University of Notre Dame


(1860 Dec.?)
Jourdan, S.J., Father Ant(hony) J.: Spring Hill College, (Alabama)
 to Father ( Stephen Rousselon: New Orleans, Louisiana)

Father (Daniel) Houlahan arrived 3 or 4 days ago and has been very sick. The doctor said it was congestion in the lungs and that a new attack would carry him away. He says that he has an aneurism of the heart which will make it impossible to do difficult work for some time. Houlahan got up only yesterday and was very weak. He will return to New Orleans when he is able, probably before the first of the year. He begs Jourdan to assure (Rousselon) that his illness and the need for rest were his only motives for leaving. He believes that the post he has been assigned is too difficult and intends to ask for a post more in accord with the state of his health.

VI-2-c - A.L.S. - (French) - 2pp. - 12mo. - {2}

1860 Dec. 5
Langevin, Father Edmond: Quebec, (Canada)
 to Father (Napoleon Joseph) Perché: New Orleans, (Louisiana)

He begs Perche to supervise Alfred Morin in the steps to take to reach a friend of his family, Mr. Mailhot, who lives at Paincourt. Morin writes to his father that he was well received by Perché. At the same time he remains anchored at New Orleans instead of going to Paincourt. Perché's advice will undoubtedly help him overcome his indecision.

VI-2-c - A.L.S. - (French) - 3pp. - 16mo. - {3}

1860 Dec. 7
(Elder), Bishop William Henry: Natchez, (Mississippi)
 to Father (Francis Xavier) Leray: (Vicksburg, Mississippi)

Leray's letter of the 3rd has been received. He will provide for the Sisters' retreat himself. If they should need lay teachers he has received several applications from suitable ladies. He has been encouraged by learning that some very excellent subjects have applied for admission into the community at Bay St. Louis. If Father (F.) Pont is successful in collecting, he hopes to give some of the fruits to Vicksburg although Pont will be entitled to a large portion. As this is uncertain Leray must provide other means of meeting Mr. Cobb's note. In this general stoppage of business Cobb will hardly object to an arrangement especially if he is promised the half which (Elder) has undertaken to pay. Father (Basil) Elia carries this letter and will be Leray's assistant for a while. Elia's health has improved but is not completely restored so that he must not let him undertake too much. His assistance should entitle him to board and lodgings and $10 a month from the revenues of the church. As for the perquisites, all that is received by both of them should be divided, one-third to Elia and two-thirds to Leray. Any objections to this can be considered when (Elder) comes.

VI-2-c - A.L.S. - 2pp. - 4to. - {5}

1860 Dec. 7
Gresselin, S.J., Father C(harles):
Boston College, (Boston, Masschusetts)
 to O(restes) A. Brownson: N(ew) Y(ork, New York)

Father Gresselin is disappointed that Brownson did not visit his college in October or November. He does not understand Brownson's views on the temporal power of the Pope. Does Brownson deny such a power or does he contend it has been forfeited? He approved the opinions of Brownson such as in the article on National Greatness about 1846. If the Pope loses his temporal power they should not condone the crimes committed against the Papal States, even if he believes the loss of temporal power will ultimately prove beneficial to the Church. Our duty is to defend what is just in the present rather than to prepare what may be useful in the future. Evil is not to be encouraged. He hopes to see an article in the Review on holiness of life according to the apostolic standard. He will offer Mass for the conversion of the country. He has a pleasant recollection of Brownson's visit to Fordham.

I-3-o - A.L.S. - 2pp - 4to - {1}

1860 Dec. 7
Nowlan, Father P.J.: Donnybrook, (Dublin, Ireland)
 to (Orestes A.) Brownson: (New York, New York)

Private. Nowlan sends a notice on an article in the last number of Brownson's (Quarterly) Review. He intended to have sent it printed or more carefully written but could not. The article on which he has written has been unanimously voted most offensive and most ignorant. Nowlan distinguishes between Brownson and his contributor, J(ames C.) H(ogan). Nowlan has for many years most highly respected Brownson and his review. (Enclosed: Manuscript entitled "Fair Play: J.H. & P.J.N.: Ireland, her priests old and new: Education in Ireland, etc.")

I-3-o - A.L.S., A.D.S. - 19pp. - 16mo. & 4to. - {4}

1860 Dec. 7
W(helan) Father D(avid): Mobile, Alabama
 to Archbishop (John Baptist) Purcell: Cincinnati, Ohio

Whelan just received Purcell's letter of two months back. He is spiritual guardian to nearly forty religious and ninety young women and children besides a small congregation from around Summerville. The Congregation of Rites is above any compiler of a book of Ceremonies. In Gardellini's collection of Decrees there is a clear statement about the genuflections. Whelan suggests that Father (Caspar H.) Borgess hunt up the decrees. He would like Purcell to send him a copy of Gardellini from Rome. Bishop (John) Quinlan arrived in Mobile after a week's travel from Cincinnati. There is little doubt about the dissolution of the union. The several cotton states are to be dragged to deepest misery by wicked politicians. He sends his regard to friends and priests.

