University of Notre Dame
Archives   


Calendar

1846 Sept. 1,
Brown, John L.: Firzwilliam - - -
 to (Orestes A.) Brownson: (Boston, Massachusetts)

He asks Brownson to give him some information on the belief, practice, and spirit of the Roman Catholic Church, so that he may be able, with facts, to support his wish to defend the Church against the accusations of a fellow-clergyman who contends that the spirit of the Church is one of persecution, just as it was in the Dark Ages, so called, and that the Bible is a book prohibited to the great mass of Catholics. All the light on the subject that he has obtained has come from Brownson's Review, but he requests the name of a Church history to give him specific information.

I-3-h - A.L.S. - 1p. - 8vo. - {1}


1846 Sept. 1
Hallinan, Father D(aniel) M.: Hamilton, Ohio
 to Bishop John Baptist Purcell: of Cincinnati, Ohio

In answer to Purcell's letter of August 20, he agrees with Purcell that instead of the course intended for his brother, he will write him immediately to come to America in the spring. Hallinan must admit Judge Mitchell's remark. Eaton has never been by him. However Hallinan thinks the Judge somewhat to blame in so far as he did not invite him to Eaton or indicate that any good would follow from such a visit. However the Judge will not again have reason to complain. With respect to Springdale, Mr. Gross is the only Catholic and comes with his family almost every Sunday to Hamilton. He visited Oxford and Dorrtown the beginning of last month. He visited the aged Mrs. McGunnigel and her insane daughter, and was struck with their wretched condition. Her son lives within a short distance of them in a stately mansion. He admits that he has neglected going around, He admits that he has neglected going around, but not from a love of ease but from a love of indoor life and solitude. He promises to overcome this. He will extend Purcell's sympathy. The issues feared at the time of the doctor seem to be avoided. P.S. He thinks that he has the confidence of the German portion of the congregation as well as the Irish, and that the Germans who want a German pastor do not do so from any dislike of him. The O'Mealys wish to assure Purcell of their high respect. Mrs. O'Mealy has a swollen foot.

II-4-j - A.L.S. - 3pp. - 8vo. - {6}


1846 Sep. 1
Kundig, Father M(artin): Southport, Wis(consin) T(erritory)
 to Bishop P(eter) P(aul) Lefev(e)re: Detroit, Michigan

In Detroit, two weeks ago, Kundig was very anxious to talk with Lefevere but decided that a letter would be more to the purpose. About the time of the cholera epidemic in Detroit, Bishop (Frederick) Rese appeared before the Board of County Supervisors who appointed Kundig Director of the County Hospital and Poorhouse. The question of who was to send and dismiss and pay for the patients was then decided. But in 1839 Kundig's advances reached the sum of $7000 and the banks having failed, the board could not pay him or return the amount and offered him county orders which Kundig disposed of at enormous discount. An orphan asylum for the children orphaned by the pestilence could no longer be kept up. It was the same asylum believed to be Bishop Rese's since he had bound himself to St. Ann's Corporation to keep one. He could no longer keep it and the orphans were scattered. Kundig became pastor of Trinity and soon after, on account of Father (Joseph) Freygang's difficulties, likewise pastor of the numerous Germans. At the same time he assisted Father (Francis Vincent) Badin. He commenced the building of St. Mary's Church. In Detroit he called on Father (Anthony) Kopp (and) Messrs. Reno and Krug and demanded the $94 laid out of his own resources for St. Mary's Church. He was told that they could not pay it; though the money was on hand, the Bishop did not allow it. Kundig called on Mr. Williams the treasurer of Trinity Congregation, for his pay and was told that $200 of his money had been paid to Lefevere, supposedly for his board. He asks if Lefevere will "detain" $94 which he spent for St. Mary's Church and the $200 for his services as pastor to the Germans for his board. Rese would not have done so and Kundig does not think Lefevere will. Pointing out how much he did for himself he asks if it is right to detain the $200. Lawyer Bacon of Monroe (Michigan) offered him a due bill of $800 for $200 but he could not pay it be cause he has no money.

III-2-h - A.L.S. - 3pp. - 8vo. - {6}


1846 Sept. 2
Spalding, Father M(artin) John: Bedford, Kentucky
 to Bishop John Baptist Purcell: of Cincinnati, Ohio

Purcell's very kind letter was received at Louisiville but Spalding being confined to his bed could not return a speedy answer. He will do himself the honor of accepting Purcell's invitation so soon as he is able. At present he is merely able to walk and is under a strict regimen. He cannot come until he is stronger. Having been to the gates of death he can bring news of the other world. It will be a long time before he will recover his health. He sends his regards to Fathers Collins, Wood and Purcell. (Addressed to Mr. Kavanaugh)

II-4-j - A.L.S. - 1p. - 8vo. - {2}


1846 Sep. 2
Lacombe, Father: Paris, (France)
 to Bishop (Anthony Blanc): New Orleans, Louisiana)

Lacombe recommends to (Blanc)'s kindness a young man who is leaving for New Orleans and who will bring this letter. (Blanc) cannot have forgotten Lacombe who was about to leave from Havre in 1835 with (Blanc) and whom he once believed shipwrecked. Lacombe arrived in Gaudeloupe several days after (Blanc) left but he was consoled to learn that (Blanc) was satisfied with the welcome given him at Pointe-a pitre. Father Louvet, although in the prime of life, did not survive long. Lacombe regretted his loss during the time that he directed the mission of Gaudeloupe. After 3 years Lacombe's health forced him to give up to the climate there. The young man whom Lacombe presents to (Blanc), belongs to an eminently Christian family whom Lacombe has known for a long time. (Blanc) will never regret an interest in him by helping him to find a place in an honest business or by helping him in any other way.

V-5-f - A.L.S. - (French) - 2pp. - 8vo. - {3}


1846 Sep. 3
Ménard, Father Ch(arle)s M.: Thibodaux, (Louisiana)
 to Bishop Ant(hony) Blanc: New Orleans, L(ouisian)a

A young lady about 18 or 20, wishes to enter a convent either to become a religious or to be instructed. She was married at 13 or 14 and has been separated from her husband for three years because of drunkenness. The Sisters at St. Michael advised her to write to the Sisters of Charity who encouraged her. He asks Blanc to let him know what can be done. On August 26, at a meeting of the committee for building the new church, it was decided to wait until next March for the first payment of the subscription in order to have cash to give to the contractor. A contract for 400,000 bricks was let on August 29 at $6 a thousand. The corner stone will hardly be laid until next spring. For St. Mary's Church, at the foot of the bayou, all is going quite badly. The trustees under the leadership of Joseph Nicolas has been completely replaced; Nicolas complains that Blanc and Menard wish to monopolize everything. Ménard received two letters in which Nicolas and St. Mary Pamela's figured prominently with a plan equally ridiculous which gave Ménard and Father (Anthony) Thèves a chance to laugh heartily. Nicolas's calling is to discuss and contradict; he could force Ménard to keep up a sheet larger than Father Perchés's What would be first rate to do would be to join with Mr. Derbigny to build a church at Canal Fields; it would be the right place for a parish. Ménard's trip to Chenière Caminada was more fruitful than last year. Thèves is well and sends respects.

V-5-f - A.L.S. - (French) - 4pp. - 4to. - {8}


1846 Sep. 3
Rappe, Father L(ouis) A(madeus): Toledo, (Ohio)
 to (Bishop Peter Paul Lefevere: Detroit, Michigan)

The paternal interest shown during his illness in Detroit makes him believe that the Bishop will receive news from him with pleasure. He is convalescing slowly. All is going well, there are no serious illnesses in Toledo, and when one has no duties and has good food and a good bed, he lacks only the Bishop of Detroit with his staff and the Sisters of Charity (of Detroit) with their excellent medicine to make his sojourn a kind of paradise. Why does the thought of being driven out, like another Adam, come sometimes to trouble him? Father (Louis) de Goesbriand joins him in sending respects. Postscript: He asks Bishop Lefevere at his earliest convenience to assure the Mother Superior of the Sisters of Charity of his deep gratitude.

III-2-h - A.L.S. - 2pp. - 8vo. - {4}


1846 Sep. 4
Brogard, Father J(oseph) N.: B(aton) R(ouge, Louisiana)
 to Bishop (Anthony Blanc): N(ew) O(rleans, Louisiana)

Brogard received (Blanc)'s letter of August 23; he is thankful that (Blanc) has at last found a priest for his parish. In view of his inability to do good here it is a wise step. He will remain here until November 1.

