University of Notre Dame


1872 Feb. 1
Keller, S. J., Father Jos(eph) E.:
Loyola College, Balti(more), M(arylan)d
 to Ja(me)s A(lphonsus) McMaster: N(ew) Y(ork)

About 4 weeks ago he sent McMaster a draft for $40 through Father (James) Perron. The money had been sent to Father B() Sestini by some pious contributor to the fund for the Holy Father. Keller has been watching the Journal for an acknowledgement, but has seen none. He asks that McMaster make inquiries and let Keller know the results.

I-1-o - A.L.S. - 1p. - 12mo. - {2}

1872 Feb. 1
Purcell, J(ohn) B(aptist) Archbishop of Cincinnati: Cincinnati, (Ohio)
the Clergy and Laity of the Archdiocese of Cincinnati

This is a clipping from the Catholic Telegraph of that date containing the pastoral letter of Purcell on the beginning of lent. He recalls the sufferings of the Papal States, and of France and regards them as punishments. He warns about the use of certain books in Catholic schools. He gives instructions about marriages, funerals and the like. He also urges the annual collection for the Holy Father.

II-5-e - Clipping - 4 columns {1}

1872 Feb. 1
Vaughan, Bishop Herbert: (Washington, D.C.)

Details of Bishop Vaughan's mission to America.

I-1-e - Newspaper clipping - 3 columns - folio - {0}

1872 Feb. 3
Bluemeling, Herman: New York, (New York)
 to J(ames Alphonsus) McMaster: (New York, New York)

He gives a list of books and papers he is sending to McMaster. He asks that McMaster mention in the Journal that Bluemeling is taking subscriptions for the "Month" and will have the copies sent from London direct to the subscriber. The price is $5.00 in advance.

I-1-o - A.L.S. - 1p. - 8vo. - {1}

1872 Feb. 4
Dahlgren, Mrs. Madeleine Vinton: Washington, D. C.
 to (Orestes A.) Brownson: (Elizabeth, New Jersey)

A telegram was received by Mrs. (Ellen) Sherman of sudden death of Judge Hacking Hunter. She leaves today so that she can attend his funeral. Mrs. Dahlgren would like to go with her because the Judge had handled all her business affairs since the death of her husband. There will be an added heavy weight of care on her from now on. Mrs. Sherman wants Brownson to postpone his visit for a week. Mrs. Dahlgren was disappointed too because she hoped to see Brownson. Again she reminds Brownson not to forget the photos because the twins must have them. Mrs. Dahlgren has worked a month to get her claim ready to present to Congress. A copy will be sent to Brownson when printed. Love is extended to Mrs. Brownson and Sarah.

I-4-e - A.L.S. - 4pp. - 12mo. - {3}

1872 Feb. 5
Van de Braak, C.SS.R., Father A( ): St. Alphonsus Church, Baltimore, M(arylan)d
 to (James Alphonsus) McMaster: (New York, New York)

He could not leave this country without saying goodbye to McMaster. He must return to Holland to settle the affairs of his brother who with his wife and sister died last year. The Provincial in Holland has asked that Van de Braak stay in Holland. He does not want to leave the U. S., but is resigned to the will of God. He will leave on the "Berlin" which will take him to Southampton. From there he will go by train to London and stay a few days at their House in Clapham. From London he sails for Rotterdam, by rail to Amsterdam where the Provincial lives, and proceed to Bois-le-duc and Berlicum. He shall miss the Journal, but hopes that some of the Fathers will send it to him. He hopes McMaster lives many years to fight the Battles of the Lord with his powerful pen. P.S. McMaster may publish the news of his departure, but not the letter, since his Superior does not like for anything to appear in print under their names. The "Berlin" leaves Baltimore Wednesday, Feb. 7.

I-1-o - A.L.S. - 3pp. - 12mo. - {1}

1872 Feb. 6
Barnabo, Al(exander) Cardinal Prefect: Rome, (Italy)
 to Archbishop John Baptist Purcell: of Cincinnati, Ohio

In the recent sessions of the Sacred Congregation the vacant sees of Fort Wayne and Cleveland were considered. For the first Father Joseph Dwenger and for the second Father Richard Gilmour were elevated. In Fort Wayne the reason Dwenger was placed before Father (Julian) Benoit was because the latter didn't know German which is important in the diocese. Purcell. (Secretary's signature cut out.) no. 2.

II-5-e - A.L.S. - (Latin) - 1p. - 8vo. - {6}

1872 Feb. 6
Hannin, Father E(dward): Cleveland, (Ohio)
 to Archbishop J(ohn) B(aptist) Purcell: of Cincinnati, (Ohio)

Hannin is sorry the appointment has not been made but glad that the Father (E.M.) O'Callaghan is to be investigated. He hopes that Purcell will be present for the investigation so that he can see in whose name he has acted. He is not afraid of O'Callaghan, although he made threats after his suspension. He would be in Cincinnati today but for the snow. He will probably see Purcell tomorrow. When he wrote last he was unwell but is much better now.

