University of Notre Dame


1870 Mar. 1
Onahan, W( ) J.: Chicago, Ill(inois)
 to J(ames) A(lphonsus) McMaster: (New York, New York)

The great Jesuit missionary, Father (C. F.) Smarius, died at 9:00 this morning.

I-1-o - Telegram - 1p. - 12mo. - {2}

1870 March 2
Cardoza, Albert: (New York, New York)
 to Ja(me)s A(lphonsus) McMaster: (New York, New York)

Cardoza informs McMaster that he has just signed an order appointing McMaster one of the commissioners in the matter of Broome street, and asks him to credit the appointment to Cardoza's desire to acknowledge the friendship McMaster has acknowledged, for him.

I-1-n - A.L.S. - 1p. - 12mo. - {1}

1870 March 3
Clarke, Robert & Co.,: Cincinnati, (Ohio)
 to (James Alphonsus McMaster): (New York, New York)

The Clarke Company, sends to McMaster, in care of P. O'Shea, a copy of The Bible in the Public Schools, just published, and hope that it commands itself to McMasters notice and consideration.

I-1-n - (printed form filled in) - 1p. - 8vo. - {1}

1870 March 3
Swembergh, Father Felix: Lawrence, (Kansas)
 to James A(lphonsus) McMaster: (New York, New York)

Father Swembergh sends two communications which he hopes McMaster will publish. One is a translation from the "Univers," and the other, is an original which will appear in French in the "Univers". He is a regular correspondent for the Univers, and for several other papers. He has written in the Catholic Mirror, of Baltimore, under the name of Catholicus. He feels that the only way to combat the present evil in the country is by use of the good press against the bad, and that it is the duty of every priest, if he can, to speak not only in the pulpit, but in the papers to oppose evil. He would like to do this without remuneration, but as he is a poor missionary, he is bound to depend on the products of his pen. He asks McMaster to publish his Communications, and then work out some arrangement for a subscription to the Journal, and possibly a little remuneration for writing other letters.

I-1-n - A.L.S. - 4pp. - 12mo. - {1}

1870 March 3
Hewit, (Father Aug(ustine) F.:
 to (Orestes A.) Brownson: (Elizabeth, New Jersey)

Brownson will understand why he sends Father (Isaac T.) Hecker's letter. Father Hewit agrees with Father Hecker in approving his article. He realixes that it is too late now for Brownson to write it for the April number. It must be a humiliation for Brownson to submit his work to one so inferior, but Hewit says that there is much merit in his submission. He himself has always shown respect for any master of his art, and especially for Brownson. He does not see why Brownson is disturbed at the prospect of finishing his work; he has already done far more than enough. He would not be supreme if the (New York) Tablet should appear with an obituary by Brownson on himself. He promises to get grave some time and suggest that they both pray that they become as great a saint as Mrs. Brownson.

I-4-e - A.L.S. - 4pp. - 16mo. - {3}

1870 Mar. 4
Hendricken, Father Thom(as) F.: Waterbury, Conn(ecticut)
 to Bishop F(rancis) P. McFarland of Hartford: (Rome, Italy)

After the funeral of Mrs. Sheffrey, the sister of Father E. J. O'Brien, he placed before the clergy the consideration of the Bishop's letter about the erection of canonical parishes in the diocese. He had thought this was of little interest but the clergy showed considerable interest because they could show a preference. He mentions the priests who were there. They immediately requested Father (James) Hughes to call a meeting of the pastors so they could deliberate on the subject. Hendricken feels sure that they will decide because while they are confident in McFarland's justice, a time may come when matters would be different. The meeting will be held at the residence of Father Hughes next Thursday. He will send the results but the Bishop should not be surprised if he is requested to present a petition to Propaganda. Father Ned sees in grief that he cannot raise more money on the mortgage but his congregation needs to be taught some self dependence. Father (J.T.) Fitzpatrick was also in New Haven but in a delicate state of health. Father (P.J.) O'Dwyer is not entirely out of danger from his last attack six weeks ago. The pastor of Bristol has lost nothing since the Bishop left. The secular states agreed with Father (Francis) Dent and Father Leo has no Objection that he should. Hendricken is building. The sisters are praying for his safe return. He is sending the Bishop the New York World.

I-1-c - A.L.S. - 3pp. - 8vo. - {6}

1870 March 4
Schneider, C.S.S.R. (Father) J.M.: St. Thomas, West Indies
 to (Father Superior):

Because the American steamer left two days earlier, Father Schneider received no mail at this date. Father Braak asked him if he received the Journal, but the answer was negative. As there is no Catholic newspaper among the islands, a request is made for ten copies of the Journal to be sent to Miss Joanna Lindsay, Catholic Bookstore, St. Thomas, W.I., payment to be made by having the Father Provincial of the Redemptorists send as many intentions as would make up the bill, or if that failed, the next mail would bring a settlement. Some back numbers and books were asked for, and he hopes for news concerning the opening of the Church and Monastery at Fifty Avenue. Hot weather is at this time enveloping the island, and the only news from there is that America is going to take San Domingo. (In the papers of James Alphonsus McMaster)

