University of Notre Dame


(1855) (?) (Feb.) (?)
Hecker, C.S.S.R. (Father) Isaac T.: (New York), New York
 to Orestes A. Brownson: (Elizabeth, New Jersey)

Father Hecker believes Brownson has received his book ("Questions of the Soul.") There have been several notices on it in the secular and protestant press, some of which are fair and others amusing. The book is likely to have a wide circulation. A Tribune was mailed to Brownson with a notice by (George) Ripley. Father Hecker believes Ripley to have misunderstood the book because there is no antagonism between the inner testimony of the soul and an external infallible authority, and there is not one attempt in the book to show that there is; however, it is the inner testimony of the soul that is made the ground work so as to show the necessity of an external infallible authority. Hecker is informed that Ripley thinks his notice is a favorable one. Father Hecker does not mind it; only it shows not a Catholic tone in him. He spoke to the Appletons to delay it for the Catholic press. There are a few mistakes in the first edition of 1,000 copies which will be corrected in the next printing. Father Hecker is anxious to see Brownson's notice and would like to have a copy of it.

I-3-1 - A.L.S. - 3pp. - 8vo. - {3}

1855 Feb.
Ott, C(hristian): Milwaukee, (Wisconsin)
 to O(restes) A. Brownson: (Boston, Massachusetts)

He sends (no enclosure) the work ("Enchiridion Symbolorum et Difinitionum, quae de Rebus Fidei et Morum a Conciliis Oecumenicis et Summis Pontificibus emanarunt," edited by Henry Denzinger) of which he spoke when Brownson was in Milwaukee. The most renowned Catholic periodicals of Germany unanimously consented in its praise. The Pope has excelled [sic] the author by a most gracious letter. Bishop (John M. Henni) told Ott he would lay it before the Provincial Council to be held at St. Louis next Spring, as he thinks it a most valuable book for the seminarians. It awaits Brownson's sentence. Never will he forget the moments he enjoyed in Brownson's company.

I-3-l - A.L.S. - 2pp. - 4to. - {3}

1855 Feb. 1
Deville, J(ea)n F.(?): St. Etienne, (France)
 to Archbishop (Anthony Blanc: Lyons, France?)

After asking for (Blanc)'s blessing for himself and his large family, he would have confided his oldest son to (Blanc) but God did not permit. He regrets not seeing (Blanc) again before he left but he became ill for 11 days; he would have liked to bring his son to Lyons to present him to (Blanc). (Blanc) will see his certificate shortly(?). Deville recommends his son to Father Rousselon. Deville asks (Blanc) what clothing will be necessary and whether he needs a trunk. Deville believes he would like to give him something. Everyone would like to keep him as a priest in France because Deville loves him more than all the others but if God wants him in America, Deville cannot refuse. (Blanc) will find in him the heart of the Blancs and Devilles. Deville does not know if (Blanc) saw Deville's sister at the Visitation and said Mass and had breakfast there. It would have been an enormous joy for all. (Blanc) could bless two of Deville's sons if God wills it later. (P.S.) They hope he has a good crossing.

VI-1-i - A.L.S. - (French) - 4pp. - 12mo. - {1}

1855 Feb. 2
Whelan, Father D(avid): Mt. St. Mary's (Emmittsburg, Maryland)
 to Archbishop John Baptist Purcell: of Cincinnati, Ohio

He is glad that Purcell was rejoiced by the abundant fruits of the Jubilee. They had the Redemptorists there to get up a revival. All the sects there are having revivals. Bishop (Joseph M. Young) of Erie may have a chance of getting to heaven sooner than he thinks if the turbulent portion should fall under the influence of anti-railroadism again. Purcell's students are doing well. Jacob Beck is somewhat of a case. The Anderson boy is uncivil towards Whelan. They were favored with a visit from the Bishop (George Carrell S.J.) of Covington. There is talk of a great congregation of Bishops and others, old Mountaineers, to be held here next June. Whelan will expect Purcell, Father (Edward) Collins and Father Edward (Purcell).

