University of Notre Dame


1846 Jul.
Malavergne, Father James: (New Orleans, Louisiana)
 to Bishop (Anthony Blanc: New Orleans, Louisiana)

Malavergne believes his story has not been presented clearly. Some lines have just been written to Mr. Aulh (?) to urge him not to misjudge him, telling him that he was condemned for a fault, which is a lie, they should have said by default. Malavergne arrived in Bordeaux in 1840 under the auspices of one of the most respectable priests of that city with an intact reputation even in the eyes of the Head of the University; he will prove it by letters from M. Cousin. The Minister of Public Instruction exchanged letters about him with the Count of Latour-Maubourg, ambassador to the Holy See, about giving Malavergne a chair of Philosophy and a chaplaincy in a royal college. He preached at St. Louis and St. Eloi and sometimes at the Convent of Nevers where sainted Father Laborie was chaplain. Finally Malavergne took the directorship of St. Mary's School which in two years was filled. Unfortunately Archbishop (Ferdinand Francois Auguste) Donnet also founded a school at the same time which put him in a false position. The first year 40 students of Mr. Barron came to Malavergne's Institute; Barron finally closed his school. Only one man attacked Malavergne; his name is Gris. Malavergne reduced Gris' articles to powder but was silenced. But St. Mary's Institute prospered until anonymous charges made to the Bishop made Malavergne give up his school. During the vacation of 1845 a young ecclesiatic came to propose taking an interest of 6000 francs. Malavergne accepted his proposition. The ecclesiastic said that the Bishop had taken away his parish and deprived him of saying Mass for a year. Malvergne asked the Bishop's secretary to show the Bishop that the priest would be useful in his school and his request was granted. Father Bournel went to Bordeaux shortly afterwards. Malavergne was avsent; Bournel visited the Rector and won him over. Bournel signed a fallacious complaint against Malvergne who asked his friends to get him the money to buy out Bournel's interest. The bishop returned and made Malavergne leave. If he went to Rome he could never pay his debts. He was advised to go to New Orleans and he has arrived. P.S. He needs to prove what he says. He has told in this letter that he was not forsaken by his friends. Three powerful families, Barons de Vendeuvre Fretau de Peny and Gabriel, Count de Vendeuvre, are peers of France. For two years they have offered him many places. He wrote them not to take any more steps to get him the chaplaincy of the French Embassy. Malavergne received the reply here dated January 13. He hid his position from them and (Blanc) will see from a second letter he encloses that they wish to know it. Letter of Bishop Donnet, Letter of Father(?) Gignaux in his absence (no enclosures).

V-5-f - A.L.S. - (French) - 4pp. - 4to. - {6}

1846 July 1
Rappe, Father (Louis) A(madeus): Toledo, Ohio
 to Bishop John Baptist Purcell: of Cincinnati, Ohio

It is with great pleasure that he writes to Purcell about the impression produced upon himself by Purcell's overture. He has sought help in his despondency. He blames Purcell for his trouble. He has consulted his friends and has prayed to know the will of God. Father (Louis) DeGoesbriand and he have gone to visit Bishop (Peter Paul) Lefevre but he too seemed conjured. Purcell asked him about withdrawing Father (John Lamy) )?) from his own flock, but Rappe is inclined to leave things in status quo. Father DeGoesbriand is well and sends his respects. The Sister of Notre Dame are well. They will go to Cincinnati for the time of vacation. He has heard that a newly married couple have gone to Milwaukee. Father J. Binion of New Orleans, lately of the Vincentians of Missouri is visiting with them, being a friend of DeGoesbriand. He is afflicted with scruples. He is thinking of joining the Redemptorists of Monroe, Michigan. He is a pious priest and Rappe asks that he have faculties so long as he remains in Toledo. He and DeGoesbriand intend to visit their missions and during their absence Binion could care for the bongregation. He asks forgiveness for detaining the bishop, saying that Purcell will find his writing improved.

II-4-j - A.L.S. - 3pp. - 4to. - {9}

1846 July 2
Byrne, Father M(ichael) A.: Cleveland, Ohio
 to Bishop John Baptist Purcell: of Cincinnati, Ohio

Opportunity offering a cheap and eligible house, he and Father (Maurice) Howard decided to go to housekeeping. The congregation was pleased and helped them to furnish the house neatly. Then when it came to the choice of a house-keeper, Father Howard announced that it was all settled that his cousin a girl of 19 or 20, living with Captain and Mrs. McGinty was to be the housekeeper. Knowing that the Catholic and Protestants were watching and thinking of the past difficulties he told Howard that he considered it imprudent and that he would not expose his character in this way to ridicule. Father (Joseph P.) Machebeuf having come for a visit they stated the case for him and he agreed with Byrne. He told them to write to a certain woman living in the country, known to both Machebeuf and Howard. Byrne thought Howard had done so and was surprised to find that he had written to Purcell instead asking that his cousin he housekeeper. Byrne regrets this circumstance but after what he suffered with Father (Peter) McLaughlin he feels that he cannot give in to Father Howard. They get along together like brothers and he thinks it too bad that Howard pays no attention in this matter which he regards as a matter of conscience.