I-1-n - A.L.S. - 3pp. - 12mo. - {2}

1870 Mar. 5
(Brownson), Sarah H.: Elizabeth, (N.J.)
 to Henry (F. Brownson): (Chicago, Ill.)

(Mrs. Brownson) received (Henry's) very welcome letter of (March) 1st and says she would have written him soon even had she not received his letter yesterday. She is just as well pleased when (Henry) writes his father as when (Henry) writes her, although she is delighted to hear from (Henry) herself. (His) father is very much pleased to her from him, and always tells her how he is. She is glad to her (Henry's) health is good and thinks that he is heavy enough now, 190 pounds being enough for any one. She hopes Philip will not out his teeth hard, although it is better now than in the hot weather, but it is heard any season. She asks him if (Philip) has any teeth yet, and is sorry for Pifine but knows (Henry) will be considerate of her. She presumes (Henry) was disappointed that his father did not go to Chicago, but he went to New York a short time before he expected to leave and took cold and was afraid to take the journey. If ever he visits him, it will be in warm weather. She remarks that Congress does not seem to progress much expect to forget out iniquity but hopes that (Henry) will be retired soon and settled down. As soon as his father gets over his hurry he will write to Wilson, but now he is busy writing an article for Father (Isaac) Hecker on Church and State. He claims that had (Henry) been here to go with him to Chicago he would not have been afraid, although he is afraid to go alone. Dr. (Henry S.) Hewit said he could go if someone took care of him since he is clumsy. Her picture was given to Sarah and is in her room but is not a good picture. Competent Judges say the features are good but not expressive and she wishes the picture, had not been taken. Dr. Hewit had good judges look at his father's picture. They pronounce it a good picture, except the forehead is not broad enough. She asks (Henry) if he still likes the new nurse. The winter was mostly warm. She wonders if (Henry) finds it difficult to keep Lent and says she and his father do not fast but observe some difference.

III-2-a - A.L.S. - 4pp. - 12mo. - {2}

1870 Mar. 5
Davis, Freddie: Milwaukee, Wisconsin
 to James F. Edwards: (Notre Dame, Indiana)

He was glad to hear from Edwards and likes his picture very much. He hopes that he will visit them this spring.

XI-1-a - A.L.S. - 1p. - 12mo. - {1}

1870 March 6
Garesche, (Father) F.P.: Milwaukee, (Wisconsin)
 to J(ames) A(lphonsus) McMaster: New York, (New York)

Father Garesche thanks McMaster for his partiality in filling his columns with the letters from Garesche, and asks that the enclosed sermon, an impromptu sermon given at a funeral, and taken down, might be printed in the (Freeman's Journal). He wonders is something couldn't be done about the practice of extemporaneous sermons for the dead. and feels that if sermons must be made, that they be made some time ahead, and then justice could be done the subject. P.S. He mentions a successful mission in Chicago just completed and lists the number of communicants.

I-1-n - A.L.S. - 2pp. - 12mo. - {1}

1870 Mar. 8
Brownson, O(restes) A.: (Elizabeth, New Jersey)
 to (Reverend Augustine F.) Hewit: (New York City), N(ew) Y(ork)

Brownson has written the article on "Church and State" which will make about 15 pages and has followed the suggestions of Father (Isaac T.) Hecker where possible. Father Hecker's conclusion has been reached and if Father Hewit does not like some of the words, he may change them and have no fear from Brownson because by rights the article is not his. Brownson did not mind working under Father Hewit or Father Hecker but never felt free under the latter. Brownson claims Hewit overrates him and what he has done. Since Brownson has not fulfilled his early promises, he feels that he has failed and his only sadness is in the thought that it is too late to redeem the time lost or to do anything now.

I-4-e - A.L.S. - 1pg. - 8vo. - {2}

1870 March 9
Mackay, Father J(ames): Ogdensburg, (New York)
 to James (Alphonsus) McMaster: (New York, New York)

Father Mackay asks if McMaster received his post-office order for $10, sent on Feb. 24 to help in the cause of Jus. Five dollars was from Father (John J) Swift of Washington, and five from the writer.

I-1-n - A.L.S. - 1p. - 12mo. - {1}

1870 March 9
McMaster, Gilbert M.: (Pittsburgh, (Pennsylvania)
 to James A(lphonsus) McMaster: (New York, New York)

Gilbert asks that James write for him or have a friend write, to the Governor of (New York) to get Gilbert appointed commissioner. He has been informed that all that will be needed is a letter from James.