II-5-a - A.L.S. - 3pp. - 12mo. - {2}

1860 Dec. 8
Francais, Father (D.): Charenton, (Louisiana)
 to Father S(tephen) Rousselon: (New Orleans, Louisiana)

He asks (Rousselon) to send him 2 ordos. He has $12 for the Propagation of the Faith. On the next occasion he will send it to him along with 1 piastre for the reponses and the ordo. Perhaps he will see Rousselon in January.

VI-2-c - A.L.S. - (French) - 1pp. - 8vo. - {1}

(1860) Dec. 8
Bapst, S.J., Father John:
Boston College, Mass(achusetts)
 to Bishop (Francis P. McFarland of Hartford: Providence, Rhode Island)

Mary Ewan of South Boston, a penitent of Bapst's, wishes to join the Order of Mercy in Providence. Not knowing the Sister Superior Bapst writes to McFarland to ask what qualifications are necessary to enter the Sisters of Mercy. He believes Mary Ewan has a vocation; she is 27; has a common education and could bring clothes but not much money.

I-1-a - A.L.S. - 2pp. - 16mo. - {2}

1860 Dec. 9
Seton, Robert: Rome, (Italy)
 to (Helen Seton?): (Paris, France)

Robert received (Helen?)'s letter in answer to his few lines written on his return from the country. He sent it to Emily to read and through her it will probably reach Isabelle. Day before yesterday was the first anniversary of the opening of the American College (in Rome). At that time there were only 12, at present there are forty. A portion of their College has not been renovated and it is at present tenanted by Papal Zouaves and Irish soldiers. They do not give the least disturbance. A large number of people waited to see the Pope on the Vigil of the Immaculate Conception and he was greeted with cheers. In Rome there are 4 colleges for educating young ecclesiastics where (English) is exclusively spoken - the English, Irish, Scotch and American Colleges. And in the Propaganda College no language counts more speakers than their own. Robert feels certain that Emily (Seton) likes Rome a great deal. He has not seen Isabelle (Seton) lately, but they write notes to each other. Robert sends respects to Madame de Beffroy, Madame Davidoff, or Madame Perdran.

II-1-a - A.L.S. - 4pp. - 8vo. - {4}

1860 Dec. 10
Brownson, William: San Francisco, (California)
 to O(restes) A. Brownson: Elizabeth, N(ew) J(ersey)

William Brownson sends this letter of introduction with F.A. Nuner, a prominent Republican lawyer of San Francisco, a neighbor and friend of William. He asks his father to extend Mr. Nuner every courtesy. Nuner will give him the news.

I-3-o - A.L.S. - 2pp. - 12mo - {2}

1860 Dec. 12
Glajeux, Berard des: Paris, (France)
 to Bishop (Peter Paul) Lefevere: Detroit, (Michigan)

Detroit Diocese is allotted by the Central Council of the Association of the Propagation, 14,000 francs fro the fiscal year 1860, of which 5,000 francs comes from the residue of alms of the 1858 Jubilee. They hasten to dispose of the part which is assigned to Detroit mission. This special resource which gave the increase in this year's allocation should be no point of comparison for the following year. As to the portion of this allocation which comes from ordinary receipts, a fifth is withheld until the end of the fiscal year. They were happy at the beginning of this year to receive news of Lefevere's needs for his diocese, which will guide them. They have received from Father Edmond Dumont of Detroit, an appeal for help to rebuild his burned down church and rectory; their policy is to deal directly with the bishop. A receipt for 1859 for 17,000 francs is enclosed.

III-2-j - A.L.S. - (French) - 4pp. - 4to. - {4}

1860 Dec. 14
Domenec, C.M. M(ichael), Bishop of: Pittsburg, (Pennsylvania)
 to Archbishop (John Baptist) Purcell: Cincinnati, (Ohio)

Domenec thanks Purcell for his letter and will endeavor to learn from the examples of virtue displayed by Purcell. He gives Purcell jurisdiction in his diocese. He hopes to see Purcell soon.

II-5-a - A.L.S. - 2pp. - 12mo. - {1}

1860 Dec. 14
(Rappe), A(madeus) Bishop of Cleveland: Cleveland, Ohio
 to Archbishop John Baptist Purcell: of Cincinnati, Ohio

He received the letter which Purcell transmitted to him. He sends best wishes for a Merry Christmas. Father (J P.) Goetz has manifested his intention regarding their seminary if Purcell can spare him. The position of the Holy Father is complicated. Italy will not be cured without an awful bleeding.

