University of Notre Dame


(18)57 Sep.
Bertail, Father J.M.: Paincourtville, (Louisiana)
 to Archbishop (Anthony Blanc: New Orleans, Louisiana)

Bertail has just received (Blanc)'s letter about Confirmation to be given the first week of October. For the more than two months that he has been ill he has been able, to do almost nothing. Father (Augustine) Marachauxhas had to administer to the sick in Bertail's place. First Communion here and at Pierre Part has not taken place as he fell ill a week before but he will try his best to be ready for the time set.

VI-1-m - A.L.S. - (French) - 2pp. - 12mo. - {2}

1857 Sept. 1
Lamy, John B. Bishop of Santa Fe: Santa Fe, (New Mexico)
 to Archbishop John B(aptist) Purcell: of Cincinnati, (Ohio)

He has been visiting parts of his diocese. He sends part of the money Purcell loaned him. It to the affairs of Covington, (Ky.). He is deep enough in the more in Santa Fe. Bishop (George A.) Carrell might settle that trifle. He will try to procure Purcell a good Mexican pony. Everything Purcell wrote two years ago in regard to Father ( ) Gallego, the ex-delegate and old Father (Juan Filipe) Ortiz has come true. He homes. Otero will be elected again this year. Thinks are very bad in Mexico.

II-4-n - A.L.S. - 2pp. - 8vo. - {6}

1857 Sept. 1
Hecker, Rev. I(saac) T.: Rome, (Italy)
 to O(restes) A. Brownson: (New York, New York)

Father Hecker writes that he has been dismissed from the Redemptorists and his vows relaxed. He believes this was the best decision that could be made under the circumstances for those who judged him were prejudiced against him because of their political and religious education. This prejudice caused them to misconstrue the motives of him and his companions. If Brownson gives his books a notice he is to send six copies to Hecker and two copies of the one containing the first article on "Questions of the soul". Hecker will be forced to remain in Rome for some time until all phases of his difficulties with the Rodemptorists have been settled. He feels that if Brownson will give a favorable notice to his new book, that will help him to get favorable action in high places but he counsels Brownson not to mention, either in the Review or in private conversation, Father Hacker's difficulties with the Redemptorists, for his present relations are not settled yet. Father Hecker expects to have translated into Italian Brownson's article, "Mission of America", and asks Brownson to write an introduction for it, omitting all reference to Bishop Martin J. Spalding and send it speedily to him in Rome. If Brownson gives his book a notice in the Review he wishes six copies as soon as they are printed. He suggests that in the notice of his book in the Review, Brownson mention the dissolution of Protestantism into Calvinism. Brownson should also mention that now is the time to prepare the way for the conversion of America. This plan depends upon Divine Providence. He says George Hecker will see to any expense this undertaking may cost Brownson, and he will write and inform Brownson of his movements.

I-3-m - A.L.S. - 8pp. - 12mo. - {3}

1857 Sept. 2
Spottiswoode, John: Boston, (Massachusetts)
 to O(restes) A. Brownson: (New York, New York)

The Columbian Association of Boston is preparing for a course of lectures to be given in Fremont Temple the coming winter. The lectures will include Caleb Cushing, Rufus Choate and others. Brownson is asked to lecture, and to state his terms. He is asked whether or not he will lecture for the "Y.C.P's Soc'y" of Boston. The purpose of the Columbian Association is the cultivation of literature. There are no religious or political tests for membership;

I-3-n - A.L.S. - 1pg. - 8vo. - {1}

1857 Sep. 4
(Waggaman, Louisiana?)
 to Father (Stephen) Rousselon: (New Orleans, Louisiana)

Day before yesterday, ( ) saw Mrs. Waggaman who said she wished to have a presbytery built, that her agent was going to buy the lumber. If Rousselon sees Lain (Father James Lesne?) he is to make him understand that Father (Ferdinand) Zeller did well to put Jean Baptist Drouet in charge of the affair. If Mrs. Waggaman does everything and the priest stays at her house until the house is built it would paralyse everything and breed jealousy. She wanted to build the church by herself; all the Priests told her that the parish must contribute. Lain must tell her that he wants the p(arish) to give. Waggaman said that she would not have made the donation unless Lain does not go to Mrs. Drouet's or Charles (Dussau) De Séau's house and remains at Waggaman's. All three families are as honorable as Mrs. Waggaman. What ( ) tells Rousselon is not to be made known.

VI-1-l - A.L. - 2pp. - 12mo. - {6}

1857 Sept. 4
McSweeney, Father John Fran(ci)s: Marion, Ohio
 to Archbishop (John Baptist) Purcell: Cincinnati, Ohio

McSweeney reported that he has visited the out station in his district and found 7 or 8 families at Larue, 3 or 4 at Mount Victory, 6 at Degraff, 6 at Kenton, at the Reservoir a good number of hands. In consequence of sickness they are leaving fast. The contractors are Catholic, a Mr. Boyle of Cincinnati and Mr. Roache from Brown County. Both have informed him that Father (Austin) Grogan collected $300.00 at the Reservoir to liquidate the debt of the Bellefontaine church. He has since two subscription lists amounting to $160.00. They say that this should be used to liquidate the present debt and ask him to write to Purcell for that purpose. The Bellefontaine church is nothing but the four walls. There were six large candle sticks, a large crucifix and altar cards but Grogan borrowed them for Christmas at Urbana, and did not return them. Grogan claims that Father (Thomas) Sheehan owed him $50.00 and that he would retain the articles. The people of Bellefontaine are poor and pressed with the debt. These facts can be witnessed to by the contractors and the one who had care of the altar articles. In a railway accident a member of the Bellefontaine parish was killed. A good man, his funeral was well attended. The people of Marion are attending their duties very well.

