University of Notre Dame


1854 Dec.
Cognardeau: St. James Parish, (Louisiana)
 to Archbishop (Anthony Blanc): New Orleans, (Louisiana)

Their intention being to pontificate on Christmas day, they ask (Blanc) to grant them a dispensation from the use of the Ordinary. Their greatest desire is to live in mutual agreement with their neighbors, to peacefully accomplish their work of social regeneration. To achieve this goal they are ready to conform to the usage and customs of the country in which they have received their mission from on high. Language alone makes the difference in their worship. (Blanc) adores God in Latin and they pray in French; it is the same in German. God alone is great and Abbé Chutel is his prophet. On Christmas day they propose to give a discourse on horticulture, rendering homage to the grand architect of the universe. That day there will be the great exhibition by Humbug. (Blanc) is asked to honor it with his presence. France is watching(?) them and the sovereign pontiff Chutel the First, of whom Cognardeau is the minister in partibus infidelium for the effect of his(?) gracious authority in its long view directed from this side of the Atlantic. (This calendar may not correctly interpret this document).

VI-1-h - A.L.S. - (French) - 2pp. - folio - {2}

(18)54 Dec. 1
Dartigues, A.: New Orleans, (Louisiana)
 to Archbishop (Anthony Blanc: New Orleans, Louisiana)

A receipted bill for oats, hay, and bran. Receipt signed by J. Despouey for Dartigues(?).

VI-1-h - A. Bill - 1p. - 12mo. - {2}

1854 Dec. 1
Foltier, Father S(tephen) J(ules): Abbeville, (Louisiana)
 to Father (Stephen) Rousselon: New Orleans, L(ouisian)a

Last week, Rousselon received a letter from Abbeville; here is another which will seem a little contradictory. But the matter is so serious and so complicated that one cannot be too much on guard. 1. He has sent the frames to New Iberia; Rousselon is to send the stained glass. 2. Rousselon is to send by Mr. Spalding, bearer of this letter, a diamond for cutting thick glass. 3. Rousselon is to send Foltier's cassock. As Rousselon is probably going to send the money to pay the sheriff, 80 piastres, and the clerk of the district court, 25, he is to keep what he needs to pay for the diamond and cassock and as these men owe Foltier, the one 17, and the other, 110, it will be easy to settle everything. Rousselon is not to give Spalding any money except for the recorder Theal(l?), his partner, if he asks for it. As for the Des Maries affair, it is unattainable. They have just found out that an amiable settlement would be nul as there are minors and up to now, no administrator has been named since Mrs. Des Maries' death. The only thing to do is to carry out the judgment of Father (Anthony) Désiré) Mégret against the Des Maries; that is to have the sheriff sell up to the amount he owes. This is necessary to give the buyer a clear title. It is immediately necessary, in the delay foreseen by the law, since in the arrangement made by Mr. Guégnon, the Des Maries are related in the eyes of the estate and Rousselon is responsible for the interest on 1900 piastres. The longer he waits, the more it multiplies since there is no tenant in the hotel. If Foltier has to give 50 piastres to the present tenant, he would prefer to take possession of the house and when the sheriff sells it, for cash, Rousselon would give Foltier a receipt or an order to the sheriff and it would be easy to remain the proprietor. Rousselon is to be on his guard against Guégnon; Theal is in search of the receipts he has given in Rousselon's name Foltier in a few weeks can find out what money he has handled.

VI-1-h - A.L.S. - (French) - 4pp. - 4to. - {7}

1854 Dec. 1
Foltier, Father S(tephen) J(ules): Abbeville, (Louisiana)
 to Father (Stephen) Rousselon: New Orleans, L(ouisian)a

Mr. Spalding wishes to buy one of the two properties, ceded by Mr. Desmaries to free himself from the gamble(?) of the estate. But as Foltier pointed out in a letter which Rousselon will receive the same day as this, the properties must be sold by the sheriff; any other title is nul as there are minors and no administrator. Rousselon could ask him to bring the order of sale. If Rousselon needs someone to settle the affairs, old Mr. Theall, for Vermillion parish, will act wisely. (P.S.) Another way besides the sheriff's sale would be to force the family to name an administrator who could sell enough property to pay the estate. In that case, Foltier could not have the hotel property. The affair must have a prompt solution as the interest goes on and is Rousselon's responsibility as long as the hotel property brings in nothing. Foltier adds a detail concerning Valsaint (Veasey.?) He claims he has a lease and even a second lease which would be a prolongation of his right as tenant. Why does he not show it? It is claimed that this lease mentions a settlement which took place at the time of his marriage. It is known to Mr. Cavailhez and to Father (Hubert) Thirion; in this settlement, Valsaint releases Mégret from all account. Would it not be necessary to force Valsaint to show these leases? Rousselon is to inform his agent but not to name Foltier.

VI-1-h - A.L.S. - (French) - 4pp. - 4to. - {7}

1854 Dec. 1
(Haughery), Margaret (Gaffney): (New Orleans, Louisiana)
 to Archbishop (Anthony) Blanc: (New Orleans, Louisiana)

A receipt for $19.50 for milk.

VI-1-h - Receipt - 1p. - 16mo. - {1}

1854 Dec. 1
Lambert, Rich(ar)d: New Orleans, (Louisiana)
 to Father E(tienne) Rousselon: (New Orleans, Louisiana)

A receipt for $20 for one month's salary as organist.

VI-1-h - A. Receipt S. - 1p. - 32mo. - {1}

1854 Dec. 1
J.E. and Company New Orleans, (Louisiana)
 to Archbishop A(nthony) Blanc: (New Orleans, Louisiana)

A bill for $6 for new shafts in carriage and 4 new bolts. Receipted by W.H. Ferry.

