University of Notre Dame


1872 Mar. 1
Pax, Father Geo(rge): Williamsville, N(ew) Y(ork)
 to (Richard Henry) Clarke: New York, (New York)

Enclosed are 6 full chapters of the famous article "America before Columbus" (by Father Oswald Moosmuller, O.S.B.). The next translation will be more interesting as they refer more directly to Church History. Pax suggests that Clarke condense the translations into one and not mention his or Moosmuller's name or even how Clarke acquired the information. Clarke will probably laugh at the translations. Any corrections needed can be pointed out by Clarke and Pax will not continue on the remaining 8 or 9 chapters until he has Clarke's opinion on the 6 enclosed chapters. Pax would like to see Moosmuller's work in print within 2 or 3 months, but he does not believe the material long enough for a book. He suggests that Clarke use it in the beginning of his next work, "Eminent Priests". Pax thinks it unwise of Clarke to write a work on Moosmullers theme, "America before Columbus". Moosmuller, after 35 articles had appeared, concluded that it is only a key to this great history. Now such a key is in the hands only of Protestants in Iceland, Denmark, and Norway, etc., also in America. This "History" can be only a "Catholic" one. However, this volume might be accepted and believed by them as evident by or in itself. Strangely, the Bro(ther)s Kreuzer of Baltimore received no compliments from their subscribers for this article. One said they heard complaints about their admitting such nonsensical materials. This proves German Catholics are more interested in romances and politics. Wouldn't the same be true of Clarke writing a whole book on the same subject? That is why Moosmuller did not publish his materials with illustrations. Moosmuller sent about 25 illustrations of old St. Clement's Basilica, underground, of Rome to Benziger Brothers for their monthly paper "Old and New World". Only three have appeared and the remainder perhaps never will. Moosmuller can be corresponded with but there would be little use in doing so. He seems to know English only well enough to read it from books. Pax thinks Moosmuller planned a similar article about the Western side of America, but the poor reception of "America Before Columbus" seems to have stopped him. Kreuzer Brothers, or Benziger Brothers would have Moosmuller's address if Clarke wants it. Pax explains the word "gymnasial". A priest told Pax this week that Father (John) McMullen died last week. Pax is friendly to American Church History. He prefers biographies and is attracted to Clarke's "Deceased Prelates" because of this and its good literary taste. Pax wrote more about some forgotten German priests because they were forgotten. He hates nationality in any man of this country. He happily noticed Clarke is equally indifferent.

I-2-n - A.L.S. - 4pp. - 4to. - {3}

1872 Mar. 2
Hannin, Father E(dward) Administrator: Cleveland, (Ohio)
 to Archbishop J(ohn) B(aptist) Purcell: of Cincinnati, (Ohio)

Hannin does not see why Father (E.M.) O'Callaghan objects to the decision of the ecclesiastical court and refuses to sign the for of retraction decreed by it. He has been asking for a trial ever since his suspension and writing to the priests of the diocese and the bishops of the province asking for a trial. If he does not sign now the retraction, it is because he is of such a contumacious disposition. He wants to quibble and knew before publishing that form of retraction that it would not be accepted because Bishop (Augustus) Tubbe, Father (Francis) Pabisch and Father (E.) Hecht told him so. This form of retraction is necessary to destroy the effect of the affidavits now on file in the County Court and can be used in any similiar affair at St. Bridget's. Hannin knows that this is a time for forgiveness but he has never been prompted by personal feeling. They have tried to injure his reputation but he was too well known to clergy and laymen a like in the diocese. O'Callaghan and his associates have all they can expect, and by their trial Purcell also knows them. Hannin does not intend to pay more attention to them. A document containing the decision of the ecclesiastical trial will be presented to Purcell by Father Hecht. It will be good for Hannin to have it. He asks Purcell to sign it. Hannin is pleased to hear of the appointment of Father (Richard) Gilmour.

II-5-e - A.L.S. - 3pp. - 8vo. - {6}

1872 Mar. 4
Kaiser, Joseph: Carrollton, L(ouisian)a
 to Father (Francis) C(e)uppens: (Carrollton, Louisiana)

Receipt for $90.75 for 300 feet of curbing situated on Cambonne Street. Certified by W.W. Edwards, surveyor; signed by Charles Kaiser.

VI-2-o - A.D.S. - 1p. - 4to. - {3}

1872 Mar. 4
Kaiser, Joseph: Carrollton, L(ouisian)a
 to Father F(rancis) C(e)uppens: (Carrollton, Louisiana)

Receipt for $90.75 for 300 feet of curbing situated on Madison Street. Certified by W.W. Edwards, surveyor; signed by Charles Kaiser.

