University of Notre Dame

Calendar: 1822

1822 Jan. 24
Rosati, Father Joseph C.M.: Barrens, (Missouri)
 to  Father (Simon Gabriel) Brute: Emmitsburg, Ma(ryland)

Rosati must ask a favor of Brute. He has been told that the superior of the Sisters at Emmitburg has translated into English the life of St. Vincent De Paul and he would like to get a copy of it. There are some among their community who understand English and they make their exercises in that language. When the Vincentians arrived in Baltimore they number only 4, three priests and one brother. Now they are 19, 10 priests, 3 clerics and 6 brothers. Many Italians have taken a great interest in their mission. Since their great loss of Father (Felix) D'Andreis, Rosati has been in charge. All do not live with him. 4 are in lower Louisiana among them Fathers Ferrari and Tichitoli, known to Brute. Father Aquaroni is at Portage des Sioux, 100 miles away and has already sent a recruit to their seminary. Two other priests are in parishes. Their seminary is small with 30 of them. Up to present they have had 10 priests ordained who have made here at least their theology. Their house is sufficent to give each priest a room. They finish little by little thanks to some brothers who are talented, some of whom are carpenters. They also care for farm for food. Providence has taken care of them and they hope that it will help them build a church for which they have until now only a log house. It was built before they arrived and is about a third of a mile from their seminary. The Bishop (William DuBourg) has given them many ornaments and other have been created in the wood. The people are pleased by the ceremonies which are carried out in splendor. Everyone attends the sacraments as often as could be desired and the Catholics among the officials of the state give good example by their attendance. They increase with the new arrivals. There have also been converts from protestantism. These they meet continually and there is a shortage of Protestant ministers in these woods, and many of them are not attached to any sect. As to the Indians, God only knows when their time will come. The Bishop is much concerned about them and help for them comes from Europe. They have a village of savages ten miles from the seminary called Shawnee but they will by treaty go 800 miles west. Rosati thinks that he would like when he retires to work among the Indians. He has not been able to say Mass for 4 months, having broken his arm in falling from a horse. P.S. If Brute finds time to reply he is at St. Mary's Seminary, Perry County, Barrens, Missouri.

II-3-o - A.L.S. - (French) - 3pp. {4to.} 4

1822 Feb. 26
(David), Jean Baptist M. Bishop of Mauricastro: Bardstown, (Kentucky)
 to  Father (Simon Gabriel) Brute: Emmitsburg, Maryland

David apologies for not writing. He went to the Dominicans for the consecration of Bishop (Edward Dominic) Fenwick at which he preached. He had after that an attack of rheumatism and asthma, but is better now. He thanks Brute for his friendly criticism of his little writting, since he much interruped in writing it. He did not have a printer there and sent it to Louisville. He had arranged with a Catholic friend to correct the proofs but the printer would not permit it. David comments on topics discussed in his pamphlet in view of Brute's criticisms. He welcomes Brute's observations but wrote in haste as the matter had been promised and was expected. Hall is excited and preaches against him and the book. They tell him that Hall is going to reply. David has begun a new pamphlet on the rule of faith. He gave a sermon on this subject at the cathedral and it made a grand impression. He will take it in the manner of a discourse to men of other professions, exposing the purpose in the introduction the purpose of promoting their eternal salvation. He would use Milner and Ward as sources. He hopes that God will give him the enlightenment he needs but would submit the result of his efforts to the judgment of his Bishop. He spoke yesterday to Father (Francis Patrick) Kenrick about the problem of the Hebrew and Greek words and he says that the English translation is a wilful corruption. As to the news there. They have hung a bell and a clock and two beautiful pictures at the grand altar. This year they have a fine organ. They have a passable organist. Father (William Byrnes) is forming a school and has 60 students. They are to prepare for first communion. There will be a sufficient number on March 25 and the Bishop will probably assist. Their college has the same number of students as has St. Louis. They are beginning to take some boarders. Father (Jean) Tessier has received the bad news that some had taken the part of Father (William) Hogan, and that he had been given the church.

II-3-o - A.L.S. - (French) - 3pp. {4to.} 5

1822 April 1
Brute, Father (Simon Gabriel): (Emmitsburg, Maryland)
 to  Lewis Motter: ( )

Brute says he will settle the judgment which Motter has obtained against Isaac Woods.

