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1850 Dec. 1
Aimée, (R.U.?) Sister: New Orleans, (Louisiana)
 to Archbishop Anthony Blanc: New Orleans, (Louisiana)

Aimée would like to be able to write at length but Mother wants to have sent the letter which will stop Blanc's anxiety. Blanc has told Aimée that he would write to the Holy Father what he knows of her position; Aimée would like to know the contents of this letter. She has asked Blanc to keep her request as under the seal of Confession as she does not want Mother and the Sisters to know. This is why she had not talked to Father (Napoleon Joseph) Perché, in order not to embarrass him if some one asked him about her. Last Friday she saw their chaplain and he asked her what she was doing. She replied that she believed she would end by asking the dispensation of her vow of poverty and obedience. He then spoke with the aim of expressing how extravagant was the thought of returning to the convent.

V-5-n - A.L.S. - (French) - 3pp. - 4to. - {2}


1850 Dec. 1
(Chanche), Bishop John Joseph: Jackson, (Mississippi)
 to Archbishop (Anthony) Blanc: New Orleans, (Louisiana)

(Chanche) introduces his very particular friend, General J.M. Duffield of Jackson. He is a gentleman, accomplished scholar, and a good Catholic. The general visits New Orleans on some official business.

V-5-n - A.L.S. - 2pp. - 4to. - {2}


1850 Dec. 1
Lambert, Rich(ar)d: New Orleans, (Louisiana)
 to Father E(tienne) Rousselon: New Orleans, (Louisiana)

A receipt for 20 piastres for a month's service as organist.

V-5-n - A. Receipt S. - (French) - 1p. - 32mo. - {1}


1850 Dec. 2
Carroll, D.W.: Little Rock, (Arkansas)
 to Archbishop (Anthony Blanc: New Orleans, Louisiana)

(Blanc) will find enclosed a letter to Father Thomas Hoar who is emigrating with a large number of souls to Arkansas from Ireland. The letter contains suggestions and information that may be valuable to the emigrating party.

- A.L.S. -


 Enclosure: 

1850 Dec. 2
Carroll, D.W.: Little Rock (Arkansas)
 to Father Thomas Hoar: (New Orleans, Louisiana)

By a letter from Bishop (Andrew) Byrne, dated Liverpool, Carroll understands that Hoar was then about to sail for new Orleans with a large number of emigrants. Carroll hopes his suggestion will be beneficial, coming as they do into a community of strangers. New Orleans is the best place to lay in a supply for the use of the colony in the way of provisions. Napoleon, (Arkansas). at the mouth of the Arkansas River, will be the best place to disembark from the steamboats. Carroll will be ready to give every information they require. Their entrance into this state will be greeted with joy.

V-5-n - A.L.S. - 3pp. - 4to. - {5}


- A.L.S. -


1850 Dec. 2
Hamilton, George A.: Milford, (Massachusetts)
 to (Orestes A.) Brownson: (Boston, Massachusetts)

He has just returned from Sagonville(?) and the people strongly desire to hear Brownson at least twice on the subject of the Church and Civilization. Since Brownson promised to come out on Saturday evening, he himself promised that Brownson would deliver a lecture to them on Saturday as well as on Sunday. He asks Brownson if he will not ratify this promise. Mr. Byrne will be happy to entertain Brownson during his stay. If he cannot come, will he please write? He has presumed to send an announcement of Brownson's lecture to the "Pilot" for next week. If Brownson can find time to pay him a social visit, he will be happy to see Brownson.

I-3-j - A.L.S. - 1p. - 8vo. - {1}


1850 Dec. 2
Roduit, S.J., Father Jos(eph): Grand Coteau, (Louisiana)
 to Father (Stephen) Rousselon: New Orleans, (Louisiana)

Roduit asks for a dispensation for the marriage of Francois Lanoie and Philomène Foret.

V-5-n - A.L.S. - (French) - 2pp. - 4to. - {3}


1850 (Dec. 2)
Ruth, V.: (New Orleans, Louisiana)
 to Archbishop (Anthony Blanc): New Orleans, (Louisiana)

A receipted bill for $53 for items from his pharmacy, from January 13 to December 2.

V-5-n - Receipt S. - (French) - 3pp. - folio - {1}


1850 Dec. 3
Facile, Frere:
Brothers of the Christian Schools Montreal, Canada
 to Archbishop John Baptist Purcell: of Cincinnati, Ohio

The Brother acknowledges Purcell's letter of Nov. 19, which he says explained his disappointment of the past year. He regrets having destroyed the group of papers concerning this affair. He would have been able otherwise to have given Purcell the name of the Jesuit who made the demand at New York which was transmitted to the Superior General of the Brothers at Paris. Frere Facile was told by the Superior General to tell that priest to assure Purcell that 4 Brothers would be sent to Cincinnati, and he himself began preparations to fulfil the promise. He arrived Dec. 3, 1848, at New York and sent word to Purcell that the brothers would come during 1849. Not having any German brothers in America, the Brother wrote to France for one. Then he asks the New York priest to have Purcell make the demand to himself directly. That priest then told him that Purcell seeing that they delayed too long had addressed himself to another congregation. The German and French brothers indeed came over on the same ship as the priest and brother of that congregation. Having occasion to go to Baltimore in May he met there Archbishop (Peter Richard Kenrick) of St. Louis who had asked for some of their brothers. He then sent there the brothers who have since opened a school. To Purcell's new demand he promises to send brothers as soon as possible but will not promise them before next August. Purcell may think this distant but the Brother feels that he cannot do this sooner and adhere to his rule of seeing that all are sufficiently formed before sending them out.

II-4-k - A.L.S. - 3pp. - 8vo. - (French) - {6}


1850 Dec. 3
Kenrick, Peter Richard, Abp. St. Louis: St. Louis, Missouri
 to Archbishop John Baptist Purcell: of Cincinnati, Ohio

He asks Purcell while in Rome to pay over to Rev. Dr. Kirby of the Irish College, on account of Father James Duggan, $100. If Purcell is willing, he will remit to his brother that amount. Duggan will need that amount to return from Rome. He sends his best wishes.

II-4-k - A.L.S. - 2pp. - 8vo. - {2}


1850 Dec. 3
Léveque, R.S.C.J., Madame L(ouisa): Grand Coteau, (Louisiana)
 to Archbishop (Anthony Blanc): New Orleans, (Louisiana)

Their Mother, still being ill with a cold, has asked Léveque to be her secretary today. The health of Father (Julien) Priour afflicts them greatly. Just now they have only enough people necessary for one foundation and for the houses already established. Mother leaves the choice of New Iberia or Baton Rouge to (Blanc). Having given her word to Priour, she prefers that (Blanc) decide. In case he decides for the latter, they could not go until the beginning of February. Their little family is growing; they have 85 children.

V-5-n - A.L.S. - (French) - 3pp. - 4to. - {4}


1850 Dec. 6
Lindsa(y), W(illia)m: St. Louis, (Missouri)
 to Father (Thomas) Hoare: (New Orleans, Louisiana?)

Father Mich(ae)l Carroll of Alton has placed in Lindsa(y)'s hands $20 to forward to Hoare for John O'Neil of Wexford, Ireland. He will see by the foregoing letter what purpose he is to convert it to. Enclosed is a draft on Benoist and co(mpany), New Orleans. (The enclosed check is from) L.A. Benoist and Co(mpany), St. Louis. It is (Endorsed to) John O'Neil or Hoare (and signed by) Lindsay. (The name of) C. Sanguinet, Jr. (Is printed on the check).

- A.L.S. -


 On the same paper: 

1850 Nov. 25
O'Neil, James: Alton, (Illinois)
 to John O'Neil: (New Orleans, Louisiana?)

O'Neil received John's letter as he was starting for this country in company with Father Ho(a)re and in compliance with John's request has sent him $20 to come up to Alton. James lives at Borsey Ville(?) 20 miles from Alton. The priest at Alton will direct John. John's letter came in the first steamboat for St. Louis and James is most anxious to see him. (The letters are sent) in care of Archbishop (Anthony) Blanc.