VI-2-o - A.D.S. - 1p. - 8vo. - {3}

1872 Mar. 4
Ryan, P(atrick) J(ohn), Bishop of Tricomia: St. Louis, (Missouri)
 to Archbishop (John Baptist) Purcell: (Of Cincinnati, Ohio)

He informs Purcell that the Archbishop (Peter R. Kenrick) has received a letter from Cardinal Barnabo appointing Ryan as Coadjutor to the Archbishop. He had hoped to see Purcell next week when he lectures for Father (William J.) Halley, the occasion of which he had hoped to be abailable, but since, the papers have published the account of his appointment and before Mar. 14, it will be generally known. In such circumstances he prefers to remain at home. He knows that Purcell's Chancellor is quite sick of Ryan's appointments and disappointments but it could not be helped. A line of explanation from Father (James. F) Callaghan in the Telegraph would sufficiently explain the matter to the public. He asks an extention of time on his promise to lecture and promises that the first lecture he gives outsides Missouri will be for the St. Michael Brotherhood of Cin(cinnati). He trusts Purcell appreciates his "Irish modesty" and that Halley will permit a timid fellow countryman threatened by a Bull, to remain "behind the ditch." The appointment surprised him and his only consolation is that he has the qualities for which God selects men to confound "the wise—the strong and the things that are." He sends his regards to Father Edward (Purcell).

II-5-e - A.L.S. - 4pp. - 12mo. - {2}

1872 Mar. 4
Oliver, D J.: Rome, (Italy)
 to (James Alphonsus) McMaster: (New York, New York)

He asks that McMaster does not send the Journal to Oliver since he is leaving Rome and will see McMaster in New York next month. The Holy Father is quite well and appears to be growing young and vigorous. He receives people daily from all over the world. Following the revolution that is sure to come in Spain, France and Italy, the Church will triumph. Oliver spends two hours every week with the Holy Father, but will leave the reporting of Roman affairs to McMaster's correspondent (Ella B) E(des), who is quite well and a favorite with the "powers that be".

I-1-o - A.L.S. - 2pp. - 12mo. - {2}

1872 Mar. 5
O'Neill, James J.: Carbondale, Penn(sylvani)a
 to (James Alphonsus) McMaster: (New York, New York)

He asks for the constitution and bylaws of both the Sodality and Catholic Union in New York to which McMaster belongs. He intends organizing such an association in Carbondale. Mr. Conway promised to send them these articles, but he has not been able to do so yet, and they are eager to receive them.

I-1-o - A.L.S. - 2pp. - 12mo. - {1}

1872 Mar. 6
Simeoni, Father John, Secretary for Cardinal (Alexander Barnabo): Rome, (Italy)
 to Archbishop John Baptist Purcell: of Cincinnati, Ohio

Enclosed Simeoni sends the faculties ordinarily conceded to the bishops of the United States for the bishop elect of Fort Wayne. (Joseph Dwenger). no. 4.

II-5-e - L.S. - (Latin) - 1p. - 8vo. - {3}

1872 Mar. 6
Ostermann, L: Milan, (Italy)
 to (James Alphonsus) McMaster: (New York, New York)

He testifies that a young man named Bjoering, a convert, was received on probation in the novitiate of the Redemptorist Father at St. Nicolas du Port, Province of Loraine, France, during 1866-7, from where he was dismissed because of the doubtfullness of the sincerity of his conversion. He was a Dane, had been a soldier in the Danish army, and former editor of a little journal in Germany. He was given 30 francs by the head of the house when he left St. Nicolas to try to enter the novitiate of the Capuchin Father in Belgium. He was lean, rosy face, flaxen hair, blue eyes, and talked in German, Latin and a little French. If it is not the same Bjoering Ostermann is mistaken.

I-1-o - A.L.S. - 2pp. - 12mo. - {1}

1872 Mar. 7
Gallagher, John: Davenport, Iowa
 to James A(lphonsus) McMaster: N(ew) York, (New York)

He sends a money order for $5 for subscription to the Journal. He also sends a letter for the Journal. It is the first of a series of six which he will send if McMaster thinks them worth publishing. They deal with questions concerning their schools, teachers, establishment and attendance at parochial schools. As his letter to the Journal is anonymous, he asks that the writer remain undisclosed. He asks for acknowledgment of receipt of money order. P.S. The number of the money order is 16750. (Personal card attached.)

I-1-o - A.L.S. - 3pp. - 12mo. - {1}

1872 Mar. 8
Le Baron, Tho(ma)s M.: Mobile, (Alabama)
 to (James Alphonsus) McMaster: New York, (New York)

He learned from Mr. Hespin that McMaster had attempted to get the Breviary his father wanted for Bishop (John) Quinlan. He regrets that McMaster could not succeed and sends a copy of the Golden Wedding from the Mobile Register of Feb. 3. He will send the New Orleans Morning Star and Messenger with more details.

