University of Notre Dame


1870 Feb. 1
Hewit, (Father) Aug(ustine) F.: New York City, New York
 to (Orestes A.) Brownson: (Elizabeth, New Jersey)

Hewit informs Brownson that an article in the last "Tablet" has some remarks upon the Catholic World concerning a passage enclosed in quotation marks, and he wants Brownson to make a reference to the volume and page where the passage can be found. Also the "house has been grieved frequently by remarks in the "Tablet" which came from Brownson's pen." Hewit is afraid such remarks as "Liberals" and "Liberalism" will injure the character of the magazine and those connected with it. Hewit wants a retraction, and appeals to Brownson as a Catholic to do so. Hewit claims he has continually been on guard so that he would not print anything which would harm people and thought or expected Brownson would do the same.

I-4-e - A.L.S. - 3pp. - 10mo. - {2}

1870 Feb. 3
Browne, Father ( )?: Rome, (Italy)
 to (James Alphonsus) McMaster: (New York, New York)

McMaster's draft for 100 francs was received. McMaster will receive the Civilta Cattolica regularly. He has subscribed for only 3 months because he has doubts about anything a Roman tells him. He hopes that McMaster will prize the paper when he gets it because anything Roman is dear, even though it is not a good newspaper. There is little news to get about the Council and the Freeman will probably have difficulty getting it. He need not tell McMaster that every one here is not his friend, some even doubting if their priest has been sent to Rome to further the cause of Parochial Rights. There have been a good many guesses about "Jus", and no attempt to hush the matter of parochial rights. Some say that if there is no other Bishop to advocate the question other than Jus and the Freeman, it had very little chance of success. The letter published in the Freeman written by "Catholicus" has been laughed at in Rome. He does not care for himself, but does not like to see the Freeman ridiculed, especially on the score of a letter which deals with so much imagination as does that once Catholicus talks of seeing the Scala Regia from St. Peters, but this is impossible, as his statement that he saw the Pope when he descended the Scala Regia. His remarks about opera glasses are the subject of a good deal of mirth. His remark about Cardinal Patrizi is also laughed at, since the Cardinal's name does not mean Patrick and his Eminence would not like to be turned into an Irishman. Browne feels that as a confidential correspondent he must tell McMaster these things even though it is disagreeable. He has tried to get held of the petition to be presented to the Pope against the rule of His Infallibility. The German Bishops, who regard the Archbishop of Vienna more as a prince than an Bishop, have signed it, as have many American Bishops, The Germans are dissatisfied because they have been excluded from the Council. McMaster can rely on these statements as being true. He saw Father (E. M.) O'Callaghan and delivered the letters. His address is the North American College. He is sending another letter with an account of the Pope's visit to the American College and the funeral of the Grand Duke of Tuscany, etc. P.S. He thinks the opposition to the definition of the dogma of Infallibility is good because it will insure its definition.

I-1-n - A.L.S. - 8pp. - 12mo. - {3}

1870 Feb. 3
Brownson, O(restes) A.: Elizabeth, New Jersey
 to Rev(erend) Aug(ustine) F. Hewit: (Elizabeth, New Jersey)

Brownson admits the authorship, but cannot find out the page reference, the sentence, or anything like it. Evidently, he quoted from memory. Brownson cannot verify it. Brownson has, however, written an explanation for the Tablet and if this does not please Father, he should write his replies to the Tablet. Brownson sent Hewit the concluding article on Abbe' Martin and will write the article on education which Hewit has requested. Father (Isaac T.) Hecker insisted the writing for the Tablet be in accord with the Catholic World. Brownson does not agree. He follows the Augustinian doctrine, whereas Hewit follows that of the Jesuits, hence they differ on original sin, and possibly on the dogma of exclusive salvation. If Hewit is aggrieved by anything which Brownson says or writes, he should not hesitate to tell him, so that the grievance can be removed when profitable. In all future writings, Brownson states, he will no longer criticize the Catholic World, also that he does not want Father Hewit to think that remonstrances are lost on him, because Brownson loves him as a friend and as a teacher. Of course, there are certain principles of truth which Brownson will not abandon.

