University of Notre Dame


1852 Apr. 1
Pierz. Father Francois: Mackinac, Michigan
 to Bishop (Peter Paul) Lefevere: Detroit, Michigan

Pierz sends Lefevere a receipt for the teacher Margeret Kabegijigokive whom he paid last January. Pierz paid the teachers of the private schools, but he did ask them for the receipts, since it is not necessary to send any report to the government. In case Lefevere wants them Pierz will send them. In Mackinac he is in a good health and he is well treated. The people in Mackinac are well satisfied with Pierz, since they come to church every night. Everybody goes to confession here and at La Pointe. When Father A. Van Pamel came to pay a visit he came with some Irish Catholics and spent Easter. Father (Andrew) Piret was very hard on the people at Mackinac. That was all right, because his successor does not have such a hard time with the savages. The winter is still very cold and windy, and the snow and ice very thick. Pierz asks a new priest for Mackinac since the mission cannot stay without any priest. He reminds Lefevere that the priest should know English because there are many Irish. Since Lefevere is leaving after Easter for the council of Baltimore, Pierz asks him to send the letter of recommendation from the Bishop of his country which Pierz gave to Rese 16 years ago. He needs the paper to present it to the Bishop (Joseph) Cretin. He also asks Lefevere to send what is left of his salary. He still has to pay a $3 debt and the price of the bells of Cheboygan. Pierz thanks Lefevere for the great favors and the treatment he has received in Lefevere's diocese. He hopes that Lefevere will let him go willingly and with his benediction. Cretin in his diocese needs more priests than Lefevere because Lefevere has a well organized clergy.

III-2-h - A.L.S. - (French) - 2pp. - 8vo. - {4}

1852 Apr. 1
Clerk, George E.: Montreal, (Canada)
 to O(restes A.) Brownson: Boston, (Massachusetts)

At a meeting of the Montreal Catholic Institute it was determined to invite Brownson to deliver a course of lectures. He is delighted at the prospect of another visit from Brownson and hopes to have the pleasure of his company.

I-3-k - A.L.S. - 1p. - 8vo. - {1}

1852 Apr. 1
Reggio, Nicholas: Boston, (Massachusetts)
 to O(restes) A. Brownson: Chelsea, (Massachusetts)

On the 4th, he sent Brownson a check for $100 which amount Mr. A. Calderon de la Barca, the Spanish Minister at Washington, sent Reggio for Brownson. The check has not yet been presented for payment at the bank. He writes to know whether it has been received.

I-3-k - A.L.S. - 1p. - 8vo. - {2}

1852 Apr. 2
McKeogh, James: Dubuque, Iowa
 to O(restes) A. Brownson: Boston, Massachusetts)

The accompanying article has been written at the request and under the supervision of Bishop (Mathias) Loras of Dubuque. The state of Iowa permits and sanctions usury to any extent and many Catholics have entered the business justifying themselves on the ground that money is a marketable commodity and that they have a right to get as high a price as they can for it. To expose the falseness of this assumption and with the aim of counteracting some of the evils that flow from the present system of money lending this article has been written.

I-3-k - A.L.S. - 1p. - 8vo. - {2}

1852 April 5
Brunner, C.PP.S., Father Francis de Sales: ad Petram B.V. Mariae
 to Archbishop John Baptist Purcell: of Cincinnati, Ohio

The Precious Blood Congregation consisting of priests, brothers and sisters of which there are 7 convents, and about 200 members in the Archdiocese of Cincinnati and the diocese of Cleveland follow the rule founded by Blessed Caspar Del Buffalo and blessed by Pope Gregory XVI, Dec. 17, 1841, and they feel that they cannot continue in that state. The whole congregation having been emulating the religious life desire that Purcell ask the Holy See that they be admitted to the vows of poverty, chastity and obedience and further that of stability. Already they have completed 2 years with their oath of fidelity and have taken private vows without further trial. Purcell is likewise asked to visit them as he has never yet done so. They are willing to change anything that may be censured in their constitutions or mode of life.

II-4-1 - A.L.S. - 1p. - 8vo. - (Latin) - {5}

1852 Apr. 5
Pacca, B.: (Rome, Italy)

A certification that the portrait is the likeness of the Holy Face, as it appears on Veronica's veil.

- Printed D. - (Latin) -

 Folded with the above: 

1789 Dec. 25
Bareau de Girac, Bishop Francois: Rennes, (France)

Father Emmanuel Jacques le Forestier, Superior of L'hotel Des Gentils-hommes established at Rennes, has presented Bareau with a box, sealed, and bound with a crimson ribbon. Opened in the presence of the undersigned; they found bones of 7 saints: St. Yves, St. Felicissime, St. Magne, St. Urbain, St. Pacifique, St. Benigne and St. Benoist. These relics were taken from parcels which Forestier had given to St. Yves of Rennes on May 18, 1788. After verification these relics were enclosed in 2 reliquaries for public veneration. In one were placed the relics of St. Yves, St. Felicissime, St. Magne, and St. Urbain. In the other, those of St. Pacifique, St. Benigne, and St. Benoist. They were sealed in red wax with Bareau's arms in the presence of the undersigned witnesses. (Signatures of): Father De Bourge De Blery, Vicar General; le Forestier, Father J. Perdviel, Father J.J. Marichal, and Father Le Surre,, secretary.

