University of Notre Dame


(1854) (Sept. 1)
Weninger, Francis X.:
 to (Orestes A. Brownson): (Boston, Massachusetts)

Weninger has been surprised to read an article on patriotism in Brownson's Review, having read at the same time what Brownson had correctly written in 1845. Despite Brownson's contention that he has been misunderstood in the Kossuth question Weninger says Brownson has defined patriotism in a manner unacceptable to Catholics. Quoting Saint Basil's answer to Valens, Weninger says that under God there is no nation of tribe. From the doctrine he says Brownson has fallen in his utterances on Americanism. He makes the correction in charity holding no layman equal to Brownson in his writings. He objects to Brownson saying that he loves country next after God. He has met Brownson at St. Louis. Because of his missionary activities among the German and French he asks Brownson to forgive his lack of English.

I-3-1 - A.L.S. - 4pp. - 4to. - {1}

(18)54 Sep. 1
Dubuc, Ant(hony): New Orleans, (Louisiana)
 to Father (Stephen) Rousselon: (New Orleans, Louisiana)

Receipted bill for $22 for coffin muslin, hearse, and 2 carriages. Receipted by Orry. (On the back, in Rousselon's hand): (Placide) Vuillermoz.

VI-1-h - Receipt - (French) - 2pp. - 16mo. - {3}

1854 Sep. 1
(Haughery), Margaret (Gaffney): (New Orleans, Louisiana)
 to Archbishop (Anthony) Blanc: (New Orleans, Louisiana)

A receipt for $21.90 for milk.

VI-1-h - Receipt - 1p. - 32mo. - {1}

1854 Sep. 1
Lambert, Rich(ar)d: New Orleans, (Louisiana)
 to Father E(tienne) Rousselon: (New Orleans, Louisiana)

A receipt for one month's services as organist.

VI-1-h - A. Receipt S. - 1p. - 32mo. - {1}

1854 Sep. 1

Matthews and Co(mpany) New Orleans, (Louisiana)
 to Archbishop (Anthony) Blanc: (New Orleans, Louisiana)

A receipted bill for $38 for carriage repairs on June 16 and Aug(u)st 19. Receipted by John Crowell.

VI-1-h - Bill - 1p. - 8vo. - {2}

1854 Sep. 1
Milward, S.W.: N(ew) Orleans, (Louisiana)
 to Archbishop Antoine Blanc: N(ew) Orleans, (Louisiana)

Blanc's kind note of the 28th has been received and Milward expresses his thanks for the favorable opinion of the Bible in it as well as in the certificate attached. He will forward a copy of each to N(ew) York. He is chagrined to learn that Blanc has not received the numbers regularly. They were sent to a temporary agent here who absconded. He no doubt converted the contents of the parcel to his own use. Blanc will receive the missing numbers by Nov(embe)r 1, as well as those which will finish the Bible. Blanc's certificate will be of much use to Milward here.

VI-1-h - A.L.S. - 2pp. - 12mo. - {1}

1854 Sep. 2
Kenrick, Francis Patrick, Archbishop of: Baltimore, Maryland
 to Archbishop John Baptist Purcell of: Cincinnati, Ohio

Kenrick is satisfied that Father (David) Whelan should remain at the Mountain. He gave him the usual faculties. Dr. (Levi Silliman) Ives is most willing to render himself useful. The gentlemen at the Seminary declined to accept him as professor of Elocution. Kenrick had written to Dr. (Henry) Newman in his behalf before he was aware that Dr. (Orestes A.) Brownson had accepted. A situation would relieve him from the necessity of depending on charity. Kenrick feels great delicacy in suggesting to Brownson to drop the cover. He has written to the Bishop (John Fitzpatrick) of Boston expressing his dissent from his position. He does not suppose that Brownson will claim them as approvers of the new volume. (Written on a printed notice of Kenrick's proposal to form The Relief Society and to adopt the resolutions listed.)

II-4-m - A.L.S. - 1p. - 8vo. - {7}

1854 Sept. 3
Rupell, Ida: Chilton Hill, Massachusetts
 to O(restes) A. Brownson: Chelsea, Massachusetts

The Bishop (John Fitzpatrick) said that he thought that Brownson would like to see her and she would like to know if they would drop her a line and let her know. She will be in Providence till the 10th.

I-3-1 - A.L.S. - 1p. - 8vo. - {2}

1854 Sep. 4
E. and Co(mpany) Cincinnati, O(hio)
 to Father E(tienne) Rousselon: New Orleans, L(ouisian)a

They have drawn on Rousselon for $199.50 for 3000 French catechisms now completed and ready to ship. There is a small advance on the charge for the (18)52 edition, owing to the advance in paper. The river being quite low, there are no boats to New Orleans. Shall they retain the books or ship them by other conveyance? Signed for Morgan and Company by McCohn.

VI-1-h - L.S. - 1p. - 4to. - {2}

1854 Sept. 5
Lefevere, Peter Paul, Bp. Detroit: Detroit, Michigan
 to Archbishop John Baptist Purcell: of Cincinnati, Ohio

The cholera prevented Lefevere from answering sooner. He encloses a draft for $25 as the half yearly instalment of the annunity of Dr. (Solomon L.) Ives. Lefevere permitted his name to be inscribed on the books of the Irish University. As Bishop (Frederick) Baraga desires to assist at the Provincial Council and will become a suffragan to Purcell, the date for the council should be set not earlier than June 10 or later than Oct. 1 as to allow Baraga a safe return while navigation is open. With regard to education New England has already distinguished herself by its curious ways. He fears that Boston was far from being right on that subject.

II-4-m - A.L.S. - 2pp. - 8vo. - {5}

1854 Sep. 5
Perez: New Orleans, (Louisiana)
 to Archbishop (Anthony Blanc: New Orleans, Louisiana)

A receipted bill for $3 for cupping (Placide Vuillermoz) Wuillermoz.

