University of Notre Dame


(1855 Nov. ?)
G(ouesse, C.S.C.), Father F(rancis): (Detroit, Michigan)
 to Archbishop (Anthony Blanc: New Orleans, Louisiana)

G(ouesse) is obliged to trouble (Blanc) again. Last May, Father (Basil Anthony) Moreau, (C.S.C.) wrote from France that he would send back all G(ouesse)'s clothes and that he could reclaim everything he had left in the other houses. After 6 weeks, having received nothing from Moreau, on his return to the United States and on a visit to Montreal, G(ouesse) thought he should read this letter of which he was the bearer and get from Father (Joseph P.) Reze, (C.S.C.) a certificate which he could show in case New Orleans would be doubtful about him. His prejudices were justified. Father (Isidore) Guesdon, (C.S.G.), having refused G(ouesse)'s request at least for a justifying piece dated August 24, and under (Blanc)'s authority, G(ouesse) asked Guesdon either to refuse him or send him everything at once. On Sept(ember) 25, G(ouesse) had written to (Blanc) about Kingston which is still at G(ouesse)'s disposition and about which he does not want to talk before receiving (Blanc)'s advice. G(ouesse) likes the discipline, the order, and the direction of a house, having had nothing but that in the United States, as well as teaching children. On the other hand, he likes preaching, Confessions, administering the sacraments and visiting the sick. What became of the 2 letters; he has never heard of them. He has great need of his books, his music books and his chalice. They can keep the clothes, if they wish. Why have they not sent a "yes" or "no"? (Blanc) would do him a great favor if he could get someone still at the asylum to send or refuse. To make him wait 2 months in France and 3 months in the United States after an affirmative promise, is something only Holy Cross could do. G(ouesse) likes it very much here and if he had a little more work he would not talk about Kingston. He does not know if Bishop Lefev(e)re would oppose an arrangement; if not, G(ouesse) would remain at Detroit G(ouesse) would like news of the convent and his catechism class at the Asylum.

P.S. Father (John H.) De Bolle is only waiting to hear from (Blanc) to set out.

VI-1-i - A.L.S. - (French) - 3pp. - 4to. - {5}

(1855?) Nov.
Hilton, G.H.: Cincinnati, (Ohio)
 to J(ohn) H. Brownson: (New York, New York)

By the enclosed (no enclosure) report of the case of O'Connell vs. Cruse, Brownson will perceive that the case of replevin of Mr. Walsh's books, upon which a try was made to secure the judgment Hilton obtained against Walsh in favor of (Orestes A. Brownson), has been decided against them. Mr. Maheny, who is interested in having Walsh's property pay the partnership debts, thought he could obtain stronger testimony and a new trial, but he has been unable to obtain it. The costs will be about $20. (Orestes') judgment vs. Walsh and Co. is for $108. Hilton thinks it is secure. Mr. Ryan, the assignee, is a responsible man, but, if upon consultation with the other counsel interested they do not think it sufficiently secure, they will proceed as the Court suggested.

I-3-l - A.L.S. - 2pp. - 12mo. - {5}

1855 Nov. 1
Montalembert, Count Charles de: La Roche en Breny (Cote d'or) France
 to (Orestes A. Brownson): (New York, New York)

He acknowledges Brownson's letter, and the pleasure he derives from (Brownson's) Review. Since February he has been making a study of the French military organization to be able to denounce the attempt of (Napoleon III) to remodel the army in a despotic manner. He then made a long desired visit to England, towards whom he thinks Brownson too hostile. He will publish the results of his visit in the Correspondent, which he has renewed and is making the organ of those not "engulphed" by the Univers. He mentions as contributors M. de Falloux, Prince de Broglie, MM. Foisset and Lenormant, with the favor of the Bishop of Orleans and the Oratorians. He mentions some of the articles appearing in the recent number. He desires close cooperation with Brownson. He refers also to articles by Henry de Courcy under the name C. de la Roche Heron attacking Brownson in the Univers. He refers to the other issues of Brownson's reviews, approves of Brownson's judgment on (J.V.) Radowitz, on France, and on (Don Juan) Donoso Cortes. He will try to have translated the passage on American charity in the "Question of the Soul." The existing legislation prohibits his printing Brownson's condemnation of Caesarism and the "new fangled Catholic Servilism." Montalembert cites two examples of suppression of French newspapers for criticism of the Government, whicle 41,000 copies of Madame Sand's memoirs are published. He would like to discuss with Brownson the article on Italy and the Christian Alliance.

I-3-l - A.L.S. - 6pp. - 12mo. - {12}

1855 Nov. 1
Martin, Father J(ea)n: St. James, (Louisiana)
 to Archbishop (Anthony Blanc: New Orleans, Louisiana)

Martin asks the same dispensation of affinity, already requested, for Joseph Simonaud, married the first time, to Octavie Arcenaux by whom he has a child and who died about a year ago. Simonaud wishes to marry the deceased's sister. Amèlia Arcenaux. The parents on both sides consent.

VI-1-i - A.L.S. - (French) - 1p. - 8vo. - {4}

1855 Nov. 2
Brownson, Mrs. Relief: Balston, (New York)
 to O(restes) A. Brownson: (New York, New York)

Mrs. Brownson writes to ask Orestes if he wants to lease a house owned by Major Saunders for three years at an annual rental of $100.

I-3-l - A.L.S. - 1p. - 12mo. - {2}

1855 Nov. 2
Jan, Father A(nge) M(arie): St. Martinville, (Louisiana)
 to Archbishop (Anthony Blanc: New Orleans, Louisiana)

Jan believes that they are at last rid of the epidemic whose beginning (Blanc) saw here. Today, however, there was one death. The number of victims is 60 in the town and almost the same in the country. Their doctors greatly facilitated Jan's ministry, especially Dr. Landry. Fifteen young people came to ask where the most ill were. Their devotion, day and night was most worthy of praise as it was disinterested. The trustees having been absent for two months, the affair of the presbytery and its location have remained as before(?). Jan is waiting for their return to talk with them.

VI-1-i - A.L.S. - (French) - 2pp. - 12mo. - {3}

1855 Nov. 3
Malone, S(ylvester) Rev.: Brooklyn, New York
 to O(restes) A. Brownson: (New York, New York)

Since Tuesday is election day. he would prefer to have Brownson dine with him on Monday. He hopes that nothing will interfere, but if it does Brownson can let him know when he can come for he is only too glad to have Brownson.

P.S. He spoke to the gentleman about Brownson's son; he has made some arrangements with his present bookkeeper.

I-3-l - A.L.S. - 2pp. - 18vo. - {1}

1855 Nov. 3
Rousselon, Father E(tienne): New Orleans, Louisiana

On November 3, 1855 Rousselon, with a license from Judge F(rancois) Canonge, received the marriage vows of Francois Biclet, son of the late Charles Biclet and Henriette Guillois; and Adèle Mondtiache, daughter of the late Jean Mondtiache and Suzane Mondtiache. All signed in the presence of G.M. Logomorsino(?), P. Gattos, Ant(hony) Sambuchetti. This is a copy of the original, made September 30, 1856.

