University of Notre Dame


1871 June 1
Egan, Thomas D.: Baltimore, M(arylan)d
 to (James Alphonsus) McMaster: (New York, New York)

The Archbishop (Martin John ) Spalding of Baltimore subscribed to the Journal yesterday and sent word to McMaster that he is pleased with the paper. The Pope's Jubilee is June 17th, according to a Roman Manual that the Archbishop brought back from Rome. The Catholic demonstration was a great affair. Telegrams were sent to the Holy Father and they propose celebrating his Jubilee.

I-1-o - A.L.S. - 1p. - 12mo. - {2}

1871 Jun.2
Hecker, Father I(saac) T(homas): N(ew) Y(ork) C(ity), (New York)
 to (Orestes A. Brownson: Elizabeth, New Jersey)

Brownson's two articles have reached safely and Brownson should have received the proof of the first one. The articles from the Radical, Hecker had laid aside, but the same question is started by the Lawyer. He suggests an article from Brownson on this matter for the "Catholic World." A book on "Christianity and Positivism" by James McCosh has been published. (Lawrence) Kehoe will send Brownson a copy to judge whether it is worth a review. Brownson's articles on the French Abbe who became a Greek caused the conversion of an Episcopal minister. Because of poor health Hecker is going to spend a few weeks at Lake George.

I-4-e - A.L.S. - 3pp. - 12mo. - {4}

1871 June 2
McCloskey, W(illiam), Bishop of: Louisville, (Kentucky)
 to Archbishop (John Baptist) Purcell: of Cincinnati, (Ohio)

McCloskey postponed engagements for May 30 and June 1 to go to South Bend, but did not feel able to make the trip, although he would have had Father Ryan the greater part of the way. He is not well and when the summer confirmations are over he will remain quietly at the seminary. Did Purcell take the documents of which he read parts to him and Bishop (Maurice) de St. Palais. If so, Purcell should guard them carefully and send them by express. What a sad fate for the Archbishop of Paris, and Dupanloup talked of as his successor already! He was glad to see Mr. O'Connor and but that the seminarians were on retreat for ordinations he would have returned with him to Cincinnati to see Bishop (James F.) Wood. He is most anxious to see Wood's new seminary.

II-5-e - A.L.S. - 2pp. - 12mo. - {3}

1871 June 4
Blanchet, F(rancis) N.,Bishop of Oregon City: Portland, Oregon
 to J(ames) A(lphonsus) McMaster: (New York, New York)

He sends McMaster a corrected copy. Yesterday there was a festival at Vancouver, W(ashington) T(erritory), celebrating the 50th anniversary of the Bishop (A.M.A. Blanchet) of Nesqualy. The boys and girls from the College, boarders, and the orphans took part in the ceremony, lasting two hours and a half. The Cathedral was full when his brother celebrated a pontifical high Mass with Blanchet assisting. This was to repay a debt, for his brother had assisted at Blanchet's jubilee July 8 1869. There were 2 bishops, 12 priests, one from Idaho and three from Portland, present. After returning from Mass in solemn procession, accompanied by the band, Major Dallas read a complimentary address in English, and Mr. Luiste made another in French in the name of the French population. The ceremony began at 9 and finished at 12. The Catholic Sentinel will reproduce the address. P.S. The exposition which Bishop (Louis) Lootens (of Idanho City) gave McMaster and which he reproduced will not please his people and others in Idaho. That territory needs a Bishop and Lootens talents are sufficient, for it has only 12 churches and about as many priests. From May, 1867, until August of his consecration, he did not visit the territory more than three days. He left for Canada after his consecration and did not return until Easter, 1868. Upon his return he found the Diocese had a debt of $12,000. If he has so great talents, let him make use of them there. He has his duties there. Bishop (Modest) Demers (of Vancouver's Island) and he did not wait until Oregon was all right and pleasant. The valley of Boise is not the only one; it is a small part of Idaho. Elsewhere, there are missions of the Jesuits.