V-5-f - A.L.S. - (French) - 1p. - 4to. - {2}


1846 Sep. 5
Etienne, C.M. Father Jean-Baptiste: Paris, (France)
 to Bishop (Anthony) Blanc: New Orleans, (Louisiana)

Etienne recommends to Blanc Mr. Charey, bearer of this letter, who is going to go into business in New Orleans. He belongs to a respectable family and has good religious principles.

V-5-f - A.L.S. - (French) - 2pp. - 12mo. - {2}


1846 Sep. 5
Hébert, V(alen?)tin: West Baton Rouge, (Louisiana)
 to Bishop Anthony Blanc: New Orleans, (Louisiana)

Being named as members of a committee at a meeting of the trustees of St. John Baptist Church on August 23, they inform Blanc that the repairs he deemed necessary to the church and presbytery are now completed. The walls of the church have been plastered; the outside has been refinished. A kitchen and stable have been built; everything is ready for a priest whom they dare hope Blanc will send to live among them. (Other) members of the committee who sign are Tréville Landry, J(ohn) B(aptis)t LaBauve and Jacques Caire.

V-5-f - L.S. - (French) - 4pp. - 4to. - {5}


1846 Sep. 6
(Odin), Bishop J(ohn) M(ary): Houston, (Texas)
 to Bishop (Anthony Blanc: New Orleans, Louisiana)

(Odin) has just received (Blanc)'s letter through Mr. Ducos. Tommorow he leaves for western Texas going to San Antonio and Castroville and returning by way of Austin and Bastrop. He plans to return to Galveston by the first of November. Fathers (John) Lynch, (C.M.) and (James) Fitzgerald have already achieved fine results in Houston. (Odin) will need 20 to 24 ordos. A German priest from the Duchy of Nassau sent by the German princes with 180 emigrants, called at Galveston with the intention of settling at New Braunsfels but information he received made him decide to return to his native country. (Odin) saw him only once; he was to go to New Orleans. He exeat was favorable enough but he gave (Odin) a sealed letter from his bishop telling of complaints against him. (Odin) went to the princes' agent to examine the list of new colonists and found that this priest had been ordered to get a woman out of his house or be interdicted. His name is Christian Stoehler. They are working now on the second story of the Ursulines' house. If Father (Bartholomew) Rollando, (C.M.) needs money during (Odin)'s absence, Blanc is to honor his draft; this will not be before the middle of October.

V-5-f - A.L.S. - (French) - 2pp. - 4to. - {7}


1846 Sep. 6
Van De Velde, S. J., Father (James Oliver): St. Louis, (Missouri)
 to Bishop A(nthony) Blanc: New Orleans, L(ouisian)a

By a letter Van De Velde received from Rome, it seems that (St. Charles) College at Grand Coteau is once more attached to the Province of Lyons and that some subjects for this College will accompany those coming to Mobile (Spring Hill College). This would be a good time to transfer the College at Grand Coteau to the coast or at least transfer there part of the personnel leaving only what is necessary for a good school. Van De Velde does not yet know how many will be sent to Louisiana but he thought he ought to notify Blanc in time to talk with the Superior and take the necessary measures for the good of education in his diocese. It is probable that Father (Maurice Oakley, S.J.) Vanden Eycken will be replaced by one of the French priests, perhaps Father (Francis) Abbadie, (S.J.). Van De Velde may recall the other members of their Province as they can be replaced. It is also probable that nothing will be done before his visit to Louisiana. He is sorry that B. Fallon feels he must leave St. Louis; his old friends will rejoice to see him return to New Orleans. P.S. Blanc is to ask the Superior from Lyons to write Van De Velde as soon as he arrives at New Orleans.

V-5-f - A.L.S. - (French) - 2pp. - 4to. - {6}


1846 Sep. 7
Desmond, Daniel I.: Philadelphia, (Pennsylvania)
 to Bishop (Anthony Blanc: New Orleans, (Louisiana)

Desmond acknowledges receipt of (Blanc)'s letter of August 23. He now sends a commission to (Blanc)'s friend Charles Daron as consular agent. As soon as Desmond hears from Rome he will send Daron's commission to the president. Desmond signs as Consul General of the Pontifical States.

V-5-f - A.L.S. - 2pp - 4to. - {2}


1846 Sep. 7
Lorretta, (S.C.), Sister M.: Donaldsonville, (Louisiana)
 to Bishop A(nthony) Blanc: New Orleans, L(ouisian)a

A letter from Mother today says that Lorretta might give any name she wished to their novices (Sisters of Charity). They will take the habit tomorrow. M(argaret) Fahy will take the name of (Sister) M. Cecilia (S.C.); the one from St. Louis, (Sister) M. Clare, (S.C.); M.A. Merriman(?) the name of (Sister) M. Ambrosia, (S.C.); Eliza the name of (Sister) M. Aloysius, (S.C.). Father (John) Boul(l)ier, (C.M.) is very sick. Poor Cl(?) has acted very strangely; Lorretta wrote very plainly to Mother and to Father (Louis Regis) Deluol. If Cl(?) is not crazy she must be a very wicked woman.

V-5-f - A.L.S. - 3pp. - 16mo. - {10}


1846 Sep. 7
Méchoud, Ant(hony): New Orleans, (Louisiana)
 to Bishop A(nthony) Blanc: (New Orleans), Louisiana

A list of the notes proceeding from the sale at La Fourche and those which go to Mr. Poidebord: 2 notes of Mr. Collins of La Fourche, endorsed by Judge Mathew, eash for $562.50; one by Mr. Arnould endorsed by Rozelin(?), $560; one by Mr. Marquette endorsed by Mr. Fernandez, $446.66; 2 notes of Mr. Oakey, endorsed by Mr. Hall, each for $75. Signed also by (W.A.) Guillet, as executors of the estate of N(icholas) Girod.

V-5-f - A.L.S. - (French) - 3pp. - 4to. - {11}


1846 Sep. 8
(Blanc, Bishop Anthony): New Orleans, (Louisiana)
 to Ant(hony) Méchoud and W.A. Guillet: (New Orleans, Louisiana)

Blanc has received the letter sent him by Méchoud and Guillet, executors of the estate of N. Girod, enclosing an account of the notes to be divided into four for the part reverting to the heir, F(rancoi)s S. Poidebord, whom (Blanc) represents. With the exception of the one for $562.50 and another for $75 due March, 1848, all fall due on March 31, 1849. (Blanc) does not think he would be serving Poidebord's interests if he accepts the notes they propose. He understands that what they hold to be distributed among Girod's heirs are notes falling due in March 1847, 1848, and 1849. By dividing them in four, those who would have the notes falling due in a short time would be favored to the detriment of the others. (Blanc) hopes they can proportion the notes.

V-5-f - Draft - (French) - 2pp. - 4to. - {4}


1846 Sep. 8
Gallwey, R.S.H.J., Madame J.: St. Michael's (Louisiana)
 to Bishop (Anthony Blanc: New Orleans, Louisiana)

They have 98 children at St. Michael's and expect some others. Their building advances though not as fast as they could desire. Mother (Maria) Cutts, (R.S.H.J.) has been very sick. This morning a letter stated that she was better. The zeal and devotedness of this Mother are too important for their province not to employ every means to restore her health. If (Blanc) cannot come at Ember time, would it be agreeable to have Father (Victor) Jamey replace him as he is the ex(traordinary?) confessor of the Ursulines.

V-5-f - A.L.S. - 2pp. - 8vo. - {3}


1846 Sept. 8
(Miles), Richard Pius, Bp. Nashville: Nashville, Tennessee
 to Bishop John Baptist Purcell: of Cincinnati, Ohio

Since the reception of Purcell's letter he has asked the Sister of Charity from whom he learned that Father (John) Maguire had said that Purcell was persuading him to go to Cincinnati and she conformed the sotry. She can be safely trusted. With regard to his moral character Miles does not believe that he can be relied upon, although he had hopes that he could keep him long enough to correct it. From the last accounts he received Maguire is in Kentucky and maintains that he has been invited by Bishop (Guy) Chabrat to take a congregation in that diocese. He has written to Miles twice asking to be taken back. Miles says he will take care of the diocese alone before he would accept the assistance of such a one. As Maguire will probably remain in Kentucky Miles feels that it is not necessary to say more. If Bishop Chabrat chooses to burn his fingers, he will have to blame himself.

