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1858 Aug.
Charbonnel, A.F.M. de, Bishop of Toronto: (Toronto, Canada)
 to Archbishop John Baptist Purcell: of Cincinnati, Ohio

Charbonnel writes that the enclosed note is from a distinguished convert who came to America with him to visit two of his brothers in the Diocese of Toronto, and still out of the Church. Charbonnel says the man will start in a fortnight for Liverpool and he would be thankful if Purcell would give this convert or Charbonnel himself the information he desires about the Alsatians mentioned in his note. Charbonnel wishes Purcell good health and says his own is excellent. He says his expedition to Europe has been blessed with some good recruits for Canada West.

(Note mentioned is not enclosed. Purcell has "Hug" in note on back.)

II-4-m - A.L.S. - 1pp. - 12mo. - {2}


1858 Aug.
Francisca, Sister:
Superior of the Sisters of St. Francis Aix-la-Chapelle, (Germany)
 to Archbishop John Baptist Purcell: Cincinnati, Ohio

She writes to commend her sisters who are going to labor in a distant land. She wishes that under Purcell's care they will adhere to their holy rule and prove to be worthy children of St. Francis. She trusts that Purcell will assist them with his prayers and advice.

II-4-n - A.L.S. - 1pg. - 8vo. - {2}


(1858 Aug. ?)
McMahon, Father George: Jackson, (Louisiana)
 to Father (Stephen Rousselon: New Orleans, Louisiana)

This letter contains the second half of the $50 bill for the melodeon. They are impatient to have the instrument next week. McMahon is writing to the Archbishop. Sick calls are frequent; the health of the Felicianas is very bad.

VI-1-o - A.L.S. - 1p. - 12mo. - {1}


1858 Aug. 1
Brummer, Father J(ohn) W.: Miltonsburg, Ohio
 to Archbishop John Baptist Purcell: Cincinnati, Ohio

Brummer writes that Mr. John Kress, the bearer of this letter, whom Purcell promised to receive into the Seminary has studied with the Benedictines at Latrobe. Brummer had induced him to take charge of the School at Miltonsburg and has had him under his care ever since. He has the humility, prudence, and mildness to make a good priest and Brummer would like to have him near all his life. If his health remains good and he does not break down again, Brummer believes that by good books and rules and God's Grace, John will make a good priest. Brummer is praying that his Seminary will prove even to all Suffragan bishops to be what it should be. Brummer, with Purcell's permission, intends to make his retreat with the clergy of Pittsburgh which begins on the 4th of August. He asks Purcell to let him know by telegraph or otherwise, about four or six weeks beforehand, just when Purcell will visit his section, so the children can be prepared. P.S. Brummer asks when the life of St. Francis of Sales will be published: The Hidden Treasure of Blessed Leonard is really a hidden treasure to people born in this country; they hardly know what Mass is.

II-4-n - A.L.S. - 3pp. - 12mo. - {2}


1858 Aug. 1
St. Louis de Gonzague, (R.U.), Sister: Montpellier, (France)
 to (Archbishop Anthony Blanc: New Orleans, Louisiana)

She thanks (Blanc) for his letter of May 31. Her aunt wrote that Mr. Holland met (Blanc) on the steamboat to Jefferson and told him of news of her in her June 4 letter. The enclosure here will oblige Sister to be more brief. She and (Blanc) have both grown two years older since her departure. Mother cannot understand how St. Louis can write so fine with her eyes so bad. Since she has been here she suffers only rarely from migraine headaches. She understood a little of what (Blanc) wrote on the subject of S. (Blanc) is to tell S. that by reading attentively, she will find almost an answer to what St. Louis has received. She exhorts S. to prudence about the improvements and modifications. St. Louis understands that part of her former family takes steps to efface her from their memory; she thanks God for withdrawing her from that place. The defection of S(ister) A. causes St. Louis more surprise than sorrow. They will soon have their 10-day retreat, to be given by Father Des Jardins, S.J. Félicie's plantation(?) has shared somewhat in the general disaster; her crop will be somewhat lost. This saddens her aunt who hoped to see her children in boarding school at least for their First Communion. St. Louis would like to understand this Protestant governess(?) in(?) the Sandwich Islands; St. Louis cannot imagine Felicie's indifference. For a year Aunt Feliciana is the only one of her family who writes to St. Louis. St. Louis regrets that she receives nothing from her friends Anais and her sister. (P.S.) August 3. Does (Blanc) know Father Vianney, the curé of Ars? People come from all points to consult him. L'Union Catholique lately gave a resume of one of his thoughts. St. Louis thanks (Blanc) for the picture in his last letter. St. Louis is glad that (Blanc) did not give S. Her letter; St. Louis would not like to have her letter in a place where they wish to ban her memory. (Blanc) is to watch over S. Whose simplicity does not fit the place where she lives.

- A.L.S. -


 Enclosure: 

(1858) Aug. 1
(St.) L(ouis) de G(onzague, R.U.), Sister: (Montpellier, France)
 to Sister (Scholastique, R.U.?): (New Orleans, Louisiana)

(St.) L(ouis) thanks Sister for her cordial remembrance. (St.) L(ouis) felicitates her on her good health although the weakness of her chest must bother her a little. (St.) L(ouis) has put on weight and her health, always delicate, is better. (St.) L(ouis)'s picture, at her aunt's home, amazes those who remember her as she was in 1846. The latest news from the United States is very interesting. What upsets! The bitter trial of the mission at San Ant(onio) is a fitting example to make them love the holy state they have embraced. They must ask God for perseverance. (St.) L(ouis) is very happy here in a calm and peaceful life. She would truly be too happy if she did not have memories of her double exile from all that is dear to her. Her new family is numerous with the best of Mothers. (St.) L(ouis) is now busy with music, singing and organ; she has already sung most of the pieces that Sister knows. Her voice is still strong. Sister will have heard of Thalberg, king of the piano, as he was in the United States. They have a boarder who plays his works well but by the author they would be admirable. (St.) L(ouis) received a letter from Sister Ste. Marie of San Ant(onio) and from Sister St. Stanislas of Galv(eston). They did not know of her departure until months later. They have a worthy chaplain who has been here several years, an honorary canon, doctor of theology, etc., he is no less devoted to the Community and to each one. (St.) L(ouis) prays that Sister and N., whose health worries her, will remain faithful.

- A.L.S. -


VI-1-o - A.L.S. - (French) - 10pp. - 8vo. and 16mo. - {3}


1858 Aug. 1
St. Palais, Bishop Maurice de: Vincennes, (Indiana)
 to Archbishop John Baptist Purcell: Cincinnati, Ohio

He has just visited the missions administered by Father (Peter)Kreusch and is pleased to see that a sum of money sent from Munich (Ludwig Mission Verein) has not yet been spent. Father Kreusch wants him to send away Father (Francis) Rudolf who has caused a double scandal by bringing 40 of his parishoners to court. Having lost his suit, he wants the archbishop to excommunicate themߞbut is again unsuccessful. He asks the archbishop what he thinks of Father Fulks(?) (Bernard J. Fuchs) to whom he wants to give a mission in Richmond.

II-4-n - A.L.S. - (French) - 3pp. - 12mo. - {6}


1858 Aug. 2
Bertail, Father J.M.: Paincourtville, (Louisiana)
 to Archbishop (Anthony Blanc: New Orleans, Louisiana)

(Blanc) had promised to send someone to help Bertail but he sees that (Blanc) has no priest at his disposition and that the yellow fever may make them even scarcer. Bertail will offer his services if (Blanc) will accept them. He would come with the permission of his superiors. Bertail has known his for a long time; he would be like a father who would aid Bertail by advice and counsel.

VI-1-o - A.L.S. - (French) - 1p. - 4to. - {1}


1858 Aug. 2
Gaudet, O.M.I., Father A(ugustin): Brownsville, (Texas)
 to Father E(tienne) Rousselon: (New Orleans, Louisiana)

Gaudet received the barrel of white wine which Rousselon sent them. Gaudet sends a draft on P(hilip) Rotchford for the amount of Mr. Cavaroc's bill. P.S. Gaudet has just learned that he has some money at Mr. Lanfear's (?) sent from Marseilles. He has been in the habit of depositing it with Rotchford but as speculators could be ruined in a moment, Gaudet asks Rousselon how his affairs are at present. Up to now he has shown himself to be a very honest man.

VI-1-o - A.L.S. - (French) - 2pp. - 12mo. - {3}


1858 Aug. 2
McClellan, Father W(illia)m: New York, (New York)
 to Archbishop (Anthony Blanc: New Orleans, Louisiana)

A letter directed to Father Starrs requiring a marriage certificate of parties married in Transfiguration Church by the late Dr. Varela was handed to the sexton and lost. (Blanc) is to send on the names of the parties. (On the same paper in Blanc's hand): Charles Dubon and Catherin(e) Cahill, married in July 1837. Witnesses, Denis O'Brien and Helen(?) Ward.

VI-1-o - A.L.S. - 2pp. - 12mo. - {5}


(18)58 Aug. 3
Blake, Father James: Franklin, (Louisiana)
 to Father (Stephen) Rousselon: (New Orleans, Louisiana)

Blake asks for a dispensation for Telesphore Landry and Celestine Como.

VI-1-o - A.L.S. - (Latin & English) - 1p. - 12mo. - {3}


1858 Aug. 3
Chambige, Father F(rancis): (Bardstown, Kentucky)
 to Archbishop (Anthony Blanc: New Orleans, Louisiana)

Chambige has just learned that J(o)hn Murray, W(illia)m Bigelow and N(ichola)s Pilger are not to return to St. Thomas next session. Not disputing (Blanc)'s right of disposing of these men according to his pleasure, Chambige offers a few observations. 1. Such measures are detrimental to their institution; it may oblige them to suspend one of their courses. 2. The terms of $85 per session hardly pays for the board of the students and consequently washing, bed, medecine, etc., fall heavily on their institution. They expect some compensation from the teaching of the students either in the Asylum or the seminary but are cut off from that compensation by the removal of students when they are just able to render services. Three of their students will enter St. Mary's Seminary, one from Brooklyn, the other two from Louisville. Chambige regrets that their Bishop does not send all; Mr. Burke's case discouraged him. Chambige hopes the Bishop will be fully satisfied with the manner St. Mary's Seminary will be conducted and will in the future send most of his students there. (On the letter in another hand): Rev(erend) Messrs. Corcoran, Chambige, Code and Corriere, 1858 and 59.

