University of Notre Dame


1856 Sep.
Coudrain, J. Pe. (?) E.: Plaquemine, (Louisiana)
 to Father (Stephen Rousselon: New Orleans, Louisiana)

Coudrain was happy to receive (Rousselon)'s letter. He is saddened by the levity his letter demonstrated but he is inspired with new courage. (Rousselon) can imagine the surprise of a young man of the world on embracing religious rules. It is a small thing to talk of abnegation; one must practice it. He knows that it is not possible to please Jesus without obedience. He is grateful for the consideration shown him in this house (College of the Immaculate Conception). He sends his respects to the Bishop. (This letter is written on stationery showing a view of the College.)

VI-1-k - A.L.S. - (French) - 3pp. - 4to. - {2}

1856 Sept. 1
Lange, Father H.: Lancaster, Ohio
 to Archbishop John Baptist Purcell: of Cincinnati, Ohio

He asks for a dispensation for a Catholic girl to marry an unbaptized man. The man promises to be no obstacle to the girl's religion and to aid in bringing up the children as Catholics. P.S. He has bought a lot in the town of Logan for a new church. He made a collection in Logan for the seminary and was surprised to obtain $42. The congregation takes this means to show how anxious they are to have a resident priest.

II-4-m - A.L.S. - 3pp. - 12mo. - {3}

1856 Sep. 1
Rousselon, Father E(tienne): New Orleans, (Louisiana)
 to Archbishop A(nthony) Blanc:

At the moment of Blanc's departure from New Orleans, two exiles from the Mexican government arrived, a distinguished canon and the General of the Dominicans. On Friday, the 29th, the canon died, administered to by Father (John F.) Cambiaso, (S.J.) at the St. Charles Hotel. The most important men of the city wished to have an elaborate funeral and together with Cambiaso and Father (Guillaume Le Mercier) Duquesnay they had a most solemn one. The Mass was sung in the Obituary Chapel and Rousselon gave the absolution. The General of the Dominicans asked for a celebret and although he had no papers, having been removed by force and without delay, Rousselon gave him one. Young Father (John Arthur) Poyet arrived August 30 and Rousselon told him that Blanc had destined him for a parish in the country. He is staying with his brother; Rousselon knows that Poyet has said that if he was not given something equivalent to St. Augustine's, he would leave the diocese. Rousselon told him that Blanc would be at Lafayette on February 14 and that Blanc wanted him there at that time as it was probable that he would spend some time there in order to settle later at Abbeville. Several days ago a man from Baton Rouge, a teacher in the Catholic school, came to ask to rent Blanc's house occupied by (Mathilde) Victor. Rousselon told him to see Blanc on September 7 at Opelousas. On Sunday, August 31, Rousselon sang High Mass at the Cathedral, Father (Charles M.) Mènard preached. He asked Rousselon for the statutes he had submitted to Blanc. Rousselon found them on Blanc's table with Blanc's approval. Fortunately there is nothing extraordinary to tell; Rousselon hopes it will be that way during all of Blanc's trip. Rousselon believes that Blanc will be obliged to replace Father (Jean Pierre) Bellier. Father ((William) Edwards stopped two days at the Pass with Father J(ames) I(gnatius) Mullon who was there and he listed the accusations against Bellier so that Mullon is now turned against him.

VI-1-k - A.L.S. - (French) - 3pp. - 12mo. - {9}

1856 Sep. 1
(Brownson, Orestes A.): New York, (New York)
 to Archbishop (John Hughes: New York, New York)

(Brownson) would have answered (Hughes') letter of the 29th sooner but for his absence from home. He does not believe (Hughes) meant anything disrespectful, but he was surprised to hear him make his objections to his address in public. He said nothing against faith and morals and nothing that he did not have a right to say as a Catholic American. He does not blame the "American Celt" for interpreting (Hughes') remarks as an episcopal censure. Brownson has provoked no controversy with foreign born Catholics and the attacks they have made upon him were entirely unjustified. It will not do to have it understood that the American who becomes a Catholic must suppress his own nationality. However, he promises (Hughes) that if foreign born Catholics will cease obtruding their foreignism on him and his country, he will cease writing anything that obtrudes his on them. If they abuse the American people, write against the Yankees, and seek alliances with Canadians against (Brownson's) countrymen, he knows no law of the Church that requires him to be silent. As far as he can judge a portion of the Irish Catholic body have pursued a course exceedingly offensive to the American people. Brownson has been denounced from more than one altar for alluding to some of the faults of Irishmen. He wonders if an Irish editor has been denounced for abusing Yankees. If (Hughes) will silence the attacks of his countrymen, he will cease to attack them. (Hughes') second suggestion seems impracticable if Brownson is to edit a living and not a dead Review. He has never maintained that the Church is specially adapted to the character of the American people as such.

I-3-m - A.L. (Incomplete Draft) - 7pp. - 12mo. - {3}

1856 Sep. 3
Grignon, Father M(athurin) F.: Natchez, (Mississippi)
 to Archbishop (Anthony) Blanc: New Orleans, (Louisiana)

Grignon has waited long enough to confirm in his mind that the promise of these Sisters about the house is only Vain words. So he will have to provide for it himself. Natchez is very healthy. Grignon's leg is about the same as it was when he went through N(ew) Orleans. However his walking is more sure. Father (Francis Rene) Pont is very well. Hoping that the arrival of their new Bishop cannot be too far off, Grignon thinks they should renew their stock of wine. He has nothing new about Vicksburg, Jackson, and Sulphur Springs but Father (Paul Marie) Le Corre wrote lately from Yazoo City. He was fine at the time.

VI-1-k - A.L.S. - (French) - 2pp. - 8vo. - {3}

1856 Sep. 5
Dinnies, J.C.: New Orleans, (Louisiana)
 to Archbishop A(nthony) Blanc:

The enclosed was handed to Dinnies for publication in the Catholic Standard. The author's position and character entitle his statements to the most respectful consideration. But Dinnies is constrained from publishing his letter by the desire to avoid disseminating prevailing scandals. Still Dinnies feels that the circumstances should be refered to Blanc without delay. When Dinnies sent Blanc a note recently, in relation to Father (William) Edwards, he confined himself to doing justice to his exemplary character. He censured no one. At that time he was not aware that the rector of St. Theresa's (Father Jean Pierre Bellier) was charged with any greater offense than tyranny, unclerical conduct, and intemperance. Since then Dinnies has been compelled to believe that he has probably been guilty of such revolting and horrible offenses as imperatively demand his removal from the parish. Dinnies implores Blanc to return to the city with the least, possible delay. These scandals are daily becoming more widely known. Unless measures are adopted to calm the feelings of the Catholic public, Dinnies would not be surprised to see one of the most violent excitements that has ever occurred in Blanc's diocese. Dinnies hopes that Blanc will exert his authority to protect the Blessed Sacrament from further desecration.

