University of Notre Dame


1856 June
Fitzgerald, Edward M.: Mt.St.Mary's, Emmittsburg, Maryland
 to ArchbishopJohn Baptist Purcell: of Cincinnati, Ohio

A certain timidity and a knowledge that Father (David) Whelan frequently communicated with Purcell will explain Fitzgerald's apparent neglect. Father Whelan tells him that he may be promoted to the Deaconship at Commencement time. Father (John) McCaffrey's health is somewhat delicate at present. Fitzgerald likes the Mountain very much. He has done little more in Theology than review what he had already in Cincinnati. He spends some time in the study of German.

II-4-m - A.L.S. - 2pp. - 8vo. - {4}

1856 Jun. 2
Crenan, M.R.: Jackson, L(ouisian)a
 to Archbishop(Anthony) Blanc: New Orleans, L(ouisian)a

Crenan received Blanc's letter of (May) 19 with $5 enclosed for Mr.Hickey for which he has the receipt. Crenan thought Hickey little worthy of it as he thought that Father (George) Cooper had paid him sufficiently for what he had done for the church. Crenan is sorry to understand that Cooper has represented the Catholics of this mission in a worse light than they deserve. Cooper's appearance at the altar and pulpit were edifying but on acquaintance he did not improve. The people have good reason to believe that he has some frailty. He has left here without any person complaining to Blanc but with dread, Crenan thinks, that such would be the case, were he to remain longer. The house in Jackson, intended for a priest, is now finished. A priest of evangelical habits would receive generous support. There have been priests here that have been beloved by the people, they have been called from them, and now they are left under the Divine Providence and Blanc's protection.

VI-1-j - A.L.S. - 2pp. - 4to. - {4}

(18)56 Jun. 3
Regis, (S.C.), Sister (Francis):
Female Orphan Asylum New Orleans, (Louisiana)
 to ArchbishopA(nthony) Blanc: (New Orleans, Louisiana)

They have concluded to have the examination next Monday at 9 a.m.

VI-1-j - A.L.S. - 2pp. - 16mo. - {1}

1856 Jun. 3
Vignes, H(enriet)te: Fausse Riviere, (Louisiana)
 to Archbishop(Anthony Blanc: New Orleans, Louisiana)

Vignes has read (Blanc)'s letter with much happiness. His interest in her and her children is a salutary comfort to her. She is discouraged when (Blanc) says they will not see him until Father (Francis) Mittelbronn's return. A visit would do so much good in the trying circumstance which (Blanc) knows better than she. They will be unfortunate if things come to the point they were at the time of the petitions against old Father (Jean) Martin. But Father (Hubert) Thirion has more strength. Thirion and Mittelbronn are so beloved here that one sees suffering on almost all faces. Last Sunday they had solemn exposition of the Blessed Sacrament all day; there were many people. Thirion has suffered for some time but he only loves his flock more.

VI-1-j - A.L.S. - (French) - 3pp. - 4to. - {5}

1856 Jun. 4
Eustis, H. S.(?): Natchez, (Mississippi)
 to Archbishop(Anthony) Blanc: (New Orleans, Louisiana)

The insurance on Rose Hill; Marcilly House, expires on the 11th. It has been insured for $5000, premium $100, at the agency of Liv(erpool?) and London Ins(urance) Co(mpany) here. If Blanc desires to keep it insured he is to send directions to Father (Mathurin Francis) Grignon to call on W.A. Bretten(?).

VI-1-j - A.L.S. - 1p. - 4to. - {6}

1856 Jun. 4
Jan, Father A(nge) M(arie): St. Martinsville, (Louisiana)
 to Archbishop(Anthony Blanc: New Orleans, Louisiana)

Four of his parishoners, Onésime Thibodeaux and Gracie Thibodeaux; and Desire Letullier and Mélasie Frederich wish to marry. They ask for dispensations. The parties are poor and cannot pay the ordinary fee.

VI-1-j - A.L.S. - (French) - 1p. - 12mo. - {5}

1856 Jun. 5
Cretin, Bishop Joseph: St. Paul, (Minnesota)
 to Archbishop(Anthony) Blanc: N(ew) O(rleans, Louisiana)

Cretin received the last letter of exchange, $175, sent by Blanc. He cannot give any news about the young people who accompanied Father (Francis) de Vivaldi from(?) New Orleans. All Cretin knows is that he is recommencing his plan of Piopolis. He has a passion to become famous. Although baffled twice, he hopes to triumph over all obstacles. He says he has the approbation of the Pope and his chimerical order of Sisters of the Love of God has received the Pope's Praise. De Vivaldi bought land with the money he collected at New Orleans, without taking the trouble to pay his debts which amount to more than $4000. He sent only $640 here and says it should suffice; he owes more than $2600 here alone. What Blanc had better do is to ask the families to have the young people return home. Since Blanc says nothing of the assault (?) on Father (Jean Arthur) Poyet, Cretin assumes that his wounds were not as serious as they had said at first. Cretin will write Poyet a letter of condolence in a few days. Blanc is to send them some of his influential families; they could not find a more agreeable stay for the summer than St. Paul. They could not place their money more advantageously than in buying property here, which continues to rise in price.

