University of Notre Dame


1872 Jan.
Onahan, W(illiam) J.: Chicago, (Illinois)
 to James A(lphonsus) McMaster: New York, (New York)

He informs McMaster that he has opened a real estate and loan office, combining a collecting and tax-adjusting agency. The recent fire will necessitate readjusting taxes levied for the year 1871. Rebates will probably be issued for property lost on destroyed. He feels that his work in the office of City Collector provide Onahan with the necessary qualifications for service in this agency.

I-1-o - Printed notice - 1p. - 8vo. - {1}

1872 Jan. 1
Audran, Father E(rnest): Jeffersonville, (Indiana)
 to (James Alphonsus) McMaster: (New York, New York)

He sends $10.00 for the Pope, and although it is late he is sure McMaster will take care of it. The Freeman's Journal is the only Catholic paper that continually calls attention to the Pope in a Practical manner. He prays that God may lighten McMaster's burden occasioned by the loss of his wife. He offered Mass for her soul and will continue to do so. This is the best manner in which he can show his esteem and affection. They live in very gloomy times, but should work all the harder for it. The remarkable energy manifested by the Pope and his long life is a grand example to clergy and people.

I-1-o - A.L.S. - 2pp. - 12mo. - {1}

1872 Jan. 3
Freitag, C. SS. R., Father Aug(ustine) M.: Annapolis, (Maryland)
 to James A(lphonsus) McMaster: (New York, New York)

Mrs. McMaster has called her son Michael to her in Heaven. (Latin). McMaster should not mourn, because Michael has merely gone for a short time. They should be happy that Michael may enjoy the Beatific Vision, and they should pray to him. P.S. He sends his love to the children. He asks if McMaster received his telegram of Jan. 2. They have many cases of pneumonia and small pox in town. He will send Major Lane a money order.

I-1-o - A.L.S. - 3pp. - 12mo. - {1}

1872 Jan. 3
Rosecrans, S(ylvester) H. Bishop of Columbus: Columbus, O(hio)
 to Archbishop (John Baptist Purcell): (Cincinnati, Ohio)

He received a letter from Cardinal Barnabo from Rome, Nov. 18, 1871, in which the Cardinal says that it seems proper for him to try to come to an understanding with Purcell, regarding the settlement of the controversy between the priest of Newark and the Sisters of Charity in Cincinnati, Rosecrans has stated that the sisters did not acquire the house in question with any funds of their own, but it was bought by the congregation for the Sisters teaching their children. Both the Sisters and the Community understood at the time that it was not to be used for any other purpose. The Cardinal stated that he had been informed this statement was false, and Rosecrans draws from the letter that Purcell was the one who informed Barnabo. Since this is a matter of domestic administration, Rosecrans has investigated it thoroughly before making any statements, and since he has to answer to God for it, his statement is true. He sees only three ways in which a friendly settlement can be reached: if Purcell would go over the proof gathered, the truth might be reached, or the Bishops might be asked to look over the proof together and assume the responsibility for deciding, or finally, Rosecrans is willing to resign his See and let someone else take his place under whom this transaction could be made. He wishes Purcell and the clergy of the house all the blessings of the season.

II-5-e - A.L.S. - 2pp. - 8vo. - {2}

1872 Jan. 3
Shannahan, John E.: Notre Dame, Indiana
 to James F. Edwards: Toledo, Ohio

He pleads laziness for not answering sooner. There is nothing new. Edwards' friends (Daniel E.) Hudson, (John A.) Zahm, and the Jew are still in the Novitiate. N. D. is a dreary place during the holidays. Rufus McCarthy was here; he likes Ann Arbor but thinks many of the boys are rough. Shannahan is glad that Edward's health is improving. He sends New Years greetings.

XI-1-a - A.L.S. - 4pp. - 8vo. - {4}

1872 Jan. 4
Miravalle, Countess of: Seville, Spain
 to Bishop (Francis P. McFarland)of: Providence, (Rhode Island)

The Marchioness of Villa Vieja as president, the Countess Miravalle as treasurer, and the Marchioness of Guizamonde as secretary make an appeal in the name of their Asociacion de Senoras para Socorro de las Re ligiosas for financial aid to rebuild the church of the Convent of St. Clara in Tenerife which was destroyed by fire. The damage amounts to 18,000 duros. Appeals have been without results. Despoiled of aid for many years the sisters are very poor. They have appealed to this association founded to collect funds for the sick, old, and poorest of nuns. (Miravalle adds a note signed in her hand): They would never bother the bishop if the benefices of the Spanish clergy were paid but since they refuse to take the oath of the Constitution they are reduced to poverty.

I-1-c - Printed circular L.S. - (Spanish) - 3pp. - 4to. - {2}

1872 Jan. 6
(New Orleans, Louisiana)

Due to Archbishop (Napoleon Joseph) Perché for 1871, $1200, and interest received from the Sisters of (Divine) Providence, $240, and rent on Mr. Todd's house, $140, for a total of $1580. Paid to G(ran)d Coteau for John Nubert, $116 and $118, advanced to the Catholic Propagator, on three occasions, $135, and to Mr. Kane on two occasions, $150, paid to Bishop (John Baptist) Lamy, $50, to Mr. Azenor(?), $216, to Madeleine, $10, to Mrs. (Jean) De(s)peroux, $16, to the "Morning Star", $24, and for nine months lodging of Todd, $360, and for a check on the Southern Bank, $385, for a total of $1580.