VI-1-h - Bill - 2pp. - 16mo. - {2}

(1854) Dec. 2
Howell, Father Isaac P.: Elizabethtown, (New Jersey)
 to Bishop (James Roosevelt Bayley: Newark, New Jersey)

Howell will take (Bayley)'s advice respecting this strange affair. He is confident the congregation are satisfied. He will endeavour to dissuade (Father Charles?) Whelan from the course he intends taking. Howell has kept him under control so far during the proceedings.

II-2-n - A.L.S. - 1p. - 32mo. - {2}

(18)54 Dec. 2
Praz, R.S.C.J., Madame A(nnette): St. Michael, (Louisiana)
 to Archbishop (Anthony Blanc: New Orleans, Louisiana)

(Blanc)'s letter from New York was received November 15 on her return from Grand Coteau where she remained a month with Mother (Adine) Guinand, (R.S.C.J.). Mother (Maria) Cutts, (R.S.J.) died on October 24. (Blanc) saw cutts in September; her health became steadily worse. So they are orphaned of both Mother and Father for in those circumstances, (Blanc)'s absence was doubly painful. Mother (Louisa) Leveque, (R.S.C.J.) has borne this loss better then expected. Praz has sent her temporarily, Mother (Victorine) Martinez, (R.S.C.J.) who could help her a little while waiting a better arrangement. (Blanc) knows the make-up of Grand Coteau and can speak of it to their Mother General; perhaps some good objects could be found for it. Praz tells (Blanc) in confidence, that the proposal has been made that Madames Dumond, (R.S.C.J.), (Felicité) Lavy—(Brun, R.S.C.J.) and Evéline Léveque, (R.S.C.J.) be sent back to St. Michael but they do not wish to have them and Cutts had positively refused. So in case some one proposes this to (Blanc) again, he is not to accept them. It is better to be fewer and to have peace. Baton Rouge is going nicely; they have few pupils but they are so good. Guinand does good to all who come in contact with her. If (Blanc) could bring them four of this kind, how much good they could do. At St. Michael they have 130 children and every day they refuse to take more. They are still without a chaplain. Praz has written to Father Rousselon. While waiting, Father (Claude Anthony) Tholomier is taking care of them. She saw the priest about whom (Blanc) spoke in his letter; she does not know if he would like to take charge of them.

VI-1-h - A.L.S. - (French) - 3pp. - 4to. - {10}

1854 Dec. 3
Ryder, Patrick F.: St. Louis, Missouri
 to Benjamin H. Greene: Boston, Massachusetts

He thanks Greene for having forwarded the October Number of Brownson's Review for 1853, but since he hasn't received any copies since, he would like to have his name removed from the list of subscribers. He is returning the July issue of 1854 that came along with the October issue. He is sorry to say that the July issue of the Review have given an unfavorable impression of (Orestes A.) Brownson. He continues t that the Coltic race will enjoy the freedom granted to them by the Constitution and will not be dependent for its freedom on toleration and mercy as Brownson states. It is true that the motto of the Anglo Saxon race is persecution in Church and State, but it is strange why Brownson could be so obstinate with the justice of Catholic principles backing him. He hopes the individual Anglo-Saxon will not show Brownson affection like the down trodden Catholic Celtic race have for the past ten years. He says that Brownson should know that the great number of Irish could not be proscribed by a Know Nothing clique. The Know Nothings will defeat themselves, for they are a degenerate race in principle with the Tories of the Revolution. Brownson should consider that the Irish revere the American Constitution and will defend their rights guaranteed to them. There must not be as many descendants of the May-flower left as Brownson thinks, for the descendants of Winthrop have already paid for the Convent. Brownson has mistaken the Irish character as adopted citizens.

I-3-l - A.L.S. - 4pp. - 18mo. - {5}

1854 Dec. 3
Tumoine, Father H(yacinthe): Avoyelles, (Louisiana)
 to Father E(tienne) Rousselon: New Orleans, L(ouisian)a

Tumoine received the letter with the two dispensations and the news of the approaching return of Bishop (Auguste Marie) Martin. Tumoine sends by the bearer, Lawrence DeGénérès, $25 for the dispensation of Dorsin Mayeux and Eulalie Lemoine and $5 for J.R. Rabalais and Celestine Rabalais, dispensations granted before Martin's appointment but for which Tumoine received the money only recently. Tumoine hopes that Martin will come through here and at least spend the night with all those accompanying him. If he knew when Martin would leave for the city, Tumoine would go to meet him and spare him expense. He asks for a dispensation for Ogé(?) Dufour and Azelia Armand.

VI-1-h - A.L.S. - (French) - 2pp. - 4to. - {9}

1854 Dec. 4
Jacquier, Father: Grand' Anse, M(ar)t(in)que
 to Archbishop (Anthony Blanc):

A priest who came here from Dominica to regain his health, Father Rossarelli, is going to leave this country where for six months he has rendered so many services and made himself favorably known. But he does not want to return to the English island; he would like to offer his services to (Blanc). One of the pastors of P(ort) Pierre, in whom Jacquier has much confidence has asked for a letter of recommendation for this priest. Jacquier believes he can recommend him. It has been a long time since Jacquier has had a letter from (Blanc); he wrote a reply to one of (Blanc)'s which a lady of M(ar)t(ini)que brought.

VI-1-h - A.L.S. - (French) - 3pp. - 12mo. - {2}

1854 Dec. 4
Léveque, R.S.C. Madame Louisa: Grand Coteau, (Louisiana)
 to Father (Stephen Rousselon: New Orleans, Louisiana)

They would have written the news of the death of Madame (Maria) Cutts, (R.S.C.J.) but were convinced that the letter addressed to the Archbishop would be given to (Rousselon). They are sure that he has offered prayers for Cutts who was so devoted to him. Two novices, one destined to become a teacher, the other to be a domestic, are to be admitted to first vows. (Rousselon) is to appoint a priest to examine them. They have just learned that Bishop (Auguste Marie) Martin left Havre October 15 and that he is bringing for his diocese, four Religious (of the Sacred Hearth). It would be prudent to leave them at St. Michael for some time as the yellow fever is still at Natchitoches. They lost one of their best teachers there and they know that the Buard family has had several victims. (Rousselon) is to warm Martin of their fears; perhaps they will be nil by the time he arrives. They have just asked Mr. Elder to give (Rousselon) $50 for the Propagation of the Faith. All their pupils have not yet returned; they have only 73.

