University of Notre Dame


1854 Aug.
Borgess, Father C(aspar) H.: Columbus, Ohio
 to Archbishop John Baptist Purcell: of Cincinnati, Ohio

Mr. Murphy will present this in company with his son Lorenz about whom Borgess wrote in regard to his vocation to the priesthood. Father (Daniel M.) Hallinan seems satisfied with the boy's vocation. Borgess is perfectly satisfied with Purcell's proposition as to the graveyard question. He had not inquired into the matter who lodged the complaint about the what of legal depth — but a certain German has threatened to do so.

II-4-m - A.L.S. - 2pp. - 8vo. - {3}

1854 Aug. to 1855 Oct.
Brownson, Orestes A.:

Drafts for:

The Spirit-Rapper (Aug. 1854): reprinted in Works, IX, 1-234.

"The Know-Nothings," Brownson's Quarterly Review, XI (Oct. 1854), 447-487, XII (Jan. and Oct. 1855), 114-135, 473-498; reprinted in Works, XVIII, 300-380.

"Summer on Fugitive Slaves," Brownson's Quarterly Review, XI (Oct. 1854), 487-502; reprinted in Works, XVII, 39-53.

"Works of Fisher Ames," Brownson's Quarterly Review, XI (Oct. 1854), 502-514; reprinted in Works, XVI, 379-390.

"Literary Notices and Criticisms: The Meaning of Word, by A. B. Johnson (1854); and The Doom of the Crescent, by William G. Dix(1853)," Brownson's Quarterly Review, XI (Oct. 1854), 535-536.

"End of the Eleventh Volume," Brownson's Quarterly Review, XI (Oct. 1854), 536-540.

"Gratry on the Knowledge of God," Brownson's Quarterly Review, XII (Jan. and July 1855), 1-21, 281-300; reprinted in Works, I, 324-361.

"Luther and the Reformation," Brownson's Quarterly Review, XII (Jan. 1855), 61-91; reprinted in Works, X, 463-491.

"Russia and the Western Powers," Brownson's Quarterly Review, XII (Jan. 1855), 91-114; reprinted in Works, XVI, 427-449.

"Literary Notices and Criticisms: History of the Unites States, From the Discovery of the American Continent, By George Bancroft (1854); and First Book of History; Combined with Geography and Chronology, For Younger Classes, by John G. Shea (1854)," Brownson's Quarterly Review, XII (Jan. 1855), 135-137.

"Literary Notice and Criticisms: The Catholic History of North America, by T. D. McGee (1855)," Brownson's Quarterly Review, XII (Jan. 1855) 139-141.

"Literary Notices and Criticisms: The Prophet of the Ruined Abbey, A Glance at the Future of Ireland, (1855), Brownson's Quarterly Review, XII (Jan. 1855), 143-144.

"Romanism in America," Brownson's Quarterly Review, XII (April 1855), 145-182; reprinted in Works, VII, 508-543.

"Liberalism and Socialism," Brownson's Quarterly Review, XII (April 1855), 183-209; reprinted in Works, X, 526-550.

"Questions of the Soul," Brownson's Quarterly Review, XII (April 1855), 209-227; reprinted in Works, XVI, 538-547.

"What Human Reason Can Do," Brownson's Quarterly Review, XII (April 1855), 227-246; reprinted in Works, I, 306-323.

"A Know-Nothing Legislature," Brownson's Quarterly Review, XII (July 1855), 393-411.

"Literary Notices and Criticisms," Brownson's Quarterly Review, XII, (July 1855), 411-416.

"The Temporal Power of the Pope," Brownson's Quarterly Review, XII (Oct. 1855), 417-445; reprinted in Works, XI, 137-164.

"Hume's Philosophical Works," Brownson's Quarterly Review, XII (Oct. 1855), 445-473; reprinted, as "The Problem of Causality," in Works, I, 381-407.

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1854 Aug. 1
Borgess, Father C(aspar) H.: Columbus, Ohio
 to Archbishop John Baptist Purcell: of Cincinnati, Ohio

Upon Purcell's consent and permission, Borgess had the graveyard measured and divided by the city surveyor. He informed Father (James) Meagher in due form, requesting him to make half the fencing needed. Yesterday the gravedigger informed Borgess that Meagher had sold a family lot on Borgess' portion of the graveyard. Borgess said nothing about it but thought it best to inform Purcell.

II-4-m - A.L.S. - 2pp. - 8vo. - {3}

1854 Aug. 1
Brownson, O(restes) A.: Boston, (Massachusetts)
Editor of "The Pittsburgh Catholic"(Pittsburg, Pennsylvania)

Brownson has read the editor's article in regard to him in the paper of last week and thanks him for the kind and considerate tone. He has seldom been greeted by such in any one who differed from him. "The Metropolitan Magazine," "The Catholic Herald," and "The Pittsburgh Catholic" are honorable exceptions to the general rule of the Catholic press of the country in his regard. He is better pleased with criticism than with praise. He believes he was the first to rebuke the praises bestowed on him by the Catholic press on the occasion of his conversion. He came into the Church because constrained by the grace of God. Requested to continue (Brownson's Review) by several American bishops, he consented to do so. He has never published an article written by himself without first submitting it to his Bishop (John B. Fitzpatrick) or a theologian appointed by him. The article on the temporal power of the popes in his April Review and those on Native Americanism and Education in his July number were submitted to the theologian appointed by the Bishop. He says not this to throw off responsibility but to show that he does not arrogate to himself quite so much as he is accused of doing. He does not at all understand the article on Native Americanism as they who denounce it seem to understand it. The article on Education was written to let Protestants understand that Catholics, though opposed to the common-school system, are not opposed to education.

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1854 Aug. 1
Fransoni, J(ames) Ph(ilip), Card.:
Prefect Sacra Congregatio de Propaganda Fide Rome, Italy
 to Archbishop John Baptist Purcell: of Cincinnati, Ohio

This is a copy of a printed circular letter in which the Sacred Congregation says that it has been a custom of that Congregation to receive in the Collegium Urbanum youths from the diocese and missions towards which the Holy See had special interest. The Congregation wishes that it could take care of everyone in this way but its work has extended over nearly the whole world and the number of students has increased so that they cannot be increased further. Henceforth the bishops are to send only those for whom a previous permission has been obtained from the Propaganda. To avoid unpleasant circumstances the bishops and mission superiors are not to send students unless the permission of the Congregation has been received. Neither are they to send substitutes instead of those for whom the permission has been granted, nor are they to send to Rome those that have been refused admission.

II-4-m - L.S. - lp. - 8vo. - (Latin) -

1854 Aug. 1
Jan, Father A(nge) M(arie): St. Martinville, (Louisiana)
 to Archbishop (Anthony Blanc: New Orleans, Louisiana)

Arcade Potin and Elisa Guidry wish to marry and ask for a dispensation. Jan has their license; they can pay only 10 piastres.

VI-1-h - A.L.S. - (French) - lp. - 12mo. - {3}

1854 Aug. 1
Lambert, Rich(ar)d: New Orleans, (Louisiana)
 to Father E(tienne) Rousselon: (New Orleans, Louisiana)

A receipt for $20 for one month's services as organist.

VI-1-h - A. Receipt S. - lp. - 32mo. - {1}

(18)54 Aug. 1
Long, Margaret E.: Pass Christian, (Mississippi)
 to Archbishop (Anthony Blanc: New Orleans, (Louisiana)

Long is desirous of placing her youngest daughter at the Ursuline Convent below N(ew) Orleans. Having understood that a permit from (Blanc) is necessary to visit the institution the asks for the privilege. She wishes to place her daughter there by the first of next month and to allow her to remain for some years, at least until she makes her First Communion. She is ten years old. Mr. Long and her daughters join in respects.

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1854 Aug. 1

New York Daily Times (New York, New York)

Editorial entitled "More About the Catholic Bishops of the United States" in which it said that Archbishop (John) Hughes sent (Orestes A.) Brownson a peremptory order to stop his Review because of his article on Know-Nothingism. Reviewing the cause of the Know-Nothingism among the Catholic clergy in America the editorial says that there was no such feeling when the question was only of a priest to lead American Catholicism but when the proposition arose of appointing an American Cardinal the native American clergy said he should be an American native and backed Archbishop (Samuel) Eccleston, and the foreign born said that since the majority of American Catholics were foreign born the new Cardinal should be foreign born and backed Archbishop John Hughes. Brownson has been offered only the chair of Geography instead of that of Philosophy in the proposed Catholic University in Dublin and this has caused him to turn against foreigners.

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1854 Aug. 1
Pius IX, Pope: Rome, (Italy)
 to Archbishop (Anthony Blanc): New Orleans, (Louisiana)

A circular letter stating that a plenary indulgence is to be granted for three months under the required conditions of prayers, Confession and Communion.

