University of Notre Dame


1850 Jul.
St. Mary's Academy: Little Rock, Arkansas

St. Mary's Academy, under the patronage of Bishop (Andrew) Bryne, is now open for the reception of boarders. (The rules and terms are given). In the musical department, Mr. Oliver, organist of the Cathedral, will assist. Miss Victor is the principal of the Institute. The name of laymen from Little Rock and priests and laymen of New Orleans are given as references. Hugh Brogan is listed as agent for the institution.

V-5-n - Printed Circular - 1p. - 4to. - {6}

1850 Jul. 1
Bertin, Father R.L.: Redon College, (Rennes, France)
 to Bishop (Anthony) Blanc: New Orleans, (Louisiana)

Bertin thanks Blanc for his hospitality toward their little Breton group on their way through New Orleans, also for the news in his letter of January 3. The death of their Superior, the events in their country added to the deception of two of their confreres in America, have paralyzed their hopes for the mission Blanc wished to confide to them (Eudists). They hope to be able to keep their pledge to Bishop (John Joseph) Chanche. Many of their young confreres seem to wish to go to join their first band. Bertin will join them in a year or two. He will be 60 if he counts double those years spent in the sun of the tropics and the struggle for 15 years against the schism of 5 Irish priests, etc., although the normal figure is 44. The news about Father (Auguste) Martin pleased him very much. He shares Blanc's regret at the loss of the (Vincentians) at Natchitoches. The choice of their compatriot to replace them is another proof of confidence in their Bretons. How happy they would be to learn that their former confrere Father (John Peter) Bellier could also justify Blanc's confidence. He seems to have left them entirely. As Blanc knows, Bellier, at Vincennes, did not turn to advantage the great material and religious interests confided to him. He had already caused a loss of more than 60,000 francs to their Society when Bertin came to his rescue three years ago. He gave his word that he would die as a member of the Congregation of Jesus and Mary and would work all his life to repair the losses he had caused. They spent another 12,000 francs to liquidate all his debts. In presenting himself to Blanc, Bellier intended to have a better opportunity to repay, in part, these debts, rather than accept the invitation of the superior to return to Rennes or Redon. His word as a priest made Bertin promise him to help his poor old mother; he has done what he could to this day. Their new Superior is only waiting for a letter from Bellier to decide definitely on a pension for the mother. He has waited 18 months for this letter. He has asked Bertin to give Mrs. Bellier 100 francs which, on some sign of life from her son, he would repeat several times a year. Bertin has sent Bellier many letters since they parted; Bellier sent only one in which he refused almost all responsibility toward them, etc. Five or six months ago Bertin gave the mother 100 francs which he took from some money he had for Bishop Chanche. He has written Chanche that Bellier would have that sum for him at Natchez. Blanc is to give Bellier these two letters from the daughter; doubtless they will make more of an impression than the mother's or Bertin's did. According to the wish expressed by Blanc in his last letters, to have them establish a small house at New Orleans, Bertin expressed his views to Bellier in a letter to be given to him by their men on their arrival in New Orleans, and of which he sent a duplicate some weeks later. These letters, so important and which demanded a prompt reply after Blanc had been contacted as to his views about the house, remained in indifference and contempt. If Bellier's heart can still be touched Blanc is to bring him back, at least to his mother. Bertin can not write him until they receive the excuses and replies he owes them. They are still fearful for their country. Socialism is the most probable if God does not again deliver France. Bertin asks to be remembered to Fathers Rousselon and Duquesnay.

V-5-n - A.L.S. - (French) - 6pp. - 12mo. - {5}

1850 July 1
Quigley, Patrick: Dubuque, (Iowa)
 to O(restes) A. Brownson: (Boston, Massachusetts)

He encloses three dollars for a subscription to the (Brownson's Quarterly) Review. P.S. He once had great pride in circulating the Review among his Protestants friends, but would as soon have thought of circulating the last four numbers as he would of "Tom Pain", to prove Catholic doctrine upon civil authority.

I-3-j - A.L.S. - 1p. - 8vo. - {2}

1850 Jul. 1
Tumoine, Father H(yacinthe): Avoyelles, (Louisiana)
 to Bishop A(nthony) Blanc: New Orleans, L(ouisian)a

After what Blanc told L(ouis?) Roule, Tumoine waited for a letter by which everything could be arranged. Tumoine received through Roule, 3 dozen catechisms and the 2 volumes sent by Father Rousselon. In Cocoville, Tumoine is offered a very fine house, new, with 8 arpents of land, fences, kitchen, and stable, all for 1000 piastres. It cost $3000 to build. But that is too much money for them; up to now Tumoine has lived on what he had when he came. He said he would report this to Blanc. He feels the need of his own house; it would be for the good of the parish. For if it seems the priest is dominated by some, the others stay away. Sylverius Bordelon and Arsena Couvillon ask for a dispensation from third degree relationship.

V-5-n - A.L.S. - (French, Latin) - 2pp. - 4to. - {5}

1850 July 1
Young, Father Josue M.: Lancaster, Ohio
 to Bishop John Baptist Purcell: of Cincinnati, Ohio

Dr. Bigelow has accepted the appointment of Surgeon for the Commission of the Mexican boundary survey. He will be gone a couple of years. It will afford him an opportunity to pursue his favorite science, Botany. Dr. Bigelow believes that Purcell might give him a letter of communion and recommendation to any ecclesiastics he may fall in with. Purcell can enclose the document to the care of Thomas Ewing, Jr., or send it to Young.

II-4-kA.L.S.2pp. - 8vo. - {3}

1850 July 2
McClellan, Elias: Fredericktown, Pennsylvania
 to Orestes A. Brownson: (Boston, Massachusetts)

Being a court to the church and desirous of becoming better informed he asks the privilege of asking and having answered two questions. He read in the "Catholic Telegraph" published in Cincinnati, Oct. 23, 1845 an article from the (Brownson's Quarterly) Review of that month: "Catholicity Necessary To Sustain Popular Liberty." His Protestant friends to whom he has shown it maintain that Brownson thereby advocates the union of Church and state, and he wishes to know if this is Brownson's position; also whether Catholics are not eligible to public office in two of the New England states, which states these are, and why Catholics are not eligible if so. He is in an entirely Protestant neighborhood and has to take many sneers from them. He is not well informed and would like to have these questions answered if Brownson thinks him worthy.