I-4-e - A.L.S. - 4pp. - 12mo. - {3}

1870 Feb. 4
(Hecker, Reverend Isaac T.): Rome, (Italy)
 to O(restes) A. Brownson: (Elizabeth, New Jersey)

Father Hecker sent to Brownson an article on "Chiesa et Plato" by Caesare Cantus which may be a basis for an article on Church and State which he suggested for Brownson's pen. If Brownson has not already received Hecker's letter yet, Brownson will in a few Days. Cantus stands high in the estimation of Pope Pius IX. The council is in the "via purgativa" of discussion and will be some time before it will enter upon the via illuminativa! Man proposes whereas God disposes is a maxim which Hecker thinks is applicable to the councils. He wants Brownson to be sure to write the article.

I-4-e - A.L.S. - 3pp. - 10mo. - {1}

1870 Feb. 7,
(Brownson, Orestes): Elizabeth, New York)
 to H(enry) F. Brownson: Chicago, (Ill.)

(Orestes) wishes (Henry) to read the enclosed and then send it on to the Institute. He thinks they will invite (Henry) to take his place, and he hopes (Henry) will accept. His subject would have been "The Church and Liberty" and he should have labored to prove that the Church is the only basis for all true liberty. He went to New York the week before last and came home with a severe cold and a slight attack of gout. He has subdued the inflammation and got rid of the pain, but is too weak and stiff in the joints to dare attempt the journey, and the fatigue of two nights without sleep, for he cannot sleep in a sleeping car. He regrets it, because he wanted to see (Henry), Fifine (sic) and the baby (Philip). For the people he does not care much since he never had a good audience in Chicago. But he is really sorry to disappoint his children, and shall make it up to them, as soon as spring opens. If life and tolerable health are spared him, he will certainly do it, but now, he cannot wear his shoes. Another reason is that Mrs. Sudlier is ill, and her physician says that she must not put pen to paper for two or three weeks to come. He is obliged to write for her and himself too, so that it is very difficult for him to leave home at present; for his eyes are troubling him very much and he cannot use them to furnish the matter for the Tablet in advance. His book is out at last. A copy for (Henry) is lying on his table which his mother will send (Henry) by mail today or tomorrow and he hopes (Henry) will like it. He asks (Henry) to kiss the baby for him and gives his love to Fifine.

III-3-a - A.L.S. - 2pp. - 12mo. - {2}

1870 Feb. 7
(Martin), Aug(uste) M(ar)ie, Bishop of Natchitoches: Rome, (Italy)
 to Bishop-elect (Napoleon Joseph) Perché: New Orleans, (Louisiana)

On January 30 the Holy Father signed the decree nominating Perché and on February 3 the Cardinal Prefect sent it to the Secretary of Briefs. The order left Rome only today, and (Martin) writes as soon as possible. His letter may not reach Perché first, but he still wants Perché to know of his best wishes and congratulations. He does not think it probable that Perché will be consecrated coadjutor since Archbishop (John Mary Odin, C.M.) has been failing rapidly. He is in great pain, and due to his stomach trouble cannot lie horizontally. He has probably heard that Father (Gabriel) Chalon is a Monsignor. It is ten days since he received his brief and spent 25,000 francs on hoisting out his colors. (Odin) did not have the courage to refuse to intercede for Chalon, and the Holy Father granted the request as a last favor to him. Thursday he gave a dinner for the Bishops of the Province and Archbishop (Martin John) Spalding. The (Vatican) Council is going badly. They are at the mercy of many who hope to delay as long as possible the discussions they fear most. (Martin) will be in Rome for ten weeks more, and then will leave for France in the interests of his small diocese.

