written on the inside of: 

1844 Jul. 1
White, Father Cha(rle)s: Baltimore, (Maryland)
 to Bishop (Anthony) Blanc: New Orleans, (Louisiana)

White asks for 17 particulars relative to Blanc's diocese for publication in the United States Catholic Directory.

- Printed form S. -

V-5-b - A.L.S., Printed form S. - 3pp. - 4to. - {2}

1844 Jul. 13
Smith, Persifor F. Judge: Jefferson Parish, Louisiana

License is granted to celebrate the marriage of Flavius Henry Thompson with Jeanne Marie Leocadie Livaudais.

V-5-b - A.D.S. - 1p. - 8vo. - {2}

1844 Jul. 14
Voisin, J.B.D.: New Orleans, (Louisiana)

Permission for the servant, Zulmé, belonging to Voisin, to have her child Alice baptized; the godfather, Augustin Davis, the godmother Evelina Voisin. Written by Cyprien Desforges.

V-5-b - Note - (French) - 2pp. - 12mo. - {3}

1844 July 15
(Hecker), Isaac: New York, (New York)
 to O(restes) A. Brownson: Chelsea, Massachusetts

He went to see Bishop (John) McClosky who pleased him more than any other Catholic he has met. He received from him several books, one of which, "Considerations on the Eucharist" by Abbe Gerbert, is worth mentioning. He also went to see the Rev. Mr. Knight to whom he raised many objections about the Anglican Church. He did not dispute them. He loaned him some books, and they parted friends. Mr. (William) Channing is still looking for something to come to answer his heart, but doesn't think the Catholic Church is the thing. He is still engaged in business far from his heart. He looks forward to his union with the Catholic Church. He would like to live under the conditions of a contemplative life for awhile. He believes that Christianity is the cause of modern civilization, and that the furtherance of progress of the race is in the advancement and reign of the Church.

I-3-g - A.L.S. - 3pp. - 8vo. - {3}

1844 Jul. 16
Beverley, C.B.: New Orleans, (Louisiana)
 to Bishop Antoine Blanc: New Orleans, Louisiana

The bearer of this letter, Pierre Felix Nogues, is a young man of good character. An aged mother and others depend upon his exertions. Nogues has applied to Beverley to obtain his influence with Thomas Barrett to procure a place in the custom house. Beverley has already received so many acts of kindness from Barrett, he feels reluctant to intrude any further. Beverley asks Blanc to interest himself in Nogues' behalf.

V-5-b - A.L.S. - 2pp. - 4to. - {3}

1844 Jul. 16
Chabrat, Bishop Guy Ign(ati)us: Louisville, (Kentucky)
 to Bishop (Anthony) Blanc: New Orleans, L(ouisian)a

Chabrat writes this letter against his doctor's recommendation. His eyes are no better. If Bishop (Benedict J.) Flaget permits him, Chabrat will spend the winter in Paris; he would leave around September 15. The good news from Blanc comes as a great help to his present situation. He asks Blanc not to send the money by steamer but to make a draft. Flaget is well enough. Chabrat's father is dead; the news came with Blanc's letter. Being unable to write, Chabrat will ask his friend T. Hays to inquire from Mr. Jourdan or Co(mpany?) whether they have any information from Mexico. Chabrat has no suspicions and the great reputation of these gentlemen is well known to him.

V-5-b - A.L.S. - (French) - 2pp. - 8vo. - {4}

1844 Jul. 16
Thébaud, S.J., Father A(ugustus) J.:
St. Mary's (College) (Lebanon, Kentucky)
 to Bishop (Anthony Blanc): New Orleans, (Louisiana)

Thébaud was touched by (Blanc)'s letter brought by Mr. Lombard. All the attentions he had received in New Orleans have made him attached to Louisiana. It was a pleasure for Thébaud to see his name associated with the priests of (Blanc)'s diocese in the public acts of the Synod. He will keep the memory of those he lived with in his stay in New Orleans.

V-5-b - A.L.S. - (French) - 3pp. - 4to. - {2}

1844 Jul. 17
Gonellaz, Father H(yacinth): Houma, (Louisiana)
 to Bishop (Anthony Blanc: New Orleans, Louisiana)

Not having time to secure the necessary dispensation to celebrate a mixed marriage, Gonellaz thought he could go ahead. By the authorization he has, he received the consent of marriage of Peter Paterson, a baptized Protestant and Elizabeth Miller, a Catholic.