I-1-o - A.L.S. - 3pp. - 12mo. - {6}

1871 Jun. 4

Our Lady of Holy Cross Industrial School (New Orleans, Louisiana)
 to Archbishop N(apoleon) J(oseph) Perché: New Orleans, (Louisiana)

The boys offer Perché their best wishes and prayers upon the occasion of his first visit to their Model Farm and Industrial School. They are encouraged by the example and exhortations of the Fathers and Brothers (of the Congregation of Holy Cross) who participate with them in all the privations necessarily attendant on the foundation of an establishment like theirs. They include a poem (in French) commemorating Perché's absence in Europe and return to New Orleans.

VI-2-o - A. Address S. - 8pp. - 4to. - {2}

1871 June 5
Barnabo, Al(exander) Cardinal Prefect: Rome, (Papal States)
 to Archbishop John Baptist Purcell: of Cincinnati, (Ohio)

The report has been brought to the Sacred Congregation that the Sisters of Charity,who for some months have conducted a school for boys and girls of tender ages, have sold the home which had been given for a definite purpose by the faithful of the city and the money used for other purposes. From this there have arisen some disputations and quarrels with some danger of scandal to the faithful. Barnabo asks Purcell to advise the Superior of the Sisters to desist from the sale of the property. Barnabo does not know how the difficulty is to be solved so that the rights of the donors will be preserved, but he has faith that Purcell will attend to the business carefully, and asks that he make known immediately any action taken in these matters.

II-5-e - L.S. - (Latin) - 2pp. - 8vo. - {2}

1871 Jun.5
Leroy, Father Jos(eph): Louvain, (Belgium)
 to Bishop (Francis P. McFarland of: Hartford, Connecticut)

By a grievous sickness of more than five months their rector (Father John DeNeve) has been unable to answer his letters. The draft from (McFarland) has been sent to Noel Estère at Monpellier, who has received it. Since Mr. Berhens was so far under the canonical age, his ordination has been delayed. Creedon and Fagan have been ordained subdeacon last Saturday.

I-1-c - A.L.S. - 2pp. - 8vo. - {2}

1871 Jun. 8
Creedon, J.:
American College Louvain, (Belgium)
 to Bishop Francis P. McFarland (of Hartford): Providence, R(hode) I(sland)

Father (John DeNeve), who has been seriously ill, has charged him to tell the Bishop that his letters have been received and the business attended to, even though he cannot do it himself. Creedon has been ordained subdeacon. He wishes also to thank the Bishop for granting his request. He hopes the bishop will find his confidence has not been misplaced.

I-1-c - A.L.S. - 3pp. - 8vo. - {2}

1871 Jun. 8

St. Joseph School, Children of New Orleans, Louisiana)
 to Archbishop (Napoleon Joseph Perché): New Orleans, Louisiana)

They welcome (Perché) home.

VI-2-o - A. Song - 3pp. - 4to. - {1}

1871 June 9
McGill, John, Bishop of Richmond: Richmond, V(irgini)a
 to Archbishop (John Baptist) Purcell: of Cincinnati, (Ohio)

Purcell's invitation was seconded by that of McGill's nephew, Ben Webb. He is thinking of coming and will try to reach Cincinnati for Sunday, the 18th. He would like to know the civil law in this case. However, it is not important that he officiate at the marriage being a spectator is enough. He is glad to know that all things are right in the diocese of Louisville, after Purcell's visit. The bonds are the same value as when he last wrote. He doubts if there will be any great variance, even at the time of changing them (July). If Purcell is to reply to this, he should do so immediately, before McGill leaves.