- A.L.S. -


1856 Sep. 4
Sacerdos: (New Orleans, Louisiana)
Editor of the Southern Catholic Standard(New Orleans, Louisiana)

Sacerdos read in the last issue a few editorial lines in reference to Father Edwards. They were touching and in perfect accordance with the feelings Sacerdos entertained for the young but pure and charitable priest. The estimate of the Catholics in this portion of the city was fully confirmed by placing in his hands $1000 to defray his expense to another, from a diocese in which he was elevated to the priesthood. Why did he go? A fearful responsibility rests somewhere for driving this young champion from the watch tower from which he could witness their treason and turpitude. Sacerdos beheld Edwards on the wharf as he turned a look of parting love to the opening of his priestly career and the children committed to his ministerial care with scalding tears falling over his cheeks. Priests are not required to ascend to the altar with a pistor and a bowie knife in their cincture.

VI-1-k - A.L.S., Copy - 7pp. - folio - {5}

1856 Sep. 6
Thirion, Father (Hubert): Pointe Coupée, L(ouisian)a
 to Archbishop (Anthony Blanc: New Orleans, Louisiana)

It is impossible for Thirion to remain in this uncertainty as people are asking whether there will be a convent or not. He does not speak of establishing, he is talking of beginning. If these Sisters had no pupils, Thirion could nourish and lodge them. He could try until they had to leave for France and they could try as they did at the Bay. Father (Francis) Mit(telbronn) who is asking (Blanc) for his exeat will make no objection and there will be no change. Thirion has seen (Blanc)'s objections but if all priests of this mission country had let themselves be stopped by these considerations there would be few churches and schools in America. For two months Thirion has waited. He cannot rent the house or buy anything and the people who are waiting for the opening of the convent are impatient. He asks (Blanc) for a positive yes or no. P.S. Thirion would not have these Sisters come without knowing their terms. Today he was offered a house near the church at Fausse Rivière for $3500, 100 arpents including a woods with long term credit. He is not concerned about an English teacher or music teacher. There is one there.

VI-1-k - A.L.S. - (French) - 4pp. - 12mo. - {3}

1856 Sept. 7
McCaffrey, Father John:
Mount St. Mary's College (Emmittsburg, Maryland)
 to Archbishop John Baptist Purcell: of Cincinnati, Ohio

They are delighted with the hope of a visit from Purcell. The Archbishop remained only a short time at the Commencement, so the Rev. Mr. Fitzgerald could not be promoted. They would like to raise Mr. Walker and some others. He would like to know the day when Purcell will be here in order to give Fitzgerald time to make a retreat. Neither Dr. (William H.) Elder or McCaffrey have any apprehension of being mitred. He received much encouragement from the Bishop (John McCloskey) of Albany in relation to the church they are to build at Mt. St. Mary's. The youth Purcell's brother recommended is evidently a subject for some reform institution. They will draw on Father Edward (Purcell) for the amount advanced to take Ahearn back to Ohio.

II-4-m - A.L.S. - 3pp. - 8vo. - {5}

1856 Sep. 7
Roger, Aimé: Paris, (France)
 to Archbishop (Anthony Blanc: New Orleans, Louisiana)

Roger presents his colleague and successor Count Mejan who already shares the feelings of respect which Roger never ceased to have for (Blanc) during his long stay in Louisiana.

VI-1-k - A.L.S. - (French) - 1p. - 12mo. - {2}

1856 Sept. 8
Magone, Daniel Jr.: Ogdensburgh, (New York)
 to O(restes) A. Brownson: (New York) New York)

Magone cites an article in the Independent of Aug. 28, a New York paper, containing a Bull of Pope Gregory 16th. dated Dec. 3, 1839 abolishing the slave trade; he asks Brownson if this is an authentic copy of the Bull and where he can procure a Catholic work containing the Bull. Magone says he is an American Catholic having no personal political interests and that he is not in favor of the election of Fremont.

I-3-m - A.L.S. - 2pp. - 16mo. - {4}

(18)56 Sep. 8
St. Félicité, (O.S.U.), Sister: Galveston, (Texas)
 to Archbishop (Anthony Blanc: New Orleans, Louisiana)

No doubt the Mother Superior has informed (Blanc) of the several peitions St. Félicité has made to be recalled to the convent of New Orleans where she made her vows. Lately she received a letter from the Mother Superior by which she perceives that the Superior treats her urgent demand with indifference. It would be too painful for St. Félicité to relate the different circumstances which urge her to make this request. She is not satisfied to remain here; she begs (Blanc) to take it into consideration.

VI-1-k - A.L.S. - 3pp. - 12mo. - {1}

1856 Sep. 9
Amadee, (C.S.C.), Brother:
University of Notre Dame, Ind(iana)
 to Archbishop A(nthony) Blanc: New Orleans, (Louisiana)

Amadee acknowledges the receipt of a check for $125 which has been placed to the credit of P(atrick) Conway.

VI-1-k - A.L.S. - (French) - 1p. - 4to. - {2}

1856 Sep. 9
Guinand, R.S.C.J., Mother A(dine): St. Michael, (Louisiana)
 to Archbishop (Anthony Blanc: New Orleans, Louisiana)

As (Blanc) knows, (Mathilde) Victor has bought the priests' college, thus leaving the old St. Mary's convent which she believes exists no longer. If (Blanc) has decided to sell it Guinand would like to know in order to settle her affairs. She soon has a note to pay and she does not know whether to take the money to pay it. It is the last payment on their house in Baton Rouge. If she does not have the money she must borrow it, which she would like to know in advance. The resuming of classes is set for October 2. Can (Blanc) make arrangements for a chaplain? The priests will remain at Baton Rouge until (Blanc) assigns them to the parish of St. Michael and then to the convent. But up to then could they have a chaplain who speaks the two languages? Father (Darius) Hubert, (S.J.) who gave their retreat said that it was urgent to have someone for their Irish Sisters. It seems that Guinand will remain at St. Michael for several months. They have a sick postulant who came from the city only 6 days ago. She has had a fever; she is better. All send their respects.

