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1860 Jun. 1
Van Gennip, Father J(ohn): Dexter, (Michigan)
 to Bishop (Peter Paul Lefevere): Detroit, (Michigan)

Van Gennip acknowledges Lefevere's $100 check to pay the debts of Rev. J(ames J.) Pulsers, contracted in local stores, and informs Lefevere he has cleaned them all up. Regarding publication of banns, he inquires if the people pay when he can call them only twice in the church, the 3rd Sunday being away in another place where it would be no use to publish the bann. He thinks the Dexter graveyard is not blessed, and doubts that there is a deed for it. As regards Hunting Hill, (Michigan), he lists several conversions and other results. He asks permission to wear a whitish coat when riding horseback or in a buggy during hot summer days.

III-2-j - A.L.S. - 3pp. - 12mo. - {3}


1860 Jun. 4
Brasset, Henry C.: Riviere Neuve, (Louisiana)
 to Father J(oseph) N(apoleon) Perché: (New Orleans, Louisiana)

A priest has recommended "Lectures on Religion" by Dr. (E.J.) Nichols, a convert, and he wonders if there is an edition of that work in French. If one is not available he would appreciate knowing where he might find an English edition.

VI-2-c - A.L.S. - (French) - 1p. - 8vo. - {2}


1860 Jun. 4
(Lefevere, Bishop Peter Paul): Detroit, (Michigan)
 to Father Peter Kindekens: Louvain, (Belgium)

Bishop (Martin John) Spalding has sent Lefevere Kindekens' letter of April 25, relating his contacts with Germany and the De Merode family as regards the American College at Louvain, and his success of these contacts. Due to Spalding's absence from his diocese, and the Mission in the Cathedral of Detroit, an earlier reply to Kindekens has been impossible. Spalding wishes Lefevere to write for him to Kindekens, and it is Lefevere's sole wish that, as Kindekens is with Father (John) DeNeve, and the interests of the college demand his presence, he will remain with him for this year, to help him by his advice and experience for the administration of the house. Besides, they do not want any dissatisfaction with regard to the administration of the college; they are greatly satisfied with Kindekens' management and zeal. A combination of circumstances is such that Kindekens or the bishops should not be hold responsible. Lefevere desires that Father (August) Durst, vice-president of the American College at Louvain should come to Detroit as soon as possible to take charge of the German Congregation of St. Joseph's in Detroit; his zeal and talents will satisfy the need of that parish. Kindekens is asked to persuade Durst to make any sacrifice to help these Germans, for whom Lefevere has no other priest. Lefevere would like to know the number of subjects destined for Detroit, so he can plan for the future; also, the indebtedness of the College; he inquires about Kindekens' sick mother.

III-2-j - A.L.S. Draft - (French) - 4pp. - 4to. - {6}


1860 June 4
O'Shea, P(atrick): New York, (New York)
 to O(restes) A. Brownson: (Elizabeth, New Jersey)

O'Shea has forwarded to Brownson several books by Catholic authors which he has recently published. He will soon have more to send; he hopes that he will soon see Brownson.

I-3-C - A.L.S. - 2pp. - 16to. - {1}


1860 Jun. 5
Lebel, Father I(sidore) A(nthony): Kal(amazoo), Mich(igan)
 to Bishop P(eter) P(aul) Lefevere: (Detroit, Michigan)