VI-1-h - A.L.S. - (French) - 3pp. - 4to. - {6}

1854 Dec. 4
McHugh, Jo(h)n A.: Plains Store, L(ouisian)a
 to Archbishop Anthony Blanc: New Orleans, L(ouisian)a

Intending to become a member of the Freemasons, McHugh thought it proper to advise with Blanc as their priests inform them that a Freemason cannot be in full membership in the Catholic Church. As this is neither a political or religious society, although secret, and tends to do much good, McHugh cannot conceive what objection can be urged against it. Their priests here are Jesuits and they being members of a secret religious society may object to secret societies unauthorized by the Church. McHugh is a firm believer in the Catholic religion but in a matter having nothing to do with religion he questions the right of anyone to dictate to him. It cannot be possible that during so many centuries that "no Mason was a Catholic, or, that no Catholic could be a Mason." The order is many hundreds of years older than Christianity and existed in Jerusalem and other places where the Redeemer visited, yet no allusion is made to the order. McHugh's inclination as well as his interest in a pecuniary way prompt him to become a Mason. P.S. He has called the Jesuits a secret religious society. He may be wrong. (P.P.S.) Blanc may have forgotten McHugh. When Blanc was the clergyman at St. John's Chapel, McHugh was the boy who served Mass.

VI-1-h - A.L.S. - 4pp. - 4to. - {3}

1854 Dec. 4
O'Conor, Ch(arles): Fort Washington, (New York)
 to Bishop James Roosevelt (Bayley) Bailey: (Newark, New Jersey)

Mrs. O'Conor will have a few friends at breakfast on Saturday at 12 noon. Mr. and Mrs. Butterfield and several of their bridal party whom (Bayley) met at Judge Roosevelt's will be present. They would be much gratified by (Bayley's) presence. They would be glad to have him stop over until the convenient time for his return to Newark.

II-2-n - A.L.S. - 2pp. - 12mo. - {3}

1854 Dec. 4
Perché, Father N(apoleon) J(oseph): New Orleans, (Louisiana)
 to Father (Stephen) Rousselon: New Orleans, (Louisiana)

Father (Charles) Chambost arrived at 5 o'clock this morning and returned during the morning to see Rousselon who was absent. Perché told Chambost to ask permission to give benediction after the instructions in the evening; if Rousselon does not think it should be given every evening, Perché asks that it be permitted for tomorrow, Thursday, and Friday. Rousselon is to reply by the bearer. Perché sent Chambost to see Father (Francis) Gouesse, (C.S.C.); he was in the confessional and Chambost did not want to disturb him. Perché wanted to notify him that Chambost will have(?) the jubilee given(?) to the children of the Ouvroir; Perché wrote Gouesse tonight to alert(?) him. He presumes Gouesse will take it badly. Perché will give the order(?) with the authorization which Rousselon gave him. He notifies Rousseln in case Gouesse wants to profit from this to stir up trouble for the Sisters at the Ouvroir.

VI-1-h - A.L.S. - (French) - 2pp. - 12mo. - {4}

1854 Dec. 5
Amat, Bishop Thaddeus: Barcelona, (Spain)
 to Archbishop Ant(hony) Blanc: New Orleans, (Louisiana)

According to information received by Father Anthony Penco, (C.M.), Visitor of the (Vincentians) in the United States, Amat sends 6 young students, 3 of whom, Joseph Casanovas, Domenech Serrano y Franco, and Vincent Llover are for Amat's diocese of Monterey, (California) and the other 3, Francis of Aris(?) Mora and Borrell, James Moré and Biadin are for the Barrens. Amat asks Blanc to send the first three to his seminary to have them prepared for ordination at Amat's arrival which will be shortly after their reaching it. Amat will pay the expenses, etc. The other three are to be sent to Father (James) Rolando, (C.M.) in St. Louis. If Blanc has not yet received money for the expenses from St. Louis, he is to advance it, for it will be sent in a very short time. It may be that Amat may have to send others by the same way.

VI-1-h - A.L.S. - 2pp. - 8vo. - {11}

1854 Dec. 5
Klaholz, C.SS.R., Father (Francis): Lafayette, (Louisiana)
 to Archbishop (Anthony Blanc: New Orleans, Louisiana)

St. Joseph Society for German orphans in Lafayette bought the estate of a man named Squeri (?) on Washington Street and obtained civil permission to put a cometery in the plot for the support of the orphans. They decided to divide it into three parts, the two best parts to be for a cemetery for Catholics and the third part for the burial of anyone, as is the custom in America. They intend to join the Catholic part to the church of the Assumption in Lafayette. The profits will be for the support of the orphans. The Society asks: 1. ecclesiastical permission to establish this cemetery; 2. permission to sell plots to Catholic families; 3. the blessing for a Catholic cemetery; 4. permission to bury Catholics there. The Superior being absent, Klaholz is in charge of the parish and writes in favor of the petition of the Society.

VI-1-h - A.L.S. - (Latin) - 3pp. - folio - {4}

1854 Dec. 6
Chalon, Father G(abriel): Mobile, (Alabama)
 to Father (Stephen Rousselon: New Orleans, Louisiana)

Virebent Brothers of Toulouse inform him, in a letter received yesterday that they have sent six boxes for Chalon containing statues, sending Rousselon the boxes, bills of lading, and bill. The Denmark, Captain Brenan, was to leave Bordeaux in the first days of November. Chalon has a duplicate here in case Rousselon has not received the bills. Chalon will reimburse him; he believes the statues should be free in customs or anyway not much. When Rousselon sends the boxes by the mail boat, he is to let Chalon know so that he can supervise the unloading. He will be very happy if he has them for Christmas.