II-4-j - A.L.S. - 1p. - 8vo. - {4}


1846 Sept. 9
Byrne, Father M(ichael) A.: Cleveland, Ohio
 to Bishop John Baptist Purcell: of Cincinnati, Ohio

After the conversation with Purcell he was not surprised at the news Purcell communicated by way of Father (Maurice) Howard but he was surprised that Purcell did not include a message for him about what he is to do at his new destination. With Cleveland he has been pleased and he cannot expect even one person, but he does not desire to remain in the diocese of Cleveland. He feels that the desire for the glory of God allows him to fulfill the wishes of a superiorhe loves. Of Chillicothe he knows nothing but will do whatever Purcell wishes. However there is a German priest there and he feels their respective positions should be clearly defined. He likes the Germans and hopes that they will not be left without the sacraments when he goes away. He can, he feels, get along with his own countrymen. Although he would like to go immediately he feels that he cannot go for some time because of the great prevalence of sickness especially in the Flats. Nearly three fourths of the population are sick with various kinds of fever. This seems to be the point of the outcasts of Canada. Many Germans are sick and they ask him not to leave them because Father Howard cannot hear their confessions. Further the missions are to be attended the next three Sundays. When last in Avon he said mass in the chapel fitted up in Mr. Sheffield's house, with Purcell's permission granted through them. The Germans are a wonderful people. Emigrants are arriving daily. However if Purcell wants him to go on to Chillicothe he will go like a soldier in the ranks, as he has often represented the priest to be. Purcell's remarks to Howard about not saying mass out of the church caused Byrne some uneasiness because acting on a promise of Purcell, when they had a house of their own, he had fitted up a front room for an oratory and said mass in it on four occasions. However if that was wrong it was unintentionally so. At the Flats there is seldom more than a server present.

P.S. Last Sunday he was at St. Patrick's Buffalo, (N.Y.), where Father (William) Whelan is unable to do anything. There is much to be accomplished. The congregation is a striking example of evil that can be done by a pastor who does not command respect. He heard that Father (Edward) Purcell passed through while he was there but did not see him.

II-4-j - A.L.S. - 4pp. - 8vo. - {7}


1846 Sep. 9
Gallien, G. Choiselat, Treasurer: Paris, (France)
 to Bishop Peter Paul Lefevere: Detroit, Michigan

Bishop Lefevere is informed that the two Central Councils of Paris and Lyons of the Association of the Propagation of Faith have allocated to the diocese of Detroit 24,000 francs for the year 1846. G.C. Gallien, the treasurer, will subsequently give an idea of the time when the payment of this sum can be made. The receipts being the same as those of the preceding year, it will be possible to raise the allocation by an additional payment of one fourth. That, however, will not happen until March when the accounts of the current drafts are balanced at which time it will be possible to acquaint the head of the missions to what extent their hopes have been realized. Under these conditions, the allocation of the present year will equal that of 1845. Gallien regrets the lowness of the sum as compared with the needs of the diocese. He wishes Lefevere to realize, however, that the maintenance of the present allocation is a sign of the serious interest that the two Councils have regarding his diocese. The Councils are generally unable to increase the size of the allocations on account of the increasing needs of the new missions. The diocese of Detroit is one of those dioceses in which the Councils have not applied the reductions that have been made necessary elsewhere. Finally, Gallien assures Lefevere that it will be possible to allocate 5,000 francs to the Brothers of St. Joseph (Congregation of Holy Cross) recently established in the diocese of Detroit. The letter is signed both by the vice president Lombard in the absence of the President and in the name of the Council, as well as by the treasurer, G. Choiselat Gallien.

III-2-h - A.L.S. - (French) - 2pp. - 8vo. - {4}


1846 Sept. 9
Machebeuf, Father J(oseph) P(roejctus): Sandusky City, Ohio
 to Bishop John Baptist Purcell: of Cincinnati, Ohio

Machebeuf had written to Father (Edward T.) Collins for a dispensation before Purcell's return from his visitation. The dispensation is for first cousins who left Europe after being married by a magistrate. Last Saturday he heard from Father (John) Lamy that Purcell's previous decision to let them, unite on the missions had been repealed Machebeuf is resigned but does not like to be alone without a mentor. Further he cannot attend to the other congregations. He dare not leave them on Sunday since more grog shops have been built which besides the old drunkards have affected some of the newcomers. In the course of the last month they had four most dreadful scenes, the last time almost before the door of the church, one of which he described. His heart is broken. He has appealed to the authorities but they seem to delight in the disgrace on the Catholic name. Father (George A.) Wilson stopped there on his way to Green Bay and preached but only one man took the pledge. He hopes Purcell will not blame him for not visiting Norwalk. Not one of the German priests has said mass in the church. The congregation is entirely forsaken. So are 30 families of French-Canadians along the lake shore 25 miles from Sandusky. At Mansield Father Edward Purcell passed through and promised to spend one Sunday with him and he hopes he will keep the promise. Fathers (Louis) De Goesbriand and (Amadeus) Rappe have been sick at Toledo. The former is well but the latter is still weak. Machebeuf is well but downhearted and hopes that Purcell will give him Lamy as associate. He is glad to hear that Father (James F.) Wood has sold his vestments. This will be a lesson to his friends not to make such acquisitions for priests unless paid for in advance. He hopes for an answer in a short time.

II-4-j - A.L.S. - 4pp. - 8vo. - {8}


1846 Sep. 9
Masnou, C. M. Father J.: Donaldsonville, (Louisiana)
 to Bishop (Anthony Blanc: New Orleans, Louisiana)

Masnou has just been called to Donaldson by Father (John) Boullier, (C.M.) who was taken with a violent attack of fever and who now is much better. Father (J. DeMarchi, C.M.) Demarqui also has the fever; the doctor has ordered him to take the cold water treatment without which he has not long to live. The doctor demands that he give up all work. So Masnou has sent a priest from the seminary to help Boullier who also wants Masnou to come once a week for the Sisters' confessions. Father (Paul) Jordan's nephew wants to be admitted to the seminary; if (Blanc) agrees, they will try him. In a few days they will dismiss Mr. Higgens (James Higgins); there is very little hope for him.

V-5-f - A.L.S. - (French) - 1p. - 4to. - {5}


1846 Sep. 10
Chandlery, P.M.P.: Baton Rouge, Louisiana
 to Bishop (Anthony Blanc: New Orleans, Louisiana)

(Blanc)'s subject here is abusing (Blanc) to every one with whom he converses regarding (Blanc)'s last letter. He is drinking very much. Prompt proceedings would be advisable. N.B. He told Chandlery he should write (Blanc) today to have an understanding whether (Blanc) would give him a place in New Orleans and if not request letters. (This is signed) Veritas.

V-5-f - A.L.S. - 2pp. - 12mo. - {3}


1846 Sep. 10
(Hailandière), Bishop Celestin (de la: Vincennes, (Indiana)
 to Bishop (Anthony Blanc: New Orleans, Louisiana)

The box has arrived. Father (Michael) Clarke has returned to his post, decided to remains there. He has taken up the building of the church again. He realizes that he was wrong in leaving his parish as he did. (Blanc) is to be congratulated on getting rid of Father (J.) Mullen. (Hailandière) has written several times to Father (Charles) Oppermann whom he is permitting to return. (Hailandière) deplores the death of one of his best priests, Father Vince(ent) Baquelin. He has withdrawn all powers he had given to Father (John) Vabret who may come to see (Blanc). He has done the same to Father (John Peter) Bellier, who having left the diocese of his own accord, again wishes to place himself here in spite of (Hailandière). (Hailandière) has heard that (Father?) M. is soon to leave France to return to (Blanc); will (Blanc) regret the advances he has made to him. P.S. (Hailandière)'s health is poor. He would not be surprised if he would be obliged to change climate next year.

V-5-f - A.L.S. - (French) - 1p. - 4to. - {7}


1846 Sep. 10
McFarland, J(ohn) A.: Tiffin, (Ohio)
 to Father F(rancis) P. McFarland: Watertown, N(ew) Y(ork)

He heard from Francis some weeks ago and waited to hear from Josiah before answering. Josiah has not been able to collect and therefore cannot pay the notes that John has against him. Therefore John cannot pay Francis. He has property but cannot sell. He sold a house and lot but had to take it back when the buyer could not pay. For two or three years he has been building and this has kept his resources employed. If he can make a sale of some property he will feel no embarrassment. Father (Joseph) McNamee has been absent for six or seven weeks. He said he would be gone four weeks. Some think he has gone to Ireland. Jerome wrote that he and James were well. He asks Francis's direction for sending his clothes. He asks how their mother likes her new residence.

