University of Notre Dame


Brownson, O(restes) A.:

Letters from the Sacred Congregation of Propaganda Fide to various persons in the United States, Ireland and Rome dealing with Brownson. The collection includes microfilms, photostats derived from the microfilms, typed passages referring to Brownson in the letters and translations from Italian of those passages. These are copies of letters sent out and are from the "Lettere," vol. 351 (1860) and 352 (1861).

1860 Dec. 15
(Barnabo, Cardinal Alessandro, Prefect:
Sacred Congregation de Propaganda Fide Rome, Italy)
 to (Father Jeremiah W.) Cummings: (New York, New York)

Barnabo is disturbed by the article in the October (Brownson's) Review by Brownson on the Temporal power of the Holy Father which he says is offensive to a sincerely Catholic heart and in open conflict with the opinions of the American episcopacy. Barnabo has also been disturbed by Cummings' own article in the same publication on "Vocations to the priesthood" because it appears in such a publication and because, while it is in agreement with the decrees of the Sacred Congregation on a native clergy, it must give offense to those who are not natives.

1860 Dec. 19
(Barnabo, Cardinal Alessandro, Prefect:
Sacred Congregation de Propaganda Fide Rome, Italy)
 to Father William McCloskey Rector of the:
American College,(Rome, Italy)

Brownson's Review of October, 1860, has some views about the temporal power of the Holy Father that have caused some surprise. McCloskey is not to let the periodical be distributed among the students of his college. He should know that the Archbishop of Baltimore (Francis P. Kenrick) and the Bishop of Buffalo (John Timon) have had these articles criticized in their diocesan newspapers.

1861 Mar. 7
(Barnabo, Cardinal Alessandro, Prefect:
Sacred Congregation de Propaganda Fide Rome, Italy)
 to (Father Jeremiah W.) Cummings: New York, (New York)

Barnabo saw with satisfaction what Cummings wrote concerning Brownson's Review. He has read with satisfaction the letter of Brownson. As to Cummings he is pleased that Cummings had decided to suspend his articles on priestly vocations.

1861 Mar. 13
(Barnabo, Cardinal Alessandro,:
Prefect Sacred Congregation de Propaganda Fide Rome, Italy)
 to Archbishop Paul Cullen of: Dublin, Ireland

In answer to Cullen's letter of February 18 on Brownson he can say that he has written to America to stop the proprogation of the errors and has been successful. He has also a letter from Brownson which is very satisfying.

1861 Jun. 25
(Barnabo, Cardinal Alessandro, Prefect:
Sacred Congregation de Propaganda Fide Rome, Italy)
 to Father Jeremiah W. Cummings: (New York, New York)

Barnabo says it has been called to his attention that Brownson has again written on the Temporal power of the Holy Father something that calls for disapproval. He does not have the article at hand and cannot single out the parts for disapproval. Because of Cummings' influence on Brownson a few months ago he asks him again to exercise that influence and mention this situation to Brownson.

1861 Aug. 31
(Barnabo, Cardinal Alessandro, Prefect:
Sacred Congregation de Propaganda Fide Rome, Italy)
 to Father Jeremiah W. Cummings: (New York, New York)

When Barnabo read Brownson's letter of January which Cummings enclosed with his letter of January 15 he would not have thought it possible that Brownson would write again the same idea, but he understands that Brownson in the July issue has published even more extraordinary things, foreign to sound doctrine, and repeats the calumnies of unbelievers and Protestants against the Church, and that he says that Catholics identify religion with despotism and want to make men Catholics with very little use of the intelligence. Also he understands that Brownson wants the Church to change her doctrine and asserts that the eternal pains of hell are not de fide. Barnabo does not have the articles at hand in which Brownson says these things but he asks Cummings to make Brownson realize his grave errors and to urge him to pull himself back from the precipice. Brownson by his writings is proving that those new in the faith should concentrate on instructing themselves rather than in attempting to teach others. He will also write to Archbishop (John) Hughes on this matter and ask him to take care that his flock is not exposed to harm.

1861 Sept. 12
(Barnabo, Cardinal Alessandro, Prefect:
Sacred Congregation de Propaganda Fide
 to Father Jeremiah W. Cummings: (New York, New York)

Barnabo does not hesitate a moment to acknowledge Cummings' letter including the letter of Brownson. He is so satisfied with the spirit of Brownson's letter that had it reached him a few days earlier he would not have written to Cummings complaining of Brownson's inexactness. He is also writing to Archbishop Hughes that with these explanations from Brownson the Archbishop will not have to take action against him. He is sure that Brownson will correct his error on the pains of hell in the next issue, but he also notes an error in Brownson's letter that there is no salvation, at least for him, outside the Church. Barnabo says that there is salvation for no one outside the Church. Happy with Brownson's statements, he asks Cummings to offer Brownson consolation in his trials.

1861 Nov. 14
(Barnabo, Cardinal Alessandro, Prefect:
Sacred Congregation de Propaganda Fide Rome, Italy)
 to Archbishop Paul Cullen, of: Dublin, Ireland

Regarding Brownson, Barnabo says that he became aware of Brownson's errors some months ago and wrote to Archbishop Hughes about him and also warned Brownson through a close friend. Brownson dictated a reply with good intentions, although not exact in expression, with a promise to correct his errors in a subsequent issue. Archbishop Hughes also said that since the Review would not last it would be suitable to ignore the errors rather than revive it with a polemic.

N.B. The following are on the film and photostats in Latin but are not transcribed into typescript or translated.