II-3-o - A.D.S. - (English) - 1p. {12mo.} 2

1822 Apr. 27

Propaganda Fide, Sec. Congregation,
(Signed by) C.M. Pedicini Secretarius Rome

to Ambrosio Marechal,
Archbishop of Baltimore

A Decision of the Sacred Congregation that the appeal of clerics against sentence pronounced by the Archbishop in criminal cases to the Holy See was to be only in Devolutivo.
A copy sent to Bishop Edward Fenwick.

II-4-d Copy of a.d.s. (Latin) 4pp. 8vo.

1822 May 6
(David), J(ean) B. of Mauricastro: Bardstown, (Kentucky)
 to  Father (Simon Gabriel) Brute: Emmitsburg, Maryland

He has received Brute's letter of April 18 but not that of Mr. Coskery who continues his observations about the Russian church. He has read the book from which Brute took the passages, Du Pape by de Maistre. He is now reading the Soirees de St. Petersburg for which he has not the same interest. He appreciates Brute's zeal in making the ideas of the book available in case David writes. He is now preparing a book on the rule of faith for the separated brethern. There is a movement towards Catholicism in their village. Three families have had their children baptized and now prepare to follow them, a lawyer shows an inclination to join the church and a doctor who follows the Domincans to Cincinnati and prepared to become a Catholic, and become a Dominican. Father (Robert) Abell is to baptize a magistrate, very rich and highly thought of. Bishop (Benedict Joseph Flaget) has gathered these facts to publish in France where Father (Stephen Theodore) Badin demands such stories to aid in his begging. The minister has lost his popularity. They do not preach in the courthouse since the last two attracted such small audiences. His pamphlet has had a good effect and an answer is on the press. David likes this kind of writing and thinks it does much good. He knows that all he will say is already written but a new pamphlet pricks the curiosity. He has plenty of sources for this type of work especially a two volume work which (Father Guy Ignatius) Chabrat brought from France. The trouble is he does not have time. May 18 he was interrupted as usual. Yesterday he had a visit with Coskery and his son. He was David's pentitent in Baltimore. He thanks Brute for his interesting letters, especially the one which cites the profession of faith of the Presbyterians. He has one print in Philadelphia in 1806. It does no good to write it because they will always say that their faith is in the scriptures. This gives them liberty to change as they wish. They have two copies of the one volume of DeLammenais. He does not know if the second appeared. He has not read it partly because it is not on the subject on which he is writing and partly because the Bishop who has read it says it is full of melancholy. David has read the article of which Brute speaks. He needs a conclusion for his speech. He needs divine help. He cannot write as they who read want but does so only because there is no one else to do it. He will interrupt now to teach a class of French, then one of English, then to speak to a stranger and then to a seminarian at another time to teach a class of chant or to give a conference on scripture. He needs a master to be put in charge of the classes of the humanities since Father (Francis Patrick) Kenrick has had to take the place of Father (Ignatius) Reynolds. Kenrick could then take over david's two classes in scripture. Kenrik will be incharge of the confessions and David will make himself another confessional in the side chapel although Kenrick will probably attract all to himself. He has nearly finished his booklet but is embarrassed because the printer at Bardstown is so bad, as was shown in his "Vindication". He outlines the plan of the book. The first address will lead directly to the second which will be on the infallibility of the Church. In this he will show the need of tradition, with proofs from scripture, from the Fathers and from Protestant authors. He thinks he will have a chance to treat of LeMannais. He wishes that Brute was with him to help. P.S. The Bishop is absent visiting the diocese. The Dominicans are forming two convents of their third order, one at St. Rose and the other at Frankfort. Bishop (Edward Dominic) Fenwick begins with the aid of Fathers ( ) Hill and ( ) Hynes is reaping great fruit in Cincinnati. Their college prospers and they are taking in boarders. Byrne's school also succeeds. He has actually 70 students of whome 30 are boarders. He has acquired a new title that of organist for the cathedral. It appears from a letter from Bishop (William) Dubourg that Father Inglesi has declined the episcopate. He plans to fix his see at New Orleans and asks for another bishop for St. Louis. It is embarrassing to leave the choice to Propaganda which does not know the place. He sends the regards to Elder, Burns, Derigaud etc.