VI-1-h - A.L.S. - (French) - 2pp. - 12mo. - {4}

(1854 Dec.6)
Honriot, Father Et(ienne): (Algiers, Louisiana?)
 to Father (Stephen Rousselon: New Orleans, Louisiana)

Henriot troubles (Rousselon) again for a dispensation from the three banns. The marriage is to take place this evening and Henriot knows that if they are not dispensed they will have a civil marriage. The parties are Marie Chance(?) and Alexandre Braun(?). Henriot sends by his young man, the fee for one of the dispensations from banns which has been granted. One of them could pay nothing. At the same time Henriot pays for the dispensation he is asking for.

VI-1-h - A.L.S. - (French) - 1p. - 12mo. - {3}

1854 Dec. 6th
Thisse, Rev. J.N.: Chillicothe, Ohio
 to O(restes) A. Brownson: Boston, Massachusetts

He wants to send the 1855 Review to him. He will send the money to Mr. Mahoney or Mr. Walsh in Cincinnati; as it is dangerous to send money by mail. He congratulates Brownson for his wonderful magazine. The Quarterly has become a greater and stronger despite the many criticisms of it. The only faction that despises it is the Know Nothing. He wants the Review sent to Circleville, Tickaway County, Ohio.

I-3-l - A.L.S. - 1p. - 8vo. - {1}

1854 Dec. 8
Henniss, Father H.E.S.: New Bedford, (Massachusetts)
 to Orestes A. Brownson: Chelsea, (Massachusetts)

Father Henniss asks Brownson to give him more detailed information about a certain Mr. Leach who called and presented a note from Brownson. He says Mr. Leach was formerly a Universalist minister and now has become a convert to the Catholic faith. He wishes more detailed information before recommending to his parishioners that they support some lectures, which Mr. Leach proposes to give to raise money for himself.

I-3-l - A.L.S. - 2pp. - 12mo. - {2}

1854 Dec. 9

Adams and Co(mpany) New Orleans, (Louisiana)
 to Father (Stephen) Rousselon: New Orleans, Louisiana)

A receipt for $3 for freight on the Catawba. Receipted by Cha(rle)s Shully. (Printed receipt form by Sherman, Wharton and Company).

VI-1-h - Receipt - 1p. - 12mo. - {3}

1854 Dec. 9
(Vandevelde), Bishop James Oliver: Natchez, (Mississippi)
 to Father S(tephen) Rousselon: (New Orleans, Louisiana)

Many thanks for the two casks of wine, which arrived safely. Father Stanislaus Bute(ux?) writes that he was to leave Havre for N(ew) Y(ork) on the screw steamer Alps on Nov(ember) 25, and hoped to be at the Bay between the 10th(?) and 18th of this month. He is accompanied by 4 Brothers of (Christian) Instruction, 4 Sisters of Wisdom and 3 Sisters (of St. Joseph of Bourg?) besides 4 young people destined for the missions in (Vandevelde)'s diocese. Rousselon is to send a telegram as soon as they arrive so that (Vandevelde) can go to meet them at New Orleans and arrange everything. At the same time he is to write a few lines by mail. No further news of Bishop (Auguste Marie) Martin.

VI-1-h - A.L.S. - (French) - 1p. - 12mo. - {6}

1854 Dec. 15
Chambige, Father F.: St. Thomas' Seminary (near Bardstown, Kentucky)
 to Archbishop John Baptist Purcell: of Cincinnati, Ohio

They were sadly disappointed in not having the visit Purcell promised them. Father J(oseph) Ferneding also disappointed them. Mr. Fox whom Purcell placed under their care arrived last week. He contracted a disease in his journey across the ocean and had to be isolated. Chambige hopes he will resume his studies soon. All Purcell's students are giving satisfaction except Joseph Backman who has spent a great part of the time in the infirmary. His health will probably be a bar to his being ordained, although the doctor thinks he can be cured. His slow progress in studies made them doubt about his vocation. All articles of food have been raised to three times the ordinary price.

II-4-m - A.L.S. - 3pp. - 8vo. - {3}

1854 Dec. 17
Brownson, John: Chicago, Illinois
 to Orestes A. Brownson: (Boston, Massachusetts)

John writes that he has arrived in Chicago. He met Coulfield and says he will get along with him. He saw McGee at church services and that he is quite fat. Business is not done there as in Boston. There are no eminent lawyers. He describes the trip to Chicago. He says he met his uncles John and Jesse in Cleveland and say they expected to find Brownson with him.

I-3-l - A.L.S. - 3pp. - 12mo. - {1}

1854 Dec. 17
(Odin), Bishop J(ohn) M(ary): Galveston, (Texas)
 to Father (Stephen Rousselon: New Orleans, Louisiana)

Two Sisters of the Incarnate Word have arrived from Europe on their way to Brownsville. A young Mexican lady destined for the same convent is also ready to go with them. The steamboat which made the trip between New Orleans and Brazos Santiago no longer comes here. So they must go to New Orleans.They will leave the 21st and arrive at New Orleans on Saturday morning. In case Father (E.) Vignolle is no longer in New Orleans, (Rousselon) is to send some one on board the steamer to accompany them to some convent which will give them hospitality. They will leave for Brownsville the 28th. (Odin) believes it is the day Nautilus goes. (Odin) would keep them here until the 24th but they would be on the way on Christmas day. (Odin) hopes to pay a short visit to (Rousselon) at the end of January.

VI-1-h - A.L.S. - (French) - 1p. - 4to. - {3}

1854 Dec. (17)
Sauve, Joseph: Rome, Italy
 to Archbishop (Anthony) Blanc: New Orleans, (Louisiana)

A bill for $43.57 for lodging and services at the Minerva Hotel from November 27 to December 17. Receipted by L. Renaudière, 235 f(rancs).