1861 Aug. 31
(Barnabo, Cardinal Alessandro, Perfect:
Sacred Congregation de Propaganda Fide Rome, Italy)
 to Archbishop John Hughes of: New York, (New York)

Brownson's Review of July 1861 was reported to the Sacred Congregation as repeating calumnies of unbelievers and Protestants against Catholicism, making the Catholic religion a despotism, and saying that the doctrine of the pains of hell was not de fide. Hughes is requested to take action against Brownson to protect his flock and the youth from these errors.

1861 Sept. 12
Barnabo, Cardinal Alessandro, Prefect:
Sacred Congregation de Propaganda Fide Rome, Italy)
 to Archbishop John Hughes: New York, New York

A few days ago Barnabo wrote to Hughes about Brownson. Shortly after that he heard from Brownson through Father Cummings in which a letter by Brownson, while not entirely correct, shows that he desires to be correct and docile and is ready to retract any errors in future issues of the Review.

1861 Nov. 15
(Barnabo, Cardinal Alessandro, Prefect:
Sacred Congregation de Propaganda Fide Rome, Italy)
 to Archbishop John Hughes: (New York)

Barnabo has received Hughes' letter regarding Brownson, After reading carefully what Hughes says and weighing the matter, the Cardinal accepts Hughes' opinion about what should be done.

N.B. The following letter is not among those filmed and photostated but the passage concerning Brownson was transcribed in typescript and translated.

1861 Feb. 18
Cullen, Paul, Archbishop: Dublin, Ireland
 to Cardinal Alessandro Barnabo, Prefect:
(Sacred Congregation de propaganda FideRome, Italy)

In his letter on other matters Cullen asks permission to mention Brownson, the publisher of a literary periodical in New York. He is a convert from Protestantism and in the past has tenaciously defended the papal power. Now in the January issue of the Review he has changed sides and says that those who hold for the preservation of the Temporal power are enemies of the Church. Cullen has long believed that converts do not deserve much confidence and notes that they are spreading wrong ideas in England. Father (John Henry) Newman named Brownson a professor at the Catholic University and invited him to Dublin but Cullen opposed this and avoided this scourge. Brownson's periodical is much read in Ireland and England. Cullen adds that among the professors chosen by Newman were others of the same kind as Brownson.

I-4-g - Transcriptions orginally in - Italian and Latin - {13}

1860 Jan. 1
O'Connor, J.: Natchez, (Mississippi)
 to Father F(rancis) X(avier) Leray: Vicksburg, (Mississippi)

Leray is to return the $11.50 surplus O'Connor sent him. English is of Memphis: the subscription was given by his men near Lake Providence. Maguire is of Lake Providence; he paid all he had stopped from the men. Knox and Manning's account O'Connor had left for Demaine, English's foreman, for collection. Simms(?) is of Columbia, Arkansas; Chapman of Knoxville; Trainor of Dubuque, his contract was at Carolina Landing. Meath is of Memphis. Neither Meath nor English were in Memphis when O'Connor called this summer or he would have endeavored to collect from them also.

VI-2-c - A.L.S. - 2pp. - 12mo. - {1}

1860 Jan. 1
Cauvin, Father D. André: (Terre aux Boeufs, Louisiana)
 to Archbishop (Anthony Blanc: New Orleans, Louisiana)

Since circumstances prevent Cauvin from going tomorrow to the city to make known his wishes he will try to do it by letter.

VI-2-c - A.L.S. - (French) - 1p. - 16mo. - {1}

1860 Jan. 1
Spalding, M(artin) J., Bishop of Louisville: Louisville, (Kentucky)
 to Archbishop (John Baptist) Purcell: of (Cincinnati, Ohio)

He wishes Purcell a most happy New Year. He was disappointed that Purcell did not come by way of Louisville on his way to or from New Orleans. Bishop (Richard P.) Miles of Nashville also was disappointed. Spalding's History of the Reformation is in press. It contains more matter than Dr. Monahan's Triumph of the Church which (Orestes A.) Brownson says is the best. He was pleased with the ceremonies at Mobile and hopes Father (Gabriel) Chalon will be happy.

P.S. They are getting up a house of refuge in Louisville. They are trying to get a charter that will render it harmless. It will not be as bad as Purcell's which he judges is infamous.

II-5-a - A.LS. - 3pp. - 12mo. - {2}

1860 Jan. 1
Usannaz, S.J., Father A(nselm): G(rand) C(outeau), (Louisiana)
 to Archbishop (Anthony Blanc): (New Orleans, Louisiana)

Their students at St. Charles continue to work diligently. Father (Maria) Montagnan who had arrived from New Orleans broken in health has recovered. Not so Father (Joseph A.?) Lutz from Missouri who is very ill with a disease of the chest.

VI-2-c - A.L.S. - (French) - 1p. - 8vo. - {3}

1860 Jan. 2
Callaert, Father D(esiderius): Monroe, (Michigan)
 to Bishop (Peter Paul Lefevere): (Detroit, Michigan)

Callaert has twice found the relics of the altar stone of Stonycreek fallen out and on consulting Bouvier found that the stone loses consecration when relics are removed. All goes well with regard to the new church. All approve the plan of Father Dumon's (Edmund Dumont) church. They are taxed 2 %. Mr. O'Conner of Monroe gave $50, several others of Monroe feel interested in Stonycreek's church. The church was crowded; 178 received Holy Communion. It was voted that John Dunn shall be treasurer and that the new building must begin in May. Lefevere is to let Callaert know in whose name the notes are to be drawn and how the deed should be made. He asks leave to be absent from Monroe as often as not absolutely needed as he is so often wanted in Stonycreek.

