University of Notre Dame

Calendar: 1827


(Bruté, Simon Gabriel)
(Emmitsburg, Maryland)

to Bishop (John) David
(Bardstown, Kentucky)

(Note in (Bruté's) hand for David that Bishop Sans of Mouricastro and many Dominicans with him were martyred in China in 1724-cf. Literes Edifiantis Tome. 23, p. 284).

II-1-a Note 1p. 12mo.


Fenwick, O.P., Edward (Dominic) Bishop
Cincinnati, (Ohio)

to Father Frederick Rese
On his way to Europe

By this letter Fenwick appoints Rese, who has been with him three years and while enjoying his confidence, has acted also as his vicar General, as his agent on his trip to the feet of the Holy Father and to Europe. Whatever Rese proposes or does, Fenwick accepts as his own. (On the back of the copy) Aloysius Capponi, secretary of the Apostolic Nuntiatura at Vienna testifies that he has made the copy with his own hand and that it is a correct of the original. He adds the seal of the nuntiature.

III-2-g copy (Latin) 2pp. 4to.

1827 Jan. 3

Fenwick, Bishop Edward D.
Cincinnati, Ohio

to Duke of Lucca

First draft of letter - Thanks the Duke, his mother and his wife for their generous offerings to Fenwick - Hints that the Duke might like to become a patron of a Dominical seminary in the diocese of Cincinnati.

II-4-d A.L.S. 1p. 8vo. (French)

On back of manuscript portions of other drafts of letters signed but not addressed.

1827 Feb. 17
David, John B(aptist) M Bishop of Mauricastro: Bardstown, (Kentucky)
 to  Father (Simon Gabriel) Brute: (Emmitsburg, Maryland)

David acknowledges Brute's letter of December 31 by hand and forwarded from Cincinnati which he received two days ago. He was pleased to get the news from France. David has received a letter from the pastor of St. Herblain near Nantes which gave him information about his family who reside near there but also gives news of France which he will copy for Brute. The passage speaks of the effects of the Revolution the country of Nantes which is without a college or seminary but now there is a greater college composed of the seminary and the school of the Ursulines. A great seminary had been built outside the city and there is a little seminary with 300 boarders at Auray 4 leagues from Vannes run by the Jesuits under the name Fathers of the Faith with more than 400 subjects of various dioceses. There are 5 others in France, one at Paris like that at Bourdeaux the Brothers of the Christain Doctrine have 3 public schools at Nantes. They are admitted into all dioceses. Nearly all who are destined for the ecclesiastical state are in the little seminary by their 4 annual collections. The three years of theology are cared for by the parishes with the exception of the Cathedral. The same letter cleared the announcement that Father Garnier of Rennes was nominated to Vannes and not nantes as the Miscellany had printed it. Brute's observations about the 4 D's has amused him and Bishop Flaget. Perhaps the 4th may be mitred too. They are happy at the success at the Mountain. This is proof of Bishop (Jean) Dubois skill. His fears of opposition in his new diocese have not been realized. David and Bishop (Benedict Joseph) Flaget are proud that they recommended him, but he has not communicated with them. Brute does not say anything about (Bishop Henry Conwell of Philadelphia who has made such a shameful contract with the Hoganites. He yielded so much that Ashley told him not to conced more. The church of Philadelphia is completely under laical control. The details through Father Harold are lamentable. Falget has written to the Archbishop. He has just received Brute's letter of the 6th with the letters of Mother Rose and Sisters Josephine and Joanna and the volume of conferences. They also received the engraving of the college. They are too poor to have their engraved but have sent drawings to France with Father Martial. He thought he has acknowledged the other two volumes. He will write to Mother Rose when he gets time. They had a visit from Bishop (Joseph) Rosati with Father (Francis) Dahman and Brother Blanco a lazarist. He is disturbed about the division of his diocese. He is to make his choice of St. Louis or New Orleans. The Holy Father wants him to take New Orleans but he would rather not because of the corruption and relaxation in Louisiana. He wanted to consult with them. They admired his humility. Bishop Flaget is anxious to resume the jubilee which the weather has obliged him to suspend Father (Francis Patrick) Kenrick is recovered enough to accompany him. Bishop Flaget send his remembrances and blessings to those at the Mountain.

