University of Notre Dame


1875 Aug. 2
English, J(ohn) R.: Columbus, Ohio
 to James F. Edwards: (Toledo, Ohio)

He was too busy to answer sooner. They have the mill running in the Ohio Pen and must keep check on the convicts who are hard at work getting out the fall and winter woolens.

XI-1-a - A.L.S. - 1p. - 8vo. - {1}

1875 Aug. 4
Dwenger, Joseph, Bishop of Fort Wayne: Fort Wayne, Ind(iana)
 to (Archbishop John Baptist Purcell): (of Cincinnati, Ohio)

Purcell's letter of July 30 was just received due to the heavy rains which kept the trains from running. The loss here is terrible, with the army worm destroying many crops that were not injured by the rain. He is afraid many of the people will have a terrible winter. He wishes Purcell to look upon Fort Wayne as his own diocese and exercise all the functions and claim all honors. He would like for him to visit Fort Wayne either on his way to St. Mary's or returning from South Bend. There are good connections from South Bend to Fort Wayne, and they can leave after 12 and arrive at 5 P.M. It would be a great pleasure to entertain Purcell.

II-5-f - A.L.S. - 2pp. - 12mo. - {1}

1875 Aug. 6
Trembley, Nellie A.: Detroit, (Michigan)
 to (Orestes A. Brownson): (Elizabeth, New Jersey)

Mrs. Trembley Brownson's niece, is sorry to hear of his illness. She believes her mother (Mrs. Daphna Ludington) and Brownson to be much alike because her mother wrote that she is afflicted with lameness so as to make it difficult for her to move from place to place. Mrs. Trembley feels her mother has no right to work. Her husband Frank (Trembley) has been at London, (Ontario) for some time. His visits are few. Mrs. Trembley has no objections against being in Canada and her husband said she would like the people. She feels too much like a Yankee. There is still a barrier among Mrs. Trembley and her relatives. A tintype picture of Gertie, their daughter, is enclosed. Four years previous her husband had the small pox, then Gertie and then the hired girl. Since Mrs. Trembley is going to leave Detroit around Aug. 15, she wishes Brownson to send his reply to her husband, Frank.

I-4-f - A.L.S. - 4pp. - 12mo. - {2}

1875 Aug. 8
Morris, W(illiam) G.: Chillicothe, Missouri
 to James F. Edwards: (Toledo, Ohio)

He is visiting his grandparents and spending a very lonesome vacation. He has quit chewing tobacco and started smoking.

XI-1-a - A.L.S. - 2pp. - 12mo. - {1}

1875 Aug. 9
Alemany, Joseph S., Archbishop of San Francisco: San Francisco, (California)
 to Archbishop J(ohn) B(aptist) Purcell: of Cincinnati, O(hio)

Upon the granting of permission to ask for a Coadjutor by the Holy Father, the Bishops of the province met after the return of Bishop (Thaddeus) Amat from Europe, to propose the following men as recommended for the position. They are: Father William Fortune, of Dublin; Bishop Thomas Foley, of Chicago; and Father John Prendergast, Vicar General of San Francisco. Fortune is a man of great ability, learning, talent, energy, prudence, and amiable disposition. He has been President of All Hallows College for many years and Cardinal Cullen writes that he is fit to become a Bishop. He was appointed to some See in Australia but managed to get off on grounds of poor health. However, he thinks the climate of California would not afford such an excuse. Their priests are from that College and the people are either Irish or of Irish descent. Foley is a good Bishop and would make a better Archbishop. Prendergast is equally intelligent, is well liked and carries out his duties well, although he does not seem to be disposed much towards the position. This lack of inclination towards temporal administration makes him not likely for the job, and his name was opposed by one of the Bishops. He asks Purcell to send his views on the men to the Cardinal Prefect of the Propaganda and to join him in a prayer for an able successor.

