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(18)57 Aug.
Grignon, Father M(athurin) F.: Natchez, (Mississippi)
 to Archbishop (Anthony) Blanc: (New Orleans, Louisiana)

Following the direction of Bishop Elder who is on a trip as far as Sulphur Springs, Grignon sends a check for $1500(?) to complete the sum due to (Emma) Marcilly on the 14th. Grignon received a letter this morning from Marcilly who says nothing of the exact sum but thought the sum was due in May. Last Sunday they had their First Communion and Confirmation. They had a public procession. During Grignon's trip to Vicksburg, Jackson and Sulphur Springs he saw all the confreres. Father (Paul Marie) LeCorre came to meet him at Vicksburg. Grignon hopes to see (Blanc) on his way if he goes to the Bay.

VI-1-m - A.L.S. - (French) - 2pp. - 8vo. - {3}


1857 Aug. 1
Brownell, T.C. Protestant Bishop: Hartford, (Conn.)
 to Archbishop John Baptist Purcell: of Cincinnati, Ohio

He acknowledges the receipt of Purcell's letter of the 29th. Purcell's recollections in regard to his presence at the religious service on board the steamboat twenty years ago are so different from Brownell's that it would be useless to attempt explanations of the allegations which Purcell so confidently treats as falsehoods. P.S. He knows nothing of the work of the Rev. Mr. Oldknow to which Purcell refers.

II-4-n - A.L.S. - 1p. - 12mo. - {3}


1857 Aug. 1
Duplantier, G(uy): New Orleans, Louisiana

Duplantier certifies that on this day he celebrated the marriage of Auguste Louis Pradeaux and Victorine Jeanne Regnier. Witnesses: Désiré Minot, Hermann Kelley, and Charles O. Fléchier.

VI-1-m - A.D.S. (Copy) - 2pp. - folio - {5}


1857 Aug. 4
Francais, Father (Nicholas): Charenton, (Louisiana)
 to Archbishop (Anthony Blanc: New Orleans, Louisiana)

Francais hastens to reply to (Blanc)'s letter of July 30. He has no one for Confirmation this year. He has three slaves (Negroes) but he fears their masters do not want to do without their services for some days. Many families have left Francais' district to go to other parishes. The people of Cypremort are nearer the Patout church. Francais thought he would have 7 or 8 Indians for First Communion on All Saints Day but he has little success with this nation (Chetimachas). However, he is not discouraged.

VI-1-m - A.L.S. - (French) - 1p. - 4to. - {5}


1857 Aug. 4
Guégnon, E.I.: Abbeville, (Louisiana)
 to Father (Stephen) Rousselon: (New Orleans, Louisiana)

Rousselon's letter dated July 20 and postmarked July 27, arrived here on August 1. Guégnon must go to Vermillionville before being able to reply. Rousselon is to remember that their mail makes only one trip a week.

VI-1-m - A.L.S. - (French) - 1p. - 4to. - {1}


1857 Aug. 4
Mènard, Father Ch(arle)s M.: Thibodaux, (Louisiana)
 to Archbishop (Anthony Blanc: New Orleans, Louisiana)

Mènard received (Blanc)'s letter concerning the affairs of St. Mary's Church of Lafourche. This ridiculous affair gives all the advantage to Father (Amédée) Beccard and lets the malice fall on those who supported it, especially Edmond Bourgeois. Several weeks ago two girls 13 or 14, one the daughter of Bourgeois, the other of Widow Rodrigue, called Germeil, cleaned the church. Beccard gave the Germeil girl 25 cents rather as an alms than as payment. The Bourgeois girl, through jealousy or spite told that the Rodrigue girl said that Beccard had taken her hands and had lifted her dress up to her knees. Mènard soon learned that G(ratien) Thibodaux had much to do with it because of a dispute about pews. Mènard called on Evariste L'Epine who had reprimanded his son Charles (L'Epine) for circulating a petition with Thibodaux, Bourgeois, and Neuville Mayet. The Americans, Know Nothings, and bad Catholics had signed it. 3 or 4 respectable residents including old Babin signed with the condition that it be proved. The Forest(?) and Zeringue families and neighbors did not sign. Thibodaux said he had nothing against Beccard; he had to avenge the honor of Miss Rodrigue. Babin put Mènard on the right track to the principal accuser: Bourgeois. Mènard went to Mrs. Rodrigue's and made her sign a statement that all the rumors were false. The witnesses who signed were Leon Grabert, Francois Rivet and Mènard. Bourgeois ended by saying it was all gossip. The people were delighted and promised to crush rumors in the future. Mènard considers Beccard innocent of all they imputed to him. Beccard is going to the city tomorrow.

VI-1-m - A.L.S. - (French) - 4pp. - 4to. - {15}


1857 Aug. 4
Wehrle, Father M(ary) P(aul): Newport, (Michigan)
 to Bishop (Peter Paul Lefevere): (Detroit, Michigan)

Wehrle begs Lefevere to send another priest in this congregation as he thinks he cannot do much good here. Most of the parish is French and he is not able enough to tend them. P.S. He will come next week to see Lefevere.

III-2-i - A.L.S. - 1p. - 8vo. - {2}


1857 Aug. 5
Brownson, O(restes) A.: New York, (New York)
 to I(saac) T. Hecker:

Brownson is pleased that Hecker proposes to start to Rome to make arrangements with his superior to start an American house of his congregation. Brownson believes that Hecker's Order (the Redemptorists) is better prepared than any other to convert America. Hitherto the clergy has made no effort to convert Americans, as they have had enough to do in caring for the Catholic population. To our foreign born clergy it has appeared almost useless to attempt a general conversion. The Church has hitherto been the Church of a foreign colony and the foreign or quasi-foreign clergy has had slender acquaintance with American character and less sympathy with it. Conversion will be difficult because here the Church can have no extrinsic aid and can advance only as she convinces the reason and wins the hearts of individuals. The dispositions of the American people toward Church are much better than is generally supposed, and owing to the breaking up of Protestantism, their attention is turned to the study of Catholicism as it never was before. And if they are approached in a proper manner, a rich harvest of souls will be reaped. Abroad many people believe that America is a nation of rebels. Americans are not capable of blind obedience and cannot be governed as slaves. Brownson believed that it would be necessary for the conversion of the country that a congregation should spring up of national origin and growth. Brownson is not certain that the congregation founded by St. Alphonsus will answer every purpose. The fathers who are to be associated with Hecker, as Brownson understands it, are to be, in this House, if Hecker's mission is successful, are to be of this country and well acquainted with the American people. If they are permitted to work as they must work they can have influence on their non-Catholic countrymen. There need be no fear of the rebellious Americans. When converted there will be none more submissive to the authority of the Holy See than they. Brownson hopes that Hecker will be favorably received in Rome.