II-4-j - A.L.S. - 3pp. - 8vo. - {4}

1846 Jul. 3
Reynes: New Orleans, (Louisiana)
 to Bishop Anthony Blanc: (New Orleans), Louisiana

Reynes sends Blanc a copy of the letter he received from Sister (Ste. Seraphine Ray, R.U.). He refrains from any comment and lets Blanc think what thoughts Reynes has as he compares this letter with the one Blanc wrote him on the same subject.

- A.L.S. - (French) -


1846 Jul. 2
Ste. Seraphine, Sister: (New Orleans, Louisiana)
 to Mr. Reynes: (New Orleans, Louisiana)

Sister was sorry not to be able to satisfy Reynes' request about the conversation she had with the Bishop in regard to seeing Sister Féliciteé, (R.U.) more often. (Blanc) said he would inform Reynes that she was authorized to let him enter their convent once more but he thought Reynes would prefer to wait. She is better and is she continues to improve, it will not be long before she greets Reynes in the parlor.

V-5-f - A.L.S., Copy - (French) - 2pp. - 4to. - {4}

1846 Jul. 4
(Odin, C.M.) Bishop J(ohn) M(ary): Galveston, (Texas)
 to Bishop (Anthony Blanc: New Orleans, Louisiana)

He has been in Galveston since Thursday; their trip was quite disagreeable up to Point Isabelle. The 250 volunteers drank too much; the captain had to hide from their menaces. At bedtime sentinels were at the dining room door to keep them from entering. On Monday they got rid of all these people to the great satisfaction of all. At Point Isabelle the channel could take only small boats. (Odin) counted more than 50 small buildings and 7 or 8 boats bringing troops and provisions. It is thought there will be no movement until September. Fathers (John) McElroy, (S.J.) and (Anthony) Rey, (S.J.) could not land at Point Isabelle; a great storm forced them to come to Galveston where they spent a week. They should have arrived at their destination yesterday. Galveston has grown but resources are weak. Father (John) Brands, (C.M.) is ailing; Father (Bartholemew) Rollando, (C.M.) has been very ill. (Odin) will open their boxes next week and send what they do not need to Father Rousselon. The Ursulines are awaited impatiently; they will have a large number of pupils. Mr. Love(?) is living in their house and keeping it in good order. (Odin) will send (Blanc) the plan as soon as he gets it. He found quite large debts contracted during his absence.

V-5-f - A.L.S. - (French) - 3pp. - 12mo. - {9}

1846 July 6
Wadhams Rev. E(dgar) P.: Baltimore, (Maryland)
 to B(enjamin) Alphonse McMaster: St. Trond, Belgium

Wadhams says that he did not wish to write or to visit McMaster, when he was in New York with Father Gabriel Rumpler, because of an unconquerable aversion for association as long as he remained a Protestant. He realized his duty to profess himself a Catholic but wanted to select his own time. One of his letters to McMaster contained some money, which, evidently, was not received by the latter. Wadhams paid the booksellers "Casserly and Sons". He came to St. Mary's Seminary two weeks ago and declared his wishes to be received into the Catholic Church. He received his first communion yesterday. This seminary is under the direction of the Sulpitians, who consist of a superior and eleven priests, who have charge of 14 theological students and 130 students in the college. Wadhams likes all of his professors but especially his confessor, Father (Frederick)Fredet. He has decided upon a course in theology. He states that episcopal conversions to the Catholic Church have increased since McMaster left, but they have not been as numerous in this country as in England. (Pierce Connelly) who formerly officiated at Natchez, Mississippi is now in Rome, while his wife and daughter have taken refuge in a convent. Among the converts are a Mr. Walsh, a young man who has gone to Rome to study for the priesthood; Rev. (Augustin) Hewit; Rev. (Henry) Major, who is married, of Philadelphia; and the Rev. Mr. H. Hoit, who has been censured by Bishop Hopkins in attending Catholic services and distributing Catholic manuals. The Episcopal Church of New York is quite the same in that Rev. (John M.) Forbes receives confession; Dr. Pusey administers punishment; Bishop Onderdonk remains a half pay while Bishop McCrosky of Michigan is officiating for him; Bishop Whittingham is disturbed in regard to the possible conversion of some of his unmarried clergy. The students of the Gen(eral) T(heological) Seminary are quiet of late, although Bishop Delancy of W(estern) N(ew) York made a motion at the late meeting of the Trustees to suppress the institution, under the pretense of restoring peace in their communion. Wadhams believes this action may be to make a school for the dioceses of New York. Shepherd remains contented under Bishop (Levi Silliman) Ives, but Wadhams expresses his desire to see Shepherd converted, since he is still unmarried. Wadhams is enclosing a letter for Clarence Walworth. He will write again in four weeks. Judge (Peter H.) Burnet is sullen and Wadhams has had only one letter from him since the latter left Ticonderoga. Wadham's mother was sad when he left home. Harriet, his niece, died on October 9 at Whitehall, where Wadhams had taken her on August 1. Mrs. Atherton was married and moved away. Her daughter, Mrs. Davis, remains. Wadhams extends his blessings to McMaster. Wadhams visited Father Gabriel Rumpler last November to make inquiries about McMaster and to see Rumpler's home. Wadhams was much pleased with Father Rumpler.