II-5-a - A.LS. - 3pp. - 12mo. - {2}

1860 Dec. 15
Druyts, S.J., Father J B: St. Louis, Missouri
 to Bishop Peter P(aul) Lefevere: Detroit, Mich(igan)

Father R(emigius) J. Van der Heyden, ordained in 1856, applied for the missions of North America with the view of joining the Jesuits. However after two years' novitiate the Father Visitor would prefer that Van der Heyden return to the secular clergy as better fitted for that. His conduct has been highly praiseworthy. His services, with his knowledge of English, French, and German will be appreciated. He recommends him to Lefevere.

III-2-j - A.L.S. - 1p. - 12mo. - {2}

1860 Dec. 15
Foache, Louis: Havre, (France)
 to Father S(tephen) Rousselon: New Orleans, (Louisiana)

Confirming his letter of Mar. 31, he encloses a bill of lading addressed to Rousselon for 38 volumes from the religious bookstore of L. Migne of Paris being sent to him by Father S(tanislaus) Buteux on the American ship "Kate Dyer" for forwarding to Father (John) Corbe, chaplain at St. Mary's of the Woods, Indiana.

- A.L.S. - 3pp.


1860 Dec. 15
Dyer, Ansel S.: Havre, (France)
 to Father S(tephen) Rousselon: New Orleans, (Louisiana)

Bill of lading signed by Dyer, Captain of the American ship "Kate Dyer," for a case of books which are to be forwarded by Rousselon to Corbe.

VI-2-c - A.L.S. - (French) - 4pp. - 4to. - {4}

1860 Dec. 16
Bertail, Father J.M.: (Paincourtville, Louisiana)
 to Father (Stephen Rousselon: New Orleans, Louisiana)

Casemir Guedry and Elisa Landry, related by blood in the third degree request a dispensation so that they might validly marry.

VI-2-c - A.L.S. - (French) - 1p. - 8vo. - {3}

(18)60 Dec. 16
Freret, Ja(me)s P.: New Orleans, (Louisiana)

He gives permission to his black boy (Joseph) Ursin to marry Mr. Garcia's servant girl. (Signature by) Gust(ave) J. Freret.

- A.D.S. -

 On the same paper: 

1860 Dec. 17
Garcia, Eug(ene) F.: New Orleans, (Louisiana)

Permission for his negress (Marie Francoise) Lydie to marry Ursin. (On the back is this notation by Father S(tephen) Rousselon: Celebrated Dec. 19, 1860. Witnesses: Marcelin, George Corning(?) and Julien Badard.

VI-2-c - A.D.S. - (French) - 2pp. - 16mo. - {6}

1860 Dec. 16
Henny, Mary: Taunton, Mass(achusetts)
 to (Orestes A. Brownson): (Elizabeth, New Jersey)

Sister An(n) Alexis has told her that it was Brownson who placed her in the asylum. She asks for information concerning her father; she has not seen nor heard of him since before leaving the the asylum. She has been living with a Mrs. Burns and going by the name of Mary Burns since leaving the asylum nine years ago. She works in a cotton mill.

I-3-o - A.L.S. - 2pp. - 12mo - {1}

1860 Dec. 16
Pendleton, George H.: Washington, D. C.
 to James A(lphonsus) McMaster: New York, (New York)

Pendleton states that a rule of their house compelled him to make his speech, on the suspension of the Habeas Corpus upon the "Martial law", because it substitutes the will of the commander for the constitution and laws, and it cannot be put in force except over the constitution and laws. The rules and articles of war prescribe the law for the government of armies, camps, etc., and these laws are accurately defined. They are authorized by the constitution and they are enacted by Congress. These laws together with the civil laws, contribute the "rule of civil conduct" which governs the people. Anything beyond this is mere usurpation and military power. Pendleton only touches upon this subject indirectly, because it was impossible for him to treat if fully. He acknowledges the receipt of the letter and paper (Freeman's Journal) from McMaster. He sends to McMaster a copy of the "Globe", which contains a correct report of his argument.

I-i-m - A.L.S. - 4pp. - 12mo. - {1}

1860 Dec. 16
(Purcell, Archbishop John Baptist of Cincinnati, Ohio: Rome, Italy)
 to (Pope Pius IX,: Rome, Italy)

Purcell prostrate at the feet of His Holiness asks for himself and in the name of the Bishop of Louisville the grace of the 200th anniversary jubilee of St. Vincent de Paul to all the Sisters of Charity of the United States.

(Bedini) Cajeton, Archbishop of Thebes: Rome, (Italy)
 to (Archbishop John Baptist Purcell):

His Holiness grants the petition.