- A. Bill S. -

 Attached to the above: 

1854 Aug. 31
Demoruelle, Edmond: (New Orleans, Louisiana)
 to Father (Stephen) Rousselon: (New Orleans, Louisiana)

A bill for $5 for opening and closing the grave of Placide Vuillormez. Receipted by Ph. chevalière.

- A. Bill -

VI-1-h - A. Bill S., A. Bill - (French) - 2pp. - 32mo. - {5}

1854 Sept. 5
Brownson, O(restes) A.: Boston, (Massachusetts)
 to (Father Francis X. Weninger, S.J.):

He does not think he deserves the criticisms expressed in Weninger's letter postmarked Sept. 1st, and maintains that there is no opposition between his real doctrine on nationalism and that expressed by Weninger. The contradiction that Weninger sees between his recent article and that of 1845 does not exist. He thinks Weninger's letter was dictated by the foreigner rather than by the "theologian". He may have fallen as La Mennais fell. He admits that he has lost some of his first fervor with regard to a portion of the American Catholic body, charging that they have wronged him. He denies that he has lost anything of his Catholicity.

I-3-l - A.L.S. - 3pp. - 4to. - {1}

1854 Sep. 5
Quigley, C.M., Father John J.: St. Louis, M(iss)o(uri)
 to Father (Stephen) Rousselon: (New Orleans, Louisiana)

Quigley acknowledges Rousselon's favor, enclosing an order on Benoist and Co(mpany) for $250. It lay, he supposes, for several days in the St. Louis post office and when Quigley found it announced in the daily gazette he claimed it. Their Visitor (Vincentians) is at present at the Barrens and on his return, Quigley will hand him Rousselon's favor.

VI-1-h - A.L.S. - 1p. - 4to. - {2}

1854 Sep. 6
Marye, Octavia: Avoyelles, (Louisiana)
 to Archbishop (Anthony Blanc: New Orleans, Louisiana)

(Blanc) told her to let him know when she wished to send her son Auguste (Marye) to college. In a few days he will have completed his 13th year and he has not yet made his First Communion. Nor is he at all advanced in his studies. For want of a good school, she has been obliged to teach him at home. As her means will not allow her to pay the full price, she now writes to remind (Blanc) of his promise to speak to the gentlemen of the College to make a deduction. She thinks she will be able to pay $100 including the entrance fee if he can be received for that amount. She wishes to send Auguste to Baton Rouge unless the College (of St. Charles) at Grand Coteau should again resume, in which she prefers to send him as it is nearer home, more in the country and retired.

VI-1-h - A.L.S. - 1p. - 4to. - {3}

1854 Sep. 7
Galard Terraube, M(arqu)is de: Chateau de Terraube, (France)
 to Archbishop (Anthony Blanc: New Orleans, Louisiana)

In his letter of January 2, (Blanc) gave information on how to find (Pierre) Bax, that his last letters were dated from Lima. Galard Terraube wrote to the Minister of Foreign Affairs and has just received word that he is now again at Natchitoches. His family has just written to him. Imagine the joy of his mother who for a long time had mourned him as dead. She owes this happiness to (Blanc) and Galard Terraube sends her thanks. He recalls a similar good work some years ago. Mr. Serreboubée, a baker, leaving in 1840 for New Orleans, had never sent word to his family. At Galard's request, (G.) Choiselat (Gallien), whose loss is so regretted in their Propagation of the Faith, wrote to (Blanc). The baker was found. (Blanc) had him promise to write to his family. He did not do so however, and his silence greatly prejudices family affairs in the interests of his brothers and sisters. Galard Terraube encloses a note to be passed on to Serreboubée by the baker at the Archbishopric who already knows him. Galard Terraube signs as a former member of the Central Council of the Propagation of the Faith at Paris.

- A.L.S. -


1854 Sep. 5
(Galard Terraube, Marquis de): Terraube, (France)
 to (Mr. Serreboubée: Natchitoches, Louisiana)

Galard Terraube is commissioned by Serreboubée's brothers and sister to inform him that his prolonged silence has given them great uneasiness about his safety and it is very prejudicial to their interests. They have lost their father, then their mother. They have left Terraube, each in his own way. Their sister is married and lives in Bordeaux. They have a buyer for their house in Terraube but they can do nothing without the consent of the absent one. Galard Terraube asks that Serreboubée break his unjustified silence which forces them, in order to make the sale, to resort to judicial formalities. To be sure that his letter does not go astray, Serreboubée is to write directly to Galard Terraube at Bordeaux where he lives in the winter to let him know his intentions and to give details of his position which would be of interest to his family.

- A.L. -

VI-1-h - A.L.S., A.L - (French) - - 8vo. & 12mo. - {4}

1854 Sept. 7
(Rappe, Louis) A(madeus) Bp. Cleveland: Cleveland, Ohio
 to Archbishop John Baptist Purcell: of Cincinnati, Ohio

He sends $25 which he asks Purcell to send on to those collecting for the support of the converts. They will open their College at Cleveland. The principal instruction will be in English, then in German. Their terms will be free, and, before all, there will be religious instruction. He believes that this kind of education best agrees with the state of the diocese. If there are students who wish to embrace the ecclesiastical state Latin will be added. If Purcell's paper will speak of the venture favorably that will help. The opening is set for the first Monday in October. The clergy of Cleveland are well.

II-4-m - A.L.S. - 2pp. - 8vo. - (French) - {2}

1854 Sept. 8
Brown, James: Boston, Massachusetts
 to O(restes) A. Brownson: (Boston, Massachusetts)

He sends Brownson a copy of a new book and mentions that they did not make any written agreements on the publication. His impréssion was that they pay twelve-cents (12) a copy.