I-i-m - A.L.S. - 4pp. - 8vo. - {10}

1846 July 6
Young, Father Joshue M.: Lancaster, Ohio
 to Bishop John Baptist Purcell: Of Cincinnati, Ohio, At Steubenville, Ohio

Having been prevented from writing to Purcell for some time he wrote hoping that the letter would meet Purcell in Cincinnati. However he sees in the Telegraph that Purcell is visiting the northern and eastern part of the diocese. He thought at first in response to Pucell's question that it would be better if Purcell would not come that year, thinking the people would appreciate his visit better by its rarity but learning that Purcell would be at Chillicothe in July and in Somerset, he thinks it perfectly convenient for him to visit Lancaster provided he gives the people notice of the time. There will be thirty or forty to be confirmed and the folks are looking to see him. With regards to the other things in speaking of his diccouragements he was far from asking to be removed to another field. Not only were these due in a great part to his own infidelities but they are not so great as those encountered by a more worthy and zealous priest in the diocese. Lancaster he thinks should have a resident pastor, if Purcell would desire to change him elsewhere. Chillicothe if the non-German element were united to Lancaster could not present so good a claim to be the pastoral residence. He understood from Father (Edward) Purcell that Father (John) Maguire was destined for Chillicothe and since Young speaks German he would be inclined to get mixed up in the quarrels of the place. Circleville should naturally belong to the Irish priest at Chillicothe. He does not know whether the Dominicans can take the rest of the mission including Logan although they complain that their force is insufficient. As to the Fulton suburb he feels that it is unpromising enough to make him unwilling to undertake it. He does not desire to labor in the City or near it. He will speak of these things when he meets the bishop. He asks now to know when Purcell will visit Lancaster. The statistics he sent with his letter to Cincinnati are imperfect and he withholds them from this letter.

II-4-j - A.L.S. - 2pp. - 8vo. - {10}

1846 Jul. 7
Hay, John: New York, (New York)
 to Bishop (Anthony Blanc: New Orleans, Louisiana

Hay received (Blanc)'s letter of June 23; he regrets his error in misdirecting his communication. He has called at the bank to make known his mistake and if (Blanc) has been successful in negotiating the certificate of deposit, it will be honored here. (Blanc) is to endorse the name of "Louis Blanc" and under it, his proper signature. The health of Hay's sister rendered a change of climate necessary; (Blanc) has given further proof of his solicitude in her behalf. He supposes she has left there.

V-5-f - A.L.S. - 2pp. - 4to. - {2}

1846 Jul. 8
Burthe, Victor N.: New Orleans, (Louisiana)
 to Bishop A(nthony) Blanc: New Orleans, (Louisiana)

In the name of the Orleans Sharpshooters, Burthe sends $212.20 for the orphans in Blanc's care. The members of the Company, which is about to disband, think it is the best use they can make of the funds in their treasury.

V-5-f - A.L.S. - (French) - 2pp. - 4to. - {1}

1846 Jul. 10
(Hailandière), Bishop Celestin (de la): Vincennes, (Indiana)
 to Bishop (Anthony Blanc: New Orleans, Louisiana)

(Hailandière) this morning received (Blanc)'s letter of June 24 about Father (Michael) Clarke. Clarke cannot leave without the authorization of his bishop. In the case that he has it he should notify (Hailandière) so that he can find a replacement. To withdraw now after what he has forced (Hailandière) to do for him would be something (Hailandière) could not countenance. Clarke has business to settle, personal debts to pay which call for his prompt return. (Blanc) already has so many priests of (Hailandière)'s diocese; he expects (Blanc) to send Clarke back without delay. P.S. Could (Blanc) send 2 portraits belonging to Father Isidore Cuny and brought to (Blanc) by Father Priour.

V-5-f - A.L.S. - (French) - 1p. - 4to. - {3}

1846 Jul. 11
Tardy and Roucon: New Orleans, (Louisiana)

Receipt for 25 piastres paid by Father Rousselon for painting and glazing at St. Mary's Church in Conde Street.

V-5-f - A. Receipt S. - (French) - 1p. - 32mo. - {2}

1846 July 11,
Cayle, G. W.: Selma, Alabama
 to (Orestes A.) Brownson: Boston, Massachusetts

He, unfortunately, is not a member of the Catholic church, but his wife is and his predispositions lean to that Church of which she is a member. Although his reason teaches him that if there is an only Church, it is the Catholic Church, he is dissatisfied with the matter of confession, and believes that it prevents Her from taking the lead in the U. S. He has read Brownson's Review and has more confidence in his views on religious subjects than in those of any other whose works he has read. He requests that Brownson treat the matter in his next issue as to whether confession is an essential tenet, or only a rule of government of the Church, hoping, for the good of the Church, that it is the latter. He asks if the purpose of confession is repentance, why then should not a wife confess to her husband of impropriety, rather than to a priest, since it would be more mortifying and more calculated to beget true repentance.

I-3-h - A.L.S. - 2pp. - 8vo. - {1}

1846 Jul. 13
(Fitzpatrick), Bishop John Bernard: Boston, (Massachusetts)
 to Bishop (Anthony) Leblanc(!): New Orleans, Louisiana

Mrs. John Buckmar, alias Wyman is now residing in Boston. She formerly lived in New Orleans and says that Buckmar never did obtain a bill of divorce. (Fitzpatrick) finds no record in the court in Boston. She represents Buckmar as a worthless fellow and thinks the young lady will soon repent of her connection with him. She says that she herself has been baptized; she does not know whether he ever was. Bishop (Benedict Joseph) Fenwick is comfortable and cheerful but no hope of an entire restoration.

