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1856 Nov. 1

Citizens' Bank of Louisiana New Orleans, Louisiana
 to Ursuline Nuns-Archbishop A(nthony) Blanc: N(ew) Orleans, (Louisiana)

C. Roselius, F. Grima, and W.CC. Claiborne, mortgage stockholders of the Bank, call attention to the annexed Memorial to be presented to the Legislature. If it meets their concurrence, they are to sign the enclosed Power of Attorney. (The attached Memorial traces the financial history of the Bank.)

VI-1-k - Printed L. - 4pp. - 4to. - {5}


1856 Nov. 1
Clinton, R.: Paulding, Mississippi
 to Archbishop (Anthony Blanc: New Orleans, Louisiana)

Clinton has shown (Blanc)'s letter from New Iberia to Father (Ghislain) Bohème who is the clergyman alluded to in Clinton's letter of September. Last summer and during the preceding year, Clinton was teaching some children some 150 miles from here. He was repeatedly invited to take a school in Bohème's parish and last July the terms were given to him. He was informed that if he did not take their school they would have to request Father (P.R.) Hacket(t) of Mobile to procure a teacher. When Clinton came here he was introduced to Bohème and then went to see the persons who had children for the school. All agreed to September 1 to commence as it gave them time to build a schoolhouse and for Clinton to settle his affairs. But another teacher had been engaged without giving Clinton notice. Bohème expressed from the altar that this man should be the teacher. Clinton told Bohème that he would yield only on condition that the scandal be removed by confessing the error. Bohème says he made no solemn promise and that there was no scandal. One half of those who promised to subscribe to Clinton declare they will not send their children to the teacher Bohème has engaged.

VI-1-k - A.L.S. - 4pp. - 4to. - {4}


1856 Nov. 1
Freret, Laure: Grand Coteau, (Louisiana)
 to Archbishop (Anthony Blanc: New Orleans, Louisiana)

Laure has been at Grand Coteau for two weeks. She asks (Blanc) to keep an eye on her now that she is at Sacred Heart. She suffers by being away from her mother and her brothers and sisters but she hopes in a short time to be a spouse of Christ. If she could only obtain the conversion of her brother! They have lately had quite satisfactory news of him. It would give so much pleasure to her mother if (Blanc) could go to see her sometime.

VI-1-k - A.L.S. - (French) - 2pp. - 8vo. - {1}


1856 Nov. 2
Cooper, Father George: Vicksburg, (Mississippi)
 to Archbishop (Anthony Blanc: New Orleans, Louisiana)

Cooper has just received (Blanc)'s letter. He has read again a copy of his own letter and can find in it no disrespectful tone, only honest indignation of unworthy treatment. Cooper suppressed the petition very speedily. Four trustees wished Cooper to sanction a subscription in money to enable him to go away decently. Cooper would not do so as he knew it would lead to inquiries. The French cannot give anyone credit for disinterestedness except themselves. Cooper has heard some French priests say they did not care for (Blanc) and had enough laid by to enable them to live in France. It is not only non-French who have given cause for scandal. The last scandal in Vicksburg was given by a French priest being carried into this house in a state of helpless intoxication. Cooper believes that Father (M.D. O'Reily) O'Reilly was innocent of all laid to his charge. His principal accuser died since Cooper came here. He sent for Cooper and acknowledged he was the father of the child and the female cut her throat. Cooper deplores the ill conduct of Father (Stephen) Montgomery, (O.P.) With regard to the French assistant whom Montgomery could not keep for fear of him becoming too popular, it is said here that the old gentleman could not endure his insolence. Cooper in saying " Do not send a French priest to Vicksburg " thought that (Blanc) was like an English bishop in desiring information about the sort of person most likely to do good there. Cooper is disposed to disbelieve what (Blanc) says of the numbers who surround Father (Mathurin F.) Grignon's confessional. The same was alleged as the cause of Father (John Peter) Bellier's dislike of Father (William) Edwards. People who speak English only would generally prefer as a confessor one whose language they understand. Cooper has not been able to perceive what (Blanc) calls an "appreciable compensation" on the side of the French. Perhaps it is because Cooper's mental vision has not yet recovered from the dazzling effect of Father (Gilbert) Raymond whom (Blanc) has selected to fill Father Rousselon's place during his absence. (Blanc) says there is only one not French besides Cooper in the diocese. Four of (Blanc)'s French priests met at a feast and boasted that (Blanc) would "weed" this diocese before an Irish bishop came, as he was "weeding" New Orleans. Cooper will go as soon as he hears from the Bishop of Chicago. He will make arrangements before Christmas although the physician advises him to winter here. Cooper has got two of the little orphan girls into respectable Catholic families; one still remains with him. He is paying the board of one little boy; the other is now with him. He cannot take them with him. Cooper came to (Blanc) upon Bishop Portier's representation when the yellow fever was raging. The Bishop of Boston had given Cooper the choice of two places but Cooper came to (Blanc). He never received a cent from anyone. During the six months he was in Feliciana he received but $35. He did not cost (Blanc) a cent for his education. (Blanc) is very ready to receive any accusation against a non-French. Witness the crying scandals in New Orleans. (Blanc) believes the bare assertion of a French priest as he did when the calumniator, Father (Charles?) Chambost wrote about Cooper. He has also done so when the spying Father (Francis Xavier) Leray wrote. Edwards told Cooper enough of what he had to suffer without redress. If Bellier had put the same indignities on Cooper, Cooper would have put him out of his room. P.S. Nov.3. Grignon is here. Cooper does not envy the people who have to listen to him; he can scarcely speak English intelligibly. Cooper invited Grignon to stop at the presbytery; he declined. Today Cooper has made preparations to entertain him but does not think he will come. 3 or 4 of the French priests are to meet Grignon here, probably for the "weeding" of the diocese.

VI-1-k - A.L.S. - 10pp. - 8vo. - {9}


(18)56 Nov. 3
Behan, Father P(atrick): Pine Bluff, Ark(ansa)s
 to Archbishop (Anthony Blanc: New Orleans, Louisiana)

Before this letter reaches (Blanc) a Reverend Gentleman from Nova Scotia will probably have visited him. He is a very bad man and has given great scandal along this river. He calls himself (Father J.?) McIntyre and says he studied in Rome. (P.S.) Bishop Andrew Byrne has been very much indisposed at Fort Smith but is recovering.

VI-1-k - A.L.S. - 1p. - 12mo. - {3}


1856 Nov. 3
Beverley, C.B.: Mexico City, (Mexico)
 to Archbishop (Anthony) Blanc: (New Orleans, Louisiana)

Having been employed to prosecute a claim against the Mexican government and intending to remain here some six weeks, Beverley asks Blanc to send him a letter of introduction to the Bishop of this city. It is to be directed to the Hon(orable) Crescensio de Boves of this place and sent to Tiburcio J. Lopez in Dumaine Street near Blanc's residence. P.S. Blanc is to send Beverley's wife a copy of their act of marriage; Blanc married them December 15, 1845. It is to be sent to Bay St. Louis in care of Father (Stanislaus Buteux) Buteaux.

VI-1-k - A.L.S. - 2pp. - 4to. - {4}


1856 Nov. 3
McCloskey, Rev. George: (New York, New York)
 to (Orestes A.) Brownson: (New York, New York)

McCloskey says he has been too busy to visit Brownson but he has fought two battles for him. He heard that many intended cancelling their subscriptions to the Review and he set about counteracting this intention. This he considers the same as having been fighting for the truth. He asks that ten copies of the Review be sent to him, beginning with the issue of January 1, 1857; he promises to send the first thirty dollars he gets between now and the first of January as payment in advance.

I-3-m - A.L.S. - 3pp. - 12mo. - {1}


1856 Nov. 3
Raymond, Father G(ilbert): Opelousas, (Louisiana)
 to Archbishop (Anthony Blanc: New Orleans, Louisiana)

Father (J. Francois Raymond) has just arrived from Calcassieu. They are offering land for a church but the title is doubtful. Father (Henry A.) Picherit has also just arrived. He had the scurvy when he left but is well now. He says he is going to make a little retreat. His church at Lake Arthur give him difficulty. The church at l'Anse à la Rivière where there are many Catholics is going well. Will (Blanc) send Picherit a power of attorney to accept a piece of land offered for building. Picherit fears that Sosthènes Mouton will not want to give it unless there are trustees. In that case Picherit will refuse it and accept another offered him. They are 4 just now at Opelousas. But the building of the different churches will soon take Raymond's brother and Picherit away and Raymond will be alone with Father (Rene) Pineau. Pineau last Friday said that he had written to (Blanc) and that he no longer wishes to do anything for Opelousas or Washington. His conduct is not what it should be. Most of the time he prefers to spend his leisure with the servants and workmen, smoking and drinking whiskey. Raymond is conviced that if Pineau leaves them it will be the beginning of his ruin. A strong letter from (Blanc) will make him examine himself.