I-4-g - A.L.S. (Photostat, Paulist Archives) - 3pp. - 8vo. - {2}


(18)57 Aug. 5
Gies, Paul: Newport, (Michigan)
 to Bishop P(eter) P(aul Lefevere): (Detroit), Michigan

When Father (Mary Paul Wehrle) Werhley first came to Newport everybody liked him but his acquaintance with a Miss McQuin has caused talk. The farmers got timbers for a sacristy but instead of building it. Wehrle built a swing. The people told him that his conduct was not fitting for a priest and gave him no peace until he took it down. The people paid their pew rent but found some of the pews nailed shut. If Lefevere doubts his word he can write to M. P. Kane and Lewey Cotherell.

III-2-i - A.D.S. - 4pp. - 4to. - {5}


1857 Aug. 5
Foran, James: Syracuse, (New York)
 to (Orestes A. Brownson.): (New York, New York)

Foran sends three dollars for the Review, and three for the Freeman's Journal. Foran has read the Review from Volume one, third series to the last issue. He subscribes wholly to Brownson's ideas therein, and is firm in his "Irishism or Catholicism". The "exceptionable" paragraph in the Review, he finds are but wholesome truths feaŕlessly put forth. The Irishman's weakness if flattery-hence correction is not well received, especially upon reaching a "position in society". He regrets that more Irish do not read the Review, as it would "elevate standards of thought" among a certain class of Catholics, and Protestants. He will try to extend the circulation of the Review.

I-3-m - A.L.S. - 2pp. - 10mo. - {2}


1857 (Aug. 5)
Kindekens, Father P(eter): Louvain, (Belgium)

(Printed Circular) The American College at Louvain was established at Louvain by several American bishops with the consent and approbation of Cardinal (Engelbert Sterckx) of Mechlin, under the patronage of the bishops of Belgium and under the auspices of charitable persons interested in the American missions. Its object is to procure from Belgium and adjacent countries young men desirous of devoting themselves to the North American missions. These young men will pursue the course of the Catholic University of Louvain, also studying English and German and theology. They will remain secular priests and be placed in the parishes by the bishops. Great numbers of European immigrants go to the New World and many lose the Faith because they lack priests. To be admitted to the American College it is necessary to obtain the consent of the bishop and to furnish a certificate of good conduct and aptitude for the study of theology. Those who enter after ordination will be sent to America as soon as they are judged ready for the work. Board and room is 500 francs a year, each boarder must furnish his bedding. Remittance may be made at the end of six months or a year. Payment of board and room gives the right to choose a diocese; those who have received help are at the disposition of the bishop who has paid for them.

III-2-i - Printed Circular - (French) - 3pp. - 12mo. - {2}


1857 Aug. 7
(de St. Palais), Bishop Maurice: Vincennes, (Indiana)
 to Archbishop (Anthony Blanc: New Orleans, Louisiana)

(De St. Palais) should have long ago thanked (Blanc) for the return of the annuity. (De St. Palais's) position moves him to accept it but (Blanc)'s right to it will always be the same. They say Vincennes is on the point of becoming an important town. Railroads come in from all directions; he hopes it will raise the value of property. (De St. Palais ) has written to (Charles) Choizelat to send (Blanc) 600 francs which (De St. Palais) owes (Blanc) from last year but finds it impossible to pay. (Blanc) has no doubt heard of the death of Father (Simon F.) Lalumière who was killed by a doctor who against (De St. Palais's) advice, he kept at his house for six weeks. Father (Joseph) Kundek is dying at the Springs of Martin County; (De St. Palais) will be very much troubled if he has to replace him at Jasper. The Benedictines at Ferdinand do not have enough subjects to attend this mission. Father (Ernest) Audran is still a little peculiar but an excellent priest. Father (John) Contin is still demented and they no longer wish to keep him at St. Louis. It would be a big favor if (Blanc) could find a place for him in some hospital in France. (De St. Palais) has succeeded in maintaining the seminary and orphanages by collections in the diocese. If he could only procure 6 or $7000 at 4 or 5 percent, he would be completely out of debt. He is to go to Rome next year and in France he will try to arrange this. Choizelat may write to (Blanc) that requests are not urgent enough; they reply that they have already done much for his diocese.

VI-1-l - A.L.S. - (French) - 4pp. - 12mo. - {7}


1857 Aug. 7
Lacour, A( ), et al.: Abbeville, (Louisiana)
 to Archbishop (Anthony Blanc): New Orleans, (Louisiana)

People are going to church less often and in smaller numbers, because Father J( ) A( ) Poyet's relations with the parishoners show little tact or understanding, as well as duplicity. This man has destroyed all semblance of relations between himself and his flock. The people are at the end of their patience and issue an impassioned plea to Blanc. They hope that he can solve this problem. Signed by: A( ) Lacour, Victor Boetz, Valsaint Veazez, Demory, Christophe Kloms, Sosthen Bouvieau, Valerien, Prejour(?), Augustin Frederik, Theophile Veazez, Emile Veazez, Valecour Landri, Charles Denis Trahan, Dorsile Landri, L( ) Gastal.

VI-2-b - A.L.S. - (French) - 5pp. - 4to. - {2}


1857 Aug. 8
McSweeney, Father John Frank: Marion, Ohio
 to Archbishop John Baptist Purcell: of Cincinnati, Ohio

He informs Purcell that he was at his post for the last two weeks. He rented a house with difficulty, and has his mother with him. He hopes God will give him strength to promote His honor and glory. He asks Purcell's blessing.

II-4-n - A.L.S. - 1p. - 12mo. - {2}


1857 Aug. 8
(Martin), Bishop Aug(uste) M(ar)ie: Natchitoches, (Louisiana)
 to Archbishop (Anthony Blanc: New Orleans, Louisiana)

(Martin) thanks (Blanc) for his letter of the 4th. Father (John Peter) B(ellier?) has not talked to (Martin) If he found a more lucrative position in (Blanc)'s diocese or elsewhere, (Martin) believes B(ellier) would take it. B(ellier) makes the mistake of wanting to take his family out of the place Divine Providence has given it by sending 1200 francs to his mother. That is why on leaving N(ew) O(rleans) he asked (Martin) for Alexandria. To keep him here (Martin) has had to assume that allowance and provide for B(ellier)'s needs. (Martin) has given him $350 since the beginning of November. Since July they have had an epidemic of fevers without danger but with great weakness. B(ellier), Father (Louis) Levezouet and all the students in his dormitory have been stricken. It is fortunate for (Martin) that (Blanc) did not accept B(ellier); if he left (Martin) would have to give up his College. (Martin) has known B(ellier) for 20 years. He recognizes B(ellier)'s talents and excellent qualities. But his place is not in pastoral ministry; he will succeed in a college. The College of St. Joseph now has 40 students. Father (D. André) C(auvin?) excused himself for not coming by saying that he had behaved too badly toward (Martin). (Martin) has forgotten that; he wants him to come. He offers more work than perhaps can be done: at least one class at the College, the chaplaincy at the convent, religious instructions for the girls, preaching in English at the cathedral and several missions from time to time. (Martin) may receive no subjects from France this year or he may receive more than he would like. He would need 3 or 4. The new convent should be finished in a month. Madame (Adine) Guinand, (R.S.C.J.) has not been able to do as she wished; it is too bad. Things would have been better and have cost less. Guinand thought she had to be strict to offset the softness of Madame (Antoinette) B(ullion?, R.S.C.J.). It has made her hated by the parents and has lost a third of her pupils; perhaps only 20 of the 50 will come back. Madame (Amélie) Jouve, (R.S.C.J.) will hardly forgive (Martin) for having prevented the discontinuance of the establishment; she consults him in nothing. For seven weeks they have had a group of the bad actors of Th. Francais(?) of N(ew) O(rleans) who take more than money from the creoles; they dechristianize them. They are to stay until the end of December. (Martin) would like to go into a monastery and leave the place to another more capable. (P.S.) Respects to Fathers Rousselon and Perché.

