University of Notre Dame


1868 Nov. ( )
Wald, Catherine:
 to (James Alphonsus McMaster): (New York, New York)

(Catherine Wald sends a poem signed with the initials "M.A.W.", and prefixed with the statement: "We are told that our city contains no fewer than 40,000 vagrant children." The poem is in six stanzas of eight trochaic tetrameter lines each.)

I-1-m - A.L.S. - 4pp. - 12mo. - {1}

1868 Nov. 2
Callaert, Father D(esiderius): Marshall, (Michigan)
 to Bishop (Peter Paul Lefevere): (Detroit, Michigan)

He regrets he was not home when Lefevere visited Marshall. He was at Stony Creek where he met opposition. The Germans in Marshall are grateful to Lefevere for sending a German-speaking priest. Some are lukewarm, others have left the church. All goes well except they have no school due to the Sisters, (Servants of the Immaculate Heart of Mary), withdrawal, especially Sister Ignatia. Application to Father (Edward) Joos and the Mother Superior at Monroe has been made for the Sisters' return, but cannot be complied with and he asks Lefevere's permission to apply to some other religious community as it is almost five months that the children are without a Catholic school. Should the people of Albion come to Lefevere, will he tell them to postpone the building of their church until next spring as Callaert's health is precarious.

III-2-1 - A.L.S. - 4pp. - 12mo. - {6}

1868 Nov. 2
De Neve, Father John: Louvain, (Belgium)
 to Bishop (Peter Paul) Lefevere: Detroit, (Michigan)

The (American) College of Louvain is crowded with new theologians. He expects (Thomas) Rafter and (Camillus Paul) Maes to be ready by May. Rafter asks for a dispensation in aetate. De Neve hopes Lefevere will soon be able to do something for the College. The balance due of last year is $2673.69, for 1868-69 becoming one for board, Rafter, Maes, Lewis, Sweeny, Kraemer, Wheeler; he hopes Schaeken and Elvert will pay themselves. He has only five that are able to pay and two are for Detroit.

III-2-l - A.L.S. - 1p. - 12mo. - {4}

1868 Nov. 2
Kehoe, L(awrence): New York(City), (New York)
 to Orestes A. Brownson: Elizabeth, New Jersey

Kehoe encloses two sermons by Ewer; he can not now obtain the other but will try. "We elect Grant and Colfax tomorrow".

I-4-d - A.L.S. - 1p. - 8vo. - {1}

1868 Nov. 4
Henni, John M., Bishop of Milwaukee: Milwaukee, (Wisconsin)
 to Archbishop (John Baptist Purcell): of Cincinnati, (Ohio)

In response to the inquiry of Purcell on behalf of Mrs. Mullone, Henni states that Buffalo County lies within the limits of La Crosse diocese. Henni will send Purcell's letter to Bishop (Michael) Heiss in order to acquaint the latter with Mrs. Mullone's kind offer. Henni regrets that he has not received a copy of Purcell's late controversy. P.S. -- Henni sends his love to Rev. Edw(ard) Purcell.

II-5-d - A.L.S. - (French) - 3pp. - 12mo. - {2}

1868 Nov. 4
Kanzler, General: Rome, (Papal States)
 to General Carroll Tevis: (New York, New York)

Kanzler sends a receipt for the 8,000 francs which he has received from American Catholics in Favor of the Pontifical army and asks that Tevis express his gratitude to the Americans. He asks that special thanks be given to those who have generously helped Tevis and especially the editor of the Freeman's Journal (James Alphonsus McMaster). He encloses a receipt of the same date (in Italian) for the 8,000 francs signed by Kanzler as ProAdminister of Arms, and stamped from what Ministery.

I-1-n - A.S. - (French) - 3pp. - 12mo. - {2}

1868 Nov. 4
Wood, James F., Bishop of: Philadelphia, (Pennsylvania
 to (Archbishop) John B(aptist) Purcell: of (Cincinnati, Ohio)

Wood notifies Purcell that he has sent him a circular concerning the American College in Rome, which circular Wood recommends to Purcell's favorable considerations. He will not anticipate the contents of the letter, other than to say that the plan therein proposed seems practicable, and should relieve the American clergy from the repeated appeals for aid and shall put the College on firm footing. Naturally, such a move needs the full cooperation of the American Bishops.

P.S.—The clergyman who heads this move is Rev. George H. Doane of Newark, New Jersey.