I-3-j - A.L.S. - 1p. - 8vo. - {1}

(18)50 Jul. 2
Martin, Father Aug(uste): Natchitoches, (Louisiana)
 to Father E(tienne) Rousselon: New Orleans, (Louisiana)

Yesterday Martin received on the Doswell, a box containing a statue of the Blessed Virgin. Martin supposes it came from Rousselon in behalf of Father (Anthony) Chanrion to whom $30 was given by some ladies to buy a statue. Martin does not know why it was sent to him; he hopes he will not have to reclaim it from Texas. The Bishop, at his last visit, said that Rousselon would send some French catechisms. Everyone is asking for them. They are needed for the missions visited by Father (Isidore) Cuny. The Bishop also promised the latest numbers of the Annals of the Propagation of the Faith; Martin has several groups and could form new ones. The last ones are may, (18)49; in the seven months he has been here, no others have come. Martin also asked the Bishop if he could have a good painter from New Orleans to renovate his church. Martin thought of Mr. Callot but the Bishop said that he is one of the dignitaries of the Cathedral. Could Rousselon let Martin know; he would be paid as soon as he finishes the work on 3 altars, the balustrade, and perhaps the pews and arch. Martin learns from the Propagateur that the Bishop is away; he will write him on his return. Cuny has been on the missions for 4 weeks; Martin has had 3 letters from him. He seems to like this adventurous life; he will be back in 10 days, to start out again for another point. Not 2 but 3 priests are needed here. Father (Hector) Figari, (C.M.) succeeded at Shreveport beyond his hopes. It is not the same with Father (J.) Guy at Cloutierville.

V-5-n - A.L.S. - (French) - 4pp. - 4to. - {8}

1850 Jul. 2
Lynch, C.M., Father J(ohn) J.: (Barrens, Missouri)
 to Bishop (Anthony Blnac: New Orleans, Louisiana)

He asks pardon for the delay in answering (Blnac)'s demand respecting the probable vocation of (Hippolyte Chataigner) Chatanié. Lynch finds him to be a very virtuous and humble young man. His talents are not brilliant but he will make a very good student. He has learned to play the organ and Lynch is sending him to Cape Girardeau for lessons during vacations. The priest who played the organ has been sent to other houses and (Aloysius) Deroche was their organist for the last 6 months. Deroche is a very good young man, possessing a tolerable share of American forwardness but perfectly obedient and he has a good share of common sense. He is about 17. Lynch sends the prize list of this year. (This enclosed list is a booklet giving the) names of the students of St. Mary's Seminary at the Barrens who have obtained honors. (The names of the classes are given with the names of the students.) The Archbishop of St. Louis gives full permission to have a theology class as they see fit at the Barrens. Their new building will be covered in by fall and habitable by spring so that they can accommodate a certain number entirely separate from the preparatory seminary of the younger boys. They will be able to take them at $100 a year. The small aid from the Propagation of the Faith will enable them to take for less in a short time. The discipline of the seminary is strict. The rules are compiled from the manual of St. Sulpice and some of the Roman seminaries, not losing sight of American freedom.

V-5-n - A.L.S., List - 16 - 4to. & 32mo. - {4}

1850 Jul. 2
Sears, W.J.: N(ew) O(rleans, Louisiana)
 to Bishop A(nthony) Blanc: (New Orleans, Louisiana)

Receipt for $5 for freight on 3 boxes on the Hungarian.

V-5-n - Receipt S. - 1p. - 32mo. - {1}

1850 July 3
Clerk, George Edward: Montreal, (Canada)
 to (Orestes A.) Brownson: Boston, Massachusetts

The bond of union between them as members of the Church makes unnecessary the formalities of a mere worldly acquaintance. When Brownson was in Montreal it was proposed to establish an English Catholic journal to repel the attacks of their Protestant and infidel enemies. The bishops have taken it up warmly and he has been requested to superintend the new paper: the True Witness. His Lordship of Montreal (Ignatius Bourget) hoped that Brownson will contribute from time to time, and his help will be of more help than any other. He forwards a prospectus which relates the reasons for the Canadian Catholics defending themselves. He asks Brownson for his support and his experience, and for a recommendation for a mode of study and argument. He has read the July "Review" which has increased in him the desire to again hear Brownson take up the cause of truth. They hope to get one thousand subscribers to the new paper, and when that figure is reached, will publish the first number.

I-3-j - A.L.S. - 2pp. - 8vo. - {3}

1850 July 3
Howard, Father (Maurice): Springfield, Ohio
 to Bishop John Baptist Purcell: of Cincinnati, Ohio

Howard deferred writing until he has something worth telling about his success. He has succeeded with the people as well as he expected. They are nearly all temperate. The people on the public works come to Mass regularly and go home sober. They are willing to do what Howard requires. Howard spoiled the trade of the grocery keepers causing some to leave town or to give up the trade. Howard may have used harsh measures but it was the only way of procuring the sobriety of his people. He has done nothing to the church yet. He has $200 and hopes to collect $150 more. He hopes to have it ready for dedication at the time of Purcell's visit. He missed seeing Mr. Cassilly. Judging from Cassilly's work Howard would not like to employ him any more. Howard asks advice on that course to take regarding this. Howard hopes to visit his missions more frequently.