II-5-f - A.L.S. - 2pp. - 8vo. - {4}

1875 Aug. 10
McSweeny, Edward: Poughkeepsie, (New York)
 to O(restes) A. Brownson: Elizabeth, N(ew) J(ersey)

McSweeny asks Brownson not to slight his lack of understanding of Brownson's views as regards ideas of progress. He cannot see how the culture of the Middle Ages was superior to the contemporary one. Brownson's historical accounts show that during the Middle Ages, Art, science, literature and polished manners sank to a low degree. In reading of the deposing powers of the Popes, Brownson shows a society that makes McSweeny thank God that he is not a contemporary of Pope Gregory VII. McSweeny then speaks of the public violence of that time and remarks that in the existing times no person of power can perform violent acts for fear of the courts that deal out justice to all stratas of society. The Bishops are better, and the priests as a class are more learned and purer. McSweeny knows much of the good claimed for the Middle Ages; the architecture, etc., but he feels that, on the whole, the world is better, wiser, juster and happier in 1875. With all the looseness of doctrine, outside the Church, he feels that marriage is much more respected in the individual case, a man's life and money are safer, his education enlarged, his health guarded and his children are more likely to support him in his old age. He prefers a blameless life rather than heroic attainment. Today with no civil laws enforcing obedience to the will of the Church, and no superstitious element in our Belief, faith is more meretorious. The United States and England are leading the world settlement of differences between nations through arbitration rather than war. Men now do not need to live in walled cities to avoid the attacks of plunderers, who ransack a man's home and family. McSweeny says that he is expressing a growing conviction on the part of students of genuine history, who now see the contemporary era as better in spite of all the boasting concerning the Middle Ages. McSweeny believes that Brownson has heard the objections before and may not answer them now. McSweeny asks Brownson to direct him to former articles from the Review on the subject. P.S. McSweeny had misgivings about sending this letter to Brownson, finally he decided to send it.

I-4-f - A.L.S. - 7pp. - 12mo. - {1}

1875 Aug. 13
Collins, Mr. Mich(ael) W.: New York (City, New York)
 to Archbishop (John Baptist) Purcell: (of Cincinnati, Ohio)

His two sons, John and Charles, would like to enter the seminary at Cincinnati. John is 15 and would like to enter the preparatory class and become a priest. Charles also expresses a wish to become a clergyman. John has been three years to L'Assomption College and two years at Manhattan College. Charles was at the De la Salle Institute here and has been at L'Assomption the last three years. Each has a very good record. Purcell informed him last May that the cost would be $150 each per year, but he would like to know what the full cost, including extra charges would be, for his means are limited and he would not like to undertake more than he could finish. If possible, the boys will enter at the opening in September. He inquires as to clothing. He thanks Purcell for his trouble. His daughter Sebastian is happy in the Ursuline Convent at St. Martin's (Ohio). They are very grateful. P.S.—Charles is learning piano. Would it be possible for him to continue at Cincinnati?

II-5-f - A.L.S. - 3pp. - 12mo. - {2}

1875 Aug. 15
Agropio(?), J.B. Pro. secretary: Rome, (Italy)
 to Archbishop John Baptist Purcell: of Cincinnati, (Ohio)

In an audience with the Holy Father that day the Secretary of the Propaganda obtained for Purcell a dispensation of the first degree of affinity for Joseph Muller and Catherine Haberer, sister of his dead wife, for the reasons alledged in the petition, and for the legitimation of their children arising from such marriage.

II-5-f - Printed form filled D.S. - (Latin) - 1p. - 8vo. - {3}

1875 Aug. 19
Trembley, Nellie A.: Detroit, Mich(igan)
 to O(restes) A. Brownson: Elizabeth, N(ew) J(ersey)

Two weeks ago, Mrs. Trembley, a niece, wrote to Brownson informing him that she expected to move to London on account of her husband's business there. It is probable that she will not go. A photo of her daughter, Gertie was sent to Brownson, as was a copy of a photo of her mother (Mrs Daphna Ludington) which was taken six years previous. Mr. Trembly would like Brownson to write her. Daniel (Brownson) became angry with her some years ago and has not written her. She always felt that Brownson was the closest relative to her. Mrs. Trembly hopes to see more of Brownson soon.

I-4-f - A.L.S. - 2pp. - 12mo. - {3}

1875 Aug. 20
Chapuis, Father A(dolphe) F.: New Orleans, (Louisiana)
 to Archbishop N(apoleon) J(oseph) Perché of New Orleans: (Paris, France)

Chapuis had hoped that Father (E.J.) Foltier's return to St. Vincent de Paul's would procure peace of mind and, with due gratitude to Perché for removing the only cause of his troubles; Chapuis ' anticipation seemed fully realized until about 6 weeks ago when Father (Gilbert) Raymond, asserting that he was only carrying out Perché's orders, ordered Chapuis to leave the Mount Carmel Asylum and to accept the chaplaincy of the Convent of the Holy Cross. Raymond finally ordered him to go under penalty of suspension. Chapuis consented under two conditions: (1) since Raymond told him that he wanted him to repair the difficulties which Father (T.A.?) Vaudray's thoughtlessness had caused, he insisted he be placed on the same footing for confessions as the Jesuit confessor who visits there; and (2) as this is an additional expense for him, he asked that his salary be raised to $35. Raymond, seeing he was determined to appeal to Perché, requested him to go until he received further orders from Perché and promised to write Perché immediately. Two weeks later he said he would accept Chapuis' conditions and added that it was Perché's intention to arrange matters in like manner at the Ursulines' Convent. Ten days later, seeing Raymond had done nothing, Chapuis told him he would cease going to the Convent. The day he stopped going, Raymond left the city for two weeks, sending Chapuis a letter in which he appoints him assistant priest of Abbeville. Chapuis asks Perché's decision, promising to submit accordingly (P.S.) Foltier sent Raymond two letters in his favor. Rather than create new difficulties, Chapuis will submit to Raymond's plans until Percé's intention is made known.

