University of Notre Dame


1848 Sep. 1
McCloskey, Bishop John: Albany, New York

Articles of agreement between McCloskey and David Orr and Andrew Cunningham for the building of the Cathedral (of the Immaculate Conception Albany, New York) to be built at the corner of Eagle and Sydius Streets. Specifications for the building of the Cathedral and the terms are included.

I-1-i - A. Contract (Photostat from Archdiocesan Archives of New York) - 8pp. - 4to. - {3}

(18)48 Sep. 2
Petesch, (C.SS.R.), Father (Nicholas): (Lafayette, Louisiana)
 to Bishop (Anthony Blanc): New Orleans, (Louisiana)

Father (Peter) C(z)a(c)kert, (C.SS.R.), ill since last Tuesday, died today. Petesch asks (Blanc) to inform the clergy and make arrangements for the funeral. Petesch is alone here and can scarcely take care of the great number of sick.

V-5-j - A.L.S. - (French) - 3pp. - 8vo. - {2}

(1848) Sep. 3
(Blanc), Bishop Ant(hony): Vermillionville, (Louisiana)
 to Father E(tienne) Rousselon: New Orleans, L(ouisia)na

He arrived yesterday; an hour later he received Rousselon's two letters. About Grand Coteau, Rousselon has done exactly as (Blanc) would have advised. About the scandal, he thanks God for cutting it short sooner than (Blanc) could. It has been raining all morning. The bayous are flooded and bridges are out. One would have to swim to get from St. Martin here as Emile and a scholastic did. Tuesday (Blanc) should go to Abbeville, Opelousas had 103 for Confirmation; Grand Coteau. 59; Vermillion 41. (Blanc) saw Rousselon's little community, (Sisters of Our Lady of Mount Carmel?). They are doing well. Their motherhouse should furnish them with money to enlarge their house, about 12 or 1500 piastres. The children have made extraordinary progress. After what has been told him (Blanc) can only approve the purchase of land. Sister Elizabeth, (O. Carm.) gave (Blanc) $100 which he owed(?) to the Procurator of the College who has just told Father (Anthony Désiré) Mégret that on orders of Father Maisounabe he cannot buy his slave. Rousselon is to pay Sister Regina (Smith, S.C.) the $36 (Blanc) owes her. Father (John F.) Raviol needs someone and is willing to take Father (Simon) Rominger. Rousselon is to give Rominger advice on his conduct at Opelousas; he knows the strict obligation (Blanc) placed on him.

V-5-j - A.L.S. - (French) - 4pp. - 4to. - {8}

1848 Sep. 5
V(ictor) and Company Havre, (France)
 to Father E(tienne) Rousselon: New Orleans, (Louisiana)

They are sending notice of two boxes of church goods sent by Father Boiteux at Paris and destined for Bishop (John Mary) Odin, (C.M.) of Texas. They have been put on the Jacques Lafitte, Captain Casper, going to New Orleans.

V-5-j - A.L.S. - (French) - 1p. - 4to. - {4}

1848 Sept. 6
Andrews and Prentiss: Boston, (Massachusetts)
 to O(restes) A. Brownson: Chelsea, Mass(achusetts)

He hopes Brownson will excuse this calling of his attention to their account for printing the "Catholic Observer". According to contract, Brownson is supposed to make a weekly settlement of the bill. However, they are perfectly satisfied with an occasional settlement of about once a month. But they weekly pay cash for all labor expended upon the publication. Since they are now in need of funds they hope Brownson will realize the timeliness of their request for a settlement or partial settlement of the account which stands at about $250.

I-3-i - A.L.S. - 1p. - 8vo. - {2}

1848 Sept. 7
Boyce, Father John: Worcester, (Massachusetts)
 to O(restes) A. Brownson: (Boston, Massachusetts)

He is sending the only copy of "Shandy McGuire", that he can procure. Mr. Dunigan said in his letter that he had a copy to send Brownson, but, on reflection, decided to wait until the second part came out and send them both together. Dunigan thinks, as he does, that Brownson's review of the author's second part will be more favorable than that of the first. He supposes that Brownson has seen the "Truth Teller's Review"--if he may use such a term--if not read it for his instruction. He thinks it would be well to have the lecture early next month.

I-3-i - A.L.S. - 1p. - 8vo. - {1}

1848 Sep. 7
Cullen, (Father) Paul: Frascati, (Italy)
 to Bishop (John Baptist) Purcell: (Cincinnati, Ohio)

Cullen did not receive Purcell's letter of June 14th until this moment. Cullen believed the bull for Bishop Martin Spalding's consecration had been sent, but Cullen will make inquiry about it upon returning to Rome. No appointment yet for the two vacant dioceses, but something will be done immediately. Propaganda awaiting letter from the Bishops regarding the candidates for these sees. Rome has been disturbed for several months. The Pope granted most liberal institutions, to the people and did everything possible for their welfare. The great bulk of the people would have been perfectly satisfied with the Pope's doings, but a handful of pretended liberals, well organized have succeeded in disturbing everything, causing general confusion. Cullen says this party is wicked enough to attempt anything, but believes the Romans will not let them do anything violent to His Holiness. The people are generally becoming disgusted with so called liberty and Cullen trusts their sway will soon end. His Holiness in all his troubles had displayed great calmness and courage. Doctor Kirby presents his respects to Purcell. Kirby is at Tivoli with students of the Irish College. Cullen is at Frascati with those of the Propaganda. The Jesuits were obliged to leave their establishments in Rome by mob law. Cullen, managing matters for a while in their place in the Propaganda, expects they will soon be recalled, or at least that some one else will be put here. Cullen will mention Purcell's message to the Cardinal, Purcell mentioned to be remembered to. They have D(octo)rs McHale and O'Higgins from Ireland. Doctor (John J.)Chance spent several days with them at the Irish College. He is gone to France. He was insulted like any one dressed like an ecclesiastic is liable to be. Cullen sends his respects to Father Wood.