II-4-k - A.L.S. - 2pp. - 8vo. - {2}

1850 Jul. 5
Mazzuchelli, Father Ma. F(rancis): Paris, (France)
 to Bishop (Anthony Blanc: New Orleans, Louisiana)

On July 2 they entered Havre. Father (Victor) Jamey and he have travelled together and put up at the same hotel; his company is indeed good. While still in port, all passengers were obliged either to unseal the letters or put them into the bag to mail. Not being authorized to open the one (Blanc) charged him with, Mazzuchelli thought it prudent to mail it on the ship. An American captain was fined 300 francs for having been found with a sealed letter on him. Paris seems to be quiet. All the churches look like barracks with 3 words written on their entrances: liberté, egalite, fraternité not even Notre Dame excepted. Mazzuchelli has permission to say Mass from Father Buquet, vicar general of Notre Dame. On the 11th Mazzuchelli will leave Paris for his destination. The remembrance of all (Blanc) has done for him will ever be paramount. P.S. He sends respects to Father Rousselon.

V-5-n - A.L.S. - 3pp. - 12mo. - {3}

1850 Jul. 6
Whitney, J.P. and Co(mpany): New Orleans, (Louisiana)
 to Father E(tienne) Rousselon: (New Orleans, Louisiana)

Receipt for $3.48 for freight on the Pyramid from Havre. Signed by W(illia)m S.(?) Kelly(?).

V-5-n - Receipt S. - 1p. - 32mo. - {2}

1850 Jul. 8
Mina, Father Ve. M(odest)e: St. John Baptist, (Louisiana)
 to Father S(tephen) Rousselon: New Orleans, (Louisiana)

Marc Aurèle Antonin Mialouret wishes to marry Victoire Amélie Becnel and asks for a dispensation.

V-5-n - A.L.S. - (French) - 2pp. - 4to. - {3}

(1850 Jul. 9)
Guy, Father (J.): (Cloutierville, Louisiana)
 to Father (Stephen) Rousselon: (New Orleans, Louisiana)

Guy cannot as yet give full details about Cloutierville. The first obstacles came up, in spite of the presence of Father (Hector) Figari, (C.M.) whose material interests still keep among his numerous friends. Guy hopes, after he goes, to set about some urgent betterment. For this he asks 50 copies of the catechism, and 5 dozen medals. The country is poor and the people cannot make the sacrifices demanded by his numerous needs. He asks Rousselon to see if there are any letters for him at the post-office. He can do what he likes with the papers Guy forgot in his room. He sends his thanks to the Bishop. (P.S.) He does not have a silver case for the Viaticum; Rousselon is to remember that when he has some.

V-5-n - A.L.S. - (French) - 5pp. - 12mo. - {3}

1850 Jul. 10
Jourdant, S.J., Father Ant(hony) J.: St. Charles College, (Grand Coteau, Louisiana)
 to Bishop (Anthony Blanc: New Orleans, Louisiana)

(Blanc) is to let them know when to expect him for Confirmation. They have 44 boarders and a dozen day scholars. Their dispositions are very good. The work of his stations has scarcely advanced since Jourdant saw (Blnac) in February. However, at Plaquemine Brulé, he has been offered a house which could easily be changed into a chapel. When Jourdant left Grand Coteau to go to New Orleans, they asked 200 piastres for it; now it is 6 or 700. So they had to give it up; (Blanc)'s subscription will go for another occasion. The number of Easter Communions was about the same as last year in the parish church; in the distant places, a little greater. Fathers (Aloysius) Roccofort, (S.J.) and (Joseph) Roduit, (S.J.) have worked with zeal. They hope one of the schoolhouses will be given them for a chapel. Their community (Jesuits) is reduced a little, 6 priests, 6 scholastics, and 7 Brothers.

V-5-n - A.L.S. - (French) - 2pp. - 4to. - {6}

1850 Jul. 10
Reynolds, Bishop I(gnatius) A.: Charleston, S(outh) C(arolina)
 to Bishop (Anthony Blanc: New Orleans, Louisiana)

Since the death of Father (John P.) O'Dwyer of Philadelphia, who was first on the list for Savannah, Reynolds has made several new lists. The first was objected to by the Archbishop; the second one was withdrawn because of the opposition of two prelates. A third he was constrained to change in consequence of a private communication from a Bishop. The fourth, which (Blanc) will find below, was sent to Rome on July 4 as stated in a letter from the Archbishop who wishes Reynolds to furnish (Blanc) with the list so that if he thinks proper he is to write to the Prefect of Propaganda and give his views. Some are opposed to the first on the list; he is highly recommended by his Bishop. The second would be first were it not that he would refuse and his opinions would make his situation critical in a slave state. Several Bishops have wished Reynolds to defer the appointment until the next Council but he knows religion is suffering in Georgia. Here is the list: 1. Father Joseph Schneller; 2. Father Edw(ard) Purcell; 3. Father F(rancis) Xavier Gartland. P.S. Did (Blanc) get Reynolds' letter about Mr. Flavianus. If so he is to enclose it and Bishop (Francis Patrick) K(enrick)'s letter to the Archbishop of St. Louis immediately.

V-5-n - L.S. - 3pp. - 4to. - {8}

1850 Jul. 10
Reynolds, I(gnatius) A(loysius), Bishop of: Charleston, S(outh) C(arolina)
 to Bishop (Peter Paul Lefevere: Detroit, Michigan)

Since the death of Father John O'Dwyer (O.S.A.) of Philadelphia who was first on the list for the new see of Savannah, (Georgia), Reynolds, at the suggeston of Archbishop (Samuel Eccleston, S.S.) of Baltimore, made out several new lists. The first list, objected to by the Archbishop, was never sent; the second he was forced to withdraw because of the grave opposition of two prelates and the third list which he sent to all the prelates he was constrained to change in consequence of a private communication from one of the bishops. The fourth and last list, attached below, was sent to Rome by the Archbishop on July 1, and Reynolds was asked to send the list to Lefevere so that he may, if he thinks proper, write to the Prefect of the (Sacra) Congregatio de Propagande Fide, and give his views on the first of the candidates. Reynolds is aware that some are opposed to the first on the list but he can find no valid objection; he is highly recommended by his bishop. The second on the list would be first if it were not almost certain that he would refuse and further that he entertains opinions and feelings which would make his situation critical in a slave state. Several bishops have wished him to defer the appointment for Savannah until the next Council but he knows that religion is now suffering very much in Georgia for want of a bishop. This is the list sent on: 1. Father Joseph (A) Schneller: 2. Father Edw(ard) Purcell; 3. Father F(rancis) X(avier) Gartland.