III-2-j - A.L.S. - 4pp. - 12mo. - {3}

1860 (Jan? 2
Finotti, (Rev.) J(oseph) M.: Brookline, Mass(achusetts)
 to (Orestes A.) Brownson (Elizabeth, New Jersey):

The first thing Father Finotti read when he recovered from his recent illness was Brownson's Review. He congratulates Brownson on his reply to the scribbler of Worcester (?). He felt some trepidation when he reached page 126, but reached the end of the Review awed by gentleness in the rest of the periodical. "B. and the puppies of the Y.C.F. of Boston" can do Brownson no harm, but he warned Brownson that he would get justice only after death.

I-3-o - A.L.S. - 2pp. - 12mo. - {1}

1860 Jan. 2
(Gillespie, C.S.C.), Sister M(ary) of St. Angel:
St. Mary's Academy Notre Dame, I(ndian)a
 to O(restes) A. Brownson (Elizabeth, New Jersey):

(Mother) Angela acknowledges Brownson's letter. She asks if she should select from Emerson and Carlyle for her reader and what extracts she should use. She wants to preface all selections with notices of the authors. Brownson is to correct the proof sheets. She is waiting to hear from other religious institutions before arranging the number with the publisher to be printed. She will write to Mrs. (James) Sadlier this week. She has the approbation of several Archbishops and Bishops.

I-3-o - A.L.S. - 4pp. - 10mo. - {2}

1860 Jan. 3
Burnett, Peter H.: New York (New York)
 to (Orestes A.) Brownson (Elizabeth, New Jersey):

Burnett leaves by steamer for California on the fifth because of poor health. He is sending a copy of his work to be reviewed. He used the English Protestant version for his quotations for three reasons: fidelity to his undertaking to give the path which led him to the Church; the work is mainly intended for Protestant readers; and the King James' version is more strongly in favor the main points in his argument. The work has been approved by the Jesuit president of Santa Clara College and has been left in the form as approved. He read the main chapters to his son-in-law, Mr. Ryland, and he was converted.

Jan. 4

He requested his friends to procure passage for him, but they refused, saying he was in no condition to go to sea. He has determined to stay longer.

I-3-o - A.L.S. - 3pp. - 8vo. - {2}

1860 Jan. 3
(Elder), Bishop William Henry: Natchez, (Mississippi)
 to Father F(rancis) X(avier) Leray: (Vicksburg, Mississippi)

Leray is to recommend that each of the faithful offer a Holy Communion for the protection of Pope Pius IX. The Provincial Council of New Orleans will open on January 22 and continue until January 29. The spiritual exercises for the clergy will begin on the evening of February 8 and continue till the morning of February 15. (P.S.) Leray is to communicate the above to Father A(ndrew) Bennett. Elder was told that Leray's housekeeper had a disreputable name in Natchez. Elder understood she was from St. Louis and New Orleans.

VI-2-c - A.L.S. - 2pp. - 4to. - {3}

1860 Jan. 4
(Charbonnel), Bishop Ar(mand) F.M. de: Toronto, (Ontario)
 to Archbishop (Anthony Blanc): (New Orleans, Louisiana)

(Charbonnel) desires to finish his career as a missionary bishop rather than as a bishop of any other see in the world. New Orleans seems to demand a combination of prudence and supernatural folly. If the pope tells him to go to (Blanc), (Charbonnel) will come. It is not difficult for him to preach in English; it is in the confessional and in administration that English fails him. He leaves for Rome where he will meet four of his colleagues on business involving $27,310 concerning several Canadian dioceses. He leaves Toronto February 4 and Portland the 11th; he must stop at Montreal. It will be an excellent occasion to confer with the Holy Father. (Blanc) is to use him as he will; it is not certain that he will be called to be (Blanc)'s coadjutor but he will always be happy to have him as his bishop. He sends greetings to (Blanc)'s vicar general, an old friend. His vicar general, Father (J.M.) Bruyere, is inclined to offer his services as a missionary. He understands and speaks English perfectly. Still he holds off leaving Bishop (John Joseph) Lynch.

VI-2-c - A.L.S. - (French) - 3pp. - 12mo. - {3}

1860 Jan. 5
Cass, (Lewis) O.: Washington, D. C.
 to O(restes) A. Brownson: (Elizabeth, New Jersey)

Brownson's letter was received. He wished he were able to grant the request. He learned that Brownson's son (Henry F. Brownson) was a promising young man. There was a hope of Henry being appointed a paid bearer of dispatches. The matter was related to Mr. Cochrane and Cass told him that he would write Brownson. The practice of sending paid bearers of dispatches was discontinued by the department before Cass entered because such requests were so numerous. Most dispatches were sent by mail. There have been very few that required the services of a special messenger.

I-3-o - A.L.S. - 5pp. - 12mo. - {2}

1860 Jan. 5
Cochrane, John: Wash(ington), (D.C.)
 to O(restes) A. Brownson: (Elizabeth, New Jersey)

In reply to a letter sent by Brownson, Cochrane writes that the Secretary of State cannot comply. That it was an inflexible rule not to send dispatches except by mail or by special cabinet appointment. Senators and Governors have applied for the same favor. The rule cannot be broken.

I-3-o - A.L.S. - 2pp. - 12mo. - {1}

1860 Jan. 5
Corbett, (Rev.) Michael, S. J.: Chicago, (Illinois)
 to (Orestes A.) Brownson: (Elizabeth, New Jersey)

The Review is slow in reaching the Jesuit Fathers in Chicago. He could not find the local agent, if there is one, so he writes direct to Brownson. The article in the last number contained two or three words that might give offense, but not if understood with the whole article. He is as Celtic himself as anyone, and he read it with interest.