I-3-l - A.L.S. - 1p. - 10ms. - {1}

1854 Sep. 8
Monroe, A(ndrew) F.: Hong Kong, (China)
 to Bishop J(ames) R(oosevelt) Bayley: (Newark, New Jersey)

Monroe writes a few lines on the eve of their departure from Hong Kong. They have been there six months at a most unhealthy period. This has been interrupted by two or three cruises in the brig Porpoise, to which vessel Monroe has been attached. On one of these, they rescued over 500 Chinamen from a desert island and on another had combat with 20 war junks, pirates. Commodore Ringgold, from the effects of climate and duties, has lost his reason. Another officer in command has not been more fortunate. Commodore (Mathew C.) Perry has organized then on a new basis. Foo Choo is their first port. Perry has just given up command and returns overland. Ringgold did not have far to go, to go crazy. Monroe forgives him for banishing him to the Porpoise for non-conformity to the Church of England, especially as his successor has restored Monroe to his former position. This constant bickering did not suit Monroe and he has resigned. It will take some time to hear from the Department but his mind is made up to leave the service. What then? Maybe Bayley can tell. Monroe congratulates Bayley on his advancement to the see of Newark. He was informed of it by Mr. Craig, who represents himself as Bayley's cousin. Craig has joined the legation of Mr. McLane. Monroe wishes he had time to tell about the apostolic men he met here—chiefly French and Italians. Several are waiting to set foot in Japan. Monroe has finished a resume of their visit to Japan for Pere Feliciane of the Italian mission. Monroe delivered the message of His Grace to Perry. Perry said if he had had the letter, he would have inquired at Yeddo as to the existence of Catholics in Japan. The letter of His Grace in reply to Senator (Lewis) Cass is enough to silence slander. Monroe hopes (James A.) McMaster and (John M.) Murphy are conducting their paper to the satisfaction of the faithful. Caroline Chissholm says that Providence has a place for everyone. They will be back here in a few months when he hopes to hear from Bayley. (P.S.) Bayley's cousin desired to be remembered to Bayley.

II-2-n - A.L.S. - 8pp. - 8vo. - {9}

1854 Sept. 8
Monteith, R(obert) J.S.: Lanark, Scotland
 to O(restes) A. Brownson: (Boston, Massachusetts)

Monteith usually follows Brownson but wishes to take issue on his treatment of Russia, begging Brownson to receive his words as a person who knows (Father John Henry) Newman and European statesmen and University men. He does not agree that the conservative element in Russia has been standing for obedience and order. Her history is one of many revolutions, and she reopened the seed of the French Revolution as he shows in a paper he drew up for Cardinal (Giacomo) Antonelli. Russia has not been a defender of order and traditions because she has not believed in the "church of God," and God's providence must in time bring about her defeat. He does not discuss the present difficulty with Turkey. Brownson's line of argument is contrary to that of the leaders of the church in Rome, France, Austria and Prussia, but supported by the Super-Protestants of Berlin and Holland. Russia is seeking to destroy Europe by revolutions so that Europe cannot support the Turk against her. He asks Brownson to print this but to suppress the name of Antonelli. He encloses a manuscript.

- A.L.S. - 12pp. - 16to. -


1854 June
Monteith, Robert J.S.: (Carstairs, Scotland)

"Russia, A Revolutionary Power"

Copy: Writing from personal experience the writer exposes Russian subversive activities. About 1839 England was threatened by the Chartist Movement. This movement was fomented by Russia. Several gentlemen knew of this and stopped further development by contacting the leaders of the Chartists. There is proof that disturbances in Greece, Egypt, Poland, Hungary, Spain, Portugal, France, and Italy were caused by Russian propaganda among the working classes. By denying their charges on one hand and supporting them on another, Russia benefitted greatly. Her object was to corrupt and exhaust Europe and then hold it as a vassal. Peace and security will never be secure until Russian power is crushed.

I-3-l - Ms. - (French) - 4pp. - folio - {6}

 (Printed in the Review for Jan. 1855, pp. 95-96.) 

(1854 Sept. 9)
Gouesse, (C.S.C.), Father F(rancis): (New Orleans, Louisiana)
 to Father (Stephen) Rousselon: (New Orleans, Louisiana)

Everyone knows that Gouesse's work does not permit him to take charge of St. Vincent de Paul. Going there for the last time tomorrow, Gouesse can announce whatever Rousselon wants. Rousselon is to let him know.

VI-1-h - A.L.S. - (French) - 1p. - 12mo. - {2}

1854 Sept. 10
Hanlon, O.H. (Chairman): Boston, Massachusetts
 to O(restes) A. Brownson: Boston, Massachusetts

The annual course of lectures of the Young Catholic Friend Society will commence in November and the society, appreciating Brownson's interest ask him to lecture to them at his convenience. P.S. An early answer is requested.

I-3-l - A.L.S. - 1p. - 4to. - {1}

1854 Sep. 11
Franzoni, Cardinal J(ames) Philip: Rome, (Italy)
 to Archbishop Anthony Blanc: New Orleans, (Louisiana)

No. 3.

Since the Holy Father has planned to make a solemn declaration on the Immaculate Conception of the Blessed Virgin towards the end of the month of November he desires that some bishops from the United States be present. Blanc is to make known his feeling on this to the Holy Father. Al(exander) Barnabò signs as secretary.

VI-1-h - L.S. - (Latin) - 1p. - 4to. - {2}

1854 Sep. 11
D and Co(mpany) New Orleans, (Louisiana)
 to Archbishop (Anthony Blanc: New Orleans, Louisiana)

A receipted bill for $35 for bread from July 16 to Sept(ember) 2.

