University of Notre Dame


(1870) (Oct. )
(McMaster, James Alphonsus):
 to (James Alphonsus McMaster): (New York, New York)

A six page report concerning the plebiscite of Oct. 2, 1870, with a date line from Rome, (Italy). In it is shown the fact that the plebiscite was a farce, with actual freedom of voting interfered with, ballot boxes were stuffed, the voter had to select a Yes or No vote held out to him by the officials, and that terrorism was the basis of the elections. It is pointed out that the people sympathise with the Pope and not with the invaders and that this is strikingly demonstrated by the adherence of public officials to the Pope. It is pointed out that many have quit their civil posts, and that a handful of the aristocrats have gone over to the invaders while the immense majority are with the Pope. The middle classes have shown their sympathy by staying away from the public rejoicings got up by the invaders. Whereas when the Pope appeared, there used to be crowds of 60,000 or more, now there are but a few thousands to cheer the invader, and these are mostly from the Ghetto. Another proof is the fact that the Catholic churches, even as late as 11:00, are filled with crowds praying for deliverance from the present heavy oppression.

I-1-n6pp. - 12mo. - {0}

1870 Oct. 1,
Brownson, S(arah) H.: Elizabeth, (New Jersey)
 to Henry (F. Brownson): (Detroit, Michigan)

The Brownsons have been looking for a line from Henry nearly two weeks, and are afraid something has gone wrong. Mrs. Brownson wonders if Fifine is worse or the children sick. Mrs. Brownson knows Henry must have a trial with so many women folks around. "Be patient in all things, the Lord is at hand", Mrs. Brownson believes St. Paul says. She hopes Henry arrived home safely and found Fifine improving. She sends her love to Fifine and wants to know how everyone does. She neglected to get the letters Henry spoke about and wants to know if he wishes her to send them.

III-3-a - A.L.S. - 1p. - 12mo. - {1}

1870 Oct. 1
(Gillespie, C.S.C.), Sister M(ary of St.) Angela: St. Mary's (Notre Dame, Indiana)
 to Orestes A. Brownson: Elizabeth, New Jersey

Sister is glad to be associated with Brownson in the work of the press. Some contributions are needed for the proposed "Fair Messenger" and if Brownson will oblige it will be greatly appreciated. The contributions should be sent to a Mrs. Sherman who will herself add a few words.

I-4-E - A.L.S. - 2pp. - 12mo. - {1}

1870 Oct. 1
Rousseau, Hilaire: New Orleans, (Louisiana)
 to Pope Pius IX: (Rome, Italy)

Rousseau asks a dispensation from his vows as a Christian Brother which he took against the advice of his confessor so that he can enter the priesthood. He has sought the advice of learned clergymen and Archbishop N(apoleon) J(oseph) Perché has promised to receive him into his clergy if he obtains the necessary dispensation.

- A.L.S. - (French) -

(Written on the same paper is a note that) in the papal audience of March 12, 1871 Pope Pius IX decided that Perché, if he is sure that the man has the proper knowledge of Latin and other necessary qualifications, can dispense the Brother from his vows of poverty and obedience. Signed by Father John Simeoni as Secretary.

- D.S. - (Latin) -

VI-2-o - A.L.S. - (French), - - D.S. - (Latin) - 2pp. - 4to. - {2}

1870 Oct. 3
Bernard, B. Prefect-Apostolic of Norway: Christiania, (Norway)
 to Archbishop (John Baptist Purcell): of Cincinnati, (Ohio)

His prefecture being without local resources is in great need, even with the allocations of the Association of the Propagation. Now by the events in France that is cut off. In order to save his missions he must appeal to those who are more fortunate. For this purpose he is sending Father Andreas Boller, one of his oldest missionaries. He asks Purcell to receive him.

II-5-d - L.S. - (French) - 2pp. - 8vo. - {2}

1870 Oct. 3

St. Theresa's School, Pupils of New Orleans, (Louisiana)
 to Archbishop N(apoleon) J(oseph) Perché: New Orleans, (Louisiana)

Perché's presence rejoices their youthful hearts.

VI-2-o - A.L. - 1p. - 4to. - {1}

1870 Oct. 3
Spillard, C.S.C., Father D(aniel) J.: South Bend, Indiana
 to James F. Edwards: (Toledo, Ohio)

Spillard intended answering Edwards' letter promptly but he had bad news from Elgin. His father became worse, and his mother suffered a heart attack. She is now fully recovered. As assistant pastor at South Bend, Spillard has little to do. He has never heard of Father Cornbel since his departure. He hopes that Mary (Edwards' sister) will wait until he can perform the marriage ceremony.