II-5-e - A.L.S. - 2pp. - 12mo. - {2}

1871 June 9
St. Palais, Maurice de, Bishop of: Vincennes, (Indiana)
 to (Archbishop John Baptist Purcell): of (Cincinnati, Ohio)

St. Palais would have written sooner to ask Purcell to bless the new church at Indianapolis but he feared that the building would not be finished at the time set by Father (Augustus) Bessonies and he did not want to speil Purcell's plans. He is assured how that the ceremonies will be held July 2. He is sure that Purcell's goodness will cause him to come, and he counts on him. The people will not be satisfied unless the metropolitan is present at their feast. To save Purcell from the fatigues under such heat, he will ask Rt. Rev. Abbot Bede O'Connor, (O.S.B.) to preach the sermon of the dedication. He has not answered and if he does not come, it will be necessary that St. Palais himself give the address expected on such occasions.

II-5-e - A.L.S. - (French) - 2pp. - 12mo. - {4}

1871 June 12
Persico, I(gnatius), Bishop of Savannah: Macon, G(eorgi)a
 to (James Alphonsus) McMaster: (New York, New York)

He encloses a Brief received from His Holiness, with a free translation which he wishes McMaster would publish, saying that it has been read in all the churches of the diocese of Savannah. He is touring the diocese administering Confirmation. There were 200 in Augusta; 400 in Savannah; and 800 in Atlanta. Next Sunday he administers the sacrament in Macon and the following Sunday in Columbus. Everywhere he has gone there have been converts in the number to be confirmed. The movement in Savannah for the building of the Cathedral has so far yielded over $60,000. with a monthly subscription of from $600.-1,000. Besides the Cathedral, they need two other churches in Savannah, two orphanages and a hospital. Churches and priests are needed elsewhere in the diocese. He plans to visit McMaster in August to discuss personal matters. He remembers McMaster and his family in his prayers. P.S. June 16th will be celebrated in all their churches with appropriate devotions and Benediction of the Blessed Sacrament.

I-1-o - A.L.S. - 4pp. - 12mo. - {4}

1871 June 14
Denman, W(illia)m: New York City, New York
 to (Orestes A. Brownson): (Elizabeth, New Jersey)

Dennis Sadlier is not dissatisfied. On the contrary, he decidedly wishes Brownson to continue. Should Brownson's health permit, Sadlier would like for Brownson to visit him for a few days. There has been so much work and articles that Denman had to put Brownson's articles on the inside.

I-4-e - A.L.S. - 2pp. - 12mo. - {2}

1871 June 15
St. Palais, Maurice de, Bishop of: Vincennes, (Indiana)
 to (Archbishop John Baptist Purcell): of (Cincinnati, Ohio)

St. Palais awaits Purcell's letter to the Propaganda and not receiving it he sends a copy of the one he has prepared asking Purcell to correct or add to it, if he sees proper. He asks if they can count on Purcell for July 2. If not, they will be disappointed.


(St. Palais) Maurice (de), Bishop of: Vincennes, (Indiana)
 to Cardinal (Alexander Barnabo): (Rome, Papal States)

Having received the mandate of the Sacred Congregation of the Propaganda recently, St. Palais and Purcell set out for Louisville. After examining everything carefully, they are convinced that the report made by Bishop (William) McCloskey is true in all particulars and that he had always acted as necessity demanded. The bishop who has charge of the whole diocese knows best what priest to remove from his congregation or whom to place at the head of an institution, and cannot always make known to the public the reasons for his action. lest he offend charity. Thus complaints arise from men who would praise if they knew all the circumstances. St. Palais is convinced that McCloskey had embraced with good heart the spiritual and temporal duties of his office. In those things where he has failed there is scarcely any one who could have succeeded. (Enclosure in Latin).

