University of Notre Dame


1870 April 2
Hazzen, E. B.: Raymond, N(ew) Ha(mpshire)
 to O(restes) A. Brownson: (Elizabeth, New Jersey)

Hazzen has read Brownson's article on "American Republic" and has sent for the author's work on "Liberalism and the Church". He likes Brownson's works and would like to know where he can obtain back numbers of the Review especially the one on "Gioberti's Philosophy". Hazzen picked up a small book on "Protestantism and Infidelity" and was amazed to find that the Church of Rome was founded upon a basis more reasonable and scriptual than any Protestant sect. His first religious belief was that of Parker, then Suedenborg and now "nothing arian". He now wants the reasons and the basis of Catholicism so that he may study them and would like to have Brownson direct him. For any back numbers, Hazzen will pay Brownson's fine.

I-4-e - A.L.S. - 4pp. - 12mo. - {1}

1870 April 2
Torre, Della: Charleston, So(uth) Ca(rolina)
 to (James Alphonsus) McMaster: (New York, New York)

Miss Torre writes to ask McMaster's help in disposing of several paintings of the Madonna, which she has executed. She is the sole support of the three orphaned children of her brother. The paintings are cabinet size, on porcelain, finished in the style of ivory miniature. She gives a private history of herself, stating that she lost most of her property during the war. She refers McMaster to Bishops Lynch and Persico, who know her well, and she offers to send translations from several papers if McMaster can use them, but her main object is to get her pictures placed where they will become known. P.S. She offers to send one or two of her paintings, remarking that they sell at $40 or $50 usually.

I-1-n - A.L.S. - 4pp. - 8vo. - {2}

1870 Apr.3
Zéringue, R.S.C., Sister C.: Grand Coteau, (Louisiana)
 to Bishop-elect (Napoleon Joseph Perché: New Orleans, Louisiana)

She congratulates Perché upon his recent promotion. All (the Religious of the Sacred Heart) preserve happy memories of his visit of last summer.

VI-2-o - A.L.S. - (French) - 2pp. - 12mo. - {2}

1870 April 4
Scallan, Father N. F.: Waterloo, Iowa
 to Ja(mes) A(lphonsus) McMaster: New York, (New York)

Father Scallan sends $3, for subscription to the Journal and asks if there is any way to forward signatures for the propositions of Jus. (Pencil note at top of letters states there will be.)

I-1-n - A.L.S. - 1p. - 12mo. - {2}

1870 Apr. 5
Bouchoux, J.: (New Orleans, Louisiana)
St. Louis Church(New Orleans, Louisiana)

For opening locks at St. Louis Church, $5.

VI-2-o - A. Bill S. - (French) - 2pp. - 12mo. - {1}

1870 April 5
Hewitt, Abram S.: New York, (New York)
 to (James Alphonsus McMaster): (New York, New York)

This is a printed circular announcing a series of lectures given by the Cooper Union for the Advancement of Science and Art.

I-1-n - A.L.S. - 1p. - 12mo. - {1}

1870 April 5
Kehoe, L(awrence): New York (City), (New York)
 to (Orestes A. Brownson): (Elizabeth, New Jersey)

Kehoe is quite provoked with Brownson's letter to the Tablet because he was too generous with Hipworth. What he should have done was to write a harsh criticism. The extract which Hipworth used is not in the Review. Brownson's letter is too logical and it takes an unlogical man to answer unlogical men. Since Hipworth cannot find the extract in the Review, Kehoe intends to give the whole book a "broadside" and print some extracts from Brownson's Review. If Hipworth puts the Tablet letter in evidence against Kehoe, the latter will have to borrow some of Brownson's logic to get out of the scrape.