V-5-b - A.L.S. - (French) - 1p. - 8vo. - {3}

1844 Jul. 18
Dowley, C.M., Father P(hilip):
St. Vincent's (Seminary) Castleknock, (Ireland)
 to Father John O'Reilly, (C.M.):
St. Vincent's (Seminary)Assumption, Louisiana

Dowley's long silence before replying to O'Reilly's letter of May 11 was because of his anxiety to report something decisive relative to a commission with which he was honored by Bishop (Anthony Blanc). O'Reilly is to tell (Blanc) that two months ago he succeeded in getting 3 ecclesiastical students of good standing for (Blanc)'s seminary. They were told that their departure should be postponed till the middle of next month. They would be most happy in concurring with their countryman, Alexius O'Neil, in helping him to realize his zealous views but as they do not have the power of associating with their branch of the (Vincentians) the precious class of Lay Brothers, it is completely out of their power to encourage him. They have not yet formed an internal seminary for either classes in Ireland. If they succeed in less than another year in founding this important establishment Dowley does not see how this young man could devote much of his time to the charity in question consistently with his obligations as a Lay Brother. Dowley sends regards to Father Timon.

V-5-b - A.L.S. - 4pp. - 4to. - {4}

1844 July 18
O'Connor, Michael, Bp. of Pittsburgh: Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania
 to Bishop John Baptist Purcell: of Cincinnati, Ohio

He has only a short time for writing. All appears quiet in Philadelphia. The Military retired from Southwark on Monday at the suggestion of the mob. The governor was in the city and issued a proclamation. On Saturday an alarm was raised that an effort was made to rescue some prisoners from the jail, but it was unfounded. Father John P. Dunn of St. Philip's ran off Tuesday and arrived in Pittsburgh the day after Purcell's departure. Bishop (Francis Patrick) Kenrick wants him to withdraw altogether. There was no formal procession of Orangemen in Pittsburgh July 12. Although O'Connor has great respect for Father Dunn he feels that the arming of the church was on too grand a scale and that other mistakes were made. It was providential that a direct collision did not take place between the mob and the Irish. He thinks matters have settled down for the present. P.S. Purcell is to be on the lookout for a "professional" man for his retreat. If he can get none he may think of doing it.

II-4-i - A.L.S. - 2pp. - 8vo. - {5}

1844 Jul. 21
Sceaulx, J(osep)h Ch(evali)er de: Biloxi, (Mississippi)
 to Bishop (Anthony Blanc): New Orleans, (Louisiana)

Sceaulx received (Blanc)'s letter. If (Blanc) will interest himself in Sceaulx's situation the pastor of Biloxi will vouch for him. Sceaulx gives his address: in care of Mr. and Mrs. Prada. P.S. Sceaulx is in debt 30 francs.

- A.L.S. - (French) -

 On the same paper: 

L'Abbé, Father G(uillaume): (Biloxi, Mississippi)
 to Bishop (Anthony Blanc: New Orleans, Louisiana)

If (Blanc) could procure passage for de Sceaulx, L'Abbé believes it would be the best thing to do. L'Abbé asks (Blanc) to see that de Sceaulx leaves for France.

- A.L.S. - (French) -

V-5-b - A.L.S. - (French) - 4pp. - 4to. - {3}

1844 Jul. 22
Mégret, Father A(nthony) D(ésiré): Vermillionville, (Louisiana)
 to Bishop (Anthony) Blanc: New Orleans, (Louisiana)

Mégret reminds Blanc of his extreme need for an assistant. Vermillionville cannot remain without a priest, particularly in time of sickness. Abbéville also needs one and a third one would not be too much to take care of the missions. However, if he looks at the parish in a different light, the irreligion and diabolic evil in the village, Mégret must admit that this is the worst one he has ever known. Abbéville has always been much more favorable. The church will not be completed for several months. The Legislature, upon the secret requests of three individuals, decided, in its last session, that the seat of the town hall should be situated at Pont Perry. The jury protested as did all the parishioners. In case Blanc cannot send an assistant for a long time, would Blanc approve if Mégret got priest, for example from Grand Coteau.

