University of Notre Dame


1845 Jul. 1
Schwarz, J G.: Vienna, (Austria)
 to Bishop Peter P(aul) Lefevere: Detroit, Michigan

Schwarz received Lefevere's letter of July 25, 1844. He asks Lefevere to give all the information he can in his letters about Catholics, particularly the German ones. The complaints of German Catholics have obliged the Leopoldine Association to change their former resolutions of indiscriminate relief by means of the Bishops and to make donations also to German missionaries. Schwarz was not quite sure of this opinion and was the sole cause at the meeting on April 26 of determining that only about half the funds be so appropriated. Therefore in Lefevere's diocese the following amounts were fixed: 200 f(lorins) for Father (Frederick) Baraga; 1000 f(lorins) for Father (Andrew) Viszoczky; Pittsburg(h), 5000 f(lorins); New York, 1000 f(lorins); Dubuque, 3000 f(lorins); Milwaukee, 3000 f(lorins); Boston, 3000 f(lorins); Natchez, 2000 f(lorins); Little Rock, 2000 f(lorins); Chicago, 2000 f(lorins); Hartford, 2000 f(lorins); Philadelphia, 4000 f(lorins); Jesuit missions, 4000 f(lorins); Texas, 3000 f(lorins). Schwarz asks for a yearly report addressed to the Prince Archbishop (Vincent Edward Milde) as President of the Leopoldine Association, in November, giving the conditions of the German Catholics in the diocese. Schwarz will not fail to give it his zealous support. The Nunciature at Vienna has given Schwarz a sum of money for which Lefevere can draw $433 on D. Appleton & Co., of New York. Schwarz entreats Lefevere to send with the receipt, information relative to Schwarz's brother and family from whom they seldom hear. This information will be especially very desirable to his aged mother. Detroit is very interesting to Schwarz. He asks Lefevere to give his respects to G(enera)l (Lewis) Cass if he sees him and to ask Schwarz's brother to write if he sees him. He would like to know whether Joseph Campau remembers him. In 1820 when Schwarz was in Detroit, Campau was reported to be a bad man but Schwarz found him to be of a good heart and wants Lefevere to remember him to Campau.

III-2-h - A.L.S. - 2pp. - 8vo. - {18}

1845 July 1
O'Connor, Michael, Bp. of Pittsburgh: Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania
 to Bishop John Baptist Purcell: of Cincinnati, Ohio

He is glad to see that Purcell is doing quick work with Mr. (John) Hoy. He was not aware of the extent of the complaint Purcell mentioned. He must only put up with it now. He hopes that his last did not prevent Purcell ordaining him. Father (Joseph) O'Mealy is required at St. Vincent's, Pa. for the forming of the brotherhood. O'Connor is pleased that there is prospect of union. His seminary is growing and will accomodate to a good many. Mr. Ihmson will give the dimensions of glass Purcell states at $12,100feet of the best quality and $8 for the poorer quality, (paper torn here) His furnace is our of blast and he cannot supply Purcell for about six weeks. He asks Purcell to send O'Mealy as soon as possible.

II-4-i - A.L.S. - 2pp. - 8vo. - {5}

1845 Jul. 3
Henni, John M(artin) Bishop of: Milwaukee, (Wisconsin Territory)
 to Bishop (Peter Paul Lefevere,: Detroit, Michigan).

Patrick McKennan, now in Chicago has written Henni that he would come into his diocese if Henni would receive and ordain him soon. Since McKennan does not have his exeat and has received minor orders from Lefevere, as Henni learned from Mr. Doyle, Henni begs Lefevere to tell him about the applicant. He is afraid he may be of a "speculating" character, but if Lefevere recommends him he will accept him. Henni needs priests.

III-2-h - A.L.S. - 1p. - 8vo. - {2}

1845 Jul. 3
Manahan, Father (Ambrose): New York, (New York)
 to Father (Francis P.) McFarland: St. John's College, (New York)

As he is leaving the city he asks McFarland, with the Bishop's permission, to take Possession of his house and parish for July 3 and 4. He wishes him particularly to say Mass the next day and Saturday or there would be no Mass at all.

I-1-a - A.L.S - 1p. - 4to. - {1}

1845 July 3
O'Donnell, Father Nicholas: Brooklyn, New York
 to (Orestes A. Brownson: Boston, Massachusetts

He sends him this note to express his appreciation for the Review and to offer him Abbe Bergier's "Traits de la Religion" in eight volumes treating of the Christian religion in connection with philosophy, history and Revelation. It is a scarce work in this country. He also recommends Bergier's "Dictionaire de Theologie," procurable in Baltimore. If Brownson should happen to be in New York, he will show it to him; otherwise he will send it by Garden's Express.

