University of Notre Dame


1874 Nov. 1
O'Donoghue, W(illia)m: St. Joseph, Mo.
 to J(ames) A(lphonsus) McMaster: New York, New York

At the request of some Catholics who felt an interest in Catholic education he was induced to write McMaster a letter for publication. Since two issues of the Journal have come out since it was received by McMaster he takes it for granted that he does not desire to publish it and asks that it be returned. He encloses stamps.

I-2-a - A.L.S. - 2pp. - 12mo. - {1}

1874 Nov. 2
Dwenger, Joseph, Bishop of Fort Wayne: Fort Wayne, Ind(iana)
 to (Archbishop John Baptist Purcell): (of Cincinnati, Ohio)

He received a letter from Cardinal (Alexander) Franchi dated Oct. 10 in which he expresses his desire that the bishops of the United States should protest against the sale of the property of the Propaganda. He enclosed the protest of the Propaganda which Dwenger sends, stating that it would be better to use a different form. Since Purcell is the patriarch of the American hierarchy, Dwenger would take a pride in his leading in this manifestation of affection for the Holy See. They are slow and cautious in the East. He sees where the English bishops have made such a protest. He knows it is not proper that he should put himself forward in such a manner, but hopes Purcell will not take amiss what he has said.

II-5-f - A.L.S. - 2pp. - 12mo. - {2}

1874 Nov. 3
Broderick, (Father) T. W.: Jewett City, Conn(ecticut)
 to O(restes) A. Brownson: (Elizabeth, New Jersey)

Father Dupont wrote a text on Metaphysics and gave a copy to Father Broderick to give to Brownson. The delay was due to the late arrival of Father Broderick's trunk. Brownson is to give his criticism to Broderick who in turn will send it to Dupont who requested it to be done this way.

I-4-f - A.L.S. - 2pp. - 12mo. - {2}

1874 Nov. 6
Dwenger, Joseph, Bishop of Fort Wayne: Fort Wayne, Ind(iana)
 to (Archbishop John Baptist Purcell): (of Cincinnati, Ohio)

The relics he sent Purcell were obtained at the bureau of relics in the office of Card(inal) Patrizi. He assures Purcell of their authenticity. Bishop (Richard) Gilmour (of Cleveland) is improving but forbidden to do any work. The villa lands outside of Rome by which the Propaganda was supported was confiscated. Cardinal (Alexander) Franchi brought suit, insisting that it was international property that was confiscated and therefore the seizures were illegal. He has hopes of succeeding if protests are made addressed to the government. He knows that no protests carry more weight than ours. He hopes Purcell will take the initiative or write to the Archbishop (James R. Bayley) of Baltimore. He leaves the whole matter to Purcell's judgment. The election of a provincial of the Fathers of the Precious Blood takes place on Nov. 18. The election must be held again since Father (Andrew) Kunkler refused the office and Fathers (Henry) Dress and (B ) Austermann had the same number of votes. Father (Joseph) Nusbaum, S.J. (?) gave a very good retreat. Dwenger is sending Purcell a copy of the statutes of the diocese.

II-5-f - A.L.S. - 4pp. - 12mo. - {8}

1874 Nov. 7
Dean, (Thorina) (Brownson): South Wilton, N(ew) Y(ork)
 to Orestes (A.) Brownson: (Elizabeth, New Jersey)

Thorina received Brownson's check for $50. She thanks God for it and prays God will reward Brownson. She hopes his health will be better. Thorina has showed some improvement. She does not know what would have become of her if Brownson had not helped her. Sarah would have written the letter but she is getting ready to go up to Orestes' folks. From there one of them will write. Orestes had a daughter born to him. Sarah got a letter from Rebecca and all are well. Orin's wife had a young daughter, and his son William has been married for two weeks. A letter was received from Daniel and he does not expect to see another summer. The disease is the colic. George Fowler sends his respects.

I-4-f - A.LS. - 2pp. - 4to. - {3}

1874 Nov. 7
Reilley, Thomas: Cleveland, Ohio
 to (James Alphonsus McMaster): New York, New York

A group of Catholic Young Men of that city have formed a Literary Club and they are desirous of sponsoring a series of lectures. He asks McMaster for a list of lecturers that are of note and such other information as would be necessary for them to know. All the members endorse the Journal. The club is Irish Catholic.