II-5-a - D.S. - (Italian and Latin) - 1p. - 8vo. - {2}

1860 Dec. 18
Dumont, (Father) Edm(und): Detroit, (Michigan)
 to (Orestes A. Brownson: (Elizabeth, New Jersey)

The writer wishes to have his name off the list of Review subscribers. He considers the article on the Pope as a personal insult to him. If Brownson should in the future change his view about the article, Dumont would subscribe to the Review again.

I-3-o - A.L.S. - 2pp. - 8vo - {1}

1860 Dec. 18
Elder, William Henry, B(isho)p: Natchez, Miss(issippi)
 to O(restes) A. Brownson: (Elizabeth, New Jersey)

He meant to send the enclosed sooner, but sluggish mails and delay in his travelling prevented it. He remembers Brownson as strong for discrimination, and hopes Brownson will realize that he published the letter because he wanted to see a valuable work free from blemishes. Criticism is not always bad, for even in error there is a truth bound with it. As to the tenure of Church property, the old trustee system was not put aside because of clerical jealousy and ambition but because of the essential interests of religion and the spiritual rights and wants of the faithful. Such articles as "Rights of the Temporal" should be offered not as from an opponent complaining of injustice, but as from a friend seeking to solve a problem. He protests against Brownson's expression that the Italian patriot "feels his wrath burn against the Sovereign" (the Pope). It is lacking in the respect a Catholic Publicist owes to the Pope. All must work together for the good of the country. Fortitude and the willingness to learn from the censure of others is needed. Bishop Elder cannot reconcile Brownson's views on Italy and on the "right of revolution". He thinks this seeming self-contradiction is what has made the people alarmed at Brownson.

I-3-c - A.L.S. - 4pp. - 8vo - {1}

1860 (Dec. 19?)
Houlahan, Father D(aniel): (New Orleans, Louisiana)
 to Father (Stephen) Rousselon: (New Orleans, Louisiana)

In justice to himself he is obliged to resign his position at St. Theresa's. This was his first mission, and as far as he was able he acted according to the views of the Archbishop. He leaves today for Spring Hill where he will remain until Rousselon decides what he ought to do.

VI-2-c - A.L.S. - 1p. - 12mo. - {1}

1860 Dec. 20
Foulks,: New Orleans, (Louisiana)

Received in good order on Steamship Austin for Texas by Father E(tienne) Rousselon 1 trunk and 1 box addressed to Sister (Marie) St. Claire (de Jesus), Brownsville, Texas.

VI-2-c - A. Receipt S. - 1p. - 16mo. - {2}

1860 Dec. 20
Gresselin, Father C(harles), S.J.:
Boston College, (Boston, Massachusetts)
 to O(restes) A. Brownson: N(ew) Y(ork, New York)

Father Gresselin fears that something in his last letter may have hurt Brownson's feelings. All in their house sympathize with Brownson even if they differ from him. Sometimes Brownson uses objectionable words in The Review but he is the most able and courageous champion of Catholic truth in America. Father Duverney has prompted him to write this morning. Father (John) Bapst took Brownson's side.

P.S. He asks if Brownson would like to receive a copy of that worthless, infamous pamphlet, "Pope or Emperior."

I-3-o - A.L.S. - 2pp. - 4 to - {3}

1860 Dec. 20
McBennington, W.R. and D.P. Master: Edina, M(iss)o(uri)
 to Archbishop Anthony B(l)anc: New Orleans, (Louisiana)

An itinerant vendor of Good Samaritan Liniment by the name of John D. of J.D. McAuliff came to Edina and married a young lady. Shortly thereafter they received a letter from a woman in St. Louis, Margaret McKeon, who claims that she had married McAuliff 22 months ago at the Cathedral of New Orleans. They ask that the church records be checked.

VI-2-c - A.L.S. - 2pp. - 12mo. - {4}

1860 Dec. 21
Raymond, Father G(ilbert): Opelousas, (Louisiana)
 to Father (Stephen Rousselon: New Orleans, Louisiana)

Their young priest has arrived. Father (P.) Gutton believes the mission to be too strenuous for himself. If (Rousselon) wishes to give him a less arduous post he will repeat that he is very pious and zealous but he has little talent, sings and preaches badly, and lacks grace in the ceremonies. Under the pretext that his health demands it, he drinks too much wine. His principal defect is an excessive love of money. However, taking everything into consideration he ranks among the good priests of the diocese. Raymond asks if his salary should be paid since he fell sick about Oct. 10 and since it begins on the 25th of each month. Secondly, he asks who should pay the doctor. He would be very generous with a poor priest but Gutton is richer than he. The new priest's salary will be $300 plus fees for a total of $600 or more. He thanks (Rousselon) for his advice that the Ursulines of New Orleans will not consent to the proposed establishment and that Bishop (John Mary) Odin's Ursulines are unruly individuals of whom he is glad to rid himself. However, he believes Odin who told him that the reason is that they are vegetating because of the poverty of Liberty, Texas which has only some 60 homes and 2522 souls. As for the opposition of the Ursulines of New Orleans, if Odin is named Archbishop, as is not unlikely, he could arrange matters with them. For Opelousas he needs Sisters who teach both English and French, and it would be desirable to have some music teachers and some for manual labor. He thought that the Sisters of St. Joseph at St. Louis might come and he wrote to Archbishop (Peter Richard) Kenrick, but he replied that their superior will be in France until Spring and nothing could be done before her return. There are also some Ursulines in Ohio and he wrote very confidentially to their chaplain, Father (Claude) Gacon, who replied that they would not see any objection to coming although there are others at New Orleans; they have already formed a house in similar circumstances.