V-5-f - A.L.S. - 2pp. - 4to. - {4}

1846 Jul. 13
Fransoni, Cardinal J(ames) P(hilip): Rome, (Italy)
 to Bishop Anthony Blanc: New Orleans, (Louisiana)

In reply to Blanc's letter of April 17, regarding the difficulties of the Sacred Congregation's getting possession of the estate of Father (Augustin) De Angelis, Fransoni can only say now that Propaganda has great hope of resolving them. He will await a further account from Blanc. The Sacred Congregation does not feel obliged to seek a proxy from the sister of the deceased in order to act in her name as heir. Blanc will have the reply concerning the affair of the clerics of St. James who dared(?) to be ordained in such a way, as soon as possible.

V-5-f - L.S. - (Italian) - 1p. - 4to. - {3}

1846 Jul. 13
Vasserot, C.: New Orleans, (Louisiana)

A receipted bill for $2.24 for hardware for Father (Stephen) Rousselon.

V-5-f - A. Receipt S. - (French) - 1p. - 12mo. - {1}

1846 Jul. 15
Brogard, Father J(oseph) N.: Baton Rouge, (Louisiana)
 to Bishop (Anthony Blanc: N(ew) O(rleans), Louisiana)

Their congregation is very quiet. At an election for part of the trustees a few days ago, only 2 persons voted and they were president and secretary of the election. Only about a dozen pews are rented bringing about $300. He has had to give half of it to pay the interest on their loan, a sacrifice which the expenses of the church and the coming of a confrere from the other side of the river makes almost impossible. The infrequent use of his horse made him turn it over to Father (Victor) Jamey. He received the chasuble he ordered from J.C. Robillard. At West Baton Rouge they are repairing the church and presbytery.

V-5-f - A.L.S. - (French) - 2pp. - 4to. - {4}

1846 Jul. 16
(Chanche), Bishop John Joseph: Natchez, (Mississippi)
 to Bishop (Anthony) Blanc: New Orleans, (Louisiana)

(Chanche) arrived Monday in the Magnolia. He is happy to learn that Blanc reached home safely as he supposes Bishops Portier and Odin did. He left Bishop (Richard Pius) Miles in the north making successful collections. He sees by the papers the announcement of the death of Pope (Gregory XVI). What will Blanc do for a funeral service? The chalice he gave (Chanche) will be now the more precious; Blanc is to send it. Blanc is to let (Chanche) know how much Father Rousselon paid for the mahogany. Does (Thomas) Barret(t) go about again? (Chanche) left a little commission about flagstones to his son. When (Chanche) was in Louisville, Dr. Spaulding (Father Martin John Spalding) received a letter from Rome informing him that Oregon was about to be made a separate province and that Bishop (Francis Norbert) Blanchet was to be made archbishop with ten suffragans. (Chanche) wrote to the Archbishop to write a protest to Rome; the measure is too absurd to be put in execution.

V-5-f - A.L.S. - 4pp. - 4to. - {6}

1846 Jul. 17
O'Brien. O.P., Father Mathew A.:
St. Joseph's Convent Somerset, Ohio
 to Bishop A(nthony) Blanc: New Orleans, L(ouisian)a

O'Brien writes to express his gratitude for Blanc's kind reception when, in his endeavor to collect for a church, he visited Blanc. No sooner did he learn of Blanc's wish than he desisted entirely, thankful for the encouragement he had received. On his return he visited St. Louis and Natchez; urgent necessity compelled him to return home. The Prior of St. Joseph's desires to receive from his native city, Barcelona, a box of books and a sum of money. He has had them addressed to Blanc and asks that they be sent on to Father C(harles) P. Montgomery, (O.P.), Zenesville, Ohio.

V-5-f - A.L.S. - 4pp. - 4to. - {2}

1846 July 17
Robinson, E. G.: Norfolk, (Virginia)
 to O(restes) A. Brownson: Boston, Massachusetts

Since their acquaintance in the political campaign of 1840, he has scarcely met with Brownson more than once or twice; though he has perused the "Review" issued each quarter. He is sending Brownson a copy of his paper, containing a newspaper notice of Dr. Lumson's sermon in which he has taken occasion to say that his defence of Congregationalism is regard to the Temperance Reform is nothing in comparison with that of Fr. (Theobald) Mathew, (O.M.Cap.) He thought the article might amuse Brownson, though it contains nothing but what he knew before.