II-4-m - A.L.S. - 3pp. - 8vo. - {6}

1855 Feb. 3
Chambige, Father F(rancis): St. Thomas' (near Bardstown, Kentucky)
 to Archbishop John Baptist Purcell: of Cincinnati, Ohio

He was painfully affected by the contents of the joint letter sent Purcell by some of his subjects at St. Thomas'. He will give a sincere answer to Purcell's questions. It is their intention to teach all the branches preparatory to ecclesiastical studies. They have followed the program to the letter. It is their conviction that the students have made as much progress as they would have in any other college. They positively affirm that the young gentlemen exaggerated facts and concealed the truth. Seldom has a teacher been away from his classes on a mission. They have five classes a week in Latin, not four. The teacher is well acquainted with the English language. The elocution class is included in the Rhetoric class. What may be the cause of that dissatisfaction? It may be traced to Fitzgerald and Finncane who have reason to fear that they will be expelled. Chambige entertains no prejudice against the signers of the letter, but they must know the spirit which animated them in order to know whether their conduct is not a sign of want of vocation Their temporal welfare is well taken care of. If Purcell would send one of his clergymen to look into the case and give a retreat to the students, all matters could be settled to Purcell's satisfaction. P.S. This would be a good time for Father (Joseph) Ferneding to pay his visit.

II-4-m - A.L.S. - 8vo. - 4pp. - {3}

1855 Feb. 4
Cenas, M.C.(?): Lyons, (France)
 to Archbishop (Anthony Blanc): (Lyons, France?)

The bus for the express train from Lyons to Paris leaves at 6 o'clock; the train leaves at 6:50. Below is a note on the departure of steamers. The Baltic, City of Manchester, St. Louis, Pacific, and Hermann (are listed with departure dates; prices are listed for same). Cenas hopes that (Blanc) will arrive safely at New Orleans and that he will see him some day in France.

VI-1-i - A.L.S. - (French) - 2pp. - 12mo. - {1}

1855 Feb. 4
O'Connor, M(ichael) Bp. Pittsburg: Pittsburg, Pennsylvania
 to Archbishop John Baptist Purcell: of Cincinnati, Ohio

Dr. Madden will go to Cincinnati in accordance with Purcell's invitation. He says he does not care about salary. The names proposed for Savannah and Charleston were somewhat mixed up. They finally recommended Father (Bernard A.) Maguire, the Jesuit, for Charleston; (Patrick N.) Lynch for Savannah; (John) Barry for the Vicarate of Florida. They though Duggan would be chosen coadjutor of St. Louis, but the Congregation hesitated about this appointment and did not admit the propriety of their overlooking Duggan for Charleston. The whole affair was so entangled that its consideration was postponed. If Bishop (Josue M.) Young is tired of doing nothing in Erie, he would find much to do in Savannah. In Rome Mgr. (Cajetan) Bedini spoke most gratefully of the kind reception he received here. Dr. Kirby's appointment is a mere invention got up in Ireland by the party opposed to Dr. Cullen.

II-4-m - A.L.S. - 4pp. - 8vo. - {13}

1855 (Feb. 5)
Mullon, Father J(ames) I(gnatius): (New Orleans, Louisiana)
 to (Archbishop Anthony Blanc: New Orleans, Louisiana)

A statement of returns for the month of January, 1855 from St. Patrick's Church. Balance remitted to Father Rousselon, $120.60. Mullon gave a collection to aid the school, $300.

VI-1-i - A. Report S. - 1p. - folio - {2}

1855 Feb. 5
Herval, Father G.: Havre, (France)
 to Archbishop (Anthony Blanc):

Herval is perplexed about the double commission (Blanc) has given him. He responded to the first; (Blanc)'s places are almost reserved, at least his names are registered. In reply to the second question: according to the authority of two men, the steamer in question is a good ship on a good sea; it would suffer in a heavy sea. However, this steamer has had no accident any more than any other ship (Blanc) could take. At Liverpool the Cunard line has been established since 1839, and has had no disaster. The Collins line is equally excellent but has had a collision at sea. "L'artic!"

VI-1-i - A.L.S. - (French) - 2pp. - 8vo. - {1}

1855 Feb. 5
Semmes, T(homas) J.: New Orleans, Louisiana
 to Orestes A. Brownson: Boston, Massachusetts

The writer encloses a circular from the newly organized Catholic Institute of New Orleans and asks what compensation Brownson would require for lecturing before the Institute. Any subject will do. Coming so far will necessitate his speaking several times. He believes that the month of April will be the best time. He says most any subject will be suitable and asks for an immediate response to this invitation.