- A.L.S. -


V-5-n - A.L.S. - 5pp. - 4to. & 16mo. - {7}


1850 Dec. 7
Conway, Marie C.: (New Orleans, Louisiana)
 to Archbishop (Anthony Blanc): New Orleans, (Louisiana)

A receipt for 15 piastres for the hire of Clarisse.

V-5-n - A. Receipt S. - (French) - 2pp. - 32mo. - {1}


1850 Dec. 8
Derbès, A(lexan?)dre: New Orleans, Louisiana

License granted Father (Stephen) Rousselon to marry J. Wingerter and Mary Ferren. (On the back of this license): Joachim Wingerter, son of Bernard Wingerter and Marguerithe Wingerter; and Marie Ferren, daughter of Bernard Ferren and Anne Marie Pistorius.

V-5-n - License S. - 2pp. - 16mo. - {8}


1850 Dec. 9
(Odin), Bishop J(ohn) M(ary): Galveston, (Texas)
 to Archbishop (Anthony Blanc: New Orleans, Louisiana)

(Odin) has completed his pastoral visit for this year. He has been away from Galveston for 7 months and 10 days, covered 2105 miles, confirmed 11,000 persons. He has traveled in places overrun with Indians and never was in danger. On arriving here he learned of the erection of the new archbishopric and rejoices; he will try never to grieve his metropolitan. He is alone at Galveston; the parish has been without a pastor for 5 weeks. Father (Mariano) Maller, C.M. has dealt a terrible blow to Texas. He has also decreed the rain of San Antonio; he is going to withdraw the two priests there. The Oblates (of Mary Immaculate) whom (Odin) brought from Canada have also been withdrawn. San Antonio with 6000 Catholics and Brownsville with 8000 are going to be without pastors. The resources are sufficient or soon will be and it is unfortunate that the religious are abandoning the posts where they could do immense good. All the expenses (Odin) paid for their trips, are lost. In going through Houston, Mr. Kennedy told (Odin) that Mr. McIntee's brother intends to withdraw the $5000 in (Blanc)'s hands. He will go to New Orleans toward the end of this month.

V-5-n - A.L.S. - (French) - 3pp. - 4to. - {7}


1850 Dec. 9
Praz, R.S.C.J., Madame A(nnette): St. Michael, (Louisiana)
 to Archbishop (Anthony) Blanc: New Orleans, L(ouisian)a

Praz has heard there is to be a fair for the orphans and they would like to contribute but there is so little time. However, she sends what she can gather up. Their children have not all returned as yet; they have 120 students in the house. She has not seen the two daughters of P(lacide) Forstall; perhaps they were sent to Mobile. Praz recently received news that Mother M(athilde) Hardey, (R.S.C.J.) had arrived in New York. Mother Aloysia Hardey, (R.S.C.J.) asks to be remembered to (Blanc). News has just been received from France that their Mother General is in Rome, acceompanied by Mother (Marie) Prévost, (R.S.C.J.). All here are in good health.

V-5-n - A.L.S. - (French) - 3pp. - 4to. - {5}


1850 Dec. 9
Verhaegen, S.J., Father P(eter) J.: (Bardstown, Kentucky)
 to Archbishop A(nthony) Blanc: New Orleans, (Louisiana)

He takes advantage of the (coming) of J. Roes, agent and treasurer of St. Joseph College to congratulate Blanc on the new dignity conferred by the Holy See.

V-5-n - A.L.S. - (French) - 1p. - 4to. - {2}


1850 Dec. 9
Wiggin, E.R.: Saco, (Maine)
 to O(restes) A. Brownson: Boston, Massachusetts)

Brownson's letter of the 3d was received. If possible they shall be happy to have his lecture before their Lyceum on Jan. 1 rather than Feb. 5.

I-3-j - A.L.S. - lp. - 8vo. - {1}


1850 Dec. 10
(Odin), Bishop J(ohn) M(ary): Galveston, (Texas)
 to Father (Stephen Rousselon: New Orleans, Louisiana)

After 7 months of absence and a trip of more than 700 leagues (Odin) is once more at Galveston. During that time he knew nothing of what was going on in the United States or Europe. Since his return he has read all he received during his absence. He found a letter from Father (Bonaventure) Armengol, (C.M.) who says he cannot send the money to (Odin) as he would lose the exchange and that he will pay only on presentation of the note. It is a new proof of the kindness of the Lazarists for their former confrere! (Rousselon) is gove the note to Mr. Blossman who will try to dispose of it for (Odin) has great need of money. He is alone at Galveston. Instead of being able to call one of his priests to help him, he must fill the posts, left vacant by the departure of the Oblates, with the two Lazarists still with him.

V-5-n - A.L.S. - (French) - 2pp. - 4to. - {3}


1850 Dec. 12
Rousselon, Father E(tienne and others): New Orleans, (Louisiana)

Archbishop (Anthony Blanc), feeling the necessity of opening free schools for the Catholic children of the city, has authorized a subscription for building a school in the second municipality. The house will soon be finished and the Brothers of the Christian Schools, who have already arrived, will open classes. Since the upkeep of this establishment will entail expenditures, several Catholics have offered to found a society, the Association for the Building and Maintenance of Free Catholic Schools. Anyone, without distinction, is invited to take part in this work. (The objects of the society are outlined). The undersigned, Rousselon, P. Rochford, R.A. Bourk, P. Desdunes-Poincy, and A. Pitot, asked by the Archbishop to organize the society, are confident that its appeal will be heard. (On the backs of the two copies of this letter are the names of) Father (Napoleon Joseph) Perché subscribing $12; Mrs. Guérin, $3; Mr. Beauchamp, $3; Mrs. Alfred Vienne(?), $3; Mrs. Joseph Vincent, 50 cents; Mrs. H.P., 25 cents; Mrs. D., 20 cents; Elisabeth Fecel(?), $1, 20 cents paid.

V-5-n - Printed Circular - (French) - 4pp. - 4to. - {13}


1850 Dec. 13
Hargous Brothers: New York, (New York)
 to Archbishop (Anthony Blanc): New Orleans, L(ouisian)a

They enclose (no enclosure) a bill of lading on a case of books on the Geo(rge) Turner. It is for Abbé Felix (Dicharry?) Dubarry and was sent from Leghorn by Luigi Paladini, to be forwarded to (Blanc) by order of Cardinal Fransoni. (P.S.) The expenses are $15.16. They have received this amount from the Captain which (Blanc) is to pay over to him.

V-5-n - A.L.S. - 2pp. - 4to. - {3}


1850 Dec. 13
Kenrick, Bishop Francis Patrick: Philadelphia, (Pennsylvania)
 to (Orestes A. Brownson: Boston, Massachusetts)

After much inquiry he has found that a large room on Sanson St., the same in which Fanny Kimble gave her readings of Shakespeare, can be had on Jan. 13th, 14th, 15th, 17th, and 20th. The rooms of the Museum — the favorite resort of the Catholics — are engaged for the month. Another room, not so well known to their people, can be had on Chestnut and Walnut Streets, near Independent Square. As the room can be had on five evenings, Brownson can say whether he wishes to give five lectures, or what days he selects. Since Berg and others have been lecturing in reply to Dr. Hughes the excitement might be favorable to Brownson's success. If Brownson prefers the room of the Museum, he will have to wait till February. He asks immediate answer.

I-3-j - A.L.S. - 2pp. - 16to. - {2}


1850 Dec. 16
Byrne, D.: New Orleans, Louisiana

License is granted to Father (L.) Ku(p)fer to marry Paul Frohlen and Eliza Watenpol. (On the reverse of the license); Paul Froehlen, son of James Froehlen and Gertraud Gott; and Elisabeth Wartenpohl, daughter of Mathias Wartenpohl and Gertraud Bordelius, both of Dusseldorf, Prussia.