II-3-o - A.L.S. - (English) - 3pp {4to} 6

1827 Mar. 15
Richard, Father G(abriel): Detroit, (Michigan)
 to  Father S(imon Gabriel) Brute: Emmitsburg, Maryland

Gabriel says that he has received Brute's letter of November 26. The jubilee celebration gave him much pleasure. Some weeks ago he received the notification from Bishop (Edward Dominic) Fenwick of the celebration of the jubilee. They have the whole year for it and the time for each parish has not yet been settled. Brute should ask the Sisters and the seminarians to pray that Michigan will obtain great fruit from the jubilee. Gabriel is pleased with Brute's new arrangements for his seminary as explained in his last letter. He supposes that Brute has not received his long letter in which he suggested that Brute prepare for his future college in ovo Michigan, providing 4 professors and himself come as president. Father Rignanon has written him since the installation of Bishop (Jean Baptist Cheverus) has changed the mind of the priests coming to America particulraly those coming to Michigan and the poor savages at Arbre Croche, (Michigan). Gabriel asks Brute when he writes to say if De Gronde and Garnier have added any new volumes to the two first which they had the generosity to send him and now it will be possible to get them. He then asks Brute on what terms he will receive a young man in his seminary who has practiced law in Detroit for two years. His name is Asa Robertson, born in Connecticut Dec. 25, 1795 of Scotch Presbyterian parents. He has not yet been baptized but has been reading for 5 or 6 months Richard's books of controversy. He has determind with full contriction to be baptized when Richard decides he is ready. Milner's End of Controversy, Think Well on it and Spiritual Combat were the books that converted him. He says he will strave if he remains in the law although he has been named by the legislative council the chief justice of their county court. He has but a superficial knowledge of latin and wants to spend some years in retreat. He is a man of patience and preseverance. He is careless of this worldly goods and will be satified with an incorruptible treasure. He may be of use to the Catholic religion by publishing in the newspapers, and says he will remain Catholic even if all the Canadian and Irish population leave the church. The whole of his property is a pretty good collection of law books worth between 3 and 4 hundred dollars which he is willing to use for board and room as far as it may go. But Brute might employ him as a teacher of English grammar or other class. He is disgusted with this world and will go either to Bardstown or Mt. St. Mary but would give Brute the preference. P.S. Richard asks an answer immediately as the man wishes to go as soon as navigation opens. P.S. He sends his regards to Brute's co-workers and asks him to tell Mother to prepare 6 sisters for Arbre Croche, to be ready when he has sufficient money. P.S. Brute's book is still safe in the hands of the Governor who wants to make some abstracts. Gabriel may eventually deliver it himself some Saturday.

II-3-o - A.L.S. - (Partly - French) {4pp.} 4to. 4

1827 Mar. 31

(Rosati), C.M., Bishop Joseph
New Orleans, Louisiana

to Priests of New Orleans and St. Louis

A circular letter, addressed to Father Anth(ony) Blanc, pastor of Baton rouge. Because of the disputes which went on under the episcopate of Bishop (Louis William) Dubourg as to whether the decree of the Council of Trent on clandestine marriages applied to the diocese of Louisiana, the bishops decided to submit the question to the Pope. On September 9, 1824 Pope Leo XII in council gave the following rule.
1) The rule of Trent does apply in this diocese; all marriages without a priest and two witnesses are null and void.
2) Where there are doubts about previous marriages the Pope declares them validated without a renewal of the promises.
3) Dubourg had asked that the decree of Benedict XIV, dated November 4, 1741 for Belgium and Holland, be extended to this diocese. It was also declared that 1. Marriages between heretics without due form are declared valid if both or one comes into the Church; 2. Marriages between Catholics and non-Catholics without priest or witnesses is declared valid as long as the Catholic party is reconciled to the Church.
In order to dissolve doubts (Rosati) cites a letter of Pius VI dated May 28, 1792 declaring that the Decree of Trent does not apply where the lack of priests and the difficulty of finding one prevails. This certainly applies in this diocese.
(P.S.) (Rosati) begs all pastors to obey canon law and make an annual or at least biennial (report). Father Aug(uste) Jeanjean signs as secretary.
(This copy is postmarked April 17 at New Orleans).