VI-1-o - A.L.S. - 4pp. - 4to. - {5}


1858 Aug. 3
Mandine, A(lexius H.): (Barrens, Missouri)
 to Archbishop (Anthony Blanc: New Orleans, Louisiana)

Mandine was overjoyed to receive (Blanc)'s letter and to see the interest which (Blanc) takes in those under his protection. Up to now he has been busy with English, except for a class in philosophy to review what he has forgotten since he took the course in France four years ago. They have been on vacation since July 4 but he has been promised a teacher and he will resume his work with more ardor and courage.

VI-1-o - A.L.S. - (French) - 3pp. - 12mo. - {1}


(18)58 Aug. 4
Rotchford, P(hilip): (New Orleans, Louisiana)
 to Father (Stephen) Rousselon: (New Orleans, Louisiana)

Rotchford sends the balance due Archbishop (Anthony) Blanc in the way of interest, $29.95, on the cash in Rotchford's hands.

VI-1-o - A.D.S. - 1p. - 4to. - {2}


(18)58 Aug. 4
Young, Josue M., Bishop of Erie: Pittsburgh, (Pennsylvania)
 to Bishop (Peter Paul) Lefevere: Detroit, (Michigan)

Suspician has been aroused that Father Leopold Paulowsky has imposed a forged exeat on Lefevere. The exeat Young gave him was to return to his own country and enter a monastery. He is a dangerous subject. Bishop (Michael) O'Connor's health is precarious so Young is making part of his visitation for him. O'Connor has asked to have Father Edward Purcell appointed his co-adjutor.

III-2-i - A.L.S. - 3pp. - 12mo. - {5}


1858 Aug. 5
Calvary, (M.H.C.), Sister M(ary) of: Plaquemine, (Louisiana)
 to Archbishop (Anthony Blanc: New Orleans, Louisiana)

Sister thanks (Blanc) for giving them news of their Father Superior who this week wrote to her himself. Father (Charles) Chambost left on Friday. On Sunday everyone came here to Mass. They asked if they (Sisters Marianites of Holy Cross) were going to stay. Sister told them that M(ichael) Schlatre had given the house for the priest and had given what he lacked for the kitchen. Yesterday someone proposed getting the women together to procure what was lacking in furniture. Mrs. Michel was the first to begin to clean the house while the others bought and sewed. Tonight his house is all ready. Another lady proposed to give him a slave to do his cooking. The leading men and women have not yet returned but they will do the same. Chambost left all the church registers with them. Schlatre bought Chambost's garden since it amounted to only $25(?). All the rest sold very well. Their distribution of prizes will take place on the 17th.

VI-1-o - A.L.S. - (French) - 3pp. - 4to. - {6}


1858 Aug. 5
Hecker, Father I(saac) T.: New York, (New York)
 to Archbishop (John Baptist Purcell): Cincinnati, Ohio

Hecker thanks Purcell for the latter's note of August first. Father (William J.) Barry leaves for Cincinnati the sixth with Sister Felicitas, whose health is quite restored. Hecker will communicate Purcell's information to Mrs. (Sarah) Peter. He is closing a retreat of the Sisters of Mercy earlier than usual, in order to be prepared for the sisters coming with Mrs. Peter. Hecker talks of the many religious establishments of Cincinnati which are so promising under Purcell's patronage. He refers to a generous donation by Mr. Springer. All steps taken by Hecker and his companions toward the completion of their desired community the (Paulists) were done under the advice of the Archbishop (John Hughes) of New York and several strong friends. He tells of one donation of $2000 a year. He puts his wants at $50,000, but $15,000 would be sufficient for practical purposes. Their undertaking should not be regarded as a venture or experiment, but as a continuation of the work that has been going on for years. The group is to give a mission in Covington (Kentucky) the latter part of October, and Hecker looks forward to seeing Purcell then.

II-4-n - A.L.S. - 4pp. - 12mo. - {8}


1858 Aug. 5
Kindekens, Father P(eter): Louvain, (Belgium)
 to Bishop P(eter) P(aul) Lefevere: Detroit, Mich(igan)

The Association for the Propagation of the Faith has finally recognized the danger which threatens the American College at Louvain because of their irregular procedure in regard to the Collage. Yesterday while deliberating on measures to be taken by the Bishops of Belgium to assure the college of a part in the funds of the Association, Cardinal (Engelbert Sterckx) of Malines received a very long letter from the Council at Paris whose purpose was: 1. To beg the Cardinal and other Belgian bishops not to separate Belgium from the general Association, 2. To promise an increased allowance to those American bishops who maintain subjects at Louvain. The Council at Paris assures them that their promise will be kept from 1858 on as regards all American bishops who have petitioned for it and especially to Lefevere although no such request has reached them from him up to this time. The letter also attempted to explain the diminution in their last allocations to Detroit and Louisville. Kindekens quotes the words of the letter stating that the Councils had decided last year that they could not give aid to the College of Louvain in the place in which it was established but that they were ready to grant aid to those bishops who were desirous of training their subjects at Louvain. No such demand has been made by the bishop of Louisville and Detroit. The allocations published in the May Annales did not take into account the request of Father Kindekens. Bishop (John) McCloskey of Albany, however, has received an increase of 3,000 francs and has asked for an increase. But if he does not send the amount to Louvain Kindekens is going to report him to the Association of the Propagation. The Belgian bishop have advised him to be content for the present with these promises. Kindkens tells Lefevere to send his jeremiads to the Association as often as possible. His friends claim that Lefevere has not made clear the needs of his diocese.

III-2-i - A.L.S. - (French) - 4pp. - 12mo. - {6}


1858 Aug. 5
McDonald, Father W(illia)m: Manchester, (New Hampshire)
 to Bishop (Peter Paul Lefevere: Detroit, Michigan)

McDonald writes Lefevere why Father (James J.) Pulsers of Dexter (Michigan) left for Europe. His motive in writing is the salvation of Miss Julia Clark, his convert of 16 months; at Mrs. Meara's request she agreed to go to Dexter to organize a choir. She left him in April, and in her letter of yesterday, she encloses a letter of Pulsers dated New York, July 2; she asks for counsel about its contents, the letter in which he asks her to go to Europe and join the community to which Pulsers' sister belongs and also instructs her about other matters, sounds suspicious to McDonald.

III-2-i - A.L.S. - 2pp. - 12mo. - {4}


1858 Aug. 5
Quigley, Father H(ugh?): Grand Rapids, (Michigan)
 to Bishop (Peter Paul) Lefevere: (Detroit, Michigan)

It appears that Father F(rancis) Van Erp is not satisfied with the arrangement regarding this mission. Quigley and Van Erp have not had any words of difference but Quigley thinks it best that they part company. Van Erp thinks Quigley could build a church at Westside but Quigley's means are not now available and he would prefer to be appointed some other place.

III-2-i - A.L.S. - 3pp. - 12mo. - {3}


1858 August 5
Ripley, Geo(rge): N(ew) Y(ork), (New York)
 to O(restes) A. Brownson: (Elizabeth, New Jersey)

Ripley is sorry Brownson takes such stringent views on the shortcomings of some writers. Perhaps it would be wiser to have all articles on the Church written by Catholic authorities; Ripley feels that having fair-minded Protestants write on subjects common to both Catholic and Protestant would be more impressive. He believes their book is far superior to any other English Encyclopedia in its treatment of Catholic subjects. He wants Brownson to continue his invaluable aid in the philosophical department for he is less likely to be accused of making heretical or erroneous statements than any other writer. If he can get his work done, he hopes to have the pleasure of seeing Brownson in a few days.

I-3-n - A.L.S. - 4pp. - 12mo. - {1}


1858 Aug. 5
St. Palais, Rt. Rev. Maurice de bishop of: Vincennes, (Indiana)
 to Archbishop John Baptist Purcell: Cincinnati, (Ohio)

He has decided not to send Fr. Fulks (Bernard J. Fuchs)(?) to Richmond. Two priests who can speak English and German are leaving for New Alsace(Indiana). Father (Andrew) Bennett is under the care of Father (Francis J.) Rudolf. Far from being rich, as Father (Peter) Kreusch said, St. Palais asserts that he has not even enough for a necessary trip to Europe. When he does go, he will stop in Cincinnati to see the archbishop.

II-4-n - A.L.S. - (French) - 3pp. - 12mo. - {5}


1858 Aug. 6
(Bayley, William A.) Willy: (new York, New York)
 to (Bishop James Roosevelt Bayley: Newark, New Jersey)

Willy received James' note of (July) 31. He trusts he is giving some consideration to the things ot the next world as well as this. Willy's friend, Mr. Bacheno(?) has two sons he will probably place at (James)'s institution and intends visiting Seton Hall next week. To contribute his share to the new house, $15,000, Willy has to rake and scrape everything he has. Otherwise he could send their father or Carly something. (P.S.) He sees that (Jacob B.) Jewett has gone to Europe; his health is bad. If James takes Mr. B. 's two boys, he must take a charity boy for Willy for $50 and he will clothe him.

II-2-n - A.L.S. - 3pp. - 12mo. - {3}


1858 Aug. 6
Lamy, Father George: Bonfouca, (Louisiana)
 to Archbishop (Anthony Blanc): New Orleans, (Louisiana)

Being worried about the repairs on the presbytery at Covington, Lamy wrote to the vicar general for help. Lamy had little success in finding the means in St. Tammany parish to support two priests. Mrs. Anatole Cousin asked to be remembered to (Blanc); she wants an institution for young girls and would be happy to have a recommendation from (Blanc). P.S. Mandeville and the musicians are beginning to create problems which Lamy hopes to surmount.