I-4-e - A.L.S. - 2pp. - 8vo. - {2}

1870 April 5
Venberk, (Father) A. J.: Appleton, (Wisconsin)
 to (James Alphonsus McMaster): (New York, New York)

Father Verberk, having read the remarks of Jus, wishes to add a few suggestions. He points out that quite a number of priests do not read English papers, and thus know nothing of the great question. He points out that the German papers have made no exposition of the question. He includes the remarks of a newly consecrated Bishop, who has forbidden Catholics to read papers attempting to sow seeds of discord between the Bishops and the clergy. He feels that such remarks will have an effect on some priests, while many would be willing to sign the petition if they were better acquainted with the problem. P.S. He suggests that it would be a good plan to print a circular explaining the case and sending it to every priest in the United States, requesting that the circular be signed and returned. Father Verberk sends the name of three priests who have declared their allegiance to the cause of Jus, and suggests also that McMaster send the Freeman to these men, on trial.

I-1-n - A.L.S. - 4pp. - 12mo. - {2}

1870 April 7
Doyle, Father Ja(me)s M.: Janesville, Wis(consin)
 to James (Alphonsus) McMaster: (New York, New York)

Doyle, after consulting with brother priests and fearing they may neglect to send their names as Jus requests, decided that he was justified in transcribing the list, signed by the priests themselves at Retreat last summer, in which they endorsed Jus, with but one exception. As chairman of the meeting, he feels that it is his duty to send the names. He encloses a list of 36 names of English speaking Priests in the Diocese of Milwaukee.

I-1-n - A.L.S. - 3pp. - 12mo. - {3}

1870 April 8
Ahern S. J.: New York (City), (New York)
 to O(restes) A. Brownson: (Elizabeth, New Jersey)

Brownson sent a letter of introduction of Mr. Bryan which pleased the writer immensely. However Ahern has known the man in a general business way for years. He is glad Brownson is in good health and since Brownson has been so energetic in the aid of Catholicism by his numerous writings which have done so much good for Catholics and others, he hopes Brownson will be spared for a long time. Ahern follows Brownson's weekly writings in the Tablet.

I-4-e - A.L.S. - 2pp. - 12mo. - {1}

1870 April 9
Coughlin, D.: Toledo, (Ohio)
 to (James Alphonsus) McMaster: (New York, New York)

Coughlin encloses $5 to pay for the notice given his sons' address delivered at St. Johns College, Fordham, on the 22 of February. If this is not sufficient to pay for the publication, McMaster is to let him know. P.S. He asks acknowledgement of the money, and the return of the essay and address in manuscript.

I-1-n - A.L.S. - 1p. - 8vo. - {1}

1870 April 9
Fenlon, Thomas P.: Leavenworth, Kansas
 to James A(lphonsus) McMaster: New York, (New York)

Fenlon asks that McMaster write an article concerning the legal effect of the 15th amendment in states where negroes had not the right to vote by virtue of state laws. Fenlon thinks that most citizens take for granted that the 15th amendment confers the right to vote on all citizens, but what he wishes to know is if the amendment merely prevents the states where the right to vote exists from denying or abridging such right, or does not the amendment merely act as a prohibition upon the states from the exercise of legislative powers theretofore possessed by them, and not as conferring any right upon the citizen. He believes that he may be wrong in his assumptions, and if so, wishes McMaster to set him on the right course.

I-1-n - A.L.S. - 3pp. - 8vo. - {1}

1870 Apr.9
Pulcher, Father J(ames) C.: Grand Rapids, (Michigan)
 to Father (Peter) Hennaert: (Detroit, Michigan)

Father (Henry) Beerhorst is gone since April 4. A young man told him he had given Father (Charles) De Preiter of Wyandotte $200 for safe keeping two years ago; he and Pulcher have contacted De Preiter but with no result. A Mr. O'Brien, brother of Stephen O'Brien, has been out of the church for years. O'Brien intends to lecture but he should have his head insured. There is no fear he will make trouble.

III-3-2 - A.L.S. - 3pp. - 12mo. - {4}

1870 Apr.9

Sacred Heart, Religious of the Grand Coteau, (Louisiana)
 to Bishop-elect (Napoleon Joseph Perché: New Orleans, (Louisiana)

They congratulate (Perché) upon his advent to the episcopacy.