VI-1-h - Bill S. - 1p. - 16mo. - {1}

1854 Sept. 12
Brownson, O(restes) A.: Boston, Massachusetts
 to Father (John Henry) Newman: (Dublin, Ireland)

Brownson has received Newman's request that he postpone for a year a visit to Europe and says the delay will not inconvenience him as he wished to have time to instruct his son in the running of the Review during his absence. Further, Brownson suggests that he sever his connection with the University since Newman himself is being opposed as being English, and the University as a tool to try to attempt to Anglo-Saxonize Ireland. Brownson would be even more seriously opposed by the Irish party. Brownson asks whether his resignation should be made first in American or Ireland. The Irish have always disliked him. Brownson says he is publicly criticized by a distinguished prelate (Archbishop John Baptist Purcell) posing as Newman's admirer for his criticisms against Newman's Essay on development. Yet that prelate urged him to write it through Bishop (John Fitzpatrick) of Boston.

I-3-l - A.L. (Incomplete first draft) - - 12mo. - 3pp. {4}

1854 Sept. 12
Ludington, Mrs. D(aphne) A. B(rownson): Sweden (Center) N.Y.
 to O(restes) A. Brownson: (Boston, Massachusetts)

His sister has just learned of his new position as professor at the University of Dublin. She fears her mother's and sister's health and economic well being will be uncertain. Daniel and his family are in poor health and in need. She feels sure that poor relatives are troublesome. She thanks Brownson for the kindness he has shown in the past. She also feels that he has neglected writing to her for some time. He did not write even when her husband died. She too is in poor health.

P.S. She would send her daguerreotype if he would be pleased with it.

I-3-l - A.L.S. - 2pp. - 8vo. - {1}

1854 Sep. 12
Brownson, O(restes) A.: Boston, Massachusetts
 to Father (John Henry) Newman: (Dublin, Ireland)

The postponement of Brownson's visit to Europe has not inconvenienced him because he could not go to Europe anyhow for a year since he wished to prepare his son to take charge of the Review. The postponement will not prevent Brownson from being ready to visit Newman, but he thinks the interest of the University requires that it be understood that hs is no longer connected with it. The Irish party in America does not like to see even Newman at the head of the University, because he is an Englishman. Brownson is the last American they would wish connected with it. He was misled by this party for a while but they kept alive his attacks on Newman long after he wished them discontinued. It is best consequently that Brownson be in no way connected with the University.

I-3-l - A.L. (Incomplete first draft) - 3pp; - 12mo. - {2}

(18)54 Sep. 13
(Blanc), Archbishop Ant(hony): Grand Coteau, (Louisiana)
 to (Father Stephen Rousselon: New Orleans, Louisiana)

It is time to give news of his movements since he left N(ew) Orleans. (Blanc) arrived at Donaldsonville Sunday at 10:15 P.M. and spent Monday there. On Tuesday they left by stage at 7:45; Wednesday at 2:30 in the morning, they were at N(ew) Iberia. At 3:30, the pastor heard the ship's bell announcing its departure and came to see (Blanc) and kept him company until 4:30. Arriving at St. Martin around 6 o'clock, (Blanc) had three-quarters of an hour to go to ask for breakfast at Father (Ange Marie) Jan's. At 3 o'clock (Blanc) was here. Thursday was for rest. Friday, Confirmation at the convent, Saturday, he went to dinner at Opelousas; Sunday, Confirmation. Monday he slept at Ville Platte; Tuesday, Confirmation, returning that evening to Opelousas. Leaving there Wednesday morning after breakfast, he arrived here at 10. Now, rest until next Sunday. Since leaving the city, (Blanc) has not seen rain since leaving the carriage to board the boat; it did not last. The heat has been intense. As for this idea of his honorarium, he could see nothing of it at N(ew) Iberia, hardly more at St. Martin. At Vermillionville he saw neither pastor nor Sisters; they said they would be there only 10 minutes and since his legs were a little stiff and his shoes tired him, he preferred not to. He had time, however, to see that they had stripped off part of the bell tower and were replacing it with zinc. Here (Blanc) found Madame (Maria) Cutts, (R.S.C.J.) apparently quite well. Dr. Achard comes every morning to dress the wound caused by the operation. (Blanc) saw him when he was returning to Opelousas; he said he was well satisfied with the state of the wound; his interest is extraordinary. The trouble was that a few days after the operation, he himself was ill and could not go to cleanse the wound, and two days later he found traces of gangrene. The boarding school is going well; tomorrow the distribution of prizes; Sunday Confirmation at St. Charles Church; Monday at the chapel at Plaquemine Brulé. Tuesday (Blanc) will be at Vermillion; Wednesday at Abbeville for Confirmation; Thursday at Opelousas. He was satisfied with the Confirmation on Sunday Father (John F.) Raviol is ready to leave as soon as a successor is sent. After talking with him and with Father (Louis Rocoffort, S.J.) Rocoford who knows the differences of the posts, (Blanc) believes that Opelousas is the best point of the mission that they could offer to Father (Gilbert) Raymond. (Blanc) was satisfied with Ville platte, there is considerable cooperation. It was decided that Father (A.) Beaugier settle there this week. Up to now, he went only every Saturday, to officiate on Sunday. Since a month ago there has been an extraordinary return of feeling in his favor; he seems really loved and esteemed. He will succeed if he follows (Blanc)'s advice. At Opelousas, (Blanc) met a young missionary from Texas, stationed at Beaumont not far from the limits of Calcasieu where he stopped and rendered some service. He came to Opelousas solely to meet a confrere; he had not seen one for three months. He left again yesterday. (Blanc) was well satisfied with the details he gave of the parish of Calcasieu. The heat at New Orleans this summer had hardly prepared (Blanc) for the fatigues of the trip. However a little rest restores him. (Blanc) sends regards to all the ecclesiastical family at the Archbishopric. He is anxious to know how Father (Francis J.) Cenas is and how (Rousselon) is. P.S. The Propagateur of the 9th has just brought sad news. Poor Father (Peter) Salmon, (C.S.C.), poor asylums! (Rousselon) is to find out if Father (Francis) Gouesse, (C.S.C.) has notified Father Sorin; if not (Rousselon) is to do so.