I-1-o - A.L.S. - 1p. - 12mo. - {2}

1872 Mar. 9
Barnabo, Al(exander) Cardinal Prefect: Rome, (Italy)
 to Archbishop John Baptist Purcell: of Cincinnati, Ohio

From the diocese of Columbus to the Sacred Congregation have come documents from which it appears that the house of the Sisters of Charity at Newark Ohio was not acquired from their own funds, which contradicts the documents sent by Purcell. The Sacred Congregation can come to no decision under such a state of affairs. There remains then nothing to do but to urge Purcell to try to get the contending parties to come to some peaceful agreement. If this is impossible, Barnabo would like to know from Purcell whether it would not be suitable for a committee of bishops of the province to visit Newark, investigate the matter, and seek some compromise. Signed by John Simeoni as secretary. no. 5.

(On the back of the letter Purcell notes that he wrote to Barnabo 3 documents that upset all he got from Columbus, viz. the deed made in the Sisters' name, the decree of the court casting out Father (Louis) Cartuyvels suit and condemning him to pay his own and the Sisters' costs.

II-5-e - L.S. - (Latin) - 1p. - 8vo. - {4}

1872 Mar. 9
Foley, Thomas, Bishop of Chicago:
St. Ignatius College, Chicago, (Illinois)
 to Archbishop (John Baptist Purcell): (of Cincinnati, Ohio)

Purcell's letter informing Foley that $5000 worth of clothing was being sent to the sufferers from the fire was received. The unfortunates will be very grateful, as they are in a winter spell of snow, just as they were looking for Spring. The goods may be addressed to Foley's care at St. Ignatius College, 12th Street, Chicago, Illinois. When they arrive Foley will distribute them to the pastors of the burned districts and the Society of St. Vincent de Paul. He is grateful to Purcell and to the gentlemen who propose to send this relief. He is glad the vacant sees have been filled, though he does not know the nominees for Cleveland and Ft. Wayne. Their friend Father P(atrick) J. R(yan) is to be made coadjutor of St. Louis. He is a worthy and able priest. Baltimore has lost Father and Mother.

II-5-e - A.L.S. - 2pp. - 12mo. - {2}

1872 March 9
Marshall, T.W.M.: Cincinnati, (Ohio)
 to (Henry F. Brownson): (Detroit, Michigan)

Marshall thanks Henry for his letter of Feb. 27 and is sorry he cannot revisit Detroit. He sets out for the east on Monday next, taking Wheeling and Buffalo on his way to New York. His engagements in New England will occupy him till about the 14th of April, after which he reserves ten days for work in Canada, amd that will finish his campaign. His only chance of being able to visit Detroit again would be by having an engagement there on the 16th or 17th of April, on his way to Toronto and Montreal, for his personal benefit. After lecturing for three months, he has found that he is making money for others rather than himself. He thanks Mrs. Brownson for her kind remembrance of him and requests the photograph to be sent to "60 Park Avenue, N.Y." where he shall spend Holy Week. He asks for Mrs. Van Dyke's promised photograph also. P.S. It would be best to address mail for Marshall to Sadlier Co., 31 Barclay Street, New York.

III-3-a - A.L.S. - 3pp. - 12mo. - {1}

1872 March 9
Seton, W(illia)m: Munich, Bavaria
 to Orestes A. Brownson: Elizabeth, New Jersey

Seton is still in Munich and probably will remain six months longer. Wagner is considered a great musician out Seton thinks he is not to be compared with the old masters, because his music lacks sweetness. Seton rises early does his writing, and walks for exercise. His hope is to finish "Pride of Lexington" by middle of May. Seton is a member of the Catholic Kasino and attends twice a week. Only one impresses Seton as a live man, whereas, the others are pious who are ignorant about self government. Mr. Franz Binder is the live man who acknowledges that in old times the Catholic clergy here were too fond of Absolutism but now they are crying out against it. The Catholics in Bavaria are treated just as if they were ciphers. They cannot protest because of an old law that no meetings can be held without first consulting the police, not by the press because of another law which subjects the papers to the Police. The Police confiscated a paper last week for printing a remonstrance against an act of tyranny. Seton believes if the Catholics had not been so deep in Absolutism that the Church in Bavaria would not be persecuted today. As long as the Catholic clergy refuse to move, the look trained to blind obedience, remain stationary, hence movement is left to Protestants. No Catholic will agree with Seton so he is alone with his political opinions. The daily bread men no longer look to the priest for encouragement but toward the international. If, Seton believes, Catholic societies were formed, the working classes of Europe will be saved. There is no Catholic statesman in Europe able to perform such a task. The Catholics in America deliberately spiked Brownson's guns and turned him out to rust. Seton's praise of Brownson as a leader is great and that he will be remembered by people, even by the Jesuits whose present quarters are in Rome. Seton hopes his brother Robert Seton will visit Brownson but the latter's views are different from those of the writer; also he would like to be remembered to Mrs. Brownson and Sarah.