VI-1-k - A.L.S. - (French) - 4pp. - 12mo. - {8}


1856 Nov. 4
Chambost, Father C(harles): Plaquemine, (Louisiana)
 to Archbishop (Anthony Blanc): New Orleans, (Louisiana)

(Blanc)'s letter of October 30 arrived last night. Chambost agrees wholeheartedly with what (Blanc) desires in regard to (Henry) Riordan. When he asked that the ordination take place at the College, it was necessity that forced him. Chambost still does not know who to put in his place. So two weeks before December 8, Chambost will send Riordan to Father (Napoleon Joseph) Perché to be examined and prepared. Chambost will be present for his ordination to the priesthood. The help which Chambost intends to ask from the Legislature is not from resources of the State. Iberville Parish pays 9000 piastres for the schools every year and withdraws only 2300. The members of the "juri de police" are asking Chambost whether he will accept a certain number of poor children belonging to the parish in case they obtain this surplus. Chambost would be under no more obligation than he assumes with each father that sends his child. There must be almost 50 poor children who receive a free education every year and of this number 7 or 8 are boarders. The governor has said that it is only the Catholics who teach the poor gratis and ask for nothing; as a result the funds for education are in the hands of the enemies of Catholicism. In his last letter to Perché, Chambost insisted on the point of the Sisters. Chambost has 60 little girls not attending school while awaiting a reply. He has asked Perché to see, with (Blanc), whether they could not have just two Sisters. Another of Chambost's cousins has arrived for the college and some young people for the service of the house.

VI-1-k - A.L.S. - (French) - 3pp. - 4to. - {3}


(18)56 Nov. 4
Durier, Father (Anthony):
Mount St. Mary's Sem(inary) (Cincinnati, Ohio)
 to Archbishop (Anthony Blanc: New Orleans, Louisiana)

Durier was much surprised that (Blanc) wanted him to be ordained so soon. He tried to decline but accepted the will of God. His ordination took place last Tuesday. Last Friday he offered Mass for the first time. It was in the convent of the Sisters of St. Vincent de Paul. It was the anniversary of his starting from France. The next day, All Saints Day, he performed as Deacon at St. John's and Sunday he sang High Mass in the Cathedral. The building of their seminary is going on; it will be a splendid house. On the feast of the anniversary of his consecration, Archbishop (Purcell) drank to (Blanc)'s health; he extolled the diocese of New Orleans and its prelate. (Auguste Barthelemy) Langlois is very pleased with saying his breviary. (Francois) Follot is digging away in the study of English; he is waiting for his exeat.

VI-1-k - A.L.S. - 3pp. - 4to. - {3}


1856 Nov. 4
Rolando, C.M., Father J(ames): St. Louis, (Missouri)
 to Archbishop (Anthony Blanc: New Orleans, Louisiana)

A French priest, Father (Eleazar) Vignonet, who came to this country about 2 years ago, is now in French Village, Illinois. He would like to aggregate himself to the diocese of New Orleans. He requested Rolando to write to (Blanc). Rolando is one of the Italian Lazarists whom (Blanc) ordained in Donaldsonville in February 1841. Vignonet is under no obligation to the Bishop of Chicago or any other Bishop in the United States. He only went to French Village at the request of Bishop O'Regan. Vignonet seems to enjoy a favorable reputation here.

VI-1-k - A.L.S. - 2pp. - 12mo. - {2}


1856 Nov. 4
Feltin, Father N(icholas): Houston, (Texas)
 to Archbishop (Anthony Blanc: New Orleans, Louisiana)

Feltin does not know how to address a letter to the Orphan Asylum where he sent two children, aged four and six last year. He asks (Blanc) to send the enclosed letter to its destination(no enclosure). An alms of 5 piastres is enclosed.

V-1-k - A.L.S. - (French) - 1p. - 4to. - {1}


1856 Nov. 4
(Le Mée), Bishop J(ames) J(oh)n Peter: St. Brieuc, (France)
 to Archbishop (Anthony Blanc): New Orleans, (Louisiana)

Six Daughters of the Cross of (Le Mée)'s diocese are going to Natchitoches where Bishop (Auguste Marie) Martin, a year ago, founded a house of their order at Avoyelles. They would be happy to receive (Blanc)'s blessing on their way through New Orleans.

VI-1-k - L.S. - (French) - 1p. - 4to. - {3}


1856 Nov. 4
Spalding, M(artin) J. Bp. Louisville: Louisville, Kentucky
 to Archbishop John Baptist Purcell: of Cincinnati, Ohio

Spalding believes Purcell was right in the opinion he gave to Judge Burnett. It is generally asserted by theologians that the apostles were personally infallible in virtue of the Holy Ghost. The election is going on with apparent quiet but they do not know what a day may bring forth. The desparate party of the Jacobins is raging. If Kentucky goes Democratic, it will be a death blow to the Knownothings. A few days ago things looked very squally. Churches were threatened by this contemptible party. The Mayor told Spalding that he feared he could not keep peace or protect them unless Spalding issued a card invoking peace. The card published was addressed not to Catholics but to the public and contained an appeal to Knownothings without naming them. If Spalding had refused to publish it, the Knownothings might have destroyed all their churches. He gave the Mayor fair warning of the city's liability for damage. He sends his sympathy for Mrs. Springer and her husband.

II-4-m - A.L.S. - 4pp. - 12mo. - {4}


1856 Nov. 5
Barry, Father John: Savannah, (Georgia)
 to Archbishop Anthony (Blanc): New Orleans, (Louisiana)

There is no impediment to the marriage.

- A.D.S. - (Latin) -


 On the same paper: 

1856 Oct. 28
Barry, Father John: Savannah, G(eorgi)a
 to Archbishop Ant(h)ony Blanc: New Orleans, L(ouisian)a

Barry introduces his friend and parishioner, Camille Girardey who leaves in a few days to receive at Blanc's hands the nuptial benediction in union with a respectable lady of Blanc's charge. Girardey is a most worthy Catholic and Barry hopes he will prove a treasure to the favored lady who espouses him.

- A.L.S. -


VI-1-k - A.L.S., A.D.S. - (English & Latin) - 3pp. - 8vo. - {2}


1856 Nov. 5
Lyons, Father M.: Chicago, (Illinois)
 to Archbishop (Anthony Blanc: New Orleans, Louisiana)

(Blanc)'s permission to go to Ireland in answer to Lyons' letter of August 27, reached Lyons about the end of October. From the advanced state of the season as well as want of friends, Lyons could not avail himself of this indulgence. The doctors declared what was best to be done. The climate of New York was too sharp for him. They advised him to try the west and for the last 10 days he has been in Bishop O'Regan's house.

VI-1-k - A.L.S. - 1p. - 12mo. - {1}


1856 Nov. 6
Maistre, Father C(laude) P(aschal): Bayou Boeuf, (Louisiana)
 to Archbishop (Anthony) Blanc: (New Orleans, Louisiana)

On his return from New Orleans, Maistre wrote to Father Charles M. Mènard at Thibodeaux to ask him for a room for the winter. Menard replied not to hurry, that he had just heard from Father (Guillaume Le Mercier) Duguesney that he was taking action to place Maistre somewhere. Maistre has no preference. His position here is not tenable for the winter. Menard does not seem too desirous of having him. He heard the Confessions of a good part of the people for All Saints day and Sunday he will give First Communion to the children. There is no one sick so he could leave without great inconvenience. Duquesney said that they needed a third assistant. Maistre has no ambition to remain in the city. He asks Blanc to reply within a month.

VI-1-k - A.L.S. - (French) - 3pp. - 8vo. - {3}


1856 Nov. 7(?)
Conelly, Catherine: Cleveland, Ohio
 to Archbishop (Anthony) Blanc: (New Orleans, Louisiana)

Some 7 weeks ago Conelly sent a package containing $30 for her sister Alice Murray, who buried her husband, Christopher Murray two weeks before. They were members of the Catholic Church and on Bishop Rappe's advice Conelly consigned the package to Blanc. Conelly also wrote to her sister in care of Father Monoher(?); she has not heard since. She asks Blanc to drop a line if he has received the package. A line to Bishop Rappe or H.V.Bemis would reach Conelly safely.

VI-1-k - A.L.S. - 2pp. - 8vo. - {4}


1856 Nov. 7
Kindekens, Father J(oseph): Detroit, Mich(igan)
 to Archbishop A(nthony) Blanc: New Orleans, (Louisiana)

During the past summer, at the request of the Archbishop of Baltimore, Kindekens endeavored to find a suitable location for the projected American College in Rome. He found it impossible. Under the present occupation of Rome by the French, etc. the Holy Father could not say when he could assign a suitable building. Passing through Belgium, Kindekens learned of an earnest wish to establish a college for the Foreign Missions. 1. Kindekens obtained a promise from the Count Felix de Merode of between 50,000 and 60,000 francs toward founding a college in any city of Belgium of Kindekens' choice. 2. The Archbishop of Malines and several other prelates promised their cooperation. 3. A subscription will open in the columns of the Catholic journals of Belgium as soon as Kindekens can assure them that the bishops of the United the bishops States are promoting the work. The rector of the University, the city selected for the college, has promised his aid. The institution (American College in Louvain) would serve as a nursery of properly educated clergy for the missions and proved American bishops with a college where some of their students might be sent without much expense. The basis of government will be that of the Propaganda at Rome. Each diocese will profit in proportion to the amount furnished toward it. Blanc is to inform Kindekens whether he desires to take part and what amount he may possibly furnish. Blanc is also amount he may possibly furnish. Blanc is also to nominate the person he may wish to become Rector. Kindekens must inform Merode whether the design is entered into by the Bishops or leave Merode free to build a church in Brussels as was his original intention.