VI-1-h - Bill - 2pp. - 4to. - {3}

1854 Dec. 18
Rousselon, Father E(tienne): New Orleans, (Louisiana)
 to Archbishop Ant(hony) Blanc:

In his letter of the 9th, Rousselon advised Blanc that he was waiting for a reply from Notre Dome du Lac in regard to (St. Mary's Catholic Orphan Boys') Asylum. The letter has at last arrived and Father (Edward F.) Sorin, (C.S.C.) says that he will not send anyone as long as Father (Francis) Gouesse, (C.S.C.) remains and that he will not concern himself with this work unless he is the absolute master. Gouesse, recalled to Le Mans by the Rector, left on the 15th, saying he would explain everything; some even say he expects to come back. Blanc will no doubt have seen the Rector when he receives this letter and perhaps made a decision. But if there is still time, Blanc is not to allow this house to be abandoned; it would be better to leave it entirely in the jurisdiction of Notre Dame. There must be one Superior and they must cooperate with him. Father (Gilbert) Raymond has consented to remain at the Asylum until the arrival of a priest Sorin has promised to send as soon as he knows of Gouesse's departure. While waiting these priests are busy at the St. Vincent de Paul Asylum and with trips(?); they edify by their conduct. One of Raymond's young men has the fever since his arrival; it is one reason they are glad to have a chance to delay their departure. The Jubilee has had good effects; they seem satisfied in all the parishes. Rousselon is like a man in pain; fortunately he does not have time to dwell on it. They have several arrivals from Europe either for Natchitoches or Galveston and theye expect Father (Stanislaus Buteux) Butteux and his numerous company, they say 15. Aside from the troubles at the Asylum, all is going passably. No one is ill. Father (Francis J.) Cenas varies a little with the weather, in good weather his sense of humor is better than ever. Father (Adrien) Roucuette, who left the day before retreat, has given no sign of life. They are waiting impatiently for Blanc's letter from Rome; they have as yet no news of his arrival in Rome nor the splendid ceremonies he has witnessed. They hope the Blessed Virgin will protect their armies in the Orient and give them victory. This good news will compensate a little for the sad details and ominous forecasts repeated everyday in the American newspapers. Father (Alexander Vincent) Jandel, (O.P.) wrote Blanc from Rome that he could not accept his offer; Blanc will no doubt have seen Jandel in Rome. Blanc also has a letter from Archbishop Barnabo. (Charles) Choiselat writes Blanc to draw on him for 3000 francs. This will spare Rousselon the difficulty of sending Blanc a draft, which Blanc will probably need. (P.S.) Blanc is to present Rousselon's respects to Father Boué. Gouesse wants to meet Blanc at Father (Basil Anthony) Moreau, (C.S.C.)'s; Blanc is to mistrust what he says, for since he left, Rousselon has become convinced that it is a good thing that he left the asylum. To put the asylum in the hands of Sorin alone, is the only means of getting it out of the difficulty it is in.

VI-1-h - A.L.S. - (French) - 3pp. - 4to. - {13}

1854 Dec. 18
(Vandevelde), Bishop James Oliver: Natchez, (Mississippi)
 to Father S(tephen) Rousselon: N(ew) Orleans, (Louisiana)

(Vandevelde) has just received a letter from Father (Stanislaus) Buteux who says that the Cunard line being abolished, he has had to wait for the Pacific of the Collins line which is to leave Nov(ember) 29. He sent all his people on November 19 on the John Hancock bound for New Orleans. It is to be hoped that he will arrive before his group. The difficulty will be to lodge them if they arrive before him. (Vandevelde) cannot be absent at Christmas time. He counts on Rousselon's charity. The Sisters (for Bay St. Louis?) could be lodged one night in some religious house. He does not know about the Brothers (of Christian Instruction), not knowing whether they are for Natchez or not. If they are, he would like to change them for others who know English. As for the ecclesiastics, perhaps (Vandevelde) will send them to the Seminary, Archbishop (Anthony) Blanc having consented to receive the seminarians (Vandevelde) would sent but (Vandevelde) would like to see them before deciding. (Vandevelde) received Rousselon's letter of the 14th. The wine arrived safely. (The paper is torn here but the letter tells of money left with Blanc(?); up to April; he has just received 1000 francs from the (Association of) the Propagation of the Faith.

VI-1-h - A.L.S. - (French) - 2pp. - 12mo. - {6}

1854 Dec. 18
Young, Edward S.: Brooklyn, New York
 to Orestes A. Brownson: (Boston, Massachusetts)

The Corresponding Secretary, notifies Brownson that he has been elected an Honorary Member of the St. Charles Institute of Brooklyn, at a regular meeting of the directors on Dec. 6, 1854. He explains that the institute is a literary society of Catholic gentlemen of Brooklyn.

I-3-l - A.L.S. - 1p. - 16to. - {2}

(1854 Dec. 20)
Lesne, Father J(ames): (New Orleans, Louisiana)
 to Father (Stephen) Rousselon: (New Orleans, Louisiana)

Having been called to the Dorcantel home to give the last sacraments to the oldest son who is dying, and reflecting that perhaps his faculties do not extend that far, Lesne asks Rousselon to grant them to him. This man has never made his First Communion and has asked Lesne as he is the only priest he knows. Lesne asks Rousselon to give him the ordos for next year.

VI-1-h - A.L.S. - (French) - 2pp. - 12mo. - {2}

1854 Dec. 21
Pascal: Marseilles, (France)
 to Archbishop (Anthony Blanc: New Orleans, Louisiana)

A received bill for $3.75 for food at the Hotel de Rome.