- D.S. - (French) - 2pp.

1879 Dec. 25
Bareau de Girac, Bishop Francois: Rennes, (France)

Father Emmanuel Jacques de Forestier presented Bareau with a box covered with marbled paper, bound with a crimson ribbon, and sealed, in which were found bones of St. Yves, St. Pacifique, St. Benoist, St. Felicissime, St. Urbain, and St. Magne. They placed these relics in 2 reliquaries for the veneration of the public. After taking out those of St. Pacifique, St. Yves, St. Benigne and St. Benoist, the box was sealed with Bareau's arms in the presence of the undersigning witnesses. (Signatures of) De Bourge De Blery, le Forestier, Perdviel, Marichal, and Le Surre.

- D.S. - (French) - 1p.

VI-1-c - Printed D. - (Latin - - D.S. - (French) - 4pp. - 8vo. & 16mo. - {6}

1852 Apr. 5
(Brownson, Orestes A.): Boston, (Massachusetts)
 to Bishop (Michael O'Connor): Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania

This evening he read the lecture to which the bishop alludes. It is rarely that he finds the subject the bishop has handled treated so as to satisfy him. The bishop's lecture does satisfy him, though he is more republican than Brownson. The bishop is the only prelate who considered the subject on the right ground. Archbishop (John Hughes) of New York proved his thesis but with so many concessions to protestants that Brownson was not pleased; he virtually conceded that our instututions are of protestant origin. Brownson was gratified to find his views so ably sustained by the bishop of Pittsburgh. There is no essential difference between the bishop's estimate of the common law and Brownson's.

I-3-k - A.L.(Incomplete, no signature) - 2pp. - 8vo. - {2}

(18)52 Apr. 5
Praz, R.S.C.J. Madame A(nnette): St. Michael, (Louisiana)
 to Archbishop (Anthony Blanc: New Orleans, Louisiana)

She presumes (Blanc) received her letter announcing the return of Mother (Maria) Cutts, (R.S.C.J.). She has been at Grand Coteau since Friday. She remained here only long enough to aid them. One of the three left them, finished her noviciate several months ago and is to take her first vows in a few weeks. Will (Blanc) designate some one to examine Madame Conlan. New pupils continue to arrive. There are 150 and some. Their house at Baton Rouge is going well; there are 21 boarders and Mother (Adine) Guinand, (R.S.C.J.) expects more this month.

VI-1-c - A.L.S. - (French) - 2pp. - 8vo. - {4}

1852 Apr. 6
Hedian and O'Brien: Baltimore, (Maryland)
 to Archbishop (Anthony Blanc: New Orleans, Louisiana)

A circular letter advertising works of Archbishop Francis Patrick Kenrick and other works.

VI-1-c - Printed Circular - 1p. - 8vo. - {2}

1852 Apr. 6
Jesse, A(ntoine de): Lyons, (France)
 to Archbishop (Anthony Blanc: New Orleans, Louisiana)

The assembled members of the two Councils of the Association for the Propagation of the Faith assure (Blanc) that he is very dear to them. The missions of America have been the object of their particular attention. Their only restriction has been insufficient resources. The Councils have decided to ask (Blanc) to establish this Association in his diocese. Experience has taught them that it is among the poor that the Association is established most easily. Ireland, amid all her troubles, still sends alms. The pope, in his encyclical of November 21, 1851, recommends the Association, prescribes an alms in favor of it, in order to gain the graces of the new jubilee. A Council is to be held at Baltimore; the members of the Central Councils will present their petition there. But they solicit (Blanc)'s particular support in his diocese.

VI-1-c - L.S. - (French) - 4pp. - 4to. - {2}

1852 Apr. 6
(Van De Velde), Bishop James Oliver: Chicago, (Illinois)
 to Archbishop A(nthony) Blanc: New Orleans, L(ouisian)a

The bearer, the Hon(orable) Lisle Smith visits the south on business connected with his profession. Blanc will probably recognize him as the writer of the letter which announced the death of Bishop W(illia)m Quarter. Although not a Catholic, Smith shows himself a friend of their religion and Blanc is to recommend him to the institutions which Smith desires to visit.

VI-1-c - A.L.S. - 2pp. - 8vo. - {3}

1852 Apr. 7
(Chanche), Bishop John Joseph: Natchez, (Mississippi)
 to Archbishop (Anthony) Blanc: New Orleans, (Louisiana)

The Magnolia did not come by Natchez until Monday morning. (Chanche) would probably have had to spend the whole of Holy Week on the river. The next trip will probably be some time about Dom(inica) in Albis. Perhaps Blanc will go up in that trip. They have no news here. All the Bishops are preparing to make their moves. Father (Stephen H.) Montgomery leaves Vicksburg for Havana about the 20th; he thinks a trip there would be of service to his health.

VI-1-c - A.L.S. - 2pp. - 12mo. - {2}

1852 Apr. 8
Tucker, N. A.: Burlington, V(ermon)t
 to O(restes) A. Brownson: (Boston, Massachusetts)

He sees by the Montreal papers that Brownson is expected to deliver a course of lectures in that city. Brownson may recollect his promise to pass the night with him. Besides, he wants to have a good laugh at Brownson and with him over poor Father (Jeremiah) O'Callaghan's "greatest effort of the age".