VI-1-1 - L.S. - 1p. - 4to. - {4}


1856 Nov. 8
Baraga, Frederick, Bishop of Saut Ste. Marie: Saut Ste. Marie, (Michigan)
 to Mr. Nicholas Murray: Cheboygan, Mich(igan)

Baraga sends Murray a formulary of the quarterly report for the Indian school kept at Cheboygan, Michigan, and explains to him how to fill it out. He is annoyed that Murray has not yet sent such a report, though Baraga had asked him to do so last Sept. 29. He was to report in the beginning of every March, June, September, and December. He demands 2 reports immediately one for the month of September, the other one for the 4th quarter, that is, from Oct. 1 to Dec. 31, 1856. He also wants to know if Murray has seen the agent at Little Traverse and what he told him. (In the Detroit Diocesan Paper).

III-2-i - A.L.S. - 1p. - 4to. - {1}


1856 Nov. 9
Borgess, Father C(aspar) H.: Columbus, Ohio
 to Archbishop John Baptist Purcell: of Cincinnati, Ohio

The people of Delaware have repeatedly called on Borgess to attend that mission, but he was obliged to refuse because of Purcell's prohibition, and because his own charge did not justify such consent. He has induced his uncle Father (Otho Borgess) to remain with him where he happy and contented. With his help Borgess could attend the Delaware Mission one Sunday in the month, if Purcell would let him attend it alone. There are about five families in Cardington, Harrow County, who have not attended the sacraments in two years.

II-4-m - A.L.S. - 3pp. - 8vo. - {5}


(18)56 Nov. 10
(Martin), Bishop Aug(uste) M(ar)ie: Natchitoches, (Louisiana)
 to Archbishop (Anthony Blanc: New Orleans, Louisiana)

Father (J.) Guy whom (Blanc) placed at Cloutierville and whom (Martin) released at Guy's request because of ill health, is leaving for New Orleans to retire provisionally at Father (Hector) Figari's. This had been arranged between the two for several months. Guy's hope is to be placed at St. J(ohn) B(aptist), as assistant to Father (V. Modeste Mina. Guy has talent for preaching and has the means to wait for a place. Father (John Peter) Bellier is at the head of (Martin)'s college; he renders an invaluable service. (Martin) has sent Father (Simon) D'Angles to Alexandria replacing him at Milliken's Bend as soon as a capable subject arrives from France. The elections passed off quietly, giving a strong majority to the Democrats in spite of the efforts of the K(now) N(othings) and especially of the Cote Joyeuse. There is a very strong Protestant opposition to their little college. (P.S.?) Five religious are now at sea having embarked from Havre on the 12th on the Jacquart, coming to Avoyelles. With this reinforcement (Martin) can start a school at Ile Brevelle in the spring for the mulattos. The presbytery is finished and a school house will be built on 5 acres which (Martin) bought for the diocese. The people of Vieille Rivière are finishing a chapel. The one at Bayou Pierre is being finished also. A new one at Adayes is finished. Their little (St. Joseph) College is going very well with about 40 students of whom 15 are boarders. They can only take 25 until they have the convent which they expect in 15 or 18 months. Fires have destroyed Mr. Lecomte's cotton mills and those of Mr. Gainier. Cora (Lecomte), Lecomte's third daughter married a second cousin without means, Ursin Lambre, one of (Martin)'s most faithful Christians. Mixed marriages are becoming more difficult. The Protestants do not forgive him any more than the Cote forgives him for stopping the waltzes and polkas 18 months ago. (Martin) would like to go to receive the new Sisters at New O(rleans) but he cannot be absent.

VI-1-k - A.L.S. - (French) - 5pp. - 12mo. - {16}


1856 Nov. 10
Raymond, Father G(ilbert): Opelousas, (Louisiana)
 to Archbishop (Anthony Blanc: New Orleans, Louisiana)

Raymond's health is rapidly improving. The Sister of the Holy Cross will suit Plaquemine very well. Raymond is glad that Father (Napoleon Joseph) Perché understood the reasons for Sister Ste. Claire's leaving. Raymond went to Bois Mallett yesterday for the donation of the land for the church; ten arpents were given. Raymond noticed that the gift was made to Archbishop Blanc and his successors and was not sure if this form was approved. There are places at the convent for 44 beds for boarders and 42 are already taken. If (Blanc) would approve, could they let some little sisters use the same bed until they enlarge during vacation. After receiving (Blanc)'s letter, Father (Rene) Pineau did not want to eat or take recreation with them. The next day he was a little better but later he had a discussion with Father (Henry) Picherit. Picherit told Pineau some truths which angered Pineau who began getting his horse and parcels ready. Before taking the final step he came to Raymond who talked to him for two hours. Raymond refused to give him a certificate. However Pineau said he would leave the next day to go to Perché to ask his intercession. But the next day he did not go. Raymond reminded Pineau that all money was in common to be used for their needs and for good works. This made Pineau very angry. He said he would not go to Washington where he was to officiate but after an hour's reflection he calmed down. He told Raymond that he had kept money for Masses and baptisms and meanwhile they had fed him and even given him $80 for his mother. Raymond gave him to understand theat he must follow the rule Yesterday Raymond discovered that Pineau and the servant had been drinking. Raymond is afraid Pineau will make a false step; he is afraid he will go off without permission from anyone. Raymond would be sorry if he were at Ville Platte a long time.

VI-1-k - A.L.S. - (French) - 4pp. - 12mo. - {7}


1856 Nov. 11
Cénas, M.C.(?): Lyons, France
 to (Father Stephen Rousselon?: New Orleans, Louisiana)

Five months have gone by since (Rousselon) left Lyons to continue a life of devotion among a foreign people. (Rousselon) had scarcely left France when Lyons, on May 31, was flooded. Cénas has reason to believe that his brother, (Father Francis J. Cénas) was very much attached to (Rousselon), and that he understood his position with (Rousselon), with the Archbishop, and himself. (Cénas)'s abrupt leaving of New Orleans was a real sorrow for Cénas. The last news he had from his brother was on September 20; he was in New York and did not yet know what he was going to do. Cénas wrote to him on July 11 at New Orleans. The chasuble Cénas sent would also have arrived after he left. Since knowing (Rousselon) Cénas was doubly happy that his brother was near (Rousselon). He hopes his brother's remoteness will not deprive Cénas of relationship with (Rousselon). Cenas is no longer interested in politics. His brother has not yet told him what to do for the settlement of a bill at St. Augustine's. (P.S.) Mrs. Cénas wishes to be remembered.

VI-1-k - A.L.S. - (French) - 4pp. - 12mo. - {2}


1856 Nov. 11
Chambost, Father C(harles): Plaquemine, L(ouisia)na
 to Sister Mary of the Passion, (M.H.C.): (New Orleans, Louisiana)

Archbishop (Anthony Blanc), before leaving for Natchez, wrote Chambost to write Sister Mary of the Passion about an establishment here at Plaquemine. (Michael) Schlatre, having lost his wife and seven children, wishes to found an institution in their memory. His conditions are: 1. that the institution be under the direction of the Archbishop the same as the church and the college. Would this agree with their rules? 2. Schlatre wants a certain number of Masses offered for his family; would there be objections? Could Sister place 8 or 10 Sisters there for a first class education, especially in English? Could they later have two Sisters to visit the poor and the sick? If the above requests are agreeable, Chambost asks for at least two Sisters before January 1, to take possession and to see that the building meets their approval. There are more than 60 pupils waiting. Chambost could rent a house with 5 rooms and three rooms in the yard with plenty of space for the children to play. Mrs. Hacker, a very pious lady, could keep a little boarding house next door for the pupils from a distance. The girls' Catholic school last year brought in more than 2000 piastres.

VI-1-k - A.L.S. - (French) - 3pp. - 4to. - {4}


1856 Nov. 11
Poyet, Father J(ean) A(rthur): Abbeville, (Louisiana)
 to Archbishop (Anthony Blanc: New Orleans, Louisiana)

Poyet received (Blanc)'s letter of October 20 with the check. It is certain that the church at Abbeville could never be built with the money collected in their subscription and Poyet would never take a loan in his own name. The parish should really be Father (Stephen Jules) Foltier's; Foltier left it worse than he found it without a church and without a presbytery. In the two months here Poyet has not received enough for half of his expenses. What future is there after nearly two years? Since there is no church there are few services. Foltier had a petition circulated to get out of Abbeville. Poyet does not blame him; Poyet does not intend to stay here if there is no church. And (Blanc) has appointed a pastor at Chenières who accepts anything he is given for burials, baptisms, marriages, etc. In two months Poyet has not been called a single time outside the village(?). The day he despairs of building a church, Poyet will leave Abbeville. Today he is going to write to Foltier who had said that if he contracted for a loan, he would do so in his own name; he promises much but does not keep his word.