VI-2-o - A.L.S. - 3pp. - 8vo. - {1}

1870 April 11
McManus, Father Peter Aloysius: Harpers Ferry, Iowa
 to (James Alphonsus) McMaster: (New York, New York)

McManus, though having been ordained only a year, finds that nothing is being done by the older priests in the diocese about sending their names to Rome to ask for Canon law. He asks that McMaster add his name to the list, and expresses a hope that the desire for justice in America will find favor in Rome.

I-1-n - A.L.S. - 1p. - 12mo. - {1}

1870 April 12
Hannan, M.D., Ja(me)s C.: Albany, (New York)
 to (James Alphonsus) McMaster: (New York, New York)

Dr. Hannan asks that McMaster accept the enclosed little volume, and if he thinks it worthy of notice, to give it the author a word of encouragement in the next issue of his paper (Freeman's Journal).

I-1-n - A.L.S. - 1p. - 12mo. - {1}

1870 Apr. 12
Lafferty, Edw(ard): Fordham, New York
 to James F. Edwards: (Notre Dame, Indiana)

He was too busy to write sooner and presumes that Edwards is still at Notre Dame. They had a miserable winter in New York—no skating.

XI-1-a - A.L.S. - 3pp. - 8vo. - {1}

1870 Apr.12
LaMontagne, George: Muskegon, (Michigan)
 to Bishop (Caspar Henry Borgess): Detroit, (Michigan)

LaMontagne sends copies of a legal claim against Father (Isidore) Anthony Lebel of Kalamazoo, by Laurent Chabot for whom he has been attorney for many years. Demand for payment has already been made to Lebel without any reply. He asks Borgess' help to obtain the balance of the claim. Lebel's money circumstances are prosperous. LaMontagne wishes to prevent a judicial prosecution in the midst of a Protestant population.

- A.L.S. - (French) -


1870 Feb.2
Begin, L(oui)s (G.): Quebec, Quebec

Begin certifies that he was present this day and saw Laurent Chabot of the town of Levis, a retired merchant, duly sign, seal and execute the said power of attorney and that the name subscribed is in Chabot's proper handwriting, and that the name of L. P. Demers and Jean Giroux, of Levis are the handwriting of the witnesses thereto.

- D. Copy -

1870 Feb.3
Robinson, Charles: Quebec, Quebec

As consul of the United States. Robinson certifies that Begin who signed the annexed Power of Attorney is an acting Notary Public.

- D. Copy -

1870 Feb.2
Chabot, Laurent: Quebec, Quebec

Chabot appoints his friend, George LaMontagne formerly of Levis, but now of Muskegon, Michigan, a doctor, as his attorney, to sue and recover accounts owing from Father Lebel of and especially the amount of that judgment rendered in the Superior Court, for the District of Quebec, No. 973. (Witnessed by) L. P. Demers, merchant of Quebec, and Jean Giroux of Levis, pilot. LaMontagne (certifies that the above are) true copies.

- D. Copy -

III-2-1 - A.L.S. - (French) - - D. Copies - 9pp. - folio - {8}

1870 Apr. 12
Wile, Annetta: LaPorte, Indiana
 to James F. Edwards: (Notre Dame, Indiana)

David (Wile) is not feeling well and asked her to write a few lines. She thanks Edwards for the excellent photograph.

XI-1-a - A.L.S. - 1p. - 8vo. - {1}

1870 April 13
Majerus, Father Theodore: Rulo, Neb(raska)
 to James A(lphonsus) McMaster: (New York, New York)

Father Majerus has been on a mission for severl weeks and fears that his signature in support of Canon Law in the United States, might be too late. He desires most sincerely that status of Law replace arbitrary rule. He feels that a great many more priests would sign the the petition if the signatures had been asked for in a seperate article, naming the place they should be sent, as well as the time limit.