VI-1-o - A.L.S. - (French) - 2pp. - 4to. - {4}


1858 Aug. 6
Quigley, Father H(ugh?): Grand Rapids, (Michigan)
 to Bishop (Peter Paul) Lefev(e)re: Detroit, (Michigan)

Since he wrote hurriedly yesterday Quigley adds some explanations. Quigley explains that the means he has are partly his own and partly in trust for his brother's children. His portion will return under his control within six months when he would be willing to spend a part in building a church or pastoral house. At present he would have only a sum inadequate to purchase a lot in the "West Side" where Father (Francis) Van Erp proposes to him to build a church. Quigley would sooner be appointed to a place such as Lansing or Ionia, (Michigan) than to a mission like this. P.S. Van Erp tells him that Lefevere proposes to give him another place and another church is not needed in Grand Rapids.

III-2-i - A.L.S. - 2pp. - 8vo. - {3}


1858 Aug. 7
Descarzaset, Anastasie: New Orleans, (Louisiana)
 to Archbishop A(nthony) Blanc: (New Orleans, Louisiana)

She writes at the request of Father (George) McMahon of Jackson, L(ouisian)a for ratification of the donation made to him for the Catholic Church of Louisiana. The piece of ground is 100 feet along the road to Greensburg and 200 feet in depth. She would like the name of Blanc's notary at New Orleans on the matter of the title. (She signs as) the wife of A. Abat, Amite City.

VI-1-o - A.L.S. - (French) - 1p. - 4to. - {3}


1858 Aug. 7
Duplantier, G(uy): (New Orleans, Louisiana)

Duplantier celebrated the marriage of Jean Fourton and Louise Alidor, widow of Simeon Marchadier. In witness whereof: F. Seguin, Jean Loze(?), Ferdinand Lozé(?). (Other) witnesses: J.F. Seguin, Clementine Lamotta. (Also signing) Celeste Marchadié. Duplantier (certifies that this is) a true copy of the original.

VI-1-o - Copy S. - 2pp. - folio - {9}


1858 Aug. 8
Juncker, H(enry) D. Bishop of Alton: Alton, (Illinois)
 to Archbishop John Baptist Purcell: Cincinnati, Ohio

Father(John) Menge brings with him a little present which Juncker got in Rome from Cardinal Reisack who is in charge of the Church where the relic is preserved. Juncker asks (Purcell) to accept this on the Feast of the Assumption as a token of his gratitude, esteem and love. He knows that (Purcell) will esteem it more than gold or silver, and his only wish is that (Purcell) will keep it.

II-4-n - A.L.S. - 1p. - 8vo. - {2}


1858 Aug. 8
W(helan), Father D(avid): Wheeling, (West Virginia)
 to Archbishop (John Baptist) Purcell: Cincinnati, (Ohio)

W(helan) received Purcell's letter of the 6th. His brother (Bishop Richard Vincent Whelan) will be in Wheeling in the first week of September. W(helan) is determined to go to Cincinnati on his brother's return to complete the compilation of the Ordo for next year. He began the work some months ago but could do little due to adverse circumstances. He has been in distress since Purcell's visit. On July 6 they buried a Visitation Nun who was ill when Purcell was there. She died of consumption. She was a great favorite of the Bishop. Afterwards, Sister Baptista, Directress of the Academy, was prostrated by typhoid fever and almost died but is now getting well. W(helan) is glad to hear that Mrs. Springer is improving. He hopes that Father (Edward T.) Collins' beard is getting along well. W(helan) is not coming alone to Cincinnati. He has a young mocking-bird brought from Louisiana. After the Bishop's return W(helan) will have to remain in Wheeling for some two weeks and then wishes to go east for a month with Purcell's permission. So he will not be in Cincinnati till around the first of November. W(helan) sends his regards to all at home.

II-4-n - A.L.S. - 3pp. - 12mo. - {5}


1858 Aug. 9
Bertail, Father J.M.: Paincourtville, (Louisiana)
 to Archbishop (Anthony Blanc: New Orleans, Louisiana)

Bertail received (Blanc)'s reply. Without any intention of influencing (Blanc)'s decision, Bertail will give some information on the priest of whom Bertail spoke. He is Father Flacher(?) of Lyons, ordained in 1847 or 48. He would be around 45 or 46. He has always served the country peasants. He was assistant at St. Romain Atheux(?) for 7 or 8 years. Bertail attended his instructions and made his first years of study under him. The Archbishop of Lyons appointed him pastor of Tarentaize to replace Father Preher(?). He is there now but the former pastor has recovered and is able to do the work alone as he has only 500 in the parish. He wrote to Bertail to ask if he could be useful in the United States. Bertail does not doubt he could be of help especially at St. Elizabeth Church. P.S. Bertail sends 10 piastres, 8 of which are from the collection on Pentecost for the church at Plaquemine.

VI-1-o - A.L.S. - (French) - 2pp. - 4to. - {2}


1858 Aug. 9
Borgess, Father C(aspar) H.: Columbus, (Ohio)
 to Archbishop John Baptist Purcell: Cincinnati, Ohio

Borgess received a note from Father (Edward) Fitzgerald saying that Purcell had made him the bearer of an order to Borgess not to hear confessions of English-speaking-Catholics of the Columbus missions. Whether it amounts to a withdrawal of the faculties for such confessions, Fitzgerald leaves Borgess to determine. This will lessen his labor and he cannot say a word against it. But, he says, four years ago when Father (James) Meagher brought the same order, he enforced it and for several years, many persons did not go to confession at all. Borgess says that last Friday, a week ago, he met John Riley who admitted that he had not been to his duty for nearly five years because Borgess refused to hear him. They were all willing to come if Borgess would take them back but not otherwise. There are about 50 to 100 English speaking persons some of them converts, who are penitents of Borgess at the present time and several who have never been to another confessor. Borgess fears that to deprive them of the privilege to choose their own spiritual advisor, may do injury to their souls. He says this attitude of the people is not praiseworthy but that their weakness must be considered. He wishes Purcell to advise him what to do. He has not administered Baptism or marriage to any English speaking person with one late exception when he complied with Purcell's instructions to hand over the "Present" to the proper pastor, and having learned that it was not agreeable, Borgess has decided not to do it under even that consideration.

II-4-n - A.LS. - 4pp. - 12mo. - {3}


1858 Aug. 9
Kenrick, Archbishop Francis Patrick: Baltimore, (Maryland)
 to Archbishop (John Baptist Purcell): Cincinnati, Ohio

Kenrick refers to some question concerning the Cardinal Prefect, and thinks that he should be informed of the fact as stated by the Bishop of Erie (Josue M. Young). In regard to the marriage case, Kenrick thinks Mrs. Elitch should be left undisturbed unless it is shown that her first husband was baptized and living at the time of the second ceremony. The first husband was probably dead at the time, and probably not baptized. Purcell should explain these points to the parties involved and await evidence before requiring them to separate. Kenrick thinks the debtor of the Duke of Devonshire may pay the amount to the poor, as he or his heirs cannot be easily reached. Kenrick had been recreating in the Alleghany Mountains, and relates incidents of travel. His holiness' answer to the address of the late council came within two months. The acts are under consideration at the Propaganda. The great point of difficulty will be the erection of a new See in Pennsylvania, as Easton is not well suited, although perhaps better than most inland towns of Pennsylvania. Kenrick fears that the ex-Redemptorists (Paulists) have ventured on dangerous ground. As the Pope (Pius IX) refused to sanction their joint labors, Kenrick does not think them qualified to appear as a congregation of Missionary Priests. As they have now vows, Kenrick thinks them wholly unauthorized to erect a convent, receive novices, and claim credit for the labors of their former Community. For these reason, Kenrick has refused them any countenance.

II-4-n - A.L.S. - 4pp. - 12mo. - {4}


1858 Aug. 9
Langlois, Father Auguste Barthelemy: Pointe à la Hache, (Louisiana)
 to Father (Stephen Rousselon: New Orleans, Louisiana)

Langlois did not feel well the last days he was at New Orleans. On returning here he said Mass on Sunday but the next day he had to call the doctor. Dr. Boussac stayed almost night and day at his bedside for 9 days. He is still very weak. People came to see him but the doctor forbid any one to see him. This gave rise to the rumor that Langlois was dead of the yellow fever. Whatever it was, he is now recovered.

VI-1-o - A.L.S. - (French) - 2pp. - 4to. - {2}


1858 Aug. 9
Spalding, Father B(enjamin): Louisville, (Kentucky)
 to Archbishop (John Baptist) Purcell: of Cincinnati, Ohio

Spalding expected to be with Purcell before thisߞfor a short visit and for business of the diocese but his brother (Bishop (Martin J.Spalding) became sick and had to go to Grayson Springs to recuperate. Spalding felt so bad he could not leave home. The weather was too hot, and he was unable to exert himself. He says the young man, Mulochie, about whom Bishop Spalding wrote Purcell, and who has applied for a place in Louisville, has not been heard from. Please send him word for he possibly is now in Cincinnati and tell him to write as soon as he can and let the Bishop know what he has to say to his last letter. Spalding fears that the sum, which he would be able to give, will not meet the Bishop's views. There are two more applicants for the same situation, both highly recommended, but who have applied since Mr. Mulvchie, we would think Mr. M(ulvchie) entitled to be preferred. Spalding is greatly disappointed at not having the pleasure of spending a few days with Purcell and Purcell's brother and the other clergy of the Cathedral and Seminary, and asks Purcell to give all of them his compliments.

II-4-n - A.L.S. - 4pp. - 12mo. - {2}


1858 Aug. 10
Chalon, Father G(abriel): Mobile, (Alabama)
 to (Father Stephen Rousselon: New Orleans, Louisiana)

Chalon incloses (no inclosure) a check to be given to Father (James) Lesne from Bishop Portier. Has (Rousselon) any news of the Roger Stewart? Archbishop Blanc almost promised to send (Rousselon) to spend at least a week here. (Rousselon) is to decide to come.

VI-1-o - A.L.S. - (French) - 1p. - 12mo. - {2}


1858 Aug. 10
Jeffers, M(ichael): East Saginaw, (Michigan)
 to Bishop P(eter) P(aul) Lefev(e)re: (Detroit, Michigan)

Since Lefevere was there Jeffers learns that Lefevere wants four lots. Jeffers offers to give 2 lots and to sell two more to Lefevere for a site for a church. The location is good as being central to the contemplated railroad. He suggests that the church be built by the congregation.