VI-1-k - A.L.S. - (French) - 3pp. - 4to. - {4}


1856 Nov. 12
(St.) Louis de Gonzague, (R.U.) Sister: Montpellier, (France)
 to Archbishop (Anthony Blanc: New Orleans, Louisiana)

In her last letter Sister promised details of her trip and of their convent. First she made a farewell visit with her sister Clotilde to the old cathedral where she was baptized. (The rest of the letter relates the details of her journey) to Montpellier by way of Cuba, New York, Liverpool, London, Paris and Lyons and her welcome at Montpellier which she had described in her first letter to (Blanc). She remained in Lyons for two days on the advice of Dr. Guinand. Sister then describes the convent of the Ursulines where she has been almost four months. She gives details of their life, their cells, dress, food, and work. The novices believe that Sister Louis is there because of her health; the voting sisters know there has been some difficulty. Sister asks to be remembered to Sister St. Scholastica and to Sister St. Gabriel.

VI-1-k - A.L.S. - (French) - 18pp. - 12mo. - {3}


1856 Nov. 14
Raymond, Father G(ilbert): Opelousas, (Louisiana)
 to Archbishop (Anthony Blanc: New Orleans, Louisiana)

Raymond received (Blanc)'s latest letter; events make his reply useless. When Raymond wrote time before last he believed that Father (Rene) Pineau would leave but not so fast nor as he did. It was at the Asylum in New Orleans that Pineau began his bad habits and independent ideas. On leaving the Asylum he wrote to Raymond that he would be very happy to be placed in one of the parishes in the city. His habits have developed especially since (Blanc)'s visit to Opelousas and Grand Coteau and during Raymond's illness. Pineau must correct his too high opinion of himself, his tendency to have everything as he wants it, a mania for horses and the habit of smoking. Raymond told him that (Blanc) had nothing more suitable to give Pineau, that he was needed here, that he came to live with them after two years of reflection. All was useless. (Blanc) is thinking of sending Pineau to Mobile; Raymond thinks it would be for the best. After leaving there, a place as assistant in a country parish would be best. He needs to learn to obey. Raymond sees Pineau as a trust from God. His absence upsets them; Calcassieu will suffer. (P.S.) Raymond is writing Pineau to ask about some information his going prevented him from giving them. Raymond asks (Blanc) to send him the letter.

VI-1-k - A.L.S. - (French) - 4pp. - 12mo. - {2}


(18)56 Nov. 15
Calongne, Fr(ancoi)s: New Orleans, (Louisiana)

License is granted to Father (Stephen) Rousselon to marry Elisée Noel and Marie Caroline Esteve.

VI-1-k - D.S. - 1p. - 16mo. - {3}


1856 Nov. 16
Aubert, Father Henry: New Orleans, (Louisiana)

Aubert certifies that he gave the nuptial blessing to Joseph Frederick and Hélène, slave of Mrs. J.B. Bellory. Signing with their marks: Frederick, Hélène, Alfred Lemonier, J.B. Fabiani, Rosalio Meyer. Attached is the permission for Hélène to marry Frederic, a free mulatto, dated October 17, (18)56.

V-1-k - A.D.S. - 2pp. - 12mo. & 32mo. - {5}


1856 Nov. 17
Borgess, Father C(aspar) H.: Columbus, Ohio
 to Archbishop John Baptist Purcell: of Cincinnati, Ohio

He did not intend to intimate that it would be well to station his uncle (Father Otho Borgess) or have him attend Delaware regularly. He intends to keep Father Otho under his own observations, not that he thinks he is really intemperate or attached to any other vice. Borgess proposed to attend Delware himself if it could be done without any bad feelings on the part of priests, but unhappily his views have never agreed with those of his neighbors. It is a surely disagreeable to Borgess to call Purcell's attention to this a second time. Purcell refers to the "money delayed too long". Purcell would excuse him if he understood the difficulty he has in raising money to satisfy demands made against him. As to Miss E. Russell he can offer no good news.

II-4-n - A.L.S. - 4pp. - 12mo. - {4}


1856 Nov. 17
Brunner, C.PP.S. Father Francis de Sales: Thompson, Ohio
 to Archbishop John Baptist Purcell: of Cincinnati, Ohio

For his safe journey he thanks God and the benediction of Purcell. He has been visiting the houses of the (Precious Blood Fathers) and will soon come to see Purcell. He is endeavoring to bring all his pupils into the archdiocese. In the meantime he asks Purcell to ordain Peter Haberthur of the diocese of Basle whom he will immediately send to Mariastein so that they can take over Friburg and Wappakoneta. Haberthur has studied 10 years at "Petra Mariana", one year at "Solothori", one at "Einsiedle" and one at "Moguntiae", and has been properly given dimissorials by his bishop. If Purcell grants this request Brunner wants Halberthur to say his first mass on the feast of the Immaculate Conception, but he leaves the matter to Purcell.

II-4-m - A.L.S. - 1p. - 8vo. - (Latin) - {7}


1856 Nov. 17
Freret, L(aure): Grand Coteau, (Louisiana)
 to Archbishop (Anthony Blanc: New Orleans, Louisiana)

(Blanc)'s letter gave Freret great pleasure; she is grateful for the happiness (Blanc) will give to her mother by going to see her from time to time. Freret is hopeful of being received as a religious on December 8. They are expecting Mother (Amélie) Jouve, (R.S.C.J.) who will decide. Freret has asked mother to be present for the ceremony; she is a source of edification for Freret. She also counts on (Blanc)'s paternal protection. (Blanc) is to remember Freret's brother who is absent.

VI-1-k - A.L.S. - (French) - - 8vo. - {2}


(18)56 Nov. 17
Genella, Antonio: Vicksburg, (Mississippi)
 to Archbishop (Anthony) Blanc: (New Orleans, Louisiana)

In justice to the Catholics of Vicksburg and friends, Genella is bound to address Blanc. Blanc's letter of May 20 was handed to Genella by Father Geo(rge) Cooper. A Catholic gentleman called on Genella on the arrival of the boat saying there was a priest on board for their place with a letter from Blanc. Genella procured a carriage and called on board the boat but was told no such name was on the register. But they found Cooper and took him to Genella's house. Cooper said he was quite sick but he looked like a man up from a drunken spree. In less than a week, nothing was good enough for Cooper. They had spent $500 to have the house fixed up with carpets and furniture and paid him $50 a month in advance. In less than a month he wanted $60 and then $100. The trustees said that they could not as there were a great many debts on the church. He went into a rage and ordered them all out of the house saying he would take over the temporal as well as the spiritual affairs of the church. He told Genella that he would change the trustees but Genella said that he was only the treasurer and was out a lot of money and that if the trustees were changed, he would give up also. After this Cooper made friends with the trustees. Genella and Mrs. Genella knew more than a great many about Cooper's vulgar talking and drinking as he called on them every day. Last Tuesday when he left on the Eclipse for Natchez, Genella heard that Cooper was drunk before arriving at Grand Gulf. Yesterday Cooper told the congregation from the altar that there was no power in Bishop or Pope to send him away, that someone had written Blanc false reports. Genella hopes he will leave soon. The trustees willingly will give him $100 to go away.

VI-1-k - A.L.S. - 4pp. - 12mo. - {2}


1856 Nov. 17
Shanahan, Father Philip:
St. Andrew's College Fort Smith, (Arkansas)
 to Archbishop (Anthony Blanc: New Orleans, Louisiana)

(Bishop Andrew Byrne) has been on his sick bed for nearly two months; he was attacked with a very severe bilious fever. They trust he will soon gain strength. He was unable to go east or to send anyone. P.S. (Byrne) is much reduced; (Blanc) would scarcely recognize him.

vi-1-k - A.L.S. - 1p. - 4to. - {2}


1856 Nov. 18
Cosgrave, Mary: Bangor, Ireland
 to Archbishop (Anthony Blanc): New Orleans, (Louisiana)

Cosgrave is directed by a man who came home from America to ask (Blanc) to direct her how to look after some lands left by her brother, Thomas Conway who had been at the battle of Texas as a captain and at the Mexican War as a major. He was shot and left 1200 acres of land situated in India(!) within 2 miles of Battenrush (Baton Rouge?). In the last three years, Cosgrave's house has burned and many other calamities.

VI.1.k - A.L.S. - 3pp. - 16mo. - {2}


(1856?) Nov. 18
Forbes,Father John M.: (New York, New York)
 to O(restes A.) Brownson: (Elizabeth, New Jersey)

The archbishop will spend the evening with Forbes after holding Confirmation at St. Ann's Church on Nov. 23. He has invited several gentlemen to visit him that evening, and he wants Brownson, whom the Archbishop would like to meet to come also. He extends an invitation to Father Larkin, but Father Larkin need not accept if he feels the meeting would cause embarassment.

I-3-n - A.L.S. - 2pp. - 12mo. - {1}


1856 Nov.18
Reilly, Father Patrick: Little Rock, (Arkansas)
 to Archbishop (Anthony Blanc: New Orleans, Louisiana)

In the absence of Bishop (Andrew Byrne) detained at Fort smith by illness, Reilly reports that Father McIntyrepresented himself about 6 weeks ago. From reports, Reilly could not ask him to remain at the Cathedral. McIntyre is constantly under the influence of drink, his every act disgraceful. Had Reilly known McIntyre's object was to go to New Orleans, he would have written. Father (Patrick) Behantold Reilly after McIntyre left that McIntyre wrote to Natchez and New Orleans. (Byrne) got a severe bilious attack; at last advice he was able to sit up.