VI-1-j - A.L.S. - (French) - 3pp. - 12mo. - {6}

(18)56 Jun. 6
Grignon, Father M(athurin) F(rancis): New Orleans, (Louisiana)
 to Archbishop(Anthony) Blanc:

Grignon arrived safely at New Orleans where he was welcomed by the priests of the Bishop's house. The doctor whom Grignon has just seen advises him to go to Biloxi and to go down to an old doctor who, he says, will take good care of him. He is going to give Grignon a letter for him. Grignon intends to leave tomorrow on the Créole. Grignon thanks Blanc for his attention even during his absence. As for the offer of money, Grignon believes he will not need it. Before he left Natchez, they presented him with a purse. (P.S.) Grignon wrote to Father (Francis Xavier) Leray and invited him to Natchez, but he does not know if he will come. He gave the same invitation to Father P(atrick) Behan of little Rock and has not yet received a reply. Grignon has heard that Father (John M.) Delcros, (C.M.) is to go to Natchez for the Sisters' retreat. Could he not set ahead his trip and prolong his stay at Natchez? As Delcros is now with Blanc, will he speak to him about it?

VI-1-j - A.L.S. - (French) - 2pp. - 12mo. - {4}

1856 Jun. 6
O'Reilly, Father James: Rome, Italy
 to FatherJohn Corry: (Troy, New York)

O'Reilly acknowledges receipt of a bill of exchange. He wrote a letter to Corry and another to Father William O'Reilly of Providence about the violations of the mortgage. If matters are not solved he wants a statement that he can place it before the Sacred Congregation. He proposed also that Archbishop (John) Hughes sign the statement and the mortgage, on the suggestion of Father (Bernard) Smith. He understands that the Hartford and Providence legislatures are passing laws on church property by which he could solve his problems without extreme measures. He also noted that the certificate of insurance has not been made according to the conditions of the mortgage. He wrote of this to Bishop (Bernard) O'Reilly on March 8. William O'Reilly has all the powers of a vicar general and can settle the matter. He mentions those who are in Rome and that the Cardinal Vicar has gone to Paris. The heat is very great. He hopes to go to Ireland. (In the Francis P.McFarland) papers)

I-1-a - A.L.S. - 4pp. - 12mo. - {6}

1856 June 7
(Taguemet), Alexandre Bp. Nantes: Nantes, France
 to ArchbishopJohn Baptist Purcell: of Cincinnati, Ohio

He asks Purcell to pardon his failure to answer sooner because he has been hindered constantly by his occupations and by a long sickness. He reads with interest of the new things that Purcell is undertaking for the salvation of souls. The newspapers tell only a part God alone knows all that Purcell is doing. The two Cincinnati seminarians continue to give satisfaction. Daniel is 2nd in his class of rhetoric; Frank is 3rd in his. All the clergy with him are thankful of Purcell's remembrance of them and retain tender recollections of his visit in 1851. Madame Larache acts as mother to Frank and asks that Purcell say in return a prayer for herself and her family. Taguemet asks also a prayer for himself and his diocese.

II-4-m(French) - 4pp. - 8vo. - {3}

1856 Jun. 8
Guinand, R.S.C.J., Madame A(dine): St. Michael, (Louisiana)
 to Archbishop(Anthony Blanc: New Orleans, Louisiana)

Reverend Mother (Amelie) Jouve, (R.S.C.J.), Madames Cutts, Eugenie Freret, and Watson who came from Grand Coteau; and Mother (Elizabeth) Shroeder (?) and two Sister left last Thursday for Missouri. They are orphans, very busy, as those who left cannot be replaced. Guinand hopes that they will be spared from the epidemic. So she must prepare in advance for their annual retreat. The children's retreat raised a great storm in the heart of their chaplain. As pastor at Sacred Heart, he says he should yield his rights only to (Blanc). But what about their rights, should they sacrifice them ? Should they give up everything that would embellish their ceremonies because the sight of some of his confreres at Sacred heart offends him ? What he cannot forgive them is that he did not say the First Communion Mass. Father (Hippolyte) Gache, (S.J.) told him on behalf of Mother (Crescence) Alschner, (R.S.C.J.) that it was fitting that the chaplain say the Mass. They discussed it and the chaplain ended it by ordering Gache to say it. Now the chaplain is annoyed because some of their slaves went to confession to Father (Claude Anthony) Tholomier for their First Communion. They would like to set their retreat for the second week after prof(essions ?). Guinand must ask (Blanc) for a priest; she is going to try to get one who can say a few words in English. There is no one sick.

VI-1-j - A.L.S. - (French) - 4pp. - 4to. - {9}

1856 Jun. 10
Choiselat, Ch(arles): Paris, (France)
 to BishopPeter Paul Lefevere: Detroit, (Michigan)

He expresses happiness that he can send Lefevere aid as in the preceeding years, in the difficult time which they are going through. He is able to extend, without any reduction, the final settlement of his allocation for 1855 which was 9,000 francs. The present amount is 4364.77 francs. P.S. Choiselat has placed the needs of Lefevere before the council which is now meeting.