I-3-l - A.L.S. - 2pp. - 12mo. - {2}

1855 Feb. 6
Chardey, R.: Havre, (France)
 to Archbishop (Anthony Blanc: Lyons, France?)

Yesterday on receipt of (Blanc)'s letter from Lyons, Chardey went to Father (G.) Herval's to tell him the contents; he was out. Returning there this morning he learned that Herval had replied yesterday to (Blanc)'s letter to him. The St. Louis although a solid ship was built especially for cruising along the American coasts and so is unsuitable for transatlantic navigation. This is the general opinion. Chardey thinks it would be prudent to go from Liverpool, on the steamer for Boston or New York. The enclosed bulletin will give the names of the steamers and their Paris office. (Blanc)'s support among his friends in New Orleans will be very much appreciated since Chardey is the father of a young and numerous family. The house of P(aul) Rousselon, with whom Chardey has had connections for a long time has always shown him such kindness that he is happy to be useful to these gentlemen or their friends. (P.S.) The Hermann will also be leaving Southampton on the 28th. Herval having kept (Blanc)'s place on the Saint Louis only conditionally it will no doubt be possible to cancel without having to pay.

- A.L.S. -


1855 Jan. 31
British and North American Royal Mail:
Steam Packet Company Havre, (France)

A printed schedule for the steamboats of this line between Havre and Liverpool and Liverpool and the United States. Boats listed are the Commodore, Shamrock, Margaret and Delta, the Baltic, Canada, and Pacific. Donald Currie is the agent in Paris and Havre.

- Printed Schedule -

VI-1-i - A.L.S., Printed Schedule - (French) - 3pp. - 4to. & 12mo. - {5}

1855 Feb. 6

Michigan. Legislative Session, 1855.

A (handwritten) copy (apparently in the handwriting of Bishop Peter Paul Lefevere) of an act for the incorporation of charitable societies passed by the Legislature of Michigan at its regular session in the year 1855. (marked No. 20).

III-2-i - D. (Copy) - 3pp. - folio - {1}

1855 Feb. 7
Lyons, Father M.P.: Thibodaux, (Louisiana)
 to Father (Stephen Rousselon: New Orleans, Louisiana)

Lyons has been here now for the last 14 months, in a place where he is not of the least service. It is surprising that (Rousselon) should be so mistaken. He may have considered Lyons' knowledge of the French more extensive and his ministry more widely spread than they are. He has hesitated to broach the question, assured that the Archbishop would act up to his promises. It is painful when he considers the scarcity of priests in N(ew) Orleans to be here idle. His action does not proceed from any animosity between him and his pastor.

VI-1-i - A.L.S. - 2pp. - 12mo. - {1}

1855 Feb. 7
Rouquette, Father Adrian Mandeville: St. Tammany, L(ouisian)a
 to O(restes) A. Brownson: (Boston, Massachusetts)

He is very much a follower of Brownson's doctrines. For some months he has been astonished to see the Catholic presses attacking Brownson; but it is the inevitable and glorious fate of every writer who dares speak the truth. He compliments him on his article "Native Americanism" and says it was necessary. He hopes Brownson will pardon his small opinion. He hopes Brownson doesn't think that he has any part in the editing of the Propagateur Catholique. He disapproves very much of the spirit and form of the paper. He will keep him in his prayers. He is sending him a book on the Holy Way of the Cross by Marie Bourdon, and he thinks it contains all the science of the Saints.

I-3-l - A.L.S. - 2pp. - 16to. - {3}

1855 Feb. 9
Young, Josue M. Bp. Erie: Erie, Pennsylvania
 to Archbishop John Baptist Purcell: of Cincinnati, Ohio

He sends the copy of the questions to be discussed at the next Baltimore Council. Young thinks that perhaps there should be a question of making Pittsburg a metropolitan see. He has arrived home but feels despondent about doing anything for religion in in Erie very soon. This is a feeling he has after visiting any bishop. However he has kind recollections of his visit to Cincinnati. Young says that one of the parishoners of Father H. of Chillicothe stated that while he had given no public scandal there was danger of some unless caution were given him by Purcell. Archbishop (Francis Patrick Kenrick) says that he was unsuccesful in getting Father John Barry appointed Bishop of Florida even though backed by all the American prelates at Rome and that nothing had been done for Savannah. Young asks what amount of cooperation the American bishops are expected to give towards the American College at Rome, as he understands the Pope is in favor of it. They are having constant snows in Erie. The list of the questions for discussion at the Provincial Council at Baltimore opening Nov. 5, 1854 includes 1. the erection of a see at Washington; 2. a see in North Carolina 3. recommendations for the see of Savannah; 4. making Immaculate Conception a feast of obligation; 5. oath of permanence for priests transferring into a diocese; 6. arrangements with suspended priests; 7. taxes for those seeking dispensations; 8. the granting to bishops unlimited power in mixed marriages; 9. making commendations of priests provincial; 10. faculties of substitute priests; 11. that a vicar general be given all episcopal faculties not demanding episcopal character.