V-5-n - License S. - 2pp. - 16mo. - {9}


1850 Dec. 16
Dartiques, A.: (New Orleans, Louisiana)
 to Archbishop (Anthony Blanc: New Orleans, Louisiana)

Receipted bill for $7.68 for hay, corn, and oats.

V-5-n - A. Receipt S. - (French) - 1p. - 8vo. - {1}


1850 Dec. 17
(Chanche), Bishop John Joseph: Natchez, (Mississippi)
 to Archbishop (Anthony) Blanc: New Orleans, (Louisiana)

(Chanche) did not go to Mobile as he intended. Father (Stephen) Montgomery declined going when they heard of the greatness of the cholera in New Orleans. (Chanche) was much fatigued from his hard journey to Columbus and did not like to go alone; he preferred to wait until he knew more of the movements of Archbishop (Samuel Eccleston). If he had known that Archbishop (John Baptist) Purcell was going by on Thursday, he would have gone with him. Blanc is to let (Chanche) know the Archbishop's movements and (Chanche) will regulate his accordingly. He hopes he will spend the winter in the South. It would be of great service to his throat. Governor Roman was anxious to invite (Eccleston) to spend a few days with him. Blanc might let Charles Roman know that the Archbishop is in town. If the Archbishop comes up before (Chanche) can go down, Blanc is to come with him.

V-5-n - A.L.S. - 2pp. - 4to. - {6}


1850 Dec. 17
Coudrain, P.: New Orleans, Louisiana

License granted to Father (Stephen) Rousselon to marry Charles Prihof and Louisa Ritzer. (On the back of the license): Charles Breihof, son of Nicolas (Breihof) and Philippine Gerlach; and Louisa Rezer, daughter of Martin Retzer and Catharina Sattler, Protestant.

V-5-n - License S. - 2pp. - 12mo. - {9}


1850 Dec. 17
F(itzpatrick), Bishop J(ohn)B.: Boston, (Massachusetts)
 to Archbishop (Anthony Blanc: New Orleans, Louisiana

Father Welch, a young clergyman of this diocese, just arrived from Rome, has handed F(itzpatrick) a box containing the pallium for (Blanc). F(itzpatrick) wishes it were in his power to carry it to (Blanc) in person. But it is impossible at this time.

V-5-m - A.L.S. - 1p. - 4to. - {2}


1850 Dec. 17
Fontbonne, Father James: St. Martinville, (Louisiana)
 to Archbishop (Anthony) Blanc: New Orleans, L(ouisian)a

Fontbonne had trouble in returning to St. Martin because of the discontinuance of the boats making the portage. He had to stay 4 days at Plaquemine with the young man he brought for his chanter. The pastor at Plaquemine received them at his house and was very kind. Father (H.) Thirion arrived today, a little terror stricken; he saw with his own eyes the blow-up of the Franco-Saxon. Fontbonne will go to New Iberia this week to consume the Hosts and will use to advantage in regard to the furnishings(?) of the church, the reasons Blanc gave him in his letter. Fontbonne's former chanter, being moral and Christian, Fontbonne sees no reason why he cannot be received as a seminarian. Fontbonne asks for a dispensation for Emile Hébert and Marie Octavine Landry. P.S. He should have seen Dr. Faget before he left but he was pressed. The departure of the boat coincided exactly with the funeral ceremony.

V-5-n - A.L.S. - (French) - 3pp. - 4to - {5}


(18)50 Dec. 17
Ryder, S.J., Father James:
Geo(rge) T(own) College, (District of Columbia)
 to Archbishop (Anthony Blanc: New Orleans, Louisiana)

Ryder introduces his friend, the bearer, George F. Dyer of Washington City whose family is one of the most Catholic in the District. Ryder recommends his to (Blanc) during his brief sojourn in New Orleans. Ryder trusts that his friend, Tho(ma)s Semmes, whom Ryder introduced to (Blanc), is doing well.

V-5-n - A.L.S. - 1p. - 16mo. - {3}


1850 Dec. 18
Chalon, Father G(abriel): Mobile, (Alabama)
 to Father E(tienne) Rousselon: New Orleans, L(ouisian)a

Chalon sends the amount of the note which Bishop (Michael) Portier owes Rousselon. He is returning his note today and asks Rousselon to acknowledge receipt of the draft for $125. Chalon regrets that he did not see Rousselon at the consecration of the Cathedral. He sends regards to Archbishop Blanc.

V-5-n - A.L.S. - (French) - 2pp. - 4to. - {2}


1850 Dec. 18
(Chanche), Bishop John Joseph: Natchez, (Mississippi)
 to Archbishop (Anthony) Blanc: New Orleans, (Louisiana)

(Chanche) wrote yesterday; it is doubtful whether Blanc will receive it. Blanc is to let (Chanche) know the movements of Archbishop (Samuel Eccleston) of Baltimore that he may conform his to his. In his letter (Chanche) gave the reasons he could not go to Mobile and that Gov(ernor) Roman was anxious that the Archbishop should visit him. (Chanche) suggests that Blanc inform Charles Roman that the Archbishop was in town. He would inform his father who probably would go down for the Archbishop. He hopes the Archbishop has determined to remain the winter in the South; it would benefit his throat.

V-5-n - A.L.S. - 2pp. - 4to. - {4}


1850 Dec. 18
Kenrick, Bishop Francis Patrick: Philadelphia, (Pennsylvania)
 to (Orestes A. Brownson: Boston, Massachusetts)

They have secured Sansom Hall, seating 800 persons, for January 13,14,15 and 17, and will have to crowd his, Brownson's, lectures into one week. His Vicar General and secretary are trying to secure him a full audience, and he expects him on January 11.

I-3-j - A.L.S. - 1p. - 16to. - {1}


1850 Dec. 18
Lambert and Brumm: Avize, (France)
 to Archbishop (Anthony Blanc): New Orleans, (Louisiana)

Father (Hercule) Brassac of Marvéjols, a friend, has assured them of (Blanc)'s kindness so that they ask him for information indispensable to them. As dealers in wines they are going to have some business with the firm whose name is enclosed, and which involves a sum of 20 to $24,000. They ask (Blanc) to inform them about their credit and reputation. (On the enclosed slip of paper): Messrs. Dufour, Williamson and Company.

V-5-n - A.L.S. - (French) - 3pp. - 4to. & 32mo. - {4}


1850 Dec. 18
Taylor, J.: 95 Rue de Sevres, Paris, France
 to Bishop John Baptist Purcell: of Cincinnati, Ohio

Taylor received a letter from Dr. Walsh, his successor in the Presidency of Carlow College, stating that Purcell wished an opinion of W. Blake. Blake should have the benefit of mor ecclesiastical training in an orderly seminary. He has never shown any strong tendency toward piety and has a rather violent temper. He needs training in submission and humility. Taylor is now among the (Vincentians); he is happy and believes he is blessed with a vocation. He wanted to join them before but could not free himself from the affairs of the college.

II-4-k - A.L.S. - 3pp. - 8vo. - {2}


1850 Dec. 19
Carriere, (S.S.), Father (Joseph): Paris, (France)
 to Archbishop J(ohn) B(aptist) Purcell: Cincinnati, (Ohio)

Carriere has just received from a M. Bourgeois, living in the diocese of Besancon, 515 francs, on behalf of Jean Francois Brulport to be sent to Purcell. With this sum Carriere will pay what remains due to Messrs. Gaume for the old account of (Bishop John Baptist) Lamy. Otherwise Purcell owes no one around here except the bursar with whom all will be arranged for the expenses of Purcell's five subjects who are fine. Bishop (John Joseph Hughes) passed through lately on his way to Rome. Carriere did not see him although he has Hughes' pallium. Carriere had a visit from Bishop (Joseph) Cretin, still uncertain, of St. Paul. He would like to decline the burden; everyone seemingly advises him to accept it. He left for Lyon to make his final reflections. They are in the midst of retreat for ordinations in which Purcell will have his part, three deacons and one tonsure, Mr. (John C.) Albrinck. Carriere asks Purcell's prayers for the graces he needs so much in his new place which he would have been so happy to see occupied by some one else.