III-2-i - A.L.S. - (French) - 3pp. - 8vo. - {1}

1856 Jun. 10
Hoffer, Charles: (New Orleans, Louisiana)
 to Archbishop(Anthony Blanc: New Orleans, Louisiana)

Hoffer is the son of a large, pious, and honorable family, with a brother a priest as well as several cousins. He is also the godson of Father Jaeger(?) canon of Notre Dame de Paris and professor of theology at the Sorbonne. In spite of numerous attempts to secure employment, Hoffer has not succeeded. Today he is without resources; he asks (Blanc) to give him work of any kind. He copied manuscripts for the Bishopric of Nancy and of Paris. He also copies manuscripts for several Jesuit priests and others. Father Riss, (S.J.), director of the Jesuit monastery at Nancy, his confessor, knows (Blanc), having lived in America for some years and he recommended that Hoffer see (Blanc). Hoffer asks for an audience. Tomorrow he will await (Blanc)'s orders at the gate house.

VI-1-j - A.L.S. - (French) - 3pp. - 12mo. - {2}

1856 Jun. 10
Raymond, Father G(ilbert): New Orleans, (Louisiana)
 to Archbishop(Anthony Blanc):

Raymond is sending seven letters which came in the mail. Father (Henry) Aubert is better; he said Mass this morning. There arrived yesterday a Father Bonneffe of the diocese of Périgueux of which Bishop George is the bishop. Some of the Jesuits must have spoken to (Blanc) about him. He came to work in (Blanc)'s diocese if (Blanc) will accept him. Otherwise he will go to Valparaiseau. Raymond gave a quick look to his papers; this morning he said Mass. They gave him a room and Raymond told him to await the arrival of (Blanc) who would give him a reply. He is already advanced in age; very simple, with the appearance of an old country pastor. He is small, thin, and bent. They talked at length; he knows only one word of English, water. He has been attached to 8 or 10 dioceses in France. He was originally from the diocese of Montauban where he was ordained. He had land and houses there and in going to live in the diocese of Périgueux he wished to sell this property to buy some in his new diocese. This is what caused a clash indirectly between him and Bishop George. Finally he resigned. He went to Paris, once again about money, as he had lent a sum to a hotel in Paris. Finally a debt of around 2000 francs had an influence on his coming to America. He paid only a little more than 200 francs for his passage. His trunk is a curiosity. He would like a parish but lacking that he could teach. Raymond will not undertake to recommend him to Father (Charles) Chambest. For recommendations he has a "celebret" from his bishop and his own recommendations. He said he is more free with Raymond, that he will be more constricted with (Blanc). Money is an important point with Bonnaffe, the cause of his difficulties and of his coming to America. If (Blanc) does not want him, he will go to Chile; he has letters for there. Mrs.(C.) Barjac came to see Raymond yesterday, quite discouraged. At the last meeting of the Ladies of Providence, they treated her cavalierly, putting down what she had done, making new arrangements, putting a servant at the head at $20 a month, etc. She took a very Christian view of it saying that she was devoted to the house, that she had found in Father (Constantine) Maenhaut a father who sustained her. She said that the Ladies who blamed her most were the ones who never set foot in the (Widows') Asylum. Raymond told her to have patience and wait for (Blanc)'s return, that (Blanc) was well disposed toward her. She would like very much to have Sisters at the asylum. She spoke of the Sister of the Holy Cross, to whom the house has already been offered. Some of the Ladies do not want the Sisters at all. Father (Napoleon Joseph) Perché and some of the Ladies have said that these Sisters would not suit. Mrs. Barjac will not give up her work until (Blanc) comes; Raymond hopes that (Blanc) will settle everything.

VI-1-j - A.L.S. - (French) - 4pp. - 12mo. - {10}

1856 Jun. 11
Dupuy, Father Enn(emond): Iberville, (Louisiana)
 to Archbishop(Anthony Blanc: New Orleans, Louisiana)

If it is not too late, Dupuy asks (Blanc) to bring him the holy oils when he comes here. Dupuy has looked for an opportunity but has found none.

VI-1-j - A.L.S. - (French) - 1p. - 4to. - {1}

1856 Jun. 12
Calongne, Fr(ancoi?)s: New Orleans, (Louisiana)

License is granted to Father (Stephen) Rousselon to marryTharles Chapotel and Mrs. Eugénic Delétra, widow of the late Pierre Couzahel (?). Father G(ilbert) Raymond, vicar-general pro tem grants a dispensation from banns.

VI-1-j - D.S. - 1p. - 16mo. - {5}

1856 Jun. 13
Pont, Father F(rancis Rene): Natchez, (Mississippi)
 to Archbishop(Anthony) Blanc : (New Orleans, Louisiana)

Pont is alone here in a season where there are a great many sick. For several days he has had scarcely any rest. Cholera-morbus is very common but not dangerous. He will do all he can except preach. He cannot make up his mind to do so in spite of the entreaties of their Catholics who wish to hear sermons. Last Monday two young persons of Natchez crossed the river to be married by the squire of Vidalia; one is a Catholic. Pont hopes that after several weeks of reflexion they will consent to be married by him. If they refuse to have the banns published Pont will ask for a dispensation. On the 11th on the recommendation of Father (Mathurin Francis) Grignon, Pont again in Rose Hill; the policies have not yet been delivered. Pont hopes they will see Blanc in Natchez soon. Several times a day he is asked who will be their Bishop. In case a priest not of this diocese comes to Natchez, for a Sunday or two, can Pont let him hear Confessions? Except for that marriage, all is going well here.