I-3-h - A.L.S - 2pp. - 12mo. - {1}

1845 July 3
Pierz, Father Francois: Mackinac, Michigan
 to Bishop (Peter Paul) Lefevere: Detroit, Michigan

Pierz received the $200 that Lefevere sent through Biddel and Brew. As soon as he received the money he paid all the teachers. He asks Lefevere if he received the triplicates of the receipts signed by the teachers. Pierz did not see the teacher of his school at Manistee, and he did not include this school in his report because of the lack of Indians to carry on the school the right way. It is preferable to include publicly only the 3 schools of Arbre Croche, Lacroix and Middletown in the reports; as for the 5 or 6 remaining schools they will be considered as private. He will reward the teachers of these private schools according to their application to their task. Pierz had said he would take a trip to Lake Superior, but he arrived late at Sault Ste. Marie and found that the boat had already left for LaPointe and that the next boat for LaPointe would be in 3 or 4 weeks. Not being able to wait three or four weeks, Pierz decided to go back to the Ottawa Indians. He recommended the Chippewas of Lake Superior to the cares of Father (Frederick) Baraga, who will send Pierz his clothes. After spending a week at Sault, Pierz expects to go back to Arbre Croche. His going to Sault was necessary to encourage the Catholics, since they are dissappointed for not having a priest and a school. Pierz was busy all the day long hearing confessions, and teaching school. He baptized 21 shildren and 5 adults. He found the savages still very faithful to the religion, but they need instruction. At the time of their payment, the Indians thought to complain to Pierz for not having a permanent priest and a school. To avoid this Pierz engaged the services of a young man of good conduct to teach the children the prayers of the catechism. He pays him $5 a month. Pierz also promised the Indians that he will send everything necessary for their welfare. He advises Lefevere to pay a visit to Sault this coming summer or fall to give confirmation and to consol them. Pierz enjoys in advance the coming of Lefevere to Mackinac at the time of the next payment. If the payment is fixed for the beginning of September it would be better to give Confirmation on the last day of August. Pierz will let Lefevere know the date of the payment as soon as the matter is decided. Pierz wrote Father (Frederick) Baraga to tell him to visit Lefevere next summer in regard to the mission, whose size is increasing tremendously with the great number of people coming to settle themselves at Copper Haven, etc. Since last spring Pierz has been working with all his strength for the welfare of the Ottawa Indians, and they put all their confidence in him. He particularly, wants to educate the Indians not only in the schools but also in all the trade important for the good of the tribes. He wants to build an orphanage. All this can be done with the local income and the contributions of the savages. He asks Lefevere to send two sisters for the education of the girls. Now that his mission is getting more prosperous, Pierz expects to catch the attention of the government and get from it the emancipation of the savages. To realize these plans quickly, Pierz sent for two carpenters, so that with the help of the savages they will be able to build a saw-mill and a flourmill. The income from the saw-mill will help to the education of the savages. But at the present time the Indians do not have the money to buy the different parts of the mill and to cover the expenses to build it. Pierz wants to start building the mill on his own account and after that he will give the mill to the community with the condition that no savage will be able to contract any debts. He asks Lefevere to send him the second part of his salary and $300 in advance taken out of his future salary. At the same time he promises Lefevere to send him a receipt for $350. In case that Lefevere can send him an entire year's, he will leave $100 as interest. He hopes to hear from Lefevere soon concerning the matter. He wants to know if Lefevere won't let him build an orphanage for the savages. Miss Taner has left the school at Mackinac at the end of June. Mrs. (Maria Anne) Fisher is still waiting at Arbre Croche for Pierz to come back.

III-2-h - A.L.S. - (French) - 5pp. - 8vo. - {6}

1845 July 5
Butler, Father Thomas R.: Brown County, Ohio
 to Bishop John Baptist Purcell: of Cincinnati, Ohio

He received Purcell's letter in time to take the stage to Hillsboro and from there hire a buggy to Chillicothe. He was joined there by Fathers (Joseph) McNamee and (Henry D.) Juncker. He found nothing prepared and had to make all the arrangements for the occasion. There were 3000 present and all were respectful. On Monday evening the congregation assembled to hear the statement about the church and school. Butler and Mr. Anderson addressed them and they are generally willing for the building the two churches and their final resolution was f or beginning a subscription. He and Mr. Anderson went to some of the protestants and found a strong desire for the nuns to begin their school. General Green and Mr. James promised their assistance. Mr. Woodbridge will send his six daughters to the school. He himself agrees with these men about the good prospect for success. There are two sites suitable for an academy. Butler describes these and their costs. One would cost about $7000, the other, perhaps the better, $10,000. Butler supposes that the Ursulines will first stop at Fayette, but thinks it would be a pity to sacrifice the opportunity at Chillicothe. He promises to let Purcell know the result of his efforts by Tuesday. Mr. Woodside dies in a drunken fit. Mr. Anderson has the disposal of the pictures including that "Annunciation" which may be purchased for a few hundred.

(Incomplete? No signature.)

II-4-i - A.L. - 4pp. - 8vo. - {7}

1845 Jul. 6
(Flaget), B(enedict) J(oseph), Bishop of: Louisville, (Kentucky)
 to Bishop (Peter Paul Lefevere): (Detroit, Michigan)

Although Flaget is no longer in charge of the administration of (Lefevere's diocese, he will always have for his group a lively interest of which this letter is a sign. He has with him a priest, a friend, a compatriot, and friend of his family, of great zeal and good health. Unfortunately he speaks no English and Flaget has almost no French in his diocese. He recommends him to Bishop (Lefevere). (Mostly in hand of another).

III-2-h - L.S. - (French) - 1p. - 8vo. - {1}

1845 July 6
O'connor, Michael, Bp. of Pittsburgh: Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania
 to Bishop John Baptist Purcell: of Cincinnati, Ohio

He must not have explained himself clearly enough in this last letter. The two French seminarians whom Father (Joseph p.) Machebeuf brought over for him have papers giving Purcell permission to ordain them, but no other papers or exeats. O'Connor asks Purcell to give him in writing the necessary permission to ordain them. He wishes Purcell to answer immediately so he can ordain them the next Sunday. His last will also explain the reason for the delay in getting the glass from Mr. Ihmson. (Orestes A.) Brownson is advertised for a lecture in Philadelphia next Thursday, so that if he declines Purcell's invitation, that will be the reason. Would Purcell have any objection to his applying to the Precious Blood Fathers for a mission. Should they bring any kitchen priests to him, the remedy is to let them stay in the Kitchen. Mr. Brownson has just walked in and must refuse Purcell's invitation. O'Connor will be grateful to Purcell if he will send up the young frenchman, but asks Purcell to give him papers for a transfer of jurisdiction or authority to ordain him. He asks Purcell to send Mr. (John) Hoy immediately. He asks Purcell to write immediately and send the letter by hand before Sunday.

II-4-i - A.L.S. - 2pp. - 8vo. - {6}

1845 July 6
McLaughlin, Father Peter: Cleveland, Ohio
 to Bishop John Baptist Purcell: of Cincinnati, Ohio

He gives a marriage case between a slave and non-slave, involving the church's attitude on slavery. Fathers Dease and Davis created some trouble in Detroit. Bishop (Peter Paul) Lefevre refused them permission to officiate or collect. The Irish were indignant and held a meeting, at which the two spoke. Money was given to them. Father (Laurence) Kilroy) has written to McLaughlin to defeat the two in Cleveland. They claimed to have Bishop Purcell's permission so he permitted them to do only what they had been authorized to do by him. The Irish he knows in Detroit are complaining against the treatment they receive from Bishop Lefevre. If Bishop Purcell desires he will give this information to him in another letter. Fathers Gannon and Kinney left Detroit speaking in bitter terms of the treatment received. He has declined an offer to lay the foundation stone at Father Luhr's other church. He intends to do penance for his "public brawling". He speaks of the congregation in Cleveland of recent conversions and the possibilities of that city as the see of Father Edward Purcell's bishopric.