VI-1-m - A.L.S. - (French) - 6pp. - 12mo. - {9}


1857 Aug. 9
Blake, Father James: Pattersonville, (Louisiana)
 to Archbishop (Anthony Blanc: New Orleans, Louisiana)

Blake received (Blanc)'s note of the 31st yesterday owing to his absence at Franklin. (Blanc) is to name any time at his convenience for his visitation. There will be very few or none at Franklin for Confirmation; at Pattersonville there will be some.

VI-1-m - A.L.S. - 1p. - 4to. - {3}


1857 Aug. 10
Smith, Father Bernard: Rome, (Italy)
 to Father John Corry: Green Bush, New York

He received Corry's letter of April 17 but despite the influence of (Lewis) Cass he could not get the money out of the bank until that morning. According to Corry's instructions he disposed of the effects of Father J(ames) O'Reilly and transmitted the rest to America. He encloses a bill of 127 pounds to Corry's order, the balance after paying all debts. He sends a receipt of Father Foley from which he can see the articles he sent to America. He asks Foley to give these to the secretary of the Archbishop (John Hughes) of New York. Foley is the brother of the secretary of Archbishop (Francis Patrick) Kenrick of Baltimore and is returning from his studies in Rome. Corry is to receipt the letter. The Pope (Pius IX) is yet at Bologna. He goes to Florence next week to consecrate the Archbishop. He returns to Rome about the 4th of September. Bishop (Michael) O'Connor of Pittsburgh has returned from Jerusalem. He is improved but not yet well. He left for Ireland. No appointment has been made for the see of Hartford. He sends his regards to Bishop McCloskey. (In the papers of Bishop Francis P. McFarland.)

I-1-a - A.L.S. - 3pp. - 4to. - {5}


1857 Aug. 11
Poyet, Father J(ean) A(rthur): Abbeville, (Louisiana)
 to Archbishop (Anthony Blanc: New Orleans, Louisiana)

Poyet has received (Blanc)'s letter informing him of the day (Blanc) will be here. He does not think there will be many to confirm. A very small number received First Communion. Poyet can conduct (Blanc) to St. Martin; perhaps Poyet will see (Blanc) at Grand Coteau.

VI-1-l - A.L.S. - (French) - 1p. - 4to. - {2}


1857 Aug. 11
Raymond, Father G(ilbert): Opelousas, (Louisiana)
 to Archbishop (Anthony Blanc: New Orleans, Louisiana)

Raymond has written to Father (A.) Beaugier that (Blanc) would confirm at his place Monday. They will have the distribution of prizes at the convent on September 1 after (Blanc)'s departure. Raymond understands that (Blanc) must manage not to cause jealousy among the religious communities. As soon as Raymond received the $300 he went to pay Father (John F.) Raviol, adding the balance. Raymond will repay is as soon as he can. Raviol does not give much edification; he no longer says Mass nor hears Confessions. Beaugier is also in disfavor; his cousin makes trouble for him. He has done nothing at Ville Platte. Father (Henry) Picherit has been indisposed for a month. The doctor says he has nothing serious. (Father J. Francois Raymond) has been absent so Raymond has all the work. Picherit imagines that Raymond writes to (Blanc) against him. It is difficult for a young priest in America to preserve his devotion. His health is better but he is accustomed to an easy life. Raymond's brother returned from Calcassieu 2 or 3 days ago. The building of the chapel at Lake Arthur is going ahead; they have already paid $400 on it. Raymond had put aside the thought of the chapel at Bayou Boeuf but it was brought back by the illness of Mrs. Littell who wants to give the land. It would be important for her to sign the dead of gift. Raymond learns more and more of the evil in the parish; only a religious education can remedy it. He is always checking the Sisters on expenses which they think are indispensible. Raymond wrote 4 or 5 months ago about a man who offered wood to the convent provided he could place one or two of his daughters there. They are so short of dormitories that some parents have withdrawn their children. They must have one more dormitory, a small infirmary and an auditorium(?). The year has been a bad one; the crops having failed, the revenues are down. $1300 is due them. They expect (Blanc) on the 22nd. Raymond hopes the new residence will be ready then.

VI-1-m - A.L.S. - (French) - 4pp. - 4to. - {8}


1857 Aug. 11
Rousselon, Father E(tienne): New Orleans, (Louisiana)

Archbishop Anthony Blanc grants a dispensation from the three banns to Father B.M. Poyet for the marriage of David Power and Catharine Materson.

VI-1-m - D.S. - (Latin) - 1p. - 12mo. - {3}


1857 Aug. 12
Andrieu, C.M., Father A(nthony): Donaldsonville, (Louisiana)
 to Archbishop (Anthony Blanc: New Orleans, Louisiana)

Andrieu arrived safely at Donaldson. He expresses his regret at not being able to see (Blanc) before he left. Bad weather interfered with his short trip at sea. As soon as he arrived at St. Flour he was presented to Bishop Lyonnet who could not get his fill of news about (Blanc). He also talked of Bishop Odin and Father Rousselon. The Emperor has transferred Lyonnet to the see of Valence. Andrieu hopes to see (Blanc) soon. P.S. Father Vital, pastor of Portland, sends his thanks for all (Blanc)'s kindnesses.

VI-1-m - A.L.S. - (French) - 3pp. - 12mo. - {1}


1857 Aug. 12
Kindekens, Father P(eter): Louvain, (Belgium)
 to Bishop (Peter Paul Lefevere): (Detroit, Michigan)

Kindekens hastens to inform Lefevere that, aided by the Immaculate Virgin, he has obtained 11,000 francs at 4 percent which will enable him to pay the entire purchase sum for their (American) College (at Louvain). The final act of purchase is to take place in two or three days; it will be in his name, as the only way he could act in Belgium. He has not yet opened the subscription. He has heard nothing from the affairs of (Count Felix) de Merode but hopes to get most of the 60,000 francs promised by the Count. He could get 12,000 francs, quarter share of Count Werner de Merode, but he has not touched it. The Bishop (Louis Joseph Delebecque) of Ghent has heard from the Association of the Propagation that they cannot give money to Louvain because it is not in a mission country or a country dominated by heresy, but they can give aid to the bishops sending students to Louvain to study. The Bishop of Belgium drew up at their meeting a more solemn demand for 40,000 or 50,000 francs. He will let Lefevere know the results as soon as he learns them. In the meantime Lefevere is to make his own petition. P.S. He asks Lefevere to tell Father (Edward) Joos that the Bishop of Ghent wants to know what he is doing about requests other than that of the American college. An American of Detroit has come to him with letters from Joos. He sends his compliments to his family and missionaries of Adrian (Michigan). They should teach other manners to the knownothings of Coldwater.