II-4-n - A.L.S. - 2pp. - 8vo. - {11}

1857 Sept. 4
Montalembert, Count (Charles de): Geneva (Switzerland)
 to (Orestes A.) Brownson: (New York, New York)

Montalembert has not written sooner because of ill health, that of a premature infirmity. Surgical treatment and three kinds of mineral water have been applied. At 47, he is obliged to lead the life of a septuagenarian. He had hoped for the Correspondent to carry his answer to Brownson's July Issue, but laziness on the part of the man in charge in Paris made this impossible. There is perfect harmony once again between Brownson and the French. He praises Brownson for the skillful manner in which he wrote on "our situation". Both should strive their utmost for the cause of Christian freedom. The "appel commed"abus" declared against the Bishop of Moulins has "opened the eyes and hearts" of the French clergy, and the Univers. It (Univers) has become luke-warm to Imperial despotism. The influence of Louis Veuillou and his "crew" on the mind of the clergy in France and elsewhere will not be easily cured. The Bishop of Moulins, alone in his stand, has been obliged to give way. The conduct of the clergy in the last election has been highly subservient to the agents of autocracy. Both the clergy and the Univers look upon Montalambert as a dangerous man. He congratulates himself for being no longer in that "mutumet turpe pecus". The clergy have given a bad insight into the nature of French society. Montalembert descries the corruption of the governmental agents and the subserviency of the rural population. He protests against civil liberties. The opposition in the towns is all socialistic. The Emperor has destroyed "all the personal, local and moral influences which enabled France to weather the Storm of 1848 and 1849." In the next outbreak of Socialism the army will be the only opposition. The Correspondant, has now 2300 subscribers, and is doing. will., but might later be suppressed as was the "Assemble Nationale". In the war with Debots the Siecle, a revolutionary organ has brazenly come forth stannchly supporting the Empire. He asks Brownson to send the July number to the Correspondant. He refers Brownson to an article in the Rambler in August on the French Emperor".

I-3-n - A.L.S. - 4pp. - 10mo. - {5}

(18)57 Sep. 6
Bayley, Carleton S.: Uplands, (Illinois)
 to Bishop (James Roosevelt) Bayley: Newark, N(ew) J(ersey)

Carleton was glad to receive Bayley's letter, though cousin William (Seton), who arrived last Monday, reported all well. They are still without a servant; Kate seems to have made up her mind either to have a good servant or none. (James) will have seen of the death of Father (James) Fitzgerald; Father Kennedy said he died from consumption. From what their father said Carleton supposed Fitzgerald had money in (James)'s hands. Cousin William was sick at Niagara but is pretty well now. He is much pleased here but will not bring the girls here from the want of society. Carleton sends love to George. Kate (Catherine Murray Bayley) and Grace send their love.

II-2-n - A.L.S. - 3pp. - 12mo. - {4}

1857 Sep. 6
Aubert, Father Henry: (New Orleans, Louisiana)

Aubert gave the nuptial blessing to Philippe, slave of Mr. Fortier(?) and Elisa, slave of Mr. Coulon(?) in the presence of the witnesses, Etienne(?), Adolphe Louis and Marie.

VI-1-m - A.D.S. - (French) - 1p. - folio - {2}

1857 Sep. 6
Le Couvreur de St. Pierre: (New Orleans, Louisiana)
 to Archbishop (Anthony) de(!) Blanc: New Orleans, (Louisiana)

Ever since Blanc helped him, Le Couvreur has been ill. He has found a place but he is without shoes or clothes and he is to leave Tuesday for a family in Bayou Lacombe. He asks for an advance of 15 piastres. This family gives him 30 piastres a month with board and room.

VI-1-m - A.L.S. - (French) - 3pp. - folio - {1}

(18)57 Sep. 6
Portes, J(ohn) D.:
Springhill College, (Alabama)
 to Archbishop (Anthony Blanc: New Orleans, Louisiana)

They are almost at the end of their scholastic year. Portes' health has improved a good deal. He has been obliged to study more than the rest of the students as he came here very deficient in theology. If Portes is to be here next year he asks to be dispensed from the treatises which he has already had at the Barrens. Thanks to the "beating reunions" he has acquired some facility in disputation. There are six members and his turn to defend or attack comes 2 or 3 times a week. If they have to go to the seminary of Bouligny, Portes asks (Blanc) to introduce this system. Their examination in dogma will take place on the 15th; vacations will begin on October 1. Portes asks (Blanc) to permit him to take a trip over the lake offered by one of his relatives from New Orleans. There will be an ordination here in a few weeks of a gentleman from the (Jesuit) Society. Portes' companion (Jean Mathieu) Matthieu is doing very well; he has the greatest facility in learning English. They are only 3 students; Portes is in a room by himself. The Jesuits are very kind to them. Portes hears that Mr. Mollère has written to (Blanc) for admittance to the seminary. Portes knows him well and is sure he will be a model priest. Father J(ohn Joseph) Lynch, (C.M.) writes to Portes sometimes. Lynch seems pleased with his new seminary in Buffalo. (P.S.) They send best wishes to Father Rousselon.

VI-1-m - A.L.S. - 4pp. - 4to. - {4}

(18)57 Sep. 6
Montgomery, (O.P.), Father S(tephen) H.: Vicksburg, (Mississippi)
 to Archbishop (Anthony Blanc): New Orleans, L(ouisian)a

Montgomery is asked by Madam Brisco near her to ask (Blanc) for admission into the religious society of the nuns under (Blanc)'s charge or to obtain his influence to get her received at Mobile. She wishes to retire from the world but Montgomery doubts her vocation.

VI-1-m - A.L.S. - 2pp. - 4to. - {2}

1857 Sep. 7
Kavanagh, Anne, formerly Anne Murphy: New York, (New York)
 to Archbishop (Anthony Blanc: New Orleans, Louisiana)

She hopes her long silence will not cause (Blanc) to think her ungrateful for his kindness when she was left desolate in New Orleans without means to return to New York until (Blanc) advanced her $25. She married shortly after and her husband has been sick for a long time. Also God has deprived her of one of her children. She has been able to save $15 which she would forward if (Blanc) will accept it as full payment. She does this without her husband's knowledge. (Her address is) in care of Mrs. Campbell.