VI-2-o - A. Memo - (French) - 1p. - 4to. - {12}

1872 Jan. 7
Hewit, Father A(ugustine) F.: (New York), N(ew) Y(ork)
 to Orestes A. Brownson: (Elizabeth, New Jersey)

Hewit finds the answer to Brownson's question difficult partly because of its abstruseness and partly because he lacks the time and the strength to answer. In regard to the analysis of thought into subject, object and relation there is no difficulty. In regard to the object Hewit would change the order into first the empirical, second the ideal. In respect to the relation it is necessary to explain in what sense the empirical, and the ideal make one object. Hewit quotes Stockl's definition of the doctrine of the ontologists, on the intuition of the divine being as absolute truth, and as the absolute norm of truth. Hewit gives an explanation of ontologism in which the divine essence as such would not be intuited, distinguishing two objects one of which would be sensible and would lead to the other. Thus explained ontologism could escape the condemnation of the Roman congregation. He goes on to explain the use of the word "identification" by which that which exists in God eminenter and causaliter may be said to be identified with that which He creates after the imitation of his essence. Such writings he feels would be misinterpreted if published because of the prevalence of error. The difficultylies in the identification of the ideal with being, or in the affirmation that the intellect has intuition of that which is God. The principal point condemned seems to be immediateness. In the other meaning ontologism differs only in form from the Scholastic doctrine held by Liberatore, Kleutgen, and Stockl, that the intellect preceives the principle of causality by intuition and then the reason by discussion finds the causa ultima. Undoubtedly the last conclusion must be contained in the original premises, the data or the intuitive, self-evident principles. He quotes Stockl(in German). He outlines another way of arriving at the same conclusions is by acknowledging that our knowledge of God is analogical, and that our affirmation are not made univocally. Hewit has not more spare time. He thinks that the book that Brownson is writing will give him his place among the philosophers of all time. He hopes that Brownson will understand the points for which he is unwilling to take the responsibility.

I-4-e - A.L.S. - 4pp. - 8vo. - {1}

1872 Jan. 8
Barnabo, Al(exander) Cardinal Prefect: Rome,(Italy)
 to Archbishop John Baptist Purcell: Cincinnati, (Ohio)

Barnabo acknowledges Purcell's letter of Dec. 10 and the draft for 10,984 francs which he hastened to carry to the Holy Father, together with the expressions of love and devotion contained in the letter. The Pope has commanded him to express his gratitude and to bestow upon Purcell and to all making this offering the Apostolic Benediction. In regard to the see of Fort Wayne, the statement of the condition of the diocese, especially as regards the finances seems very bad. He will do what he can to hasten the appointment of a bishop. As to the controversy between the pastor of Newark and the Sisters of Charity, and concerning Father(John) Schiff, Barnabo has nothing further to add. Barnabo thanks Purcell for the information concerning the condition of the diocese and he would urge Purcell to have regular spiritual exercises at stated times as suggested in the decrees of the Second Plenary Council of Baltimore, Tit. X, Cap.II. Signed by John Simeoni as secretary. Number 1.

II-5-e - L.S. - (Latin) - 1p. - 8vo. - {3}

1872 Jan. 8
Daly, Father W(illia)m: Middletown, (Ohio)
 to Archbishop (John Baptist Purcell): (of Cincinnati, Ohio)

He received Purcell's kind letter and is most willing to take the Oxford missions if Purcell desires him to do so. Regarding the arrangements spoken of in Purcell's letter, Daly can say nothing because Father (Thomas) Boulger is away. He dispatched the letter to Boulger and would have waited for his return if he did not think it disrespectful.

II-5-e - A.L.S. - 1p. - 12mo. - {1}

1872 Jan. 8
Grand-val, E.: New Orleans, (Louisiana)
 to Father (Mathurin) Harnais: (New Orleans, Louisiana)

Having written to Harnais some two weeks since without response, Grand-val again calls his attention to his claim for Harnais' board. He does not wish to cause a scandal by appealing to the laws. (Note:) Received of Archbishop (Napoleon Joseph) Perché $5 in full of above.

VI-2-o - A.L.S. - 1p. - 8vo. - {2}

1872 Jan 8
Hecker, (Father) I(saac) T.: N(ew) Y(ork) (City), (New York)
 to (Orestes A. Brownson): (Elizabeth, New Jersey)

Hecker's duties have burdened him from replying sooner. His mother was on the verge of death but is now better. Father (Augustine) Hewit wrote the enclosed on Ontologism. Brownson's article on the necessity of Revelation was read with great care. Hecker is of the opinion that the views expressed by Brownson are contrary to those of Hewit and it would be impractical to embody the conflicting views within the same magazine. Hecker's opinions about the Catholic Union are that it is most promising. It is composed of a body of men who mean work. They hope to start a daily news paper. Hecker professes confidence in the movement. If Brownson's health permits Hecker would like for him to come to New York for a visit. As soon as he can fix the time, Hecker will let Brownson know. Hecker was glad to hear that Brownson's new connections are pecuniarly more favorable. Father Hewit's health has been just so-so. A happy New Year greeting is extended.

P.S.—"Will the article on Owen be in time for March?"

I-4-e - A.L.S. - 4p. - 12mo. - {3}

1872 Jan. 8
Rosecrans, S(ylvester) H., Bishop of: Columbus, Ohio
 to Archbishop J(ohn) B(aptist) Purcell: of Cincinnati, Ohio

The affidavits, names of affiants, documents giving fresh assurance of the justness of the statements contradicting Rosecran's are exactly what he desires. He thanks Purcell for offering to send them, and begs him to send them as soon as convenient, for if he has been deceived he wishes to find it out as soon as possible.

II-5-e - A.L.S. - 1p. - 12mo. - {1}

1872 Jan. 8
Vaughan, (Father) Herbert: Baltimore, M(arylan)d
 to Archbishop (John Baptist) Purcell: Cincinnati, (Ohio)

Vaughan on his way to New Orleans, proposes to visit Purcell. Vaughan is anxious to consult Purcell's wide experience and to take advice on matters connected with Vaughan's mission to the colored people. A work of general and apostolic interest as the foreign missions and especially the missions to the colored people, Vaughan knows beforehand will find a large place in Purcell's apostolic soul. Vaughan sends two pamphlets, the larger printed three years ago in England, the smaller one for Maryland. Vaughan proposed to be in Cincinnati toward the middle or end of next week and staying there over Sunday. If Purcell would give Vaughan an opportunity of making this work known by his preaching a sermon or delivering a lecture on it next Sunday, Vaughan would esteem it a great favor and another proof of Purcell's large hearted sympathy for which Purcell is already known in Europe.

