University of Notre Dame


1870 Aug. 1
Lemonnier, C.S.C., Father A(ugustus): St. Paul, Minnesota
 to James F. Edwards: (Toledo, Ohio)

They passed some delightful days in Milwaukee and Prairie du Chien. They had pleasant trips to the lakes near the city. Father steiner of (Fort Wayne) diocese and Father Walsh of St. Louis are his companions.

XI-1-a - A.L.S. - 1p. - 8vo. - {1}

1870 Aug. 2
( ) Ledg(er?): (Philadelphia, Pennsylvania)

Details of the life and death of Francis Cooper.

I-1-e - Newspaper Clipping - 1 column - 12mo. - {1}

1870 Aug. 2
Molon, (Father) L.: Elyria, (Ohio)
 to (James Alphonsus) McMaster): (New York, New York)

Molon sends McMaster a letter he has sent to President U.S. Grant, with permission to print it if he deems proper. Molon rebukes Grant for the assurances of American sympathy he has given to the Prussian legation in regard to the war between France and Prussia. Molon as a Catholic priest and as a Frenchman upbraids Grant for ungratefulness to a nation which aided in the Revolutionary war, and suggests that the statue of Lafayette in the Senate chamber be replaced by one of Arnold or Bismark.

I-1-n - A.L.S. - 3pp. - 12mo. - {2}

1870 Aug. 5,
Laugel, George: Sand Beach, Michigan
 to H(enry F.) Brownson: Detroit, (Mich.)

Laugel will bring Henry Gallitzin's life or excuses on his next visit to Detroit. He asks Henry to send him by boat 100 copies of the Free Mason.

III-3-a - A.L.S. - 1p. - 12mo. - {1}

1870 Aug. 7
Brownson, O(restes) A.: Elizabeth, New Jersey
 to (Henry) F. (Brownson): (Detroit, Mich.)

Brownson congratulates Henry on his birthday. He learned of it from Mrs. Brownson who keeps the family records. (Brownson) himself rejoices in his birthday only as it brings him so much nearer the time when he shall be called home. And yet the old are not less reluctant to die than the young, perhaps are even more unwilling to depart. The habit of life makes us unwilling to leave it, and then our work is never done and we have also much to do. (Mrs. Brownson) sends as a token of her remembrance to Henry and Fifine, fine dollars which Brownson begs Henry to accept as a small token of a mother's love. As she keeps the purse, Brownson has nothing to send but his good will. The hot weather is terrible. Eliza got sick, and the (Brownsons) nursed her for over a week until she got better, then sent her off and got another, Bridget, who was taken sick the third day after she came. She is getting better, can cook well, promises to be a good girl. Sarah (Brownson) has just returned from a trip in the mountainous regions of Pennsylvania, nearly worn out. Henry's mother is well, though she has everything to do. Brownson has had no serious attack of his old enemy, nothing more than some slight skirmishing as yet, but he has suffered from heat and other troubles. The nights are cooler. Brownson wants to talk with Henry about Henry's affairs, but he knows and can say nothing and supposes he can do nothing. He is disgusted with the government in all its branches. Grant is nobody (?) and president, and Congress is worse. With regard to the war between France and Prussia, Brownson supposes he and Henry think alike. Brownson is on the side of France without being hostile (to) Germany. Brownson's countrymen, especially the Republican party, are on the side of Prussia, because she is the great Protestant power of the continent. Brownson likes Germany, not Prussia, and does not wish the old German empire to be Prussianized. The success of Prussia is in the extinction of Germany by her absorption in Prussia, not German in her nucleus, and more perfidious than Perfide Albion. Things look dark for Catholic interests. The nations are governed by Protestants, Jews, Infidels, Schismatics and lukewarm Catholics, and the Church has nearly all her work to do over again. The World has to be reconverted and she has only wooden Bishops and priests to do it with. But God is mighty and Brownson will not despair. Mrs. and Mrs. Brownson send their love to Henry, Fifine and the child.

III-3-a - A.L.S. - 3pp. - 12mo. - {3}

1870 Aug. 7
Hillen, Jr., Sol(omon): Baltimore, (Maryland)
 to James A(lphonsus) McMaster: (New York, New York)

Hillen states that he finds no mention of the school of the Sacred Heart at Manhattanville, New York, in the columns of the Freeman's Journal. He is interested in placing his daughter in some Catholic institution and would be obliged if McMaster would give a letter of his opinion of the institution, for he places absolute confidence in the judgment of McMaster.