II-3-o - A.L.S. - (French) - 4pp. {9}

1822 June 11
Rosati, Joseph C.M.: (Barrens, Missouri)
 to  Father (Simon Gabriel) Brute: (Emmitsbourg, Maryland)

Brute assures him that he will have the life of St. Vincent in English. He does not know how to thank Brute and the good Sisters of Charity, who copied it. It should be sent to Bishop Dubourg in New Orleans who can send it to him at the Barrens. He hopes to find the means to have the book printed by subscription. He will write to a printer he knows in St. Louis to see if he can get the subscriptions to pay for the printing. He thinks there will be many from the priests of the diocese of whom there are fifty. He will write to Bishop (Jean D.M.) David in Kentucky and hopes that Brute can find more in Maryland. Thus Americans will know of Saint Vincent. He has some engravings that will fit the book. He will send to New Orleans a book of prints of St. Vincent and Christ which Brute can give to the Sisters and to his friends. He will send the box to the Superior of the seminary in Baltimore for him. Rosati has a letter from Bishop (William Louis Dubourg in which he says that he will return to Missouri during the month. He will spend some day with them before going to St. Louis. They await the return of Angelo Inglesi with some ecclesiastics. He hopes there will some priests of his congregation. Brute probably learned with pleasure that Father de la Croix, the flemish priest whom Brute probably saw at Baltimore with Bishop Dubourg has been preparing the way for missions to the Indians. He goes after Easter to the Osage. Their chiefs are known in St. Louis, they visit Bishop Dubourg whenever he is there. The object to the trip of de la Croix is to find places for the missions. Inglesi is to bring some subjects with him and he hopes that Inglesi will bring some Jesuits with him. Another institution is being founded in New Orleans. Father (Mihcael) Portier, a young priest of talent is establishing a school, lancastrian, in which he has two hundred students who receive instruction in good morals while they study letters. The Bishop distributes the prizes or Pere Antoine (de Sedella). The papers are filled with news of the scandals of Philadelphia. They can only pray that God will remedy the disorders.

II-3-o - A.L.S. - (French) - 2pp. {4to.} 6

1822 Jun. 14

(Flaget), Benedictus Josephus Bardinensis Episcopus
Conventu Sti. Thomae Aquinatis (Kentucky).

Formally notifies the readers that he consecrated Edward Fenwick bishop of Cincinnati, Ohio on January 13, (1822) in the church of St. Rose (Kentucky) assisted by Fathers Wilson and Hill (O.P.) that his coadjutor Bishop (David) of Mauricastro preached the sermon.

II-4-d A.D.S. sealed 2pp. 12mo.

Added note dated Marseilles August 20, 1823 signed by Champier Vicar-general of Marseilles giving celebret.

1822 Jun. 19

Egan, M(ichael) De Burgho
(Emmitsburg, Maryland)

to William Seton
U.S.S. Cyane, New York

Egan received William's letter of the 12th. He fears his letter may not reach william before he sets sail this week. He is glad William is stationed to his liking but feels the climate of the West Indies will not be as favorable as that of South America. He looks forward to the day of William's return but wonders what may happen during the course of two or three years. He says when Clement came there last winter he did not realize he would leave. He is a warning, to many others who likewise calculate on health and youth. He asks why anyone should expend himself chasing phantoms which elude him and cannot satisfy his immense desires. He asks William how many he has seen in his seafaring life who have only an eternity of damnation ahead of them because they have forgotten or offended God. The first moment of such a wreck's eternity affords a great field for reflection. Allison, he says, has handled it very well. William personally has or can have any reason for striving after heaven besides the desire for the knowledge and possession of God, it is the thought that he will there be with all his friends and dear ones again. He imagines he sees his, sister, father, Rebecca, or mother looking down on them rejoicing when they do good or praying hard for them when they sin. (Father John) Dubois will be in New York in the course of a fortnight. He is taking some of the boys three Nau's, Coale, Shafer and others. Egan will spend his vacation partly on the manor, partly at Mr. Jamison's in Virginia. He says he is well except for his weak breast. The Archbishop, (Ambrose Marichal) is not expected until September, so Egan says he may go to France. Mr. (J.V.) Wiseman was promoted to the deaconship. William's friends especially Chatard and Ignace, desire to be remembered to him. The building is progressing. He suggests that William write him first as that will be more practical. He asks to be remembered to William's dearest Josephine and to Richard. He asks William where he will be next winter.
P.S. He asks William to give his regards to Charles Grim if he sees him.

II-1-a A.L.S. 3pp. royal 8vo.