VI-1-m - A.L.S. - 3pp. - 4to. - {3}

1857 Sep. 8
(Martin), Bishop Aug(uste) M(ar)ie: Natchitoches, (Louisiana)
 to Archbishop (Anthony Blanc: New Orleans, Louisiana)

Father (John Peter) Bellier has told (Martin) of his desire to accept a position offered him for 5 or 6 years and which would bring him $1000 a year. (Martin) supposes it is a place as a teacher in a family. (Martin) told him that to leave at this time would be to condemn his (St. Joseph's) College to death, that Bellier is the College in the eyes of the public, that Father (Felix) Dicharry and the other professors, excellent as teachers, were not capable of being the head. 40 or 50 boarders had asked admission. (Martin) promised to give Bellier $500. Bellier promised to stay one year longer. Bellier is made for a college, not for the ministry. Their college will bring in the children of all the first families. Even Judge Campbell, who made the most opposition, is sending his only son. The fabrique has given (Martin) the property left by the Religious of the Sacred Heart and there they will open their college. The Ladies are to open in their new location which is very fine but unfinished. This morning (Martin) gave the habit to Odalie Tauzin, age 19. Sunday he will ordain the only deacon left of his recruitment of 1854. (Martin) asks (Blanc) if he could send him two subjects who speak only French; they could learn English while assisting at the college. (Martin) is sorry to hear that Father (Napoleon Joseph) Parché is leaving the Propagateur. No one will ever have the talent he had in so long and courageous a battle. If (Blanc) had not disposed otherwise (Martin) would have tried to continue his work. (Martin) is anxiously awaiting news of Father (D. Andre) Cauvin who remains ill; one of (Martin)'s priests is with him and should be coming back.

VI-1-m - A.L.S. - (French) - 4pp. - 12mo. - {9}

1857 Sept. 8
Spalding, M(artin) J., Bishop of Louisville: Louisville, (Kentucky)
 to Archbishop John Baptist Purcell: Cincinnati, Ohio

Spalding has received a letter from Cardinal Barnabo in regard to subjects proposed for Fort Wayne which indicates that his suggestions have weight. Barnabo says these suggestions have already been printed in the minutes of the Sacred Congregation and that they will be put before the Cardinals. Barnabo also expresses satisfaction at the interest Spalding gave with the prelates of the Council in the proposed American College at Rome. Spalding says the Pope is absent from Rome and the Bull for the College cannot be given until his return. Also, French troops have to be put out of the house that the Pope has given for the school. Letters from Father (Joseph) Kindekins say that the American College has been opened since July for priests, and for students it will be open the first of October. An announcement is to be put in the Catholic papers. P.S. He asks when they may expect the publication of the acts of their Council.

II-4-n - A.L.S. - 4pp. - 12mo. - {4}

1857 Sep. 9
Hote, Ch(arle)s A.: Philadelphis, (Pennsylvania)
 to Archbishop (Anthony Blanc: New Orleans, Louisiana)

He is the son of (M.J.) Hote whom (Blanc) knows. It is through (Blanc) that Ch(arle)s is in Philadelphia and that he is in a first class shop. But he is worried about his father; he has had no letters from him. (Marc Anthony?) Frenaye has written to him but also has no reply. Could he be ill; or have had an accident? Ch(arle)s asks (Blanc) to give him news of the one who is first in his affactions. (P.S.) Ch(arle)s' address is care of Robert Ersing.

VI-1-m - A.L.S. - (French) - 1p. - 8vo. - {4}

1857 Sep. 9
Searle, Canon: London, (England)
 to Archbishop (Anthony Blanc: New Orleans, Louisiana)

Cardinal Wiseman has requested Searle to inform (Blanc) that he has been applied to by the provost of the Chapter of Shrewsbury. There is in his congregation an Irishman, Simon Connor, whose brother Richard (Connor) and his wife Margaret (Connor) died some years ago at New Orleans, leaving, Simon supposes, some property in the hands of the Bishop of New Orleans. Simon wants (Blanc) to know that he is the only surviving brother. The letter sent to (Blanc) must have miscarried and his lawyer is Patrick Instill of Limerick who will forward any information required.

VI-1-m - A.L.S. - 2pp. - 4to. - {5}

1857 Sep. 9
Rousselon, Father E(tienne): N(ew) O(rleans, Louisiana)
 to Archbishop Ant(hony) Blanc:

Rousselon has just received Blanc's letter of the 4th. He will fulfill the commission in regard to Olympe (Delente) as soon as she returns. There is no use to think any more about Father (Ferdinand) Zeller; he is gone. Blanc will have time to decide about Mr. Générès on his return. Father (Napoleon Joseph) Perché arrived from Mandeville in good health; he was to come to the city today but someone has just told Rousselon that Perché stayed in bed all day. Blanc said nothing about Abbeville. This will be Rousselon's last letter as Blanc is near the end of his visitation. Blanc is to take measures to provide for Father (Richard) Kane, as having nothing to do, he is becoming restless; Father (Henry) Aubert fears for his prolonged stays in his room. Under this apprehension he wrote to Blanc asking for St. James. He withdrew his letter but Rousselon fears he will escape them. Bishop (William Henry) Elder arrived this morning and left at noon for Bay St. Louis. During Aubert's stay at Mandeville a concert was organized which brought $300. Rousselon would like Father (Joseph) Outendirck to see what could be done for this chapel with the money destined for him.