I-3-o - A.L.S. - 2pp. - 16to. - {1}

1860 Jan. 5
Fitzgerald, John: Albany, (New York)
 to (Orestes A.) Brownson: (Elizabeth, New Jersey)

The Catholic Literary Societies are closing their lecture series on January 25, and he asks if Brownson could give the closing lecture. If not, he asks when he can come. They hope he has recovered from his recent illness and look for an early reply.

I-3-o - A.L.S. - 1p. - 8vo. - {1}

1860 Jan. 5
Stith, Gerard: New Orleans, Louisiana
 to Archbishop Antoine Blanc: (New Orleans), Louisiana

Stith, mayor of New Orleans, asks Blanc to join his clergy on Sunday, January 8, for the purpose of celebrating by a Te Deum, the anniversary of that day.

VI-2-c - A.L.S. - 1p. - 4to. - {1}

1860 Jan. 6
Maistre, Father C(laude) P(ascal): N(ew) O(rleans), (Louisiana)
 to Archbishop (Anthony) Blanc: (New Orleans, Louisiana)

The suicide of a young negro took place near Bayou St. Jean. The corpse was taken to his parents' house opposite Mr. Cotter's house. The parents probably heard that Maistre would not consent to make the burial without permission from ecclesiastical authority. The two priests of St. Anne's Church took the body with all possible pomp to their church where there was a third priest and all the rites of the Church were observed for a deliberate suicide. Should not Maistre have been consulted? Maistre has no right to accuse any of his confreres but if there are to be no limits than there would be no pastors.

VI-2-c - A.L.S. - (French) - 2pp. - 4to. - {2}

1860 Jan. 6
Martet, E.: Pas de Calais, France
 to Archbishop (Anthony Blanc): (New Orleans, Louisiana)

Martet received Blanc's letter of August 26 and had taken the examination on the 24th. She presented the letter to the head of the Academy at Arras and obtained employment. It is a bad enough appointment no doubt but one must begin with what one can get. She began work on October 19. She is grateful to Blanc; her mother joins her in expressing good wishes. She has no news of the Bienvenu family in spite of the formal engagement made by Charles in the interest of his niece. She asks Blanc to remember her to Judge Bermudez. (She signs with the title of) governess.

VI-2-c - A.L.S. - (French) - 2pp. - 12mo. - {1}

1860 Jan. 6
White, Jenny C.: New York, (New York)
 to (Orestes A.) Brownson: (Elizabeth, New Jersey)

Miss White writes for her Mother to explain why Sarah Brownson has remained over the week-end. Sarah developed a sore throat. Doctor Hewit advised her to remain under his care for the week-end. She is taking good care of herself and will continue to do so.

I-3-o - A.L.S. - 2pp. - 12mo. - {2}

1860 Jan. 7
Bertail, Father J.M.: Paincourtville, (Louisiana)
 to Archbishop (Anthony Blanc: New Orleans, Louisiana)

Valere Landry and Marie Landry ask a dispensation from consanguinity in the second degree in order to marry.

VI-2-c - A.L.S. - (French) - 1p. - 12mo. - {3}

(186-) Jan. 9
Dubreul, S.S., Father J(osep)h Paul: Balti(more, Maryland)
 to Bishop (Francis P.) McFarland of Hartford: Providence, Rhode Island

Dubreul has received McFarland's letter and is surprised that Father (James) Campbell has not arrived at Providence. He spoke of stopping in the vicinity of Providence and Dubreul hopes that he has now arrived. He knows of no priest disposible or qualified to be a chaplain. He did not forget what McFarland told him in Providence about his need of a French priest. Dubreul was on the point of writing to McFarland about such a priest but the man has decided to return South where he lived several years.

I-1-a - A.L.S. - 2pp. - 12mo. - {2}

1860 Jan. 10
Owen, Robert Dale: Philadelphia, (Pennsylvania)
 to (Orestes A.) Brownson: (Elizabeth, New Jersey)

Owen remarks that Brownson and he have changed their opinions but not in the same direction, since they last met. Brownson will find this proved in a copy of a book he is sending him. The gist of the book is in the chapter "Change at Death", with a portion of which Brownson will dissent, though nearer the Catholic than the Protestant views. He wishes Brownson to review the book. A glance at the book will show that it does not treat of "spiritualism" or "evoked spirits". Some of the views on death will not please Brownson but they are closer the Catholic view than most Protestant views are. Perhaps Brownson will notice the book in the Review. He sends the copy in care of Dunnigan. It is not a treatise on Spiritualism; it treats of spontaneous and not evoked phenomena.

I-3-o - A.L.S. - 4pp. - 12mo. - {1}

1860 Jan. 12
Andrieu, C.M., Father A(nthony): Donaldsonville, (Louisiana)
 to Archbishop A(nthony) Blanc: (New Orleans, Louisiana)

A young woman suffering from consumption and living four miles from the church has asked Andrieu to say Mass in her home. Andrieu asks permission and also asks for a new faculty sheet.

VI-2-c - A.L.S. - (French) - 1p. - 8vo. - {1}

1860 Jan. 12
Gervais, Father J.H.: Newark, (New Jersey)
 to (Orestes A.) Brownson: (Elizabeth, New Jersey)

The article will only embrace the first part of the subject. Brownson has the two first proofs of this part. The third proof will add four or five pages. Brownson should make all the corrections he judges proper. (Enclosed: Manuscript entitled "Religion Independent of Free Will.")

I-3-o - A.L.S., A.D. - 22pp. - 4to. - {2}

1860 Jan. 12
McLaughlin, Father Michael: Fermanagh, Ireland
 to Archbishop (Anthony) Blanc: (New Orleans, Louisiana)

McLaughlin came home to Ireland because he thought the climate of New Orleans would not suit him and he was anxious to see his parents. The Bishop of McLaughlin's diocese does not want to let him say Mass unless he gets a letter from Blanc. P.S. McLaughlin has written Father J(eremiah?) Moynighan on the same subject.