I-2-a - A.L.S. - 1p. - 8vo. - {1}

1874 Nov. 8
Woodriles, Henry: Bayonne, France
 to (James Alphonsus McMaster): New York, New York

He was delayed a week in London due to a severe cold contracted at sea. Today he had an interview with the Vicomte de Barres and tomorrow he goes before the Carlist committee. As he has overdrawn his account he is unable to buy his uniform so be asks McMaster for the money saying that he will refund it or in the event he should die McMaster could have a claim against his estate due him from his grandfather. He had an offer as a correspondent of a London Journal but he declined it. Before the Civil War he prepared for West Point but being a southerner his father withdrew him from the Army. He has had some mathematics and engineering so he is qualified to be an artilleryman. While at Hendaya opposite Irun he saw the king with several aides, and he realizes that the capture of Irun, Behobia, and Fontaralice are of great importance to the Carlists. The atrocities of the Republican free corps are becoming greater every day and there are many Prussians in their ranks. Monday, Nov. 9, 1874, his application was forwarded to Estella and the Carlist committee favorably recommended me. He greatly desires a uniform and requested McMaster to send the draft to the order of the Vicomte de Barres as he will be in Spain. He also wishes the prayers of McMaster and his friends and God's grace. He enclosed a promise to pay for value received.

I-2-a - A.L.S. - 6pp. - 12mo. - {2}

1p. - 32mo. -

1874 Nov. 8
Pourtales, Countess Frederica de nee De Castellane Villa Augusta: Vercy, Canton de Vaud, Switzerland
 to (Archbishop John Baptist Purcell): (Cincinnati, Ohio)

The Countess saw few days ago General De Castella, former officer in the Papal army, whom (Purcell) will remember. He has spoken to her of Spain and the cause of Don Carlos in whose service he has enlisted the Countess to speak to (Purcell). Carlos represents the Catholic cause since France has fallen so low. The press seeks to shackle this heroic price. She fears that he will be trapped. He is the only Catholic prince who can render aid to the Holy See. The Catholics are gathered at Fermes under the presidencey of Monseignour (Caspar) Mermillod to organize aid for him. But their money has been spent by these wars and persecutions and they now appeal to their brethern in America. They wish a loan of five millions to Don Carlos and an armed ship in the Bay of Biscay, the expense to be charged to the government of Don Carlos. They appeal to (Purcell) who has so much influence among the American Catholics. Archbishop (James R. Bayley) and Bishop (James F. Wood) would follow his example. She suggests that a Catholic banker would take charge of the loan and some competent person would assume the burden of supplying the ship. She encloses a copy of letter to General De Castella from Don Carlos which is not for publication. (in her own hand). She has written the above by Mademoiselle Frincano, but she wishes to add a footnote to (Purcell). She has read with interest the accounts of the marriage of General Sherman's daughter. She is living at a villa inherited by the Marracks from the widow of the King of Prussia. (Purcell) knows that the Countess de Castella spent the winter in France. She had tried in vain to get here to live here with her. She thinks often of Mrs. (Sarah) Peter and of her energy. They will surely return to the Holy Father and demand his benediction.

- L.S.(Partly A.) - 4pp. - 8vo. -

 (Enclosure as follows.) 

1874 Sept. 24
(Bourbon), Carlos (de): Royal Quarters La Reyna
 to General Baron de Castella: (Switzerland)

Knowing that the General is passing some days in Switzerland Carlos asks him to do some work for his cause. As he is acquainted with his conditions he asks him to inform the French, English, Germans and Swiss of the true state of his affairs, contrary to the false notions that have been spread abroad. His friends are generally the Catholics of all classes. He fights for the Catholic liberty as well as for his place on the throne. He is alone against the coalition. Thus, he has the sole claim on the aid of all who desire to preserve religion and society. Included also is a part of the process verbal of the international Catholic Assembly held under the presidency of the Bishop M. (Caspar) Mermillod, to the effect that the cause of Don Carlos is the cause of all Catholics and that he is therefore worthy of all Catholic aid. The original was certified by Firmin Collet as secretary to Mermillod.