I-1-n - A.L.S. - 1p. - 12mo. - {1}

1870 Mar. 11
(Brownson, Orestes): Elizabeth, (N.J.)
 to H(enry) F. Brownson: Chicago, (Ill.)

Father (Augustine) Hewit wanted him to write an article on the School Question and Father Issac Hecker wrote (Orestes) from Rome the outlines of an article on Church and State for (Orestes) to fill up for the Catholic World. These with article on Emerson and the concluding one on the Abbe Martin have with (Orestes') writing for the Tablet, kept him so perplexed and busy that he has had hardly a moment in which to write (Henry) and Fifine. (Orestes) begs Henry to excuse him, especially as his eyes are so bad that he ought not to write at all. He assures Henry he did not fill out Father H(ecker)'s, outlines. He has written the article in his own way. He expressed his own views which he thinks agree well enough with F(ather) H(ecker)'s, if Hecker only knew his own mind and could express it. And yet (Orestes) is not sure it will be accepted and printed as (Orestes) wrote it, as he has given "carte blanche" to Father Hewit, the Editor at present. Very few of the reports from Rome, if any, can be relied on. There is no doubt that too many of the prelates lack the courage of their faith, and are too afraid of the secular powers. Henry will like (Orestes') article on the School Question. (Orestes) was glad Henry likes his books. They are already printing a second edition. Father Hecker made a mistake when he showed a reluctance to publish it in the Cath. W(orld) for which (Orestes) originally wrote it; though Hecker did not refuse it. (Orestes) published it with his own name as a feeler. If Henry were as good at writing as he is at thinking and could endure the wear of continuous thinking and writing together (Orestes) would have Henry revive Brownson's Quarterly Review; (Orestes) believes the public would now support it. The amount of writing would cost (Orestes) less labor than he now bestows on the Catholic world, and if he could get it reestablished and live to conduct it for three or four years, it might fall then into Henry's hands, and would be a valuable property to Henry. (Orestes) urges Henry to think of it. (Orestes) can't get about but can work in his study. He thanks Henry for sending him the article on the Funding System in the Chicago Tribune. It is the only sensible thing (Orestes) has seen on the subject, and says what every one who has mastered the simplest rudiments of finance knows perfectly. Salmon P. Chase never knew anything of finance, and Abraham Lincoln knew less. From the beginning of the war up to the present, the real manager of our finance has been the Philadelphia humbug, Jay Cooke, who has contrived to impoverish the country and to build up a collosal fortune for himself. It has been for better to have paid 18 per cent interest on the money actually borrowed, or $15, than $6 for $40, or even $50. Mr. Chase was told so at the time, but he would believe nobody but Jay Cooke. There never would have been any kind of bank supervision of legal tenders, or even of Treasury notes, if the Secretary had known anything, a loan of $500,000,000 would at any time during the war have been placed at 9 or 10, at furthest 12 per cent, and the banks could have continued to pay specie. There would have been no inflation, and the debt at the close of the war would have been less than one third what it was, and would with the high taxes we have had, been two thirds paid off by this time. But that was not what Jay Cooke wanted. He wrote elaborate essays to prove that "a national debt is a national blessing" and fools believed him. But how is the (nation) to pay its debt? The national resources are not equal to it, and funding it at a lower rate of interest is out of the question when money is worth more than the present note, and there is very little seeking permanent investment, and (the country) does not want its bonds to be taken abroad. Mr. Boutwell is no financier, and Mr. Grant is president. Logan's Army Bill, a Bill of abominable injustice, has passed the House. Some of its bad features may be modified in the Senate, but it will do great injustice, and hence the N.Y. Tribune finds it excellent. If there is an excreable man in the country, that man is Horace Greeley. He would take the penny from the poor man and give millions to swindly corporations and swear he was taxing them for the benefit of the poor or the laboring class. He is sick of the Republican party which has all the errors of the old, a big party, and those of the fanatics besides. He does not know how the coming bill will affect (Henry), but counsels him not to be cast down. (Henry) should trust in Providence. (Henry) is young yet, has health, strength energy and ability and by no means, even at worst, is as (Orestes) was in 1865. (Henry('s) talents will yet be in request. A young and growing family must not discourage Henry. Never does a new child become an additional burden and in some mysterious way, he found that it brought with it the ways and means. If worst comes to worst, it is well for (Henry) he has a family; as in an army the morale is three-fourths, also is it three-fourths in private life. Henry's family will be his salvation. He cannot afford to be despondent. His love and the love in return for it will make him brave and energetic. It is said that married men are braver in battle or at sea than bachelors. Nevertheless, if the Bill becomes a law (Orestes) hopes Henry will be able to get retired. That, however, will depend on President Grant, and as neither (Orestes) nor Henry have made Grant a president, are related to Grant or to his wife, nor went to school with nor bear the name of Grant, one cannot foresee what Grant will do; but perhaps Generals Sherman and Sheridan may have some influence with him. Henry must secure the good will of Sheridan, and (Orestes) will try and secure that of Gen. Sherman. (Orestes) and Henry must try as soon as the moment arrives. (Orestes) gives his love to Fifine, and asks Henry to kiss Philip for him and to tell Philip he hopes Philip will be the greatest best Brownson that ever lived. Henry's mother is pretty well; Sarah is so-so. He says his head is tolerably strong, but his understanding is weak, and his ankle and knee joints are not painful but stiff, and he is so clumsy that he does not venture out alone. (Orestes) wants very much to see Henry's wife and child, but he has no courage to move. He asks Henry to come see him as soon as he can. He invokes God's blessing on (Henry, Fifine and Philip) and hopes they may continue to love one another, and (Orestes) a little.