II-5-e - A.L.S. (Enclosure copied) - 4pp. - 12mo. - {3}

1871 June 15
Brownson, S(arah) H.: Elizabeth, (N. J.)
 to Henry (F. Brownson): (Detroit, Michigan)

Mrs. Brownson has been trying to find time to acknowledge Henry's letter of the 7th and also to tell him how much obliged she is to him and Fifine for all their kindness and attention to (Brownson). He has told her a great deal about (the younger Brownsons), and she rejoices very much at their happiness and prosperity. Henry's father told her an anecdote of two women who came to Henry's office. One Henry charged nothing and the other only a small fee. She hopes Henry will strew his path through life with many such good deeds. Henry's father upon his return suffered from diarrhea for about ten days. He is better now and works very busily. Yesterday he received Fifine's letter and was delighted with it. Last Sunday the cornerstone for a new Church was laid at the crossroads and (Brownson) was invited. Day before yesterday two Rev. Mothers from Brooklyn spent the day with the (Brownsons). They were sisters of St. Joseph and one is the head of the Orphan Asylum and has 260 boys under her charge. Dr. and James Hewit were here yesterday. Henry's father's health continues very much as it was when at Henry's. He will write Fifine soon. She hopes yet to see her children's children. The Brownsons intend to illuminate their house tomorrow night. At 3rd Street N. York next Sunday there will be processions, music and firing of cannon.

III-3-a - A.L.S. - 3pp. - 12mo. - {1}

1871 June 16
Duhmig, G( ): St. Francis, Wis(consin)
 to (James Alphonsus McMaster) Editor, Freeman's Journal: (New York, New York)

He encloses a copy of a little work whose purpose is explained in the preface. He will be pleased to have it put in McMaster's paper.

I-1-o - A.L.S. - 1p. - 12mo. - {1}

1871 June 16
Hickey, Father E( ) M.: Orange, N(ew) J(ersey)
 to (James Alphonsus) McMaster: (New York, New York)

He encloses a check for $145, the amount due from subscribers to the Freeman's Journal in Orange. He sends his own check and will collect from the subscribers. He hopes that McMaster and his family are in good health, but he has just suffered a severe attack of brain fever and is very slowly recovering his strength. He dates the check June 19, for by that time his account at the bank will be in order.

I-1-o - A.L.S. - 1p. - 12mo. - {1}

1871 June 17
Brownson, O(restes) A.: Elizabeth, N.J.
 to (Josephine Brownson): Detroit, Michigan

Brownson thanks Fifine for her very kind and affectionate letter. No daughter could write one more grateful to a father's heart. He did not dream that either the Major Henry or Fifine would miss him enough to feel lonely after his departure. He was so unwell and so fussy while with them, that he fancied they would feel relieved when he was gone. Saving that he was so unwell, he had a cost pleasant visit, and could hardly prevail on himself to cut it short when he did. He did not feel himself a visitor, he felt he was at home with his own children. He arrived home safely, stopping Wednesday night with Father (Isaac T.) Hecker in New York, but was very unwell for a couple of weeks or more, but is now as well as usual for him, and is hard at work. His journey did not do him any harm, but good in that he found his children well. He feels at case about them, and does not think that they need feel any great anxiety for themselves. He loves much his two grandchildren, and all of Fifine's family that he became acquainted with. Fifine is to tell (Henry) that he has pretty well made up his mind to revive his Review. There are so many questions he wants to discuss, which he cannot discuss except in a review under his own name. His only unwillingness to do it, is the injury Father H(ecker) may suffer by his withdrawal from the C(atholic) W(orld). Brownson wishes to be remembered to Mary and Eliza, who were so kind to him, and to Fifine's excellent mother. If she visits New York, she must not fail to come and see the Brownsons. He gives his special love to Philip and Sally and Henry. Brownson is very busy just now. Sarah Brownson has been a good deal unwell, but is getting better. Mrs. Brownson is nearly worn out. She dismissed while Brownson was gone, one girl, another soon after his return, and has tried to break in another girl just from England, but will send her away next week. He does not know what she will do. She sends Fifine a mother's love.

III-3-a - A.L.S. - 3pp. - 12mo. - {3}

1871 June 17
McGinty, James: Hazleton, (Pennsylvania)
 to (James Alphonsus) McMaster: (New York, New York)

He has moved from Wilkes Barre and asks that his paper be sent now to Hazleton, Luzerne County, Pennsylvania.