II-5-h - A. L. S. - 4pp. - 8vo. - {1}

 (Photostatic copy from the Archives of the College of Mt. St. Joseph, Delhi, Ohio.) 

1872 Jan. 9
Schurz, John C.:
Seminary of the Assumption, Topeka, Kansas
 to James A(lphonsus) McMaster): (New York, New York)

He has meant to write to McMaster for four months to send the amount due for the Freeman Journal for the past year; now he must write empty-handed. He thanks McMaster for sending the Journal to him during this time. He expects to receive some money due him last December, but does not know when. With this he will pay McMaster that owed for the Journal, and cannot ask him for more favors.

I-1-o - A.L.S. - 2pp. - 12mo. - {1}

1872 Jan. 10
Brownson, O(restes) A.: (Elizabeth, New Jersey)
 to Father (Isaac T.) Hecker: (New York, New York)

Hecker is the judge of what is suitable for the pages of the Catholic World. Brownson regrets his philosophy being banned by the Catholic World. He would like the two rejected articles returned. He read Father (Augustine F.) Hewit's criticism and it surprised him.

I-4-g - A.L.S. (Photostat, Paulist Archives) - 1p. - 12mo. - {1}

187(2) January 11
Barclay, Father E. P.?: Brantford, (New York)
 to James A(lphonsus) McMaster: New York, New York

Ten dollars is sent, $3.25 to be used for a subscription to the Journal, $1.75 is to be sent to the Pope, while the other $5.00 is to be sent to Major John Thomas Lane for his small pox remedy. The following Sunday, he will offer Mass for the repose of the soul of Mrs. McMaster and on the Sunday after, for McMaster and his family. On various Sundays Father Barclay will remember McMaster and his family. All that is expected in return is that McMaster and his children remember him in their prayers. He urges McMaster to fight unceasingly for the Church.

I-1-o - A.L.S. - 3pp. - 12mo. - {1}

1872 Jan. 11
Brownson, O(restes) A.: Elizabeth, New Jersey
 to Father Augustine F. Hewit: (New York City, New York)

Brownson cannot see why Hewit accepted his article on Dr. McCosh and rejected the article on Ontologism and Ontology because they both contain the same philosophy. He believes Hewit thinks him to understand by intuition, cognition, perception, notion or some other operation of intellect, but such is not the case. The intellect is passive in reception only, in cognition it is active. The authors cited by Hewit, thinks Brownson, do not understand Thomistic psychology. Their words have little weight with them because he comprehends their ignorance. They all, including Hewit, proceed on assumption that intuition is not simply the presentation of the object but the active perceiving it. His distinction makes Hewit's criticism uncalled for. Brownson's reason for not placing the empirical before the ideal, is he follows the scientific or logical order. The empirical presents particulars, but these cannot be thought without the ideal for without it they do not and cannot exist. It may be true that one notes the empirical before the ideal and Brownson thinks some men never become aware of it. The mind can never rest in particulars but always looks for the universal and the apodictic. Hewit's criticism rests on the assumption that cognition and intuition are identical. Brownson maintains the object intuitively presented contains two distinct elements. Being may stand alone but never the empirical or ideal. Hence, the object in intuition is complex. Intuition does not analyze or distinguish the elements. This is done by reflection. Such notes are in opposition to Plato, Maybe, says Brownson, Hewit denies the fact that Universals are fundamentally in things, and maintains the universal and necessary ideas are Abstractions created by the mind itself. Brownson considers the ens necessarium at real as the next step and most difficult of all. Previously Brownson proved that the relation between the ideal and the empirical is the creative act of the ideal. The hypothetical cases put forth by Hewit are disposed of by the distinction made between passive and active intellect as taught by St. Thomas. A God generalized from the perfection of the human soul is an abstract God and not real. Brownson in regard to philosophy bows only to reason and the authority of the Holy See. The Jesuits are not authority for him. According to Brownson the human intellect is a created light. He is unable to understand why the Catholic World is closed to him and opened to one who has the same philosophy. Brownson would rather be excluded from a magazine that indorses and praises Dr. (Henry) Newman's Essays as Grammar of Assent. Dr. Newman confesses his philosophy can only prove the probable existence of God whereas the Holy See decides it can be proved with certainty by reason. (The second part of this letter is another draft of the preceding) According to Brownson, Hewit holds to the theory of original sin being in Adam only a proposition which was condemned in the 12th century. He further believes the identification not to be ambiguous. All Brownson wanted to prove was that they are real necessary being, in the respect that real and necessary being is intelligible to the human intellect. Brownson does not think it ambiguous. The identification of being with God is not easy, because it involves the refutation of Pantheism. Brownson's holding is contra to Ontologism. Cioberti maintains that intuition creates the intellect as the affirmation of the object by itself. Brownson arrives at the cognition of God through the medium of necessary and apodictic ideas intuitively given and if not so given Hewit must concede we could not demonstrate the existence of God for Hewit concedes there can be nothing in reflection that was not given intuitively. All of Brownson's reason are from St. Thomas. Brownson claims he should have demonstrated that the soul is the form of the body and the idea is the form of the empirical. Brownson cannot see why the Catholic World is closed to him whereas Father De Concilio teaches the same philosophy, but one knows the editors of any periodical have a right to include and exclude whom it chooses. His philosophy and theology can(not) be acceptable to a magazine that praises Dr. Newman's Grammar of Assent, and also which refuses of defend a heresy.