II-4-k - A.L.S. - (French) - - 3pp. - - 8vo. - {8}


1850 Dec. 20
Mazzuchelli, Father (M.) Fr(ancis): Milan, (Italy)
 to Archbishop A(nthony) Blanc: New Orleans, (Louisiana)

He received Blanc's letter dated October 25 as well as the exeat to the Archbishop of Milan. His conduct and prayers are all he can offer as a mark of gratitude. He asks that Father Rousselon send him his large box of books and trunk of clothes, via Genoa. By this request, he intends to have withdrawn whatever commission he might have given previously to any of his uncles residing now in America. The easiest plan is to send them to Mr. Barelli, the Italian consul. Mazzuchelli will send a draft or a painting together with those he has to send to Mr. Archinard. P.S. The enclosed letters are to be dropped into the post office box.

V-5-n - A.L.S. - 2pp. - 4to. - {3}


1850 Dec. 21
(Chanche), Bishop John Joseph: Natchez, (Mississippi)
 to Archbishop (Anthony) Blanc: New Orleans, Louisiana)

(Chanche) had learned before Blanc's letter, that Archbishop (Samuel Eccleston) had been obliged to return home on account of his health. If he had had the courage to continue, the trip would have been of much benefit to his health. Could (Chanche) look for the completion of his bit of a Cathedral, (Eccleston) might be induced to come South. Bishop (John Mary) Odin, (C.M.) must have had a hard time. (Chanche) is sorry to learn that Father (John Peter) Bellier's health is not good. Blanc can send the $20 by mail. (Chanche) does not plan to go to New Orleans before June; he wants to speak with Blanc about a good many matters. He encloses the letter to be forwarded by mail. Father Rousselon is to keep 20 ordos for (Chanche). Their Jubilee will end on Christmas.

V-5-n - A.L.S. - 4pp. - 12mo. - {4}


(18)50 Dec. 21

Sacred Heart, Pupils of St. Michael, (Louisiana)
 to Archbishop (Anthony Blanc: New Orleans, Louisiana)

The children of Sacred Heart send their thanks for (Blanc)'s solicitude. They hope to see him soon at St. Michael.

V-5-n - A.S.L. - (French) - 1p. - 4to. - {1}


1850 Dec. 22
(Mudd, S.C.), Sister M(ary) Austin: (Donaldsonville, Louisiana)
 to Archbishop Anthony Blanc: New Orleans, Louisiana)

Sister had to go to the city a few days ago to accompany two novices who are to go with Sister Emily, (S.C.) to St. Joseph's. Time did not permit Austin to see (Blanc). She has received instructions that postulants (of the Sisters of Charity), applying here will he received at St. Joseph's. All here now will remain. Austin has received 5 or 6 more orphans; there are 12 in all. She asks (Blanc) to let them make such alterations as will better suit their convenience. She would like the bell removed from the steeple and put in a frame on the back porch.

V-5-n - A.L.S. - 1p. - 4to. - {3}


1850 Dec. 22
Thirion, Father (H.): St. Martinville, (Louisiana)
 to Archbishop (Anthony Blanc): New Orleans, (Louisiana)

Thirion hopes (Blanc) will forgive him for not going to see him before coming here. Times have changed and for some time Thirion has been afraid of (Blanc) and Father Rousselon. He is more afraid here then with Father (J.M. Morisot) Morizot who was satisfied to keep him with him. But Thirion was not happier, always doing nothing. He asks pardon of (Blanc) and Rousselon for all the pain he has caused them. But he asks one favor, for his physical and moral well-being. He asks (Blanc) not to leave him here. (P.S.) Boredom kills him, he has absolutely nothing to do. Father (James Fontbonne) Frombonne says so himself. Thirion has made all possible sacrifice to escape from this sickness which could cause great disadvantages for him.

V-5-n - A.L.S. - (French) - 4pp. - 4to. - {3}


1850 Dec. 23
Abbadie, S.J., Father J(ohn) F(rancis): St. Michael, (Louisiana)
 to Archbishop (Anthony Blanc: New Orleans, Louisiana)

Yesterday Abbadie wrote to Donaldsonville to ask Father Giustiniani to send one of the priests for the jubilee which Abbadie wishes to begin here January 19 and end February 2. He has authorization on to have it before or after the jubilee in the church, in the two chapels. The priest from Donaldson could preach the jubilee at the convent and hear confessions.

V-5-n - A.L.S. - (French) - 1p. - 4to. - {1}


1850 Dec. 23
Brownson, (Mrs.) R(elief): Ballston, (New York)
 to Orestes A. Brownson: Boston, Mass(achusetts)

She received her birthday present while sick. Therina's health as usual. They paid $10 rent, $15 pasturing, $19 for hay, $10 for wood. They expect four more cords at $3 per cord. Daniel was there, works in the shop, owns a house and keeps two cows. Perlina's health much better. Charlotte lives in Milton, five miles away, and when Mrs. Brownson last wrote, Charlotte was waiting for her to go to the village. They are now expecting her. Fowler has taken a job at chopping, he and his boys working at it. They own a house, keep two cows, two yearlings; last summer he worked for a man, boarding for six shillings daily and was paid in cash every week. He pays $25 rent. They had not heard anything from Orin since last she wrote Brownson. The last time she heard from Daphne they were all well and talked of moving to Michigan in the spring. Orin said that he owed $145 for his land, having taken up 100 acres at $7 per acre. He has a frame house finished outside and has twenty five acres cleared. He may come in the summer if Sylvester stays with him. She thanks her son and asks that God may bless him. Therina sends her love, and Mrs. Brownson sends her love to sally and the two little ones.

I-3-j - A.L.S. - 2pp. - 8vo. - {1}


1850 Dec. 23
Conway, Mary: (New Orleans, Louisiana)
 to Archbishop (Anthony Blanc): New Orleans, (Louisiana)

A receipt for 15 piastres for the hire of a cook.

V-5-n - A. Receipt S. - (French) - 1p. - 32mo. - {1}


1850 Dec. 23
Dupuy, Father Enn(emond): Iberville, (Louisiana)
 to Archbishop (Anthony Blanc: New Orleans, (Louisiana)

They wanted Dupuy to build the levee at his expense; he replied that the church had never paid its expenses. They threatened him with a lawsuit; he showed them a contract which protected him from everything. Then they wanted to sell part of the church land. He protested in (Blanc)'s name. They published the election of trustees to take the rent of the land and pay for the levee. Dupuy visited the principal people of the parish, showing them that the revenues were insufficient for even the ordinary expenses. He convinced eight-tenths of them that it was the transfer which would be advantageous for all. But on election day 5 or 6 intransigents got themselves elected as trustees, deceiving the voters. So the following Sunday Dupuy did not say mass at St. Gabriel. The people came, asking him to wait and telling him that the trustees would fix things up. On the 20th the trustees came to offer to leave Dupuy as he was before their elections saying they would try to pay. He told them that for 13 years he had made considerable sacrifices for this church and that he would ask (Blanc)'s approval. (Blanc) should write them a letter making them understand that if they persist in their opposition, they will not have a priest, and that (Blanc) wishes to end this 50 year quarrel. Dupuy is convinced that if he had had a refuge at St. Raphael, these four sycophants would submit at once. Father (C.) Mouret imprudently said to some people who went to Plaquemine, that in order to avoid trouble, Dupuy should have built the levee at his own expense. The levee was sold at auction; Mr. Pritchard bought it. He has only begun it and the water is 6 feet from the mark(?).