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1854 Aug. 1
Tasset, Father F(ranci)s: Houma, (Louisiana)
 to Archbishop (Anthony Blanc: New Orleans, Louisiana)

(Jean?) Peyriga is going to enter a seminary at the end of vacation. He had no papers from his diocese and wrote to France immediately after receiving (Blanc)'s letter. He will probably receive them two weeks after his entrance. Tasset's parents have also spoken of a seminarian from Brittany who was to embark on the Wurtemberg(?) leaving Havre on July 8 for New Orleans. Last week, Tasset visited Tigreville. Mr. Barron's land is the most favorable for a chapel; Tasset proposes to see him about it.

VI-1-h - A.L.S. - (French) - 2pp. - 12mo. - {4}

1854 Aug. 2
Blake, Father James: Franklin, (Louisiana)
 to Archbishop (Anthony Blanc: New Orleans, Louisiana)

Blake would have answered (Blanc)'s letter of May last sooner but waited to have a deed of assignment drawn between (Blanc) and the trustees of the Pattersonville church so that no difficulties should arise with regard to the church lot and graveyard. The article is prepared for signature but the parties are absent on Last-Island and other places spending the summer. They all wish to have the matter legally done. The Franklin church is also well attended and Blake hopes will soon be out of its difficulties. In a short time Blake intends opening a subscription list for finishing the Franklin church. The excitement of revivalism is over here long ago; particularly when some of their members have been received into the Catholic Church. If Blake had taken the advice of some who said he should send to the city for some great preacher, matters would have taken a different turn. Blake asked some Creoles if they understood him and they said perfectly. (Blanc) is to let Blake know what time he will visit those parishes for Confirmation; he is preparing some for First Communion. October would suit Blake best, as he intends to have some improvements made in the Franklin church. The people attended their Easter duties in both parishes strictly and punctually It was most edifying and Protestants who were present spoke of it in glowing terms. Blake hopes to have matters arranged here to (Blanc)'s satisfaction.

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1854 Aug. 2
Dicharry, Father F(elix): Natchitoches, (Louisiana)
 to Father (Stephen Rousselon: New Orleans, Louisiana)

It is a long time since Dicharry received (Rousselon)'s letter, to which he replied immediately. In that Dicharry sent 2 notes, one for $10, the other for $5. Will (Rousselon) write just a word to let him know if he received them. He also asks (Rousselon) to send him a paten for a little mission chalice which had belonged to Archbishop (Anthony Blanc) and which Dicharry has. The health of Natchitoches continues to be very satisfactory. They heard very good news from Bishop (Auguste Marie) Martin on June 21. Father Duffo is very well as is Dicharry's mother.

VI-1-h - A.L.S. - (French) - lp. - 4to. - {3}

1854 Aug. 2
Malvira: Fairfield, (Louisiana)
 to Archbishop (Anthony Blanc: New Orleans, Louisiana)

She thanks (Blanc) for writing a letter to her. At the time of its reception; she was absent from home. (Blanc)'s questions for ascertaining a religious vocation have been duly considered. She embraces with joy the hope of spending some weeks at the convent. Her mother will not comply with the request for Malvira had asked her several times to let her go on a visit and she always answers, "I fear the Ladies will keep you." Malvira thinks she will accompany her sisters to New Orleans this winter. If so, she will call on (Blanc). Malvira's father's family are all Protestants save two sisters. If Malvira were called to convert them all, what an ample field for her zeal. She will keep herself in readiness to do God's will. She will let him know later if her mother grants her request.

VI-1-h - A.L.S. - 2pp. - 4to. - {1}

1854 Aug. 2
Spalding, M(artin) J. Bp. Louisville: Louisville, Kentucky
 to Archbishop John Baptist Purcell: of Cincinnati, Ohio

The hot weather prevented Spalding from answering sooner. He will try to see what he can do on that Address, but the more he reflects on it the more difficult it appears. He will send proofs of the essay to the bishops of the Province for suggestions. (Orestes A.) Brownson is doing a world of mischief in Louisville. The Know Nothings are availing themselves of his articles on the Temporal Power of the Popes and on Nativism to prove that they are not loyal republicans and that they are in fact traitors. The Know Nothings refer to the endorsement of the Bishops. Spalding would like to hint that Brownson omit that endorsement. A translation by Sister Columba of Nazareth (Ky.) of "Bible de L'Enfance" of the Abbe Noulieu is being printed. It is the very thing for the education of the children. If Purcell approves it, it would be doing a service to recommend it to his schools. Spalding asks permission to inscribe his forthcoming book to the Archbishop of Cincinnati.

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1854 Aug. 3
Thirion, Father (Hubert): Pointe Coupée, (Louisiana)
 to Archbishop (Anthony Blanc: New Orleans, (Louisiana)

Having given a vacation to the pupils of Poydras (College) of which they are the directors and hoping that the past year, which has been crowned with success will permit them to foresee much good, they have placed an article in several newspapers in the city and have taken the liberty of using (Blanc)'s name as a reference. They would like to know the day of Confirmation.

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1854 Aug. 3
Timon, John Bp. Buffalo: Buffalo, New York
 to Archbishop John Baptist Purcell: of Cincinnati, Ohio

Father (M.) Aylward was with Timon for a short time; his conduct was good but he was allured away by friendship and better situation. He has good qualities and will make an estimable missionary. Timon relates an incident of a young man who expressed a wish to be instructed, but later events showed that he was evidently seeking notoriety. At their councils Timon expressed his fears about the Catholic press; even last week a foolish article appeared written by a young priest. As to (Orestes A.) Brownson, all concur in Purcell's opinion, but as little as possible should be said publicly about it. The two last articles "You go too far" and that on Naturalization are particularly objectionable. A letter to Bp. (John) Fitzpatrick would produce some effect.

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1854 Aug. 3
Young, J(osue) M. Bp. Erie: Erie, Pennsylvania
 to Archbishop John Baptist Purcell: of Cincinnati, Ohio

This is a hard field to cultivate considering the poverty of the people and the distance of the congregations from each other. But they are rich in faith and good works and the priests are faithful laborers. Father (Charles) McCallion gives Young his services in spite of his express invitation to the contrary. He puts himself on good behaviour to recover some standing. So far he does well. McCallion will execute a deed to Purcell for the church property in question. He supposed that the disposition had been made long ago. He advised Father (John W.) Brummer of his readiness to oblige him. Father (V.) Burgos left New York - so he told McCallion — because he was dismissed under a charge of solicitation. Some allowance will be made for his candor. Purcell may take some care of Father T.A. Smith, formerly of this diocese, if he should apply to him. Erie has been exempted from the cholera. The news of Mr. Stambough's death came with startling suddenness. Was it with Dr. O'Connor's permission that his name is given as the interlocutor with (Orestes A.) Brownson on the Temporal Power? P.S. How can Young procure funds from the Propaganda?

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1854 Aug. 4
Borgess, Father C(aspar) H.: Columbus, Ohio
 to Archbishop John Baptist Purcell: of Cincinnati, Ohio

Borgess is sorry to learn that he has given Purcell reason to be distressed, such having never been his intention. The only disagreement between him and Father (James) Meagher is in regard to the graveyard. In 1851 Purcell decided upon demands of Father Meagher that half of the graveyard should belong to the Irish congregation. But since that time as before both parties buried their dead as they pleased. Still both are determined to have the management. Borgess wished to divide only the still vacant ground north and south of the road. He proposes now that they let the graveyard remain as it is and have a manager appointed for both parties under the control of Purcell.

II-4-m - A.L.S. - 4pp. - 8vo. - {3}

1854 Aug. 4
Lefevere, Peter Paul, Bishop of Zela: Detroit, Michigan
 to Bishop Frederick Baraga: of Saut Ste. Marie, Michigan

In this agreement, Bishop Lefevere cedes to Bishop Baraga, all faculties, powers authorities, and rights to attend to the spiritual wants of the people residing in the following counties of the north-western part of the lower and southern peninsular of the state of Michigan: Cheboygan, Emmet, Antrim, Leelanaw, and Grand Traverse, together with all the temporal emoluments and benefits arising from said spiritual attendánce, under the condition that Bishop Baraga will attend properly to the spiritual wants of the said people. This is witnessed by:

A(mandus) Vandendriessche and J(ohn) G(eor)g Steinhouser.

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1854 Aug. 4
Leveque, R.S.C., Madame Louisa: Grand Coteau, (Louisiana)
 to Archbishop (Anthony Blanc: New Orleans, Louisiana)

Their Mother (Maria Cutts, R.S.C.J.), felt very bad last week and decided to consult Dr. Hachet who told her that it was a cancer and he would operate on August 2. The operation began at 7; it took more than an hour. The doctors and surgeons found the operation so dangerous that they once hesitated in order to consult whether to continue. (Cutts) asked Leveque twice if she had written to (Blanc). Cannot (Blanc) obtain a miracle? Their pupils pray constantly for the Mother they venerate and love.