III-3-a - A.L.S. - 4pp. - 8vo. - {7}

1870 Mar. 12
(Martin), Aug(uste) M(ar)ie, Bishop of Natchitoches: Rome, (Italy)
 to Bishop-Coadjutor (Napoleon Joseph) Perché: New Orleans, (Louisiana)

Ed(ward) Raynel gave him Perché's letter of January 12 only two days ago. (Martin) will do all he can to help him. For the visits to the sanctuaries (Martin) has sent him to Father (Gabriel) Chalon. Perché must have received his bulls some time ago. Since many American bishops are returning home, (Martin) supposes that Preché will soon be consecrated. He regrets that he will not be able to be present. He does not believe that there was ever any serious question of choosing Bishop (Claude Mary) D(ubuis) for the position. Perché never ceased to be the favorite choice of Archbishop (John Mary Odin, C.M.), of the Province, of the clergy and the faithful. He would like to write at great length about the (Vatican) Council, but a recent attack of rheumatism makes writing difficult. In brief, however, the Council is a veritable battlefield. About 650 Bishops are defending the traditions of the Church and the authority of the Pope against an opposition composed of old Gallicanism, new rationalism, and a spirit of independence. The ends of the Council were to reaffirm lines of discipline, to safeguard morals, and to strengthen the unity of the Church by defining Papal infallibility. This last point has proved particularly irritating to the opposition. Most bishops were not prepared for a three or four month council and have had to leave for their dioceses. Only half of the Bishops remain. The attacks have been fierce on both sides. In order to mislead opinion Father (Auguste Joseph Alphonse) Gratry has published four brochures. Although condemned by 15 French Archbishops and Bishops, they have been applauded by the liberal press. Many have said that the French government is intervening to prevent a declaration of infallibility. For himself, he thinks this not so. Really, the matter of whether the pope may or may not be in error in matters of faith and morals is the least of concerns in the actual ministry. Much more pressing are decrees on education and on marriage. Although matters move slowly, he thanks God for the discussions have thrown much light on some very grave subjects. After a two week recess over Easter, the council will resume its deliberations. Perché may tell whatever news he thinks prudent regarding the council to his readers. He will be leaving the council within 4 weeks. He must do some work for his diocese. Having only a few years left and no earthly goods to leave it, he wishes at least to leave a good and pious clergy.

VI-2-o - A.L.S. - (French) - 8pp. - 12mo. - {7}

1870 Mar. 13
Borgoss, Father C(aspar) H.: Cincinnati, (Ohio)
 to Archbishop (John Baptist Purcell) of Cincinnati: Rome, Papal States

Borgess has exercised Purcell's patience is not answering, but since Purcell told him the bulls would arrive soon he delayed answering in the expectation of receiving them. He know that Father(Edward Purcell) wrote every week. Borgess relates to the death of Charles Conahan. Conahan's nephew, Edward Monford, died the day before. Yesterday Sister Mary Louise Hughes died at the novitiate of the Sisters of Charity. Also Robert, the son of John Henry, died. Father (George G.E.) Glass is declining fast and Borgess has moved him to the hospital and Father James Callaghan, has taken his place. Father P(atrick) A. Quinn, who was ordained by Bishop (Sylvester A.) Rosecrans said his first mass in the cathedral. Father (John) D. Kress has asked to be changed again. Father Joseph Goebbels has left Fryburg and lives in Dinsmoro following the action of an opposition group seizing control of the church property. Father (Gerhand) Schumacker does not relish Fryburg. Father (Gerhand H.) Kuhr has not come to a decision yet. St. Louis' church was dedicated that morning. Father P(eter) Hennaert, the administrator of Detroit, wrote that he had received Purcell's letter. The contents were given to the press. The Probate Judge set April 5 for a nearing on the will of Bishop (Peter Paul) Lefevere and wanted the new bishop present, but that will be impossible now. The Sisters of the Immaculate Heart of Monroe, and Mrs. Susan Stromberg have written to him. Bishop (John Henry) Luers has written him a strange letter telling him to get out of Cincinnati. He has delivered Purcell's messages to certain persons he mentions. He mentions some who have written to Purcell and sends his regards to certain bishops in Rome.

II-5-d - A.L.S. - 4pp. - 8vo. - {16}

1870 March 14
Audran, Father E(rnest): Jeffersonville, (Indiana)
 to J(ames) A(lphonsus) McMaster: (New York, New York)

Father Audran encloses a clipping from the Louisville Courier-Journal of March 11. It wuotes two letters from the Catholic Telegraph, which he feels are scandalous. He feels that the author should be censured, even if he be the Archbishop (John Baptist Purcell) of Cincinnati. Audran encloses a protest which he had planned on sending to both McMaster and the Telegraph, but feels that the Telegraph would probably not insert it at any rate. He gives McMaster permission to use it. The enclosed note merely repeats that Audran feels that the author used improper language and should be censured, and he feels that it is his duty to protest. P.S. Audran suggests that a subscription be started among the priests to defray the expenses of the Council which would give to the priests of this country a chance to state their faith and their desires in regard to the settlement of the question of the infallibility of the Pope. He points out that the priests in France have done this through the paper "Univers", and that McMaster's paper could do the same. Audran sends ten dollars, and asks to head the subscription list, with the following sentiment: "a priest who always believed firmly in the Infallibility of the Vicar of Jesus Christ, and who views an authoritative definition of it as the remedy to the chief difficulties against which the Church has had to contend since the condemnation of Protestantism by the Council of Trent."