I-1-n - A.L. S. - 1p. - 12mo. - {1}

1870 April 15
Marendt, Father M.: Cannelton, Indiana
 to (James Alphonsus) McMaster: (New York, New York)

Marendt sends a suggestion sponsored by Father J. B. Merl and himself as regards the petition to Rome. He feels that the easiest way to accomplish it would be to have McMaster, or some good English, German, and French priests within McMaster's reach, send short circulars, exposing the matter, to all the priests in the U. S., asking them to sign and return. Another suggestion would be to appoint five or six priests in each diocese to collect the signatures, but he feels that this would bring them in conflict with their bishops. This would be especially the case with German Priests, the reason being that the Catholic German papers are flattering the bishops and there are (those of the) Laity who like to rule the priests in their parishes a la maniere St. Louis, Buffalo, N. Y. some years ago, etc., Father Merl told Merendt that he planned on giving up some of his German papers and again subscribing to the Journal in a few months.

I-1-n - A.L.S. - 2pp. - 12mo. - {2}

1870 Apr. 18
Callaert, Father D(esiderius): Marshall, (Michigan)
 to Father (Peter) Hennaert: (Detroit, Michigan)

Hennaert's letter of April 3 was received and from its tone Callaert sees that Hennaert is mistaken. A right judgment cannot be made unless both sides are heard. Being slandered before laymen, Callaert thinks he has a right to defend his character. Thomas Vay, 73 years old and a parishoner, wishes to will his property without any delay without his aged wife's knowledge. Callaert asks Hennaert for advice. He regrets Hennaert's poor health, and suggests a year's rest in Europe.

III-2-l - A.L.S. - 3pp. - 12mo. - {2}

1870 Apr.19
Cowman, John W.: Hubbardston, (Michigan)
 to Father P(eter) Hennaert: (Detroit, Michigan)

Father (Charles G.) Bolte gave the committee a full statement about the church's indebtedness. Father (William) D(e) Beaver has interfered. Bolte can do better as he knows the people; if he does not, things will be in a bad way here.

III-2-1 - A.L.S. - 1p. - 8vo. - {3}

1870 Apr. 19
O'Brien, P(atrick) N.: Suspension Bridge, New York
 to Father P(eter) Hennaert: (Detroit, Michigan)

O'Brien, on eve of ordination, requests Hennaert to send money for a new cassock; his past kindness leads him to hope he will grant this last favor. His many favors cause him to regret Hennaert's retirement as Administrator; as Vicar General, O'Brien hopes to know him more intimately.

III-2-l - A.L.S. - 2pp. - 12mo. - {1}

(1870) April 20
Hewit, H.S.:
 to (Orestes A. Brownson): (Elizabeth, New Jersey)

(Augustine F.) Hewit visited him last night. Hewit presumes that Brownson received notice that the lecture at Father (J.P.) Bodfish's Institute was postponed for a week or two. Father Hewit mentioned that the series of articles on Abbe Martin's book had been well received in Rome and that Brownson's view of this subject was acknowledged to be correct. Father Hewit suggested that Brownson send a copy of the Conversations on Liberalism directly to the Pope. The (Catholic) Herald has today what is said to be the substance of a letter from John Henry Newman. Father (Thomas) Preston is suggested as successor to Bishop (Francis P.) McFarland and (Father James) Quinn for Springfield. Father Newman's letter is silly. It is transcendental self-worshipping heathenism calling itself Catholic. Hewit heard that Father Hyacinth considers himself inspired.

I-4-e - A.L.S. - 4pp. - 12mo. - {9}

1870 Apr. 20
McCaffrey, Jo(h)n: New Orleans, (Louisiana)
 to Bishop-elect (Napoleon Joseph) Perché: (New Orleans, Louisiana)

McCaffrey sends a bill (no enclosure) of Father (Richard) Kane which has been presented for payment. At a meeting held at the Archiepiscopal residence on November 30 the salary was fixed at $25 per month and Mr. Fitzwilliams and others of the Directors insist that was the agreement. If they are to pay what Kane demands the business of the (Morning Star and Catholic Messenger) for the coming dull summer will hardly justify its continuance. He suggests Kane be allowed $5 a column and write but one column per week for the summer. P.S. He asks an answer by the bearer.

