University of Notre Dame


1857 Mar. 2
Raymond, Father G(ilbert): Opelousas, (Louisiana)
 to Archbishop (Anthony Blanc: New Orleans, Louisiana)

Louis Lastrapes came to offer Raymond his property which he urged Raymond to buy to establish a boys' school. The property would suit marvelously; it would serve as a day school without a cent of expense. He asks $3000; he would give 5, 6, or more years to pay. It would be an admirable deal if they did not have to finish paying for the convent. The boys could come on horseback. There are 4 boys' schools here in spite of the College at Grand Coteau, with about 100 pupils, almost all Catholics but they are very badly run. It seems they could make a better bargain than $3000. If their house was enlarged, the two Brothers could live with them. Mrs. Labiche offered two pieces of land for $80; they could build a classroom. Father (Henry) Picherit seems more satisfied with the condition he asked for. His zeal seems to have cooled already. He does not come to exercises; Raymond will do all he can to support him. To outsiders Picherit acts like one of them. As Father (John F.) Raviol had not asked for the annuity, Raymond thought he might not ask. The second year is not yet due but will be soon; the first is due before long. Raymond will pay both. Raviol should have had Raymond's letter long ago but the roads are so bad. It seems that Raviol has continued to say Mass every Sunday.

VI-1-l - A.L.S. - (French) - 4pp. - 8vo. - {5}

1857 March 3
Lamy, John B. Bishop of Santa Fe: Santa Fe, N(ew) M(exico)
 to Archbishop J(ohn) B(aptist) Purcell: of Cincinnati, (Ohio)

It is time Lamy should give Purcell some news about his territory. The opposition is still far from being crushed. Their number is diminishing, but unfortunately, the less they seem to be, the more head strong they are getting. Gallego, the ex-delegate, old (Juan Filipe) Ortiz, and Father (Antonio Jose) Martinez whom Lamy was obliged to suspend last October, attempt to embarrass them in every way. Now they are trying to cut them off from the little revenue they get from the people. Those three have got a handsome fortune from the Church. The majority are on the side of order. With time and prudence they will get out of their difficulties. Most of the priests are good. They have not much to fear from Protestants, but there is a great prejudice against foreigners. Last month they had a pastoral retreat with 17 priests present. Lamy intended to take a trip to Mexico to collect money but he put it off on account of the troubles in that country. The schools of Santa Fe are going well. He is sorry that he is unable to repay the money Purcell loaned him. P.S. (In French) For two months past they have received no mail. At that moment all the savages are at war against them. There is no safety even near the capitol. It is true that they have 2,000 American soldiers but they need 10,000.

II-4-n - A.L.S. - 4pp. - 8vo - {5}

1857 Mar. 3
Mittelbronn, Father F(rancis): Pointe Coupée, (Louisiana)
 to Archbishop (Anthony Blanc: New Orleans, Louisiana)

He believes that at last they will arrive at building a chapel next to Morganza. The parishioners of Raccourci wish to have a church, never thinking that when it comes to collect the money subscribed, each will find reasons to put it off. Mr. Provosty has just given a house suitable for a little church. This house is 60 by 30 to 40 feet. It is a little old and must be moved to Eugene Circuit(?)'s land which he is giving for a church, presbytery and cemetery. (Blanc) is to give the conditions for an act of sale. P.S. They are in despair. Mittelbronn has never seen such indifference in a parish. The root of it is the trustees. They have done what they could.

VI-1-l - A.L.S. - (French) - 3pp. - 12mo. - {5}

1857 Mar. 4
Alemany, Bishop Joseph S(adoc): San Francisco, (California)
 to Archbishop (Anthony) Blanc: (New Orleans, Louisiana)

Some weeks since, Alemany wished to ask Blanc about the conduct of Father George Cooper. He seems to be quasi accepted for Alemany's diocese by Alemany's agent in Dublin. Blanc's exeat allows Cooper to go on account of his health and for reasons better known to himself. This phrase sometimes leads perhaps to suspicions that something is not exactly right. Alemany begs Blanc to explain about Cooper's moral conduct and whether Alemany can trust him without danger of scandal. He also asks Blanc to have some of his priests copy the answers the Holy See has given about marriages contracted near a new church, near an old church having a priest, if contracted 4,6,10 miles from a church.

VI-1-l - A.L.S. - 2pp. - 4to. - {3}

1857 March 5
W(helan), Father D(avid): Wheeling, Virginia
 to Archbishop John Baptist Purcell: of Cincinnati, Ohio

After three weeks spent in Baltimore, Whelan arrived in Wheeling and finds it less delightful than of old for the degrees of filth have progressed rapidly. Everything about the church and altar is very dirty. Bishop (Richard Vincent Whelan) has been so occupied with other improvements that he has allowed his Cathedral to fall into a disgraceful condition. There is not a decent vestment. The cause of this is the fact that the Bishop reserves to himself the sole right to give directions in these matters. The new German church is admired on all hands. A large addition has been made to the Hospital Buildings under charge of the Sisters of St. Joseph, and also to the Convent Buildings of the Nuns of the Visitation. In such a state of filth and destitution Whelan will not remain long — only while the Bishop is in Europe. He would like to help his brother but feels that it would result in some unpleasantness. When he will be once again in Cincinnati, Purcell may feel assured that he will be a reliable fixture. Mr. O'Leary who is at the Mountain is determined to leave. There is a possibility if his becoming a priest, but if not he would be a good teacher for Purcell to have at Mount St. Mary's (Cincinnati). Mr. Fitzgerald is preparing himself to take charge of duty of preparing the Ordo. Whelan will send a rough copy to Walsh who can commence work on it. He submits a case of conscience for Purcell's opinion.

II-4-n - A.L.S. - 4pp. - 8vo. - {5}

1857 Mar. 5
Riordan, Father Henry: Plaquemine, (Louisiana)
 to Archbishop A(nthony) Blanc: New Orleans, Louisiana)

Blanc had mentioned that if Riordan did not wish to continue teaching, Blanc would employ him on the mission. Riordan now asks to be placed on the mission. He has acquainted Father Chambost of it.