VI-1-k - A.L.S. - 2pp. - 12mo. - {4}


1856 Nov. 18
W(helan), Father D(avid): Mt. St. Mary's (Emmittsburg, Maryland)
 to Archbishop John Baptist Purcell: of Cincinnati, Ohio

Whelan delayed writing because he could not say definitely whether he would return to Cincinnati in January or remain here until summer. He received an indirect appeal to come to the aid of his brother (Bishop Richard Vincent Whelan) of (Wheeling)for a limited period. The Bishop's seminarians are suffering from the impossibility of Mr. Brasil's giving them the attention they require. Besides the Bishop is anxious to make a trip to Europe and he has no one to whom he could trust the management of his personal as well as general affairs. If Whelan should go to Wheeling it would be as Purcell's subject. His brother would do all in his power to make him happy. He leaves it up to Purcell whether he is to go to Wheeling or to Cincinnati. Whelan presents his regards to Mrs. Annie Barry Spalding.

II-4-m - A.L.S. - 3pp. - 8vo. - {5}


1856 Nov.19
Follot, C. F(rancois): Cincinnati, (Ohio)
 to Archbishop (Anthony Blanc: New Orleans, Louisiana)

Follot has just received his exeat dated October 17 from Besancon. So he is entirely at (Blanc)'s disposition. He has given his exeat to the Superior, to be sent to (Blanc) if he wishes. All is going well at the seminary. Father (Anthony) Durierremains with them; how Follot envies his happiness in saying Mass. Foolot's English is much better. Yesterday two Belgians were brought to the seminary by Bishop (Peter Paul) Lefev(e)re.They came at a good time as the numbers diminish everyday. Follot's theology course is coming to an end. He has a Latin thesis for next Saturday and an English Sermon to deliver soon.

VI-1-k - A.L.S. - (French) - 2pp. - 4to. - {3}


1856 Nov. 19
(Purcell), J(ohn) B(aptist), Archbishop of: Cin(cinnati, Ohio)
 to Father (Casper Henry Borgess): (Columbus, Ohio)

Purcell is not edified at the tone of (Borgess') note of the 17th. Purcell gives the exclusive direction of the Delaware, (Ohio)mission to him and his uncle (Father Otho H. Borgess) whom Purcell would prefer abiding there all the time.

III-2-i - A.L.S. - 2pp. - 12mo. - {3}


1856 Nov.19
Verrina, C.M., Father A(nthony): Paincourtville, (Louisiana)
 to Archbishop (Anthony Blanc): New Orleans, Louisiana)

Dorville Templetwho wishes to marry Mélisa Terriot, his sister-in-law, came to learn (Blanc)'s reply. Verrina told him that (Blanc) is disposed to dispense him as soon as he could and that he should wait for it. Verrina tried to make Templet realize how foolish it would be to marry before the justice of the peace. Templet promised to wait.

VI-1-k - A.L.S. - (French) - 1p. - 12mo. - {3}


(18)56 Nov. 20
Behan, Father P(atrick): Pine Bluff, Ark(ansa)s
 to Archbishop (Anthony Blanc: New Orleans, Louisiana)

Behan received a letter from Father Grignon of Natchez wishing Behan to furnish (Blanc) with further particulars concerning Father McIntyrewho left here for New Orleans. Behan wrote to (Blanc) at the same time as he did to Grignon. Behan writes now to say (in Latin) that at Napoleon and Little Rock McIntyre was intoxicated, used profane language and preached the abolition doctrine(?).

VI-1-k - A.L.S. - (English & Latin) - 2pp. - 12mo. - {2}


1856 Nov. 20
Blanchet, Widow J.: New Iberia, (Louisiana)
 to Archbishop (Anthony) Blanc: New Orleans, Louisiana)

Last year when Octavie (Blanchet)left the convent, Madame (Amélie Jouve, R.S.C.J.) Jouvre promised to take her sister Aurélia (Blanchet) in her place. Jouvre wrote through Madame Martinez to send Aurélia whenever she could. Blanchet could not do it last year and does not know if there is a place this year. So she asks Blanc to speak for her. The promise was made by Madame Cutts, Madame Leveque and Jouvre but they do not know Blanchet. Blanchet's mother was better after Blanc's visit but 2 weeks ago she became ill again. Blanchet's servant has also been ill. They have had trouble here with the negroeswho want to revolt. Blanchst sends regards to Mrs. St. Marc and Mrs. Dubuclet and to Mrs. Blanchet. (P.S.) Blanchet's intention is to send Aurélia in the spring.

VI-1-k - A.L.S. - (French) - 4pp. - 4to. - {5}


1856 Nov. 21
St. Claude, (S.S.J.B.), Sister: Bourg, (France)
 to Archbishop (Anthony Blanc): (New Orleans, (Louisiana)s

The Sisters (of St. Joseph of Bourg)at Bay St. Louis have written of the happiness (Blanc) gave them on his visit in which he promised to help them in their difficulties. They (at Bourg) are somewhat tempted to regret having them so far away since they learned that their principal trouble is caused by Father (Stanislaus)Buteux on whom they counted as a father. (Blanc) can see on which side the wrong exists. The Sisters ask to establish themselves in another place. By refusing them it is feared they will ask to return to France. St. Claude asks (Blanc) to clarify their position.

VI-1-k - A.L.S. - (French) - 3pp. - 4to. - {3}


1856 Nov. 21
Kane, Father R(ichard): Ascension, (Louisiana)
 to Archbishop (Anthony Blanc: New Orleans, Louisiana)

Kane hopes this note will reach (Blanc) before the 22nd anniversary of his consecration. Circumstances prevent Kane from being present to congratulate (Blanc). Tomorrow Kane will offer Mass that God will bless them for long years with (Blanc)'s government. The doctor, while he is sure of curing Kane's throat tells him that he cannot expect too much from it for a long time. Kane had eight leeches applied to it last Monday. Mr. Landry's family offers their respects and Miss Aimée (Landry?) asks a special remembrance. P.S. Kane intends going to see (Blanc) in a very short time.

VI-1-k - A.L.S. - 2pp. - 4to. - {3}


1856 Nov. 22
Cummings, Father J(eremiah) W.: New York, (New York)
 to Archbishop (Anthony Blanc: New Orleans, Louisiana)

Cummings introduces the Misses Maryand Catharine Mahon. They have been at the head of St. Stephen's School for many years and are young ladies of high respectability and excellent character.

VI-1-k - A.L.S. - 1p. - 12mo. - {3}


1856 Nov. 22
Genella, Antonio: Vicksburg, (Mississippi)
 to Archbishop (Anthony) Blanc: (New Orleans, Louisiana)

After writing the enclosed, Blanc's letter came and Genella waited to send the good news that Father Geo(rge) Cooperhas left for Blanc's city. The trustees paid Cooper $110 and $55 for extra furniture had purchased among which was a map of the U(nited) S(tates) he purchased of Dr. Emanuell for $5 for which he charged the trustees $10. The house was left with everything in confusion. A chalice is missing from the church. Cooper's servant said that cooper took two with him when he left for Natchez last week. Enclosed (no enclosures) are 5 licenses of marriages that Cooper performed and not one signed. Genella hopes that Cooper will sign them and return them; Genella will give them to the clerk of Probate Court as without being signed and recorded there is no marriage in law and the clergyman is subject to a $500 fine. Cooper has not performed a single marriage or baptism in the church and only published the banns of one out of six. Dr. Thomas Anderson requested Genella to say to Blanc that he has papers signed by Cooper that show him in his true character, Cooper left the copy of two letters, one to Blanc dated Oct(ober) 7 and one to his mother. One thing Cooper says is that the reason for leaving Vicksburg is that in 3 weeks 500 persons died of the yellow fever. There was not a single death of yellow fever in their city this summer. Father F(rancis Rene) Pont has just arrived; they will take good care of him.

- A.L.S. -


 Enclosure(?) 

(18)56 Nov. 17
Genella, Antonio: Vicksburg, (Mississippi)
 to Archbishop (Anthony) Blanc: (New Orleans, Louisiana)

In justice to the Catholics of Vicksburg and friends, Genella is bound to address Blanc. Blanc's letter of May 20 was handed to Genella by Cooper. A Catholic gentleman called on Genella on the arrival of the boast saying there was a priest on board for their place with a letter from Blanc. Genella procured a carriage and called on board the boat but was told no such name was on the register. But they found Cooper and took him to Genella's house. Cooper said he was quite sick but he looked like a man up from a drunken spree. In less than a week, nothing was good enough for Cooper. They had spent $500 to have the house fixed up with carpets and furniture and paid him $50 a month in advance. In less than a month he wanted $60 and then $100. The trustees said that they could not as there were a great many debts on the church. He went into a rage and ordered them all out of the house saying he would take over the temporal as well as the spiritual affairs of the church. He told Genella that he would change the trustees but Genella said that he was only the treasurer and was out a lot of money and that if the trustees were changed, he would give up also. After this Cooper made friends with the trustees. Genella and Mrs. Genella knew more than a great many about Cooper's vulgar talking and drinking as he called on them every day. Last Tuesday he left on the Eclipse for Natchez; Genella heard that Cooper was drunk before arriving at Grand Gulf. Yesterday Cooper told the congregation from the altar that there was no power in Bishop or Pope to send him away, that someone had written Blanc false reports. Genella hopes he will leave soon. The trustees willingly will give him $100 to go away.

