University of Notre Dame


1873 Sept. 2
Gossard, Father: Chartres, (France)
 to (Archbishop John Baptist Purcell): of (Cincinnati, Ohio)

On his return from the vacation trip he has received the communication and offering of (Purcell) addressed to the bishop of Chartres (Louis Eugene Regnault). (Regnault) was much affected by (Purcell's) letter. Charged with the interpretation of Purcell's letter, he wishes also to express his own thanks to Purcell in particular for the "Oeuvre des clerics de Notre Dame de Chartes. When Purcell was at Chartres, Gossard was his guide and he is honored now to write to him and ask his prayers. He signs himself as director of the Voix de N. D.

II-5-f - A.L.S. - (FRENCH) - 1p. - 12mo. - {2}

1873 Sept. 4
Giesen, C.SS.R., Father H: Annapolis, (Maryland)
 to (James Alphonsus McMaster): (New York, New York)

While in Baltimore their Father Provincial warned the fathers against a certain Roman Monsignor, who lately stopped with the Franciscans in New York and whom McMaster spoke of in a laudatory way in the Freeman. Since being put on their guard, neither the Redemptorists or Jesuits have been visited by this man. Formerly a confessor of the Duke of Maelena, the man was made a canon in Hungary. After an Archbishop in the United States was cautioned against the man he went to Canada. McMaster should not burn his fingers again by handling him. McMaster has taken the poison out of Father Bolderini's translation. Giesen hopes St. Alphonsus will reward him for it. He begins his retreat Sept. 8 and will leave Annapolis about Sept. 24 for a mission in Cairo. He asks that O'Shea send a copy of St. Alphonsus' life as soon as it comes out.

I-1-o - A.L.S. - 3pp. - 12mo. - {1}

1873 Sept. 4
Barnabo, Al(exander) Cardinal Prefect: Rome, (Italy)
 to Archbishop John Baptist Purcell: of Cincinnati, (Ohio)

In answer to Purcell's letter of June 11, 1872 asking that the Cardinals of the Sacred Congregation examine the question of the two foundations of Father John Baptist (Joffroy) Geoffroy, the following decisions have been reached. In satisfaction for the fruits of the foundations the Sacred Congregation decrees that two students will be educated at the Collegio Unbrano under the name of this priestly benefactor. One of these students is to be from the diocese of Cincinnati, no matter how many divisions there may later be in the diocese, and one from the dioceses of Detroit, Cleveland, Columbus, Marquette, and any other diocese to be erected in the territory that was the diocese of Cincinnati, in 1829, the bishop of each diocese taking his turn in nominating a boy for the scholarship according to the time of the erection of his diocese. Each priest educated from these foundations is to say one mass each year for the soul of the benefactor. As to the fruits from the capital funds beginning in 1874 these are to be used for the conversion of the Indians in the territory that constituted the diocese of Cincinnati in 1874, or to the Indians in other parts of the United States. This decision was submitted to the Holy Father on August 28 and approved. There remains then to notify the bishops concerned and to report back to the sacred Congregation on the conditions of the Indians of the above mentioned territory. As to the students for the Urbanum, these can be sent next year. However, before that, the questions herein inclosed must be answered. Purcell is to transmit a copy of the Bishop of Detroit.

II-5-f - L.S. - (Latin). - 3pp. - 8vo. - {6}

1873 Sept. 6
Murray, Hugh: Spain
 to James Alphonsus McMaster: New York, (New York

(First Ten Pages Missing)

Murray was rudely awakened from his sleep by a Catalunian who claimed to be a guide and who told him they would start at five o'clock. When asked for the countersign, he immediately produced a document which Murray honored. He and the guide set out to cross the French Pyrences with all of Murray's military baggage cleverly disguised by the guide. On Aug. 23, (1873) they reached the Spanish frontier and stepped unarmed into Republican Spain. Soon they reached a small village occupied by Republican troops, in which the majority of the people are Communists. With their pace slowed considerably so as not to attract attention they safely passed through the village of the enemy and finally reached Carlist ground where Murray's sword and uniform were donned. The last time he had put on his sword was three years previous in the Square of St. Peter's. Murray's guide left him and he continued on alone to meet the Carlists, to whom the Sacred Heart and the Cross of Pius IX is familiar. That night the Carlist column moved off, and Murray finding a Catalan guide, made negotiations for his baggage to have it sent to headquarters, and caught up with the troops. After passing through Pablala Fillet, a Carlist town, the troops reached level land but on the march passed very close to a town occupied by a large force of Republicans. These Republicans, intimidated by numerous defeats did not venture from the walls of the town. At Baga, where the troops joined another small Carlist group from Berga, they all heard Mass.