III-2-i - A.L.S. - 2pp. - 12mo. - {2}


1858 Aug. 10
Tholomier, Father (Claude Anthony): Besancon, (France)
 to Archbishop (Anthony Blanc: New Orleans, Louisiana)

(Blanc) will already have learned from Father Paris that up to now his trip could not have been better; he asks (Blanc) to continue to pray for him and that he may soon find himself again with (Blanc). Here is what he has done in the Father (Joseph) Richard Bole affair. At the Seminary here they asked Tholomier to try to reconcile the parties, to take a trip to Montagne. Then he saw Father (B.) Faivre, then the brother and sister of the Messrs. Richard Bole deceased. He explained things but could not persuade them to accept the offers of Faivre and Father Chatel(a)in, priest executors. The brother and sister did not wish to attack the validity of the will of their priest brother who died in America; the will does not designate an heir. (Blanc) will not be bothered about the 3000 piastres of life annuity. All he has to do is to pay the interest on it for one year, 240 piastres. This would be the equivalent of 1200 francs which (Blanc) could use as a base when he sends them the money. To this must be added the 56 piastres Father (Cyril) Delacroix owes for 800 piastres given for the establishment of the Brothers, except to pay Richard Bole interest for 18 years at 7 per cent. This began in 1851. The check could be made in the name of Faivre and Chatel(a)in and they will give a receipt. Tholomier leaves for their trip to the Holy Land on the 22nd, and returns October 26. On his return Tholomier will go to Rome where he will probably spend part of the winter and return in the spring. His address would be Monseigneur (Paolo) Bastide, chaplain of the French hospitals in Rome. Archbishop Mathieu was honored by (Blanc)'s letter and says he will write when Tholomier returns. Mathieu is very worried by the question of the Roman liturgy whose usage would unite Catholicism. Tholomier has just received a letter from Paris telling that Father (John M.) Delcros, (C.M.), among others, was the victim of an explosion on a steamboat. Tholomier had told (Blanc) of a plan between himself and Father (Auguste Simon) Paris to stay together at the Sacred Heart Convent as long as they could fulfil their duties. In the two letters Tholomier has received from Paris, Paris says not to count on it, that he sees it as impossible. There has been an excellent harvest in France. France has been blessed by God but the French are ungrateful. There will be at least a dozen priests on the trip to the Holy Land.

VI-1-o - A.L.S. - (French) - 4pp. - 8vo. - {8}


1858 Aug. 11
Feltin, Father N(icholas): Houston, (Texas)
 to Archbishop (Anthony Blanc): New Orleans, Louisiana)

Feltin received (Blanc)'s letter this morning. He sends another alms for the orphan girls. It does not matter if the preceding alms were used for the boys or girls. Feltin is sending a small gold piece for a Mass for his intention. He has need to thank God and the Blessed Virgin for their help. Although all is going well at present, Feltin is still not out of trouble.

VI-1-o - A.L.S. - (French) - 1p. - 4to. - {1}


1858 Aug. 11
Lamy, Father George: Covington, (Louisiana)
 to Father (Stephen Rousselon: New Orleans, Louisiana)

Lamy received the four cases of wine and the letter with its contents sent to E. Dubreuil. Lamy looks forward to (Rousselon)'s visit as well as the Archbishop's. Now that Lamy has completed the repairs at Covington, Mandeville would like Lamy to accept the unsuitable means which they propose, as 1. Masses for Mrs. Chopin who has nothing to do with the church, and to be sung by Miss Bourgeois of scandalous life and 2. for the completion of the church. Lamy believed it his duty to refuse the offer; this has made him somewhat unpopular. They would like a resident priest at Mandeville and the choice would be Father (Victor) Pivet. But where would he live and what would he live on? Lamy is on good terms with Pivet but he is of almost no help except for the Mass at Mandeville; he seems not to care for the things which would promote the work of the mission; he likes to associate with the rich and society people. However, in spite of the expenses for vestments for him and the 25 piastres remaining to be paid to New York, Lamy is content to live with Pivet. P.S. Lamy has just heard that the Brothers have bought a house at Covington.

VI-1-o - A.L.S. - (French) - 3pp. - 4to. - {7}


1858 Aug. 12
Layton, Tho(ma)s: New Orleans, (Louisiana)

Duplicate. A check for $75 to be paid to Archbishop F(rancis) P(atrick) Kenrick.

VI-1-o - Duplicate check S. - 1p. - 16mo. - {1}


1858 Aug. 14
Campbell, Henry P.: New York, (New York)
 to Father S(tephen) Rousselon: N(ew) O(rleans, Louisiana)

At the request of John G(ilmary) Shea of this city, Campbell has hunted up three cases belonging to Rousselon's friends (Daughters of the Cross?). The cases were shipped with some ladies on the St(eamer) Ariel the time she was compelled to return and arrived here by the steamer Arabia. They are marked Convent of the Presentation. (Avoyelles, Louisiana) and came as baggage. The Custom House has found one to contain books, another articles of church use. Rousselon is to inform Campbell what are in the boxes and if for the use of the institution.

VI-1-o - A.L.S. - 2pp. - 16mo. - {4}


1858 Aug. 14
Lefranc, Father J(ohn) M.: Lake Charles, (Louisiana)
 to Archbishop (Anthony Blanc: New Orleans, Louisiana)

His health has improved a little since his last letter written after his arrival here. His legs are stronger but his eyes do not improve. He still has difficulty in understanding those who talk to him. He will let (Blanc) know how he is in two weeks.

VI-1-o - L.S. - (French) - 1p. - folio - {1}


1858 Aug. 14
Roche, Acélié: Algiers, (Louisiana)
 to Archbishop Anthony Blanc: New Orleans, (Louisiana)

On August 6, going to Father (Michael) Girard, (C.SS.R.) to see what to do about the ordering of the church for Assumption day, Girard said that Mrs. Oliver would take care of it from now on. When she asked why he had not notified her, Girard said that he had told her brother to tell her. Girard told her brother that Mrs. Oliver had had the two altars painted, had given a larger (statue) of St. Joseph but said nothing of the order of the church. When Roche went to ask about it Girard went into a rage and said that she was a gossip and showed her the door in the presence of Messrs. Delacroix and Rene.

VI-1-o - A.L.S. - (French) - 2pp. - 4to. - {3}


1858 Aug. 15
Delle Piane, B(ernard) and D. McKenna: Jackson, (Louisiana)
 to Archbishop A(nthony) LeBlanc(!): New Orleans, (Louisiana)

Acting as a special committee, they address Blanc on important subjects relating to their church. Their pastor, Father (George) McMahon, having established congregations at the several out stations of his extensive field of labor, finds it impossible to attend to all. It is most important for him to have an assistant. They expect the out stations to be more than able to support the assistant who would reside in Jackson. Everything in their own congregation is going well.

VI-1-c - A.L.S. - 2pp. - 4to. - {4}


1858 Aug. 15
Murray, Florisse: New Orleans, (Louisiana)

Murray gives her consent for her servant Charlotte to present herself to Father Rousselon to be married.

- D.S. -


 Attached to the above: 

1858 Aug. 15
(Signature indecipherable): New Orleans, (Louisiana)

( ) authorizes his slave Jules, a mulatto about 30 years old, to marry Charlotte, a mulatress about 23.

- A.D.S. -


 On the same paper: 

1858 Aug. 15
Rousselon, Father E(tienne): (New Orleans, Louisiana)

The marriage was celebrated on August 15. (Signing with their marks are): Jules, Charlotte, George, Louis Am(e)stede(?). T. Harding(?) (also signs).

- A.D.S. -


VI-1-o - A.D.S. - (French) - 2pp. - 4to. & 12mo. - {2}


(1858 Aug. 16?)
(Chevrel, O. Carm.), Mother Ste. Thérèse: (New Orleans, Louisiana)
 to Father (Stephen) Rousselon: N(ew) O(rleans, Louisiana)

The person Rousselon sent them left her trunk on board. Mother sends the keys to Rousselon. They have a commission for Father (Claude Marie Dubuis which should be given directly to him. If Dubuis cannot come, Rousselon is to let them know.

VI-1-o - A.L.S. - (French) - 2pp. - 8vo. - {2}


1858 Aug. 16
Marco, Father M(artin): Grand Rapids, (Michigan)
 to Bishop (Peter Paul Lefevere): (Detroit, Michigan)

Marco is happy to take advantage of a moment to send Lefevere a few words. In his two visits to Dawn, Wright - Modjieski, he finds some consolation in the state of religion. Sunday, Aug. 29, Father (Francis X.) Weninger, (S.J.), will open a solemn mission in Marco's parish in Grand Rapids. Marco repeats his invitation to Lefevere to honor the parish by his visit. In the meantime he will continue to prepare his children for Confirmation. He is building a beautiful house for a presbytery.

III-2-i - A.L.S. - 3pp. - 8vo. - {3}


1858 Aug. 16
(Odin), Bishop J(ohn) M(ary): Refugio, (Texas)
 to Father (Stephen Rousselon: New Orleans, Louisiana)

Last Monday (Odin) received a letter from Mother Thérèse (Chevrel, O. Carm.) concerning the fee for the little colored girl left with them by one of their Catholics. (Odin) went where he lives and saw him yesterday. (Odin) sends an order for $100 redeemable by the Sisters of (Mount) Carmel. (Rousselon) is to present it to Mr. Rotchford and send the money to Mother Thérèse. (Odin) is leaving for San Patricio. The heat is excessive but he hopes to complete his long trip.

VI-1-o - A.L.S. - (French) - 1p. - 12mo. - {3}


1858 Aug. 16
Poyet, Father J(ean) A(rthur): Abbeville, (Louisiana)
 to Archbishop (Anthony Blanc: New Orleans, Louisiana)

Poyet received (Blanc)'s letter of July 30. He returned only Wednesday from Grande Chénière. He suffered from the heat and mosquitos, with poor results. He proposes revisiting these places in November. He does not see that it would be necessary for (Blanc) to come to Abbeville; there would be only about 50 for Confirmation.