II-4-i - A.L.S. - 3pp. - 8vo. - {10}

1845 July 7
Grace, Father Thomas L.: St. Rose, Kentucky
 to Bishop John Baptist Purcell: of Cincinnati, Ohio

He writes to tell Purcell of a doubt existing in his mind about the validity of a baptism performed by him, in Purcell's church in February. As it was his first baptism he failed to move aside the heavy hair of the person and feels that the water did not touch any vital part. Theological authoris consulted consider such a baptism doubtful and require the condition to be raised. Purcell can find out the person by looking up the records signed by Father Grace. He begs Purcell's pardon for this trouble.

I-4-i - A.L.S. - 3pp. - 8vo. - {2}

1845 July 7
Mckeon, Hugh: Rossville, Staten Island, (New York)
 to (Father Francis P. McFarland: St. John's, New York)

He has received (McFarland)'s letter of June 28 and he is pleased to learn of his ordination. He is pleased that (McFarland)'s father and family are well. His own family is well except himself but he is recovering. He hopes to see (McFarland) before he goes to Ohio and will save the news until he sees him. He hopes he will come Saturday so he can introduce him to their parish priest, Father (Ildephonsus) Madrano who resides at Quarantine. He gives him directions to get by boat to Rossville. James McKeon and family are well.

I-1-a - A.L.S. - 1p. - 4to. - {2}

1845 July 8
Brunner, C.PP.S.,Father Francis D.: Norwalk, Ohio
 to Bishop John Baptist Purcell: of Cincinnati, Ohio

He thanks Purcell for his letter of June 29, and speaks his appreciation of the words of the bishop. As regards Munster he is willing to do what Purcell desires, even though it be a station pleasing to the Precious Blood Fathers. He leaves the following questions to Purcell: 1. Various objections must be disposed of about the buildings in Thompson's Settlement and Wolf's Creek for the Sisters of the Precious Blood. Debts must be paid, and the school in Wolf's Creek ordained for girls. At. St. Alphonsus's in Norwalk the school is for boys and girls and he does not think that the sisters can leave them without causing trouble. 2. The priests cannot set out until Mathias Kreusch and Francis Xavier Obermueller are ordained. He desires that Purcell examine them and ordain them. Fathers M(artin) Bobst, and (John B.) Jacomet are no longer suitable for the Society of the Precious Blood. Perhaps Father Bobst would do for Randolph. 3.At Norwalk they have no property but they have property near the Sisters in Wolfs Creek where they could build a house, and take care of the neighboring missions. As to the lot at Thompson it can be saved for the sisters. 4. They are much worried about paying their debts, since their fields produce very little and they do not want to bother the faithful. The priest sent to New York has not returned. He suggests that some one be sent to Cincinnati to collect for them and the Sister's schools. 5. He has written to their confreres in Rome to have their Superior General obtain an express approbation for the Sisters or to decide what must be done. 6. He asks if Bishop Henni is in his diocese or in Europe. He assures Purcell of his devotion. P.S. Asks Purcell to sign and authorize a note to a certain priest at Havre.

II-4-i - A.L.S. - 3pp. - 8vo. - {12}

1845 Jul. 8
Masnou, C.M., Father J.: Assumption, (Louisiana)
 to Bishop (Anthony Blanc: New Orleans, Louisiana)

They will soon begin vacation; exams will begin several days before the feast of St. Vincent; they would be honored by Blanc's presence. (E.) Torragrossa wishes to go down to the city to see his parents. (James?) Higgins' uncle has told him to get permission to make a trip to St. Louis to see his parents. All goes well at the seminary.

V-5-d - A.L.S. - (French) - 1p. - 4to. - {3}

1845 July 9,
Pierz, Father Francois: Arbre Croche, Michigan
 to Bishop (Peter Paul) Lefevere: of Detroit, Michigan

Pierz tells Lefevere that he reorganized the school at Arbre Croche as well as he could. A good savage Paul Itanwigijig, who was employed up to now for the instruction of the savages, takes charge of the school for the savages and will teach the children to read and write in the language of their fathers, and also the prayers and catechism every morning for two hours. Margarete Kabegijigokwe takes the school in English and will teach every afternoon for two hours to those willing to learn English; at the same time she will teach the young women to sew and knit etc. Pierz promised them $5 a month during the school year, payable quarterly. Mrs. (Maria Anne) Fisher has not left for Mackinac because Pierz absent on July 1st. She started school at Mackinac on July 16, and from that time Lefevere will be responsable for her salary. Pierz needs a great number of Indian A.B.C. books and he begs Lefevere to send them if possible. For the time being the heat is excessive, and a great number of the savages get sick. Pierz is riding his horse almost everyday to attend the sick. The characteristics of the disease are inflammation of the lungs, headache and blood spitting. After Pierz has engaged the services of men to build the saw mill and to teach the savages in their respective trades, all the savages work very hard and very diligently. A great number of young savages learn the trades of cooper, forger, carpenters, etc. and some of them build houses, and consequently the population increases very rapidly with these immigrants. For the last three days a great number of savages from the Black Rene Massatewaganing, lower Michigan, have arrived at Arbre Croche and established themselves in the three villages. The Indians who went a few years ago across the English borders are coming back, one after the other. His mission came to have a great reputation in a relatively short time. If he had the means he could realize his plans for the spiritual and temporal good of the poor savages. Pierz asks Lefevere if he received the letter he sent a week ago from Mackinac.

III-2-h - A.L.S. - (French) - 2pp. - 8vo. - {1}

1845 Jul. 10
Beleké, C(aspar) J.:
Mt. St. Mary's College (Emmittsburg, Maryland)
 to Father F(rancis) P. McFarland: St. John's College, New York

Beleké has just returned from Washington where he met President James Polk and other great men through the introduction of Mr. Ser(r)uys the Belgian Minister, who had visited the Mountain. After a few weeks he may accompany Colonel Bensinger to his German Catholic colony in McCan County, Pennsylvania which is flourishing under the Redemptorists. McFarland should visit the settlement in his vacation. He agrees with McFarland that it was probably providential that he did not leave the Mountain. He mentions those who will not be there next year. The faculty has often expressed the wish that McFarland would return and if he consents Father (John) McCaffrey would obtain the permission of McFarland's bishop. He could have also the Emmittsburg congregation. By the papers he will see that the Mountain has conferred on him the M.A. As soon as he comes to see them he will get the diploma. He asks about Father (John) Harley and Mr. André. Those at the Mountain want to be remembered to him.