I-4-e - A.L.S. - 4pp. - 8vo. - {3}

1872 Mar. 10
Duranquet, S. J., Father (Henry): (New York, New York)
 to (James Alphonsus) McMaster: (New York, New York)

He thought McMaster would like to have the facts which introduce the paragraph of the Independent to the readers of the Journal. He encloses such a cummunication, copies of which he intends to send to the other Catholic papers in order to prevent mistakes.

I-1-o - A.L.S. - 1p. - 12mo. - {1}

1872 Mar. 10
Perché, Archbishop N(apoleon) J(oseph): New Orleans, (Louisiana)
 to Father (E.) Rousse: St. James, L(ouisia)na

Perché has just received Rousse's letter of the 8th. He had already received the diatribe against himself. It is not difficult to guess the author. It is useless to reply to such a tissue of lies. To attribute to the separation of the chapel the ruin of the trustees can only have been done in bad faith. As to Father (Eleazar) Vignonet's letter, Rousse should tell Mr. de Longpré that Perche knows his rectitude and honesty as well as he knows Vignonet's treachery and disloyalty. He has already informed Rousse that he withdraws the offer that he made and which Vignonet disregarded. He made it through an excess of generosity. Vignonet and his friends were too blind to see that it was to their advantage. He has abstained from labeling the trustees as they deserve but everyone knows that they took part in Vignonet's injustices. He excepts only Benjamin Webre who has always been a loyal and true Catholic. Rousse should be patient and calm.

VI-2-o - A.L.S. - (French) - 2pp. - 12mo. - {5}

1872 Mar. 14
Keller, S.J., Father Jos(eph) E.: Baltimore, M(arylan)d
 to Bishop F(rancis) P. McFarland of: Hartford, (Connecticut)

Father (Michael) O'Connor, (S.J.) sent him McFarland's letter on the subject of the church in New Haven which he kindly offered to the (Jesuits). He will probably find it advisable to call on McFarland next week to confer and to look at the places proposed in the letter. He hopes that there will be no obstacle to their accepting the foundation although they have hardly the men right now. He can have no objection to their bearing a proper share of the common burthens in regard to collections but he suggests that they have a large seminary and novitiate of their own with an immense debt on them. They are obliged to call on their congregations every year for contributions. If they are asked also to support the diocesan institutions this would be a double tax. He hopes McFarland will consent to relieve their church from the seminary collection until they get their debt into manageable proportions. For other purposes he does not see why collections should not be taken up in their church as well as in others. Keller is much in favor of increasing the number of their institutions in New England as that is a promising field. (Enclosed is an) extract from Bishop (John) England Vol.4. p.34 on the New England character.

I-1-c - A.L.S. - 4pp. - 8vo. - {4}

1872 Mar. 14
Shultheis, John: Fort Wayne, (Indiana)
 to (James Alphonsus McMaster): (New York, New York)

There is talk in the vicinity of a comet that shall destroy the earth. He asks McMaster to reply to this either by letter or by an article in the Journal, since there are seven who read it in Fort Wayne.

I-1-o - A.L.S. - 1p. - 12mo. - {1}

1872 Mar. 14
Thurin, J: Alliance, O(hio)
 to Ja(me)s (Alphonsus) McMaster: (New York, New York)

He thanks McMaster for publishing the proceedings of the Total Abstinence Union of North America at Baltimore. They have organized a society in Alliance, headed by Father (E. W. J.) Lindesmith. They started with eighteen members and have added ten more. At the last meeting, the Journal's account of the address to American Catholics by the Convention of Baltimore was read and entirely agreed with. He asks for another copy of the Journal of Mar. 9.

I-1-o - A.L.S. - 2pp. - 12mo. - {3}

1872 Mar. 16
Gleeson, W: Brooklyn, San Francisco, (California)
 to (James Alphonsus McMaster): (New York, New York)

He sends a copy of his History of the C(atholic) Church in Cal(ifornia) and asks that McMaster give it the notices it deserves. He calls attention to the mechanical errors, explaining that they are not yet on a par with eastern publishers. He makes mention of the chapters on Christian traditions of the country.