VI-2-c - A.L.S. - 2pp. - 16mo. - {2}

1860 Jan. 12
Morel, Ernest: New Orleans, (Louisiana)

License for Father (Stephen) Rousselon to marry Charles Laprime and Thereze Roy.

VI-2-c - D.S. - 1p. - 32mo. - {3}

1860 Jan. 13
Hilton, G. H.: Cincinnati, Ohio
 to (Orestes A.) Brownson: (Elizabeth, New Jersey)

Hilton is happy to see Brownson attacking the insurgent errors. Hilton directs attention to an article signed "Killocia" in "The Catholic Telegraph" of Jan. 14th; he believes Judge Warden of Columbus, Ohio, wrote it. The Judge was raised a Catholic but turned Protestant and forsook the Democrats for the Republicans. Now he is again a Catholic and a Democrat, but not trusted by either the Church or the Democrats. He hates Brownson, the English, and the Jesuits. He hopes Brownson will take no notice of him. Hilton spoke recently to Bishop (George Carroll, S. J.) of Covington and he was willing to give $100 rather than see the Review go down. The Jesuits are also strong friends of Brownson. The Catholics of the country will not let Brownson fail. He has heard Bishop (John Baptist Purcell) say that Brownson wrote some of his articles under the influence of brandy. Judge Warden has published a book which Hilton understands is a continuation of some articles which he published in The Telegraph last year.

I-3-o - A.L.S. - 4pp. - 10mo. - {5}

 Photocopied Card - Do Not Transcribe 

1860 Jan. 13
Koch, Peter G.: Grand Rapids, (Michigan)
 to Bishop (Peter Paul Lefevere): Detroit, (Michigan)

Koch is returning a bill of sale previously received from Lefevere. The law suit is ended due to the plaintiff's failure to make out his case. Court costs, $10.30, must be paid by plaintiff; a good lesson which he ought to remember. All is harmonious around there. P.S. Asks for acknowledgement of bill of sale.

III-2-j - A.L.S. - 1p. - 8vo. - {1}

1860 Jan. 14
Foltier, Father E.J.: Vermillionville, (Louisiana)
 to Archbishop (Anthony Blanc: New Orleans, Louisiana)

In addition to the case which (Blanc) answered in his last letter, Foltier has others: 1. Is a marriage before a judge between Catholics valid if it is impossible for them to see a priest or if when they are able they are unwilling to do so? 2. In a marriage between a Catholic and a Protestant the marriage is illicit, but is it valid or not? 3. In a mixed marriage by a Protestant minister is the marriage valid, or is the Catholic in apostasy? How may he repent? Foltier would like answers to these questions for a rule for him and his confreres as they do not all agree. The pastor of New Iberia, (Father Joseph Outendirck?), is coming to Lafayette on Wednesday where he will meet Father (Anthony) de Chaignon and the three of them will make a statement of the partitions to make at the church. The pastor of St. Martin(ville), (Father Ange Marie Felix Jan) has promised to find the money to borrow. When nine months ago, Foltier sent (Blanc) a deed of gift for a school, his plan, since renounced, was to leave Lafayette. Also he wrote (Blanc) that there were 1000 piastres to be paid, 500 in 1860. Is it (Blanc)'s intention to make or terminate the payments? Later when all is in order, if (Blanc) wishes to accept it, it will be at his disposal.

- A.L.S. - (French) -

 On the same paper, notes in the handwriting of (Father Stephen Rousselon): 

1. If the two parties are Catholic their marriage before a judge is valid and licit in case they have no recourse to a priest. 2. Mixed marriages before a Protestant minister are always valid by virtue of the extension to the United States of the privileges accorded to Holland and Belgium, but they are always illicit. However, if they repent they may approach the Sacraments.

- A.L.Draft - (French) -

VI-2-c - A.L.S., A.L.Draft - (French) - 4pp. - 4to. - {9}

1860 Jan. 17
Thiae, Aglae: New Orleans, (Louisiana)

She gives permission for Father (Stephen) Rousselon to marry her servant Fain(?) to Silvin Rouselle. (In Rousselon's hand): Celebrated January 21; three witnesses. Also signed by Gaston Villars.

VI-2-c - A.D.S. - (French) - 1p. - 12mo. - {3}

1860 Jan. 18
(Elder), William Henry Bishop of Natchez: Natchez, (Mississippi)
 to Archbishop J(ohn) B(aptist) Purcell: of Cincinnati, (Ohio)

He wrote to Father F. Pont at Jackson, (Mississippi); he is nearer the point where Purcell lost his carpet bag than any other person and he knows some of the men on the trains. Elder is just starting for their Provincial Council.

II-5-a - A.L.S. - 1p. - 12mo. - {3}

1860 Jan. 18
Lynch, Bishop P(atrick) N(eeson): Charleston, (South Carolina)
 to Archbishop (Anthony) Blanc: N(ew) Orleans, (Louisiana)

Lynch introduces Judge Little of Newfoundland who is making a tour of the South for his health. Lynch asks Blanc to introduce Little to some of the Catholic lawyers of New Orleans.

VI-2-c - A.L.S. - 1p. - 16mo. - {2}

1860 Jan. 19
Brownson, Henry F.:

Passport issued to Brownson giving his description; countersigned for France Feb. 20, 1860.