I-1-a - A.L.S. - 2pp. - 4to. - {3}

1845 Jul. 10
Dalloz, Father C(harles): Avoyelles, (Louisiana)
 to Bishop (Anthony Blanc: New Orleans, Louisiana)

Dalloz has been slow in answering (Blanc)'s two letters because of his many duties. He sees in the first letter that his older brother kept his word given on August 12, 1843, to persecute Dalloz and to try to ruin him everywhere he went. Dalloz's vocation as missionary dates from February 1827; being ordained on December 17, 1836, he dared not talk about it because of his mother. On February 29, 1840, their mother being dead, his brother wished to join Lacordaire who had just embraced the religious state but their bishop spoiled this plan. Dalloz was assistant at Moulins in Nivernais for four years; the pastor had a young orphan boy as a servant and sacristan; he asked Dalloz to care for him on his death. Dalloz fell ill, his older brother came to visit him. The young orphan cried and in his delirium, Dalloz told him that he had provided for him in his will. Dalloz's brother heard him and began to mistreat the boy, who fearing Dalloz's death, married and left but came each day to do Dalloz's work and was paid. The man who came to see Dalloz this winter urged Dalloz to come to America. Father (Joseph) Soller, (S.J.) knows this. Dalloz sold his furniture, found employment for his servant in Paris, and embarked on April 23, 1844. Father (J.M. Bonniot?) Bonniant approved of his conduct toward his servant in Paris. His older brother had been so upset about his being the sole heir if around 5000 francs that Dalloz finally sent him the will proving the contrary. The one who is here now left France without saying where he was going. Being ill he came to see Dalloz and (A.) Mary(e) liked him so well he engaged him to come to spend fever season and rented a house for him. Dalloz carried out (Blanc)'s commissions with Edouard (Générès) and Mary(e). People say the house and 70 acres sold for 1000 piastres. Mrs. Noel Dubuc said she had offered (Father Nicolas?) Francis 400 piastres cash and he had refused it. A Mr. David, a food dealer, said he had offered 800 cash and 200 to be paid later and Francais had refused. He has been told that the bill of sale between Widow Doudoute and Francais when he bought it was the same as they used for the sale of Francais to Edouard. Edouard has said many times that he bought it for 1000 piastres and had 5 years to pay, 200 every March. Mary(e) says it was due in July. Mr. Tyler (H. Taylor?) told Dalloz that all the remaining debts would probably never be paid. (P.S.) Dalloz has just come from seeing the judge who made the bill of sale between Francais and Edouard. The property was sold for 1000 piastres but on condition that he pay $400 to Francais and 600 to his cousin if he did not marry her. Dalloz blessed their marriage on June 19, therefore 400 remains. The judge intimated that Francais was paying a debt; he is wrong but (this is good) advice to priests who make gifts to persons of the opposite sex.

V-5-d - A.L.S. - (French) - 5pp. - 4to. - {10}

1845 July 10
Loras, Matthias, Bp. of Dubuque: Burlington, Iowa
 to Bishop John Baptist Purcell: of Cincinnati, Ohio

A priest by the name of (Henry) Herzog from Purcell's diocese came the day previous and asked for work on Loras's missions. He asks Purcell to tell him in a confidential way what he thinks of him and the reason for his leaving the Cincinnati diocese. P.S. The letter must be sent to Burlington.

II-4-i - A.L.S. - 1p. - 8vo. - {4}

1845 July 11
Webb, B(en) J.: Louisville, Kentucky
 to O(restes) A. Brownson: (Boston, Massachusetts)

He has been requested by Father J(ohn) McGill to present in his name a copy of "Andrins (?) Life of Calvin" to Brownson. He wrote to F. Lucas, Jr. of Baltimore to send Brownson a copy, a few weeks since. Learning that the receipt might be delayed, he avails himself of this opportunity by Rev. John Quinn. If he should receive both, Brownson would have an extra copy to give to some one of his friends. He has been urged by some of the clergy and laity to obtain the agency of Brownson's "Quarterly" for Kentucky. If Brownson and his publisher think proper to appoint him as agent, he will endeavor to keep up and increase his circulation. He would ask the favor of an exchange with the "Catholic Advocate", which he publishes, but feels that Brownson is already burdened with useless exchanges.

I-3-h - A.L.S. - 1p. - 8vo. - {2}

1845 Jul. 11
Tintorer, J.: New Orleans, (Louisiana)
 to Maria (Dedune): (New Orleans, Louisiana)

A bill for groceries supplied from January 26 to July 10, $22.90.

V-5-d - A. Bill - 1p. - 32mo. - {1}

1845 July 12
McLaughlin, Father Peter: Cleveland, Ohio
 to Bishop John Baptist Purcell: of Cincinnati, Ohio

He writes to tell Purcell of the severe loss that St. Mary's Church has suffered. Someone sacrilegiously entered the church through a window and took away the chalice, ciborium and ostensorium. Also six sets of vestments, the altar boys soutanes etc. The tabernacle was taken down carefully and the Sacred Species left in the dismounted tabernacle. He cannot describe the unsettled condition of his mind when he discovered the sacrilege. It is well that another priest is there to take charge of the services for the next day. He used to remove the sacred vessels from the church, but he grew confident at last and left them there. The people of the congregation are very much upset about the deed. They hope to be able to make up their material loss. He prays that God will move the sinful creature who robbed to repentance.

II-4-i - A.L.S. - 2pp. - 8vo. - {2}

1845 Jul. 12
Soller, S.J., Father J(oseph): Louisville, (Kentucky)
 to Bishop (Anthony) Blanc: New Orleans, L(ouisian)a

Soller arrived this morning. Father (Clement) Boulanger, (S.J.), had left a letter for Soller with Father (John) Larkin, (S.J.) in which there were these words: "The difficulties of the Bishop of New Orleans have touched my heart but what can I do? Give my deepest respects to him." Boulanger left Louisville two days ago to go to St. Louis. Soller is leaving this morning to join him. There is hope that Soller may return to New Orleans; he will be sure in a few days.