1822 Jun. 19

Richard, Father Gabriel
Detroit (Michigan Territory)

Richard promises to pay on Jan. 18, 1823 to Abbott, administrator of the estate of Mary Abbott, $67.67 for the rent of a house during four months expiring Mar. 1, 1822 with the legal interest from the date of the note. (Bishop Fred(erick) Rese has crossed off Richard's name and added) that he paid this note in full. On the back is a receipt by Abbott for $28.69 on May 30, 1823, $12 of which was interest from Jan. 22, 1823. Then Abbott acknowledges the receipt from J.A. Vandyke of $72.34 as payment in full for a note.

III-2-f A. note S. 2pp. 16to.

1822 June 26
(Flaget, Benedict J(oseph) Bishop of: Bardstown, (Kentucky)
 to  Father (Simon Gabriel) Brute: of Emmitsburg, Maryland

The bearer of this letter is a young man (Augustine Spalding) subdeacon whom Flaget has ordained at ember time of penetcost. He is scarely able to explain the authors that one sees in the humanities but he has behaved so well during the four years with them that Flaget has no doubt about his vocation and he would rather admit these to orders than to leave them to the temptations of the devil. Byrne is not to be scandalized if the man is not as good as (Ignatius) Reynolds, it is not the lack of study as much as weak health and his talents are inferior. It is principally because of his health that Flaget lets him visit his rich uncle. As he does not have time to write to Father (Jean) Tessier he asks that Brute notifly him that the young man may visit him. Reynolds who knows him will supply the neccessary information. Brute has written him several letters to which he has not answered. He does not have time and for the last three of four weeks he has had headache although he is now on the mend. Brute must pray for him and for his diocese. P.S. Father (George) Elder does well with his college. Father (William) Byrne's school burned a fortnight ago. He will have a brick school house in three months. He is highly respected.

II-3-o - A.L.S. - (French) - 2pp. {4to.} 5

1822 July 6
DuBourg, Louis William Bihsop of Louisiana: St. Louis, (Missouri)
 to  Father (Simon Gabriel) Brute: Emmitsburg, (Maryland)

It seems almost a century since they stopped corresponding. DuBourg suspects the cause and it is time now for him to explain himself. Brute thought him cool but that is not true. Brute's ordor was such that DuBourg thought he should not have him with him, but he prayed for him that he would attain his purpose in life. Recent letters of Brute have convinced him that his prayers have been answered. He knows no one better prepared to render service to religion than Brute. Perhaps Brute finds him cold and he will agree with that opinion. He asked Sister Marguerite to communicate to Brute some details about the starting of the mission among the Osages. Several other tribes of Missouri Indians manifest the same interests. He has charged Father (Mathew Bernard) Anduze to tell Brute about them. He will talk over these matters when he has occasion to visit Brute next spring. It is not only the Indians that are well disposed but also some Protestants. All the members of the government family are exemplary in the practice of their religion. He believes that Brute's call is there.

II-3-o - A.L.S. - (French) - 3pp.2

1822 Aug. 17

Symser [Smyser], David and Wife, Ruth and John Smyser and wife Elizabeth
Clermont County, Ohio

to Thomas Haine

Deed of lot in Milford, Ohio sold for $100 - drawn up before the justice of the peace as notary.

Endorsed as entered on county records Aug. 14, 1823 - Book V. No. 15. of deeds page 439 by David C. Bryon, Recorder, fee $.50.

II-4-d A.D.S. 2pp. 8vo.

1822 Sep. 14

Consalvi, Ercole, Cardinal Prefect
Rome, (Italy)

to Bishop Edward (Dominic) Fenwick
Cincinnati, (Ohio)

It has been the custom of bishops having business with the Sacred Congregation to send the matter directly to the Sacred Congregation. However the custom has grown up of sending these matters through proxies, sometimes of private men; and this the Fathers of the Sacred Congregation do not approve. Hereafter, all business with the Sacred Congregation-doubts, recourses and similar business must be sent directly to the sacred congregation. The Cardinal is sure that (Fenwick) will follow these instructions. Signed by C.M. Pedicini as secretary. no. 2.

III-2-f D.S. (Latin) 1p. 8vo.