VI-1-h - A.L.S. - (French) - 4pp. - 8vo. - {11}

1854 Sep. 13
Migne, Father L.(?): Petit-Montrouge, (France)
 to Father (John Peter) Bellier: New Orleans, (Louisiana)

Migne's letter of August 1 informed Bellier that he could procure only 7 of the works in Bellier's order of June 21. He also gave the description and prices (which he lists here). Since then he has found only 2 others (which he lists). He is sending these works with the bill which amounts to 93.60. He adds all his publications which appeared up to now. He also adds the prospectuses of different publishers, as Bellier wished. (No enclosures). Migne has not been able to procure the works on navy, even at the map store(?) of the department. (He lists the books) he must still search for. Before buying these three books, Migne wants to know what price Bellier would put on them. P.S. Besides the 93.60 Migne has(?) sent for 315, 20 volumes of patrology, 7 encyclopedias and 7 books on oratory, making a total of 403.60. To give an idea of the price of works on anatomy, Migne quotes the prices of Cloquet's works.

VI-1-h - A.L.S. - (French) - 4pp. - 12mo. - {1}

1854 Sep. 13
Mina, Father Ve. M(odest)e: St. John Baptist, (Louisiana)
 to Archbishop (Anthony Blanc: New Orleans, Louisiana)

He begs (Blanc) to send him an assistant. All the relatives of those who died last year are asking for anniversary services and even for the years before. If they had two priests they could sing two a day or at least have two High Masses. But many want Matins and Lauds of the dead.

VI-1-h - A.L.S. - (French) - 1p. - 12mo. - {1}

1854 Sept. 14
Hecker, C.SS.R., Father I(saac) Th(omas): (New York, New York)
 to (Orestes A. Brownson: Boston, (Massachusetts)

Mrs. (George) Ripley tells Hecker that (Brownson) intends coming by (New York) as soon as cold weather sets in. He is anxious to see him. The principal reason is to get (Brownson's) counsel. Mrs. R(ipley), he trusts, gave (Brownson) some idea of what he is about. His idea is to bring minds similarly constituted as his own to similar convictions and results by the same process as he passed through. The leading idea is to expose the points of the heart and demand their proper object. He takes an occasion to break a lance with (Ralph Waldo) Emerson, (William Ellery?) Channing, etc. whenever he meets them. Another leading idea is that the Church must satisfy all the wants of man's heart or religious nature. The affections of the heart, when pure, are no less unerring guides to truth than the logic of the intellect.

I-3-l - A.L.S. - 4pp. - 8vo. - {4}

1854 Sept. 14th
Turner, William A.: Philadelphia, Pa.
 to O(restes) A. Brownson: (Boston, Massachusetts)

Brownson has been elected as an honorary member of the St. Augustine Reading Room Society. The object of the society is the diffusion of pure Catholic knowledge, and is under the presidency of Rev. Moriarity. They hope he will accept the membership.

I-3-l - A.L.S. - 1p. - 4to. - {1}

1854 Sep. 15
De Générès, Edouard: Marksville, (Louisiana)
 to Father (Stephen) Rousselon: New Orleans, (Louisiana)

De Générès would like to have the address of Father (Patrick) Canavan. He wishes to write to him for information.

VI-1-h - A.L.S. - 1p. - folio - {2}

1854 Sept. 16
Raleigh, N(orth) C(arolina)
 to (Orestes A. Brownson):

The writer wishes Brownson to inform him where he may obtain the enclosed paragraph clipped from one of the local papers. The slanders heaped on religion are generally passed unnoticed. The Catholic population is small and see a priest only once a month and sometimes only in two months.

I-3-l - A.L. - 1p - 18vo. - {1}

1854 Sept. 16
McGill, John Bp. Richmond: Richmond, Virginia
 to Archbishop John Baptist Purcell: of Cincinnati, Ohio

McGill will be in Cincinnati for the period indicated by Purcell. He feels misgivings as to his competency for the task. He asks prayers for his mother who died since he last wrote. He is sorry to hear of the attack suffered by the Bishop (Michael Portier) of Mobile. Is it true that certain bishops have been invited to Rome to consider the question of the Immaculate Conception? (John) Mitchel seems determined to do all he can to stir up bad Catholics. McGill cannot imagine on what grounds the Germans have appealed to the law courts against Bishop (George A.) Carrell, (of Covington, Ky.) All protestant society is manifesting a peculiar bitterness at present. (Nativism).

II-4-m - A.L.S. - 4pp. - 8vo. - {8}

1854 Sep. 17
Chambost, Father C(harles): Plaquemine, (Louisiana)
 to Father E(tienne) Rousselon: New Orleans, (Louisiana)

Chambost shares in the sorrow of the Archbishop. and (Rousselon) over the death of Placide Vuillermos. Chambost does not understand why Father Duplay had him go during the epidemic. Chambost has given the necessary orders and names for the 2000 francs. However, according to a letter from Duplay, this money could have been placed with him. It seems that if it had been placed at Alix, Father Bourdin, the superior, would have thought it was a gift of Chambost to him. Chambost will take all precautions necessary in writing to his agent and to Duplay. Chambost is also going to write to Mr. Bouay (Father Boué?) he will pay him the interest and all will be settled. Chambost is expecting his brother (Father Auguste Chambost) from Dernière Ile today. They have had Rousselon's porter here for several days; he believes he likes their city. Chambost is sending the map of Plaquemine (no enclosure); he believes it is quite exact.