Lebel acknowledges Lefevere's letter of June 4 in which Lefevere addresses severe reproaches about certain complaints he has received against Lebel. These reproaches are unexpected and untrue. Lebel has tried to receive Lefevere's charitable admonitions with all humility and accepts them on the 21st anniversary of his ordination in expiation of his sins. The repeated clamours made to Lefevere about certain legitimate debts of his own from Illinois are unjust. The difficulties about the French Church of Chicago are the source of these complaints. When Lebel was removed from Chicago to Bourbonnais Grove and Kankakee, (Illinois), there was a debt of $400 or $500 which Bishop (Anthony) O'Regan and the French Committee thought a very small matter to settle, considering all Lebel had done - the building of the church and of the priest's house, the purchasing of a $1,000 organ and of sacred vessels and vestments for about the same sum. No sooner had he left than the French church was moved and the French committee dissolved; the responsibility fell on Lebel. Mr. Venderpoole (Father Theodore Vande Pael) informed Lefevere on March 26 and on May 22, Lebel was in the French-Canadian settlement of L'Erable, (Illinois), and that while there Lebel's conduct and language against the Pastor were very shameful. Since he has been in Kalamazoo, (Michigan), Lebel has visited twice a year his only sister in Illinois in the new settlement of L'Erable, 18 miles west of Kankakee and Bourbonnais. Most of the time he was in the company of the clergy of those places, and made his sister's house a home for them, and never was there any scandal. The very young pastor of L'Erable has alienated all the clergy of his neighborhood by unwisely taking sides against all the friends of his predecessor, Father (C.) Brissard. Lebel was specially compromised in his denunciations; for this reason Lebel did not wish to visit the pastor and hence his displeasure. Lebel made an incautious remark in French to only one individual. This, under the circumstances was not so criminal, although uncharitable. Vanderpoole is inexperienced, and the pastor of L'Erable is only about one year ordained. The three priests who are the immediate neighbors of L'Erable's pastor and who have come from Canada to combat principally Charles Chiniquy and "his infernal work" are Father (Alexis) Mailloux, Father (Louis) Gingras and Father Lapointe. These good men knew Lebel in Canada; they can inform Lefevere if Lebel has misconducted himself there. Lebel will comply with Lefevere's request not to communicate with any person in regard to Vanderpoole, but wishes occasionally to contact his sister and nephew, to be a young doctor. Lebel has some little debts on what he has done since coming to these poor missions, but in spite of hard times all seems to go on quietly. He expects by summer and autumn to liquidate the church and missions debt. Also to promote catholicity in Kalamazoo and other little missions. It will soon be 12 years since he left Canada with the good recommendations of the Archbishop and at the special demand of Bishop (James O.) Van de Velde.

III-2-j - A.L.S. - 6pp. - 8vo. - {12}


1860 Jun. 5
Lefevere, Bishop (Peter Paul): Detroit, (Michigan)
 to Father J(ohn) DeNeve: Louvain, (Belgium)

Lefevere regrets he could not send a definite answer sooner to DeNeve's letter about the administration of the American College, but it was necessary to consult Bishop (Martin John) Spalding about Father (Peter) Kindekens' suggestions, and DeNeve's; Spalding has been absent from his diocese, and Lefevere's occupations explain the delay. Lefevere agrees that Kindekens should remain with DeNeve at Louvain, for some time, to help DeNeve in the work that has so happily been started. Lefevere also desires that Father (August) Durst, vice-president or director of the College, should come to Detroit as soon as possible to take charge of the German congregation of St. Joseph's in Detroit. De Neve is to tell Durst of Lefevere's desire. As Lefevere has no doubt that Kindekens will defer to replace Durst immediately; he leaves it to DeNeve's prudence to determine when and how to do so. Lefevere wants Kindekens to give him a short report on Lefevere's particular relations with the college, particularly as regards the subjects of the diocese of Detroit, his debt to the college, etc.

III-2-i - A.L.S. Copy - (French) - 4pp. - 4to. - {5}


1860 June 8
Burnett, Peter H.: San Jose (California)
 to O(restes) A. Brownson: (Elizabeth, New Jersey)

Bennett, sends Brownson a review of Dr. Huntington's work. Substantially, it contains his latest work, "The Path to the Church". He places his initials on it. He leaves it to Brownson's judgement whether the arguments are conclusive. He does not have to come to the Church. He does not intend to practice his profession any longer. His heart and judgement are with the "Old Church" and wishes only to know how to serve her best.