1822 Sept. 17
(David), Jean B. M. Bishop of Mauricastro: (Bardstown, Kentucky)
 to  Father (Simon Gabriel) Brute: Emmitsburg, Maryland

David with Bishop (Benedict Joseph Flaget) is giving the retreat to their youngsters. He does not dare offer an apology for his long silence after received two such informing letters from Brute. He has had to prepare his "address" for the printer, a Catholic in Louisville. He has not received it yet but instead he has received the answers of the minister full of wrongs and boastings. He misrepresents David's statements to make his victories. He tries to make David conterdict himself and suceeds in one case in a statement from Tertullian on the question of images. He mentions another point that required explanation. David thanks Brute for the picture of his predecessor. There is a notice of him among the other marytrs of China in Butler's lives of the saints for the month of February. As to their prospectus. He finds Brute at one end and Bishop (John) England at the other and himself in the middle, since England promises not to speak of religion. They do not promise this but insist that Catholics receive instruction twice in the week, and let the others assist at them. All the students attend the high Mass and hear his sermons there. They are following the directions of Father Emery to the seminary at Baltimore. The observations that Brute has made about false prophets would make the subject a good book. He would point out first all the positive dogmas they reject, and the little of the positive that they retain. They have received through Father (Guy Ingatius) Chabrat 19 bound volumes of the L'ami du Roy and three unbound. The Bishop will write for the rest. He reads this book at his leisure. David has learned by a letter from Father (Jean) Tessier that Father E. Damphoux no longer president and would leave Baltimore. David has written to Father Duclaux asking for his service. Flaget has written to Tessier. David would have him teach thelogy and scripture and eventually become director so that David would retire to his Nazareens or go to Baltimore when the Bishop chose a younger and more vigourous coadjutor. He trembles at the burden of the episcopate. David has not heard of the miracle of which Brute speaks. There a cure by the application of the relic of St. Francis of Jerome.

II-3-o - A.L.S. - (French) - 4pp. {4to.} 7

1822 Oct. 12

Dabat, Felicité
New Orleans, (Louisiana)

Four months from this date she promises to pay $300 to P.D. Henry.

V-4-c D. (French) 1p. 16mo.

1822 Oct. 24

(Seton Catharine
New York, New York)

to William Seton and Richard Bayley Seton
Sloop of War Cyane

She tells her dear brothers that a ship is going to Lagrina(?) and she tries the chance of reaching them from there. She wrote two months previously in care of the governor of Havana as Dick advised. There is little news since then. She received their letters while at West Chester. She is pleased to know that both are well and love her so dearly. She prays for them; she could not live without them. They are all the world to her. She passed a quiet summer with Aunty Post near West Chester. Both Aunty Post and Casey were very affectionate. She left them ten days ago to come to New York that she might have an opportunity for Philadelphia. Aunt (Post) wants her to visit once a year. She is now with the Seton girls in town. They bear up wonderfully against fortune's frowns. She realizes she is far more fortunate than they. Alfred (Seton) is home from Angostura where he is doing well in business. He intends taking his wife and two children back with him in a few weeks. The yellow fever in the city is disappearing; she can now get to Philadelphia. Aunty Scott urges her to come. She intends to return to Baltimore in November and stay. Matters and things are still stationary. Harry Macomb, likely the one who was with them at Baltimore College is deranged, either from his father's reverse of fortune or from hard study. John McHenry who married Miss Howard of Baltimore is dead. She died eighteen months before. Their other Baltimore friends are the same. Henry Vining died two months ago and left the little he possessed to Uncle Governeur Ogden. "Due" talks most affectionately of them both. The Captain brought "Due"'s sister over with him. The sister does not resemble "Due" much. Aunt Helen's family is all well, but she had an accident. A Dearborn wagon in which she, her children, nurse, and Uncle W. Craig were riding overturned. Everyone received an injury more or less severe. (Catharine) paid a visit to Yonkers while in the country and met Mrs. Richard Bayley who was kind and asked to be remembered to Dick particularly; (Catherine) hopes he writes to Uncle (Guy?) Carleton. Sister Susan has returned to Emmitsburg in improved health. The girls all send their love to both.
(P.S.) They are to write if they have taken any prizes; she asks them when they expect to sail for the African Coast. They must bring her something from the West Indies.

II-1-a A.L. 4pp. 8vo.

(1822) Dec. 8
DuBourg, Louis William Bishop of Louisiana: (St. Louis, Missouri)
 to  Father (Simon Gabriel) Brute: Emmitsburg, (Maryland)

Brute should tranquillize himself. DuBourg has already written according to his desires. Brute had merely to hold to his first decision. He does not know what Brute means in speaking of his two dioceses. He will return to Washington one of these days because he has there awaiting him a train of affairs. He has seen someone who has received a letter of their friend and given him hope that all will end well. P.S. He asks Brute to send $20 to Mrs. Wood. He collected it for her. He has been trying to get places for her children but did not succeed.

II-2-o - A.L.S. - (French) - 2