III-3-h - Printed D.S. - 1p. - folio -

1860 Jan. 19
Putnam, Edw(ard): Northwhitefield, (Maine)
 to (Orestes A.) Brownson: (Elizabeth, New Jersey)

Putnam sent a manuscript to Brownson for publication in The Review before he had quite read the recent number. There seems to be some difference in their use of the word "civilization". The word was not used before the "present" century and, as used today, has a Christian origin. Perhaps an early edition of the Dictionary of the French Academy would settle the doubt. Christianity, although perhaps not essential to civilization, is an element in the name. It is suprising that the monied men like Donahoe shut their eyes and stop their ears to Brownson's argument. This proves how provident and sensuous is a certain class, dead to intellectual things, but sensitive to carnal pleasure and pain. Brownson has plenty of friends who have not the means to subscribe for the Review but who have wit to appreciate when they can borrow.

I-3-o - A.L.S. - 4pp. - 12mo. - {2}

(186-) Jan. 19
Cahill, Dr. D(aniel) W(illiam): Manchester, New Hampshire
 to Bishop (Francis P. McFarland of Hartford: Providence, Rhode Island)

Cahill decided not to write to McFarland until he could visit him. He has so many engagements in New Hampshire and Massachusetts that he will not go to Providence for a month. He is engaged to lecture in New York February 6. As soon as he finishes his lecture there he will go to Providence to do whatever the Bishop commands. He will give due notice to Dr. (Hugh) Carmody.

I-1-a - A.L.S. - 4pp. - 12mo. - {1}

(186?) Sat. 19
Hecker, Father Isaac T.: (New York, New York)
 to Orestes A. Brownson: (Elizabeth, New Jersey)

"I tried to get the documents and have not succeeded as yet." Father Hecker hopes to have them by Tuesday. The Archbishop (John McCloskey of New York) has not notated as implicitly as he had expected." The articles received are those in the July and the proof of the one for August which Brownson has already read.

I-3-o - A.L.S. - 1p. - 12mo. - {2}

1860 Jan. 20
Marco, Father M(artin): Grand Rapids, (Michigan)
 to Bishop (Peter Paul Lefevere): (Detroit, Michigan)

After an illness of 15 days, occasioned by the arduous work of his missions, Marco is obliged in conscience to give up the care of the most remote missions, and the most difficult for his health. He falls ill nearly everytime he is obliged to go to Dorr, Bayron and Selan; the rough road, the poor food and housing, beside the ingratitude of Catholics living there are the cause of his sickness. Another priest for Muskegon, Grand Haven, Croton, Manistee, Dorr, Bayron, Selan, is absolutely necessary. A reply is expected. If Father (Thomas) Brady can have another priest with him perhaps Marco can also.

III-2-j - A.L.S. - (French) - 3pp. - 8vo. - {10}

1860 Jan. 21
(Hughes), Archbishop John: New York, (New York)
 to Archbishop Anthony Blanc: New Orleans, (Louisiana)

(Hughes) received Blanc's favor of the 11th with the enclosure of the communication from the Cardinal Prefect. Such cases have occurred in New York. In view of Blanc's approaching Council (Hughes) ponders more on the dangers which threaten the Church through the assaults on the Pope. They have just celebrated their Provincial Council composed of 9 bishops including the metropolitan. They agreed upon a Pastoral Address to the clergy and laity of the whole Province expressing their sentiments in reference to the Italian Question. (Hughes) hopes that Blanc's Provincial Council has not separated previous to the receipt of this document which will be published in the Metropolitan Record of next week. (Hughes) is persuaded that a testimony from Blanc and his prelates on this subject will do much to console the Holy Father and to check those who labor to overthrow his temporal dominion. (Hughes) has had more than one intimation that the Catholics of this country are expected to speak out on this subject, but he has not been commissioned to speak a word of this to any prelate out of his own province.

VI-2-c - L.S. - 4pp. - 8vo. - {1}

1860 Jan. 21
Pourret, Father F(rancis) X(avier): Grand Rapids, (Michigan)
 to Bishop (Peter Paul Lefevere): (Detroit, Michigan)

Father (Hugh) Quigley is trying hard to nullify the deed to 20 acres by sending back the ticket of sale granted to Mr. Fitzpatrick by the State. No deed is out yet. Quigley was supposed to pay $300 to the State to enable Fitzpatrick to get a deed to 80 acres, of which Fitzpatrick would give a deed of 20 acres when said sum would be paid. As none of these conditions have been fulfilled, and whatever title Fitzpatrick gave to Quigley has been lawfully returned, lawyer Gray thinks that Lefevere's deed is null and void. If Pourret must get the Sisters, he cannot depend on this property. For that purpose he intends to open a subscription in the spring. Father (Charles L.) Dec(e)uninck's repeated visits to the Rapids have caused more harm than good to religion. He lied about John King's character, whose conduct according to Father (Henry) Rievers was without blame. He ran down the missionschool of 56 scholars, slandered Pourret, did not say Mass the whole week, was the laughing stock in Pat Walsh's grocery by whiskey drinkers, scared Father Van Erp away. Dec(e)uni(n)ck denies all charges and blames Pourret. Father Rievers will be at him for going to Cascade, etc. Rievers is at Pourret's house as witness to truth of his statements. Pourret is better paid than last quarter.

III-2-j - A.L.S. - 4pp. - 12mo. - {4}

1860 Jan. 21
Wehrle, Father M(ary) P(aul): Monroe, (Michigan)
 to Bishop (Peter Paul Lefevere): (Detroit, Michigan)

Wehrle desires to enter a religious order and begs Lefevere's leave to do so.

III-2-j - A.L.S. - 1p. - 12mo. - {1}

1860 Jan. 23
Lynch, Bishop P(atrick) N(eeson): Charleston, S(outh) C(arolina)
 to Archbishop (Anthony Blanc: New Orleans, Louisiana)

Lynch takes due note of the admonition of the Holy See in regard to Cuban marriages. He was cheated once. A man declared his intentions of becoming a citizen and brought Lynch the clerk's certificate. Lynch yielded. The man went back in three weeks and has not been heard from since.

