University of Notre Dame


1845 Aug.
Roepsch, Father Edm(und): Gros, Giesen, (Germany)
 to Bishop Ant(hony) Blanc: New Orleans, (Louisiana)

Two hundred and twenty Germans from Hanover are going to the Republic of Texas where they will join about 7,000 other Germans in the country of the Red River about seven miles northwest of Clarksville. Among these are about 90 children under the age of 12 and others who need instructions on Communion. These ask the Bishop's mercy and ask him to write this letter to him. He sends it by Francis Einkugel, a tailor, who goes to the colony along with thirty others from his parish.

V-5-d - A.L.S. - (Latin) - 1p. - folio - {4}

1845 Aug. 1
Cointet, C.S.C., Father F(rancis): Notre Dame du Lac, (Indiana).
 to Bishop (Peter Paul) Lefevere,: Detroit, (Michigan)

The last time Cointet visited St. Joseph, (Michigan), about six weeks ago, the body of the church was built and they were about to put in the windows. He begs the Bishop to give him permission to bless it or to invite a confrere to do so. (Father Michael) Shawe of Vincennes has promised to accompany him to St. Joseph to aid him in the visits he is going to make at Kalamazoo, Nottawa Sepee, (Notawasepee), Pawpaw, Berrien, Niles, (Michigan), where Shawe will preach. Cointet hopes the blessing can take place on August 24, the day appointed for the next visit. In a post script he asks the same faculty for the church at Kalamazoo if he finds the church built there at his next visit. (If Lefevere is absent the letter is addressed to Father (Peter) Kindekens).

III-2-h - A.L.S. - (French) - 2pp. - 12mo. - {8}

1845 Aug. 1
De Held, C.SS.R., Father Frederick,: Baltimore, (Maryland)
 to Bishop (Peter Paul) Lefev(e)r(e): (Detroit), Michigan

Father De Held, Superior of the Belgian American Province, notifies Lefevere that Father Louis Cartenfels (Cartuyfels), C.SS.R has withdrawn from the Redemptorists.

III-2-h - A.L.S. - (Latin) - 1p. - 8vo. - {2}

(1845?) Aug. 2
Ansley, (S.J.), E.: (New York, New York)
 to Father (Francis P.) McFarland: Watertown, N(ew) Y(ork)

He apologized for not answering sooner. He is there because of his health. He attended the commencement but found the speeches tiresome and left with some little girls. He forgot in his former letters to say that Fathers (A.J.) Thebaud and (William) Murphy wanted to be remembered to McFarland. Father Thebaud thought that McFarland would come to visit them before this. Ansley thinks that the position of a secular priest in a parish is to be pitied, in comparison to that of a regular. P.S. He writes this at present in the mansion of Hon.Ross Cuthbert Lanoraye, (Canada). Tomorrow he is going to La Tortue(?) on the other side of the river. He gives his address when he is in Montreal.

I-1-a - A.L.S. - 2pp. - 4to. - {1}

1845 Aug. 2
Brunner, C.PP.S., Father Francis D.: Norwalk, Ohio
 to Bishop John Baptist Purcell: of Cincinnati, Ohio

The German congregation at Wolf's Creek, numbering about 200 families have planned to send a petition to the king of Bavaria, from where many of them have come, asking for aid. Brunner has composed this petition and asks that Purcell confirm it. There is added also a petition of the Sisters of the Precious Blood to the Leopoldine Association which they ask that he sign. However, if he does not wish to sign it he will send it to the "Rum. Comitem de Reisach", who is either Bishop of Eichstadt or Archbishop of Munich. If Purcell finds the seminarians of the Precious Blood Fathers suitable, he wishes that he would ordain them, especially Mr. (Francis) Obermueller, who is needed to conduct the theological studies in the absence of Father Brunner. What they lack in Knowledge they beg God to supply. This letter begun at Norwalk he finishes the next day at Wolf's Creek. Now with Father John Wittmer he sets out for the missions for three weeks. Longer than that he cannot go, especially if Messers. Obermueller and Kruesch are not returned shortly. After three weeks they will celebrate Mass in the new church for the Germans at Tiffin.

II-4-i - A.L.S. - 2pp. - 12mo. - (Latin) - {9}

1845 Aug. 2
McM(aster), B. J. Alphonsu(s): (Hyde Park, New York)
 to (Rev. Edgar P.) Wadhams: (Ticonderoga, New York)

McMaster has no hope of seeing Wadhams because he sails for London at midnight. He will write again from London. After reaching St. Trond he will write to Wadhams occasionally even though he does not intend to continue any regular correspondence, nor does he know what his address will be. Wadhams is to inquire for this to Father Gabriel Rumpler (C.SS.R.) with whom McMaster intends to correspond. He cannot understand why Wadhams should avoid Rumpler when he does not press or over-persuade people. McMaster has told Caperly and Sons that Wadhams would pay them in two or three months the five dollars owed them. He tells Wadhams not put off too long his most necessary business.