VI-1-i - D.S. - 1p. - folio - {10}

1855 Nov. 4
Churchill. F.H.: New York, New York
 to (Orestes A.) Brownson: (New York, New York)

He presumes upon Brownson's willingness to ask certain information on the subject of Catholic allegiance to the church and the power of the church, to interfere with the Catholic duty to the state. He saw a published portion of a Brownson letter to some one in the South and he agrees with it. But a difficulty arises from a statement of Brownson in the Review. How is the declaration of the church on a question to be sought and what is to be done until the decision is made as in the case of Catholics in the Revolution. Example could be found in the fugitive slave law. The individual priest cannot have the right to absolve from obedience to law. Can anything short of a general council pass on such a question: Is it not true that the Church exercises no temporal power in this country but that Catholics are the slaves of tyranny wherever it exists because of the lack of a power to absolve from obediences. He explains him own religious wonderings, how he is drawn to the Catholic Church. He has always believed that the Catholic Church is injurious to the mental, moral and material condition of the prople or nation that embraced it. This repels him. He has learned that Brownson is in New York. He prefers not to meet him personally yet. He congratulates Brownson on the change and assures him of the benefits from the change.

I-3-l - A.L.S. - 6pp. - 8vo. - {1}

1855 Nov. 4
De Bolle, Father J.H.: Detroit, (Michigan)
 to Archbishop (Anthony Blanc: New Orleans, Louisiana)

After reading (Blanc)'s letter to Father (Francis) Gouesse, (C.S.C.) De Bolle asked Bishop (Peter Paul) Lefevere if he would permit him to go to the diocese of New Orleans to serve at the hospital. Lefevere gave his consent; but he remarked that he could not let him leave the Detroit diocese until he showed letters of admission to (Blanc)'s diocese. Since De Bolle cannot show (Blanc)'s letter to Lefevere without compromising Gouesse, De Bolle asks (Blanc) to address letters of admission directly to De Bolle. As soon as he receives the letters, he will leave for New Orleans.

VI-1-i - A.L.S. - (French) - 2pp. - 8vo. - {3}

1855 Nov. 4
Dillmore, Peter: Akron, Ohio
 to Archbishop John Baptist Purcell: of Cincinnati, Ohio

Enclosed Purcell will find a dispatch sent to Dillmore by Bishop (Louis Amadeus) Rappe in answer to his request for a priest to administer to his dying wife. Dillmore need not say a word in explanation of its uncharitable contents. His wife had to die without a priest. She had to go before her God without the sweet consolation of the sacraments. Let the sin of this outrage on Christian charity lie on the guilty.

II-4-m - A.L.S. - 1p. - 8vo. - {3}

1855 Nov. 4
Major, James: Georgetown, D(istrict of) C(olumbia)
 to Archbishop Anthony Blanc: New Orleans, (Louisiana)

Major acknowledges the receipt of Blanc's favour of Oct(ober) 21, containing a donation of $5 towards the objects of the Young Catholics Friend Society. Major also thanks Blanc for his encouraging sentiments.

VI-1-i - A.L.S. - 1p. - 4to. - {2}

1855 Nov. 4
G(ouesse), Father F(rancis): (Detroit, Michigan)
 to Archbishop (Anthony Blanc: New Orleans, Louisiana)

As (Blanc) can see he can have a priest for his hospital, a little later however than Gouesse surmised but (Blanc) will know how to justify the delay. Gouesse is interested in Father (John H.) De Bolle as he believes him to be a good priest. Understanding three languages perfectly he should be able to take care of the sick in a hospital. Gouesse wants to render a service to (Blanc) as he owes him in a thousand ways. Gouesse belongs to Detroit and sincerely esteems Bishop (Peter Paul) Lefev(e)re who urges(?) him to return. Consequently Gouesse does not want to have even a suspicion that he knew anything about De Bolle's affairs. Gouesse shared particularly in the sorrow which the yellow fever has caused (Blanc). About the (St. Mary's Catholic Boys) Asylum, he believes, with Archbishop (John) Hughes and Lefev(e)re that the Sisters of Charity in the establishment with a secular priest with a taste for the instruction of children and the direction of an orphanage would give (Blanc) much less trouble and cost infinitely less. The Congregation of Holy Cross will gain heaven for (Blanc). (Blanc) does not say anything about the two letters of August 24 and September 24, Gouesse would like to know if they were given to (Blanc) because of their importance.

VI-1-i - A.L.S. Incomplete? - (French) - 2pp. - 4to. - {7}

1855 Nov. 4
(Martin), Bishop Aug(uste) M(ar)ie: Natchitoches, (Louisiana)
 to Archbishop (Anthony Blanc: New Orleans, Louisiana)

In his last letters (Martin) expressed some fear that the epidemic which has broken out at Avoyelles as well as at Milliken's Bend and Alexandria would take some victim among his young clergy. He has had letters from all of them lately and up to now they have been spared. He is still anxious as he recalls that it was at the beginning of November that he had yellow fever in 1847. He is sorry that Father (Hector Figari, C.M.) Figarri chose this time to go to the city. (Martin) has just learned this from Father (Louis) Gergaud who was safe in the country and found himself forced to replace Figarri at Alexandria. F(igarri) is going to prepare for his departure. (Martin) will be sad to see him leave his diocese but after all the reports about him from his confreres and Mr. H. Hertzogg to whom he disburdened himself, (Martin)'s conscience as a Bishop which could tolerate him, would never permit him to take the least step to keep him. If (Blanc) has a position to give him, he is capable of doing good. If later (Blanc) found himself encumbered with a good subject speaking English, he could send him to (Martin). A letter from France announces the departure at the end of October of 10 Daughters of the Cross and two deacons who have completed their courses. One from the Father General from Rome came yesterday to express regret at not yet fulfilling his promise because of the losses of the (Jesuits) in Louisiana and renewing his intention to fulfill it. Today great excitement here; the success of the elections is very doubtful. The chances seem more favorable for the K(now) N(othings). (Martin) has not yet been able to get together some desires he wants to express to the fathers of the council. The retreat at the convent and the feast days they are enjoying now, with his necessary correspondence, absorbs all his time. If he has time he may send them Tuesday. Their school opening was not so numerous. Alexandria is pushed to Nazareth by F(igarri) who says he will pay the board rather than let one single pupil go to Sacred Heart. Figarri claims that (Martin) has compromised his influence at Alexandria and wishes to leave. But he wishes, so say Father (J.?) Guy and Hertzogg, to force (Martin) to dismiss him in order to have the right to claim the expenses he made at the Alexandria presbytery, perhaps also to throw all responsibility for his departure on (Martin). He misjudges (Martin) who has only good intentions toward him. He intends never to dismiss him but he would not oppose his going; he begs (Blanc) to welcome him. Soon he may celebrate at New Orleans the second anniversary of his consecration and plans, while waiting for his colony, to go to present his respects to the Bishop of Mobile.