VI-1-j - A.L.S. - (French) - 2pp. - 4to. - {3}

1856 Jun. 13
Chambost, Father C(harles): Plaquemine, (Louisiana)
 to Gustave Hébert:

It seems that Father (Ennemond) Dupuy wishes to marry Hébert and that if Chambost comes to do so, he will be inclined to create a scandal. So Chambost is returning the license. If Dupuy permits Chambost to marry Hébert, he will do so with great pleasure. (In the Archbishop Blanc Papers).

VI-1-j - A.L.S. - (French) - 1p. - 4to. - {2}

1856 Jun. 14
Cooper, Father George: Vicksburg, (Mississippi)
 to Archbishop(Anthony Blanc: New Orleans, Louisiana)

In accordance with the arrangement Cooper had with (Blanc) he wrote some days since and has not received an answer. If it has miscarried, he repeats what he had said. The congregation seemed glad to have to pastor permanently and seemed well satisfied with him. This parish has been much neglected, especially the younger portion. Madam Genella tells Cooper that the number of Easter communicants is not more than half of what it was, yet the number of Catholics has increased. On Sunday there were more than 50 boys and girls past 16 who had never been taught their Christian doctrine. Cooper entirely exculpates Father (Francis Xavier) Leray to whom this mission owes much. Leray coincides with Cooper's opinion that it will be desirable to have a mission here. Cooper cannot give any account of the temporalities but will do so after the meeting of the trustees early in July.

VI-1-j - A.L.S. - 3pp. - 8vo. - {4}

1856 Jun. 14
Lyons, Father M.P.: Savannah, (Georgia)
 to ArchbishopA(nthony) Blanc: N(ew) Orleans, (Louisiana)

Lyons regrets that he cannot be punctual to the promises he made when leaving N(ew) Orleans. His health has not improved much by his trip. He considers it impossible to be back when he promised. With the advice of medical men and Blanc's indulgence, he will prosecute his trip farther north. Father Moynihan will feel a little put out at his sudden departure but Lyons does not consider that Moynihan stands much in need of an assistant if he can get a priest to say Mass on Sunday. Moynihan has been aware of what Lyons suffered since he came to him, whether it was the noxious air of N(ew) Orleans or from the badly ventilated and ovenlike house, he cannot censure Lyons should he remain longer than he intended.

VI-1-j - A.L.S. - 1p. - 12mo. - {2}

1856 Jun. 16
Ruland, C.SS.R., Father G(eorge J ): Baltimore, (Maryland)
 to Bishop(Peter Paul Lefevere): (Detroit, Michigan)

The question respecting the houses of Monroe, (Michigan) and Detroit having been brought before the Congregation of the Propaganda their Father General (Nicholas Mauron, C.SS.R.) has sent him the following order: Without retracting his previous order for the removal of the (Redemptorists) from Detroit, he directs Ruland to suspend the execution of it, pendente lite. Accordingly the fathers will remain in Detroit until a decision is given and further orders are received from Rome.

III-2-i - A.L.S. - 1p. - 8vo. - {3}

1856 Jun. 17
DeVivaldi, Father Francis: Platteville, Wisconsin
 to ArchbishopA(nthony) Blanc: New Orleans, (Louisiana)

De Vivaldi thanks Blanc for his kindness during his stay in New Orleans. Until De Vivaldi receives orders from Rome he intends to stay in the flourishing diocese of Milwaukee under Bishop John Martin Henni whom he has known for many years. Platteville is a city of importance and very rich on account of mining although the Catholics are of very limited means because the valuable lands are in possession of the Protestants. DeVivaldi's congregation is of about 1200 souls and he serves many others because from here he has all the facilities of visiting that portion of the Winnebago Indians who never would ratify the treaties with the United States government and still inhabit their native lands. These Indians cannot but interest a missionary who, having passed the best part of his life amongst them, can know their wants. Henni has forwarded the letters Blanc sent him for DeVivaldi, except for the first three which he gave to a gentleman of their acquaintance to deliver and till this day DeVivaldi has not seen him. DeVivaldi would be obliged if Blanc would forward that package of photographs which got to New Orleans after he left. They will be precious to his relations and friends of Italy. He encloses a five dollar bill for postage. Should he be able to render any service Blanc is to command him.

VI-1-j - A.L.S. - 2pp. - 4to. - {4}

1856 June 19
Carriere, S.S., Father (Joseph):
Superior of Sulpicians Paris, France
 to ArchbishopJohn Baptist Purcell: of Cincinnati, Ohio

He received Purcell's letter of May 15 and finds nothing in their language for a "Casus belli". He is confident that the debts to M.Tardivel and M. Pendon have been paid. Father (Joseph Projectus) Machebeuf has arrived to pay M. Dejean and the seminary at Nantes. Carriere also gave Machebeuf the 80 francs that he had; Purcell and they are now even. But money comes when it is no longer necessary. He has received from M. Valentin Sesolm of Lagarde, Cannon de vic, diocese de Nancy, 640 francs for Jean Baptist Pentusct of Fayetteville, Brown County, Ohio. He will give this to Machebeuf on his return from Rome unless Purcell says otherwise. He thanks Purcell for his news. He is astonished at (Father Damian) Bender. He will be pleased to receive a copy of the decrees of Purcell's council when they are published. The council in France are interrupted and he does not know when they will be resumed. The bishops are about to meet for the imperial baptism. But they do not agree among themselves. They limited themselves to demand through Cardinal L.J.M.DeBonald, 1. of the legate that the feast of the Sacred Heart be extended to the universal church and that Margaret Mary Alacoque be canonized; 2. of the Emperor that the Sunday be better observed at least in the civil administration, and that the irreligious press be restrained. The emperor seemed well disposed.