I-i-m - A.L.S. - 3pp. - 12mo. - {2}

1845 Aug. 3
Générès-Fourville(?), Edouard de: Avoyelles, (Louisiana)
 to Bishop (Anthony Blanc): New Orleans, Louisiana)

He learned last week in talking to Father (Charles) Dalloz that Blanc has, as administrator of the Orphan Asylum, 2 notes signed by Générès in favor of Father Nicolas Francais. Générès believes it concerned obtaining the money from one of the notes due July 5. In selling him his property, Francais knew Générès' position; also Générès knew he would not be toubled about the payment and that he could put off the payment until the next year. It is too bad that Francais, in making his donation to the Asylum, forgot to speak of these conditions. Relying on these conditions Générès has made improvements far beyond the value of the first bill. On December 2, 1844 Francais wrote that he did not know whether he would return to this country; Générès could send a draft to Francais' address which he would send on his arrival in France. On February 10, 1845 he wrote in reply to a letter Générès wrote about a decrease in the number of his pupils and about his marriage that if payment of the note was an obstacle to his marriage he was to defer it to next year. Francais said he was going to leave for France the last of March with the intention of returning. Générès hopes that Francais' promises will be considered binding.

V-5-d - Copy - (French) - 2pp. - 4to. - {3}

1845 Aug. 4
McCallion, Father Charles: Washington, Ohio
 to Bishop John Baptist Purcell: of Cincinnati, Ohio

It is now four weeks since he has been in this town, the last ten days of which he spent in traveling with Father (Joseph) Muller of Pittsburgh whom he brought in to take care of the Germans. The first part of Purcell's letter does not require an answer, but the second part containing a rebuke he cannot get off his mind. He thought that his conduct with the nuns deserved to be remembered by this favorably, and if they have no other proof against him than his expression of a wish to visit them at the making of vows, he desires never to make such a visit. There was one or two priests with him any time he was with them and he asks if they observed anything unbefitting his character as a priest. He attended the Ursulines as he had promised Father (Joseph P.) Machebeuf. He is so very sorry that his conduct did not bear comparison with that of Fathers Machebeuf and Prenderprat, and that he disedified the nuns fresh from France with their ecclesiastical French manners.

P.S. He asks Purcell to write him soon, and if he holds him as much to blame as in the previous letter, he expects to come to see him. May he look for a letter containing the precise charges and by whom made? He asks to be allowed to deny the charges and to defy the one making them. His anxiety will not be little until he has heard from Purcell again.

II-4-i - A.L.S. - 4pp. - 8vo. - {5}

1845 Aug. 4
Mossy, H(enriet)te(?): New Orleans, (Louisiana)

A receipt for $15 paid by Father (Stephen) Rousselon for the hire of the slave Christine belonging to Mossy's father.

V-5-d - A. Receipt S. - (French) - 1p. - 32mo. - {1}

1845 Aug. 4

Tardy, Roucon and Company New Orleans, (Louisiana)

A receipted bill for $10 paid by Father (Stephen) Rousselon for painting a wardrobe in the sacristy of St. Augustine's Church.

V-5-d - A. Receipt S. - (French) - 2pp. - 16mo. - {2}

1845 Aug. 5
Dunigan, Edward: New York, (New York)
 to Father (Francis P.) McFarland:
(St. John's College,New York)

A statement for book purchased.

I-1-a - A.L.S. - 2pp. - 8vo. - {1}

1845 Aug. 5
Dalloz, Father C(harles): Avoyelles, (Louisiana)
 to Bishop (Anthony Blanc): New Orleans, (Louisiana)

On his arrival in Avoyelles, a young lady lent Dalloz a statue of the Blessed Virgin; he had an altar built and a great many came to prayers for the month of May. A. Mary(e) has seen plaster statues in a shop near the Cathedral for 5 piastres. He adds the shipping charges and asks (Blanc) to have one sent to him. Father (Nicolas) Francais has told Dalloz that he had left a missal here; on his arrival Dalloz learned that Father (Stephen) Chartier had taken it together with a vestment. The ex-pastor of Rapides promised to send Dalloz a Roman missal. Several days ago, Dalloz's horse was bitten by an enormous snake in a pond. Everything fell into the water; his breviary was never recovered. Could (Blanc) wrap one up with the statue and the missal? Dalloz is on the verge of a dispute with his trustees. When Francais arrived here he bought necessary things with his own money; on leaving he declared his successors the heirs of what he left, forbidding the trustees to take possession of them. The men are dissatisfied and will meet on Saturday about this.

V-5-d - A.L.S. - (French) - 4pp. - 4to. - {4}

1845 Aug. 5
(Hughes), B(isho)p John: New York, (New York)
 to Bishop (Peter Paul) Lefevere.:
(Coadjutor and Administrator of Detroit)Detroit, Michigan

This (letter) will be presented by the Abbe Boquet to whom the enclosed document refers. He has been led astray, but seems disposed to make reparation. If Lefevere can encourage him, he may save him and even find him laboring for the salvation of others. (In New York) there is no opportunity for him because of his ignorance of the English language.