I-3-k - A.L.S. - 2pp. - 8vo. - {2}

(1852?) Apr. 10
Dufour, Father L(ouis): Plaquemine, (Louisiana)
 to Archbishop (Anthony Blanc: New Orleans, Louisiana)

Dufour sends a last reply before (Blanc)'s departure. He understood (Blanc)'s letter because he found in it the same candor and tact as always. (Blanc) has also understood Dufour's letter; he will not return to it. The grave thing which Dufour confided is only too true, without speaking of the long proofs Father (Anthony Désiré Mégret) Maigret retailed to him on the subject. The first assistant at (Blanc)'s cathedral, Father (Claude Anthony) Tholomier came to Dufour's door, opposite (Blanc)'s to tell him what a shame it was that as soon as priest of talent came, he was sent away. Dufour told him that up to now the Bishop had never sent him away. The last of (Blanc)'s missionaries who visited Dufour not long ago, when asked by Dufour to attend to a commission to Father (Stephen) Rousselon, replied that he could not because Rousselon did not like Dufour. It is the same story beginning(?) with Father (Adrien) Rouquette, who, at least, has a simple and open heart. This is what makes Dufour so reserved and even a little rude with priests. His desire has long been to mingle in a society of truly holy and sacrificing priests. Only the troubles of France kept him from realizing this desire. Plaquemine is a small portion of (Blanc)'s field which deserves not to be forgotten. But soon a priest, more used to English than French, will be needed there. Dufour's health is not good. Dufour will force himself to wait here until (Blanc)'s return from the Council. Perhaps the heat will ease his sufferings. He will talk to Rousselon before changing anything.

VI-1-c - A.L.S. - (French) - 3pp. - 4to. - {6}

1852 Apr. 10
Schwarz, J G: Vienna, (Austria)
 to Bishop P(eter) P(aul) Lefevere: Detroit, (Michigan)

Although the funds of the Leopoldine (Association) have decreased nearly one half since 1848, the directors are so penetrated with the necessities of Lefevere's diocese that they have again allotted 4000 florins to his diocese. Lefevere's attention is called to the condition of German Catholics in his diocese and a report on them is desired. Schwarz hopes that his brother (P.C. Schwarz) had delivered to Lefevere the metal cross sent by Schwarz for the use of the Bishop of Detroit and his letter of November 20, 1851. He repeats his wish that the cross may long continue to be borne before Lefevere. He begs Lefevere to give the enclosed to his brother personally, if possible, and to prepare him as it contains the news of the death of their mother.

III-2-h - A.L.S. - 2pp. - 8vo. - {3}

(18)52 Apr. 11
Praz, R.S.C.J., Madame A(nnette): St. Michael, (Louisiana)
 to Archbishop (Anthony Blanc: New Orleans, Louisiana)

Praz sends the Lenten collection from their students to which she adds that of the Community. She asks (Blanc) to recommend their house to the prayers of those in whose favor the alms were given. All is going well here. Praz has just received (Blanc)'s letter of the 7th. They will double their prayers for him during his long absence.

VI-1-c - A.L.S. - (French) - 2pp. - 8vo. - {1}

1852 Apr. 12
Tumoine, Father H(yacinthe): Avoyelles, (Louisiana)
 to Archbishop (Anthony Blanc: New Orleans, Louisiana)

Tumoine received (Blanc)'s letter a week ago Friday with the check to pay the church note. He gave it to L(ouis) Roule who gave Tumoine the note. Tumoine made the seminary collection on Sunday. He rented the pews for the second year without difficulty, they brought only $166. There were 65 Communions on Holy Thursday. He had 16 First Communicants at Bayou des Glaises. He is continuing catechism at the church and at Marksville. Civil divorce has many victims here. A young woman, divorced by her husband, was abandoned with 3 children. She wishes to practice her religion and also wishes to remarry. It is the only way she can support herself. Tumoine told her that he could not admit her to First Communion unless she promised not to marry. Her case is common. She begged Tumoine to intercede for her. If her civil marriage is nul, he could marry her. (P.S.) He asks for a dispensation for Ludgar Lemoine and Celina Dufour.

VI-1-c - A.L.S. - (French) - 3pp. - 12mo. - {7}

1852 Apr. 13
Ives, Father J. M.: (Milwaukee, Wisconsin)
 to (Archbishop John Baptist Purcell): (Cincinnati, Ohio)

Reverend Doctor Morris brought from Europe last fall some paintings among which Ives found one marked with Purcell's name, of the Madonna. Ives wanted permission of Purcell to send it to Cincinnati or retained until Ives could give it to Purcell in Baltimore. Baron Geralt, the Prussian minister requests information concerning a paper published some time since, in Cincinnati in phonetic characters called the "Standard of Judea" The Baron collects such matters and sends them to Europe.

(Photostatic copy from the Archives of the College of Mt. St. Joseph, Delhi, Ohio.)

II-5-h - A.L.S. - 2pp. - 16mo. - {3}

1852 Apr.13
Jordain, Father Ph(ilibert): Natchitoches, (Louisiana)
 to Archbishop (Anthony Blanc: New Orleans, Louisiana)

(Blanc)'s reply to Jordain's last letter is very encouraging but is far from satisfactory to Jordain. Jordain has been in (Blanc)'s diocese for two years. He has never recoiled from any sacrifice however capricious the pastors with whom (Blanc) placed him. But now his efforts have become useless. It is impossible to live longer in the uncertainty of not knowing how long he will be here.