VI-1-h - Bill S. - 1p. - 12mo. - {1}

1854 Dec. 21
Sherman and Wharton: New Orleans, (Louisiana)
 to Father J(ames) Lesne: (New Orleans, Louisiana)

A receipted bill for $36.50 for cuts of a stable, for bank checks, etc.

VI-1-h - A. Bill - 1p. - 16mo. - {2}

1854 Dec. 21
Whelan, Father David: Mt. St. Mary's (Emmittsburg, Maryland)
 to Archbishop John Baptist Purcell: of Cincinnati, Ohio

His last letter informed Purcell of his inquires concerning the general character that Purcell Bonner bore in this institution. Bonner is now involved in a new difficulty. Whelan is convinced that something must be done to humble the pride of this youth. Bonner would not desist from saying that the President insulted him. Bonner is perfectly unmanageable. Whelan advises that he be taken home and placed at a trade. Every day he remains adds to the evil.

II-4-m - A.L.S. - 4pp. - 8vo. - {2}

1854 Dec. 22
Haskins, George F.: Boston, (Massachusetts)
 to O(restes) A. Brownson: (Boston, Massachusetts)

He introduces Dr. Putnam, a brother of Rev. Putnam of North Whitefield, Maine, who is also a Catholic convert. The man is versed in the Spanish language and would like to consult with Brownson on some interesting subject.

I-3-l - A.L.S. - 1p. - 12mo. - {2}

1854 Dec. 22
Lavay, S.J., Father J(oseph): Baton Rouge, (Louisiana)
 to Father (Stephen) Rousselon: New Orleans, (Louisiana)

In behalf of the trustees, Lavay asks Rousselon to send them 500 piastres which Archbishop (Anthony) Blanc promised for the building of their new church. Blanc promised 1000 piastres, coming, Lavay believes, from the estate of Father (Peter Francis) Beauprez. He gave 500 if it to the trustees on his last visit to Baton Rouge. They resumed work on the church several days ago but Lesne fears they will be obliged to interrupt it again unless they have a little money. Nothing new in the parish; they are giving instructions for the Jubilee; they are passably attended.

VI-1-h - A.L.S. - (French) - 2pp. - 4to. - {3}

1854 Dec. 23
Carlioz, Dr.: Oajaca, (Mexico)
 to Archbishop (Anthony Blanc: New Orleans, Louisiana

His delay in answering (Blanc)'s letter was due to his desire to announce the realization of his marriage. He had not yet received the necessary papers when a grave illness struck Mrs. Régulez. It is only with much difficulty that the illness has yielded, the lady's advanced age being an obstacle. Carlioz is ashamed of having waited so long to express his thanks for (Blanc)'s letter, it was very pleasing to Mr. Régulez. As soon as the marriage takes place, Carlioz will let (Blanc) know. (Blanc) will not be surprised that Mr. Régulez wanted to gather all the information possible before giving his word and that of his only daughter. Mexico is in a great fever; a crisis is feared soon. Carlioz is very well and devoted to his profession.

VI-1-h - A.L.S. - (French) - 2pp. - 4to. - {4}

(18)54 Dec. 23
Roussel: Chateau de La Serrée, (France)
 to The Superior:

Roussel asks about means to take to follow his attraction for the missions of Texas. Since two departures of clerics from the seminary took place last year for there, Roussel thought there might be one in 1855. In case there are no departures, but that the Bishops of this place may have asked the Superior to send subjects, Roussel will send all the testimonials he wants. He will even go to see him if necessary. Roussel has taken his theology and is in minor orders. If 2 or 300 francs are needed for his crossing, Roussel will furnish them. Roussel signs as teacher for the children of the Count de Totemps(?) at Chateau de La Serrée, near St. Gengousle-Royal.

VI-1-h - A.L.S. - (French) - 3pp. - 12mo. - {1}

1854 Dec. 23
(Vandevelde), Bishop James Oliver: Natchez, (Mississippi)
 to Father S(tephen) Rousselon: New Orleans, (Louisiana)

(Vandevelde) is told that Father (Stanislaus) Buteux is to arrive at the Bay today and that he would go to the city the next week. (Vandevelde) has written to him at the Bay and has also written to Mr. Layton. (Vandevelde) would like to go to meet him but could hardly do so before New Years Day. He has given Buteux all the instructions necessary. The three supernumerary Sisters (of St. Joseph of Bourg?) could be sent to Biloxi where they have consented to receive them and where Mr. Ott's house, near the church, is at their disposition.

VI-1-h - A.L.S. - (French) - 1p. - 12mo. - {5}

1854 Dec. 24
Deiters, Father William: Zanesville, Ohio
 to Archbishop John Baptist Purcell: of Cincinnati, Ohio

The previous week while Deiters was about to visit the missions in Willscreek and Coshocton, Father (Frederick) Bender from Newark arrived in Stanfield and said that he has been given charge of these missions by Purcell and was on his way for that purpose. There being no reason to doubt his commission Deiters introduced him to the missions in a friendly way but asks if Purcell intended Bender to take care of the Germans too. While it is easier to go from Newark to Willscreek by railroad the route by horse and carriage is difficult especially in winter and Deiters thinks too much for the pastor of Newark. In Coshocton only a few Germans live who understand both German and English, and Deiters gladly turns this mission over at Purcell's request. Dredsen he wishes to retain. Further Purcell promised to recall him to Cincinnati, when he wished. He asks if Father (John B.) Elkmann be not unwilling that he be given Elkmann's place at St. Mary's in Cincinnati and Elkmann be given his place at Zanesville, especially as he and Father (Clement) Hammer, Elkmann's pastor, are very close friends. He does not want to disturb Purcell but asks this as a sort of jubilee dispensation.