Legrand, Abbe,:
Titular Canon of Paris, (France)
 to Bishop (John J.) Hughes: (New york, New York)

Legrand recommends to Hughes a friend whom he has known in the Semninary of St. Sulpice and who now plans for his health to leave France. In his letter to Bishop (Richard Vincent) Whelan, which he asks Hughes to read, he has told what he thinks of this priest. He believes that Father Boquet will render good service. He has talent, education and zeal despite his bad health. He apologizes for writing in French. He is sure that Hughes will receive him as a father. Legrand has given him a letter to Bishop Whelan as the only prelate he knows but he hopes that Hughes will be able to receive him. The Archbishop of Paris and all his confreres are interested in the welfare of Boquet.

III-2-h - A.L.S. - 4pp. - 8vo - {4}

1845 Aug. 6
Boué, Father: Lyons, (France)
 to Bishop (Anthony) Blanc: New Orleans, (Louisiana)

Boué sends this letter by the business man who brought Boué one of Blanc's letters. A few days before, Boué had received the one brought by Bishop (John Mary Odin, C,M.) Audin. (Odin) did not go ashore at Ainay; he stayed at the Seminary where he arrived on the eve of the feast of St. Irenaeus. He spoke several times to the seminarians. (Odin) hopes to receive subjects from several other dioceses he has visited. Before (Odin) left for Rome last week, he had a letter from Blanc. He was particularly delighted by the acquisition of St. Patrick's Church. Boué has heard that Father (Stephen) Rousselon is to arrive in France soon. Boué regrets that his trip is so close to (Odin)'s; he can only glean after the Bishop's harvest. Last week Boué had dinner at Blanc's older brother's; his wife is inconsolable over the death of her daughter. Boué's health is much improved after a trip to Paris; he even got as far as Le Havre.

V-5-d - A.L.S. - (French) - 4pp. - 4to. - {4}

1845 Aug. 6
(Odin), Bishop John Mary: Turin, (Italy)
 to Bishop (Anthony Blanc: New Orleans, Louisiana)

(Odin) wanted to write from Lyons but found no time. He spent three weeks there presenting the interests of Texas to the Council of the (Association of the Propagation of the Faith.) On July 20 (Odin) officiated at Father Boué's for the feast of St. Vincent de Paul; they talked much about Louisiana. (Blanc)'s letter of June 11 reached (Odin) July 29, two days before he left Lyons. Both he and Boué rejoiced to see that (Blanc) had decided to buy St. Patrick's Church. (Odin) could not see Mr. Maynis but he immediately talked to Father Desgeorges who promised to refer (Blanc)'s request to the Council. The Cardinal welcomed (Odin) graciously and granted him several deacons or subdeacons; as for priests he did not want to talk about it. There is not a Community without a chaplain; almost all the small parishes of 600 or 700 have an assistant. (Odin) has mentioned (Blanc)'s pressing need of priests to the directors of the seminary and they have promised to consider it. The Marist Fathers are solidly established at Lyons. Father Cholleton is the soul of the new Company; there are already several houses in France. The belief is that the persecution of the Jesuits will not have bad results but it is sad to see how many enemies they have even among the clergy. (Odin) saw Father (Stephen) Rousselon's brother and gave him the things he was commissioned to. (Odin)'s stay at Turin will be short; he hopes to leave tomorrow. He would like to be in Rome for the feast of the Assumption. Mr. Choiselat gave (Odin) the 4000 francs for Cardinal (James Philip) Fransoni.

V-5-d - A.L.S. - (French) - 3pp. - 4to. - {12}

1845 Aug. 9
Raymond, Father Gilbert:
St. Mary's College, Baltimore, (Maryland)
 to O(restes) A. Brownson: Boston, Massachusetts

He is back in Baltimore again after his visit to Brownson's Yankee city of the North. He was much pleased and also was Mr. Knight. Next vacation he thinks he will come again. He is told that the 18 copies of Brownson's "Review" that were sent to Baltimore have been disposed of. If he sends 12 more they will likely be taken, too. Mr. Kelly is in the country and will settle on his return. The more he thinks of it the more he is convinced that 2000 copies of the "Review" will easily be disposed of either here or abroad. And may Almighty God make use of it to do some good in his Church. When Mr. Kelly sends any books to Boston he will send Brownson a copy of each of the publications of the Metropolitan press.

I-3-h - A.L.S. - 2pp. - 8vo. - {1}

1845 Aug. 11
Curiel, J(osep)h: (New Orleans, Louisiana)

Receipted bill for $38.05 paid by Father E(tienne) Rousselon for groceries.