VI-1-c - A.L.S. - (French) - 2pp. - 4to. - {1}

1852 Apr. 13
Protestant Bible Reader, A.: Montreal, (Canada)
 to O(restes) A. Brownson: Montreal, (Canada)

Brownson no doubt thinks he is a great man, but if there is any truth in the statement that he has acted like Esau and sold his birthright, he may rest assured that his lecture will have little effect on the people of Montreal. As for Brownson not being a Protestant, the reason is that he is like Demas, he has loved this present world and joined himself to the careless and slothful-minded Thessalonians. Brownson has no fear of asserting a falsehood to suit his purposes. The priests always employed men like Brownson who would say anything for filthy lucre sake. The Pope and all the Jesuits cannot stop the onward rush of Christian Protestant truth.

I-3-k - A.L.S. - 2pp. - 8vo. - {1}

1852 Apr. 13
Watson, James: Lower Saginaw, (Michigan)
 to Bishop P(eter) P(aul) Lefevere,: (Detroit Michigan)

Watson presumes that their church can be used for services in two weeks. The people desire to finish the plastering next fall. It is now necessary to paint the church and they have no money. Watson has given $428 besides what others have paid; now at the request of the congregation he asks Lefevere to give paint and oil for the church which is 40 by 60 by 28 feet. If Lefevere will give it, it is to be forwarded by A.E. Bissell, Detroit. They are working in good faith and with the hope that Lefevere will soon send them a priest.

III-2-h - A.L.S. - 1p. - 8vo. - {1}

1852 Apr. 14
(Chanche), Bishop John Joseph: Natchez, (Mississippi)
 to Archbishop (Anthony) Blanc: New Orleans, (Louisiana)

Blanc's silence induces (Chanche) to suppose that he has determined to go up the river in the Magnolia. He sees by the papers that she will start about the 22nd. This would give them time to reach Baltimore before May 9. (Chanche) wrote to Archbishop (John Baptist Purcell) explaining why he did not go up before and told him that they would probably travel together from Cincinnati to Balt(imore). Has Bishop (Michael) Portier determined to go by the southern route? This letter will be handed to Blanc by Father (Peter) Holton; he wishes to spend a few weeks with his friends in New Orleans and than pay a visit to Mobile. After that he will go to Vicksburg and await (Chanche)'s directions. Father (Stephen) Montgomery has just come; he is on his way to New Orleans and perhaps to Havana. He expects afterwards to leave for Europe. (Chanche) sees by the papers that Dr. Mercer has given $1400 a year to the Asylum for boys. (Chanche) thought his intention was to give this to the girls' asylum. Is he giving to both? (Chanche) is told that Mercer intends to give to their asylum too. He is making good use of his fortune.

VI-1-c - A.L.S. - 3pp. - 12mo. - {6}

1852 Apr. 14
Chanche, John Joseph, Bp. of Natchez: Natchez, Mississippi
 to Archbishop John Baptist Purcell: of Cincinnati, Ohio

Chanche will leave Natchez on the 20th, probably in the company of the Archbishop of New Orleans. He had hopes of spending a couple of weeks with Purcell but he is sure Purcell will grant him the same favor when he returns to the south. He feels the necessity of talking to Purcell. He thanks Purcell for sending him Father (?) O'Hara. He sent O'Hara to spend the summer on the Gulf. He will consult Purcell on where to place him most advantageously.

II-4-1 - A.L.S. - 3pp. - 8vo. - {3}

1852 April 14
Gonzague, S.N.D., Sister Louis de: Boston, (Massachusetts)
 to (Archbishop John Baptist Purcell): (Cincinnati, Ohio)

Before quitting American soil she has the consolation of sending these lines to (Purcell) to express her sincere gratitude for what he has done for them and for her especially. Her only regret is that she has not always responded to his goodness. She expresses a desire that God will preserve his life which is so precious to their Institute. He can understand the regret with which she parts from those with whom she performed her first superiorship and her dear mission. She will remain united to it in her heart. She asks for his blessing that she will fulfill the desires of her superiors in Belgium. She hopes to see him one day in Belgium.

II-4-1 - A.L.S. - (French) - 3pp. - 12mo. - {1}

1852 Apr. 14
(Portier), Bishop Michael: Mobile, (Alabama)
 to Archbishop (Anthony Blanc: New Orleans, Louisiana)

(Portier) thanks (Blanc) for his letter. By taking the southern route, with Father (Napoleon Joseph) Perché and Father (James Ignatius) Mullon, the fatigues of the journey will almost be forgotten. (Portier) has placed and consecrated the second altar in the Cathedral, dedicated to the Blessed Virgin. This morning he contracted for the 3rd, that of St. Joseph. Their church will be finished inside before the end of this year. Father (Gabriel) Chalon lost his mother March 16. They will leave Mobile the 26th.