II-4-m - A.L.S. - 4pp. - 4to. - (Latin) - {11}

1854 Dec. 25
Dupuy, Father Enn(emond): Iberville, (Louisiana)
 to Father (Stephen) Rousselon: New Orleans, (Louisiana)

Dupuy asks for a dispensation for Léon Théodore Hébert, son of Joseph Achille Hébert and Marcellite Lambremont; and Marie Ophelia Breaux, daughter of Joseph Arvilien Breaux and Anne Célina Hébert.

VI-1-h - A.L.S. - (French) - 1p. - 4to. - {7}

1854 Dec. 25
Dupuy, F. and others: Plaquemine, (Louisiana)
 to Father E(tienne) Rousselon: New Orleans, L(ouisia)na

On Christmas day, having had rain and bad weather, they were not lucky. The collections amounted to 32 piastres and 60 cents. Signed by Dupuy, Louis Desobry, and M. Hebert. (In Rousselon's hand): Received only $30, December 28, 1854. (On the same paper) Father C(harles) Chambost adds they are fine here at present. The Blanchets greatly annoyed Chambost with their complaining; at last they are away. Ernest (Blanchet) would be fine if he were alone. Chambost will say more when he goes to the city. His brother, Father Auguste (Chambost) sends his respects. Their Christmas was wonderful. (P.S.) He sends 30 piastres.

VI-1-h - L.S., A. Note. S. - (French) - 2pp. - 4to. - {7}

1854 Dec. 25
Raymond, Father G(ilbert): New Orleans, (Louisiana)
 to Archbishop (Anthony Blanc):

Imagine Raymond's surprise on arriving November 15, to find that (Blanc) had left for Rome. He had looked forward for so long to talking to (Blanc)… (For complete calander see original of 11 cards)

Cross references:

1. Archbishop Anthony Blanc
2. Father Stephen Rousselon
3. Sisters of Mount Carmel
4. Mother Thérèse Chevrel, O. Carm.
5. Father Basil Anthony Moreau, C.S.C.
6. Father Francis Gouesse, C.S.C.
7. St. Mary's Catholic Boys' Asylum
8. Father Edward F. Sorin, C.S.C.
9. Brothers of Holy Cross
10. Sisters of the Holy Cross
11. Father Joseph Reze, C.S.C.
12. Father Gastineau
13. Father John F. Raviol
14. Father Carrier
15. Bishop William Lawrence Louis Angebault
16. Bishop Celestine de la Hailandière

VI-1-h - A.L.S. - (French) - 5pp. - 4to. - {16}

1854 Dec. 26
Remi, Brother Marie (Henry Aubert): New Melleray, (Kentucky)
 to Archbishop (Anthony Blanc): New Orleans, (Louisiana)

The coming of a new year, recalling the sad memory of the past, also recalls the kindnesses (Blanc) has shown him since he has been in this country. He feels the need of letting (Blanc) know about his new position. (Blanc)'s prodigal son wishes him happiness and consolation. But since the past is no longer in one's power, he forces himself to be useful to (Blanc) from afar. He is happier here than at Gethsemani; here he knows the difference between a vocation of attraction and one of necessity. The Prior and priests and brothers use all their means to make him forget his countrymen and feel the joy of home. His health is better than at Gethsemani. The life is the same; the two monasteries both belong to the original observance except that here one sees more of the spirit of the rule and there more of the letter. Here he can forget the sorrow he has caused the church and an honorable family, of which he was the favorite. At Gethsemani he was over-burdened with work and he read little; here he has more time for himself and the priest is not just a workman. When the river is navigable, (Blanc) is to send him some books; the library here is so poorly stocked. News of their house is consoling; they have wheat, corn, and potatoes in sufficient quantity. The Prior hopes to build the church next spring, smaller and less elegant than at Gethsemani and the monastery will come later. Of the outside Remi knows almost nothing. He wait every day for news of his family; he hopes God has given them resignation and consolation. Bishop (Mathias) Loras of Dubuque has fixed his residence at Davenport; it will be difficult to remain in this diocese, it seems. He said something of it when Remi saw him in coming here. The congregation surrounding here is all Catholic and devoted to them. This letter is very long for a man who has made a profession of perpetual silence. He thanks (Blanc) and asks to be recommended to the prayers of Father (Richard) Kane who was his friend. He is a priest now; he should be a forgiving man.

VI-1-h - A.L.S. - (French) - 4pp. - 4to. - {6}

1854 Dec. 27
Coskery, Father H.B.: Baltimore, (Maryland)
 to Father E(tienne) Rousselon: New Orleans, L(ouisian)a

Coskery has just received from Archbishop (Francis Patrick Kenrick) a letter dated Rome, Nov(ember) 21. (Kenrick) says he is at length enabled to inform Coskery that the Pope has continued their faculties for the present, until further determination in the terms in which they were granted for two years. They are also authorized to communicate to their Vicar General all faculties save those which require episcopal character when absent for more than one day. The ordinary faculties are communicated to the Vicars General at all times. The Holy See desires great care and reserve in the exercise of these powers, meaning the powers which expire on next January 1, but the news of the renewal of which the Archbishop communicates.

VI-1-h - A.L.S. - 3pp. - 4to. - {2}

1854 Dec. (27)
Elder Tho(ma)s S.: New Orleans, (Louisiana)
 to Father (Stephen) Rousselon: New Orleans, (Louisiana)

Enclosed is their check for $50 sent by the Ladies (of the Sacred Heart) at Grand Coteau for the (Association of) the Propagation of the Faith.

VI-1-h - A.L.S. - 1p. - 4to. - {3}

1854 Dec. 27
Lacroix-Laval, Father: Lyons, (France)
 to Archbishop (Anthony Blanc):

Lacroix could not count on (Blanc) being in Lyons. The day he had the pastor of Ainay, (Father Boué?) and his clergy for dinner, he could not invite (Blanc). He does so now and hopes (Blanc) will do him the favor. In this way he would have the double pleasure of making (Blanc)'s acquaintance and of not being deprived of the presence of his pastor.