I-1-o - A.L.S. - 2pp. - 12mo. - {1}

1872 Mar. 16
Keller, S.J., Father Jos(eph) E.: Balt(imore), M(arylan)d
 to Bishop (Francis) P. McFarland of: Hartford, (Connecticut)

He said in his late letter that he would be seeing him this week because he thought McFarland would be making changes immediately owing to the approaching erection of the new diocese. If this is not the case he will see McFarland after Easter. He asks McFarland to send word by telegraph after Easter. If no telegram comes he will leave Baltimore Tuesday night, the 19th, see Father (John) Bapst in New York on Wednesday and be at New Haven on the same evening.

I-1-c - A.L.S. - 2pp. - 12mo. - {1}

1872 Mar. 17
Audran, Father E(nest): Jeffersonville, (Indiana)
 to (James Alphonsus) McMaster: (New York, New York)

He sends $10 for the Pope and $1 for Michael Egan. He is surprised that the numerous Allocutions of the Pope are not published by more Catholic papers than the L'Univers. Pius IX is a great spectacle in his daily teachings. God upholds this miraculous octogenarian on the throne of Peter for a purpose. McMaster should translate and publish the Allocution of Feb. 18 and do the same with those of the future. In this manner, better than McMaster's own words could do, the Pope's own words will help to give the people and clergy the courage they all need in this struggle against revolution. He calls attention to the battles put up by Louis Verillot and his men. Catholic France is fighting as she never fought before and the sons of the Church are struggling on almost alone. Did McMaster read Veuillot's letter to Monsieur Barthelemy Saint Hilaire in the Feb. 28 issue of the L'Univers? He should read all of Veuillot's writings, and not lose sight of the grand example he gives to all the family. These remarks are private and not meant for publication.

I-1-o - A.L.S. - 3pp. - 8vo. - {1}

1872 March 19
Koop, Father John H.: Buffalo, New York
 to (Orestes A. Brownson): (Elizabeth, New Jersey)

Father Koop came near dying from pneumonia, his left lung having been very much inflamed. He is now convalescing at the hospital of Sisters of Charity. His zeal for philosophy has been redoubled, and he read the Philosophy of Holy Communion by John B. Dalgairns. Koop was rather disappointed. Several modern theories are given which would serve to refute the modern infidel but when he speaks for himself, he seems to follow the English-Scotch philosophical method. Father Koop cites an example to prove his point. Dalgairns seems to lay great stress upon the opinion which holds that the relation between substance and accident is that of causality and not of inherence as Father Koop has believed. Koop would like Brownson to answer these difficulties as soon as he can.

I-4-e - A.L.S. - 4pp. - 12mo. - {1}

1872 Mar. 20
Ryan, P(atrick) J(ohn) Bishop-elect of Tricomia: St. Louis, (Missouri)
 to Archbishop (John Baptist) Purcell: (Cincinnati, Ohio)

He thanks Purcell for his cordia=1 note of congratulation. The Apostolic letters have not yet arrived, but he sees in the London Tablet that he has been appointed Bishop of Tricomia, so he has been appointed Bishop of Tricomia, so he supposes the appointments have been announced in Consistory. Archbishop (Peter R. Kenrick) thinks Purcell's opinion in the Dublin Review is a matter of speculation on the part of the writer. The one of St. Thomas seems to be the one that generally obtains. The sin of Adam's descendant would have been personal and would not have affected the race as did Adam's, as these descendants were then free agents, he presumes any one might fall into sin, yet he understood that these would be a confirmation in grace similar to that given to the faithful angels, which would preserve from sin without destroying the possibility of sinning. He thanks Purcell for his kindnesses on so many occasions.

II-5-e - A.L.S. - 2pp. - 12mo. - {2}

1872 Mar. 21
De Bruycker, Father F: Willimantic, (Connecticut)
 to (James Alphonsus) McMaster: (New York, New York)

He notices with pleasure the continuing mention in the Journal of correspondence about education for deaf mutes. He sends any number of the paper containing such mention to Father Dehaeine, chaplain of the Deaf and Dumb Institute, Brussels, Belgium, who is also a member of the Legislative Bosy of Belgium. In Belgium 4 years ago, Dehasine asked De Bruycker's father if such an institution could be established in the United States. At the time, De Bruycker was not well informed as to the plans, and was very busy; as a result, he neglected the opportunity and now wishes to make up for his neglect. He will be happy to lend his help. He sends the Journal to his father, Mr. Jos(eph) DeBruycker, Brussels, (Belgium), in care of Dehaeine. He wishes McMaster the blessings of the Holy Season. P.S. He has a young man in his mission who was educated at one of the American institutes, the one at Hartford. Although of a devout Catholic family, the boy cannot be brought back into Catholicity from the effects of his Protestant education. In Belgium, the Sisters of Charity take care of deaf mutes and the insane. The Brothers of St. Jean de Dieu take care of the male portion in separate establishments.