II-5-h - A.L.S. - 3pp. - 4to. - {3}

 Photostatic copy from the Archives of the College of Mt. St. Joseph, Delhi, Ohio.) 

(18)48 Sep. 7
Martin, Father Aug(uste): B(aton) R(ouge, Louisiana)
 to Father (Stephen Rousselon: New Orleans, Louisiana)

Since Father (Joseph Michael) Paret will probably not write for several days to give a resumé of the letters received from his family, Martin writes to give news of him on his arrival at Plaines. Martin found him very well and comforted by Blanc's letter and those from France. He will return here the last of September to live with Martin until Rousselon calls him. Rousselon no doubt knows that Bishop (Celestin) D(e) l(a) H(ailandière) has gone to Rome, the bearer of a letter from the Archbishop of Baltimore to arrange, they say, for his return to Vincennes. The priests who asked for Bishop (Maurice) de St. Palais regret their step and fear being granted their request. A letter from Indiana says for certain that several Bishops have learned of the nomination of Bishop (James Frederick) Wood of Cincinnati. Peter's uncle who came to look for him, has sent him back to Martin. (P.S.) Martin received the 2 reliquaries.

V-5-j - A.L.S. - (French) - 1p. - 4to. - {5}

(18)48 Sep. 8
(Blanc), Bishop Ant(hony): St. Martinville, (Louisiana)
 to Father E(tienne) Rousselon: New Orleans, L(ouisian)a

(Blanc) arrived here yesterday, accompanied by Fathers (Anthony Désiré) Mégret and (Nicholas) Francais who left the same night. (Blanc) gave Confirmation at Abbeville to 15. At Vermillon he confirmed 41. The bad state of the roads makes (Blanc) hope that at the end of next week it will be better around New Iberia. (Blanc) spent last Monday interviewing all Rousselon's dear daughters. He cannot communicate his observations in a letter, as Rousselon remarked himself. (Mother Ste.) Thér(èse Chevrel O.Carm.?) in her correspondence seems to assume more confidence in the Sisters (of Mount Carmel?) than in the Superior. (Blanc) recommends more care and encouragement for Sister Elizabeth. (O. Carm.). Sister Marie, (O.Carm.) is doing well; there is good will in all she does. She has an idea of the religious life which is little felt in the two others. Sister Elizabeth is overburdened even with Marie's help. The acquisition of land was made in Mégret's name who paid $500 cash and a note for $360. Sister Elizabeth gave (Blanc) $100 which he gave to the procurator of the College. Mégret has already received $300 from Sister Elizabeth. The $100 completes the $400 which the house paid for the acquisition of land. He got a receipt from Mégret and gave it to Sister Elizabeth who thought she might have $150 by January 1 to be applied on the debt. The house in New Orleans should do what it can for the balance. Then all would be settled by next February.

V-5-j - A.L.S. - (French) - 3pp. - 4to. - {7}

1848 Sept. 8
Muckerheide, Father Herman Jos(eph) and Father Charles Muller: Bredenborn, Westphalia
 to Bishop John Baptist Purcell: of Cincinnati, Ohio

For several years they have intended and have now decided to give themselves to the North American missions. To the carrying out of this resolution both the secular and ecclesiastical authority has placed delays. Now with revolutions imminent in Germany they are moved to go to the United States to serve the Catholic Church in like and word in a country of the mother tongue. They ask therefore that since they have proper testimonials Purcell let them know when they should come and where they will exercise their ministry, and they will start out immediately. To this end they let it be known that at the monastery in Paderborn they completed their studies, were examined and ordained.

II-4-k - A.L.S. - 2pp. - 4to. - (Latin) - {2}

1848 Sep. 9
McMaster, J(ames) A.: New York, (New York)
 to O(restes) A. Brownson: (Boston, Massachusetts)

He was glad to hear from Brownson; and says that it is of high importance that Brownson's agency in New York be placed in other hands. He believes that Dunigan will have no objection. The list of rights belongs to him, but is in the hands of O'Flaherty, and not much hope of getting it from him. He thinks that they may be able to make out the whole list of subscribers, anyway. He is interested in raising the numbers of subscribers, in satisfying them with prompt delivery of the magazine, and consequently enable Brownson to get his money readily. He is gratified by Brownson's speaking of his flash and noise in his journal. He finds this the best way to increase circulation. He would be further along now, were it not for the Bishop's cowardice. He would let him say nothing on the question of the humbug about the Irish. But later the Bishop (John Hughes) was proved wrong by the Irish themselves! However, he does not intend to let the Bishop cease fearing him, despite his arrogance. He protests that Brownson is wrong when he says that he doesn't like his style of writing. Only time keeps him from reading him as much as he would like to; but it is significant he has made the tone of the "Review" the tone of his own (Freeman's) Journal. He is frightened to hear about Jesuits creeping into Boston. They are the worst perpetrators of those evils which are in the clergy in this country.

I-3-i - A.L.S. - 7pp. - 8vo. - {4}

(18)48 Sep. 9
(Blanc), Bishop Ant(hony): St. Martinville, (Louisiana)
 to Father E(tienne) Rousselon: New Orleans, L(ouisian)a

Yesterday (Blanc) put a letter to Rousselon on the boat. Meanwhile he has received Rousselon's of the 2nd. Its news is very afflicting. What a loss in the death of Father (Peter) C(z)a(c)kert, (C.SS.R.). (Blanc) had written to send Father (Simon) Rominger to Father (John F.) Raviol but if Rousselon thinks it necessary for him to go to Lafayette until the return of the Redemptorists, he is to send him. The draft Rousselon speaks of from Father (John) Power must concern Father (Jeremiah) Moynahan, Father d'Hauw's assistant who should pay it. In Rousselon's little community (Sisters of Mount Carmel) at Vermillion, (Blanc) noticed two who wish to leave. The youngest is 15. The other will have difficulty obtaining the consent of her parents. Mother Thérèse (Chevrel. O.Carm.) would do well to visit the house and take them to the city. The news about Father (Victor) Jamey is disquieting. The two assistants at St. Patrick's are of delicate constitutions. (Blanc) has not yet learned from Father Blin whether he could go to Bayou Boeuf. He will go to Patterson and cross Bay Berwick and go to seminary in order to go to the city.