I-1-o - A.L.S. - 1p. - 12mo. - {1}

1871 Jun. 20
Collens, T. Wharton, Chairman;Tho(ma)s Layton, Treasurer; and D.P. Scanlan, Secretary: (New Orleans, Louisiana)
 to J. Viosco: (Louisiana)

At a meeting on (June)19, Archbishop (Napoleon Joseph Perché) urged the necessity of action in every parish to increase the Papal Fund so that a sum worthy of the great demonstration of the 18th may be forwarded to (Pope Pius IX). Perché then appointed them as a committee to superintend and organize the collection. Viosco, nominated by the committee, is urged to obtain all amounts that may be offered. Some of the parishes have done well already: Carrollton has contributed by the hands of Father (Francis Ceuppens) $1000 and one of their religious communities has returned $1100. There follows a list of contributions totalling $114 from Viosco's parish including: Viosco, Fatjo & Brunaso, P. Galpi, F( )do Basta, John Galjo, F.M. Ziegler, Puig Brothers, and J. Tuyes.

VI-2-o - D.S. - 2pp. - folio - {14}

1871 June 20
(Raess), A(ndrew) Bishop of Strasbourg: Strasbourg, (Germany)
 to Archbishop (John Baptist) Purcell: (Cincinnati, Ohio)

(Raess) was on a confirmation tour near Switzerland when he received Purcell's letter and the draft for $155 for the poor Alsatians and the citizens of Strasbourg. It is a worthy alms at this time. Because Purcell forgot to endorse the draft he has had some difficulty getting it cashed but has succeeded and has distributed the money. That is why his thanks are so tardy. When his death was announced he was not sick but had gone to a cellar to get some rest. He had with him about 300 persons, mostly religious. There he took sick and was confined to his bed for three months. Since the first of the year he has performed his work including his pastoral visits. He has three rooms and a chapel left. All the rest were destroyed by abuse and bombs. It will cost a million francs to repair the cathedral. The city library valued at 30 million francs is destroyed. The clergy saved their libraries by transferring them to cellars. He has visited the Prefect of Haut-Rhin and asked for the release of Antoine Hamart on the pleas of the Archbishops of Strasbourg and Cincinnati. But as the present rule is only temporary he does not think any thing will be done. Father (John B.) Hengehold of Cincinnati has written to (Raess) saying that in the collection there was some question of having the diocese of Amiens participate, but left the matter to the urgency of his needs. (Raess) says that Strasbourg has greater need than Amiens, but if Hengehold so desires he will send on something to Amiens.

II-5-e - A.L.S. - (French) - 4pp. - 12mo. - {3}

1871 June 22
(Dupanloup), Felix Bishop of Orleans: Versailles, (France)
 to (Archbishop John Baptist Purcell): (Cincinnati, Ohio)

(Dupanloup) has written to Purcell asking him certain questions concerning the separation of Church and State, particularly in the United States. He asks an answer promising that the reply will be considered confidential. He wishes also to add a few more questions. How do the bishops of the U.S. recruit their clergy? Do they have them come from Europe as priests or as seminarians. 2. Has each diocese a great and small seminary? 3. Have they as many priests as they need? 4. Is it to each diocese that the aid from the Society of the propagation is sent? 5. Do they have the priests and resources to enable them to have chapters. He begs Purcell to answer these letters which are pressing and important.

II-5-e - A.L.S. - (French) - 2pp. - 12mo. - {1}

1871 Jun. 22
(Seton), Harry: Frankfort, K(entuck)y
 to Monsignor Robert (Seton: Madison, New Jersey)

He writes to inform Robert of the arrival of a very fine boy (John Foster Seton). Annie (Foster Seton) is doing very well. Harry received $250 from (Thomas?) Jevons a few days before the event. He must have $150 more as the death of Annie's mother (Mrs. John Gray Foster) puts him to an unexpected expense in the way of mourning clothes. Harry is going to write to Will and the girls to announce the advent of the young Seton. They appear to be having a glorious time in Germany; he does not think they need expect to see them for a year. General (John Gray) Foster was there for a few days but left yesterday for the Plains.