XI-1-a - A.L.S. - 4pp. - 16to. - {1}

1870 Oct. 4
(Rappe), A(madeus) Bishop of Cleveland: St. Albans
 to Archbishop (John Baptist) Purcell: of (Cincinnati, Ohio)

Before receiving Purcell's letter he had already written to his friends in Cleveland protesting against the articles in the Herald and Leader. (Rappe) disapproves of the violent measures which the Catholics wish to take in his behalf. Purcell can publish that (Rappe) regards as calumny the attacks made against him on account of the establishment of the seminary of Cleveland. His intention was to form only a provincial seminary. As to the spirit of nationality of which he is accused in the press and which is the cause of the opposition by some Irish priests, (Rappe) does not dare touch that matter in the press.

II-5-d - A.L.S. - (French) - 2pp. - 8vo. - {2}

1870 Oct. 5
Egan, Tho(ma)s D.: Lockport, N(ew) Y(ork)
 to (James Alphonsus) McMaster: (New York, New York)

Egan encloses a clipping giving the details of the wedding of the eldest daughter of McMaster's friend, Mr. H. McCollum. He also sends a clipping himself written by the editor of the Lockport Journal. Egan feels that McCollum's notice should be enclosed in the next issue of the Freeman's Journal. P. S. He also sends a gift of $1.00 from Rev. J. Lanigan of Buffalo, N. Y. for the Papal Fund, and encloses a check from himself for $100.00, for McMaster's.

I-1-n - A.L.S. - 2pp. - 12mo. - {1}

1870 Oct. 5
Rabitte, M. B.: Tuscaloosa, Ala(bama)
 to (James Alphonsus McMaster): (New York, New York)

Rabitte, wishes to know how much he owes McMaster for the Freeman's Journal. He paid McMaster's agent three dollars about three years ago. He believes he is the only subscriber to the Freeman in the city and if authorized by McMaster, might get more subscribers. He mentions the Catholic News of the city, stating the Catholics are few in number, and about half of them are converts. The Bishop is visiting (Tuscaloosa) at present, and the pastor Father (William) McDonough has been sent by the Bishop, who is unwell, to dedicate a church in Northern Alabama. P.S. He asks McMaster to edit the letter if he uses it, and to sign it Erin. He also says the paper is past due, and he sorry because he wished to show it to the Bishop.

I-1-n - A.L.S. - 3pp. - 12mo. - {2}

1870 Oct. 6
Elvert, Father Carl: Dortmund, (Germany)
 to Bishop (Caspar Henry Borgess): (Detroit, Michigan)

The undersigned priest of Detroit Diocese was granted on July 25 a two months' extension of his holiday. On June 11 he was ordained a priest for this diocese, on July 18 he was permitted to leave the seminary at Louvain to begin his journey to America in October and to become a missionary priest in Detroit. To date he has had no reply from his bishop and so can take no other assignment(?). Whether the war is responsible for the non-arrival of his call he cannot judge. The present was has made his mother seek to have him ask for an extension of his leave to December; it ended on October 6. His brother is a soldier and his mother, 65 years old and a widow, cannot be without help at such a time. He cannot deny (Borgess') call as all his studies have been paid for at Louvain by the Diocese of Detroit. His brother has thus far been protected, he is on the march to Paris. As soon as peace is in prospect Elvert will start out. The rector of Louvain knows his situation. Elvert is only upset that he has had no word and asks the bishop to send word. Being there he has entered the ranks of provisional priests of the place, also at the wish of the rector of Louvain. Bishop Probst Wiemann himself is ready to be accountable for him in the junior clergy.

III-2-l - A.L.S. - (German) - 3pp. - 4to. - {1}

1870 Oct. 7
Simplicia, Sister: South Boston, (Massachusetts).
 to Orestes A. Brownson: Elizabeth, New Jersey

Since the Sisters of Charity have taken over the hospital they are very desirous to obtain funds to raise present incumbrances and is to be done by a public lecture. With the Bishop (John Fitzpartick's) permission they ask Brownson if he will lecture for them. No hall has been secured and all of Brownson's expenses will be met.

I-4-E - A.L.S. - 2pp. - 12mo. - {1}

1870 Oct. 8
Hecker, (Father) I(saac) T.: New York (City), (New York)
 to O(restes) A. Brownson: Elizabeth, New Jersey

Hecker sent Brownson a note which gives one an idea of the state of mind of a class of persons in our day. There are many good points which may serve as a basis for an article in the Catholic World. Brownson should not be afraid of repetition because it is a powerful figure in rhetoric and the letter would be published as the text of his article.