V-5-j - A.L.S. - (French) - 3pp. - 4to. - {9}

1848 Sep. 10
Barthe, Father E(dward): Houma, (Louisiana)
 to Bishop (Anthony) Blanc: New Orleans, (Louisiana)

On the 9th, the committee met and Barthe addressed them about the means of playing the debts and advancing the work of building. They decided nothing and things were put off to the 15th. Alexandre Liret holder of the subscription, spoke at length to Mr. Boutelou on the conduct of Father (Charles Henry Boutelou de) St. Aubin, his uncle, saying that St. Aubin had speculated on the building and pocketed the money of the bonds. At their next meeting these men agreed to ask Blanc for 1000 or 1500 piastres. 1848 has been a bad year for the people of Terrebonne. Marriages are always performed civilly; they will not give him a license without a $7000 bond, according to a law of 1845. But he believes that due to the good will of people outside Houma his position will grow better. If the church is built, he could count on about 200 attending every Sunday. If he had a thousandth part of Father Maenhaut's hoard he would wipe out all the sins of usury and avarice.

V-5-j - A.L.S. - (French) - 4pp. - 4to. - {6}

1848 Sept. 12
Lefevre, Peter Paul, Bp. of Detroit: Detroit, Michigan
 to Bishop John Baptist Purcell: of Cincinnati, Ohio

Lefevre's long absence on mission made him postpone sending a copy of the questions proposed by his lawyer in relation to his German church difficulties, which he now encloses. These questions may be useful for the maintenance of Church discipline in other diocese. As the infidel Germans are about to recommence the suit, Lefevre asks Purcell to give this matter his attention and assist him with advice and counsel and answer as far as possible some of the questions proposed.

II-4-k - A.L.S. - 1p. - 8vo. - {2}

(18)48 Sep. 12
(Truchet), R.U., Sister St. Stanislas: Galveston, (Texas)
 to Bishop A(nthony) Blanc: New Orleans, (Louisiana)

Father (Napoleon Joseph) Perché will have shown Blanc a letter Sister sent him in July. If Blanc can accord the favor she asked, her feelings have not changed. Bishop (John Mary) Odin, (C.M.) is now visiting his diocese and will not return before two months. Blanc is to send his reply to Father (Richard Hennesy, C.M.?) Annecy who is in charge of their Community during the Bishop's absence. She has not written before because she did not want to trouble him by painful recitals. More than once Sister thought of writing to make known the urgent need for a capable person to form the novices (Ursulines) for she has no doubt that if some from New Orleans saw the way the one acts who has charge, they would make efforts to procure this good for this new community. Odin said several months ago that two Canadian Ursulines were coming; they would be a great help.

V-5-j - A.L.S. - (French) - 3pp. - 4to. - {5}

1848 Sep. 13
Choiselat Gallien, J.: Province, (France)
 to Bishop (Anthony) Blanc: New Orleans, Louisiana

He writes from the bosom of his family where he came to restore his health a little and recover from the all too famous revolution. One of his sons-in-law has written to ask him to send a letter of recommendation for (Blanc) in favor of a young man, blind from birth, in whom he has a great interest. Alexandre Henri Michel Fourrier, 20 has been educated in the school for the blind where he distinguished himself by his conduct, rare intelligence, and success in his studies. This year he won the prize in musical composition. A former professor of the school who has for several years had a school in Louisiana and who is at present in France, advised Fourrier to go to New Orleans assuring him that he would succeed there as a music teacher, organist etc. He sends this letter of recommendation to Blanc who will have the triple gratitude of Fourrier, Choiselat Gallien's children and himself. (P.S.) The Councils of the Association of the Propagation of the Faith have made no decision about the allocations of the funds of 1848. They believe it is more prudent to wait for the closing of the collections in March. Blanc will not be forgotten. He has learned that one of Blanc's priests called to collect the balance of Blanc's account, 645 francs which was promptly paid.

V-5-j - A.L.S. - (French) - 3pp. - 8bo. - {3}

1848 Sep. 14
Jourdant, S.J., Father Ant(hony) J.: St. Charles College, (Grand Coteau, Louisiana)
 to Bishop (Anthony Blanc: New Orleans, Louisiana)

Jourdant has no other reply to the proposal about the affair of Father (Anthony Désiré) Mégret than to express gratitude in their name and that of Father (John Baptist Léon) Maisounabe. (S.J.). Their credit with Mégret amounted to $1004.80; $904.80 deducting the $100 (Blanc) sent to Father Chaignon. Also to be deducted is $12.50 for the time Narcisse worked for them. The total remaining is $892.30 and in that sum the $400, without interest, loaned to Mégret. They may be able to take one of the horses, they are a bit expensive. He recommended to the prayers of the Community, the soul of Father (Peter) C(z)a(c)kert, (C.SS.R.). He died young but full of merit. They say he died of yellow fever; they are anxious about Maisounabe but hope he will be spared. P.S. They have 39 boarders and 9 day scholars. They expect a number more; one only from New Orleans.

V-5-j - A.L.S. - (French) - 2pp. - 8vo. - {5}

1848 Sep.(15?)
Blanc, Anthony, Bishop of: New Orleans, (Louisiana)
 to Father Blaise Raho, C.M.: (Natchez, Mississippi)

A letter concerning the Sons of Temperance.