VI-2-c - A.L.S. - (French) - 8pp. - 16mo. - {8}

1860 Dec. 22
(Odin), Bishop J(ohn) M(ary): Galveston, Texas)
 to Father (Stephen Rousselon: New Orleans, Louisiana)

Father Cella has started back to New Orleans. The post which (Odin) had Father (Anth) Verrina offer him is on the Rio Grande and considerable distance from Galveston. Father (Claude M.) Dubuis arrived at Galveston last Monday and leaves for San Antonio on thursday evening. (Odin) hopes that (Rousselon) has received the $900. Despite the distress of the times he is confident that (P.) Rotchford will try to pay him. As soon as he finds a favorable occasion (Odin) will send the money for the wines. The times are very difficult at Galveston and in all of Texas.

VI-2-c - A.L.S. - (French) - 2pp. - 12mo. - {6}

1860 Dec. 22
Ricci, Aloisius, Patriarch of Nursinus, Bishop: Rome, (Italy)

Certificate of the conferral of tonsure and the 4 minor orders on Horatius Cajone.

VI-2-c - D.S. - 1p. - 8vo. - {1}

1860 Dec. 23
McLaughlin, Father Michael: N(ew) O(rleans, Louisiana)
 to Father (Stephen Rousselon) Rousellon: (New Orleans, Louisiana)

McLaughlin has applied to Bishop (Andrew Byrne) of Little Rock to be received into his diocese and while awaiting his answer at the house of the Redemptorist Fathers, seeks permission to celebrate mass in private for four days.

VI-2-c - A.L.S. - 1p. - 12mo. - {2}

1860 Dec. 24
Stanislas, Brother: Montebourg, France
 to Archbishop (Anthony Blanc: New Orleans, Louisiana)

A poor congregation (The Brothers of Mercy of the Christian Schools), founded 18 years ago for the Christian instruction of children, has had for its income until now only the product of one flour mill. It finds itself very deeply in debt by the necessary acquisition of the property where it had established its headquarters and where it has its only location. In view of the bad harvest in his area, they thought of sending some wheat to America, but they do not have the address of any dealer. They ask (Blanc) to indicate a man who merits their confidence.

VI-2-c - A.L.S. - (French) - 2pp. - 8vo. - {2}

1860 Dec. 25
Moreau, C.S.C., Father (Basil): Le Mans, (France)
 to (Archbishop John Baptist Purcell: of Cincinnati, (Ohio)

The forseeing of a European revolution and the favor of a letter which Moreau had the honor to write to Purcell when Father (Edward) Sorin, (C.S.C.), thought to separate from the mother house carries Moreau back towards that letter. For a long time Moreau wanted to tell Purcell that since that epoch Sorin has not ceased to give him consolation. In case of a new difficulty, it would be a consolation to know that Purcell will receive some of their religious and their sisters.

II-5-a - A.L.S. - 2pp. - 12mo. - {3}

1860 Dec. 26
Houlahan, Father Daniel:
Spring Hill College, (Alabama)
 to Father S(tephen) Rousselon: New Orleans, (Louisiana)

He was not able to answer Rousselon's letter because he fell sick immediately after his arrival. For two days before his departure from New Orleans he felt that he was going to be sick. He did not want to get sick at that house as the charitable people would say that it all existed in his imagination or would attribute it to some kind of imprudence. He knew he would not be able to do any work for Christmas and felt it might be well to let Father (T.) Flanagan find some other person to assist him. When he goes to New Orleans he will tell Rousselon of the other little difficulties, namely the way he has been treated there. The physician tells him that he has congestion of the lungs. He hopes to leave Mobile for New Orleans on Sunday.

VI-2-c - A.L.S. - 2pp. - 8vo. - {2}

1860 Dec. 26
Ste. Claire de Jesus, Sister Marie: Brownsville, Texas
 to Father (Stephen Rousselon: New Orleans, Louisiana)

By the last mail they received a letter from Mr. Galtier in which he says that a young Carmelite postulant, directed to (Rousselon) by his brother, has in her trunks some articles for them from their community in Lyon. She asks him to send these trunks along with the parcels which Father (Claude M.) Dubuis is bringing for them. In case he has already left for San Antonio Sister had written Dubuis to send them direct to Brownsville to the care of J. Galvan and Company from J.H. Phelps and Company, New Orleans.