II-4-m - A.L.S. - 2pp.(French) - - 8vo. - {6}

1856 Jun. 19
Martin, Charles Francis: Parish Prison (New Orleans, Louisiana)
 to Archbishop (Anthony) Blanc: (New Orleans, Louisiana)

Martin was brought before the court of the Recorder of the 2nd District six times, sentenced and brought again before the 1st Court of the District on the charge of burglary. In the 5 appearances before the Recorder of the 2nd District no witness presented himself. It was only the sixth time on the 18th of this month that Blanc's employee declared that Martin lay in wait during the night, climbed the wall or fence and entered a room of the priests or assistants from which he took a chalice, a crucifix, a razor and other objects of value and that it was only after the burglary that they discovered it was Martin. But Martin's conscience is clear. The very day of the theft, Martin was very ill; he attests that it was not he. The morning of the misdemeanor, Martin presented himself at 10(?) o'clock in the morning, March 15, to the porter who took him to the place without seeming to have any suspicion in regard to him. These facts should be sufficient to gain (Blanc)'s indulgence.

VI-1-j - A.L.S. - (French) - 3pp. - 4to. - {1}

1856 Jun. 19(?)
Jan, Father A(nge) M(erie): St. Martinville, (Louisiana)
 to Archbishop (Anthony Blanc: New Orleans, Louisiana)

Two of Jan's parishoners Joseph Clenné(?) Dugas and Louisa Haysse wish to marry; they ask for a dispensation. Jan has their license.

VI-1-j - A.L.S. - (French) - 1p. - 12mo. - {3}

1856 Jun. 20
Barjac, Mrs. C.: New Orleans, (Louisiana)
 to Archbishop (Anthony Blanc: New Orleans, Louisiana)

Wishing to give her resignation to the president of the Ladies of Providence, Barjac believes she should first consult (Blanc). She does not need to say how much interest she has in these poor widows and how painful it will probably be to no longer be concerned with them. The best part of her life has been devoted to them and up to now her efforts seemed approved both by the Director and by other Ladies. There are always some complaints on the part of the widows at the (Widows') Asylum where one must give preference to those who are infirm or have more needs. She does not say she was always right but she was always ready to correct her mistakes. It was only at the last meeting that she saw a change in sentiment about her administration of the asylum. Since its establishment, it was always one of the widows who prepared the meals for the sick and tended to the material care of the house. $6 a month was allowed for this. Six or seven months ago, Barjac took, with authorization of the members of the Council, Mrs. Toca, very poor, and with five children, to do these things. She was to receive no pay, only lodging and dinner for herself and children of which the older ones were to help her. She had a son past 12, but since he was to remain at school all day and she could soon place him, Barjac thought this no obstacle. No doubt Mrs. Toca has her faults but Barjac never saw that she was wanting in her duties. However at the last meeting it was proposed that she be replaced by a servant at 20 piastres a month. Barjac asked that Mrs. Toca be kept at least as a widow. Response to this seemed divided. Barjac also observed that $20 for a servant seemed too much but they said they could pay it. This woman born in a little village in France, a servant at Clermont and then in Paris, came to America highly recommended to one of the Ladies of the Council in whose house she had stayed up to now. Since she has been at the Asylum, she believes that she should be governed by the orders of this Lady, setting aside the orders and advice of the President. The Lady interested in her came to direct her and to distribute the work among the widows, etc. This made the position of the President untenable and also caused many difficulties in the house. Barjac would have resigned at once but was asked not to do so before (Blanc)'s arrival. She does not want what she has said to be known by Mrs. Lombard or Father (Napoleon Joseph) Perché. Barjac always has believed that it would be necessary for the development of the asylum that there be Sisters in the house for it s spiritual and material interests under the direction of the Ladies of Providence. Long ago this was proposed to the Sisters of the Holy Cross. Barjac mentioned this to (Blanc) 2 or 3 weeks ago. (Blanc) seemed to approve if they could be obtained. These Sisters seem especially fitted for establishments of this kind.

VI-1-j - A.L.S. - (French) - 4pp. - 4to. - {7}

1856 Jun. 22
Mouron, Bernar(d): Salerno, (Italy)
 to Father Etienne (Rousselon) Rousellon: New Orleans, (Louisiana)

It seems that all the letters Mouron gave were lost; he has had no response. Therefore he writes by way of Dr. Bernard to say that he is in good health. The rest of his trip was very good. He married Eugeni(e) Paille(?); her father is a shepherd; he has about 30 goats so he always has fresh milk. They have a fine house with an 18-foot frontage(?). He has the finest carriage(?) in town. He sends regards to all, especially the Archbishop, Father Mascaroni, Father Cenas, Madame Celestine and her sister Mrs. Caine.