VI-1-c - A.L.S. - (French) - 1p. - 8vo. - {5}

1852 Apr. 17
Haugh, James and Catharine Haugh: Washington, Kentucky
 to Archbishop Anthony Blanc: (New Orleans, Louisiana)

The enclosed $10 are for Thomas and Margaret Mullany who were to leave Liverpool on March 15 to come to them. They wish their brother and sister to come as direct as possible to Maysville, then to Washington and on the turnpike to inquire of Richard Mitchell who will direct them. (In Rousselon's hand): Gave $10 to Thomas Mullany May 27, 1852.

VI-1-c - A.L.S. - 1p. - 4to. - {5}

1852 Apr. 17
O'Brien, Lawrence: Maysville, K(entuck)y
 to Archbishop (Anthony Blanc: New Orleans, Louisiana)

About the middle of February, O'Brien sent $10 for his wife, Catharine O'Brien and three children. She called on (Blanc) for it but unluckily, as Father (John) Joyce tells O'Brien, it could not have reached there at the time. She is now in Maysville and O'Brien asks (Blanc) to send it to Joyce. They need it badly.

VI-1-c - A.L.S. - 1p. - 4to. - {3}

1852 Apr. 17
O'Reilly, Father Michael: Jackson, (Louisiana)
 to Archbishop (Anthony) Blanc: New Orleans, (Louisiana)

Father (Charles) Chambost and O'Reilly have taken final measures with regard to the disposal of the bricks. The man who manufactured them and gave so much trouble, has disclaimed all right to them. They have resolved to appropriate their price to repair the house O'Reilly has purchased at Jackson. He has acted hastily, but prudently. Blanc desired him not to make any contract until Chambost would arrive. He was convinced the place was to be sold, hence O'Reilly collected $300 and bought the place in Blanc's name. Chambost is of the opinion that it is the only thing that can be done. O'Reilly has been much encouraged by the conduct of the people of Bayou Sara. They have made him a gift of a very beautiful horse and are making every effort to subscribe for his support. After paying for this place, there remain about $300 in the hands of Mr. Crennan and 112 in the hands of another person in Jackson. This O'Reilly intends to spend to repair their chapel and residence. If there is a surplus it will be put with the other subscriptions to be collected to build a church. O'Reilly's health is not yet thoroughly reestablished but he hopes to be very well in a short time. He thanks Blanc for his favor of the 12th.

VI-1-c - A.L.S. - 3pp. - 8vo. - {5}

1852 Apr. 18
Abbadie, S.J., Father J(John) F(rancis): St. Michael, (Louisiana)
 to Archbishop (Anthony Blanc: New Orleans, Louisiana)

1. A young lady at the convent who wishes to be a Catholic, was baptized by Mr. Clapp. Should she be conditionally rebaptized? The same for a child baptized by an Episcopalian minister whose Catholic mother wishes to have her a Catholic. 2. Could those who cannot come to the church for the Jubilee, visit the chapels twice? 3. Father (Anthony J.) Jourdant, (S.J.) cannot leave before preaching at High Mass Sunday. He will go down by the first boat, afterward, He has a 4th but cannot find his notebook.

VI-1-c - A.L.S. - (French) - 1p. - 4to. - {3}

1852 April 18
Canavan, Benjamin: New York, (New York)
 to O(restes) A. Brownson: (Boston, Massachusetts)

In Brownson's article on "Paganism in Education" he was very much surprised to find what appeared to him an inconsistency between the argument Brownson advances against the Abbe Gaume and the strenous efforts made by Catholics against common school education. Brownson scents schism in the Abbe's opinions somewhat gratuitously. If it be true that paganism in education does not produce paganism in society but vice versa, with what consistency can we assert that non-religious education produces and even has produced the irreligious state of society at present. Brownson seems to impose on the Abbe the charge that he has accused the Church and the Jesuits of having coutenanced an error in education. On the contrary, the Abbe says that the Jesuits came to the rescue. Canavan asks Brownson if he is not in conflict with Archbishop John Hughes on this question.

I-3-k - A.L.S. - 3pp. - 8vo. - {2}

1852 Apr. 18
Cutts, R.S.C., Madame M(aria): Grand Coteau, (Louisiana)
 to Archbishop (Anthony Blanc): New Orleans, L(ouisian)a

She wishes to let (Blanc) know of her return here but her asthma, which she could leave in France, forced her to rest. She regrets that she had to take a different way than she intended. It would have been a real pleasure to see (Blanc) and present her little colony (of Religious of the Sacred Heart) of 4 French, 6 Americans, and 3 German postulants. She left 5 at St. Michael and sent 4 to Natchitoches. The others are for Grand Coteau. She also brought Madame Stanislas, (R.S.C.) and Madame Doremus, (R.S.C.) to have them rest for a few months. She hopes this help will relieve those houses; all are ready to fill the vacancies in their ranks. (Blanc) must have been surprised not to receive an answer to the letter he wrote her in France. Her silence was caused by the fear that she would return alone to Louisiana. For it was only as she prepared to leave, that the Mother General could find companions for her. When Cutts sees (Blanc) she will tell him of what took place at their Council.

VI-1-c - A.L.S. - (French) - 4pp. - 8vo. - {4}

1852 Apr. 19
Mina, Father Ve. M(odest)e: St. John Baptist, (Louisiana)
 to Father E(tienne) Rousselon: New Orleans, (Louisiana)

Jean Louis Grault wishes to marry Louise Grault and ask for a dispensation. P.S. He asks Rousselon to send by C. Laneuville the articles he asked for through Father (Felix) Dichar(r)y and to add 7 copies of the Propagation of the Faith. He also asks for a dispensation from banns for a marriage civilly contracted in 1836 between Francois C. Delaneuville and Zélanie Therriot who wish to have their marriage blessed.