VI-1-l - A.L.S. - 1p. - 4to. - {1}

1857 Mar. 6
(Purcell), Archbishop J(ohn) B(aptist): Cincinnati, (Ohio)
 to Archbishop Ant(hony) Blanc: New Orleans, (Louisiana)

Blanc's letter, written on (Purcell)'s birthday "dies irae" as Father Hickey once said, has been received. Check No. 1 was previously received and placed to Blanc's credit at the seminary. Father (Anthony) Durier is obeying Blanc's orders as promptly as possible; he can preach quite well in English and inspires his hearers. Young La(?) Maringian is exceedingly intelligent but has been sent to Fathers Gason and Cheymol at St. Martin's, Brown Co(unty) on account of his nervous condition. He was once obliged to discontinue his studies in France because of a similar affection. The others are doing well. Dr. Rosecrans asks Blanc's permission to use Blanc's name on the prospectus of Mount St. Mary's College. (Purcell) still thinks that was an unfortunate nomination for Chicago although Father (Charles) Chiniquy is inexcusable in the course he has pursued. (Purcell) is sending Blanc the generous defense of the bishop by Bishop (John Charles Prince) of St. Hyacinth, fearing that Blanc may not have received a copy. It may be useful if the schismatical document be referred to by the evil disposed in the Legislature. No one in this country seems to know why they delay action on the councils and other acts in Rome. Dr. Smith wrote in January to attribute it to the change of Prefect, secretary, and Bishop Vespasiani, especially charged with American affairs and other private reasons. The "proneness to schism" is believed in Rome, (Purcell) fears. (Henry) DeCourcy is there now to repeat what he published in his book and what J(ohn) G(ilmary) Shea put in the Boston Pilot. (Purcell) hears that Bishop Cretin is dead; he was a true bishop. What does Blanc think of (Purcell)'s receiving four of the "Spiritualists and Free Lovers" into the Church? The heads, Dr. (Thomas L.) Nichols and wife (Mary S. Gove Nichols) must retract publicly.

VI-1-l - A.L.S. - 4pp. - 4to. - {11}

1857 Mar. 6
One of Your Sons: N(ew) O(rleans, Louisiana)
 to Archbishop (Anthony Blanc: New Orleans, Louisiana)

Since Lent, many of the young ladies have formed the habit of letting games take the place of the balls and soirees forbidden by the Church in this time. They imagine that there is no evil in spending the night at a gaming table provided that the next day they go to Mass and observe the fast. It is important enlighten them; some advice from the pulpit would produce an excellent effect.

VI-1-l - A.L. - (French) - 1p. - 4to. - {1}

(18)57 Mar. 7
Driscol, S.J., Father C(harles): Cin(cinnat)i, (Ohio)
 to Bishop (Peter Paul Lefevere): (Detroit, Michigan)

Driscol received Lefevere's letter of March 4 and will obtain information about a Father (Andrew Schweiger) who had a difficulty with one of his congregation and was sued and fined. P.S. Two priests have lately been suspended in the diocese of Covington. It is not probable that lack of occupation induces Schweiger to ask for a change.

III-2-i - A.L.S. - 2pp. - 12mo. - {3}

1857 Mar. 9
Mollère, Camille: Cape Girardeau, Missouri
 to Archbishop (Anthony Blanc: New Orleans, Louisiana)

Mollère was not yet decided in his vocation when he left the Barrens and he thought it more suitable that (Blanc) was not burdened with his education. He wished to wait until his father no longer wished to contribute before addressing (Blanc). His father has ceased to help him for a long time and Mollere owes his education to the Lazarists. Now Mollére asks (Blanc) to admit him in the number of his protègés and tell him where he should go to make his studies. When he arrived at the Barrens he knew no Latin, very little English and even the proper use of his own language. He began a course of philosophy last August. He believes the climate of Louisiana would suit him better than Missouri. If (Blanc)'s seminary is not yet finished, he asks (Blanc) to dispose of him as he thinks best.

VI-1-l - A.L.S. - (French) - 2pp. - 4to. - {1}

1857 Mar. 9
Aubert, Father Henry: New Orleans, Louisiana

Aubert baptized Martine Elisabeth (Brown), daughter of Vendeline Brown and Francisca Wagner born November 25, 1855. The godfather was Louis Baldeneck representing Louis Kumer, the godmother Anna Lallemand representing Elisabeth Kern. Copy made April 29, 1857. Father E. Rousselon attests the legality of Aubert's signature.

VI-1-l - A.D.S. - (French) - 1p. - folio - {7}

1857 Mar. 9
Annard, Louis: New Orleans, (Louisiana)
 to Archbishop (Anthony Blanc): New Orleans, (Louisiana)

In the 2 months Annard has been here, he has remained without any real employment and without means to return to Europe. In France he followed the reformed cult but since arriving here he has attended Mass and visited the Catholic churches. He was born into a Catholic family and up to the age of 15 received the sacraments. He regrets that in France he did not follow the instructions of the pastors of his ancestors. He was born in 1818 at Beauvais, had lived in Bordeaux since the last revolution as a valet. At 38 he left for New Orleans; he had a long and painful trip. He lost his passport, papers, etc. All this would be trifling if he can obtain the favor of being under (Blanc)'s direction. When his finances permit he wishes to return to Europe. (P.S.) His address is at Mr. Lavigne's while waiting for a more fixed place.

VI-1-l - A.L.S. - (French) - 4pp. - 4to. - {2}

(18)57 Mar. 10
Riordan, Father Henry:
College (of the Immaculate Conception) Plaquemine, (Louisiana)
 to Archbishop (Anthony Blanc: New Orleans, Louisiana)

Riordan received (Blanc)'s answer and in obedience will persevere in teaching at least to the end of this session. Riordan had only mentioned to Father (Charles) Chambost that he was wearied of teaching and would wish to give it up. The principal cause of complaint is about the victuals. There are about 40 boarders at present; not one is content with the board. Riordan told Chambost it was not in the interest of the College; there has been little improvement. Some 4 or 5 professors have left since Riordan came. At present Riordan is the only teacher besides Chambost's cousins. A Society of the Scholars in honor of the Immaculate Conception is in existence about two months; it numbers about 30. Riordan improves slowly in French as he has so short a time each day devote to it.