I-1-a - A.L.S. - 3pp. - 4to. - {2}


1846 Sept. 11
Borgess, Father Otho H.: Chillicothe, Ohio
 to Bishop John Baptist Purcell: of Cincinnati, Ohio

He resisted writing to Purcell but can get to rest until he knows why Purcell spoke to his nephew of the dreadful things said about Borgess in Chillicothe. When Purcell did this he forgot that he spoke to one who loved Borgess with his whole heart and whom Borgess had raised for give years. He thinks that Purcell acted imprudently. He demands that Purcell write to him and tell what dreadful things he has done at Chillicothe and if he is guilty he will ask pardon publicly. He asks Purcell not to pass sentence on him before he has heard him. He was aware from the conduct of Father (John B.) Emig, S.J., that Purcell had no confidence in him. He is so troubled that he can hardly do anything. If there are too many shepherds the sheep must perish.

II-4-j - A.L.S. - 2pp. - 8vo. - {3}


1846 Sep. 11
Hicky, Philip: East Baton Rouge, (Louisiana)
 to Bishop A(nthony) Blanc: (New Orleans), Louisiana

Hicky has been informed by Father (Joseph N.) Brogard of his Intention to give up the rectorship of St. Joseph Church about the middle of next month. Hicky requests that Blanc send them some one who would have the talent of gathering together their much scattered congregation.

V-5-f - A.L.S. - 1p. - 4to. - {3}


1846 Sep. 11
(Purcell), Bishop J(ohn) B(aptist): Cin(cinnati, Ohio)
 to Bishop (Anthony Blanc: New Orleans, Louisiana)

(Peter) Cheri Nogues handed him (Blanc)'s letter of July 28 but the absence of his brother (Father Edward Purcell) in the east for the last 3 or 4 weeks and his own duties accumulated by (Purcell)'s absence prevented his replying. He will let Nogues "paddle his own canoe" with the assistance of Father (John A. Elet, (S.J.) for (Purcell) is not much edified by his leaving (Blanc)'s seminary without his approbation. (Cyril?) De la Croix is also employed in the College by Elet; he wishes to be considered as always attached to this diocese. There must be something in that metropolitan project for Oregon. It is as inexplicable as to leave the present metropolis a "lone star". How(?) goes the "chaplains" jurisdiction in Mexican territory? The secret of their nominations has not been better kept this year than formerly. Father C(harles) C(onstantine) P(ise) asked (Purcell)'s brother in New York "who is Father (Louis Amadeus) Rappe? Does he know English?" Rappe has been quite sick and so has Father (Louis) De Goesbriand. Who is going to publish that "Louisiana" (Courier?)? The warfare he promises will hardly be more honorable than that of his predecessors unless he be a Catholic sub rosa. All (Purcell)'s schools opened full last Monday. He is glad to see the Propagateur every week. (Bishop Michael Portier) is "firing up" with a "rush". (Purcell) sends regards to the Sisters, especially Sister Regina.

V-5-f - A.L.S. - 3pp. - 12mo. - {10}


1846 Sep. 12
Beverley, C.B.: New Orleans, (Louisiana)

A license granted to Father (James) Lesne to marry Stanislas Goutier and Adellaide Dulcat.

V-5-f - License S. - 2pp. - 16mo. - {3}


1846 Sept. 12
Pierz, Father Francois: Lacroix, Michigan
 to Bishop (Peter Paul) Lefevere: Detroit, Michigan

Pierz is back from his mission of Grand Traverse and he takes the pleasure in sending Lefevere a report concerning his visit. The pagans at La Pointe de Chabwasson, 12 miles in from the village of Grand Traverse, received Pierz very well. Pierz preached to the savages 3 whole days and the chief followed by the 6 members of his family accepted the Catholic religion upon the condition that a priest should come to visit them often enough to give them the proper instruction in religion and in the divine exercises. Pierz got a good Christian to teach these savages the prayers and the catechism until next fall when he will go back to baptize the new converts. At the large village of Grand Traverse, Pierz was not there 3 days before he had already heard the confessions of all the Catholic families, about 30 families, and had given 5 instructions. The great chief Echkwagonebi and several other pagans declared themselves for the Catholic religion and have learned their prayers. Some he baptized. They asked Pierz to stay with them or to send Father (Ignatius) Mrak to spend the winter there. At the Catholic village near the Bay, Pierz tells Lefevere that everything was in good order and there were religious sentiments. A great number of children and adults had learned to read their catechism fairly well. They meet every Sunday in a big house for the divine service and they are talking of building a church. Pierz advised the Catholics to unite either with the mission of Arbre Croche or that of Lacroix, but they did not accept the proposition, because they have better land and better crops than the Indians at LaCroix, where the land is very sandy and the wheat crop this year very poor. Another reason for their refusal is that the Indians are attached to their native land and their families. Pierz believes that a priest from LaCroix should apply the whole of himself during the summer to visit the affiliated missions and to take care of the savages in their own land, which they do not want to leave voluntarily. Furthermore, it is hardly practical to send the savages to meet the priest, since they do not know in advance when and where they should meet him. There are still places where the priest has to look for the wandering sheep. Pierz's great mission should be cared for by two priests, one taking care of the 3 villages of the mission and the other travelling during the summer with his barge and 3 men. They would cover 1,200 miles on the water visiting 8 affiliated missions 2 or 3 times during the year. Thus they would be able to care for the Catholics and increase the number of converts. Pierz believes that if they do not carry out this plan they will fail in their duty, since they are responsible for each sould lost by their carelessness. Pierz's saw-mill at Lacroix is running now but the carpenters are still working on it. He has an important problem to solver. He has to pay $500 and he asks Lefevere to send him the balance of his salary $50 for the month of Sept. 1, 1845 and $50 for Sept. 1, 1846 minus the $8 owed Lefevere leaving $92. Pierz asks Lefevere to send him the money through some agent in Detroit, for instance Mr. Payment, Mr. Votson, or Mr. Camp; or some one coming to Machinac who can give it to Mr. Abbot.

III-2-h - A.L.S. - (French) - 4pp. - 8vo. - {3}


1846 Sept. 13
(Hecker), Isaac T.: St. Trond, (Belgium)
 to O(restes) A, Brownson: (Boston, Massachusetts)

He takes pleasure in sending these psalmes of St. Bonaventure to Brownson, knowing they will gratify his devotion to the Blessed Virgin Mary. In two weeks he will commence the retreat of fifteen days before taking the vows. He is altogether unworthy of this blessed grace, and he hopes that Brownson will help him in rendering gratitude to the Blessed Virgin for this unmerited honor. He shall feel always indebted to Brownson and Mrs. Brownson for their great kindness. He hopes to write to Brownson again, after taking the vows.

I-3-h - A.L.S. - 2pp. - 12mo. - {1}


1846 Sep. 13
Martin, Father Aug(uste): Rennes, (France)
 to Bishop (Anthony Blanc: New Orleans, Louisiana)

Martin received (Blanc)'s letter of June 20 two weeks ago. He thought after what Father (Adrien) Rouquette told him in Paris, that (Blanc) was on the way to Rome and that Martin would not see him at New Orleans. Shortly after his arrival in Brittany, Martin wrote to Father Rousselon; since then Martin has been ill twice, once at Bishop St. Marc's and once in Paris. The doctor advised him to go to his family at St. Malo to take the sea baths. He returned to Rennes only yesterday better than he has been in years. His return to America has met with much opposition, only the Jesuit with whom he made his retreat advises him to go back. Mr. Choiselat has given Martin a bond of 1,000 francs which will be put on New Orleans' budget. Martin owes 500 francs in Indiana but perhaps some charitable souls will help him. At St. Malo Martin met an old cousin of his mother, most of whose family is in America and who lived there herself a long time. Many brothers, sisters, cousins, and nephews lie in the cemetery at Baton Rouge. Two nieces, Mrs. Henriette and Elisa Sherburne are married to the Messrs. Chauvin. Martin has letters and gifts for them. On October 2 Martin leaves for Le Havre to embark on the 8th. He will have as a companion, Father (Charles Henry) Boutelou (de St. Aubin) who will cross with him. Boutelou says he was pastor of Thibodeauxville. In two months he will be almost ready to return to (Blanc)'s orders.