1873 Aug. 25

Murray has been offered a special courier to carry his letters to the frontier but has not written enough to merit any man's attempt at the trip. The entire Carlist army is animated by the Holy Faith. They are fighting under the banner of the Sacred Heart, and St. Margaret. Mary, whose shrine is at Paray-le-Monial (in France) has promised victory to such an army. Selby has considered him imprudent for going into Spain without a letter of some sort but he trusted the Spanish gentleman and his trust has been repaid. The Spanish grammar has troubled him. The officers assembled the previous night and said the Rosary. The Republicans desecrated 2 churches in Baga, which is the site of two previous Carlist victories. A Republican victory would make Spain like the France of (17)93. Murray cannot see how Catholics can be divided in their views on Charles VII, because he is fighting the battles of the Church and merits their prayers. Queen Isabella, put on the throne through intrigue of her mother, has given the land to the revolution by her comprises. Murray has seen her and her son in the Bais de Boulange. She would prefer to live and die in retirement but her encourage forces her to another course. It is expected that a republic will be proclaimed in Italy. Murray wonders if McMaster can raise a loan of $2,000,000. The Spaniards are sober and temperate and women rarely take wine. It is of little use to know Spanish here since the Catalunian language is a dielectical mixture of French, Italian, and Spanish. Murray, awaiting orders from headquarters, is only 4 miles from Republican forces along with a commandant and his son, and 15 men. Berga, only 5 hours march distant is under a Carlist blockade. Lavall leads the Zouaves at Cerona and Don Alfonso is passing through the province. The Zouaves are to move against Berga but the strategic move will be against Ebro and not against the fortified cities. If the right bank is captured, the left bank will surrender its fortified towns including Barcelona, and then the Carlists will own a complete line from the Bay of Biscay to the Mediterranean Sea. This will be followed by a march on Madrid and the Spanish throne will be secured to a Catholic king. Lavall was not an officer in the Zouaves but was captain in the Papal Army in the regiment of Cajetor, and has previous service with the Carlists. Colonel Wills had 12 horses shot from under him and has received 3 surface wounds. He died very heroically. Tristany, an old and experienced general served the Carlists before and led the Neapolitan Royalists from 1860-1866 when they captured Abruzzi from the Republicans. On the whole, the leadership is much better than their opponents. As soon as the Carlists take a large town, or the Ebro, then they will be recognized as belligerents and shall organize a stable base of operations. McMaster should begin in America by showing some act of sympathy with the Catholic king. The fault of France towards Ireland when that country was attacked by the heretical Dutchman (William of Orange), would not be repeated. Americans should not confuse sound Republican institutions with the pseudo-republic of Spain. Spain, just as in 1849, will not be the last country in the field for the Sovereign Pontiff. It would have fared better for the temporal power if Napoleon had not taken over the entire management. Spain as a nation seems to have a stronger internal devotion to the Pope than does France. The country is entirely Catholic and will remain so. In France, the display of the Freemasons at the siege of Paris, complete with their insignia and banners had entirely discredited them. The French Zouaves meet monthly and are well organized. In Belgium, the Prince de Leiningen, captain of the Papal dragoons has achieved admirable organization and readiness. This group forms the League of Pius IX and is in close union with the French, but for some reason the League of St. Sebastian in Paris will not coalesce.

1873 Aug. 29

The column has left Baga but may return soon. Murray has stopped at the Parocho's who is heart and hand in the matter, as are all clergymen. His own position is not reassuring since the commandant informed him he would not see Don Alfonso for 25 days, and as yet has made no mention to him of Murray's presence. It is difficult to settle any such matter because of the great many accents found in the Catalunian dialect. The town is situated high on a mountain and the small population exists by means of difficult agriculture on the mountain slopes. He asks to be remembered to Major Reily. Letters to him should be addressed to Mr. Lourdas, in Perpignan, France.

1873 Sept. 5 (probable)

Murray left Vallecebre in the company of Captain Jarvis and a doctor whom all say is a quack. The Parocho has advised him of this man's character and calls him a most dangerous man to travel with. While waiting for the arrival of Jarvis, Murray found a good history of Spain written by the professors at the Seminary of Vich. Among the writings were several passages from St. Thomas. In Serchs, Murray met the little lieutenant of Baga, and also a curious individual, an engineer in the nearby coal mines. He did not trust this man and later learned that he was a Freemason. From Serchs, the march continued to Borrada and to Pense where Murray met some Zouaves for the first time. Murray knew a brother of one of them in 1861 when he returned to his regiment after Montana. From Pense the column went to Prats where news came that the prince, Don Alfonso was expected that same night. Now, Murray would be able to see him about his enlistment, but if Don Alfonso will not recognize his proper rank, he will return to Canada. After many weeks of waiting, Murray has finally seen Don Alfonso and his lady, that night he was received by them and found them both gracious and unpretentious even though they are aristocrats. The prince has aged somewhat since he was in Rome. Murray has been placed on the prince's staff for the present and has had the regimental colours brought to him. The Carlists are dedicated to the Sacred Heart and so the Pope was going to send them a Vicar Apostolic but his captivity prevents this. Instead, a Spanis Bishop with full powers is due to arrive shortly. Don Alfonso is completely determined that the Sovereign Pontiff shall be liberated. It is regrettable that the excellent correspondent of the Michigan Herald did not continue. Murray's next endeavour is to try to raise a loan of some sort in America. Many of his old Crusaders have recognized Murray from past meetings. One tall Dragoon whom he had met in Rome had been a bugler in the 3rd company as a mere lad of 16 years.