VI-1-k - A.L.S. - (French) - 4pp. - 12mo. - {4}

1856 Sept. 9
Spalding, M(artin) J. Bp. Louisville: Louisville, Kentucky
 to Archbishop John Baptist Purcell: of Cincinnati, Ohio

He has been compelled to dismiss Father P. McSweeney. Spalding gave him every opportunity, and until late his conduct was satisfactory in regard to sobriety. All the thanks Spalding got for his kindness were the most bitter reproaches that he was anti-Irish. McSweeney apologized before leaving, and Spalding merely took away his faculties without suspending him formally. His priests who made the retreat at Bardstown gave him much satisfaction and consolation. Father (Adrian) Van Hulst, the Director, is truly a man of God. Bishop (George) Carrell writes that he intends communicating with Purcell in regard to a priest he has received; he is in Scott County seeing about his college. Carrell seems to get along indifferently with his clergy. Bishop (Michael) O'Connor writes that Rome will take care of their affairs speedily. Spalding ordered several copies of Shea's book. He fears that (John Gilmary) Shea is somewhat of an amateur; his style is dry and heavy. But he has good intentions and merits praise for his zeal and research. St. Mary's College has opened with an over-flowing school. Spalding regrets the misunderstanding between Father (Peter) Lavialle and Mr. Downing about the terms of his going to St. Mary's as professor. The preparatory seminary will have more students than ever this year. All the schools are full. The Catholics seem to be coming back to Louisville. Spalding has received a letter from the Pope congratulating him for some work he has written.

II-4-m - A.L.S. - 4pp. - 8vo. - {9}

1856 Sep. 10
Hitselberger, Father A. L.: Fred(erick) Maryland
 to (Archbishop John Baptist Purcell): (Cincinnati, Ohio)

Hitselberger explains to Purcell his entering the Jesuit novitiate. He asks a favor of Purcell for a friend, Mrs. M. F. Branda, the mother of James Augustus, who died of Cholera a few years since at New Orleans. She is about to visit Europe to receive a large inheritance. Hitselberger has just received a letter from her begging him to obtain from Purcell a letter that may render her travel more agreeable, and to state that as she travels, probably alone, she will need and appreciate more Purcell's kindness. Purcell already knows this amiable and kind lady; and therefore will oblige her and Hitselberger by writing her a letter similar to the one Purcell gave Hitselberger for his trip to Europe. Mrs. Branda proposes to sail on one of the Gunard Line Steamers, Boston, October 8th to Liverpool. Then she goes to Paris, Montpelier, most probably by the Lyons route, and afterward to Rome. If Purcell directs the letter to Hitselberger or to Father (Michael) Driscoll, S.J., St. Francis Xavier Church, New York, 17th street, Mrs. Branda will get it in time. Hitselberger hopes God gives Purcell good health, wishes to be remembered to Purcell's brother & Father Collins. Father (Edward) J. Sourin just left the Novitiate to take his place as prefect of the new Church of Saint Ignatius at Loyola College. P. S. Perhaps Purcell may know of some agreeable and genteel party traveling to Europe; of which Mrs. Branda might avail herself.

II-5-h - A.L.S. (Photostatic copy from the Archives of the College of Mt. St. Joseph, Delhi, Ohio.) - 4pp. - 8vo. - {3}

1856 Sep. 11
Le Corre, Father Pa(ul Marie): Yazoo, (Mississippi)
 to Archbishop (Anthony Blanc: New Orleans, Louisiana)

Le Corre received (Blanc)'s letter of August 11 only today. Le Corre knew (Yves) Guillerm slightly. However he remembers him because of his appearance. What (Blanc) says of his piety and capacity is true. The philosophers said he had a thorough knowledge of his treatise. His appearance was queer. His originality was a source of amusement among them. His stature was small, his hair neglected and his beard frightful. Le Corre believes that Guillerm could be less useful in Brittany than here. He could be placed in a rural parish where his qualities would make him loved and his eccentricities would not lessen the respect for his character as a priest. Le Corre believes he is not very favorable to his former fellow-student. (Blanc) will have received a letter in which Le Corre told him that at Yazoo they are happy to have a priest. He also asked whether he could consider himself as staying here so he would know whether he could buy a horse. The congregation gives him 400 piastres; he thinks he will make 500; he boards with an American family. The distribution of prizes at Sulphur Springs was brilliant. The Sisters (of St. Joseph) like their situation and hope for 28 boarders next year.

VI-1-k - A.L.S. - (French) - 3pp. - 12mo. - {5}

1856 Sep. 12
Dechambenoit, S.J., Father J(ean) B(aptiste): Baton Rouge, (Louisiana)
 to Father (Stephen) Rousselon: (New Orleans, Louisiana)

Dechambenoit presumes the Archbishop has not received the letter in which he informed him that Dr. Enders wished to buy his house at Baton Rouge. He has offered $6000, $2000 cash and the balance at 8 percent. Dechambenoit thinks he would go to $7000.

VI-1-k - A.L.S. - (French) - 1p. - 12mo. - {2}

(18)56 Sep. 12
Eulalie, (S.S.J.), Mother: Bay St. Louis, (Mississippi)
 to Archbishop (Anthony Blanc: New Orleans, Louisiana)

(Blanc) visited them (Sisters of St. Joseph of Bourg) on August 21; they are honored to recall his attention to their present situation and ask him to permit them to accept the place offered them at Pointe Coupée. They cannot remain at Bay St. Louis any longer. They assure (Blanc) that he will never regret taking them under his protection.