V-5-f - A.L.S. - (French) - 4pp. - 12mo. - {6}


1846 Sep. 14
Duplessis, Edw(ar)d: N(ew) Orleans, (Louisiana)
 to Bishop A(nthony) Blanc: (New Orleans, Louisiana)

For more than a year Duplessis' work as a notary has not brought him enough to provide for his family. His brother William F.C. Duplessis is extremely vindictive and since he has put aside his religion, has done all harm he could to anyone who does not blindly comply with his wishes. After withdrawing all the business he could from Edw(ar)d's office, William even abused his wife's confidence and obtained from her a letter by which Edw(ar)d resigned his commission as a notary public which W.F.C. took to the Governor. Not knowing what he had done Edw(ar)d continued to function as a notary. Almost all the people who owed him refused to pay. He had to wait a week for the medicines Dr. Cenas prescribed for his wife. His little daughters are with their grandmother, his two sons have good places; his wife can stay with her mother. Edw(ar)d has decided to go west or some other place in the States. He has no other friend to turn to and asks Blanc to give him $150. (On the address side of the letter) J. Hungerer.

V-5-f - A.L.S. - (French) - 4pp. - 4to. - {4}


1846 Sep. 15
Brogard, Father J(oseph) N.: Baton Rouge, (Louisiana)
 to Bishop (Anthony Blanc: New Orleans, Louisiana)

He prefers to write instead of telling to (Blanc) the observations with which Blanc's letter of the 1st inspired him. The reproaches in it and the preceding one are too bitter not to be answered. What (Blanc) said about him in regard to the municipal election on August 15 is, in general, false. The election did not take place in a tavern but at the Courthouse. The weakness at Mass the next day was caused by a storm when he was going to see a sick person on Assumption day. He returned home with a fever. The allegations are false and unmerited. He has given up entirely the use of strong liquor since receiving (Blanc)'s last letter; what made him take it at all has ceased to exist. The state of his health does not seem to call for a trip to Europe. He believes that a little rest will suffice.

V-5-f - A.L.S. - (French) - 2pp. - 4to. - {1}


1846 Sep. 15
(Chanche), Bishop John Joseph: Natchez, (Mississippi)
 to Bishop (Anthony) Blanc: New Orleans, (Louisiana)

(Chanche) asks Blanc to forward a letter to Father (Louis Stanislaus) Buteux from whom he received a letter a few days ago. Buteux is in Paris and still desirous of coming to this country. (Chanche) has not yet heard from (Thomas) Barret(t)'s administrator. He supposes he will have to consider those $200 as "flambé". Besides $50 which Pierce Connelly writes he paid for the diploma of consul. As it was through (Chanche) that Connelly got it, (Chanche) will have to pay it if Barret(t) did not forward it before his death.

V-5-f - A.L.S. - 2pp. - 4to. - {4}


1846 Sep. 15
Méchoud, Ant(hony): New Orleans, (Louisiana)
 to Bishop (Anthony) Blanc: (New Orleans), Louisiana

(W.A.) Guillet has withdrawn from the Bank of Louisiana, the notes for the sale of the property in LaFourche to the amount of the 4th part reverting to F(ranc)ois Poidebord. Méchoud will deliver them to Blanc whenever he wishes.

V-5-f - A.L.S. - (French) - 2pp. - 4to. - {3}


1846 Sep. 15
Mina, Father Ve. (Modest)e St. John Baptist: (Second German Coast, Louisiana)
 to Bishop Ant(hony) Blanc: New Orleans, (Louisiana)

In spite of Mina's opposition, the trustees have agreed to have a court house built on the church property for $50 a year for 50 years. Mina copies this resolution of August 31, 1845 and approved again on July 5; (the resolution includes a description of the property) which faces that now occupied by Vincent Bénoit Béthancourt Mr. Luminais, the sheriff, told Mina that a new law ordered executions to take place in the prison enclosure. Mina notified Mr. Haudressy who called a meeting of the trustees to annul the August 31 resolution but in spite of the opposition of Haudressy and Lezin Becnel, they confirmed the resolution. For two weeks, Mina and Father (J.M.) Mignard, (C.M.) have added a special collect to their Mass. Mignard has a school for 9 poor children and is teaching them to serve Mass.

V-5-f - A.L.S. - (French) - 2pp. - 4to. - {6}


1846 Sep. 15
W(ood), Father J(ames) F(rederick): Louisville, Kentucky
 to Bishop John Baptist Purcell: of Cincinnati, Ohio

The mail-boat which conveys this letter was to have brought him home but he has found it impossible without a breach of common politeness to refuse an invitation by Bishop (Guy) Chabrat and Bishop (Peter Richard) Kenrick to go to Bardstown Loretto etc. He is reluctant because he had not intended to go and has much work to be done at home. They go at four O'Clock the next day and may not return in time for him to be in Cincinnati next Sunday. They found Bishop (Benedict Joseph) Flaget much better than they expected. He has recovered from his derangement, consequent upon a fever. Father (Martin J.) Spalding is recovering at Bedford but Wood can hardly expect to see him. Bishop Chabrat took them to the Cathedral, the Sisters of the Good Shepherd and the orphan asylum. Father (John) McGill is well, and Father (Charles) Boeswald seems to be doing well with the Germans. Their trip down was pleasant except that they had to take a bed on the cabin floor and the ship was detained on sand bars near Madison, Indiana. Bishop Kenrick is a delightful companion. They left in a hurry. He asks Purcell to administer the last sacraments, if necessary to Mrs. Fitzgerald and to tell her that he trusts to see her again.

II-4-j - A.L.S. - 2pp. - 8vo. - {10}


1846 Sep. 16
Budd, John:
St. Mary's Seminary (Barrens, Missouri)
 to Bishop (Anthony Blanc: New Orleans, Louisiana)

Budd received (Blanc)'s letter this morning and hopes (Blanc) will receive this with more pleasure than the first letter he wrote. Budd has regained his health and will now endeavor to persevere till next vacation. He is very well satisfied with the situation of this place; the rules of the house are very well regulated. There are 43 or 44 seminarians and more expected. 3 or 4 are designed for (Blanc). He must come down next vacation; he will write his father for the means.

V-5-f - A.L.S. - 2pp. - 4to. - {2}


1846 Sep. 16
Conwell(?) H. M.: Worchester, (Massachusetts)
 to (Orestes A.) Brownson: Boston, Mass(achusetts)

He sends a bill for clothing furnished to Brownson's sons, Orestes and John, in all $28.50.

I-3-h - A.L.S. - lp. - 8vo. - {1}


1846 Sep. 16
Oakley, S.J., Father M(aurice): Grand Coteau, (Louisiana)
 to Bishop A(nthony) Blanc: New Orleans, L(ouisian)a

Oakley received Blanc's letter of the 7th on the 12th. They will go along, as they have up to now, without a resident shoemaker. There would be no real economy unless he were a Brother. All the disasters in the newspapers did not stop them in the least; the students arrived at (St. Charles) College on September 1. Today they have 98.

V-5-f - A.L.S. - (French) - 2pp. - 4to. - {2}


1846 Sep. 17
O'Connor, M(ichael), Bp. of Pittsburgh: Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania
 to Bishop John Baptist Purcell: of Cincinnati, Ohio

Father (Joseph) O'Mealy showed him the letter which he received from Purcell a few days ago. O'Connor assures Purcell that he regards O'Mealy as very necessary now. He sees no one whom he can put in his place, and further he has every hope for success in building up an excellent institution. In regard to Father (Francis M.) Serenbetz he wishes to say that Serenbetz gave an explanation of the "Office" affair. It appears that a former bishop of his diocese gave a general dispensation from the breviary and that since few priests of the diocese say it. A few years ago Serenbetz and others formed the design of introducing it again and actually went to work to learn to say the office!!!!! It is not to be expected that he would say it in traveling. The only breviary he had was a Benedictine totum. So far from being opposed to the Office he really admires it. One of the Redemptorists got him a Roman Breviary which he probably uses. O'Connor says he merely gives the facts.