V-5-n - A.L.S. - (French) - 4pp. - 4to. - {4}


1850 Dec. 23,
Pierz, Father Francois: Little Traverse, Michigan
 to Bishop (Peter Paul) Lefevere: of Detroit, Michigan

The situation in the mission is such that Pierz has to take the side of the savages. Indeed, in the treaty of 1836 the government gave $300,000 for the payments of the debts. After all the debts were paid $72,000 was left over. But the merchants tried to get the remaining funds by getting the savages into more debts. Last fall the merchants petitioned the government at Washington to pay all their claims concerning the debts of the savages. These merchants paid several chiefs to put their names on the petition. They asked for more than $50,000, but Pierz says that he was told that all the debts put together amounted only to about $10,000. If the government agrees to satisfy the claims of the merchants with the aid of 3 Americans at Little Traverse the poor savages then will be cheated. Pierz asks Lefevere to give some attention to this particular situation. He asks Lefevere to be kind enough to translate into English a letter he has written to the President of the United States. Maybe Lefevere will also be interested in sending this declaration to the governor of Michigan at Detroit. Father (Frederick) Baraga wrote Pierz that he will be able to send a priest next spring. This priest is young and is learning the language of the savages at L'Anse. Concerning this new priest, Pierz spoke to the savages of Arbre Croche, and Grand Traverse. They promised Pierz to help as much as they can to support the priest who will take care of them. Fierz hopes that Lefevere will pay a visit to the savages. Lefevere is always welcome at Little Traverse. At the same time Pierz would like to talk with Lefevere concerning the missions and the schools. Pierz pays Margaret $12 a month. She teaches 3 afternoons a week and Pierz teaches catechism 2 a week. The savages, however compalin that the only thing they learn from Margaret is sawing. At Cheboygan, Pierz got a new teacher at $5 a month. Ant at Grand Traverse the school is florishing wonderfully. Pierz says that he pays the teacher according to the progress of the pupils. The conduct of the savages worries Pierz. They waited two months for their payment on the shore of the lake. One could hear the drunkards and he was told of great many cases of immorality. At the present time 3 merchants at Little Traverse and 4 at Grand Traverse try to corrupt the savages as much as they can. Consequently, it is very difficult to do much for the savages. It is necessary to have much patience and prudence. Pierz asks Lefevere to send him some money to pay the teachers and the debts of the missions.

- A.L.S. - (French) - 3pp. - 8vo. -


 He encloses the following. 

1850 Nov. 15,
Pierz, Father Francois: Little Traverse, Michigan
 to 
the president of the United StatesWashington, D.C.

For 12 years Pierz has been in the mission of the Ottawa Nation at Little Traverse in the state of Michigan. He is doing everything possible for the instruction and the welfare of the savages and he regards the savages as his own children and is interested in their spiritual and temporal welfare. The merchants in this part of the country are trying with all their evil forces to persuade the savages to sign a petition to the government to pay their debts with government funds. Many chiefs signed the petition but the most important ones at Little Traverse, Lacroix, and Middletown, did not. Pierz was told that the chief of the merchants have elected 3 men of low condition to examine the different debts. These 3 men are not able to do such a joy correctly. He believes, with many savages, that there is no reason why the government should pay these debts of the savages. Indeed, Pierz expresses his belief that the savages are in a position to pay their own debts with the government payment for the land and the product of their lands, particularly from sugar. On the contrary if the government pays the individual debts with their common funds the lazy savages will go farther into debt to the detriment of the more industrius ones who would suffer from this payment. Naturally the merchants are hoping for such a situation. In the case the government decided upon the payment of the debts, Pierz hopes that the government will also call a commission to examine the accounts so that justice be done to the savages.

III-2-h - (copy) (A.L.S.) - (French) - 2pp. - 8vo. - {2}


1850 Dec. 23
Praz, R.S.C.J., Madame A(nnette): St. Michael, (Louisiana)
 to Archbishop (Anthony Blanc: New Orleans, Louisiana)

In behalf of all at St. Michael she sends good wishes and thanks for (Blanc)'s paternal interest. The number of students is increasing; there are 13 now and some of the old ones have not yet come back.

V-5-n - (A.L.S.) - (French) - 2pp. - 4to. - {1}


1850 Dec. 24
Cutts, (R.S.C.J.), Madame M(aria): Grand Coteau, (Louisiana)
 to Archbishop (Anthony Blanc): New Orleans, (Louisiana)

If it were possible, Cutts would like to send their Sisters to Baton Rouge before February but as she does not count on going to New Iberia until March, she cannot. The two English teachers have not yet been replaced and Madame (Adine) Guinand, (R.S.C.J.) who will be their superior, could do nothing without them. Could they not wait another month? Then cutts will have English and French teachers, music etc. This colony will leave Grand Coteau as soon as the postulants receive their habits to replace them. Madame Dubreuil, (R.S.C.J.) is near the end of her noviciate; she will make her vows before leaving.

V-5-n - A.L.S. - (French) - 3pp. - 4to. - {3}


1850 Dec. 24
Dupuy, Father Enn(emond): Iberville, (Louisiana)
 to Archbishop (Anthony Blanc: New Orleans, Louisiana)

In his letter of yesterday he believes he did not express his opinion exactly as he sees things now. He believes they must stand firm and that the four scoundrels will end by their dismissal and another batch of trustees will be appointed in favor of the transfer. (Blanc) could give them a certain time to reflect. That is what he heard yesterday. The point is not to give them a priest if Dupuy goes over to the other side.

V-5-n - (A.L.S.) - (French) - 1p. - 4to. - {2}


1850 Dec. 25
Dupuy, Father Enn(emond): Iberville, (Louisiana)
 to Archbishop Ant(hony) Blanc: New Orleans, L(ouisian)a

Dupuy has just received a license for a marriage. From the names it seems they are cousins; Joseph Ramire Melancon, son of the late Alexandre Melancon and Eloise Arcenaux; and Ophélia Blouin, daughter of the late Evariste Blouin and Denise Arcenaux. She was also born at St. James. The wedding is to be January 6. The trustees seem to think that if Dupuy goes to the other side, Blanc will send them a priest.

V-5-n - A.L.S. - (French) - 2pp. - 4to. - {7}


1850 Dec. 26
Lynch, Father P(atrick) N(eeson): Charleston, (South Caroline)
 to Archbishop (Anthony Blanc: New Orleans, Louisiana)

Lynch introduces John Krull. Having injured his health by business in England and Ireland, Krull has come to the south to recruit and would gladly take any suitable situation in a mercantile house. Here he has been unfortunate in his health and his applications. He is a deserving Catholic and friend of (Father Theobald Mathew?) F. Matthew.

V-5-n - A.L.S. - 1p. - 32mo. - {3}


(18)50 Dec. 27
B(lanc, Augustine: France)
 to (Archbishop Anthony Blanc: New Orleans, Louisiana)

She asks (Blanc), her uncle, to allow her to take him from his many occupations in order to give him news of his family. Since Father (Stephen) Rousselon's trip they have had no letters from (Blanc); her father's letters have gone unanswered. Her mother is quite well but has had many cares and worries this year. Felicie has been married since last winter. Shortly afterward, her husband had a long illness but it is over now. Mr. Pinatre (?) is much occupied with his business. About 5 weeks ago they had a baby boy who has been sent to Sury to be cared for under the supervision of his grandparents, especially Augustine's grandmother who is very proud of her great grandson. Since All Saints, Augustine is no longer at home. Her health being better, she planned to teach in a boarding school but they said it would be too much for her. So she decided to go to a private home where she teaches two young girls, 12 and 16. It is a very pious family, that of Mr. Magnard who was with (Blanc) at Roche College. His brother is pastor at Valbenoite, near St. Etienne and he says he continued his studies with (Blanc) at Verrières. Augustine is only three quarters of an hour distant from her parents; she goes to see them every week. Jenny asks to be remembered; just now she is the only one at home.