VI-2-o - A.L.S. - 2pp. - 12mo. - {4}

1870 April 21
Harrison, Father P. F.: Wanacoma, Iowa
 to Ja(me)s A(lphonsus) McMaster: (New York, New York)

Harrison has been requested by Father Henry McCullow, C.P., to forward his name to McMaster to be subscribed with the others to the "Petition" on the "Status of the Clergy". Harrison hopes McMaster received another letter, and donation, sent a couple of weeks ago.

I-1-n - A.L.S. - 1p. - 12mo. - {2}

1870 April 21.
Preston, Father T(homas) S.: New York, (New York)
 to (James Alphonsus) McMaster: (New York, New York)

Preston asks that McMaster Publish the enclosed letter. He does not, however wish to be understood as imposing any mere opinions of his on anyone, as it is against his nature and education.

I-1-n - A.L.S. - 1p. - 12mo. - {1}

1870 April 22
Albers, Father J. M.: Cassville, Wisc(onsin)
 to James A(lphonsus) McMaster: (New York, New York)

Father Albers has just read the article by Jus in the Freeman's Journal, and willingly signs his name to the petition for his right and the right of other churchmen. He also asks that the Freeman's Journal be sent to him weekly.

I-1-n - A.L.S. - 1p. - 12mo. - {2}

1870 Apr. 23
Rosecrans, Bishop Sylvester Horton: Cincinnati, Ohio
 to Archbishop (John Baptist Purcell): (Rome, Italy)

Rosecrans waiting for ten o'clock to come for the ceremony of the Consecration of the Bishop (Casper Borgess) of Detroit. Bishops (John) Luers, (Patrick) Feehan and (Augustus) To(e)bee are to be present. Bishop Feehan and Rosecrans leave tomorrow at 5 PM for Memphis and New Orleans to consecrate Bishop (Napoleon) Perche. Casper (Borgess) made his retreat at the seminary. Rosecrans has no relics for some altar stones he wished to consecrate for some missions, he asks Purcell to bring some from Rome. Contrary to supposition Father Isaac Hecker does not keep him posted-in fact has never written a line to him since he reached Rome. On this account Rosecrans did not care about his having a vote as he does not know Rosecrans well enough to present his views without instructions. Rosecrans intended to propose to Purcell this alteration in boundaries, for a long time to wit: instead of the Scioto River-South of Franklin County, the counties through which the Scioto flows. This will bring Chillicothe into Columbus and take out the outskirts of Circleville from Cincinnati. If Purcell likes this he can "fix it up" in the Segreteria. Rosecrans believes Bishop To(e)bbe intends to go to Rome soon. Rosecrans wants to change Father (John) Kallenberg out of Pomeroy, but can find no one to take his place. McSwiney proved a miserable failure. Mr. & Mrs. Daugherty spent the winter in Columbus - he being senator from the Fairfield district. Tom Ewing, the Judge's son, has gone to Europe. The old gentleman was certainly baptized in his sickness, but feels well now. Rosecrans sends his regards to Bishop (William) Elder.

II-5-h - A. L. S. - 4pp. - 12mo. - {9}

 (Photostatic copy from the Archives of the College of Mt. St. Joseph, Delhi, Ohio.) 

1870 Apr. 24
Borgess, Caspar Henry, Bishop of Detroit:

Newspaper (unidentified) portrait, 3 columns.

III-2-n - Clipping - {1}

1870 April 25
Dix, W.G.: Peabody, Mass(achusetts)
 to (Orestes A.) Brownson: (Elizabeth, New Jersey)

Dix sent a clipping from the Boston Journal concerning the lecture of McCodis on a subject which Brownson has treated in the Catholic World. There is an argument between Brownson and the Doctor on many points but where McCodis stops Brownson would carry on. The lecture is very suggestive. All Christians owed Brownson a great debt which will be acknowledged after the author's death. Dix thinks the New Englanders are tiring of the intellectual chaos and will struggle back to dry land. Dix has just finished reading Brownson's paper on Church and State and the reasoning contained is in accord with Dix' but does not believe that Brownson has proved his point about the recognition of Divine Order in our organic Natural Law, nevertheless, Brownson has performed a great service. Dix hopes Brownson agrees that the age needs and the "syllabus" requires something expressed, not merely something implied.

