University of Notre Dame


187(?) ( ? )
Barry, Mrs. Edmund and others:

List of names and sums of money, probably contributions to St. Michael's Association. Paper is torn sheet of Journal stationary. (In papers of James Alphonsus McMaster)

I-2-a - A Note - 1p. - 12mo. - {1}

(Brownson, Orestes A.: Elizabeth, New Jersey)
 to Very Rev. Father:

Having in his two letters cleared himself of the bile stirred up by the Editor of the C(atholic) W(orld), (Brownson) wants to touch on the theological - philosophical question at issue. That system of theology which assumes the status naturae purae to ever have been a real state and supposes that man could have a natural beatitude he does not accept. Father (Augustine F.) Hewit really denies original sin.

I-4-e - A. Draft (Incomplete) - 1p. - 4to. - {2}

Koop, Father John H.: Niagara County, New York
 to (Orestes A. Brownson): (Elizabeth, New Jersey)

Father encloses $15 in the form of a money order in payment of Brownson's review. He is sending the names of 4 subscribers and retaining the pay of one according to Sarah's (Brownson) instructions. Koop would like them to recieve the first copy, also he wills end her a long letter when he gets an acknowledgment of this letter. Since writing the letter Koop has secured another subscriber whose name and address is given.

I-4-e - A.L.S. - 3pp. - 12mo. - {2}

Manchester Brothers: Providence, R(hode) I(sland)

Photograph of (Bishop Francis P. McFarland.)

I-1-c - Photograph - - 12mo. - {1}


New York Archdiocese (New York, New York)

Work on St. Patrick's Cathedral has been actively resumed. Its conception is due to the late Archbishop (John) Hughes. Archbishop (John) McCloskey is pushing the project.

I-1-e - Newspaper clipping - 1 column - 32mo. - {3}

187- ( )
New York Tablet

Incomplete clipping concerning the life and labors of Archbishop John B. Purcell as copied from the Boston Globe. Partial summary of Nevin's "Black Robes."

II-5-g - Newspaper clipping (incomplete) - 2 columns {2}


"One who sees how things are going" Berlin, (Germany)
 to (James Alphonsus McMaster): (New York, New York)

It appears to the writer that, judging from all the extracts from the Freeman he has seen, McMaster does not understand the state of affairs in (Germany). All the Protestants in Prussia and the American residents in Berlin, who are almost all Yankee Presbyterians, are in favor of destroying Catholic France, and the Catholic papers are crying out against France because she was no longer able to help the Pope. Meanwhile Catholics in the German army are fighting to put down Catholic France. If the priests would tell them what they are doing, a revolution might be caused in the army, which would enable France to save herself. The writer refers McMaster to the American Protestant papers, which are widely distributed in Berlin. Inasmuch as the majority of the German army is Catholic, he does not understand why the Catholics have not acted.

I-1-m - A.L.S. - 2pp. - 12mo. - {1}


St. Louis, College of (New York, New York)

Inauguration of the building which has just been finished for the use of Père (Michael) Ronay, (C.P.M.)

I-1-e - Newspaper clipping - 1 column - 16mo. - {1}


(Vatican Council)

Article on the arrival home of the American bishops and of their comments on the upsurge of militancy in Europe at the time.

I-1-e - Newspaper clipping - 1 column - 32mo. - {0}

Weninger, Father F(rancis) X(avier): (Cincinnati, Ohio)
 to (Archbishop John Baptist Purcell): of (Cincinnati, Ohio)

Weninger says that if Purcell succeeds in having half of the annual collection of the whole province employed for the Negro missions at one time and another for Indians, Weninger would consider this a pledge of the Archbishop's predestination. He repeats his praise if the archbishop is in earnest.

P.S.—He encloses the memorandum he handed to Bishop (Caspar H.) Borgess.

II-5-d - A.L.S. - 2pp. - 12mo. - {2}

187( ) ( ) 27
White, F.E.: New York, (New York)
 to James A(lphonsus) McMaster: N(ew) Y(ork), (New York)

(Apparently writing from the offices of the Freeman's Journal) White informs McMaster that he is leaving for his perusal those numbers of the "St. Teresa" containing articles on education written by his son, Frederick J. White, whom McMaster remembers as a little boy. The articles are intended to expose the method used in New England of spreading Protestantism through the attraction of music. This scheme may be new to some Catholics, for which reason McMaster might reprint the articles in his Journal. White's son was for a year in charge of the organ school at Nativity, but resigned. He is one of small class opposed to the "Shoo-fly" music which is so common and seems to be preferred by many. White is sorry not to have met McMaster. P.S. He hopes McMaster can make out his handwriting.