II-5-d - A.L.S. - 2pp. - 12mo. - {3}

1868 Nov. 5
(Keith) Sister M. Agnes: Maysville, Kentucky
 to Archbishop J(ohn) B(aptist Purcell: of Cincinnati, Ohio

Sister Agnes, writing from the Convent of the Visitation nuns expresses her gratitude and that of her community for Purcell's kind letters. Their sorrow is lifted and they have now found a friend. She speaks of the rash judgments which were made against them and how the Mother Superior bore all silently. She had not written one word against Father (P.) McMahon but many for him. They have learned to lean to the side of charity rather than severity. She encloses a letter of a gifted person who learned at Notre Dame from a writer for the Ave Maria the difference between cloistered and non-cloistered sisters and felt called to the Visitandines.She was highly recommended by Father (Edward) Sorin and Mother Angela. Can they hope for a visit from Purcell? The Mother Superior begs that Purcell say a mass for her as she is in retreat and will then leave them.

II-5-d - A.L.S. - 4pp. - 12mo. - {6}

1868 Nov. 5
Spalding, M(artin) J. Archbishop of Baltimore,: Baltimore, (Maryland)
 to Archbishop (John Baptist Purcell): Cincinnati, (Ohio)

Spalding concurs with (Purcell) in regard to the coadjutor for the Archbishop of San Francisco. It seems to him that both Archbishops (Joseph Alemany) and (Peter Richard Kenrick) of St. Louis should convene provincial councils and have the application made by the advice of the suffragans, since such an appointment of a coadjutor concerns the whole province. He is glad that (Purcell) gave the hint to the Visitation nuns at Maysville, (Kentucky). He makes it a point to discontenance begging nuns and he believes he sent off those very ones from Syracuse a year ago. It is a scandal expressly forbidden by the plenary council. He was not surprised at Father (P.) McMahon. He has written to Rome that although not personally acquainted with those recommended for Covington and Marquette, yet he gave his votes for the first on the two lists, Father (Augustus) Toebbe and Father Kohler, and urged the appointment of the latter to Marquette, although a Jesuit, since it is a missionary country.

P.S.—No doubt Bishop (James F.) Wood will write on that plan, which was not ripe until a day or two back. He trusts Purcell will go into it. The Cardinal urges action at once.

II-5-d - A.L.S. - 1p. - 8vo. - {10}

1868 Nov. 6
Hecker, (Father) I(saac) T.: (New York City), (New York)
 to Orestes A. Brownson: Elizabeth, New Jersey

Father Hecker desires Brownson to review a book of Porter's for the Catholic World, and if not able, to return same to him. He has requested Kehoe to s end the articles about which Brownson inquired direct to Brownson.

I-4-d - A.L.S. - 2pp. - 12mo. - {1}

1868 November 7
Mahoney, William: Paquette, Wisconsin
 to (James Alphonsus) McMaster: New York, New York

Mahoney asks McMaster to publish the enclosed communication. He thanks him for the articles concerning the rights of the Priesthood in America. If many priests had been shown justice and charity by their bishops they might have been saved from destruction and avoided a scandal to religion. The evils are remedial, but the priests have no rights whatever. Even a negro has the right of a trial if accused but a priest is at the mercy of his Bishop, who is often influenced by passion or prejudice. McMaster takes the view of the Church and is on the side of right and justice. Only a Catholic layman can defend the priesthood, if a priest undertook it he would be crushed.

I-1-n - A.L.S. - 4pp. - 12mo. - {1}

1868 Nov. 8
Driessen, Father Hilarion: Muskegon, (Michigan)
 to Bishop P(eter) P(aul) Lefev(e)re: Detroit, (Michigan)

Driessan is again at Muskegon with Father (Henry) Rievers. When he arrived at the Carmelites in Cumberland, he was astonished to hear from the newly appointed superior that the Superior General in Rome, hearing he had left England, had sent an order that he would be immediately expelled because he had stolen sacred vessels from their Mission. His defense against the charge, Lefevere can learn from the letter to his General in Rome, which he joins to this letter. Fortunately his superior in Cumberland had been his superior in England, and he too has written the General to warn him to be cautious, as he was well acquainted with persons in England who had not treated Driessen well. Were it not for Rievers and Lefevere, he would be in utter despair. The Cumberland superior gave him more than sufficient money to reach Muskegon and agreed with him in the step he took before leaving the monastery; he also wrote the General about Driessen's critical position lately in Wales. He disapproved his want of resignation and patience in running away, which Driessen deplores, though too late. He spends his time now in praying and studying, in relearning German to be able to preach God's love, as he will do in French, and English, and to manifest his gratitude to Lefevere for his help in the midst of his troubles.