VI-1-k - A.L.S. - (French) - 1p. - 4to. - {2}

1856 Sep. 12
(Martin), Bishop Aug(uste) M(ar)ie: Natchitoches, (Louisiana)

Although (Martin) expects to see sooner or later take the resolve stated in 's last letter, it will leave (Martin) greatly embarrassed because of the great scarcity of priests, a scarcity not only in number but in capability. had the right to return to the diocese of New Orleans in the first six months of (Martin)'s administration; has given this diocese three years of his services; (Martin) can only be grateful. But (Martin) does not yet know whether the priests and seminarians he expects from Europe will come. He cannot take Father (Louis) Gergaud from Monroe where he hopes he will do well. The only one he could send to Alexandria would be Father (Mathurin) Chapin but he fears that Chapin would find only misery there where was able to live. (Martin) cannot withdraw Chapin from Avoyelles, until he has a replacement which will not be until this winter. But (Martin) would not want to stay one week longer than he planned at the risk of losing an advantageous position. (Martin) realizes that could not have money and that it is right for him to get rid of everything as advantageously as he can, leaving only the necessities. (Martin) will do his best to be at 's by the end of the month. (Martin) is sorry to hear of the loss suffered by the Rachal(?) family. Mrs. Biossat's house has always been the priests' (?); could it not open to his family in distress for a time? (P.S.) (Martin) will bring 's exeat.

VI-1-k - A.L.S. - (French) - 4pp. - 12mo. - {4}

1856 Sep. 13
Clinton, R.: Paulding, Miss(issippi)
 to Archbishop Ant(hony) Blanc: (New Orleans, Louisiana)

Clinton has a very unpleasant duty to perform in complaining of the conduct of a certain clergyman who is teaching a false doctrines to the people in his charge. If Blanc gives Clinton permission he will lay before him all the particulars. In order to reclaim a certain person this clergyman has thought fit to urge on the violation of a lawful and serious promise which was encouraged and approved by himself. Clinton's wish is that at least the scandal should be removed by retracting the error being taught. (P.S.) Clinton has remonstrated with the reverend gentleman but it seems useless.

VI-1-k - A.L.S. - 2pp. - 4to. - {2}

1856 Sep. 13
Pineau, Father R(ene M.): Opelousas, (Louisiana)
 to Archbishop (Anthony Blanc: New Orleans, Louisiana)

Pineau has wanted to talk of these things when (Blanc) was at the house but he was so busy and perhaps a little afraid to do so. For a long time, almost since he has been a priest, he has had feelgins of sadness, boredom and disgust. He believes the reasons are: 1. His nature does not harmonize with that of Father (J.) F(rancis) Raymond and Father (Henry A.) Picherit. Perhaps the fault is entirely his. In spite of a sort of antipathy he has always kept on good terms with them. But the continual constraint irritates him. 2. He thought he would find Father G(ilbert) Raymond a help but experience has shown that he can depend only on himself. In remaining longer in this state, Pineau fears he will lose all his piety. Another reason he wants an improvement in his position is in order to perfect his English. At Opelousas he has no chance.

VI-1-k - A.L.S. - (French) - 3pp. - 4to. - {4}

1856 Sep. 14
Lesne, Father J(ames): New Orleans, (Louisiana)
 to Father (Stephen Rousselon: New Orleans, Louisiana)

Some time after Easter Lesne told Bishop Blanc of his intention of retiring to his property at Covington because his health had been weakened by the sufferings of 14 years and an uninterrupted residence of 16 years. At that time he did not have money enough to execute his plan and he was obliged to remain at his post without an absence of even 2 weeks. His health is not better and he feels the need of a change of air so he notifies (Rousselon) that he plans to leave in a few days and asks him to accept his resignation. He has told the Bishop that he could not accept the parish of Covington but that he would render such services as he could. If (Rousselon) approves, he is to give Lesne the necessary faculties.

VI-1-k - A.L.S. - (French) - 1p. - 4to. - {1}

1856 Sep. 15
Raymond, Father G(ilbert): Opelousas, (Louisiana)
 to Archbishop (Anthony Blanc: New Orleans, Louisiana)

While Raymond hopes to see (Blanc) at the distribution of prizes at Grand Coteau he thinks he should write to tell him that Father (Rene M.) Pineau came to tell him that in 3 days he would leave and that he would not go to Bois Mallet. Raymond asked for an explanation but when he followed him to his room he shut the door in Raymond's face. All of this, as he learned later, because of a very inoffensive remark by Raymond's brother about his horse. If Pineau writes before Raymond sees (Blanc), Raymond would be glad if (Blanc) would give him some good advice; he needs it. Although Pineau makes Raymond suffer he does not want him to leave them; he will be lost. Besides they need him especially at the moment as when (Father J. Francis Raymond) goes on another trip to Calcassieu, Raymond will be alone to serve the two churches at Washington and Bois Mallet. Pineau shows little gratitude for all Raymond has done for him. P.S. Raymond's health is good again.

VI-1-k - A.L.S. - (French) - 2pp. - 4to. - {3}

(18)56 Sep. 16
Mènard, Father Ch(arle)s M.: Thibodaux, (Louisiana)
 to Archbishop (Anthony Blanc: New Orleans, Louisiana)

On the 13th Mènard received (Blanc)'s letter of the 4th from Grand Coteau. Mènard takes the opportunity to send a reply with a Sister of (Mount) Carmel who is going to Vermillionville and who will leave it with the pastor of New Iberia who will give it (Blanc) when he arrives for Confirmation. Mènard thanks (Blanc) for his confidence in him as shown in regard to Father (Anthony) Carius and also for the charity toward this poor priest. His conduct here is irreproachable; he is worthy of a place in a short time. He seems to have decided to go to Canton, Ohio in case (Blanc) cannot use him. From what Mènard can see Carius is zealous, a good theologian and they say is a good speaker in the German language. He knows English well; his French pronunciation is defective. There is a difficulty in permitting him to say Mass. His incognito has been kept here since his arrival. To lift it would raise many questions; it would be better to lift it in some other locality. With (Blanc)'s permission, Mènard would suggest that he say Mass in private with Mènard serving, if only 2 or 3 times in order to console and encourage him. As soon as (Blanc) arrives home, he is to write Mènard on this subject. Carius proposes to pay (Blanc) a visit on his return. Right now he is at the hotel; Mènard pays for it as Carius has nothing. Mènard will do all he can to go along with (Blanc)'s ideas in regard to Bayou Boeuf. It is very desirable to have a priest at this church. Mènard will try to arrange with Father (Claude Paschal) Mai(s)tre for the success of this affair.