III-2-h - L.S. - 2pp. - 8vo. - {7}

1850 July 10
Reynolds, Igantius, A., Bp. Charleston: Charleston, South Carolina
 to Bishop John Baptist Purcell: of Cincinnati, Ohio

Since the death of Father (John) O'Dwyer, who was first on the list for Savannah, Reynolds made out several lists at the suggestion of the Archbishop (Samuel Eccleston) of Baltimore. The second list met the grave opposition of two prelates. Reynolds withdrew the third list in consequence of a private communication from one Bishop. The fourth list has been sent to Rome. Purcell is to write to the Prefect of the Congregation de Propaganda Fide to give his views on the names offered. Here is the list: 1. Father Joseph Schneller, 2. Father Edward Purcell, 3. Father F. X. Gartland. P.S. Reynolds asks Purcell to sustain the list by his influence at Rome.

II-4-k - A.L.S. - 3pp. - 8vo. - {8}

1850 July 12
Blenkinsop, Father Peter Jos(eph):
College of the Holy Cross (Worcester, Massachusetts)
 to (Orestes A. Brownson: Boston, Massachusetts)

A bill to Brownson, on account of masters John and William Brownson's tuition and general expenses at Holy Cross.

I-3-j - A.L.S. - 1p. - 8vo. - {1}

1850 July 12
O'Connor, (Michael), Bp. of Pittsburgh: Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania
 to Bishop John Baptist Purcell: of Cincinnati, Ohio

Though O'Connor doubts the propriety of sending Mother Xavier and a few sisters to make a new foundation in Cincinnati, he will examine whether he can afford to send them. He asks Purcell what he want to use them for. Purcell is aware that each community with the Sisters of Mercy is independent. When sisters leave the diocese they must take an exeat in full.

II-4-k - A.L.S. - 1p. - 8vo. - {4}

1850 Jul. 12
(Purcell), Bishop J(ohn) B(aptist): Cin(cinnati, Ohio)
 to Bishop (Anthony) Blanc): New Orleans, (Louisiana)

(Purcell) introduces Father (John) De Blieck, (S.J.), rector of St. Xavier College. By (Peter Cheri) Noguez (Purcell) sends the $10 Blanc handed to (Mr.) Walsh, sexton of Lafayette graveyard who ought to return it for Shea. (Purcell) has heard nothing of the wine he expected from Bordeaux. De Blieck would attend to it if it were in port. If Blanc is not in such a hurry on his next trip here, (Purcell) hopes to show him a panoramic view of the city from the Belvidere of their seminary. Their vintage promises to be most abundant, like the wheat and corn. They are very busy. Mrs. Brand and her mother and other visitors interlude the hours. Was not that a nice trick of the organ maker to sell the organ at New Orleans which he was taking to Bishop (John Mary Odin) for San Antonio. Taylor is gone and Mrs. Mowry is gone, so that, as in the case of Gen(eral) Jackson, she will not find fault with Blanc for not celebrating Mass in his honor. How is the cathedral of Mobile progressing; will its dedication be one of this year's memorabilia? (Purcell) is completing the tower of his cathedral, not yet the portico, enlarging the female asylum, building the church of St. Patrick in town and St. Francis, St. Clement, Holy Martyrs and Holy Angels churches at different hours' ride from it. It was after midnight when (Purcell) got back last night from the Jesuits'.

V-5-n - A.L.S. - 3pp. - 4to. - {11}

1850 July 12,
Pierz, Father Francois: Arbre Croche, Michigan
 to Bishop (Peter Paul) Lefevere: of Detroit, Michigan

Pierz sends Lefevere receipts for the money accepted for his salary up to now. In case there is any mistakes it is all right for Lefevere to correct them on a new piece of paper. He sends also two receipts from Margaret, a few others will soon follow. Coming back from Detroit, Pierz went through Grand Traverse where he found 12 sick and 6 dead. It will be necessary to send a priest to Grand Traverse to take care of the savages. When Pierz told them that they must assure the bishop that they will support a priest the savages were willing to sign a letter promising to support a priest. Pierz does not want to go to Lacroix because he still has several savages here insufficiently instructed whom he does not want to leave thus with Father (Ignatius) Mark, and because in the mission affiliated to Lacroix in the Island of Castor there are several Irish Catholics whose language he is not able to speak. He does not want to decide upon the arrangement of the diocese, but he still thinks that a new arrangement of the missions would be necessary for the common good of the savages. At least 3 or 4 priests at Grand Traverse, are needed. One at Arbre Croche, the other at Lacroix, the third at Grand Traverse, and the fourth at Kachagen Ondibaning. The savages at Mackigong promised him to join the savages at Kachagen Ondibaning. He heard of a new priest just ordained who wishes to come in the missions. This priest is learning the language with Father (Frederick) Baraga. That priest would be better off at Lacroix since his health is not of the best. Mark would be all right for the mission at Grand Traverse and all along lake Michigan. As to Pierz, he says that he still wishes to stay two more years in the mission at Little Traverse because he has there his gardens, cows and poultry. When everything will be fixed up, he will ask Lefevere's permission to leave the mission if Lefevere has a priest to replace him. In this mission there is not enough spiritual consolation. However, Pierz will still work as much as possible and he is satisfied with his yearly salary of $500. But as soon as the new priest will replace him he will give up $100 of his salary to the new missionary. Pierz says that he will be glad to do anything Lefevere asks.

III-2-L - A.L.S. - (French) - 3pp. - 8vo. - {2}

1850 Jul. 13
Marziou, V(ictor) and C(ompany): Havre, (France)
 to Father E(tienne) Rousselon: New Orleans, (Louisiana)

They send the bill of lading (no enclosure) for a package of books sent by J. Choiselat Gallien of Paris on the Brunswick. Signed by L. Raynaud.