V-5-j - Copy (?) - (Latin) - 2pp. - 8vo. - {2}

1848 Sep. 15
(Blanc), Bishop Ant(hony): St. Martinville, (Louisiana)
 to Father E(tienne) Rousselon: New Orleans, L(ouisian)a

All the letters arrived including those from Europe from the curé of Ayné and Father Dufour. (Blanc) arrived this morning from Pont de Brand where he confirmed 73. Tomorrow he will go to New Iberia. He will arrange to go to Houma as Rousselon advised. Emile Vizey(?) has just told him of two young girls, one 15, the other 17, and asked him to place them in a convent to avoid the dangers of the company of a mother whose conduct is dubious. They speak French but their native language is English. Rousselon is to speak to Mother Thérèse to see if she would take them. The idea about Father Louis (Cartuyvels?) on the advice of Father Rouq(uette) does not seem advisable; it would be opening the door to a new scandal. Rousselon is to give him the enclosed. The priests at St. Michael can take care of the parish. (P.S.) New Iberia. Yesterday (Blanc) confirmed 127 and will confirm 50 or 60 more Wednesday before leaving for Charenton. Rousselon is to read the letter (Blanc) wrote Louis and give it to him as circumstances demand. Father (Charles) Sanson prepared three-fourths of the people who were confirmed. Because of his illness he cannot stay and will come down either when the yellow fever has gone or at the time of retreat opening on November 14.

V-5-j - A.L.S. - (French) - 4pp. - 4to. - {5}

1848 Sep. 17
(Menjaud), Bishop A(lexandre Basil): Nancy, (France)
 to Bishop (Anthony Blanc: New Orleans, Louisiana)

Francois Morsard lived in (Blanc)'s diocese for 10 years; he was a butcher. He has returned to his family and wants to marry soon. (Menjaud) asks for certificates to prove he is single. He left America at the beginning of the present year and arrived in France last May. His future wife is Madeleine Trouel, daughter of Nicole Trouel who was also a butcher in New Orleans and now lives in the Nancy diocese.

V-5-j - A.L.S. - (French) - 2pp. - 4to. - {4}

1848 Sept. 17
Pierz, Father Francois: Arbre Croche, Michigan
 to Bishop (Peter Paul) Lefevere: of Detroit, Michigan

Father Ivo Leiviz, a good friend of Pierz and confessor in the convent of the sisters at Eden Hall, diocese of Philadelphia, wrote Pierz a letter dated August 28, telling him of his wish to apply for the mission among the savages. Consequently, Pierz asks Lefevere if he could accept Leiviz in the diocese for an indefinite time. Leiviz, Pierz says, is an excellent Franciscan priest, learned, knowing several languages: Ilyrian, Italian, Latin, German, English and French. Pierz believes that Leiviz would be able to learn Indian despite his age. Leiviz served in the German mission at Erie and Rochester with great zeal. Because Pierz does not doubt that Lefevere will accept Leiviz into the diocese, Pierz answered Leiviz at once to ask him to come to Detroit to present himself to Lefevere and so realize his desire. Pierz hopes that Leiviz will come to him, since his mission is so extended that it needs more than one priest. Pierz came back yesterday from an excursion to his affiliated mission at Kachagen Ondibaning, where he consoled some christians and baptized several pagans. He refers to Lefevere an important event concerning his mission: at the beginning of this month a steamboat of the government entered the Bay with several officials to inspect the mission. They asked Pierz a great number of questions concerning the savages and the reasons for such a mission. After such a visit Pierz does not doubt any more that Little Traverse will soon become a military station and an American town. Pierz expects that by the time of the payment or next winter a declaration concerning the matter will be given by the government. He would like to get some instructions concerning his actions in regard to the mission and the poor savages, if they have to give up the place. Pierz believes that he will have to remove the savages not only from Little Traverse but also from other missions surrounding Little Traverse, because the contact with soldiers would not be good for them. He asks Lefevere to send him the balance of his salary, so that he will be able to pay the teachers at the end of this month, and buy supplies for the winter. Lefevere could send the money to Father (Andrew) Piret. The payment of the savages has been postponed until Oct. 15, but Pierz does not know why.

III-2-h - A.L.S. - (French) - 3pp. - 8vo. - {2}

1848 Sept. 17
Spalding, M(artin) J.Bp.Louisville: Louisville, Kentucky
 to Bishop John Baptist Purcell: of Cincinnati, Ohio

Purcell's telegraphic dispatch dated Sept. 2, reached Spalding on the 9th, the eve of his consecration. Spalding owed Purcell many thanks for his kindness and considering the circumstances in which Purcell was placed, he could not but excuse him. Venerable Bishop (Benedict Joseph) Flaget got through the ceremony remarkably well. Bishop (Ignatius) Reynolds was detained on the river and arrived after all was over. Tomorrow Spalding starts on a visitation of part of the diocese. He will visit Purcell as soon as he finds the time. If Purcell sees Mr. Murray, he is to tell him that he need not put himself to the trouble of coming down to Louisville. Spalding will look into Murray's affairs and will see him on his way to Maysville. Spalding asks Purcell to pray for him.

II-4-k - A.L.S. - 2pp. - 8vo. - {4}

1848 Sept. 17
Whelan, Richard Vincent, Bp. Richmond: Wheeling, Virginia
 to Bishop John Baptist Purcell: of Cincinnati, Ohio

It is about three months since Whelan received Purcell's last letter. He was unable to answer sooner because of the visit of the Archbishop (Smauel Eccleston) and other engagements. Whelan will be pleased to see Purcell at the blessing of his church on the 1st of Nov. He will expect Purcell to preach either morning or afternoon, or both, and again Sunday unless Bishop O'Connor or Father Hayden should come. They would be pleased if Purcell was accompanied by Father (David) Whelan, Father Edward Collins, Purcell's brother, and Father James F. Wood. Could Purcell prevail on Peters and two or three of the most efficient of his choir to come to Wheeling to take the lead in the Sacred Concert to aid the fund of the church? Their expenses would be paid. Whelan is inclined to believe that such a thing would take admirably. Whelan asks to be be informed as early as possible what he may hope for and what pieces must be prepared. Whelan asks Purcell's approbation of the proposal of Father R. James Lawrence to visit and say Mass occassionally for a number of laborers engaged in quarrying stone who usually attend his church but who reside on the Ohio side about five miles up the river. Did Whelan inform Purcell that he availed himself of the privilege of exercising Episcopal jurisdiction by dispensing in case of consanguinity with parties who attended his church but reside in Ohio?