II-4-m - A.L.S. - 4pp. - 8vo. - (Questions in Latin.) - {13}

1855 Feb. 9
Herval, Father G.(?): Havre, (France)
 to Archbishop (Anthony Blanc: New Orleans, Louisiana)

Herval has carried out the painful mission (Blanc) assigned him. Mr. Iselin regrets not having (Blanc). Iselin learned in Paris that there was a panic in some minds. If one or two of the four clergymen could decide to take passage on the St. Louis, it would be some compensation. But they do not wish to separate from their guardian angel.

VI-1-j - A.L.S. - (French) - 2pp. - 12mo. - {2}

1855 Feb. 11
Ste. Marie, (R.U.), Sister de: San Antonio, (Texas)
 to Archbishop (Anthony Blanc: Paris, France)

When she was going to write to thank (Blanc) for his letter, she learned of his departure from Rome. They appreciate his interest in their Community (Ursulines) and regret that he was absent when several subjects left for Ireland. Perhaps (Blanc) could have persuaded them to come to them by writing to the Bishop. After what (Blanc) told about Sister St. Eulalie, Ste. Marie made an attempt with their Mothers. They consented to give her to them but Ste. Eulalie did not want to hear of it. Perhaps (Blanc) could persuade her on his return. The pupils becoming more and more numerous, they cannot carry on with their small number. She has written to several Communities in Ireland, they cannot help. Mother Ste. Seraphine (Ray, R.U.) wrote to do what she could; they have decided to write to the Community at Havre where they have some English, asking them to give them 2 or 3. If they are obliged to stop the children, they will fill the public schools where the licence makes one tremble. Knowing (Blanc)'s powerful intercession with the Mothers at Havre, Ste. Marie asks him to support their request and give advice on getting to New Orleans. Their poverty will make it necessary that the passages be paid. They will pay him back on his arrival. She is addressing another letter to Havre in case (Blanc) is no longer in Paris. She is sending it to (Victor?) Marziou.

VI-1-i - A.L.S. - (French) - 4pp. - 12mo. - {5}

1855 Feb. 12
Fransoni, Cardinal J(ames) Ph(ilip): Rome, (Italy)
 to Archbishop Anthony Blanc: New Orleans, (Louisiana)

Many requests have been made for an ecclesiastical seminary (American College in Rome) to be established in Rome to which young men from all the dioceses of the United States could be sent. In this way uniformity would be introduced into all the dioceses. It is impossible that it would not be approved by the Holy Father especially when he recalls how much good has come from colleges established by his predecessors. Since others have likewise expressed this desire the Holy Father encourages Blanc to call a council. The Sacred Congregation will help with funds. Al(exander) Barnabò acts as secretary.

VI-1-i - L.S. - (Latin) - 1p. - 4to. - {2}

1855 February 12
Kenrick, Francis P. (Abp.): Baltimore, (Maryland)
 to Orestes (A.) Brownson: (Boston, Massachusetts)

Since the enemies make much use of the Archbishop's, etc. endorsing Brownson's Review, he thinks it would be advisable if Brownson would state in his next Review that they were not intended or employed as a sanction of every opinion or view, which Brownson had advanced at the time. He commends him for his work, but does not desire to abridge. his liberty on matters not defined by the Church - so they cannot be held accountable for the profession of Brownson's sentiments. He would like an explanation since Brownson's essays on the temporal power bring forward the views to prove that the Church officals profess principles at variance with the civil duties. So the Archbishop wants Brownson to drop his endorsement and he will be able to speak more freely. He denies that the letter can be ascribed to unfriendly feeling.