V-5-n - L. - (French) - 1p. - 4to. - {3}

1850 Jul. 14
Jourdant, S.J., Father Ant(hony) J.: St. Charles College, (Grand Coteau, Louisiana)
 to Father Stephen Rousselon: New Orleans, L(ouisian)a

Today Jourdant learned some things about the pastor of Pont Breaux which he believes he should tell Rousselon. Rousselon probably already knows that he drinks to excess. But for some time this habit has become so strong that there are few days when he is one drunk. A person interested in Father (F.) L(egrand?) told Jourdant that he saw him trying to stab his old negress and they had to take the dagger from him. The rumor is that they intend to surprise him in his house and beat him. It seems that the Bishop should be informed so that there will be no risk of a priest's reputation if facts are without basis. Jourdant asks Rousselon to give their priests as many as possible of the catechisms he has at last received. 5 or 600 would not be too many.

V-5-n - A.L.S. - (French) - 2pp. - 4to. - {2}

1850 July 15
Blanc, Ant(hony), Bp. of New Orleans: New Orleans, Louisiana
 to Bishop John Baptist Purcell: of Cincinnati, Ohio

Blanc was delayed in answering Purcell's letter because he was away on parochial visitations. There is no news of Purcell's wine expedition but it will be attended to in time. For want of cellars they cannot keep large quantities of wine. They find it just as cheap to buy it by the half cask from the wine-merchant. Father (Stephen) Rousselon expects a full cask of white wine from the Jesuits. Bishop (Louis Amadeus) Rappe must now be on the American shore. It is strange that three Bishops have been to Rome and returned without being able to hurry the return of the Provincial Council (1849) Decrees. This shows that they must have a proper man to act officially in their ecclesiastical affairs. The French have a proper agency on the spot. Blanc rejoices to hear of the advanced state of Purcell's seminary. He longs to hear of Purcell's success in obtaining the Sulpicians for its direction.

II-4-k - A.L.S. - 3pp. - 8vo. - {6}

1850 July 15
B(rownson), S(arah) H.: Chelsea, (Massachusetts)
 to Betsey (Healy Alexander):

She knows that the distressing news of the death of their sister Dolly has reached her. That she is dead and that she died alone with no one near her but her three helpless children, pained her more than she can say. Jessie's letter containing the news was dated May 15; he was at Bidwill's Bar Featherriver. 150 miles from San Francisco in a lone situation. Word was sent him from Pueblo where she died. Goodrich had gone to mines in another direction and they had spent $400 trying to locate him, fearing he was dead. It would have been an unspeakable favor had she died a Catholic, but she has gone to a just God. Jessie says he shall write further when he gets more news. Sally wonders what will become of the children and their brother too. Should Goodrich return safe Sally will feel much easier about them. She is anxious to hear about her and James. They expect John home for vacation that month. Betsey spoke of David Marks in her letter. She hopes that the time will come when all who are dear to her will be in one fold.

I-3-j - A.L.S. - 4pp. - 12mo. - {1}

1850 Jul. 15
Fontbonne, Father James: St. Martinville, (Louisiana)
 to Bishop (Anthony) Blanc: New Orleans, L(ouisian)a

Around the feast of Pentecost, Fontbonne's sacristan received an order from the fabrique to place two cloths(?) at the Communion rail in order to make a separation of the people of color (negroes) and the whites. When Fontbonne noticed it, about Corpus Christi, he did not find it proper and, in talking of the Eucharist, he said that at the table of the Lord there is no distinction except that of good dispositions and that the rules for the distribution of the Eucharist did not belong to those without authority. All the trustees were present because of the procession. From this there arose another wrangling. The fabrique allows $100 to the sacristan, 100 for his office and 20 for laundry, cleaning the church, etc; $100 for the Mass servers. Father (Louis) Dufour took charge of the sacristan and Mass servers and kept $200 giving the $20 surplus to his singer. On his arrival here Dufour advised Fontbonne to follow this arrangement. He tried at but circumstances were not the same. (Fontbonne outlines his arrangements which included) a small fee for each burial. This fee was attacked by the fabrique. (The new arrangement between the sacristan and trustees is given here). On the outside there are great compliments and greetings.

V-5-n - A.L.S. - (French) - 4pp. - 4to. - {4}

1850 Jul. 17
(Kenrick), Bishop Peter Richard: St. Louis, (Missouri)
 to Bishop (Anthony Blanc: New Orleans, (Louisiana)

Brother Gelisaire, (F.S.C.) will hand this to (Blanc) to express (Kenrick)'s deep sense of the benefits the schools of the Christian Brothers have conferred on this diocese in the 10 months of their existence and the hope that (Blanc) will be able to have a colony of these Brothers.

V-5-n - A.L.S. - 2pp. - 16mo. - {3}

1850 Jul. 17
Nesmith, J P: (New York, New York)
 to Father (James Roosevelt) Bayley: (New York, New York)

The bearer will bring any communications Bayley may have. They will expect Bayley in the 8 o'clock boat tomorrow. They will meet him at the Vanderbilt landing with a full complement of rod and lines and a good stock of eatables and drinkables.

II-2-n - A.L.S. - 1p. - 16mo. - {1}

1850 July 17
Thebaud, S.J., Father Aug. J.: St. John's College (Fordham, New York)
 to O(restes) A. Brwonson: (Boston, Massachusetts)

With Pleasure he transmits the decision of the faculty of St. John's College to confer the degree of L.L.D. on Brownson at their last commencement. The faculty think they honor themselves by so doing. He will forward the diploma shortly.

I-3-j - A.L.S. - 1p. - 8vo. - {2}

1850 Jul. 17
Walsh, J. and E.: St. Louis, (Missouri)
 to Father (Stephen) Rousselon: New Orleans, L(ouisian)a

They are shipping on the Savannah a box just received from Bishop (Mathias) Loras of Dubuque. They are also consigning to Rousselon one box of merchandise and one cask of wine to the address of Father (Cyril) De La Croix. Signed by J.P. McMeal. (The bill of lading is on the same paper; it is signed by) John L. Harper.