I-4-e - A.L.S. - 12pp. - 12mo. - {3}

1872 Jan. 11
Hudson, D(aniel) E.: St. Joseph's Novitiate, Notre Dame, Indiana
 to James F. Edwards: Toledo, Ohio

Hudson cannot write when he has the blues. He is sorry to hear that Edwards is lonesome. Such feelings will retard his recovery. Hudson has been in good health; he attributes it to the disuse of coffee which he never used before coming to N. D. Everything goes on in the same dull monotonous way.

XI-1-a - A.L.S. - 2pp. - 8vo. - {1}

1872 Jan. 12
Brownson, O(restes) A.: Eliz(abeth),N(ew) J(ersey)
 to (Father) (Isaac) T. Hecker: (New York, New York)

Because of the manifest difference between him and the Catholic World on the subjects of philosophy and theology, Brownson feels the best thing for him to do is to discontinue his articles. Brownson believes the time he spends for the Catholic World should be spent in preparing his series of works. Brownson has written to Father (Augustine F. Hewit, but he is sure Hewit does not understand him.

I-4-g - A.L.S.(Photostat, Paulist Archives) - 2pp. - 12mo. - {2}

1872 Jan. 13
Benoit, Father J(ulian) Administrator: Fort Wayne, (Indiana)
 to Archbishop John B(aptist) Purcell: (Cincinnati, Ohio)

Father Simon P. Lalumiere bought 160 acres of land in Noble County, Wayne township, Section 20, in 1838. The purchase has been overlooked by Bishop(Maurice de St. Palais) of Vincennes, and has been sold for taxes. Father Dominic Duckmig, who lives in the vicinity, thinks it can be redeemed and made profitable to his mission. He asks that Purcell authorize Duckmig to recover the land or make him a deed of it, and then he will take it all on his responsibility. If he is given a quit claim to the property, it will relieve Purcell of the responsibility and Duckmig will do with it as he thinks proper. St. Palais deeded it to Bishop(John H.)Luers, and Luers left it to Purcell in his will. He asks Purcell to let him know what he intends to do in the matter and if he will sign a quit claim, he will send one to him.

II-5-e - A.LS. - 2pp. - 12mo. - {5}

1872 Jan. 13
Lemonnier, C.S.C., Father A(ugustus): Notre Dame, Indiana
 to James F. Edwards: (Toledo, Ohio)

He thanks Edwards for his present and promises not to give it away. Lemonnier is getting tired of college life; he would like a quiet place or travel for a year. He is glad that Edwards is in good health again. Father A(ugust) Louage, Superior of the Seminary of Wheeling, has entered the novitiate at Notre Dame. Lemonnier hopes he will succeed as they are in need of priests.

XI-1-a - A.L.S. - 4pp. - 8vo. - {2}

1872 Jan. 14
Bonnamy, Father R.: Rome, (Italy)
 to Archbishop (Napoleon Joseph Perché: New Orleans, Louisiana)

Last year Bonnamy personally offered his best wishes for the New Year to (Perché) at Rome. He hopes Perché has received his two letters. He did not write in July, August, or September because he was spending his vacation in France. Bishop (Charles Emile) Freppel had sent to Rome for Pope Pius IX's 25th anniversary a titular-canon from Angers to represent the diocese. The Italians detained him and made him submit to all sorts of bad treatment. Arriving at Rome, he fell so ill that Bonnamy had to accompany him back to Angers. At Rome the Italians are working actively at their pretended work of unification. Patriotism has been made a religion and it is used as an excuse for all kinds of abuses. Bonnamy can explain two burials he recently witnessed only as ceremonies of that religion. Perhaps it is affiliated with the new religion that has just been invented in Germany by (Johann Joseph Ignaz von) Döllinger whose name is venerated by all the priesthaters in Rome. The Vatican now presents a less said and more consoling spectacle. Within the past few days Bonnamy was admitted to the throne room with several other Frenchmen for an audience with the Pope who returned to his old topic when he addressed them, namely that it is the alliance of a number of good Catholics with evil men that is ruining France. His Holiness despite a noticeable loss of weight this past year still gives the appearance of extraordinary energy for his age. Two months ago Emperor Dom Pedro II of Brazil came to pay his respects to the Pope. He had just visited Victor Emmanuel and hoped to serve the interests of his friend by trying to arrange an accommodation. The Pope replied by asking if it would be possible to unite light and darkness to form something complete and uniform. The Baroness of Sartory has charged Bonnamy to convey her respects to (Perché). She has been ill all summer and for the past month confined to bed as the result of a fall. Last year Perche obtained the continuation or augmentation of her pension from Cardinal (Giacomo) Antonelli but after his departure Antonelli refused to live up to his agreement. Mrs. Garcia, whom she had asked to intercede for her with her uncle, either did not do so or did not insist. P.S. From time to time Bonnamy meets (Perche's) old servant who always asks about him.

VI-2-o - A.L.S. - (French) - 6pp. - 4to. - {10}

1872 Jan. 16
St. Palais, Maurice de Bishop of Vincennes: Vincennes, (Indiana)
 to Archbishop (John Baptist Purcell): (Cincinnati, Ohio)

He received a letter from Father(Januarius)D'Arco who wishes to have the mission in Liberty, Indiana. Before saying he could or could not have it, St. Palais wished to find out if Purcell consented to his leaving his congregation in (Oxford), Ohio. He wrote again presenting a few commendatory lines from Purcell, and also saying that Purcell had given his permission. St. Palais desires to know if this is ture, and if D'Arco can be trusted. He is thought well of by the neighbors, and a priest is badly needed in Liberty, but St. Palais would not do anything unpleasant to Purcell. He asks to know what Purcell desires.

II-5-e - A.L.S. - 1pg. - 12mo. - {3}

1872 Jan. 16

Cat(holic Telegraph) (Cincinnati, Ohio)

Publication of a letter on the dedication of the new Church of St. Elizabeth, Fort Washington, (New York).