V-5-d - A. Receipt S. - (French) - 1p. - 16mo. - {1}

1845 Aug. 12
Ménard, Father Ch(arle)s M.: Thibodauxville, (Louisiana)
Bishop (Anthony Blanc: New Orleans, Louisiana)

Ménard has put off writing about Houma because he had nothing definite to report. There have been several offers of land for sale but either they were too dear or not suitable. Yesterday some one came about some land that would be suitable if the price were not a little high. It is 8 arpents below Houma, and faces on Bayou Terrebonne. The price is $500. Ménard would like to know, before making a decision, when he could see (Blanc) either at Donaldson or Assumption to talk it over. In the meantime he is continuing to say Mass the last Thursday of each month around Houma. Ménard recently learned that the trustees of a corporation 4 leagues below Thibodaux are going to ask him to work with them in a subscription drive for a chapel. Nothing new here except that the presbytery has been repaired and the church is beginning to look better. His circumstances do not allow him to pay Father (Julien) Priour's note which (Blanc) holds but he will do so at the first favorable occasion.

V-5-d - A.L.S. - (French) - 2pp. - 4to. - {4}

1845 Aug. 13
DeGoesbriand, Father Louis: Louisville, Ohio
 to Bishop John Baptist Purcell: of Cincinnati, Ohio

He admits that he has been slow in answering Purcell's of July 10, which he received the day after his return from Cincinnati. Although forced to break his silence he does not know what to answer. Having set out from Cincinnati Wednesday he did not reach his parish the following Sunday, because there had been no formal announcement of the establishment of the Ursulines. He contented himself with announcing the suggestion that Purcell had made to him. Since that time he has not been able to receive the means which he finds there to commence a convent for the instruction of girls. He awaits Purcell's orders. There are difficulties in the way in so far as the people have not the actual resources. He has promised to make the Ursulines a party to all that he does concerning their establishment. They are probably astonished by his silence. He understands from Father Doherty that the bell is already placed in the German church at Canton. They have received some emigrants, French and Savoyard, who are generally good Catholics but poor. He asks when he will see Father (James Frederick) Wood. He sends his regards to his friends.

I-4-i - A.L.S. - 2pp. - 8vo. - (French) - {5}

1845 Aug. 14
Rappe, Father (Louis Amadeus): Toledo, Ohio
 to Bishop John Baptist Purcell: of Cincinnati, Ohio

He received Purcell's letter announcing the coming of two gentlemen to Toledo. He got acquainted with Mr. McDonnel. They need such men to edify the Catholics of the place. If the hard times stop work on the church, it is useful for the reform of morals and the increase of piety. With the church building at Providence, they are slowly paying small debts on the Maumee church. He hopes that Father (Joseph) McNamee will satisfy Mr. Demean. The Defiance church must be plastered now. The want of a second priest is much felt. Henry and Williams Counties have many Catholics who require a second missionary. As soon as the Sisters of Notre Dame are at Toledo it will not be easy to let them orphans. They are spoiled childred at Cincinnati under Purcell's patronage. Their houses are about finished and public opinion is still favorable. He wonders if some notice of their coming might not be inserted in the Telegraph. He has heard from Cincinnati that the Ursulines have taken possession of their new abode in Brown County. If it were not so far he would visit them and Glen Mary. He expects to go and return from the retreat by the canal. He has not seen his friends at Chillicothe for three years. He asks Purcell if he has arranged for the coming of Father (Louis) DeGoesbriand. He is willing to make any sacrifice that Purcell asks for the religious of the diocese. About the Ursulines superior of Boulogne has given him the key to the affair but he does not wish to put to paper. However this is the work of Prividence and he can consequently expect good from his sisters from Cincinnati.

P.S. Using Purcell's permission he will name the church at Providence St. Vincent De Paul and that of Defiance, St. Louis De Gonsague. He mentions some news from Boulogne.

II-4-i - A.L.S. - 4pp. - 8vo. - {13}

1845 Aug. 15
Raviol, Father J.F.: Opelousas, (Louisiana)
 to Bishop (Anthony Blanc: New Orleans, Louisiana)

Aurelien Allain, son of Jean Allain and Calixte Guiory, wishes to marry Marie Anne Guiory, daughter of Evariste Guiory and Nancy Ford related in the second degree. They ask for a dispensation. Raviol hopes that Blanc is well after the fatigue of his pastoral visit

V-5-d - A.L.S. - (French) - 2pp. - 4to. - {7}

(1845?) (Aug. 16)
Clark, (S.J.), James: Daughin Co(unty), P(ennsylvani)a
 to Father F(rancis) P. McFarland: Watertown, N(ew) Y(ork)

Clark should have answered McFarland's letter sooner but he did not receive an answer to the letter he wrote three years ago. Clark would have been pleased if McFarland would have joined the Jesuits, but he has a large field for his endeavors. He is on his way to Holy Cross College, Worcester. He has come this way to spend some time with his parents, reaching the college about Sept. 1. Classes begin September 15. Two of his sisters have become Catholics. Mount Saint Mary's is as usual. Baker has an academy at New Hudson, John Clemson with him. They had a good exhibition at Georgetown. The president attended and distributed the medals. He also attended the exhibition at the Academy of the Visitation. He is now in Pennsylvania. Mr. O'Dowde was at Georgetown but was not received into the Society. Mr. William Tehan is at Georgetown and has been teaching for the past 5 years. Mr. Young is at the novitiate. Martin is pastor at Little York. T. O'Neal is on the Mission of the Eastern Shore, Maryland. He saw Wade and J. Daugherty in Lancaster. The degree of Doctor of Music was conferred on Prof. Deilman of the Mountain at Georgetown. He was glad to hear of Keveney.