VI-1-m - A.L.S. - (French) - 4pp. - 12mo. - {10}

1857 Sept. 9
Mc Caffrey, Father John:
Mt. St. Mary's College Emmitsburg, Maryland
 to Archbishop John Baptist Purcell: Cincinnati, Ohio

McCaffrey writes that Florent Meline, Jr. and the two O'Shaughnessy boys arrived safely at the school. The school is now filled and the troublesome pupils are gone. A graduate of last year, Baasen of Milwaukee, has entered the Seminary and is teaching in the College; another, McIntyre, is making a retreat with the Jesuits in Frederick to decide his vocation. Purcell's two subjects, Mahoney and Menglis are working. Professor (C.) Beleke is returning west preparing for the sale of his books and is anxious to aid their church. He will ask Purcell and his brother, with Fathers Collins and Quinaln to head the list of subscribers for influence. As he is about to start for Cincinnati McCoffrey shall send this letter by him. Mount Carmel at Mechanicstown. It is a place of know-nothingism. They regret Mr. Fitzgerald's loss. McCaffrey asks Purcell to tell Father (John) Quinlan that Mr. Schmidt was married instead of going to your seminary. Mt. St. Mary's sends her blessings to you all.

II-4-n - A.L.S. - 4pp. - 8vo. - {4}

1857 Sept. 11
Chambige, Father F(rancis): St. Thomas's (Bardstown, Kentucky)
 to Archbishop John Baptist Purcell: of Cincinnati, Ohio

Although rejected by Purcell, Bigelow perseveres in his intention of becoming a priest, and has made application to Bishop (Martin J.) Spalding, but Spalding does not want to receive him without Purcell's full consent. Chambige pities the poor fellow; they have no complaints against him. He is willing to give him a trial on his own responsibility, if Purcell gives his permission. The absence of most of Purcell's students makes a great vacuum.

II-4-n - A.L.S. - 2pp. - 12mo. -

(1857?) Sep. 11
Hen(nes)sy, C.M., Father Ed(mund) Ma: Barrens, (Missouri)
 to Archbishop (Anthony) Blanc: N(ew) O(rleans, Louisiana)

Father (John L'E)Strange has been ordained in conformity with Blanc's desire. (Mathew) O'Brien is doing fairly. Hensy fears (Michael) Flanigan will never become a serviceable priest. A change of circumstances may develop him as it did (John D.) Porte(s). The establishment is about as usual except that Hensy fears that the final departure of Father (John Joseph) Lynch, (C.M.) will impede its piety. The principal change since his departure is that a good staff of professors will give their young men a complete education.

VI-1-m - A.L.S. - 1p. - 4to. - {6}

1857 Sept. 12,
Seton, Robert: Carlsruke, (Germany)
 to Emily Seton:

He has deluged her with letters and she has not answered. He begs her to answer this immediately. It is the 12th and she leaves perhaps the 20th. He is going to confession tomorrow. He has thought of her letter and his mind is in conflict between leading the life of a Christian gentleman and indulging my tastes for travelling, and the pricks of conscience which always answered to take up my cross and follow Jesus. He wishes to be a Catholic priest and a missionary. He wants to study at the "holy Propaganda" in Rome. The sooner he leaves Carlsruke the better. He asks her to write Mr. Smith and their father. He asks for advice. P.S. He asks her to tell him how he can best acquaint his father of his resolves.

II-1-a - A.L.S. - 2pp. - 12mo. - {1}

1857 Sept. 14
Leach, Geo(rge) C.: Buffalo, (New York)
 to O(restes) A. Brownson: (New York, New York)

Leach has been getting subscribers for one Mr. (Patrick) Donahoe and does not like the business - the subscribers are a shabby lot, and he has been badly treated. Donahoe has cheated him of his commissions and Leach asks Brownson's money in advance to relieve his economic plight. Business is prostrate in Buffalo. He has offered his services to Bowen again. If Bowen accepts, the writer will be in New York soon. Leach gives the following names, all of Rochester, as subscribers for the next year, 1858: John Rigney, Thomas Purcell, Charles J. Burke, Phillip Little.

I-3-m - A.L.S. - 3pp. - 8vo. - {6}

1857 Sept. 16
Ludington, (Mrs.) D(aphne) A.: Sweden, (New York)
 to O(restes) A. Brownson: (New York, New York)

Daphne writes on their birthday and tells him she has not been well and is still under the care of a physician. She does feel better now and believes she can later find work. Her boys have not been sending her any money and she does not know why. She remains a widow, fearing to enter a second marriage despite her opportunities. She is drawing closer to the Catholic faith. She does not think Brownson will have time to write her but she would be highly pleased to have a line from him.

I-3-n - A.L.S. - - 2pp. - 12mo. {1}

1857 Sept. 16
Timon, John Bp. Buffalo: Buffalo, New York
 to Father Serge de Stchoulepnikoff:

Since Father Sergius had made known to him his desire to be freed from Timon's jurisdiction to enter the Dominicans, and as Timon knows of no bond of ecclesiastical suspension or interdict preventing this he grants to Father Sergius his dismissorials.

II-4-n - A.L.S. - 1p. - 16to. - (Latin) - {3}

1857 Sept. 17
Kenrick, Francis Patrick, Archbishop of Baltimore: Baltimore, (Maryland)
 to Archbishop John Baptist Purcell: Cincinnati, Ohio

Kenrick writes that by order of the Cardinal Prefect he is forwarding a copy of a document which he sent two years ago. The consecration of the Coadjutor of Pittsburgh is postponed until Kenrick ban administer the rites but Kenrick does not wish to take part due to some misunderstanding. Kenrick says that it is probable that Bishop (Michael) O'Connor will perform and Purcell would be invited through the suggestion of Bishop (Josue M.) Young. There is no impediment to the consecration but Kenrick dislikes the excessive smoking and the nervous insomnia of the Coadjutor. P.S. The Cardinal wishes the Metropolitans to communicate the rescript to the Suffragans.