- A.L.S. - (French) -


 Enclosure: 


(Apparently a copy of the letter to the Association of the Propagation from the Belgian bishops.) They have learned with profound sorrow that the Association could not give any subsidy in answer to the request of Father Kindekens. This foundation is of great importance to the American bishops especially those of the west who have chosen Father Kindekens who knows their needs to organize the institution. They understand the difficulties of the Council of the Association but they hope that they will be able to find some remedy for the situation. They had hopes of getting sufficient funds for sustaining the American College in Belgium but the unexpected death of Count Felix de Merode and the unfortunate condition of Belgium at that moment and of their respective dioceses has forced the success of the establishments into annual aid until Providence will provide other resources. Kindekens adds to this letter a note that in mentioning the condition of the Belgian dioceses and the loss of the Merode grant he does not despair of getting at least part of the grant of Count de Merode and of opening a subscription in Belgium later, but he thought it is just as well that the councils of Paris and Lyons do not know that.

- Copy of L. - (French) -


III-2-i - A.L.S., L. Copy - (French) - 6pp. - 12mo. - {9}


1857 Aug. 13
Elizabeth of St. Agnes, (R.U.), Sister: (New Orleans, Louisiana)

The vows of Sister Elizabeth of St. Agnes as an Ursuline.

VI-1-m - D.S. - (French) - 1p. - 12mo. - {1}


1857 Aug. 13
Jan, Father A(nge) M(arie): St. Martinville, (Louisiana)
 to Archbishop (Anthony Blanc: New Orleans, Louisiana)

The Steamer Courier for some time has not arrived regularly at St. Martin. Jan fears that if (Blanc) takes this way he will not arrive Wednesday. Jan will have him taken on Thursday to Grand Coteau.

VI-1-m - A.L.S. - (French) - 1p. - 12mo. - {1}


1857 Aug. 13
Meagher, Father James: Columbus, Ohio
 to Archbishop John Baptist Purcell: of Cincinnati, Ohio

He received Purcell's letter and acceded thankfully to his kind suggestion. He hereby proffers his resignation of Columbus. As regards his being drunk on the cars, he trusts he will disprove that point to Purcell's satisfaction and the other charges will be made groundless.

II-4-n - A.L.S. - 1p. - 16to. - {2}


1857 Aug. 14
McCaffrey, Father John: Nativity Church, New York City, N.Y.
 to Archbishop John Baptist Purcell: of Cincinnati, Ohio

He is having great success in raising money for his new church. In Baltimore he succeeded in getting subscriptions to the amount of $2200. He has obtained as much more in this city. Abp. (John) Hughes and Bishop (John) McCloskey give all the aid and encouragement he could ask for. Both promised to be present at the Jubliee in 58. That will probably be the grandest assembly of Catholics, lay and clerical, on this side of the Atlantic. McCaffrey received a letter from their Vice-president stating that Rev. E. Fitzgerald had gone to Cincinnati. McCaffrey hopes that Purcell ordained him and sent him back to the Mountain. McCaffrey is anxious to have Fitzgerald as a professor in the seminary. He trusts that he will be a bishop someday and a few years of teaching and studying will be the very thing for him. They are weakened by the promotion of some of their best seminarians to the priesthood. They have room for any Purcell may send them. McCaffrey thinks Dr. (Patrick N.) Lynch will be Bishop of Charleston. He suspects that Father (F.P.) McFarland of Utica (N.Y.) who was to be Vicar Apostolic of Florida will be Bishop of Hartford.

II-4-n - A.L.S. - 4pp. - 8vo. - {12}


1857 Aug. 15
Poursine, P.: New Orleans, (Louisiana)
 to Archbishop (Anthony Blanc: New Orleans, Louisiana)

Poursine was honored by (Blanc)'s letter of the 8th. He hopes (Blanc) is mistaken when he says he does not believe that the necessary number of subscriptions can be obtained to establish the Catholic Institute (of New Orleans) on a solid basis. Poursine read what (Blanc) said in the "Catholic Standard." If the paper descends into the political arena it loses some of its subscribers. A "Journal de Famille" would be received in many homes where a purely Catholic paper would not. It would be a paper strictly Catholic fundamentally and neuter in politics except where conscience is involved. Agriculture, commerce, science, etc. would figure largely along with the latest news. The Institute could easily launch such a paper.

VI-1-m - A.L.S. - (French) - 3pp. - 4to. - {2}


1857 Aug. 16
Poyet, Father B.M.: Paris, (France)
 to Archbishop (Anthony) Blanc: New Orleans, (Louisiana)

Two weeks before his arrival Poyet lost his father. So he did not taste the joy in his family which he had looked forward to. He is anxious to return to New Orleans. If (Blanc) has a post for him he will be grateful.

VI-1-m - A.L.S. - (French) - 2pp. - 12mo. - {1}


(18)57 Aug. 17
Nesmith, J(ohn) P.: Lake George, (New York)
 to Bishop (James Roosevelt Bayley: Newark, New Jersey)

Nesmith acknowledges (Bayley)'s note of yesterday. Mr. Gale received a telegram asking if they were still there and they are looking for (Bayley)'s arrival. They regret to learn that (Bayley) has been ill. The Tiers and Van Buren families are still here. They will probably remain until the last of the month. P.S. (Bayley) speaks of a "one day" visit; all parties protest against (Bayley)'s leaving before next Monday.

II-2-n - A.L.S. - 3pp. - 12mo. - {4}


1857 Aug. 17
Warren, W.H.: Moreau Station, (New York)
 to H. Grear: Troy, (New York)

Warren has been hoping to hear from Grear as to the whereabouts of Bishop (James Roosevelt Bayley) Bailey. Warren will be glad to have (Bayley) spend a few days with him if Grear will give him (Bayley)'s address. Warren will send him a formal invitation. If (Bayley) is with Grear and is the same man he was years ago, this note will answer the purpose.

II-2-n - A.L.S. - 2pp. - 12mo. - {2}


1857 Aug. 18
(Blanc), Ant(hony) Abp. New Orleans: New Orleans, Louisiana
 to Archbishop John Baptist Purcell: of Cincinnati, Ohio

Sister Augustine, a nience of Bishop (John) England, known under the name of St. Charles, left the Ursulines, recalled from Texas by the superior in Ireland. Blanc heard lately that she had stopped in New York with a new community of German Ursulines. She did not appear altogether happy. Father (Napoleon J.) Perche has been very sick for the last four weeks. Yesterday Blanc received the Advocate in which friend (Bishop) Brownell & Co. are handled rather roughly. Blanc did not anticipate that his letter would be published. However it tells the truth. The Rev. fellows thought they would meet with no contradiction.