I-1-o - A.L.S. - 4pp. - 12mo. - {1}

1872 March 22
Browne, W(illia)m Faulkner: Louisville, K(entuck)y
 to (Orestes A. Brownson): (Elizabeth, New Jersey)

Browne is sorry he has been so negligent in writing. His health has been good and he is satisfied with his new departure. He has undergone a most happy change. He is getting a training in spiritual matters which he needed and without which he might have lost his soul. It is a relief to be in a state of grace. Brownson gave Browne his first lecture in dogma, and taught him all he ever knew of philosophy and theology. If God will permit him to become a priest, Browne can in some way repay Brownson for all the good he has done for him. Browne labors under two difficulties, the one an inadequate knowledge of Latin and the other the lack of a proper course of Philosophy. Browne tells Brownson about his teachers and what each teaches him. He has nothing to complain about because he has good teachers. The food is good also. Dr. (Henry S.) Hewit wrote Browne and informed him that Brownson was going to renew the Review. Such a doing, Browne declares, is the best thing for Brownson and possibly the clergy and laity have learned enough to appreciate the Review. He has been doing some good publicity for the Review. A few days previous Browne received a letter from (William) Seton but now does not know how to answer him, hence he has enclosed the letters so that Brownson might be able to send Seton a few wholesome words. Browne would like to be remembered to Mrs. Brownson and Sarah.

I-4-e - A.L.S. - 6pp. - 12mo. - {3}

1872 Mar. 22
Pax, Father Geo(rge): Williamsville, (New York, New York)
 to Rich(ard) H(enry) Clarke: New York, (New York)

Enclosed are the remainder of the articles of "America before Columbus". Clarke has thus far all that was valuable in the article. He discusses the monasteries of Greenland. Pax will be glad to correct anything Clarke does not comprehend. He is anxious to know when the "History of America before Columbus" will be in print. It can open eyes and ears. Pax can get information about Bishops (Guy Ignatius) Chabrat and (Celestine de la) Hailandiere at St. Denis near Paris where he visited in 1864. Clarke need not mention Moosmuller's work. It is too bad that Clarke does not have full information on all of his "Deceased Prelates" as he had for the first Bishop of New Orleans. What is the matter with Bishop (Louis Amadeus) Rapp(e) of Cleveland? Did some trustee-man get up and say something like that which was heard about Bishop (Frederick) Rese? He heard something worse about him last week but did not believe it. This is a great country for mean talk about bishops and priests. The best of the very worst is that the good bishops get their share of the calumny which ought to make them not believe everything they hear against priests.

I-2-n - A.L.S. - 2pp. - 4to. - {5}

1872 Mar. 22
Perché Archbishop N(apoleon) J(oseph): New Orleans, (Louisiana)
 to Father (E. Rousse: St. James, Louisiana)

He hastens to reply to (Rousse's) last letter. If the diocese takes control of the church it will do so "in trust" for the parish and the parishioners can be sure that the church property will never be diverted from its proper object. Regarding the question of the Negroes, he has nothing to suggest. If (Rousse's) health suffers from his stay at (St. James), Perché will replace him, but he would prefer to keep him there because he is sure that no one else could do as good a job. As for the names that (Rousse) gave him of those whom it is hoped to elect trustees, Perché does not know them all, but there are three who are sure: (Benjamin) Webre, Mr. de Longpré and Dr. Gaudet.

VI-2-o - A.L.S. - (French) - 1p. - 12mo. - {5}

1872 Mar. 23
Lutton, Am.: (New Orleans, Louisiana)

Since payment was not received from the Militant Catholic Union of the Cross, $50 was borrowed from Archbishop (Nepoleon Joseph Perché) for the rest of the week. (Note on reverse): Miss Mina Perrault's journal should be sent care of Manuel White, New Orleans. (Note by Perché): $50 given to Father Richard Kane in February, 1872 and $30 on April 4.