I-1-o - A.L. - 36 pp. - 12 mo. - {2}

1873 Sept. 7
Murray, Hugh: Prats, (Spain)
 to J(ames) A(lphonsus) McMaster: New York, (New York)

Murray sent two letters to McMaster the previous day and also a telegram which Souvras is supposed to send. If the funds of Souvras are low, he may not be inclined to send it. Murray is not in a position to help since verything "so far has been at his own expense. The prince and princess attended Mass that morning. Spaniards constitute the majority of the old Pontifical Zouaves with very few foreigners in the ranks. Murray has written to General Kauzler and believes that the Holy Father is most favorable to Don Carlos. They are receiving no outside help through the London Carlist Committee. Send your money through Mr. Souvras of Perpignan. Even $5000 would go a long way in buying ammunition and arms. Of the 180 in his group, 50 have uniforms. The column of the prince at headquarters numbers 1000 men, mostly volunteers, untrained in battle. Murray is amused by comparing the accounts of the New York Herald with things as they really are. One general is busy organizing troops but much can yet be done in the Zouaves. While the Republican troops are driving out the priests in every place they occupy, the Republican papers are putting on a religious tone by asking about the Holy Father and are deceiving many people by it. Some of the priests have organized battalions and two direct their own, but this is all in the way of organization. Murray has had no news of the conduct of the war elsewhere in Spain but the morale of the troops he has seen is excellent. He likes the looks of the Zouaves and hopes to see them under fire. He is unable to make his letters too revealing in case anything should happen to the courier. By orders of the prince, he has been given the distinguishing insignia of his rank as sublieutenant. He has not seen any evidences of dislike towards himself because he is not a Spaniard, but thinks may be the Zouaves uniform is the reason. At present the column is on a table land considerably above the sea level. No rain had fallen here since April but now the rains have begun. Many of them have been attacked by lice but Murray's only complaint concerns the great hordes of mosquitoes.

I-1-o - A.L.S. - 7pp. - 12mo. - {1}

1873 Sept. 9
Borgess, C(aspar) H., Bishop of: Detroit, (Michigan)
 to Archbishop (John Baptist Purcell): of (Cincinnati, Ohio)

Borgess has just returned from a visit to the northern part of the diocese, having been absent since July 5. In the matter of Hillsdale (Michigan), it is difficult of judgment without being familiar with the history of the disturbances caused by this Michael McDonough. Finding no support among the congregation, and no one to believe his slanders it is thought that he hired the "tough" to stab Father H. Th. Driesson returning from a sick-call. This prompted Horgess to appoint Driesson to another mission but he had no priest to replace him of the nationality which McDonough demands. Two years ago for the sake of peace he removed Father C(harles) Ryckaert who has been there 11 years and was beloved by all except McDonough and about 2 more, and appointed a more energetic priest. To remove him McDonough had recourse to the dagger. Borgess hopes to meet his council next week and would be happy to receive any sentiment in favor of the Hillsdale people. But he is sure that Purcell would not be dictated to by a layman who does not make his Master duty, whose sons are freemasons and who is the keeper of a doggery. Only on the first of the month did Borgess learn that the Sisters of Charity had left Kalamazoo. Borgess wrote to Father B. A. Quinn from Grand Haven that it was a pity to send them away without better ones to take their place. He has not been informed of the reasons, but he is sorry for their leaving. The Banbury affair at Kalamazoo is not settled. Last spring Borgess gave notice that if they did not come forward he would let it go by default.

II-5-f - A.L.S. - 4pp. - 12mo. - {8}

1873 Sept. 9
O'Connor, Peter: St. Anthony's Falls, Minn.:
 to (James Alphonsus McMaster): New York, New York

Having seen an appeal from a Rev. P. T. Meagher, O.C.C., to obtain contributions for the erection of a Carmelite Monastery at Paducah, Ky. he sends McMaster his mite toward this good work. Had the appeal appeared in the Journal no doubt would have entered his mind but of other organs he has little opinion.

I-1-o - A.L.S. - 1p. - 12mo. - {2}

1873 Sep. 9
Wapler, C.: Paris, (France)
 to Archbishop (Napoleon Joseph Perché): New Orleans, (Louisiana)

An invoice amounting to $956.25 for two statues, one of Our Lady of Lourdes and one of Bernadette, shipped to (Perché), care of Am. Lutton, on the steamer Missouri.

VI-2-o - A. Bill S. - (French) - 1p. - 4to. - {2}

1873 Sept. 10
Johnson, James:
Enon College, Tenn.
 to (James Alphonsus) McMaster: New York, New York

Richard Trihy, a friend of his died intestate and since no relatives can be found, the estate may go to the School fund. He asks McMaster to advertise for James Lawrence and William Trihy, brothers of the deceased, as he thinks they are in the United States. They were natives of County Tiperary, Ireland and came to this country in 1849 and 1850. He enclosed four dollars for advertisement, two for the Journal and two for the Boston Pilot and will send more if the amount is not enough. The deceased was single and wished that the most of his estate should go to the Church. Since Richard Trihy paid for half of the Journal, McMaster can send it to Mr. Vinson.

I-1-o - A.L.S. - 3pp. - 12mo. - {2}

1873 Sept. 11
McMaster, Ja(me)s A(lphonsus): New York, New York
 to Miss (Ella) Edes: (Rome, Italy)

Miss Nolan of Philadelphia who is now traveling in Europe desires to visit Rome and the Holy Father before returning and since her companions are not going to accompany her, he sends this letter to Miss Edes on behalf of Father Hopkins of the Sacred Heart Church in Philadelphia as a note of introduction for Miss Hopkins, who is a devoted Catholic and of unexceptional character.

I-1-o - A.L.S. - 2pp. - 12mo. - {1}

1873 Sept. 11
Dwenger, Joseph, Bishop of Fort Wayne: Fort Wayne, Ind(iana)
 to (Archbishop John Baptist Purcell): (of Cincinnati, Ohio)

He is sorry that Purcell cannot come, for he knows that he would rejoice at what has been done here. He is hopeful for the future, although there is still a great deal to be done. He has a good and united clergy. He does not wonder that Bishop (Edward) Fitzgerald (of Little Rock) feels discouraged in his great and at the same time, small diocese. But Arkansas has all the requirement for future prosperity. In the case of Father (William?) Anderson he agrees with Purcell. Better no priest at all than a bad one. He had never heard of that pretended Franciscan Standers before, nor did he find his name in any Catholic Almanac. He is sure that (Father Edward Purcell) would enjoy a trip to Fort Wayne. He has heard that the Sisters of the Holy Cross are establishing a house in Rome. He is afraid they consult Purcell very little and he knows they are glad that Dwenger has no authority over them. He knows of no scandals among them but there are some things about them that he does not like. He will try to visit Purcell this month or next.