I-1-n - A.L.S. - 1p. - 8vo. - {1}

1870 Aug. 10
Spillard, C.S.C., Father D(aniel) J.: Notre Dame, Indiana
 to James F. Edwards: (Toledo, Ohio)

He was surprised at Edwards' long silence and is sorry to hear of his father's illness and hopes that God may hasten the day of his conversion. Father (Alexis) Granger (C.S.C.) asked Spillard to say that it would give them pleasure to see Edwards at Notre Dame on the Assumption for the Professions. Spillard was surprised at Edwards' mother's opposition to his entering the Community. He advises him either to join a religious community or to become almost anything except a secular priest. It is almost impossible to become pious priests in the seminaries such as are now in the United States. The majority of secular priests are the refuse of Europe. P.S. He requests that this letter be kept private. However, the Troy (New York) seminary (Provincial Seminary of the Province of New York) is a step in the right direction.

XI-1-a - A.L.S. - 4pp. - 16to. - {2}

1870 Aug. 14
Hewit, (Father) A(ugustine) F.: Lake George, (New York)
 to Orestes A. Brownson: Elizabeth, New Jersey

Hewit is enjoying his vacation and wishes that Brownson were there. He presumes the war in France has aroused Brownson's spirit. Thursday should be auspicious for France and Napoleon if they have any share of Our Lady's intercession. Hewit wants Brownson to have Sadlier forward to him the Tablet. Also he wants the noted author to be able to write many articles for the Catholic World because the lack of articles has been felt. If Hewit's health remains the same, he believes he shall resume his writings.

I-4-e - A.L.S. - 3pp. - 12mo. - {1}

1870 Aug. 15
Kehoe, L(awrence): New York(City), (New York)
 to Orestes A. Brownson: Elizabeth, New Jersey

Kehoe wants to know about that article for October issue of the Catholic World and how soon it will be ready.

I-4-e - A.L.S. - 1p. - 8vo. - {1}

1870 Aug. 16
Bloss, G.M.D.: Cincinnati, (Ohio)
 to J(ames) A(lphonsus) McMaster: New York,(New York)

Bloss, sends a clipping from the Commercial which alludes to McMaster. He sends it because he does not believe that McMaster exchanges with that paper.

I-1-n - A.L.S. - 1p. - 8vo. - {1}

1870 Aug. 16
Lemonnier, C.S.C., Father A(ugustus): Notre Dame, Indiana
 to James F. Edwards: (Toledo, Ohio)

He writes that he is back home and will start this evening for St. Louis. He hopes that Edwards' Father is better.

XI-1-a - A.L.S. - 2pp. - 8vo. - {1}

1870 (Aug. 16)
Papal Infallibility:

Newspaper clipping concerning views of Archbishop John B. Purcell as disclosed in interview with reporter, regarding the pending decision of the Ecumenical Council on the Dogma of Infallibility.

II-5-d - Newspaper clipping - 2 columns {1}

1870 Aug. 16
Lynch, P(atrick) N. Bishop of Charleston: Brooklyn, New York
 to (Archbishop John Baptist Purcell): (Cincinnati, Ohio)

Lynch is there for his old sad work. He saw in the New York papers of (Purcell's) arrival and hurried over to Sweeney's Hotel to see him, but too late. He wanted to talk to (Purcell) on Council matters. He was not aware that (Purcell) had left Rome before the vote. This afternoon's papers said that Purcell is to make a public address at Mozart Hall next Sunday. The telegram says that (Purcell) holds that the decree of infallibility could not be considered binding until the Council was closed and the decree signed by all the bishops. Hoping this letter will reach (Purcell) before Sunday, Lynch implores him as the senior bishop of the country not to allow himself to be drawn into any statements. The archbishop of Paris has not committed himself and the Dupanloup and the other French bishops have submitted and all the others will. Lynch finds the promulgation of the decree in public session sufficient. (Purcell) must be at least doubtful, even if he does not agree. His own hesitation will cause him trouble with his own subjects later. Lynch was sorry the subject was taken up in the Council but now that it has been promulgated her pleads with (Purcell) to accept the yoke of faith. The secular papers would rejoice to have such a difficulty to discuss, which would enable them to talk of liberality, independence, etc. In Europe some may follow Pere Hyacinthe, but Lynch hopes that will not be true in this country. Heretofore, the American bishops in all trials have stood united in perfect union with the See of St. Peter. Let not the senior archbishop be the one who fails. Strictly speaking would it not be better for the bishops to have some understanding on the meaning of the decree. (Purcell) will understand why Lynch writes. With (Purcell) he signed the paper asking that the subject be not discussed, now he signs this with hopes of better success. He congratulates (Purcell) on the reception given him by his flock.