I-2-h - A.L.S. - 2pp. - 12mo. - {1}

 to (James Alphonsus McMaster): (New York, New York)

They also invite the loyal soldiers to go away and leave the regiment. God will judge how much evil and scandal the opposition will have worked out or give occasion to. Some few bishops are the cause of it all. Nearly every French bishop brought a servant boy along with him to Rome, and this circumstance has give rise to a pleasant anecdote. For instead of being infallibilist and anti-infallibilist, opportune and inopportune like their masters, the infallibilist boys soon took the ascendency over the Gallican boys, with the result that now all the Gallicanism has melted away, and they are all strong infallibilists, the strongest being those who belong to the strongest opponent bishops. They stand in corners where their masters cannot hear them and shout "Vive le Pape infailible'." when the Pope passes. The Roman people are much amused and have looked for a reason for this singular defection.

I-1-m - A.L.(incomplete) - 2pp. - 8vo. - {1}

D(emers) M(odeste) (Bishop of Vancouver Island): (Rome, Italy)
 to (James Alphonsus McMaster): (New York, New York)

(Page) 20. (Pages 1-19 are missing.) P.S. Demers asks McMaster to have patience with him. There are so many things he must give utterance to, now that he has the opportunity to tell the truth. He has seen in the B(altimore) Mirror an article calling the Archbishop of Halifax (Thomas L. Connolly, O.M.Cay. the best orator and discourser among the Fathers of the Vatican Council. Demers hopes Connolly laughed at this, for nobody believes it. Connolly, however, is among the first of the opposition, who held a meeting the other day Cardinal de Reuscher's (of Vienna) as to what they should do, the general discussion on the Schema having been closed according to the majority rule of February (1870). In America it is not realized that the greatest of the "Fathers" (?) has been writing to the Governor and to other Protestant friends such things about the clergy, the Religious communities, and about the question of Infallibility as would be had if they were true. He is doing incalculable harm, for his friends spread these "secrets". The people are right in their indignation and anxiety; they do not know the attitude or position of their archbishop in Rome, and do not know whether he is going against the Pope. This same question can be asked regarding some American Bishops a and Archbishops. It might be asked also if one out of the 150 opponents will accept the Dogma. McMaster by now has the names of the inopportunists. Lately two have withdrawn their names from that list, McMaster's Archbishop (John McCloskey, of New York) and Bishop (John Michael) Henni (of Milwaukee). Of the four American prelates who have so far spoken on the Schema, only one (Archbishop Martin John) Spalding (of Baltimore), has been for it. The others were Archbishop (John B.) Purcell (of Cincinnati), and Bishops (Michael Domenec of Pittsburg,) and (Augustin) Verot (of St. Augustine), the latter two of whom were called to order. Demers thinks this a poor show of American episcopal arrogance. Others opposing definition are, from England, Biship (William) Clifford (of Clifton) and Archbishop (George) Errington (of Bath); and from Ireland, Bishop (David) Moriarty (of Kerry) and the Patriarch of Ireland, by age, Archbishop (John) Mac Hale (of Tuam). But all the prelates from the British provinces are sound in their faith. Demers is afraid from some German Bishops, especially the Hungarians, who are influenced by (Johannes Nicodaus von) Hontheim (Bishop of Trier), who did a great deal of harm during the last century. The Holy Father was not aware that the evil in the church was so great, but the greater it has turned out to be, the more thankful he is for having called the Council, as he knows the Councils of Lyons and of Florence did not succeed. The doctrine of Infallibility had always been put down plainly enough, but, the word "Infallibility" being missing, the Gallicans, like the Jansenists, found a way of escape. It will be written this time, however. Demers wishes it had been done by the Council of Trent, for then the Archbishop of Paris would not have bowed to Louis XIV, admitting the King's power to examine and reject Bulls and Judgements made in Rome, and would not have presided at the Assembly of 1682, which passed the "four articles". Demers grants McMaster the right to use as much of this letter as he wishes, but does not want his name mentioned.