VI-1-k - A.L.S. - 2pp. - 4to. - {5}

1856 Sept. 17
Chambige, Father F(rancis): St. Thomas (Bardstown, Kentucky)
 to Archbishop John Baptist Purcell: of Cincinnati, Ohio

He deeply regrets that some of their students have given Purcell concern by their conduct during vacations. Callihan seems to be pretty well humbled. Bigelow sticks to his account of the disposition of the money. Glass of Portsmouth has a good countenance. Thanks to generous patronage of the prelates, the seminary is full. 60 was the height of their ambition. Classes are going smoothly. He asks for prayers. P.S. Ahlers has written an apology; but his excuse has no foundation. They make every effort to show no partiality to any nation or diocese.

II-4-m - A.L.S. - 4pp. - 8vo. - {2}

1856 Sept. 17
Kenrick, Francis Patrick, Abp. Baltimore: Baltimore, Maryland
 to Archbishop John Baptist Purcell: of Cincinnati, Ohio

He freely consents to Purcell's giving ordination and performing any other function of order or jurisdiction in his diocese. The Crosier should always be used in ordinations and consecrations. He got a letter from Cardinal Barnabo inquiring into a case of a Georgetown fugitive, Miss Loughborough, but no news about the vacant sees. P.S. Kenrick is revising the Douay version. He submits some changes that he thinks are desirable. It will be a long time before he publishes the Bible, but he is anxious to see a correct edition.

II-4-m - A.L.S. - 2pp. - 32do. - {4}

1856 Sept. 17
Hughes, John, Archbishop of: New York, (New York)
 to O(restes) A. Brownson: (New York, New York?)

Archbishop Hughes repudiates the malicious construction which a wekly newspaper (The American Celt) has put upon his speech at the last commencement of St. John's College. While he has differed with some views Brownson has expressed in the Review, he has not substantially changed his mind about it since its first numbers. He hopes that Brownson will be spared many years to preside over its pages.

I-3-m - L.S. - 1p. - 4to. - {2}

(18)56 Sep. 18
Thèves, Father A(nthony): Albany, (New York)
 to Archbishop (Anthony) Blanc: (New Orleans, Louisiana)

Thèves has just seen Bishop (Louis Joseph) de Goesbriand who made a trip to Cincinnati. From him, Thèves learned Blanc has three seminarians there, excellent young men. Thèves' conscience compels him to tell Blanc something about this seminary. Although it bears the name of the metropolitan see, no bishop of the province sends his subjects there because it is under the direction of a young priest who does not have the necessary experience. When Thèves was at Cincinnati he regretted to see a professor of this seminary fall on the floor of St. Patrick's; he is no longer there. Thèves owes his place at St. Patrick's to Father (James Frederick) Wood who has fine qualities. It has been painful to speak against a priest who has received him so well. Thèves would be very grateful if Blanc would settle his affairs at New Iberia. Father (Ange Marie) Jan is coming to the retreat. Thèves would also be grateful for the allowance Blanc will grant him even though it may be small. Thèves preaches successfully in English. He is well and content.

VI-1-k - A.L.S. - (French) - 3pp. - 12mo. - {4}

(18)56 Sep. 18
Bellier, Father J(ohn) P(eter): (New Orleans, Louisiana)
 to Archbishop (Anthony) Blanc: St. Martinville, L(ouisian)a

Father Rousselon has informed Bellier of what Blanc wrote about him. Bellier will accept anything, even an assistantship at the Cathedral or with Father Mènard. However, he would propose an exchange with Father (Paul) Guénard. Guénard speaks enough English to fill the post of St. Theresa's. Bellier would continue what Guérard was doing at Algiers. Guérard said yesterday that he would agree, if Blanc approved. The main reason for this is that, in the case of a departure for the country, it would be difficult to replace, unexpectedly, a certain number of deposits which would be easy to do if he remained in the city or its environs. At Father(?) Dennies(?)'s house someone asked for a bite to eat and was refused. Confessions, Communions and attendance at services continue as if nothing had happened. Bellier has had more fees than ever since Dennies(?) left.

VI-1-k - A.L.S. - (French) - 4pp. - 4to. - {3}

1856 Sept. 19
Elder, Father W(illiam) H: Emmitsburg, Maryland
 to O(restes) A. Brownson: (New York, New York)

At the suggestion of Professor O'Leary, he encloses a letter received from his brother, Charles Elder. O'Leary says there is a vacancy at Mt. St. Mary's College and the writer draws Brownson's attention to it since his son was seeking such a position. Elder mentions Schafferstein, President of the College, with much praise.

I-3-m - A.L.S. - 2pp. - 12mo. - {1}

1856 Sep. 19
Eulalie, (S.S.J.B.), Sister: Bay St. Louis, (Mississippi)
 to Archbishop (Anthony Blanc: New Orleans, Louisiana)

As she has received no other news about the asylum, she believes they are once more deceived. They have an adversary here (Father Stanislaus Buteux) who annoys them while here and if they attempt to leave he tries to make their undertakings fail. They are leaving him Sisters to carry on his work. They (Sisters of St. Joseph of Bourg) came here when the others destined for him refused. He told someone that he did not want to encourage the Ladies of Providence to replace(?) them because he was convinced that (the Sisters of Bourg) would not succeed and the Ladies would. It is not true that they do not know English. If (Blanc) does not come to their aid Eulalie does not know what will happen. She owes it to her conscience to leave; it would be better to go from door to door than to be near this man who is happy in doing harm to them. (Blanc) is their only resource in this country. They would be happy to withdraw to any place (Blanc) could place them.

VI-1-k - A.L.S. - (French) - 2pp. - 4to. - {5}

1856 Sep. 19
Vanpaemel, Father E(d): Grand Rapids, (Michigan)
 to (Bishop Peter Paul Lefevere): (Detroit, Michigan)

Vanpaemel just returned from a trip to Muskegon, Michigan and other places. He read Lefevere's letter of August 29 to the congregation at Muskegon, and they were pleased to hear that they were to have a priest. A building committee was appointed; they made a subscription of more than $200 for a house which will be built immediately. Muskegon has grown: French are leaving, Irish and Germans are increasing. Some Catholics in Grand Haven, Michigan want a church. Subscription was started; about $250 from persons of other denominations; a Mr. Albee subscribed $100. The committee will try to be ready to build next spring. It is absolutely impossible for Vanpaemel to collect the $90 of Father (Charles) Deceuninck. He has no right to trouble Lefevere about it. The children of several settlements are being prepared for First Communion and Confirmation. If Lefevere will be kind enough to designate a Sunday towards the end of October or the beginning of November for confirmation, they will try to have the German church ready for dedication and a Pontifical High Mass.