VI-1-h - A.L.S. - (French) - 3pp. - 4to. - {7}

1854 Sept. 18
Kenrick, Francis Patrick, Abp. Baltimore: Baltimore, Maryland
 to Archbishop John Baptist Purcell: of Cincinnati, Ohio

He acknowledges Purcell's remittance for the Relief Fund. He supposes they must severally report the number of dispensations during the last two years and await the action of the Holy See. He encloses a copy of the Encyclical letter. Good Bishop (Edward) Barron is at rest. Bishop (Francis X.) Gartland was very sick.

II-4-m - A.L.S. - 2pp. - 16to. - {4}

(18)54 Sep. 18
(Sheridan, S.C.), Sister Teresa Frances: (New Orleans, Louisiana)
 to Father (Stephen Rousselon: New Orleans, Louisiana)

Sister (Eudocia O'Connor, S.C.) died last night of yellow fever about 9 o'clock. The funeral will take place about 10 o'clock this morning.

VI-1-h - A.L.S. - 1p. - 12mo. - {2}

1854 Sep. 19
Mina, Father Ve. M(odest)e: St. John Baptist, (Louisiana)
 to Father E(tienne) Rousselon: (New Orleans, Louisiana)

Jean Séverin Hymel wishes to marry Marie Elisa Hymel and asks for a dispensation. P.S. Will Rousselon have said on the 28th, a low Mass for Michael, deceased, the anniversary of his death; another on the 30th for Anatole, deceased and Félicie, deceased. Also 2 others for several deceased and finally 11 others for various deceased. a total of 15.

VI-1-h - A.L.S. - (French) - 1p. - 12mo. - {3}

1854 Sep. 22
O'Reilly, Father Michael: Barrens, (Missouri)
 to Archbishop (Anthony Blanc: New Orleans, Louisiana)

O'Reilly admits that his conduct in leaving without (Blanc)'s permission must have caused (Blanc) much pain and displeasure. He felt himself obliged to seek in religion that peace which he could not find in the world. He hopes (Blanc) will not place obstacles to prevent him from determining whether he has a call to join some religious society. If he finds that he has no such call, he is willing to spend the remainder of his life under (Blanc)'s authority. He hopes (Blanc) will send him permission to examine his vocation in joining the novitiate here.

VI-1-h - A.L.S. - 1p. - 4to. - {1}

1854 Sep. 23
Delcros, C.M., Father J(ohn) M.: Bouligny, (Louisiana)
 to Father E(tienne) Rousselon: New Orleans, (Louisiana)

Delcros asks for faculties to hear the confessions of the Brothers of the Christian Schools who will come next Monday to make their retreat and of whom two are already here. Delcros has learned that young Father (Jean Arthur) Poyet has yellow fever; Delcros hopes he will recover and be spared for the diocese.

VI-1-h - A.L.S. - (French) - 2pp. - 12mo. - {3}

1854 Sept. 23
Durward, Isaac:
Cor(responding) Sec(retary) Milwaukee, (Wisconsin)
 to O(restes) A. Brownson: Boston, Mass(achusetts)

In answer to Brownson's letter of Sept. 12, Durward is directed to state that $200 will be paid to him for 3 lectures. He has written to the Cor(responding) Sec(retary) of the Chicago Institute stating when Brownson is expected (in Milwaukee) and Brownson will likely hear from him in a few days.

I-3-l - A.L.S. - 2pp. - 4to. - {2}

1854 Sept. 23
Hecker, Rev. I(saac) T.: New York City, New York
 to O(restes) A. Brownson: (Boston, Massachusetts)

he wrote Brownson a note to see if he was coming to New York to help him on a work that he was undertaking. If Brownson can't come, he will try to receive permission and go to his home. However, permission will be difficult to get since their Missions are going to start, on October 1st at Newark. The Missions this winter will not be far from New York, so if Brownson can make it to New York he should let him know.

I-3-l - A.L.S. - 2pp. - 12mo. - {1}

1854 Sept. 25
Lamy, John, Bishop of Santa Fe: Camp near Westport
 to Archbishop John Baptist Purcell: of Cincinnati, Ohio

Lamy's large company keeps him so busy that he dealyed writing. A Jesuit Father of St. Louis will receive the two cornets for ring which Lamy procured for Purcell. Lamy received the $500 Purcell's brother sent him. If Purcell is willing Lamy will pay some of his debt in Paris to Father (Joseph) Carriere. All of his company is well with the exception of Father Equillon. When Lamy reached this place, he found four Mexicans and thirty animals sent by Father (Joseph P.) Machebeuf. It has not been too dry on the plains. Lamy will send news from New Mexico.

II-4-m - A.L.S. - 2pp. - 8vo. - {4}

1854 Sept. 25
Linton, William: Chicago, Illinois
 to O(restes) A. Brownson: Boston, Massachusetts

He received a letter from the Secretary of the Milwaukee Catholic Institute stating that Brownson was going to lecture there in the latter part of October and it would be cheaper for both Institutes if he would lecture in Chicago. His Institute would like Brownson there but it is still young and poor. The only inducement they have for for him is to give him expenses to and from Boston and Chicago and will give him the whole proceeds of the lectures. He thinks under normal conditions, there should be $150 a night for the people of Chicago are a lecture going group.