VI-1-i - A.L.S. - (French) - 4pp. - 12mo. - {8}

1855 Nov. 6
Masson, C.SS.R., Father F(rancis) X(avier): Rome, (Italy)
 to Archbishop (Anthony Blanc: New Orleans, Louisiana)

Masson was sorry to have to leave New Orl(eans) during (Blanc)'s absence. He wanted to thank (Blanc) for all his kindnesses to their community. Masson left America with regret and especially New Orl(eans). His consolation is that the Superior who replaces him will do infinitely much better in serving (Blanc). Masson has been grieved in learning of the great losses (Blanc) has suffered. Masson left N(ew) Orl(eans) on September 11 and embarked on the 22nd at New York on the Ariel going to Havre where they arrived Oct(ober) 7. On the 14th he was at Rome. Masson's health is good. He is happy to be spending much more time than he thought in Rome. He has seen the Pope three times. He will probably leave next week and still has to take many courses before going to St. Nicholas du Port, near Nancy, where he is to stay.

VI-1-i - A.L.S. - (French) - 3pp. - 4to. - {1}

1855 Nov. 6
Raymond, Father G(ilbert): Opelousas, (Louisiana)
 to Archbishop (Anthony Blanc: New Orleans, Louisiana)

It was with great sorrow that Raymond learned of all the losses in the diocese, as (Blanc) told him in his letter from Attakapas. Opelousas has been spared this year; they have not had one case of yellow fever here or at Washington. They say there are some at Mrs. William Prescott's near Washington. There are several cases at Bayou Teche beside Grand Coteau. The health of their men here is stronger and stronger; the natural depression of the prolonged heat, especially in a first year, has disappeared. They are expecting the organ which the trustees have bought for the church. The pulpit is done. The addition to the church at Washington will soon be completed. Everything is ready to build a little chapel in Bois Mallet; the people are giving 10 arpents of land and also some labor and money. Raymond went twice to Bayou Boeuf. He covered 30 miles from Washington to the limits of the parish. There are about 60 inhabitants on the two banks of the bayou; three fourths are Catholics but religion is in a bad state there. Methodist and Anabaptist ministers preach there regularly. (Blanc) was of the opinion that it would be good to have a chapel at Mrs. Littell's. It is the most suitable as the road to Cane Ridge and to Bayou Rouge crosses the road along Bayou Boeuf. A chapel at this intersection could serve three localities and could easily be done. He has not yet been to Atchafalaya or Calcassieu. Raymond will hasten to prepare (Blanc)'s two young men for ordination. It will be a great consolation to be able to live in a community, as he wrote from Angers. The men with him are of excellent dispositions. His brother, (Father J. Francis Raymond) and (Rene) Pineau especially desire to live in community. (H.) Picherit, whose dispositions sometimes sadden Raymond, has always let himself be guided by Raymond's advice. Raymond has had Picherit with him for three years and loves him sincerely. Pineau will be an excellent priest.

VI-1-i - A.L.S. - (French) - 4pp. - 4to. - {9}

1855 Nov. 6
(Vandevelde), Bishop James Oliver: Natchez, (Mississippi)
 to Archbishop A(nthony) Blanc: (New Orleans, Louisiana)

He is still on his bed of pain and growing thinner. He received Blanc's letter of the 2nd. It is then established that … (For complete calendar see original of 9 cards).

Cross references:

1. Archbishop Anthony Blanc
2. Father John Baptist Miège, (S.J.)
3. Quincy, Illinois
4. Alton, Illinois
5. Father J. Dennis Byrne
6. D. Gregory
7. Father L. Obermeyer
8. Prairie du Chien, Wisconsin
9. Father Lucian Galtier
10. Father Henry Damian Juncker
11. Father Anthony Pelamourgues
12. Bishop Mathias Loras
13. Nebraska
14. Father Peter De Smet, S.J.
15. Father A. Trevis
16. Father J. Florian Bonduel
17. Father Joseph Patschowski, S.J.
18. Father T. Mullen
19. Dubuque, Iowa
20. Father Timothy Clement Smyth, O.C.S.O.
21. Father J.B. Villars
22. St. Louis, Missouri
23. Father James Duggan
24. Father Arnold Damen, S.J.
25. Father William Henry Elder
26. Thomas Elder
27. Charles Elder
28. Father Claude Paschal Maistre
29. Father Murphy
30. Bishop Anthony O'Regan
31. Father August Simon Paris
32. Sisters of St. Joseph
33. Sulphur Springs, Mississippi
34. Father Peter Tschieder, S.J.

VI-1-i - A.L.S. - 4pp. - 16mo. - {34}

1855 Nov. 7
Curioz, S.J., Father L(ouis): New Orleans, (Louisiana)
 to Archbishop (Anthony Blanc): New Orleans, L(ouisian)a

Curioz asks (Blanc) to examine the papers and certificates of Doctor de Young(?) who seems worthy of esteem and who has great need of being helped just now.

VI-1-i - A.L.S. - (French) - 2pp. - 12mo. - {2}

1855 Nov. 7
Garesché, Alex: St. Louis, M(iss)o(uri)
 to Bishop J(ames) O(liver) Vander Velde: Natchez, (Mississippi)

For more than a year he has been seeking a good location for a private residence in St. Xavier's parish. By chance he learned that one of the pieces of property in controversy between Vander Velde and Bishop (Anthony) O'Regan is just what he wants. He is willing to give $5000 cash. The piece is situated on Locust Street and is 50 feet in front. He has no wish to interfere in the controversy but with the good will of both, he would be glad to procure it. Would Vander Velde give him a deed? Rumor is that Vander Velde has given up the contest. If O'Regan is in possession, would Vander Velde give Garesché a deed if he purchased it from O'Regan? Garesché would give his bond and that of O'Regan to pay whenever it be adjudged that Vander Velde's is the better title. Garesché has been brought up by the Jesuits. He wishes to purchase this only to build a residence for his family. He would not touch it as a speculation although at the price named, he considers it cheap. (P.S.) If his answer is favorable, Vander Velde is to telegraph but also write.

VI-1-i - A.L.S. - 2pp. - 4to. - {2}

1855 Nov. 7
(Martin), Bishop Aug(uste) M(ar)ie: Natchitoches, (Louisiana)
 to Archbishop (Anthony Blanc: New Orleans, Louisiana)

Not knowing the form for submitting matters to the consideration of other Bishops, (Martin) sends his in the most simple form and in French to (Blanc). The elections passed off quietly. The K(now) N(othings) were beaten in the town and in the parish; they are disconcerted.Mrs. Buard died yesterday one year after her two sons. Her daughter (Ma)dame Felicie (Buard, R.S.C.J.?) is resigned like a true religious.