VI-1-h - A.L.S. - (French) - 3pp. - 4to - {3}

1854 Aug. 4
Rocoffort, (S.J.), Father L(ouis): G(rand) Coteau, (Louisiana)
 to Archbishop (Anthony Blanc: New Orleans, Louisiana)

Madame (Louisa) Léveque, (R.S.C.J.) asks Rocoffort to let (Blanc) know the state of Madame (Marie) Cutts, (R.S.C.J.). Cutts has had a tumor under her left arm for a long time. The first incision was made around the last of February; later the trouble spread to the breast. A second incision was made. These two wounds had at first no alarming symptoms but all remedies used did not give a satisfactory result. It was not long before they recognized that it was cancer. On the advice of the best doctors, an operation was in dispensable. The operation took place day before yesterday. Dr. Hachet, Dr. Boagni, and the two Millards were called, Hachet and Boagni operated. The cancer extended to the shoulder and down to a large artery. Cutts' courage was almost miraculous. Rocoffort was present all the time; he brought the sacrament secretly in order to be ready if necessary. At the moment Cutts is as well as one could hope for. The doctors say a third operation would not remove it if it spreads to the shoulder. Dr. Boagni said there are resources upon which medicine cannot count; Leveque, it is the hand of Providence which makes the miracles. (Blanc) can imagine the consternation which reigns among the Ladies. (Blanc)'s presence would be a great consolation.

VI-1-g - A.L.S. - (French) - 4pp. - 4to. - {6}

1854 Aug. 4
Roduit, S.J., Father J(oseph): Gr(and) Coteau, (Louisiana)
 to Archbishop (Anthony Blanc: New Orleans, Louisiana)

At the same time that Father (Louis) Rocoffort, (S.J.)'s letter was being sent, Roduit received (Blanc)'s letter in which he told of his next pastoral visit. Roduit hastens to respond fully to (Blanc)'s intentions. He hopes they may see him and have him for some weeks at G(rand) Coteau.

VI-1-h - A.L.S. - (French) - lp. - 8vo. - {2}

1854 Aug. 5
Kenrick, Archbishop Francis Patrick: Baltimore, (Maryland)
 to Archbishop Anthony Blanc: New Orleans, (Louisiana)

Very R(everen)d Dr. (John Henry?) Newman, pres(ident) of the Irish University desires to be allowed the privilege of inscribing the names of all the American prelates and distinguished laymen, on the books of the Institutions as friends and patrons. If Blanc will transmit his name and those of his suffragans, Newman will feel highly honored. The Relief fund has succeeded and enabled them to pay $1200 to Dr. (Levi Silliman) I(ves) and also $200 to W.H.B., formerly a minister and now dependent on the generosity of two of his former congregation, and $100 to H. Major, who needed it in addition to the profits of his journal to support a large family. The treasurer reports a few dollars on hand and the half-year's annuity guaranteed to Dr. I(ves) falls due on October 1. Kenrick encloses a new office sent him from Rome.

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1854 Aug. 5
Kenrick, Francis Patrick, Abp. Baltimore: Baltimore, Maryland
 to Archbishop John Baptist Purcell: of Cincinnati, Ohio

The funds of the Relief Society last year amounted to $1700. $1200 was given to Dr. Silliman Ives; $200 to Dr. Hunt; $200 to Mr. W.H. Bakewell; $100 to Mr. Henry Major. The President of the Irish University asks to be allowed to inscribe the names of the American prelates on the books of the University. Mgr. (Cajetan) Bedini complains that they left him alone, not having accompanied his letter with any remarks in support of it, or addressed the Pope justify him. Kenrick wrote to the Pope, but sees no good in addressing a prejudiced public. Times still look bad. They should all be ready for martyrdom. Kenrick is sorry that (Orestes A.) Brownson has written so unwisely; but he does not fear for his faith. He says without disguise what thousands whisper. Kenrick should be sorry to have to request the omission of his letter from Brownson's cover. In all probability he will commence a new series in January and drop the recommendation.

II-4-m - A.L.S. - 2pp. - 8vo. - {9}

1854 Aug. 6
Barnabò, Archbishop Al(exander): Rome, (Italy)

Archbishop (Anthony Blanc) asks through Bishop (Auguste Marie Martin) that in marriages already contracted between a Catholic and non-Catholic it be granted to remain in such a marriage and partake of the sacraments, provided that the non-Catholic promises to bring up the offspring in the Catholic faith and that the penitent Catholic does all he can for the conversion of the other party. In an audience with Pope Pius IX on August 6, 1854, Barnabò referred the matter to the Pope who consents to absolving and admitting the Catholic to the sacraments for the 12 delegatable cases. This is also granted to the suffragan bishops as often as it shall be needed.

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(18)54 Aug. 7
Camillus, (S.C.), Sister: (New Orleans, Louisiana)
 to (Archbishop Anthony Blanc: New Orleans, Louisiana)

A young man, James Corbett, the brother of one of their Sisters (of Charity) was brought to the hospital last month. He died this morning of consumption. They would like to have him buried in St. Patrick's Cemetery if (Blanc) will send a permit.

VI-1-h - A.L.S. - 1p. - 12mo. - {3}

1854 Aug. 8
De Chaignon, S.J., Father Aris(tide?): Lafayette, (Louisiana)
 to Father (Stephen) Rousselon: New Orleans, L(ouisia)na

He has waited impatiently for the letter Rousselon promised for the definite dismissal of Emile Veasey. As it has not arrived, and pushed to the end of his patience by recent actions. De Chaignon has told Emile that he was no longer to be employed in anything in the church or in the presbytery and that if Emile believed he was authorized to prolong his stay here after orders were received from the Bishop, De Chaignon would not oppose it but as far as De Chaignon was concerned, he would not put up with it any longer. Emile replied that he would stay here until the arrival of the new pastor and that De Chaignon was making a trumped-up quarrel. New actions which caused De Chaignon's decision are: 1. Emile tood advantage of De Chaignon's absence on a sickcall to authorize a slave of Mr. Neveu's and himself to strip off fruit to make preserves. 2. He opened the presbytery while De Chaignon was at Grand Coteau for the feast of St. Ignatius in spite of the face that he knew De Chaignon had given someone the keys to keep. 3. Emile was absent 4 days during which De Chaignon did his work at the church. Emile came back with another person during the night; he came through the window. 4. De Chaignon has positive proof that Emile used Father (Anthony Désiré) Megret's cassock to have a frock-coat made. He has other effects in his room which are suspected of not belonging to him. He boasts that he could have De Chaignon sent away if he wanted to. De Chaignon does not want to hire a servant as long as Emile remains. If he remains, De Chaignon would rather rent the old shop(?) near the church opposite Mr. Labarthe's(?) and abandon the presbytery. De Chaignon has placed an order of a hundred piastres to set up the enclosing of a piece of land south of the cemetery, it could be done without added expense. Rousselon is to let De Chaignon know the time of the Archbishop's arrival because of instructions for preparing the parish for Confirmation.

VI-1-h - A.L.S. - (French) - 4pp. - 4to. - {6}

1854 Aug. 8
Foltier, Father S(tephen) J(ules): Abbeville, (Louisiana)
 to Archbishop (Anthony Blanc: New Orleans, Louisiana)

When Foltier wrote to obtain a position 20 months ago, he concealed nothing and the request was sincere. Letters (Blanc) has received, according to what Foltier sees, have almost made (Blanc) regret admitting him to his diocese. Foltier does not know the content or the authors; the reproaches must have been grave to have given rise to sentiments so opposed to Foltier's interests. Therefore, Foltier asks for the names of the priests who have written and what they told. He will try to justify himself. The two letters, Father Rousselon says, speak of debts. Foltier does not owe one red cent the Bishop of Angers is not justified in his actions in regard to money affairs. When Foltier was vicar at St. Laud he had many expenses; all his revenue, all his own possessions went for them because of badly directed zeal because his pastor occupied himself with only one thing, cardplaying, and favoring his nephew's business. Foltier devoted quite large sums for ceremonies, processions, among other things 1300 f(rancs?) for an organ. Foltier claimed something; the Bishop said "What is given, is given." Also they acted miserably in regard to an old lady who gave Foltier 1000 francs in her will. She was at the point of death when he left. They spoke ill of Foltier and changed all her arrangements. Foltier received nothing and had to pay 500 f(rancs?) which he did not owe. If the letter from Angers is from the Bishop, Foltier would be glad to have him know the truth. As for Oswego, he left the church, as many priests in the United States, exhausted(?). In 2 1/2 years, he erected a church, a sacristy, a two-story presbytery, property valued at more than 10,000 piastres. The revenue from the pews was 1600 piastres. As for the other questions of defamation, if he were of a more stormy nature, it could be cleared up easily. There are few places as difficult as Abbeville. He must do everything out of his own resources. But he has not forgotten the promise (Blanc) made at the end of his letter. The paper of July 29 notifies all the creditors of Father (Anthony Désiré) Mégret to meet on August 31 to discuss the terms of the deceased's property. There are close to 12,000 piastres of debts. If (Blanc) accepts the inheritance, he will have to pay them and he will be contested in court by (Mr.) Walker, present administrator, to respond to a deficit of 5 to 6000 piastres. The clerk of court at Vermillion has received an order from Walker and in only awaiting official notice of (Blanc)'s acceptance. If Walker's claims are justified, the debts will rise to 16 to 18,000 piastres. There are complaints that false bills or exaggerated bills are presented and there is talk of bringing the figure sent to Rousselon back to 8 or 9000 piastres. This would appear very difficult since there has already been a judgment(?) and a second one would bring many suits. If (Blanc) does not accept, undoubtedly many creditors will go the limit. They will sell the land destined for the church and pastor of Abbeville. They might even sell the church at Lafayette, and the convent. As for Abbeville, Foltier does not know what to do. Should he continue the work. He will wait for Rousselon who, after the meeting of the creditors, could give a reply, unless (Blanc) lets him know his wishes before that time.