I-1-a - A.L.S. - 3pp. - 4to. - {2}

1845 Aug. 17
McFarland, W(illia)m: Kendall, O(hio)
 to Father F(rancis) P. McFarland: N(ew) Y(ork, New York)

William acknowledges Francis's letter. They are all well but there is much sickness. He has finished the hay. The railroad is progressing. There are 4 or 500 Irish on it and they have their own doctor and will be visited by a priest. The natives will be staring, since they think the priest has horns. He admits that his two sons have not made their first Communion. John was baptised before they left Pennsylvania, the rest have never seen a priest. If the Irish bring a priest they will try to make amends. There is no priest for 25 miles and he is usually German. Thus not a good situation and he plans to move this fall and probably will go to Iowa. Josiah has gone to Putnam County on the Miami Canal. It is swamp land, many are sick, and he is making money. He plans to take on a partner. They are laying out two towns on either side of the river, one English and one Dutch. J(ohn) and family are well. They were disappointed that Francis did not come to Ohio. They waited for him until late in July. William would have borrowed the money. J(ohn) is selfish and charged Jerome more for board than he would have had to pay in the city.

I-1-a - A.L.S. - 3pp. - 4to. - {1}

1845 Aug. 18
Brenan, H.L.: New Orleans, (Louisiana)

A receipt for $10.57 For ale(?) signed by Hubert Fellrath.

V-5-d - Receipt - 1p. - 32mo. - {1}

1845 Aug. 18
Lambert, L.: New Orleans, (Louisiana)

Receipted bill for $20 from Father (Stephen) Rousselon for the organist.

V-5-d - A. Receipt S. - (French) - 1p. - 32mo. - {1}

1845 Aug. 19
Lamy, Father John: Mt. Vernon, Ohio
 to Bishop John Baptist Purcell: of Cincinnati, Ohio

Purcell will be pleased to hear that the church at Mt. Vernon is under roof. The people have struggled hard, particularly Mr. Brophy. They tried to sell part of the lot, but none of the Catholics are able to buy it. The Congregation at Newark has Mass every month. Father (William) Schonat goes there every four weeks and Lamy also every four weeks. A priest is needed there, one who will take an interest in paying the debts. Lamy has the greatest respect for Father (Louis) Senez, but Senez made no effort to pay the debts. He would not hear of meddling in temporal things, despite the advice of Lamy. He suggests that the Dominicans would like to care for Newark again and also Linville. He new lives in the presbytery near Danville. He is not there much, but has to ride constantly. He is able to stand this but his objection is to his distance from other priests. The nearest is fifty miles. He hopes that they will soon be called to Cincinnati for retreat. The church at Danville is crowded every Sunday.

II-4-i - A. L. S. - 2pp. - 8vo. - {8}

1845 Aug. 20
Van den Broek, Father J(ohn) T(heodore),:
Little Chute G(rand) Kokalin, (Wisconsin Territory)
 to Bishop P(eter) P(aul) Lefev(e)re: Detroit, M(ichigan) T(erritory)

Van den Broek has often desired to visit Bishop Lefevere in Detroit especially since Providence has not been pleased to make him their bishop. Since he is in charge of a mission more than 200 miles square and poor, he cannot do so. For 12 years he has travelled only to preach and administer the Sacraments. His savages have been obliged to retire about 40 miles from the church and this places a heavy burden on him to visit them every month. He had been in good health ever since he had been there until 4 weeks ago. He believes it was the cholera which struck in July. The danger of loss of the establishment was great since it was just the moment when he was to buy the land. By his death all could come to nothing for several envious ones would try all means to dispute the right of preemption with a successor. Six days ago he began to rally and he hopes within four days to be able to say Mass and soon to return to his poor savages. Those savages who were there when the Bishop visited there talk often of him and say that he is the only one who promised and then gave all that he had promised to them. He has built a small church which serves also for the school but which lacks many things because all are so poor. Every time he visits them he baptizes 30 or 40 "newcomers". His greatest sorrow is that he does not have rosaries, their greatest treasure. He hopes that the Bishop will have pity on them and send some by the bearer, Louis Harteaux. If the Bishop can spare any linens or ornaments Harteaux will bring them back with him.

III-2-h - A.L.S. - (French) - 2pp. - 8vo. - {2}

(1845?) Aug. 21,
Dalgarins, J(ohn) D.: Littlemore (near Oxford), (England)
 to (Benjamin B.J. McMaster): (London, England)

Dalgarins thinks it is not worth while for McMaster to come to Littlemore from London. But if he comes to Oxford by train, it will take him only a few hours to get to Littlemore, where they can give him a bed. Littlemore is three miles from Oxford.