V-5-n - A.L.S. - (French) - 5pp. - 12mo. - {4}


1850 Dec. 27
Mégret. Father A(nthony) D(ésiré): Vermillionville, (Louisiana)
 to Archbishop (Anthony Blanc: New Orleans, Louisiana)

He should have written sooner but was waiting for the reply of one of the experts. He appoints André Valerien Martin and Edmond Mouton, born at Carancro. Having been sheriffs of the parish for several years, they have been in even the smallest places. As for the two named by the (Jesuits), Mégret objects to Zenon Broussard because he has lived here for only a dozen years. He is a man without judgment and incapable. He is the one to whom Mégret was to give $47.50 or the Ladies at Grand Coteau and who owes Mégret 40; $20(?) for his father's funeral and $30 for the tomb of his sister Eugenie. Mégret is writing to the (Jesuits) the reason for his objection and will speak about replacing him with Placide Guilbeau, Trevisse Bernard, Rosemond Breaux, or Ursin Bernard, all born around here. Mégret knew that on the occasion of the marriage of the (daughter) of Ursin Bernard to Dr. Francis, the clerk of court had delivered the license in the name of Mr. Sautair (Father Florian J. Sautois, S.J.?); he was blamed by the court; he was then justice of the peace and so, obliged to put a civil character on this marriage. Mégret does not know if a license was refused to the (Jesuits) but a letter was sent by Father (Aloysius) Rocof(f)ort to the clerk who replied that he had to give the surety-bond required by law. When Vermillion parish was established civilly, they refused any license to Mégret; however he was the only known pastor; they could not deny it; but Mégret was obliged to give $3000 bond which they still have. The limits of the spiritual and civil (parishes) should agree as far as possible. The (Jesuits) are accused of trespassing and rapacity. They do not divide with the real pastor; they are not on their own ground. St. Charles has innumerable lands to go through in its boundaries along St. Landry. Mégret was on the Coulée du Blanc; this vast locality, greater and perhaps more thickly settled than Teche or Vermillion, does not see a priest but once a year. They should attend to their own flock instead of coming to Mégret's as they did several days ago to Valsaint Martin's (Blanc) will recall the scandal last year at Opelousas. They are already blaming (Blanc) for not withdrawing the priest. Mégret has talked to Father (James) Fontbonne, who was his confessor, but it will be said that this dear confrere has neither vigor nor virtue. Since (Blanc) lacks subjects and the assistant at St. Martin, who is not at all active, has charge temporarily of New Iberia in case Pont Breaux becomes vacant, Mégret would be willing to take care of it, since it is only a league from him, until (Blanc) could provide for it. Three fathers of children at the convent (of the Sisters of Mount Carmel) came during the week. Valerian Martin, Zépherin Martin, and Severine Guidry asked him to tell (Blanc) that classes have not been conducted as well as last year, that recreation has not been supervised, that English has not been used, that there is no order in the house, that Mother St. Paul (Aucoin, O. Carm.) was too young, that they ask for Mother Elizabeth, (O. Carm.), that they will withdraw their children if it is not better. Mégret is writing to Mother Thérèse (Chevrel, C. Carm.) who no doubt will talk to (Blanc). Mégret has no mortgages on his properties, either at Lafayette or Vermillion. What reply should he make to Father Eutrope (Proust, O.C.S.O.) about the future acquisition which (Blanc) saw at Confirmation time? The mayor of Abbeville, F. Briant, died intestate. Mégret was named administrator because of the $1403(?) he owed Mégret. If he does not have an affirmative reply from (Blanc) or Eutrope Mégret will regard the project as cancelled.

V-5-n - A.L.S. - (French) - 7pp. - 4to. - {24}


1850 Dec. 27
Mégret, Father A(nthony) D(ésiré): Vermillionville, (Louisiana)
Father (Stephen) Rousselon: New Orleans, (Louisiana)

Mégret takes advantage of the Sisters (of Mount Carmel)'s (going) to write. Rousselon will see the letter Mégret wrote to Mother Thérèse (Chevrel, O. Carm.). The Bishop will inform Rousselon of the paragraph which Mégret felt obliged to write at the request of the fathers and mothers. Mégret does not want Rousselon reproach these good Sisters; they have done all they could. Rousselon knows that Mégret told him that Sister St. Paul, (O. Carm.) would not be good at the head of a house for ten years. Sister Marie, (O. Carm.) has never been good at classes; administration is too complicated for her. Sister Philomene, (O. Carm.) is good; much less prim than she appears. St. Paul had instructions which she followed, but given from afar, could satisfy only part of their needs. Witness what happened this year. Thank God St. Paul saw it in time. Such a thing would never have occurred under Sister Elisabeth, (O. Carm.). No one will ever take her place at Vermillionville.

V-5-n - A.L.S. - (French) - 4pp. - 4to. - {7}


1850 Dec. 27
Roduit, S.J., Father Joseph: Grand Coteau, (Louisiana)
 to Father (Stephen) Rousselon: New Orleans, L(ouisian)a

Roduit asks for a dispensation for Joseph Olivier and Julie Stelly(?).

V-5-n - A.L.S. - (French) - 2pp. - 4to. - {3}


1850 Dec. 28
Baraga, (Father) Frederick: L'Anse, (Michigan)
 to Bishop (Peter Paul Lefevere: Detroit, Michigan)

Baraga is sorry to have to inform the Bishop that Father (Angelus) Van Paemel will not become an Indian missionary. Baraga is quite displeased. Van Paemel has given up the study of the Indian language and intends to return to Detroit as soon as possible. Father (Francis X.) Pierz will be very disappointed. Baraga's mission in L'Anse is considerably increasing. 25 persons are preparing for baptism, besides the annual increase of newly born children. It would be a pity if this mission be abandoned. Baraga had never wished for a long life, but now he does.

III-2-h - A.L.S. - (English) - 1p. - 8vo. - {3}


1850 Dec. 28
Barthe, Father E(dward): Houma, (Louisiana)
 to Archbishop (Anthony Blanc): New Orleans, (Louisiana)

Barthe cannot let the year end without giving news of Terrebonne and replying to (Blanc)'s last letter. He has only praise for the parishioners. It will not be long before the church is ready to accommodate them. The estimate of $350 for the windows has been accepted. Mr. Lirette who is to furnish the wood for the floors and pews will begin as soon as high water permits bringing the logs to the sawmill. When Barthe was ill with erysipelas, he was abandoned by his confreres. Father (Charles M.) Ménard passed close to the presbytery but did not come to console him. When Barthe received (Blanc)'s letter he could not read it because his eyes were swollen shut but a young Frenchman read it to him. This man could not get over his astonishment but Barthe told him that the friends of Job insulted him even in his misery. When his health permits, Barthe will go to the seminary.

V-5-n - A.L.S. - (French) - 3pp. - 4to. - {4}


1850 Dec. 28
(Chanche), Bishop John Joseph: Natchez, (Mississippi)
 to Archbishop (Anthony) Blanc: New Orleans, (Louisiana)

(Chanche) wrote the Other day requesting Blanc to send the $20 which Father (John Peter) Bellier had left for (Chanche). He is glad Blanc has not sent them; he wants Father Rousselon to send him a cask of claret and a barrel of sauterne for Mass. The $20 may be part payment for the wine. (Chanche) hopes to be with Blanc soon after Epiphany. Father (Blaise) Raho, (C.M.) will start next week on a mission. (P.S.) Had Blanc heard that Father Pitra(t)(?) had published his book in Louisville and that he had become a Presbyterian? (Chanche) was told so by Father (S.H.) Montgomery who saw it in the Louisville paper.

V-5-n - A.L.S. - 3pp. - 16mo. - {5}


1850 Dec. 28
Darby, F.O.: New Iberia, (Louisiana)
 to Archbishop (Anthony) Blanc: New Orleans, Louisiana

The seals have been broken on Father (Julian) Priour's possessions. Darby could not be present because of the bad weather. Also Mrs. Darby is in a condition which does not permit him to be away for more than a day. Mr. David, a neighbor(?), was one of the appraisers. Father (Nicholas) Francais could not be there either because of the weather. They found a will, addressed to Blanc; they took it to St. Martin to be opened and registered and to send Blanc a copy. They hope Priour will be replaced soon. Mr. Blain (Father John Stephen Blin?) told Darby that he intended to return to France in the spring. Perhaps if Blanc offered him the pastorship he would take it. If Blain does not accept, they would like to have Father (Aloysius Rocoffort, S.J.?) Roquefort of Grand Coteau. Francais wrote that Blanc is the executor and universal heir of Priour. An agent may be needed here; Darby would be willing to serve.