VI-2-o - A.D.S. - (French) - 2pp. - 32mo. - {4}

1872 March 25
(Brownson, Orestes A.): Eliz(abeth, New Jersey)
 to Henry (F. Brownson): (Detroit, Michigan)

Henry's mother and sister have been very ill for two months and over and Brownson has been engrossed with his book which is more labor than Brownson had bargained for. Sarah Brownson is very ill but (Mrs. Brownson) is getting better and Brownson has finished his book. Father (Leo G.) The baud is pastor now, a brother of Mrs. Grant (?). His health is not very firm, but bids fair to be a very worthy and efficient priest. Brownson is not well and is suffering from his eyes, for he abuses them too much—when not writing he is reading. Brownson's book may not and he thinks will not be popular. It is not made up from his former essays, but is really a new originally written work, in which he has brought out and more fully explained the synthetic philosophy, supplied gaps, and moulded it into shape. He has not modified any essential principle, but he considerably modified his manner of explaining and defending it. He begins by the analysis of thought, and shows that it is in fact composed of three inseparable elements, subject, object and their relation, simultaneously given. Then he proceeds to the analysis of the object, and it also is composed of three elements, simultaneously given, the ideal, the empirical and their relation. The ideal is given in intuition which must be distinguished from perception or distinct cognition. In ideal intuition the activity is in the object; in cognition or empirical intuition, cognition a posteriori of Kant, the subject as well as the object acts. The ideal intuition answers to the phantasmata or intelligible species of the Schoolmen. It presents, they say, represents, the object. In sensibles, the intelleotus agens, or reflection, takes the object presented immediately from the presentation, but the ideal, though presented, can only be taken as represented in language, the sensible representation of the ideal. He identifies the ideas with the categories, and reduces their number to three, being, existences, and their relation. The necessary and apodictio ideas he integrates in being, and their correlatives in existences. Then he shows that the relation is the creative act of being, whence he proves that being is God, personal because he has intelligence and will. He has after this, four chapters, one on existences; one on God as Final Cause, in which he arrives at the moral law which proceeds from God as final cause, in distinction from the physical laws which proceed from him as first cause; another showing that the moral law commands us to worship God in the way and manner he prescribes, whether naturally or supernaturally; and the last on the place and office of tradition. This brief outline tells very little of the character of the book, but gives some idea of the argument, which is almost exclusively analytical, and that it was not constructed without hard thinking. Brownson is sure that he has put forth no proposition that has as yet been unprobated by the Holy See, though he can expect Fathers Liberatore, Tongiorgi, Ramiere and Kleutgen (not) to approve his work; for though he can work now in harmony with St. Thomas as they can, yet as he does not happen to agree with their routine interpretation of St. Thomas, they will of course misrepresent and anathematize him. A friend of Brownson's, Father Koop (?), a Lazarist, is writing a text book of philosophy. He is able, a good writer, and is of (Brownson's) school. He hopes much from him. He is now in the Sisters' Hospital. Buffalo, but convalescent. Brownson has finally resolved to revive his Review. The first number to be out probably in November, payable in advance and discontinued at the end of the year, unless the subscription is renewed, $5 a year. There are forming any number of questions in which he wishes to have his say, and he counts on a thousand subscribers at least which he calculates will net him $3 each, at least $2500 a year. He wants to place himself rectus in curia before he dies for the sake of the cause, and for the sake of his children and grandchildren which he cannot do in the C(atholic) W(orld) or the Tablet. Henry is not do discourage him, but is to speak encouragingly. He asks if Henry received his mother's letter informing him of her illness. She feels hurt that Henry has not answered it. Brownson hopes Henry's business continues to prosper and is delighted to hear of Fifine's and the grandchildren's good health. He sends regards to Henry's mother-in-law, to George and Philip (Van Dyke), as well as the Baron and Elsie, although they did not call to see him. He asks about Father (Ernest) Van Dyke'(s) health. It must be a pleasure to have him at the Cathedral. Dr. Brann (?) is in the seminary at Louisville (Kentucky) and is doing exceedingly well and seems at last to have found his place, according to Chandler Berrian who send his regards to Henry.

III-3-a - A.L.S. - 6pp. - 12mo. - {4}

1872 Mar. 25
Foley, Thomas, Bishop of Pergamus: Chicago, Illinois
 to (Archbishop John Baptist Purcell): of (Cincinnati, Ohio)

Father Henry Bors had been suspended repeatedly for drunkenness before coming to Chicago and has a like reputation there. He may be reformed. Foley feels that Temperance societies do certain good to certain people, but does not intend to join. The president of the Union in Baltimore, has been in difficulties several times for his ardent love of ardent spirits, but he, too, may be reformed. It is hard to get good German priests. Foley has several missions vacant but would rather leave them vacont than employ a priest unworthy of the work.

II-5-e - A.L.S. - 1p. - 13mo. - {1}

1872 Mar. 26
O'Donoghue, Father Michael: Hillsboro, Ohio
 to Archbishop (John Baptist Purcell): (Cincinnati, Ohio)

He will be prepared for Purcell's visit on Ascension day, May 1. He chose that day because there might be two or three priest on the occasion. He hopes at least to have Father (F.X.) Dutton of St. Martin's. In regard to Purcell's suggestion as to Jefferson, O'Donoghue would rather remain at Hillsboro, as he has given up the notion of leaving, at least for a while. He is thankful for Purcell's kind wishes and can see the wisdome of his judgment in not sanctioning the proposition made by Father (J) Conway at the last retreat.

