University of Notre Dame


1869 May ?
Brownson, O(restes) A.: (Elizabeth, New Jersey)
 to (Father) I(saac) T. Hecker: (New York), (New York)

Brownson is glad Hecker likes the article on the "Woman Question". Unless Hecker intends to publish his articles on the "Old and the New", Brownson would like him to return them. He is a little disappointed in having only his short article on Harper in the April number for he understood Hecker to say he would accept two articles a number, one long and one short. Brownson proposed to Hecker some two years previous to discuss the subject of Spiritism, but the latter did not accept the proposal and the subject has since passed from his mind. If Hecker says to treat it, he will. Brownson would like to know what Hecker thinks of an article on Huxley's physical basis of life. He likes Hecker's idea of an illustrated magazine for the young folk, but if he wants (Sarah M. Brownson) to write for it, Hecker will have to contact her.

I-4-g - A.L.S. (Photostat, Paulist Archives) - 3pp. - 12mo. - {2}

1869 May to 1870 Apr.
Brownson, Orestes A.:

Drafts for:

"The Woman Question," Catholic World, IX (May 1869), 145-157; reprinted in Works, XVIII, 381-397.

"Spiritism and Spiritists," Catholic World, IX (June 1869), 289-302; reprinted in Works, IX, 332-351.

"The Physical Basis of Life," Catholic World, IX (July 1869), 467-476; reprinted in Works, IX, 365-379.

"Lecky on Morals," Catholic World, IX (July 1869), 529-540, and "The Conversion of Rome," Catholic World, IX (Sept. 1869), 790-803; both reprinted under the title, "Lechy on Morals," in Works, XIV, 379-414.

"Our Established Church," Catholic World, IX (Aug. 1869), 577-587.

"Spiritualism and Materialism," Catholic World, IX (Aug. 1869), 619-634; reprinted in Works, IX, 379-400.

"Primeval Man," Catholic World, IX (Sept. 1869), 746-756; reprinted in Works, IX, 318-332.

"An Imaginary Contradiction," Catholic World, X (Oct. 1869), 1-12; reprinted in Works, III, 391-406.

"Free Religion," Catholic World, X (Nov. 1869), 195-206; reprinted in Works, III, 407-423.

"Future of Protestantism and Catholicity," Catholic World, X (Jan.-March 1870), 433-448, 577-589, 721-735, XI (April 1870), 1-14; reprinted in Works, XIII, 162-241.

"Putnam's Defense," Catholic World, X (Jan. 1870), 542-547.

Review of Epes Sargent's The Woman Who Dared (1870), Catholic World, X (Jan. 1870), 571-573.

Review of Horace Bushnell's Women's Suffrage: A Reform against Nature (1869), Catholic World, X (Feb. 1870), 715-716.

"The School Question," Catholic World, XI (April 1870), 91-106; reprinted in Works, XIII, 241-262.

Review of E. E. Marcy's Life Duties (1870); possibly a rough draft for Catholic World. XI (April 1870), 139-140.

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1869 May 2
Perigo, Frank: Toledo, Ohio
 to James F. Edwards: (Notre Dame, Indiana)

He was provoked that Edwards waited so long to write. He mentions a few friends who are in Toledo.

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1869 May 3
Rosecrans, S(ylvester) H. Bishop of Columbus: Columbus, Ohio
 to Archbishop John Baptist Purcell: (Cincinnati, Ohio)

He has just returned from a trip to Circleville, where Rev. (C. L.) Pindar just renounced his sacerdotal character and abjured his faith, saying: "This is the last time I shall ever say Mass and I wish to be considered henceforth as one of your Protestant fellow citizens." This was said before all the bewildered congregation. He had previously said that Rosecrans had insulted him a second time by not notifying him directly that he was visiting Circleville. He was not in favor of Bishops and Popes. They would wring the last half-dollar from the widow, and all the time the Pope was rolling in wealth. Pindar told his people stories of the activities of the Pope and Bishops. He said he did not want to incite rebellion. He simply followed his own convictions. One bishop had told him that the rich should be shown discrimination. Pindar has no friends in the congregation, except for two women, one his housekeeper and the other a teacher. One was at Mass this morning and sat during the entire service. Rosecrans pronounced Pindar suspended and excommunicated by his own action. Pindar has an article in the weekly newspaper, explaining his action. Rosecrans finds that Pindar has charged for everything but confession; sick calls, $2.00; baptisms, $3.00. He is a second Luther. He has been packing for two weeks preparing to leave, long before Rosecrans visit "insulted" him. Father (Henry) Fehlings has also justified Purcell's suspicions, but Rosecrans permitted him to return to Europe without any public brand.