- A.L.S. -


VI-1-k - A.L.S. - 7pp. - 12mo. - {5}


(18)56 Nov. 22
Genella, Louisa: Vicksburg, (Mississippi)
 to Father (Francis Xavier) Leray: (Jackson, Mississippi)

Louisa encloses the two letters left by Father (George) Cooper. Cooper's only idea was to make money. (Antonio) Genella wrote to the Archbishop this morning and sent the five licenses to him after putting the date of the marriages for Cooper to sign. She cannot attempt to tell Leray how Cooper has acted since he came back from Natchez. He has received $165 from the congregation, Father (Francis Rene) Pont came this morning; he is well pleased with the house. (P.S.) Pont says he will go to Jackson on Monday to go with Leray to Sulphur Springs. Mr. Genella thinks these letters should be sent to the Archbishop.

- A.L.S. -


 On the same paper: 

(1856 Nov. ?)
Leray, Father F(rancis) X(avier): (Jackson, Mississippi)
 to Archbishop (Anthony Blanc: New Orleans, Louisiana)

The enclosed letters left by Cooper need no comment. Leray has found but one man in Vicksburg who has spoken in favor of Cooper. Leray had told (Blanc) that he knew one home in Vicks(burg) in which Cooper had taken brandy to the amount of $60. This is not exact; his account for brandy was $40 to $45.

- A.L.S. -


 Enclosure(?) 

1856 Oct. 7
(Cooper, Father George): Vicksburg, (Mississippi)
 to Archbishop (Anthony Blanc: New Orleans, Louisiana)

(Cooper) received (Blanc)'s letter today and is amazed at its contents. If (Blanc) wishes him to retire he will very willingly do so; he wishes he had never come to (Blanc)'s diocese. He has served faithfully for more than 12 months. He has a right to refute the charges which that calumniator Leray has brought against him. (Blanc) had been misinformed. Only two families in the parish do not like (Cooper); they happen to be converts. One, a former Baptist preacher, has been implicated in two duels; the other (Cooper) offended by not allowing his son to behave indecorously during Mass and an Irish girl hired by him was persecuted by him. (Cooper) spoke of it at Genella's who told the mother. When (Cooper) came here this parish was a perfect desolation, the children abandoned, the sacraments not frequented.

- A.L. Incomplete -


 Enclosure(?): 

1856 Nov. 6
(Cooper, Father George): Vicksburg, (Mississippi)
 to My dear Mother:

(Cooper) is sorry he cannot fulfill his promise to send the five pounds. He has made up his mind to go elsewhere; this climate does not suit him. He has been very delicate since July. The yellow fever broke out here and in 3 weeks 500 died; in a town not near as large as Wrexham. (Cooper) has her dependent on him; those who are able to do something for her do not seem willing. (Cooper) does not intend Bess and Sam(?) nor Carr(?) nor Jack and his beautiful talker(?) to remain(?) in England where they must work hard and have little for it. In this country they would have abundant work and be well paid for it. Caroline hired as a house servant would get from 3 to 4 pounds a month and one or two of her little ones kept as well. Sam and Don would get 8 shillings a day. One must pay six shillings a dozen for washing shirts; for making a common print dress 8 shillings. (Cooper) had partly hired a house for them and obtained employment for Sam on the railroad; Don's beauty might have earned something with her needle. But seeing the yellow fever terrified (Cooper). If they were all together in some healthy place they would be more happy. His mother would be very lonely in England without them as (Cooper) considers Fanny and Ellen as nothing to her. He knows she would like to be buried with his father. (Cooper) will send her some money before he leaves here. He has not yet made up his mind whether he will go to California or Chicago. She is not to give anything to Mary or her children. If he were sure they would conduct themselves well, (Cooper) would pay their passage out.

- A.L. (Incomplete) -


VI-1-k - A.L.S., - - A.L. Incomplete - 8pp. - 8vo. & 4to. - {5}


1856 Nov. 22
Marcel(?), Father: Lyons, (France)
 to (Father Stephen Rousselon?: New Orleans, Louisiana)

Marcel is losing patience waiting for the letter (Rousselon) promised when he left Lyons the last of May. (Rousselon) was to give him news of Father Dominique Blaive who has lived in California for 7 years. They found his name going through the ordo (Rousselon) had from there. Blaive's bishop is well known to (Rousselon) and Marcel is sending a letter for Blaive which he asks (Rousselon) to send on to him. Marcel begs (Rousselon) to find out about Blaive; does he hope to return to France? What is his priestly conduct and what are his pecuniary means? Marcel adopted Blaive at an early age and had him make his First Communion. His conduct was very pious up to the age of 32. Something began to embroil him with the Archbishop of Tours and the the republic appeared and on an impulse. Blaive left for California. He would now be 43. He has means; he would make a good subject. (Rousselon) is to remember Marcel to Father Cambiaso who would perhaps attract Blaive to the (Jesuits). What has become of Father (Francis J. Cenas?) Senas? (Rousselon)'s brother is going to direct this letter.

VI-1-k - A.L.S. - (French) - 3pp. - 12mo. - {2}


1856 Nov. 22
Sorin, (C.S.C.), Father E(dward): Notre Dame, (Indiana)
 to Bishop (Peter Paul) Lefevere: Detroit, Mich(igan)

Sorin has received a letter from Father (Isidore Anthony) Lebel of Kalamazoo, (Michigan) by which he learns that Lefevere is ready to pay Sorin the money advanced on a lot in Kalamazoo on the delivery of the bond. The bond is for $300.

III-2-i - A.L.S. - 1p. - 12mo. - {2}


1856 Nov. 22
Walker, D.: Vicksburg, (Mississippi)
 to Archbishop (Anthony) Blanc: (New Orleans, Louisiana)

Walker has just learned that he has been represented by Father (George) Cooper as one of two who opposed his remaining in charge of St. Paul's congregation. Walker has had nothing to do with it. He once tried to reconcile the church and its old pastor, Father (Stephen H.) Montgomery and received from Father Guillou, at Blanc's instance, a severe rebuke for addressing Blanc an insulting letter which Walker never saw or heard of, it being a forgery. They affair admonished Walker to let such matters alone.

VI-1-k - A.L.S. - 3pp. - 4to. - {3}


1856 Nov. 23
Brownson, Orestes A: New York, (New York)
 to (Donahoe, Patrick): (Boston, Massachusetts)

Brownson says that the article Donahoe has published is only the beginning of Brownson's reply to Derby and that Derby has no right to ask either Donahoe or Brownson to publish his reply to Brownson until Brownson himself has made a complete reply to Derby's first writings. If Donahoe feels obliged to publish Derby's answer now he can do so but Brownson has a second article already prepared and does not wish a newspaper war. Brownson suggests that some of the writers whome Donahoe has permitted to attack Brownson in the columns of The Pilot will be better able to answers Derby's attacks on Brownson's first reply than Brownson himself since they are much his superior in cunning and ability. He even wonders why Donahoe asked him to reply to Derby in the Pilot.

I-3-m - A.L. (First draft) - 2pp. - 12mo. - {1}


1856 Nov. 23
Eulalie, (S.S.J.B.), Sister: Bay St. Louis, (Mississippi)
 to Archbishop (Anthony Blanc: New Orleans, Louisiana)

They are grateful that (Blanc) wishes to confide the Widows' asylum to them (Sisters of St. Joseph of Bourg). Eulalie is very sad that (Blanc) was not satisfied with her actions and asks his pardon. She thinks they will leave here on the 28th. Vacation begins then and the students will leave. They will be happy to meet Mrs. (C.) Barjac.

VI-1-k - A.L.S. - (French) - 2pp. - 4to. - {4}


(18)56 Nov. 23
Mènard, Father Ch(arle)s M.: Thibodaux, (Louisiana)
 to Archbishop (Anthony Blanc: New Orleans, Louisiana)

Yesterday Mènard received (Blanc)'s letter announcing the coming of Father Pinot (Rene Pineau?) to aid in serving Bayou Boeuf left vacant by the departure of Father (Claude Paschal) Maistre. Mènard plans to serve this mission at least two Sundays a month and to establish several other stations to give his confrere work. Mènard's parish is much restricted since the establishment of St. Philomena's parish. The stations he proposes are Bayou Chigby (Chackbay) 9 miles from the presbytery and Chickahoula (Chacahoula) between Thibodaux and Bayou Boeuf. Mènard informs (Blanc) about the church and presbytery at Houma. Expenditures totaled $2590.68; receipts amounted to $1618.20; leaving a deficit of $972.68. The subscription of 1853 amounted to about $1800 of which about half was collected by Menard. The rest, unpaid, about $850, he placed in the hands of Father (Francis) Tasset who set about repaying Mènard and paying what remained of the debts. Since May 14, 1854 when Mènard rented the pews for Tasset for $1400 he has received only about $600; Mènard has even had to take a loan to pay the debts. He owes about $3500. He asks (Blanc) to give a definite solution to this problem. Mènard has the book of receipts and expenditures all in perfect order.

VI-1-k - A.L.S. - (French) - 2pp. - 12mo. - {8}


1856 Nov. 24
Buisson(?), E.: Jefferson Parish, Louisiana

License is granted for any ecclesiastic or magistrate to join in matrimony D(aniel) C(henière)Holliday and (Philomène) Octavie Piseros both of Jefferson Parish.