VI-2-c - A.L.S. - (French) - 2pp. - 8vo. - {3}

(186-) Dec. 26
Dubreul, S.S., Father J(osep)h Paul: Baltimore, (Maryland)
 to Bishop (Francis P.) McFarland (of Hartford: Providence, Rhode Island)

In accordance with McFarland's wishes to limit at Christmas time the trial given to Bartley, Dubreul has had a meeting of the board. The unanimous opinion is that Bartley is not to be encouraged to go on. Bartley when told that he must go, asked a few days to write to his friends for money. Dubreul regrets the critical health of Coit and Bohan; their usefulness has been of short duration. They have a French class and McFarland suggested that his seminarians get some acquaintance with French. If McFarland suggests, some would be directed to attend that class. P.S. Clancey left the seminary last Monday to return to Boston but spent the day in Baltimore during which he visited the Archbishop to expose his case. Archbishop (Martin J. Spalding) encouraged him to try thoroughly his vocation and promised to dispense him from any irregularity if he has a favorable report. Clancey has reentered the seminary.

I-1-a - A.L.S. - 3pp. - 8vo - {2}

1860 Dec. 27
Friends of United Southern Action: New Orleans, Louisiana

Platform calling for a convention of the State of Louisiana to meet on Jan. 23, (1861) at Baton Rouge to decide upon appropriate and concerted Southern action including the meeting of a convention of the slaveholding states and possible Secession. George A. Fosdick, President; George W. Hynson, Treasurer; and I. N. Philips, Secretary. The members of the executive committee are also listed.

VI-2-c - Printed D. - 1p. - 4to. - {4}

1860 Dec. 27
McMaster, G(ilbert) M.: Pittsburg, (Pennsylvania)
 to (James Alphonsus McMaster): (New York, New York)

This note is sent in an envelope, so that James will be more likely to see it. Gilbert sent several papers to James (Gilbert's uncle) last week. He wishes James and his family, health and happiness in the new year.

(P.S.)—He has been buying the (Freeman's Journal) for two years. He wants James to put his name on his subscription list and send him the bill.

I-i-m - A.L.S. - 1p. - 8vo. - {1}

1860 Dec. 27
Sullivan, Rev. J. T.: Wheeling, West V(irgini)a
 to O(restes) A. Brownson: (Elizabeth, New Jersey)

Father Sullivan does not agree with all Brownson's views. He regrets the inexpedient, violent attacks made by Catholic newspapers on The Review. That which is lawful is not always expedient. Perhaps Brownson should be more prudent. Father Sullivan asks to have the Review sent to him in care of St. James' Cathedral.

I-3-o - A.L.S. - 2pp. - 8vo. - {1}

1860 Dec. 28
Burnett, Peter H.: San Jose, (California)
 to Archbishop (John Baptist Purcell): (Cincinnati, Ohio)

Burnett was too sick to answer Purcell's letter of November 30 immediately. He agrees with Purcell rather than with Dr. R. and Dr. K. in believing that the appeal to Peter by the other Apostles was a matter of faith rather than ignorance. Burnett would like to go to Europe with Purcell but feels that it is his duty to spend the money on the Church. All the children are married except John, who is now in Europe. Burnett and his wife are alone, as they were thirty two years ago. If Burnett does not improve, he and his wife will see Purcell next year. Burnett believes the country is in peril and that slavery is not the true cause but only a means to test the strength of the government. The system of government is only good in theory but impossible in operation because of the dense population. Virginia and Georgia defeated decisions of the S(upreme) C(ourt) (of) U(nited) S(tates) and the government is losing the confidence of legal men. He admits Protestanism had much to do with bringing the present crisis, and when it is passed, the government formed will be strange and possibly bring trials and sufferings. Burnett hopes Judge Baine's work will do much good. He asks Purcell to remember him to Mr. and Mrs. Springer, Sister Loyola and Bishop (James F.) Wood of (Philadelphia, Pennsylvania). He read the last edition of Dr. (Orestes A.) B(rownson)'s Review and the criticisms of the Catholic Press, and feels that the criticisms are not written in the right spirit. He is worried at the bitterness growing between Dr. Brownson and the editors of our papers.

II-5-a - A.L.S. - 3pp. - 4to. - {2}

1860 Dec. 28
Callaert, Father D(esiderius): Monroe, (Michigan)
 to Bishop (Peter Paul) Lefevere: Detroit, (Michigan)

Mrs. Corkeran from Stonycreek wishes to marry Mr. Palmyro from Toledo. Palmyro is an infidel and Callaert does not know if he is baptized or not. He asks Lefevere's permission to marry them as he is almost sure they will be married by the squire if he does not. Callaert thanks Lefevere for the new and pleasing appointment he has given him. Services were held for the first time in the church at Stonycreek, on Christmas day. About 180 Communions were distributed. He thinks the church will be ready for consecration about June.