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1869 May 3
Wieczorek, Father Simon: Paris, (Michigan)
 to Father (Peter) Hennaert: Detroit, (Michigan)

Father (Peter Kluck) Cluck left the 4th of the month. He received Wieczorek badly before some lay persons. The things that were stolen did not belong to the church—the things he took belonged to him. The worst was the announcement to the Germans that he would visit them once a month. He authorized a man to take the keys of the church and house and the same man is to rent the house belonging to the church. Wieczorek asks for instructions.

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1869 May 4
deMontaubricq, Father A(drian): Newport, (Michigan)
 to Father (Peter Hennaert): (Detroit, Michigan)

Shortly before his death Bishop (Peter Paul Lefevere) gave De Montaubricq orders that if work on the small church at Huron (River) was not finished by spring to suspend service as he ordered for Newport, two years ago until the rectory was finished. Now is the time, since Easter is over, to do it but he wishes to do nothing without (Hennaert's) advice. For eight months, since the work began, there have been difficulties especially with the Mannansons, donators of the land. Most of the inhabitants have wished to do nothing; the rest are apathetic. They still owe $200 out of $600. There is still $200 worth of work to do. The bishop, dissatisfied with all these things which could easily be arranged among 150 families, told him on his return from Cincinnati that if all was not settled by May he should suspend service. Newport's 250 families ask to be separated from Huron. This section has a pretty rectory and large church and promise to contribute the salary of a priest. He finds the service extremely fatiguing. He requests authorization to release from excommunication two young people married before a civil judge who wish to return to the Church and asks whether he should refuse burial for those who die suddenly without having made their Easter duty, especially during many years.

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1869 May 4
Meuffels, Father H(enry) H.: Manistee, (Michigan)
 to Father (Peter Hennaert): (Detroit, Michigan)

(Hennaert's) letter of April 29 came today. (Hennaert's) questions were prudently made before. The woman was married; both were Catholics; she married a second time, persuading themselves that the first husband was dead, or they did not trouble much about it, having heard nothing of him in two years; hence uncertainty in their minds, therefore, no good faith. On account of the probability, perhaps they must say, "In dubio melior est conditio possidentis." Perhaps it is better to admit them to the sacraments secretly, for a few families know of the case. (Hennaert's notation on back of letter) "negative."

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1869 May 8
Mrak, Bishop Ign(atius): Marquette, (Michigan)
 to Father (Peter Hennaert): (Detroit, Michigan)

Mrak received his letter, and will tell (Hennaert) about the case of Father (Nicholas Louis) Sifferath with the late Bishop (Peter Paul Lefevere). Mrak told (Lefevere) that all three priests, (John B.) Weikamp, Sifferath, and (Ph. Seraphin) Zorn had not half as much to do as he alone at Grand Traverse, and proposed to (Lefevere) to transfer Zorn to him, and Sifferath to Little Traverse. (Lefevere) found the proposal reasonable, Sifferath objected saying Bishop (Frederic) Baraga promised to let him stay always at Cross Village. In spite of disrespectful language, (Lefevere) was patient but suspended him. He had a beard like a Jew. Mrak suggests sending him to a seminary to study and that Hennaert bring him to Detroit and warn him. His principal fault is stubborness like his brother. Zorn says he is always talking and giving scandal to the Indians. He does not say his breivary or go to church on Sundays. Mrak may go to Mackinac or Beaver Island but Detroit is too far out of the way.