VI-1-l - A.L.S. - (French) - 2pp. - 4to. - {3}

1857 March 10
Walsh, John Carroll:
Jerusalem Mills, Post Office, Harford County Md.
 to O(restes) A. Brownson: New York, (New York)

Walsh reasoning from the Dred Scott decision condemns the views expressed by Brownson in January number of his Review on the problems facing the incoming President (James Buchanan) and his administration. He fears that non-Catholics in the Southern States not understanding his Catholic individualism will wrongly conclude Brownson speaks for the Church and therefore, hate the Church for being committed to Free Soil principles, when that is not the case. Walsh fears that this false opinion of the Church will do much to destroy the favorable estimation she has been gaining with Southerners of the better class when the Native Americans accused Catholics of opposing slavery. He says that in Brownson's section of the country the people regard Catholics and especially the Irish as little better than the negro. He asks Brownson to correct the error in this article, because of the break it will cause with Catholics in the South. Walsh sees nothing wrong with slavery and compares the slave to an animal, such as a horse. Common sense tells him the African is entirely inferior both mentally and physically and should be controlled by the superior race. To this end the country has made laws, governing the relation between the two races, laws which do not conflict with the position of the Church. The Church recognizes them as consistent with the decrees of God. The Church, he says, does not see slavery as an evil and is not opposed to the "formation of new states recognizing slavery". Moreover the Church distinguishes between "a state of servitude eminently patriarchal, as the holding of negroes in this country", and the bondage or vassalage of those of the same race, mental and physical equals. The Church denounces the latter. He closes by suggesting that hereafter Brownson refrain from discussing such questions.

I-3-m - A.L.S. - 8pp. - 8vo. - {1}

1857 Mar. 11
Moutard, Father C(ornelius): Grand Rapids, (Michigan)
 to Bishop (Peter Paul Lefevere): (Detroit, Michigan)

Moutard has just returned from his mission, Gratten, (Michigan) and found Lefevere's letters. "He", (Father W. Quigley), received on these rates $154.00. They told Moutard in Gratten that a few days previous to leaving Gratten, "he" stated from the altar how much he had received. Moutard understands "he" collected at least $40.00 in Gratten and above $60 in the Rapids. "He" gave $12.00 to Mr. Giles but owes Giles more than that. Moutard knows nothing of the money due by Tho(ma)s Mallone. "He" pocketed and sold things to which he had no claim, among others $9.00 belonging to the Altar Society. What Talbott has in his possession does not amount to $74.00. "He" is a complete rascal. Moutard has killed him completely in the estimation of the people of Gratten. All Moutard asks is a mission on March 29. He will write to Father (Francis) Krutil trusting that Lefevere will put Krutil up to the thing. Moutard asks a dispensation from the third degree of relationship for James H. and Mary D. so that they may marry. P.S. He has received the notes but no money.


1856 Feb. 26
Quigley, Father W.: Quebec, (Qeubec)
 to Father James Hennessey: Detroit, (Michigan)

Quigley is living at his sister's. His interview with Lefevere did not lead him to expect a mission from him so Quigley determined to seek elsewhere. He has transmitted the notes for the church of Gratten to Father Moutard. The few dollars he received for that purpose he has been compelled to spend in making the long journey but he left in Gratten, due by Th(oma)s Mallone, $1.5 for which Mr. Talbot, the magistrate, has the note. Mr. Giles owes him $12.00. Together with the furniture he left in care of Timothy Howard all will balance the sum he has been obliged to appropriate for travel. He begs Hennessey to exert himself in his favor to obtain an exeat from Lefevere. He is almost certain he will obtain a mission there if he receives his papers and if not a mission, he will enter a religious community. P.S. Mr. Denis Talbot has an inventory of what he left in the house at Gratten which amounts to $74.00.

III-2-i - A.L.S. - 6pp. - 4to. - {6}

(18)57 Mar. 11
Driscol, S.J., Father C(harles): Cin(cinnat)i, (Ohio)
 to Bishop P(eter) P(aul) Lefevere: (Detroit, Michigan)

Driscol saw Father (Thomas R.) Butler of Covington and asked about Father (Andrew Schweiger) Sweiger. Sweiger has caused difficulties everywhere. Before his difficulty at St. Joseph's Congregation in Covington he served a German congregation where a serious charge was brought against him. Father (J. B. ) Heng(eh)old of St. Philomena's tells him Sweiger has given no satisfaction in other congregations.

III-2-i - A.L.S. - 4pp. - 12mo. - {5}

1857 Mar. 11
Poyet, Father J(ean) A(rthur): Abbeville, (Louisiana)
 to Archbishop (Anthony Blanc: New Orleans, Louisiana)

In compliance with (Blanc)'s request that Poyet get Victor Boete to lay aside this question of resurveying, Poyet has done all in his power to do so. But Boete is the kind of man one cannot count on for 10 minutes. Just now he is soul and body in the hands of people who would not be sorry to see him ruin himself. For some time a person has asked Poyet to rent the land facing the bayou; he offers 100 piastres a year on condition that the lease be for 5 years. The offer is generous and the land useless at the moment. The conditions would be that there would be on this land no café, dancehall or cabaret. Their work goes on; Poyet hopes to be ready for Easter. He needs wood and it is not easy to get. Their church is almost enclosed; they are putting on the roof.

VI-1-l - A.L.S. - (French) - 2pp. - 4to. - {3}

1857 Mar. 12
Mittelbronn, Father F(rancis): Pointe Coupée, L(ouisian)a
 to Archbishop (Anthony Blanc: New Orleans, Louisiana)

(Blanc) in his reply said that he was too far away to judge the condition of their chalices. On his last pastoral visit (Blanc) said that the chalice of the church at Pointe Coupée needed to be replaced before that of Fausse Rivière. (Blanc) gave orders to get a chalice within two weeks; he has forgotten that the trustees are responsible to furnish what is lacking. For 4 years they have been protesting against this negligence or perhaps this ill will. (Blanc) has always blamed them more than the trustees who have far from fulfilled their duty in the way of stipends. It was especially to make the trustees understand that in spite of their pretended authority, the priest would always be in the parish. A word about the president will make (Blanc) judge their bad faith. According to the president (Blanc) has a surplus of priests and lacks more parishes than priests.