I-1-n - A.L.S. - 2pp. - 12mo. - {4}

(1870 Mar. 16)
O'Callaghan, (Father) E.M.: (Rome, Italy)
 to (James Alphonsus McMaster): (New York, New York)

(Page 1 is missing) . . . If the questions now at issue against O'Callaghan's Bishop, (Amadeus Rappe, of Cleveland) are decided against him, he will press his cause with strong hopes of success. His metropoliten, the Archbishop of Cincinnati (John Baptist Purcell) Has always treated him with kindness. But he knows that he is an object of dislike to a great many bishops who know he has come to appeal from the action of his Bishop who removed him without cause. About a week ago O'Callaghan met Archbishop (Martin J.) Spalding (of Baltimore) who asked about his difficulties. O'Callaghan told hom (Rappe) had ordered him to leave his diocese without any reason on his part. Spalding replied with bitterness that that was what every priest said. O'Callaghan was prevented by circumstances from replying to Spalding then, but before he leaves Rome he intends to do so, and his reply may not be flattering. The chief subject of conversation at present is the question of Papal Infallibility. There are no longer any neutrals; all are divided pro or con. Meeting of the congregations of the Council are no less frequent, for the Bishops are supposed to work on the subjects in their lodgings and come out fully prepared. It is said that at Easter many missionary Bishops will be permitted to return home. This will take many American Bishops back home. Their stay in Rome may have taught them how odius it is to be overruled by supreme authority; on the other hand, being snubbed in Rome may make them more arbitrary in America, and, seeing that the time of their arbitrary rule is short, they may exercise their power with still greater excesses. However, he thinks they will not. P.S. (Mar. 17, 1870) He has deferred his letter a day and torn open the envelope to add a note. Wednesday, (March) 16, (1870), there was a grand sham battle about six miles outside Rome, which was very exciting. After it had gone on many hours that attacking force was driven off. O'Callaghan supposes it was for the sake of harmony and consistency that for the defenders of the city the brave (?) Italians were chosen, while the Zoaves (?) were made to be the attackers. The papers announced that (on Mar. 17, 1870) there would be a Requiem Mass for Montelandert at which Mgr. Dupanloup would preach. All the French in the city, as well as many others, flocked to the church, only to find a simple note pinned on the door stating the proposed services would not be held. There is much speculation about the reason for this. Today is St. Patrick's day in Rome. There have been services at the Church of St. Agatha attached to the Irish College, and there was a Pontifical High Mass at St. Patrick's, at which Archbishop (Henry Edward) Manning of Westminister delivered the sermon. This letter is for publication.

I-1-m - A.L.(incomplete)S. - 4pp. - 12mo. - {4}

1870 March 16
 to James A(lphonsus) McMaster: (New York, New York)

Sacerdos sends McMaster an excerpt from a fifteen pages pastoral letter written by the newly consecrated Right Rev. (P. J.) Baltes, Bishop of Alton, in the Wahrheitsfreund. Sacerdos feels that the excerpt enclosed is a direct attack against the Freeman's Journal, and he sends the excerpt in order that McMaster will have the chance to discuss it. The writer does not send his name, as he is not the author of the article. (Excerpt enclosed) Bishop Baltes asks support of the Catholic Press, but does not recommend certain papers which have been discussing the Clergy, hierarchy discord, as he feels that these papers can be productive only of evil. Baltes warns these editors, and those who support the papers, that a just God will punish them. He forbids the circulation of these papers amongst the faithful of the Diocese (of Alton).

I-1-n - A.L.S. - 3pp. - 12mo. - {3}

1870 Mar. 17
Rosecrans, General W(illiam) S.: New York City, N(ew) Y(ork)
 to O(restes) A. Brownson: New York City, (New York)

Rosecrans encloses a copy of a memorial to Congress giving some of the writer's views respecting the condition of Mexico and of our interest in relation with her to which Rosecrans would like to draw Brownson's attention. He claims the country has much to gain by the memorial because without our aid, Mexico could do nothing. If we fail to act now, Rosecrans feels our tax burden will be greatly increased. The Rondhalding interests are liable to be affected. We should see Mexico as a customer of ours. The purpose of the memorial is:

1) To impress upon Mexico our privacy.
2) Give good interpretation of Monroe doctrine.
3) Make U.S. commercial center of the world.
4) Will consolidate public opinion.

In order to enlist organized capital, the people must be sold on the idea, hence Rosecrans wants Brownson to exercise his influence in order to secure a favorable action of Congress on the subject.

I-4-e - A.L.S. - 4pp. - 8vo. - {1}

1870 Mar. 18
Bodfish, (Father) J(osue) P.: (New York City), N(ew) Y(ork)
 to (Orestes A. Brownson): (Elizabeth, New Jersey)

Bodfish informs Brownson that St. Paul's Institute' would be delighted to hear from him again. Since Father Hecker suggested to him about one on "Church and State", he wants to know if Brownson would speak on that topic. The best time would be the first or second Sunday after Easter.

I-4-e - A.L.S. - 2pp. - 12mo. - {1}

1870 Mar. 19
Bryan, John: (New York City), New York
 to O(restes) A. Brownson: (Elizabeth, N(ew) J(ersey)

Bryan has enclosed a pamphlet on the Stone Foundation Pavement which is now attracting some attention. Since the writer has taken it upon himself to back it, he wants Brownson to write a letter of introduction for Bryan to S.J. Ahern of Elizabeth. Also he wonders if Brownson can recommend him to any other of his friends. If the pavement does not come up to the promises made in the booklet, he should let Bryan know and all the money would be refunded or would go into some charity which Brownson may name.