I-1-m - A.L.S. - 1p. - 16mo. - {1}

1845 Aug. 22
Choiselat-Gallien: Paris, (France)
 to Father (John) Timon, (C.M.):

A bill for 2649 francs for chalices, crosses, etc. To fill the box they have put in for St. Vincent College at Cape (Girardeau), books, pictures, and rosaries to the amount of 325 francs.

V-5-d - A. Bill - (French) - 1p. - 4to. - {2}

1845 Aug. 22
(Eccleston), Archbishop Samuel: Baltimore, (Maryland)
 to Bishop (Anthony) Blanc: New Orleans, (Louisiana)

On receiving Blanc's second bill of exchange of $2100 for Pope (Gregory XVI) (Eccleston) Immediately sent to inquire of Father (Gilbert?) Raymond what had become of the first. On account of his many avocations, Raymond had omitted to open Blanc's letter. In the U(nited) S(tates) Magazine are found acknowledgments of the money received and particulars relative to its transmission to the Holy Father. This later notice will appear in due time.

V-5-d - A.L.S. - (French) - 1p. - 4to. - {3}

(1845) Aug. 22
Dufour, Father L(ouis): St. Martinville, (Louisiana)
 to Bishop (Anthony) Blanc: New Orleans, (Louisiana)

The Propagateur (Catholique) has informed them of Blanc's arrival. Since Blanc advised Dufour not to tolerate any longer this encroachment on the spiritual realm of the church by A(drien) Dumartrait, Dufour believes it his duty to take the first occasion to put an end to it. He has already announced that it is necessary to let him know when some one dies and the funeral is to be the next day. But today, as Blanc will see by Dumartrait's letter, some one came to Dumartrait as the highest authority. As for the Mass, he promised it for nine Fridays, when he was free so how can Drousin Broussard complain to Dumartrait? (Dufour gives other instances of the pastor being treated like a paid servant.) Dufour's idea is that the pastor should be as independent of the fabrique as possible. He should have a fixed salary of 600 piastres and the fees which belong to him Father (Giles F. ?) Martin could give Blanc (some figures on fees). P.S. The fabrique has no right to the fees for marriages, which are set at 9 piastres.

- A.L.S. - (French) -


(1845 Aug. 22)
Dumartrait, A(drien): (St. Martinville, Louisiana)
 to Father (Louis Dufour: St. Martinville, Louisiana)

This morning some one came to inform (Dufour) of the death of Vabry Barres and announced the funeral for 2 o'clock this afternoon. If (Dufour) can return, he will greatly oblige the relatives. Drousin Broussard came this morning for a Mass to be said each Friday in memory of his wife. Dumartrait presumes there was some misunderstanding between Broussard and (Dufour).

- A.L.S. - (French) -

V-5-d - A.L.S. - (French) - 6pp. - 4to. & 16mo. - {6}

1845 Aug. 22
Maurian, Charles: New Orleans, (Louisiana)

License is granted to Father (James) Lesne to marry Valcour Azemar and Marie Madelaine.

V-5-d - License S. - 1p. - 16mo. - {2}

(1845) Aug. 22
Mullon, Father J(ames) I(gnatius): (New Orleans, Louisiana)
 to Bishop (Anthony) Blanc: (New Orleans, Louisiana)

Mullon has just received Blanc's note in relation to Father (W.) Ivers. Mullon yesterday expressed to Ivers his unwillingness to have him at St. Patrick's unless the Bishop insisted. Mullon knows it is inconvenient to provide for the Asylum but is sorry Ivers must be left to supply it. He is exceedingly trying for Mullon.

V-5-d - A.L.S. - 2pp. - 4to. - {3}

1845 Aug. 22
Bellinger, M. D., John: Pokeepsie, (New York)
 to (Orestes A. Brownson: Boston, Massachusetts)

He makes the inquiry as to whether Brownson would consent to the publication in pamphlet form of Brownson's intended review of (James H.) Thornwell's work on the Apocrypha, and whether he would give the order to the printers to strike off two hundred stiched copies. The publication of some answer to Thornwell's work is anxiously looked for by the Catholics of South Carolina until Dr. (Bishop Patrick N.) Lynch shall be able to put out his reply. The people's feeling toward Brownson is one of perfect esteem and admiration.

I-3-h - A.L.S. - 1p. - 8vo. - {4}

1845 Aug. 23
(Smith, S.C.), Sister Regina: New Orleans, (Louisiana)
 to Bishop (Anthony) Blanc: (New Orleans, Louisiana)

Sister received a letter from Mother Etienne (Hall, S.C.) who proposed Sister Gonzaga's coming here and Sister Paulina replacing her at Donaldson. Sister Regina is afraid Sister Gonzaga will not suit this house yet she is not sorry to part with Sister Paulina; their dispositions will never go together. They had a "spat" and this, with many others and her own miseries concerning which she wrote to Father (Louis Regis) Deluol to represent a change, make Sister feel disconsolate. She needs some person to open her heart to, but was disappointed in Sister Paulina. (P.S.). Sister P. does not know she is going away.