I-4-E - A.L.S. - 3pp. - 12mo. - {1}

1870 Oct. 9
Brownson, O(restes) A.: Elizabeth, N(ew) J(ersey)
 to (Father) I(saac) T. Hecker: New York (City), (New York)

Brownson does not take or see the Dublin Review. He has ordered it. He would like Hecker to send the number he mentions as well as Wendell Philips speech. Brownson is not a little undecided on the Labor Question. He will write the article as soon as he can. Brownson would like to know if Hecker has received "Ontologism and Ontology", and "Reason and Revelation". He has an article partly written on (Robert Dale) Owen. Brownson is rather tickled with his curt recommendation to Protestants to avail themselves to the aid of the spirits in order to maintain the struggle against the church. Brownson has received the January number of the Catholic World and has read only the continuation of the H of Y. The author is highly gifted, but her heart and soul have been saturated with transcendentalism. She needs conversion; her mind is not yet Catholic, Brownson has been suffering much from weakness in his eyes. His engagement with the Tablet leaves him little time for his own book.

I-4-g - A.L.S. (Photostat, Paulist Archives) - 4pp. - 12mo. - {1}

1870 Oct. 10
Mrak, Bishop Ign(atius): Marquette, (Michigan)
 to Bishop (Caspar Henry Borgess): (Detroit, Michigan)

Mrak has had a letter from Father (Mathias) Orth, pastor of Mackinaw, who writes that Father (Andrew) Piret is back again, stopping in Mackinac and going to Sheboygan in (Borgess') diocese to say Mass on Sunday. Mrak must tell (Borgess) what kind of man he is. He was for several years in Mackinaw and Mrak's nearest neighbor and friend. For a long time one heard of scandals, and so also did Bishop (Frederic) Baraga, but no one believed them until he was finally suspended. Last Sunday Mrak wanted to clarify all this and found more than he heard. He could be put into state prison for life. Mrak let him say Mass once more and today wrote a letter to Father (Charles L.) Deceuninck at Duncan. Mrak also has Lefevere's reply to his letter. In Baraga's bull he had the Upper Peninsula and Beaver Island belonged to the Lower Peninsula. Also Mrak would like to propose that another edition of the Indian grammar be made, about 500 copies. For Marquette, Detroit and St. Paul the grammar is so necessary. St. Paul has the most Indians. Mrak will soon have the deeds ready.

III-2-l - A.L.S. - (German) - 3pp. - 16mo. - {8}

1870 Oct. 10
Perché, Archbishop N(apoleon) J(oseph): New Orleans, (Louisiana)

Six months after date Perché will pay $400. (Marked) paid, April 15, 1871.

VI-2-o - A.D.S. - 1p. - 16mo. - {0}

1870 Oct. 10
Purcell, J(ohn) B(aptist) Archbishop of Cincinnati: Cincinnati, (Ohio)
 to Cardinal Alex(ander) Barnabo: Rome, (Papal States)

Immediately after receiving Barnabo's letter, Purcell appointed Father Edward Hannin as administrator of the diocese of Cleveland. No one was more acceptable to clergy, people and even Bishop (Amadeus) Rappe, himself. He communicated to Rappe immediately the contents of the Cardinal's letter, although Rappe had returned to Cleveland, in the same boat with Purcell despite the exhortation of Barnabo, and was exercising quasi-jurisdiction. When Purcell sent him the Cardinal's message he at first obeyed but later, advised by certain counselors, he answered Purcell that he had exposed the situation to Barnabo and that, since the Holy Office had not fulfilled the conditions he had set forth, he was no longer obliged by his resignation. He is now at Burlington. Rappe has written to Purcell deploring that some one wrote a letter in the Cleveland papers accusing Purcell of being the cause of his deposition, and begging Purcell not to make a defense of himself in public. Purcell blamed Rappe's own friends, and indicates that nothing would have been said of the cause of his resignation if he had not returned to Cleveland. It is possible that certain priests of the Cleveland diocese were imprudent in their investigations, but the statements sworn were not obtained by force or fraud. It is possible that some would retract. Certainly nothing more unworthy has happened to religion in the region, and could be greater only if done with impunity.

II-5-d - A.L.S. - (First Draft. Latin) - 4pp. - 12mo. - {4}

1870 Oct. 12
Pax, Father George: Williamsville, N(ew) Y(ork)
 to (James Alphonsus) McMaster: New York, (New York)

Father Pax sends McMaster $5 for subscription to the Journal. He feels that the Journal contains more serious information in its columns than in those of all the German papers which the writer has always kept. He compliments McMaster on the defense of the spiritual and temporal power of the Pope. The German speaking clergy in his vicinity have a "Pastoral Journal", but that McMaster's paper contains much more deep thinking, especially in the articles of "Jus". He wishes that Jus would write more on that subject. He draws attention to a valuable work written by Charles G. Deuther of Buffalo, New York, called "The Life and Times of Bishop Timon". He asks that McMaster, who was always a great admirer of Bishop Timon, give it his srutiny and approbation. He wishes that he could do something for the Journal, but his congregation is exclusively German of the St. Louis revolutionary stock, as are all the missions in the diocese.