VI-2-o - A.L.S. - (French) - 3pp. - 12mo. - {5}

1870 Feb. 8
Pius IX, Pope: Rome, (Italy)
 to Father Caspar Henry Borgess: Cincinnati, Ohio

In virtue of his apostolic power given him for the provision of churches, and seeing the zeal of Borgess, and that the see of Calydonia has been vacated by the transfer of Bishop Antonius Grech Delicata Cassia Testaferrata to the see of Gozo, Pope Leo appoints Borgess to that vacant see. He is to receive consecration from a Bishop in union with the Apostolic See, assisted by two bishops or, if they cannot be present, by two priests. Signed by N(icholas) Cardinal Paraciani Clarelli. The bull is also signed by the consecrators on April 24, (1870): Bishop Sylvester H. Rosecrans as Consecrator and Bishops Patrick A. Feehan and John Henry Luers as Assistant Consecrators.

III-2-l - Sealed Bull S. - (Latin) - One full page {4}

1870 Feb. 9
Herwig, Father W(illiam): Battle Creek, (Michigan)
 to Father (Peter) Hennaert: (Detroit, Michigan)

Herwig sends the list of those men of the congregation of Dorr who caused disturbance in the church. If any of them should come to Detroit, Herwig would like to be present.

III-2-l - A.L.S. - 2pp. - 12mo. - {2}

1870 Feb. 9
Hewit, (Father) Aug(ustine) F.: New York (City), N(ew) Y(ork)
 to Orestes A. Brownson: Elizabeth, New Jersey

Hewit has not seen Brownson's explanation yet in the Tablet, and he thinks it wise to write and see if the two of them can settle it. Hewit cannot help that they differ on theology, because both follow different schools. The sole complaint is that Brownson applied the epithet "unsound" to his writings which reflect upon Hewit's orthodoxy. "For a priest, these suspicions are like doubts thrown upon the virtue of a man." By the tone of Brownson's last letter, there will be no parting of friends, hence Hewit will drop the whole thing. Also, Brownson should keep up the work on Papal Infallibility. Hewit states that more than 500 Bishops have requested a definition of the doctrine. Brownson's energy has astounded Hewit, who does very little when he feels ill.

I-4-e - A.L.S. - 3pp. - 12mo. - {2}

1870 Feb. 10
Jausions, (O.S.B.), Father Paul: Vincennes, Indiana
 to James F. Edwards: (Notre Dame, Indiana)

He has received the photographs from Toledo. He sends one from Vincennes. He will go to New Orleans this afternoon.

XI-1-a - A.LS. - 1p. - 8vo. - {1}

1870 Feb. 13
Perché, N(apoleon) J(oseph, Administrator): New Orleans, (Louisiana)
The Clergy of the Diocese ofNew Orleans, (Louisiana)

Due to the extreme hardships again this year, Perché renews the Lenten regulations promulgated by Archbishop (John Mary Odin, C.M.) last year. Prayers are asked for the success of the (Vatican) Council. All religious communities, until the end of the Council, should have a general Communion each week for the success of the Council and for Pope Pius IX.

VI-2-o - Printed Circular - (French) - 2pp. - 12mo. - {4}

1870 Feb. 14
Maugin, Father Chas, J.: (Logansport, Indiana)
 to James F. Edwards: (Notre Dame, Indiana)

He now has some rest after the Jubilee. He describes the Jubilee and his happiness over its success. He sends a picture of Bishop (Peter P.) Lefevere of Detroit. He asks about the Gregorian Chant at Notre Dame and whether Edwards read the terrible letter in the Telegraph about the Chant.

XI-1-a - A.L.S. - 4pp. - 16to. - {2}

1870 Feb. 15
Van Driss, Father L(ouis): Lansing, (Michigan)
 to Father (Peter Hennaert): (Detroit, Michigan)

Since the outside of Williamstown's church is completed, the people are asking for Mass on Sundays instead of week days. Van Driss told them he could not leave over 100 families to attend to 15 or 20, but if they could find another priest he would not object to giving them up. The church trustees have been to Bunker Hill to see Father Driessen (Amandus Van Den Driessche?) who is willing to serve them if proper authority is obtained. If Hennaert gives authority, he should write to Trustee John Grimes of Williamstown.

III-2-l - A.L.S. - 3pp. - 12mo. - {3}

1870 Feb. 17
Barnabo, Cardinal Al(exander): Rome, (Italy)
 to Archbishop John Mary Odin, (C.M.): Lyons, France

Barnabo announces the appointment of Bishop-elect Napoleon Joseph Perché as coadjutor-Bishop of New Orleans, with the right of succession and gives him all ordinary and extraordinary faculties for that office.