V-5-n - L.S. - 3pp. - 4to. - {5}

1850 July 19
Pius IX, Pope: Rome, Italy
 to Archbishop elect John Baptist Purcell: of Cincinnati, Ohio

The Pope having been Petitioned by the Archbishop of Baltimore and the other bishops in the 7th Provincial Councial in 1849 to erect Cincinnati into an archiepiscopal see with Louisville, Detroit, Vincennes, and Cleveland as suffragans has consulted the Sacred Congregation De Fide Propaganda on the matter. With his fullness of power he grants the request, declaring all contrary decisions null and void, and preserving all the decrees universal and particular which have been pontifically approved. Signed for Cardinal (Aloysius) Lambruschini by A. Picchioni, his substitute.

II-4-k - D.S. and sealed - 1p. - foli. - Parchment (Lat In oversize cabinet - {9}

1850 Jul. 20
Chambost, Father C(harles): Jackson, L(ouisia)na
 to Archbishop (Anthony Blanc: New Orleans, Louisiana)

Everything seems to Prosper; the people crowd the church; subscriptions are going on well. The ministers are more bitter; the people are tired of their past absurdities. Chambost has visited Clinton and succeeded pretty well. Until the crop, Chambost asks (Blanc) for $150 or $200. The people of Woodville, (Mississippi) invited him to give them a mission, promising to subscribe to the church. Chambost has written to Bishop (John Joseph) Chanc(h)e relating to it; he asks (Blanc)'s Permission for the same. Several persons have offered to do the brick and mason work for $1300 but a good Catholic from Woodville intends to do it Cheaper. They must begin their bricks by August. Chambost's health is poor but he can travel and perform his ministry. He stays half of the time at his old grandma's. The young man Chambost took along from New Orleans is well and satisfactory. The trustees of the Asylum cherish the idea of having the Sisters of Charity. Mr. Peacock has been kind; he is very rich and willing to help them. Peacock says he has written to (Blanc) relating to the building of a Catholic college on his property. He should not be refused but delayed.

V-5-n - A.L.S. - 2pp. - 4to. - {7}

1850 Jul. 20
Chambost, Father C(harles): Jackson, L(ouisia)na
 to Father Et(ienne) Rousselon: N(ew) Orleans, L(ouisian)a

Chambost has scarcely had time to breathe since he left New Orleans. He has spent most of the time in visits or giving instructions. There are more than 20 children for catechism. The people are beginning to come and the other churches are deserted. If they had a church big enough they would have almost everybody. Chambost's health is the same as before. He plans to let the contract for his bricks and church during this month. Several have offered to do the work for 1300 piastres but Chambost is waiting for a Catholic from Woodville who has promised to give a better price than all the others. Chambost wants Rousselon to give him a plan for dimensions of 40 by 60 feet. Mr. Larate (?) is doing very well with Chambost's grand(?) mother. Chambost's effects arrived safely. He counts on 150 piastres because the people are poor.

V-5-n - A.L.S. - 3pp. - 4to. - {3}

1850 Jul. 21
Cuny, Father I(sidore): Natchitoches, (Louisiana)
 to Father J(oseph) N(apoleon) Perché: New Orleans, (Louisiana)

It has been a long time since Cuny has heard from Perché. As he announced in his last letter. Cuny made an extensive mission from Natchitoches. The results were: Confessions 121; Easter Communions 70; First Communions 12(?); baptisms 18, among them were 4 young Indians of the Iwanais tribe; Protestant adults desiring baptism 3; marriages rehabilitated 2. He preached every day, even in English for the Americans. His fatigue was great but he had many consolations. At the end of an English sermon a subscription list came in of 50 persons offering 275 piastres to build a Catholic chapel. He went as far as Chriveport (Shreveport) where they wanted to build a church to be served by Father (Hector Figari) Fygarie, they said. Cuny visited Boissier, De Soto, and Cad (d)o. This territory is inhabited by Americans (?) from Florida and Alabama. The rest of the population are Creoles. There is also a good number of Mexicans. He brought back to Father (Auguste) Martin 4 piastres and 10 sous after 7 weeks of work and privation. Cuny is leaving for Claiburn to make a sick call on a Catholic family who lives 100 miles away. Then he must end with a mission about 45 miles from here. He will return in August or September and will leave again in October or November. The Fair here produced 780 piastres which will be used for the purchase of a college for the Jesuits. Cuny would be obliged to have Mass intentions. For 2 or 3 months he has had none except some from France which Martin made him take. Cuny is well satisfied with his relations with his good pastor. Cuny sends his respects to the good Sisters. (P.S.) If Perché could get Cuny an ordo, it would Please him.

V-5-n - A.L.S. - (French) - 4pp. - 4to. - {5}

1850 Jul. 22
Barthe, Father E(dward): Houma, (Louisiana)
 to Archbishop A(nthony) Blanc: New Orleans, L(ouisian)a

The men who showed their good will at the time of Blanc's pastoral visit, are beginning to get to work. Mr. Lirette is to begin this week, a portion of the wood for the floor. A. Verret has made arrangements with the carpenter. Mr. Boutelou came to the presbytery where he subscribed for a good portion of the pews. Mr. Claiborne sent to get the window frames. Barthe talked with the most interested creditors. The Germans to whom they owe $900 do not wish to make any concession and at the fall court, they want to sell the church building if they can. Barthe believes they can easily deal with the other creditors. He is also going to write to the pastor, Father (Charles M.) Menard to have the doors made by his carpenter. Barthe's position is still the same; he has no work. At the end of the month he must pay $40 remaining for his board and lodging. He have had enough but the work he had done at the church took his last resource. If he only had Mass stipends, but in 2 months he has had only four.