I-1-n - A.L.S. - 2pp. - 12mo. - {2}

1870 Oct. 13
Gleeson, Father W(illia)m: Buffalo, N(ew) Y(ork)
 to Bishop C(aspar) H(enry) Borgess: (Detroit, Michigan)

Father N(icholas) L(ouis) Sifferath came to see him last night and said he would leave for the West this week. He asked for a testimonial in English, not in Latin, which Gleeson gave him. He hopes Borgess will have no trouble from him.

III-2-l - A.L.S. - 1p. - 12mo. - {2}

1870 Oct. 13
McGill, John Bishop of Richmond: Richmond, V(irgini)a
 to Archbishop (John Baptist) Purcell: Cincinnati, (Ohio)

Dr. Fitzgibbon, the executor of the estate of James H. Behan has informed him that except for the bringing over of the body of Behan, the matters of the estate are to be handled by Purcell and McGill. Then Purcell must come and receive the estate, or give his power of attorney to McGill. Should the legacees claim their portion of the money, there will be no residuum, and none have offered to give their's up except for Archbishop (Martin John) Spalding (of Baltimore). He is anxious to get the affair settled, since his health is none too good, although he is able to get around enough to do his work.

II-5-d - A.L.S. - 2pp. - 12mo. - {3}

1870 Oct. 13
Rosecrans, S(ylvester) H. Bishop of Columbus: Columbus, Ohio
 to Archbishop J(ohn) B(aptist) Purcell: Cin(cinnati, Ohio)

The Sisters of Charity in leaving Newark, (Ohio) took with them furniture and rugs, and rented the house to a quasi-apostate Catholic. The house was purchased by the congregation for the use of the sisters serving the congregation, not a donation. If the Mother House advanced any money on it they will be repaid, but the sisters ought to leave title to the house in Rosecrans' hands. He appeals to Purcell to stop the scandal of this injustice to Newark.

II-5-d - A.L.S. - 2pp. - 12mo. - {3}

1870 Oct. 14
Brownson, Sarah M.: Blairsville, (Pennsylvania)
 to Sarah Healy Brownson: Elizabeth, New Jersey

Sarah mailed her mother a letter before she departed. She arrived at Blairsville at noon and found that a state fair was in progress. Naturally, the hotels were filled but Sarah, with no embarrassment, settled down with Mrs. Campbell. Mr. Campbell was a great admirer of Orestes A. Brownson. Mrs. Brownson's letter arrived Monday. She was sorry her mother thought Sarah could be more patient. Sarah painted Mrs. Sadlier as being a nosey old busy body who took great delight in slandering and aggravating her. Sarah said Mrs. Sadlier demanded and received her breakfast before the other guests arrived for breakfast. Another example of Mrs. Sadlier's manners was mentioned. While in Baltimore, Mrs. Sadlier claimed her son James (Sadlier) was in an asylum. Sarah believed she did not get all of her mother's letters. Father (J.O.) Stillinger wrote out all he knew about Gallitzin. Sarah was not over pleased with Bishop (Michael) Domenec. (of Pittsburgh). Sarah will take her book to some other publisher if Mr. Sadlier does not wish to do it. She would like to have the Tablet sent to her.

I-4-g - A.L.S. (Photostat—Odiorne Collection) - 4pp. - 8vo. - {4}

1870 Oct. 14
De Bruycker, Father Flor(ian): Willimantic, (Connecticut)
 to Bishop (Caspar Henry) Borgess: Detroit, Mich(igan)

He has received the bishop's letter of the 8th and cannot understand the grave insinuations it contains. He refers to his own bishop's (Francis P. McFarland) letter to Borgess and his former letter asking to permit Father (P.J.) De Smedt to remain with him as his assistant; now he wishes he had never come this way. He is a pious and zealous priest and he expects to leave for Detroit the next week.

III-2-l - A.L.S. - 3pp. - 12mo. - {3}

1870 Oct. 14
Tanner, Jo(h)n, Chairman: New York, (New York)
 to (James Alphonsus McMaster): (New York, New York)

Tanner states that an informal meeting was held at the offices of Tanner, Walker and McAnerney, with a view of taking appropriate action in relation to the death of General Robert E. Lee. A committee of 18, including McMaster, has been appointed to confer regarding such action, and is to meet at the same place, Saturday, (Oct. 15) at 3 o'clock, P.M. McMaster is to answer by bearer if it will suit him to attend. The list of committee members is listed on the reverse side of the letter.