VI-1-i - A.L.S. - (French) - 1p. - 4to. - {3}

1855 Nov. 7
Botti, Father Joseph A.: Plaquemine, (Louisiana)
 to Archbishop Anthony (Blanc): New Orleans, (Louisiana)

It is now two months since he has been here and under trial with Father Charles Chambost, which added to the preceding four spent with Father (Gilbert) Raymond makes 6 altogether. Botti reminds (Blanc) of the promise he made in Opelousas to speak in Botti's behalf Bishop (John Mary Odin) when he comes to N(ew) O(rleans) in January. (Blanc) is not to enter into any arrangement with Chambost about Botti without hearing from Botti. Botti will have patience till the end of December. He assures (Blanc) that his future behavior will be that of an exemplary priest.

VI-1-i - A.L.S. - 3pp. - 4to. - {4}

1855 Nov. 8
Kenrick, Francis Patrick, Abp. Baltimore: Baltimore, Maryland
 to Archbishop John Baptist Purcell: of Cincinnati, Ohio

He has received the check for $100 of which $50 is Purcell's contribution to the Roman College fund, $25 to the Relief Fund, and $25 for the same in the name of the Bishop of Cleveland. From the small amount hitherto received for the college, Kenrick is apprehensive that he cannot send the Agent, in which case he will return the contributions. He encloses $5 to be handed to the publisher of the Telegraph.

II-4-m - A.L.S. - 2pp. - 32do. - {4}

1855 Nov. 8
(Vandevelde), Bishop James Oliver: Natchez, (Mississippi)
 to Father C(harles) T. Zucker: (Aurora, Illinois)

(Vandevelde) received Zucker's letter Oct(ober) 24. He had bought the property at Aurora for the good of religion in the Fox River valley, to put a religious Community there. Everyone knew that. Bishop (Anthony) O'Regan could not give a valid title. A deed was sent to (Vandevelde) to pass this property to O'Regan. (Vandevelde) sent it back without signing it, insisting that the income of the sale be applied either to build the Aurora church or churches at Geneva, Oswego, and Batavia. (Vandevelde) named Zucker and Mr. McJ (name undecipherable) his agents in his affair. O'Regan will stare and the railroad company will not do(?) too much to him. Zucker is to keep the secret and let (Vandevelde) know what happens. (Vandevelde) is writing in pencil(!) as he cannot use a pen. He broke his right leg 2 weeks ago and is in bed.

VI-1-i - A.L.S. - (French) - 2pp. - 12mo. - {7}

1855 Nov. 9
Harty, R.L.: St. Louis, (Missouri)
 to Archbishop (Anthony) Blanch(!): (New Orleans, Louisiana)

Harty hopes that Blanc has answered his request. Archbishop (Peter Richard) Kenrick will correspond with the facts in the case which is most uncharitable, caused by Father (Arnold) Damen, (S.J.), pastor of St. Xavier Church and College and also Madam (Margaret Galwey, R.S.C.J.) Galway, Superior at St. Louis. Harty had a contract of marriage with Bridget Roycroft last spring and acquainted Damen about the case. Damen agreed to marry Harty to Bridget. A short time after, Damen informed Bridget that he had a place for her at Sacred Heart to become a member of that order. Harty went to Galway who said she would not receive her but on June 11 she did receive her. Harty wrote 7 letters to Galway and got no answer; he wrote the 8th letter to Damen. Two days after she was liberated home to her mother's place, having been in the convent 37 days. On July 9, Harty had sent Galway $20 to pay forever board. Harty claims Bridget as a wife, patron, and guide for the circle of his family and her good teaching for his young orphans. He asks Blanc to send her back in the next boat after her arrival.

VI-1-i - A.L.S. - 3pp. - 4to. - {5}

1855 Nov. 9
Tholomier, Father (Claude Anthony): St. Michael, (Louisiana)
 to Archbishop (Anthony Blanc: New Orleans, Louisiana)

On (Blanc)'s last trip to St. Michael, Tholomier told him about a debt of Father L(ouis) Dufour of 350 piastres owed to Tholomier for pews occupied by him and his pupils for the past two years. Tholomier sent Dufour a bill about 2 weeks ago. Dufour replied that the bill was not correct and that Tholomier was to send someone to talk it over. Tholomier sent Mr. Damori who was chosen last year by Dufour to settle the affair. Dufour told Damori that he wanted a lawyer chosen by Tholomier. Tholomier asks (Blanc) if he should sue Dufour. He will do as (Blanc) advises and assures him of half the sum for his seminarians. Also (Blanc) is to tell Tholomier what he should do about the students of Dufour's college who would like to occupy the pews as they did last year. At the convent, a boarder, who had remained there during vacation, has just died of the fever. The (Religious of the Sacred Heart) do not think the opening of school can take place before December. At the college one of the professors died yesterday of the fever. The person for whom Tholomier asked for a dispensation to marry his sister-in-law (got married?) three days after Tholomier sent the letter about him to (Blanc). Would it not be prudent to have the dispensation in case Tholomier could make him decide to have his marriage blessed?

VI-1-i - A.L.S. - (French) - 3pp. - 8vo. - {4}

1855 Nov. 9
O'Connor, Father Jeremiah: Eaton, Ohio
 to Archbishop John Baptist Purcell: of Cincinnati, Ohio

O'Connor has come to Eaton to try to make some arrangement to pay those debts he contracted when there. He asks that Purcell convey back to Mr. McCabe of this place the property which O'Connor procured for a church. There is now no prospects of such an undertaking being resumed. McCabe will refund the money originally paid him, which would be some help towards paying those debts. The banker in Middletown will delay legal action against McCue in hopes that O'Connor will be able to procure $250. O'Connor has some prospects of being able to sell this house and lot. He asks Purcell to send the deeds. He regrets that he brought such affliction upon his friends and will do all in his power to give satisfaction.

II-4-m - A.L.S. - 2pp. - 8vo. - {3}

1855 Nov. 12
San Esteban, Duquesa de:
Marquesa de la Salud Madrid, (Spain)
 to Archbishop (Anthony Blanc): New Orleans, (Louisiana)

By way of London and in the summer just past she sent (Blanc) a letter describing the sad state of the religious of Spain with the aim of soliciting his aid. So far she has not had an answer. (Blanc)'s reply can be sent through London.