II-4-k - A.L.S. - 3pp. - 8vo. - {5}

(18)48 Sep. 18
Martin, Father Aug(uste): Baton Rouge, (Louisiana)
 to Father E(tienne) Rousselon: New Orleans, (Louisiana)

Poor Father (John Baptist Léon) Maisounabe, (S.J.). Martin had destined him to regenerate religion in his parish. Thursday they will hold a solemn religious service for him. Rousselon is to tell Father (Soller) Solerre that he shares his sorrow. Father (John) Boullier, (C.M.) did not stop here. He went from Natchez to Donaldson on the same boat which brought a new Sister (of Charity). Dr. Visignier has told Martin to take some rest. So he has given up temporarily his preaching at the prison and at the Sisters', catechism and even part of the Sunday preaching. It was this extreme need which made him ask Maisounabe for a priest. No recent news of Father (Joseph Michael Paret) Parret; Martin expects him next week. As for the poor former vicar general, Martin knows he will not quit his post for another but if Rousselon knows of a position where he would have time to read and study and be hidden, he would submit a request. Martin asks only for a little room during the retreat or perhaps Father Duquesnet could accommodate him as he did last year.

V-5-j - A.L.S. - (French) - 4pp. - 4to. - {6}

1848 Sep. 18
Praz, R.S.C.J., Madame A.: St. Michael, (Louisiana)
 to Father (Stephen) Rousselon: New Orleans, (Louisiana)

Learning from Mr. Calot that the Bishop would be absent a long time, she asks Rousselon for their extraordinary confessor. In June (Blanc) said he would appoint Father (John Boullier, C.M.) Bouillié. In the two years she has been at St. Michael, she is surprised that Rousselon has not visited them in their new home. She hopes he will not refuse the favor asked by a former traveling companion and fellow countryman, for it was at Lyons that she first took the steps of her religious life.

V-5-j - A.L.S. - (French) - 3pp. - 4to. - {3}

1848 Sep. 20
Abbadie, S.J., Father J(ohn) F(rancis): St. Michael. (Louisiana)
 to Father (Stephen) Rousselon: New Orleans, (Louisiana)

Abbadie asks what his faculties are as pastor of St. Michael. Will Rousselon send him another leaflet? Next week he is to marry two related in the fourth degree. Is he the extraordinary confessor for the Ladies of the Sacred Heart as he is the ordinary confessor of their pupils? They held a service this morning for Father Maisounabe.

V-5-j - A.L.S. - 2pp. - 4to. - {2}

1848 Sep. 20
Dumont, R.S.C., Madame Louise: Paris, (France)
 to Bishop (Anthony Blanc: New Orleans, Louisiana)

(Alexandre Henri Michel) Fourrier, who will bring this letter, is going to Donaldson to be the organist. The ex-director of the Quinze-Vingts has asked their Mother General to give him a letter to (Blanc) to aid him in a country which is entirely unknown to Fourrier. Dumont expresses the thanks of their Mother and adds her own expression of gratitude for all the kindnesses (Blanc) did for her in her stay at St. Michael.

V-5-j - A.L.S. - (French) - 2pp. - 4to. - {2}

1848 Sep. 20
McCormack, Mich(ae)l: Croom, Ireland
 to Bishop (Anthony) Blanc: New Orleans, Louisiana

Jo(h)n McKnight, of St. Francisville, was killed nine years ago by one of his own oxen. He possessed extensive landed property and considerable money. He had one son, adopted by Doctor Forster of St. Francisville. The boy died at 16 as did his mother, leaving McKnight a widower at his death some 3 or 4 years after. An account reached McKnight's brother, McCormack's brother-in-law, and he died of a broken heart. The letter was mislaid until within the last few days a person surreptitiously procured documents here and sped away to Louisiana to get the property, money, and all. Father (Victor) Jamey is stationed at St. Francis, Pointe Coupée and McCormack hopes Blanc will write Jamey to protest against the conduct of this man who would deprive the orphans of his brother of what they are entitled to. P.S. Having known Bishop Kenrick in Maynooth College, McCormack refers Blanc to him and has addressed him on the subject.

V-5-j - A.L.S. - 4pp. - 4to. - {4}

1848 Sep. 20
Marziou, V(ictor) and Company: Havre, (France)
 to Father (Stephen) Rousselon: New Orleans, (Louisiana)

They notify Rousselon of a package and box containing Annals of the Propagation of the Faith they are sending by the ship Anna, Cap(tain?) Gilles. They are sent by D(omini)que Meynis and are destined for Sister Jane de Chantal of the Visitation Convent at Sommerville in care of Bishop Portier.

V-5-j - A.L.S. - (French) - 2pp. - 4to. - {4}

1848 Sept. 20
(Rappe, Louis) A(madeus), Bp. Cleveland: Cleveland, Ohio
 to Bishop John Baptist Purcell: of Cincinnati, Ohio

He had the honor of writing to Purcell when Purcell was starting out on his episcopal visitation, but he has not received any answer. He asks again that Purcell come to Cleveland to bless the cornerstone of the new cathedral. He would like to have a word from Purcell on that subject. He and Purcell's friends at Cleveland would feel very bad to be deprived of this favor, and not to hear Purcell's voice once more in a city where it is known so advantageously. If Purcell cannot bless the stone at least Rappe asks that he will not refuse to preach, choosing a suitable day about the 15th of December. Father (Louis) DeGoesbriand sends his respects to Purcell.

II-4-k - A.L.S. - 2pp. - 8vo. - {3}

1848 Sept. 21
De St. Palais, Father Maurice: Vincennes, Indiana
 to Bishop John Baptist Purcell: of Cincinnati, Ohio

De St. Palaid regrets being absent from Vincennes when Purcell's letter came as his answer to Purcell's inquiries respecting Father (Michael) O'Flanagan, may come too late. At the time when O'Flanagan was indicted for shooting a horse, he wrote to De St. Palais asking for his exeat. Knowing that he drank too much, De St. Palais granted it freely. On his journey to the north, De St. Palais saw Father O'Flanagan and learned from witnesses that he had, to the great scandal of his congregation, joined the Freemasons' lodge at Wabashtown, Ind. Father (John) McDermott of Logansport informed De St. Palais that O'Flanagan pleaded guilty to shooting the horse when tried before the Wabash County court. De St. Palais suspects the he neglected his confession and other religious duties. He can say no good of him but would he happy to hear of him doing good in some other diocese. De St. Palais received the power of attorney from Purcell. It was de St. Palais who advised the Germans of Fort Wayne to draw the deed of their lot in Purcell's name. His intention was to save expense by including it in the general deed that Purcell will have to give to the new Bishop of Vincennes.