VI-1-l - A.L.S. - (French) - 4pp. - 12mo. - {2}

1857 Mar. 12
Denavit, Father: Lyons, (France)
 to Archbishop (Anthony Blanc: New Orleans, Louisiana)

Denavit encloses (no enclosure) a letter for Father (Gilbert) Raymond, who is asking for subjects for his work in (Blanc)'s diocese. The Superior read Raymond's letter to the whole community. This year four bishop have talked to their community and have not obtained subjects. The prelates who came to the seminary are the Coadjutor of Ceylon, Bishop Taché of Lower Canada, Bishop Bataillon of New Caledonia and finally Bishop (Armand de) Charbonnel of Toronto, who preached their retreat and found no one presenting himself to follow him. This holy Bishop was astonished and afflicted. Father (Boué) of Ainay is well and busy with the repair of his fine Byzantine church. Mr. Rousselon, Sr. has given some commissions for (Blanc)'s vicar general to Father (Charles) Padey, Texas missionary, the bearer of this letter, who is returning to Galveston. Father Duplay and Denavit will do all they can to get subjects for (Blanc).

VI-1-l - A.L.S. - (French) - 2pp. - 4to. - {7}

1857 Mar. 12
Donnet, Cardinal Ferdinand: Paris, (France)
 to Archbishop (Anthony Blanc): New Orleans, (Louisiana)

The enclosed letter, with recommendations by Donnet's vicars general, Will tell (Blanc) the object of this appeal. When will they see (Blanc) again? (Blanc) will find many changes here as well as at Lyons.

- A.L.S. -


1856 Mar. 4
Mahéo, C.E.: Bordeaux, (France)
 to Archbishop (Anthony Blanc): New Orleans, (Louisiana)

Mrs. Mahéo informs (Blanc) of the distress of a French widow and her two children. Her sister, Marie Antoinette Agathe Zélia (?) Lavenue, a native of Bordeaux, did not hesitate to go to her husband Joseph Hyacinthe Lavenue whose affairs had led him to New Orleans. Lavenue died last September 17 after losing his fortune. The result was that she lost her health. She is now in Charity Hospital, Sister Evélina, superior, without resources and tortured by the future of her two children. Mahéo appeals to (Blanc) for help. Her own position prevents her from going to her sister.

- A.L.S. -

VI-1-l - A.L.S. - (French) - 3p. & 4to. - 12mo. - {5}

1857 Mar. 12
Chalon, Father G(abriel): Mobile, (Alabama)
 to Archbishop (Anthony Blanc: New Orleans, Louisiana)

Chalon yesterday read (Blanc)'s letter and informed the Bishop who said that he had no objection to (Thomas L.) Nichols giving some lectures at Mobile but that he would not assume any responsibility for him. In this season people would rather go to a lecture than a party. About 2 months ago, people asked if Nichols would come here; the sensation he made at New Orleans has had some reverberations here and perhaps it would not be bad for him to come, armed with letters of introduction for some lay people of Mobile, Mr. Le Baron, Dorrance, (John)? Murrell, etc.

VI-1-l - A.L.S. - (French) - 1p. - 12mo. - {5}

1857 March 12
(Henni), John Martin Bp. Milwaukee: Milwaukee, Wisconsin
 to Archbishop John Baptist Purcell: of Cincinnati, Ohio

Henni will not give Father (Charles) Shroudenback an exeat for reasons best known to him. His only aim is to obtain some richer mission though already he has scraped several thousands of dollars together on the pleas that he will do some good with it later. For this reason Henni does not intend to let him escape. Other wise he is a good and zealous priest. Henni asks if Purcell is aware that Bishop (Joseph Cretin) of St. Paul died two weeks ago. He fears that they will have to wait three more years before that see is filled. He sends his love to Father Collins and Wood.

II-4-n - A.L.S. - 3pp. - 12mo. - {5}

1857 Mar. 12
Quigley, Father W.: Quebec, (Quebec)
 to Bishop P(eter) P(aul) Lefev(e)re: Detroit, (Michigan)

He begs for the letter promised him when speaking to Lefevere at Grand Rapids. It is to be sent in care of Father McGauran of St. Patrick's, Quebec. Quigley wrote to Father (James) Hennessey on February 27 begging him to solicit an exeat for him but has received no answer. He intended to remain with his sister there for the winter but she is not able to entertain him. If he had his exeat he could say Mass there during the winter and then join some regular community. None is so helpless and forlorn as a priest deprived of faculties.

III-2-i - A.L.S. - 2pp. - 8vo. - {2}

1857 March 13
(Miles) George (H.): Balt(imore, Maryland)
 to (Orestes A.) Brownson: (New York, New York)

The date for the lecture in Baltimore is set for Thursday, April 2nd at 8 P.M. Miles and Brownson's "letters" will appear in "next week's" Mirror (Catholic). Miles regrets an exhortation like that to the "youth of America". Catholics there are indifferent to ability. Scott has been ill.

I-3-n - A.L.S. - 1pg. - 12mo. - {3}

1857 Mar. 14
(Purcell), Archbishop J(ohn) B(aptist): Cincinnati, (Ohio)
 to Archbishop (Anthony Blanc: New Orleans, Louisiana)

The bearer, (Jean) Mathieu, considers himself incapable of studying in the seminary. His nervousness and imagination are incompatible with sane thinking. (Blanc) will be the best judge as to the course to be pursued. The priests with whom he tarried a week or two are unfavorably impressed. (P.S.) Father (Anthony) Durier has not yet answered (Purcell)'s letter. He will not delay long.