II-1-a - A.L.S. - 2pp. - 16mo. - {6}

1871 June 23
Borgess, C(aspar) H. Bishop of Calydon: Detroit, (Michigan)
 to (Archbishop John Baptist Purcell): (Cincinnati, Ohio)

Borgess sends feast days greetings to Purcell. He has seen in the papers the report that Mayor Davis of Cincinnati has ruled that the concert in Mozart Hall Sunday evening cannot be held, but Borgess hopes the story is not true. Purcell has doubtless heard of their celebration of the 25th anniversary of the Pope's coronation. It was glorious with the employers of Catholic workers permitting them to join in the celebration. He sends Purcell the paper telling of the celebration. The agitators of the diocese of Cleveland are at their work again. Borgess regrets the harm done to the faithful by the great scandal. He hopes the weather is pleasant in Cincinnati. He, unlike Purcell, has to attend only two exhibitions, that of the Madames of the Sacred Heart and that at Monroe, (Michigan). Father (Cornelius)Moutard of Jackson, has died and it is hoped that all ill-feeling has been buried with him. Borgess has been obliged to send away Father Thomas Burke who came from St. Louis.

II-5-e - A.L.S. - 3pp. - 8vo. - {7}

1871 June 23
Luers, John H., Bishop of: Fort Wayne, (Indiana)
 to Archbishop (John Baptist) Purcell: of (Cincinnati, Ohio)

Luers does not know whether Purcell saw the enclosed or not. Purcell will see that the clique with Father (E.M.)O'Callaghan at its head has been working with a high hand. Luers saw a man from Cleveland who said that the better portion of the Catholics are highly incensed against these priests. Ever since Father (Edward)Hannin's appointment he has been dogged by these same individuals who expected the best places, and that he would turn out the French priests. Also they tried to get as many of their number into Cleveland as possible to control the new bishop. Failing, they turned against Hannin. The affair at St. Bridget's was just an occasion. Luers does not see how Hannin could have done otherwise since Father (J)Monaghan had only 120 families who had subscribed $6,000 to be paid in 2 years for a church that would have cost $50,000. The Catholics of Cleveland alone will owe by the end of the year $350,000. Then to avoid scandal he had to send a pastor to another place. The time has come when the actions of the clique must be stopped, especially since they claim Purcell's support. He thinks O'Callaghan should be dealt with. Fathers Sidley and Carroll are not much better. (No enclosure) P.S.—Under the circumstances he thinks it unwise to send any names to Rome until the field is cleared.

II-5-e - A.L.S. - 4pp. - 12mo. - {5}

1871 June 25
Peter, Sarah: Cin(cinna)ti, (Ohio)
 to (James Alphonsus) McMaster: (New York, New York)

She asks that McMaster insert the enclosed notice, or something he likes better, in the next number of the Freeman as an editorial. The Passionist Fathers are desirous of having their foundation announced in the Freeman, which is as great a favorite with them as with her. She came from the procession which required more than three hours to pass. They were from four to ten abreast, with cars caparisoned for multitudes of children. It is a credit to the Catholic feeling of this city. Archbishop (John Baptist Purcell) was giving Confirmation at Bellefontaine (Ohio) and was not present.

I-1-o - A.L.S. - 2pp. - 12mo. - {2}

1871 June 27
Chatard, Father S(ilas) M.: (Rome, Italy)
 to Archbishop J(ohn) B(aptist) Purcell: Cincinnati, (Ohio)

Business matters and letters occasioned by the jubilee celebration have kept Chatard too busy to answer Purcell's letter of some time ago. As the newspapers have probably carried accounts of the activities in Rome during the past few weeks, he will not risk repeating them. His Holiness (Pius IX) is in very good health, and has enjoyed the many deputations that have come to the city. These have also given new courage to the Roman people whose faith has been assailed in every way by infidels and members of other religious bodies, who are not willing to leave Catholics in peaceful possession of their religious truths. American and English gold is used freely with the generosity worthy of a better cause. He thanks Purcell for his kind expressions with regard to Chatard, occasioned by Purcell's views on what is best for the Church. He sends his regards to Mrs. Potter and to the members of her family. He hopes Purcell is enjoying good health and asks to be remembered to his friends.