VI-2-c - A.L.S. - 1p. - 8vo. - {1}

1860 Jan. 23
Mullaly, J(ohn): New York, (New York)
 to Archbishop (Anthony Blanc: New Orleans, Louisiana)

Mullaly, editor of the Metropolitan Record, sends the proofs of the Pastoral Address of which the Archbishop of New York informed (Blanc) by telegraph.

VI-2-c - A.L.S. - 1p. - 8vo. - {2}

1860 Jan. 23
(Pearce), Sister M. Eulalia: Wheeling, (West Virginia)
 to (Orestes A.) Brownson: (Elizabeth, New Jersey)

Sister Eulalia has enclosed this letter to Dunnigan for Brownson because she is not sure of Brownson's address. She has charge of the Children's Library. She has seen in the Catholic and Irish press the attacks that he has had to endure and she offers him her sympathy. She is pleased that his faith has not been dimmed. She promises him the proper reward for enduring there attacks. P.S. On seeing the last number of the Review she find that Sadlier is now handling it.

I-3-o - A.L.S. - 4pp. - 12mo - {1}

(18)60 Jan. 24
Deceuninck, Father Ch(arles) L.: Flint, (Michigan)
 to Bishop (Peter Paul Lefevere): (Detroit, Michigan)

Deceuninck encloses (no enclosure) all Lefevere has requested. At the time of his letter the pew rent was not all collected. Deceuninck had told Lefevere that during the night he was in Grand Rapids, (Michigan) some bad characters had been dislodged from one of Mr. King's houses, not from his own dwelling. It seems that Father (Francis Xavier) Pour(r)et said that the bishop had told him that Mr. and Mrs. King kept a house of ill fame. Deceuninck did not say so. King has asked him to tell Lefevere that he is about to sue Pourret. Deceuninck asks Lefevere to correct the misstatement if made at all.

III-2-j - A.L.S. - 2pp. - 12mo. - {3}

1860 Jan. 24
Duquercun, Aug(uste): New Orleans, Louisiana

License for Father (Anthony) Durier to marry Leon Jardet and Victorine Honore.

VI-2-c - D.S. - 1p. - 32mo. - {3}

1860 Jan. 25
Burnett, Peter H.: New York, (New York)
 to Archbishop John B(aptist) Purcell: of (Cincinnati, Ohio)

He sends Purcell a copy of his work which is now out. He is unwell and finds it necessary to return to Cal(ifornia). He would like to see Purcell before he goes but fears to take a trip to Cincinnati in his present condition. As he will not have any opportunity to know what attacks may be made on his work, he asks Purcell to send him the criticisms. He expects attacks from the Protestant press. He asks also that Purcell express his opinion of his work. If he is competent to render any service to the Church as an author he wishes to know it. Father (P ) Cahill has determined not to preach any more as his constitution will not stand it. He sends respects to Sister Loyola at the Convent of the Sisters of Notre Dame.

II-5-a - A.L.S. - 3pp. - 8vo. - {2}

1860 Jan. 25
Claessens, C.SS.R., Father L(ouis) H.: (Detroit?, Michigan)
 to Bishop P(eter) P(aul) Lefev(e)re: Detroit, (Michigan)

The church of Lansing, (Michigan) will be exposed to public sale unless steps are taken to meet the claims of the creditors. The men at the railroad whose subscriptions amounted to about $160 have been paid in store bills so are unable to pay as promised. Claessens suggests that Lefevere order a collection in the churches throughout the diocese or use some other means.

III-2-j - A.L.S. - 3pp. - 12mo. - {2}

1860 Jan. 25
Gray, W(illiam): Detroit, (Michigan)
 to Bishop (Peter Paul) Lefev(e)re: (Detroit, Michigan)

Gray finds that in the Beaubien case, Lefevere and others plead that they were purchasers without notice of Mark Beaubien's claim. Judge Wilkins sustained that plea and dismissed the bill. Beaubien's lawyers have appealed to the Supreme Court at Washington; a decision may go by default. Mr. Mimms is getting a letter printed and sent to the defendants.

III-2-j - A.L.S. - 2pp. - 12mo. - {2}

1860 Jan. 25
McMahon, Father Philip: Zaleski, (Ohio)
 to Archbishop (John Baptist) Purcell: (of Cincinnati, Ohio)

He was handed Purcell's letter when he came from Hamden on his way to Athens where he came to arrange about purchasing some church property. He has never taken the key from Wilkesville (Ohio) but left it with the person residing nearest the church, Patrick Ward. He never took a chalice belonging to the church as he has his own. He bought the furniture out of his own pocket at a constable's sale. He would be doing an injustice if he left the furniture with such malicious boors. The charges they make are lies.

II-5-a - A.L.S. - 2pp. - 12mo. - {2}

1860 Jan. 26
De Neve, Father J(ohn): Louvain, (Belgium)
 to Bishop (Peter Paul Lefevere): (Detroit, Michigan)

If Lefevere decides to leave De Neve as director it will be advisable in order not to hurt the feelings of Father (August) Durst to write a letter expressing the great need for a German priest. The actual director is not made for the place he occupies. De Neve has examined the correspondence of the Vicar General (Father Peter Kindekens?) with the Council of the (Association of the) Propagation of the Faith and found that by imprudence he compromised the success of his cause. He would be gone if De Neve had not made him see that he must wait for a reply from Lefevere and Bishop (Martin John) Spalding.