I-3-h - A.L.S. - 1p. - 8vo. - {2}

1846 July 17
Pierz, Father Francois: Lacroix, Michigan
 to Bishop (Peter Paul) Lefevere: Detroit, Michigan

Since the return of Lefevere from the council of Baltimore, Pierz has expected everyday to see a barge bringing him to the mission. There is a great number of savages who arrived for the last months or so, who have not received confirmation. Pierz tried to keep the savages from leaving expecting Lefevere would come. Now they are leaving one after the other, but Pierz's Indians are still hoping that Lefevere will come to Lacroix. Because of his lack of money, he cannot pay the daily expenses and yet has to pay every month the 9 teachers of his schools. He begs Lefevere to send him quickly the balance of his salary for the year, about $200. He asks him to send him a dozen bottles of Mass wine, because in Mackinac the wine is not good yet very expensive. He wishes also to get some new primers for the savages because the ones he has now are worn out. Pierz tells Lefevere that Father Frederick Baraga will be in Detroit for the reprinting of his small catechism. Pierz does not want to print his Great Catechism because he does not have the means to pay for the printing. The saw-mill at Lacroix gives Pierz a lot of headaches and expenses. He regrets to have started this saw-mill at his own expense. He wants to give up all temporal things which trouble the peace of his soul. The workers are advancing their job very slowly. Consequently, the mill will be able to function only next August. At that time Pierz will have to give $300. Pierz asks Lefevere to send him some money in case there is any from his pay or from the Leopoldine's foundation so that he will be able to pay his debts. Concerning the support of Father (Ignatius) Mrak, his coadjustor in the mission, Pierz complains that it is difficult to feed so many people, since since his income is still too small. Piers asks Lefevere to pay a visit to his mission or to send him a letter of consolation. He tells Lefevere that he would have left the mission already, if it were not for the debts he has made.

III-2-h - A.L.S. - (French) - 3pp. - 8vo. - {3}

1846 Jul. 18
McElroy, S.J., Father John: Mattamoros, (Mexico)
 to Bishop Anth(on)y Blanc: New Orleans, Louisiana

It is now nearly two weeks since they arrived. They say Mass daily, attend the sick in the hospital, about 70, and give instructions on Sundays. Few come to confession; this is accounted for in part to the troops moving towards Monterey. They have reached Camargo by the river. Some think the Mexicans will give them battle at Monterey. One of them will go to Camargo the other remain here as the general hospital is here. It is rumored that England has offered her mediation. Religion here is by no means progressive; a large church was commenced 12 years ago but is not yet roofed. Very few hear Mass, especially the wealthy and those in office. There are only two priests in the city; Father Rodriguez, the pastor, is about 40, the other between 70 and 80. Rumor says hard things of the pastor. The great majority are Christians in name only. As yet they are unable to say how long they are to remain with the army. Should peace be concluded of course they would return. He will apprise Blanc the time of their departure and of the time of the retreat at St. Patrick's. He sends respects to the vicar general and priests of the parish and to Father Mullon. P.S. Father (Anthony) Rey, (S.J.) is well. They have an American office.

V-5-f - A.L.S. - 4pp. - 4to. - {4}

1846 Jul. 18
McCulloh, J(ames) W.:
Treasury Department (Washington, District of Columbia)
 to A.C. Dodge: (Washington, District of Columbia)

The letter which Dodge left at this office yesterday from Bishop Mathias Loras of Dubuque, Iowa, has been transmitted to the Collector at New Orleans for his report of the case referred to. (This was apparently sent on to) Bishop (Anthony) Blanc; (it is postmarked Dubuque).

V-5-f - L.S. - 2pp. - 4to. - {3}

1846 July 20
Mc Elroy, S.J., Father John:
Chaplain U.S.A. Matamoras, Mexico
 to Bishop John Baptist Purcell: of Cincinnati, Ohio

He has been in the city two weeks. His health is good, as also is that of Father (Anthony) Rey, S.J. They have had but little to do in the ministry owing to the unsettled state of the troops moving to different points along the Rio Grande. The general hospital is permanently located here; it has seventy patients. Mc Elroy will remain here while Father Rey will be stationed at Comargo mid-way to Monterey. Bishop (John) Odin promised to send a Spanish priest. General Zachary Taylor kindly offered his services to them. The General intends to march without delay to Monterey, Mexico. The army numbers 18,000. The Ohio Brigade will move here in a few days. There is very little sickness among the troops. The number of inhabitants attending Mass on Sunday is very small. Very little attention is given to religion although all profess the Catholic faith. Reports say that England has offered her mediation (in the Mexican War). He asks Purcell not to use his name if he makes use of anything in his letters for the Telegraph.

II-4-j - A.L.S. - 4pp. - 8vo. - {7}

1846 Jul. 20
White, Father Cha(rle)s I.: Baltimore, (Maryland)
 to Bishop (Anthony) Blanc: New Orleans, L(ouisian)a

As the time is approaching for the publication of the United States Catholic Directory he asks a statement of particulars relative to Blanc's diocese.

V-5-f - Printed L.S. - 2pp. - 4to. - {1}

1846 Jul. 21
Kelly, Father James: Natchitoches, (Louisiana)
 to Bishop Anthony Blanc: New Orleans, (Louisiana)

As Blanc gave Kelly permission to come here he now returns his thanks and lets him know that he hopes to leave shortly. He would have left as soon as Father (Hector Figari, C.M.) Figary arrived but two objects detained him: the English catechism he used to teach and his power to render many services to the Sisters (Religious of the Sacred Heart). But it appears they are not coming. If Kelly proposes anything, it is immediately opposed, not by Father (Joseph) Giustiniani, (C.M.) but by Figary whose whole career seems to be opposition. It was by this that he sunk the (Lazarists) at the Cape $24,000 in debt without Father (John) Timon, (C.M.) being aware of it. Kelly told Timon four years ago what would happen. Mr. Blanchard's wife died last week and Figary would not say Mass for her. Blanchard is a convert. Giustiniani is heartsick; Kelly is not surprised he has written to Timon to move him or Figary. Kelly once exposed himself in company with other Irishmen at Cape Girardeau to save Figary from mob violence. Figary wishes to attend Alexandria; when he is out he is his own master. Figary is a virtuous priest but his delight is to have plenty of money. The only means Giustiniani has at present is to conceal what little money he gets. Kelly was promised something here for his time; he does not know if they will give it. That will not keep him if he wants to go.