I-3-C - A.L.S. - 1pp. - 4vo. - {1}


1860 June 8
Spalding, M(artin) J. Bishop of Louisville: Louisville, (Kentucky)
 to Archbishop (John Baptist) Purcell: of Cincinnati, (Ohio)

He consoles with Purcell on the misfortunes occasioned by the tornado. He is presenting Purcell with two fine gilt copies of his "Reformation." He will send another for the Editor of the Telegraph. Father Thomas Heyden of Bedford, P(ennsylvani)a writes to ask him to publish a tract against the Methodists. Spalding approved the idea but told Heyden to write it himself. Spalding's next work will be on the philosophy of Christianity.

II-5-a - A.L.S. - 4pp. - 12mo. - {2}


1860 June 9
Duffy, Father John D.: Circleville, Ohio
 to Archbishop John Baptist Purcell: of Cincinnati, Ohio

At present there remains $17 of the debt which the congregation owed. Duffy was astonished to hear that he was so far gone in consumption. His health is slowly improving. Mr. Jamison invited him to visit him in Baltimore; he intended going to Cincinnati to get permission for Duffy. During six months of the year he says two Masses on Sunday, during the other half of the year the roads are so bad that people cannot hear Mass in town.

II-5-a - A.L.S. - 3pp. - 12mo. - {2}


1860 June 11
Pabisch, Father Francis J.: Rome, (Italy)
 to Archbishop John Baptist Purcell: of Cincinnati, Ohio

His Holiness has granted the indulgences for the associations of St. Michael's Church but not for the Confraternity of the Blessed Sacrament. He wishes to know more about the confraternity, its purpose, the good works it does, etc. Father Sherwood Healy of Boston who is on his way home after receiving degrees in Theology and in Canon Law will bring the grants to Purcell. Father (William) McCloskey thinks it is unprofitable for American students to come to Rome before being matured for a course of philosophy and theology. Pabisch will be one of those whose feet the Pope will wash on Holy Thursday for which he will receive a gold medal worth about $20. Since Easter he has been free from preaching. He knows nothing about the amount of remuneration for his preaching. He preached for five months, two of which he was already chaplain of S. Maria dell'Anima. He needs money for a few books and a vacation in the country so he can prepare himself for the examination in Thomistic theology in September and in canon and civil law in November. The solemnization of the beatification of Larkander, Rossi, and Labre was a grand scene. It is reported that Cardinal Wiseman was cured by intercession of the Blessed Joseph Labre. Pius IX makes a holocaust of himself, but his good humor never forsakes him. Father William Barry's article in Brownson's Review attracted attention in Rome.

II-5-a - A.L.S. - 4pp. - 8vo. - {3}


1860 June 12
Miles, G.H.,:
Mt. St. Mary's College (Emmitsburg, Maryland)
 to (Orestes A.) Brownson: (Elizabeth, New Jersey)

Miles has been in Baltimore settling the estate of a friend and hence has not received the letters Brownson directed to Emmitsburg. The Reviews were received in good order; Miles guarantees payment by the end of the month. (Father John) McCaffrey would like to read the proof of the "College" article to secure material for his commencement address; he intends to pay warm tribute to Brownson's Review. McCaffrey is for liberty of the press and wants a foeman worthy worthy of his steel. He asks that Brownson insist that Catholics give their school the necessary money for professor's salaries and boys not "bears". Miles is in favor of a free fight in these matters.

I-3-C - A.L.S. - 4pp. - 12mo. - {2}


1860 Jun. 13
Callaert, Father D(esiderius): Monroe, (Michigan)
 to Bishop (Peter Paul Lefevere): (Detroit, Michigan)

The blessing of the cornerstone of St. Patrick's Church in Stonycreek will take place on June 26. Ten or twelve priests will be present and Callaert asks Lefevere to attend. Father (Louis?) Van den Driessche will address the Irish and Father (Julian) Maciejewski the Germans. Callaert asks Lefevere to allow him to sing Mass on that day within the limits of the new church in a chapel of green branches. If not he fears that one-tenth of the people will not be able to get into the church. They had a "bee" and hauled 96 loads of stone from Bluebush.