V-4-d L.S. (Latin) 4pp. 4to.

1827 April 3
Brute, Father S(imon Gabriel) : Emmitsburg, (Maryland)
 to  Father J(ohn J.) Chance: Baltimore, Maryland

Brute sees in the papers the death of Mrs. Lacombe after so long a trial, and has said Mass for her. He asks Chance to tell Father (H) Joubert. Brute keeps as he can a remembrance of the French colony when he arrived in 1810-all melted away even Chance's father. Some have returned to France Leyritz, St. Martin, La Tullage but many to the grave. Brute asks Chance to lend him Robert Walsh's review. The notice of Archbishop (John) Carroll pleased him half way. But the sad concern of this time is the trouble brooding over Philadelphia after Easter if Father (William) Harold is removed even suspended. The Archbishop (Ambrose Marechal) effects nothing. This is worse than in Higan's time. They can only pray that others more skillful such as Father (Louis Regis Delous make a timely interference. He fears the evils will spread. He would have no objection if that statement were read to the men concerned or to the Archbishop for the health of the Archbishop he would like to suggest that he came to the valley and the care of the sisters. Carroll Manor or Pogeon Hill might be better but they would be so lonely. He would be more pleased at the Visitation convent but it is so confined Brute asks Chance to have Father (M.) Wheeler send him back the papers he sent him uselessly. He has heard of the case of that Miss Bouligny. P.S. Brute sends his respects to M. Cooper and the rest. P.S. They are the critical subject of usury. He has in his notes an interesting conversation with Father (Anthony) Garnier when he came back from America. He speaks of Sixtus Bull and are 3 contracts of Benedict XIV against interest. He thinks the next will say that the bull of Benedict did not apply to the loan for business. He would like Chance's opinion on this question. He wrote later to the sisters of our friend and informed them that Chance had the goodness to attend to the matters of the succession.

II-3-o - A.L.S. - (English) - 4pp. {4to.} 3

1827 April 10
Egan, Michael DuBourg: (Emmitsburg, Maryland)
 to  (Father John Baptist Purcell): ( )

Egan writes Purcell in the beginning of February by the packet ship Bonasse. He enclosed a bill of exchange on a London house for $200. Father (Simon Gabriel) Brute sent a duplicate of the bill to Mr. Legro at Havre. They have heard nothing from them. They are pleased at the news of his coming in May. He quotes a letter of Archbishop (Ambrose Marechal) a passage concerning Purcell about completing his year of retreat with Father Mollevaux. The Archbishop said that he had no objection if those at the Mountain agreed. Egan asks if this means that Purcell has become a Sulpician. From Purcell's letter of November 4 Egan drew no such conclusion. Egan will not believe this until he hears it from Purcell himself. His purpose in writing is to urge his return to them at the seminary of the Mountain. The Archbishop has left the matter to them and they will feel the keenest disappointment and loss if Purcell is not with them at the opening of school in August. Egan is pleased to see Purcell enjoy the peace of the Solitude but that is different than the other proposal. The letter has been interrupted but he renews it with the same ideas. The boys are to make their first communion on the second Sunday after Easter. The number of seminarians is about 30. Andrew Topper came back to study for the church. McCloskey will also return after vacation. Dickshill, Gartland, Fournier and Richard Whelan are students of theology. P.S. He writes in haste Purcell's letter to Brute of Feb. 25 has arrived but he still wants Purcell's immediate return.