I-1-m - A.L.(incomplete)s. - 4pp. - 12mo. - {6}

Bemers, Mod(este), Bishop of Vancouver Island: (Rome, Italy)
 to (James Alphonsus McMaster): (New York, New York)

(Opening page or pages missing.) The discussion on the schema was unexpectedly put a stop to (on June 3, 1870), so that (Archbishop Peter R. Kenrick, of St. Louis) was prevented from delivering his discourse. He was very much vexed at this, and determined that the world should know his thoughts on the matter, he had it published in Naples. He should not have done so for the sake of the Irish name and the American Church. (McMaster) will be able to judge this for himself when a copy of the speech reaches him. Kenrick's financial difficulties are known by all, even by "a certain class" of people. The unfortunate Chicago affair is also against Kenrick. For a month he lived alone and kept away from the sessions of the Council, then came the other day to give them his not, after they had all supposed the had left for Paris some time ago. He looks troubled and his mind is in agony. The question is: what shall become of him? Demers wonders what kind of reception the Archbishop (John B.) Purcell and Bishop (Richard V.) Whelan, who are about to return home, will be given. The Bishops of Pittsburgh (Michale Domenec) of Harrisburg (Jeremiah Shanahan), and of Little Rock (Edward Fitzgerald) will soon be returning home too. They are against the definition (of Infallibility) as is also Bishop (George William) McCloskey of Louisville. This is a poor beginning for their episcopal career. Some French Bishops have written to their government on the subject of Infallibility, and Demers even heard while he was still in Paris that their leader saw the Emperor (Napoleon III) and asked him to withdraw the French troops from Rome, shoulf Infallibility be defined by the Council. Demers has no objection to believing this, though it appears incredible. Time will tell. The heat in Rome is intolerable, and as soon as the work is over Demers will leave for France and Belgium, to be in New York in autumn.

I-1-m - A.L.(incomplete)S. - 2pp. - 12mo. - {8}

De Vilas, (Father) V(incent): Cambridge City, M(arylan)d
 to (James Alphonsus McMaster): (New York, New York)

Father DeVilas asks that McMaster insert under the name "Amicus veritalis" the Freeman's Journal concerning the Bishop in one of the dioceses of North America has ordered all priests to attend a Retreat which will not end until Sunday night. Thus there will be no priest in many missions to say mass on Sunday. He wishes to know if the Bishop is justified in doing this, and if there is any precedent in the whole history of the Church to justify his action?

I-1-n - A.L.S. - 2pp. - 12mo. - {1}

(McMaster James Alphonsus):
 to (James Alphonsus McMaster): (New York, New York)

The Philadelphia Press on May 13, (1870) carried a letter which was supposed to have been written by (Bishop) Peter Richard Kenrick of St. Louis to Archbishop (James Gibbons) of Baltimore, in which he quotes a translation from Dr. Francis Patrick Kenrick's "Theologia Dogmatica". The writer, without referring to the question of infallibility, tests the accuracy of the translation and finds it faulty. It seems to him that the "Theologia Dogmatica" cannot be shown as doing other than practically confirming Dr. Francis Patrick Kenrick's opinions regarding infallibility.

I-1-n - A.(?)L. (unsigned) - 2pp. - 4to. - {3}

(New York Herald): (New York, New York)

Address of the Catholic clergy and laity to Pope Pius IX. The invasion of Rome condemned by the diocese of New York. Victor Emmanuel charged with robbing Pius IX of his divine right of sovereignty.

I-1-e - Newspaper clipping - 2 columns - filio - {1}

Pius IX, Pope: (Rome, Italy)

The occupation of Rome by the national troops of Italy has excited the Catholic population of the United States. Archbishop (John) McCloskey has prepared a protest.

I-1-e - Newspaper clipping - 1 column - 32mo. - {1}

 to (James Alphonsos) McMaster: (New York, New York)

Sacerdos congratulates McMaster on his firm stand in regard to the Catholic school question, despite the opposition and lack of support by some members of the Catholic clergy. He hopes that McMaster will continue to carry on his work, and encourages him to carry on the battles of the Lord and to speak when others through motives of self interest are silent.

I-1-n - A.L.S. - 2pp. - 12mo. - {1}

Schmelzer, N. and others: East Saginaw, (Michigan)
 to Bishop (Caspar Henry) Borges(s): Detroit, (Michigan)

For a long time the Germans of East Saginaw have wished to see the bishop in their midst to discuss an important piece of business. There are many Germans in this parish who would like to hear the Word of God in their mother tongue to keep the spark of Faith alive, which without preaching easily disappears. Many Germans have already fallen away and more will be separated if this lack is not remedied. Therefore the undersigned Germans wish to have a German priest and are willing to support one as Borgess can see by the undersigned. They have already collected money for this purpose and subscriptions have been made. (Two and one-half pages of names and amounts of money are listed.)