I-3-l - A.L.S. - 1p. - 4to. - {1}

1855 Feb. 12
Fransoni, J(ames) Ph(ilip), Card. Prefect:
Sacra Congregatio de Propaganda Fide Rome, Italy
 to Archbishop John Baptist Purcell: of Cincinnati, Ohio No. 1.

It has been desired that a seminary for the dioceses of the United States be established in Rome where under the guidance of the mother Church the discipline of the church may be learned and a uniform method introduced into the various dioceses. He is certain that all will approve of this when it is considered the good that other foreign countries have received from such a seminary. When this was mentioned by some of the American bishops the Holy Father suggested that the Sacred Congregation should write this letter urging the bishops to have a council on the matter. This Fransoni regards as useless in so far as it will be permitted the Sacred Congregation and the Bishop himself to prescribe the aid to be given.

II-4-m - L.S. - 1p. - 8vo. - (Latin) - {2}

1855 Feb. 13
Spalding, M(artin) J. Bp. Louisville: Louisville, Kentucky
 to Archbishop John Baptist Purcell: of Cincinnati, Ohio

(No enclosure) Enclosed Purcell will find a list of eighteen questions which Spalding proposes for the action of the first Provincial Council. The question regarding the affair of the Church temporalities will become the question of the day. Archbishop (Francis Patrick) Kenrick of Baltimore writes that it is recommended by the American Prelates to take the best legal advice as to the most effectual means for securing their property. Purcell could confer with Chief Justice (Roger B.) Taney with whom he is acquainted. Spalding and the other bishops will take legal advice so as to be prepared to meet this embarrassing question. A young Catholic layman is writing a series of articles in the Courier to show off the absurdities and lies of Ford. Ford lies by wholesale and his lies are gross and transparent. The last sheets of the Miscellanea are in the press. Purcell will receive a copy early next week. P.S. Public interest in Spalding's lectures is on the increase. Last Sunday he had about 4000, mostly Protestant. The preachers have empty benches and are anything but pleased. Many are already inquiring and reading Catholic books.

II-4-m - A.L.S. - 4pp. - 12mo. - {5}

1855 Feb. 15
(De St. Palais), Maurice Bp.Vincennes: Evansville, Indiana
 to Archbishop John Baptist Purcell: of Cincinnati, Ohio

The day that he received Purcell's letter about Father (Philip) O'Connell he wrote to him to withdraw his faculties not for the reason given by Purcell but for reasons no less grave. De St. Palais assures Purcell that he has now not exercised the holy ministry for some weeks and that the unfortunate man has gone to do penance in a place where he will not be exposed to the dangers to which he has succumbed. De St. Palais has also received a letter from Purcell announcing that the faculties granted for two years have been extended indefinitely by the Holy See. He asks if he is still obliged to send to Rome an account of the dispensations given. He wants to know at what day in May the council will be held so that he can make the visits he should make before and after proposing the erection of a new see in Indiana. The number of Catholics has increased considerably during the previous years and the number of priests has not been augmented in proportion. Distance makes surveillance difficult and he is convinced that a new see at Fort Wayne would contribute greatly to the welfare of the state. He has nothing else to propose for the council except the establishment of uniformity of discipline in the Province. However since all desire it he will leave the proposition to those more capable.

II-4-m - A.L.S. - 2pp. - 8vo. - (French) - {6}

1855 February 17
Clarke, Richard H.: Washington, D.C.
 to Orestes A. Brownson: Boston, Mass(achusetts)

The writer sends Brownson a copy of a speech delivered in the New York Legislature on Ecclesiastical Tenure. The speaker has misquoted and misapplied his remarks taken from the Review. A few schismatic Catholics have awakened this feeling against "one of the most vital points of discipline in the Church". He asks Brownson to find a way to have the true view of Catholic made known. He lauds Brownson's articles on Native Americanism and Know-Nothings. The "American Organ" of Washington completely refuted Mr. (Joseph) Chandler's speech in Congress by quoting from the Review passages on the Temporal power of the Pope.. A Methodist Preacher had answered Father (Bernard) Maguire's lecture by quoting from Papal Bulls and "ultra montane? Catholic writers. Clarke points out the weakness in that there are two opposing points of view on this subject among the Catholics. Denial of indirect temporal power of the Pope will not refute the charge of the Know-Nothings. Clarke knows of no one better suited to clear up this question in the minds of Catholics than Brownson.