II-5-e - A.L.S. - 2pp. - 12mo. - {2}

1872 Feb. 6
Perché, Archbishop N(apoleon) J(oseph):
St. Mary's College (New Orleans, Louisiana)
 to Father (E. Rousse: St. James, Louisiana)

Perché does not think it will be possible to go to (St. James) because of the state of the roads. If those (Rousse) invited are able to come, he should convey to them Perche's excuses. As the consent of Father (Eleazar) Vignonet is necessary, if the latter agrees to Perché's proposals, he will come at a suitable time to end the matter.

VI-2-o - A.L.S. - (French) - 1p. - 12mo. - {3}

1872 Feb. 7
LeBaron, Tho(ma)s M.: Mobile, (Alabama)
 to (James Alphonsus) McMaster: (New York, New York)

He writes at the request of his Father. McMaster probably saw the account of the Golden Wedding of LeBaron's Father and Mother on Feb. 2 at which the ceremony was performed by Bishop John Quinlan in the presence of Bishop (Caspar H.) Borgess of Detroit and the clergy of the diocese. His Father and Mother, accompanied by some fifty children and grand children received Holy Communion in a body. His Father desires to make some acknowledgement to the Bishop and asks that McMaster purchase a breviary suitable for a Bishop in which he wishes inscribed a message commemorating the presentation and event. He knows that McMaster's good taste will guide him as to the article and the inscription.

I-1-o - A.L.S. - 2pp. - 8vo. - {4}

1872 Feb. 9
Pax, Father Geo(rge): Williamsville, (New York)
 to (Richard Henry) Clarke: New York, (New York)

Pax sends (no enclosure) an important letter of Father Eug(ene) Vetromile. It was sent to Bishop (John) Timon, (C.M.) when he wrote the unpublished History of the Mission in W(estern) N(ew) Y(ork). If Clarke wishes a copy of it, he should return it immediately because it belongs to the papers of Timon. Pax will send next Sunday three of his manuscripts and he wants Clarke's opinion on them.

I-2-n - A.L.S. - 1p. - 8vo. - {3}

1872 Feb. 9
Dahlgren, Mrs. Madeleine Vinton: Washington, D. C.
 to (Orestes A.) Brownson: (Elizabeth, New Jersey)

Mrs. Dahlgren is grieved to learn of the illness of the Brownson family. Mrs. (Ellen) Sherman is still in Ohio, but Mrs. Dahlgren hopes Brownson can come to Washington by the time she returns. Her affection is extended to the whole family.

I-4-e - A.L.S. - 2pp. - 12mo. - {1}

1872 Feb. 10
  Sisters of Holy Cross and Notre Dame Documents from the Catholic Archives of American in the Bishops' Memorial Hall, Notre Dame, Ind.  

1. Sorin, (C.S.C.), Father Edward Not re Dame, Indiana to Archbishop John Baptist Purcell of Cincinnati, Ohio

2. Sorin, C.S.C., Father Edward Notre Dame, Indiana to Circular letter (TEMPORARY FIRST CARD)

3. 1872 Feb. 13 Purcell, Archbishop John Baptist of Cincinnati, Ohio to Father Edward Sorin, C.S.C.) (Notre Dame, Indiana)

4. Sorin, C.S.C., Father Edward Feb. 15 Notre Dame, Indiana to Archbishop John Baptist Purcell of Cincinnati, Ohio

5. Feb. 20 Sorin, C.S.C., Father Edward Notre Dame, Indiana to (Corrected Circular)

6. 1872 Mar. 3 Purcell, Archbishop John Baptist Cincinnati, Ohio to Father Edward Sorin, C.S.C. Notre Dame, Indiana

7. Compassion, Sister Mary St. Mary's, (Indiana) to Father Edward Sorin, C.S.C.) (Notre Dame, Indiana)

8. 1872 June 14 Holy Cross, Sisters of St. Mary's, Indiana to Father Edwards Sorin, C.S.C. Notre Dame, Indiana

9. 1872 June ( ) Holy Cross, Sisters of St. Mary's, Notre Dame, Indiana to Father Edward Sorin, C.S.C. Notre Dame, Indiana

10. 1876 Nov. 30 Holy Cross, Sisters of St. Mary's, Indiana to Father Alexis Granger Notre Dame, Indiana

11. Sorin, Father Edward, Notre Dame, Indiana to (Circular sent to the clergy on the Spirit of the Sisters at Notre Dame.)