VI-1-i - A.L.S. - (Spanish) - 2pp. - 12mo. - {2}

1855 Nov. 14
Whelan, Father David: Mt. St. Mary's (Emmittsburg, Maryland)
 to Archbishop John Baptist Purcell: of Cincinnati, Ohio

Purcell's letter afforded him more pleasure than usual. Whelan received a letter from the Archbishop (Francis Patrick Kenrick) of Baltimore in which he agrees that the trip to Rome should be deferred till spring. Kenrick fears that the postponement must be indefinite as only $350 has been received. He is sorry that a project in which Kenrick and the Holy Father take so much interest should fail. Whelan will have time to prepare the Ordo for 1857. He has inserted the new office of St. Bonfice, but Purcell will have to apply to Rome for permission for this Office. He has time to hear from Rome before June 5th, the Saint's festival. Whelan has transferred the Offices of St. Ferinand and of St. Cyriacus et Soc. This must be approved by Purcell. He has spent about $5 in the publication of the Ordo for the last few years. He asks that Father (Jospeh) Ferneding add about $5 in the way of intentions. Whelan is pleased to learn that Purcell is about to introduce gas into the Cathedral.

II-4-m - A.L.S. - 4pp. - 8vo. - {4}

1855 Nov. 15
(Blanc), Ant(hony) Abp. New Orleans: Natchez, Mississippi
 to Archbishop John Baptist Purcell: of Cincinnati, Ohio

Blanc was called to Natchez but arrived there after Bishop (James) Vandevelde had died. This morning he officiated at the funeral. About three weeks ago Vandevelde broke his leg in an accident, and since was taken sick of the yellow fever and died of it five days later. There is only one priest in Natchez and he is not fit to run the diocese. Blanc has none to spare who can speak English. He begs Purcell to send Father Edward (Purcell) to take charge of the administration of the diocese for a time. Vandevelde was a man of great order in business; things will clear out easily. P.S. Since writing the above, Blanc finds that there should be one here with a knowledge of laws; for that reason Father Edward Purcell would suit the better.

II-4-m - A.L.S. - 3pp. - 8vo. - {5}

(18)55 Nov. 15
Guinand, R.S.C.J., Madame A(dine): St. Michael, (Louisiana)
 to Archbishop (Anthony Blanc: New Orleans, Louisiana)

Guinand has just spent a week at Baton R(ouge) and alas, to move out. Mother McDonough, (R.S.C.J.) has left with Mother Berry, (R.S.C.J.) for St. Joseph, Madame (Isabelle) Dubreuil, (R.S.C.J.) to G(ran)d Coteau. The rest are here with Guinand. On leaving St. Michael she embraced her dear children and on her return, one was missing from the roll. From Baton Rouge, Guinand sent essential items here, gave some to the poor, etc. Many things remain to be disposed of. If they are not replaced, would (Blanc) want them to be given to the ladies of the relief(?) society in town? Will the house be closed? Guinand left their servant as a guardian. As Guinand probably will have to go to Baton Rouge then she will have to bring back (Blanc)'s maxim. On the point of selling their house, they discovered that the kitchen was built on land belonging to (Blanc). 50 feet of land behind the house belongs to Mr. Brevaux(?) their neighbor. The seller, Mr. Henderson and his brother-in-law Mr. Convers knew that and confirmed it. Guinand had it looked into by Mr. Brunot, a lawyer who says it is all right except that they must get the renunciation of Mrs. Henderson which Guinand did without difficulty. So now instead of 180 feet, Guinand has only 120 and instead of 60 feet in width she has only 30. So Mr. Day, who wished to buy it, withdrew until a new order. In order to sell, (Blanc) will have to cede his part of the land. She does not know what they will do about Brevaux's; at least there is nothing built on it. Guinand began this letter in her room and ends it, after midnight at the bedside of another child, Célina Dabbs, taken by the fever last night. Their Mother Assistant wrote Guinand to set the opening date for November 20th but she did not know when she wrote of the death of Elisabeth Locket and also about the one Guinand is taking care of. If Father (Hippolyte) Gache leaves them soon, they will have recourse to Father (Claude Anthony) Tholomier until new orders. The Sisters who cannot confess in French, will try to get around it by writing their confessions or something, and besides they say that Tholomier understands a little English. Father (Charles) Chambost is here; he spoke of a Father (Joseph Michael Paret) Paray, pastor of St. Charles who he said would suit them. P.S. Friday. Their sick child is a little better but the fever does not go down.

VI-1-i - A.L.S. - (French) - 4pp. - 4to. - {15}

1855 Nov. 15
Lavay, S.J., Father J(oseph): Baton Rouge, (Louisiana)
 to Archbishop (Anthony Blanc: New Orleans, Louisiana)

Baton Rouge is already beginning to feel the absence of the Ladies of the Sacred Heart. A petition was sent to the superior at Grand Coteau but in vain. Madame (Amelie) Jouve, (R.S.C.J.) replied that she could give no hope even for the future. The parents do not want to send their children to the Protestant schools. They hope that (Blanc) can send them the Sisters of Charity either for the school for the poor or for the asylum. They talk of a hospital. However, these Sisters could not have a boarding school. Mr. Gusman is convinced that an establishment at least as good as the Protestant institutions would succeed perfectly. But this must be done at once before the children are sent elsewhere. Lavay sought to assure himself of the approximate number of children they could hope to have but Gusman having told him that it would be better not to seem to be in control of this establishment, Lavay discontinued his steps. Lavay asks (Blanc), if he approves, and if it takes place, to get them some good teachers. Father (J.B.) Dechambenoit, (S.J.) told Lavay that (Blanc) knows two persons, one at St. Martinville and the other at Fort Adams whom he could persuade to come. It will not be difficult to find assistant teachers at Baton Rouge.

VI-1-i - A.L.S. - (French) - 3pp. - 4to. - {6}

1855 Nov. 19
Alemany, Archbishop Jos(eph) S(adoc): San Francisco, (California)
 to Archbishop (Anthony) Blanc: N(ew) Orleans, (Louisiana)

On May 31, Alemany sent a letter, including an order of the Nicaragua Company, securing the passage of Bishop (Thaddeus) Amat's subjects to the number of ten in which might have been included Vicente Torras. He also included a check from Lucas, Turner and Co (mpany) to Fer(dinan)d Kennett and Co(mpany), New Orleans, for $300. Alemany believes that letter never reached Blanc and fears some body else has drawn the money. If Blanc receives the above he is to send back the order of the Nicaragua Co(mpany) so that he may return it and to have the $300 sent to Father William Quinn, pastor of St. Peter's, New York, to Alemany's account after paying Blanc for money advanced for some of Alemany's seminarians some time ago. The Jesuits also beg Blanc to have the included (no enclosure) mailed in N(ew) Orleans. P.S. Amat arrived safely last week, yesterday preached an excellent sermon and gave Alemany the pallium. Alemany is sorry that Blanc's diocese lost so much in losing Amat but is happy at his nomination to Monterey. Blanc was right in trying to keep him while Alemany thinks he was not wrong.