VI-1-l - A.L.S. - 1p. - 12mo. - {3}

(18)57 Mar. 15
Marcel, Father: (Lyons, France)
 to (Father Stephen Rousselon: New Orleans, Louisiana)

For the third time Marcel asks for information in California about a bishop (Rousselon) knows and about one of his priests about whom Marcel spoke when (Rousselon) was in Lyons, Father Dominic Blaive of the diocese of Tours. Marcel has had no response; he takes advantage of a Texas missionary's departure to entreat (Rousselon) to write what he has found out about Blaive whom Marcel has always regarded as his child. Marcel reminds (Rousselon) to recall what Marcel said in his last letter about Father (John F.) Cambiaso, (S.J.). (Rousselon) is to address the letter to Father Galtier.

VI-1-l - A.L.S. - (French) - 2pp. - 12mo. - {4}

1857 Mar. 16
Pont, Father F(rancis Rene): Vicksburg, (Mississippi)
 to Archbishop (Anthony Blanc: New Orleans, Louisiana)

The Way of the cross is not yet established at Vicksburg; Pout thinks it will not be worthwhile until the church is finished. Last Saturday was a day of consolation. Mrs. Hayes, aged 52, the mother-in-law of (Anthony) Genella was baptised. Pont is persuaded that Bishop Chanche and Vandevelde sang a Te Deum in heaven for they too had labored for this conversion. In (Blanc)'s last letter he announced the arrival of a Father Michael Prendergast at Milliken's Bend. Yesterday Prendergast came here. He seemed very tired and a little queer in his conversation and manners. He said he had been treated badly and that he was not staying at Milliken's Bend. This morning he asked to be shown Mother Foley's boarding house of which Father Cooper spoke. Prendergast intends to take the Southern Belle to Natchitoches. If he has quit Milliken's Bend in this pascal time what should Pont do? Genella talks of going to New Orleans this week or next. He will go to see (Blanc); he calls himself the vicar general of Vicksburg.

VI-1-l - A.L.S. - (French) - 3pp. - 12mo. - {6}

1857 Mar. 17
St. Claude, (S.S.J.), Sister: Bourg, (France)
 to Archbishop (Anthony Blanc): New Orleans, (Louisiana)

It would be difficult to express their gratitude for (Blanc)'s interest in their Sisters (of St. Joseph of Bourg). The details (Blanc) gave in his letter of December 12 reassured them. They were above all pained to find the Sisters discouraged; now they are calm. They bless (Blanc)'s guardian angel for leading him to Bay St. Louis to see the state of things. Mother Eulalie, (S.S.J.) and her community will be so happy to be in (Blanc)'s diocese. They hope he will always show the same interest for them.

VI-1-l - A.L.S. - (French) - 3pp. - 12mo. - {3}

1857 March 18
Lynch, Father P(atrick) N.: Charleston, South Carolina
 to Archbishop John Baptist Purcell: of Cincinnati, Ohio

He acknowledges Purcell's letter and sincerely thanks him for opening the subject. It was against the wish of the clergy that the Ursulines left South Carolina. In his latter years Bishop (Ignatius A.) Reynolds often thought of their coming back. Nothing would give Lynch pleasure so much as to see them back as they were before. If it were in his power he would take up the business at once. He thinks, however, that it will do no harm for the good nuns of Brown Co. to practice a "masterly inactivity" in the matter of additional buildings for a few months. Lynch will visit Cincinnati before May. The yellow fever prevented him from going last July. He leaves tonight for Baltimore to attend the profession of another sister of his in the Carmelite convent.

II-4-n - A.L.S. - 2pp. - 16to. - {6}

1857 Mar. 19
Glajeux, Bérard des: Paris, (France)
 to Archbishop (Anthony) Blanc: New Orleans, (Louisiana)

The Association of the Propagation of the Faith has allocated for 1856, 6000 francs to New Orleans and 20,000 for Natchez. As usual the fifth part of these sums will not become definite until the closing of the collection. Because of the growing number of missions, they have not been able to do all they wish. Not knowing Bishop Vandevelde's successor they send Blanc the allocation for Natchez. They have taken into consideration the annual interest on the debt of the cathedral and the balance on the debt. Signed also by the secretary-treasurer, Ch(arles) Choiselat.

- L.S. -

 On the same paper: 

(1857 Mar. 19)
Choiselat, Ch(arles): (Paris, France)
 to Archbishop (Anthony Blanc: New Orleans, Louisiana)

Choiselat has sent 1800 francs to New Orleans and 6000 francs for Natchez for 1856. (Blanc) has at his disposal the 4500 francs collected in his diocese for the Propagation of the Faith and turned over to him by Father Rousselon. So only a balance of 1500 francs is to come. Although not a fortunate year, the allocations of 1856 are not lower than those of 1855. (P.S.) (Blanc) has informed Choiselat that the Lyons Council has written that it is very dissatisfied with Natchez. It certainly could not have meant (Blanc)'s administration. In their letter to (Blanc) it must be easy for him to understand how much they appreciate his direction. Choiselat has read with much satisfaction the detail of the works his predecessors had founded. (In this letter is folded a blank for recording the) estimated receipts and expenses.

- A.L.S. -

VI-1-l - A.L.S. - (French) - 6pp. - 4to. - {5}

1857 Mar. 20
Grignon, Father M(athurin) F.: Natchez. (Mississippi)
 to Archbishop (Anthony Blanc: New Orleans, Louisiana)

Grignon did not reply to (Blanc)'s letter of February 27 because the few words he sent the same week were equivalent to a reply. Father (Jean Honore) Dubernard has been ill the last two weeks. His moral suffering has contributed no little to his physical sickness. He thinks that (Blanc) does not want his services. Grignon tells this so that (Blanc) may send Dubernard a word of encouragement if he sees fit. Grignon can only praise Dubernard's piety and regularity. There is nothing new except that the suit between the town and the trustees about the old cemetery is in great danger for the latter. Miss de Mailly, to whom Grignon rented Rose Hill for 2 years asked if it were possible to break the contract next August. Grignon told her that it did not depend on him. It seems to Grignon that it would be better to hold to the contract but if (Blanc) thinks otherwise it would be necessary to be able to dispose of the property at once. Old Mrs. McGraw gets worse and worse. (P.S.) Grignon has just had a few lines from Father Laray but he gives neither date nor place.