V-5-d - A.L.S. - 3pp. - 4to. - {5}

1845 Aug. 24
Deluol, Father L(ouis) R(egis): Baltimore, (Maryland)
 to Bishop (Anthony Blanc: New Orleans, Louisiana)

Deluol received his last letter from Blanc on March 25. It seems necessary for Deluol to make a remark about the person Blanc has sent to the Sisters (of Charity) at Donaldsonville for retreat. His life, since his ordination has been so dissolute that Deluol does not like to see him fulfill any office for the Sisters. Deluol would like to have news of Blanc's Cathedral, his mortuary, Father Lesne, etc.

V-5-d - A.L.S. - (French) - 1p. - 4to. - {2}

1845 Aug. 25,
Baraga, (Father) Frederick: Lapointe, (Wisconsin)
 to (Bishop Peter Paul Lefevere: Detroit, Michigan)

Baraga wants to have pamphlets printed about temperance as he intends to form temperance societies in his 4 missions. They should be made according to the encloses formulas and the Bishop should bring them along when he comes to L'Anse. In 1846 he will be in L'Anse and during June and July, the rest of the year he intends to divide between Lapointe, Fond du Lac and Grand Rapids. Therefore he asks the Bishop to be in Saut Ste. Marie at the beginning of June to embark to Copperharbor, to take there two men as guides to L'Anse. Baraga hopes that the Bishop received his letter of Aug. 14,

III-2-h - A.L.S. - French - 1p. {1}

1845 August 25
Thompson, Geo(rge) W.: Wheeling, (Virginia)
 to O(restes) A. Brownson: Boston, (Massachusetts)

Enclosed he sends a few of his scattered thoughts which will show where he is drifting. He says he was drawn by Brownson's central idea of Catholicity, but feels that so far as the Catholic Church is concerned he must belong to the centripetal forces which balance the great economics of society. If the Church is the end, as Brownson implies, then his theory is correct; but if the Church is only a means then his theory is too exclusive and absolute. Government existed before religion was symbolized in a regular priesthood, and Tribal Cain was a Worker in brass anterior to any Church organization with which he can claim legitimate apostolic or necessary spiritual sequence and dependence. He asks Brownson to return his article entitled the "Apologue of the Oyster, the Tortoise and the Eagle". He continues to labor at his vocation. He has no more interest in politics and he would like to retire from it all. He has about given up the idea of writing his "World Drama". And this winter will decide whether he will give all his time to the personal instruction of his children or whether he'll hide his revulsion and go on with his work. Had he no family he would rather suffer the torture than think of it.

I-3-h - A.L.S. - 3pp. - 8vo. - {1}

1845 Aug. 26
(Chanche), Bishop John Joseph: Natchez, (Mississippi)
 to Bishop (Anthony) Blanc: New Orleans, (Louisiana)

(Chanche) received the Archbishop's letter with the announcement of the next Council May 10. (Chanche) has nothing important for his diocese. (Chanche) hopes Father (Joseph) Soller has not been taken from Blanc; he is glad to learn that New Orleans continues healthy. (Chanche)'s town and neighborhood continue to be very healthy but he had another attack last week; he is well again. A Mr. Barry, schoolmaster, deprived of scholars since the establishment of a public school, understood there was likely to be a vacancy in Blanc's Charity School by the resignation of Mr. Latham. (Chanche) recommends Barry, who is 45, without family and with good testimonials as a teacher. (Chanche) received a letter yesterday from Bishop (John Baptist) Purcell. He has been quite sick. Purcell says he expects to bless his Cathedral some time between October 1 and November 1. They hear nothing of Bishop (John) Odin. Has Blanc received any letters from him?

V-5-d - A.L.S. - 4pp. - 4to. - {6}

1845 Aug. 28,
Brownson, Orestes A.: Boston, Massachusetts
 to (Orestes A. Brownson, Jr.): (Ohio)

He points out that, if young Orestes wants to investigate religion, he must go to work on it methodically, he must know what he is after, and must have a leading principle to guide him. He explains that there is no question of first Church, or second, or third. There was always but one Church. It began when man fell in the Garden, came down through the Patriarchs, the Jews and the Catholic Church. Precedence is not claimed for Rome by question of time priority, but because it was the See of St. Peter to whom was given the Primacy among the Apostles. The Church denies the authority of the tradition of men, it recognizes only the tradition according to Christ. With regard to Canon Law, he states that it need not be understood to be sound, and asks his son to give him a specific reference as to the Canon he inquired about, for he cannot understand or read it as it is written by his son. But, he tells him, the question for him to settle is: Did Jesus Christ found a Church and give it authority to teach? If so, which of the so-called Churches is it?