VI-1-h - A.L.S. - (French) - 4pp. - 4to. - {5}

(18)54 Aug. 8
Guinard, R.S.C.J., Madame A(dine): Baton Rouge, (Louisiana)
 to Archbishop (Anthony Blanc: New Orleans, Louisiana)

Their distribution of prizes will take place the 17th. It will be very simple as the number of their pupils has been reduced. Since May and the first days of June, all their day scholars have left; they have only 25 pupils left. Ten who went home, have not yet returned; she has been unable to find the cause. Guinand is tempted to say that it is not worthwhile to stay here for the day scholars, for all year long they go and come. She is tired of the continual absences, as are the teachers. It is sad to see the Catholics take away their children and send them to Protestant schools. The latest news from G(ran)d Coteau is very sad, something she had foreseen from the first day she knew of Mother (Maria Cutts, R.S.C.J.)'s illness; she has cancer. During the two operations, she suffered without complaint. She survived the operation very well. Father (Louis) Rocoffor(t, S.J.) was near to give her Viaticum in case she succumbed. What will become of this mission of Louisiana and that of St. Louis where the evil is more hidden and consequently more difficult to cure. Poor Mother (Louisa) Lèveque, (R.S.C.J.), already so feeble, becomes more so every day. Here, health is passable; everyone feels the need of repose of body and soul.

VI-1-h - A.L.S. - (French) - 3pp. - 4to. - {4}

1854 Aug. 9
Leveque, R.S.C., Madame Louisa: Grand Coteau, (Louisiana)
 to Archbishop (Anthony Blanc: New Orleans, Louisiana)

In her last letter, Leveque asked for a miracle. In spite of all the bad symptoms, excessive heat, etc., their Mother (Maria Cutts, R.S.C.J.) gets better and better. For two days she has had no fever. Dr. Hachet begins to give them hope. They are anxious for (Blanc)'s visit.

VI-1-h - A.L.S. - (French) - 2pp. - 4to. - {3}

(18)54 Aug. 10
Mullon, Father J(ames) I(gnatius): (New Orleans, Louisiana)
 to Archbishop (Anthony Blanc: New Orleans, Louisiana)

Mullon sends, by the sexton, the amount taken up in (St. Patrick's) Church in May for the granite steps, $266.50 and 4 years ground rent of Mr. Perks' pew, $80.

VI-1-h - A.L.S. - 1p. - 4to. - {3}

1854 Aug. 10
Sainte-Agatha, (R.U.), Sister Joanna de: (New Orleans, Louisiana)

Sister Ste. Agatha's vows in the Ursuline order.

VI-1-h - Copy - (French) - 1p. - 12mo. - {1}

1854 Aug. 10
Sainte Marcelline, (R.U.), Sister Catherine de: (New Orleans, Louisiana)

Sister Ste. Marcelline's vows in the Ursuline order.

VI-1-h - Copy - (French) - 1p. - 12mo. - {1}

1854 Aug. 10
Smith, (S.C.), Sister Regina: Paris, (France)
Archbishop (Anthony Blanc: New Orleans, Louisiana)

She would have written long since but she thought (Blanc) was to write her about a month after she was in Paris. She awaited that letter until beginning to travel about. She presented (Blanc)'s regards to Father General who said he was expecting (Blanc) to come to France this year and appeared quite disappointed when Regina said he could not. She will not see him again as he has gone to Italy to visit their houses and she will have left Paris before his return. He reminds her of St. Vincent whose remains she saw often from the tribune and twice she went up to the shrine. She has been to Amiens, Maux, Versailles, and Belgium. In Belgium she accompanied the Superiors to a reunion of a little community of Sisters who have been begging for 16 years to be united to the family of St. Vincent. They called themselves Sisters of Charity; they were established 200 years ago under protection of this Community and Father General received them. The Bishop of Liège went to Verviers where the principal house is and said the Mass at which the Sisters made their vows. The Bishop freed them from any obedience to him and thanked them for the good they had done in his diocese. Regina excited interest everywhere because she was from the United States and intended to return there. Father (Louis Regis) Deluol and Father (Gilbert) Raymond enquired about (Blanc). Sister has also seen Bishop (August Marie) Martin who said she had improved so much he would not have known her. He went to Rome but is expected in Paris about the 15th or 20th. The Bishop of Boston has sailed for home. Very soon Sister's turn will come to leave Paris. See expects to sail from Havre on the 30th in the St. Louis for New York. She will leave Sister Mariana, (S.C.), who came with her, here and will be accompanied by two French Sisters, one for Bouligny, the other for the Charity Hospital. She also has permission to take her two little Creoles back to New Orleans if approved at St. Joseph's. Of course, Regina returns to Charity Hospital. She expects letters in Philadelphia telling her whether to go to St. Joseph's or straight to New Orleans. She expects the former so will hardly be home before Nov(embe)r or even December if there is any yellow fever. They hear that cholera is in the United States; it is very bad in France. The Sisters are going off in bands almost every day. She has heard of the changes at the Hospital and is surprised at the Governor. P.S. The Sisters of the vows in the Hospital and Maison are aware of the 2 French Sisters going with Regina but they know nothing of the 2 little Creoles.

VI-1-h - A.L.S. - 4pp. - 4to. - {6}

(19)54 Aug. 10
Thèves, Father (Anthony): Galveston, (Texas)
 to Archbishop (Anthony Blanc: New Orleans, Louisiana)

Pressing business prevented him from answering (Blanc)'s letter of July 19 any sooner. Bishop (John Mary) Odin left last Saturday to visit his vast diocese. Father Louis (C.M.) Chambodut is better; however he still has the pain of his rheumatism. Thèves has been slightly indisposed, but is good at present. On Sunday he preached in English at the Cathedral. He works hard seeking by study and prayer to allay his grief. He suffered so much from those calumnies at New Iberia. It is painful to receive such a recompense after all the sacrifices he made for the parish. (Blanc)'s wise advice revived his courage. Texas does not please Thèves at all; he still thinks of going to San Francisco. He will do nothing hastily, especially during the absence of Odin who welcomed him.

VI-1-h - A.L.S. - (French) - 3pp. - 12mo. - {4}

(18)54 Aug. 11
Kane, R(ichard): Assumption, (Louisiana)
 to Archbishop Ant(hony) Blanc: New Orleans, (Louisiana)

Since receiving Blanc's letter of the 4th, Kane has been considering whether to answer it or not. Its paternal affection was such that he could not put off thanking Blanc until he would be able to do it in New Orleans. He assures Blanc of his unhesitating adherence to all his letter contained. What Blanc said about a moderate exercise of the ministry, does not appear improbable. He went Father (Anthony) Verrina, (C.M.) to Donaldson where he spent 8 or 9 days. During that time, Kane mustered a good deal of his scattered strength and it was not until after his return that he fell back into the half-living, half-dying state. Kane accepts Blanc's invitation to the city. As the Superior is not here, and (Placide Vuillermoz) Willermoz is not sure of the day he is to leave, Kane intends to start after the procession on Assumption day and go on board the Music at Donaldsonville. Then if Blanc ordains Kane a deacon, he can make a little retreat at the Archbishopric and here. That Father (John) McCaffrey intended Kane to teach at the Mountain, he has no doubt; that he would consent to teach regularly he doubts very much. He is nowise indebted to the College. The last year he was there he did the duties of any two in the house. If he returned it would be only to partake of their hospitality and render any service his precarious health would allow. He would like to study more but is disposed to think that improvement in health is out of the question as long as he remains here.

VI-1-h - A.L.S. - 2pp. - 12mo. - {4}

1854 Aug. 12
Hart, Nathaniel: Cote Sans Dessein, M(iss)o(uri)
 to The Post Master: Baton Rouge, Louisiana

Hart asks that the enclosed letter (no enclosure) be delivered to A. Cavelier or Cavelia. Hart thinks he is an aged priest, he may possibly be dead. If so, he probably has left an executor to whom this letter may be delivered. (In the papers Archbishop Anthony Blanc).