V-5-n - A.L.S. - (French) - 3pp. - 4to. - {7}

1850 July 22
O'Connor, M(ichael), Bp. of Pittsburgh: Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania
 to Bishop John Baptist Purcell: of Cincinnati, Ohio

O'Connor does not think that it would be well to consent to the foundation Purcell speaks of at the present moment. He thinks that Father (R.J.) Lawrence has not acted in this matter as a clergyman of correct principles should have done. The action was not honorable.

II-4-k - A.L.S. - 1p. - 8vo. - {3}

1850 Jul. 22
Praz, R.S.C.J., Madame A(nnette): St. Michael, (Louisiana)
 to Archbishop (Anthony Blanc: New Orleans, Louisiana)

She learns that (Blanc) is back in town and gives news of St. Michael's. Sister St. Hilaire, (R.S.C.J.) died (June) 20. Sister St. Louis Gonzaga, (R.S.C.J.) introduced her into heaven, they hope. Madame Eugénie, (R.S.C.J.) seems near the end. Madame Delahoussaye, (R.S.C.J.) is also very low. (Blanc) has probably heard of the damage to their large house by the storm of June 23. Fortunately no one was injured. It took 2 weeks to repair the damage. Their pupils are numerous and looking forward to vacation which will begin October 16. Prizes will be awarded on the 15th. Bishop (John Joseph) Chanc(h)e was their chaplain for several days. Father (Vital?) Gilles, (S.J.) has invited him for the prizes, also. Mother (Eleanor) Gray, (R.S.C.J.) is to write. Father (John Francis) Abbadie, (S.J.) has been ill but is better. All are well at Grand Coteau; today four postulants were to take the habit.

V-5-n - A.L.S. - (French) - 3pp. - 4to. - {9}

1850 Jul. 23
Lanusse, A. and Co(mpany): New Orleans, (Louisiana)
 to Archbishop (Anthony) Blanc: (New Orleans, Louisiana)

Receipt for $60 for 100 barrels of coal. Signed by O. Calongne.

V-5-n - Receipt S. - 1p. - 32mo. - {2}

1850 Jul. 24
Martin, Father Aug(uste): Natchitoches, (Louisiana)
 to Archbishop (Anthony Blanc: New Orleans, Louisiana)

Father (Louis) Chambodut (C.M.) has been here for a week waiting for a boat for New Orleans. Martin hopes he will find (Blanc) there. On receiving (Blanc)'s letter on Saturday, Martin wrote to Father (Hector) Figari, (C.M.) telling him of the part concerning him; Martin expects him here at the end of the month. Father (Isidore Cuny) Cuni returned after 6 weeks during which he gave First Communion to 68, of whom 30 had not made their Easter duty since the last visit of Father (Anthony) Verrina, (C.M.). Not knowing Spanish, Cuni did not visit Adayes nor the part nearer to the Sabine where there are the most Catholics, almost all Mexicans. After 10 days of rest, Cuni left for Campté to go to the home of Mr. O'Neil whose wife is near death. Chambodut seemed unusually tired and disgusted with Nagodoches. He has often expressed the wish to leave the diocese of Galveston to which he is attached by no ties of obedience. His bishop gave him verbal permission to come to Texas leaving him free to return to France or attach himself to some other mission. His mission at Nagodoches, or rather around it, since there are only 2 families there, was almost exclusively with the Mexicans. They now have a priest of their language, Father (Antonio Severus Borrajo) Baraxo, a doctor of Salamanca University. He has expressed the desire to come to Natchitoches where he has ministered and is much beloved. His facility in English, Spanish, and French, and his zeal would make him a precious collaborator. This mission is far beyond Cuny's capacity. By dividing it one could give Cuny a suitable position. Campté needs a pastor; Cuny pleases them. He would stay on this side of the Rouge River, a mission too large for Chambodut. Many have not seen a priest for 10 or even 20 years. These Catholic Creoles are a small minority among the Americans, nearly all from Alabama and Mississippi who today occupy the country. Cuny is not capable of 20 words in English in public. Chambodut, truly American in his speech, would be a good defender of the Faith. For the Mexicans here and at Adayes, it is still more important to have a priest speaking their language. Yesterday the sale of Judge Taylor's furniture took place; August 6 the land will be sold. Martin still has hopes. He will go as high as 2,400. He will write (Blanc) after the 7th. When (Blanc) was here on his pastoral visit, he spoke of Figari's position at Shreveport and that he could take charge of Bayou Scioux or neighboring stations. Figari has his talents but in material works he will succeed where 20 others would fail, especially among the Americans. So Martin is glad to see him like Shreveport. But Figari will never be a missionary sharing the misery of the poor. He will establish a church at Shreveport and take care of the surrounding places. He has also shown the intention of going into Arkansas. But Martin would in no way count on him for their poor neglected missions. Perhaps (Blanc) is afraid to leave Cuny by himself in placing him at Campté. He would not be alone at all; Martin's house is always his and he will help him all he can. Martin's intention has never been to grow old in the public ministry. He has been a priest for 25 years and has long had the desire to retire and take care of his own soul. He would be happy to relinquish his post to a priest as capable and devoted as Chambodut.

V-5-n - A.L.S. - (French) - 4pp. - 4to. - {12}

1850 July 25
Lamy, Father (John): Covington, Kentucky
 to Bishop John Baptist Purcell: of Cincinnati, Ohio

Lamy received a letter from Gamus librairs de Paris stating that Lamy is in his debt 500 francs for the books purchased from him two years ago. Lamy thought Purcell had settled with him. Gamus wishes to send Purcell the continuation of Feller. Lamy would be obliged to Purcell if he wrote to Father (Joseph) Carriere to authorize him to settle with Mr. Gamus. Lamy hopes he will be able to make it up. The cholera proved fatal among the children.