- A.L.S. -

 On the same paper: 

1868 Oct. 29
Driessen, Father Hilarion: Cumberland, (Maryland)
 to (Father Nicholas Mauron, C.SS.R.): Rome, (Italy)

Copy. When he could have approached more easily and earlier a reconciliation with the Order at Cumberland, the Brothers there were forced, according to the expressed order of the Superior General, to close the doors of the monastery against him. He entered to ask of the Most Holy Pontiff absolution for his unfortunate desertion and secularization, which he has done this very hour. It is impossible for him to continue any longer. He has been punished already and has been expelled from the Order itself. He insists that the sacred vessel: 1. In no wise had been the property of the Mission; 2. he had received these gifts as personal, at the time of ordination in England, from the Rev. Father Elias, then his Superior, however, with these circumstances: 3. Father Elias had received from a certain pious individual in Antwerp, Belgium, a small vessel, one part of which was for the Blessed Sacrament for the sick; another part served to carry the oil of the infirm to them. After wards, this vessel was dedicated by the superior to the Mission. There were accidentally two small vessels in his clothes when in a movement of desperation he fled from the Mission. For in a most urgent case, he had used them the very night preceding his desertion. He did not forget these vessels in his clothing; he decided to inform his superiors and to return these vessels to the Order. He is disturbed by the accusation.

- L.S. Copy - (Latin) -

III-2-1 - A.L.S., L.S. Copy - (Latin) - 4pp. - 4to. - {3}

1868 Nov. 10
Ayrault, W(alter): Utica, New York
 to (Orestes A.) Brownson: (Elizabeth, New Jersey)

Ayrault was pleased that Brownson gave such kindly treatment to the article of Mr. Henry, a young lawyer, on Brownson's article. He is nothing but a youth who still possesses some childish conceits and if a further mention is made of him, that it may be beneficial to him and others because the young man has not quite gone deep enough into the insoluable puzzles of philosophy. He believes Brownson will be interested in some references to himself appearing in Bronson Allcott's "Tablets", reviewed in The Round Table; Ayrault will send this review to him as soon as he returns to his office. He hopes Brownson has not lost sight of his purpose of writing "The Problem Solved."

I-4-d - A.L.S. - 3pp. {2}

1868 Nov. 10
Hipelius, (Father) D. Edward: St. Mary's Penn(sylvani)a
 to Orestes (A.) Brownson: Elizabeth, N(ew) J(ersey)

Father Hipelius is translating a German work of Doctor Alzog, the original being intended only for the German public and contains mostly such works of references as are not accessable to the English-speaking student and in order to remedy this defect Hipelius wants to add some references from English and American writers, and wants Brownson to prepare a list of authors who have written on the same subjects Doctor Alzog has — such as Dollinger because some of his works are supposed to have been translated into English.

I-4-d - A.L.S. - 3pp. - 12mo. - {1}

1868 Nov. 12
(Perché, Father Napoleon Joseph: New Orleans, Louisiana)
 to (Archbishop John Mary Odin: New Orleans, Louisiana)

The editor of the Morning Star has turned over all the money collected for the Papal Army, 1160 piastres, 70 cents less 10 piastres and 25 cents which he still owes. (On the same paper in Odin's hand): Cash on hand $26.58; from Perché $1020.