II-5-e - A.L.S. - 2pp. - 12mo. - {1}

1872 Mar. 26
Pax, Father Geo(rge): Williamsville, (New York)
 to Rich(ard) H(enry) Clarke: New York, (New York)

Pax received Clarke's letter of the 23rd and happily noticed his safe return home. He has finished with the remainder of the translation of the "History of America before Columbus" and intends to send it next Sunday from Buffalo. Pax offers suggestions anticipating Clarke's difficulty on proper names and on reading the manuscripts. Pax has a large library of especially French and German works and Clarke's proposed book will occupy a place of honor alongside his "Deceased Prelates". Pax could give Clarke more and more strange stories about Bishop (John Nepomucene) Neumann, (C.SS.R.), such as those he had heard about Bishop (Frederick) Rese. In Williamsville a calumny was made up about Neumann by German trustee rascals for having lodged from time to time at Mr. Wirz's, who had a young housekeeper. All knew about the story except Neumann, who was much astonished to be one day called to said meeting to render an account. He was pronounced innocent. The story had been made up by a trustee who had been jealous that he had not come to his house for lodging, preferably to that of Mr. Wirz. Neumann went out seldom without being insulted mostly by bad German Catholics and was nicknamed "Bohemian Block-head," etc.

I-2-n - A.L.S. - 2pp. - 4to. - {2}

1872 Mar. 26
(Regnault), L(ouis) Eugene, Bishop of Chartres,: (France)
 to (Archbishop John Baptist Purcell): of (Cincinnati, Ohio)

(Regnault) thanks Purcell for his kindness. They have reason to unite the bonds of friendship and to pray that they will be united in heaven who have had these relations on earth. He has called on the editor of the Voice in Paris and has sent him Purcell's offering for which he is very thankful. They live in expectancy. One does not return freely to good principles. Their government depends for its stability on their personnel which God finds often in default. There is nothing but prayer to assure them. The last church he dedicated to the Sacred Heart, and he sends Purcell his letter of that occasion. He adds that which he wrote on the Vatincal Council. He felt the need to express all his feeling on that point and he is pleased that it has been approved by Rome, and by many of his colleagues. He acquits himself of Purcell's commission to Notre Dame.

P.S.—He hopes that Purcell remembers him before God which St. Francis de Sales says is the center of hearts.

II-5-e - A.L.S. - 3pp.(French) - - 12mo. - {1}

1872 Mar. 28
Hewit, Dr. H(enry) S.: (New York City, New York)
 to (Orestes A. Brownson): (Elizabeth, New Jersey)

Since the visit Hewit payed Brownson, they have had much sickness and they have lost their youngest boy through sickness. Henrietta nearly died. Mrs. Hewit was seriously ill when the boy died but sustained her loss and the other sicknesses with her usual fortitude. He sends word that Sarah can sit in their pew Easter Sunday. He has had consultative charge of the Convent of the Good Shepherd of Brooklyn, which has been completely paralyzed by typhoid fever and so he has had little time.

I-4-e - A.L.S. - 4pp. - 12mo. - {2}

1872 Mar. 30
Marshall, T.W.M.: New York, (New York)
 to (Henry F. Brownson): (Detroit, Michigan)

Marshall received Henry's letter of Mar. 21 only yesterday. Marshall is to lecture in Montreal on the April 24 and 26, and therefore proposes Friday, the 19th or Sunday the 21st as dates for the tentative lecture. The subject would be "Liberty in the Catholic Church." It will cost Marshall about $50 to make the Detroit trip so he hopes the financial returns are adequate. Marshall will be very happy to see Henry and Mrs. Brownson. P.S. He hopes the promised photographs will be ready and that they will include Father Van Dyke.

III-3-a - A.L.S. - 1p. - 12mo. - {1}

1872 Mar. 30
Ward, C. O.: Newberryport, Massachusetts
 to O(restes) A. Brownson: (Elizabeth, New Jersey)

The manager of the Lyceum will send a letter to Brownson inviting him to give a lecture during the coming winter. Ward hopes Brownson will accept. Twenty or thirty years ago Ward used to read Brownson's articles in the Democratic Review, also in company with other students, Ward heard Brownson's lecture before the Literary Society at Norwich University. He would like to see a copy of Brownson's "Scholars Mission", but to no avail. Ward does not want Brownson to fail to accept and the subject of the address is any which Brownson may choose.

I-4-e - A.L.S. - 4pp. - 12mo. - {1}