VI-1-c - A.L.S. - (French) - 2pp. - 4to. - {7}

1852 Apr. 19
Ménard, Father Ch(arle)s M.: Lafourche Intérieure, (Louisiana)
 to Father (Stephen Rousselon: New Orleans, Louisiana)

Ménard asks for a dispensation for Joseph Breau, son of Paul Breau and Clémentine Robichaux; and Marie Robichaux, daughter of Jean Bap(tis)te Robichaux and Marie Virginie Bourgeois. P.S. When is (Rousselon) coming for a visit?

VI-1-c - A.L.S. - (French) - 1p. - 4to. - {7}

1852 Apr. 19
Mullon, Father J(ames) I(gnatius): New Orleans, (Louisiana)
 to Archbishop (Anthony) Blanc: (New Orleans, Louisiana)

Blanc has been grossly deceived by the friends of Mary Kelly, once the wife of Humphry Finch. She died drunk, was known as a public drunkard. When Finch died, his brother Michael (Finch), a decent, sober man, paid for the lot. The consequence is subversion of all church requirement by such violations of regulations. They had been with Father (John) Flanigan who knew the facts, and being refused, deceived Blanc so as to obtain admittance into the cemetery. They forced open the gate and placed the corpse in one of the vaults. The lot belongs to Michael Finch and they cannot compel him to give the right of sepulture to the drunken widow of his deceased brother, and wife of another man, in his lot.

VI-1-c - A.L.S. - 2pp. - 4to. - {5}

(18)52 Apr. 19
Praz, R.S.C.J., Madame A(nnette): St. Michael, (Louisiana)
 to Archbishop (Anthony Blanc: New Orleans, Louisiana)

Praz received (Blanc)'s letter through Miss Fox; the $80 sent him are for the seminary. They began the Jubilee yesterday; their pupils will do all the exercises except Confession and Communion which will be for them on May 1. Father (Anthony J.?) Jourdan(t, S.J.?) will bring the Jubilee alms, those for the Propagation of the Faith, and those for the poor which they will send for the orphans. She has just received news from Grand Coteau that all are well as it seems Mother Stanislas, (R.S.C.J.) has recovered; she did much good at Natchitoches. They have not yet had time to judge the postulant; she is quite young. Praz will speak to Mother Cutts about her. Praz believes a year at boarding school would do her much good; her health is a little better; Praz will keep her at least 2 weeks.

VI-1-c - A.L.S. - (French) - 2pp. - 8vo. - {4}

1852 Apr. 19
Roman, R.S.C.J., Madame Louise C.: St. Michael, (Louisiana)
 to Archbishop (Anthony Blanc: New Orleans, Louisiana)

(Blanc) knows her whole life. She has as much confidence in Father (Vital Gilles, S.J.?) Giles but he is no longer here. Could (Blanc) come to hear her confession? This jubilee is probably the last she will make. She does not know Father (Anthony J. Jourdant, S.J.?) Jourdan.

VI-1-c - A.L.S. - (French) - 1p. - 4to. - {3}

1852 Apr. 19
Spalding, M(artin) J., Bp. of Louisville: Louisville, Kentucky
 to Archbishop John Baptist Purcell: of Cincinnati, Ohio

They will begin their Jubilee in a few days. Spalding hopes to be in Cincinnati on the 3rd or 6th of May en route for the Council. He thanks Purcell for that book Pius IX - Exulana. He hopes to present Purcell a copy of his life of Bishop Flaget. Father Voll whom Spalding had sent to Four Mile Creek writes that he cannot live there for want of support. Spalding is at a loss to know what to do with those missions that might be attended from Newport. He made arrangements with Father (James M.) Lancaster of Frankfort to give the Jubilee along the Railroad.

II-4-1 - A.L.S. - 2pp. - 8vo. - {6}

1852 Apr. 20
Di Maria, S.J., Father F(rancis): Bardstown, K(entuck)y
 to Archbishop Louis(!) Le(!) Blanc: New Orleans, (Louisiana)

The enclosed draft is to be given to Anna Burns, who is coming with three children from Liverpool on the Saxon. Her husband lives in Bardstown. Di Maria hopes she will come to Louisville without delay, where she should call at the Bishop's house to let her husband know her arrival. (In another hand on the letter): $25 check given to Anna Burns, June 4.

VI-1-c - A.L.S. - 1p. - 8vo. - {2}

1852 Apr. 21
Arcenaux, L(ouis) L(ucien): Baltimore, M(arylan)d
Archbishop A(nthony) Blanc: New Orleans, L(ouisia)na

Blanc must find it strange not to receive some word from Arcenaux after he permitted him to come to the seminary here. It is Blanc's kindness, after all annoyance Arcenaux has caused him, that has prevented him from writing his thanks. He hopes some day to repay by his fidelity in the vineyard of the Lord.