III-2-j - A.L.S. - 3pp. - 12mo. - {4}


(186-) Jun. 13
Dubreul, S.S., Father J(oseph) Paul: Baltimore, (Maryland)
 to Bishop (Francis P. McFarland) of Hartford: (Providence, Rhode Island)

He acknowledges McFarland's letter from New Haven. Archbishop (Martin John Spalding) has no more faculties to ordain ad titulum missionis than any other Bishop. There will be no subdeacons ordained this time. As to McFarland's visit next week, Dubreul suggests that he be there on the evening of the 24th for a literary solemnity in which theses will be defended and degrees conferred.

I-1-a - A.L.S. - 2pp. - 12mo. - {2}


1860 Jun. 14
Beccard, Father Amédée: Lafourche, (Louisiana)
 to Archbishop (Anthony Blanc: New Orleans, Louisiana)

He has received (Blanc)'s letter of the 14th which made him very happy. Isolation in the middle of such long and difficult tortures is hard to bear. Father (Charles M.) Menard's curt and uncaring character makes it difficult to talk to him. Furthermore it was to Father (Etienne) Rousselon rather than to Menard that he spoke on the first of March. In any event he noticed some improvement yesterday and today. Until now he has thought that it would be impractical to have a priest at his poor chapel on Field Lake. For the past 7 or 8 years he has ministered there for nothing. This year the parishioners have refused to rent pews from him unless he promised to give half of the proceeds to them. He is waiting for the dispensation for the marriage of Louis Martin, a Protestant, and Emeranthe Chauvin. He was unable to go to Thibodaux on Monday because he had two marriages to perform. P.S. It would be well if Menard does not know of the small reproaches which he has made; it would only create useless trouble between them.

VI-2-c - A.L.S. - (French) - 3pp. - 12mo. - {7}


1860 Jun. 14
Duquercun, Aug(uste): New Orleans, Louisiana

License for Father (Stephen) Rousselon to marry Dominique Gaillord and Marie Louise Garcia.

VI-2-c - D.S. - 2pp. - 32mo. - {3}


1860 June 15
Quinlan, John Bishop of Mobile: Montgomery, (Alabama)
 to Archbishop John Baptist Purcell: Cincinnati, Ohio

Quinlan has decided to go to Europe and is sorry he will not get to Cincinnati before the end of October. He appointed Father J(ames) McGarahan, vicar-general of Mobile and sent Father (Gabriel) Chalon back to New Orleans. The attempt to get a sympathetic address for Chalon did not succeed as planned. The diocese is in very good hands and Quinlan is about to leave. Mr. Wm. Duncan is also going to Rome to study. Quinlan wrote to Father David (Whelan). Should Purcell have any letters of introduction or business he should direct them to Father Geo(rge) McCloskey at Nativity Church, New York City. It has been 94 in Mobile but the people in Mobile have treated him well.

II-5-a - A.L.S. - 4pp. - 12mo. - {5}


1860 June 17
Spalding, M(artin) J. Bishop of Louisville: Louisville, (Kentucky)
 to Archbishop (John Baptist Purcell): Cincin(nati, Ohio)

He is astonished that Purcell did not receive his copies of his work. Father ( ) Schacht is proceeding to Nashville to settle his affairs there. Schacht requests him to tell Bishop (James) Whelan that he gave his own note for the amount due.