V-5-b - A.L.S. - (French) - 4pp. - 4to. - {4}

1844 July 22
Pitman, R. C.:
Wesleyan University (Middleton, Connecticut)
 to O(restes) A. Brownson: (Boston, Massachusetts)

By order of the Mystical Seven he advises Brownson that the latter is to speak on a certain day, and informs him as to train connections. The day set is Commencement day.

I-3-g - A.L.S. - 1p. - 8vo. - {1}

(1844 (?)) (July 23)
Hecker, Isaac: (New York City, New York)
 to Orestes A. Brownson: Chelsea, Mass(achusetts)

Hecker does not want Brownson to trouble himself about answering the contents of the letter. Hecker suggests joining the Redemptorists because of their strong Catholic influence. He would be consumed by God and the speediest means to this end is what Hecker is seeking. He wants to join an order which will humble him, and that will make him cry out enough, because he feels he has too much liberty. "But you see more than I can say and understand me too better, I hope." Hecker believes we say a great deal and live a little at least. Hecker would like to know if Brownson has seen Faber's Sir Lancilot. Hecker believes them yet to be John Bulls. He spoke of the Anglican Church as the "offended". There are spots in the book that will pay a Catholic heart for reading.

I-3-g - A.L.S. - 3pp. - 8vo. - {1}

1844 Jul. 23
Praz, R.S.C.J., Madame A.: Grand Coteau, (Louisiana)
 to Bishop A(nthony) Blanc: New Orleans, (Louisiana)

Madame Praz wanted to wait until she had news from Mother (Maria) Cutts before writing Blanc. The last letter they received was the one of July 5. Mother said that she probably could not go to Sugar Creek because of the floods and if she could not she would leave St. Louis at once to return about mid-August; perhaps before that she will be at St. Michael. Their little boarding school is doing very well; the orphans also are doing well.

V-5-b - A.L.S. - (French) - 3pp. - 4to. - {4}

1844 Jul. 24
(Beauprez, Father Peter Francis): Pointe Coupée, (Louisiana)
 to Bishop Ant(hony) Blanc: New Orleans, (Louisiana)

(Beauprez) ratified the marriage of Narcise Carmouche, Jr. and Adeline Brassaux after a dispensation for relationship. Will Blanc tell Mr. Chanet that Beauprez has had a sacristan since three months ago and does not need him. At the last meeting of the trustees they named a committee to buy six candlesticks for Pointe Coupée like those at Baton Rouge for $60 or $70. (Beauprez) would like to know if there are any in New Orleans; also a small ciborium for the chapel at Fausse Rivière.

V-5-b - A.L. - (French) - 2pp. - 8vo. - {6}

1844 Jul. 25
(Blanc, Bishop Anthony: New Orleans, Louisiana)
 to I(si)d(o)re Labatut, D. Augustin, and A.J. Guirod: (New Orleans, Louisiana)

(Blanc) answers the committee's note of July 12 in which they sent a copy of the resolutions adopted by the trustees of St. Louis Church at their meeting on the 8th. They had told (Blanc) that they were ready to confer with a committee appointed by (Blanc) about the means to settle the difficulties between the trustees and the clergy by an agreement based on the Supreme Court's decision. This is far from what (Blanc) had hoped for. 1. (Blanc) will not appoint a committee but will make everything possible to facilitate contacts between the trustees and himself. 2. The committee will present its views in written documents. Blanc will do likewise. 3. The Supreme Court decision cannot be chosen as a basis for an agreement because: 1. The decision proves that (Blanc)'s conduct, entirely conformed to the Catholic discipline, was also unquestionable from a legal point of view. 2. Taking the decision as a basis for an agreement, (Blanc) would seem to admit, at least implicitly, that the Supreme Court has some authority in matters concerning religious discipline. This is a principle that (Blanc) cannot admit and that the honorable court itself does not admit. (Blanc)'s rights existed before being granted by the Supreme Court; the authority of the Court cannot be invoked in an essentially religious matter. There is only one basis for an agreement and it has been recognized by the Supreme Court: the discipline of the Catholic Church as it is observed in all the churches in the United States. The synodal decrees should serve as a basis for an agreement between the Bishop and a Catholic corporation. (Blanc) does not want to accept, even implicitly, the entire charter. On the contrary, he protests against its provisions which are in opposition with the established discipline of the Catholic Church. He considers it as unconstitutional.