VI-1-c - A.L.S. - (French) - 3pp. - 4to. - {1}

1852 Apr. 21
O'Neill, Dennis,: Providence, R(hode) I(sland)
 to Bishop (Peter Paul Lefevere: Detroit, Michigan)

O'Neill, writing from St. Mary's Theological Seminary, asks Lefevere to adopt him as one of his subjects. He is finishing his second year's theology, was tonsured last July by Bishop (Bernard) O'Reilly and if Lefevere will accept him he will obtain his exeat and baptisterium from the bishop before he goes to the Council. He will also have other testimonials from the superior of the seminary. In a postscript he adds that his pecuniary resources are exhausted and he has no means to pay expenses any longer, should it be necessary.

III-2-h - A.L.S. - 1p. - 8vo. - {2}

1852 Apr. 22
Blanc: St. Etienne, (France)
 to (Archbishop Anthony Blanc: New Orleans, Louisiana)

He received (Blanc)'s letter of January 8 on February 8, sent on by the pastor of Ayné. The papers have announced the return of the Holy Father to Rome on the 12th. They hope never to have a like tribulation; this hope would be realized if the government of France was settled. Four parties are wrangling more than ever; they speak of a new revolution. Just now Paris is excited about the election of a representative on April 28. On March 3, the Socialists named 3. The only thing new about the family since his last letter is the marriage of the oldest daughter of their brother, Antoine (Blanc); he believes Felicie (Blanc) has found a good husband. He thought Jules (Blanc) would be married at last but it was broken off. Mrs. Blanc's health is getting better every day; he hopes it will be the end of that horrible malady. He hopes to return to Sury to end his days; but at present he must finish paying the balance on Leon's expenses. So he will wait 2 or 3 years. Between now and then he can make important repairs to the property relinquished by Mr. Playnieux. Recently he saw Victor (Blanc?) and his brother Eugène (Blanc?) who came from Verrières for a few days vacation; he is still very satisfied with (Blanc)'s godchild who is in the 7th grade(?). It is he who provides his board and urges him on in his studies as much as he can. It would please them all if (Blanc) could assist him with this burden which is above his strength. Vistor is a subject (Blanc) could take with him on his first trip. (P. S.) Father(?) Janvier recently asked Blanc to present his respects and especially to ask him to remind Bishop Portier that he owes him for a subscription to a paper from America, but he has just received it.

VI-1-c - A.L.S. - (French) - 3pp. - 12mo. - {8}

(18)52 Apr. 22
Vaucher, A(mbrose) E(lisée): Lyons, (France)
 to Archbishop (Anthony) Blanc: (New Orleans, Louisiana)

Vaucher asks for Blanc's patronage in securing a place as a teacher in some house on the Mississippi or elsewhere. (P.S.) His address is in care of Mr. Perrin, head of the studio.

 On the same paper: 

1852 Apr. 22
Heudebert, L.: Lyons, France
 to Archbishop (Anthony Blanc: New Orleans, Louisiana)

Having gathered the necessary information about Vaucher, teacher, who wishes to go to the United States, Heudebert recommends him as to his profession and his character. He asks (Blanc) to be useful to Vaucher in finding him a house or several for the educating of young people, which he has done for 12 years. Vaucher is 30, of pleasing aspect. (Heudebert writes from the) consulate in Lyons.

- A.L.S. -

VI-1-c - A.L.S. - (French) - 2pp. - 4to. - {3}

1852 Apr. 24
Natchez, (Mississippi)
 to Archbishop (Anthony) Blanc: Baltimore, M(arylan)d

() regretted that, after writing how much it was desirable to have Bishop (John Joseph Chanche) give his resignation, he had not added that it would be the most honorable and least humiliating, for, if he returned from the Council, in which they have put their hope for so long, they will expose their position to the Propagation of the Faith who would not furnish funds for such a deplorable state of things. One person has already thought of writing to Rome if there remained no other way. The society women, who are all for the Bishop, say with joy, "At least there will not be another Council for ten years." After getting rid of the two priests who were only here in passing, the Bishop would be alone and then--what misfortune! The Bishop was ill when he left and the young Abbé accompanied him at least part of the way. The excellent priest, who was taken away, left an immense void. One does not need to cite the conduct of the family that never approaches the sacraments. The one they call the Bishop's woman, did not appear in church on Good Friday; she spent it, as she does other days, rocking in a chair beside the Bishop. There is so much evil here, and so much good to be done. One could always say when he saw someone doing good, that he would not stay. It is not difficult to see that passions are the cause of all the evils and that there is only evil to expect as long as he remains. (P.S.) It is important that the Bishop does not know that it is by letters that Blanc has been informed. It was apparent that his departure caused anxiety.

VI-1-c - A.L. - (French) - 4pp. - 12mo. - {2}

1852 Apr. 24
Armengol, Father B(onaventure): Mexico
 to Archbishop (Anthony Blanc: New Orleans, Louisiana)

Armengol received (Blanc)'s letter of March 10 from Bishop (Martin John) Henni of Milwaukee who stayed with them a week. Henni charged Armengol with his commission which he could not finish in so short a time. Henni can give details about them. Their establishments and those of the Sisters (of Charity) are doing well. The Sisters have 7 houses; 4 in this capital, that is 3 hospitals and a noviciate; a hospital at Guanaguato; a large school at Silao, and an orphans' home at Puebla. As everything was in ruins here, they have had enormous expenses and they are not yet at an end. His nephew, (Father Magin Armengol), made a trip to Europe and will not return until the end of this year. He will come with missionaries and Sisters. Armengol asks to be remembered to the prelates he knows and especially to Bishops Timon and Odin.