II-5-f - A.L.S. - 3pp. - 12mo. - {6}

1873 Sep. 12
White, Ja(me)s D.: Augusta, G(eorgi)a
 to Archbishop (Napoleon Joseph Perché: New Orleans, Louisiana)

(Perché's) request that White reply to his letter to (John H.) Miller has been made known to him and while he cheerfully complies he wishes Miller would write himself. As soon as the health of New Orleans will permit, Miller will join (T. A.) Nelson, the President of the (Southern Life Insurance) Company, and reorganize the New Orleans office. Nelson fully understands the bad faith of Miller's associates. It is true that (Perché) took no receipt when he loaned J. H. Miller and Company $2000. White promised to repay it in a day but then was unable to do so. Miller prays that (Perché) give a deaf ear to those who will try to injure him and await his arrival. White is now in Augusta and without employment, also made a sufferer by what has happened.

VI-2-o - A.L.S. - 4pp. - 12mo. - {4}

1873 Sept. 14
Blanchet, Aug(ustin) M(agloire) A bishop of Nesqualy: Vancouver, W. T. (Canada)
 to Archbishop (John Baptist) Purcell: of Cincinnati, Ohio)

Blanchet acknowledges Purcell's letter of Sept. 2 in which he expressed anxiety concerning a previous letter of June 20. Blanchet acknowledges his fault in not answering. Then he thought the sisters were about to go to Cincinnati and it was his intention to give them a letter to Purcell. Purcell's letter gave him joy and he is grateful for Purcell's interest in the orphans. The orphans and Sisters will not cease to pray for Purcell. The Sisters designed to collect in the East will soon set out, but will first stop at Dubuque where Bishop (John) Hennessy has given them permission to make a collection.

II-5-f - A.L.S. - (French) - 2pp. - 12mo. - {2}

1873 Sep. 15
Catholic Propagator: New Orleans, (Louisiana)
Jefferson College(Convent, Louisiana)

A $30 bill for advertising.

VI-2-o - A.D. - (French) - 1p. - 12mo. - {1}

1873 Sep. 16
Pax, Father Geo(rge): Williamsville, N(ew) Y(ork)
 to Rich(ard) H(enry) Clarke: New York, (New York)

Pax received a letter from their parish priest in Europe mentioning that a letter had arrived for Pax relative to his inquiries for Clarke about Monsignor (William) Du Bourg of Besancon from Chabourez, Secretary-General of the Archdiocese of Besancon, France, who wrote that he had gathered some documents on DuBourg, expected more and would send all of them at once. Pax asks if it would not be better for Clarke to write Chabourez and have manuscripts sent directly to himself.

I-2-n - A.L.S. - 1p. - 4to. - {2}

1873 (after Sep. 16)

St. Napoleon, Church of Napoleonville, Louisiana

A copy of the accounts of the administration of the church of St. Napoleon at Napoleonville conforming to an act of the council verifying the total of the debt according to an act of September 16, 1873. the amounts due and paid, and the balance are given for Archbishop N(apoleon) J(oseph Perché), J(ean) Marais, J. Merly, N. Guèdry, L. Tifferi, Mrs. Foley, (A.) Boucher, Mr. Francioli, Mr. L'Hote, Mrs. C. Truxillo and the Steamboat L. O.

VI-2-o - A.D. - (French) - 1p. - 8vo. - {11}

1873 Sept. 18
Dwenger, Joseph, Bishop of Fort Wayne: Fort Wayne, Ind(iana)
 to (Archbishop John Baptist Purcell): (of Cincinnati, Ohio)

Father Hahne (?) has not written to him. (Dwenger) was invited and promised to be in Cleveland that day to preach at the dedication of the new church of the Franciscans. He will visit Purcell the following Monday. He is in hopes of seeing (Father Edward Purcell) in Fort Wayne very soon. He will ordain a seminarian this week for this diocese. He received a letter from a good priest of Frankfort, Germany, Father Hugo Praessar, telling him that four good priests intend to leave Germany because of the political state of affairs. Two of them need help to defray their expenses. Dwenger could use two of them, and desires to know if Purcell wants the other two. Praessar is well known to him and he feels sure they are what he represents them to be, that is, good priests. He knows no further news of interest.

II-5-f - A.L.S. - 2pp. - 12mo. - {3}

1873 Sept. 17
Charelle, Ron de: La Countrie, (France)
 to (James Alphonsus McMaster): (New York, New York.)

Charelle acknowledges (McMaster's) letter and thanks him for the good news. He has asked (Louis) Veillot to visit him Aug.25 and they will miss (McMaster), but hope to shake his hand on the way to Rome. He is not opposed to the Carlist movement but is doing all he can to further that cause. It is the cause of religion and legitimacy. But in France they do not know when they will have to defend their own principles of society and consequently, Charelle does not like to see the men who should defend them joining the zouaves to fight below the Pyrennees. At the same time they rejoice to see (McMaster) aiding the cause. He will be happy to receive news from (McMaster). He hopes that their heroism will be successful and that a regenerated France and Spain will join in a Te Deum in St. Peter's.