VI-2-o - L.S. - (Latin) - 1p. - 4to. - {2}

1870 Feb. 17
Blanchet, Magloire A., Bishop of Nesqually: Vancouver, (Washington)
 to J(ames) A(lphonsus) McMaster: (New York, New York)

Believing that McMaster understands French he writes in that language. He sent McMaster last November 29 a copy of the report of Dr. Henry on the reclamation by the mission of St. Jacques of a section of land and an extract of that report containing the decision. Dec. 14, L.N. St. Onge sent a letter to the Secretary of War pressing him to consider the question of the injustice that has been done the mission by the government occupying the greater part of the land for 20 years without compensation. Blanchet wanted these documents made public by the Journal but has been frustrated in his attempts. He does not know if the documents came to McMaster. He thought at first that McMaster feared that the publication would do more harm and in this he does not blame him since McMaster knows the case better than he does. Now he wants to know if McMaster received the documents. Senator Casserly has taken their cause in hand and he hopes that they will obtain a favorable decision. If McMaster has received the documents Blanchet does not insist on their publication but leaves the matter to McMaster. He is content to see McMaster thunder against profane music in churches and hopes that the Vatican Council will take against the disorder.

I-1-n - A.L.S. - (French) - 3pp. - 12mo. - {1}

1870 Feb. 17
DeNeve Father J(ohn): Louvain, (Belgium)
 to Bishop (Francis P.) McFarland (Hartford): Providence, (Rhode Island)

He delayed answering because he was waiting for an answer to his question about (Thomas) Broderick's bills. Can he charge Father Tierny? Father (H.) DeRegge has arrived and given him McFarland's letter of January 8. He gives DeRegge Nos. 88-94 to take to America and assures the printer that McFarland's subscription continues. It is impossible to send a priest to Father (F.) DeBruycker. He is grateful for suggestions for the good of the college. If the theologians were better known Gratry would have less influence. He wishes the Americans would study their theology. The American prelates should examine before giving jurisdiction and give jurisdiction for only a limited time. He has made up his mind not to receive students for such dioceses. As to the two men for McFarland, Creedon so far is all right. Fagan has given no satisfaction in the first examination. He sends the questions and his examination in scripture (no enclosures).

I-1-c - A.L.S. - 3pp. - 8vo. - {3}

1870 Feb. 19
Chantrel, J: Paris, (France)
 to (James Alphonsus McMaster): of New York, (New York)

He answers in the name of the administration of the newspaper L'Univers accepting the conditions which (McMaster) placed in his letter of Feb. 4 and ask that the subscription begin Mar. 1, 1870. The price is to be sent to M. Gerant of the L'Univers who has an account with M. A. Lacordaire of Battersea. He writes as one of the editors of L'Univers.

I-1-n - A.L.S. - (French) - 3pp. - 12mo. - {1}

1870 Feb. 20
Davis, Edward: Notre Dame, Indiana

He pledges to abstain from all intoxicating liquors. Witnessed by J(ames) F. Edwards.

XI-1-a - A.L.S. - 1p. - 8vo. - {1}

1870 Feb. 22
Young, (C.PP.S.), Father Aug(ust): Minster, Ohio
 to Father (Peter) Hennaert: (Detroit, Michigan)

He received Hennaert's letter in which he expressed surprise that Young had abandoned his mission (Eagle Town, Michigan). Young did not know he was entirely independent of the Precious Blood Fathers until last September. The bishop of Cleveland claimed first right on Young. Young went to Cleveland but the bishop had left for Rome and his administrator knew nothing about it. Therefore his Superior Father A(ndreas) Kunkler, C.PP.S., offered him to the Bishop of Fort Wayne who gladly accepted him. (At the bottom of the letter Kunkler requests Young's exeat.)