VI-1-o - A.L.S. - (French) - 1p. - 4to. - {2}


1858 Aug. 16
Spalding, Bishop M(artin) J(ohn): Louisville, (Kentucky)
 to Father E(tienne) Rousselon: (New Orleans, Louisiana)

Spalding has just received Rousselon's letter of the 10th desiring him to advance traveling expenses to N(ew) Orleans to Father (H.J.) Chenal. Spalding will do so but he thinks it his duty first to give Rousselon some information. Chenal has been some time in K(entuck)y. He was with the Trappists as a boarder but was dismissed. He then applied to Spalding for admission into St. Mary's College but Spalding refused him. Chenal has no papers and told many different stories. Father (Annet) Lafont had a poor opinion of Chenal who came to N(ew) York without papers. Chenal had no breviary while here and on leaving St. Mary's College he took without leave, Father Lavialle's breviary. For the last 4 or 5 months he has been rambling over K(entuck)y and Indiana not even passing himself as a priest unless where he could make money. Lavialle and Lafont believe Chenal a man in whom no confidence can be placed. Chenal has not yet called on Spalding.

VI-1-o - A.L.S. - 4pp. - 12mo. - {3}


1858 Aug. 17
Garnier, Father: Guillestre, France
 to Archbishop (Anthony) Blanc: New Orleans, Louisiana

The parents of the young man to whom the enclosed letter (no enclosure) is addressed, have had no news of him for a long time. They fear that their letters to him have been intercepted by (Francois) Vavaldy, his patron. They are strengthened in this opinion by the fact that this patron, now in France, did not bring them a letter from their son. The parents have followed Garnier's advice by addressing their letters to Blanc and wish to have their son's letters sent them the same way. (On the letter in another hand): Louis Berard at the home of Francois Vavaldy, businessman at Paincourtville.

VI-1-o - A.L.S. - (French) - 3pp. - 12mo. - {3}


1858 Aug. 17
McMahon, Father G(eorge): Jackson, (Louisiana)
 to Archbishop (Anthony Blanc: New Orleans, Louisiana)

Until the waters have left Bayou Sara, passable on foot, nothing can be done. When McMahon says Mass there not more than 8 or 9 attend. Between sickness and inundation McMahon is prevented from either building or collecting. There are many sick calls to Bayou Sara. Jackson is prospering; the chapel is almost crowded every Sunday. The Protestants are not bigoted. But two priests are required in the Felicianas. Clinton, (Louisiana) is German and Irish. Last week he was in St. Helena parish where the absence of a priest has not extinguished the faith. Irish and French are equally good. With (Blanc)'s permission McMahon will begin a frame chapel 2 miles from Amite City, St. Helena. The ground is ready, the wood at hand, the labour is volunteered. McMahon is ready to look after Woodville, (Louisiana) if he can obtain an assistant. His constitution is strong so he goes ahead to make up for past deficiencies. An additional priest can live with McMahon or board out. McMahon will receive with open arms any of (Blanc)'s priests. Today he has ridden 24 miles on horseback. Sickness prevails all around but as yet no yellow fever.

VI-1-o - A.L.S. - 4pp. - 12mo. - {6}


1858 Aug. 18
Gutton, Philibert: Sprin(g) Hill, (Alabama)
 to Archbishop (Anthony Blanc: New Orleans, Louisiana)

At the railroad, Gutton met three priests leaving for Sprin(g) Hill. They took him into their group and put his luggage with theirs. Arrived at Mobile, they paid a visit to the Bishop and then went to Sprin(g) Hill. One of the priests is going to show Gutton the treatises which he has not yet studied. Gutton's health is good; so far he has been spared the epidemic.

VI-1-o - A.L.S. - (French) - 2pp. - 4to. - {1}


1858 Aug. 18
Whelan, Father D(avid): Paris, (France)
 to Archbishop (John Baptist) Purcell: of Cincinnati, Ohio

Whelan writes from Paris that he arrived in Paris at a time when it was crowded and he could not find a place to stay. He says they had a very agreeable trip on board the "Ariel" and he feels benefitted by it since he has had no serious attack since he left New York. He says all his old friends in Paris are well and ask about Purcell. Whelan is going to remain just one day as he wishes to take a steamer, if possible, on the 31st. He will see little of Purcell's native country. Whelan says he was prevented witnessing the Emperor's entrance into Paris on Sunday due to a wounded foot and he heard that he missed a magnificent sight. On Monday Whelan went to see the illumination of the Tuilleries and Louvre and Place Vendome and was delighted. He says he is not at home in Paris and will be glad to get back home. He sends his love to all at home and kind remembrances to Jones, Conahan, Boyle, Consadine, etc.

II-4-n - A.L.S. - 2pp. - 12mo. - {1}


1858 Aug. 19
Buteux, Rev. S(tanislaus): Bay St. Louis, Miss(issippi)
 to (Orestes A.) Brownson: New York, (New York)

Father Buteux introduces a young Catholic layman, T.M. LeBaron, to Brownson and says he will be grateful for any kindness shown LeBaron, whom he vouches for as an exemplary Catholic. Father Buteux called on Brownson in February but found him away lecturing in Cincinnati. He left with Brownson's son a letter for him from Abbe Moret. Le Baron is going to New York with his wife, for her health.

I-3-n - A.L.S. - 2pp. - 12mo. - {1}


(18)58 Aug. 19
(Martin), Bishop Aug(uste) M(ar)ie: Natchitoches, (Louisiana)
 to Father (Stephen Rousselon: New Orleans, Louisiana)

The college students of St. Joseph (College) are leaving under the guidance of Father Bellier and Blanchet with them. (Martin) will say nothing of their college, Bellier will spend several days in (New Orleans) and tell about it. The distribution of prizes was a splendid affair; all Natchitoches was there. (Martin) continues to be satisfied with Eugene. His difficulties in learning are great but this will diminish with age. (Martin) has given Blanchet his pastoral letter which he wishes to have printed as soon as possible. (Martin) will take the occasion of the priests' retreat to be given by the Redemptorists in November, to have a diocesan synod. He asks (Rousselon to send him copies of the synods of New Orleans, Natchez, Galveston, and Mobile. Archbishop Blanc should be in the west now. When he returns (Martin) will invite him to bless the corner stone of their new cathedral. Up to now they have only assembled the materials; construction should begin next week. (Martin) hopes to have the presbytery in shape to receive his clergy in November. (P.S.) (Martin) asked for Father Cambiaso's address; (Rousselon) has not given it. (Martin) asked (Rousselon) to give Julien Grassin a little sum of money; not knowing whether (Rousselon) has done so, (Martin) will not send it.

VI-1-o - A.L.S. - (French) - 4pp. - 12mo. - {5}


1858 Aug. 19
Starrs, Father W(illia)m: New York, (New York)
 to Archbishop (Anthony) Blanc: (New Orleans, Louisiana)

A short time ago, Starrs received Blanc's letter in reference to a certificate of a marriage performed by Father Varela. Starrs sent the names to Father (William) McClellan, now pastor of Transfiguration Church, who has Varela's record of marriages. By some mistake the names were lost. Starrs now sends Blanc the certificate (no enclosure).

VI-1-o - A.L.S. - 2pp. - 4to. - {2}


1858 Aug. 20
Lamy, Father George: Covington, (Louisiana)
 to Archbishop (Anthony Blanc: New Orleans, Louisiana)

Lamy writes about Father (Victor) Pivet and his worries about the mission if Pivet's stay is prolonged. In spite of Lamy's efforts to please Pivet, he sees that Pivet wants to leave him and live according to his own tastes. Lamy's table does not satisfy him and he does not like the trips into the woods. This is what Pivet told the pastor of the Cathedral and Father Durier, his assistant, and Father (De)lacroix at St. Patrick's who know nothing of the position which (Blanc) has assigned to Lamy. Pivet acts contrary to the standards which Lamy has set up in respect to the decrees of the synod of January 12. Against Lamy's refusal, Pivet baptised at a house in Bonfouca and set the whole family against Lamy; at Mandeville he binates when Lamy would fear to do so. (Blanc) knows Lamy's views on the breaking up of the parish; two separate priests could not live there. Lamy has strong reasons to see Pivet more at Covington than at Mandeville. Pivet never gives an exact account of his expenses which always exceed the collections. Pivet is almost useless except for the Mass he says at Mandeville. Lamy would be happy if (Blanc) could give Pivet another post. St. Tammany parish gives Lamy enough trouble without this. A place in the city would please Pivet. Pivet is what Father Dupuis(?) said he was. P.S. Lamy will tell Mrs. Anatole Cousin tomorrow what (Blanc) wrote about the teacher she asked for.

VI-1-o - A.L.S. - (French) - 4pp. - 4to. - {6}


1858 Aug. 21
Benziger Brothers: New York, (New York)
 to Bishop Peter P(aul) Lefevere: Detroit, Mich(igan)

They are grateful for Lefevere's letter of Aug. 13, as regards Father (Charles) De Preitres' unpaid account with them; they request Lefevere to urge De Preitre to pay his debt at length.

III-2-i - A.L.S. - 1p. - 8vo. - {2}


1858 Aug. 21
Foltier, Father S(tephen) J(ules): Vermillionville, (Louisiana)
 to Archbishop (Anthony Blanc: New Orleans, Louisiana)

Father (Jean Francois) Ab(b)adie, (S.J.) wrote recently, altering again the concessions which Foltier had made, and moving back the limits which they were to accept by common accord. But since Foltier wrote (Blanc), things have changed. 1. The people do not want to consent to a change of parish, except for 2 or 3. A petition will be presented to (Blanc) at Grand Coteau. 2. It is proved by surveying that from the church tower to the bridge at Carencrow (Carencro) it is nine miles. 3. When Foltier gave his report last year he exaggerated in speaking of the population because he used figures made up before the separation of Vermillion parish. These figures set the population at 7000 whites and about 6000 negroes. Believing these were the figures for his parishioners he saw he should make some concessions; one priest would not suffice. When the priests complained about the small number of parishioners and the scantiness of income he thought he must make a sacrifice. However, Foltier does not have as many burials or baptisms as they do so why was this? Today he found the explanation. The assessor has just visited the parish and the newspaper of the 21st has published the population of Lafayette parish as 777 voters; 4,126 whites; 4,015 slaves; 786 white men from 18 to 45; free negroes 253; a total of 8,394. Half are slaves; they are Methodists for the most part. Taking away the children and about 500 Protestants (Blanc) can see he is not to be envied. So (Blanc) is to allow him to withdraw all the concessions he has made. The people far from asking to join Grand Coteau, prefer to remain members of their old parish.