II-5-e - A.L.S. - 4pp. - 12mo. - {1}

1871 Jun. 27
Rice, Father Rob(er)t E.V.: Niagara County, New York
 to Bishop (Francis P.) McFarlandof: (Hartford, Connecticut)

This letter will be presented by Thomas Preston of McFarland's diocese. He has finished the classical course and is recommended to the Bishop for adoption. He calls the Bishop's attention to their work in promoting vocations, along with St. Charles at Cape Girardeau. They need help in their good work. The Bishops remove their vocations to a cheaper institution after they finish the classics. This is harmful to their efforts. Rice has presented this difficulty to several bishops who have consented to let their candidates complete their theological studies with them.

I-1-c - A.L.S. - 3pp. - 8vo. - {2}

1871 June 28
McCaffrey, Father John:
Mt. St. Mary's College (Emmittsburgh, Maryland)
 to Archbishop (John Baptist) Purcell: (Cincinnati, Ohio)

Mr. Michael Hays, who has been first Prefect during the last two years, has been not only an excellent disciplinarian, but a good student and seminarian. When Purcell gets to know him as well as does McCaffrey, he will find him as satisfactory. McCaffrey knows that Purcell will encourage him all he can and will find him a joy and comfort as a missionary priest and a blessing to the archdiocese.

II-5-e - A.L.S. - 1p. - 12mo. - {1}

1871 June 28
Persico, Ignatius, Bishop of Savannah: Savannah, G(eorgi)a
 to (James Alphonsus) McMaster: (New York, New York)

He returned to Savannah this morning and considers it his duty to the clergy and the Catholics of Savannah to describe the celebration of June 16. There was a general Communion in the morning; priests having heard confessions until eleven the preceding night; the convent children marched in procession with the orphans and received communion. There was a grand high Mass in the morning and Exposition of the Blessed Sacrament, the Te Deum, and Benediction in the evening. The Church was brilliantly lighted and decorated, as was the Bishop's residence across the street. The crowds attending the services both in the morning and evening were enormous, and the devotion shown by all was truly becoming. This is very pleasing to the heart of a Bishop and he blesses God for it. The same ceremony was held throughout the diocese on that day. He sends this to McMaster, thinking it might be published. It is a tribute to the modesty of the clergy and laity that they have not written McMaster before.

I-1-o - A.L.S. - 3pp. - 8vo. - {2}

1871 June 29
Castella, Countess de: Fribourg, (Switzerland)
 to Archbishop (John Baptist Purcell): of (Cincinnati, Ohio)

It has been a long time since she has written and since that time many things sorrowful to the Catholic heart have happened, especially in her country, France. One consolation has been the conduct of the Swiss. She speaks of seeing an army of 80,000 men arriving, fatigued, cold, and hungry at Fribourg. Her small town was prepared for 41 thousand and saw 6 or 7 thousand a day arrive for many days. But charity has done wonders. Not one has been without shelter, and even the poor have come to their aid. The women have rivaled the Sisters of Charity in their devotion to the sick. The protestant cantons have shown the same charity. The soldiers have shown their thankfulness. The city of Fribourg has shown its Catholicity also in commemorating the 25th anniversary of the coronation of Pius IX. The rain could not spoil the illuminations. She has noticed that in America, also, there have been celebrations of the day so sorrowfully observed in the Vatican. The Countess de Pourtalos has spent some time at Fribourg. She speaks with her frequently of Rome. Her eyes are growing weak and she merely adds a few words to letters that she dictates. The Countess de Contre has lost a nephew in the seige of Metx. She has quit Rome but thinks of returning. The Countess read in the papers that Bishop (Dupanloup) was named Archbishop of Paris. Last year he was at Enseilden where she goes for her retreat. The young family he blessed has been increased by a little daughter. P.S.—She has not heard from Bishop (James R.) Bayley. On the feast of St. John she will pray for Purcell and Bayley as she has always done since 1862.