II-4-n - A.L.S. - 2pp. - 12mo. - {8}


1857 Aug. 18
Whelan, (Father) D(avid): Wheeling, (Virginia)
 to Archbishop (John Baptist) Purcell: Cincinnati, Ohio

Father Whelan acknowledges Purcell's note and says that it is scandalizing and deeply regretted that some priests are conducting themselves not a whit better and even worse than some of the most depraved brawlers. He has received word in confidence of a charge of seduction against the former pastor of Piqua (Ohio), now on a mission in the Wheeling diocese. The seduced is said to be his housekeeper, now with child and living at Cumberland, Maryland, supported by the charity of one of the Redemptorist priests there. The Redemptorist, unable to do anything, has written to the bishop. Father Whelan has summoned the priest to Wheeling and asks Purcell how he shall handle the case. The last letter of Bishop (Richard Vincent) Whelan was written from the soltitude of Issy where he is making a retreat. He is now in England and enjoying excellent health. He sends his love to all at home where he wishes he were. (Letter marked) Confidential.

II-4-n - A.L.S. - 3pp. - 12mo. - {3}


1857 Aug. 19
Baraga, Frederick, Bishop of Saut Ste. Marie: Saut Ste. Marie, Mich(igan)
 to Bishop (Peter Paul) Lefevere: Detroit, (Michigan)

Baraga asks Lefevere to cash the enclosed check and send the amount by express, as much as can be in gold, the balance in good bills. (Note in Lefevere's hand that he received the above letter Aug. 21, 1857, enclosed was a duplicate draft by 1st and 2nd bill of exchange at 60 days sight, for 7390 francs on Ch(arles) Choiselat, Paris.) The draft was to be cashed by the Savings bank.

III-2-i - A.L.S. - 1p. - 8vo. - {2}


1857 Aug. 19
Wood, James F(rederick) Bishop of Antigone: Philadelphia, (Pennsylvania)
 to Archbishop (John Baptist Purcell): Cincinnati, Ohio

He has delayed too long, despite his new duties, in answering Purcell's letter. While he is happy that Purcell approves his new chapel, he is at present forced to build a temporary chapel to be torn down when the cathedral is finished. The Cathedral is a gigantic job and they are trying merely to get the roof on, as the financial problem is complicated by market conditions. Purcell had undoubtedly read the attack on Wood, "the poor financier", in the Sunday Dispatch. It has produced little effect. Wood recounts an incident with an Irishman who came to make deposit after the article appeared. He has made little or no effort to learn who was the author of the article. Bishop (Patrick) Lynch of Charleston visited him and said he was going to Cincinnati. Wood hopes to visit Purcell in October. He asks to be remembered to his friends.

P.S.—Poor Devitt is probably on the ocean, starting for Rome, and deeply penitent. He is almost ashamed to send on a scrap of paper the dispensations he gave in 1854 which he found in an inside pocket.

II-4-n - A.L.S. - 4pp. - 12mo. - {3}


1857 Aug. 19
Elder, William Henry, Bishop of Natchez: Natchez, (Mississippi)
 to Archbishop John Baptist Purcell: Cincinnati, Ohio

Purcell's two letters arrived during his unexpected absence, and he is pleased that Purcell can provide for his retreat without inconvenience. He thanks Purcell for his speedy reply concerning that disagreeable case. He has since conferred with the person but feels that nothing further can be done. He has written to Father (John) Quinlan about Mr. Huber, and he will be happy to have him here as soon as he is prepared. He cannot give an immediate answer with regard to Mrs. Fitzhugh White and her daughters. If they are willing to take charge of common parish schools there are several places for them, but Elder cannot say what compensation they would get. Vicksburg and Jackson are destitute of Catholic schools. At Bay St. Louis, and Sulphur Springs there are girls academies conducted by the Sisters of St. Joseph, at Natchez one by the Sisters of Charity. At Bay St. Louis the sisters are French and desire an English teacher. He will write to Father (Stanislaus) Buteux about it. Having two academies conducted by sisters he cannot encourage secular schools but if they want he will encourage them as well as he can. Miss Marcilly had one and a Protestant has one in the same house. As the lady wishes to move, and is getting married, Elder will be willing to try to get it for the ladies. It is in a country seat. The school would add to the influence of the Church. However, it would depend on protestants for support as there are few wealthy Catholics and several already have their daughters in religious houses. As for governesses his brother John C. Elder of Baton Rouge says that there is a great need of governesses in Louisiana. The ladies can write there or he will write to him. Speaking of priests Elder suggests an aspiration to the Blessed Virgin for an increase of priests to which an indulgence would be attached.

II-4-n - A.L.S. - 4pp. - 12mo. - {7}


1857 Aug. 20
De Générès-Jourvillé: Marksville, Louisiana
 to Archbishop (Anthony Blanc): New Orleans, (Louisiana)

The need for (Blanc)'s support and the death(!) of Father (Napoleon Joseph) Perché furnish the occasion of writing. Having come here to spend six months leave of convalescence with his brother, Edouard de Générès, he would like to settle here on retirement. But above all he would like to find work to supplement his leave pay and later his retirement pay to assure his living and that of his wife whom he does not wish to leave to the care of his brother. He was recommended to Perché by Father (H.?) Durand, assistant of Marksville. Unfortunately the letter was written too late and was probably never read by Perché. Presuming that the clergy would not abandon the paper founded by Perché, de Générès-Jourvillé offers his services to (Blanc). He sets no conditions to the length or nature of the work assigned him; he asks only a modest living.

VI-1-m - A.L.S. - (French) - 3pp. - 4to. - {4}


1857 Aug. 20
Rousselon, Father E(tienne): New Orleans, Louisiana

Extract from the registers of St. Mary's Church: on May 14, 1849, Father (Victor) Jamey, with a license from A. Derbès joined in matrimony Henri White and Elizabeth Donavan, in the presence of Daniel Baclay, Anne Shine, Matthieux Dumas. A true copy.

VI-1-m - A.D.S. - 1p. - folio - {7}


1857 Aug. 23
(Beers), J(ulia): Buffalo, (New York)
 to (Bishop James Roosevelt Bayley: Newark, New Jersey)

(Beers) has had no tidings from (Bayley) since she wrote to him from Litchfield. September 22 will be the 50th anniversary of her father and mother's marriage and also her mother's 70th birthday. They intend to have a general family gathering and (Bayley) should come; he should at all events send a letter of congratulations. Yesterday, (Beers) had a visit from Mr. Eastman; he is much dissatisfied with the Episcopal Church and said he would read Dr. Ives' book. There are plenty of churches here but no books. (Beers) will ask Bishop Timon for something. A good deal of worldly interest is keeping Eastman back. (Beers) mentioned in a former letter a request from Jane Sedgwick to petition (Bayley) for a letter to help her in Rome. She sails in October. Mrs. Petre has engaged Catholic quarters for her. (Beers) asks if (Bayley) cannot wander this way for his health? (Beers) is becoming more contented here, though she does not like the place. (Bayley) should not fail to give (Beers)'s remembrance to all the Tiers and Nesmiths.