VI-1-o - A.L.S. - (French) - 4pp. - 8vo. - {6}


(18)58 Aug. 21
Thirion, Father (Hubert): Pointe Coupée, (Louisiana)
 to Archbishop (Anthony Blanc: New Orleans, Louisiana)

Thirion asks for a dispensation for the marriage of Joseph Torrès, Protestant, and Jeanne C. Nelson, Catholic. P.S. Father (Francis) Mittelbronn is still in the same position and the sudden arrival of an uncle from the north is not likely to reassure him or make him calmer. He is leaving.

VI-1-o - A.L.S. - (French) - 1p. - 12mo. - {4}


1858 Aug. 22
Calvary, M.H.C., Sister Mary of: Plaquemine, (Louisiana)
 to Archbishop (Anthony Blanc: New Orleans, Louisiana)

This is the fourth Sunday that they have not had Mass. Since the departure of Father (Charles) Chambost, they have had Mass twice, once by Father (Ennemond) Dupuy who gave Sister (Blanc)'s letter and told her that he could come once a week but that she must send a carriage for him. Father (Henry) Riordan had promised to come for their distribution of prizes but today Sister received a letter saying that he could not come. Providence sent them Father (Peter) Lucas. All the students have returned to their homes for which she is thankful as there is yellow fever here now. Sister suffers in seeing so many die without the help of religion. The people of Plaquemine do not seem to agree; Mr. Labauve does not want a temporary church. By the end of June next year the lease on their house will expire and their Father will withdraw them if something is not done for them. The Protestants do their best to take away their pupils who will soon forget their religion.

VI-1-o - A.L.S. - (French) - 4pp. - 12mo. - {6}


1858 Aug. 22
Lauer, O(lympe): Vermillionville, (Louisiana)
 to Archbishop (Anthony Blanc: New Orleans, Louisiana)

(Blanc) has at various times sent her messages which filled her heart with joy. Since the honeymoon, she has had nothing but grief. Etienne (Lauer) has had grief because of his marriage; people thought it not right that after 18 years at Lafayette he married an outsider. They said they were not married, that he would not stay with her a month. Etienne was on the point of a duel twice. What joy for them is the thought of seeing (Blanc) among them in a few days. They are living in perfect accord; Etienne's only fault is that he is too good. They often speak of (Blanc).

VI-1-o - A.L.S. - (French) - 2pp. - 4to. - {2}


1858 Aug. 22
Spalding, M(artin) J., Bishop of Louisville: Louisville, (Kentucky)
 to Archbishop (John Baptist) Purcell: of Cincinnati, Ohio

Spalding says (Father Benjamin Spalding) is in Lebanon to see their eldest sister who is dangerously ill, and Spalding has opened Purcell's letter to him. Spalding says he must go to Bardstown on Friday morning to begin the retreat with the clergy on Wednesday. He will be back the first Sunday of September and shall be at Purcell's orders. He says he did not know until too late that Purcell's Retreat for the Seminarians began on the 15th, or he should have sent the two Seminarians for Mt. St. Mary's to make the Retreat. As it is they will be there for Tuesday, the opening day. Their names are Lawler and Fischer. Spalding believes the weather is too hot for the young men to study or pray, and he prefers the regular opening time, and likes even better the opening date of St. Mary's in which the retreat of the Seminarians begins on September 12. Spalding says he is sending a talented young man to Rome and prays to God this one succeeds better than the last two sent.

P.S. Spalding asks Purcell to please pray for his sister, Mrs. Hamilton. He says if he can do anything to serve Purcell that Purcell can reach him at St. Joseph's College, Bardstown. He asks Purcell to help them pray again and it would be a change of air.

II-4-n - A.L.S. - 4pp. - 12mo. - {2}


1858 Aug. 23
Dunigan, Edward and Bro(ther): New York, (New York)
 to Archbishop A(nthony) Blanc: New Orleans, L(ouisian)a

They have reluctantly become the publishers of the Catholic Almanac. The sudden steppage of the Metropolitan Almanac of Baltimore would have left Catholics without this work did they not undertake it. The Bishops urge them to continue their work even since Murphy and Co(mpany) have announced their intention of attempting to revive that of Baltimore. The enclosed skeleton report (no enclosure) needs only the names and new stations. They ask to have it filled by October 1. (The name of) James B. Kirker (also appears on the letterhead).

VI-1-o - L.S. - 2pp. - 4to. - {4}


1858 Aug. 23
Joos, Father Ed(ward): Monroe, (Michigan)
 to Bishop (Peter Paul Lefevere): (Detroit, Michigan)

Joos asks $400 from Lefevere, half for himself, and half for his cousin in Niles, (Father John DeNeve). This request may seem odd but his explanation is a transcription of a letter sent by a Mr. Van Dorpe in Europe to DeNeve, which he quotes. A. M. le Canon De la Croix wishes to give 2,000 francs to be used for the Missions, 1,000 for DeNeve and 1,000 for Joos; this will be sent to Lefevere who will remit to them through the Canon. Lefevere can receive important aid from the Propagation of the Faith at Lyons. The following points should be noted; 1.) The Central Council (of Lyons) only corresponds with bishops. The American College (Louvain) has never received help. If any American bishop needs help to send students there, he should write directly to Lyons. 2.) To obtain help Lefevere should reveal his needs to the Central Council. 3.) Information about the missions should be sent to be published in the Annales. P.S. Joos wants to help the orphans through the Sisters in Monroe. If Lefevere feels differently he should mention the missions to be helped. He sends the lease through Father (Peter) Hennaert. Nothing yet of Susquehanna.

III-2-i - A.L.S. - (French) - 4pp. - 8vo. - {3}


1858 Aug. 23
Kreuder, Peter and others: Newport, Michigan
 to Bishop (Peter Paul Lefevere): (Detroit, Michigan)

The bishop may not be unaware that complaints against their pastor Father (Peter Paul Wehrle) Werly have been sent to him. These complaints were for the most part only lies and slander. The originators of this scandal formerly belonged to the choir, namely Paul Gies, Bernhart Roll and his wife. They were not alone; often on Sundays after Mass they placed themselves in front of the church and poured out before all, Catholics and Protestants, the greatest scandals about their pastor. Ever since they were taken out of the choir and another choir formed, Roll and his wife have tried to overthrow the choir. The undersigned wish, since the pastor is not in a position to do so, that the bishop remove the evil. Kreuder, John Jech, Bernhard Kornmeier, Jacob Licke(?), and John Kornmeier sign.

III-2-i - A.L.S. - (German) - 3pp. - 4to. - {3}


1858 Aug. 23
Ligeret de Chozey, Eléanore: Mandeville, (Louisiana)
 to Father (Stephen Rousselon: New Orleans, Louisiana)

She is sending a young postulant of the Ursuline convent who arrived unexpectedly. Mother Ste. Thérèse, (R.U.), fearful of the yellow fever, sent the postulant to Miss Morris who not being able to take her, brought her to Eléanore yesterday. The postulant made the trip from France to America with the pastor of Mandeville, Covington, and other places. Mother Ste. Thérèse thought it appropriate to send her to Miss Morris who could put her under the protection of Father (George Lamy) L'Ami. But the pastor is not at Mandeville and these two young people might compromise themselves unnecessarily. Miss Victorine should not have left the direction of the Ursulines who had her come to America and should have kept her at least as a boarder if they judged her unsuited for the religious life until she could return to France. Eléanore, Miss Morris, Mrs. Battier, and Mrs. Faget join in invoking (Rousselon)'s spirit of justice and charity to come to the aid of this poor girl and ask him to restore her to the fold which she did not leave of her own will. Eléanore is return the book which (Rousselon) had loaned her.

VI-1-o - A.L.S. - (French) - 3pp. - 8vo. - {7}


1858 Aug. 23
Young, Bishop J(osue) M.: Erie, (Pennsylvania)
 to Bishop (Peter Paul) Lefev(e)re: (Detroit, Michigan)

The exeat is genuine. The Redemptorists in Pittsburg had led him to suspect that he, (Father Leopold Pawlowski), imposed a forgery upon Lefevere. Had Young known the real facts he would not have given him so good a document. Three other Bishops wrote him about Pawlowski, but Young's response prevented them from employing him. Young hopes he will not leave any scandal in the place where he was; the Buffalo, (New York) German Catholic paper hints there is some scandal. What a pity that our missions should be cursed by such characters!

III-2-i - A.L.S. - 2pp. - 12mo. - {4}


1858 Aug. 24
McGill, J(ohn) Bishop of Richmond: Richmond, (Virginia)
 to Arch(bishop) John Baptist Purcell: Cincinnati, Ohio

Bishop McGill calls Purcell's attention to the printed matter on the first page of the letter concerning the Council's decision on a new translation of the scriptures. It was the opinion of the prelates, in the absence of Archbishop (Francis Patrick Kenrick) that they owed to themselves and (Kenrick) not to allow his version to be ignored as was done in the Dublin Review and in the petition of the English prelates to Rome concerning the version Father (John Henry) Newman is said to be preparing. They think the resolution contained on the previous page is the best solution and ask the aid of Purcell and his suffragans. (The printed page says that) the prelates of IX Provincial Council of Baltimore, May 8th, 1858, Archbishop(Kenrick) having retired and Bishop (Michael O'Connor) having taken the chair passed these preambles and resolutions unanimously. That since the desired translation of the vulgate to be used instead of the Douay version is to be made and since (Kenrick) has begun such a translation, and since he is capable, they resolve to ask him to complete his version to be adopted as the standard English version. Yet recognizing that the English prelates have appointed Father Newman, a man of talent, they suggest that the two cooperate, and resolve that a committee of Bishops of the Council be appointed to correspond with the English prelates to arrange this matter. This committee is to inform the Sacred Congregation of the Propaganda of their plans and if a common version is not attained, ask permission that (Kenrick's) version be adopted for the province. This committee is to be composed of Bishops J(ohn)McGill, P(atrick)N. Lynch, and Augustine Verot.