II-4-n - A.L.S. - 1pg. - 12mo. - {2}

1857 Sept. 17
Merriam, G & C: Springfield, Mass(achusetts)
 to (Orestes A.) Brownson: (New York, New York)

Merriam sends a copy of Webster's Unabridged Dictionary. New and finer improvements in this edition are listed. Testimonals have been received from Archbishop (John Baptist) Purcell and Bishop Regan. Should Brownson deem the publication worthy an extended notice in the Review would be very gratifying to G. & C. Merriam.

I-3-n - A.L.S. - 3pp. - 12mo. - {1}

(18)57 Sep. 18
Houlahan, Father Daniel: New Orleans, (Louisiana)
 to Bishop Peter Paul Lefev(e)re: Detroit, (Michigan)

A man named Riley, for a long time a resident of Detroit and owner of property there, had a lawsuit with a family of Jews. Fearing he might be found guilty of a charge of false swearing, Riley left Detroit with his family. Riley had made his property over to his brother in Canada who made it over to Riley's children. Riley gave the management of the entire property to a lawyer, G. T. Sheldon. He has reason to suspect that this lawyer is not dealing fairly. Riley asked Houlahan to ask Lefevere to make inquiries about it but requests that he let no one know where he is. Riley's son William serves Houlahan's Mass. He encloses a list of the property as Riley handed it to him (no enclosure).

III-2-i - A.L.S. - 3pp. - 8vo. - {3}

1857 Sep. 18
Heulet, Bertrand: Vacherie, (Louisiana)
 to Archbishop (Anthony Blanc: New Orleans, Louisiana)

Father (Jean) Martin has left them; the people of St. James believe that the zealous minister has ended his brilliant career in the parish. He is truly regretted. Heulet had once offered Martin, when he wished to retire from the ministry, a room in his house. Recently Heulet talked to Father Tholomier, chaplain at the convent, who said that (Blanc) would be the one to know where their former pastor is. Martin is the godfather of Heulet's oldest daughter and several months ago he had told them that he wished to send her to the Sacred Heart at St. James for six years. They figured that Martin may have forgotten his promise. Heulet asks (Blanc) to remind Martin of it. Heulet does not have the necessary money; he has five daughters and a son. Heulet is sure that (Blanc) will take into consideration the cause of Martin's godchild.

VI-1-m - A.L.S. - (French) - 2pp. - 4to. - {2}

1857 Sept. 20,
Seton, Robert: Paris, (France)
 to William Seton: (New York, New York)

Emily has told her father of Robert's desire to go to Rome. He is safe in Rome, perhaps at the Propaganda. He has first come to Paris at Emily's request but is going to Rome as soon as possible. It is not easy to get into the Propaganda. He has written Dr. Smith asking him to help him. He is furnished with letters to persons in Rome. He will go to Pisa to see the Filichi's. Mr. (Filichi) has written him, He may go to Mass in Rome next Sunday. He visited Mr. De Menan this afternoon, who asked for his father. Robert will visit him again. Robert is glad his father liked his photograph and asks him to send his in return. He exchanged photographs with Hal (Henry). He left Henry responsible for 250 francs on my account for dinner, lodging and trades people. Less than 500 francs would not clear him of debt and enable him to begin October without charge. Robert advises his father to write Henry Seton not to live with Griffin much rather with John's gentlemen. As a theological student in Rome he will not spend so much, for all frivolous trifling is out. His father is to take for himself $100 more than he was going to take every year. Robert would like him to save up some for him so that when he becomes a missionary he can pay his own way and not be a burden to the church. He will be happy with enough to pay for a few extra lessons and to give alms.Father Silas Chatard is new in Robert's room. He bet him on the way to dinner. Two Americans were with him, a priest and a young man going to Rome for Theology (note in pencil: Dr. Haley, McCauley). The Ladies of the Sacred Heart considered him too young to accompany the girls, so they left at 5p.m. with Uncle Gerry (Gerard Caster, of New York). Robert will see them off in the steamer tomorrow at Havre. He tells his father to ask Bill to write him care of Hecker, the best way. He asks his father, himself, to write him and Harry. He will write to aunt Kate. P.S. Robert must have his baptismal certificate. He asks where and in what church he was baptized. He will ask Mr. Filichi, "but if he is not at Pisa?"

II-1-a - A.L.S. - 4pp. - 12mo. - {4}

1857 Sep. 22
Cauvin, Father André: Natchitoches, (Louisiana)
 to Father (Stephen Rousselon?: New Orleans, Louisiana)

(Rousselon)'s name makes Cauvin suppose that he is Italian as he is also. Cauvin left Nice almost a year ago and has been at Natchitoches for about 8 months as assistant at the Cathedral in charge of all Mexicans and Spanish in the diocese. He would prefer to be in the diocese of New Orleans and if possible with (Rousselon). Cauvin is a licensed professor from the University of Turin so he could be employed in an educational institution. If (Rousselon) can help him he would be very grateful.

VI-1-m - A.L.S. - 1p. - 4to. - {1}

1857 Sep. 22
Juncker,Bishop H(enry) D(amien): Alton, (Illinois)
 to Archbishop (Anthony Blanc: New Orleans, Louisiana)

On Juncker's way to Alton through Chicago, Bishop (Anthony) O'Regan asked him to sign a paper by which he would give up all claim to a property in St. Louis which Bishop (James Oliver) Vandevelde bequeathed to the new diocese of Quincy, having had no right to do so. Juncker said if he had no right to the property his name was not necessary; if he had a right to it he could not sign. Juncker also told him that O'Regan having already received two lots for the northern diocese, it would be just to let the third go to the new diocese. The Archbishop of St. Louis advised Juncker to write to (Blanc) as administrator of Vandevelde if Vandevelde in his will donated something to Quincy, now Alton. Juncker intends to leave for Europe in about 3 weeks.