III-2-l - A.L.S. - 2pp. - 12mo. - {4}

(1870 after Feb. 24)
(Brownson, Orestes A.: Elizabeth, New Jersey)
 to Mrs. (Mary Anne) Sadlier: (New York, New York)

Brownson has written and sends Sadlier the best reply he can to Father (William) Quinn's letter. His own judgment is that nothing he can say in the (New York) Tablet will help the matter. He could easily defend the Tablet but not without putting Father Q. in the wrong, which he does not wish to do. If Sadlier thinks something ought to be said, she should say it herself as Editor and throw blame on the writer who is an impersonality. (Enclosed:) "Explanations" (in answer to Father Quinn's attacks on Brownson's articles, "Grants to Sectarian Schools" and "The Council and Infallibility.")

I-4-e - A.Draft (Incomplete) - 4pp. - 4to. - {5}

1870 Feb. 24
Davis, Fred: Milwaukee, Wisconsin.
 to James F. Edwards: (Notre Dame, Indiana)

He writes that he arrived home safely. He had his picture taken and will send one.

Davis, Mary C.:
 to James F. Edwards:

Freddie has left space for her to write. Edwards seems to have quite won Freddie's heart. Freddie gave no peace until he gained permission to have his picture taken. This is his first letter.

XI-1-a - A.L.S. - 3pp. - 12mo. - {1}

1870 Feb. 24
Hewit, (Father) Aug(ustine) F.: (New York City), N(ew) Y(ork)
 to (Orestes A. Brownson): (Elizabeth, New Jersey)

Brownson's articles in the Tablet was very satisfactory to him also the article on schools. The article "Abbie Martin" appears in the April issue and the writer is rather glad to have literary criticism on the Catholic World, because it makes everyone more careful. Bishop (David W.) Bacon has not arrived with Father Hecker's manuscript. Hewit thinks Pope Leo has given the best exposition of the relation of Church and State, the religious basis of American Constitution in the Volume One of his Universal History. The Canon Law of Cardinal Loglia is admirable. "There are two points to be discussed:—

1) What would Catholic principles require of the Catholic voters here if they were in a preponderating majority in one or more states or throughout the United States? This question shows the principle of accommodation to and existing state of things which varies from the perfect ideal of a Christian State.

2) If the Catholic voters were the whole people of the United States? This question illustrates the principle of an ideal state when it is a republic. According to Hewit our religious basis is the universally accepted Christian Code of political and social morality and our Christian common law. The only ultimate standard of appeal is the universal conscience as the conscience of the sovereign good. Then when this conscience is enlightened and instructed, it must follow the Law of the Church. If we enforced conformity to the law of the Church in those things not directly against the life of the state and society upon any portion of the people who have been educated in another religion that would be unjust.

I-4-c - A.L.S. - 4pp. - 10mo. - {2}

1870 Feb. 24
Mackay, Father J.: Ogdensburg, (New York)
 to James A(lphonsus) McMaster: (New York, New York)

Mackay sends ten dollars, five from himself and five from Father J. J. Swift, to be applied to the cause of Jus. He would have sent the money sooner, but had hoped to hand it to McMaster personally. Pressing duties detained him, however.

I-1-n - A.L.S. - 1p. - 12mo. - {2}

1870 Feb. 24
Van Linden, C.SS.R., Father F: Liege, (Belgium)
 to (James Alphonsus McMaster): (New York, New York)

(McMaster) will be astonished to receive this letter from him. He writes as a token of friendship on the occasion of the appearance of (McMaster's) declaration on infallibility appearing in one of the Belgian newspapers. His declaration pleased him and his rector Father L'Hoir whom (McMaster) knows. He is pleased to hear that McMaster is doing so much good with his Journal, and asks that he send them some copies of it, if he can send it by a friend. He knows that McMaster is married and that he was imprisoned during the Civil War. He asks what has become of (Father Clarence) Walworth. Father (Isaac) Hecker enjoys a notable role in America but he does not have the appearance of a mystic. How does the Institute of St. Paul progress? After 2 years Van Linden is yet the same. Father Ottmann resides in Bischenberg in Alsace and works quite well. Van Linden wishes McMaster well. P.S. He asks him to answer him and give information about the United States and about the Redemptorists there. To this is added a note by Father M. L'Heit. He praises the words of McMaster. Providence has called to a very special work in spreading the good teachings in America. He is very much attached to McMaster and urges him to have frequent recourse to the members of the Holy Family to obtain the graces and the supernatural intention so necessary in his work. Their own house there has been working and they have conducted 50missions of 10 to 12 days and 45 in connection with the jubilee, of 8 days.