VI-1-h - A.L.S. - 2pp. - 4to. - {3}

1854 Aug. 12
Lavay, S.J., Father J(oseph): Baton Rouge, (Louisiana)
 to Archbishop Ant(hony) Blanc: New Orleans, (Louisiana)

H. R. Parsons and Anne Jones wish to obtain a dispensation from disparity of cult. Lavay also would like to know what line of conduct he should pursue in regard to the burial of Freemasons or members of other secret societies. Here is what has been done up to now or at least what Bishop (Auguste Marie) Martin did, if Lavay has been rightly informed. They have not refused church burial to members of secret societies but other members of the society are to attend as individuals and not in costumes or regalia. If they wish to attend in a body, they must remain at the door of the church during the ceremonies or take off their costumes before entering. They have never brought the body from the house or accompanied to the cemetery if the society was to follow in procession. There had been no difficulty up to now, when the Freemasons showed some dissatisfaction at the time of Mr. Glon's burial. An article in The Comet asked by what right they were refused entry to the church and whether they should suffer such an outrage any longer. Lavay asks Blanc what they should do. Permit them to enter, or follow in procession, or even refuse church burial?

VI-1-h - A.L.S. - (French) - 4pp. - 12mo. - {7}

1854 Aug. 12
McGill, John Bp. Richmond: Richmond, Virginia
 to Archbishop John Baptist Purcell: of Cincinnati, Ohio

He delayed answering Purcell's letter to see how things would work out at home. In view of his promise he will try it for the week commencing Oct. 15. He could not promise to give two sermons in the Cathedral the week after. Has Purcell seen the charge trumped up against the Bishop (Michael O'Connor) of Pittsburg? McGill thinks this policy will be played in all the large cities to excite the prejudices of the people. John Mitchel is out with a very impertinent letter to Archbishop (John) Hughes. He hates the church as much as Meagher. Richmond had many deaths from cholera this season.

II-4-m - A.L.S. - 3pp. - 8vo. - {6}

1854 Aug. 12
(Rappe, Louis) A(madeus) Bp. Cleveland: Cleveland, Ohio
 to Archbishop John Baptist Purcell: of Cincinnati, Ohio.

He has received Purcell's letter of the 11th about contributing to the support of the converts and he will send Purcell $25 at the time indicated. Things are sufficiently peaceful although for a time there was a foment of bigotry. Rappe says the church can lose nothing so long as the leaders remain faithful. An old scandal has raised itself at Norwalk. The old schismatics at St. Peter Church despite the protest of the pastor have buried in the Catholic cemetery a German doctor who openly insulted the church during his life. Rappe asks Purcell how to punish the scandal. For 3 years they sued in court some Catholics of Louisville, (Ohio), guilty of the same offense, and obtained the verdict but with the unsettled conditions Rappe doubts whether he could win such a verdict now. He wants to know Purcell's opinion before he makes up his mind. As to the Provincial Synod it is the same to him whether it be held in the spring or the autumn. He has sent Father (A.) Caron to Toledo and Father (L.) Campion to Maumee to take the place of missionaries who have succumbed under the weight of their labors on the occasion of the cholera epidemic. Everything is better at present.

II-4-m - A.L.S. - 4pp. - 12mo. - (French) - {8}

1854 Aug. 13
Fitzgerald, Father James: Toledo, Ohio
 to Archbishop John Baptist Purcell: of Cincinnati, Ohio

Fitzgerald is a priest of the diocese of Chicago and for four years did duty at the Cathedral. He has resolved to seek employment in Cincinnati Archdiocese. He has withdrawn from Chicago partly for health's sake and partly from a desire of visiting some eastern friends. He leaves with the permission of the Vicar General, but has not the necessary papers because Bishop (Anthony) O'Regan has not reached Chicago. He asks Purcell to accept him.

II-4-m - A.L.S. - 2pp. - 8vo. - {4}

1854 Aug. 14
Vuillermoz, P(lacide): Assumption, (Louisiana)
 to Archbishop (Anthony Blanc: New Orleans, Louisiana)

Following his ordination to the diaconate, Vuillermoz asked (Blanc) to give him some months at the seminary to study his theology which he has not yet completed and to study English and (Blanc) consented. Since it has been a long time since he has looked over other treatises, he asks for time to go over them and and coordinate them. He appreciates the longer time at the seminary, but if (Blanc) wished to ordain him in order to place him in a parish or some place where he could work, he would not object. He could continue to work on the study of English. His request is not so fervent that it makes him forget his resolution on reaching America to be always at the disposal of his Bishop.

VI-1-h - A.L.S. - (French) - 4pp. - 4to. - {1}

1854 Aug. 15
Brands, C.M., Father J(ohn): (Lafourche, Louisiana)
 to Father (Stephen Rousselon: New Orleans, Louisiana)

He asks (Rousselon) to send a draft for 250 piastres on Benoist and Co(mpany) in favor of Father J. Quigley at St. Louis.

VI-1-h - A.L.S. - (French) - 1p. - 12mo. - {2}

1854 Aug. 16
Piret, Father (Andrew): Mackinac, (Michigan)
 to Bishop (Peter Paul Lefevere): (Detroit, Michigan)

The arrival of the Sisters at Mackinac has killed the two Protestant schools and thrown that of Mrs. (Mary Ann) Fisher into confusion. The metis came to see Piret yesterday to ask Lefevere to place the Indian schools under the care of the Brothers and Sisters. They say that Mrs. Fisher is going to remain near her daughter at Green Bay, (Wisconsin). Already there are 22 seats unoccupied which brings about a change. The cholera claimed two victims at Mackinac. P.S. Piret's congregation is doing very well. The leading Protestants have already placed their daughters in care of the Sisters.

III-2-i - A.L.S. - (French) - 2pp. - 8vo. - {3}

1854 Aug. 17
Hebrard, P.A. (and others): New Orleans, (Louisiana)
 to Archbishop (Anthony) Blanc: (New Orleans, Louisiana)

(Blanc is addressed as) President of St. Mary's Orphan Boys Asylum. In consequence of the want of interest manifested by the present parties employed at the Asylum and the neglect of the welfare, good and economical management of the institution and their inability to agree with the Brothers (of Holy Cross), they tender their resignation as the Executive Committee. (Signing with Hebrard), D.F.(?) Simms, Ag. Rasch.

VI-1-h - A.L.S. - 1p. - 4to. - {5}

1854 Aug. 17
Raymond, Father G(ilbert): On board the America
 to Archbishop (Anthony Blanc: New Orleans, Louisiana)

They have left France for the places to which Providence calls them. Vacation at Angers began July 10, the 12th Raymond went to Paris. He remained there some days to discuss affairs with their priests; he went to Lyons on a pilgrimage to Notre Dame de Fourvière. He arrived in Paris on the 28th; on the 29th everything was settled. On the 30th he left Paris for Havre. They arrive at Boston tomorrow. His brother, who is a pries, (Father J. Francois Raymond) is coming with him. There are also 2 seminarians, whom Raymond has directed for 2 years. The Bishop of Angers is quite peculiar in giving permission to those who wish to go to the missions. Otherwise there was not much difficulty. Not wishing to bind themselves to the diocese they received no order; this was at the advice of their director. They had used a part of diocesan collections for their education and Raymond solved this difficulty by paying this little sum which he believes he can easily find among his friends in Maryland. A young man is coming who could serve as a Brother; he could also teach school and be useful in many ways. The priests of Lyons to whom Raymond talked are very well disposed to this good work; many directors of seminaries promised to cooperate. As it is now very hot in Louisiana and bad for acclimatation, Bishop (Auguste Marie Martin) of Natchitoches told Raymond not to go sooner; that even he had had yellow fever in November. However, circumstances oblige Raymond to leave France soon. But they will stop at Baltimore until the first cold passes over Louisiana. Sister Regina (Smith, S. C.) whom Raymond saw in Paris told him that it was not prudent to arrive before that time. The young people will use their time in learning English. Raymond will also have them take courses in theology; his brother will also strengthen himself in English which he already speaks passably well. They will accustom themselves to Community life and practise the rule. Next to the little seminary of St. Charles, which Raymond helped found, there is a large country house for the use of the big seminary of Baltimore. Raymond will ask to spend their time in the north there. In leaving, Raymond took some money from Father Boué to help with their expenses. He sent part of it back from Liverpool when he saw that he did not need it. He still has 1000 francs from Boué who said to give it to (Blanc). Raymond saw (Martin) in Paris; he was obliged to tell him something of their affairs as he had to ask him for some letters for the Nuncio and also obtain passports. (Martin) found the plan admirable. But he put forth many arguments to show that the best position for them was the parish of Avoyelles in his own diocese and that they could work from there in (Blanc)s. (Martin) would make an excellent lawyer. If they were numerous enough, Raymond would be delighted to work in neighboring dioceses, for Natchitoches and even Texas. Raymond told (Martin) that it was (Blanc) whom they had first consulted, that (Blanc) was the first to encourage them. They are at (Blanc)'s service. Boué entrusted to Raymond 3 ecclesiastics from Annonay(?) who are going to (Blanc)'s diocese. Father (Cyprien Venissat) Vennissac, a priest for a long time; his nephew, a young boy, hardly even in the "troisième;" and Mr. Gilly who has tonsure. Boué gave Raymond 3000 francs for their expenses. Vennissac is brining a niece but he will pay her passage. She wishes to enter a novitiate on arrival. The men will stop at the Baltimore seminary; they will learn English there for they do not know a word. They are ready to leave whenever (Blanc) judges they can arrive in New Orleans without danger. Gilly hopes to be employed at once. If (Blanc) wants to write to Raymond he can address him at St. Mary's Seminary, Baltimore. P.S. They are sending (Blanc) four of their trunks and a box that would be inconvenient to take by land.