VI-1-l - A.L.S. - (French) - 3pp. - 12mo. - {5}

1857 March 20
Durier, Father Anthony: Wilksville, Ohio
 to Archbishop John Baptist Purcell: of Cincinnati, Ohio

He has just received Purcell's letter. His Archbishop (Anthony Blanc) calls him. The Holy Will of God be done. Durier was just going to start housekeeping. His housekeeper is just looking out to fetch nice things for the house. Durier was pleased with his mission and hoped to remain there some time. Next Wednesday he will receive a great many persons in the Sodality of the Blessed Virgin Mary. On the Monday after Passion Sunday, he will be in Cincinnati and soon go on to New Orleans. P.S. He thinks a few days retreat at Mount St. Mary's (Cincinnati) would do him good. He thinks if Purcell gives him permission it would be alright with his own archbishop. He submits to Purcell's wishes.

II-4-n - A.L.S. - 3pp. - 12mo. - {4}

1857 Mar. 21 (?)
(Kenrick), Archbishop Peter Richard: St. Louis, (Missouri)
 to Archbishop (Anthony) Blanc: (New Orleans, Louisiana)

(Kenrick) encloses a draft of L.A. Benoist, Shaw, and Co(mpany) of N(ew) O(rleans) for the amount advanced by Father Rousselon on the account of Bishop (John Baptist) Lamy. Bishop (Joseph) Cretin's death took place on (February) 23 after a long and painful illness, brought on by excessive watching and application to business. He was truly a holy man. (Kenrick) can neither understand nor patiently bear with the treatment they are receiving from the Propaganda Congregation.

VI-1-l - A.L.S. - 1p. - 12mo. - {3}

1857 Mar. 22
Giraud, R.S.C., Mother: St. Michael, (Louisiana)
 to Archbishop (Anthony Blanc: New Orleans, Louisiana)

Giraud asks a favor for one of her brothers who has just arrived from France with the intention of settling in New Orleans. The numerous losses of fortune which her family has experienced has forced him to make this decision. Her father, aged 82 and with 10 children has asked her to find a place for her brother. She asks (Blanc)'s help. She also asks (Blanc) to give him hospitality. These are the sentiments inspired in her by Mother Guinand. Giraud fears that the sad situation in which her brother finds himself, far from his family, may lead him into trouble.

VI-1-l - A.L.S. - (French) - 3pp. - 4to. - {1}

1857 Mar. 22
Mittelbronn, Father F(rancis): Pointe Coupse, L(ouisian)a
 to Archbishop (Anthony Blanc: New Orleans, Louisiana)

They will be ready for Confirmation on the second Sunday after Easter.

VI-1-l - A.L.S. - (French) - 1p. - 12mo. - {1}

1857 March 22,
(Seton, Harry): Carlsruhe, (Germany)
 to William Seton (Sr.): (New York, New York)

Harry supposes his father will have received a letter from Wertheim before this one arrives and warns his father not to take Wertheim too literally. He studies very hard and lists his subjects. Bob attends two classes more. They cannot study until they return to their room, and there is only one lamp and one tableround which must gather Madame— she is a witch—myself, Bob, Agathy, Millot, Pollack and Barensohn. Harry does not want to stay in Carlsruke longer than he can help. Wertheim may have told Mr. Seton that Harry is proud. Harry told Wertheim that "we (Americans) are second to none." Harry laughs when Wertheim says he will turn them out perfect gentlemen, seeing he is not one himself. The bill which he and Bob sent is not as big as it looks and explains its origin. He will spend this and probably the next vacation in Carlsruke. He received a letter from "our dear old hunter," who said he would attend Buchanan's inauguration and write them soon. The girls never send them his letter. "Padre Wertheim" probably has asked Harry's father to stay with him. If William does he will have to put Emy in a room with one of the Wertheim girls. Harry can imagine "the Duchess putting her in a room with fat Agatha Caramba". Emy ought to bring her Italian Christina to keep up her Italian. Harry intends to stay in Carlsruke till he gets his degree. Will can find them work in Illinois. Harry asks if the Duchess amuses herself and tells how glad they will be to see them both. Letters should be sent by Marseilles. He is learning Spanish and understands Gil Blas quite well. He asks to be remembered to old Brogden. They need not be unquiet, he is really studying. He has just come in from Church and writes poorly because his hands are very cold. John is a nice fellow. Harry asks whether his father read an article about the necessity of the cotton to England. Harry "socked old Wertheim about it." Emy should bring her maid. He asks that they be remembered to Emy. (Here follows a note from Robert Seton). Bob to his father: Bob does not want to damage Wertheim in his father's opinion, but it is out of the question that he and Emily stay at Wertheim's. Wertheim intends that he pay, but he will be better in a hotel. As a boy and a future traveller Bob says he can stand all he has to at Wertheim's, since the good outbalances the petty grievances. They and Wertheim are on excellent terms. (Robert himself and Harry) are at the "top of the tree Polytechnic". The Brazilian who thus far reigned supreme now has two rivals. The animosity between Nobles and Bourgeoisie is there the most intense in Europe. (Bob does not sign).

II-1-a - A.L.S. - 4pp. - 8vo. - {2}

1857 Mar. 24
Prachensky, S.J., Father Jos(eph): Baton Rouge, (Louisiana)
 to Archbishop (Anthony Blanc: New Orleans, Louisiana)

Prachensky asks pardon for not answering (Blanc)'s letter through Father ( ) O'Neill until now. Prachensky is expecting a letter from O'Neill as he has one of O'Neill's trunks and two overcoats. He has had no news except what he heard from a lady from Bayou Sara that O'Neill was to officiate there last Sunday. The mission of another priest to Jackson during this season was a relief. Prachensky does not doubt that O'Neill will be of great service. (Blanc) is to make the appointments for his visit to Baton Rouge at his convenience. In the country stations there are not a sufficient number to visit. Unless they hear before Easter, they will take for certain that (Blanc) will come on May 3. The ladies of Baton Rouge held a fair which realized $900 for the benefit of the church. Mr. Pike has shown himself inclined to head the work and complete it. The trustees will probably have no hand in this and rather think of first paying their debts.