V-5-n - A.L.S. - (French) - 3pp. - 4to. - {7}


1850 Dec. 28
Francais, Father (Nicholas): New Iberia, (Louisiana)
 to Archbishop (Anthony Blanc: New Orleans, Louisiana)

Francais arrived here 2 hours ago, having left home 3 days ago and being detained by the bad weather. Elisé Touchecker, son of Michael Touchecker and Celestine Carver; and Elisabeth Absher, daughter of Théophile Absher and Marguerite Touchecker, ask for a dispensation. Francais did not receive (Blanc)'s letter until Christmas eve. He found the inventory made. Father (Hyacinthe Tumoine), Father Fontbonne's assistant told Francais that he was at this inventory in the sacristy so that profane hands would not touch the sacred vessels. The post of Abbeville is very difficult just now because of the nearness to Father (Anthony Désiré) Mégret. He takes a large part of Francais' small revenue. He wished to perform a marriage in Francais' parish when Francais was there, under the pretext that he had published the banns and he took everything. The other day some one asked Francais if he took anything before saying Mass. Francais replied that this was forbidden. The man said Mégret before a service in which he sang Mass, had breakfast with them. Mégret at the moment is very busy. The mayor of Abbeville died during Francais' absence; Mégret is the administrator. Francais would ask Balnc to give him New Iberia but he wants only to obey (Balnc)'s wishes. P.S. They have found Father (Julien) Priour's will; it is in is executor and heir.

V-5-n - A.L.S. - (French) - 2pp. - 4to. - {11}


1850 Dec. 28
Jourdant, S.J., Father Ant(hony) J.:
St. Charles College, (Grand Coteau, Louisiana)
 to Archbishop (Anthony Blanc: New Orleans, Louisiana)

Jourdant received (Blanc)'s letter of the 3rd a few days ago. They had already heard of the death of Father (Julian) Priour; is must have been a great consolation to die after several days of retreat and surrounded by all the blessings of religion. They have not yet received (Blanc)'s circular about the jubilee. As soon as the holidays are over, Jourdant will see Father (Anthony Désiré Mégret) Meygret about the boundaries. Their relations with all the neighboring pastors will be good once this question is decided. Their reopening is slow because people are unable to send their crops to New Orleans because of low water and bad weather. They have 35 boarders and 12 day scholars; he hopes they will have 50, their maximum. Their personnel is reduced to a minimum for classes, but there are always two priests exclusively for the parish. Although their number is reduced to 7 priests, 3 scholastics, and 8 brothers, Jourdant hopes that charity and union will only be more alive.

V-5-n - A.L.S. - (French) - 2pp. - 4to. - {4}


1850 Dec. 28
Latapie, H(eloi)se Décuir: (New Orleans, Louisiana)
 to Father (Stephen) Rousselon: (New Orleans, Louisiana)

A receipt for 12 piastres for the hire of Fanchonnette.

V-5-n - A. Receipt S. - (French) - 1p. - 32mo. - {1}


1850 Dec. 29
Hedian and O'Brien: Baltimore, (Maryland)
 to O(restes) A. Brownson:

The Catholic Mirror published in Philadelphia, is about to enter it second year. They wish to procure him for a contributor, and knowing that he is always ready to disseminate truth and eradicate error, they hope that he will aid them in establishing a Catholic paper in the seat of Catholicity. They are not able to pay large salaries, but offer him $100 yearly if he will become a weekly or bi-weekly contributor of an article about one and one-half columns long. He is at liberty to make it as much longer as he thinks their limits will permit. Rev. Dr. (Charles) White will be so occupied that he will not be able to attend to the Mirror hereafter; hence Brownson's articles will be to themselves, and unless Brownson desires otherwise, will appear in the editorial columns. They are now the agents for his "Review" and it will be a pleasure for them to exert themselves to increase its circulation.

I-3-j - A.L.S. - 2pp. - 8vo. - {3}


1850 Dec. 29
Fontbonne, Father James: St. Martinville, (Louisiana)
 to Archbishop (Anthony) Blanc: New Orleans, L(ouisian)a

There have been no words between Father (H.) Thirion and Fontbonne; he has decided to let him do as he wishes and not to act uselessly. He does not write this to tell what he has already suffered from the eccentricities of Thirion but he wants to inform Blanc of the conversation Thirion had with him the second day after his arrival. Thirion said he did not know what Blanc was thinking of when he sent him here where there is nothing even for one priest to do, while at Father (J.M.) Morisot's there was always something to do. He said he would be getting into mischief. He said the same thing to a young man Fontbonne brought from New Orleans and to a servant. This time he added a list of things he did not want to be. In this list were almost all the things Blanc sent him to do. Fontbonne does not think it will last until spring. Thirion is now at New Iberia where he spent Christmas. Father (Nicholas) Francais could not get to New Iberia until yesterday. Fontbonne must appear in court on next Tuesday about the inheritance. Blanc is to send a priest to New Iberia at once; nothing has been done about the church affairs. The (leaving?) of the Sisters has given Fontbonne the occasion to write.

V-5-n - A.L.S. - (French) - 4pp. - 4to. - {5}


1850 Dec. 29
Waldron, Father E.Q.S.: Philadelphia, (Pennsylvania)
 to Father (Stephen Rousselon: New Orleans, Louisiana

(Rousselon)'s letter of December 6 came to hand and Bishop (Francis Patrick Kenrick) has acknowledged the receipt of $100 as the donation of the Convent to the House of the Good Shepherd. It came most opportunely as they were purchasing a lot for $1500. Madam Des Anges and the other ladies feel most grateful. Anything appearing in the Propagateur about this institution will be translated by Waldron for their religious papers. On January 15 Waldron will commence to say 4 Masses for (Rousselon)'s intention. Waldron spent part of evening before last at Mr. Lopez's house and told them of that part of (Rousselon)'s letter which related to Dolores (Lopez?). They were much pleased. Waldron does not doubt she will yet be useful to the Church. Archbishop (John Baptist) Purcell left Philadelphia yesterday for New York whence he will sail for Europe on the 31st. They learn from every direction the happy effects of the Jubilee. Waldron celebrated midnight Mass for the Sisters of the Good Shepherd on Christmas day; it was the only one in the city. Three new applications for the house have, for the present, to be rejected but in another week the new house will be finished. It will accommodate 25 more, wherever from any part of the country they may apply. P.S. (Rousselon) is at liberty to make any use of Waldron's letters for the propagation.

V-5-n - A.L.S. - 2pp. - 4to. - {6}


1850 Dec. 30
Cornay, Oct(ave) and G.A. Briant: Pat(t)ersonville, (Louisiana)
 to Archbishop Ant(hony) Blanc: N(ew) Orleans, L(ouisia)na

They received Blanc's recent letter. They regret very much that he could not send a teacher such as they asked for. Youth will lose much in instruction of the heart and spirit; for all their republicanism and American prejudice they still grant to the most ignorant clergyman a knowledge twice as great as that possessed by the ordinary secular teachers. It is also a loss for the Catholic people who lose a permanent pastor. They thank him for his offer to procure a lay teacher; they have created the public schools. Their intention was to obtain at the same time a priest for their church which stands idle.