II-5-a - A.L.S. - 3pp. - 16to. - {4}


1860 June 19
Fitzgerald, Father Edward: Columbus, (Ohio)
 to Archbishop (John Baptist) Purcell: Cincinnati, Ohio

Mr. Leonard says the Dominican Sisters of Somerset (Ohio) whose Academy was lately destroyed by fire contemplate settling in Columbus where railroad facilities are better. Fitzgerald believes the citizens will help them in erecting a building because twenty-three girls from Columbus have attended the school at Sommerset the past session. They have their own chaplain and will not add labor to the priests. Fitzgerald favors their coming. He says Mr. Leonard will explain the matter more and they ask Purcell's approval of the project.

II-5-a - A.L.S. - 2pp. - 12mo. - {3}


1860 Jun. 20
Duquercun, Aug(uste): New Orleans, Louisiana

License for Father (Stephen) Rousselon to marry Athenas Ozin and Marie Philomen Christine Parez. (Notation on back): July 2.

VI-2-c - D.S. - 2pp. - 32mo. - {3}


1860 After Jun. 20
Paret, Father J.M.: St. Charles, (German Coast, Louisiana)

In grateful respects to Father S(tephen) Rousselon from Paret. Discourse on the occasion of a memorial service for Archbishop Anthony Blanc who died June 20, 1860.

VI-2-c - Printed Speech - (French) - 4pp. - 4to. - {2}


1860 June 21
Pius IX, Pope: Rome, (Papal States)
 to Archbishop John Baptist Purcell: of Cincinnati, (Ohio)

The Pontiff acknowledges the letter signed by John Slavin, Xavier Donald MacLeod and many others of all walks of life of the Cincinnati diocese. In this letter Pope Pius noted the filial piety and devotion of the people to the Holy See, and their indignation at the treatment recently accorded to the Holy See. The Pope asks Purcell to express to these Catholics the great solace their letter has been to him and at the same time his great charity towards them. He urges at the same time that they with their bishop be fervent in the service of religion and in repelling the attacks of those who attack her. He likewise imparts to Purcell, and the clergy and lay people of his diocese his apostolic benediction.

II-5-a - D.S. - 2pp. - 4to - {3}


1860 June 22
Burnett, Peter H.: San Jose, (California)
 to Archbishop John Baptist Purcell: Cincinnati, Ohio

Burnett remembers Bishop (James J.) Wood but did not know he had been made a bishop. He has not seen any papers of the English press. He rewrites 12 questions concerning Peter's superiority over the remaining apostles and his power to bind and loose, because Burnett fears he did not state the points clearly in his last letter to Purcell. Burnett hopes Purcell will answer these questions so that he may be able to answer them, should they be asked him. He sends his regards to Mr. and Mrs. Springer and Sister Loyola.

II-5-a - A.L.S. - 4pp. - 4to. - {2}


1860 June 23
Spalding, M(artin) J. Bishop of Louisville: Louisville, (Kentucky)
 to Archbishop (John Baptist) Purcell: of Cincinnati, Ohio

Bishop Lefevere writes that he cannot come for the examinations at St. Thomas, but he expects Bishops Whelan and Elder. He knows little of that priest who was a few months at Knobs. The Francis cans represent him as a good but simple man. He hopes that Mr. Caldwell will die in the Church. Father (Francis) Chambige has recovered his health. Archbishop (Francis Patrick) Kenrick of Baltimore refused to let Dr. Cahill say Mass in Baltimore.

II-5-a - A.L.S. - 4pp. - 12mo. - {5}


1860 Jun. 28
Beccard, Father A(médée): (Lafourche, Louisiana)
 to Father (Stephen) Rousselon: (New Orleans, Louisiana)

Beccard was about to leave for his mission at Field Lake last Friday when he heard rumors of Bishop (Anthony) Blanc's death. Today, he received the news, but due to his heavy workload and strange sickness he is not able to get to Blanc's funeral. He hopes to see Rousselon shortly in order to obtain a testimonial in case Rousselon has to leave the diocese as a result of a new bishop taking over, or in case he is not able to live through this cancer which is eating away his moral life.

VI-2-c - A.L.S. - (French) - 2pp. - 12mo. - {3}