VI-1-m - A.L. S. - 2pp. - 4to. - {3}

1857 Sept. 22
Kenrick, Francis Patrick, (Archbishop Of Baltimore):
 to Archbishop John Baptist Purcell: Cincinnati, Ohio

Kenrick asks Purcell about the morals of Father Leo R. Hardry who has applied for a station in Baltimore Diocese. Hardry has a letter from Purcell and one from the Archbishop of New Orleans but they don't mention his morals. Kenrick wishes to employ Hardry if he can do so with safety, since Hardry is originally from his diocese.

II-4-n - A.L.S. - 1pg. - 12mo. - {2}

1857 Sep. 22
Ménard, Father Ch(arle)s M.: Thibodaux, (Louisiana)
 to Archbishop (Anthony Blanc: New Orleans, Louisiana)

Pierre Breau has just come to ask Ménard to perform a marriage between him and his sister-in-law this evening. When Ménard told him that he must have a dispensation, Breau consented to wait until tomorrow. The girl is Hortense Toups. Both of the families are honorable ones. Breau is a widower with several children. A marriage out of the Church would create a real scandal. (Blanc) is to give his reply to Father Pineau who brings this letter.

VI-1-m - A.L.S. - (French) - 2pp. - 12mo. - {3}

1857 Sept. 23
Cochin, Augustin: Paris, (France)
 to (Orestes A.) Brownson: (New York, New York)

Brownson does not know Cochin, but is known very well to him. Cochin has naught but praise for the content and scope of Brownson's work; his feelings are indicative of those in Europe who are disposed to the same cause. Brownson's article on the religious vocation in the United States caused much admiration in France. Cochin's friend Montalembert has urged him to write a work on slavery. He belives that the South would be ruined without slavery. Those European colonies which had slavery, today uphold his ideas. He feels that it is necessary to compare results of slavery in the United States with the results of abolition in the European colonies. He asks Brownson to tell him in what numbers of the Review he has treated the question, and where else he may find material on the question. He would like to learn about a speech of Adams in Congress in 1839 which Channing mentions in his book. Did Adams propose a practical solution to emancipation? Do Catholics differ from Protestants on the issue? As Mme. Stowe pretends - do they misuse holy books to maintain the institution? Have, bishops written their opinions on the subject? Is it true that the Southern States threaten to secede? He would like information on these questions. His work will be published in le Correspondant. Those who have protested against the abandonment of liberty may mean well, but they conpromise the Church. Truth and society were made one for the other.

I-3-m - A.L.S. - 4pp. - 10mo. - {2}

1857 Sept. 23
Molony, Father Daniel: Indianapolis, Ind(iana)
 to Archbishop John Baptist Purcell: Cincinnati, Ohio

Molony wishes to give Purcell some facts to prevent scandal in the Church. He has been on the Mission here for five years in peace until the Germans thought of building a church. Since then, nothing has been done right. Molony has enlarged the Church and installed pews, built a good school-house, bought about $300 worth of vestments, and paid a debt due of nearly $700 and laid out of receipts and collections about $5,000 or $6,000. He was preparing to build a convent in obedience to his Bishop to meet the needs of his congregation and next to build a pastor's residence. But he has too many enemies because he would not turn over the savings of the Irish poor to speculators. After the Bishop's visit, the people wilfully misrepresented Molony's discourse on the subject to any immorality. He wishes to defend himself of any accusations and if not given a chance, he may do something his accuser will always regret. Molony begs the interference of Purcell to see that he gets justice and asks him to write to Vincennes.

II-4-n - A.L.S. - 4pp. - 12mo. - {4}

1857 Sept. 23,
Seton, Robert: Paris, (France)
 to Harry (Seton): (Carlsruke, Germany)

He has been busy since arriving in Paris last midnight from Havre where he saw the girls on board the "Fulton". He was with them three hours and returned to Havre in a boat taking off passengers who had gone to Dieppe by mistake. The "Vanderbilt" came in just at the "Fulton" was getting up steam. (Father) Silas Chatard arrived the other evening at the hotel with a Priest and a Baltimorian going to Rome to study for the priesthood. Father Silas has orders to be in Rome by the beginning of November. Till then he will travel, up the Rhine and will probably see Harry at Carlsruke. Robert advises Harry to clear away their debts. He leaves for Marseilles Friday. Robert asks him to direct letters to care of Monroe till he writes him from Rome. He asks that his love be given Albert Griffin. Respects to the other company. The girls looked well dressed. P.S. (in darker ink) Harry's October money will come in time. The 150 are extra. Harry must keep in mind how long this October money is to last. Mr. Munroe wants Harry to correspond with him about his needs. Robert advises Harry to ask Munroe for 750 francs, exactly, "for that is the sum I said you would need. If you ask for more you won't get it.".

II-1-a - A.L.S. - 2pp. - 12mo. - {2}

1857 Sept. 24
(Blanc) Ant(hony), Archbishop of New Orleans: New Orleans, (Louisiana)
 to Archbishop John Baptist Purcell: Cincinnati, Ohio

Blanc writes that he hopes New Orleans will be spared an epidemic this year and that it is safe for Mr. Langloir to come down. It will be well to send Mr. Follot who may have some treatises to read yet. He can do it here. Blanc heartily thanks Purcell for his kindness shown to all his young men. He has learned from the Archbishop of Baltimore that Bishop (John Pitzpatrick) of Boston had had a severe attack of apoplexy. Blanc says Bishop(William H.) Elder has been in New Orleans vicinity for over two weeks but he hasn't seen him yet, because he passed through New Orleans during the absence of Blanc. The people at Natchez are delighted with him. Father(Napoleon)Perche has been near death but is now recovering. However, he will never be able to attend to the same amount of work as before.