I-3-h - A.L.S. - 4pp. - 8vo. - {1}

1845 Aug. 28
Brunner, C.PP.S., Father Francis D.: Norwalk, Ohio
 to Bishop John Baptist Purcell: of Cincinnati, Ohio

He has Just returned home. In Munster he promised that he or another would come every two months and stay eight or fourteen days. In Tiffin, he said Mass and preached on Sunday and Monday. At Thompson's Settlement since the people could not agree about the new church he decided to delay the construction or give it up. In Liverpool there was much trouble and misery. Those living beyond the river where they had built a wooden church, refuse to go to the other church. They even buried the dead with a blessing with holy water. Some think that the bishop should interdict and entirely destroy the church. As to the two members of the community of the Precious Blood Fathers whatever Purcell decides will do. If they could be ordained the next September it would be a great consolation, and he would undertake to instruct them in all what priests should know. If he cannot ordain them by the end of September, he asks that Purcell send them back so they can help while they are at their studies. If there is a retreat at Cincinnati he wishes to know so that he can visit Munster and at least attend one exercise. Many of their members are sick, but he is getting better. He prays for the diocese.

II-4-i - A.L.S. - 1p. - 12mo. - (Latin) - {6}

1845 Aug. 29
Timon, C.M. Father J(ohn): Dublin, (Ireland)
 to Bishop (Anthony Blanc: New Orleans, Louisiana)

Timon's visit to Europe has been successful. In September he hopes to return with several fine French and Irish clergymen of their Congregation (Vincentians). Before long two priests will commence a school for the deaf and dumb at St. Louis. The Superior General of the Brothers of Christian Schools has signed a contract which Timon has forwarded to Bishop (Peter Richard) Kenrick, to send out five Brothers to found a school and novitiate at St. Louis. They are to start by next March. They hope to supply New Orleans if Blanc wishes. He sends a more detailed account of what his boxes contain to Father (Stephen) R(o)usselon. Nos. 1,2,3, contain religious paintings, No. 4 contains candlesticks, sacred vessels, etc. for the Church of St. Vincent of Paul at St. Louis, beads, books for the College; Nos. 5,6,7, contain physics apparatus. Case No. 4 contains sacred instruments and vessels of the sacred profession of 6 clergymen. They have to pass through England through which the transportation would be very costly. For expenses Timon asks that a draft be drawn on Father B(laise) Raho, (C.M.) at St. Louis. A box of books from Messrs. Lecoffre, formerly Perisse of Paris, will be sent sometime after. In that box are some of the best and cheapest breviaries and some other books. Should (Blanc) wish for any, he may take any number not more than half.

V-5-d - A.L.S. - 2pp. - 4to. - {9}

1845 Aug. 29
Timon, Father J(ohn): Dublin, (Ireland)
 to Father E(tienne Rousselon) Russilon: N(ew) Orleans, L(ouisian)a

God has blessed Timon's efforts. Bishop (Anthony Blanc), to whom Timon has just written will tell (Rousselon) of the results of the trip. Timon asks (Rousselon) to help in getting some things to their houses. Boxes 1, 2, 3, and 4 are for the seminary at St. Louis and St. Vincent Church there. Boxes 5, 6, and 7 are for St. Vincent College at the Cape. All of them for there are for a physical laboratory. Box 4 contains Choisellat Gallien's invoice which he hopes he will not need. They are 6 taking the steamboat but the charges would be enormous to send their belongings by way of England. Father Viallier, their procurator general, speaks of (Rousselon) as a friend; Timon will mail a letter from him from New York.

V-5-d - A.L.S. - (French) - 2pp. - 4to. - {5}

1845 Aug. 30
Lorretta, (S.C.), Sister M(ary): Donaldsonville, (Louisiana)
 to Bishop A(nthony) Blanc: New Orleans, L(ouisian)a

The candidate they have had better leave. Sister has deferred giving her the habit, she is very self-willed, bad health, and will never make a useful subject. Sister has such strict orders from Rome she is afraid to keep her. All see as she does. She asks Blanc's approval.

V-5-d - A.L.S. - 2pp. - 4to. - {1}

1845 Aug. 31
McCallion, Father Charles:
St. Michael's, Duck Creek, Ohio
 to Bishop John Baptist Purcell: of Cincinnati, Ohio

He has received Purcell's and is ashamed that his letter showed anything but himility. He takes this occasion to recommend a young man Mr. Wisend of the Malaga congregation. He has been sometime at the Blue School at Marietta and is now going to try St. Xavier's College. Purcell will please recommend him to Father Elet. He is pretty poor but thinks he has a vocation, and McCallion has never seen anything opposed to it. Having never received anything from these Duck Creek Catholics he has proposed that he receive $120 a year. They are offended. Father (Philip) Foley speaks of leaving, and if he does and the people show no better dispositions to support a priest, McCallion will go after him. The debts there he feels have been incurred necessarily, and he had always hoped that they would do what was right. He thinks of going to Cincinnati soon and would choose the time of retreat if it came before the middle of October. They commenced the roof of St. Patrick's that week.

II-4-i - A.L.S. - 1p. - 4to. - {4}