III-2-i - A.L.S. - 4pp. - 12mo. - {6}

1856 Sep. 19
(Leray, Father Francis Xavier): Vicksburg, (Mississippi)
 to Archbishop (Anthony Blanc: New Orleans, Louisiana)

In compliance with (Blanc)'s request, (Leray) writes concerning Father (George) Cooper. (Leray) was in hope that as Cooper became better acquainted with their people, he would mend his way; he is becoming more and more unpopular. His rudeness even at the altar, has alienated him. He is blinded by his prejudices which make him hate whatever is not English. Cooper has no more influence for doing good. (Leray) has not heard him charged with any crime but his anger and foolish tongue have destroyed his usefulness.

VI-1-k - A.L. Incomplete - 2pp. - 12mo. - {2}

1856 Sept. 20
Spalding, Ja(me)s R.: (Louisville, Kentucky)
 to (Orestes A.) Brownson: (New York, New York)

He thanks Brownson for his kind note and asks permission to make a public use of it. He wants to use it in correcting a mistatement made in an article in the New York Observer by Kirwan. It is possible that Brownson does not remember the exact tenor of the note he wrote, so it is enclosed along with the article (no enclosure). He understands that Don Piatt Esq. late secretary of the Paris legation, was married by a priest, although he and his wife are Protestants. He asks for the return of his "Vincennes" article.

I-3-m2pp. - 12mo. - {4}

1856 Sep. 20
Foltier, Father S(tephen) J(ules): Vermillionville, (Louisiana)
 to Archbishop (Anthony Blanc: New Orleans, Louisiana)

Not having seen (Blanc) again on his return from Grand Coteau, Foltier writes the news of Abbeville. Father (Jean Arthur) Poyet was certainly welcome. If the sight of the ruins of the church and the village gave him a painful impression, the people consoled him by their devotion and generosity. Foltier took him to all the families and Thursday the men met at the rectory. A subscription was opened amounting at 605 piastres for the town alone. (Blanc) subscribed 500; Foltier and Poyet 200; so the pastor of Abbeville already has 1305 piastres. No doubt the people will subscribe 2 or 3 hundred so they could count on 1500. The collection made at New Orleans would finish the church and enlarge the presbytery. Pierre was to have begun clearing it last Thursday. All the posts can be used again as well as the windows, doors, some of the pews, all the scantlings, the floor and much of the wood. Foltier thinks that the church will be up before 3 months. He sends this news to lessen the sadness Blanc felt at the news of the collapse of the church. Foltier left half of his household goods, the organ, the vestments, and much of the food. He has left no debts for Poyet. There is still something to be paid for the wood but he will settle with all these debts. Foltier believes he has fulfilled his promise to do all he can for the new pastor who has all the talent to carry out the undertaking.

VI-1-k - A.L.S. - (French) - 2pp. - 4to. - {4}

1856 Sep. 20
Ryan, C.M., Father S(tephen) V(incent): Cape Girardeau, (Missouri)
 to Father E(tienne) Rousselon: N(ew) Orleans, (Louisiana)

Rousselon's letter, addressed to Father (J.) Masnou, (C.M.) was handed to Ryan on the arrival of the three Sisters of Mt. Carmel a couple of weeks ago. Masnou has not resided at the College for more than a year. As holding Masnou's place, Ryan feels it his duty to apprise Rousselon of the receipt of the letter and give some news of the Sisters in whom Rousselon is so much interested. They arrived here in good health and were affectionately welcomed by the Sisters of Loretto. Last week they were unwell but are now well and contented. They are commencing to show signs of progress in English. Ryan assures Rousselon that they will endeavor to promote the twofold end for which Rousselon has placed them temporarily under their charge. Father (Timothy D.) O'Keeffe, (C.M.), treasurer of the college, has written to Rousselon concerning the money spoken of in the letter. Ryan will be happy to receive any instructions relative to the Sisters. Ryan understands French as well as English and so Rousselon may use the same liberty in replying in his mother tongue. (On the back of the letter in Rousselon's hand): Victor Auguste Duclos, Eugéenie Ther(es?)a Judicés.

VI-1-k - A.L.S. - 3pp. - 4to. - {7}

1856 Sep. 21
(Purcell), Archbishop J(ohn) B(aptist): Cin(cinnati, Ohio)
 to Archbishop Anthony Blanc: New Orleans, (Louisiana)

(Purcell) received Blanc's letter correcting the misunderstanding by his brother (Father Edward Purcell) of the remark he thought made by Card(inal) Fransoni as reported by Father Rousselon. But (Purcell) did not understand what Blanc means by "some one's imaginary mitres floating over certain heads." The Archbishop of Baltimore informs (Purcell) of having received a letter from Cardinal Barnabo of Aug(ust) 16 in which not one word is said about their councils, sees, or any church matters but only inquiry about some (Mary) Loughborou(gh), a fugitive from Georgetown. Blanc's three students are well and edifying. They had an excellent retreat preached by Bishop (Louis Joseph) De Goesbriand. Will Blanc consent to (Anthony) Durier's being ordained priest? They can set him to preaching English and initiate him in the pastoral ministry. (Purcell) is obliged to ask Blanc's charity in behalf of the children of Mr. Worden(?) in danger of being lost to the faith. Their mother is dead; their father leaves them to any fate. (Purcell) will pay their journey to Nashville, Tenn(essee) where their grand-parents, Mr. and Mrs. John Winter live, or to Cincinnati where their uncle resides, to (Purcell)'s care. Fathers Dela Croix or Moynihan may find them and rescue them. (Purcell) has the famous French singers of the Pyrenees "Jerusalem Pilgrims" to sing High Mass today. (Purcell) is delighted that the yellow fever does not trouble Blanc this fall. (On the back of the letter): Mr. Kennedy of Thibodeaux wants to marry Mrs. Dr. Ames, née De Shields; (Purcell) thinks he had better not.