V-5-f - A.L.S. - 4pp. - 4to. - {8}

1846 Jul. 22
(Chanche), Bishop John Joseph: Natchez, (Mississippi)
 to Bishop (Anthony) Blanc: New Orleans, (Louisiana)

This letter will be handed Blanc by W. B. Carroll. Carroll will take charge of (Chanche)'s chalice and have it forwarded.

V-5-f - A.L.S - 2pp. - 4to. - {2}

1846 Jul. 23
(Milde), Vincent Edward, Archbishop of: Vienna, (Austria)
 to Bishop (Peter Paul Lefevere): Detroit, (Michigan)

In accordance with his letter of June 2 he has already sent the first drafts for the 3000 florins or 300 pounds sterling assigned by the Leopoldine Association.

III-2-h - L.S. - (Latin) - 2pp. - 16mo. - {2}

1846 July 23
Young, Father Joshue M.: Lancaster, Ohio
 to Bishop John Baptist Purcell: of Cincinnati, Ohio

By the terms of Purcell's last letter and by a reference in the Telegraph he finds that he is authorized to announce to the congregation at Lancaster, unless the next Telegraph says otherwise, that Purcell will be there for his visitation on the first Sunday of August, Aug. 2. Should Purcell desire to panegyrize St. Dominic to his children at Somerset on the fourth Young will be exremelyk happy to take him there, and afterwards to Chillicothe or Columbus. He will try to see Purcell in the beginning of next week in Somerset.

II-4-j - A.L.S. - 1p. - 8vo. - {3}

1846 Jul. 24
C., Julia: Emmitsburg, (Maryland)
 to Bishop A(nthony) Blanc: New Orleans, L(ouisian)a

Julia's mother, brother, and sister are here. They leave for New Orleans on August 1. Julia received 18 premiums. How does St. Patrick's Church come on; where is Father Mullen. She sends her love to him and to Aunt Agnes, Katey and Sister Regina.

V-5-f - A.L.S. - 3pp. - 4to. - {1}

1846 Jul. 24
Fontbonne, Father James: New Orleans, (Louisiana)
 to Bishop (Anthony) Blanc: New Orleans, (Louisiana)

Fontbonne told Blanc's vicar general that he wanted to tell Blanc of his decision to leave for Lyons on Blanc's return. His decision is in order to uphold good rules and right reason against Father (Constantine) Maenhaut, so-called rector of the Cathedral, whose idea of prelacy seems to have made insane. Blanc can decide whether he can leave Fontbonne at the Cathedral with such dispositions. If Blanc thinks he should go Fontbonne begs him not to refuse him letters of recommendation. If he thinks he should remain he is to show Fontbonne's letter to Maenhaut so that he will know what he has deal with. Fontbonne does not recognize the jurisdiction of the trustees any more than Maenhaut's. If Blanc wants to reduce the Cathedral to a mission according to the Fourth Council of Baltimore, Fontbonne would recognize Maenhaut as head of the mission. If one talks of a pastor, Fontbonne recognizes no one but Blanc. As for quasi pastor, that is ridiculous.

V-5-f - A.L.S. - (French) - 4pp. - 4to. - {2}

1846 Jul. 26
McFarland, J(ohn) A.: Tiffin, (Ohio)
 to Father (Francis P. McFarland: Watertown, New York)

Francis will have to apologize for not coming back that way to say good bye to his wife. She had his clothes done up and two shirts for him and now needs some way to send them. John would like to know how their mother stood the trip and how she likes the home. If they had come back they had planned to go with them by the cars to Sandusky City. Last week the large passenger car capzized injuring some slightly and the conductor severely. A snake ran through a car filled with German immigrants, but injured no one. The railroad will have to be remedied. Father (Joseph) McNamee has gone to New York. Since Father was there a young man was convicted of horse stealing and given 6 years. He has a wife and two children. In a year he is thinking of going somewhere else to live and asks Francis where he would suggest that he go.

I-1-a - A.L.S. - 2pp. - 4to. - {2}

1846 Jul. 26
Aroinod(?): New Orleans, (Louisiana)
 to Bishop (Anthony Blanc: New Orleans, Louisiana)

He is spokesman for the congregation of St. Vincent de Paul Church. Rumor is that they are to lose Father Resch(?) whose slight faults have been exaggerated by calumny. If (Blanc) plans to send them another pastor, would it be possible to send Father (Peter Ogé) Auger who won their confidence during Lent.

V-5-f - A.L.S. - (French) - 1p. - 4to. - {3}

1846 Jul. 27
(Blin, R.U.) Sister St. Arsène: (New Orleans, Louisiana)
 to Bishop A(nthony) Blanc: New Orleans, (Louisiana)

When Sister heard of the arrival of the two missionaries for Texas, she could not restrain herself from writing to ask permission to go with them. But having delayed in sending her letter, they left without her. The longer one puts off something, the harder it becomes. She asks Blanc's help in carrying out the generous plan of the Community (Ursulines) and their agreement with Bishop (John Mary) Odin, (C.M.); they will not be an expense to him. She recalls that Sister St. Marthe (R.U.) began an establishment for colored persons with 6 escalins given by a poor negro woman. With the permission of Bishop (William Louis) Dubourg it multiplied so that she could build before three years. October would be a good time to go; once there it would take a month to organize. In the meantime, the Methodists have a school for the young Texans. This property bought in Texas, if they are not down there, profits no one.