II-4-n - A.L.S. - 2pp. - 12mo - {4}

(18)57 Sep. 24
(Blanc), Archbishop Ant(hony): N(ew) Orleans, (Louisiana)
 to (Sister Marie de St. Stanislas, R.U. (?): Galveston, Texas

Her letter of August 29 reached (Blanc) while on a visit to Opelousas and Attakapas. (Blanc) is happy to know that God has blessed the two convents is San Antonio and Galveston. Here, the Ursuline house is going well, vacation for the boarders will begin next week. Father (Napoleon Joseph) Perché is doing well at present and next month he will be able to resume his duties as chaplain. The news from San Antonio has told them of the death of a young priest at Nacogdoches whom their Bishop had ordained not long ago.

VI-1-m - A.L.S. - (French) - 2pp. - 8vo. - {3}

1857 Sept. 24
Borgess, Father C(asper) H.: Columbus, (Ohio)
 to Archbishop (John Baptist Purcell): of Cincinnati, Ohio

Borgess writes that he was disappointed because he missed the train and couldn't go with Purcell on his visitations. Borgess returned home at 6 o'clock that evening. He informs Purcell he found conditions melancholy rather than settled. Rumors were circulated questioning the right of the bishop to interdict and excommunicate, and of making the innocent people sign the protest. The ringleaders have kept up their meetings to discuss fictitious wrongs of Purcell because he removed Father (James)Mcagher's on account of the St. Patrick's festival, etc. Their last meeting was on last Friday and they resolved: 1. They would give up the keys to the church if Purcell would give them an Irish pastor. 2. That Purcell give them trustees and let them manage the money matters of the church. 3. That the pastor got a fixed salary. 4th. That none of the men who had written to the Archbishop against Father Meagher should belong to St. Patrick's congregation. These statements come from McHale, chairman of the meeting. Last Sunday the church held services for those considered upright and was presided over by Terence Mahoney. All the city papers, excepting the O. Statesman and Westbate, gave notice of the Sunday rout but have since remained silent. Mr. I. Reinhard did not write the article in the Journal, signed "Veritas" nor did Mr. Thomas W. Purcell as was suspected but it was another man who stated what he did in good faith. The Protest has been signed by only 204 persons.

II-4-n - A.L.S. - 4pp. - 12mo. - {3}

1857 Sep. 24
Van Gennip, Father J(ohn): Monroe, (Michigan)
 to Bishop (Peter Paul Lefevere): (Detroit, Michigan)

Van Gennip writes Lefevere about religious community life (among the Sisters of the Immaculate Heart), making certain observations and suggestions: 1. Good order should be observed and maintained and certain means used to that end. Religious should submit to a qualified Director; also a Confessor besides the ordinary Confessors. 2. To preserve order, one Director is all that is needed whomever he appoints in writing. 3. If the Sisters have cause to complain to Lefevere regarding Van Gennip's direction, Van Gennip would like the Bishop to write him the correction or punishment and not send it by another who has no connection in the matter. In that way, Lefevere will know both sides which is necessary for a just judgment. He asks Lefevere to sign this letter as approval or better still to write one to the same effect.

III-2-i - A.L.S. - 3pp. - 8vo. - {2}

1857 Sep. 25
Mittelbronn, Father F(rancis): Pointe Coupée, (Louisiana)
 to Archbishop (Anthony Blanc: New Orleans, Louisiana)

Father (Hubert) Thirion's health is restored except that his memory is weakened. Their position with the trustees remains the same as it has been since (Blanc)'s pastoral visit. At (Blanc)'s advice Mittalbronn has just placed their orders with an attorney to prosecute either from the accounts in the hands of the collector or the church at Fausse Rivière. Mittelbronn did not give the warrants toMr. Provosty as he knew Provosty would undertake them reluctantly. Mittelbronn fears there is gossiping between the lawyers and Mr. Bondy, president of the trustees and clerk of the court.

VI-1-m - A.L.S. - (French) - 2pp. - 12mo. - {5}

(18)57 Sep. 25
Ste. Séraphine, (R.U.), Sister: (New Orleans, Louisiana)
 to Archbishop (Anthony Blanc: New Orleans, Louisiana)

Sister did not know that (Blanc) was so near to them until after he left. She asks him to come on Monday for their examinations, one hour in the morning and one in the afternoon. If Father Perché were well they would not bother (Blanc). If he does not attend the little girls will count the examination as nothing.

VI-1-m - A.L.S. - (French) - 1p. - 12mo. - {1}

1857 Sep. 27
Clara, D.C., Sister M.: (Donaldsonville, Louisiana)
 to Archbishop (Anthony Blanc: New Orleans, Louisiana)

Sister encloses (no enclosure) the patent from their Superior General and also signed by Father (James) Burlando, (C.M.), their director. (Blanc) has to approve it before they receive the children into the Association so they ask him to return it as soon as possible. They desire to have the first reception next Sunday.

VI-1-m - A.L.S. - 1p. - 12mo. - {2}

1857 Sep. 28
St. Claude, (S.S.J.), Sister: Bourg, (France)
 to Archbishop (Anthony Blanc: New Orleans, Louisiana)

They are touched by (Blanc)'s kindness to their daughters in America who find in their Bishop a father who understands their position, May he always protect these Sisters of St. Joseph (of Bourg). They are all disposed to subscribe to the work directed by Sister Eulalie, (S.S.J.) but to become missionary Sisters a solidly established vocation is required. They have studied their Sisters and hope next year at Easter time they can send three new Sisters.