I-4-e - A.L.S. - 3pp. - 12mo. - {1}

1870 Mar. 19
Perigo, Frank: (Toledo, Ohio)
 to James F. Edwards: (Notre Dame, Indiana)

He was surprised to receive Edwards' letter for he had long given up hope. He tells some news of the rink and other gossip.

XI-1-a - A.L.S. - 3pp. - 8vo. - {1}

1870 March 20
Driscoll, B.: Doniphan, Kansas
 to J(ames) A(lphonsus) McMaster: (New York, New York)

Driscoll sends $4 as subscription to the Freeman's Journal for two friends. He mentions that he sent $2 some time ago, and hopes that McMaster received it. He gives a picture of the rapid growth of the Church in Kansas, and gives McMaster facts concerning the availability of cheap and fertile lands for homesteading purposes. He feels that the land now selling for a few dollars an acre will in a few years sell for from 25 to 100 dollars per acre.

I-1-n - A.L.S. - 2pp. - 8vo. - {2}

1870 March 21
Evans, T. J.: New York, (New York)
 to Ja(me)s A(lphonsus) McMaster: (New York, New York)

Evans asks that the enclosed be given an insertion in the Journal, and that by doing it he will confer a favor on the writer and the large body of Irishmen whom he represents. Evans assures McMaster that, despite the many things said against them, that they (the Irish party he represents) are true to the Church, and are grieved when anyone such as McMaster either wilfully or unintentionally misrepresents them.

I-1-n - A.L.S. - 1p. - 12mo. - {1}

1870 Mar. 21
(Raynel), Edward: (Rome, Italy)
 to (Mr. Raynel: New Orleans?, Louisiana)

Raynel is tardy in responding to his father's letter of February 19. He arrived at Rome and found the weather poor. The letters of introduction generally proved to no avail. Bishop (Auguste Marie) Martin appeared charmed to see him but he was not in a position to be of any help. Father (Gabriel) Chalon has proved a true friend in need, but unfortunately he left for London and will be absent all week. There is almost too much to see in Rome. He finds the population of Rome to be the most hard-working and energetic of all of Italy. He wishes to send a few words to Aunt Josephine in this envelope (no enclosure) and therefore closes his letter.

VI-2-o - A.L.S. - (French) - 8pp. - 12mo. - {3}

1870 March 22
Cooper, James F.: New York, (New York)
 to James (Alphonsus) McMaster: (New York, New York)

Cooper points out that McMaster had replied to James McCormick by asserting that a Papal promulgation had been issued by order of the Pope, condemning the Fenian Organization. Cooper quotes Dr. Gardner, lately returned from Rome, who said during a talk in the Brooklyn Cathedral, that no such document had been issued, though the document had been prepared, but it was never signed. Cooper feels that McMaster is probably better informed on the matter.

I-1-n - A.L.S. - 1p. - 8vo. - {2}

1870 Mar. 23
New Orleans, (Louisiana)
 to My Poor Friend: (New Orleans, Louisiana?)

She has never been his wife. She has reflected upon this, the Lord has touched her soul, and, as a result, their life has been sad. Often, she must have appeared to be a monster of ingratitude for he has always been the most faithful friend that could be found on earth. If he would, she hopes they can become other persons: She will be his sister and he, her brother. She hopes that they can make their sacrifice in silence for the sake of their child. She prays that the good Lord will assist him.

- A.L. - 6pp.

 Folded with the above: 

1870 Feb. 16
New Orleans, (Louisiana)
 to Lord Jesus:

She has often felt the wounds of her divorce and remarriage, but she knows that the Lord Jesus is always there to hold her hand. Now, she has received from one of His apostles, Archbishop (John Mary Odin, C.M.), permission to confess and to approach the Lord's table. She fears offending Him and knows the sacrifice He demands. She prays that He will give her the strength to do what He demands.

- A.L. - 4pp.

VI-2-o - A.L. - (French) - 8pp. - 4to. - {1}

1870 Mar. 23
Grace, Bishop Thomas L.: St. Paul, Minn(esota)
D. & J. Sadlier & Co.New York (City), (New York)

Bishop Grace sends a draft for the amount of the bill which he owes. He makes clear that he was greatly disappointed with the lecture of (Father Thomas) Preston on the School Question. It was a very fickle statement of the Catholic view, which probably will do more harm than good. "There is a writer in the Tablet who manifests a thorough knowledge, and a grasp of the subject in all its strongest points." He could do the subject justice, and if active at this moment would present the Catholic Views and would do a lot of good.

(Orestes A. Brownson collection)

I-4-e - A.L.S. - 3pp. - 12mo. - {4}

1870 March 24
Carmy, Father P. J.: Lexington and Concord, Mass(achusetts)
 to (James Alphonsus McMaster): (New York, New York)

Father Carmy asks that his name be attached to the petition to Rome.

I-1-n - A.L.S. - 1p. - 12mo. - {1}

1870 Mar. 27
Davis, Freddie: Milwaukee, Wisconsin
 to James F. Edwards: (Notre Dame, Indiana)

He would like to go down to Notre Dame in June for the exhibitions. He would like one of the medals very much.