I-1-n - A.L.S. - (French) - 3pp. - 12mo. - {5}

1870 Feb. 26
Motter, Father James: Stockton, Calif(ornia)
 to James A(lphonsus) McMaster: New York, (New York)

Motter encloses a check and an address, which will be self explanatory. All the clergy in the Archdiocese of (San Francisco) wish McMaster to continue his fearless work in favor of the American clergy. This is endorsed by the Archiepiscopal Council and leading pastors of a diocese that has least cause to lament.

I-1-n - A.L.S. - 2pp. - 12mo. - {2}

1870 Feb. 26
O'Callaghan, Father E. M.: Rome, Italy
 to (James Alphonsus) McMaster: (New York, New York)

Father O'Callaghan says that this will be the last letter from Jus to the readers of the Journal. He feels that he has caused McMaster trouble and exposed him to danger, but hopes that they will both live long enough to see their hopes flourish, He asks McMaster not to speak of O'Callaghan anymore as one who may yet be a bishop. He has no such aspirations, and is content to be a humble priest, for the responsibility of the Bishop he feels would be too great. Moreover, his writing against the arbitrary power of the bishops of the American Church has been too great a sin. He assures McMaster that the absence of a mitre will cause neither his head nor his heart to ache much. He has no news of any value to relate. The Council is still in session and will be for a long time yet. The question of the "Infallibility" has not been introduced, but is convulsing the assembled prelates considerably. It has strong oppositions and will give rise to much bad will. The French and German bishops seem opposed to the opportuneness of any declaration of Papal personal infallibility, or of infallibility "ex cathedra" other than the present indeterminate belief. O'Callaghan is able to catch rumors now and then, but they are of little use. If he gets any information which can be sent on to McMaster, he will do so. He asks that McMaster, read the last part of his Jus letter before it is published, so that any conflict concerning the manner of sending the petition can be corrected so that no contradiction will appear in the paper. Otherwise, he feels that his presence in Rome will become known, or at least a contradiction between the views of McMaster as expressed in the last issue of the Journal which he has not as yet received, and Jus, will be evident. He has written on Feb. 3, and 9th, as to his views on the manner of handling the petition. He hopes that the petition will soon be ready.

I-1-n - A.L.S. - 4pp. - 12mo. - {2}

1870 Feb. 28
Brownson, O(reste)s A.: (Elizabeth, New Jersey)
 to (Father Augustine F. Hewit): (New York City), N(ew) Y(ork)

Brownson just received Hewit's note and claims he did not answer his question whether he has not already sufficiently disposed of the question on church and state and if it would not be overdoing it to write an article ex professo. Brownson did not ask for Hewit's opinion. Brownson has begun the article and tells Father Hewit of his plan and purpose. Brownson would like for the editors to watch what they change because Brownson states he is very sensitive to verbal changes because the substituted words may change the whole sense which Brownson wants to convey. Brownson believes he is more exact in the use of his terms than Hewit is. Also he would rather submit to Hewit's doctrinal changes than to the latter's verbal changes. The Catholic World, claims Brownson, needs an editor, the clearing out of some of the feminine writers whether they wear skirts or breeches. What it wants is true men. Brownson says he has more freedom when he writes for the Tablet than he does when he writes for the Catholic World. He claims that he cannot set forth all his strength in writing for it. He has more restraint from Father Isaac T. Hecker than he does from Father Hewit, hence Brownson will not work fairly under him, because he treats Brownson as an inferior. Father Hewit does not disarrange Brownson's working gear. He has done his best already, and is only fit to be laid upon the shelf.

I-4-e - A.L.S. - 3pp. - 12mo. - {2}