I-3-l - A.L.S. - 2pp. - 8vo. - {2}

1854 Sep. 26
(Blanc), Archbishop Ant(hony): St. Martin, (Louisiana)
 to (Father Stephen Rousselon: New Orleans, Louisiana)

(Blanc) arrived here yesterday at 7:15, having left Lafayette at 2:45. They had set, to come from Pont du Bayou Tortue, as much time as to come from there to Lafayette. This part of the road is awful! Since Monday of last week, they have had incessant rain--no time to speak of the trip from Vermillion to Abbeville. Confirmations, everywhere, reflect the state of the roads. He was about to decide to leave here for N(ew) Orl(eans) and put off a visit to all the places around here. But Father (Ange Marie) Jan has been absent on sick calls since yesterday morning; (Blanc) must wait for him and stay here until next week. (Blanc) saw Mr. Guégnon at Vermillionville. He saw Mr. Simon here this morning. They are going to announce the sale of the property at Abbeville for November when court is in session at Abbeville. (Blanc) received (Rousselon)'s latest this morning. Mr. Troy will bring these lines with the enclosed (no enclosure) to be sent to its destination. P.S. (Rousselon) is to send to the Archbishop of Baltimore a draft for $100 as half of the annuity promised for Dr. (Levi Silliman) Ives. He will send the other half later.

VI-1-h - A.L.S. - (French) - 2pp. - 12mo. - {6}

1854 Sep. 26
Morel, Father: St. Pierre, (Martinique)
 to Archbishop (Anthony) Lèblanc(!): New Orleans, (Louisiana)

Morel takes advantage of Father Rossarelly's departure to go to work under (Blanc)'s jurisdiction, if (Blanc) approves, to thank (Blanc) for the kind remembrance in a letter to Father Cadeau, especially kind since Morel has failed to reply to letters that (Blanc) has writt n to Morel. If he did not answer, it is because of the pain of seeing that the workers which Morel announced failed in their resolution. Rossarelly is a priest already old in the ministry. He is zealous and active. He will bring papers which will confirm what Morel says of him.

VI-1-h - A.L.S. - (French) - 3pp. - 4to. - {3}

1854 Sep. 26
Ste. Marie, (R.U.), Sister de: San Antonio, (Texas)
 to Archbishop (Anthony Blanc: New Orleans, Louisiana)

(Blanc) will be surprised to receive a letter after 3 years. Knowing (Blanc)'s feelings about her, she thought that silence was best. Here they speak often of (Blanc) and all those who do not know him, share in the esteem in which he is held. In their last meeting, (Blanc) said that if she ever needed his intervention, she should write. The house is too large for the small number of workers which has been further diminished by the death of Sister Ste. Angèle, (R.U.), ill for two years. They have appealed to all the communities without being able to obtain anyone. All are lacking in subjects necessary to struggle against the Protestant schools. Fatigue ruins their health. The necessity of teaching 4 languages demands more teachers who must also study them themselves. They have 20 music lessons, as much to help them as to keep up the reputation of the house. They have 33 boarders and 3 coming. There are 72 to 80 dayscholars. They thought that perhaps Sister St. Charles, (R.U.) from Cincinnati did not like it at New Orleans or that the climate did not agree with her. They ask (Blanc) to see her and propose that she join them. They always have a breeze and the nights are cool; they have no mosquitoes. They will pay the expenses of her trip. Having asked for help for their building, Ste. Marie gave (Blanc)'s name and asked the person to make the draft in his name, if she gives them something. If he receives anything he is to let them know.

VI-1-h - A.L.S. - (French) - 3pp. - 4to. - {4}

1854 Sept. 27
McMaster, J(ames) A(lphonsus): New York, (New York)
 to P.A. Hayons:

McMaster recalls to Hayons that he refused to accept compensation for services, rendered Hayons in Tehuentepec. This was done because Hayon was expected to contribute to the magazine that McMaster had in mind. When McMaster's expectations had changed, April, 1853, he summed up his expenditures for Hayons, which amounted to a little more than two hundred dollars. The cost of the articles published in the "Freeman's Journal" for Hayons, amount to at least five hundred dollars. In these amounts he has not included the value of his personal services. He gave all of this to Hayons freely because he did not wish to offer it for sale. When McMaster found himself seven hundred dollars short he had a note drawn and asked Hayons to discount it at five months. Since then it has been renewed and McMaster has paid the discount rates for one year and five months. McMaster would not ask for this money but last year's experiment has put him tremendously in debt. To assist him in making his loans good he is considering and has considered the note held by Hayons as paid. McMaster tells of his surprise when Hayon told him that he had published more than was expedient concerning Tehuentepec in the Freeman's Journal. McMaster published only one document, Mr. Benjamin's letter in 1851, without the personal solicitation of Hayons; and he did this with the greatest reluctance. Most of the articles that were written met with the approval of Hayons. He has suffered by his advocacy of the Lecay Claim. He does not wish to complain, however. His only desire is to close in an honorable manner his business relations with Hayons and arrange the liquidation of his note. McMaster would like an answer to this letter so that he can get the subject off of his mind. (Copy of a letter mailed Sept. 29, 1854.)

I-i-m - A.L.S. - 4pp. - 4to. - {1}

1854 Sep. 27
Despouey, J.: New Orleans, (Louisiana)
 to Archbishop (Anthony Blanc: New Orleans, Louisiana)

A receipted bill for $14.95 for oats, bran, and hay. Receipted by A Dartigues.

VI-1-h - A. Bill - 1p. - 16mo. - {2}

1854 Sept. 27
Newman, Father J(ohn) H(enry): Dolkey, (Ireland)
 to Orestes A. Brownson): (Boston, Massachusetts)

Newman received Brownson's letter of the 26th. He cannot prevail on himself to put the "notice" in the newspaper which Brownson proposed. Public affairs are in an uncertain state. It is not improbable that the present difficulty will blow over. He will not fill the professorship he has offered Brownson but he does not wish to inconvenience Brownson or hinder him from reconsidering the original proposition. What Brownson has said concerning "Loss and Gain" gives him heartfelt satisfaction.