II-2-n - A.L.S. - 4pp. - 12mo - {4}


1857 Aug. 23
Chenoweth, A.W.: Neosho, M(Issouri)
 to O(restes) A. Brownson: (New York, New York)

Chenoweth, a young physician, asks for a list of books that will acquaint him with the history, the faity, the teachings, and the ceremonies of the Roman Catholic Church. He wants to prepare a series of articles for publication in the "Neosho Chief" to explain the tenants of Catholicism and show that most of the persecutions of the Church by the Know-Nothing Party can be attributed to ignorance of the Church. The Editor of his local Democratic paper will publish the articles. Chenoweth says a lady friend of his, a Miss Barry of Springfield, Missouri, attended a convent school in St. Louis from which she has returned a very excellent person. Her splendid personal morality has caused Chenoweth to become interested in the Catholic religion. He explains that Miss Barry's father will not permit her to unite with the Church of her choice. Her father is a Methodist although she is a Catholic in faith.

I-3-m - A.L.S. - 2pp. - 8vo. - {1}


1857 Aug. 23
(Odin), Bishop J(ohn) M(ary): San Antonio, (Texas)
 to Archbishop (Anthony Blanc: New Orleans, Louisiana)

(Odin) received (Blanc)'s letter of the 11th. He has not yet received the letter from Propaganda which accompanies it. (Odin) is grateful for the prayers of thanksgiving (Blanc) said for the protection God gave (Odin) when he fell into Lavaca Bay. (Odin) does not see how he kept afloat so long. Father (Napoleon Joseph) Perché's illness really troubles (Odin). The (Ursulines) of San Antonio lost one of their Sisters and two of their students in one month. Sister St. Louis, (R.U.) had been brought up in the convent at Galveston and had made her novitiate at San Antonio. She had had consumption for over a year. The Sisters called Father (Claude M.) Dubuis on July 21 to administer the last sacraments. One of the students was baptized a few hours before she died; the other was a Catholic for 2 or 3 years. The new church at San Antonio was blessed last Sunday. The old church was much too small. (Odin) plans to stay several months for instructions. The Irish priest who assists Dubuis is not good in the pulpit and (Odin) would like to accustom the English speaking people to come to the new church. His decision to stay here at least until November will prevent (Odin) from coming to New Orleans. However, if (Blanc) thinks it is necessary to supervise the printing of the decrees of the Synod, (Odin) will come. All the western part of Texas is in deep misery. The drought has destroyed everything. Corn sells at 2 piastres a bushel. Many families have left. (Odin) has given up visiting several places. It is impossible to find food for a horse in many districts of the west.

VI-1-m - A.L.S. - (French) - 4pp. - 12mo. - {5}


(18)57 Aug. 24
Pritchard, Caroline M.: Evergreen, L(ouisian)a
 to Archbishop (Anthony) Blanc: (New Orleans, Louisiana)

No doubt Blanc has been informed of Father (Ennemond) Dupuy's second attack and all his sufferings. He is now better but far from well. He remains quite lame and unable to say Mass. Pritchard has been trying to persuade Dupuy to take a sea voyage to New York and return by way of the Great Bakes. Dr. Isaac insists upon it. Blanc's advice might have a happy influence. It has been nearly eight weeks since Pritchard last went to Holy Communion. Many more than her family cannot go to Confession in French. A young man now with them was making preparation to go when Dupuy was taken sick again. For the sake of Pritchard's husband and family, Blanc is to send them a priest who can speak English. Blanc is not to understand that she finds fault with the priest now with them. He never preaches in English or French, merely says Mass and leaves.

VI-1-m - A.L.S. - 4pp. - 12mo. - {4}


1857 Aug. 24
Rousselon, Father E(tienne): New Orleans, (Louisiana)
 to Archbishop Ant(hony) Blanc:

The news from Mandeville continues to be better and today Father (Napoleon Joseph) Perché is convalescing perfectly. Dr. Faget arrived in New Orleans this morning; he said that Perché is out of danger. Father (Henry) Aubert is not to return to Mandeville until tomorrow. He took a long vacation but put his time to good use. Father (Basil Anthony) Moreau, (C.S.C.) who was to come to New Orleans in October writes that he cannot come and that Father (Patrick) Shi(e)l, (C.S.C.) and the Superior of the Sisters (of the Holy Cross) are to go to Notre Dame du Lac where he will wait for them. They are leaving today. What decided Shil to go is that he was told there was also a case of yellow fever and yesterday Father (Henry Riordan) Riordean of Plaquemine arrived at his house announcing that he had quit Father (Charles) Chambost. They came to see Rousselon today and proposed that Riordean replace Shil while he is away. Rousselon agreed, pending Blanc's approval. Rousselon sends a petition from Carrolton against Father A(nthony) Carius and it seems there will be others. Father (Ferdinand) Zeller will leave soon for New York to sail on the Vanderbilt on September 14. Rousselon is going to Benoit's tomorrow to settle the St. Louis business. Father (Richard) Kane has not yet arrived.

- A.L.S. - (French) -


 Enclosure: 

1857 Aug. 21
(Trezevant, P.M.): Carrollton, (Louisiana)
 to Archbishop A(nthony) Blanc: New Orleans, (Louisiana)

Trezevant understands that Father Celler is to be removed from this parish. Trezevant hopes that Blanc will reconsider and that Celler will remain exercising his ministry which has been so beneficial to Trezevant's wife and children. If Father Carius is to be put in charge, from the reports of his conduct, Trezevant will not allow his children to go to Carius to be prepared for Confession and Communion. Trezevant objected to Carius' speaking to his daughter in the street without previous introduction.

- L. -


VI-1-m - A.L.S., L. - (French & English) - 6pp. - 12mo. & 4to. - {14}


(18)57 Aug. 25
Carius, Father A(nthony): New Orleans, (Louisiana)
 to Archbishop (Anthony Blanc: New Orleans, Louisiana)

Carius writes on the advice of Father Rousselon. He has just learned that some Germans have sent (Blanc) a letter against him. If he had (Blanc)'s confidence, he would not worry as his conscience is clear. In the situation Carius is in everything bothers him. He thinks that Father (Ferdinand) Zeller is at the bottom of all this; Zeller does not want to leave. Rousselon told Carius this morning that (Blanc) had written him that Zeller was going to leave on the Vanderbilt. But Carius does not believe this as Zeller told him that he could not leave on the Vanderbilt and since there was no other steamer for Havre until the middle of October it would be too late to leave for France. This hurts Carius because instead of Zeller saying frankly that he wants to stay and that he does not want Carius at Carrollton, he does Carius harm. If Zeller does not leave, could Carius retire to the Archbishop's house for as in that case Carius could not live at Carrollton.