II-5-f - Copy of Document - 3pp. - 12mo. - {4}

1874 Nov. 10
(Tenney), Sarah (M. Brownson): Elizabeth, N(ew) J(ersey)
 to Henry (F. Brownson): (Detroit, Michigan)

The judge (William J. Tenney) was not elected; but it does not make much difference. All he cared for was to make a stand as a Catholic, and see if a Catholic could be elected to any important office. He was beaten simply because he was a Catholic. The other side say that it was a dear victory for them. He could not have made so good a show if he had not the Germans, because the other man is a Sabbathian, anti-liquor prohibitionist and all that kind of thing. The Irish voted for the judge splendidly. Sarah would have liked the position only on account of the salary—it is no honor. The money would have come in well these days when the judge has a good deal of property to pay for. $1200 for a year or two without much extra labor would have been a help. Sarah presumes (Orestes A. Brownson) is writing Henry that he is having terribly hard times and is very infirm. All his visitors say they never saw him look half so well, or appear so vigorous and in such good spirits. The Tenneys thought they would have to give up here, for at first it almost killed her. After much servant trouble (Brownson) finally got a woman to do up his rooms every day. He makes great capital out of being obliged to pay for the work but it seems only just for what he pays, for his board only cares for the table expense. The Tenneys think (Brownson) has pretty good times. His fire is made at six, he comes down to a splendid breakfast, gives the judge various commissions to do for him, goes back and has a woman do all he can think of to make him comfortable, has his ice water excellent dinner, his lamps brought to him, and has not a care or a thought for any one but his own precious self. His visitors are always well-treated come when they will, and he can go where he pleases only it pleases him to go nowhere. At meals he does all the talking, never allowing a remark to be made between other persons at the table. As he is very deaf, this is very disagreeable. He has a good balance in the bank, abundance for all his wants and no one to claim any help from him. He never had a thought in his life except for his own comfort. But people tell her things he says about the treatment he receives which makes her furious, they are so outrageously false. He holds himself up to all as an object of sympathy. He pretends to the judge and herself that he is well satisfied. He little dreams how much she knows of what he says to outsiders. He seems to have taken Annie (Brownson) under his protection and she believes sends her money too. He has never given Sarah a penny since she was married, unless she counts a package of postal cards which he gave her when he hoped she would write his letters for him. She would be afraid to accept any present from him lest he say she had robbed him. He accuses her to outsiders now, because she uses the furniture in the house, which however was part of the bargain. He told a pathetic story to several ladies about his isolation and how Sarah prevented his marrying. They condoled with him while they nearly died laughing at his absurdity. Nothing would please her better than to have him married. He has stopped visiting his late chambermaid Agnes and as he has another young woman sewing for him Sarah presumes Agens' day is over. The other young woman he called on when out driving yesterday and she has been upstairs for over one hour already this afternoon. She comes for patterns (Brownson) tells her. Sarah tells Henry this that he may know the truth. She does not doubt that (Brownson) calls upon Henry for sympathy or perhaps he does not consider it as easy to humbug Henry. They have no difficulties, nor disturbances. She never has any conversation with him, and it is impossible for him to quarrel with the judge. Sarah does not talk to him because he is so deaf she cannot make him hear. He misrepresents what she does say and he repeated every word of her conversation to Agnes. The Tenneys live their life as independently of him as they can and it is wonderfully happy. She feels sometimes as if she could not endure to have the meals made a time of torture but they all resolve to make the best of it. The days go by so fast she feels sometimes her life will run away from her. She wants to linger over it. She hardly goes anywhere or sees anyone from Elizabeth. Lily Pegram has gone back to Europe. Orestes (Brownson) rejoices in his third son whose terrible name is Charles Augustus. The judge and she send their regards to all; Jessie would do the same only she is now at the bashful stage.