VI-1-l - A.L.S. - 3pp. - 12mo. - {3}

1857 Mar. 25
Foltier, Father S(tephen) J(ules): Vermillionville, (Louisiana)
 to Archbishop (Anthony Blanc: New Orleans, Louisiana)

He hopes (Blanc) will not attribute his delay in answering (Blanc)'s letter of February 17 to a moment of bad humor. He has needed to get some information and the distance of the two villages and the duties of Lent have not allowed him to act more quickly. He hopes (Blanc) will listen to Foltier's defense of the accusation. The people of Vermillion have never had the thought of refusing Foltier the offering due all priests who do their duty. Father (Jean Arthur) Poyet, alone, with the aim of having this money, has given rise to these doubts. From the beginning, Foltier had talked to Poyet about the debt of Valcourt Veazey, an obligation which (Blanc) had countersigned. Foltier asked Poyet if he wanted the list off the pewholders and told Poyet that he could pay what Foltier owed Valcourt and keep the rest for himself. Poyet replied in the presence of Mr. Cavailhez that he wished to have nothing to do with these arrangements. So Foltier decided to have the sum collected by D(aniel O'Bryan) O'Brien. On returning from New Orleans, Poyet had said that was to be paid to Poyet. To please (Blanc) Foltier, laden with debts, sacrificed the money for the good of the church. He told his collector to put in the paper that this gift was for the building off the church. When the church was overturned, Foltier had just bought 11,000 (feet?) of lumber destined either for an enlargement of the rectory or for the floor of part of the church. As many of the people were looking for lumber after the storm, Foltier announced that he would sell some. It belonged to Foltier and had never been used for the church. A resident wanted some of the planks used at the entrance of the church, which (Blanc) had given Foltier permission to sell. So he thought he could sell the planks which had not been used. Cavailhez did so in Foltier's absence with Foltier's authorization. The planks were valued at 30 piastres and Foltier gave Poyet 200 piastres. In France, Foltier spent his whole patrimony for the churches where he was assistant; in the North he built a church valued at no less than 10,000 piastres; on leaving Abbeville he took away only debts; today he owes more than 2000 piastres. He is accused of leaving Vermillion parish without rebuilding the church. He would have done so but Poyet wished to go to Abbeville and build his own church. Foltier left Poyet a subscription which had gone to 1400 piastres when Foltier left. He had given Poyet a value of 800 piastres and now he is giving the church 400 in pew rent. P.S. All is going well here; the convent is growing. It seems the senator has obtained from the state 1000 piastres for these Sisters (of Mount Carmel) on condition that they fund a certain number of orphans. They are going to be able to pay Father Rousselon. The pews were rented on April 5. He has enlarged the cemetery. One resident asked him to buy a small piece for 200 piastres because him wife did not like to be so near the cemetery. He refers him to (Blanc).

VI-1-l - A.L.S. - (French) - 9pp. - 12mo. - {6}

1857 Mar. 25
Spalding, Father B(enjamin) J.: Louisville, (Kentucky)
 to (Archbishop John Baptist Purcell): of (Cincinnati, Ohio)

Father Benedict (Berger) of the Trappist Community at Gethsemani brings with him this letter. He also brings back to (Purcell) the "poor fellow" who had been sent by the latter to Louisville. The "poor fellow" has hardly eaten anything during all the time he spent in Louisville except the crackers he brought with him. Spalding thanks (Purcell) for his excellent panegyric of St. Patrick. The good sisters of the Orphan Asylum have requested him to extend to (Purcell) their most heartfelt gratitude. The collection in Louisville was by far the largest in a long time and it came at the right moment for the orphans. He intended to go with (Purcell) to Cincinnati, but he was unable to realize these hopes and to enjoy (Purcell's) hospitality, and the company of (Purcell's) brother and Father Sylvester H. Rosecrans. He asks to be remembered to Mrs. Hoped (?) at Cummingsville.

P.S. Father Benedict will wish to get the railroad tickets (Purcell) has in his possession.

II-4-n - A.L.S. - 2pp. - 12mo - {2}

1857 Mar. 26
Delmas, Guillaume: St. James, (Louisiana)
 to Archbishop (Anthony Blanc): (New Orleans, Louisiana)

Conforming to the wishes of his former pastor, Delmas presents the desire his pastor has of coming to this country to exercise his ministry. When Delmas arrived here he wrote about his trip and his position. His pastor replied by asking whether everyone was Catholic, if Sunday was kept holy, if there were good schools, etc. The answer inspired his pastor to come but before making the long trip he asked Delmas to consult Father (Jean) Martin or (Blanc). If Delmas could tell of his former pastor's church, schools, retreats, the confidence of his Bishop of St. Fleur, etc. it could inspire (Blanc) to want him in his diocese. But this pastor knows only French and Latin but he has a young cousin who would come also and who could learn. Delmas signs as sacristan for Martin. (P.S.) Would (Blanc) tell Delmas where there is state land to be bought. Delmas has a relative who would like to get a little where French is spoken. He has heard there is some around Cessag(?).

VI-1-l - A.L.S. - (French) - 2pp. - 4to. - {2}

1857 Mar. 27
(Martin), Bishop Aug(uste) M(ar)ie: Natchitoches, (Louisiana)
 to Archbishop (Anthony Blanc: New Orleans, Louisiana)

(Raymond) Thomassy arrived on the 13th so well recommended by (Blanc) that since yesterday (Martin) has recommended him to Mr. Lecomte. He will be shown around by Lecomte and his sons-in-law to the most interesting places for his investigations. (Martin) was sorry to hear of the want of success for Father (Jean) Pierre; his zeal deserved better. (Martin) thanks (Blanc) for helping Pierre. (Martin) would not have exposed this young man to an unfruitful collection if (Martin)'s position had been otherwise. Since November (Martin) has written to the Propagation of the Faith and has received no reply. Last year he received only 5,000 francs. He has 2000 piastres of debts, 800 of which are for workers, the rest for Avoyelles, Ile Brévelle, Cloutierville and the College. He has just received a letter from Mr. Maher of the Bend about Father (Michael) Prenderg(ast) whom (Martin) sent there. It seems that Prenderg(ast) delivered a tirade very offensive to the congregation in consequence of which Messrs. Maher and Byrnes indicated that Prenderg(ast) would not suit them. Father (D. André) Cauvin is still at the College but cannot stay there long. With his had French, his utter lack of English, his evident desire to get a little money to get back to his country, (Martin) does not see how he can use him. On the 19th, (Martin) blessed the first stone of the new convent; its construction is costing enormous transportation expenses in a season where slaves and animals are indispensable for farming. 45 from (St. Joseph's) College attended the ceremony. Thomassy came at a very sad time, the day (Martin) buried his young cousin who came in January. She had patiently borne the cruel sufferings of her short illness. (Martin) asks for a memento for Amée in (Blanc)'s prayers.