VI-1-k - A.L.S. - 4pp. - 4to. - {10}

1856 Sep. 21
Prachensky, S.J., Father Jos(eph): Baton Rouge, (Louisiana)
 to Archbishop (Anthony Blanc: New Orleans, Louisiana)

By the disposition of his Superiors, Prachensky again occupies his former situation in Baton Rouge. He asks if he can again make his visits to Jackson, Bayou Sara, and Woodville. He fears Woodville has not been visited since to left. On his return from Woodville he might take the route to Fort Adams, (Mississippi) as he was invited to baptize children of two or three families but was prevented by being called to New Orleans. (Mathilde) Victor has occupied the former St. Peter and Paul's College, now St. Mary's Academy. Dr. Williams and lady occupy the convent. Prachensky hopes both schools will prosper as both of the principals have established their reputations in Baton Rouge.

VI-1-k - A.L.S. - 2pp. - 4to. - {6}

1856 Sep. 22
Chavaete, Father P.S.: Woumen, (Belgium)
 to Archbishop (Anthony Blanc: New Orleans, Louisiana)

Chavaete wrote last April or May that probably this year he would not need money because a Sister at the hospice counted on receiving a certain sum from her family which he could use. But it was not realized and so Chavaete asks for an even greater amount than last year. A short time ago he acquired land enough so that each year their harvests are sufficient. So he asks (Blanc) to send at least 5 or 6000 piastres including last year's revenue. He will need the funds around the new year.

VI-1-k - A.L.S. - (French) - 2pp. - 12mo. - {1}

1856 Sept. 22
Miles, George H.,: Balt(imore, Maryland,)
 to O(restes) A. Brownson: New York, (New York)

Miles wishes to make one correction in a manuscript he sent to the Review. The sentence "But by night 'twas bitter thinking". He apologizes for his carelessness in letting this mistake escape his attention and hopes Brownson will make the desired correction. He asks to be remembered to Father (Isaac T.) Hecker.

I-3-m - A.L.S. - 2pp. - 12mo. - {2}

(18)56 Sep. 24
(Beers), J(ulia): Litchfield, (Connecticut)
 to (Bishop James Roosevelt Bayley: Newark, New Jersey)

The old disease has come upon (Beers). The recollection that this is her feast day has given her a shake. She had a delightful visit to Canada after the saw (Bayley) in New York. At Quebec she saw Sister Marie de L'Incarnation. At the Archbishop's she saw Mr. Cagran and afterwards he came with Mr. Langevin to see them. They said many kind things of (Bayley). Father (Daniel) Kelly has finally succeeded in getting up a little chapel in Goshen. It was opened last Sunday for the first time. (Beers) enjoyed Huc's travels which (Bayley) sent. (Beers) supposes (Bayley) is fairly to work at Seton Hall now. He is to give her love to Mrs. Nesmith and Mrs. Tiers. Mother sends her love. She is well and is going with Father to Buffalo next month.

II-2-n - A.L.S. - 4pp. - 32mo. - {3}

1856 Sep. 24
Lavay, S.J., Father J(oseph): Baton Rouge, (Louisiana)
 to Archbishop (Anthony Blanc: New Orleans, Louisiana)

Yesterday Dr. Williams showed Lavay a letter from (Blanc). It has embarrassed Williams greatly as he has already taken possession of the house and counted on opening his school next Monday. Williams had understood that (Blanc) had granted the use of the house to (Mathilde) Victor until next January and thought that Victor could transfer her privilege up to that time which Victor had promised to the Religious of the Sacred Heart. If (Blanc) cannot accord this favor, Lavay is afraid Williams will accept offers elsewhere and they will find themselves without a Catholic school. Williams enjoys a good reputation. Many boarders have been promised although the fee is $250. The price for day scholas is $6 a month. Mrs. Williams seems capable of managing a house. Lavay's desire for a Catholic school made him take this step.

VI-1-k - A.L.S. - (French) - 2pp. - 4to. - {4}

1856 Sep. 24
Tumoine, Father H(yacinthe): La Selle-en-Cogles, (France?)
 to Archbishop (Anthony Blanc: New Orleans, Louisiana)

(Blanc) asked him to write when he was about to return. He has spent three months with his family. He plans to take the steamer Fulton for New York on October 22 arriving in New Orleans about the middle of November. He spent one month in Rome. He is very pleased with his trip. He found his family much diminished but they received him with joy, especially his mother. He also was affectionately received by the clergy. Their peace and happiness makes him regret a little that he did not stay here. He hopes his trip will repay the expenditure of time and money. He sees no news of yellow fever in the papers; he hopes they have been spared.

VI-1-k - A.L.S. - (French) - 2pp. - 12mo. - {1}

1856 Sep. 26
Lefevere, Peter Paul, Bishop of Zelanus: Detroit, (Michigan)
 to Father Thomas Cullen: (Ann Arbor, Michigan)

Printed formula grant of faculties for the diocese of Detroit filled in with proper details. In it Lefevere has added the faculty of dispensing from the three banns of marriage, of blessing crosses, medals, and rosaries, and the permission to omit Matins and Lauds of the following day when hearing confessions. The faculties are signed by the bishop and the secretary, Father P(eter) Hennaert, and impressed with the episcopal seal. The faculties are also granted in writing for the whole diocese with the consent of the missionary of the place or those in charge of the mission. Included are the statutes of the diocese since 1843.

III-2-m - Printed formulae S. - (Latin) - 15pp. and paper cover small - 8vo. - {4}

(18)56 Sep. 27
(Martin), Bishop Aug(uste) M(ar)ie: Natchitoches, (Louisiana)
 to Archbishop (Anthony Blanc: New Orleans, Louisiana)

Yesterday (Martin) received a letter from a priest who was forced to leave the diocese of Vincennes without knowing where to take refuge. The presence of Mr. Shiefferstein of the same country, drew him to Thibodeaux. (Martin) knew him 11 years ago when he directed his theological studies. He is a capable man but was soon left to himself without direction. (Martin) predicted this at the time to Bishop Delah(ailandière). Two months ago, one of the vicars general of Vincennes wrote asking (Martin) to take him under his direction. (Martin) immediately consented. It seems the young man felt obliged to seek a refuge while waiting for the reply. His incognito being discovered because of his breviary, Father (Charles) Mesnard asked (Blanc) to open his diocese to him. However Father (Hippolite) Dup(ontavice) told him that (Martin) had consented to receive him and he immediately wrote the enclosed letter (no enclosure), placing himself at (Martin)'s disposal if (Blanc) did not employ him. (Martin) asks (Blanc) to send Father (Anthony) Carius to him. Father (Hyacinthe) Tumoine has returned to (Blanc)'s diocese. Father (Hector) Figarri, (C.M.), the only one of (Martin)'s priests speaking English well, is going back also to prepare himself for his old age with resources (Martin)'s diocese does not offer. Father (J.) Guy, attacked by an incurable disease, is returning to France. (Martin)'s budding college is threatened to die because of lack of professors. The Bishop of Brieuc refused (Martin) two excellent subjects he had counted on and he has received no one this year. (Martin) would keep Carius in his college and later could put him in the ministry. (Martin) also states a marriage difficulty (in Latin). He had replied that the validity was at least probable; if null, the public divorce would not permit (Martin) to grant the dispensation. (Martin) wants (Blanc)'s opinion. (P.S.) The drought has ruined the country. No vegetables or potatoes or eggs; no communication with N(ew) O(rleans) because of sand bars.