II-5-d - A.L.S. - 8pp. - 12mo. - {1}

1870 Aug. 16
Rosecrans, S(ylvester) H., Bishop of: Columbus, Ohio
 to Archbishop J(ohn) B(aptist) Purcell: of Cin(cinnati) (Ohio)

He is forced to offer congratulations on Purcell's safe return by letter instead of in person, because he has dismissed his old superintendant and is presiding himself until George Saunders of St. Joseph's, Perry County, has been installed. Last Sunday the proclamation of the Holy Father was read in church, along with some remarks of Rosecrans. He is planning on writing a Pastoral letter to the clergy and laity in celebration of the ending of the long discussion, as well as ordering a Te Deum sung in all the churches in honor of the event. He prefers the Feast of the Nativity of the B.V.M. in September. He was sorry to read the publication of the Archbishop of St. Louis (Peter Richard Kenrick). To say the Church cannot declare its head infallible is going too far. He supposes litigation will cease now. Father (M.J.D.) Ryan died of congestion of the brain. Father Louis (Cartuyvels) is dying in Newark. He leaves to see him by the next train.

II-5-d - A.L.S. - 3pp. - 8vo. - {4}

1870 Aug. 18
Rosecrans, S(ylvester) H. Bishop of Columbus: Columbus, Ohio
 to Archbishop J(ohn) B(aptist) Purcell: Cincinnati, (Ohio)

Purcell's letter, with Father(Francis J.) Pabisch's rehearsal of Canon Law grieved him greatly. He did not know that(Father Joseph)Jessing's ordination was not satisfactory to all who knew him. He told him that he should get his papers and pay for the one year for which he owed the seminary and then should come to Columbus and receive orders. When he came Rosecrans did not look at his Exeat, but understood that he had one from Father E(dward) Purcell. He is now in Pomeroy, (Ohio) and the people are united under him. There is another seminarian named Heisser under similar circumstances. He will not ordain him, however, if Purcell desires him. At present he cannot avoid sending his students to Purcell's seminary. However, he has refrained from all correspondence with them and the few left are the boys who were under his charge and will soon be away and all occasion of collision will be removed.

II-5-d - A.L.S. - 3pp. - 8vo. - {3}

1870 Aug. 19
Denman, Jr. W(illiam): New York(City), New York
 to Orestes A. Brownson: Elizabeth, New Jersey

Sometime previous the writer forwarded to Brownson, Mr. Knox's manuscript which was a refutation of Darwin's Origin of Species. Since Knox has made repeated visits to the Tablet, Denman wants Brownson to kindly acknowledge receipt of the manuscript.

I-4-e - A.L.S. - 1p. - 12mo. - {1}

1870 Aug. 19
Kernan, Francis: Manhattanville, (New York)
 to (James Alphonsus McMaster): (New York, New York)

Kernan announces the death of his daughter, Madame Mary Kernan, and invites McMaster to the funeral, to be held on the 21st. Madam Kernan died from consumption after a few months illness, and the funeral will be held in the Convent chapel.

I-1-n - A.L.S. - 2pp. - 12mo. - {2}

1870 Aug. 19
Wimmer, O.S.B., (Father) Luke M.: (Latrobe), Penn(sylvania)
 to Orestes A. Brownson: Elizabeth, New Jersey

Father Winmer had a letter for Sarah(Brownson) which he returned to the writer because she had been gone for four weeks. Brownson's book on "Liberalism and the Church" has been received for which Winmer thanks the author. He holds him in high praise as an author. The definitions were well placed such as civilization and progress. The book would be a good guide to persons who seek truth. The only return which Winmer can give Brownson, is to pray for his health and well being.