III-3-a - A.L.S. - 8pp. - 12mo. - {5}

1874 Nov. 11
DePauw, Edmund M.: Chateaugay, N(ew) Y(ork)
 to (James A.) McMaster,:
(editor of New York Freeman's Journal

He sent to Kehoe the manuscript life of St. John. The edition will be out after New Years. Miss Edes will expect a favorable notice in the Freeman. He expresses his admiration for Miss Edes.

XI-1-a - A.L.S. - 3pp. - 8vo. - {1}

1874 Nov. 11
Franchi, Alex(ander), Cardinal Prefect: Rome, (Italy)
 to Archbishop John Baptist Purcell: of Cincinnati, (Ohio)

Purcell knows that Father Henry Delbaere of the diocese of Detroit during the past year has had recourse to the Sacred Congregation against the suspension inflicted on him by his Ordinary, Bishop Caspar H. Borgess. The Sacred Congregation in its meeting of Sept. 21 decided that the matter should be referred to Purcell for consideration according to the decrees of the Sacred canons and the decrees of the Second Plenary Council of Baltimore, according to which appeals from suffragans go first to the metropolitan. The decision was shown to the Holy Father who approved an ordered it to be carried out. Signed by John Simeoni as secretary. no. 7.

II-5-f - L.S. - (Latin). - 1p. - 8vo. - {3}

1874 Nov. 12
Cantwell, Father John: Manchester, England
 to (Orestes A.) Brownson: (Elizabeth, New Jersey)

Cantwell would like to know where he could procure the Boston Quarterly from 1838. He has the Review from 1844 to 1873 and would like to own all of Brownson's works. Cantwell would like Brownson to tell him where he can get the Democratic Review or if Brownson will send all that he has written in it, Cantwell shall send the value.

I-4-f - A.L.S. - 2pp. - 10mo. - {1}

1874 Nov. 12
Dahlgren, Madeleine Vinton: Washington, (D.C.)
 to Orestes (A.) Brownson: (Elizabeth, New Jersey)

Dahlgren is glad to hear Brownson will spend the holidays in Washington. She is suffering from an injury and will let nature restore her to normal. If that fails, she will resign herself to her fate. It is sad for her daughter because they expected to spend their social life together this winter. One of the books sent to Dahlgren was by (L. St. John) Eckel. Dahlgren cannot give a respectful designation to one who has chosen to paint herself to the world as infamous a character as ever existed. She would have read a few pages then thrown the book away, but it comes with a more serious import. Madame de Chambrun was greatly displeased at the liberty taken with regard to her father, M. de Corcelles. When Dahlgren returned after meeting Eckel at (Sarah Brownson Tenney's) house, she should have told Brownson that Eckel had the arts and manners of an adventuress. She intrigues with religion and the must make war with her. Brownson does not understand the woman. He should not suppose Eckel to be his friend. Sarah said to Dahlgren that all come to partake of her hospitality and do honor to Brownson, but that Mrs. Eckel was the first to take a stand with her. Dahlgren resented the imputation. She had no intention of stopping at Elizabeth in order to get a favorable notice, but did so to pay her respects. In part she wished to thank Brownson for the kind words which he had published concerning her. Also, it was a chance for Brownson to see his Godchildren. Mrs. (Ellen Ewing) Sherman has written Dahlgren and would like her to vindicate outraged womanhood and review Eckel's book. Dahlgren never writes without signing her name but she has never yet attacked persons. She does not believe Brownson read 10 pages of Jean Jacques (Rousseau)'s confession. There were descriptions of nature which pleased Mrs. Dahlgren. Her own bitter loneliness used to make her talk with the woods. Enclosed (no enclosure) is her order for the Review for the coming year.

I-4-f - A.L.S. - 12mo. - 12p. - {7}

1874 Nov. 13
Keating, Father Basil: Dunkirk, New York
 to J(ames) A(lphonsus) McMaster: New York, New York

He thinks that McMaster is qualified to express an opinion concerning Catholic Education and urges him to state his stand now. He has difficulty maintaining his school in these hard times and wonders if it would be wise to pay his teachers from the common school fund.