II-5-g - Printed Documents - 15pp. - 12mo. - {0}

1872 Feb. 10
Sorin,(C.S.C.), Father E(dward):
Superior General Notre Dame, (Indiana)
 to Archbishop (John Baptist Purcell): Cin(cinnati, Ohio)

Purcell has been more than a God-send to the (Congregation of Holy Cross) and Sorin feels that he must inform him of anything now in the community. The matter of which he speaks is a family matter. Some 10 years ago all the work reserved for females at Notre Dame was done by some 50 Sisters, but with the increase in the number of inmates the task was above their strength. Other women were brought in to help them. No further sisters could be obtained; 50 of them had been sent to the government hospitals during the war. After the war the houses for the Sisters (of Holy Cross) multiplied and the Sisters have been able to give Notre Dame only half the number required. The result was the introduction of 25 women to do the work without any guarantee other than those of their class. Besides the insecurity, this is an annual expense of $3,000 which must be paid to St. Mary's for the sisters and is too great an expense. He has waited for St. Mary's to solve the problem but as their needs will not permit they have resolved to establish at Notre Dame a kind of third order. This would save Notre Dame about $4,000 a year and do no detriment to St. Mary's. He encloses the printed circular to be forwarded to the clergy in order to obtain suitable subjects. He asks that Purcell give to these new tertiaries the cap and collar of the Sisters of Charity. He asks Purcell, when visiting one of their houses, to ask for a loan of a sample of both and for a copy of their rules. Sorin regards himself as starting a work that will save souls and money and avoid danger, and asks Purcell's benediction. (No enclosure)

II-5-e - A.L.S. - 3pp. - 8vo. - {4}

1872 Feb. 11
Hammer, K( ): Wooster, (Ohio)
 to James A(lphonsus) McMaster: (New York, New York)

As a result of Hammer's inquiries regarding subscriptions to the Journal, Michael Taney would like for the Journal to be sent to him. Box 27, Wooster, Wayne, Co., Ohio.

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1872 Feb. 11
Simeoni, Father John, Secretary of the Congregation of Propaganda: Rome, Italy
 to Archbishop N(apoleon) J(oseph) Perché of: New Orleans, (Louisiana)

Perché asks for a dispensation from simple vows for Marie Rex who entered the religious life (Ursuline) at Opelousas at the age of 17 and was professed at the age of 19. Scandal will be avoided because the girl will return to France. The vows of the community are considered as not solemn. In the audience of February 11 the Holy Father ordered the Secretary of the Congregation to give Perche the faculties of dispensing from the vows of poverty and obedience but not the vow of chastity and to commute them into other pious work.

VI-2-o - D.S. - (French & Latin) - 1p. - 4to. - {2}

1872 Feb. 11
Sorin, C.S.C., Father Edward: Notre Dame, Indiana
 to Archbishop Anthony Blanc: of New Orleans, Louisiana.

(Withdrawn to Provincial Archives).


1872 Feb. 12
Chasse, Father John B.: Terre Haute, (Indiana)
 to James A(lphonsus) McMaster: N(ew) Y(ork), (New York)

He sends $18.00 to add to the $8.00 already sent McMaster for new subscribers to the Journal. (List of these subscribers given; 13 in number). If McMaster would send an agent to Terre Haute, it would be worth while. However, Chasse will continue to find new subscribers. He would write more, but is bothered with rheumatism in his hand. He asks that his name be kept out of the matter. P.S. He is sending the Bishop's Pastoral letter, the publication of which would please McMaster's admirers in Terre Haute.

I-1-o - A.L.S. - 3pp. - 12mo. - {2}

1872 Feb. 14
Harrison, E( ): Brockport, (New York)
 to (James Alphonsus) McMaster: (New York, New York)

He encloses $10 and a list of club members from Brockport, Clarkson, Sweden and Hamlin, to whom the Journal is to be sent. There should be 500 Catholics subscribers in such a large community, but besides the 25 members of Harrison's club, there are only 6 others who read any Catholic paper. They would rather read the local publication that maligns the Church and country at every opportunity. Some men feel that the Journal is too prejudiced; he asks that McMaster introduce a bit of Protestanism into his writings. P.S. McMaster may publish whatever he wishes of the letter. Harrison believes it would help to publish the names of these who have canceled their subscriptions to the paper, since they are all fairly wealthy men.

I-1-o - A.L.S. - 3pp. - 12mo. - {1}

1872 Feb. 14
McCloskey, W(illia)m Bishop of Louisville: Louisville, (Kentucky)
 to Archbishop (John Baptist) Purcell: Cincinnati, (Ohio)

Purcell's letter of Feb. 10 was received. McCloskey has been confined to the house since Christmas and his physician is awaiting warm weather so that he may be sent South with safety. Although his strength is gone, nothing serious is the matter. It is a part of the attack he suffered last summer. He mentions these facts to Purcell so that he can see how impossible it is for him to comply with Purcell's wishes in regard to the (Father E.M.) O'Callaghan business, and that he may appoint someone else to do so. McCloskey is going to Memphis and by boat to New Orleans. He had supposed that Purcell had gone to Baltimore for the funeral. Bishop (Patrick N.)Lynch telegraphed for permission to come to Louisville for the third Sunday of Lent and he answered yes. He sends regards to Father Edward(Purcell) and regrets that he cannot spend at least a day or two with Purcell as it always cheers and strengthens him.