I-4-E - A.L.S. - 3pp. - 12mo. - {2}

1870 Aug. 20
Rosecrans, S(ylvester) H. Bishop of Columbus: Columbus, Ohio
 to Archbishop J(ohn) B(aptist) Purcell: Cincinnati, Ohio

He thinks Father (F.) Boff of Toledo, (Ohio) is best for Administrator. Messers. Heisser and Jessing will have to pay their indebtedness to the Seminary. He is too much crushed to feel Purcell's sacrcasm about his delay in paying what he owes the Seminary. He has been trying to keep work going through the summer, so that the seminary collection was mortgaged before it came in. He shall partially suspend work and try to gather the means of paying as soon as possible. He thanks Purcell for the things he brought back from Rome.

II-5-d - A.L.S. - 2pp. - 8vo. - {2}

1870 Aug. 22
Cheney, Moses E.: Barnard, V(ermon)t
 to Orestes A. Brownson: Elizabeth, New Jersey

Barnard is writing her history and in looking up data the name of Brownson was run across in Miss Hemingway's book. Brownson was an orator and preached in a Universalist Church. Cheney wants to know if the names of Luther Chaney, Samuel Topliff recall anything to Brownson. Since history is composed of true factual situations, Cheney wants Brownson to give facts, as they were. Any past experiences will be gratefully received.

P.S.—Is the Brownson who wrote a singing book of Revolutionary date a relative of O.A. Brownson;

I-4-e - A.L.S. - 2pp. - 12mo. - {1}

1870 Aug. 23
Tete, Cha(rle)s: Phila(delphia) (Pennsylvania)
 to J(ames) A(lphonsus) McMaster: (New York, New York)

Tete asks that McMaster read the enclosed article clipped from the Presbyterial Banner on infallibility in the past. This article is being held up as proof of the impossibility of the truth of infallibility. Tete would like to hear an answer from McMaster, who is so well versed in the subject, and asks that the answer be printed. He will be watching the editorials for the article.

I-1-n - A.L.S. - 1p. - 8vo. - {1}

1870 Aug. 24
Barnabo, Al(exander) Cardinal Prefect: Rome, (Papal States)
 to Archbishop John Baptist Purcell: Cincinnati, (Ohio)

It has been brought to the notice of the Sacred Congregation of the Propagation that the Administrator of the Diocese of Detroit(Bishop Caspar H. Borgess) had held as not approved the general opinion of a certain priests regarding the decree of the Sacred Congregation of the Inquisition concerning the Fenians, who maintained that they could not absolve members of that society so long as they refused to abstain from the society. It is alleged also that Purcell's Vicar General (Father Edward Purcell) has held the same opinion as the bishop and has asserted in the Catholic Telegraph that the decree is a dead letter. Consequently, desiring to know more about the matter both concerning the Bishop of Detroit and Purcell's Vicar General, the Sacred Congreation wishes Purcell to give them fuller information as soon as possible. Signed by John Simeoni as Secretary. Number 4

II-5-d - L.S. - (Latin) - 1pg. - 8vo. - {6}

1870 Aug. 24
Hannin, Father E(dward): Toledo, (Ohio)
 to Archbishop (John Baptist Purcell): (Cincinnati, Ohio)

Hannin received (Purcell's) letter appointing him administrator of Cleveland the day before. His delay should not surprise(Purcell). He thanks (Purcell) for his confidence in him. The diocese is much distracted. He knows the causes and will try to remove them in such a way as to create no excitement. Administration is always difficult. Here the diocese is composed of different nationalities. Nationality has been less central with him and wherever he has been the Germans were as much attached to him as any other nationality. He knows the responsibility and will endeavor to follow (Purcell's) advice.