III-2-j - A.L.S. - (French) - 1p. - 12mo. - {5}

1860 Jan. 26
Kenrick, Archbishop Francis Patrick: Baltimore, (Maryland)
 to Archbishop (Anthony Blanc): New Orleans, (Louisiana)

Kenrick presents Henry May, a distinguished member of the bar, and his wife. Professional business calls May to the South.

VI-2-c - A.L.S. - 1p. - 12mo. - {2}

1860 Jan. 26
McCaffrey, Father John:
Mt. St. Mary's College (Emmitsburg, Maryland)
 to (Orestes A. Brownson: Elizabeth, New Jersey)

McCaffrey is still weak from his recent illness. The two enclosed letters will show that, though unsuccessful, he did what he could for Brownson's son. Other letters of the same tenor seem to prove that both the President and Secretary of State would willingly have done the kindness asked had not a rule of office barred out the case. George Miles(?) had been sent to Europe as Extraordinary bearer of dispatches, but McCaffrey thinks he took a treaty to Madrid. As to the complete set of Brownson's Review, financial affairs prevent them from buying it at present.

- A.L.S. - 3pp. - 12mo. -


18(60) Jan. 9
Whelan, W.: Washington, D.C.
 to Father (John) Early, S.J.: (Georgetown, D.C.)

Whelan saw (John) Appleton about Brownson's case, but Appleton said it was contrary to practice to appoint special bearers of dispatches to whom alone compensation is allowed except in cases where treaties are to be conveyed.

- A.L.S. - 2pp. - 4to. -


1860 Jan. 21
Kunkel, Jacob M.: Washington, D.C.
 to Father John McCaffrey: (Emmitsburg, Maryland)

Kunkel will make suitable efforts with the Post Office Department respecting the mails and, if possible, to secure the facilities McCaffrey requires for the college. President (James Buchanan) and (Lewis) Cass both promised to confer upon Mr. Brownson the appointment McCaffrey asked for him. At present such appointments are limited to the carrying of treaties and there are no such dispatches now to be sent. The regulations of the (State) Department now prohibit what was customary when (Daniel) Webster was Secretary of State.

I-3-o - A.L.S. - 3pp. - 12mo. - {13}

1860 Jan. 28
(Rappe), A(madeus), Bishop of Cleveland: Cleveland, (Ohio)
 to (Archbishop John Baptist Purcell: of Cincinnati, Ohio)

He asks Purcell to give notice that the rules for Lent will be the same in the diocese of Cleveland as in Cincinnati. The Church is terribly assaulted in the person of Pius IX. But it is consoling to see the Catholic world having but one voice to protest against the wicked invaders.

II-5-a - A.L.S. - 2pp. - 12mo. - {1}

1860 Jan. 29
Pise, Father Charles C(onstantine): Brooklyn, (New York)
 to Archbishop (John Baptist) Purcell: (of Cincinnati, Ohio)

He writes to plead for an unfortunate priest, Father (Thomas) Walsh. He does not know why Walsh incurred the displeasure of their bishop, but before his faculties were withdrawn, he sustained a high reputation. Walsh's indiscretions are the mere effects of his unhappy position.

If re-instated at a distance from the scene of his misfortune, he may again be a very useful priest. Pise writes at the suggestion of Father (P ) Cahill, who knew Walsh abroad.

II-5-a - A.L.S. - 2pp. - 12mo. - {3}

1860 Jan. 30
Borgess, Father C(aspar) H.: Temperanceville, (Ohio)
 to Archbishop (John Baptist Purcell: of Cincinnati, Ohio)

He arrived with Father (John M.) Jacquett who prevailed upon him to finish the work commenced. He preached for a week at Bellaire, (Ohio). The attendance was pretty good. There were 150 communions. He spent a week at Canal Dover, (Ohio) where he heard the confessions of the greater part of the congregation. The people have no money due to the failure of the last crop. All he could do was to secure a note signed by fourteen responsible men. He will remain in Temperanceville until next Monday.

II-5-a - A.L.S. - 2pp. - 8vo. - {5}

1860 Jan. 30
Lamy, John B. Bishop of Santa Fe: Santa Fe, (New Mexico)
 to Archbishop (John Baptist) Purcell: of Cincinnati, (Ohio)

Since November the Independence mail had to stop on account of the Indians. War is now declared on the west with the Navajoes. Volunteers from every part of the territory are organizing themselves to march against them. The Christian Brothers have opened their school and have 100 students. They had great expense to furnish the house for the brothers Lamy asks Purcell to send him $1,000 for which he will send him an order on the Propagation (of the Faith). He would be thankful if Purcell could find someone to loan him four or five thousand dollars at the legal rate of interest. He has good property to answer for it. He asks Purcell to excuse him for troubling him with such affairs, but he is only in the beginning of his administration and has everything to establish. Father Joseph P. Machebeuf has been very sick for two months but he is getting better now.

II-5-a - A.L.S. - 3pp. - 8vo. - {4}

1860 Jan. 30
Putnam, Edw(ard): Northwhitefiedl, (Maine)
 to (Orestes A.) Brownson (Elizabeth, New Jersey):

Putnam submits another article for the Review which he hopes will not be quite so paradoxical. He asks that some of his peculiar phrases be left in the article.

He appreciates Brownson's correction of his errors in grammar and syntax but he does not wish any further changes in his manuscript. Quaintness in style of thought and reasoning helps to hold the reader's attention. He makes this as a suggestion which Brownson may reject without notifying him.

I-3-o - A.L.S. - 1p. - 8vo. - {1}

1860 Jan. 30
Sorin, C.S.C. Father Edward: Notre Dame, Indiana
 to Archbishop John Baptist Purcell: of Cincinnati, Ohio.

(Withdrawn to Provincial Archives).