II-5-e - A.L.S. - 3pp. - 12mo. - {3}

1872 Feb. 14
St. Palais, M(aurice) de Bishop of: Vincennes, (Indiana)
 to (Archbishop John Baptist Purcell): of (Cincinnati, Ohio)

His pastoral letter for Lent having been published, contrary to his desires, in the papers there is no need to comment on it. St. Palais has therefore thought it best to send Purcell the exact text to so that he can compare it with the commentaries which make him say things he never thought of. He regrets to have to send the text in this form but this is the only copy in which he has not found mistakes of print.

II-5-e - A.L.S. - (French) - 1p. - 12mo. - {1}

1872 Feb. 15
(Bayley), J(ames) (Roosevelt), Bishop of: Newark, (New Jersey)
 to Ja(me)s A(lphonsus) McMaster: New York, (New York)

He sent McMaster a copy of his Pastoral Letter last Thursday, and does not know how the Herald got it, as Bayley had given orders that no copy should be given to any secular newspapers until it had been read in the churches. He sends McMaster another copy today by which he will see the Herald left out the word "without" in the sentence; "A Parish without such schools does not deserve the name, etc."

I-1-c - A.L.S. - 2pp. - 12mo. - {1}

1872 Feb. 15
Russell, Father James J.: Columbia, (Pennsylvania)
 to James A(lphonsus) McMaster: (New York, New York)

He asks that the Journal be canceled for the club raised last year by Richard Foley, since Foley declines to raise another club. Perhaps it is because McMaster did not mention Foley's work in the Journal. It may not be too late, if McMaster thinks it worth the trouble. Russell asks if his paper cannot be sent earlier in the week, as formerly. He will continue to take the paper, and asks also for the bound volumes of the Journal beginning with the proceedings of "Council of the Vatican." Last August, after reading McMaster's opinions of the books, he went to New York and ordered O'Shea's series of Progressive Readers. He was pleased with all except the Fifth Reader, and asks McMaster's opinion on some passages of Evangeline, beginning on page 174. Pages 262, 263 and 264 seem somewhat difficult for a Sister to explain to a class of children. He intends to write to O'Shea, but if it seems good to McMaster, he asks that McMaster speak to O'Shea. He asks that McMaster say something in next week's paper about what the Holy Father has said in regard to Public Schools, giving his exact words about the liberal Catholics who send their children to them. He had difficulty keeping up the parochial school. Has McMaster heard from the "authority competent to decide" about Father (Edward) (Mc) Glyn and the schools?

I-1-o - A.L.S. - 4pp. - 12mo. - {2}

1872 Feb. 15
Sorin, C.S.C., Father E(dward): Notre Dame, Indiana
 to Archbishop (John Baptist Purcell): of Cinc(innati, Ohio)

Sorin thanks Purcell for his paternal letter of Feb. 13. Purcell's eye is very sharp and the second paragraph is wrong as it can be, but no eye has detected it before. As to the paragraph beginning with "by this remark" Sorin will omit it but he did not intend it for the public and the phrases referred to ideas found in the world and not in any community of religious. Father Graham never came to Notre Dame. He left St. Mary's after giving a retreat. He came back from Chicago unexpectedly to South Bend where he stayed with Father (Daniel) Spillard at St. Patrick's. His conduct has been blameless. He has been writing for the Ave Maria, and would like Purcell to give him another chance. Confidentially St. Mary's has enough and too much of that ignorant class and everywhere, on the other hand, Sorin perceives that there will be a sufficient number of applicants to enable them to make a choice. None but decent subjects will be admitted, but no great education will be required, and the training will be such to make them a Christian, agreeable society. When Purcell visits them again they hope they will please him.

II-5-e - A.L.S. - 2pp. - 8vo. - {4}

1872 Feb. 16
Larkin, Martin: Milwaukee, (Wisconsin)
 to (James Alphonsus McMaster): (New York, New York)

He is 73 years old, was born and raised a Catholic and believed that to be a Catholic he had to believe and conform to the Dogmas, rites and cermonies of the Catholic Church. He bought two books written by L. Abbe D. Segur: one called "Short and Familiar Answers to Most Objections Urged against Religion." The other is "Plain Talk About Protestantism of Today in Short and Familiar Answers." From them he learns that a Protestant who believes himself in good faith and who has never had the opportunity of knowing the Catholic faith will have the same claim to the joys of Heaven as if he were a Catholic. He quotes Scripture, Father (Francis X.) Weninger, S.J., and Segur to show his point. He does not see how invincible ignorance of the Church will save non-Catholics. He apologizes for writing such a long letter. When people ask him if he believes in Papal Infallibility he tells them he does, since this was decreed by a General Council, and if the other 18 Councils were infallibile, so is this one. Catholics cannot accept one and deny the other. P.S. He asks that his name be withheld if McMaster uses any remarks from the letter. He is not a direct subscriber to the Journal, but purchases it regularly.