II-4-k - A.L.S. - 2pp. - 8vo. - {2}

1850 Jul. 25
Tumoine, Father H(yacinthe): Avoyelles, (Louisiana)
 to Archbishop A(nthony) Blanc: New Orleans, L(ouisiana)

Tumoine did not receive Blanc's reply of June 15 until July 20. He had a fever for 2 weeks but is now recovered. He did not clearly state in his letter what he wanted; Blanc understood it was about his board and lodging. That is taken care of as Father (Ma. Francis) Mazzuchelli told Blanc. It was about the candlesticks and some vestments. Blanc is to talk to Mr. Louis (Roule?) and settle with him. Louis has said nothing further; he leaves everything to the church. Tumoine will take no steps for the house in question. The owners have placed a guard and it seems there are not many buyers. There are two other houses to be sold at Cocoville. Tumoine is having pews made; 18 will be finished on Sunday. 14 others will be made but there are no more buyers; he will not put any in the church unless it is sold. The Creoles do not seem to like that.

V-5-n - A.L.S. - (French) - 2pp. - 4to. - {4}

1850 Jul. 25
Poincy, D.: New Orleans, (Louisiana)
 to Archbishop (Anthony Blanc: New Orleans, Louisiana)

A receipted bill for $25 for bread of the bishop's house.

V-5-n - A. Bill S. - (French) - 1p. - 12mo. - {1}

1850 Jul. 27
(Chanche), Bishop John Joseph: New Orleans, (Louisiana)
 to Archbishop (Anthony) Blanc: New Orleans, (Louisiana)

(Chanche) went to St. Michael's for a few days; he spent Sunday and Monday with the Fathers and Tuesday paid a visit to the governor. He told the Ladies he would try to be there for the distribution of premiums with the hope of meeting Blanc there. (Chanche) has not entirely given up his trip to the Bay. But Father (Blaise) Raho, (C.M.) has not yet returned from his missionary tour in which he has been for 3 months. There is a box of vestments sent to (Chanche) from Brussels to Blanc's care. Rousselon is to send it to (Chanche). Another box will probably come with Bishop (Amadeus) Rappe. (Chanche) had requested them to send everything in care of Mr. Byrne but they forgot or lost the directions. Father (Paul) Guerard of Pass Christian is certainly a good and pious young man but he is "d'un esprit inquiet." He received news of the death of his father and has requested permission to visit his family, assuring (Chanche) that he would return with sufficient funds to build his church. (Chanche) gave him the necessary letters and leave of absence for six months. Unless he is determined to remain till it is finished, (Chanche) would not advise to lend him the $300. (Chanche) heard of Father (Stanislaus) Buteux's soraness in the leg. Father Giles spoke of it at St. Michael's. (Chanche) fears it is a pretty serious business. They are very backward about their Council. (Chanche) does not think it is from any want of good feeling on the part of Rome but there have been so many occurrences to make them defer any action: the folly of Bishop (Richard Vincent Whelan) of Richmond in sending in his resignation; the death of (Father John P. O'?) Dwyer, (O.S.A.?), the difficulty of sending proper names for Monterey and Savannah, all are puzzling circumstances. Bishop Reynolds wrote, announcing the nominations for Savannah. Who would have ever thought that Father (Joseph A.) Schneller would ever have been at the head of the list. Nominations by letter will not do; a half dozen Bishops nearest the Archbishop should meet and make the nominations. It would be well to have an agent in Rome. Mr. Quiblier would accept this situation but would he suit all; some would like an Irishman, some a Frenchman, some an American. Perhaps the choice of an Italian would reconcile all parties. There is (Chanche)'s correspondent in Rome, Mr. Bertinelli, recommended by Cardinal Fransoni. (Chanche) commenced his school last Tuesday.

V-5-n - A.L.S. - 4pp. - 4to. - {13}

1850 Jul. 27
Lecler: (New Orleans, Louisiana)
 to Father (Stephen) Rousselon: (New Orleans, Louisiana)

A receipted bill for $14.45 for repairs from May 15 to July 27.

V-5-n - A. Bill S. - (French) - 1p. - 12mo. - {1}

1850 Jul. 27
Rasch, A.: New Orleans, (Louisiana)
 to Archbishop (Anthony) Blanc and:
Directors of the N(ew) O(rleans) C(atholic) M(ale) Asylum

Rasch tenders his resignation as director of the institution. He wishes them all prosperity in the management of the asylum.

V-5-n - A.L.S. - 1p. - 4to. - {2}

1850 Jul. 28
Latapie, Heloise Decuir: (New Orleans, Louisiana)
 to (Archbishop Anthony Blanc: New) Orleans, (Louisiana)

A receipt for 12 piastres for the hire of her servant Fanchonnette for one month.

V-5-n - A. Receipt S. - (French) - 1p. - 32mo. - {1}

1850 July 30
Lynch, C.M., Father J(ohn): St.Mary's Seminary, (Barrens, Mo.)
 to Bishop John Baptist Purcell: of Cincinnati, Ohio

He acknowledges Purcell's letter of the 17th. They can board, educate and find everything necessary for $60 a year for such young men as Purcell will pay for. Those whose parents can pay are expected to pay the full pension. They do not clothe the advanced student because they believe they will take better care of their clothes if they furnish their own clothes or if a separaate charge is made to their Bishop. If Purcell wishes they will furnish clothes for his students as cheap as for their own students. The students of theology wear cassocks. They have used the Philosophy of Lacondu, but would adopt another one if they could get sufficient copies. They have read Bailey's Theology in class. Lynch asks Purcell what theology would be best as a class. book. The (Vincentians) are delighted at the anticipated honor and pleasure of Purcell's promised visit.

II-4-k - A.L.S. - 3pp. - 8vo. - {3}

1850 July 31
Lauveau, J.: (New Orleans, Louisiana)
 to Father (Stephen) Rousselon: (New Orleans, Louisiana)

A receipted bill for $191.25 for wine from March 22 to July 31. (One item for) $26.50 is for Father E(dward F.) Sorin, (C.S.C.). R.A.Lefebvre signs the receipt.

V-5-n - Receipt S. - (French) - 1p. - 12mo. - {3}