II-4-n - A.L.S. - 2pp. - 8vo. - {7}


1858 Aug. 24
Rousselon, Father E(tienne): New Orleans, (Louisiana)
 to Archbishop (Anthony Blanc: New Orleans, Louisiana)

What (Blanc) feared happened on the 19th. Father (?) G. was beaten in coming off the ferry. He took it peaceably; it was Mr. Reynèn who told Rousselon about it. Sone one is to write to (Blanc) about it. Father (Jean Arthur) Poyet writes that he can postpone Confirmation to next year. Father (Henry) Aubert took to his bed on the 23rd with a fever. He wanted to see Dr. Turpin, who came; he thinks it is yellow fever. Father (J.M.) Le Franc writes that his strength is returning but his eyes and ears are still the same. Father (George) Lamy complains about Father (Victor) Pivet and asks that Pivet be changed. Father (Francois Berthaud) Berthout has had the fever for some days; he is better. Father (Francis X. Basin) Bazin is better also. Father (Patrick) Sheil, (C.S.C.) is having trouble recovering; he has gone to Bay St. Louis. Father (Henry) Riordan is still weak. Young Darby died of the yellow fever on the 20th. The number of cases is growing in the city but no other priests have been stricken. The little Italian priest who was with Father Figari has died. Father (John L'E) Strange of St. J(ohn) B(aptist) is now out of service, not because of the epidemic but because of a weak chest. (Philibert) Gutton is delighted with Spring Hill. Father (George) McMahon is writing (Blanc) in the same sense as the enclosed petition (no enclosure). The Countess de Mejan, wife of the French consul, has died of yellow fever. This morning Aubert is no worse.

VI-1-o - A.L.S. - (French) - 4pp. - 12mo. - {17}


1858 Aug. 25
Chambost, Father C(harles): New York, (New York)
 to Archbishop (Anthony Blanc): N(ew) O(rleans, Louisiana)

They leave next Saturday on the Washington City for Liverpool. They are paying $249 for themselves and two orphan boys as far as Havre. They were 12 days on a boat from Plaquemine to Cincinnati and then since his five young people wished to buy some land for a vineyard, Chambost had to stay some days in Cincinnati. All the members of his house have found places. They visited Niagara Falls. They visited the ecclesiastical authorities wherever they went. Chambost is perfectly composed; he has forgotten all the past and he feels no violent emotion in leaving. He will write again from Lyons.

VI-1-o - A.L.S. - (French) - 2pp. - 8vo. - {1}


1858 Aug. 25
McMahon, Father George: Jackson, (Louisiana)
 to Father (Stephen Rousselon: New Orleans, Louisiana)

McMahon sent (Rousselon) two halves of a $50 bill to buy a melodion. (Rousselon) has not acknowledged its receipt. There is much sickness around but McMahon has enjoyed the best health. He does not believe that one case of yellow fever has occurred in Feliciana. No person can come here from Baton Rouge; Clinton also is quarantined. The mayor of Jackson has given McMahon a pass for sick calls. McMahon is daily more pleased with this parish. He has not taken out a license but he has married several couples. Since coming here he has transcribed all the births, deaths, and marriages into one large record. He has baptised 26, married 2, and buried 2. He is uneasy about the $50. He has received no answer from the Archbishop to the last two letters McMahon sent. (P.S.) He has written one letter to the Archbishop about an assistant and another about building a frame chapel near Amite City.

VI-1-o - A.L.S. - 4pp. - 12mo. - {2}


1858 Aug. 25
Ruland C.SS.R., Father (John) G.: Cumberland, Maryland
 to Archbishop (John Baptist) Purcell: of Cincinnati, Ohio

Ruland writes that Father John B. Hotz, rector of his house at Pittsburgh, sent him a letter he had received from Purcell about a trunk that was left for some time in the baggage room of the Little Miami R. R. Depot. Father Hotz requested Ruland to answer Purcell's letter whether he knew anything about such a trunk. The mark S.+R. is used by Ruland's Congregation in traveling but no member of his Congregation has traveled in the last four years who carried sacred vestments, pyxes, oilstacks, and a chalice in his trunk. Neither is there a father in Ruland's Congregation to whose name the letters P.M.H. would answer. It was suggested to Ruland that the trunk and its contents might belong to Rev. Martin Hasslinger who once belonged to Ruland's Congregation but left it four years ago. For some time he was in the Diocese of Newark, but left for Europe a year or so ago. Ruland heard this but does not know if it is true. Ruland asks Purcell to send one or two sheets of Hasslinger's manuscript to Baltimore so he could recognize the handwriting, at least to ascertain if the trunk could have belonged to him.

II-4-n - A.L.S. - 2pp. - 12mo. - {2}


(18)58 Aug. 25
(St. Louis de Gonzague, R.U., Sister): Montpellier, (France)
 to (Archbishop Anthony Blanc: New Orleans, Louisiana)

(Blanc)'s letter of March 18 was delayed; she often measured this date with the December 12 date of the preceding one. On Passion Saturday she was taken with the gripps. This illness recalled the one on the night they passed in sight of New York which developed during the course of the trip. Deprived of Holy Communion for almost a month she had the consolation of weekly Confession, a custom for the sick. Besides this cause of (Sister)'s not writing, she also was busy with her music. (Blanc) is to pray that she will love this hidden and humble life, so contrary to her nature and former customs. Although (Sister) has only the claim of adoption on their Mother's love, (Sister) will never cease to love and venerate her. In the last lines of (Blanc)'s letter, (Sister) believes she discerns some new cares which make (Blanc) fear the burden he carries; she is confident that Providence will accord him the personnel to aid him in reaping the harvest of a Church he has built. (Sister) is a little disappointed in not receiving a word about the different subjects in her last letter of Feb(ruary) 4. She hopes that (Blanc) will inform Sister S. of what was for her. What (Blanc) says of S.'s head is quite right but she is so good. S.'s views on the religious life do not seem too clear but this can be attributed in part to the Protestant arguments which have naturally crept into so simple a heart. Recently Sister de Chantal, Superior at Galveston, wrote to Mother and Sister St. Stanislas, (R.U.) took the occasion to send (Sister) a few lines. It was not until the departure of Father Chambodut and no doubt the arrival of Father Padey that she learned of (Sister)'s stay here. Sister Ste. Félicité. (R.U.), who had been sent to Galveston, returned to N(ew) O(rleans) and one of the two postulants brought by Father Cham(bodut) was not(?) reunited with her companions of the trip received at Galveston. There were 5, among them a sister of Chambodut. It seems that Sister Chantal continues as Superior. They have not had news from San Antonio since the election of Sister Ste. Eulalie, (R.U.). In France there are about 60 Communities of Ursulines, united by prayers. The Trappistines are also united with them as well as the Ladies of the Institute of Ste. Genevieve. In March they lost two Sisters, Sister Ste. Colombe, 39, and Sister Marie Gonzague, 36. (Sister), used to seeing burials above ground, was affected by their burial a few feet underground. Last Monday the Carmelite Fathers came to give the scapular to about 30 of the students. It recalled (Sister)'s receiving it from (Blanc) more than seventeen years ago. Next Monday, the 31st, they will celebrate the feast of their foundress, deferred from the 24th because of Pentecost. Her letter will arrive too late to asks for a remembrance on the 21st of next month. Perhaps (Blanc) already knows of the "Chronicle of the Order of St. Ursula" edited by Charles de Ste. Foi. On March 15 there was an eclipse of the sun; astronomers predict another one for July 18, 1860. This week they have had a north wind which has made the crops and gardens suffer. (Sister) received a letter from her aunt telling of the fear of a crevasse near Félicie's house and of the floods. Clotilde has been staying near her sister's house since January. (Blanc) is to tell Father Rousselon how grateful (Sister) is for his visits to her Aunt Irma. Aunt Féliciane wrote about it. Reverend Mother told (Sister) to tell (Blanc) that his daughter is not always amiable; this does not embarrass (Sister) too much as she is not too bad.

VI-1-o - A.L. - (French) - 6pp. - 4to. - {6}


1858 Aug 25
Vignonet, Father E(leazar): St. Michael, (Louisiana)
 to Father (Stephen Rousselon: New Orleans, Louisiana)

Vignonet asks for a dispensation for Joseph Legendre and Corine Gaudin. Also one in favor of a negro named Moise whom Father Paris instructed and an unbaptized negress.

VI-1-o - A.L.S. - (French) - 1p. - 4to. - {3}


1858 Aug. 26
Baraga, Frederick, Bishop of Saut Ste. Marie: Saut Ste. Marie, Mich(igan)
 to Bishop (Peter Paul) Lefevere: Detroit, (Michigan)

Baraga has just returned from a trip to the Lake Superior missions, and found the note and the money which Lefevere had sent him. He encloses the second draft. He had not forgotten to send it but had thought one draft would be sufficient. In the future he will always send both.

III-2-i - A.L.S. - 1p. - 8vo. - {1}


1858 Aug. 26
Lastugue: Mexico
 to Father (Stephen) Rousselon: New Orleans, (Louisiana)

Father (Louis Augustine) Maréchaux has asked Lastugue to send this bond for 177 piastres to be cashed at New Orleans. Rousselon is to acknowledge receipt of it; Maréchaux will get the amount from Rousselon.

VI-1-o - A.L.S. - (French) - 1p. - 4to. - {2}


1858 Aug. 26
Ledoux, Martial: Muskegon, (Michigan)
 to Bishop Peter Paul (Lefevere): Detroit, (Michigan)

Ledoux writes Lefevere to change Father (John) G( ) Steinhauser, the pastor of Muskegon, for the salvation of souls. Not that he is a bad priest but that he lacks ability to serve the people. He does nothing about the drunkards; Sundays the groceries are more full with Catholics than his church. People have no confidence in him because he does not command respect. He suggests another priest, young and learned. A good preacher in English and French would do wonders; most Canadians speak only French. He wishes to do nothing to hurt Steinhauser. He asks Lefevere to keep all this a secret.