II-5-d - A.L.S. - 4pp. - 12mo. - {2}

1870 Aug. 24
Spillard, C.S.C., Father D(aniel) J.: Notre Dame, Indiana
 to James F. Edwards: (Toledo, Ohio)

He was sorry to hear of Edwards' illness. Mr. (Edward) Lilly (C.S.C.) made his profession on the Assumption. Frank Bigelow is at the Novitiate. James Cunnea is spending his vacation at Albano and will enter the Roman Seminary next November. Spillard is to be pastor of South Bend. Father (Peter) Cooney (C.S.C.) does not desire to vacate, and it was thought he might not obey. Cooney will probably prepare himself for giving missions. Spillard has a large photograph taken to give to his mother on the second anniversary of his ordination.

XI-1-a - A.L.S. - 4pp. - 16to. - {5}

1870 Aug. 25
Borgess, C(aspar) H. Bishop of Calydon: Ionia, (Michigan)
 to Archbishop J(ohn) B(aptist) Purcell: (Cincinnati, Ohio)

He received Purcell's letter in Westphalia, (Michigan), where he confirmed 146 persons and preached twice. He has not made up his mind as to who to recommend for the Diocese of Cleveland. However, he does not think Father (F.) Boff of Toledo, (Ohio) should be nominated. Also, he does not think any of the priests of the diocese of Cleveland should be nominated. He sends his regards to Purcell's brother (Father Edward Purcell) and all of the gentlemen at the Cathedral.

II-5-d - A.L.S. - 2pp. - 8vo. - {3}

1870 Aug. 25
Brownson, O(restes) A.: Elizabeth, (New Jersey)
 to Father (Isaac T.) Hecker: (New York, New York)

Brownson sends an article on the "Great Commission" by (Dr. John) Harris, a book which was sent to him by (Lawrence) Kehoe. The book proves that protestants have no authority to evangelize the world. Brownson's aim has been to turn the protestant arguments against themselves. Brownson does not know Hecker's present purpose. For himself, he defends the republican form of government because it is the legal and only practical form. Theoretically Catholicity is compatible with democracy but not practically. According to Catholicity power deseends from higher to low whereas, in democracy power ascend from low to high. Little impression has been made on the old American population, and what we have made we owe to the conviction that church sustains authority. There is a spirit of freedom from all restraints. Catholics cannot hold their own. The most lawless portion of the population are Catholics. The idea expressed by Brownson cause him to feel that the influence of democratic ideas is directly antagonisistic to Catholicity and that the church has never encountered a social or political order so hostile to her and that the conversion of our republic will be a far greater victory than the conversion of the Roman Empire. Brownson had wished to effect a harmony between the American and the Catholic idea but he believes such harmony impractical except by sacrificing the Catholic idea to the national. Brownson will do the best he can for the Catholic World. Brownson has seen nothing in the Catholic world for a long time that has pleased him so much as Hecker's article on the Vatican.

I-4-g - A.L.S. (Photostat, Paulist Archives) - 6pp. - 12mo - {1}

1870 Aug. 25
Cunnea, James: Albano, Italy
 to James F. Edwards: (Toledo, Ohio)

He has been living in Albano near the sea to avoid the heat of Rome. He is gald that Edwards has entered the Novitiate. He always thought that Edwards had a vocation to become a priest of Holy Cross. He is sorry that Edwards lost the photographs; he will procure pictures of all the Bishops at the present council and send them. He asks for news.

XI-1-a - A.L.S. - 6pp. - 8vo. - {1}

1870 Aug. 25
Rosecrans. S(ylvester) H. Bishop of Columbus: Columbus, Ohio
 to Archbishop J(ohn) B(aptist) Purcell: Cincinnati, (Ohio)

He is glad that the sentence which he misunderstood read as it did. He is sorry that he so mistakenly wronged Purcell. The Mozart Hall speech was wonderful. It was read aloud to the priests. He does not know of anyone in the Cleveland diocese fit to be Administrator if Father (F.)Boff is not. The German priest of Canton is very influential among the clergy, but he would not recommend the man. He sends regards to the clergy of the Cathedral.

II-5-d - A.L.S. - 2pp. - 8vo. - {3}

1870 Aug. 25
(Rappe), A(madeus) Bishop of Cleveland: (Cleveland, Ohio)
 to Archbishop (John Baptist Purcell): (Cincinnati, Ohio)

(Rappe) received (Purcell's) letter of the 24th. It is already 2 days since the news (word illegible) from Rome filled the whole diocese with telegraph despatches, and he has it just now. Thank God. (Rappe) says he has been most shamefully abused but he will be most obedient to the Holy See. He leaves Cleveland in a moment. His enemies are getting the fruit of their conspiration. May God forgive them as he does and spare the Church.