V-5-d - A.L.S. - (French) - 2pp. - 4to. - {3}

1845 Jul. 14
Plunkett, Father Peter Vincent: Dublin, (Ireland)
 to Bishop (Anthony Blanc: New Orleans, Louisiana)

It is nearly a week since he arrived in Liverpool. Their passage was a long one; the captain made a little too free with the bottle. Plunkett feels a little better but everywhere he hears the name of God profaned and religion made a mockery of. Plunkett thinks he will leave Liverpool for Boston on August 4. Plunkett called at the Archbishop's of Dublin; he was not at home. The Superior of the Brothers of the Christian Schools resides in Waterford; Plunkett will go and see him. Applications have been made from several parts of Ireland for some of the Brothers so Plunkett has little hopes of success. (P.S.) He leaves tomorrow for Wexford. He saw O'Connel today but some account in his next.

V-5-d - A.L.S. - 2pp. - 4to. - {2}

1845 July 14
Butler, Father Thomas R.:
Seminary of St. Francis Xavier Brown County, Ohio
 to Bishop John Baptist Purcell: of Cincinnati, Ohio

Since the term of study set by Purcell June 19 has expired he has permitted many of the men to go home. Messers. Conlan, McCallion and Bulger start for Cincinnati the next day. Father (John) Hoy, said his first Mass at St. Martin's. He will preach at Fayetteville the next Sunday. Butler has requested him to preach every Sunday so long as he stays at St. Martin's. Father (John B.) Jacomet requests that Mr. Francis Xavier Obermueller be sent to the Creek near Georgetown (Ohio) to teach catechism, and for Mr. (Matthias) Kreusch to go to Stonelick. He also asks for some German catechisms, and he gave him a letter from the Superior of the Precious Blood Fathers. These and Bishop O'Connor's men want several pieces of clothing, and he wants to know how they are to be provided. He trusts that Purcell will soon decide where the Ursulines will be fixed. Everything and everybody depends on their movements. If he is to remain there and the seminary also, he would be glad to go to the City for a few days. Mr. Lewis and Brunner will call on Purcell at Cincinnati for directions. Supposing that the two German seminarians will do as Father Jacomet asks, there will remain at the seminary Bishop O'Connor's men and Father Hoy. Purcell will please tell him what liberty these will have. The house is in bad order and if the seminary is to remain there, he has some repairs to make. If Purcell has time he will please write to him by the next mail.

II-4-i - A.L.S. - 2pp. - 8vo. - {12}

1845 Jul. 15
New Orleans, (Louisiana)

A bill for $189.65 for building materials furnished for (St. Vincent's Institute?), Donaldsonville, (Louisiana).

V-5-d - A. Bill - (French) - 2pp. - 16mo. - {1}

1845 July 15
Spalding, Father Martin J.: Louisville, Kentucky
 to Bishop John Baptist Purcell: of Cincinnati, Ohio

He acknowledges Purcell's letter of July 11, inviting him to attend the dedication of the new cathedral, the "St. Peter's of the West", and will do whatever Purcell requests while he is in Cincinnati. He will give one or two sermons provided there are not too many great ones there to render his preaching an intrusion. He suspected at first that Purcell was joking when he invited him to preach a clerical retreat, but if Purcell is willing to make the risk, he will accept the invitation, provided his health is good. He asks Purcell for Massillons "Entertainments for the Clergy." Bishop (Benedict Joseph) Flaget will come to the dedication if possible. Spalding does not understand what Purcell means in asking for news of Arkansas and Bishop (Andrew Byrne) of Little Rock. He has had difficulties with a French priest Father (Joseph) Richardbole, which has involved the temporalities in confusion, and rendered it necessary to have the Lorettines withdrawn. This is all the news Spalding has. He will obtain a place for Mrs. Todd at the preparatory school at Gethsemani, (Ky.), where her expenses will be lightest. He deems it very doubtful whether she can be received in any religious house. He asks Purcell to tell Mr. Green that her expenses will not exceed $60, to be paid as the superioress may arrange. P.S. Mr. McGill will write and speak for himself.

II-4-i - A.L.S. - 3pp. - 8vo. - {10}

1845 Jul. 16
Beauprez, Father P(eter) F(rancis): Pointe Coupée, (Louisiana)
 to Bishop Ant(hony) Blanc: New Orleans, (Louisiana)

Beauprez has been waiting for two weeks for a reply to his letter. He supposes that as Blanc has sided with the trustees, as he has learned, he thought it useless to reply. Blanc has consented to having Beauprez's salary reduced to $800 because of expenses this year. Blanc would never have consented to anything like that at the Cathedral or for any other pastor. The repairs on the church at Pointe Coupée are not urgent. How foolish to buy candlesticks for an altar in no state to receive them. If Beauprez stays this year it is to make them feel that it is not the reduction of $200 that would make him leave the parish but he hopes it will be his last year. He has no protection from his bishop.

V-5-d - A.L.S. - (French) - 3pp. - 4to. - {2}

1845 Jul. 16
Brassac, Father H(ercul)e: Paris, (France)
 to Bishop A(nthony) Blanc: New Orleans, Louisiana

Blanc's letter of June 4 reached Brassac by the last steamer. Business has kept him longer than he thought but he thinks next month he will realize his transfer into the Lazarist (house?) at Marvejols. This fall he will go to Rodez where he has relatives and business. He will then bring to a close what Blanc has there concerning the estate of Father (Auguste) Jean jean. Bishop (Guy Ignatius) Chabrat was to leave today for Havre. Bishop (Ignatius A.) Reynolds is expected here; Father (John) Timon, (C.M.) is here and is already talking about leaving. Nothing new here except the arrival of Brassac's old friend, Narcise Landry and his family.

V-5-d - A.L.S. - (French) - 2pp. - 8vo. - {6}

1845 Jul. 16
Dumas, Father B.J.: St. Omer, France

Miss Meur(?) sends Bishop (Anthony Blanc) 200 francs in gratitude for his help in collecting revenue which her brother had left her. (On the back of the note) P. Borgnier writes that this was addressed to him with the 200 francs.

V-5-d - A. Note S. - (French) - 2pp. - 32mo. - {3}

1845 July 16
Butler, Father Thomas R.:
St. Francis Savier Seminary Brown County, Ohio
 to Bishop John Baptist Purcell: of Cincinnati, Ohio

He acknowledges Purcell's of July 12, and expresses his regret at not construing the letter more strictly. If Purcell is not going to come and examine the men they should be given free time. If they are to go to Hamilton it would be a relief for them to get away, but they must wait for supplies. If Purcell approves of sending them as catechisms, they could be sent to Mamilton (Mr.Credon), Dayton, etc. Father (John)Hoy will go down Tuesday, he is engaged to preach at Fayetteville Sunday. He would be sorry to have anything to do with setting a price on the picture chosen by James Meline. He asks Purcell to send an answer to his questions about the German seminarians, the clothing etc. Also he asks him to settle what they should leave for the Ursulines. He thinks that the seminary will cost much less at Hamilton and be near enough to furnish ministers for solemn services. He hopes that the bishop will either come to visit him or let him come down. He does not want trouble with Father (John) Elet,S.J., who was his advisor at Florissant and seems to think he had done wrong in leaving the Jesuits. A qustion between them would embarrass and afflict them both. He will explain more fully when he speaks to the bishop.