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1869 May 8
Spalding, M(artin) J. Archbishop of Baltimore: Baltimore, (Maryland)
 to Archbishop (John Baptist Purcell): (Cincinnati, Ohio)

At last Father (James M.) Lancaster has died. The next day after receiving the telegram he received word that his nephew and name-sake had died in Lebanon. He hopes Lancaster made his will. Spalding is just getting over the press of duties connected with their council which went off satisfactory and did much good. He encloses a copy of a letter from Cardinal (Alexander) Barnabo containing a plan for endowing the American college. He was instructed to send it to the metropolitans. Their council did not think it practicable, and at least not advisable until Father (George H.) Doane had finished his collection.

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1869 May 10
(Brownson, Sarah H.): Elizabeth, (New Jersey)
 to Henry (F. Brownson):

(Mrs. Brownson) is acknowledging Henry's letter and is very glad that he and Fifine are comfortably settled in their new home. She would prefer having her son in civil rather than in military life and if he succeeds in his plans they all will be perfectly satisfied. At first thought they do not know what the Government may do, but then there possibly may come that sober second thought for which the American people are noted. Fifine probably has seen enough of military life to be pleased with Henry's present prospects. Six years ago Henry was in Libby prison where he suffered much throughout the Summer. (Mrs. Brownson) is in hopes that he will not be ordered away again during the present Summer. She has been very busy throughout the spring and has replaced Hannah with another girl who seems to be very good. (Brownson's) health continues as good as it has been and he is now taking Ballston Water. He plans on going to Ballston in the summer and visit his sister (Daphne) who is expecting him. Union County has established a Historical Society and Brownson has joined it although he refused the position of President. Five Catholics belong to it and includes Auguste Thabeau who lives in the Co(unty). Alice Frith's husband lives not far from Newark, where they attend Church. Mrs. Flemming visited the Brownson's in the previous week and asked to be remembered to Henry and Fifine. (Mrs. Brownson) sends her love to Fifine and wishes to know whether she received the work-basket sent her by Annie. Henry's mother is always happy to hear from him and hopes that he writes as often as it is convenient. (Brownson) said the Retiring Board had been dissolved and is of the opinion that they do many foolish things in Washington.

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1869 May 10
Driessen, (Father) H.T.: Bunker Hill, Michigan
 to (James Alphonsus) McMaster: New York, New York

Father Driessen expresses pleasure that McMaster's son is recovering, and hopes that God would spare him long years of life; to see his son growing to fill his place. In England the clergy have not as much liberty to speak their minds as in America. Rome wants parishes but because the timid English clergy fear to displease their zealous prelates new parishes cannot be started. The writer is a missionary who has 142 families scattered over 25 square miles. He thanks McMaster for his valuable paper and the pleasure he derives from it.

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1869 May 12
McCloskey, W(illiam) Bishop of Louisville: Louisville, (Kentucky)
 to Archbishop (John Baptist) Purcell: Cincinnati, (Ohio)

McCloskey asks if there is any obstacle to giving tonsure and minor orders on the same day, and if he can give them on any duplex festival. Also, if he is obliged to read any document stating that one is authorized by the Pope without observing the interestices and where can it be found. He asks Purcell to ask (Father Edward)Purcell if he sent him his note for $733.92. He has been absent on a visitation and does not remember whether he attended to this business. He is anxious to have the Sisters of Mercy and visited their house in St. Louis, where they have two converts from Louisville, very zealous for their native city. He has heard the sisters do not get along well everywhere and asks Purcell if it be a good move to get them there. Bishop (James) Duggan is in the asylum, hopelessly insane. Archbishop (Peter Richard Kenrick) is well. Father (Patrick J.) Ryan is lecturing on Rome but there not bulls for him yet, and none for Covington. Father (James M.) Lancaster is gone; his sister was sure he would get well. He asks if he can give minor orders and sub-deaconate on the same day. Purcell must suffer for sending him to Louisville. When will Purcell leave for Rome? Archbishop (Martin J. Spalding) will be off soon, too, no doubt.