II-4-j - A.L.S. - lp. - 8vo - {4}


1846 Sep. 17
Rappe, Father (Louis) A(madeus): Toledo, Ohio
 to Bishop John Baptist Purcell: of Cincinnati, Ohio

They are very grateful for Purcell's interest in their health, but there is nothing to alarm him, even about Father (Louis) DeGoesbriand's lungs which are capable of filling Purcell's new cathedral. Father (Peter) Verheyden is the best medicine. If they have not taken all of their functions it is through prudence rather than want of strength. He is pleased that the health of the Sisters of Notre Dame is good and thinks that the Ursuline Sisters must likewise be blessed. He expects Mother Louis de Gonzague the next week and hopes that that he will have the same teaching body for Toledo. They ask permission to answer Father (Peter) Prenderprat's invitation to go to Louisville to give a retreat. Father DeGoesbriand united with him in sending his respects.

P.S. They are very sorry to lose Mr. McDonal who has been one of their best friends. He will leave Toledo Monday for Cincinnati.

II-4-j - A.L.S. - 2pp. - 8vo. - {8}


1846 Sep. 18
Cartouche, (L.) St. Joseph's: (Emmitsburg, Maryland)
 to Bishop (Anthony) Blanc: New Orleans, L(ouisian)a

Their classes have resumed; she is studying hard as this is her last year. She spent her vacation pleasantly with her sister Laura. Papa and Matilde disappointed her by not coming but she hopes to see them all next year, and Blanc also. She would like to remain another year but her parents say she has been away long enough; it has been four years. She and Julia are in the same singing class. Blanc has no doubt seen Lizzie Clanhon who left with her mother. Three from Louisiana left St. Joseph this year, Misses Hauton, Kernan, and Lizzie. Matilda writes that she is enjoying herself very much in Mississippi. Mother Etienne, and Sisters Marie Clara, Marie Louise, and Raphael ask to be remembered. Cartouche sends respects to Father Ladaviere.

- A.L.S. -


 On the same paper: 

(1846 Sep. 18)
Julia: (Emmitsburg, Maryland)
 to (Bishop Anthony Blanc: New Orleans, Louisiana)

Julia received (Blanc)'s letter. Sister Cleophas says she fears that Julia is her favorite; Louise Winchester is (Blanc)'s favorite. Who is the Madame Jeanne (Blanc) speaks of? She is right, Juila won 18 prizes at the distribution. Julia and Cartouche will try to join St. Patrick's choir when when they return home. (Blanc) has no doubt seen Julia's little sister Elizabeth. The Sisters ask to be remembered.

V-5-f - A.L.S. - (French) - 4pp. - 4to. - {6}


1846 Sep. 18
Dupuy, Father Enn(emond): Iberville, (Louisiana)
 to Bishop Ant(hony) Blanc: New Orleans, L(ouisian)a

Today Dupuy received Blanc's letter of the 14th. Tomorrow he has a wedding, the next day is Sunday, Monday he has a visit for a confession promised for some time and 21 miles away. So it would be Tuesday before he could go where Blanc directs him. It is a difficult thing but he hopes God will give him the courage to do it.

V-5-f - A.L.S. - (French) - 2pp. - 4to. - {1}


1846 Sep. 18
(Hughes), Bishop John: New York, (New York)
 to Bishop (Anthony) Blanc: New Orleans, Louisiana

(Hughes) has just received Blanc's letter of the 9th. He has no confidence in Father (Joseph P.?) Burke. He received him and confided in him; Burke disappointed him in everything. On going away, Burke entered a suit against (Hughes). P.S. Blanc may read this to Burke if he wishes.

V-5-f - A.L.S. - 2pp. - 8vo. - {2}


1846 Sep. 18
Masnou, C.M., Father J.: Assumption, (Louisiana)
 to Bishop Ant(hony) Blanc: New Orleans, L(ouisian)a

He takes advantage of Father (Charles M.) Menard's visit to reply to Blanc's two letters. He is trying to prepare (Hyacinthe) Tumoine to be ordained by November and the deacons (John Flanagan) and Mr. Jeremié(Jeremiah Moynihan?) could be ordained with him. Mr. Higgens has already left the seminary; Mr. Jordan has returned. Masnou is of Blanc's opinion about the nephews of Father (Paul) Jordan. P.S. It would be prudent for Mr. Stewart to remain at the seminary.

V-5-f - A.L.S. - (French) - 2pp. - 4to. - {9}


1846 Sep. 18
Young, Father Josue M.: Lancaster, Ohio
 to Bishop John Baptist Purcell: of Cincinnati, Ohio

He sent the direction to the brother of Catherine Carnes about the box of valuables and if she has not received them it is because of his apostacy to Methodism. On his last visit to Circleville he was promised that the church would be so finished that it could be blessed the last Sunday in September. Young is doubtful, but proposes to spend the Sunday there. He asks if he could bless the church or could he expect Purcell to pass through from Chillicothe to Columbus as Father (William) Schonat expects. Since the first Mass was said on that feast, and the first to preach was of that name he suggests that the church be called St. John Baptist. He suggests that it be placed under the charge of the Irish priest to be sent to Chillicothe at least for four Sundays a year. He asks if Father (John B.) Emig,S.J. candidly related his impressions with regard to Chillicothe. Young has heard that they were sombre. He hopes that these people will be remembered in the next episcopal visitation. He has heard that Father (E.) Pozzo is near death and that Father (George A.) Wilson has gone to Green Bay for his health. Among the folks in Lancaster very general good health prevails. Mr. (Thomas) Ewing had had another alarming attack of disease. He is convalescing but it is desirable that he be warned of his mortality and be induced to prepare for it. His good lady commends him to Purcell's prayers. He awaits directions about Circleville.

II-4-j - A.L.S. - 2pp. - 8vo, - {7}


1846 Sep. 19
Jordan, Father P(aul): Assumption, (Louisiana)
 to Bishop Ant(hon)y le Blanc: New Orleans, Louisiana

Jordan has been only twice at Father (John) Boullier, (C.M.)'s, once when he went to the city to go to the seminary and another time at the seminary at Donal(d)son to look for his nephew who had left the seminary without telling anyone. Boullier told Jordan to go back at once and not stay even to say Mass because he was not quiet, that he ran around, etc. Blanc knows that when Jordan was at West Baton Rouge he went only to the retreat or for confession. But now it is very different; time is short and precious; he is getting old. He has no shelter where he can spend his last days in peace. If Blanc does not give him a place here he asks that he give him a favorable exeat so that other bishops might receive him. (In Blanc's hand on the blank page of the letter): Leonce(?) and Alfred Saulet, sons of Baltazar Saulet.

V-5-f - A.L.S. - (French) - 4pp. - 4to. - {5}


1846 Sep. 19
(Rossi, Jean): New Orleans, (Louisiana)

A. Mondelli and D. Canova owe Rossi $100, the balance due on $250 for painting the bishop's church. On October 19 (a statement by an attorney is added): Jean Rossi, plaintiff, says that Mondelli and Canova are really indebted to the affiant for work on the church erected by Bishop A(nthony) Blanc in Condé Street; that Blanc is now indebted to Mondelli and Canova and by law the affiant has a lien on all moneys due.

V-5-f - D. - (French & English) - 3pp. - folio - {3}


1846 Sep. 19
Tardy, Stephen S.: New Orleans, (Louisiana)

Receipt for 40 piastres paid by Father (Stephen) Rousselon for painting and glazing at the Bishop's house in Condé Street.

V-5-f - Receipt - (French) - lp. - 16mo. - {1}


1846 Sep. 20
Vignes, H(enriet)te nee Nugent: Pointe Coupee, (Louisiana)
 to Bishop (Anthony Blanc: New Orleans, (Louisiana)

Vignes wrote about four months ago and (Blanc) was away from his diocese. Four months ago she spoke of her children, then all in good health, among them Estelle who will pray for her mother in heaven. Her other three will have to make up for her loss. Has (Blanc) any news of G(rand) Coteau, especially Mother Lavy; she knows that Mother Dutour is at St. Michael. She saw Father (Victor) Jamey for the first time two weeks ago at Mass. Raymond is much better. Vignes spent three days last week at Raccourci with the family of her brother-in-law, L. Ledoux. Joseph is going to Mr. Coustex's(?) school.

V-5-f - A.L.S. - (French) - 2pp. - 4to. - {5}


1846 Sep. 21
Amat, C.M., Father T(haddeus):
St. Mary's Seminary (Barrens, Missouri)
 to Bishop Ant(hony) Blanc: (New Orleans, Louisiana)

Blanc's letter was very consoling to (John) Budd; he is doing his best to advance so that Amat thinks it would be better to keep him. It was not Budd who wrote the letter; he does not write too well.