V-5-f - A.L.S. - (French) - 4pp. - 4to. - {6}

1846 July 28
(Blanc), Ant(hony), Bp. of New Orleans: New Orleans, Louisiana
 to Bishop John Baptist Purcell: of Cincinnati, Ohio

The Young Nogues has not been able to accustom himself to Blanc's seminary. He wishes to make his lower studies among the fathers and come for theology with them to belong to Blanc's diocese. Blanc has not consented because Blanc agreed with Purcell about the cost of the voyage, and at that he would place him under Purcell's jurisdiction, if he wishes to profit by Purcell's favor. Blanc sends his seminarians everywhere, one to Rome, one at Lyons, one at the Barrens, and 11 in his own seminary. On the subject of M. Che de la Croix of whom Purcell spoke to him in Baltimore, Blanc will receive him after he recovers from his sickness, but will not be able to reimburse Purcell for his expenses. Yesterday he received a letter from Father (John) McElroy, S.J. from Matamoras, (Mexico). Chaplains do not complain of a surcharge of work but they are there for eventualities. Some on told Blanc that some of the creoles said that it would be just as well not to be able to send them and that they should do only that much for them. Happily those (Creoles?) are not the most numerous among the Catholics in the army. One part of the army (of the Mexican War) is in motion toward Matamoras. One of the Fathers joins them, the other remains at New Orleans. Ne speaks of the morality of the county, but he merely confirms what Purcell and Blanc have known too well. He asks Purcell if he has heard of the things that have been forced at Rome and which perhaps have already brought about the erection of the see of Oregon into an archbishopric with ten surragans. The thing seemed to him so strange that he rejected the idea. He hopes that Pius IX will not come to that. Where could he get the ten suffragans without going as far as New Orleans. There is nothing particular in New Orleans. As the papers said yesterday they have not yet any fever in the city but he will not be surprised if it is announced soon. (On the back in Purcell's handwriting.) A note concerning Mr. Heffernan carpenter in Ecorse(?) near smith. Frame house her father Mr. Martin not a practical Catholic.

II-4-j - A.L.S. - 3pp. - 12mo. - (French) - {8}

1846 July 28
Devens, Charlotte E.:
 to O(restes) A. Brownson: Boston, Massachusetts

Due to some friends who are to visit her, she will have to forego attendance of the commencement at Worcester, and the pleasure of having Brownson as protector on the trip. She would not have him or anyone else think that she can digest none but the light novels that are crowding the press. They merely serve to brighten the dark hours for her. The dark hours come from the fact that one who has turned from Protestantism to Catholicism has much to contend with in the way of enemies. However, she will promise not to handle such reading for a whole fortnight, because Brownson has encouraged her that her dear spiritual father may regain his precious health. She feels herself as much obliged to Brownson as if she were really going to the commencement.

I-3-h - A.L.S. - 3pp. - 8vo. - {1}

1846 July 28,
Pierz, Father Francois: Mackinac, Michigan
 to Bishop (Peter Paul) Lefevere: Detroit, Michigan

Lefevere came to Mackinac on his way back from Lake Superior hoping to find Lefevere, but he was told that Lefevere had to go to Detroit on some important business. Pierz writes this letter to tell Lefevere how much pleased he is with the mission at Mackinac and la Pointe St. Ignace; the churches are well kept and the priest is loved by all the Christians. Consequently the Parish wants Lefevere to let the present priest remain as long as it is possible. They plan to build a new church in town because the one they have now is much too small for the number of Catholics. Everybody in Mackinac expected the arrival of Lefevere, but Pierz says it is better to defer Lefevere's visit because the majority of the people in the town and in his mission were fishing at Castor's Island and that their return is fixed for the beginning of September. Two weeks ago Pierz wrote a letter to Lefevere asking for the balance of his yearly salary, because he needed the money; but yesterday he got a letter from Mr. More telling him that Lefevere paid a great part of his salary for him. But, at the present time Pierz is in great need for money. Because he has to pay the school teachers and the men working on the millin about 10 or 12 days. Pierz begs Lefevere to send him whatever is left from his salary and if possible a $200 loan. He will be able to pay back as soon as he receives the money from his own country which will be within one or two months. Pierz attaches great importance to his mill, because he wants to offer it for the good of the poor Indians. In case that Lefevere accepts his demand for a loan, the money should be sent to Mr. About or (Father Hyacinth Van) Renterghem at Mackinac.

III-2-h - A.L.S. - (French) - 2pp. - 8vo. - {4}

1846 Jul. 30
Fontbonne, Father James: New Orleans, (Louisiana)
 to Bishop (Anthony) Blanc: New Orleans, (Louisiana)

Fontbonne thanks Blanc for the advice in his letter and that given by Father Rousselon. During the retreat, Father (J.L.) Gleizal, (S.J.) gave out the proposition that all pastors have the power to hear confessions of the parishioners wherever they find them, adding that Maenhaut could, etc. One of Fontbonne's confreres denied it. Blanc can imagine Fontbonne's surprise when Father (Constantine) Maenhaut endeavored to prove it! Maenhaut also cited canon law about preaching. Fontbonne was quite shocked by Maenhaut saying that he signed as vicar. Fontbonne does not care whether they call him vicar or anything else but he refuses to sign that way. Fontbonne wants to get out from under Maenhaut's heavy rule. It is very painful for a priest of 44 to be treated like a child. Does Blanc blame him for no longer wanting to be the vicar of Maenhaut in the sense that Maenhaut is trying to prove? P.S. If this letter is obscure Father Rousselon knows what he means.