I-1-o - A.L.S. - 4pp. - 6to. - {1}

1872 Feb. 17
Chatard, Father S(ilas) M.: Rome, (Italy)
 to Archbishop (John Baptist) Purcell: (Cincinnati, Ohio)

Purcell's draft brought 1163.34 francs which have been credited to the Cincinnati account. He would have acknowledged it earlier had it not been for the public discussion between Gavassi Sciarelli and Ribetti and three Catholic priests, Fabiani, Cipolla, and Guidi, the former asserting that St. Peter never came to Rome. It was a novel thing for the clergy to do, but they spoke effecutally, for when the last of them was speaking, the president told them that the Evangelicals declined speaking further. Sciarelli said his party was satisfied that Gavassi's arguments had exhausted the question and could not be answered. But Fabiani remarked with a smile that the public had heard it all and would judge for themselves and be edified thereby. Even that did not arouse the Evangelicals and they did not open their lips again. Otherwise, things are as usual. At present there are quite a number of Americans there, among them General (William T.) Sherman, Col. Andereid, and Major Grant. He hopes Father ( ) Burke has met with the success he has had everywhere. If he is with Purcell, Chatard asks to be remembered to him.

II-5-e - A.L.S. - 3pp. - 12mo. - {2}

1872 Feb. 19
Bond, Tho(ma)s: Balt(imore), (Maryland)
 to (James Alphonsus McMaster): (New York, New York)

He has his purgatory in this world in the form of a proof reader. In his last, the word omnipresent was printed omnipotent, and he asks McMaster to correct. He reads McMaster's replies with enjoyment as they exhibit great skill. He would be afraid of McMaster if the latter had any case. As a Protestant, McMaster would be a host. If McMaster does not live to be converted in this world, he hopes to see him in the other world, not only a true believer, but as a believer of the truth.

I-1-o - A.L.S. - 1p. - 12mo. - {1}

1872 Feb. 19
Doyle, Tho(ma)s: Monroe, Michigan
 to James A(lphonsus) McMaster: New York, (New York)

He read the Journal before McMaster owned it and has read it since. McMaster's articles on education have always interested Doyle more than anything in the Journal. Even McMaster's political writings have not the force of those on education. The article in the Feb. 17 issue is the best ever written by McMaster or anyone else. He should press the point, for if adopted the idea will succeed.

I-1-o - A.L.S. - 1p. - 8vo. - {1}

1872 Feb. 19
McSweeny, Father Edward: Newburgh, N(ew) Y(ork)
 to O(restes) A. Brownson: Elizabeth, N(ew) J(ersey)

Father McSweeny believed there could be exceptions to an article written the style and tone of Brownson for the (New York) Tablet. What McSweeney wants Brownson to defend and explain in Brownson's theory about political rights in the article on Summer Brownson asserts political rights are trusts from civil society and civil society may confer them on whom it judges proper. Father McSweeny says—if political rights are trusts, then they are merely privileges and may cease by revocation at will of the bestower. If the right cannot be justly revoked by any power under the Constitution then it is not a mere privilege or a trust. Father McSweeny argues from the formation of the government. When the republic allows an individual to exercise his right to vote, society only recognizes his natural right in a democracy. Such a right is not natural unless to a person of sufficient qualifications set forth by society. These regulations do not affect his right essentially, they are merely the present conditions for its exercise. Brownson stated that abolition of slavery did not demand that society put the slave on an equal footing, for no political right is a natural right and its denial being no wrong. Father McSweeny says if Brownson's previous reasoning holds the freed man should be recognized not made an equal member of civil society though not of equal social condition. A privilege is a special ordinance or regulation in virtue of which an individual or a class enjoys certain immunities or rights beyond the common provisions of the general law of the community. The general law admits the inherent right of suffrage as a natural right. If it is not natural, then a democratic political organism is not according to nature of society. Hence, the right must be natural. Both in the Catholic World and in the Tablet Brownson has put forth the same principle hence Father McSweeny would like to have an answer to his objection.

I-4-e - A.L.S. - 4pp. - 8vo. - {2}

1872 Feb. 20
Perché, Archbishop N(apoleon) J(oseph): New Orleans, (Louisiana)
 to Father (E.) Rousse: St. James, (Louisiana)

Perché received Rousse's letter of the 14th on the 18th and the same day he saw Benjamin (Webre) Vebré who will give Rousse an account of their conversation. Vebré gave Perché a copy of a letter to the president of the churchwardens demanding a convocation of notables. This could be good. But best of all is Rousse's suggestion to have an election of churchwardens. As for the transfer of the property to the diocese, legal methods must be employed and it will probably be necessary to have recourse to the legislature which unfortunately will adjourn shortly. Father (Eleazar) Vignonet not yet having replied to Perché's proposals, he withdraws them. Vignonet lied when he said he returned the property to the churchwardens for $5,000. The contract called for $7,500 of which Vignonet acknowledged the receipt of $3,050.