III-2-j - A.L.S. - 4pp. - 12mo. - {2}

1860 Dec. 28
Gaudet, O.M.I., Father A(ugust): Brownsville, (Texas)
 to Father S(tephen) Rousselon: N(ew) Orl(eans, Louisiana)

He has just received a letter from their superior in Marseille announcing reinforcements for their mission; they will probably arrive in January at New Orleans. He hopes to take a trip to New Orleans but there is absolutely nothing to call him there this year. In a few days the hopes to go to Galveston with a priest of that diocese who has been sick at their house for almost two months. Bishop (John Mary) Odin wrote to him to return. P.S. Father (Napoleon Joseph) Perché continues to publish articles like those of Dec. 8, etc.

VI-2-c - A.L.S. - (French) - 3pp. - 12mo. - {3}

1860 Dec. 28.
McCloskey, Father William (George): Rome, (Papal States)
 to (Archbishop John Baptist Purcell): (Cincinnati, Ohio)

McCloskey acknowledges (Purcell's) letter enclosing the $22. He has given the $10 to Mr. Richter. As regards the jubilee indulgence he has referred the matter to the cardinal who asked him to place it in form so he can present it to the Holy Father at the next audience. The quiet of death reigns about them and no one knows what is to hapen. Gaeta still holds out and the French fleet remains despite reports. The general impression is that if Gaeta falls the next will be Rome. The Holy Father remains calm. In answer to (Purcell's) question as to whether the College property is American, McCloskey says the Buildings are not but the effects within are. He sees no reason why the buildings themselves might not become American property. At the college all goes well. He hopes the Bishops pick the men they send there. Now they are picking the best from the Propaganda. (Purcell) has great influence in his section of the country and in the whole country and McCloskey begs him to use it to see that clearheaded young men are sent to the American College. McCloskey suspects from (Purcell's) letter that he thinks McCloskey approved the ideas printed over the letters J.W.C. The Old Mountain is not so narrow minded. He will send a copy of his remarks on the subject of Watrin (?) Americanism which he laid before the Cardinals of the Propaganda. As to the pension it is impossible to get along with less than he mentioned. Prices are high. The English College charges 186 scudi, exclusive of clothing. When the college is on a more solid foundation it may be diminished. McCloskey is pleased with the progress of Mt. St. Mary's of the West. It is so well established that no storm can disturb it. P.S. He wishes to know what course he should pursue in case of a break-up of the United States. The news is not flattering. He also wishes to know how many (Purcell) will have there next year. They have room for fifty and expect 80. Richter is well. Dr. Smith dropped in and sends regards.

II-5-a - A.L.S. - 4pp. - 12mo. - {3}

1860 Dec. 29
Brownson, O(restes) A.: Elizabeth, N(ew) J(ersey)
 to Right Reverend William Elder Bishop of Natchez: (Natchez, Mississippi)

Brownson acknowledges Bishop Elder's letter to The Standard and has inserted it, with J.W. C(umming')s comments, in the January Number of The Review. Brownson does not believe that the Papal States must be taken from the Pope in order to achieve Italian unity. He believes that unless the Pope were a tyrant his subjects would not be justified in rebelling against him. He obey the authorities of the Church but he does not foreswear his right to criticize the wisdom of the decisions made in purely administrative matters. His purpose was not to oppose the temporal with the spiritual but to maintain that not every right of a spiritual person is a spiritual right. He stated the feelings of the Italian patriots in the article and not necessarily his own. The clamor against him was due to misapprehension; he uses and unusual method which has a non-Catholic sense to the usual Catholic mind. If he wrote only for Catholics he would be misapprehended by non-Catholics. He complains only of unfair opposition. He is blamed for the faults of the Catholic press and for mistakes of other Catholics. He recognizes authority under its proper name, but Bishop Elder and the Bishop (John Luers) of Fort Wayne are the only authorities who have communicated their wishes to him and offered advice. He is willing to receive instruction but nobody will offer it until after the articles are printed. All his articles are submitted for theological revision before being printed. While in Boston he followed the advice of the Bishop of Boston but he cannot respect or accept the advice of the Archbishop (John Hughes) of New York, and he is not under his jurisdiction. The Archbishop of New York has caused most of the difficulty.