VI-1-h - A.L.S. - (French) - 4pp. - 4to. - {7}

1854 Aug. 18
Chambost, Father C(harles): Plaquemine, (Louisiana)
 to Archbishop (Anthony Blanc: New Orleans, Louisiana)

Since the purchase of their land has delayed them a little in their collections for the new College (of the Immaculate Conception), they have decided to erect at the side of the existing building, a building 50 by 40 feet. Below the building, there would be a shelter(?) and a shop, the canopy being 7 feet high. The first story, 8 feet high and divided down the middle lengthwise will give a large study hall of 50 by 20. The other room of the same dimensions will be divided into four rooms of 12 by 20 feet. The story above will be 8 feet at the base and 10 in the middle. One mounts by an outside stairway and there will be a little flight of stairs from which one can enter the two sides. The dormitory will be divided into two parts with a sliding door. They will then have room to spare in the old building. The dormitory will remain as it is and that large study hall from which one goes up to the dormitory will be changed into an infirmary. Four rooms will be free besides the two little ones they now occupy. Chambost has been several times to Dernière Ile and feels completely restored. His brother, (Father Auguste Chambost) is there now; the congregation there is very large. Young Michael Schlatre, (Jr.) has allowed them the use of a room in his house, 25 by 30 feet, as a church. They have to give for their house, 2200 piastres in three payments; they hope they can find it. He is sending a sort of plan of their building. (No enclosure.)

VI-1-h - A.L.S. - (French) - 4pp. - 4to. - {4}

(1854 Aug. 19)
Goguely, Sr.: N(ew) Orleans, (Louisiana)
 to (Archbishop Anthony Blanc: New Orleans, Louisiana)

A bill for $2.85 for in work done from June 9 through August 19. Payment received September 12, 1854.

VI-1-h - A.Bill S. - (French) - 1p. - 12mo. - {1}

(18)54 Aug. 20
Beaugier, Father A.: Opelousas, (Louisiana)
 to Archbishop (Anthony Blanc): New Orleans, (Louisiana)

On leaving for Opélousas, (Blanc) recommended that Beaugier write directly to Father Rousselon. Beaugier was sorry not to have received (Blanc)'s letter until the 17th to which he would have replied at once if he had not wanted to give precise information which one finds it difficult to sort out from the jumble of the village. They have already spoken ill of Beaugier; since (Blanc) does not know him well, Beaugier will tell him what really exists. He had promised (Blanc) to keep it secret that he had studied medicine. Scarcely had he arrived at Opelousas when he was called to visit a sick man at whose house he met a widely known doctor who recognized him and who talked everywhere of Beaugier's family and of him. Beaugier recalls speaking of medicine once. It was at Grand Coteau, at the Ladies of the Sacred Heart. Having learned here and at Ville Platte that their Superior, (Madame Maria Cutts, R.S.C.J.) was gravely ill, he committed the crime of talking about himself, as the wife of a doctor at Ville Platte had asked him to advise an operation, indispensable in the opinion of her husband. He will be all the more guarded and will never forget the end of (Blanc)'s letter. Beaugier's position at Ville Platte is less painful, although all is not going as (Blanc) wishes. The first month everyone seemed glad at his arrival but then he saw there were two factions. First, he ones who had had the little chapel built and whose names (Blanc) knows; then those who are opposed to the site of this chapel. Others say it is too small, too far from the cemetery; the most influential want the church near their property, giving it greater value. The ambition of the complainers is to be appointed trustees to administer the funds of the church and cemetery. At Opelousas, there are 3 trustees: the first, named Latour, who, Beaugier believes, need not be feared. Last Saturday, Beaugier was at Ville Platte; Latour sent for Beaugier to come to his house. He was very ill and did not want to die without seeing Beaugier. Today he can be counted as a friend. The second is Lazare who is of the Greek religion; his influence is almost nil. The third is a man named Guidry who wasted an immense fortune and would like to retrieve it at all costs. He is living scandalously with a negress by whom he has several children. He is a business man, has been appointed a legislator; it was he who sold the house which would serve as a presbytery if (Blanc) judges fit. Having complained about Father (John F.) Raviol, he said everywhere that priests are misers. This is the man who calumniated Father (Simon) Rominger. Opelousas is going to have the good fortune to possess him; he has acquired a little cabin where he is to live soon. Everyone wants a priest and he has been received with cordiality and respect. Several days ago 19 received their First Communion. About the salary: of the 4 people who were to promote it, two withdrew involuntarily. One was stricken with paralysis and lost the use of his tongue and right arm. The second is about to sell his establishment and retire far from Ville Platte. They say the other two will promote it, provided (Blanc) will guarantee the amount, which they will deduct from the pew rental, burials, and services. As for the presbytery which they have bought, they will make a collection. Beaugier has announced (Blanc)'s arrival at Ville Platte, he is confident that they will receive him as a representative of Christ and as a father.

VI-1-h - A.L.S. - (French) - 4pp. - 4to. - {9}

(18)54(?) Aug. 20
McManus, Cas.(?): New Orleans, (Louisiana)
 to Archbishop (Anthony) Blanc: New Orleans, (Louisiana)

Indulgence in liquor has caused McManus to fall from an enviable social position and from virtue. While under its influence he entered a church in the 3rd Dis(trict), German, and attempted to remove a pair of candlesticks. These facts are gleaned from the keeper of the prison. A graduate of the cra(d?)le of the American priesthood Old St. Mary's, Baltimore, he need not to have resorted to pilfering candlesticks. Therefore, Blanc is not to deem him irreclaimable. Delicacy forbids McManus placing before Blanc a letter from an aged parent on a death bed entreating the absent one to return home. Should that mother live to learn the cause of the nonobedience she may apply the words, "You will bring down my gray hairs in sorrow to the grave." The pastor of the church, his name is unknown, has informed McManus that the matter rests with Blanc. A line from Blanc to the pastor of the church on St. Ferdinand St(reet) directing him to withdraw the the charge and his calling on Mr. Morse, the attorney general, will secure a release.

VI-1-i - A.L.S. - 4pp. - 4to. - {2}

1854 Aug. 20
(Purcell), Archbishop J(ohn) B(aptist): Cin(cinnati, Ohio)
 to Archbishop (Anthony Blanc: New Orleans, Louisiana)

(Blanc)'s sore foot did not at all affect his hand; never was his writing more legible. (Blanc) gave (Purcell) a good drubbing through brother Ned (Father Edward Purcell). It is not the first time his sins have been visited on Ned. It was (Purcell) who wrote the articles on slavery that got him a bad name among some of the prelates of old and it was (Purcell) who wrote the short and long articles, with only one exception, against (Orestes A.) Brownson that incurred (Blanc)'s displeasure. He will not vindicate what he said of the Doctor, the offense was public, so did (Purcell) conceive the reprimand should be. Brownson spared not (Kenelm) Digby or Father (John Henry) New-man. (Purcell) hopes that Sister Augustine will be admitted to full membership by the Ursulines of N(ew) O(rleans) and also Sister Angela unless she makes up her mind to go to Black Rock; and the lay Sister. The rest of the professed Sisters of Cincinnati are now in St. Martin's Brown Co(untry). That was a tragicocomico fate that (Bishop Michael Portier) of Mobile so nearly realized. May he be spared to save innumerable souls in a different kind of bath from that in which he was so near giving up the ghost. (Purcell) thanks (Blanc) for the good Breton(?) family, Morphy, (Blanc) sent them. Mr. Giamarchi handed (Purcell) Father (Cyril) Delacroix's letter two days ago; he seems like a good and pious Christian. (Purcell)'s city is healthy; their Know Nothings are belying them right and left. (Father?) Aylward behaved so scandalously in Boston that (Purcell) thought it best to let him go about his business. A fine old curé, 20 years in Switzerland, and who knows only French, has just offered his services. He lost his trunks and papers on his way hither. An old Spaniard, Father (V.) Burgos, brought to this country and ordained by Archbishop Hughes, (Purcell) has refused to adopt. He is now in a German cong(regation) in Illinois. Canon de Vivaldi is here begging for his convent of the Love of God. They have been "deplumed" by beggars of late. Archbishop (Cajetan) Bedini is angry with the American bishops for not defending him more stoutly! (Purcell) put himself a dozen times between Bedini and death while here.