VI-1-m - A.L.S. - (French) - 3pp. - 4to. - {3}

1857 Sept. 29
Brownson, O(restes) A.: New York, (New York)
 to (Isaac T. Hecker):

On Saturday Hecker's brother George and Brownson communicated the information to Fathers (Clarence) Walworth, (Augustine F.) Hewit, and (George) Deshon. They will do all they can to save the usefulness of the congregation. The General has made a mistake and if he does notrecind, the interests of the congregation are sacrificed and its usefulness in this country, save to a portion of German immigrants, is gone. If he persists not an American will enter its ranks and its house of studies can not be kept up. The Congregation had an opportunity to be kept up. The Congregation had an opportunity to be the instrument for recovering this great country for the Church. God will provide another instrument. It is singular that the General should suppose that foreigners who know nothing of Americans are more trustworthy than men born in this country. No person knows the Americans better than Hecker, and his judgment on what concerns them may be safely followed. Brownson believes that the rejection of Hecker's mission and the punishment of the priests that favored it is an insult to America. The Americans are loyal to good authority, but must be governed as free men. They do not understand the American idea of liberty. Too much emphasis has been placed upon the Know Nothing movement. A few acts of violance occured, but nothing like those that are constantly occurring in countries governed by nominally Catholic princes. The laws in America are more favorable to the Church than any other country's. Here it stands on a par with the most favored sect, yet the silly Know Nothing movement has created a distrust in many minds of republican institutions, and the influence of the clergy in France governs the Bishops and clergy in this country. The question to be decided in Rome is whether Americans who love their country and who wish to be converted to the Church without being brought under the political system of Europe are to be sustained. If the Vicar of Christ says that Hecker and Brownson are wrong they will submit without a murmur, but Brownson does not believe that he will say that. Brownson's review of Hecker's book was in print several weeks before he received Hecker's letter. The spirit of the review is not unkind, but Brownson has attempted to remain impartial. The people who believe that Brownson's group intends to create an American party also believes that they are going to rouse a lay party, though the press, against the hierarchy. Brownson is less sanguine than Hecker of the immediate success of an attempt to convert the country; Brownson works hard on this point in his sphere, and believes as firmly as Hecker in its success, but he regards it as a difficult work. There must be change effected in the disposition of Catholics. The mass of Americans lack the missionary spirits. They immigrated here from the lowest classes in Europe not from religious motives but for hope of gain, not a few are opposed to making efforts to convert the country, because in their view conversion would increase the power of the American element and diminish that of the European. Brownson declared against saying too much about converting the country, because they cannot go far ahead of the body with which they must act. Hecker and his associates are full grown men who know what they are about, and are qualified to do their work. Brownson presumes that he has no status at Rome and that they have already been prejudiced against him with one or two exceptions. Brownson's own affairs are gloomy owing to his commercial collapse. The worst he can do is starve. He feels doubtful that he will be able to keep up the Review, he has been out of health and is more profoundly discouraged than over before.

I-4-g - A.L.S. - (Photostat,Paulist Archives) - 16pp. - 12mo. - {5}

1857 Sept. 29
Burlando, (Reverend)F(rancis): Emmittsburg (Maryland)
 to (Orestes A.) Brownson: (New York, New York)

Father Burlando says that some changes are to be made in St. Vincent's Manual and he asks Brownson to apprise him of the errors which Brownson complained of when the Manual appeared several years ago. Father Burland can not remember if Brownson specified the errors nor can he say in what number of the Review, Brownson made the remark about the errors. He informs Brownson that most of the Litanies will be taken away from the Manual. Father Burlando will receive with thanks any suggestions Brownson makes on the subjects which he claims were erroneously treated in the Manual.

I-3-m - A.L.S. - 2pp. - 12mo. - {1}

1857 Sep. 29
Sorin, (C.S.C), Father E(dward F.): Notre Dame, (Indiana)
 to Archbishop (Anthony Blanc): New Orleans, L(ouisian)a

Sorin would have written ere this had it not been for sickness and the monopoly of his time by their venerable visitor. Young Patrick Conway finally left them about 3 weeks ago to go to St. Louis where an uncle, the one (Blanc) presumably had reference to in one of his last letters, had invited him repeatedly to his house. Conway's eye was better without being entirely well. Patrick is decidedly one of the students who have given the least amount of satisfaction. Sorin has seldom seen a more contrary nature. One consolation is that he left Notre Dame pure in morals and free from any vicious habit. Enclosed is his last bill.

VI-1-m - A.L.S. - 3pp. - 12mo.& 4to. - {2}

1857 Sept. 29
Sorin,C.S.C. Father Edward: Notre Dame, Indiana
 to Archbishop Anthony Blanc: of New Orleans, Louisiana.

(Withdrawn to Provincial Archives).


1857 Sep. 30
Mullon, Father J(ames) I(gnatius): (New Orleans, Louisiana)
 to Archbishop (Anthony Blanc: New Orleans. Louisiana)

Receipts and expenditures for the month of Sept(ember), S(t.) P(atrick's Church). (P.S.) There exists a most painful state of affairs between Father (Cyril) Delacroix and Father (John Flanagan) Flanigan on account of Flanigan's brother who is kept there by Flanigan. The man is insolent; they do not eat at the same table. Mullon thinks it is indelicate for Flanigan to force his shoemaker brother forward as the associate of Delacroix.

VI-1-m - A.L.S. - 1p. - folio - {4}

1857 Sept. 30
Wood, James F. Bishop of Antigonia and Coadjutor to the Bishop of Philadelphia: Philadelphia, (Pennsylvania)
 to Archbishop John Baptist Purcell: Cincinnati, Ohio

Wood writes his thanks for Purcell's last letter and of his great need for money. The excitement is dying down and the people are more willing to leave their money with Wood than to place it in a bank and he is able to control all the money affairs. His Chapel, 109 feet by 40 feet will be roofed next week and by the middle of November or the first of December ready for Mass. He has heard that Mrs. Springer has recovered. The Ohio Life Insurance Trust Company have ruined Yankee prestige for a while. Such wholesale swindling should not go unpunished. Wood met Mr. William Burnet on Chestnut St. but Burnet didn't bother to stop and speak. Bishop(John)Neumann is out of town and Wood has to handle all money deals. Wood says Neumann has little skill at all in financial affairs. He sends his love to Father Edward Collins. P.S. Wood can not visit Cincinnati till next spring, perhaps St. Patrick's Day. He regrets this but circumstances prevent his coming sooner.

II-4-n - A.L.S. - 3pp. - 12mo. - {2}