II-4-i - A.L.S. - 2pp. - 8vo. - {7}

1845 July 17
O'Connor, Michael, Bp. of Pittsburgh: Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania
 to Bishop John Baptist Purcell: of Cincinnati, Ohio

He received Purcell's two letters almost at the same time because low water delayed the carriers. He feels very much embarrassed by Purcell's request for Father M. A. De La Roque. He is sorry that Purcell did not hold on to Father Montiers. He does not think that Father (JosephP.) Machebeuf's acquaintance with Father De La Roque is more than a traveling acquaintance, and that such an acquaintance could be easily established with Father Montiers. He would be afraid to send Father Montiers into any of his French Missions because of his excessive baggage and effeminate character. He hopes that Purcell will not press his request for Father De La Rocque because he has need of him for a French congregation which has not been able to go to confession for two years, since the nearest priest does not understand French and, as a member of the Philadelphia diocese is about to be removed. He begs Purcell not to force him to send "so nice a man" as Father Montiers into the woods. O'Connor leaves for Europe next week. He asks if he can do anything for Purcell. Purcell can direct his letter for him to Bishop Hughes. He will try to go on the Great Eastern on July 31. He has written to Father (Joseph) O'Mealy to come up before he leaves, so that he can install him before going. P.S. He asks Purcell to answer by return post.

II-4-i - A.L.S. - 3pp. - 8vo. - {6}

1845 Jul. 18
Lambert, L.: New Orleans, (Louisiana)

A receipt for $20 from Father (Stephen) Rousselon for one month's services as organist.

V-5-d - A. Receipt S. - (French) - 1p. - 32mo. - {1}

1845 Jul. 18(?)
Soller, S.J., Father J(oseph): On the Mississippi
 to Bishop (Anthony Blanc: New Orleans, Louisiana)

All hope is gone. He went from Louisville to St. Louis in two days. He arrived the 15th. Father (Clement) Boulanger, (S.J.) was about to leave so Soller had only a short conversation with him. Boulanger agreed to leave Soller at New Orleans on condition that Father (James Oliver) Vaudevelde give him someone in exchange. The thing could not be arranged and at 4 o'clock Soller will embark for Boston, New York, London and Paris. Boulanger will be back in Kentucky in mid-August. He has not decided whether he will go down to New Orleans, (Blanc) knows that it is only obedience which sweetens this sacrifice which Soller makes. (P.S.) The movement of the boat distorts his writing.

V-5-d - A.L.S. - (French) - 1p. - folio - {3}

1845 July 19
McMaster, B. J. Alphonse: New York, (New York)
 to (Rev. Edgar P.) Wadhams: (Ticonderoga, New York)

He explains his tardy answer. He did not receive Wadhams' letter until he reached Hyde Park. He feels deeply the difficulties of Wadhams but tells him that God will give him strength to overcome any temptation. He states that, though he delayed his conversion, Wadhams or anyone else should not do the same. He sees clearly now since he has joined the Catholic Church, as will Wadhams when he does the same. He asks Wadhams to come down and he will see what can be done. Wadhams is told that he must expect the negative response of his mother to the news: but if he is straight-forward, MacMaster believes that she will rejoice. As for Wadhams' niece she could only be saved with the special and unpromised mercy of God. He says that his own zeal will be assimilated by Wadhams if he joins the Catholic Church. MacMaster states that Wadhams is in the state of mind that he was when he was in Essex County— all wrong. If he was not compelled to keep secrecy, he would make Wadhams see the light under the guidance of converts. He does not know when they will sail, but believes it will be some time in August. He desires a long visit from Wadhams. He wishes an answer by return mail. He expresses his sorrow concerning Wadhams' illness, and believes the sea shore at his place will be good for him. He sends his regards to Wadhams' mother and niece. P.S. (Clarence)Walworth is well and sends his love.

I-1-m - A.L.S. - 6pp. - 16to - {2}

1845(?) Jul. 20
Lesne, L(ou?)is: Lyons, (France)
 to Bishop (Anthony Blanc): New Orleans, (Louisiana)

He asks (Blanc) to see that his brother (Father James Lesne?) receives the enclosed letter.

V-5-d - A.L.S. - (French) - 1p. - 4to. - {2}

1845 (Jul. 20?)
Morin, Rosalie: New Orleans, Louisiana

She gives permission to her servant to have her child Victoire baptized, aged 6 months and 20 days, born January 1, 1845. Victoria, born of Cecile, Henry Yves - Victoire 舰

V-5-d - A. Note S. - (French) Incomplete - 2pp. - 32mo. - {0}

1845 July 21
Tefft, Charles E.,: Milledgeville, (Massachusetts)
 to O(restes) A. Brownson.: Boston, Massachusetts.

He has the honor to announce to Brownson that he has been unanimously elected an honorary member of the Thalian Society. Since the object of the Association is the cultivation of their moral and intellectual powers, they have deemed it expedient to select for honorary members those friendly to the promotion of literature and virtue.

I-3-h - A.L.S. - 1p. - 8vo. - {1}

1845 Jul. 22
(Flaget), Bishop B(enedict) J(oseph): Louisville, (Kentucky)
 to Bishop (Anthony) Blanc: New Orleans, (Louisiana)

(Flaget) has learned from the Bishop of St. Louis that since Easter Blanc has lost 6 or 7 priests who have left for Europe. He would like to remedy this if it is in his power. At present he has with him a compatriot and friend, Father Maret; unfortunately he does not speak English and (Flaget) has very few French to enjoy him. Therefore he recommends him to Blanc.

V-5-d - L.S. - (French) - 2pp. - folio - {2}

1845 Jul. 23
Dupeire, J.B.: New Orleans, (Louisiana)

Dupeire gives his mulatto Marie permission to baptize her child.