VI-1-m - A.L.S. - (French) - 2pp. - 4to. - {2}


1857 Aug. 26
Delente, O(lympe): N(ew) Orleans, (Louisiana)
 to Archbishop (Anthony Blanc: New Orleans, Louisiana)

Delente likes N(ew) O(rleans) when (Blanc) is there but outside of that she does not find it attractive. She is almost persuaded that she will have to go to try her fortune elsewhere. (Blanc) no doubt remembers Margaret O'Riordan; she is now at N(ew) Iberia. Delente would be happy if O'Riordan could obtain a place in the convent at Thibodeau. O'Riordan was much loved in Attakapas. If (Blanc) knew in what a hole O'Riordan's mother and sister are enduring the summer heat, he would take care of them. O'Riordan's salary should take care of these two.

VI-1-m - A.L.S. - (French) - 2pp. - 4to. - {2}


(18)57 Aug. 26
Gies, Paul: Newport, (Michigan)
 to Bishop (Peter Paul Lefevere): (Detroit, Michigan)

Gies has had no answer to his letter. Lefevere would do him a favor if he kept that letter as Gies has been informed that he was going to be excommunicated because of it. Instead of uniting the people, Father Werhle (Mary Paul Wehrle) has put them up to quarrel and he keeps council with people who have not received the sacraments in five years; he is going to start a new choir and turn Mr. Roll out. Gies asks Lefevere to talk to Wehrle about it so as to stop the "fuss" next Sunday. Gies will probably come to Detroit next Monday and will call to see Lefevere.

III-2-i - A.L.S. - 2pp. - 8vo. - {3}


1857 Aug. 26
Macheboeuf, Father J(oseph) P(rojectus): Louisville, (Kentucky)
 to Father (Stephen Rousselon: New Orleans, Louisiana)

Macheboeuf was about to leave for Louisville when he received the telegram from the Superior of the Ursulines of New Orleans announcing that Bishop (John Baptist) Lamy's niece (Marie Lamy) had left for St. Louis. Macheboeuf had arrived in St. Louis 2 weeks ago and his intention was to write immediately to (Rousselon) to thank him for seeing to his little affairs at N(ew) Orleans. (Rousselon) will be glad to learn that all the boxes arrived safely in Kenzas (Kansas?) even those from New Orleans and the baggage from N(ew) York which had been delayed 3 or 4 months. Macheboeuf met the caravan on its way to S(ant)a Fé. He hopes by now everything will have been delivered to Lamy. Lamy said he had sent (Rousselon) the money for these expenses but had not received an itemized account. Perhaps (Rousselon) has sent it to S(an)ta; if not he can send it by mail to Macheboeuf at Albuquerque.

VI-1-m - A.L.S. - (French) - 3pp. - 12mo. - {3}


1857 Aug. 26
Machebeuf, Father J(oseph) P(rojectus): Louisville, (Kentucky)
 to Archbishop (John Baptist Purcell: Cincinnati, Ohio)

Since yesterday Machebeuf has been at the Convent of the Sisters of Loretto. He regrets he cannot go to Cincinnati; he must go back today. Bishop (John) Lamy and other Augergnats are well and working hard. Machebeuf had come to St. Louis this year to meet two French missionaries who had promised to sail on May 1 but Father (Annet) Lafont from New York tells in his letter that they wrote him that the Bishop of Mans would not give the permission he had promised. Machebeuf will also accompany from St. Louis to Santa Fe, Bishop Lamy's niece (Marie Lamy, later Sister Mary Francisca Lamy, S.L.), who for the last 6 years has been in the Ursuline Academy of New Orleans and also the niece of one of their missionaries, both for the Convent of Santa Fe. Machebeuf intends to start immediately for the plains with his little company under the protection of 450 soldiers going to New Mexico. He had written to Father (William) Cheymol but has heard since that he had left for France. (Purcell) is to remember Machebeuf to Father Gacon, the Ursulines, Fathers Collins and Purcell. Machebeuf will be at St. Louis University for a few days if (Purcell) has any messages for Bishop Lamy.

II-4-n - A.L.S. - 4pp. - 12mo. - {7}


1857 Aug. 27
Moutard, Father C(ornelius): Jackson, (Michigan)
 to Bishop (Peter Paul Lefevere): (Detroit, Michigan)

Knowing Lefevere's feelings towards John Guinan, Moutard thinks it his duty before acting to give Lefevere a statement of what has transpired knowing that Lefevere will never allow a layman to dictate publicly to a congregation in things which belong to the priest. In his letter of Aug. 24 Moutard stated that he has a first rate offer from a Catholic, but as he is no friend of Guinan he says Moutard can sell with "his" permission, as vicar general of Jackson, to any one he has in mind, except to this man. Moutard thinks he should put down this interference for the sake of future priests. He thinks farmers should mind their plowing, and the priest should be master of his church, provided he acts according to the wishes and rules of his bishop.

III-2-i - A.L.S. - 2pp. - 4to. - {3}


1857 Aug. 28
Mittelbronn, Father (Francis C.): Pointe Coupée, L(ouisian)a
 to Archbishop (Anthony Blanc: New Orleans, Louisiana)

Father (Hubert) Thirion has been ill for almost two months; the fever left him about a week ago but his mind is failing. Mittelbronn is really concerned as is his doctor. The trustee affair is still the same. Mittelbronn wants (Blanc) to settle it. Mittelbronn is obliged to act as pastor and has no faculties. He would like (Blanc) to announce that he refuses to have them any longer without their salary.

VI-1-m - A.L.S. - (French) - 3pp. - 12mo. - {2}


(18)57 Aug. 29
Beaugier, Father (A.): Ville-Plate, (Louisiana)
 to Archbishop (Anthony Blanc: New Orleans, Louisiana)

Beaugier would be very happy only to thank (Blanc) for visiting him. But he makes a request to which (Blanc) has forgotten to reply. (Blanc) knows Beaugier's situation. The revenues of his parish would be sufficient if the cemetery at Opelousas did not draw the burials from VillePlate and especially of those rich who have a family tomb there. Beaugier had asked (Blanc) to settle his rights. Up to now, Father (Gilbert) Raymond has settled nothing on this subject. It had been agreed in the presence of Beaugier's cousin and (Raymond)'s cousin that it was reasonable that Beaugier receive half, according to the rule of the diocese. That day they approximately fixed the limits of the two parishes except between Nègreville and Grand Prairie upon which they would like to have (Blanc)'s opinion. Raymond would like to have the cemetery of Grand Prairie which Beaugier would also like to have as it is the only one which would give a little revenue. The feast yesterday was too beautiful to darken; Beaugier would rather write to settle this question. Father Raviol and the priests at Grand Coteau say that Beaugier has a right to half the fees. (Blanc) is to advise the pastor of Opelousas that he is to justice to Beaugier's claim.

VI-1-m - A.L.S. - (French) - 2pp. - folio - {3}


1857 Aug. 29
Bondy, A.: Pointe Coupee, (Louisiana)
 to Archbishop Anthony Blanc: (New Orleans, Louisiana)

Bondy asks Blanc to give him the conditions for admitting pupils to the Ursuline Convent at New Orleans. Wishing to send his daughter, he would like to know the costs and the time of the beginning of classes.