VI-2-o - A.L.S. - 9pp. - 16mo. - {8}

1875 Aug. 20
Inquirer: Cincinnati, Ohio
 to (James Alphonsus McMaster): New York, New York

The article of Napoleon and Josephine in last weeks Journal prompts him to seek more information. Since he has associated with non-Catholics most of his life he has been asked numerous questions concerning his faith. Among which were ones concerning the attitude of the Catholic Church concerning divorces. He has been asked in what manner did Henry the Eight, and Napoleon receive divorces and how could Cardinal Fesch marry the divorced Napoleon? He has asked Catholics but they know not the answer so he asks McMaster to give him some information on this question.

I-2-a - A.L.S. - 2pp. - 12mo. - {1}

1875 Aug. 20
N. N. N.: Richmond, Ind.
 to (James Alphonsus) McMaster: New York, New York

He asks McMaster to forward to Lourdes the enclosed few dollars as he does not know how to correctly address the latter so that it would reach there safely.

I-2-a - A.L.S. - 1p. - 12mo. - {1}

1875 Aug. 25
O'Hara, Isabelle: Pikesville, Md.
 to James A(lphonsus) McMaster: New York, New York

In the Journal of the 14th, she read an article on "Bonaparte and Josephine". In it McMaster says that they never were married in the Catholic Church through a trick of Cardinal Fesch, who foresaw that Napoleon might some day desire a separation. If such was the case, why was there any necessity for seeking a divorce when he decided marrying Maria Louisa? She thinks that was the time to use the Cardinal's device if it could be proved that there was no marriage, and there was no need to bother the Holy Father about it. She asks McMaster to answer this question.

I-2-a - A.L.S. - 2pp. - 12mo. - {1}

1875 Aug. 26
"E"(des, Ella B.): Rome, I(taly)
 to (James Alphonsus) McMaster: (New York, New York)

"E" notifies McMaster that Major (John D.) Keiley has been named Commendatore of the Order of Pius IX and that Cardinal Franchi will send the brief of the order to him in a few days. She asked through Cardinal Franchi that Cardinal Antonelli not even tell Roncetti but to write to America first. She will send the brief and a package with the necessary insignia to McMaster to that he may have the honor of presenting them to Keiley, and asks McMaster to acknowledge their receipt. She tells also of a certain man, Davis, who has been mistrusted in Rome. This man is now in New York attempting to get a job as a choirmaster and should be watched. (Patrick V.) Hickey is intending to hire him as his Roman correspondent but E(des) promises to get the whole story from Mgr. Cataldi. The Cardinal has told her he will send Roncetti as an apostolic delegate to South America to replace Vanutelli, who is going to Belgium. He also mentions a Sister Mary Ignatius Hayes, Third Order of St. Francis. She is taking out nuns to found a cloistered convent of St. Clare in St. Paul. Cardinal (John) McCloskey will arrive September 10. Archbishop de St. Marc of Rennes will be made Cardinal. She will telegraph if any American Bishops are appointed.

I-2-a - A.L.S. - 4pp. - 8vo. - {6}

1875 Aug. 27
Hilton, G(eorge) H.: Cincinnati, Ohio
 to (james Alphonsus) McMaster: new York, New York

Enclosed he sends the Commercial Republican paper. It shows that the Catholics should give the Know-Nothing no cause for agitation but only agitate a plan that would make a union of Church and state. In order to convert them, their prejudices must first be removed. He thinks that as long as Catholics are not molested they should take every advantage of teaching religion in the schools. There are liberties in this country that do not exist in Mexico where the state has control of education. He wants McMaster to manifest his wisdom and do the great work he has in hand. A Cincinnati reporter lately interviewed him among others on the Currency question which was published and which he encloses. He wished that he had Judge Taft's malicious, cunning and ignorant speech to send him.