I-3-l - A.L.S. - 4pp. - 8vo. - {4}

1855 Feb. 18
Brunel: Havre, (France)
 to (Archbishop Anthony Blanc?: New Orleans, Louisiana)

A receipted bill for 99.15 for food and room at the Hotel de France.

VI-1-i - Bill S. - 2pp. - 32mo. - {1}

1855 February 20
Cummings, J.W.: New York, (New York)
 to O(restes) A. Brownson: (Boston, Massachusetts)

Father Cummings advises Brownson not to come to New York to lecture until after Easter because of the difficulty in getting good crowds of Catholics during the Lenten season. He says he is pleased to hear that Brownson is going to New Orleans to lecture because he will find real Americans, there who will appreciate his lectures, even though some of them are neglectful of their religious difficulties. Father Starrs, Vicar General, agrees that Lent would not be a good time for the lecture. He gives Brownson the highest praise. Father Cummings asks Brownson if he has read the Papal Encyclical on the Immaculate Conception wherein he claims the Developmentists are eliminated; the Encyclical teaches that no new dogma is ever taught that did not exist before.

I-3-l - A.L.S. - 3pp. - 8vo. - {1}

1855 Feb. 20
Vanpaemel, (Father) Ed: Grand Rapids, (Michigan)
 to (Bishop Peter Paul Lefevere): (Detroit, Michigan)

Reasons for dissatisfaction with Vanpaemel seem to be based on the displeasure of the Rev. Gentleman (Father F. Van Erp). Vanpaemel's manner of acting toward him is not the effect of ill will. Statements made by that priest are either false or incorrect. Vanpaemel was never requested to collect that money in Talmage, Michigan, nor did he know the amount that the priest expended. Vanpaemel would comply with Lefevere's request and collect the money but to speak of money at this time of the year would be useless. He did order the tabernacle and paid for it; but the altar was ordered by Father (Charles) Deceuninck and is partly paid for. Thirty dollars or so are yet due to T Kuighe. Vanpaemel does not believe Deceuninck's expenses towards the house were as great as he says. He will settle all these differences gladly. But they have had so many expenses he has nothing to spare. Lefevere can see from the account sent what they are doing with their money. P.S. Vanpaemel repeats his request, made in his last letter, for permission to give Benediction once a week during lent.

III-2-i - A.L.S. - 3pp. - 8vo. - {5}

1855 Ash Wednesday (Feb. 21)
Brownson, Orestes A.: Chelsea, (Massachusetts)
 to Cummings, Rev. Dr. J(eremiah) W.: (New York, New York)

Brownson asks Cummings to help him get a lecture in New York as he had promised. Brownson confesses he is a little in want of funds to enable him to launch his son William with John in Milwaukee. He suggests early March as the time, as he is going to New Orleans toward the last of March. He is going to publish the Review on his own responsiblility. He will leave off the names of the several Bishops and Archbishops, to save the hierarchy from the charge of endorsing him. The Review has not been injured by the Native American discussion, but he is not sure of the effect of the papal discussion. He has received a hint from a high source that he had better do this. He is to be sacrificed to the politicians. It seems he is to make way for the Chandlers to defend Cahtolicity or Gallican principles.

I-3-l - A.L.S. - 3pp. - 16tol - {3}

1855 Feb. 22
Spalding, M(artin) J. Bishop of Louisville: Louisville, (Kentucky)
 to Archbishop (John Baptist) Purcell: Cincinnati, (Ohio)

He does not feel that the fewness of questions to be examined at the approaching provincial council is a serious objection to it. Their legislation will be more select. They have too many laws now, and with the exception of northern Indiana, there need be no new Sees. It would be better to consolidate those they have now than to create more for which they cannot provide. Mr. (Benjamin) Webb will send Purcell a copy of the Miscellanea. The first impression of 1200 copies is nearly exhausted. Purcell is urged to point out any errors, so that they may be corrected in the new edition of 1000 copies they plan to print. Some have questioned his publication of LaFayette's letter but he credited it to the Cincinnati Inquirer and other secular papers. As to (Samuel F.B.) Morse's statement, Spalding says it is worth little, and asks Purcell to find out for him the person to whom the letter was addressed. He has not seen the account in the Catholic Standard which he does not receive and asks Purcell to send it to him. The Know-Nothings are holding a convention to nominate state officers. Spalding would not be surprised if they swept all before them, but their time will be short. If they can devise any plan for holding church property by Church trustees it might be well. If they could do this in council they would get a start on the Know-Nothings. P.S. He will close his lectures next Sunday evening. The preachers have been forced to speak to empty benches because they cannot get hold of what he says. He attacks no one, not even a secret order. He hopes that some sincere souls will escape from error.