VI-1-m - A.L.S. - (French) - 2pp. - 4to. - {1}


1857 Aug. 29
Chretien, M. Philomene: San Jose (California)
 to (Orestes A.) Brownson: (New York, New York)

The writer sends Christmas and New Year's Greetings and encloses the best wishes of her parents.

I-3-n - A.L.S. - 4pp. - 16to. - {1}


(18)57 Aug. 29
Marcel, Father: Lyons, (France)
 to (Father Stephen Rousselon: New Orleans, Louisiana)

This is the third letter Marcel has written to ask (Rousselon) to recall the promise he made, on parting with him at the home of (Rousselon)'s brother Henry (Rousselon), to give Marcel news of Father Dominique Blaive. Blaive has been in California for 8 years in the diocese of a holy bishop whom (Rousselon) knows well and to whom Marcel wrote but received no reply. (Rousselon) is to address his reply to Father Galtier, chaplain at the Word Incarnate as Marcel will soon not be living in Lyons.

VI-1-o - A.L.S. - (French) - 2pp. - 12mo. - {4}


(18)57 Aug. 29
St. Stanislas, R.U., Sister Marie de: Galveston, (Texas)
 to Archbishop A(nthony) Blanc: N(ew) Orleans, (Louisiana)

They have heard recently that Father (Napoleon Joseph) Perché is very ill; they hope he is better. Bishop (John Mary Odin) is still in San Antonio. He wrote that typhoid fever is raging there and that two boarders at the convent had succumbed. The drought has been felt very severely. All their cisterns have been at their disposition as well as that of a resident who offered his. They have had rain and so they have not had to spend a penny for water as they did in the first years. It is consoling to hear that (Odin) has recovered from the terrible accident which almost took him from them. Father (Louis) Chambodut has writtern several letters since his arrival in France; the last was from St. Just but he still says nothing about his return to Texas. Sister thinks he will not stay too long and will bring them some subjects. They have a real need for them. Most of their students are now on vacation. Classes will resume in October. The members of the Community are well.

VI-1-m - A.L.S. - (French) - 2pp. - 4to. - {4}


1857 Aug. 30
Chambige, Father F(rancis): St. Thomas's (Bardstown, Kentucky)
 to Archbishop John Baptist Purcell: of Cincinnati, Ohio

Whatever may be his doubts about the policy of leaving to young candidates for the ministry, the choice of establishment - the choice would not be in their favor -, Chambige feels that Purcell has taken a new proof of his condescension and good will. He notified Bigelow of his being rejected; he says he intends to become a priest and has applied to Bishop (Martin J.) Spalding. He does not know if Dislerath will return, but has written to Father (D.M.) Winands concerning his account which Purcell has settled.

II-4-n - A.L.S. - 2pp. - 8vo. - {4}


1857 Aug. 30
Joachim, Sister M.: Boston, (Massachusetts)
 to (Archbishop John Baptist Purcell): of (Cincinnati, Ohio)

Sister Joachim thanks (Purcell) for his kind favor. For the last two months she has been unable to write because of an irritation of her eyes. (Sister) Mathilda's death came as a surprise to her. Indeed, two years ago she had seen her at the Mountain and at that time she was looking well. Sister Joachim expresses her regrets for not seeing P(urcell) at (Mt. St. Mary's). She saw few familiar faces and the dear old church, the graveyard and the walks are so neglected that one knows that Father (Simon) Brute and his wheelbarrow have left. She hopes to see (Purcell) in Yankeetown, perhaps he has merely deferred his visit. She asks him to remember her dear parents. Her mother died in 1845 and her father in 1851, after several years as a reformed man. Her brother is married and lives in St. Louis. All her sisters are married except one and all are good Catholics.

P.S. (Purcell) is to give her love to cousin John. She would have written to him had she known his address. Sister Ann Alexis Shorbs wishes to add a message. Sister Ann Alexis (in her own hand) informs (Purcell) that the good Sisters have gone into retreat and that she had to stay out in order to take care of the young ones. Sister Joachim must have told (Purcell) about all the trouble she has had with her eyes. She asks (Purcell) to tell Sister Margaret that the new asylum is almost completed and that she should come to see it while on her way to France. Her little ones are making too much noise.

II-4-n - A.L.S. - 4pp. - 8vo. - {3}


1857 Aug. 30
Rousselon, Father E(tienne): New Orleans, (Louisiana)
 to Archbishop Ant(hony) Blanc:

Father (Napoleon Joseph) Perché's health is steadily improving. However, he has resigned as Blanc will see in the issue of the 29th. A Mr. Daunoy of Carrollton came to ask Blanc not to pay any attention to complaints which might be brought against Father (Anthony) Carius. Although some are against him there are many in favor of him. Father (Ferdinand) Zeller has not left. Rousselon has had no news from Iberville. A young priest from Galveston, sick, for several days, at the hospital, came to ask for a celebret; Rousselon looked at his papers and gave him one. Joséphine thinks the miter does not go without the cross so she will not put on the miter; anyhow Father (Richard) Kane is entrusted with it so Blanc will have someone to put it on his head. The health of the city is perfect. Rousselon gave Kane the correspondence he was going to send by mail. Blanc is to remember Rousselon to the priests of the places he visits. (P.S.) Benoit S. gave Rousselon $77.75.

VI-1-m - A.L.S. - (French) - 3pp. - 12mo. - {6}


1857 Aug. 30
W(helan), Father D(avid): Wheeling Virginia
 to Archbishop John Baptist Purcell: of Cincinnati, Ohio

He was in hopes Purcell would advise him how to act in the case which he mentioned in his last letter, but Purcell sent no word of advice. Whelan required the priest to go to Cumberland (Md.) to exculpate himself if he can and that it must be certified by a letter from the Father who brought the matter before Whelan. Whelan asks how he should act in the event of his persisting ostensible guilt. Purcell's Bellaire flock are suffering from want of spiritual attendance. The only Mass they had there since Jan. 6 was the one Father (John) Brazill celebrated without right. They are coming up to Wheeling in numbers every Sunday. It is better that those seminarians quit now then to persevere to the scandal of religion. Whelan fears that a good Bishop will not meet with half the favor at Rome that Mrs. Peter experienced. His brother (Bishop Richard Vincent Whelan) wrote from Paris when he was about to lea ve for Vienna. Whelan feels the burden of quasi-episcopacy.

II-4-n - A.L.S. - 3pp. - 12mo. - {6}


1857 Aug. 31
Mullon, Father J(ames) I(gnatius): (New Orleans, Louisiana)
 to (Archbishop Anthony Blanc: New Orleans, Louisiana)

Receipts and disbursements for August for St. P(atrick's Church).

VI-1-m - D.S. - 1p. - folio - {2}


1857 Aug. 31
(Purcell), Archbishop J(ohn) B(aptist): Cin(cinnati, Ohio)
 to Archbishop (Anthony Blanc: New Orleans, Louisiana)

Dr. Green from Boston is desirous of presenting his respects to (Blanc). (Purcell) asks for the satisfaction of procuring for Green (Blanc)'s regard and society during his visit to New Orleans.

VI-1-m - A.L.S. - 1p. - 12mo. - {2}