I-1-n - A.L.S. - 2pp. - 12mo. - {2}

1870 Oct. 15
Foley, Thomas Bishop of Chicago: Chicago, Ill(inois)
 to (Archbishop John Baptist Purcell): (Cincinnati, Ohio)

He was out on his visitations when Purcell's letter regarding the Ursulines arrived. He takes the liberty of sending a letter to the Superior at Purcell's address. He has no plan to offer other than to open an academy. There are places in Chicago that need parochial schools, but he fears the previous situations and habits of the Ursulines will not qualify them for the type of living they would have to put up with.

II-5-d - A.L.S. - 1p. - 12mo. - {2}

1870 Oct(ober) 15
Haskins, George F.: Boston, (Massachusetts)
D.& J. Sadlier and Company(New York, New York)

Haskins addressed a note to (Orestes A.) Brownson twice in the last year to their care. He is interested if he received them as he has had no reply.

I-4-e - A.L.S. - 1p. - 12mo. - {2}

1870 Oct. 15
McMaster, J(ame)s A(lphonsus): New York, (New York)

McMaster advises that Billuart's Commentaties on St. Thomas are worse than worthless because Billuart was badly tinged with the heresey of Gallicanism, lately condemned by the Vatican Council and by the Pope. Pilluart's work, like the text of St. Thomas, is written in Latin, and in the Latin of the schools of the middle ages, and though one may be a fair classical latin scholar, he may find St. Thomas or any of his commentators written in a language unknown to him. A background of Aristotelian logic as handled by the Schoolmen is needed to understand St. Thomas. McMaster cites an attempt to translate St. Thomas into the French, which failed dismally. McMaster wishes to help, and suggests that it would be better to read St. Thomas in the original. McMaster will extend all the aid he can. He remarks that he is leaving on the morrow for his first recreation in a long time, compelled to it by his ill health.

I-1-n - A.L.S. - 3pp. - 12mo. - {0}

1870 Oct. 18
Bowman, Napoleon R.: Westville, Ind(iana)
 to (James Alphonsus)McMaster: (New York, New York)

Bowman encloses several specimens of the material provided by the Episcopal Methodist Church to their Sabbath school children. He asks that McMaster denounce this trash in the Freeman's Journal, and that a copy of the paper be sent to Bowman, so that he can offer the antidote to those who have swallowed the poison. He sends 10 cents for a copy of the paper, and also sends 50 for the Holy Father.

I-1-n - A.L.S. - 1p. - 8vo. - {1}

1870 Oct. 20
Hannin, Father E(dward): Cleveland, (Ohio)
 to (Archbishop John Baptist Purcell): (Cincinnati, Ohio)

Hannin thanks (Purcell) for sending him Father (J.) Daudet's letter and sending his reply to him. Since (Purcell) has left the delivery of the answer optional, he will keep it for a few days until he can show that the statements are incorrect. Hannin was pained to see another article from H.C. in the Cleveland Leader. He would have replied but he knew that (Purcell) had called the attention of Bishop(Amadeus)Rappe to them, and he supposed Rappe would publish a card declaring the charges against (Purcell) false. Rappe has no doubt protested against his friends' writing for him, but Hannin has heard the same sentiments expressed by some of Rappe's friends in his hearing. Soon after the second article appeared, Hannin went to the editor and demanded the identification of H.C. on the grounds that his remarks had been personal. The editor declined to do this but promised that there would be no more. He has kept his promise. Hannin speaks of this so (Purcell) will know that he is doing his duty. Everything is now quiet.

II-5-d - A.L.S. - 2pp. - 8vo. - {4}

1870 Oct. 20
Persico, Bishop I(gnatius): Savannah, G(eorgi)a
 to (James Alphonsus) McMaster: (New York, New York)

He arrived in Savannah on Oct. 15 and was cordially received, giving him great hope for the future. An association was formed to organize a grand reception and they could not have done more. The ceremony of installation was held last Sunday; Bishop (Augustin) Verot (of St. Augustine, Fla.) introduced him to the congregation. He encloses a few words to be read out in all the churches of the Diocese of Savannah. He will go to Augusta soon and is afraid that the people there will try to have Father (A. J. ) Ryan returned, and that is impossible to grant. He will do all he can for the people of Augusta, so far as their spiritual wants are concerned. He puts all his trust in God, who brought him to this country and made him a Bishop. He asks to be remembered to Mrs. McMaster and the children.