V-5-d - A. Note S. - (French) - 2pp. - 32mo. - {0}

1845 July 23
O'Donnell, Father N(icholas): Brooklyn, (New York,)
 to O(restes) A. Brownson: Boston, Massachusetts

Brownson understood his note as he had intended he should, though he did not fully convey his meaning when he spoke of the work in Philadelphia as one he would loan Brownson if the letter desired. When he wrote, he had not intended going to Philadelphia, not an awareness that Brownson was to lecture there. So when he met him at Mr. Stokes he presumed Brownson had received his note and would give verbal answer. (Nicholas) Bergier is a Gallican. Brownson an ultra-ultra Montanist. Bergier's philosophy is of the old school, Brownson's of the newest of the new. Perhaps the via media is the via tuba. As a book of reference, Bergier's "Dictionaire de Theologie" is very extensive and useful. For Brownson, a novice in the school of Catholic Divinity and Church History, his "Traite" will possibly prove a good guide. But it must be read, and studied carefully. He feels honored at Brownson's acceptance of the work. It will open to him a goodly portion of that Catholic discipline which has been hitherto to Brownson a terra incognita.

I-3-h - A.L.S. - 4pp. - 12mo. - {2}

1845 Jul. 25
Brindjonc: Mexico
 to Bishop Anthony Blanc: New Orleans, (Louisiana)

Being ill and far away from his country, Brindjonc calls on Blanc's generosity to leave a place where the climate is not suitable. Mr. Gerard, contractor for St. Augustine's Church took notes for 1, 2, and 3 years, receiving from Brindjonc one due December 6, 1845. Brindjonc asks Blanc to pay the note to Mr. Delaune, the bearer of this letter.

V-5-d - A.L.S. - (French) - 2pp. - 4to. - {4}

1845 Jul. 25
Mégret, Father A(nothony) D(ésiré): Vermillionville, (Louisiana)
 to Bishop (Anthony Blanc): Grand Coteau, (Louisiana)

Mégret wrote (Blanc) last week at Opelousas. He should have received it Sunday. Mégret told (Blanc) about the arrangements with Father (Louis) Dufour and talked of his station and other things. He asks (Blanc) to see about the mail at Grand Coteau and Opelousas. P.S. Mégret wrote to Father (Florian J.) Sautois, (S.J.) and asked him to send 2 or 3 from his house with (Blanc) to Mégret's.

V-5-d - A.L.S. - (French) - 2pp. - 4to. - {3}

1845 Jul. 25
(Hecker), Isaac (T.): (New York, New York)
 to O(restes) A. Brownson: Chelsea, Mass(achusetts)

Since Hecker wrote the enclosed letter he has seen Father (Gabriel) Rumpler (C.SS.R.) Superior of the Redemptorists, and Bishop (John) Hughes from whom he inquired about Fordham College, and who advised him to attend St. Sulpice at Paris. It will have what he needs and what is not attainable at Fordham: discipline, example, learning. His objections to St. Sulpice are: that it won't go far enough for him — he may go too far and be rejected. He has been dallying too long already. Second: the expense. The Bishop has advised him to see Father J(ames) R. (Bayley) Bailey, who was educated at St. Sulpice, for further information. The first objection he is disposed to give up with the advice of his spiritual director. The second may disappear. After having a talk with his brothers, that is. He does not know much about the other orders of the Church, but if he goes to St. Sulpice, as he has concluded to do, he will become personally acquainted with most if not all. His humility makes him shrink from this education: for his inferiority, for the temptations to which he shall be subject, but, the grace of God will support him if he has a vocation. He will try the milder form first. Brownson need not reply to his subsequent letters unless he sees he needs encouragement or advice. He desires to see Bishop (John B). Fitzpatrick.

- A.L.S. - 4pp. - 8vo. -


1845 Jul. 24
(Hecker, Isaac): N(ew) Y(ork, New York)
 to (Orestes A. Brownson: Chelsea. Massachusetts)

He has a strong desire to see Brownson but does not come immediately because he does not wish to appear unmindful of the interests of his brothers, who have placed all their capital in the new establishment. Verily he is a mine of sin whithout bottom. Freedom is a word differently understood by the Protestants. To the Catholics it means the annihilation of their own wills, to them it is the following of theirs. If the Catholics have the hardest battle, surely they have the sweetest reward. It is exceedingly difficult to distinguish rightly between one's own will and the will of God. It is enough to cover them with confusion all their days when they think of all the things they do that they are not called upon to do, not to say how much more they do contrary to the commands and inspirations of God. It is impossible to overcome the enemy of souls except by long fastings and much time given to solitude. Unless it were for the prayers of the sainted, and the watchfulness of those who watch over them they would fall into sin a hundred times ten, where they now fall once. He longs for the time when he shall be freed from his own self-direction, and asks Brownson if he thinks he will get the necessary discipline in this country. The idea of getting that discipline in Europe still remains with him with much force. He can be useful only so far as he is subject to Christ, and he doubts that he can find that Christian solitude, that severer discipline in this country. He shall in Europe walk upon the earth consecrated by saints. If anything useful to men can be made of him, he may be sent back to this country again.

I-3-h - A.L. - 4pp. - 8vo. - {6}

1845 Jul. 28
Sautois, S.J., Father F(lorian) J.: Grand Coteau, (Louisiana)
 to Bishop Ant(hony) Blanc: Vermillionville, Lafayette, L(ouisia)na

The loss of this letter has caused Sautois much unpleasantness. A week ago Sautois promised to say Mass at Plaquemine Brulé, at the home of Francis Richard. But yesterday he learned that this man has married the sister of his first wife, deceased, without a dispensation, before a judge. Sautois decided to ask Blanc for the dispensation in hopes that before the Mass he could persuade them to validate their marriage. The woman is Marguerite Coume Brasseuse. Sautois also wishes to know how far his faculties extend. In case he did not have time to write for the dispensation, could he ratify the marriage in a case like this? (P.S.) He sends his respects to the pastor and to Father (Henry) Duranquet, (S.J.).

V-5-d - A.L.S. - (French) - 3pp. - 4to. - {4}

1845 Jul. 29
Barbeau, P(eter) B.: Sau(l)t Ste. Marie, (Michigan)
 to Bishop (Peter Paul) Lefev(e)re: Detroit (Michigan)

Barbeau writes at the request of Captain Merrell, Commanding Officer at Fort Brady, (Michigan) to ask Lefevere if he would exchange the land across the road from the church at Sault Ste. Marie (Michigan) for a piece attached to the church, west, and of equal size. He wishes a prompt answer so that Merrell may write to Washington.