VI-1-h - A.L.S. - (French) - 1p. - 8vo. - {2}

(18)54 Dec. 27
Montgomery, Father S(tephen) H.: (New Orleans, Louisiana)
 to Father (Stephen) Rous(s)elon: (New Orleans, Louisiana)

Montgomery wrote a few days since and Rousselon answered through Father (Arthur Guillaume) Duquesnay. Since then Montgomery has made his confession and is anxious to know when and at what church he may say Mass. He called but Rousselon was out. Montgomery's weakness forbids his repeating his call soon. Montgomery has a very decent and unoccuppied room in his house and considering his age, asks leave to celebrate at home. (On the back of the letter in Rousselon's hand): Refused until verified.

VI-1-h - A.L.S. - (French) - 2pp. - 12mo. - {2}

(18)54 Dec. 28
(Martin), Bishop Aug(uste Marie): Natchitoches, (Louisiana)
 to Father (Stephen Rousselon: New Orleans, Louisiana)

On his arrival, 12 days ago, (Martin) found a letter from young Turmel asking to send him some money owing him. Before replying, (Martin) wishes to know from (Rousselon) the nature of this debt. He wants to know especially if Turmel gives all the satisfaction (Rousselon) can desire.

VI-1-h - A.L.S. - (French) - 1p. - 12mo. - {2}

1854 Dec. 28
Montalembert, Count Ch(arles) de: Paris, (France)
 to O(restes) A. Brownson: Boston, (Massachusetts)

It has been very long since he has seen Brownson's handwriting. He heard Brownson had accepted a professorship at the Catholic University of Dublin and hoped to see him, but he fears he must give up this hope until he pays a visit to America, which he has some thoughts of doing. He now and then receives a number of (Brownson's Quarterly) Review. He sympathizes with the opinions Brownson expressed in "Uncle Jack and his Nephew" and "Schools and Education." Brownson hit the mark in what he says of England: she is advancing with rapid strides to a huge centralized democracy which must sooner or later settle down into unitarian despotism. The religious state of (France) is far from satisfactory and the outward progress of the Church is more than counter-balanced by the formidable reaction which is gaining ground against her among the intellectual and superior classes. Napoleon III, he believes, is a sincere well-wisher to the Church-but he knows little about her real interests and is exclusively devoted to his own. The press, which is gagged in politics, has full liberty to be most blasphemous in religious matters. The attacks of the Univers against the whole political and intellectual scheme of modern France have given to the anti-catholic and democratical press a pretext for their impious out-pourings. However, the Correspondant and the Ami de la Religion do their best to maintain a small knot of prudent and independent Catholics. They have made a great acquisition in the young Prince (Auguste Théodore Paul) de Broglie. Montalembert is at present exclusively devoted to his historical studies on the "Monks of the West." He confesses he is not of Brownson's opinion on the (Crimean) war: he has always feared and hated Russian autocracy. (P.S.) If Bishop (John B.) Fitzpatrick has returned and is the same Fitzpatrick who visited Montalembert when sick in bed last year, he asks to be remembered to him. (On flap of envelop:) he has received the October Review but not April's, and to make his collection complete he is in want of April and October 1852.

I-3-l - A.L.S. - 10pp. - 12mo. - {11}

(18)54 Dec. 29
Montgomery, Father S(tephen) H.: (New Orleans, Louisiana)
 to Father (Stephen) Rousilon(!): (New Orleans, Louisiana)

Rousilon's letter of last evening greatly surprised Montgomery as he has never been prohibited saying Mass by the Archb(isho)p of N(ew) Orleans either in his cathedral or elsewhere. Montgomery has nothing very late either verbal or written; he sends herewith (no enclosure) what he finds from (the Archbishop). With(?) (them?) Rousilon will find a statement(?) against what Montgomery believed and is yet of the opinion, to be cruel treatment. (On the back of this letter in Rousselon's hand): Response negative. 2 letters of Archbishop Blanc. 1 Forstman(?); received from Bishop Vandevelde.

VI-1-h - A.L.S. - 2pp. - 4to. - {1}

1854 Dec. 30
Dijardin: Mont Ferrand, (France)
 to The Superior:

Dijardin presumes that the young man in question in (Rousselon)'s letter is Moustier from a parish called Mozat, near Riom. He is a queer one who wants to force the gate of the sanctuary. He is turned away(?) everywhere and with reason. It would be letting the wolf into the sheepfold to admit him to the ecclesiastical state, of which he is absolutely unworthy. Dijardin sends his New Year wishes to the Superior as well as his confreres from Lyons. He asks to be remembered to Father Denavit, Father Vincent, and Serycod(?).

VI-1-h - A.L.S. - (French) - 1p. - 12mo. - {1}

(18)54 Dec. 30
(Hailandière), Bishop Cel(estine de la): Triandin, (France)
 to Archbishop (Anthony Blanc: New Orleans, Louisiana)

The newspapers have told him of (Blanc)'s presence in Rome for the solemn days of the proclamation of the Immaculate Conception and his arrival in Marseilles and supposedly his return to Lyons. Is there a way to see (Blanc) before his departure for N(ew) Orleans? Will (Blanc) spend some time in France? In his last letter, (Blanc) spoke of his desire to have some Breton priests. Would this not be an occasion to visit this country of faith? (Hailandière) would offer his services; he wants to see (Blanc). What has become of the (American) bishops who were at Rome when (Blanc) was, especially Archbishops (John) Hughes and (Francis Patrick?) Kenrick. Haillandière would like to talk with them also.

VI-1-h - A.L.S. - (French) - 2pp. - 12mo. - {3}

(18)54 Dec. 31
(Mullon, Father James Ignatius: New Orleans, Louisiana)
 to Father (Stephen) Rousselon: (New Orleans, Louisiana)

Returns for Dec(ember) for (St. Patrick's Church. Items and amounts are given).

VI-1-h - A. Report - 1p. - folio - {2}