I-1-e - Newspaper clipping - (Incomplete) 2 columns - folio - {1}

1872 Jan. 17
Brownson, O(restes) A.: Eliz(abeth), New Jersey
 to H(enry) F. Brownson: Detroit, Michigan

Brownson has been prevented from writing sooner by bad eyes, a lame hand, and an unusual press of writing. He finds he has undertaken more than he can accomplish. He could not write for the Catholic World and the Tablet and have any time left to prepare the series of works he has in contemplation. Consequently he has broken off with the Catholic World. The immediate occasion of his doing it was the rejection of his article on Ontologism and Ontology, and another on Reason and Revelation. Both his theology and philosophy being under the bann of the C. W., he thought it best to have nothing more to do with it, and leave the Paulists to themselves. He shall hereafter devote his time to the Tablet and the preparation of his contemplated works. The Refutation of Atheism he has more than half done. These works will all be written anew and nothing will be copied from his previous writings, except thoughts and ideas, as in the case of the American Republic. The essays in the Review and the Catholic World he shall leave as they are. He is really writing new works. The first will refute Atheism and demonstrate Theism; the second will prove the supernatural and the Christian Revelation against Deism, Materialism, Nationalism, etc. The third will treat the Mysteries, the Trinity, Incarnation, Redemption, etc. The fourth, the Church; the fifth, Ethics; the American Republic concluding the series. This is his design, and if he should not live to complete it Henry will be able to complete it substantially from what Brownson has already written and published. This sketch will tell Henry under what heads to arrange them, and guide him in his selection. This matter will be left to Henry's filial affection. Brownson's health is only so so, and he feels old age creeping on. This is Mrs. Brownson's birthday and she is in very passable (?) health. Sarah Brownson is neither well nor ill. Orestes was well when last heard from and his family also, though Henry has another nephew or niece. Sadlier is to pay Brownson $20 a week, so his breaking from the C. W. will not straiten him much. He gives his love to Fifine and the children and the Van Dykes. Brownson hopes Henry's business increases, His firm ought to become one of the first in the west.

III-3-a - A.L.S. - 3 pp. - 12 mo. - {1}

1872 Jan. 17
Koop, Father John H.: Niagara County, New York
 to O(restes) A. Brownson: Elizabeth, New Jersey

Brownson's kind letter has given Father Koop a certain amount of energy and courage to continue to study and write on philosophy. Reason for the delay in answering Brownson was because he was on missionary work. Father Koop is back at his old post as professor of philosophy. Was sorry to hear Brownson had the gout. Three numbers of the paper published by the seminary are forwarded which contain an article on Cartesian philosophy. Father koop gives Brownson credit for all the philosophy which he has learned. He likes to receive letters from Brownson because they encourage him. Father has been urged to write a text on philosophy hence he wants Brownson's advise. He feels he is qualified better than some who already have written texts. Father's next mass will be for Brownson and his family.

I-4-e - A.L.S. - 4pp. - 12mo. - {1}

1872 Jan. 18
Blanchet, F(rancis) N. Archbishop of Oregon City, Oregon: Portland, Oregon
 to Archbishop J(ohn) B(aptist) Purcell: Cincinnati, (Ohio)

He sends enclosed the balance of his correspondence with the Secretary and the President….

(See original entry for calendar of 18 cards)

Cross references:

1. Archbishop John Baptist Purcell
2. Father B.A. Maguire, S.J.
3. Archbishop James R. Bayley
4. Catholic Indian Bureau
5. Father Peter J. DeSmet
6. Columbus Delano
7. Grand Ronde Agency
8. L.S. Dyer
9. Father A.T. Croquet
10. Mr. Lafolloet
11. Henry W. Corbett
12. General Parker
13. Henry Judge
14. U.S.S. Grant

II-5-e - L.S. - 6pp. - 8vo. - {14}

1872 Jan. 19
Benoit, Father J(ulian), Administrator: Fort Wayne, (Indiana)
 to Archbishop John B(aptist) Purcell: (of Cincinnati, Ohio)

He regrets his inability to visit Purcell and to be present at the ordination of Mr (John) Grogan. His assistant is ill, leaving only Benoit able to run the affairs. He asks that the young priest be sent as soon as possible, as they need his services. Let the seminary advance the traveling expenses, and his bill will be paid as soon as presented. He hopes Purcell enjoyed the past Holy Days.

II-5-e - A.L.S. - 1p. - 12mo. - {2}

1872 Jan. 19
Denman, W(illia)m: New York(City), (New York)
 to Orestes A. Brownson: (Elizabeth, New Jersey)

(Dennis) Sadlier wanted Denman to write Brownson about the letter's favor of the 12th. Sadlier is pleased to think Brownson is going to devote his entire time to the (New York) Tablet. The papers which Brownson wanted will be ordered. As to enlarging the Tablet, there must be careful deliberation, since that would double the already heavy expenses. Sadlier has regarded home rule as the best remedy for the political ills. of Ireland. If Sadlier can visit Brownson, it will be next week, however if Brownson can visit the Sadlier's they would be happy to have him. The announcement in regard to Brownson's mail will be held up until it is announced that the services of Brownson will be had exclusively. In case Brownson severed his connections with the Tablet, Sadlier's feelings would not be changed. Sadlier wants to be remembered to Mrs. Brownson and Sarah.

I-4-e - A.L.S. - 3pp. - 12mo. - {3}

1872 Jan. 20
Freitag, Father Aug(ustine) M.: Annapolis, Md.
 to Ja(me)s A(lphonsus) McMaster: New York, New York

He asks to be excused for troubling McMaster but asks him if he has seen and examined the work "Lives of the Deceased Bishops of the Catholic Church in the United States" and asks his opinion of it. If McMaster judges it to be instructive for the students, he is requested to ask Mr. O'Shea to send him a copy. Mr. Rogers of New York was in Annapolis. He has recovered. Father Rapbuch sends his regards, and he sends his regards to the children.