II-4-k - A.L.S. - 2pp. - 8vo. - {6}

1848 Sep. 22
Fredet, S.S., Father P(eter): Beltimore, (Maryland)
 to Bishop P(eter) Paul Lefevere: (Detroit, Michigan)

Want of time and other circumstances render it difficult for Fredet to answer all questions and give all the desired proofs asked for in the memorial accompanying Lefevere's letter. However he thinks that the questions can be answered sufficiently, as a whole by stating a few leading principles about Church government especially about ecclesiastical property. In the 10 answers which follow Fredet quotes the decrees of the Councils of Baltimore about trustees and also canon law. In a postscript of four pages, Fredet gives references and texts which may be of some service. (These answers deal with the Smith vs. Bonhoff case - the St. Mary's Church of Detroit case).

III-2-h - A.L.S. - 8pp. - 8vo. - {4}

1848 Sept. 22
Lamy, Father (John): Boulogne, France
 to Bishop John Baptist Purcell: of Cincinnati, Ohio

Since he has not been able to leave Boulogme his sister takes this iccasiom to present herself for departure with three young ladies who desire to leave under the protection of Father M. Caron and an excellent priest of Boulogme. His sister desires to enter into the community of the Ursulines of Brown County if her health and the rules permit. Far from being a care to the community she will present $200 the first year and $600 for some time after that. All she asks is to live and die a religious. Lamy has already spoken to Purcell of the reason for her change and her desire over many years to come to America. He thinks he will start after All Saints Day. He suggests that his sister stay at Mrs. Brent's or go to St. ?artin's as Purcell thinks best.

P.S. He sets out this week for London with Julian Brent.

II-4-k2pp. - 12mo. - (French) - {3}

1848 Sep. 23
(Eccleston), Samuel, Archbishop of: Baltimore, (Maryland)
 to Bishop (Peter Paul) Lefevere,: Detroit, (Michigan)

The bishops meeting in Council in 1846 fixed the next Council for the fourth Sunday after Easter, 1849. Therefore the seventh Provincial Council will open in the Baltimore Cathedral on May 6. The bishops are asked to send in beforehand the questions and business to be taken up.

III-2-h - L.S. - (Latin) - 1p. - 8vo. - {1}

1848 Sept. 23
(Eccleston), Samuel, Abp. Baltimore: Baltimore, Maryland
 to Bishop John Baptist Purcell: of Cincinnati, Ohio

The Fathers of the Procincial Council of 1846 decided that the next Council would be held on the Fourth Sunday after Easter in 1849. Therefore Eccleston, sets that day, May 6th, as the date for the opening of the 7th Provincial Council (First National) in his metropolitan church, and asks that they submit as soon as possible questions to be considered at the Council.

II-4-k - L.S. - 1p. - 8vo. - (latin) - {3}

1848 Sep. 23
(Eccleston), Archbishop Samuel: Baltimore, (Maryland)
 to Bishop (Anthony) Blanc: New Orleans, (Louisiana)

The Bishops at the Provincial Council of 1846 set the next Council for the fourth Sunday after Easter in 1849. This will be May 6, the Seventh Provincial Council, the first National. He asks that questions be sent in.

V-5-j - L.S. - (Latin) - 1p. - 4to. - {2}

1848 Sep. 24
Haynes, W(illia)m Scott: Monroe, L(ouisian)a
 to Bishop (Anthony) Blanc: New Orleans, L(ouisian)a

Haynes wishes to employ a lady, not less than 25 years of age, to take charge of a young ladies' Institute here. She must come recommended by Blanc and qualified to take charge of all the usual higher English branches and Latin, if required. Haynes has an assistant qualified to teach French, Spanish, piano, harp, and guitar. The salary of $500 will be paid for the first year; $750 the second. There are now 20 to 25 young ladies engaged and the friends of the Institute hope to reach 30 or 40 for their first session. There is now a Female Academy under way here under the supervision of Reverend C.L. Hedges, pastor of the Episcopalian Church. Many dislike him and will not encourage the Academy. By a reference to the "Old Chief(?)", a newspaper published here. Blanc will see who and what Haynes is. Should Blanc be able to furnish a teacher immediately, it is hoped she could reach here at the earliest possible day. She had best leave on a New Orleans and Lake Providence packet and Haynes will meet her in Lake Providence. He will write Mr. Ferry there who will meet her and have her comfortably quartered until Haynes arrives.

V-5-j - A.L.S. - 4pp. - 4to. - {4}

1848 Sep. 25
Bonniot, Father J.M.: Hospice d'Yagouville, (France)
 to Bishop (Anthony) Blanc: New Orleans, (Louisiana)

He thought he would find a refuge at New York but Providence disposed otherwise and he has accepted the destination which the Jesuits of Louisiana have offered. He is in a hurry to leave France; at present on an active volcano! They carried the cross together during bad years. Louisiana will give new life to Bonniot in recalling those first years. Also the memory of Leon de Neckere, Richard, Jeanjean, those men so dear to Blanc's heart. He will see Father Rousselon again and Father (Adrien) Rouquette, the first of the native clergy. At Guadelupe he often talked with a Mr. Vianeir(?). Bonniot asks for one or two days of hospitality on his arrival in New Orleans.