I-1-O - A.L.S. - (French) - 3pp. - 12mo. - {3}

1873 Sept. 18
Murray, Hugh: Prats de Llusanes, Spain
 to James A(lphonsus) McMaster: New York, NewYork

On Sept. 8 he was recognized as sub-lieutenant of the fourth company. He finds it hard after ten years military service to enter as a simple, ensign, but it is to serve the Church that he has come. The Zouave Battalion after the battle of Iqualada and the death of Wills was somewhat disorganized. All the Zouave officers here were only Zouaves in Rome. The Holy father was heartbroken as he gave the Zouaves has blessing as they left Rome. The death of Wills was heroic and he died with the banner of the Sacred Heart around him. The Catalonians regard all foreigners as Frenchmen and they hate Frenchmen. On Sept. 10 the first solemn service for Wills took place with Don Alfonso and Bonna Maria and all the officers and troops there. There are no reporters following or attached to the staff or the army. At sun-down the troops say the rosary. His orderly is a young man from the Republic of Andorra. The Bishop and the President of Andorra preached the Crusade. He is of the opinion that Americans of means should come over and join the Zouaves. The pay of the Catalonians is large. He thinks that the Crusaders of the Sacred Heart will be the men to give back to the Holy Father all that belongs to him. Men can do more good than can money though money is good in its way. When they are captured by the Republicans they are not killed but are dispatched. Hands, ears and noses are out off. The murder of Dr. Dryfrus is an example. The discourse of Baron De Charette is a sign of the closer union of the Catholics and an end to the differences between Count de Chambord and Charles VII. The Spanish Zouaves are not to be forgotten nor is their courage any selfsacrifice to go unheralded. SEPT. 19. He is on guard today but dined as usual with the officers and the Prince. He likes Don Alfonso as he is a full hearted gentleman who is frank with him. Berga has not yet fallen as it is still blockaded. Their troops are now more than two thousand and the time is profitably spent in drill. A hundred men are expected from Ireland conducted by sub-lieutenant Burns and fifty from Holland.

I-1-o - A.L.S. - 12pp. - 12mo. - {2}

1873 Sept. 18
McCloskey, W(illia)m, Bishop of Louisville: Bardstown, (Kentucky)
 to Archbishop (John Baptist) Purcell: of Cincinnati, (Ohio)

If McCloskey can get away he will accept Purcell's invitation. His vicar general is absent because of ill health, another priest is palsied, and two are disabled from cholera. McCloskey is tired of having runaway nuns from the convent at Mt. Olivet and has taken things into his own hands. He believes the Abbot (Benedict Berger) is not sound. He calls this convent of (Franciscan Sisters) the "grasswidow convent" which he described to Cardinal Barnabo. The Paulists in New York have one who claims to have a dispensation from the Pentitentiary at Rome. McCloskey "broke the abbot's back for it" yesterday.

P.S.—He asks if Purcell can lend him 3 or 4 altar stones until he can get relics with which to consecrate some new ones.

II-5-f - A.L.S. - 3pp. - 12mo. - {4}

1873 Sept. 20
Murray, Hugh: Luria, (Spain)
 to (James Alphonsus McMaster): New York, (New York)

Murray received a letter from O'Clery which reported that there was no action in Ireland. They seem to have lost the spirit of defense of the Sacred Heart and the Immaculate Conception. (General) Tristany has taken Vals and has completely blockaded Olob, Vich, Mauresa, Berga, and Gerona. The prince is expected on Nov. 1. On the following day they move off with arms and ammunition which have been provided. Murray has sent the enclosed check to Louvras but has heard nothing.

I-1-o - A.L.S. - 1 p. - 12 mo. - {1}

1873 Sept. 20
Gallagher, John: Davenport, Iowa
 to James A(lphonsus) McMaster: New York, New York

The enclosed correspondence is self-explanatory and is sent at the request of Father (H) Cosgrove and a number of his congregation. Hon. J. H. Murphy is at present the mayor of the city which position he is indebted to Catholic votes. He was and is a nominal Catholic and lately has taken a stand against the Catholic school. Mr. Gannon's letter was written to unmask him. Since the Journal has a number of readers in the city and will have two issues before election, he thinks that the publication of the correspondence in the Journal will have a marked effect in defeating Mr. Murphy. The size and age of his paper would not have as much influence as would the Journal. He asks McMaster to send the publication to the German infidels and weak Catholics who are loud in Murphy's support.

I-1-o - A.L.S. - 2pp. - 8vo. - {4}

1873 (Sept) 20
Murray, Hugh: Prats, (Spain)
 to (James Alphonsus McMaster): New York, (New York)

(Misdated Aug. 20)

Murray received McMaster's telegram of Sept. 11, promising 3000 francs through Louvras and has shown the wire to Don Alfonso but not to Donna Maria. He still has some funds in English gold but will welcome a larger reserve fund. In London, he found that General Kirkpatrick and O'Clery did not have any information. Such men will be useless in case of active preparations. He depended on the word of one man in Paris and in Perpignan. Algarra and Louvras had the cool insolence to say that his rank may not be recognized. Neither Algarra or Kirkpatrick wrote to Louvras and Algarra did not write headquarters. The letter Murray left with Louvras for Don Alfonso reached the prince 10 days before Murray's arrival instead of at the same time, and so Murray believes he was purposely sent in a round-about-way for diplomatic reasons. When the telegram reached him it had already been opened and he has written Charles and Louvras announcing its reception. When the money comes to him, he will deposit it in a bank and will write to an editor, Mr. Ammourdux of the Rausillan, in Perignan in case any counter-checks are needed. He is doing this at the suggestion of Mr. Russel. Murray has sent McMaster letters dated Sept. 6,7, and 19, and also a telegram to Louvras on the 8th. All the wounded able to be moved were brought to Prats last night. Casualties are rather high and many had to be left in the field. One led of 15 was shot in the abdomen and was strapped to a mule all night while being transported here, but he fully recovered in 18 days. The enemy is using Remington bullets in the engagements. The wounded are being treated in farm houses by the Catalonians but reports differ as to the manner of treatment, since the natives will do nothing without money. The Republican troops, coming into the form houses have mercilessly bayonetted the wounded troops. Prats is 65 miles from Perpignan and the frontier is 25 miles distant at the nearest point. Communication with France is partly blocked by the central chain of the Pyrenees mountains but so far as the Carlists still hold the Corunian or main road. France has sent us nothing in the way of arms, ammunition, clothes, or money, not even the expected uniforms. At present there are no more than 60 men dressed as Zouaves, and they are in tatters. In France things are not very smooth. The Count de Chambord supposes he will aid us by acclamation but in Spain they look on that as being improbable.