VI-1-k - D.S. - 2pp. - folio - {2}


1856 Nov. 24
Raymond, Father G(ilbert): Opelousas, (Louisiana)
 to Archbishop (Anthony Blanc: New Orleans, Louisiana)

What Raymond said about Ville-Platte was what Father (Rene) Pineau had said about Father (A.) B(e)augier being changed. But B(e)augier says he is not thinking of leaving. Pineau had said he would be glad to go there. Raymond fears that its proximity to Bois-Mallett would cause conflicts in jurisdiction. Being at the Asylum in New Orleans, Pineau took a liking to the city; this was the start for his dislike to them. Father (Henry A.) Picherit and Raymond, not being well, and Father (J. Francois Raymond) not being strong they sometimes rose at 5 instead of 4 but otherwise the rules are observed. Pineau is the only exception. As for Picherit and Lake Arthur, the new pastor of Abbeville perhaps does not like what (Blanc) has arranged. The Mentao (Mermentau River, Lake Arthur and Grand Lake form a space of 60 or 70 miles between Vermillion and Calcassieu. A chapel should be built on the lake which would be for both sides. On Father (Stephen Jules) Foltier's and (Blanc)'s approval, Raymond would take charge of it. They have bought a house 27 by 20 feet, paid for except for 20 piastres; with a little remodeling they can say mass there. The chapel at 1'Anse de la Rivière will easily be built. The people have already subscribed in lumber and money. At Lake Charles, Father (J. Francois) has found that he cannot get the title on the land offered to him and a new lot must be chosen. Picherit has performed only one marriage at the lake beside Vermillion; this part is very poor. Raymond learns from (Blanc)'s letter that Mother (Mary) of the Passion, (M.H.C.) has taken Sister (Mary) of the Desert, (M.H.C.) to New York. Mother Passion had told Sister (Mary) of the Nativity, (M.H.C.) that she was leaving but Sister nativity would have liked her to consult the chapter whether to leave or not. Brother Ignace, (C.S.C.?) is certainly not make to be governor. At the convent here, the Sisters (Marianites of Holy Cross) will have 48 boarders; they could put aside quite a sum to pay for the debts. Besides, they prepare (Ramond's and his confreres') meals, wash their cloths and even want to make their habits. The Sisters have milk, wood, and light free. They could count on 65 boarders next year. A man with a large family wants to place two children at the convent and pay in wood. Raymond is really sorry to have lost Pineau. He has written Pineau for some details about the church at Bois Mallett. P.S. Raymond hopes to go to New Orleans soon for several different affairs.

VI-1-k - A.L.S. - (French) - 4pp. - 4to. - {14}


1856 Nov. 24
Genella, Antonio: Vicksburg, (Mississippi)
 to Archbishop (Anthony) Blanc: (New Orleans, Louisiana)

Genella sends (no enclosure) a letter that M(ichael) Donovan handed him to be forwarded to Father Geo(rge) Cooper. Being a registered letter, Donovan had to give a receipt to the postmaster here so Blanc is to ask Cooper for a receipt. Donovan was asked by Cooper to call for his letters. Father F(rancis Rene) Pont has taken possession of the house and church. He gave a good sermon and is well pleased with their place. All the congregation is pleased with his manners.

VI-1-k - A.L.S. - 1p. - 12mo. - {4}


1856 Nov. 25
Borgess, Father C(aspar) H.: Columbus, Ohio
 to Archbishop John Baptist Purcell: of Cincinnati, Ohio

He asks the privilege of explaining Purcell's not of the 19th with the hope that Purcell will not regard it as another evidence of his "Arrogance". He regrets that he did not keep a copy of his last letter which was written in such an "arrogant" manner, but he does not think that it would reasonably create such a rage as Purcell's reply. It certainly did not call for the words of reproof used by Purcell. Borgess admits he had no right to make such a comparison with his neighbor as he did. He hopes Purcell's prediction that he is doomed for a fall may not be verified. Borgess was only anxious to have a positive understanding with regard to the Delaware mission.

II-4-m - A.L.S. - 4pp. - 8vo. - {3}


1856 Nov. 25
Foltier, Father S(tephen) J(ules): (Lafayette, Louisiana)
 to Archbishop (Anthony Blanc: New Orleans, Louisiana)

Foltier received (Blanc)'s letter of he 19th about Abbeville and the collection to be made. Foltier sees that it is impossible to leave because of the works he has undertaken. He has borrowed 1500 piastres for the church at Lafayette. He still owes 500 piastres for the church and presbytery at Abbeville. His revenues are smaller here than at Abbeville. He sees that this church is a sinkhole that swallows up twice the revenues of the one here. Foltier built a church in the north; he built a church at Abbeville; he had to economize for several years in order to be able to leave. If Father (Jean Arthur) Poyet, who is young, only knew how to make some sacrifices. Poyet says that he has the money but does not intend to spend for Abbeville what belongs to him. Poyet says he has a not for 1000 piastres signed by Bishop (Michael) Portier Poyet received 650 piastres from (Blanc); the subscription amounted to 600; in all there was 1450 piastres. Why doesn't Poyet use the 1000 piastres and make it 2450? Foltier thinks it is possible to collect 3000 piastres. Foltier believes that it is better to turn all his attention to his own church. Two parishes would be too much; his own would suffer if he left it just now.

VI-1-k - A.L.S. - (French) - 3pp. - 4to. - {5}


1856 Nov. 25
Pont, Father F(rancis Rene): Vicksburg, (Mississippi)
 to Archbishop (Anthony Blanc: New Orleans. Louisiana)

Pont left Natchez Friday evening and arrived at Vicksburg at 8 the next morning. The first thing he was told was of the departure of Father G(eorge) Cooper the evening before. Pont was received with much cordiality by the Genella family. Pont knows that (Blanc) has had enough information about Cooper. Pont only adds that there are many who say that they suspect he is not a priest. Pont was abashed by the state of the vestments, linens, and sacred vessels. On Sunday Pont broke the bonds of his laziness and preached for the first time. It was painful but Pont had promised (Blanc). They were surprised that he could speak English in so short a time; they remembered Father (Paul Marie)le Corre. Pont asks (Blanc) to have sent to Vicksburg one of the numerous black vestments at Natchez reserved for the missions. Cooper performed a marriage which he did not register. Pont believes he could get the witnesses and register it; he would like (Blanc)'s advice. A(ntonio) Genella, who is considered the vicar general of Vicksburg, has been asked to ask the priest from Vicksburg to visit the Irish who are now working above here along the river. The intent of this visit would be to beg some money for this church. The contractor is an Irishman, a Catholic. They are working in the diocese of Natchitoches. Pont has promised Father Grignon to go to see those between Natchez and here for the benefit of the cathedral. Pont needs a ritual; if there was one, it has disappeared along with a chalice. They suspect Cooper for the latter.

VI-1-k - A.L.S. - (French) - 4pp. - 12mo. - {4}


(18)56 Nov. 25
(St.) Louis de Gonzague, R.U., Sister: (Montpellier, France)
 to (Archbishop Anthony Blanc: New Orleans, Louisiana)

Sister received (Blanc)'s letter of Oct(ober) 12 on the 12th of this month. Her letters are for (Blanc) and he may give the details of them to the Community as he sees fit, especially the last part of the letter. She has never had any regrets since she left. If a council should bring (Blanc) to Rome, she can give him the itinerary to Lyons. She was anxious about the delay of (Blanc)'s letter but the Mother brought it to her cell and they all rejoiced. She appreciates his sharing news of her with her family and friends and asks him to show her letters to (Father Rousselon). She received a letter from her aunt; her letter nieces want to come here. Aunt Irma wrote on October 31, not having received until the 12th the letter (St.) Louis had written about 4 days after arriving. Her aunt told her that two young people had a Mass said for her the day she left for Europe, July 16. (St.) Louis has not yet received anything from Aimée and Anais. Sister wrote them about the end of September enclosing a souvenir for the Sisters of Carmel. She does not know what became of the letters and things which she left with Mrs. Pioncy on leaving Paris. She has written about it to Mrs. de Ruhre(?). (St.) Louis is worried that her daguerreotype and other souvenirs did not reach (Blanc), Rousselon and Father Perché. (Blanc) is to thank Sister St. Scholastique, (R.U.) for what she has done for (St.) Louis. (St.) Louis sends her wishes for the new year to (Blanc) and to Rousselon. On the 21st she had indirect news of Rousselon's brother who had Father (Charles) Padey come to Fourvières to learn whether he had news of (St.) Louis. Padey will go through Montpellier in a month to get her little commissions. She will not let the occasion pass without sending her thanks to Father (Paul?) Rousselon who gave her advice on her conduct in the new Community. (Blanc) is to give the details of her trip to Aimée and Anais. Her aunt Féliciana wrote that (St.) Louis must give them to her soon. Father Cellier, vicar of Paris, stopped at the convent to see his sisters. He wanted (St.) Louis to see that Father Adrien Rouquette received his regards. Before her departure from the convent, Mother Superior commissioned (St.) Louis to tell the Mother here that were it not for the impossibility to furnish the fare for the trip, she would have taken the occasion to send to Montpellier the two young lay Sisters St. Vincent, (R.U.) and St. Bernard, (R.U. who are not satisfied at the convent nor with the work to which lay Sisters are assigned. (St.) Louis pleaded their cause here, especially that of St. Bernard who contributed to (St.) Louis' decision. St. Bernard would have liked to follow her; the other being in the kitchen, (St.) Louis hardly saw her. It will be consoling for her to know that her father received the sacraments before his death, as her two aunts told (St.) Louis. Two nieces or relatives of Sister St. Gabriel, (R.U.), Mrs. Gostes (?) Mrs. Brousse, want to know if their aunt it still living. On September 22, (St.) Louis received Communion for (Blanc) on the anniversary of his consecration; on the 14th she celebrated hers. The Mother Superior told (St.) Louis that one of (Blanc)'s letters to their Mother said much good about her. (This part of the letter is dated) November 28.