V-5-j - A.L.S. - (French) - 3pp. - 4to. - {2}

1848 Sep. 25
Friedel, Louis: Berlin, (Germany)
 to Bishop (Anthony Blanc: New Orleans, Louisiana)

(Blanc) will no doubt be surprised when he sees the signature of the author of "Bibliothèque de la Jeunesse Chrétienne" for which in 1841 (Blanc) approved the sale in his diocese. His silence since August of that year is not due to ingratitude for (Blanc)'s kindness when Friedel was in New Orleans. While he was in New Orleans his wife was always ill. When the yellow fever season came the doctors persuaded him to take her to Philadelphia. They left August 14, 1841 on the Sara Hand, Captain Hendricks. Marguerite died on September 8 and was buried at sea. Arrived at Philadelphia he fell ill. He was exploited by the people at whose house he took refuge but with the aid of others he subsisted for a year. America became a horror to him and he left for Europe and his native Berlin. He expected to find relatives and a publisher for his many books on education. He found neither but was fortunate to obtain a small pension as a former teacher of French from the Queen of Prussia. The young man who will present this letter is from one of the most honorable families of Berlin. The natural desire of youth to see the world has made him decide to make a trip to America. His name is Gustave Adler. Friedel recommends him to (Blanc).

V-5-j - A.L.S. - (French) - 4pp. - 4to. - {3}

1848 Sept. 25
(Rappe), B(isho)p Amadeus: Cleveland, (Ohio)
 to (James Alphonsus McMaster): New York, (New York)

Bishop Rappe encloses $3.00 for his subscription. (The money was returned the next day.)

I-1-m - A.L.S. - 1pp. - 8vo. - {1}

1848 Sep. 25
Thebaud, S.J., Father Aug(uste) J.: St. John's College, (Fordham, New York)
 to Bishop (Anthony Blanc: New Orleans, Louisiana)

Mr. Massoni of the Duchy of Luques, on a trip to North America, wishes to pay his respects to (Blanc). Thebaud knows Massoni's excellent qualities and sincere attachment to religion. Father de Vico, an old friend, made them acquainted during his stay in New York.

V-5-j - A.L.S. - (French) - 1p. - 4to. - {3}

1848 Sep. 27
Herval, Father G(?): Havre, (France)
 to Bishop (Anthony) Blanc: New Orleans, (Louisiana)

The bearer of this letter is an excellent young man who plans to settle in New Orleans. He knows that a fortune will not be found in France since the miracles of February. Providence manifested itself in June as it had in May and February; they were saved by God. The presidential election was another manifestation, in spite of threats things turned out otherwise than one thought. Herval has remained at their church as first assistant; his colleague is pastor of St. Francis at Havre.

V-5-j - A.L.S. - (French) - 5pp. - 8vo. - {1}

(18)48 Sep. 28
Bertin, Father (R.) L.: Rennes, (France)
 to Bishop (Anthony) Blanc: New Orleans, (Louisiana)

Bertin received Blanc's letter of June 28 several weeks ago. He shares the consolations God has sent Blanc since Bertin left New Orleans. He was far from thinking of the deceptions awaiting him in France when Blanc proposed a mission where he could have done good. Revolutions bring great changes. When he heard of events in France, he had a presentiment that their trip would not be happy. In February he had asked Bishop (John Joseph) Chanche to make a trip with him to Europe, in May at Baltimore he tried to dissuade him but Chanche persisted and Bertin felt obligated. They had hardly arrived in Paris when barricades were put up and shots fired. Everyone fears for this winter. At Paris Chanche left for Rome on June 28 and Bertin left for Brittany. Not having been able to talk to the council of the (Assocation of) the Propagation of the Faith about their plan, Bertin wrote them several weeks later asking for aid in the founding of the mission of Washita and Natchez. Here is the President's reply:

(18)48 Aug. 11
Glajeux. Berard des: Paris. (France)
 to Father (Bertin: Paris, France)

They would be happy if their funds would permit the founding of the missions which the Bishops of Natchez and New Orleans would like to confide to the members of Bertin's order. But in view of the difficult circumstances, they fear that even the old missions will suffer, say nothing of new foundations. After such a letter, not being assured of means of transportation Bertin did not look for missionaries. Their house has suffered numerous losses during Bertin's absence; about 10 have left. The desertion of Fathers Chassé and Leray whom they regarded as likely, is not the one they regret the least, especially for the projected mission. Dispositions are not favorable to orders. Chanche has written twice since his return from Rome, from Lyons and from Paris. In the last he talked of going to England, that he would come to Brittany soon and that he had not yet received a favorable answer from the Propagation of the Faith. Bertin cannot express how he suffers from what is taking place in France and how he regrets leaving the land of true liberty. His stay of 15 years in America cannot efface his memories. His prayer is to go alone, if he cannot do otherwise, to consecrate the rest of his days to the missions overseas. In these circumstances it would not be difficult to obtain the permission of the Father General of their little Society. If he were younger and knew English well, the mission of Washita would not frighten him. He believes Blanc would give him a desirable place in his diocese. If the proposal to replace Father (Louis) Dufour were again made, he would accept it with pleasure and be thankful to be near his fellow countrymen, Fathers Priour and Blin. His only ambition is to live in peace and work for the salvation of souls and have the means to have his youngest brother complete his studies. He is beginning his theology this year. If Blanc can use him. Bertin will sail at once. He asks to be remembered to Fathers Rousselon, Duquesnay, Maisounabe and Solaire. The Eudists are not as well known in France as the Jesuits. It will be less risky to address his letter to his father Armand Bertin to be forwarded to him.

V-5-j - A.L.S. - (French) - 4pp. - 4to. - {8}

1848 Sep. 28
Boué, Father: Lyons, (France)
 to Bishop (Anthony Blanc: New Orleans, Louisiana)

In reply to (Blanc)'s last letter offering him a refuge with him, Boué says that grave reasons prevent him from making so important a decision. Since circumstances prevent an assembly of clergy in Lyons for a general retreat, Boué passed a week at Valfleury where he decided that his duty was to remain at the door of danger. The last elections showed how numerous is the anarchy party at Paris and Lyons. But the position of other European states is no better. Boué did not go to Sury this fall but he has news. (Blanc)'s brother Pierre is well as is his family. His brothers at St. Etienne and their children are well also except Mrs. Blanc. His nephew Jules, head of service in the offices of the railroad from St. Etienne to Paris was made a member of the district council. Boué has been asked to recommend a young worker named Pain who left for New Orleans. He is an orphan, 21 years old. Boué knows his sister. If he appears (Blanc) is to recommend him to Father (Stephen) Rousselon. Mrs. Olléon, Rousselon's sister, asks that Rousselon give them news more often.