VI-1-j - A.L.S. - (French) - 4pp. - 12mo. - {5}

(18)56 Jun. 22
Sorin, (C.S.C.), Father E(dward F.): Notre Dame, (Indiana)
 to Archbishop (Anthony Blanc: New Orleans, Louisiana)

Sorin has learned that they have directed to New Orleans, the carillon of bells they are expecting from France. It left Havre toward the end of May and will probably arrive as soon as his letter. The favor Sorin asks is that (Blanc) write to the Director of Customs to ask that this shipment pass without charge and without being opened. If the boxes are opened it will be impossible to put them back in order because of the multitude of delicate pieces. Obviously this carillon should not be put in the general class of bells. It is a masterpiece of mechanism which will encourage the crafts and arts, for the teaching of which they have a charter of incorporation. A generous government should honor it and give this mark of encouragement. Another reason is that this carillon had been promised to Sorin as a gift and because of the bankruptcy of the donors it has become Sorin's debt of honor. If it come to the worst, the entrance fee could be exacted only on the clock and bells at the ordinary price, 30 cents per pound, $1500 - on 5000 pounds - $270 at 30 percent. Enclosed (no enclosure) is the letter from (Ernest) Bol(l)ee giving all the details of the carillon. If (Blanc) will only commission someone intelligent and send a few lines to the director of customs, it is all Sorin asks. The freight from Havre can be added to what they will have to pay from New Orl(eans) to here via St. Louis and Chicago by river and canal; he will pay it all together.

VI-1-j - A.L.S. - 3pp. - 12mo. - {3}

(18)56 Jun. 23
Dupuy, Father Enn(emond): Iberville, (Louisiana)
 to Archbishop (Anthony Blanc: New Orleans, Louisiana)

Dupuy sent Father (Gabriel) Chalon the death certificate (Blanc) asked for. The marriage of which Dupuy spoke here is to take place tomorrow. The person says he was baptized a Presbyterian. When Dupuy sees (Blanc) he has something to say about this.

VI-1-j - A.L.S. - (French) - 1p. - 4to. - {2}

1856 Jun. 24
Buteux, Father S(tanislaus): Bay St. Louis, (Mississippi)
 to Archbishop (Anthony Blanc: New Orleans, Louisiana)

Buteux yesterday received (Blanc)'s letter of the 22nd. Both he and Mother (Eulalie, S.S.J.?) were greatly surprised to learn that the Paris Superior of the (Sisters of St. Joseph of Bourg) had asked (Blanc) for a draft on the Association of the Propagation of the Faith. Nothing in their correspondence with the motherhouse in Bourg made them surmise this. Buteux will bring the letters Thursday morning to New Orleans. Buteux read with pain, not only for himself but for the school which he wished to establish, what (Blanc) felt obliged to write: that Buteux could not hope that as administrator of Natchez, (Blanc) would honor a debt made without his knowledge. Buteux has contracted no debts at all. Buteux has been a missionary for 20 years and has never contracted a debt without the knowledge of his bishop so why would he contract a debt of 3000 francs and make it known through a third person. The letters Buteux will bring will show that when Mother and he asked for three Sisters, it was months ago. If they had been granted, the school could have developed and things would not have been slowed down. Buteux hopes that he can give (Blanc) an acceptable explanation.

VI-1-j - A.L.S. - (French) - 3pp. - 4to. - {4}

1856 Jun. 24
Kindekens, Father P(eter): Rome, (Itlay)
 to Bishop Peter Paul Lefevere: Detroit, (Michigan)

He is pleased with the nomination of Cardinal (Alexander) Barnabo as Prefect of the Propagation of the Faith. Father (Nicholas) Mauron, C.SS.R. seems to do all he can to slow down things. The latter offers a 12 page defense. Kindekens replies with a 31 page rebuttal. This expose will suffice until he returns to America. He is trying to contact the Superior General the Franciscans to send 3 priests and 2 brothers to Monroe. He quotes the Father General Mauron (C.SS.R.): the case is not only theirs but of religious orders—that is, it rests on established principles—for the guidance to American Bishops. The Council of Cincinnati, as others, will come up for approval in July, as will the nomination of Bishops. The Holy Father has granted Detroit the Brigittine Faculty for 7 years. Kindekens has tried to find a house for their College in Rome, but due to French military occupation, he has failed. The Holy Father intends to give a building as soon as possible; in the meantime, the Pope suggests scholarships.

III-2-i - A.D.S. - (French) - 7pp. - 12mo. - {4}

(1856?) Jun. 24
Kane, Father R(ichard): Ascension, (Donaldsonville, Louisiana?)
 to Archbishop (Anthony Blanc: (New Orleans, Louisiana)

Kane was disappointed the other day to find that Blanc did not pass this way. He had made up his mind to go down with him but how has determined to wait nine or ten days. His health is very good; his nerves will get strong when God wills. His affliction now is a sore throat. The doctor finds something which he is going to cut out if he cannot succeed by more lenient measures. Kane expects that Father (Stephen) Rousselon is home by this time after his long journey. Kane is astonished that Father (Henry) Aubert does not write him; he fears silence is occasioned by indisposition. P.S. Mr. Landry's family offer their respects.