VI-1-i - A.L.S. - 3pp. - 12mo. - {7}

1855 Nov. 19
Carrell, Bishop Geo(rge) A(loysius): Covington, K(entuck)y
 to Archbishop (Anthony) Blanc: (New Orleans, Louisiana)

The Telegraph has conveyed the intelligence of the death of Bishop (James Oliver) Vandevelde. Some few years ago, Father (James M.) Lancaster was Blanc's choice as the successor of Bishop Chanche. Carrell knows there is a prejudice against him on the part of some prelates who are all powerful at Rome but Carrell feels it is nothing but prejudice. Lancaster is a man of integrity and Carrell has had no complaint from those among whom he exercises his ministry except that he is too much engaged in secular affairs. As he received a handsome estate from his father, Carrell supposes he does not consider it sinful to manage it. Carrell thought he would bear testimony to Lancaster's good life in case his name should come up. Carrell would be as much pleased to see one of Blanc's French priests wearing the mitre of Natchez. But there is a bitter nationality among a certain class that would ostracize all who are not from their own country. Carrell asks Blanc to destroy this letter the moment he has read it.

VI-1-i - A.L.S. - 2pp. - 12mo. - {4}

1855 Nov. 19
Dubernard, (Jean Honoré): Spring-Hill, (Alabama)
 to Archbishop (Anthony Blanc: New Orleans, Louisiana)

Conforming to (Blanc)'s wishes expressed in his letter of October 30, which Dubernard showed to Bishop (Michael) Portier, Portier gave Dubernard tonsure, minor orders, and the sub-diaconate on November 11 and ordained him deacon on the 16th. Dubernard has taken the oath to remain attached always to the diocese of New Orleans. As his conversion took place on September 8, Dubernard asks that he might be a priest on December 8.

VI-1-i - A.L.S. - (French) - 3pp. - 4to. - {2}

1855 Nov. 19
Montel, Auguste: Montpellier, (France)
 to Father (Stephen) Rousselon: New Orleans, (Louisiana)

Having known Father (James Mary August) Bonniot, living at Montpellier for his health, Montel confided to him his desire to devote himself to the missions. Bonniot advised him to write to Rousselon. Since the age of 3, Montel has wanted to be a missionary. He wanted to enter Montpellier seminary but his mother, having kept him in a boarding school in the city up to now, tells him that it is impossible for her to pay for him at the seminary. His mother tells him to learn a trade. Montel made a novena and since then is more desirous of following his vocation which has been approved by his confessor. Montel asks Rousselon to give Bonniot a reply. He is 16 and in good health.

VI-1-i - A.L.S. - (French) - 2pp. - 4to. - {2}

1855 Nov. 19
(Thebaud), Emma:
 to Bishop (James Roosevelt) Bayley: (Newark, New Jersey)

They have concluded to send Leo (Thebaud?) to Emmitsburg until Bayley opens his college. It grieves (Thebaud) to send him so far away. He goes from her good and pure and God grant that he may return so. She cannot help thinking that it was Bayley who made him what he is. Look at her other brothers, how they have followed their religion. Leo is dearer to her than any. December 8 is approaching and she asks permission to renew her vow. Amedée makes her very unhappy and still persecutes her, continually reproaching her for being the cause of his unhappiness. She wishes Bayley could send a line by Leo. In Case Leo cannot see him today, she asks if he will write Leo a few words of advice. He goes this week, she suspects.

II-2-n - A.L.S. - 4pp. - 12mo. - {2}

1855 Nov. 20
(Rappe, Louis) A(madeus) Bp.Cleveland: (Cleveland, Ohio)
 to Archbishop John Baptist Purcell: of Cincinnati, Ohio

Purcell need not be surprised at his tardiness in answering. He received Purcell's when he arrived at Canton. Rappe is going to place the conduct of the people of Akron before Purcell and let him decide as his justice and conscience dictates. For some time he saw that the Germans of Akron were being neglected and to take care of them he recalled Father (Francis Magan) and sent in his place a priest who spoke equally English and German, remarkable above all for his zeal and piety. But as he was not Irish the petitioners came to Cleveland and demanded that they wanted no priest but an Irishman. Despite their protestations Rappe appointed the man. When he was at the altar offering Mass they dared to place near the God of charity a note full of insult and revolt. The new pastor was filled with sorrow but remained at his post; but for his feelings Rappe recalled him. In the meantime Father Magan refused to take the new post assigned to him, but remained in Akron in a house he had bought for himself counting on his adherents to obtain for him his exeat or that he be reestablished. Meanwhile a priest was asked for the sick at Akron. He refused, but a priest was at Doylestown 16 miles away by rail and Wooster is also to be reached by rail and there is a resident pastor there. He asks Purcell to judge the matter. He knows that certain corrections that he has been forced to inflict on some Irish priests and the discussion in the papers as regards nationality has upset the heads and given an excellent opportunity for evildoers to turn his congregation against his pastor and himself. He believes before God that he is free of nationality and regards equally virtue no matter what one's blood.

II-4-m - A.L.S. - 4pp. - 12mo. - (French) - {6}

1855 Nov. 22
Doane, George H.: Issy, (France)
 to Bishop (James Roosevelt Bayley: Newark, New Jersey)

Last Saturday, the "Admiral" landed at Havre. The evening train brought Doane to Paris. Doane had two days work in Paris before coming here. On Sunday, Doane presented (Bayley)'s letter to the Superior. He was sent to be examined in philosophy. Thus far Doane is delighted with everything, and is sure he will be here. Logic and metaphysics are no doubt excellent studies, but it seems they will be of little use in America. The voyage lasted 37 days. In Paris, Doane met several French priests, one of whom took him to Notre Dame des Victoires, where there was sort of Catholic Methodism. The next day Doane spent mostly at Saint Sulpice. Doane has found here three Englishmen and one Canadian. He asks to be remembered to Fathers McQuaid, Beaudevin and Venuta. Doane delivered Beaudevin's letter and Venuta's copy of Cardinal Lambruschini's treatise on the Immaculate Conception is being returned to New York. The Fathers here are happy to do something for America. Doane encloses a little slip which Bayley should send to Burlington.

II-2-n - A.L.S. - 4pp. - 12mo. - {1}

(1855) Nov. 23
Hecker, (C.SS.R.), (Father) I(saac) T.: Rochester, (New York)
 to (James Alphonsus) McMaster: (New York, New York)

McMaster does not know with what satisfaction the Freeman is being read, and the extent of its influence. The character of its articles is better understood and appreciated than Hecker had imagined. He urges McMaster to keep up the fire. He watches for the paper every week, although the last few issues were best. He feels that God gives converts special graces, so that they may work for the conversion of the country. This idea should predominate in the Freeman's columns. He sends his regards to Capt(ain) Monroe, Cavanagh, and Dr. Monahan; he prays daily for these and McMaster, who, he thinks are all called to do Prov(idential) work. He remains at Rochester until next Thursday, when he goes to conduct a mission at Sandusky, (Ohio). Regards to Mrs. Brown.