VI-1-l - A.L.S. - (French) - 4pp. - 12mo. - {10}

1857 Mar. 27
Kane, Father R(ichard): Ascension, (Louisiana)
 to Archbishop (Anthony Blanc: New Orleans, Louisiana)

After three weeks absence from the city it is time for a letter. Kane feels a little lonesome though he finds this good family even kinder and more amiable than ever. The advantages to his health, the satisfaction of many to hear Mass and who fulfill their Easter duty compensate in some measure. Several on the other side who complain of not being able to understand Father (Michael) Calvo, (C.M.) have come here. The doctor thinks Kane is in a fair way of doing well but thinks it will be necessary to drink sulphur water for complete recovery. In case Kane is well, will (Blanc) promise to keep Kane with him? Kane wrote the other day to Father Aubert. (P.S.) Mr. and the Misses Landry send their respects.

VI-1-; - A.L.S. - 3pp. - 8vo. - {3}

1857 Mar. 27
Mènard, Father Ch(arle)s M.: Thibodaux, (Louisiana)
 to Archbishop (Anthony Blanc: New Orleans, Louisiana)

All is going well for the projected church at Chi(c)akahoula. The blocks are out and ready to be sawn; the land is perfect for a church. It is near the station and comprises almost 3 arpents. The donor and notary said they could not execute the deed of sale without (Blanc)'s power of attorney. Mènard asks (Blanc) to make it in the name of Father (Rene) Pineau who is often there. They will sign only in a manner conformable to (Blanc)'s wishes.

VI-1-l - A.L.S. - (French) - 1p. - 12mo. - {3}

1857 Mar. 27
Quigley, Father W( ): Quebec, (Canada)
 to Bishop P(eter) P(aul) Lefev(e)re: (Detroit, Michigan)

Lefevere's letter has afflicted Quigley exceedingly. He details his sufferings at Grattan, particularly from a Mr. (Howard) Giles. He is willing to abide by Father (Francis) Van Erp's strict inquiry as to his honesty. He lists money received from one source or another. He refers to Father (Cornelius) Moutard and Father (Mary Paul) Wehrle as witnesses to his proper behavior. After the arrival of the V(icar) G(eneral) (Father Peter Kindekens?) Quigley received no offerings. He asks Lefevere to take compassion on him at his age, bereft of all means of support. No religious community will receive him without his last bishop's statement. He owes some Masses but can not say Mass. He encloses a copy of a letter of recommendation from Archbishop (John B.) Purcell of Jan. 12, 1855 (in Latin).

III-2-i - A.L.S. - 4pp. - 8vo. - {7}

1857 March 28
Miles, George H.: Balt(imore, Maryland)
 to D(octo)r H. Hewit: (New York, New York)

Hewit's letter of the 26th has disturbed him. Hewit is requested to inform (Orestes A.) Brownson that the lecture (in Baltimore) is postponed until after Easter. Any date he will set will suit Miles. Miles hopes him acquaintance with Hewit will not end here.

I-3-n - A.L.S. - 1pg. - 8vo. - {2}

1857 Mar. 29
Odin, Bishop J(ohn) M(ary): Galveston, (Texas)
 to Archbishop (Anthony Blanc: New Orleans, Louisiana)

A Miss Rosalie Michel of Father Caretta's parish, married about 10 years ago Manuel Raga(?) of the same parish. The marriage was performed by a justice of the peace. Rosalie said that Caretta was away then and that the nearest priests were at New Orleans. After 4 or 5 years she obtained a divorce. She has been here for several days and has had offers which she is accepting. Does (Blanc) think the first marriage valid or not? Father Savelli knew her and (Odin) is sending (Blanc) a few lines for Savelli. The (Association) of the Propagation of the Faith has sent (Odin) 25,000 francs. He will be able to get out of his financial embarrassment.

VI-1-l - A.L.S. - (French) - 2pp. - 12mo. - {4}

1857 Mar. 30
Kenrick, Francis Patrick, Archbishop of: Baltimore, (Maryland)
 to Bishop-Elect Francis (P.) McFarland: (Watertown, New York)

Kenrick hastens to inform McFarland that he has received the bulls, separating Florida as far as the river Appalachicola from the diocese of Savannah and making it a vicariate of which he is appointed Apostolic Vicar. Father (John) Barry is appointed Bishop of Savannah. Father (John) McCaffrey is appointed to Charleston and (James Frederick) Wood is made coadjutor of Philadelphia. He holds the documents awaiting their directions since he does not trust the mails.

I-1-a - A.L.S. - 1p. - 12mo. - {8}

(18)57 Mar. 31
Jewell(?), Edw(ard) W.: N(ew) O(rlean)s, (Louisiana)
 to Archbishop (Anthony) Blanc: New Orleans, (Louisiana)

Copy (of a letter to) Father J(ames) I(gnatius) Mullen. Jewell and others, Parties to a compact proposing that they would contribute ground rent for each pew until the debts of (St. Patrick's) Church should be paid off, consider that their obligation has ceased. In the future Jewell will not recognize this demand as valid if persisted in by the Archbishop. He will dispose of the pew he owns at a lower price than he paid. The first cost of his pew was $1200, equivalent to $120 interest or rent a year. This pew, rented, would not bring more than $60 or $70. So $120 and $24 ground rent or $144 is what Mullen asks Jewell to continue paying. The reason for this contribution has ceased. Jewell is now paying $60 to another church where his family attends because of its location.

VI-1-l - A.L.S. - 3pp. - 4to. - {3}