VI-1-k - A.L.S. - (French) - 8pp. - 8vo. - {13}


1856 Nov. 25
Rousselon, Father E(tienne): (New Orleans, Louisiana)

Rousselon received the marriage vows of Daniel Chenière Holliday, son of the late John Robert Holliday and the late Marie Johns; and Philomène Octavia Piseros, daughter of the late Jean Francios Piseros and Adélaide Félice Piseros, (Witnesses): Florent Fortier, P.M. Kenner, John B. Humphrys, J.C. Piseros.

VI-1-k - A.D.S. - (French) - 2pp. - folio - {10}


(18)56 Nov. 25
Lynch, Father P(atrick) N(eeson): Charleston, S(outh) C(arolina)
 to Archbishop (Anthony) Blanc: New Orleans, L(ouisian)a

Father J.J. O'Connell, stationed at Columbia, is compelled to seek additional aid elsewhere for the completion of his church. Lynch asks Blanc's good will in his favor. He has made every effort here and in Georgia. Lynch sends his respects to Father Rousselon whose kind offices to his father and sister Lynch can never forget and to Father Perché.

VI-1-k - A.L.S. - 2pp. - 4to. - {2}


1856 Nov. 26
Chambost, Father C(harles): Plaquemine, (Louisiana)
 to Archbishop (Anthony Blanc): New Orleans, (Louisiana)

Chambost received (Blanc)'s letter on Tuesday. Mr. Tanzey seems to be an excellent young man. But he does not want to teach arithmetic nor grammer, geography or English. He wants only to teach elocution. (Michael?) Schlatre has been teaching for two weeks. It is difficult to replace (Henry) Riordan. Chambost would be glad to find a place for Tanzey in a private family. Chambost has invited him to spend a few days here.

VI-1-k - A.L.S. - (French) - 1p. - 4to. - {4}


1856 Nov. 26
Starrs, Father W(illia)m: New York, (New York)
 to Archbishop (Anthony) Blanc: (New Orleans, Louisiana)

This will be handed to Blanc by Father Bernard McCrossan who is in delicate health and visits New Orleans to remain there for the winter.

VI-1-k - A.L.S. - 1p. - 16mo. - {2}


1856 Nov. 26
(Kenrick), Archbishop Peter Richard: St. Louis, (Missouri)
 to Archbishop (Anthony) Blanc: N(ew) Orleans, (Louisiana)

(Kenrick) was on the point of purchasing a draft for the money due to Fihely when the receipt was presented by Hooseman and Smith, regularly endorsed by Fihely himself. (Kenrick) thanks Blanc for attending to Fihely's request.

VI-1-k - A.L.S. - 1p. - 12mo. - {2}


1856 Nov. 27
Aubert, Father Henry: (New Orleans, Louisiana)

Aubert, assistant at St. Mary's Church, received the marriage vows of Pierre Tumire and Marie Julienne and gave them the nuptial blessing. (Signed by) L.E. Nee, and the marks of Francis Bourgine and Francis Landau.

VI-1-k - A.D.S. - (French) - 1p. - folio - {5}


1856 Nov. 27
(Odin), Bishop J(ohn) M(ary): Galveston, (Texas)
 to Archbishop (Anthony Blanc: New Orleans, Louisiana)

(Odin) has been back in Galveston since of 20th. During the summer he visited a good part of the Rio Grande Valley. However the flood prevented him from going everywhere. The number of Catholics is growing considerably. The Mexican revolutions have forced many families to take refuge in Texas. At Laredo, (Odin) lost his mule. The only carriage horse he could find was a little mettlesome; he overturned the carriage while crossing a deep brook. (Odin) came out of it with a black eye. From Brownsville to Powder Horn the roads were so bad he had to change to a saddle horse at Arransas. The Sisters of the Incarnate Word are succeeding very well at Brownsville; they have a flourshing school. the Ursulines at San Antonio are doing much good. They have over 150 students but too few teachers. This is also the case at Galveston. (Odin) received a letter from Father (Joseph) Kindekens telling of a plan to establish a seminary at Louvain. Father (Ferdinand) Zeller should be back from his trip to Europe. (Odin) would like to recall Father (J.) Anstaett as he must send the priest who is replacing him to Nacogdoches where Father (J.) Neras is too isolated. Can (Blanc) dispense with Anstaett?

VI-1-k - A.L.S. - (French) - 3pp. - 12mo. - {7}


1856 Nov. 28
De Bolle, Father J(ohn) H(enry): Buffalo, (New York)
 to Archbishop (Anthony Blanc: New Orleans, Louisiana)

Several days after receiving (Blanc)'s reply to Father (John) Lynch, (C.M.)'s letter, De Bolle came to Buffalo. Father (John M.) Masnou, (C.M.) had told De Bolle that (Blanc) would probably not reply to De Bolle's letter. On De Bolle's arrival in Buffalo, Bishop Timon had already given the place of chaplain at the hospital to a priest too old to work in the missions; all Timon could offer was parish work. De Bolle decided to ask (Blanc) for the post at the Charity Hospital in New Orleans. The salary of $300 is not a great consideration for De Bolle; he could live almost entirely on his Mass intentions. The only thing he would hold to is not to remain in St. Joseph parish. He loves Father (Jean Arthur) Poyet but in his house De Bolle would not have the peace and contentment he needs. He asks for hospitality at (Blanc)'s house, although it is a bit far. Could (Blanc) send him 50 or 60 piastres for his prompt return to New Orleans? Lynch has been in Buffalo for several days to start a new seminary and mission house.

VI-1-k - A.L.S. - (French) - 3pp. - 4to. - {4}


1856 Nov. 28
(Martin), Bishop Aug(uste) M(ar)ie: Natchitoches, (Louisiana)
 to Archbishop (Anthony Blanc: New Orleans, Louisiana)

On the 26th (Martin) received a circular addressed to the Bishops of the United States by Father (Joseph) Kindekens concerning the establishment of an American College for the missions. As the last among the bishops, (Martin) can only follow their moves and can make no other reply to Kindekens. (Martin) has not heard whether Kindekens was delegated by Rome nor does he understand why a communication of such importance would be given by any one except the heads of the Church in the United States and sees grave inconveniences in Kindeken's dealing directly with the Count de Merode or the University of Louvain. If there is any advantage in having a College in Rome, this advantage would not exist in Belgium. Not having a College in Rome (Martin) thinks it should be in the United States. (Martin) has asked (Blanc) to give his opinion on a case of validity or nullity of a marriage by a reason of distance. He wants the reply before forming his own judgment.

VI-1-l - A.L.S. - (French) - 3pp. - 12mo. - {4}


1856 Nov. 29
Vignonet, Father E(leazar): St. Louis. (Missouri)
 to Archbishop (Anthony Blanc: New Orleans, Louisiana)

Vignonet has just had knowledge of (Blanc)'s reply to Father (James Rolando, C.M.) Rollando who thinks that Vignonet has the qualities to be useful at New Orleans. This is also the opinion of the Archbishop of St. Louis. Vignonet would be happy if he could contribute to the immense good (Blanc) is doing in his diocese.

VI-1-k - A.L.S. - (French) - 2pp. - 12mo. - {2}


1856 Nov. 30
Chambost, Father C(harles): Plaquemine, (Louisiana)
 to Archbishop (Anthony Blanc): New Orleans, (Louisiana)

Chambost sends this letter with the Sister Visitator, Sister Marie de St. Michael, (M.H.C.); she will give a favorable report as she found the people desirous of an institution. The house reserved for them is quite good; they will try to established them in the spring. Mr. Tanzey left for Pointe Coupée; he decided to teach Latin and elocution. However, the Latin is taught in French so he could not do it. (Poydras College) needed a professor so Tanzey went there. (Michael?) Schlatre continues to teach (Henry) Riordan's classes at a great sacrifice. Father Auguste (Chambost) has been very tired this week. Chambost begs (Blanc) to send Riordan back next week. The Sister (Marianite of Holy Cross) made a favorable impression on all. Chambost is writing from Mr. Desobry's house. P.S. They need a good Sister especially for French.

VI-1-k - A.L.S. - (French) - 3pp. - 4to. - {8}


(18)56 Nov. 30
Mullon, Father J(ames) I(gnatius): (New Orleans, Louisiana)
 to (Archbishop Anthony Blanc: New Orleans, Louisiana)

Returns for the month of November for St. P(atrick's Church. Income and expenditures are intemized).

VI-1-k - A.D.S. - 1p. - folio - {2}