II-5-e - A.L.S. - 6pp. - 12mo. - {2}

1871 June 29
Feltin, Father N(icholas): Austin, (Texas)
 to (James Alphonsus McMaster): (New York, New York)

He quotes Sections I and C of the act passed by the Texas Legislature for the purpose of Organizing and maintaining a system of public free schools in Texas. The items he sends are those giving the Superintendent of Public instruction supervisory control of all public free schools, a salary of $3,000 a year, and a record of all children in each county between the ages of six and eighteen years of age. All children are required to attend the schools under penalty of a $25 fine for each offense, unless it is found that they are being tutored by recognized competent instructors, in which case they are to be exempt. Under this law no child may quit school to learn a trade until he is 18, nor may he be placed in a position to help his destitute parents until that age. The lawmakers of Texas must think their children blockheads for even in Prussia, noted for its scholastic wisdom, the children are not required to attend school after their fourteenth year. The Catholic population of Texas must bear the curse of tyrannical school legislation. Catholic families intending to migrate to Texas would do well to remember the many hardships facing them in Texas. Hundreds of school directors, Supervisors, Superintendants, teachers, etc., will live and grow fat on the sums of money raised by oppressive legislation for the maintenance of infidel and godless schools and the poor people will suffer from want of sound education. Feltin thinks it to be the most arbitrary and oppressive school law that can disgrace the population of a free country.

I-1-o - A.L.S. - 4pp. - 8vo. - {2}

1871 June 29
Freitag, C.SS.R., (Father) Aug(ustine) M.: Annapolis, (Maryland)
 to James A(lphonsus) McMaster: (New York, New York)

He asks about the letters which he sent three or four months ago. Has McMaster received them? He has been living quietly in the Novitiate. They will receive seven students from St. James' College, Balt(imore, Maryland) July 13. He tells of the Masses and other religious exercises held in honor of the Pope and of St. Alphonsus from June 17 to June 21. They have a large relic of St. Alphonsus which was exposed during the Te Deum for public veneration. They compared their 800 Communions to the 14 Catholics at Annapolis when Father (Gabriel) Rumpler established the Novitiate in 1853. Officials of the Naval Academy took part in the celebration for the Holy Father. He would like to see McMaster, and sends his regards to Mrs. McMaster, and to the children. He is slowly regaining his health and hopes to see them soon. P.S. He asks if McMaster knows J( ) W. Rogers, a convert, who will deliver several lectures in their hall next January. He received a letter from his brother two weeks ago. He prays for his conversion. He thanks McMaster for the photograph which was sent. Freitag carries it in his breviary but the original is in his heart with the images of all he loves best on earth.

I-1-o - A.L.S. - 6pp. - 12mo. - {5}

1871 June 30
Donnet, Ferd(inand) Cardinal Archbishop: Bordeuax, (France)
 to (Archbishop John Baptist Purcell): of Cincinnati, Ohio

Already many bishops have responded to his appeal for aid for the orphans of war in troubled France. The Cardinal Archbishop of Dublin, the Archbishops of Tuam and Quebec and the bishops of Limerick, Saint Gall, Tournay and Kildare have come to his aid with offerings for the innocent victims of the war. They have sent aid to the bishops of the afflicted departments for these orphans. Donnet himself has admitted to his orphan asylum those children who had no other place to go. But the children in the departments of the east are in danger of losing their faith as well as their parents and their homes. He quotes a letter from those regions to the effect that he had taken care of 24 children in the neighborhood of Belfort but he could have taken care of many more if he had the menas. The Swiss protestants have used this occasion to place 300 of these children in protestant homes. The person needs about 10 or 12 francs a month for each child. Donnet asks that Purcell join in this work and promises to see that any money contributed reaches this purpose.

II-5-e - (Circular letter) S. - (French) - 2pp. - 8vo. - {1}