I-2-a - A.L.S. - 2pp. - 12mo. - {1}

1874 Nov. 15
Bennett, Ja(me)s Gordon: New York, (New York)
 to Archbishop John Purcell: (Cincinnati, Ohio)

The controversy now going on in England between Archbishop (Henry) Manning and Expremier Gladstone attracts so largely the attention of all Christendom that a letter from Purcell upon the subject for publication in the (New York) Herald would prove most welcome. Bennett forwards to Purcell by mail the Herald of today, containing Manning's letter, together with the chief points of the controversy and the editorials of the English press. Bennett hopes for an expression of Purcell's views on a subject of importance, places the columns of the Herald at the disposal of Purcell.

II-5-h - A.L.S. - 1p. - 8vo. - {2}

 (Photostatic copy from the Archives of the College of Mt. St. Joseph, Delhi, Ohio.) 

1874 Nov. 17
Scott County, Minnesota
 to James A(lphonsus) McMaster:

He read McMaster's review of the book of "Maria Monk's Daughter" and also the card in the "Sun" newspaper. He thinks that an hour and a half is too short a time for McMaster to form any judgment on the book and he asks McMaster to read the book again and form a definite opinion that will carry more weight. He writes not to criticise, but only to call his attention to the fact that his judgment was too hasty. He thinks a great deal of the Journal and recommends it to all he can.

I-2-a - (Letter unsigned) - 3pp. - 12mo. - {1}

1874 Nov. 18
Brownson, Anna: North Cambridge, Mass(achusetts)
 to Orestes A. Brownson: Elizabeth, New Jersey

Anna feels that she will be disappointed in not seeing Brownson this fall. The people (Metcalf) whose address was given to Brownson have moved. Miss Metcalf's father went to church All Saints Day. The Bishop's (John Joseph William's) fair is now in progress. Due to hard times Anna does not think it will be much of a success. Having a season ticket, Anna goes in to help them at the tables. Raffle prizes were a $10,000 brick house, a pony, and all kinds of furniture. If the Fair is successful, the Cathedral will be finished in another year. Love and good wishes are sent to Brownson. Anna hopes the subscriptions are coming in fast for the Review of 1875.

I-4-f - A.L.S. - 3pp. - 10mo. - {1}

1874 Nov. 18
Moller, Alfonse Nicolas: Jersey City, N(ew) J(ersey)
 to (Archbishop John Baptist Purcell): (of Cincinnati, Ohio)

He wishes to know if the birth records are still kept for 1843 and 1844. It is of importance to him to find out in which year he was born. As Purcell baptized him, he hopes it can be found. P.S. He would also like to know who his godfather and godmother were and the day of the month.

II-5-f - A.L.S. - 2pp. - 12mo. - {1}

1874 Nov. 23
Guggenberger, Father Anthony: St. Mary's, (Ohio)
 to Archbishop (John Baptist Purcell): (of Cincinnati, Ohio)

The man about whom he wrote Purcell has decided to leave the woman he had taken as a wife and make his peace with God. It is difficult to discover whether her first husband was baptized as his whereabouts are unknown. She withdrew every concession made in favor of the baptism and education of her children. He asks permission to leave for 8 days to make his spiritual retreat. He will provide for a priest for Sunday.

II-5-f - A.L.S. - 2pp. - 12mo. - {1}

1874 Nov. 26
Eckel, Mrs. L. St. John: (New York City, New York)
 to (Orestes A. Brownson): (Elizabeth, New Jersey)

Mrs. Eckel thanked God for giving her a true friend like Brownson. She is going to sue the Freeman's Journal, and the Sun for libel. The defendants will have to prove the book is indecent. Service on the defendants will be soon. A criminal lawyer has been engaged, the fee will be high but the end to be achieved will be worth it. The Canadian papers are also attacking her. Mrs. Eckel wants to know where Brownson will send her the proof sheets of McMaster's article. She wants Brownson to pray that she wins so that she can teach the editors a lesson.