VI-1-c - A.L.S. - (French) - 2pp. - 4to. - {4}

1852 Apr. 24
Pentoney, James: Frenchtown, Monroe, (Michigan)
 to Bishop (Peter Paul Lefevere): Detroit, (Michigan)

Pentoney wishes to rent the piece of land adjoining his farm. He thought Lefevere said he could have it the last time Lefevere was there but John Riley told him that he was going to have it. Pentoney will pay what Lefevere asks, 75 per acre, but he will have to repair the fences and Lefevere's part will amount to $17.60 which he may pay or allow on the rent. Mr. O'Conar (O'Connor?) told Pentoney to wirte to Lefevere as Riley says he does not yet have the land.

III-2-h - A.L.S. - 2pp. - 8vo. - {1}

1852 Apr. 24
Smith, (S.C.), Sister Regina: (New Orleans, Louisiana)
 to Father:

She has permitted's letter to remain unanswered for a month and a half. The day she received it, she was in retreat. Since her return, she has lost 4 of her Sisters (of Charity). It is now more than a week since the death of Sister Bertilla McLaughlin, (S.C.), native of County Tyrone, Ireland, and resident of New Orleans, aged 40, of vocation 12 years, who died at the Charity Hospital on (April) 14, of ship fever. For Dr. Canterel, Sister could do nothing; the administrators had determined to appoint the assistant surgeon, house surgeon. They have opened another hospital in the city, Archbishop (Anthony Blanc) having rented Dr. Stone's "Maison de Santé"; four of their Sisters are there. At Mobile also, they have taken charge of the "City Hospital." She asks () to remember her to the Mother and Community whom she is anxious to see. Regina has a different set of administrators to deal with, different physicians and officers, and strangers among the Sisters. She hardly ever goes to the Asylum and has not yet seen Sister St. Therese since her return. Regina is getting weak but her health is much better. When () comes to the city, Regina will be most happy to see him at the hospital; he is to come at least to see their statue of the Blessed Mother and the portrait of their Superior General.

VI-1-c - A.L.S. - 4pp. - 8vo. - {7}

1852 Apr. 25
Beccard, L.: Lyons, (France)
 to Archbishop (Anthony) Blanc: New Orleans, (Louisiana)

He asks a reply about his son, Amedé Beccard who according to a letter from him dated March 20, 1851 had entered Assumption Seminary at Paincourtville. Since this letter he has had no other although he has written twice. This long silence worries him and he asks Blanc to inform him.

VI-1-c - A.L.S. - (French) - 1p. - 4to. - {2}

1852 Apr. 26
Spalding, M(artin) J., Bp. Louisville: Louisville, Kentucky
 to Archbishop John Baptist Purcell: of Cincinnati, Ohio

On Monday or Tuesday Spalding hopes to confer with Purcell on the subject of Newport, Ky. One priest could hardly attend both missions. May God lead Beatty to repentance. Spalding had hoped that Beatty would remain with the Trappists. It is strange that they should send out such persons from Europe. That wretched Pole, when he was refused admittance to the Diocese, observed that he would have to start a new religion to make a living.

II-4-1 - A.L.S. - 4pp. - 16to. - {4}

1852 Apr. 29
Stewart, Ch(arle)s H.: Washington, D(istrict of) C(olumbia)
 to Bishop (Peter Paul) Lefev(e)re: (Detroit, Michigan)

He has received from W(illia)m Gray, the message respecting the package the Bishop has been so good as to take care of for so long a period. If Lefevere will be so good as to bring it with him to Baltimore and let him know where he is there, he will relieve the Bishop from it. Or, if he finds any trusty person belonging to Washington, who will deliver it into his hadns, he will thank him to commit it to him.

III-2-h - A.L.S. - 1p. - 8vo. - {1}

(18)52 Apr. 30
McGarahan, Father Ja(me)s: Mobil, (Alabama)
 to Father George Blackney, (S.J.): (New Orleans, Louisiana)

McGaragan introduces a worthy compatriot, Father (P.J.) Coffee, pastor of Columbus, Georgia who visits Blackney's city. Coffee desires to make a few weeks' retreat.

VI-1-c - A.L.S. - 1p. - 12mo. - {2}

1852 Apr. 30
Rocoffort, (S.J.) Father L(ouis): G(ran)d Coteau, (Louisiana)
 to Father (Stephen) Rousselon: New Orleans, (Louisiana)

He takes the opportunity of Father (Richard B.) Hardey's trip, to send the box for the holy oils. He has already collected some 40 piastres for the Association of the Propagation of the Faith; he does not know how many he will have but believes he will have the amount necessary to receive 6 copies, 3 English and 3 French. He asks for a dispensation for Alfred Paten and Oliva Cormier. He will close the jubilee next Sunday. Bad weather has prevented some from coming to the church but there have been 500 Communions. The College is doing well; 62 boarders and 18 or 20 day scholars. Among about 60 men who came to the sacraments, only 10 or 12 were over 30.

VI-1-c - A.L.S. - (French) - 3pp. - 4to. - {5}