VI-1-k - A.L.S. - (French) - 4pp. - 12mo. - {9}

(1856) Sep. 27
Feltus, M.S.: (Philadelphia, Pennsylvania)
 to Bishop (James Roosevelt Bayley: Newark, New Jersey)

(Bayley)'s note announcing his intention to visit has been received. Such an event will always afford pleasure to Kenny and herself. She will never cease to hope that the result of one of these visits may be the conversion of her husband. She has heard of the delicate state of Mr. Manning's health and expects both Emmy and himself on Monday. She will look for (Bayley) on October 6. Her good cook has joined the Order of the Sacred Heart. If a heartfelt welcome will make up for the deficiency in "good things", she will promise (Bayley) that.

II-2-n - A.L.S. - 4pp. - 16mo. - {2}

1856 Sep. 28
Lynch, C.M., Father J(ohn): Buffalo, (New York)
 to Archbishop (Anthony) Blanc: New Orleans, (Louisiana)

Lynch promised to write of any arrangement that would enable Father (John H.) Debolles to reside anywhere near the hospital, except in the parochial residence of St. Joseph's. This is the only obstacle to Debolles returning to his former sphere of usefulness. Lynch has written also to Sister Avelina to see if they could arrange to keep so useful and good a priest. In Buffalo a priest resides in the hospital to attend the sick. Lynch expects to return to Missouri in two weeks. The retreat of the clergy commences tomorrow and at its close on Oct(ober) 5 a diocesan synod will be held ending on Wednesday. Bishop (John Timon) is in excellent health and going ahead faster than lightning. They are projecting a seminary here to be opened next year on a beautiful site overlooking the lake about 8 miles from Buffalo.

VI-1-k - A.L.S. - 2pp. - 12mo. - {5}

1856 Sept. 28
Baraga, Frederick, Bishop of Saut Ste. Marie: Saut Ste. Marie, (Michigan)
 to Bishop (Peter Paul) Lefevere: Detroit, (Michigan)

Baraga had been absent for nearly a month and received Lefevere's letter of Sept. 7 on the 25; also the money which was sent by express. Father (Timothy) Carie' has not yet returned and Baraga wishes that he would not come at all. It would same him trouble.

III-2-i - A.L.S. - 1p. - 8vo. - {2}

1856 Sep. 29
(McCloskey), Bishop John: Albany, (New York)
 to Archbishop (Anthony) Blanc: N(ew) Orleans, (Louisiana)

A young priest, Father W(illia)m Edwards, formerly of Blanc's diocese, has presented himself on the way to Chicago and expressed a preference to remain in (McCloskey)'s diocese. (McCloskey) objected at first on the ground of Blanc's having transferred his jurisdiction expressly to the Bishop of Chicago and secondly of Edwards being an entire stranger. (McCloskey) is induced partly by the good character in Blanc's dimissorial and more by (McCloskey)'s present urgent need not to decline Edwards' offer until hearing from Blanc. There will be no difficulty in the jurisdiction as Edwards has never applied to Chicago. Father (Anthony) Thèves is now with (McCloskey) in his own residence. Bishop Timon strongly recommended to receive him; (McCloskey) is quite favorably impressed in his regard.

VI-1-k - A.L.S. - 3pp. - 12mo. - {3}

1856 Sep. 29
Pèlis(?), W(illia)m: New Orleans, Louisiana

A license to marry issued to Joseph Ascension and Martha Hilaire. (On the back): Joseph Henri Ascension, Michael Barthelmy, Hilaire Boisbin, Marthe Merlé.

VI-1-k - D.S. - 2pp. - 16mo. - {6}

1856 Sept. 29
Brummer, Father J.W.: Zanesville, Ohio
 to Archbishop John Baptist Purcell: of Cincinnati, Ohio

He encloses a check for the seminary and also for the Telegraph. He thinks he will get Father (J.B.) Hengehold to give them a retreat soon. P.S. Brummer teaches school every day, as he has no teacher yet.

II-4-m - A.L.S. - 2pp. - 12mo. - {3}

1856 Sep. 30
Rousselon, Father E(tienne): New Orleans, (Louisiana)
 to Archbishop A(nthony) Blanc:

Rousselon sends this letter by chance, not knowing just where Blanc is and so he does not send some letters he has received since his last sending: two letters from Baton Rouge and one from Philadelphia. Blanc would not receive them before October 5 and he hopes Blanc will return soon after that. Father (John Peter) B(ellier?) is leaving St. T(heresa's?) October 3 or 4; he announced it publicly last Sunday. He decided to write to Natchitoches; he is going to Thibodeau to wait for a reply. Rousselon does not know with whom to replace him by the 5th. Their three seminarians were ordained priests but will arrive only at Blanc's return. Father (F.) Zeller leaves Havre on the new line to New Orleans by way of the West Indies, he will be here around October 10. Rousselon has informed everyone concerned about the news from Montpellier. Everything is going well except that Father (Adrien) Rouquette has lumbago. Blanc's last letter reassured Rousselon about his health.

VI-1-k - A.L.S. - (French) - 2pp. - 16mo. - {4}

1856 Sep. 30
Thénard(?), Father: Havre, (France)
 to Archbishop (Anthony Blanc: New Orleans, Louisiana)

A young man of Havre is going to New Orleans to enter business. Thénard gladly gives this letter of introduction to this young man of 27. P.S. His name is Eugene Duval; he is employed by Odin Hoose and Company.

VI-1-k - A.L.S. - (French) - 1p. - 12mo. - {3}