1873 Sept. 21

Don Alfonso is in command of all the Royal Forces, which number 5000 men with an available reserve to fill vacancies. His generals are: Tristany, Lavalls, and Miset, plus other independent commanders. The column is unable to advance until Berga has been taken. The city has been under seige since August 17 and capitulation proceedings have been taking place without result for 2 days. When Berga falls, they will be provided with a well fortified depot for their wounded. They lack ammunition and bayonets. Some are using old types of guns including muzzle leaders. The Catalans here will do nothing without pay and the military chest is low. The Republican forces in Catalunia cannot be less than 15 to 20 thousand menbut even with superior forces, they flee to the nearest fort. The Royal column, assembled near Prats, soon expects to engage an enemy column of 4000.

1873 Sep. 21

Murray's guide arrives with the baggage. The chaplain gave a sermon in the public square.

1873 Sep. 22

Murray has been suddenly called to Gironello. A Republican force of 10,000 is moving to the relief of Berga and the Catholic forces are rallying for a decisive battle. They have only eight round of ammunition per man but depend more on the help of God than the bayonet. Alarms have been given and all Church bells are ringing throughout the mountains to rally the Catalunians. It is such a decisive battle that if they win, they will gain the whole province of Catalunia. The city is commanded by a citadel and is defended by 4 Krupp cannons. If they themselves had cannon, they could possible make a break somewhere since the city is quite some size. The (Republican) troops are partly in the town and partly in the Citadel, which is backed by an almost perpendicular cliff. The prince's forces are seriously contemplating an escalade as being a capital form of attack since the determined men could scale the cliff and possibly overcome the garrisson of 900 men at its top. The troops have armed and moved to their stations, with Murray assigned as a guard under Don Alfonso. The troops are in no danger of starvation.

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1873 Sep. 23
Cauvin, Father A(nthony): Nice, France
 to Archbishop (Napoleon Joseph Perché: New Orleans, Louisiana)

Cauvin asked Father (E.J.) Foltier to tell (Perché) of his departure for Europe in order to rest after 26 years of continual work in the priesthood. Before he left he had expected to receive the mortgage on Foltier's church as collateral for the loan of $25,000. As Foltier wrote that the delay was due to the negligence of the charge d'affaires of the Archdiocese, Cauvin asks (Perché) to have it sent to him immediately at Nice. The interest should also be sent there 15 or 20 days before the due date so that those who made the loan can have it when it falls due.

VI-2-o - A.L.S. - (French) - 3pp. - 12mo. - {2}

1873 Sept. 24
Carey, James: Albany, N(ew) Y(ork)
 to (James Alphonsus McMaster): (New York, New York)

He encloses several lines that he would like for McMaster to put in the Journal. Since McMaster has sounded the trumpet in his article of Aug. 30, his words have caused serious contemplation of existing conditions. Carey was one of the many that formed the "Battalion of St. Patrick" that left Ireland for Rome in 1860 to serve under General Lemeciere and later in the Zouaves Pontificats. He is interested in any movement that will restore to the Holy Father His possessions wrested from him by the Piedmontese Government. That government and Prussia will go hand in hand in the destruction of all the Pontiff's properties. If the Catholic people take up the idea and boldy execute it, the Pope shall be restored to His former position in a time. The Italian papers laughed at the meetings held in Ireland in protest to this treatment. In the United States, with their large Catholic population, men and funds could be raised to rid Rome of the rabble and scum that hold it. They have destroyed Churches and convents, taken over the Coliseum where martyrs gave up their lives for the Church, and will commit even greater offenses if they are not stopped. Assistance can be given to the Holy Father in this way: meetings should be held in all the cities of the United States; the young men register and finances be secured. This will be the means by which the Holy Father shall be relieved, and the usurpers driven from Rome. The Catholics of Ireland and America will go down in history as willing to show their love for the Pope by deeds, not words.

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1873 Sep. 25
Perché, Archbishop N(apoleon) J(oseph): New Iberia, (Louisiana)
 to Father (E.) Rousse: St. James, (Louisiana)

Just now as he is replying to Rousse's letter of September 9 which arrived during his trip, Perché has received Rousse's letter to Father (Gilbert) Raymond. Perché has not replied to Rousse's letter of six weeks ago about the sale of St. James' Church because he does not want to have anything to do with that affair. He made several advances to Father (Eleazar) Vignonet but he spurned them all. Rousse should make this known to Father (Mary Henry) Gaud, (S.M.) to whom Perché is going to write. If the Catholics of St. James wish to have their church, they should determine among themselves to buy it. One of them could buy (Amand) Bourgeois' mortgage. If it is sold, someone will give new land to build another church.