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(1869) May 12
Tevis, Carroll: London, (England)
 to Ja(me)s A(lphonsus) McMaster: (New York, New York)

Tevis asks McMaster to send him two or three copies of Archbishop (John B.) Purcell's Cincinnati paper containing the censure of Father (Joseph) Wissel, (C.SS.R.) and others. McMaster's article was read in Rome, but people do not believe the allegations made by McMaster, which Tevis, however, knows to be true. Tevis would also like copies of anything else on the same subject, as Purcell's action in this case is like his attack on Tevis and McMaster. Tevis will not return (to Rome) until November (1869), but will be there throughout the (Vatican) Council, and will contribute three weekly letters to the Freeman if McMaster wishes. Young Lerche has turned out badly. He was convicted of stealing from his fellow soldiers and sentenced to death, but was sent to the galleys instead. Tevis thinks he will be released in a year's time and drummed out of the service. After June 1, (1869), Tevis address will be "The Vineyard, Kempsey, Worcester, Worcestershire, England, care of Mrs. F.C. Du Barry."

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1869 May 14
Farrell, Father Tho(ma)s: (New York, New York)
 to J(ames) A(lphonsus) McMaster: (New York, New York)

Father Farrell expresses his sympathy on the illness of McMaster's son and is happy to hear that he is better. He asks after the health of "Jus" and finds that he received all but universal approval from the priests everywhere. He wants no help, as he is quite able for the work he has undertaken. Father Farrell feels that the time is at hand for the proposing of a practical way for the drawing up, approval, and signing of the petition. He would suggest a way, if he knew of one, but all seem too difficult.

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1869 May 17
Brownson, O(restes) A.: (Elizabeth, New Jersey)
 to Father (Isaac T.)Hecker: (New York, New York)

Brownson was not well last week but if God permits he will send an article on Leckey's morals. Brownson has directed the article almost exclusively to the preliminary chapters "on the nature and foundation of morals". He wants to follow it by another, principally on the conversion of Rome and the triumph of Christianity in the Empire. The author is a pagan. Brownson's article which he will send is short. He hopes it will be in season for the July number.

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1869 May 18
Brownson, O(restes) A.: (Elizabeth, New Jersey)
 to (Henry F. Brownson):

Brownson congratulates (Henry) and Fifine on the birth of a son and on his baptism. He hopes and prays that Fifine is well. If (Henry) is ordered away or is already away on Indian or any other service, he is to let his father know immediately that he may try to have the order stayed or countermanded. Mrs. Eleonor Sherman is Brownson's very dear friend. The operation that Brownson underwent on his toe nail brought about a return of his old enemy but not in very great rage. (Mrs. Brownson) is suffering from a severe cold but has managed to go to Mass. He sends his regards to Mrs. Van Dyke and to his brother-in-law Philip.

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1869 May 18
McMaster, A. L.: Poland, Ohio
 to (James Alphonsus) McMaster: New York, New York

He encloses the February issue of the Family Treasure, which contains a steel-engraved portrait of their deceased brother. He may have sent McMaster a copy before, but he has been sick and suffered many interruptions, and cannot remember. The portrait is said to be an admirable likeness by those who knew him in his later years. The engraving was made from Wilson's so-called Presbyterian Historical Almanac, and in that work is a brief and inaccurate notice of their brother. He can forward a copy if McMaster wishes it. A. L. was sick in March and April and was confined to bed for nearly four weeks. His health is now good and his strength increasing. His brother Crawford McMaster at Goodland, Indiana was at latest account, well, as was nephew G(ilbert) M. McMaster of Pittsburgh. He sends his kind remembrances.

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1869 May 19
Hecker, (Father) I(saac) T.: N(ew) Y(ork), (New York)
 to (Orestes A. Brownson): (Elizabeth, New Jersey)

Hecker is back from his lecture tour of the east. Headaches have given him trouble. Brownson's articles entitled "Spiritualism and Materialism" and "The Physical Basis" will appear in the July number. "The two articles on Lecky will be most acceptable." Hecker is sending a volume entitled "Primeval Man" for Brownson to notice or review, whichever he prefers. Rogers, the convert, is now staying with the (Paulists). Two were received into the church by Hecker, the one Dr. Hammond and the other C. Stark Newell, a Harvard graduate.