V-5-f - A.L.S. - (French) - 2pp. - 12mo. - {2}


1846 Sept. 21
Borgess, Father Otho H.: Chillicothe, Ohio
 to Bishop John Baptist Purcell: of Cincinnati, Ohio

He asks Purcell's pardon for having offended him by his letter. He answers the accusation by saying that he never spoke against the bishop having the title to the church property in his name, and can prove this by persons who were present. As to the second accusation, it was not he who conjectured what Purcell had written to Mr. Anderson. Several at Mr. Anderson's house Aug. 28, heard him say that he had received a letter from Purcell that neither Bishop Purcell nor Father (Edward Purcell would come at the consecration. The german portion were angry about it. A Mr. Casey said that Purcell considered the church only a barn. Then it was said that Purcell should not think so much of Mr. Anderson who with Mrs. Anderson were negligent about Sunday Mass. That was the reason Borgess told Father (John B.) Emig, S.J., that he would write to Purcell to request Mr. Anderson not to speak of Purcell's letters. As to the third accusation Borgess maintains that he complied with Purcell's request. Receiving the letter Saturday night he sent Sunday morning to Mr. Rosenfeld to inquire for the person. Mr. Call offered to take him there and he intended to go Monday but was prevented by attending to things for having the church ready and on Tuesday he learned that she has been sent to Cincinnati. As to the other accusation he will make amends. He has never been accused of going around and talking too much. And he things he should not be accused of not loving study and books. He has the fault of not immediately reproving when he hears things that afterwards fall to his own charge. He hopes to amend even this fault. Aware that one being so accused he will be a criminal at the slightest accusation he intends to come to Cincinnati to see Purcell on next Monday. He again asks pardon if he has said anything to off end Purcell.

II-4-j - A.L.S. - 2pp. - 8vo. - {5}


1846 Sept. 21
(Brunner), C.PP.S., Father Francis D.: Wolfscreek, Ohio
 to Bishop John Baptist Purcell: of Cincinnati, Ohio

About Father Zeller he has taken care to be informed. He spoke to the persons on the ship and the person concerned and his conduct on the ship was not proper. The chalice which he had at Minster Brunner will send to him. Brunner asks Purcell to tell him what time he will come to Minster.

P.S. Zeller has written to him a long letter excusing himself but Brunner says that is futile because the facts are certain.

II-4-j - A.L.S. - 2pp. - 8vo. - (Latin) - {4}


1846 Sept. 21
McElroy, Father John: Matamoras, Mexico
 to Bishop John Baptist Purcell: of Cincinnati, Ohio

McElroy's letter (on the Mexican War) published in the Freeman's Journal was not intended for it. The letter was sent to Father (Jerome) Dzierozynski of Frederick. Mr. William McSherry procured a copy of it and sent it to the Freeman. The pastor here has been kind to them. The heads in Georgetown decided McElroy has jurisdiction with the army wherever they go, but not with the natives. Father (Anthony) Rey, S.J. left for Comargo on his way to Monterey. A great battle is expected in a few days before the taking of the city of Monterey, (Mexico). The 800 sick are distributed in several large houses each with a physician in charge. McElroy visits the sick daily. Very few of the Southern volunteers have been baptized. When such are in danger McElroy prepares them for Baptism. Major (Samuel) Ring-gold did not die a Catholic; he died before McElroy arrived. His full brother is a Lieutenant in the Navy; his half-brother George Ringgold is a Catholic. When McElroy left Georgetown, George was a clerk in the public offices in Washington. McElroy will write Mr. Nolan a note as Purcell directs. With regard to giving a retreat in Cincinnati, it would give him much pleasure, but he must wait for orders from headquarters. He met an officer from Somerset, Ohio; DeLong is his name. Colonel Curtis of the Ohio Regiment has been sick. The officers seem well-disposed to Catholics. McElroy lives alone in a small two room house with a servant to cook for him. Food is cheap. The Army pays for everything they consume.

II-4-j - A.L.S. - 4pp. - 8vo. - {11}


1846 Sep. 21
Terret, (André?): Lyons, (France)
 to Bishop (Anthony) Blanc: New Orleans, (Louisiana)

They received Blanc's letter of December 15, 1845. This letter was seriously considered by the two Councils (of the Association of the Propagation of the Faith) and they have fixed the New Orleans allocation at 20,000 francs for the current year. The sum which Father (Stephen) Rousselon can collect will from the first portier to be paid. The maintaining of the same subsidy this year as last year in spite of the growing number of missions is a proof of the lively interest in New Orleans. Blanc is to return the enclosed information form.

V-5-f - L.S. - (French) - 2pp. - 4to. - {3}


1846 Sept. 22
Hoerner, Father J.: Metz (Mozelle)
 to Bishop John Baptist Purcell: of Cincinnati, Ohio

He has just a few moments to write to Purcell to explain the package which he is sending to him. There is in the city of Metz an extensive concern for manufacturing painted glass. Messers. Marechal and Gunian which during the past three years has become celebrated throughout, Germany, France and Belgium. Purcell may have seen some of its work at Paris in the church of St. Vincent de Paul and St. Germain. He thinks that Purcell is the better judge of the work. The firm has given him to dispose a window representing the decolation of John the Baptist as a specimen of their art. Hoerner has chosen Purcell as the one to whom he will offer this gift if Purcell will accept it. They will carefully pack it up if Purcell will pay the cost of sending it, on condition that their friends would be permitted generally to see it.

P.S. He sends his respects to M. N. Moore Mrs. Moore, Zane Russell. He adds his address at Metz.

II-4-j - A.L.S. - 3pp. - 8vo. - {1}


1846 Sept. 22
McCallion, Father Charles: Boston, Massachusetts
 to Bishop John Baptist Purcell: of Cincinnati, Ohio

Purcell's note arrived while he was out of town, at Salem. He had already talked with Bishop (John) Fitzpatrick who dissuaded him from going around. The way he is getting along is slow, but it certainly becomes a priest more than running into every kind of place. The bishop is social and sincerely interested in McCallion's success. McCallion is obliged occasionally to take the place of a clergyman for a week or two. He himself has not felt so well but he trusts that the fall and winter will be better for him. He cannot go back so long as there is a debt of $500 on St. Patrick's. He knows what it is to be sick in Guernsey County (Ohio) and a crowd of duns at the door. He has $240, which he has sent to John McCune. He raised $70, in the church near the burned convent. He leaves on Friday for Bangor, Maine where Father (Thomas) O'Sullivan has invited him. From there he intends to go to Fredericktown, N.B., Eastport, Portland, Dover and back to some places where collections for local necessities are being made now. On the day of the month's mind for Bishop Fenwick he met most of the priests and was invited by them. He has also the permission of Bishop (William) Tyler to visit his diocese. He is much slower than on his previous trip but he knows his business better, than when Father Bernard O'Reilly deceived him at Rochester, N. Y. He can teach any young priest who desires to build with a small purse. He missed Father (Edward) Purcell but others did likewise. He witnessed the shipping of Bishop Dease to New Brunswick. When he gets the debts of his church paid he asks Purcell to ordain his brother (William McCallion) and send him there and let himself retire to Fulton. He has not taken care of himself. However he will not fret. He has been reviewing his theology with Mr. Orestes A. Brownson. He guesses the Baltimore Catholic Magazine has been making a fool of itself defending Newman. He asks Purcell's opinion on Newman's development, Brownson's article etc. He did not show Purcell's note to the bishop.

P.S. The Bishop sends his affectionate regards to Purcell.

II-4-j - A.L.S. - 3pp. - 8vo. - {15}


1846 Sep. 23
Tardy, S(tephen S.): (New Orleans, Louisiana)

Receipt for $25.95 paid by Father Rousselon for glass and glazing at St. Mary's Church on Condé Street.