I-1-n - A.L.S. - 3pp. - 12mo. - {3}

1870 Oct. 21
Borgess, C(aspar) H., Bishop of (Calydon): Detroit, (Michigan)
 to Archbishop J(ohn) B(aptist) Purcell: of (Cincinnati, Ohio)

He came home Monday and Miss Conahan handed him Purcell's letter Tuesday. He has been home for the first time for ten successive days but even this is for the corner-stone laying at St. Joseph's Church. It is a bold undertaking, the estimate being $80,000, but the Germans merely said it must be built and at the first meeting subscribed $12,000. Mother Angela (Gillespie) announces that Purcell is going to visit them. Borgess would be happy to see him when he goes to South Bend. Last Monday he saw Father (F.) Boff of Toledo visiting with Father Ernest Van Dyke in Adrian and he said that the talk about Bishop (Amadeus) Rappe was most scandalous. No wonder the good bishop reprimanded his indiscreet friends. Borgess saw in the Catholic Telegraph that the prayer to the Holy Ghost is to be omitted. Does Purcell regard the Council ended? Is the despatch that a bull to that effect will soon appear correct?

II-5-d - A.L.S. - 3pp. - 12mo. - {5}

1870 Oct. 22
Hannin, Father E(dward): Cleveland, (Ohio)
 to Archbishop (John Baptist Purcell): of (Cincinnati, Ohio)

As in his last letter Hannin thanks Purcell for the opportunity of knowing and meeting Father (J.) Daudet's misrepresentations. Nationality is a thing that never enters his views and neither directs nor controls his actions. Purcell knows that he has never been connected with the troubles of the diocese and in all disputes has taken the part of Bishop (Amadeus Rappe). For this reason he was not a favorite with the Irish priests who consequently have not approved his appointment. Having lived in Cleveland for 6 years before going to Toledo, he had many friends and could learn much of the state of things. The pastor of Immaculate Conception Church, a French priest, had for some time been in trouble with his people, many of whom did not go to confession, and some of whom died without the sacraments. To get an impartial decision he called in Bishop (John Henry) Luers who advised the man's removal. Purcell can get information on this from Luers or Father (J.) Conlan. Probably anticipating his removal Daudet speaks of the great ferment in Cleveland and all the diocese. There is no ferment except what Daudet and certain others desire to make. Daudet is like the Mr. Robinson who wrote to Purcell about the great commotion in Cleveland when there was no commotion except that given through the public press by friends of Robinson. There will be other removals rumored and those concerned will appeal to Purcell. If Purcell interferes, Hannin's power as administrator will be useless. He says this merely that Purcell be saved the unnecessary labor, and that he may have the power that the good of religion demands. If he removes Daudet, it will be because of no interested party. He hopes that Purcell will continue to have the confidence in him that he showed in his appointment.

II-5-d - A.L.S. - 4pp. - 8vo. - {4}

1870 Oct. 22
Mrak, Bishop Ign(atius): Marquette, (Michigan)
 to Bishop (Caspar Henry) Borges(s): Detroit, (Michigan)

Mrak was of the firm opinion that the Islands of Manitou(lin?) and Beaver Island belonged to the Upper Peninsula and therefore to this diocese. He has treated them as such and made a visitation at Beaver Island, etc. Now a doubt is raised and inquiry makes it appear that the doubt is really in earnest. Mrak has all the deeds of church property made out to Bishop Baraga for those which belong to Borgess' diocese. Mrak will make them out in Borgess' name. Baraga had much trouble with the boundaries.

III-2-l - A.L.S. - (German) - 2pp. - 16mo. - {3}

1870 Oct. 24
B(rownson), S(arah) H.: (Elizabeth, New Jersey)
 to Henry (F. Brownson): (Detroit, Mich.)

Mrs. Brownson was very glad to receive Henry's letter of the 7th inst. She had been afraid Henry had not got back well, or had found Fifine worse or the children sick. Henry must have been delighted to see Philip walk. George (Brownson) did not walk until he was Philip's age, until suddenly one day he was walking all around the room. Most children take a few steps at once—not so George—he wanted to master whatever he undertook. Mrs. Brownson hopes little Sally is doing well. She looks upon her with triple interest, as her grandchild, her godchild, and as her namesake. Henry's father's health is as good if not better than when Henry was here. He has been invited to lecture in Boston for the benefit of the Kearney Hospital but has finally decided not to go. Mr. Howell called here Saturday evening. He appeared better before he left than when he came. He is in some business in N. York. Father (Michael E.) Kane preached a very good sermon yesterday. For about three weeks he has said nothing about money matters. The Bishop (James R. Bayley) was in Elizabeth about three weeks ago. Mrs. Brownson never looked upon Father Kane with greater respect than she did yesterday. His subdued, earnest, humble manner seemed to say he was resolved to submit to authority, come what would. It is a good example for his people. Mrs. Brownson supposes Henry will soon hear something from Washington. She shall be so glad to see Henry settled down in civil life. The Brownsons have taken a little boy about ten years old for about two years. He is a smart, active little fellow, and goes to the P(ost) office every day and does a good deal besides. Henry's father thinks of him every day and so does Mrs. Brownson. They send their love to Henry and Fifine. She asks (Henry) if the letters he had written home in France, which he has mentioned, were from his first or second visit.