VI-1-h - A.L.S. - 4pp. - 12mo. - {18}

1854 Aug. 20
Spalding, M(artin) J. Bp. Louisville: Louisville, Kentucky
 to Archbishop John Baptist Purcell: of Cincinnati, Ohio

He adopts Purcell's suggestion which he thinks is wise. In his introduction he will refer to some of the topics of the day in their connection with the subjects he treats. He will place the work under Purcell's auspices. Bishop (Michael) O'Connor is anxious to have the names of the Bishops omitted by (Orestes A.) Brownson in the future. Archbishop (Francis Patrick) Kenrick of Baltimore should be the one to give the hint. Bishop (George) Carrell is in trouble. Spalding hopes he will come out unscathed. The Democrats here have openly declared against the Know Nothings.

II-4-m - A.L.S. - 2pp. - 8vo. - {7}

1854 Aug 21
(Baraga), Frederick, Bishop of Amyzonia: Saut Ste. Marie, (Michigan)
 to Bishop (Peter Paul) Lefevere: Detroit, (Michigan)

Baraga has just arrived in Saut (Ste. Marie, Michigan) after having visited the missions of Arbe Croche. He is grieved to see those schools so neglected. They have no teachers. As Lefevere has given him the disagreeable charge of those missions and schools, he wants the Exeats and dimissorials of the respective missionaries, that is of Fathers (Ignatius) Mrak, (Eugene) Jahan, and (Agelus) Van Peemel, sent to his personally for eccelsiastical order's sake, then he will give them documents of reception in his diocese.

III-2-i - A.L.S. - 1p. - 8vo. - {5}

1854 August 21
Formby, Henry: Birmingham, (England)
Dr. (Orestes A.) Brownson: Boston, Massachusetts)

Formby sends Brownson a series of musical works and asks his opinion of them, particularly with regard to their value as a means of strengthening and spreading the Catholic faith, among the poor and uneducated classes. He hopes that a favorable mention in Brownson's Review will enable him to make satisfactory arrangements with some publisher for having them published. He also encloses for Brownson inspection and criticism, a prospectus of a series of illustrations of events in Sacred History and asks Brownson's help in having them put on the American market.

I-3-1 - AL.LS. - 8pp. - 16to. - {1}

1854 Aug. 21
Mudd, J.: Cincinnati, (Ohio)
 to Orestes A. Brownson: (Boston, Massachusetts)

Mudd sends Brownson some papers from which Brownson can form an opinion of the native American Catholic of Cincinnati who will be loyal to him in the coming contest over his writings on Native Americanism. He mentions Brownson's writings on "Temporal Power of the Popes", the "Naturalization Question", and "Public Education" and says that, so far as he knows, the Catholic Church has made no pronouncement on any of the subjects and neither Brownson nor Judge Spooner can be condemned for these decisions. He has confidence in Brownson's bishop (John Fitzgerald). He says that the boldness of the foreign Catholics in Church and political affairs has grown to such a head, it must be checked. Mudd says that his brother-in-law has been getting the Review from Catholic booksellers but recently they have been shy about handling it so his brother-in-law has given the price of a year's subscription and asked him to order direct from Brownson; Mudd says some of his friends are going to do likewise.

I-3-1 - A.L.S. - 3pp. - 4to. - {2}

1854 Aug. 22
Brownson, Orestes A.: Boston, (Massachusetts)
the Editors of the Catholic Telegraph(Cincinnati, Ohio)

(Brownson) presumes he has real faults enough for them to castigate without their being troubled to castigate him for those of which he is not guilty. They say that in his letter to the Pittsburgh Catholic he has shadowed forth his future course, and that is to shield himself from his errors by throwing the responsibility on Bishop (John B. Fitzpatrick) or the theologian appointed by him to examine Brownson's manuscripts. They are mistaken in supposing that he will persist in any controversy likely to array one portion of the hierarchy against another. He has too much regard for the welfare of religion to do so, and the Bishop of Boston is the last man in the country that would permit him to do so. He certainly does not feel that he is at liberty to send Brownson's Review into dioceses against the will of their bishops. He will discontinue it the moment he learns that is the wish of any considerable number of the pastors and prelates of the country. But he does not recognize the voice of the pastor in a newspaper squib. He has been unexpectedly engaged in a controversy with the Metropolitan on the papal power, but that controversy will not be continued on his part. Native Americanism was discussed in his last number. The article has been singularly misunderstood and furiously assailed. His next Review will contain an article explaining what he did mean and showing that there was nothing to offend any Catholic in whatever country he was born or educated. They are now writing against him for the things which he said on the Development question. He has long since dropped that controversy. There is a mutual good understanding between Father (John Henry) Newman and Brownson, and he is happy to say that his fears of the Oxford converts were to a great extent unwarranted. Noboby need fear ever hearing him speak in depreciation of a convert again. He will leave that to those who call themselves nativeborn Catholics. In some previous numbers they accuse him of misrepresenting Kenelm H. Digby. He had been informed by a priest, who professed to know, that Digby was an English convert. He will correct his mistake. His purpose in the article was not so much to review Digby as it was to deprive the Unitarian writer he has refuting of the use he made of the work. In criticizing Brownson they fell into the same mistake they accuse him of in regard to Digby. They cite a passage as untenable on Catholic principles, but in a subsequent number the doctrine objected to was retracted as susceptible of an erroneous sense on the advice of Count Charles de Montalembert. They have also censured him for blaming the Gallicanism of the late Bishop (John) England. He is responsible as editor but not as writer. The article was written by one of the most illustrious members of the American hierarchy (Archbishop Francis Patrick Kenrick). He does not think they have treated him generously or justly. He will be obliged if they will insert these remarks. (On page [7] are a few lines of a draft of a review by Brownson of Newman's "Loss and Gain, or the Story of a Convert."

I-3-1 - A. Drafts S. - 13pp. - 4to. - {13}

1854 Aug. 22
Borgess, Father C(aspar) H.: Columbus, Ohio
 to Archbishop John Baptist Purcell: of Cincinnati, Ohio

He asks for a dispensation for first cousins to marry. It appears that a partial engagement was contracted by the parties in Germany. He asks for a dispensation for a young man to marry a Protestant lady who will become a Catholic. Does Borgess understand rightly that no mixed marriages shall be contracted without Purcell's sanction? Upon complaints made by neighbors, an officer measured the depth of one of the graves and found it only 17 inches. This is against the law and the town can prohibit burial.

II-4-m - A.L.S. - 3pp. - 8vo. - {2}

1854 Aug. 23
Verrina, C.M., Father A(nthony): Donaldsonville, (Louisiana)
 to Father (Stephen Rousselon: New Orleans, Louisiana)

George Moore, a Protestant and baptised, wishes to marry Elizeele(?) Gravois, his sister-in-law, who is a Catholic. It seems the marriage is to take place in a short time.

VI-1-h - A.L.S. - (French) - 1p. - 4to. - {3}

1854 Aug. 23
Newman, John H(enry): Oratory, Birmingham (England)
 to O(restes) A. Brownson: (Boston, Massachusetts)

Letters of a perplexing nature have caused Newman to delay in answering Brownson's letter of July 11th. He suggests that Brownson postpone his visit because of recent offenses taken in Ireland and in America at something "you have lately written." He regrets the less that will be occasioned by Brownson's postponing his visit. When matters are cleared later he would still like, to have Brownson come. Newman is sorry Brownson has recalled his son from Munich apropos to his coming to Europe.

I-3-1 - A.L.S. - 4pp. - 16mo. - {1}

1854 Aug. 24
(Baraga), Frederick, Bishop of Amyzonia Saut Ste. Marie, (Michigan):
 to Bishop (Peter Paul) Lefevere: (Detroit, Michigan)

Baraga wants to know whether Mr. Wendell spoke to Lefevere in Detroit about their dancing last winter and whether Lefevere told Wendell that their dancing was innocent as it was only on certain private occasions and in private circles. He also wants all the necessary papers and information in regard to this relations with the government in school matters and school reports; also the exeats of Fathers (Ignatius) Mrak, (Eugene) Jahan, and (Angelus) Van Poemel.