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1869 May 19
Kirk, Peter: Rocker City, Montana Ter(ritory)
 to (James Alphonsus) McMaster: (New York, New York)

Kirk is writing on behalf of a miner who sent a nugget weighing 84 and three quarters ounces to New York to be assayed. He had been offered $1100 in gold for it, but refused. The nugget only coined him $477.76, and Kirk feels that there must be a mistake somewhere. The receipt did not show how much the nugget weighed before melting, and Kirk asks that McMaster look up the matter for him, as the miner is a poor man who trades at Kirk's store. The miner sent his nugget east by another merchant. Kirk promised to check up on the matter for him, and asks that McMaster bill him for his trouble. Kirk told Patrick Kenehan of Wilton, Minnesota to have his copy of (the Journal) sent here (Montana), but if McMaster has not commenced sending it, he may let it continue to go to Minnesota, as his family lives there. P.S. He asks that the receipt, which is enclosed, be returned as soon as the matter has been checked, and also a description of the nugget if they remember anything about it at the assay office.

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1869 May 19
Maugin, Father Charles J.: Logansport, Indiana
 to James F. Edwards: (Notre Dame, Indiana)

He sends a few photographs: 1. Father Brassart; 2. a Franciscan friar; 3. a Sister of Charity. Phillips and Krementz in Louisville has a collection of clergymen. Maugin will send a copy of the album to Edwards. Maugin sends his own picture. Father (Augustus) Lemonnier (C.S.C.) may want a copy for his own album.

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1869 May 19
Spalding, M(artin) J. Archbishop of Baltimore: Baltimore, (Maryland)
 to Archbishop (John Baptist Purcell): (Cincinnati, Ohio)

Bishop (James) Gibbons of North Carolina wrote the pastoral, Spalding making only a few suggestions. Purcell's modesty or Spalding's ignorance kept him from knowing of the Boy's Protectory. He found a mention of it in the Almanac but it scarecly tells whether it was under the Franciscan Brothers or whether it be for English or German boys. (Thomas William) Marshall, author of Christian Missions" etc. and editor of the London Tablet is there, and thinks of establishing himself and his family in the vicinity. How would a first class Catholic paper, such as the London Tablet was under his management, go in the United States? He would like to have Purcell's candid opinion. Spalding would like to encourage him. He is a number 1 man, goes to Mass daily but is an Englishman, an ex-parson, no relative of Father Marshall. Cardinal (Alexander Barnabo) wrote him a long letter April 3, hoping among other things that the provincial council had considered the candidates for the new bishops and coadjutorships on which they wish to act at once. Of course, they did nothing of the kind, except to suggest Bishop (Ignatius) Persico for Florida. He is ex-Bishop of Agra and has been with Bishop (Patrick) Lynch. They are a little confused in their geography and their ideas of Provincial Councils. P.S. The Cardinal says the Pope expects all bishops to come to the Ecumenical unless legitimately excused by the pontiff to whom they should state their reasons. The Holy Father will not be disinclined to dispense in case of difficulty. But care should be taken to give letters of procuration to an ecclesiastical representative. The petition to have power to dispense in certain cases of impediments was referred to the Congregation of the Office, and the one regarding costume to the Prefect of Pontifical ceremony. "So we go. Roma-mora." Should he hear anything definite he will inform Purcell. He leaves for a three weeks' visitation of the lower counties. He can be addressed at Leonardstown. He has already written the Cardinal an answer similiar to their statement of the Emmitsburgh case to show how difficult it would be to tax their churches additionally.

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1869 May 20
(Brownson, Sarah H.): Elizabeth, (New Jersey)
 to Henry (F. Brownson):

Henry's mother is very much rejoiced to hear of the safe arrival of her little grandchild and that he has been made a Christian. She hopes that he will be a second Samuel and know the Lord from his youth forward. It was consoling to learn that Fifine was better since (Mrs. Brownson) was anxious about her. She hopes that Fifine has a good nurse, one that will not allow her to see much company since she cannot be too careful of her self. Henry is to kiss Fifine and the baby for (Mrs. Brownson) and also to give them her best love. Sarah Brownson has been very busy or she would have made something for the baby, however she sends her love and congratulations. (Mrs. Brownson) is sending $5.00 to buy something for the baby even it is only a spoon.