V-5-b - A. Draft - (French) - 3pp. - 4to. - {4}

1844 Jul. 26
(Loras), Bishop Mathias: Dubuque, (Iowa)
 to Bishop (Anthony) Blanc: New Orleans, Louisiana

The box for Father (Augustine) Ravoux arrived. Father (Stephen) Rousselon told Loras that there were two boxes of church ornaments at the customs in New Orleans for which they ask $180. Loras made a claim to the Secretary of the Treasury through their representative in Washington. He replied that they were going to refer it to the collector in New Orleans for information. Bishop (Simon) Bruté, Bishop (Joseph) Rosati for the 4 bells of St. Louis, and other have been exempted for objects which were not for sale. (Loras) is pleased to hear that Blanc intends to build two or three churches in his city; he should make them big. Still no coadjutor; (Loras) is not surprised; Bishop (Célestin De La Hailandière) asked for one and (Loras) will have to do the same. Blanc's trustees will have to give in. Philadelphia has sent some Catholics, some of whom have means and piety. They also have built some churches. The 13th in Iowa was erected at Keo Kuck (Keokuk) a small town of 700 on the Mississippi. Bishop (John M. Henni) of Wisconsin will do well; he came to see them and was a sensation. It was unfortunate that he does not speak French and that Bishop William Quarter of Illinois does not speak German; these three languages are necessary here. Blanc will laugh when he hears that (Loras) is studying German; they laughed also when he was learning English at the age of 37. P.S. Is there a firm in New Orleans that will pay a draft on J. & E. Walsh, St. Louis?

V-5-b - A.L.S. - (French) - 4pp. - 4to. - {9}

1844 Jul. 27
Armengol, C.M., Father B(onaventure): Paris, (France)
 to Bishop (Anthony) Blanc: New Orleans, (Louisiana)

They have been in Paris since the 18th. Armengol is to go to Mexico as director of the Sisters of Charity who are to embark at Cadiz on September 15, and another priest of his order with him. The Sisters will establish a novitiate in the capital of Mexico and are sending 10 nuns. Armengol will leave for Madrid at the beginning of August. He thinks that he will accompany Felix (Dicharry) as far as Lyons. He has spent $224 for Felix; he had $100 from Blanc and $87.50 from his mother; so he has spent $36.50 more than he had for Felix. Mr. Choiselat G(allien) has given Armengol 500 francs of the money to be allocated to Blanc so that Felix can get to Rome. Felix is very happy and even more pious than he was while in America. Armengol will give Felix letters of recommendation for Rome; particularly for Father Ugo, procurator of the (Vincentians) to the Holy See. Armengol will not be able to carry out the commissions gives him by the priests at the Seminary and others. It looks like their Congregation will be restored soon in Spain. He sends regards to Fathers Rousselon, Maenhaut, D'Hauw, etc. Armengol was not able to see Father (Hercule) Brassac as he was not in Paris; Armengol sent him Blanc's letter.

V-5-b - A.L.S. - (French) - 2pp. - 8vo. - {8}

1844 Jul. 28
Boutelou (de St. Aubin), J. V(igor): Bayou Black, (Louisiana)
 to Bishop (Anthony) Blanc: New Orleans, L(ouisian)a

Boutelou's uncle informed him about the complaints Blanc made in his letter written since Boutelou's trip to New Orleans. His main reason for going was to take care of (Father Nicholas?) Fort's business. He was disappointed in the funds he was supposed to receive from the French consul who had not yet received them. Through Mother Therese he learned that Blanc was absent so he went to see Father (Stephen) Rousselon. Rousselon misjudged him if he suspected that Boutelou was not interested in repaying Fort's note. The young man who promised the money does not know the reason for the delay. If within a short time, Boutelou does not receive the funds he will get a draft on his broker payable in January or February and he will place it at Blanc's disposal.

V-5-b - A.L.S. - (French) - 3pp. - 4to. - {3}

1844 Jul. 29
Dupuy, Father Enn(emond): Iberville, (Louisiana)
 to Bishop Ant(hony) Blanc: New Orleans, L(ouisia)na

Dupuy has signed the arrangements with the trustees of the chapel opposite St. Gabriel. The substance of the contract is that they have sold it to Blanc for $100; Blanc can build a school or college on the land. The pastor of Iberville is bound to celebrate Mass once a month on Sunday. Dupuy intends to start saying Mass there next month and bless the cemetery and chapel under the protection of St. Raphael. As soon as notary Louis Petit has given him an extract of the contract, Dupuy will send it to Blanc. Dupuy is well satisfied.