V-5-n - A.L.S. - (French) - 3pp. - 4to. - {3}


1850 Dec. 30
Dupuy, Father Enn(emond): Iberville, (Louisiana)
 to Archbishop Ant(hony) Blanc: New Orleans, L(ouisian)a

Dupuy received Blanc's letter of the 28th. There is no opposition on Dupuy's part but on theirs. If at the beginning, they had shown themselves willing to pay for the levee, and the transfer of the buildings, Dupuy would have said nothing. According to the charter, the trustees are entitled to the revenue from the land, but can use it only for the maintenance of the church. If Dupuy goes to the other side, they cannot refuse the church for funerals or Mass when the parishioners ask for it. The trustees have nothing to do with the inheritance of Father (Paul de) St. Pierre. If there were a priest on both sides of the river, the one at St. Gabriel would have sole right to this inheritance. If it were the same priest on both sides, he alone has the right. The result would be that the trustees would take the revenue from the land to pay for the levee, the road, and a caretaker. The parishioners would come, in large part, from the other side, even for burials and the trustees would have to concede. In order not to be compromised, Blanc could write a letter which Dupuy could show them. Blanc could let them know that if they break with Dupuy on this question, they will not have a priest. There are only six or seven who have opposed the transfer. Dupuy does not believe that the trustees are finding enough subscriptions to pay for the levee and transfer of buildings. Blanc is not to worry; Dupuy will do nothing precipitate. If he does not obtain the transfer, he will obtain more security for the peace of the priest. It is for the restoration of authority and the independence of the priest.

V-5-n - A.L.S. - (French) - 4pp. - 4to. - {3}


1850 Dec. 30
Mégret, Father A(nthony) D(ésiré): Vermillionville, (Louisiana)
 to Archbishop (Anthony Blanc: New Orleans, Louisiana)

Mégret wrote through their Sisters; he thinks it useful to write again. Day before yesterday he was called on by the same ladies he told (Blanc) about in his first letter. They are waiting for the arrival of the Sisters (of Mount Carmel) to learn the new personnel before deciding to withdraw their children. If Sister Elizabeth, (O. Carm.)'s health permits her to come, she will only have to hold her position, without any classes. Mother Thérèse (Chevrel, O. Carm.) would not have to weigh sending her if she wants to save Notre Dame de Toute Grace. The families have confidence in Elizabeth. Mégret observed at Mrs. Chevallier de l'Homme's house that H.G. no longer becomes intoxicated, although drinking a lot, since the retreat. There is perhaps hope that he might do good in a distant parish. If Mégret does not hear from the Trappists in a few weeks, they will lose the property (Blanc) visited; but could they not determine on another which would not have to be bought as it belongs to Mégret. It is 4 leagues from Abbeville, 3 from Lafayette, with excellent soil, on the west coast of Bayou Vermillion, with a small house where his farmer lives. There is a house which is going to be sold soon, as large as the one (Blanc) looked at on Mr. Briante(?)'s land which Mégret could have moved. Mégret's church will not be finished before Easter or Pentecost. He has just sent to Mr. Derbès of St. Martin, the 137 piastres. (P.S.) Miss Cade, daughter of their senator, belonging to the Church of England as does her future husband, did not want either a preacher or a judge for her wedding. Both had received baptism. They made promises which give Mégret hope of seeing them some day in the true fold. They made the promises between them which are theologically required. Blanc can see that Mégret must have been surrounded by Protestants. There was really only one Catholic, the young brother of the wife whom Mégret had baptized several years ago. When the ceremony was over, her father told Mégret, before the whole-assembly, that up to then he had never suspected all the holiness of a Catholic marriage. Mrs. Cade often comes to Mégret's instructions.

V-5-n - A.L.S. - (French) - 4pp. - 4to. - {10}


1850 Dec. 30
(Odin, C.M.), Bishop J(ohn) M(ary): Galveston, (Texas)
 to Archbishop (Anthony Blanc: New Orleans, Louisiana)

The steamer Louisiana entered their port today; (Odin) received (Blanc)'s letter of the 21st. He replies by the Palmetto which is to return tomorrow from Lavaca. He will be delighted to see Bishop (John Baptist) Lamy. If possible (Odin) would accompany him at least to San Antonio but he has not one priest to call to his aid. The shortest way will be by the steamers between New Orleans and Galveston and Galveston to Lavaca. (Odin) hopes Lamy can stay a week. He could send all his boxes to Major Kerr at Port Lavaca. It would be very inconvenient to send them to Indian Point, 12 miles further from San Antonio. Arrived at Lavaca, Lamy would do well to have all his things taken to San Antonio by Mexican or German carts. He and his priests should go directly by stage to San Antonio. (Odin) would not advise Lamy to buy any mules at New Orleans; they can be procured at San Antonio. As for provisions from San Antonio to Passo del Norte, (Odin) believes it would be well for Lamy to make an arrangement with the quartermaster at San Antonio to receive rations like everyone in the convoy. Merchandise is abundant in San Antonio. (Paul) Gélot of the Oblates (of Mary Immaculate) has made his profession and (odin) ordained him deacon at the request of Father (Adrien Pierre) Telmon, O.M.I., his superior. He came from Canada with the other priests. (Odin) thought it would be better to bring him here to study English than to send him to Brownsville. (Odin) had not learned of the recall and suppression of the house at Brownsville until his arrival at Galveston. Gélot's conduct has been irreproachable. If he does not object to coming to Texas, (Odin) will admit him and work will not be lacking. If he would prefer not to return, (Odin) would rather do without him. In any case Gélot must obtain his dispensation and dimissorial letters from his bishop. Father (Antonio Severo) Borrajo has asked permission to accompany Lamy. This inconstancy is painful. When he arrived, (Odin) gave him an English teacher; after a few days he wanted to give lessons to his teacher rather than take them. (Odin) sent him to Houston to Father (Edward) Clark. Borrajo was no more satisfied with his second teacher than with his first. (Odin) sent him to Nacogdoches. (Odin) had hardly arrived there when Borrajo announced he needed a year of leisure to study English. A few days later he left for New Orleans. P.S. If Lamy is not used to riding horseback, he should buy a gig at New Orleans with one or two mules. During the summer (Odin) made a trip of more than 2,000 miles with the same horse but the season was more favorable. The route from San Antonio to Passo del Norte is lacking in grass, water, and woods.

V-5-n - A.L.S. - (French) - 4pp. - 4to. - {8}


1850 Dec. 31
(Blanc, Archbishop Anthony: New Orleans, Louisiana)

Dispensation sent to Father (Nicholas) Francais in Vermillion Parish; Elizé Toucheker and Elizabeth Absher.

V-5-n - A. Note - 1p. - 32mo. - {3}


1850 Dec. 31
Fontbonne, Father James: St. Martinville, (Louisiana)
 to Archbishop (Anthony) Blanc: New Orleans, L(ouisian)a

Today Fontbonne and Father (Nicholas) Francais heard the reading of Father (Julien) Priour's will. It names Blanc as heir and administrator. Priour also added notes in the form of instructions. An attorney of St. Martin wants to have these instructions as part of the will. But Judge Simon holds that Blanc may do as he pleases with these notes. Simon has promised to go to see Blanc. Priour left nothing to his sister, Mrs. Gougeon and her husband, who attended the reading, appeared hurt. Father (H.) Thirion is still at New Iberia. Fontbonne has no objection to his remaining there; at least this church will not be deprived of a priest. Thirion seems to like it but he is not open to suggestion. So if any difficulties arise outside St. Martin, Blanc is not to blame Fontbonne.

V-5-n - A.L.S. - (French) - 3pp. - 4to. - {6}


1850 Dec. 31
Smith, (S.C.), Sister Regina: New Orleans, (Louisiana)
 to Archbishop Anthony Blanc: (New Orleans, Louisiana)

Sister Philomena, (S.C.) continues very ill and Sister Paschal, (S.C.) has the same symptoms with which Sister Octavia, (S.C.) and Philomena's sickness commenced. Sister Ambrose, (S.C.) is very low. Regina has just received an answer to the letter she wrote Sister M(ary) Austin (Mudd, S.C.) asking her help. She cannot send any. Regina feels obliged to ask for Sister Avellina, (S.C.)'s return from Baton Rouge. She knows it would be better not to disturb Baton Rouge until the Sisters leave altogether but she hopes Blanc would not think it wrong to ask for her. At present there is only one Sister in the Female Department. The three who are sick caught the fever there.

V-5-n - A.L.S. - 2pp. - 16mo. - {7}