VI-2-o - A.L.S. - (French) - 2pp. - 12mo. - {4}

1872 Feb. 21
Sherman, Mrs. Ellen Ewing: Washington, D.C.
 to O(restes) A. Brownson: (Elizabeth, New Jersey)

Mrs. Sherman wants Brownson to write her. Mrs. Dahlgren wrote at the request of the writer to extend him an invitation. Mrs. Sherman would like to know the time most convenient. If Mrs. Brownson and Sarah would like to accompany him, there are ample facilities. It was hoped Brownson would come before Lent but there was no room as the relatives of Mrs. Sherman were there. No other friends will be invited. Sherman has visited with Brownson and his family.

I-4-e - A.L.S. - 4pp. - 12mo. - {1}

1872 Feb. 21
Hall, Albert G.: Augusta, G(eorgi)a
 to Ja(me)s A(lphonsus) McMaster: New York, (New York)

He asks McMaster to try to find out the whereabouts of Miss Belinda Ryan, the daughter of John Ryan, a painter who died in Augusta in 1863. Miss Ryan is supposed to be in a convent in New York and is sought by Mr. John Anderson, administrator of an estate in which Miss Ryan has an interest. If McMaster is able to give such information or place her in communication with those interested, he will be doing a good service. He does not know whether McMaster remembers him, but since his visit to New York last July he has recalled McMaster's hospitality that made his visit a pleasant one. He asks to be remembered to Mrs. Brown, her daughter and to McMaster's children.

I-1-o - A.L.S. - 2pp. - 12mo. - {3}

1872 Feb. 22
Menke, Father W(illia)m A.:
American College, Rome, (Italy)
 to Archbishop (John Baptist Purcell): (Of Cincinnati, Ohio)

He apologizes for his long silence, but has heard of Purcell's activities through his letters to Father (Silas M.) Chatard. Menke took a five week trip last vacation and saw the Passion Play at Ober-Ammergan, and passed through Einsiedeln. In Rome things are in the condition in which the breach of Porta Pia left them. The government ventured to confiscate the ancient church of San Vitale and the convent. The Cardinal Vicar protested and the property was immediately restored. An American lady, Doctor Gould, from New York, who opened a school for children in Rome published a letter in which she describes her prospects of christianizing and civilizing Rome. Monsignor Mardi answered the letter, proving to the public the falsity of Mrs. Gould's statement that the Romans were ignorant and had no opportunity of receiving instruction. He informs her that her charity would find sufficient subjects in America and in New York where thousands of children are cared for by Catholic Sisters, especially by the Sisters of Charity. Mrs. Gould's letter will probably receive another reading in the Sunday schools. A controversy between three Evangelical ministers and the three priests took place on Feb. 9 and 10, concerning the coming of St. Peter to Rome. The Catholics were Fathers Fabiani, Cipolla, and Guidi; the Evangelicals were Sciarelli, Ribetti, and Gavazzi, all three apostate priests. Stenographers were present at the controversy, but no report has yet been published. As soon as it appears Menke will send it to Purcell. Those present said the Catholics were completely victorious. Dr. ( ) Smith explained to them the catacombs of St. Callixtus during the Carnival and made their visit to the spot very interesting and instructive. A monument has been erected to Fagnetti in the cemetery of San Lorenzo. The monument erected by the Pontifical government in memory of the brave Zouaves, who defended the rights of the Church, has been disfigured by an inscription which he quotes. Menke had an attack of small pox in January, but recovered perfectly. Father (John F.) Schoenhoeft was sick for a few days but now all are in excellent health. They were sorry to hear of Father (William T.) Bigelow's death. Father ( ) Jacovacci died Feb. 11 after a long illness. His successor has not yet been appointed. It is said that Father (Richard) Gilmour has been appointed Bishop of Cleveland. Father Metcalf, Dr. Smith, and Dr. Ubaldi are all well and send their best regards. They ask to be remembered to (Father Edward Purcell), Fathers, (Francis J.) Pabisch, (Joseph) Richter, (Thomas) Byrne, (P ) Geyer, and (P ) Cusack.

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1872 Feb. 23
McCloskey, W(illia)m, Bishop of: Louisville, (Kentucky)
 to Archbishop (John Baptist) Purcell: of Cincinnati, (Ohio)

He introduces Mr. Henry Nunes, a gentleman who desires to make Purcell's acquaintance. Nunes is not a Catholic, and has a brother in Cincinnati. McCloskey thanks Purcell for the kindness and courtesy he knows will be extended to Nunes.