VI-2-n - A. Note - (French) - 2pp. - 16mo. - {1}

1868 Nov. 13,
Brownson, O(restes) A.: Eliz(abeth), (New Jersey)
 to H(enry) F. Brownson: Atlanta, G(eorgi)a

Brownson, thanks (Henry) for his letter and is very happy about the fine condition of his health. Fifine was given a full account of Brownson's illness and although he is still improving, nevertheless, his knee and ankle joints are still weak. Grant and Colfax got through although the Democrats made large gains in the House of Representatives. This is a good condition inasmuch it will hold the extreme radicals in check and at the same time not impede legislation but restrain Congressional extravagance. Grant will make a good President but will probably be unable to check the evils in Southern Society. Many in the South kill a negro as they do a dog and Brownson is of the opinion that Grant can do little. Brownson's sickness has worn out his wife and this has been the reason why she hesitated having visitors but since her husband is well once again (Henry) and Fifine are urged to pay them a visit and to stay as long as they wish. They are told to shape their travel so as not to inconvenience Fifine and Brownson's anxiety is so great that he cannot avoid calling (Henry's) attention to the necessity of proper timing in connection with the journey. Brownson meant to tell Fifine in his letter to her that it was very hard of the Bishop (Peter Paul Lefevere) to place her brother Barnest (Van Dyke), a delicate priest, on so laborious a mission. It may be a gain to a good priest to die, but it is not quite right for his Bishop to hasten his death by being indifferent to health. A Bishop should be a tender and considerate father to his clergy, but the majority of those Brownson has known have contented themselves with being their lords or masters. Brownson thinks it would be well if our bishops could forget that bishops were once secular princes and temporal lords. The Revolution in Spain breaks up the last wreck of the medieval system and the Church is now thrown back on her own resources as a spiritual kingdom placed in the midst of a hostile world. She has to convert the nations a new to the faith and the proper models for her pastors are those who lived and labored before she had gained a political status. The fewer reminiscences they retain of a secular principality and the more deeply they are impressed with the fact that they are fathers not lords, the more successful will be their missions. Brownson is growing less tolerant of European liberalism each day; he has lost his hostility to the Jesuits and has become quite reconciled to monasticism. The Jesuits and religious are the first that liberals attack on coming to power and this tells Brownson the whole story. F(ather) (Isaac) Hecker and Brownson have quarrelled but the former has asked Brownson to write again for the Catholic World which he will do if his health permits. Brownson will write two articles for him soon to meet the expenses of his sickness but is afraid that he can never labor again as before. Most unwillingly comes his admission of growing old. Henry is urged to visit him as soon as possible and he is asked to give Brownson's tender regards to his daughter in return for her love.

III-3-a - A.L.S. - 4pp. - 12mo. - {5}

1868 Nov. 13
Rosecrans, S(ylvester) H. Bishop of Columbus: Columbus, (Ohio)
 to Archbishop J(ohn) B(aptist) Purcell: of Cincinnati, Ohio

He invites Purcell to dedicate St. Mary's Church on the 5th Sunday of the month. Holy Cross will furnish its best lodging, and all will be exceedingly gratified.

II-5-d - A.L.S. - 1p. - 12mo. - {1}

1868 Nov. 14
Salzmann, Father Jos(eph):
(St. Francis Seminary) (Milwaukee, Wisconsin)
 to Bishop (Peter Paul Lefevere): (Detroit, Michigan)

He thanks Lefevere for his two visits to the Seminary on the occasion of the consecration of Bishop (Michael) Heiss. He sends bills for Lefevere's candidates. He requests Lefevere to add some money in advance for the second semester. Times are hard; his credit grows with Lefevere's help. His seminary is overfilled with 206 Salesians and 84 theologians of which over 20 will be ordained in December. Itemized expenses total $228.44. Lefevere's (note): Paid on Nov. 19, 1868, the above expenses and $100 in advance.

III-2-1 - A.L.S. - 2pp. - 12mo. - {3}

(18)68 Nov. 15
(Mattingly, S.C.), Mother Regina: Cedar Grove, (Cincinnati, Ohio)
 to Bishop (James Roosevelt Bayley: Newark, New Jersey)

Last Thursday, beloved Mother Margaret (George, S.C.), the companion of (Bayley)'s sainted grand mother(!), breathed her last. 57 years ago she gave her heart to God. She frequently expressed pleasure at the anticipated visit to Cincinnati of one so nearly related to her sainted foundress Mother (Elizabeth Ann Bayley) Seton.