I-1-o - A.L.S. - 2pp. - 12mo. - {1}

1872 Jan. 22
Chatard, Father S(ilas) M.: Rome, (Italy)
 to Archbishop (John Baptist Purcell): (of Cincinnati, Ohio)

He has been absent from Rome and has not been able to answer to Purcell's letter which was received during Christmas week. A serious illness of a Young cousin, son of Dr. VanBibber of Baltimore who was studying in Vienna, took him away to Paris and Havre. He left on Dec. 28 and arrived home Jan. 17 after a few days rest in Paris. In the meantime, smallpox, which had come in December, but had disappeared, seized four of the young men in the College. All of the cases were light, however. Mr. Monke was one of those stricken. His looks have not been impaired. At present they are free of the disease, although there is a good deal of it in Rome. He has seen (Cardinal Barnabo) concerning the necessity of obtaining permission from the S(acred) Cong(regation of Propaganda) by a priest desiring to change dioceses. The Cardinal says that the cath required by the Titulus Missions makes the priest a servant of all the missions of the Ecclesiastical Province and of the Diocese for which the priest is ordained. Therefore, the priest need only to find a Bishop willing to receive him before his former Bishop can give him his exeat. However, if another Province is involved, permission is required of the Propaganda. Such instructions will be sent to Purcell concerning the Instructions of the Congregation of April 27, 1871 and he is referred to S. 13. They are in the midst of the tempest and their seems to be no signs of it lessening. It is a great thing to have one's faith tried, for it seems to become stronger the more the blasts shake it. They feel that all human aid is at fault. The state of things is appalling to one who is not sustained by faith in God's providence. It is terrible to think of the onslaught on religion and social life that is going on in Italy and of which Rome is the center. Father (William) Menke has come to his room and desires to present Purcell his regards. All the other students of Cincinnati are well. He thanks Purcell for the great honor done him, but is too well aware of his unworthyness to covet such a position and too well aware of its difficulties and trials to desire it. However, he is obligated to Purcell and the Bishops of Cincinnati.

II-5-e - A.L.S. - 4pp. - 12mo. - {2}

1872 Jan. 22
Rosecrans, S(ylvester) H. Bishop of Columbus: Columbus, Ohio
 to Archbishop J(ohn) B(aptist) Purcell: (Cincinnati, Ohio)

He returns the documents Purcell sent with a few notes on them. They contain many wicked falsehoods. Capt. Wehrle is the chief conspirator, and there is a detective now at work a tempting to ferret out his dealings to see why his account with the Church fund where he was secretary of the gift scheme came short. He never did anything for the Sisters(of Charity) and was bitter in his opposition to Father L(ouis) Cartuyvels. He falsified the protest as is shown by the copy of it which he is sending to Purcell, in that the protest never "went around" but was signed by all at the church who were amazed to find out the secret work which Wehrle and a Protestant lawyer had done amongst them. Father J. A. Rotchford was sent by Rosecrans and stated the case to the congregation, informing them of the misrepresentation in Rome as understanding the house to be the property of Cedar Grove, and not the property of the congregation and telling that they could manifest their understanding by signing or not singing the protest. He did not call anyone "Thieves, calumnators, etc.". Brennan hold a mortgage on the property which he is willing to donate to the congregation but not to Cedar Grove, (Ohio). Cartuyvels got his injunction order to prevent the property from being sold. John Roos' affidavit disposes of the calumny that the committee would not trust Cartuyvels. They did not declare to Rosecrans their intentions of not supporting the priest as long as Cartuyvels was the one. Sister Cecilia was sent away for good cause, Rosecrans had begged for her removal months before, but did not know of the request that all were to go until it was all over. Cartuyvels did not go to Rome for Rosecrans. Father ( )Egan, who had charge of the congregation during Cartuyvels' absence, is a very bad man, whose shocking falsehoods about Rosecrans and even Purcell have decided Rosecrans to request his withdrawal by his superiors. Only Wehrle and O'Hara understand what the document the men signed rightly means. The men signed a blank and Wehrle and the lawyer filled in the rest as they pleased. O'Hara is delighted with the scandal. (Enclosed is an affidavit signed by) Joseph Tobin, Dennis Murphy, James Conroy and Dennis Foley, stating that they did not sign the paper with the intention of injury to Cartuyvels, Rotchford, or any other. In substance, all of the statments bring out that they signed a blank paper upon the representations of others. Rosecrans adds that he has written all of these statements himself in order to keep everything as secret as possible. What is now going on in Newark,(Ohio) under Wehrle is going on also in Coshocton, (Ohio) against Father (J.M.)Jacquet, where a certain cabal has resolved not to support the priest until they get one to suit them. Although Cartuyvels is old, his people have never been without Mass and the Sacraments and change of confessors. His only interest in the suit is as pastor of the congregation. Rosecrans would be willing to change him were it not that he cannot yield to the subversion or order and justice and he would not like to see the return to the Church of Wehrle and O'Hara unless they would come back in sincere sorrow. They are not friends of the Sisters of Charity, but mischief makers who use the name of the sisters to promote schism.

II-5-e - A.L.S. (Enclosure) - 8pp. - 12mo. - {9}

1872 Jan. 23
Roskell, Richard, Bishop of: Nottingham, (England)
 to (Archbishop John Baptist Purcell): (of Cincinnati, Ohio)

In reply to Purcell's letter of Jan. 8, Father ( ) Wright was ordained for Nottingham and served the mission there for a short time. During that time he exhibited an uncontrollable temper one or two times. He left the diocese without giving any warning or notice and was received in the Archdiocese of Westminster without referring to Roskell. He knows nothing against Wrights except his temper and regretted to hear that he had left the Jesuits.