V-5-f - Receipt - (French) - 1p. - 16mo. - {1}


1846 Sept. 24
(Brunner), C.PP.S., Father Francis D.: Norwalk, Ohio
 to Bishop John Baptist Purcell: of Cincinnati, Ohio

Today he has received letters from Fathers Matthias (Kreusch ?) and John Wittmer, Precious Blood Fathers asking what is to be done with Father (Henry) Herzog, who lives at Fort Jennings with D. Bohmer 40 miles from Minster and exercises pastoral functions. He thought it best to inform Purcell of this because he himself was able to do nothing and since while the man was at Minster he did not exercise any priestly functions. Five Sisters of the Precious Blood and two orphans have come from Wolfscreek to St. John's at Minster. He has not received word when Purcell will visit Minster. Father JOhn Baptist Jacomet has not come yet and he does not know why. Bishop (Martin John) Henni) has written that he will send Frindolinus Baumgartner and accept Jacomet. Brunner has ordered Baumgartner to leave Milwaukee and to be ordained if possible. Brunner is content with Matthias Dreusch. What he wrote about Father Zeller is not false.

P.S. If Purcell has not sent the monstrance and ciborium he asks him to do so because the sisters need them.

II-4-j - A.L.S. - 2pp. - 12mo. - (Latin) - {15}


1846 Sep. 24
Hanriot(?), Father: Lapérrière, (France)
 to Bishop (Anthony Blanc: New Orleans, Louisiana)

After hearing about (Blanc)'s vast diocese and the progress in spite of the small number of laborers, Hanriot would like to join his efforts to theirs if (Blanc) will admit him. In France there are many priests; a priest's existence is good only if he contributes to the happiness of his fellow men. (Blanc) is to send his decision through Father Marsoudet who brings this letter and Hanriot will ask his bishop to consent to his leaving the parish he has had for 5 years.

V-5-f - A.L.S. - (French) - 2pp. - 8vo. - {2}


1846 Sep. 26
(Chanche), Bishop John Joseph: Natchez, (Mississippi)
 to Bishop (Anthony Blanc: New Orleans, Louisiana)

(Chanche) has to trouble (Blanc) with another letter for Europe for a priest asking to come to (Chanche)'s diocese. He fears his age will be an obstacle to his learning English without which he would be useless to (Chanche). He has not yet heard from Mr. Peyroux; this makes him fear he will lose this money. He learned from Sister Regina (Smith, S.C.) that Father (Edward) D'Hauw has been very sick. If (Blanc) thinks a few weeks in Natchez would be of service to D'Hauw (Chanche) would be happy to have him. He will be alone for 3 or 4 weeks. (Chanche) gave Father (William A.) Blenkinsop permission to go to Madison to visit his family; a sister is dead, his father ill.

V-5-f - A.L.S. - 2pp. - 4to. - {5}


1846 Sep. 26
Elet, S.J., Father J(ohn) A(nthony) St. Xavier: (Cincinnati, Ohio)
 to Bishop (Anthony Blanc: New Orleans, Louisiana)

Elet should have answered (Blanc)'s letter of July 28 a long time ago but he has been so busy with the resuming of classes that without the presence of (Peter) Cheri Nogues he would have forgotten his duty of politeness. Surprised as he was to see Nogues here on his return from St. Louis, he was not sorry. His example is good among the students and for this alone Elet would admit him for $100 instead of 163. Nogues studies hard; Elet does not doubt he will make a good priest. There is no danger of his becoming a Jesuit because he detests teaching. Elet seems condemned to college life for after 10 years as rector they talk of having him begin again at St. Louis. Why did (Blanc) pass by Cincinnati without visiting them? (P.S.) St. Xavier College has become too small; they started with 96 boarders, 6 half time boarders and 128 day scholars.

V-5-f - A.L.S. - (French) - 2pp. - 4to. - {3}


1846 Sep. 28
D(upuy), Father E(nnemond): Iberville, (Louisiana)
 to Bishop Ant(hony) Blanc: N(ew) Orleans, (Louisiana)

D(upuy) has fulfilled the mission Blanc gave him. D(upuy) arrived "there" at 6:15 in the morning. "He" told D(upuy) that he knew why D(upuy) was there but that D(upuy) would find no one against him except a few families. D(upuy) spent the day visiting here and there and all he discovered was that there was nothing in particular since Blanc's visit but that the same old scandal existed. Some want "him" to go; others want him to stay. The president of the trustees said he had heard that "he" drank too much. When D(upuy) first remonstrated with "him", "he" showed some bitterness toward Blanc, but then he said that he would comply, although not guilty. D(upuy) wanted "him" to leave with him but he said that people would notice his sudden departure that he had some accounts to pay and some to collect and that he had to bring his registers up to date. D(upuy) read Blanc's regulations again to "him" and "he" promised to go to see Blanc on the 28th or 29th. D(upuy) fears that "he" will give way altogether.

V-5-f - A.L.S. - (French) - 4pp. - 4to. - {1}


1846 Sep. 28
Lorretta, (S.C.), Sister M.: Donaldsonville, (Louisiana)
 to Bishop A(nthony) Blanc: New Orleans, L(ouisian)a

What is to be done with these Sisters at the Asylum. Sister Emily, (S.C.) says the way things are going on Sister (Francis) Regis, (S.C.) cannot stand it. Sisters A(nn) Bridget, (S.C.), Eulalia, (S.C.) and Theobald, (S.C.) have such strange dispositions. From the enclosed (no enclosure) Blanc will see what a state things are in, Regis has not mentioned their names. Sister Irene, (S.C.) wrote the way Regis was treated. Father (John) Boullier. (C.M.) has had a relapse. P.S. Sisters R. and E. will return next Sunday in the Concordia.

V-5-f - A.L.S. - 2pp. - 4to. - {8}


1846 Sep.(?) 28
Soniat, P(ier)re St. Charles: (Second German Coast, Louisiana)
 to Bishop (Anthony) Leblanc(!): (New Orleans), Louisiana

Soniat wants some information about St. Mary's College, Baltimore. He would like to send his son, aged 14, who has been in High School at New Orleans. He wants to improve his English. Soniat would be obliged if Blanc would let him know of anyone going there.

V-5-f - A.L.S. - (French) - 2pp. - 4to. - {1}


1846 Sep. 29
St. Antoine, Sister de: (New Orleans, Louisiana)

The vows of Sister de St. Antoine of the Ursuline order.

V-5-f - A.D.S. - (French) - lp. - 4to. - {1}


1846 Sept. 30
Baraga, (Father) Frederic(k): Saut Ste. Marie, (Michigan)
 to Bishop (Peter Paul) Lefevere: (Detroit, Michigan)

Baraga is about to leave, the steamer may leave in the evening or next morning. Father B. Pedelupe found that he could not make the retreat before next summer. Baraga agreed with him. Meanwhile Baraga heard confessions of those who confessed in the Indian language and last Sunday he preached in Indian and English. He is very satisfied with Father Pedelupe's efforts, who had already done a great deal in the short time he has been in Saut Ste. Marie, especially in regard to the pews which he had had made for the church. The marriage of Alexis Biron (to Angelique Misai) which Baraga had performed two years ago and which Monseigneur Power (of Toronto) had disapproved, has been straightened out perfectly. According to very reliable news, her first husband had died and Father Pedelupe has remarried them in church, after a separation and preparation of 8 days.

III-2-h - A.L.S. - (French) - lp. - 8vo - {3}


1846 Sept. 30
Fisher, (Mrs.) Mary Anna (Marianne Lasaliere): Mackinac, (Michigan)
 to Bishop (Peter Paul Lefevere): (Detroit, Michigan)

Since September 1, Mrs. Fisher has had coming to her, pay for two quarters. She asks Lefevere to send her the money. She is embarrassed to trouble him.

III-2-h - A.L.S. - (French) - lp. - 8vo. - {1}


1846 Sep. 30
(Kenrick), Bishop Peter Richard: St. Louis, (Missouri)
 to Bishop (Anthony) Blanc: New Orleans, (Louisiana)

This letter will be brought by two Sisters of St. Joseph who are returning to France and for whom he asks Blanc to help find a boat.

V-5-f - A.L.S. - (French) - 2pp. - 4to. - {2}


1846 Sep. 30
Lambert, F.(?): New Orleans, (Louisiana)

A receipted bill for $8.31 for work done for Father (Stephen) Rousselon in the church in Condé Street.

V-5-f - A. Bill S. - (French) - lp. - 16mo. - {1}


1846 Sep. 30
Ménard, Father Ch(arle)s M.: Thibodaux, (Louisiana)
 to (Father Stephen Rousselon: New Orleans, Louisiana)

Ménard asks (Rousselon) to send a dispensation from relationship for Célestin Benoit and Emélie Benoit.

V-5-f - A.L.S. - (French) - lp. - 4to. - {3}