VI-2-o - A.L.S. - (French) - 2pp. - 12mo. - {6}

1873 Sept. 26
Senex: Valley of Ohio River,
 to (James Alphonsus McMaster): New York, New York

Senex Comments upon an article in the Sept. 21st. issue. He discusses at great length that the intellectually trained portion of the land should direct their attention to the graver subjects of life. He says that money and not wisdom is the pursuit of this age and unless greed is stopped, the world will become rich, immoral and covetous. Public opinion must reverse the tendencies of the times. He believes that we need solid Catholic principles and that there is no channel through which they can be so readily and universally disseminated as that afforded by the Catholic press.

I-1-o - A.L.S. - 4pp. - 12mo. - {1}

1873 Sept. 27
O'Reilly, Father W(illiam): Ironton, Ohio
 to Ja(me)s (Alphonsus) McMaster: New York, New York

While he was in the country, the Journal came to him and as he was unoccupied, he sends McMaster, in the enclosed manuscript, his impressions of reading the defense of Mr. Bonnety. He would be pleased to see McMaster open the Journal to discussions as he thinks the time is ripe for such things. The lecture referred to was delivered by Father Thomas Quirk of West Virginia. He will send a copy as soon as he obtains one.

I-1-o - A.L.S. - 1p. - 12mo. - {2}

1873 Sept. 28
Murray, H(ugh): Castelfollit, Spain
 to Ja(me)s A(lphonsus) McMaster: New York, New York

In his last letter he made an error of date which should have been the 25th. On the 22nd they left Prats de Llusanes for Gironella to oppose a column of 8,000 Republicans, who are moving to the relief of Berga. They have only 2,000 men and all kinds of guns. Each man has but eight cartridges. Lavall is in France without authorization so his corps did not fall on the left flank of the enemy. The engagement with the enemy is general but his troops have maintained their positions. The garrison of Berga sallied forth to attack their advance guard but the sally was repulsed, and shortly after Gironella was evacuated. His forces retreated on command and were not harassed by the enemy, but were outnumbered 2,000 to 10,000. They left Prats the morning of the 25th and arrived at Pripolis, leaving there on the 26th. going then to Ribauer and hence to Castelfollit yesterday. The Republicans lost at Gironella between 5000 and 6000 while their loss was 32 wounded and 12 killed. He received McMaster's letter of Sept. 12th. and he endorsed the check and gave the photograph to Donna Maria and the article in the Journal to the Prince. The Zouaves will have to be reorganized, especially the officers. The Catalonians are un-unfavorable to the Royal cause since they are communistic. Tristans, Miret and Moore are three of the officers of the Zouaves. P.S.—Lavall never had any Zouaves under his command and is in France without leave. Wills is at Perpignan with 20 Dutchmen as he didn't have the money to bring more. He advises in money matters to have nothing to do with the London or Paris committees and manage everything with Louvras. He has not heard from O'Clery and finds his conduct strange. In the corps of the Zouaves there are but three Papal Zouaves, all the officers are Spaniards and served some time in Rome. They are not distinguished and have been promoted rapidly. There is much ambition and not much merit and they are devoid of military knowledge. Everything must change if the Irishmen come and if all does not prove a failure it will be miraculous. The engagements of the 25, 26, and 27 of Sept. resulted in heavy losses for the Republicans, and his troops lost 10 men marching.

I-1-o - A.L.S. - 6pp. - 12mo. - {1}

1873 Sept. 28
Rengel, Joseph: Lancaster
 to (James Alphonsus) McMaster: New York, New York

Upon McMaster's advertisement, he took several numbers in the Denver Gift Entertainment, but was surprised to read in the American Agriculturalist of Oct. 1873, a column entitled, "Humbug" by Orange Judd, which in a rather pointed manner condemned the indorsing of such lotteries by members of the clergy. As he feels that many who have taken numbers may read the American Agriculturalist he asks McMaster to say a few words in vindication of the advertisement in the Journal. It is his wish that his name be withheld.

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1873 Sept. 30
Murray, Hugh: St. Pau, (Spain)
 to James Alphonsus McMaster: New York, (New York)

Murray encloses a letter for the Carlist Committee, Charette's letter, the telegrams, and an emblem of the Papal Zouaves given to him by Don Alfonso himself. In regards to an Irish contingent, Murray has written to O'Clery that the Prince will accept from 200 to 300 of them. The prince is uneasy that the Irish will drink too much but no warm blooded man could drink with impunity the rashers of wine which the Spaniards themselves drink. In the beginning of August the prince sent Byrne or Burns, a former corporal in the Papal Zouaves, to Ireland to recruit men. Murray does not consider him the correct man for the job but has written O'Clery to help him. The Zouaves are nondescript and with the aid of the Irish, especially officers, very much could be done. D'Avergand, Delahorde, and the English and Irish Zouaves have been notified to come. The previous day, St. Michael's day, Don Alfonso and Donna Maria attended at Mass. The Catalinians fight like Arabs, harassing both front and rear of the enemy. There is much uncleanliness in the camp and it is difficult to obtain sleeping quarters.

1873 Oct. 01

The column arrived at St. Felice the previous day and will leave on the following day. The prince, Don Alfonso, has offered him a horse which he has declined. Moore is ready to join the Zouaves with his men. Moore is a brave and daring fellow, descended from an Irish father and a Catalonian mother. The heavy Republican losses at Berga have been fully confirmed even though the enemy burned the dead bodies. The royal troops at present number about 250 men and are not plagued with sickness of any kind but the big difficulty will be in securing arms, since none are well-armed. The great majority of our men have no bayonets. Help from the Count de Chambord is not certain.