XI-1-a - A.L.S. - 1p. - 12mo. - {1}

1870 March 27
Miale, Father Nicholas: Natchez, Miss(issippi)
 to (James Alphonsus) McMaster: New Y(ork), (New York)

Miale asks McMaster to inform him if the Savings Banks advertised in the Freeman can be depended on, and that though most of the people (in Natchez) have a blind confidence in all advertisements placed in the Journal, he wishes to have McMaster's opinion formally. If the banks are all-right, then he wishes to know the best way to send any money to them, and which one would McMaster suggest. He also thanks McMaster for his notice of the cheaper postage rate. He asks that his name not be used.

I-1-n - A.L.S. - 1p. - 12mo. - {1}

(1870) Mar. 27
(Raynel), Edward: (Rome, Italy)
 to Mrs. (Raynel: New Orleans?, Louisiana)

Raynel has not yet mailed his letter because the weather has been gloomy. This evening someone finally sent him Mr. Bordi's letter. He hopes that if the weather warms up his indisposition will disappear. Mrs. Roch does all she can to keep up his morale. He does not know how long he will remain in Rome, but he believes it will be until May 1. He thanks her for all the good news she has given him of the family. He fears he will not find his poor old aunt on his return and therefore asks his mother to embrace her for him. She should also tell Eugenie how much pleasure it gives him to think that on her arrival they can get together. He has not forgotten old Eza and he recommends his garden to Joe. P.S. He will reply to Papa and to James by the next mail.

VI-2-o - A.L.S. - (French) - 3pp. - 4to. - {3}

1870 Mar. 28
Callaert, Father D(esiderius): Marshall, (Michigan)
 to Father (Peter) Hennaert: (Detroit, Michigan)

Callaert begs permission to return to Belgium. His good character has been taken away by his successor in Stonycreek, (Father Bernard J. Wermers). He had made the same request of the late Bishop (Peter Paul Lefevere) shortly before the latter's death. He feels neither ashamed nor sorry for what he has done for and in Stonycreek. All goes well in Marshall.

III-2-l - A.L.S. - 2pp. - 12mo. - {5}

1870 Mar. 28
Hewit, (Father) A(ugustine) F.: (New York City) N(ew) Y(ork)
 to (Orestes A. Brwonson): (Elizabeth, New Jersey)

Hewit is pleased that Brownson made his article so conservative in tone. He thinks the fall of the temporal power is due to weak faith and fear and the Holy See will know what to do. Although loyal to our government, Hewit cannot be an enthusiast for popular sovereignty. Since Father (Isaac T.) Hecker wanted the article, the only question of importance is whether he is satisfied. Brownson has not made clear the question of how the state, which can decide which is the true church, is bound by the laws of any church any more than an individual who has no data for deciding what church he is bound to submit to. Hewit thinks Brownson has been too generous in his judgment of Montalembert, and believes the death of the latter is a blessing. Hewit believes the definitions of the council will cause an open revolt when published. Brownson's feeling that he has not done enough on this earth, is one felt by every man except possibly the saints. The council will adjourn soon. Some of the Bishops will receive permanent leave, and next year perhaps, the council will have only questions of discipline to decide.

I-4-e - A.L.S. - 4pp. - 10mo. - {3}

1870 Mar. 28
Hunt, Austin: Iberville, Louisiana

Hunt certifies that Paul A. Hébert of the parish of Iberville makes a donation of land to Archbishop John Mary Odin, (C.M.), and his successors, herein represented by Father Réné Vallée. Said land in the village of Bayou Goula is bounded by land owned by the donor, by Joseph H. Parks, and by Louis Bourgeois and is donated on condition that it be used only for erecting a Roman Catholic church or chapel with accessory buildings and a chapel, that space be reserved in the church for the donor and his descendants, and that two pews be reserved in the church for the donor and his descendants. The land is valued at $500 and the frame of said church including the pews is not to cost less than $5,000, including also one altar. Original witnessed by P. Celestin Orillian and Nicholas H. Sewall and signed by Hébert and Vallée. (Note by) Archbishop N(apoleon) J(oseph) P(erché): The donation was returned to the donor in 1871.

VI-2-o - A.D.S. (Copy) - 5pp. - folio - {9}

1870 Mar. 28
Perigo, Frank: Toledo, Ohio
 to James F. Edwards: (Notre Dame, Indiana)

Edwards did nobly in answering his letter so soon. He sends a pass from Toledo around the world. When Edwards is ready, Perigo will go with him. The river is now open. (Edwards notes on the bottom of the letter that Perigo was killed while hunting.)

XI-1-a - A.L.S. - 4pp. - 8vo. - {1}

1870 Mar. 28
St. M., Sister:
 to Bishop-elect N(apoleon) Joseph) Perché: (New Orleans, Louisiana)

If she had doubted Perché's sincerity she would have replied to his letter in another way. It is true that she did not sign herself "your daughter," for that title recalled too many things to her. She is of the flock of which Perché has become the pastor; she is of the house of which, she hopes, he will be the father.

VI-2-o - A.L.S. - (French) - 2pp. - 12mo. - {1}

1870 March 28
Schmittdiel, Father Benjamin: Monroe, Mich(igan)
 to (James Alphonsus McMaster): (New York, New York)

Father Schmittdiel has read and endorsed with pleasure the remarks of Jus in the Freeman's Journal, particularly that part that said that priests in America can have law instead of arbitrary rule. He sends his signature with the greatest pleasure and apologizes for the small amount of two dollars, which is all he can send at this time. He has just finished a church and it is still heavily in debt. He will send more money, if it is needed.