V-5-j - A.L.S. - (French) - 4pp. - 4to. - {4}

1848 Sep. 28
De L'hoste, Father: Breuil Pont, (France)
 to Bishop A(nthony) Blanc: New Orleans, Louisiana

This letter will recall to Blanc one of his former co-workers. He had just completed the education of the nephews of Messrs. Villemain and Desmousseaux of Givré when the catastrophe of February 24 broke out He went back to active ministry and is pastor of a parish near Dreux. For two years his only news of America has been from a merchant from New Orleans, Mr. Perier. Has Charles Daron completed an arrangement with Zamora? If there has been an exchange against the claim of Zamora, what lands have been conceded? If this exchange no longer exists, Daron cannot have accepted Uncle Sam's lands and the MacCarthy house in preference to those of Montreuil and the vicinity of Esplanade Street. And if the first balances they claim, de L'hoste would be very glad if the sale of the others would be to his profit. Since he inherited from Mrs. Destrem and the claim is a matter of conscience, several losses caused by Zamora make him want to discharge it. Zamora lied when he said the claim was endorsed by Mrs. Destrem. Since land has resumed value he hopes to recover something. He asks Blanc to give Daron the enclosed letter after reading it.

V-5-j - A.L.S. - (French) - 4pp. - 4to. - {6}

1848 Sep. 28
Desmond, Daniel I.: Philadelphia, (Pennsylvania)
 to Bishop (Anthony) Blanc: New Orleans, L(ouisian)a

The death of their Chargé d'Affaires at Rome has induced Desmond to renew his application to the government for the appointment. As Blanc gave aid on the former application, Desmond now solicits his recommendation with his senator and representative.

V-5-j - A.L.S. - 2pp. - 4to. - {1}

1848 Sep. 28
Franque, C( )le: Havre-de-Grace, (France)
 to Father (Stephen) Rousselon: New Orleans, (Louisiana)

Franque introduces one of their good friends and benefactors, Captain Gilles of the French ship Anna who sails today for New Orleans. He ordinarily makes trips to Mobile and is acquainted with those at the bishop's house. It will be a pleasure for him to put himself at the disposition of New Orleans.

V-5-j - A.L.S. - (French) - 3pp. - 12mo. - {2}

1848 Sep. 28
Franque, C( )le: Havre-de-Grace, (France)
 to Father (Stephen) Rousselon: New Orleans, (Louisiana)

The bearer of this letter is Albert Soyez, a tailor, whom the revolution has put out of work. Mr. Perquer, one of the members of their St. Vincent de Paul Society, and owner of the ship Anna, Captain Gilles, has given free passage to this family of father, mother, and six children. At New Orleans Soyez will need advice.

V-5-j - A.L.S. - (French) - 4pp. - 12mo. - {4}

(1848) Sep. 28
Martin, Father Aug(uste): Baton Rouge, (Louisiana)
 to Father E(tienne) Rousselon: New Orleans, (Louisiana)

Mr. David, who came yesterday to see his friend, Father(Joseph Michael Paret) Parret will bring this letter. Martin has paid Parret's board at Plaines and the trips, $30; to retire the contract of sale of the property the Bishop bought for the Sisters, $3; leaving $2 of the 35 which Rousselon advanced for Martin to Mr. Matton. It may be that before the retreat, Mr. Migne of Paris may draw on Rousselon for the $25 Rousselon owes him in October.

V-5-j - A.L.S. - (French) - 2pp. - 4to. - {5}

(1848) Sep. 29
Mrak, Father Ign(atius): La Croix, (Michigan)
 to Bishop (Peter Paul Lefevere,: Detroit, Michigan)

The Indians at Middletown Michigan) have begged him to buy them a bell sold at Mackinac. He has promised to do this. Mrak asks the bishop to pay for the bell and subtract the cost from the money he intends to send him. He asks also that a new clapper be made since the present clapper broke the first time the bell was rung.

III-2-h - A.L.S. - (Latin) - - 12mo. - {2}

1848 Sep. 30
Lefevere, P(eter) P(aul), Bishop of: Detroit, (Michigan)
 or Charles P Babcock,: (L')Anse, (Michigan)

Lefevere sends Babcock his report of the Indian schools in the Catholic missions under his superintendence for the year ending September 1848. The proficiency of the Scholars who attend regularly has been as great as any previous year except those of Pokagan, Mackinac, and P(oin)t St. Ignace where the attendance is irregular. The progress of the Ottawa Indians at Arbre Croche, (Michigan) has been flattering. Their schools have been better attended than preceding years, except at Middletown, (Michigan). About 300 were baptized during the year. The Indians of this mission live chiefly by fishing, each family, however cultivates some acres of ground, make their own clothing, build neat houses especially now since through the efforts of Father (Francis) Pierz they have the use of a saw mill. With regard to the mission at L'Anse, Keewenaw Bay, (Michigan) among the Chippeway nation, the condition of the Indians under Father F(rederic ) Baraga is continually improving. (The letter stops here; it is evidently the rough draft of the letter sent to Mr. Babcock, the Indian agent). The enclosed report on the Indian schools for 1848 lists schools at Arbre Croche, LaCroix, Middletown, Mackinac, Point St. Ignace, Anse Keewenaw, Pokagan, and Point of Grand Traverse Bay, (Michigan) with the names of the teachers, number of scholars, their blood, and the courses taught. Ottawas, Chippeway and Potawatomies are listed. (Probably a first draft).

III-2-h - L. and D. unsigned - 4p. - 4to. - {10}