I-1-m - A.L.S. - 2pp. - 12mo. - {1}

1855 Nov. 24
Brummer, Father J.W.: Zanesville, Ohio
 to Archbishop John Baptist Purcell: of Cincinnati, Ohio

He asks for a dispensation for a Catholic girl to marry a protestant. The man promises to bring up the children as Catholics and will not interfere. Brummer is happy in his new charge. Father (J.C.) Kroemer left for his good people two weeks ago. Father (John M.) Jacquet was well when Brummer last saw him. Brummer cannot get a cent on his railroad notes, and he still has a debt on St. Patrick's church, Washington. He gave Father Jacquet his horse and other things for nothing. There is about a $1200 debt on this St. Nicholas congregation. The pew rent will pay the teachers and the interest and not much more. He is repairing the roofs of the church and schoolhouse which will cost $200. He cannot collect on the railroad as Father (Charles P.) Montgomery has been there collecting. If Purcell would charge Father Jacquet to settle what he owes with the railroad notes, Brummer can get along. If they could get a deed for the two lots at Washington, they could dispose of them.

II-4-m - A.L.S. - 4pp. - 12mo. - {6}

1855 Nov. 24
(Hardey), R.S.C.J., Madame Aloysia: New York, (New York)
 to Archbishop (Anthony Blanc: New Orleans, Louisiana)

(Blanc)'s letter of October 18 came during her visitation tour. The long list of victims had already reached them but (Blanc)'s touching account of "her house" made each one of them wish to help the survivors. Unfortunately they have no other means except prayer. No one knows better than she what (Blanc) must have felt in seeing Baton Rouge closed. As Aloysia wrote to Mother (Amélie?) Jouve, (R.S.C.J.) she would consent to closing one of their houses in the north where they seem to be too many, to save those of Louisiana where at all times the (Religious of the Sacred Heart) have been appreciated by the clergy and lay people. It does not seem prudent to send to the south, persons who are not acclimated, since out of 12 who have gone in two years, there remains only one Sister Coadjutor. Of those who came from Louisiana, and could return without danger, Mothers (Telcide) Landry, (R.S.C.J.) and Mathilde (Hardey, R.S.C.J.) are the only ones available, the other three could not be changed without danger for their respective houses. To be able to offer subjects, Aloysia has just proposed to their Reverend Mother the uniting of the two boarding schools of Sandwich and Detroit. For two months they have been without a chaplain and so without Mass except when a priest visits in the vicinity. She asks (Blanc) to bless this family which is truly somewhat his since its Mother so long regarded him as her father.

VI-1-i - A.L.S. - (French) - 4pp. - 12mo. - {5}

1855 Nov. 26
Benoit, Father J(ulian): Fort Wayne, (Indiana)
 to Archbishop (Anthony Blanc: New Orleans, Louisiana)

Benoit had no idea in his letter of last month to give (Blanc) the least pain. He only wished to show his gratitude. It would be foolish for him to pretend that he knew the people of Louisiana better than (Blanc) whose long stay among the creoles has given him the right of citizen and identifies him with them. It was not his intention to give his impressions, founded or unfounded. These impressions did contribute to his decision to leave. That part of his letter was incidental; the essential part was to show his gratitude. He is glad that the parishioners of St. Michael are better than they first appeared. It is a joy to hear of the success of Father (Claude Anthony) Tholomier; he was the man for the post and not Benoit. What losses (Blanc) has sustained. It is so difficult to get good priests and to lose them so suddenly. Father (Claude Paschal) Mai(s)tre spent 2 months with Benoit. Father (Edward F.) Sorin, (C.S.C.) recommended him highly and Benoit got faculties for him up to the time of the visit of the Bishop of Vincennes. Bishop (Maurice) de St. Palais saw the Bishop of Chicago and since then he has refused to continue the faculties. He behaved well while here and all Benoit noticed was an excessive love of money and a negligence in the functions of the ministry which made one suspect an absence of faith. It was for immoralities that he left Detroit and Chicago. Benoit believes it his duty diocese but so that (Blanc) could observe him. Perhaps his past falls will serve as a lesson. Benoit knows (Blanc) well enough to be assured in advance that he will forget what was irregular and brusque in Benoit's departure from his diocese. Benoit will never forget the favors (Blanc) showered on him.

VI-1-i - A.L.S. - (French) - 3pp. - 4to. - {5}

(1855 Nov. 26)
Daugherty or Doherty, James:

"We make known that on the 17th, 18th, 21st, 26th of Nov(ember), 1855, in the church of St. Mary in Natchez a pontifical Mass was celebrated. Archbishop Anthony Blanc, administrator of Natchez, ordained Francis (René Pont)." (Added note?) Bishop (James Oliver) Vand(evelde) ceased to be bishop of Chicago, July 29, 1853.

VI-1-i - D. - (Latin) - 1p. - 4to. - {5}

1855 Nov. 26
Damen, S.J., Father A(rnold): St. Louis University, (Missouri)
 to Archbishop (Anthony) Blanc: (New Orleans, Louisiana)

Having understood that Blanc has been appointed administrator of Natchez, Damen thinks it his duty to acquaint him with a difficulty between Bishop (James Oliver) Vandevelde and Bishop (Anthony) O'Regan about some property given to Vandevelde while Bishop of Chicago. Damen got this property for Vandevelde from Mrs. (Anne Lucas) Hunt. Vandevelde said it was a personal gift; O'Regan that it was a gift to the diocese. Damen is convinced that it is no personal gift. Motives, which Damen proposed to Mrs. Hunt to induce her to make this donation, were the wants of the diocese and in a special manner the wants of the city of Chicago. Vandevelde promised in a letter to Damen and which Damen read to Mrs. Hunt, that he would buy a square of land and build on it a Cathedral, two orphan asylums, and two schools. Mrs. Hunt said that she would give it because her motives could not be put pure because she had no particular affection for Vandevelde. Blanc is to examine the deed and he will see that it is no personal gift but a donation to Vandevelde and his successors in office. Vandevelde must have known that he could never alienate it either to Natchez or Quincy and therefore he deeded it over again to Mrs. Hunt in order that she might give him a new deed, which she did. But this was done 20 days after Vandevelde ceased to be administrator of Chicago and Quincy and therefore null and void. Lawyers of St. Louis and Chicago have examined the documents and have declared that Vandevelde has no right to this property. Damen wrote to Vandevelde but he supposes he was dead before his letter arrived in Natchez.

VI-1-i - A.L.S. - 3pp. - 12mo. - {6}

1855 Nov. 26
Mississippi, State of Probate Court

James Oliver Vandevelde made his last will and testament on November 4, 1855. This court appointed Anthony Blanc for the execution thereof. Witnessed by Reuben Bullock, judge of the court and signed by R.A. Inge, clerk.