II-2-n - A.L.S. - 3pp. - 16mo. - {3}

1868 Nov. 16
Tevis, (C) Carroll: Rome, Italy
 to (James Alphonsus McMaster): New York, New York

He sends General Kanzlers receipt for the last remittance of eight thousand francs sent by McMaster last May. His absence from Rome prevented him from sending it at an earlier date. He also sends a letter of thanks from the Minister to all the contributors. The original letter is sent so that it might be shown if necessary to such persons that might question the authenticity of a mere copy. He asks McMaster to publish it if he finds it expedient, and to save the letter, as he might need it. It is impossible to say to what lengths some people may go in this connection. The authors of the intrigue against both McMaster and himself are despised by all. An article in the Mirror is asked to be sent to his solicitor in Philadelphia, so that he might commence suit for libel against that "organ" and its backers. He does not know what course to take in regards to the Bishops. McMaster can tell those that attack his name that he has a better title to it than the signer of the Declaration. Neither would the pay of a lientenant Colonel tempt him. He asks McMaster to reopen his column to the Papal Defense Fund and to write soon. By Jan. 1, he will send what he has written of the "Crusaders".

I-1-n - A.L.S. - 2pp. - 12mo. - {1}

1868 Nov. 17
McCloskey, W(illia)m Bishop of Louisville: Louisville, (Kentucky)
 to (Archbishop John Baptist) Purcell: Cin(cinnati, Ohio)

McCloskey encloses a letter of Sister Alphonse who wishes to return to Cincinnati. She is an excellent woman but could not get along as superior at the house on 26th street. He was obliged to remove her and put another in her place. She herself acknowledges the necessity of the change. She is no favorite of the other sisters and she seeks to return to Cincinnati. He was in St. Louis to see Father (F.) Coosemans (S.J.) about Bardstown College. They cannot reopen and McCloskey must do his best to begin studies next summer. He does not know where he will get priests. He has received nothing but kindness since his arrival despite the misgivings of Purcell's friend now in North Carolina. He has heard that Mother Ward is in Baltimore. Should she pass through Cincinnati, he asks (Purcell) to telegraph her arrival and give him the best counsel but not to tell her of this. He has kept out of the Sisters troubles there and wishes to meet her as a perfect stranger. Whatever happens he is resolved to act with coolness and firmness but desires the advice of his archbishop. (No enclosure)

II-5-d - A.L.S. - 4pp. - 12mo. - {3}

1868 Nov. 18
Wood, J(ames) F. Bishop of Philadelphia: Philadelphia, (Pennsylvania)
 to Archbishop John Baptist Purcell: (Cincinnati, Ohio)

W(ood) acknowledges Purcell's letter and information. He has communicated to Father (George H.) Doane all that related to the new plan for keeping alive the American College at Rome. Wood would have been delighted to have been one of the company at Lexington but his rheumatism made it impossible. He sends his photograph.

II-5-d - A.L.S. - 1pg. - 12mo. - {3}

1868 Nov. 20
(McCloskey), A(rch)b(sisho)p John: New York, (New York)
 to James A(lphonsus) McMaster: (New York, New York)

The Archbishop acknowledges receipt of McMaster's check for $250, and he encloses Mgr. Chaldany's receipt for the money. The archbishop is puzzled though pleased at this kind expression by McMaster, because he cannot reconcile it with the actions of McMaster for the past three years as editor of the Freeman's Journal toward the archbishop.

I-1-n - A.L.S. - 2pp. - 12mo. - {1}

1868 Nov. 21
Brownson, Sarah H.: Eliz(abeth), (New Jersey)
 to Henry (F. Brownson): (Atlanta, Georgia)

(Mrs. Brownson) has received Henry's letter and she is very anxious to have him and Fifine visit her an (Brownson) on their way to Detroit. She has requested (Brownson) to urge the visit in his letter to them and she expects to see them on or before Christmas. Henry's father is continuing to gain and is now eating much better. Langdon Healy from Brooklyn, visited the Brownson recently, and they found him very pleasant. Mrs. Brownson's health has improved considerably since her husband's recovery. She sends her best love to Fifine and Henry.

III-3-a - A.L.S. - 2pp. - 12mo. - {1}

1868 Nov. 21
Callaert, Father D(esiderius): Marshall, (Michigan)
 to Bishop (Peter Paul Lefevere): (Detroit, Michigan)

He has received Lefevere's letter of Nov. 17. The Sisters (of the Names of Jesus and Mary?) of Windsor, arrived in Marshall yesterday and intend to depart today. They seem very well pleased with present accomodations. The Mother Superior promises to write immediately to the Superior General and she thinks that Marshall will soon be supplied with a good school Callaert will give a reunion dinner to his neighboring confreres the 24th, and invites Lefevere. Today being Lefevere's 27th anniversary of his consecration, Callaert promises a Memento.

III-2-1 - A.L.S. - 2pp. - 12mo. - {3}