I-2-a - A.L.S. - 4pp. - 12mo. - {2}

1875 Aug. 28
Studiosus rerum:
 to (Orestes A. Brownson): Elizabeth, New Jersey

The writer criticizes a review of Balmes "Criterion" appearing in the July number of the Quarterly Review, implying that certain statements in the review, such as that of the identity of principles of things and principles of science, are condemned implicitly in the condemnation of ontologism, criticizing likewise the article by Father J. H. Koop in the same number, and implying that Brownson had broken his promise in attacking Catholic things.

II-4-f - A.L.S. - (Latin) - 3pp. - 12mo. - {2}

1875 Aug. 30
McCloskey, W(illia)m, Bishop of Louisville: Louisville, K(entuck)y
 to Archbishop (John Baptist) Purcell: of Cincinnati, (Ohio)

Father (Joseph) De Vries, a priest suspended by McCloskey for disobedience, told a clergyman in Louisville that Purcell had advised De Vries to get all the names he could to his document making charges against McCloskey and that if he called at Purcell's house he himself would sign it. He told the informant that he though the story was false.

II-5-f - A.L.S. - 1p. - 12mo. - {2}

1875 Aug. 30
McCloskey, W(illia)m, Bishop of Louisville: Louisville, K(entuck)y
 to Arch(bishop John Baptist) Purcell: of Cin(cinnati Ohio)

McCloskey encloses a statement appearing in the morning Courier Journal. These men have tried in his absence to cause disturbance again. His vicar general and chancellor are in Rome to meet the complaints. Father (Francis) Chambige issued a document to the pastor of St. Bridget's saying that it was against the rule of the Sisters of Charity for them to teach boys. The priest could not get Brothers, so that he removed Chambige when he returned, saying that since it was important that the Superior of the Sisters of Nazareth to work in harmony with the bishop and, considering the age of Chambige, he had assumed the superiorship himself. He then learned from Mother Columba that Chambige had acted on his own responsibility and had not consulted the Council of the Sisters. McCloskey has written that day to Cardinal (John) McCloskey who can speak for him. These men impugned Purcell's conduct and say that when he came with Bishop (Maurice) de St. Palais he would see only Irish priests. They are getting up a counter petition which will be signed by a vast majority of priests. Not the name of an Irish priest goes with them. One did but he came and retracted. P.S.—Father (Joseph) De Vries claims $6000 back salary. No wonder these men did not want their reports printed.

II-5-f - A.L.S. - 4pp. - 12mo. - {7}

1875 Aug. 30
Morris, Willie (William): Chillicothe, Missouri
 to James F. Edwards: (Toledo, Ohio)

He pities the juniors with Bro. Leander and Bro. Alexander as prefects. There is no news in this western country.

XI-1-a - A.L.S. - 2pp. - 12mo. - {3}

1875 Aug. 30
Sorin,C.S.C. Father Edward: Notre Dame, Indiana
 to Archbishop John Baptist Purcell: of Cincinnati, Ohio

(Withdrawn to Provincial Archives).


1875 Aug. 31
Brownson, O(restes) A.: Elizabeth, N(ew) J(ersey)
 to H(enry) F. Brownson): Detroit, Mich(igan)

Brownson's mind is made up for he feels he has no home here. He thanks dear Fifine, in whom he counts on finding an affectionate daughter. But as Brownson gives Henry his library from the time it enters his house, and pays all expenses, Henry could do no less than come to take charge of the moving. What may be only a slight hill to Henry is a mountain to Brownson in his loss of physical energy. It may be difficult for Henry to spare the time, but he needs not be tied down to a particular day. Brownson will be ready soon after his number (Review) is out, any time after the 25th. It will cost Henry nothing but the time. Brownson does not like to ask Judge (William J. Tenney) to do it. Brownson shall leave the furniture with Sarah (M. Brownson Tenney) except such portions as he may think desirable to take with him, although it is mostly all his. He proposes, if Fifine wishes, to bring a bed and bedding and purchase new carpets. The prospect of getting away from the Tenneys and finding a home or at least somebody to converse with has already put new life into him. His health seems much better than when Henry was here. Brownson's bank account is not as favorable as he expected, but he shall have no difficulties in meeting all engagements, paying all expenses of moving and furnishing the room or rooms alloted to him. The whole cost cannot exceed $1,000. So much at least he can spare without trenching on his annuity. Does Henry propose to give him one of the library rooms as his sitting room? He shall not be difficult if he has plenty of light and air. Love to Fifine and all the young Brownson.

III-3-a - A.L.S. - 3pp. - 12mo. - {3}