II-5-d - A.L.S. - 1p. - 8vo. - {1}

1870 Aug. 27
Hannin, Father E(dward): Cleveland, (Ohio)
 to Archbishop (John Baptist Purcell): Cincinnati, Ohio

Bishop (Amadeus) Rappe left there Thursday, and on being telegraphed Hannin came this morning. There is considerable talk about the bishop's departure, which he thinks it will last only a few days. If the priest of both parties keep quiet, the people will do so too. The German priests held a meeting Thursday night and sent two priests to see (Purcell). Hannin has held himself aloof and will have nothing to do with petitions etc. If both parties will be moderate it is unnecessary to say what the result will be.

II-5-d - A.L.S. - 1p. - 8vo. - {2}

(1870) Aug. 27
Hewit, H(enry) S.: N(ew) Y(ork, New York)
 to Orestes A. Brownson: (Elizabeth, New Jersey)

Hewit saw Father (Isaac) Hecker and Hecker talked more like a man with a purpose and who will use any honest means to accomplish it than ever before. Clymer is pleased with Brownson's review of Galton. The article will keep the credit of the "Catholic World" as much or more than any article, in that class of men whom it particularly interests and effects. He and the Archbishop appear to be on the best of terms. Father Hecker did not speak of his health once: a wonderfully good sign.

I-4-e - A.L.S. - 2pp. - 12mo. - {2}

1870 Aug. 29
H( ), J.: Evansville, (Indiana)
 to (James Alphonsus) McMaster: (New York, New York)

J. H. encloses a paper, which he received in exchange for a copy of the Freeman's Journal. He feels that it is a first class prophecy.

I-1-n - A.L.S. - 1p. - 12mo. - {1}

1870 Aug. 29
Lemonnier, C.S.C., Father A(ugustus): Notre Dame, Indiana
 to James F. Edwards: (Toledo, Ohio)

He would advise Edward's father to go to the Hot Springs of Arkansas for his rheumatism. He does not think the damp climate of Ireland will benefit him. The college looks splendid and crowds of students are expected.

XI-1-a - A.L.S. - 2pp. - 8vo. - {1}

1870 Aug. 30
Brownson, O(restes) A.: Eliz(abeth), (New Jersey)
 to Father (Isaac T.) Hecker: New York, (New York)

Brownson received Hecker's answer yesterday. Whatever difference time has affected in their views on the question of democracy as the people understand it, Brownson feels that Hecker's views are substantially the same as his. He feels that he can fully cooperate with Hecker in what the latter proposes both in the (New York) Tablet and writing for the Catholic World.

I-4-g - A.L.S. (Photostat, Paulist Archives) - 2pp. - 12mo. - {1}

1870 Aug. 30
Spillard, C.S.C. Father D(aniel) J.: Notre Dame, Indiana
 to James F. Edwards: (Toledo, Ohio)

Edwards' letter was received with pleasure as it contained the good news of his recovery. Spillard is to go to South Bend as assistant pastor; he will devote his time to the study of theology and Sacred Literature. He is afraid that he will not be happy as the pastor (Rev. Peter Cooney) is very "cranky", but he submits to the will of his Superiors. Carrity and (Dennis) Tighe are at the college. Shanahan and (John A.) Zahm have not yet returned. Frank Bigelow did not receive the habit. Father D'Arcy left. He heard that the Mulhalls are coming back to school. He may go to Elgin to bring down the Elgin delegation to Notre Dame. Brother Charles (C.S.C.) is prefect again.

XI-1-a - A.L.S. - 4pp. - 12mo. - {5}

1870 Aug. 31
Gleeson, Father W(illia)m: Buffalo, N(ew) Y(ork)
 to Bishop C(aspar) H(enry) Borgess: (Detroit, Michigan)

He regrets the long delay in answering Borgess' letter. The fact is that he did not see Father (Nicholas Louis) Sifferath till this week, when he told him what would happen in case he went back to the Detroit diocese; Sifferath said he would not return.

III-2-l - A.L.S. - 1p. - 12mo. - {2}