VI-1-i - D.S. - 2pp. - folio - {4}

1855 Nov. 27
(Purcell), Archbishop J(ohn) B(aptist): Cincinnati, (Ohio)
 to Archbishop (Anthony Blanc: New Orleans, Louisiana)

The news of the terrible accident which befell Bishop (James Oliver Vandevelde) and his death as (Blanc) anticipated, reached them before (Blanc)'s letter of the 15th. (Purcell) showed it to Father Edward (Purcell) without the enclosure, who returned it with a smile—of gratitude no doubt for (Blanc)'s unceasing kindness but without comment. (Purcell) has no secrets from (Blanc). He is convinced that Edward has been foully wronged by a very small minority of their prelates. (Blanc) saw how things were managed at their National and other Councils whenever his name was mentioned. 25 would vote for him, 2, 3, perhaps 4 would whisper something. They could allege no crime against him or name any more solidly virtuous or capable candidate. The Archbishop of St. Louis and the late Bishop of Charleston were the chief instigators of his rejection. Willing as (Purcell) is to acquiesce in Edward's hastening to obey (Blanc)'s call to the administration of Natchez, he is quite sure that his going there would be regarded as a thing of his or (Purcell)'s seeking and as a wish for a mitre. (Purcell) hopes (Blanc) can administer Natchez himself for a short time and represent to Rome the necessity of providing for the vacant see with as little delay as possible. The mail brought the enclosed (no enclosure) for Father (J.A.) Faure which he asks (Blanc) to forward. Archbishop (Francis Patrick Kenrick) thinks there will not be money enough contributed by the prelates to send an agent to Rome on the subject of the American College (in Rome); this Province was opposed to the measure. Father (David?) Whelan who was chosen as agent, will not at any rate go till Spring.

VI-1-i - A.L.S. - 4pp. - 12mo. - {8}

1855 Nov. 27
Grignon, Father M(athurin) F.: Natchez, (Mississippi)
 to Archbishop (Anthony) Blanc: (New Orleans, Louisiana)

Within two hours after taking leave of Blanc, Grignon received a visit from Miss de Mailly, head of the school in the house beside Rose Hill. She asked to rent Rose Hill for 3 years at 1000 piastres a year. As she seemed anxious to have it, Grignon showed indifference, promising however to write to Blanc, but telling her that probably the Archbishop would like to at least get the interest out of it, etc. Grignon thinks she would give a little more than 1000 piastres. If an agreement is reached, there should be a contract which would guarantee payments and the proper upkeep of the house. The lady seems anxious to rent but seemed not to want to occupy Rose Hill until the beginning of January 1856.

VI-1-i - A.L.S. - (French) - 1p. - 4to. - {3}

1855 Nov. 29
Franzoni, J(ames) P(hilip) Card. Pref.:
Sacra Congregatio de Propaganda Fide Rome, Italy
 to Archbishop John Baptist Purcell: of Cincinnati, Ohio No. 4

Cardinal Franzoni writes to Purcell to announce that Daniel Dixon, a young man who had gone to Rome to study for the priesthood for the diocese of Cincinnati, has changed his mind about entering the ecclesiastical state, and wants to return to the states. Dixon, he announces, will be sent back, himself (Dixon) assuming the cost of the voyage. The young man, says the Cardinal, admits that he derived some benefit from his stay at the Collegio Urbano. (Signed also by A. Barnabo, Secretary.

II-4-m - L.S. - 1p. - 8vo. - (Italian) - {5}

1855 Nov. 29
Layton, Th(oma)s: New Orleans, (Louisiana)
 to Archbishop (Anthony) Blanc: (New Orleans, Louisiana)

Layton spoke to Mr. Wilroy(?), the cashier of the bank, about the certificates of deposit of Bishop (James Oliver) Vandevelde. Wilroy says he would rather that Blanc draw the money than to allow the interest to continue. As Blanc will have no difficulty in placing out the money at a better rate, Layton thinks he should draw it at once. Layton could place the money in a quarter where Father (Constantine) Maenhaut directed Layton to place his at 8 percent. Layton thought Blanc might like to see the enclosed letter to which he referred yesterday evening.

- A.L.S. -


(18)55 Oct. 30
Sorin, (C.S.C.), Father E(dward F.): Notre Dame, (Indiana)
 to Th(oma)s Layton: N(ew) Orl(eans, Louisiana)

In answer to Layton's favor of 15th, S(ister) M(ary) of Calvary, (C.S.C.) is not here, but in New York since a few weeks. They daily expect letters from France to regulate finally the conditions of their houses (Congregation of Holy Cross) in America on a permanent basis. Sorin fears that they may again be called to the rescue of Layton's interesting establishment. From the many crosses they found in it, Sorin has looked on the discharge of all responsibility as a relief. Yet if obedience speaks again he will be prompt in doing his (duty? The paper is torn here). P.S. Draft, $95, received and acknowledged. Sorin sends Layton a check on Mr. Irwin with a prayer to forward the am(oun)t as usual. By this mail Sorin forwards to Irwin the academy's accounts on which the check is based.

- A.L.S. -

VI-1-i - A.L.S. - 5pp. - 12mo. - {9}

1855 Nov. 29(?)
Cénas, Father F(rancis) J.: N(ew) O(rleans, Louisiana)
 to Archbishop Ant(hony) Blanc: (New Orleans, Louisiana)

Some days ago, Cénas received a letter from his brother, (M.L.? Cénas), in which the attached, addressed to Blanc was enclosed. From what he wrote, Cénas supposes that he spoke to Blanc about him and expressed his desire to see him soon. Cénas and all his family share this desire especially because of his mother who has been ill for some time. With Blanc's consent it could be satisfied next spring. Although he is better after the end of the heat, Cénas needs rest. He asks Blanc to come to confirm the children on the day of First Communion which will be December 13. No doubt some ruling will come from Blanc about the Mass for the feast of the Immaculate Conception.

- A.L.S. - (French) -


1855 Oct. 21
Cénas, M.L.(?): Lyons, (France)
 to Archbishop (Anthony Blanc: New Orleans, Louisiana)

Guided by his pleasant memories of (Blanc), he congratulates him, although tardily, on his return home after a long and favorable crossing. Since (Blanc)'s return to New Orleans evil days have multiplied for them. Although Cénas met (Blanc) only for a few minutes, his affection for him has not diminished. He was prepared for it by the letters from his brother who would like to pledge his whole life to (Blanc). But his health may compel him to go away for a while. The yellow fever and the sight of the dead and dying have worn him out. When (Blanc) was in Lyons, Cénas told him how much he desired to see his brother after an absence of 8 years, and how much all his family desired his return. Especially now if he could come for some months, his presence could prevent a law suit to arrange family affairs. (Blanc) knows that Cénas' business is the making of vestments, etc. He began as an associate of Mr. Best(?) whom (Blanc) met in the store. Best is going to retire and on November 19 Cénas will have charge of the business under the name of M.L.M. Cénas. He will move to Rue des Trois-Maries provisionally for since (Blanc)'s departure more than 800 houses have been demolished and others must be built. Cénas solicits (Blanc)'s good will. He asks (Blanc) to let his brother come to see them.

- A.L.S. - (French) -

VI-1-i - A.L.S. - (French) - 7pp. - 12mo. - {3}