II-5-e - A.L.S. - 2pp. - 12mo. - {2}

1872 Jan. 24
Brownson, Orestes A.: Elizabeth, New Jersey
 to Father Isaac T. Hecker: New York, (New York)

Because of the illness of his wife and the effects of a recent touch of the gout from which Brownson is not fully recovered, he must break his dinner engagement with Hecker and Dr. Marshall.

I-4-g - A.L.S. (Photostat, Paulist Archives) - 1p. - 12mo. - {1}

1872 Jan. 24

Cat(holic Telegraph) Cincinnati, O(hio)

Newspaper article mourning the loss of Bishop (John) McGill and commenting on the splendid work that the Xavier's Union and other Catholic social groups are doing in New York.

I-1-e - Newspaper clipping - 2 columns - folio - {2}

1872 Jan. 26
(Mathieu), Cesare Cardinal Archbishop of Besancon: Besancon, (France)
 to (Archbishop John Baptist Purcell): (Cincinnati, Ohio)

(Mathieu) has received with respect and emotion (Purcell's) letter in which he painted with vivid colors the desolation of two French congregations in his diocese. He wishes with all his heart that he could relieve them, but he has no ecclesiastics that he could send. The type of man needed is as difficult to find with them as with (Purcell). He will do what he can and will share with Purcell what he finds; and he will give freedom to any of his clergy who wish to devote themselves to this work.

II-5-e - L.S. - (French) - 1p. - 8vo. - {1}

1872 Jan. 26
Gonner, N( ) S.: Dubuque, Iowa
 to (James Alphonsus) McMaster: New York, New York

Several western newspapers pretend the newly elected Senator (Francis) Kernan from N(ew) Y(ork) is in favor of Free Schools. Is it true that he was opposed to the distribution of the school fund when a member of the New York constitutional convention? McMaster will help Gonner by giving him some information about the matter.

I-1-o - A.L.S. - 1p. - 12mo. - {2}

1872 Jan. 27
Marshall, T.W.M.: New York, New York
 to (Henry F. Brownson): (Detroit, Michigan)

Marshall thanks Henry for the hospitality shown him in Detroit. He dined on Thursday with Father Hecker, but Henry's father was unable to be present. Brownson invited him but he is afraid he cannot avail himself of the offer since he has more than 30 invitations to lecture in all parts of the country, receives more every day. He would like to revisit Henry, but sees little chance. He will cut short his western tour, but he still has invitations from Cincinnati, Chicago and St. Louis. He is becoming weary from his numerous lectures, dinner dates and traveling in Pullmans. He sends his respects to his Detroit friends and to Henry's wife and requests that she remember to send some promised photographs.

III-3-a - A.L.S. - 3pp. - 12mo. - {1}

1872 Jan. 28
Brownson, Sarah H.: (Elizabeth, New Jersey)
 to Henry (F. Brownson): (Detroit, Michigan)

Henry never forgets his father's or mother's birthday. His letter found her ill and having to give up her work. She dismissed a German girl who could not speak English but has a good girl now. She is very glad to hear that Henry's wife's sight is improving. Henry's father (Orestes A.) Brownson has had some gout in his right hand which did not hinder his writing. He has several connections with the Catholic World. There were two telegraphic dispatches from the Paulists inviting him to dine with (T.W.M.) Marshall which were refused. He is inclined to believe that Father (Isaac T.) Hecker wanted to get rid of him. He is now receiving $20 per week from Sadlier. Mrs. Brownson has not heard from Orestes Jr. for some time. Father (Michael) Kane is leaving and Father (Leo G.) Thebaud is taking his place.

III-3-a - A.L.S. - 3pp. - 12mo. - {6}

1872 Jan. 28
Underwood, F(rancis) H(enry): Boston, (Massachusetts)
 to O(restes) A. Brownson: (Elizabeth, New Jersey)

Underwood is making a Hand Book of American Authors. As he is unable to find some dates in the cyclopedias he is writing Brownson for the desired information. He wants to know in what year the Review ceased, a completed list of his works, and the year of the appearance of each volume. Underwood once saw a collection of Brownson's essays but lost trace of it.

I-4-e - A.L.S. - 1pg. - 12mo. - {1}

1872 Jan. 29
Pax, Father Geo(rge): Williamsville, N(ew) Y(ork)
 to Richard H(enry) Clarke: New York, N(ew) Y(ork)

Pax has read Clarke's "Lives of the Deceased Prelates" and suggests that the number of out of print books quoted by Clarke might make it necessary for Clarke to write a book on "Prominent Deceased Priests." Pax was sorry the "Life of Bishop (John Nepomucene) Neumann, C.S.S.R." did not contain more of his auxiliary life in Williamsville Mission, (New York). He had written something about Neumann in memoirs published in a German journal on Father (John Nicholas) Mertz, founder of the Buffalo Missions. Pax gathered information about the Buffalo Diocese, despite the scarcity of published material on Catholicity, as in Bishop (John) Timen, (C.M.) history now out of print, through many correspondences by the order of Bishop (Michael) Heiss, when he was superior of the Salesianum (St. Francis Seminary), Milwaukee. Heiss had intended to publish a work, "German Missions and Missionaries in North America," but seemed to give up the plan after he became a bishop. Pax translated the greater part of all these notices into bad English. He also had access to the Archives of the Buffalo Cathedral. He offers these notices to Clarke. Pax also had along recent article published in a German Journal, "America before Columbus" by Father (Oswald) Moosmuller, (O.S.B.) a German Benedictine of Rome, who had use of the Vatican Library. Moosmuller gives data on seventeen bishops. Pax believes many of Moosmuller's notices were not translated into English. All of Pax's manuscripts amount to three good sized bound volumes. There is a full life of Father Mertz, biographical notices about Father Peter Helbron, (O.Min. Cap.) who visited from P(ennsylvani)a the small village of Buffalo Creek, (New York) in the beginning of the nineteenth century—the first priest of Conewago—the Apostles of P(ennsylvani)a. Nearly the whole life of Father (Stephen Theodore) Badin, who resided in Buffalo before Mertz, will be found in Bishop (John Martin) Spalding's "Sketches of Kentucky". Pax feels Clarke might be interested in his manuscripts and he wishes to know if Clarke cares to have them. If not, Pax intends to send them away. Pax has on hand all the manuscripts and writings of Bishop (John) Timon, (C.M.). In sorting them he found materials never published before. Pax feels these would form a good sized volume and Bishop (Stephen Michael Vincent) Ryan, (C.M.) will send them to Clarke. He does not believe Charles L. Deuther, whose biography of Timon was not a pecuniary success, would take the trouble of writing a work of this kind.