III-2-i - A.L.S. - (French) - 3pp. - 12mo. - {3}


1858 Aug. 26
Marco, Father (Martin): Grand Rapids, (Michigan)
 to Bishop (Peter Paul Lefevere): (Detroit, Michigan)

(Father Francis Van Erp), the priest of the Irish Church is preparing a class of children for First Communion for Sept. 5. He suggests that Lefevere have Confirmation on that day in Marco's Church (Immac. Conception) at any hour the bishop will choose. After First Communion of the Irish children, Since Fathers Van Erp and (Hugh) Quigley do not wish to have Confirmation in their church this year, Marco will expect Lefevere with opened arms in the German church that is so attached to Lefevere. He extends the respect of the priests of the Irish church and of Scribner, Schidel, and Rhys. He hopes Mr. Riets and Domiteo can come during the mission.

III-2-i - A.L.S. - (French) - 3pp. - 8vo. - {4}


1858 Aug. 26
O'Rorke, F.: Quebec, (Canada)
 to Archbishop (Anthony Blanc: New Orleans, Louisiana)

O'Rorke of St. Pat(ric)k's Church of Quebec, writes concerning the family of Pat(ric)k McLoughlin, wife Mary, and two children who left here last call. From the cruel way McLaughlin used to treat his wife, O'Rorke is afraid he will throw her desolate on the world in a strange place. If anything should happen O'Rorke asks (Blanc) to instruct the parish priest to find her and tell her that O'Rorke would send her the means to bring her and her children to a home. O'Rorke signs as a grocer and wine merchant.

VI-1-o - A.L.S. - 2pp. - 4to. - {2}


1858 Aug. 27
Rappe, Bishop Amadeus, of: Cleveland, (Ohio)
 to Most Rev. (John Baptist Purcell): of Cincinnati, Ohio

Baltimore and New York are vieing with one another for the right to Publish the Catholic Almanac. Rappe wants to know Archbishop Purcell's feelings on the matter so that he can agree with him. He asks where he must apply to obtain Jesuit missionaries. He would also like Redemptorist fathers.

II-4-n - A.L.S. - (French) - 3pp. - 12vo. - {2}


1858 Aug. 27
Stahl, G. Antonius Bishop of Wurzburg: Wurzburg, Bavaria
 to Archbishop John Baptist Purcell: Cincinnati, Ohio

Bishop Stahl acknowledges (Purcell's) of June 12 and says that he has no objection to Father Charles Schraudenback being received in the Cincinnati archdiocese, since he has known him even as a youth, but since Schraudenback has obtained his transfer to the diocese of Milwaukee he is subject now to that See. Schraudenback has written to Bishop Stahl and as the latter has lost the letter he asks (Purcell) to convey this same message to him.

II-4-n - A.L.S. - (Latin) - 2pp. - 12mo. - {2}


1858 Aug. 28
Bonnaffé, Father: (New Orleans, Louisiana?)
 to Archbishop (Anthony Blanc: New Orleans, Louisiana)

After the deplorable scene at Algiers, it is probable that Father (Paul) Guérard will not stay there long. In return for all Bonnaffé has done in the diocese for 27 months, Bonnaffé asks that English not be an obstacle to his request. He understands it a little and a few days' practice would make him qualified. In the meantime, the Jesuits would come to his aid. Father (Aloysius) Curioz. (S.J.) has offened his services. A little later Bonnaffé will need an assistant. If (Blanc) replies he is to address it to the convent rather than the Archbishop's house as he would like to keep it secret. (The letter is forwarded to) Lafayette.

VI-1-o - A.L.S. - (French) - 2pp. - folio - {4}


1858 Aug. 28
Camus, Théo(dore) E.: New Orleans, (Louisiana)
 to Archbishop Anthony Blanc: New Orleans, (Louisiana

Camus sends in the name of the Catholic Creoles of Algiers, a protest signed by more than 300 persons (no enclosure), against the criminal attempt made on their pastor on the 19th. Blanc will see by this that it is an isolated act regretted by all. P.S. This list will be followed by two others signed by the American congregation.

VI-1-n - A.L.S. - (French) - 1p. - 4to. - {2}


(18)58 Aug. 28
Maragliani, C.M., Father S(tanislas) T.: Donaldsonville, (Louisiana)
 to Archbishop (Anthony Blanc: New Orleans, Louisiana)

Maragliani asks to have a barrel of Mass wine sent to them. Father (Anthony) Andrieux, (C.M.) and Maragliani are convalescent and Father (Charles) Boglioli, (C.M.) is well.

VI-1-o - A.L.S. - (French) - 1p. - 4to. - {3}


1858 Aug. 29
Argurio, Mario: Baton Rouge, L(ouisian)a
 to Father (Stephen) Rousselon: N(ew) O(rleans, Louisiana)

Argurio has written several times but has received no reply. He would like to receive news of Mother St. André. (R.U.) and of his little daughter. He would be much obliged if Rousselon would write to his family at Messina; he wants news of his mother, brothers, sisters. The letters are to be addressed to his brother, Emmanuel Argurio, and Rousselon is not to let them know that Mario is in prison. He asks Rousselon to get him out of here. When he came into court he could see that the witnesses were false. The one Argurio knew and who testified against him was not there when the affair took place. The one who chased him is the one who killed the man. He won over Argurio's lawyer who, instead of taking an appeal, did not appear Argurio, not knowing this, had no chance to get another lawyer. (P.S.) Rousselon is to send his letters in care of Father D(arius) Hubert, (S.J.), Pastor of St. Joseph's Church.

VI-1-o - L.S. - (French) - 3pp. - 4to. - {4}


1858 Aug. 29
Pulsers, Father J(ames) J.: Haren, Holland
 to Bishop (Peter Paul Lefevere): (Detroit, Michigan)

Pulsers arrived safely in Rosendaal on July 16; he has called on Father (Peter) Kindekens. They will go to see the Bishop of Munster (John Gregory Mueller) who seems anxious to erect a college for missionaries for America; Kindekens thinks it well for the bishop to send his subjects to Louvain. Pulsers requests his exeat of Lefevere in case of his being annoyed. He grieves that one or two priests are aware of his trouble. He will write Father (Cornelius) Moutard to continue the school one month more in Sylvan, and afterward 2 months in Dexter; there is no other means to instruct the children for Confirmation. If these two congregations cannot be induced to pay the teacher, Miss Teresa Geraghty the dues owed him in Sylvan and the pew rent in Dexter still suffice; if nothing can be obtained, Pulsers will pay it. Father Francis (Van Erp?) is to stay in his house until Pulsers writes him to leave. Pulsers has proposed to the Sisters at Roosendale to come to Detroit; they are eager to do so but cannot spare any subjects for one or two years. They ask for an American woman to come and live with them to teach them English and American ways. The Sisters would prefer Grand Rapids to a small place like Dexter at first. Father (Charles L.) De Ceuninck suggested Grand Rapids to them and Kindekens agrees. If they come they will keep what they call "bewaarscholen" as well as a school for other children.

III-2-i - A.L.S. - 4pp. - 8vo. - {10}


1858 Aug. 30
Langlois, Father (Auguste) Barthelemy: Pointe à la Hache, (Louisiana)
 to Archbishop (Anthony Blanc: New Orleans, Louisiana)

Up to now Langlois has been embarrassed at funerals because the church has nothing suitable for them. The fee for burials is quite high, $100 for first class; $50 for second class, and $25 for the third. Langlois has thought it necessary to buy a black cope, a velour catafalque, some large wooden candlesticks. It has cost him $98 but he still lacks some things. In order not to be in contradiction with Article 19 of the third diocesan synod, he asks for permission to exceed $100. He has also bought a benediction cope for $45 in his own name which he asks permission to transfer to the church. His relations with the parishioners grow better day by day and the Communions multiply.

VI-1-o - A.L.S. - (French) - 2pp. - 4to. - {2}


1858 Aug. 30
Rousselon, Father E(tienne): N(ew) O(rleans, Louisiana)
 to Archbishop (Anthony Blanc:

Father (Henry) Aubert died yesterday a quarter of an hour before midnight. It is a terrible blow. Burial took place at 9 o'clock today. The church was filled. Rousselon does not know if this letter will reach (Blanc).

VI-1-o - A.L.S. - (French) - 1p. - 12mo. - {2}


1858 Aug. 31
Gaudet, O.M.I., Father A(ugustin): Brownsville, (Texas)
 to Father (Stephen) Rousselon: N(ew) Orleans, (Louisiana)

Bishop (Peter Barajas) of St. Luis Potosi, a secular priest, and 20 religious of two different orders, expelled from Mexico by Zuazua, arrived yesterday at Matamoros. These exiles have been welcomed everywhere by the people and all their expenses paid. Thursday they will go to Brownsville. The day after their arrival Gaudet went to Matamoros to offer their little house to the Bishop as a refuge. The Bishop said that for the moment he would remain with his religious in a house rented a mile from Brownsville. Bishop (John Mary) Odin is to arrive in Brownsville tomorrow or the day after. This could bring some consolation to the exiled Bishop. Perhaps Odin will persuade him to go to Galveston. Gaudet sends this information so that if the Bishop wants to go to New Orleans he will not arrive unannounced. As long as he stays in Brownsville Gaudet will make it his duty to alleviate as much as he can, the painful situation of a man of 62 years.

VI-1-o - A.L.S. - (French) - 3pp. - 4to. - {4}


(1858) Aug. 31
McMahon, Father George: Jackson, (Louisiana)
 to Father (Stephen Rousselon: New Orleans, Louisiana)

McMahon received the harmonium last night but no letter. They are well pleased and grateful. Toward the end of the year they will send the balance. The instrument had to undergo the quarantine which is rigidly enforced in Clinton, Jackson, and Greenburg.

VI-1-o - A.L.S. - 1p. - 12mo. - {2}


1858 Aug. 31
Mullon, Father J(ames) I(gnatius): (New Orleans, Louisiana)

Returns for the month of Aug(ust) from (St. Patrick's Church).

VI-1-o - A.D.S. - 1p. - 4to. - {1}