I-3-l - A.L. (signature cut off) - 3pp. - 16to. - {1}

1854 Sep. 27
Robillard, J.C.: New York, (New York)
 to (Archbishop Anthony Blanc: New Orleans, Louisiana)

Robillard, besides his establishment of New York will hereafter continue in Montreal, the business of a retiring merchant whose intercourse with the clergy dates from about 40 years. (A listing of the merchandise offered by this company follows this letter.)

VI-1-h - Printed Circular - 8pp. - 8vo. - {1}

(18)54 Sep. 28
(Blanc), Archbishop Ant(hony): St. Martin, (Louisiana)
 to (Father Stephen Rousselon: New Orleans, Louisiana)

(Rousselon) will have received a few words from (Blanc) before this. Since then he remembers that in his last, (Rousselon) said he had received two trunks which he supposed were those of Father (Gilbert) Raymond. This is very probable but is it not four on the shipping order? Since (Blanc) has been here they have had no heavy rains, but every day a few squalls which makes him hope for a change in the weather. Unless there is, on leaving here, next Monday, (Blanc) will not stop at N(ew) Iberia except to see about the presbytery and wait for the Petit Bateau to set out for (New) Orl(eans). (Blanc) has put off indefinitely a trip to Anse, Franklin, and Patterson. Bad weather continuing, there would be nothing to do in those places. There is a good Confirmation here. The visit to Pont de Brand has been put off because of the state of the roads which are impassible from here to Patterson by land. The cotton harvest is quite damaged, otherwise it was magnificent.

VI-1-h - A.L.S. - (French) - 2pp. - 12mo. - {2}

1854 Sep. 28
Curiel, Jos(eph): New (Orleans, Louisiana)

A receipt for 12 piastres from Father E(tien)ne Rousselon for the hire of a servant.

VI-1-h - A. Receipt S. - (French) - 1p. - 32mo. - {1}

(1854) Sep. 28
Du Breuil, R.S.C., Madame Isabelle: Baton Rouge, (Louisiana)
 to Archbishop (Anthony Blanc): New Orleans, Louisiana

They did not have the pleasure of (Blanc)'s presence at Baton Rouge at the time of their prizes. When they are perched high like grand St. Michael, they can expect this solace! Their Mother (Adine Guinand, R.S.C.J.?) will probably leave the 8th of next month to go to Grand Coteau with Mother (Annette) Praz, R.S.C.J.). She asks DuBreuil to ask permission to defer the Feast of Our Lady of Victories, the patronal feast of the house. Mother proposes this because of the small number of persons remaining here. They do not know whether their pupils will return promptly on Tuesday, October 3, because of the yellow fever.

VI-1-h - A.L.S. - (French) - 3pp. - 4to. - {3}

1854 Sep. 29
(La Rocque) Bishop Jos(eph): Montréal, (Canada)
 to Archbishop (Anthony Blanc: New Orleans, Louisiana)

He has finally procured the information about J(ean) B(aptis)te Plessis-Belaire. His sister, Mrs. Spalding, living at Tanneries des Bélaires, near Montreal, told him yesterday that her brother is living, in good health, not at Ecores but at Sault-au-Récollet in a place the people call La Barre á Plouf, 3 leagues from Montréal. Mrs. Spalding knows the whole history of her sister-in-law, who is known here as Toinette Bradford. She left Canada in the company of a seducer for whom she abandoned her husband. So her story is not very edifying. (La Rocque) is pleased that his friend, Father (Francis J.) Cenas is now not only recovered but acclimated to New Orleans. If he has need of breathing fresh air, (La Rocque) suggests that he take a trip to Canada, his friends would see him again with so much pleasure.

VI-1-h - A.L.S. - (French) - 3pp. - 8vo. - {5}

1854 Sep. 29
Van de Braak, C.SS.R., Father A(drian): Cumberland, M(arylan)d
 to Bishop (Peter Paul Lefevere: Detroit, Michigan)

Their Provincial, (Father George J. Ruland, C.SS.R.) being ill, Van de Braak has been asked to write in his name, that he has just received a letter from their Vicar General, (Father Rudolph Smetana, C.SS.R.) in which Ruland learns that he is to abandon it entirely in three or four months. Also that if Lefevere wishes to keep the (Redemptorists) at Detroit, this can be done only under certain conditions which the Provincial will make known after his convalescence. Lefevere knows that it is because they must live together according to their rule that they do this.

III-2-i - A.L.S. - (French) - 2pp. - 8vo. - {4}

1854 Sep. 30
Mullon, Father J(ames) I(gnatius): (New Orleans, Louisiana)
 to (Father Stephen Rousselon: New Orleans, Louisiana)

Returns for the month of September from (St. Patrick's Church. Items and amounts of receipts and expenditures are given.) The mayor called on Mullon as a consequence of a report of the commissary that the air was putrid at the cemetery in consequence of the rains and requested that lime be strewn over the recently made graves. Mullon complied. He has given directions to the sexton to repair the road into the court yard; it was almost impassible. He found it would require nearly $1000 to plank or shell it.

VI-1-h - A. Report S. - 1p. - folio - {2}

1854 Sep. 30
Tasset, Father F(rancis): Houma, (Louisiana)
 to Archbishop (Anthony Blanc: New Orleans, Louisiana)

Nicolas F(ran)cois Bellenger and Génevieve Commeau, first cousins, wish to marry. He is 28, she is 24. They wish to marry October 9.

VI-1-h - A.L.S. - (French) - 1p. - 12mo. - {3}

1854 Sep. 30
(Gouesse, C.S.C., Father Francis: New Orleans, Louisiana)
 to Father (Stephen) Rousselon: (New Orleans, Louisiana)

With great regret, (Gouesse) must require Rousselon's presence here (St. Mary's Catholic Boys' Orphan Asylum) from 10 A.M. to 1 P.M. today, whatever the trouble may be for Rousselon.

VI-1-h - A.L. - (French) - 1p. - 12mo. - {2}