II-4-m - A.L.S. - 3pp. - 8vo. - {4}

1855 Feb. 24
Richard, Father: Paris, (France)
 to Archbishop (Anthony Blanc: New Orleans, Louisiana)

A priest, age 33, a doctor of theology, a good preacher, having served in a large parish for several years, has obtained from his bishop, the permission to leave his diocese. His superiors see him leave with regret. The priests at Holy Spirit Seminary in Paris can presently offer him only a place as pastor in Guiana. The climate there is murderous and he does not dare accept it. Could (Blanc) give him a place in 2, 4, or 6 months, as a pastor or professor? This priest is zealous, active and of an excellent constitution. He does not know English; he knows Greek, Latin, French, Italian, and Spanish. Family interests alone oblige him to leave temporarily. Richard (signs as) the Superior of the Choir School(?) of the Imperial Chapel.

VI-1-i - A.L.S. - (French) - 3pp. - 12mo. - {1}

1855 February 24
Kenrick, Archbishop Francis Patrick: Baltimore, (Maryland)
 to Orestes A. Brownson: (Boston, Massachusetts)

The Archbishop does not wish to do anything prejudicial to the Review. Brownson's own prudence will decide the best way to meet the effort made by some to show that the letter of encouragement from the Catholic Hierarchy constitutes on approval of every view and sentiment Brownson may express in the Review. He leaves the decision as to what Brownson should do entirely up to Brownson and renews his wish that the Review be supported and says he is fully convinced of Brownson's zeal in supporting the cause of truth.

I-3-l - A.L.S. - 1p. - 12mo. - {1}

1855 Feb. 12, 24
Kenrick, Archbishop Fr(ancis) P(atrick):

Latin notations in Kenrick's "Literarum Registrum" for these dates concerning letters written to Orestes A. Brownson were transcribed by the Rev. David Fosselman, C.S.C. (August, 1949, Baltimore Archives)

I-4-h - A.D.unsigned - 1p. - 12mo. - {2}

(18)55 Feb. 26
Kevin, Mich(ae)l: Corofin, (Ireland)
 to Archbishop A(nthony) Blank(!): (New Orleans, Louisiana)

Kevin and his brother thank (Blanc) for all the trouble he has taken to have the two cheques transmitted in their favor which they received and got cash for a few days since. Kevin would like to know the address of the solicitor so that he may communicate with him respecting the portion of the legacy left to the brother of the late Rich(ar)d O'C(onnor?) named Simon (? O'Connor). Kevin thinks they are entitled to some(?) as there is no account of him. P.S. On account of Kevin's friend, Father P. McMahon being removed from here and appointed p(arish) p(riest) Kevin is obliged to communicate with (Blanc) as McMahon is 20 miles from here.

VI-1-i - A.L.S. - 3pp. - 16mo. - {4}

1855 Feb. 28
Chevillon, A(ntoine): New Orleans, (Louisiana)
 to The Sisters of Mount Carmel: (New Orleans, Louisiana)

A receipted bill for $350 for fencing, planks, repairs, etc. Father (Stephen) Rousselon pays for the Sisters on April 11, 1855.

- Bill S. - (French) -

 Attached to the above: 

1855 Apr. 11
Rousselon Father E(tienne): New Orleans, (Louisiana)

A receipt for the payment to Chevillon for his bill of Feb(ruary) 28, 1855, $350; on his account of $2250 of July 12, 1854, $350; a note for $400; a total of $1100 for the Sisters of Mount Carmel.

- A. Copy(?) S. - (French) -

 Attached to the above: 

1855 Apr. 12
R(ousselon), Father E(tienne): New Orleans, (Louisiana)

Duplicate. A year from this date R(ousselon) promises to pay to Chevillon 400 piastres without interest for the balance of the account for work done for the Sisters of Mount Carmel. (Added note in Rousselon's hand): The original of this note was paid on February 1, 1856(?).

- A. Note S. - (French) -

VI-1-i - Bill S., A. Copy(?) S., A. Note S. - (French) - 3pp. - 8vo. & 32mo. - {2}