I-4-f - A.L.S. - 4pp. - 12mo. - {1}

1874 Nov. 27
De Concilio, (Father) J.: Jersey City, (New Jersey)
 to (Orestes A. Brownson): (Elizabeth, New Jersey)

Father de Concilio saw in Brownson's last review that the work is open to others. Father de Concilio has a work which he would like to have published in a review because it deals with philosophy and theology, and he would like also to feel the reaction of the public before the work is put in book form. Since English is not his mother tongue, he would like to have some one proof-read it. De Concilio wanted to write for the Catholic World and having written only one article for the publication, the article was refused by Father Hewit because he claimed the article advocated a doctrine contrary to that of his, "The Problems of the Age". He holds to the doctrine that Incarnation was the first work which God intended in the creation of the cosmos. Other theologians who hold the same have failed to take up the question of evil which exists in the cosmos. If Brownson should have reasons for not accepting the article, Father de Concilio shall publish the work in book form.

I-4-f - A.L.S. - 4pp. - 12mo. - {1}

1874 Nov. 28
Fitzgibbon, Mr. M: Norfolk, V(irgini)a
 to (Archbishop) John B(aptist) Purcell: (of Cincinnati, Ohio)

He encloses Purcell's first letter to him of Mar. 12, 1871 which will enable Purcell to get his own letter out of file, which contained all the information to enable him to know the nature of the claim Fitzgibbon made for compensation for work done on Mr. (James) Behan's estate, from which Purcell received nearly $6,000 from Bishop (John) McGill (of Richmond). He saved $10,000 of Behan's estate which was claimed by Behan's sisters in Australia, by showing that Behan's last codicil revoked the previous settlement to his sisters. His only motive was to see justice done to all parties, and had no idea that McGill and Purcell would benefit. He does not like to speak of the dead, but Sister Isidore's letter to Purcell reminds him that the Hospital of St. Vincent de Paul was not fairly dealt with by McGill. The hospital was Behan's favorite charity and deserved to be paid, and this McGill refused to do. McGill did not comply with Behan's requests in his last codicil regarding the stock legatees. McGill as executor was not competent to manage the estate, and Behan's last codicil set him aside in favor of Mr. Doyle and Fitzgibbon. McGill's lawyers falsely stated that it was their wish that McGill be appointed executor, for which he received one-third of the commissions allowed the executors, while Fitzgibbon did nine-tenths of the work. He knows that Purcell's knowledge of the situation was limited and that he left everything in McGill's hands. McGill received $8,000 from Behan's English estate, between five and six thousand from this country, and about $2,000 for being executor. He has not spoken before of McGill and will not do so again. No doubt his best qualities were not known to Fitzgibbon, but he always found him unbearable and hateful. He did not give McGill any papers, for if he had, the affairs would probably not be settled yet, for McGill was no business man. Behan gave to Fitzgibbon full confidence, his power of attorney, and trusted him in everything. McGill watched the residuary fund so closely, that there was not enough money to have Behan's remains brought back from England to this country. McGill agreed to appropriate $300 but after that showed no interest or concern in the remains. Behan had asked that his body be returned to Norfolk and the executors to bear the expense. McGill, as one of the residuary legatees, made the residuum a large one. It is now up to Purcell and Bishop (James) Gibbons (of Richmond) to see that Behan's body is returned. McGill was twice in Liverpool on his way to and from Rome, but did not make any effort to obtain the remains. Fitzgibbon intends to write to Gibbons on this matter. He is ashamed of the long letter, and Purcell will probably look upon it as bad temper, but he desires to defend himself against McGill's statement that he was fully compensated for his work, implying that he was dishonest, in asking from Purcell what he ought to get. It will not be necessary to send a power of attorney to sell his Canal stock. He will see that it is sold at the best price possible, and advise Purcell accordingly.

II-5-f - A.L.S. - 10pp. - 12mo. - {4}

1874 Nov. 30
Severance, George: Tunbridge, V(ermon)t
 to F(rederick) R. Pustet: (New York, New York)

Severance had inquired whether (Orestes A.) Brownson's essays on Atheism would be published in a book form, but he has received no reply. He again asks. (Added on back:) Pustet asks Brownson to answer this letter. The previous letter was also sent, but, it seems, was lost.

I-4-f - A.L.S. - 2pp. - 12mo. - {3}