VI-1-j - A.L.S. - 2pp. - 12mo. - {4}

1856 Jun. 25
Mittelbronn, Father F(rancois Christophe): Guinzeling, (France)
 to Archbishop Ant(hony) Blanc: New Orleans, Louisiana

Mittelbronn has wanted to write several times since his arrival in France, but he wished to do so only after mature reflexion. Blanc knows the state of his health. He asks for his exeat; it is painful because of his attachment to New Orleans and for Blanc. He feels incapable of continuing to work in America. He has battled the climate of Louisiana for too long a time and knew for three years how his health suffered. In sending his exeat, he also asks for a statement of his moral conduct and of his capabilities. He believes that Blanc cannot refuse him if he recalls the letters he sent Mittelbronn at Pointe Coupée. If he can no longer assist Blanc in person, he will at least do so by his prayers.

VI-1-j - A.L.S. - (French) - 3pp. & Envelope - 12mo. - {1}

1856 Jun. 25
Victor, M(athilde): Baton Rouge, (Louisiana)
 to Archbishop (Anthony Blanc: New Orleans, Louisiana)

When (Blanc) was there, Victor did not enter into detail regarding Miss (Olympe) Delente. Since he left she has learned that Delente told (Blanc) some gross falsehoods. Delente's dismissal was as gentle and polite as it could be. It is false that Victor called a witness to see her paid. Delente has said that she had not been paid. Delente denied saying it, as usual. Delente makes use of (Blanc)'s name. She said that as she was in her "papa's" house, she did not intend to leave before July. Delente left the Tuesday after (Blanc) left; she is now at Mrs. Reed's. Ever since she was with Victor she had sought for this place. She did the same with Mrs. St. Laurence. She boasts that (Blanc) has now withdrawn his protection from this establishment. Once in Victor's life she had a deep sorrow and confided a little in Delente; now Delente makes unprincipled use of this. Victor is deeply hurt at her calumnies. Delente has made herself acquainted with the private history of nearly every family in town and detailed it to Victor's pupils before Victor was aware of it. Delente says that Fathers (Joseph) Lavay, (S.J.) and (Darius) Hubert, S.J. are two little fools who will not believe a word against her. They know Victor; (Blanc) does not. Victor asks (Blanc) to write to Sister Louise, (S. N.D.), Superior of the Sisters of Notre Dame at Cin(cinnati), Ohio, who knows her whole history. Victor never spoke disrespectfully about (Blanc) but quite the contrary. Delente boasts of having once frustrated a design of Mrs. St. Laurence's mothers; she got (Blanc)'s ear first and settled the question. Victor asks (Blanc) to forgive this angry letter.

VI-1-J - A.L.S. - 4pp. - 4to. - {8}

1856 Jun. 27
Chalon, Father G(abriel): Mobile, (Alabama)
 to Archbishop (Anthony Blanc: New Orleans, Louisiana)

About a month ago he had to send Father (Joseph) De Willebois, S.J. to Pascagoula for a marriage. On his return he told Chalon that Father (Symphorian) Guinand had said at Pascagoula that (Blanc) had commissioned him to visit there three times a year. This being so, Father (F.) Gautrelet, (S.J.) can no longer permit De Willebois to be sent. Chalon asks (Blanc) to let him know if this is true; he will continue to send De Willebois especially now when a great number of persons come to this locality.

VI-1-j - A.L.S. - (French) - 1p. - 8vo. - {5}

1856 Jun 28
Hewit, (Reverend) Augustine F. C.SS.R.: Baltimore, (Maryland)
 to (Orestes A.) Brownson: (New York, New York)

Father Hewitt acknowledges receipt of a letter from Brownson and thanks him for it. He tells Brownson that he, in a great measure, is covinced of the correctness of Brownson's views and of Father (Isaac T.) Hecker. He says he has found it more effective to speak from meditation and experience, in an ardent and off-hand manner, than to use those labored arguments that better satisfy his own judgment. Father Hewit quotes M. Nicholas' views on the doctrines of Proudhon and asks Brownson what Proudhon means and how he climinates evil. He asks what is the connection between these doctrines and the doctrine of the Anti-Christ and asks Dr. Brownson to write him a few words or print something in his Review.

I-3-1 - A.L.S. - 3pp. - 8vo. - {3}

1856 Jun. 28
Amat, C.M., Bishop Thaddeus: San Francisco, (California)
 to Archbishop Ant(hony) Blanc: New Orleans, (Louisiana)

Some time ago Amat asked Bishop (Joseph Sadoc) Alemany to send Blanc $96 for Father (John) Brands, (C.M.) for the expenses of the Seminary for Amat's students there. Alemany received acknowledgement of the receipt of $92. Amat will repay the seminary in case only $92 was sent. Blanc is to give said amount to Brands. The $50 due to Blanc by Mr. Torres with the other expenses made by Father Rous(s)elon for the students was deposited with the secretary of the Archbishop of New York before Amat left there for his diocese, subject to Blanc's order. Amat added $100 to be delivered to Father (Michael) Calvo, (C.M.) from Donaldsonville. Amat hopes Rous(s)elon received his letter from New York stating these things. Before Amat left Europe he made some arrangements that some clergymen might be sent to him via New Orleans, recommended to Blanc's care; in case some would come, Amat would send the amount to send them. If Blanc could spare one or two good clergymen, Amat is in extreme necessity of some half dozen. It might happen that some one would need a change of climate; the climate is "non plus ultra."