1873 Oct. 02

The troops, which left St. Felice de Pallarols, visited the Shrine de Virgen Sanctissima de Salute. They are dispersed and spread for fast travelling so that the enemy cannot follow them. The entire Catalinian force is not over 3500 while the Republicans number at least 20,000 including garrisons and fortified towns. The fortified towns are: Berga, Vich, Gerona, Fignoras, Barcelona, and Montjurich. They can do nothing until they receive arms, artillery, and ammunition. The prince knew nothing of the articles in the New York Herald. They must have been written in Perpignan since Martin left Catalinia in the end of May. Murray served guard duty and dined with the prince, his wife, and the Marquis de Romana. The Republican troops have not pursued them and they turn in at night as if it were a time of peace. The prince speaks highly of Burns or Byrne. Murray's further acquaintance with Don Alfonso and Donna Maria de las Nieves adds to his opinion of them. They have a high regard for America but are politely skeptical of any help arriving from that quarter. It is lamentable that Americans should think that the Republic of Spain is anything that a republic should be. The Republicans means the suppression of all municipal rights and centralization by means of compulsory military conscription and crushing taxes. At Berga, the enemy lost 500 to 600 men while the Zouaves lost but 60. A few more actions like that will disgust the poor conscripts.

Marching to Montesquioro, the column passed through St. Quirico, a village burned by the Republicans. Don Juan, father of the prince, arrived there that day and also Lavalls from France. A column of 4000 Republicans has arrived at Ripols, which is but three hours march distant. The church bells always welcome our troops when we enter a town. At present, they are on the banks of the River Ter, which course they followed from St. Felice de

The column has left Montesquioro and arrived in Prats by rapid march. They had been ordered to march again in two hours but received word that the Republicans had already retreated to Vich, and so they remained. In Murray's opinion, they should not move again until they receive some arms, ammunition, and more Zouave uniforms.

1873 Oct. 08

The column has marched from Prats to St. Alpens and then to Sta. Marcia de Torello. Borrada. From there they went to Poalo de Lillet but returned again. Don Alfonso, Donna Maria de las Nieves, General Planis, General Moja, Brigadier General Triexa, and Don Juan left the troops between Sta Maria and Poalo. They are going to Navarre through France and Don Alfonso is to see the king about those who have disobeyed orders, while in command here. He is to be gone 15 or 20 days and Murray has sent a letter to McMaster through him. Wills is said to have arrived at Campredon with 17 Dutchmen so the men he was bringing have been reduced from 100 to 17.

1873 Oct. 13

The columns has marched from Prats to Artes which is three hours distant from Mauresa, after passing through Campredon, Casseras, and Gironella under the command of Colonel Don Francisco Tristany. General Rafael Tristany commands during the absence of the prince and has moved with the main body and artillery to Luria. The previous day, they passed the site of the battle of (Sept) 23 and 24 which they would have won if they had ammunition. Lavalds will probably be disgraced for disobedience. Murray has seen three places where the Republicans have burned their dead with the blackened earth still hearing a pungent odor. The royal forces always bury their dead and in the last battle they did this before retreating. They have seen six farm houses burned by the enemy and also the graves of 40 who had died from wounds. In the last battle at Porreig, they were outnumbered by the enemy 8000 to 1500, and many of the men had to use cap guns and blunderbusses. On the 23rd (Sept. 1873), 9000 cartridges were received but they were filled with sawdust instead of gunpowder. The enemy have cannon and modern equipment but they lost 500 men to our 60. The Carlist forces refuse to stop until the last catridge has been fired, and this determination has taken them and their leaders out of the mountains and into the valleys. The previous day they halted at Valserny and slept at Laliente. On Sept 13, they slept at Avinon where Dr. Freydus and Baron Forstner were murdered by volunteer Republican forces. The ranks of the enemy are made up of regulars, Cipazos, who are French Communists, Sons of Liberty, and some volunteer troops. Dr. Freydus' assistant, who escaped to Murray's battallion said to him that the regulars opposed the murder of the men by the volunteers and almost came to blows with them over it. When the Republicans capture a place, the clergy is forced to move. The majority of the people are Carlists but they do nothing about it. There are few Catholic newspapers in Spain. Our official paper is the Honor Catalan and there is a good Carlist paper printed in Navarre and one in Madrid.

1873 Oct. 09

The forces, detained by torrential rains on the 14 and 15 (Oct) all heard Mass at Moya. They marched from Estang to Orista on the 16th, and from there to Prats, Laria, and Valserny. There are but 5 Zouave officers there and they have their colours but no uniforms or ammunition. Murray met some foreigners at headquarters in Spain who had a low opinion of the Zouaves but from his own personal examination, their remarks are calumnies. At Iqualada the Zouaves only numbered 120 men but Wills and 4 others who were later killed, advanced the colors right to the garrison and the flag was returned by a man from another corps. They get mixed up in the battle but that is true of all armies. At the battle of Alpens, Wills threw the colors through an open window into a house held by the enemy and the men braved very severe fire to go in and successfully retrieve the flag and capture the house. Since Igualada the corps has not maintained its reputation in public opinion. In Spain they do not have the elements the Zouaves have in Rome. At present there are 200 men with 6 major officers and 14 officers in all. It is not easy to get food, and other things. The bulk of the burden of the war falls on the large land owners and the poor of villages and cities. Laborers and peasants are making money from the War. At present, the Carlist forces occupy the mountains and have Vich, Berga, Manresa, and Gerona blockaded. The Republicans occupy Vich and Manresa but those places do not matter. The total Carlist force under arms in Catalunia is 6 thousand and the Republicans number 15 thousand but they need 20 thousand more to constitute any threat. In Navarre the Carlists are 50 thousand strong but the danger in Catalunia is discord and ignorance among commanders and disregard for orders.

I-1-o - A.L. - 14pp. - 12mo. - {1}