I-2-n - A.L.S. - 4pp. - 8vo. - {12}

1872 Jan. 30
Bennett, Ja(me)s J.:
St. Viator's College, Ill(inois)
 to (James Alphonsus) McMaster: (New York, New York)

He writes in regard to an article in the Freeman entitled "Deaf and Dumb Asylums", to inform McMaster that though there is no order of either men of women that devotes itself exculsively to instruction of these afflicted children, the Clerics of St. Viator devote most of their time to such instruction. Their institution is at Mile End near Montreal, Father A. Belanger, C.S.V. is the supervisor. The pupils gave an exhibition to the public of their progress under the German method early last summer. This took place in the Jesuit's Hall. Although they now have such pupils, Bennett cannot say whether they will continue to receive deaf mutes. P.S.- at the last session of the Canadian Parliament some of the pupils appeared in an effort to obtain a subsidy. Protestants are also received at the institution and religious instruction is not forced on them. McMaster may make such use of the information as he wishes. Deaf mustes who were and are members of the community are Messrs. Young, Greek and Foley.

I-1-o - A.L.S. - 3pp. - 12mo. - {3}

1872 Jan. 30
Sherman, EllenE.: (Washington, D. C.)
 to M(adeline) V(inton) Dahlgren: Washington, (D.C.)

Mrs. Sherman extends her thanks to Mrs. Dahlgren for the tickets to a lecture. If possible she would like to meet Mrs. Dahlgren there. Also, she would like for her to write Brownson in regard to his visit. Mrs. Sherman will have empty rooms after the 12th of February. Brownson may bring whomever he pleases. A servant can be accommodated if Brownson has, or needs, one. Brownson should let her know when he expects to come and he may stay as long as he desires. (On the back of the letter is the following):

1872 Jan. 30
Dahlgren, M(adeline) V(inton): Washington, D.C.
 to (Orestes A.) Brownson: Elizabeth, N(ew) Jersey

Mrs. Dahlgren is impatient for Brownson's visit and would like for him to come at the time of Mrs. Sherman's meeting. His godchildren will be delighted to see Brownson. Again she asks Brownson about his pictures which he had promised her.

I-4-e - A.L.S. - 4pp. - 12mo. - {2}

1872 Jan. 31
Brownson, O(restes) A.: Eliz(abeth,) (New Jersey)
 to (Father) I(saac) T. Hecker: (New York,) (New York)

The rejection of his two articles may have him the occasion of Brownson's withdrawing from the Catholic World but not the cause or reason. If he continues to work for the Catholic World, he must abandon the works he has under way. The New York Tablet pays him more than he could make by writing for the Catholic World. Brownson thinks Hecker overrates the importance of his articles. The articles in the last issue for surpassed the articles written by Brownson. His withdrawing will permit Hecker to bring forth fresh talent. Brownson believes he can serve better the Catholic interests in completing the series of works.

I-4-g - A.L.S. (Photostat, Paulist Archives) - 3pp. - 12mo. - {1}

(18)72 Jan. 31
Filicchi, Patrizio: Pisa, (Italy)
 to William (Seton 4):

(Seton)'s readiness to acknowledge the receipt of Filicchi's letter and the friendly feelings William says his sisters have shown have been a real delight to Filicchi. William's handwriting, so like that of William (Seton 3), his father, has had a singular effect. Those sentiments must have been inculcated in William in his youth by Filicchi's beloved friend and his sister, William's Aunt Kate (Mother Catharine Seton) both of whom, with William's uncle Richard (B. Seton) are considered by Filicchi as brothers and sister. In William's stay in Leghorn with his parents, he was quite a little boy and Emily (Seton) a lovely little thing. Filicchi is glad that Elizabeth (Seton) has such a talent for sculpture. William is to shake her hand for him and also with Helen (Seton); they will find two sisters in his daughters Amabilia (Filicchi) and Laura (Filicchi). His oldest son, Ubaldo (Filicchi) is still in the ex-Roman estates. He has been a syndic for 5 years but has given up that troublesome charge. George (Filicchi), the young cavalry officer, is at present with them from Naples having got the ague for the third time in 5 years. Filicchi's four sisters are well though rather old. Mrs. Berghini is in Leghorn with her large family; Mrs. Giovannini lives in Florence. They, Giannia and Caterina, were friends of William's father. Mary, Mrs. Benucci and Julia, Mrs. Mancini, were pupils of William's father and uncle in English. Filicchi remembers Harry (Seton) as quite a baby. When Filicchi was in England he knew old (Sir Henry?) Roscoe. Filicchi recalls a most agreeable evening spent in Liverpool with him and Mrs. Panizzi, friend of Lord Brougham, one of the most distinguished Italian patriots. William's ideas of Italian politics appear to be quite just. Italy, one and united, might be great and happy but her immorality and irreligion are beyond any limit. The French revolution purified the clergy there, it is to be hoped that the Italian revolution will have the same effect here. William is to come and see for himself.

II-1-a - A.L.S. - 6pp. - 12mo. - {19}