II-5-e - A.L.S. - 1p. - 12mo. - {1}

1872 Feb. 24
Pax, Father Geo(rge): Williamsville, N(ew) Y(ork)
 to R(ichard) H(enry) Clarke: New York, N(ew) Y(ork)

Two weeks ago Pax sent his manuscripts and the historical statements of Father Eugene Vetromile, (S.J.), belonging to the episcopal archives, but he has heard nothing from Clarke. The statements of Vetromile should be sent back as soon as possible but Pax's manuscripts may be held as long as needed but he should indicate when he will return it. Clarke asked Pax to translate Father (Oswald) Moosmuller's, O.S.B., "America before Columbus", Pax is willing to do so with Clarke's agreement. Moosmuller's article because of its size, would fill a book but could be shortened to 14 good chapters. The author quoted 100 old books. This forms a new production, although some of his remarks were found in Clarke's Bishop Eric's life and others. But altogether it forms a new, unknown Catholic Church History or lives of bishops and priests. In Pax's humble opinion the books used were more important than all the books Clarke has used or will use in his "(Lives of) Deceased Prelates" when completed. Therefore, Pax wants to hear from Clarke whether he should begin the rough translation. If so Pax wants Clarke to clothe in good English style his translation leaving the order, meaning of sentences, etc. that Pax would give it.

I-2-n - A.L.S. - 2pp. - 8vo. - {3}

1872 Feb. 26
Benoit, Father (Julian) Administrator: Fort Wayne, (Indiana)
 to (Archbishop John Baptist Purcell): of (Cincinnati, Ohio)

Benoit has an attack of neuralgia and relieves himself by writing to Purcell. He has been administrator of Fort Wayne for 8 months and yet no word comes from Rome about a successor to Bishop (John) Luers of whose will he is also administrator. As administrator he can do only what he is not able to do. He has not done anything in his quality of executor and yet he is not without blame. The movable property of the deceased has disappeared. The money the deceased accumulated is either buried or has been confided to some one whom he does not know. There remains the real estate burdened with debts to the amount of $35,000 or more. Expecting a bishop from week to week, he does not undertake to sell the property, for he could not give title to it, because the title is in Purcell's hands. Neither does he want to do anything that the successor will disapprove. If he had forseen how long the job would last he, like everyone else, would not have accepted it. For the rest of the administration he has met fewer obstacles than he expected and he is tempted to ask why Rome abuses their patience by delay. Nevertheless, lest as Americans they go ahead too speedily, it is necessary to resign oneself. He is pleased to learn that Purcell's health is good.

P.S.—He writes in French because Purcell ought to be tired of his bad English.

II-5-e - A.L.S. - (French) - 4pp. - 12mo. - {2}

1872 Feb. 28
Barnabo, Al(exander) Cardinal Prefect: Rome, (Italy)
 to Archbishop John Baptist Purcell: Cincinnati, Ohio

Purcell will find enclosed the Apostolic letters concerning the election of bishops for the Sees of Fort Wayne and Cleveland which he said he would send in his letter of Feb. 6. Also included are the letters for the bishop-elect (Richard Gilmour) of Cleveland in which the Holy Father reserves to himself the matter of the pension for Bishop Amadeus Rappe. If it should happen that Rappe needs aid, Purcell is to find out how much and in what manner it is to be given. John Simeoni signs as Secretary. Number 2.

II-5-e - L.S. - (Latin) - 1pg. - 8vo. - {5}

1872 Feb. 28
Théard, R.P.: New Orleans, (Louisiana)

Ninety days after date Théard promises to pay to his own order $25.

VI-2-o - A.D.S. - 1p. - 12mo. - {0}

1872 Feb. 28
Pax, Father Geo(rge): Williamsville, (New York)
 to Richard H(enry) Clarke: New York, (New York)

Pax received Clarke's letter of Feb. 25 and says that the manuscripts he sent have been received. Whatever Clarke has about Bishop (Frederick) Rese's life is all that could be got. Some years ago Pax published an article about the "History of Detroit and Bishop Rese" based on many sources. A nephew of Rese, a priest of the United States, wrote a reply to the article giving corrections based on what he had heard from his parents, etc. Both notices were kept by the German journals and, combined, formed what Clarke has in the manuscript. Some even left out his having been in Africa, which however seems to be certain. About his having the "blue eye", Pax heard from a German priest about a deceased bishop who had it. The whole story about Rese is not founded on truth. He is still known among the Germans of Cincinnati as a saintly, zealous, good and pious priest. Whoever made up this story about a blue eye in Rese must have been a trusteeman of the trustee system, probable cause of his resignation. The Redemptorist, now ex or secular, Father (Mathias) Alig is still living as pastor of the Church of the Mother of God, Washington City. He is busy writing a second book on the Apocalypse and it is hard to get an answer from him. The Le Couteulx who joined the trustee trouble was a son of the first or second wife of the owner of St. Louis church property. Pax knew personally his deceased brother and asks Clarke if this is the one he meant was a Freemason, the head-man of the trustee trouble. Other details can be found on his father's life in Retchman's work. Father Alexander Pax, Pax's paternal uncle, who built St. Louis Church, Buffalo, is still living but is dead to America as he is very old. Clarke has mistakenly mentioned in his work that Pax's uncle was stationed at Eden but he was always at Buffalo. Father John Nep(omucene) Berger, C.SS.R. is gathering notices to write a German life of his uncle, Bishop (John Nepomucene) Neumann, (C.SS.R.). Such a publication will not interfere with Clarke's English works. Berger is at St. Michael's, Baltimore. A lay brother Wenceslas (Neumann) C.SS.R. of St. Alphonsus, Baltimore is a brother of Bishop Neumann and had been with him for some months at Northbush. Pax will send 4 or 5 chapters translated from Moosmuller's "America before Columbus" in a week or two from Buffalo. Pax prefers that Clarke leave his and Moosmuller's name out of any of the translation he might publish. Father (Oswald) Moosmuller (O.S.B.) lists the Bishops of Iceland, Norway, and Sweden, the introduction of Christianity there, monasteries, etc. This production, if published, will open the eyes and ears of the English speaking people. Moosmuller also wrote articles from time to time for the German "Old and New World" — in correspondence with Benziger Brothers, New York.