III-2-1 - A.L.S. - (German) - 4pp. - 4to. - {2}

Steinhuber, Father A., Fathers H. O'Callaghan, T. Kirby, A. Grant, G. Cernié, G. Roelants, H. Brichet, A. Santinelli, F. Silas Chatard, and P. Semenenko.:
 to Commendatore Gadda: Rome, (Italy)

A written protest of the rectors of the national colleges in Rome against the invasion of the Roman College of the Jesuits. They charge the Italian government with making instruction impossible despite their promises not to interfere with international education. (In the papers of Bishop Francis P. McFarland).

I-1-c - Printed circular - 2pp. - folio - {2}

1870 ___ 26
O'Reilly, Father J(oseph): Madison, (Indiana)
 to (James Alphonsus McMaster): (New York, New York)

Father O'Reilly encloses an extract from the Catholic Telegraph, dated the 24th, which stated that one of the first acts of the Ecumenical Council was a vindication of the rights and immunities of science, and that Bishop Augustin Verot in one of the opening speeches in the Council, denounced emphatically, calmly and firmly, the Roman Inquisition for its condemnation of Callileo and the true theory of the motion of the earth. O'Reilly points out that the present council did not vindicate the rights and immunities of science, but that this was done a thousand years before the Council of the Vatican met. He points out that the Pontiff had merely refused to mix human and divine things, and had insisted that scientific theory be kept as such. O'Reilly points out that the same statement made by Bishop Verot was made by John Quincy Adams in Cincinnati in 1844, yet at that time the Catholic Telegraph had refuted the charges of Adams and upheld the action of the Roman inqusition, the inquisition it now condemns. P.S. McMaster can use any or none of this, as he sees fit.

I-1-n - A.L.S. - 4pp. - 12mo. - {2}

1870 ( ). 11
Raleigh, Rich(ar)d: New York, (New York)
 to (James Alphonsus) McMaster: (New York, New York)

Raleigh wishes McMasters' advice as to the most skilful and eminent surgeon in New York. Raleigh has been confined to his house since he last saw McMaster. Dr. Parker has been recommended, but he wishes to know McMasters' opinion. He asks that McMaster write him soon, as he is planning on going to Europe next week. He is accompanied by his wife and Mrs. Robert Fergus, and a Mrs. Huston, traveling with Mrs. Fergus.

I-1-n - A.L.S. - 1p. - 8vo. - {1}

Lutton, Am.: (New Orleans, Louisiana)
 to Archbishop (Napoleon Joseph Perché: New Orleans, Louisiana)

The printing of the Mission Book occupies most of their time. He has 175 piastres to pay, and will receive 100 from the St. Louis Hotel on Wednesday. Since he has only $60 on hand, he asks (Perché) for a $100 advance to pay the workers.

VI-2-o - A.L.S. - (French) - 1p. - 12mo. - {1}

Christian, A.: (New Orleans, Louisiana)
 to Archbishop N(apoleon) J(oseph) Perché: (New Orleans, Louisiana)

He asks Perché for a loan of a few dollars. He hopes soon, as in bygone days, to be able to help the church again.

VI-2-o - A.L.S. - 1p. - 12mo. - {1}

Lemaire, Victor: Etain, (France)
 to Archbishop (Napoleon Joseph) Perché: New Orleans, (Louisiana)

Lemaire tells Perché of an astonishing phenomenon that he has observed in testing some samples of earth. This phenomenon denotes the presence of a precious metal. He plans to make this known to a large number of Catholic missionaries and in this manner procure a source of income for them. He has no other end in making his chemical researches. He hopes to be able to give Perché a full account on the first occasion he has to see him. In the conviction that Perché and his missionaries can furnish him with some samples, he will acknowledge the receipt of the same. P.S. He asks Perché to remember him to Father (Auguste Barthelemy) Langlois, the pastor at Plaquemine, and he has not forgotten the Frederic family. Lemaire is the one who took a glass of wine with Perché in 1858.

VI-2-o - A.L.S. - (French) - 2pp. - 12mo. - {2}