I-4-e - A.L.S. - 4pp. - 12mo. - {1}

1870 April 25
Ludden, William J.: (New York, New York)
 to James A(lphonsus) McMaster: (New York, New York)

Ludden sends for insertion in the Journal, an outline of an essay read before the Historical society by a graduate of St. Johns College.

I-1-n - A.L.S. - 1p. - 12mo. - {2}

1870 April 26
Murtha, E. B.: New York, (New York)
 to James A(lphonsus) McMaster: (New York, New York)

This is a printed form which McMaster must fill out and return, as he has been proposed for admission into the Xavier Alumni Sodality. Murtha states that the information is required by the Constitution (of the Sodality).

I-1-n - A.L.S. - 1p. - 12mo. - {1}

1870 April 27
Preston, Father T(homas) S.: New York (City), (New York)
 to The Editor of the Tablet: (New York City, New York)

Preston feels very grateful to the author of the "Liberal Question". It was very opportune because we as Catholics are contending for rights which underlie the very foundation of our government. There can be no difference of opinion where the authorities of the church have already spoken, whereas on local matters we may have our own opinions, or are Catholics free to advocate the system of instruction pushed in the Public schools as the one erected for Catholic children?

I-4-e - A.L.S. - 2pp. - 12mo. - {2}

 (Found in Letters of Orestes A. Brownson.

1870 April 28
Preston, Father T(homas) S.: New York (City), (New York)
 to The Editor of the Tablet: (New York City, New York)

The letter of April 27 was a letter of appreciation and gratitude for the course of the Tablet on the School question and was not intended for publication. (Orestes A. Brownson collection.)

I-4-e - A.L.S. - 1pg. - 12mo. - {2}

1870 April 29,
(Brownson, Sarah H.): Elizabeth, (N.J.)
 to Henry (F. Brownson): Fort Leavenworth (Kansas)

Mrs. Brownson writes to tell Henry that his father has gout in his right hand, which prevents him from writing Henry and Fifine. Otherwise his health is pretty good. He had engaged to lecture at the Paulist Institute the 1st of May but Sarah wrote he could not come. Father Joseph B. Bodfish came over today and persuaded Brownson to go since (Bodfish) will arrange the trip. Mrs. Brownson has been very anxious to hear from Fifine and would have written her had she not been so concerned with her household affairs. She asks Henry to give (Fifine) her love when he writes. Father Dubois was here last week. Mrs. Flemming was here a few days ago and sends her regards to Henry. She is going to have Julius Fay for a nephew. He will marry Anna Wood. Mrs. Brownson hopes Henry may be retired and settled down soon with his family. (Henry's)father thinks Henry can do this with three fourths of his present pay. She supposes Henry does not know how long he will be at Fort Leavenworth. She hopes Henry is well and asks him to write.

III-3-a - A.L.S. - 2pp. - 12mo. - {4}

1870 April 30
Haskins, Father Geo(rge) F.: Boston Highlands, Massa(chusetts)
 to O(restes) A. Brownson: (Elizabeth, New Jersey)

Haskins is writing for his little book with some clippings from the Pilot and if Brownson still has it, he would like to have it because it will save him time in going through the old files.

P.S.—The scraps were headed, "Dicam quod sentio" and suscribed "Verbum Sapienti.

I-4-e - A.L.S. - 2pp. - 12mo. - {1}

1870 Apr. 30
Healy, Sherwood: Rome, Italy
 to James F. Edwards: (Notre Dame, Indiana)

He heard that Edwards said Mass for him when he was very sick. He describes at length the danger he was in from typhus fever. His recovery was a miracle. The infallibility question comes on next wee; there will be a great contest. There is a great excitement in Rome, in Germany, and in France. He sends remembrances to all.

XI-1-a - A.L.S. - 8pp. - 8vo. - {1}