I-2-n - A.L.S. - 4pp. - 8vo. - {9}

1872 Feb. 28
Seton, W(illia)m: Munich, Bavaria
 to Orestes A. Brownson: Elizabeth, New Jersey

Brownson's letter of Feb. 2 was received. Seton is observing Lent strictly but Lent in Bavaria is easy. Meat may be eaten at dinner and at supper. His sister Lizzie (Elizabeth Seton) is making good progress in sculpture. His novel will be ready in a few months. There is no more skating—spring is coming. Seton will leave for Florence at November. Now Italy is virtually an independent united nation, from French and Austrian bayonets. Seton becomes more and more convinced that the Temporal Power of the Pope was an evil. He hopes the Catholics will see how far they have departed from true Christianity. Seton believes the condition of the Prelates holding themselves aloof from the masses hence the fast progression of secret societies. "What we are now suffering is a harsh and wholesome lesson." Seton quotes a passage from the Encyclical of Pope Gregory XVIth which he repudiates as unchristian because he believes if we follow out the doctrine it would lead to bloody scenes whereever the Catholics had power. In America Father (Isaac T.) Hecker tells people that the Church does not oppose liberty of conscience. The former view of Gregory XVIth is contrary to that of Father Hecker. "Which is right?" Seton wants a clear, frank answer. Catholics say one thing in United States and say the contrary in Europe. He wants Brownson first to see Father George (McCloskey ?). Seton is not going to let any foggy doctrines drive him from the Church. Seton expresses the same opinions openly in Munich. He is always willing to hear the other side. That is why he is asking Brownson for advice.

I-4-e - A.L.S. - 4pp. - 12mo. - {4}

1872 Feb. 29
Becker, Thomas A. Bishop of Wilmington: Baltimore, Maryland
 to Archbishop John Baptist Purcell: Cincinnati, (Ohio)

Since the diocese of Baltimore has been widowed by the death of Archbishop John Martin Spalding, according to the instructions of the Holy See, the bishops of the province have met to choose three names from whom the Holy See can select a successor. Three names have been agreed upon: 1. Bishop James R. Bayley of Newark, 2. Bishop Patrick N. Lynch of Charleston. 3. Bishop William H. Elder of Natchez. These things having been decided, and forgetting the privileges of the senior suffragan, Becker was asked, as the secretary of the council, to notify the bishops and archbishops of the count of their choices.

II-5-e - A.L.S. - (Latin) - 1pg. - 8vo. - {4}

1872 Feb. 29
Gilmour, (Richard) Bishop-elect of Cleveland: Dayton, (Ohio)
 to Archbishop (John Baptist Purcell): (Cincinnati, Ohio)

He has received the news that he has been elected to the See of Cleveland. In answer, he does not know what to say. On one hand, he hears the voice of God calling him, because unsought, the office is pressed upon him; on the other hand, self, and doubt of his ability to cope with the difficulties of the place tell him to decline. Since speaking to Purcell three weeks ago, he has seriously considered the matter and is forced by a sense of duty to accept, but he does so with much fear. Not knowing of the duties of a Bishop, he will need Purcell's advice, for which he is very grateful. Purcell has always been constant in his trust of Gilmour, when others have doubted him. He will never knowingly give Purcell cause to regret his decision. He would appreciate some help while he remains in Toledo. Perhaps one of the seminarians could come up on Saturdays and return on Mondays till a permanent appointment could be made. If Purcell does not agree, he will remain as he is and do what he can.

II-5-e - A.L.S. - 3pp. - 12mo. - {1}

1872 Feb. 29
Perché, Archbishop N(apoleon) J(oseph): New Orleans, (Louisiana)

Two years after date the Society of the Roman Catholic Church of New Orleans promises to pay to themselves $1120 at 8% interest. (On the back) "Pay to the order of Mrs. W. Frank Foucher." Octave de Armas (also signs this).

VI-2-o - A.D.S. - 2pp. - 16mo. - {2}

1872 Feb. 29
Sorin, C.S.C. Father Edward: Notre Dame, Indiana.
 to Archbishop John Baptist Purcell: of Cincinnati, Ohio.

(Withdrawn to Provincial Archives).