V-5-f - A.L.S. - (French) - 4pp. - 4to. - {3}

1846 July 30
French, D'Arcy A.: Galena, Ill(inois)
 to (Orestes A.) Brownson: (Boston, Massachusetts)

On the advice of Rev. Francis Mazzuchelli, Rev. Mr. (Remegius) Petiot, and others, he writes Brownson, asking him to express opinion in the "Review" on the grammar book which he has sent him. It was written several years ago. circumstances prevented him from making any efforts to push the book into notice. A favorable opinion expressed by Brownson would, however, have considerable weight. Should he not find room for any remarks in the "Review", a few lines by post would be gratefully received.

I-3-h - A.L.S. - 1p. - 8vo. - {3}

1846 Jul. 30
(Loras), Bishop Mathias: Dubuque, (Iowa)
 to Bishop (Anthony Blanc: New Orleans, Louisiana)

Compelled by a sad necessity and only to avoid scandal and a kind of schism, (Loras) has given an exeat to Father John Healy. P.S. Father Rousselon is to read the two enclosed letters (no enclosure) and receive the money from the customs for (Loras) for his processional canopy.

V-5-f - A.L.S. - (English & French) - 1p. - 8vo. - {2}

1846 Jul. 30
Haskins, Father Geo(rge) F.: Boston, (Massachusetts)
 to Father J(ames) R(oosevelt) Bayley: New Brighton, (New York)

From the address of the enclosed letters, Haskins presumes that Bayley is soon to be in Boston or is already there. Haskins will feel hurt if Bayley does not stay at his residence during Bayley's visit to Boston.

II-2-n - A.L.S. - 2pp. - 4to. - {1}

1846 Jul. 30
Ivers, Father W(illia)m:
St. Patrick's Presbytery (New Orleans, Louisiana)
 to Bishop (Anthony) Blanc: (New Orleans, Louisiana)

Ivers finds it necessary to have some understanding with his cooperator about sick calls. The rule he always followed was to answer calls in turn every other week. He proposed this to Father (P.) Conway but he objects to it. Mullen of course has nothing to do with it. Ivers has not dined once out of this house since to removed to it. He gets his board from next door, Mr. S(t.) John's; the servant brings it in at half past three. He breakfasts at the Asylum. P.S. If Conway got his board next door one servant could do all. If pressed for his reasons Ivers will give them.

V-2-f - A.L.S. - 4pp. - 4to. - {3}

1846 Jul. 31
Marivault, Father T(heophile), (C.S.C.) de S(ain)te Croix: Manisste Pokagon Silver Creek (Cass Co.), (Michigan)
 to Bishop (Peter Paul Lefevere): (Detroit, Michigan)

Marivault insists that a visit from Bishop Lefevere to arrange certain matters is necessary or they will lose this mission. The poor discouraged Indians will not give anything for the sustenance of the mission. Marivault, however, promises to tell the Bishop everything when he comes. If he does not come immediately, Marivault fears what has been again deferred, for they will have retreat when the Father Superior arrives. He therefore urges the Bishop's response by way of (Notre Dame) of the Lake rather than by way of Silver Creek as it takes too long by the latter way. Marivault adds that Father (Francis) Cointet (C.S.C.) would greatly desire the (Bishop's) presence at Bertrand, Saint Joseph, and Kalamazoo, Michigan. The voyage to Nantwa is urgent and Marivault awaits the Bishop's response with impatience. (In a marginal note directions are given for the trip from Detroit to Pokagon.)

III-2-h - A.L.S. - (french) - 1p. - 12mo. - {5}

1846 July 31
Rappe, Father (Louis) A(madeus): Toledo, Ohio
 to Bishop John Baptist Purcell: of Cincinnati, Ohio

He acknowledges Purcell's letter of July 25, and thanks him for his encouragement about his writing. Father Bilion has left him and Father (Louis DeGoesbriand) and gone on to Detroit. The church at Providence (Ohio) was preserved from fire. He could not obtain the deed for the church at Sandusky from M. Gobel and did not urge much until Purcell's letter. Mr. Dickenson told him that in the next session of the legislatire it would be easy to get an act by which the bishop would be a legal trustee for church property. Two of the Sisters of Notre Dame in Toledo got a touch of the Maumee fever but are well enough to start for Cincinnati next week. Their exhibition gave great gratification to the people. They were praised by Judge Mason. Rappe has no doubt that the sisters will do well at Toledo. The excessive heat is injurious to the health. Both he and DeGoesbriand have had a touch of the Maumee fever and to improve their health they expect to make a short trip to Machinaw and expect to return to Toledo on August 15. He does not know how Purcell stands his long and hard mission. Both he and Father DeGoesbriand beg his blessing and the assistance of heaven.

II-4-j - A.L.S. - 2pp. - 8vo. - {7}