I-1-n - A.L.S. - 1p. - 12mo. - {2}

1870 Mar. 29
Liguori, R.U. Sister Marie de: Morrisania, New York
 to Bishop-elect (Napoleon Joseph Perché: New Orleans, Louisiana)

She has just received a note from the express office at New Orleans announcing the arrival of a parcel addressed to her. She asks (Perché) to pick it up. The (Ursulines) promised to act in her name but it appears they have changed their mind. She supposes it is $100 which Miss M. Browne of Houston has sent her. (Perché) should send it to Sister Stanislas (Truchet, R.U.). If it is money Sister Stanislas could use it for her passage and the Count de Blois could then settle the accounts. Liguori has not been able to return to New York since she obtained Stanislas' passage as well as hers and Perché's free of charge. She has simply sent one name less to the consulate since the reception of Stanislas' letter announcing that she was not coming. However, she could perhaps still have her passage, provided she applies to the French Consulate.

VI-2-o - A.L.S. - (French) - 4pp. - 12mo. - {5}

1870 Mar. 29
Smith, Franklin: Canton, Missi(ssippi)
 to James A(lphonsus) McMaster: N(ew) Y(ork), New York

Since McMaster is considering the propriety of repudiation of unconstitutional obligations, Smith sends him a pamphlet he wrote in 1843 on the subjects. It attracted some attention at the time, and drew bitter reproach from certain quarters. But it was never answered to Smith's knowledge. (P.S.) Smith does not wish to have McMaster refer to him unless the authenticity of the pamphlet should be denied. (To this is added a note): If the man, clerk, or gentleman who opens and first examines McMaster's documents values his salvation and Smith's friendship, he should be sure and place this letter and the enclosed (pamphlet) in McMaster's hands. (Enclosure: A pamphlet of 34 pp. Full title: "A Letter on the Subject of Repudiation from Franklin Smith of Madison County, Mi., to Carroll Spence, Esq., of Baltimore City, Md. "Dated: Canton, Miss., March 30, 1843. The pamphlet bears the name of N. Carroll Mason).

I-1-n - A.L.S. - 1p. - 12mo. - {3}

1870 March 30
Harrison, Father P.P.: Wancoma, Iowa
 to Ja(me)s A(lphonsus) McMaster: (New York, New York)

Father Harrison sends his name, to be applied to the petition to be sent to Rome regarding the status of the Clergy. He also sends $5 for the expenses. He would have done this before, but he has been short of money.

I-1-n - A.L.S. - 1p. - 12mo. - {1}

1870 Mar. 31,
B(rownson), S(arah) H.: Elizabeth, (N.J.)
 to Henry (F. Brownson): (Fort Leavenworth, Kansas)

(Mrs. Brownson) explains that she had left unanswered Henry's letter for so long because, her girl having left her, she was alone until she secured another. She was sorry to hear Henry was in Kansas so far. She hopes Henry will not be obliged to stay long from his family. Fifine will be happy to have her mother with her. Little Philip will not let (Fifine) be lonesome. (Mrs. Brownson) hopes Henry may be retired as he wishes. She is sure Henry has had moving enough for anyone. She believes Henry does well not to take Fifine to Leavenworth as (Fifine) is better off where she is. She wishes she were near enough to have (Fifine) with her while Henry is absent. (Mrs. Brownson) has been quite well this winter until yesterday morning when a spell of dizziness brought her to bed, but she got partly over it and is quite well today. She was without a girl for a week and presumes the work was too hard at this season of the year. Henry's father has been well all winter and worked hard. She wonders how Henry liked the article on Schools in the last number of the Catholic World. The article coming out in the May number on Church and State was written at the request of Father (Isaac) Hecker and based somewhat on his plan. The Protestant community is greatly agitated over the school question. (Orestes') reply to the Times in the last Tablet was very good. She asks Henry if he wrote the letter in the Tribune a few weeks ago on the schools signed with his initials. (Henry's) father thought it was well done, and thinks Congress will not pass the law this session. He sends Henry his love and wishes Henry to know he is busy writing a book and believes Henry owes him a letter. Orestes (Brownson Jr.) and his family were well except one of the children had the whooping cough. He has published three dramas this winter but (Mrs. Brownson) hopes he will get sick of such things when he is older. It is a great while since (Mrs. Brownson) and Henry have seen much of one another and it appears that she will not have that pleasure soon. She does not mind the trials of this world if they can be forever happy together in the next. (Orestes and she) have taken their house for another winter. She does not like the plan much, but they do not have the courage to move. She hopes Henry will like his brother officers. Dr. Hewit says Leavenworth is considered a very desirable post. She asks to hear from (Henry) frequently and hopes he is as well and happy as he can be away from his family. She sends her love to Fifine.

III-3-a - A.L.S. - 4pp. - 12mo. - {3}

1870 March 31
Koppernagel, Father Clem A.: Harrisburg, (Pennsylvania)
 to (James Alphonsus McMaster): (New York, New York)

Koppernagel gladly gives his name to be added to the petition concerning the "Status of the Clergy."

I-1-n - A.L.S. - 1p. - 12mo. - {1}