V-5-b - A.L.S. - (French) - 2pp. - folio - {4}

1844 July 29
McCallion, Father Charles: Wheeling, Virginia
 to Bishop John Baptist Purcell: of Cincinnati, Ohio

He arrived there early this morning from Marietta, Ohio. He tells of the affairs of Marietta, and how Father James McCaffrey has demanded, against his advice, a public apology from Mr. Brennan and wife. McCallion got them to agree to a private apology only to have him demand a public one. McCallion is afraid that he will read from the pulpit the affidavit of his brother. He has occasion to visit Mr. Taggart's and says that Mr. Taggart will not be with them many years and suggests that a church be established there with support from Mr. T. himself. McCallion is presuming upon Purcell's permission to go to New York to collect for the church at Lawnstown. He desires that Purcell's letter reach him there. He hopes that Purcell's next discourses at Washington and St.Clairsville will be in Catholic churches, although not at Woodsfield. He sends his regards to Father Schonat and Mr. McNamee. Father Foley is well. He hopes that Purcell has recovered from Father Olivetti's trip. May they meet for retreat in November. P.S. Invites criticism from Purcell

II-4-i - A.L.S. - 3pp. - 8vo. - {9}

1844 Jul. 29
Ménard, Father Ch(arle)s M.: Thiboduaxville, (Louisiana)
 to Bishop A(nthony) Blanc: New Orleans, L(ouisian)a

Ménard spent the first 4 days of last week on a mission at the home of Messrs. Thibodaux at Terrebonne. He was well pleased by their attitude toward religion. Ménard told the Messrs. Thibodaux, as well as the judge of the Parish, and several other influential persons, of his project to build a church at Houmaville. All agreed as to the location and the subscription. Ménard told Father (Charles Henry Boutelou de) St. Aubin about it when he arrived today from Bayou Black. St. Aubin told Ménard there was a man at Bayou Black who would give land for the church near Houma and that he would write to Blanc within a few days. Houma would be a good place for a church, since the village will grow considerably on the opening of the canal adjoining Black Bayou and Bayou Terrebonne. The Methodists, or rather the Episcopalians, already have a plan to build a temple there. In coming back from Assumption, Ménard stopped at the (Edward Douglas?) White home.

V-5-b - A.L.S. - (French) - 4pp. - 4to. - {7}

1844 Jul. 30
Labatut, I(sido)re, D(ieu) Augustin and A.J. Guirot: New Orleans, Louisiana
 to Bishop Anthony Blanc: New Orleans, (Louisiana)

As trustees they ask Blanc for a pastor for St. Louis Church, a pastor of irreproachable morals whose presence in the sanctuary will cause neither trouble nor scandal. The material interests which the law commits to their administration are not those which Blanc would wish to claim. They would like Blanc to explain what he means by the restrictions and reservations he speaks of in his letter of the 26th.

V-5-b - A.L.S. - (French) - 2pp. - 4to. - {4}

1844 July 31
Rappe, Father Louis Amadeus: Toledo, Ohio
 to Bishop John Baptist Purcell: of Cincinnati, Ohio

He acknowledges Purcell's of the 27th. The presence of Father (John) Emig is not entirely necessary in Toledo but he will give him a job in Maumee. He will inform the people that Father Emig will be there Aug. 9, 10, 11. Rappe will prepare the children for confirmation in Toledo and he hopes that Purcell will evangelize Catholics and Protestants. On Monday they will go to Maumee. He hopes that Purcell will accept these plans, but asks to be informed when Purcell will come. He is sorry to hear that the congregation at Chillicothe is to lose its pastor (Father Henry D. Juncker). It continues a source of division. Father Thomas R. Butler got the esteem and affection of many. Destitute of hope of getting the Sisters from Boulogne, he has applied to the sisters at Cincinnati, but he does not expect to succeed. He will speak more of these things when Purcell is in Toledo.

II-4-i - A.L.S. - 3pp. - 8vo. - {8}