III-2-i - A.L.S. - 1p. - 8vo. - {5}

1854 Aug. 25
Duffo, S.J., Father J.J.: Natchitoches, (Louisiana)
 to Father E(tienne) Rousselon: New Orleans, L(ouisian)a

Rousselon will be as surprised as Duffo was when he reads the enclosed note. This peculiar summons was given him by the sheriff of Natchitoches. According to the note. Duffo seems to be a creditor of Father (Anthony Désiré) Mégret. As he recalls, he was rather his debtor, at least for a good dinner, though meager, more than 4 years ago at his Verm(illionville) presbytery. Joking aside, Duffo has concluded that the creditors want to consider him as the proprietor of the church funds during his stay at Lafayette and in case he does not appear at the meeting, do they think they would be authorized to take over these funds? Duffo cedes all his rights to Rousselon. On the next page is a legal sounding form: He cedes to Rousselon, executor of Mégret's estate, all the rights he could have because of the ecclesiastical functions he performed at Lafayette from December 25, 1853 to April 20, 1854. P.S. Several days ago, Duffo had a letter from Bishop (Auguste Marie) Martin; he was leaving for Rome.

- A.L.S. - (French) -


1854 Jul. 29
Louisiana, State of Lafayette, Louisiana
 to Father (J.J.) Duffo, (S.J.): Natchitoches, (Louisiana)

Duffo is to appear at a meeting of the creditors of the late A.D. Mégret, deceased in the parish of Lafayette, which will take place on August 31, 1854 before W(illia)m Brandt, recorder, at his office at Vermillionville. Signed by Eraste Mouton, clerk.

- Printed Notice -

VI-1-h - A.L.S. - (French) - 5pp. - 12mo. - {7}

(18)54 Aug. 25
McGerry, C.M, Father J(ohn) F(rancis): Donaldsonville, (Louisiana)
 to Father (Stephen Rousselon: New Orleans, Louisiana)

McGerry arrived yesterday from Grand Coteau; he is very well pleased to have been to see the parents there. He is dissuaded from going to N(ew) Orleans at present; he is as yet undecided what to do. What is (Rousselon)'s opinion of passing a few days in the city. McGerry has no fears but does not wish to act contrary to advice. P.S. If there are any letters for McGerry, (Rousselon) is to send them to Donaldsonville.

VI-1-h - A.L.S. - 1p. - 4to. - {1}

(18)54 Aug. 26
Guinand, R.S.C.J., Madame A(dine): Baton Rouge, (Louisiana)
 to Archbishop (Anthony Blanc: New Orleans, Louisiana)

T(homas) Elder has not renewed the insurance on their house because he learned that Guinand had had it insured here with their other house. She thought it better to have them insured with the same company and at Baton Rouge. She did not foresee(?) that they would write to (Blanc) as for 2 years he has given the policy to Elder. She is writing to Elder to see if he can settle this as she has already paid here. News of their Mother (Maria Cutts, R.S.C.J.) is that she is better but Guinand still fears for her because of the "butchery" she underwent. Their vacations began with that of St. Michael. Father (Vitalis) Gilles, (S.J.) was to come to give their retreat. As he put it off, Guinand took the initiative. Yesterday at 10 o'clock she began her retreat; it had been 2 years since she had made one and she had great need of it. She has need of direction; she has no one.

VI-1-h - A.L.S. - (French) - 4pp. - 8vo. - {4}

1854 Aug. 26
Milward, S.W.: N(ew) Orleans, (Louisiana)
 to Archbishop Anthony Blanc: N(ew) O(rleans, Louisiana)

Blanc will receive with this note a small parcel containing some advanced numbers of "The Bible" previously forwarded to Blanc by Virtue, Son and Co(mpany) of London and New York. They have desired Milward to say that Blanc would oblige them by his certificate that the Haydock Douay Bible is the version authorized to be used by the Church of Rome. The numerous subscribers to this work here should be assured that such be the truth. Milward signs as agent.

VI-1-h - A.L.S. - 2pp. - 12mo. - {2}

1854 Aug. 28
Curiel, Jos(eph): New Orleans, (Louisiana)
 to Father E(tien)ne Rousselon: (New Orleans, Louisiana)

A receipt for 12 piastres for one month's hire of a servant.

VI-1-h - A. Receipt S. - 1p. - 32mo. - {1}

1854 Aug. 28
(Rappe), Bishop Amadeus: Cleveland, (Ohio)

On 12 August 1853, at Notre Dame du Lac, (Rappe) ordained Joseph Biemans to the subdiaconate.

VI-1-h - A.D.S. - (Latin) - 1p. - 4to. - {1}

1854 Aug. 28
Forde, Father Michael: Chillicothe, Ohio
 to Archbishop John Baptist Purcell: of Cincinnati, Ohio

As Forde intends leaving for Newark, he deems it necessary to have a testimonial from Purcell. The object of his begging excursion is deserving of Purcell's warmest sympathy. Father (M.) Aylward came here Saturday. Forde hopes he will persevere as well as he has commenced. His position new after being eight years in Rome ought to be a lesson to the priest just starting on his mission life.

II-4-m - A.L.S. - 2pp. - 8vo. - {4}

1854 Aug. 28
Verrina, CM., Father A(nthony): Donaldsonville, (Louisiana)
 to Father E(tienne) Rousselon: New Orleans, L(ouisian)a

The bearer of this letter is (George) Moore for whom Verrina asked a dispensation. He told Moore Rousselon's reply but as Verrina has not succeeded in preventing this marriage or putting it off, Verrina advised Moore to go to see the Archbishop. Moore enjoys a good reputation and for a long time has intended to become a Catholic. Verrina could baptise him after more instruction.

VI-1-h - A.L.S. - (French) - 2pp. - 4to. - {2}

1854 Aug. 29
(Portier), Bishop Michael: Mobile, (Alabama)
 to Father (Stephen Rousselon: New Orleans, Louisiana)

(Portier) is sending a check for Father (James) Lesne; (Rousselon) is to notify Lesne. Without being ill or even having a fever, (Portier) has since the end of June, been overwhelmed by the heat. He is recovering slowly.

VI-1-h - A.L.S. - (French) - 1p. - 8vo. - {2}

(18)54 Aug. 30
McGerry, C.M., Father J(ohn) F(rancis): Donaldsonville, (Louisiana)
 to Father E(tienne) Rousselon: (New Orleans, Louisiana)

McGerry thanks Rousselon for his answer to his letter; he will follow the advice and not return to the city. Mr. Samory who had three sons returning with McGerry has offered to secure a boat and to see those who wish to go to (St. Vincent's) College, (Cape Girardeau, Missouri) safe on board. Rousselon can let Samory have the $130 left and any other money received for the College. Samory's receipt will be good for the same. McGerry knows that Mr. Courtin intends to pay Rousselon something. He has also requested Father Cornelius Moynihan to pay Rousselon any money he might collect for the College. McGerry thanks Rousselon for his kindness while McGerry was in the city.

VI-1-h - A.L.S. - 1p. - 4to. - {5}

1854 (Aug. 31)
D'Aquin, T(homas): (New Orleans, Louisiana)
 to Archbishop A(nthony) Blanc: (New Orleans, Louisiana)

A receipted bill for $30.58 for groceries. Receipted by J. Miard.

VI-1-h - Bill - (French) - 2pp. - 4to. - {2}

1854 Aug. 31
DeSales, Sister Mary:
St. Mary's Hospital, Detroit, Michigan
 to Bishop (Peter Paul Lefevere): Detroit, Michigan

Statement of the number of patients from January 1, 1854 to August 31, 1854. The statement is divided into numbers from the City, the Country and the Custom house, private patients, and from Michigan Central Railroad. The income listed is from a concert, from St. Mary's German church, the Cathedral and from donations. The monthly expenditures are also listed. She also lists debts and adds a note on the amounts paid by the patients and the miscellaneous donations in kind received but not included in the accounts.

III-2-i - A.D.S. - 3pp. - 8vo. - {2}

1854 Aug. 31
Mudd, J.: Cincinnati, (Ohio)
 to Orestes A. Brownson: (Boston, Massachusetts)

Mudd continues the discussion of the attacks made on Brownson by the Catholic press, mentioned in his letter of Aug. 21. Mudd refers to the Catholic Telegraph and Advertiser as particularly bitter against Brownson's Review and the Boston Pilot which has upheld Brownson's views. Mudd refers to two papers getting a wide circulation among Irish- Catholics, the Irish - American and one published by Mitchell Meagher and Company the latter being abusive of the Catholic Hierarchy. Mudd says that Cincinnati is in a state of wild anarchy. The Democratic party is split and the anti-foreign and anti-Catholic elements are in control; he mentions the discharge of Catholics and foreigners working on the courthouse and predicts this will have a bad effect on the party in the coming election and also prove a danger (a firebrand) to society because hungry, unemployed men, with starving families, do not promote peace and harmony. He encloses the five-dollars ($5.00) to pay for a subscription to the Review for his father-in-law, J.W. Pratt, Esquire. The writer is pleased to read of the return of Bishop (John) Fitzpatrick to his diocese.

I-3-1 - A.L.S. - 2pp. - 8vo. - {4}

1854 Aug. 31
Mullon, Father J(ames) I(gnatius): (New Orleans, Louisiana)
 to Father Stephen Rousselon: New Orleans, Louisiana)

Return for August for (St. Patrick's Church. Items and amounts are given.)

VI-1-h - A. Report S. - 1p. - folio - {2}