VI-1-j - A.L.S. - 2pp. - 4to. - {5}

1856 Jun. 28
Calongne, Fr(ancoi?)s: New Orleans, (Louisiana)

License is granted to Father (James) Lesne to marry Gustave A. Breaux and Emily Locke.

VI-1-j - D.S. - 1p. - 16mo. - {3}

1856 Jun 28
(Blanc), Ant(hony) Abp. New Orleans: New Orleans, Louisiana
 to Archbishop John Baptist Purcell: of Cincinnati, Ohio

No news as yet in regard to the Natchez appointment. Blanc cannot write all that he would like to say in regard to what has happened respecting this nomination. He is convinced of the necessity of a change in the mode of presentation of a change in the mode of presentation of candidates. Some say Cardinal (Nicholas) Wiseman will be the next Prefect (of the Sacred Cong.); others say Cardinal (Charles) Reisach. Blanc has heard no more of Father O'Neil; he has given up the idea of coming south, under the impression that Blanc has disposed of Vicksburg and Yazoo. Blanc is expecting Father (Stephen) Rousselon back from Europe. He brings no seminarian with him. Blanc asks Purcell to pay particular attention to the last seminarian he sent him, as he did not have time to know him well. Purcell can promote Blanc's seminarians to orders whenever he thinks proper. Blanc would like Mr. Durieur to remain after his ordination with one of Purcell's priests who does not speak French. Father (M.) Faure has gone back to France. He was afraid of the sickly season and besides was hard of hearing.

II-4-m - A.L.S. - 3pp. - 8vo. - {11}

1856 Jun. 29
Grignon, Father M(athurin) F(rancis): Ocean Springs, (Mississippi)
 to Archbishop (Anthony Blanc: New Orleans, Louisiana)

After spending two weeks at Biloxi, Grignon came here intending to visit Mr. McDonnell but now he believes he should stay longer. There are many Catholics in the vicinity. The proposal to build a little church has found favor with those with whom Grignon talked. An acre of land at the center of the town was promised to him yesterday. Only it seems they should wait until they know the name of their Bishop officially although McDonnell brought word yesterday from New Orleans that it was Father (William) Starrs. Grignon is waiting for an estimate of the cost of building before circulating a subscription list. He believes McDonnell will actively promote it and that the Catholic families who have already come to the Ocean Springs hotel will contribute their part. Grignon's leg is not gaining strength as rapidly as he thought. However for a short distance he can walk with two canes. He will retain the memory of his fall the rest of his life. Aside from his leg, he is well and can eat with the best of them; and McDonnell's table leaves nothing to be desired. P.S. McDonnell has just written to the Jesuits to ask them for what is needed for Mass. Ocean Springs seems promising and he believes that a church and priest will soon be necessary.

VI-1-j - A.L.S. - (French) - 3pp. - 8vo. - {4}

1856 Jun. 30
Mullon, Father J(ames) I(gnatius): (New Orleans, Louisiana)

Statement for the month of June of St. Patrick's Church. One item is for $200 for "Salary of clergy, $25 fcrMr. Flaningan" (Father John Flanagan?).

VI-1-J - A.D.S. - 1p. - folio - {2}

1856 Jun. 30
Durier, Ant(oine): Mount St. Mary's (Cincinnati, Ohio)
 to Archbishop (Anthony Blanc: New Orleans, Louisiana)

They are going to leave on July 1 to enjoy their vacations in some cool healthy country place. When they bade farewell to France, they fancied that dark clouds would hang over them but they are spending the happiest times of their lives. He asks (Blanc) to bless them all and particularly their Superior, Father (John) Quinlan. (Blanc) is not to be anxious about them; in placing them under Quinlan, he gave them all things. Their table was so well furnished that it would have been a feast in French seminaries. They have new clothing and if a know-Nothing killed them, (Blanc) would not recognize them. Quinlan is endowed with a truly American character; he likes to see activity. They esteem and love him. Archbishop (John Baptist Purcell) always receives them with a cheerful welcome, with a word often sharpened with his wit, oftener warmed with his heart. Durier has been sick with an inflammation in his neck; the physician visited him three times and two Sisters attended him. He is still in the infirmary; he hopes to be well next Sunday. They are ready to open wide the gates of their seminary to any newcomer from France.

- A.L.S. -

 On the same paper: 

1856 Jun. 30
Langlois, A(uguste) B(arthelemy): Mount St. Mary's (Cincinnati, Ohio)
 to Archbishop (Anthony Blanc: New Orleans, Louisiana)

Durier transmits the pen and paper but not his knowledge of English. They are glad to speak a language so necessary for them. (Blanc) procured a great advantage for them when he sent them to Cincinnati; they also have the advantage of accustoming themselves to the climate of America. They hope they will be spared from yellow fever.

- A.L.S. -

 On the same paper: 

1856 Jun. 30
Follot, F(rancis): Mount St. Mary's (Cincinnati, Ohio)
 to Archbishop (Anthony Blanc: New Orleans, Louisiana)

After perusal of his fellow students' letter, Follot fully shares and agrees with the contents. Follot sends this dispatch of filial love.

- A.L.S. -

VI-1-j - A.L.S. - 3pp. - 4to. - {6}