III-2-h - A.L.S. - 1p. - 8vo. - {3}

1845 Jul. 29
Jaunny, Father: Paris, (France)
 to Bishop (Anthony Blanc): New Orleans, (Louisiana)

Bishop (Charles) de Forbin Janson, shortly before his death, displayed too much charity and zeal in America to have his name forgotten. Jaunny is bound by Forbin Janson's confidence in him and by the great part which remains for him in the continuation of the two associations so dear to his heart, the Association of St. Charles, for poor priests and the Association of the Holy Childhood of which Bishop de Calcédoine accepted the presidency. Forbin Janson who saw at such close range the needs of (Blanc's) new churches and who gave such generous help did not fear to propose the Association of the Holy Childhood to (Blanc). Jaunny will try to speak of it to Bishop (Celestin) de la Hailandière who is to come. he hopes Hailandière will not be less favorable than the Bishop of Charleston who conveyed his good disposition through Father (John) Timon, (C.M.), his vicar general. Timon told Jaunny that (Blanc) would have a good occasion at the council in May. They will send him Calcédoine's new circular about the Association. The above circular will announce the Annals and for the first bulletin which will appear in September or October, there will be a notice of Forbin Janson's apostolic work in North America. They can know this only through the Bishops who witnessed it; Jaunny asks (Blanc) to send them the details of these memories. Jaunny signs as former vicar general of Paris and vice president of the Association of the Holy Childhood.

V-5-d - A.L.S. - (French) - 4pp. - 4to. - {7}

1845 July 29
Chanche, John Joseph, Bp. of Natchez: Natchez, Mississippi
 to Bishop John Baptist Purcell: of Cincinnati, Ohio

He thanks Purcell for his kindness in Mrs. Mueller's affair, and supposes that he has already received the $30 sent by Mrs. Doniphan. He is delighted to learn of the rapid progress of Purcell's Cathedral and how rapidly he is building churches in every part of the diocese. He sends a priest occasionally to WoodVille, (Miss.) but the catholics in the neighborhood are very few and it will be a long time before the cross will glitter from a Catholic church. He is disappointed in his hopes of getting a bell from Marie Amelie, Queen of the French. She sends a painting for an altar piece but is too poor for a bell. Could a bell of 3000 pounds be cast in Cincinnati, and what would be its price? He asks Purcell to present his respects to Mrs. DeWitt and his condolences at the death of her brother. The Mrs. Crump of whom Purcell speaks is well known to him. She is a pious and edifying lady and does much good at Vicksburg, Miss.

(Note in Purcell's hand on the back: Chanche can get a bell of 2000 pounds for $560 at Coffins.)

II-4-i - A.L.S. - 2pp. - 8vo. - {5}

1845 Jul. 29
(Hecker), Isaac (Thomas): New York, (New York)
 to O(restes) A. Brownson: Chelsea, Mass(achusetts)

When he last wrote Hecker had decided in favor of St. Sulpice. Now he expects to go with (James A.) McMaster and (Clarence A.) Walworth to join the Redemptorists. He has given up all ideas of becoming one of the secular clergy. Brownson spoke of the Dominicans; if there were any grounds why they should be preferred, Hecker would not hesitate to give himself up to them. Bishop (John) Hughes approves Hecker's choice. He goes without a regret of leaving this continent. The Catholic lives but for one object. The provincial general goes on August 16; if Hecker remains to go with him, he probably would make Brownson a visit. McMaster is a convert from the Puseyites; Walworth is the son of the Chancellor of New York. Hecker's mother and John feel very bad about his going. Brother George not so much. His going may do much good in the family.

I-3-h - A.L.S. - 4pp. - 4to. - {4}

1845 Jul 30
O'Neil, Father T(homas):
Mt. St. Mary's College Emmittsburg, Maryland
 to Father F(rancis) P. McFarland:
St. John's CollegeRosehill, New York

He does not understand why McFarland has ceased to write to him. He congratulates him on his ordination. The Seminary at the Mountain is almost defunct. He lists the seminarians who are departing for Baltimore and other seminaries. He also lists the new men by name. He asks McFarland how he feels about Rosehill. He gives messages to various friends in New York.

I-1-a - A.L.S. - 3pp. - 4to. - {2}

1845 July 30
(Whelpley, James D.): New York, (New York)
 to O(restes) A. Brownson: Boston, Massachusetts

It appears to him that Brownson would not be unwilling to furnish an article for his "American Whig Review", and although they would agree to disagree on many political subjects, some subjects would correspond with the general tone and spirit of the Review. He has requested his friend, E. W. Whipple, to furnish Brownson with a few numbers. If anything in his contribution should seem objectionable, he should consult with Brownson before he would take any liberties with it. Compensation is $2.50 per page.

I-3-h - No signature - 1p. - 8vo. - {2}

1845 Jul. 31
St. Martin, E.: New Orleans, (Louisiana)

A receipted bill for 15 piastres for a month's hire of his servant Dayna(?).

V-5-d - A. Receipt S. - (French) - 1p. - 32mo. - {0}

1845 July 31
Brownson, (Orestes A.): Boston, Mass(achusetts)
 to Isaac (T.) Hecker: New York, (New York)

Brownson believes that Hecker made a good decision. He hopes that Hecker will wait until the Father Provincial returns. Hecker has a lively and active imagination, quick sensibility, a warm heart and ardent temperment. This exposes Hecker to many dangers. The danger is on the side of mysticism, he is liable to mingle too much of sensibility with the objective forms of faith. Brownson mentions this not because he has many fears, but because he knows where Hecker's tendency is. The Catholic Church is objective. It proposes truths to be believed and acts to be performed. Our great business is to do what God commands. We want a logical basis rather than a philosophical basis. The notion of Communion that Brownson advanced, and which wrought such a resolution in Hecker and Brownson, served its purpose, but, if extended very far it is dangerous and heretical. Protestant notions have affected even the ablest of our authors, especially the Germans. Hecker will be in hands competent to guide him but Brownson is progressing backwards. God has been good to him but he has abused them all, and his name may yet become a scandal. Brownson will not forget George (Hecker). Brownson is sure that he will do well, whatever he can do to encourage George or comfort his mother, Brownson will do. Brownson would like to see Hecker before Hecker leaves.

I-4-g - A.L.S. (Photostat, Paulist Archives) - 4pp. - 8vo. - {2}