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1869 May 22
Brownson, O(restes) A.: Eliz(abeth, New Jersey)
 to (Father) I(saac) T. Hecker: (New York, New York)

Brownson suggests for the July number "The Physical Basis of Life" and Leckey's morals and to leave spiritualism for August, because spiritualism is really only the pendent of the "Physical Basis of Life". The second article on Leckey will come in the middle of June. The author affords matter for any amount of comment. Brownson shall be glad to revive the primeval man of the Duke of Argyll. The operation on Brownson's toe brought about an attack of gout. The June number of the Catholic World was a very able number. Brownson does not think much of Hecker's "English Catholic", who writes as if Americans were savages with no literary culture. Hecker has gathered around him a class of able writers. In them there is culture and refinement, and a knowledge which Brownson lacks. To him, Brownson's own articles are coarse with no literary merit.

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(1869) May 23
Perigo, Frank: Toledo, Ohio
 to James F. Edwards: (Notre Dame, Indiana)

He is spending his time pigeon shooting and fishing. Jessie Chesebro has never said a word against the Academy.

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1869 May 23
Spalding, M(artin) J. Archbishop of Baltimore: Baltimore, (Maryland)
 to Archbishop (John Baptist Purcell): of Cincinnati, Ohio

Just as he was starting for a three weeks visitation he received from Bishop (William) McCloskey a power of attorney to be executed in Baltimore authorizing McCloskey to sell all the property-nearly 8 acres- bought of Guthrie valued by Mr. (Benedict) Webb at $100,000. Unluckily for him but luckily for the diocese Spalding will be unable to hunt up the commissioner and will be compelled to wait until his return. Having some qualms of conscience on the matter he asks Purcell's advice as the metropolitan of the see. On his visit with lawyers in Louisville, Spalding thought the deed to himself as bishop of Louisville would transmit the property to his successors, but Bishop McCloskey writes that such is not the case. Spalding gives the reason for his hesitation. He has just learned that McCloskey proposes to go to Rome and remain until the end of the council which would be at least two years and that could be done only with the permission of Purcell or of the Pope. Spalding cannot see, because of the condition of his diocese, how McCloskey can be permitted to do so. He will need a large amount of money. McCloskey received $1500 from Spalding's brother as an advance, he borrowed $3,000 in Rome, and is asking Bishop (James) Wood for his back salary. Spalding supposes that the stocks and cash notes have vanished and fears that this will next happen to the real estate. It is for the Metropolitan to decide. Spalding offered McCloskey the whole of his brother's estate for a Catholic protectory for boys, but McCloskey declined asking that it go to St. Thomas' Orphan Asylum. Spalding cannot see why McCloskey cannot support that institution by collections, as did his predecessors. He seeks Purcell's advice in the matter.

P.S.—He asks Purcell to send him a copy of the estimate by Mr. Webb. (The letter is marked) Confidential.

P.S.—He apologizes for the tear in the paper.

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1869 May 27
Rohan, Ellen D.: Norfolk, V(irgini)a
 to James (Alphonsus) McMaster: (New York, New York)

She has just received Major Keiley's letter, requesting that a box of flowers be sent McMaster for the procession of the Blessed Sacrament on Sunday morning. The last boat to New York had already left, so she packed a basket of flowers, wrapped in cotton and wet moss, and sent it off by Adams express. She has arranged to have McMaster notified as soon as they arrive, though she fears they will be wilted. She returns McMaster's note for ten dollars, assuring him that she is happy to do this favor, and requesting that when he needs more flowers that he ask, without insulting her with the sight of greenbacks.

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1869 May 27
(Perigo), Frank: Toledo, Ohio
 to James F. Edwards: (Notre Dame, Indiana)

Last Monday he went shooting black-birds with Fred Van Fleek. He sent a paper with a notice of Milt Door and Ann Mallot's marriage in it. He is spending his vacation fishing and hunting.

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