III-3-a - A.L.S. - 3pp. - 12mo. - {2}

1870 Oct. 25
Ehrenstrasser, Father J(ohn) G.: Grand Rapids, (Michigan)
 to Bishop (Caspar Henry Borgess): (Detroit, Michigan)

Ehrenstrasser asks how the purchase deed of church property should be made out. Two lots next to the priest's house have been bought for building a new church. When he came there was a debt of $1437 on it. There was $2300 in all in the fund; now it is $680. When the former owner got his money he asked how the deed should be made out. Ehrenstrasser told him "C. H. Borgess." He had made one out in this way for Hastings. However, he understands it should be: "C. H. Borgess, Bishop of Calydonia and Administrator of Detroit." Will Borgess tell him how it should be or send him a formulary for such deeds.

III-2-l - A.L.S. - (German) - 2pp. - 12mo. - {2}

1870 Oct. 25
Hecker, (Father) I(saac) T.: N(ew) Y(ork)(City), (New York)
 to Orestes A. Brownson: Elizabeth, New Jersey

Hecker wants Brownson to write notice for Beecher's "Sermons" and "Our Seven Churches" and suggests if Brownson were to show the abyss to which they are leading it, would be a great thing, because they show an entire absence of all positive Christianity and the idea of the Church. They are the prisoners on the route to nihilism should Hecker send them to him? Hecker is on retreat, but he wrote to Brownson anyway so as not to delay him.

I-4-e - A.L.S. - 2pp. - 10mo. - {1}

1870 Oct. 25
Mattingley, Mother Regina: Cedar Grove, (Ohio)
 to Archbishop J(ohn) B(aptist) Purcell: (of Cincinnati, Ohio)

As she was leaving yesterday to see Purcell, she received the news of her mother's death. She will try to see him as soon as possible on the subject of Bishop (Sylvester H.) Rosecrans' letter, for Rosecrans has been misinformed regarding something. She sincerely regrets that the breaking up of the Newark mission has been the cause of trouble to Purcell. She asks for Purcell's prayers for her mother.

II-5-d - A.L.S. - 2pp. - 8vo. - {2}

1870 Oct. 25

Sadlier, & Company New York(City), (New York)
 to O(restes) A. Brownson: Elizabeth, N(ew) J(ersey)

The manuscript of the grammer has been forwarded to Brownson at the request of Father Edward Sorin of which Sadlier and Company would like to have the opinion.

I-4-E - A.L. - 1p. - 12mo. - {2}

1870 Oct. 26
Brownson, O(restes) A.: Eliz(abeth, New Jersey)
 to I(saac) T. Hecker: (New York, New York)

Brownson has not yet received the Beecher books, but when they come he will be glad to pay his respects to the Beechers. Brownson has written an article on Lady Georgiana Fullerton's novel, "Mrs. Gerald's Niece", in which he prepared strictures on modern novels in general and feminine novels in particular, and expressed some view of religious novels, so-called, with some suggestions to Catholic novel writers. In the November number the Bible translation is excellent. He asks if Bishop (Patrick N.) Lynch wrote it. Brownson liked the article on "The Invitation Heeded", and especially the one on Prince etternich.

I-4-g - A.L.S. (Photostat, Paulist Archives) - 1p. - 8vo. - {2}

1870 Oct. 26
Schulak, Father Franc(is) Xav(ier): Chicago, (Illinois)
 to (James Alphonsus McMaster): (New York, New York)

Father Schulak encloses a notice about himself which he wishes McMaster to insert in the Journal. Schulak points out in the article that he has been appointed exclusively for missions to the Poles and Bohemians, by his Jesuit superiors, because of his knowledge of the languages. He has given missions in the North and Western states, for Germans, Poles, French, and Bohemians, and his superiors, noting that the Poles and Bohemians have so few priests who speak their language, have appointed Schulak to this work, and ask the Bishops and Vicar Generals in whose dioceses live many Polish and Bohemian families, to call on Father Schulak.