I-3-o - A.L.S. - 12pp - 12mo - {5}

1860 Dec. 29
Koch, Peter G.: Grand Rapids, (Michigan)
 to Bishop (Peter Paul Lefevere): (Detroit, Michigan)

Koch received Lefevere's letter with the deed of property. It might have defeated them except for the "hook and crook" law which was necessary on that occasion. The deed was made in 1859 after the church law of 1855 by which all conveyances to any bishop are void. However, the counsel on the other side, Holmes and Eggleston, admitted that the paramount title was in Lefevere. The Court rendered a judgment of guilty against (Father Thomas) Brady and the three officers. This gives possession of the church and the costs of $46 taxed against the Department. Brady came to Koch and wanted to settle; Koch told him to go to Father (Henry) Ri(e)vers. Koch will not accept the check for $20 and will return it on his arrival in Detroit in about two weeks. Koch advised Ri(e)vers to pay Brady if there is anything due him after deducting damages.

III-2-j - A.L.S. - 3pp. - 8vo. - {4}

1860 Dec. 29
(Odin) Bishop J(ohn) M(ary): Galveston, (Texas)
 to Father (Stephen Rousselon: New Orleans, Louisiana)

He has received (Rousselon's) letter of the 24th but has not received any other letters from Rome on the succession and believes that it has not yet been decided. Bishop (Thaddeus) Amat was not on any of the lists and he doubts that the Holy Father intends to name him motu proprio. Perhaps one of the Archbishops proposed him. He does not understand clearly the nature of the dispensation which (Rousselon) has requested. A ratified but non-consummated marriage is automatically dissolved by the solemn religious profession of one of the parties and the other party may marry without dispensation. However, if the individuals, having badly married, have separated before consummation and wish to marry different persons, (Rousselon) cannot give them permission. The Holy Father himself will not give it. If a refusal would entail very grave consequences (Rousselon) might write to Cardinal Barnabo and beg the parties to wait patiently for his reply.

VI-2-c - A.L.S. - (French) - 3pp. - 12mo. - {2}

1860 December 29
Putnam, Edw(ard): North Whitefield, M(ain)e
 to (Orestes A.) Brownson: (Elizabeth, New Jersey)

Putnam has not seen his article published in the Review, and would like to have Brownson send him his manuscript. Putnam is making a collection of his own essays which he may later publish in one volume. He would appreciate some advice from Brownson on this matter.

I-3-o - A.L.S. - 3pp. - 12mo - {1}

1860 Dec. 30
Cauvin, Father D. André: (Terre aux Boeufs, Louisiana)
 to Father Stephen Rousselon: New Orleans, (Louisiana)

He asks Rousselon to send by the bearer of this letter, Charles Chablay, organist of the St. Bernard's Church, the dispensation which he asks for and 30 piastres which will be repaid in 15 or 20 days.

- A.L.S. - (French) - 1p.


(1860) Dec. 30
Cauvin, Father D. André: (Terre aux Boeufs, Louisiana)

Maria Alouisia Kerell wishing to marry Matt Foyce, seeks a dispensation from the impediment of mixed faiths.

- A.L.S. - (Latin) - 1p.

VI-2-c - A.L.S. - (French and Latin) - 2pp. - 12mo. - {4}

1860 Dec. 30
Hillaire, Father E.: Rayville, Louisiana
 to Father (Stephen Rousselon: New Orleans, Louisiana)

Darmas Boulé and Emilia Mire seek a dispensation for the third degree of consanguinity. In an earlier letter he had asked for a double dispensation for Victor Landry and Zelie Landry. Rousselon sent only a dispensation for the second degree. P.S. Each Sunday he sees a great number of the faithful who cannot find room in his church. He asks authority to say a first Mass which could be limited especially to Negroes. Several of the principal Creoles have assured him that they will provide all the facilities for their slaves to get there.

VI-2-c - A.L.S. - (French) - 2pp. - 8vo. - {5}

(186-) Dec. 30
Fulton, S.J., Father Robert: Boston, (Massachusetts)
 to Bishop (Francis P. McFarland of Hartford: Providence, Rhode Island)

The fact that F(ather) Welch was invited to Providence the previous winter suggests to Fulton that he offer to do the same to raise money. He is endeavoring to raise money for an organ for his Sunday school and prefers speaking for the money to begging. The Lecture would be announced for some other purpose and he would accept $25 or $30 for his services.

I-1-a - A.L.S. - 1p. - 4to. - {1}

1860 Dec. 31
Coste, Father J.:
Spring Hill College, Alabama
 to Father (Stephen) Rousselon: New Orleans, Louisiana

He sends Rousselon the celebret which expires tomorrow, no one having asked him for it. Rousselon will find the reply which he awaits a little late in coming. (P.S.) The sending of the celebret is not at all pressing.

VI-2-c - A.L.S. - (French) - 1p. - 12mo. - {1}

1860 Dec. 31
Schaible, Charles: (New) Orleans, Louisiana

$30 received by Father (Stephen Rousselon) Russelio for Father (D.Andre) Cauvin of St. Bernard.

VI-2-c - A.D.S. - 1p. - 32mo. - {2}