I-1-n - A.L.S. - 3pp. - 12mo. - {1}

1870 Oct. 26
Neve, Father (J ) de: Louvain, (Belgium)
 to (Archbishop John Baptist Purcell): (of Cincinnati, Ohio)

De Neve inquired after the money from Mother Xavier, Ursuline Convent in Havre (France), but has received no answer. He is sorry Purcell was disappointed with regard to Mr. Crowley, but had he known, he would have directed Crowley to go to Cincinnati. He told Purcell that Crowley might be ordained subdeacon but not priest before the end of the scholastic year. He has no objection to his being called to America, but he will not recommend him until he is a priest. Crowley is subdeacon now and wishes to remain to the end of the year. He will comply with any of Purcell's wishes. He will write again to Mother Xavier and let Purcell know immediately he receives any word. He is happy to learn that Purcell has 126 students in his seminary. He believes the best thing for America is a well trained native priesthood. He believes that quality, not quantity of priests will save America, and gives his students four years of Theology. He would be happy to receive suggestions from Purcell at any time.

II-5-d - A.L.S. - 3pp. - 8vo. - {1}

1870 Oct. 27
Hecker, (Father) I(saac) T.: New York(City), (New York)
 to Orestes A. Brownson: Elizabeth, New Jersey

The criticisms by Brownson of the Catholic World were fine. (John) Gilmary Shea wrote the article on the Bible. (Lawrence) Kehoe will send the Beecher volumes to Brownson as soon as completed and after the latter is finished, Hecker would like to have them for the library. The retreat ends Saturday. Both articles need be in the December issue. The article on Catholic novels is important. Lady F's last novel in Hecker's opinion is poor and a dry one on controversy suggesting that the canvasser(?) may have been at fault. He has a new one out.

I-4-E - A.L.S. - 4pp. - 12mo. - {3}

1870 Oct. 29
McGill, J(ohn), Bishop of: Richmond, V(irgini)a
 to Archbishop (John Baptist) Purcell: (of Cincinnati, Ohio)

He sends a list of stock legatees to whom was distributed sixty thousand dollars, in proportion to their claims. The stock was sold by Mr. (James H.) Behan the testator who revoked the previous provisions and left the payment to the legatees to the discretion of the residuary legatees. He quotes Behan's codicil in full, so that Purcell may show it to the legatees to whom he writes. The question arises whether the residuary fund is to be exhausted for the purpose of giving to the stock legatees, or is something to remain for the residuary legatees? He thinks that the Bishops will understand the meaning and will be willing to relinquish. The trustees of St. Vincent's Hospital will probably not do so. He has not ascertained the amount of the funds to be turned over to the residuary legatees. Expenses are still to be incurred, such as bringing from England the remains of Mr. Behan. A power of attorney from Purcell would authorize McGill to receive the funds and give receipt to the executors. He supposes the enclosed form will suffice.

P.S.—He lists 20 legatees of the Behan estate, most of them bishops. He thinks that a power of attorney to receive and receipt to the executors for the residuum signed by Purcell and notarized will suffice. He encloses a form. The form gives McGill these powers of attorney from Purcell. The form must be acknowledged before a notary and sealed.

II-5-d - A.L.S. - 5pp. - 12mo. - {2}

(1870?) Oct. 29
Simplicia, Sister: So(uth) Boston, (Massachusetts)
 to (Orestes A. Brownson: Elizabeth, New Jersey)

They thank Brownson for laying aside his personal objectives in the interest of charity. If left to herself, she would choose the "School Question" but as Brownson's letter referred to the bishop's permission, she submits to his judgment and takes "The Papal Infallibility". They will expect him then December 8 at Fremont Temple. Their accommodations are open to Brownson; if he will give them the name and time of the train, they will send someone to meet Brownson.

I-4-e - A.L.S. - 2pp. - 12mo. - {1}

1870 Oct. 30
Lemonnier, C.S.C., Father A(ugustus): Notre Dame, Indiana
 to James F. Edwards: (Toledo, Ohio)

Father (Peter) Cooney (C.S.C.) is preaching the students' retreat. They expect the Archbishop of Cincinnati (John Baptist Purcell) and Bishops (Caspar H.) Borgess (of Detroit) and (John H.) Luers (of Fort Wayne). S(chuyler) Colfax addressed the students. Father (Alexis) Granger (C.S.C.) inquires often about Edwards. Lemonnier's brother writes that no one in France thinks of peace. The rage of the French is uncontrollable; they wish to exterminate the Prussians.

XI-1-a - A.L.S. - 2pp. - 8vo. - {6}

1870 Oct. 31
Borgess, Caspar, H. Bishop of Detroit: Detroit, (Michigan)
 to Archbishop J(ohn) B(aptist) Purcell: (Cincinnati, Ohio)

He has just returned from a visit to Ann Arbor, (Michigan). He confirmed and preached yesterday. Next Sunday he goes to Adrian, (Michigan) and from there he will take the train for South Bend,(Indiana). He will have the pleasure of welcoming Purcell at St. Mary's on the eighth.

II-5-d - A.L.S. - 1p. - 8vo. - {1}