II-3-o - A.L.S. - (English) - 2pp. {4to.} 3

1827 Apr. 11

Martin, A.E.
Nutrias, (Venezuela)

to Henry (L.) Rutgers
Independencia, (Bolivia)

Nothing would be more satisfactory to him than Rutgers' going down to Angostura in Martin's launch with whatever freight he has. Martin has only 300 hides. Rutgers may send up the Patron he speaks of after the holy days; he might bring some men with him if he can find good ones down there. Martin sends his respects to (James?) Seton.

II-1-a A.L.S. 2pp. 8vo.

1827 Apr. 27

Badin, Father S(tephen) T(heodore)
The Minerva, Rome, Italy

to Bishop Edward Fenwick
Cincinnati, Ohio

He sends his letter to Bishop (Benedict Joseph) Flaget with Fenwick's letter since there are many things in it that concern Fenwick. This place is well known to Fenwick and to Bishop (John) McGill. Father (Frederick) Rese will easily find him at Rome, although he now wears the new habit of the Dominicans, for which purpose he came to Rome. He delayed answering Fenwick's letter of Oct. 2 and March 2 because he wanted repose and quiet. He leaves Flaget's letter open for Fenwick's perusal and asks that it be sent on, as he has now written to Flaget for six months. He mentions the liberty and franchise accorded the new catechism. Monsr. Martial has been cleverly attacking Badin and a printed writing at the Propaganda hints at his aspirations to the coadjutorship at Bardstown, (Kentucky). Badin is no favorite of Mgr. Caprano and vice versa. He gives an account of his finances in French. He suggests Fenwick write to Mr. ( ) de Buly if he wants to get letters to the Netherlands. He has heard nothing about Frere d'Anvers with whom some money was deposited for Fenwick. He quotes a letter from Father (N ) Hofman in French, written Feb. 1, 1826, but the Paris postmark is Feb. 5, 1827. Father Michael Trappes, formerly of Manchester, has had to leave because of his temporal affairs, owing Fenwick's mission 16-odd pounds. Bishop Weld of the Northern District has paid all of Trappes' debts and will probably take care of this one. He gives Fenwick a complete and detailed report of the financial transactions of the mission. He wrote to Mr. Van der Vin Maus about d'Anvers. Mr. de Nilly died last August without receiving any other Sacrament than Extreme Unction. He should write to Father (Gabriel) Richard to have Flaget settle in Canada. He should write to the superior of the seminary of St. Nicholas du Chardonnet for a superior of his future seminary. Father Charles de Marseille may be willing to send a priest and nuns to Mackinac. Although the See of Detroit has been erected there is some hesitation because of Richard's imprisonment and debts. He mentions further financial arrangements with Wright and Co. that Petit in Lyons was to take care of but of which no word has been received. He has not received Fenwick's duplicate of Oct. 2.

II-4-d A.L.S. (part French) 4pp. 8vo.

1827 April 27
Rosati, Bishop of Tenagra: Donaldsonville, (Louisiana)
 to  Father (Simon Gabriel) Brute: (Emmitsburg, Maryland)

One of Rosati's priest Father ( ) Bigeschi who is very zealous during his ten years in the diocese is returning to Italy and wishes to see Brute's establishment. Rosati asks him to present this letter. He will give Brute a testimony of their affection for him and will also give an account of affairs in with Rosati and the state of his alms. He has need of Brute's prayer's. Father Anduze has shown him his latest letter from Brute with the engravure of the college building. He would like to have letters from Brute in his burdens. Such letters would be acts of charity. Rosati asks that Brute in the name of all their community that their thanks to the Sisters of Charity who have translated into English the life of their founder.

II-3-o - A.L.S. - (French) - 1p. {4to.} 2

1827 May 2
(England), John Bishop of Charleston: Augusta, Georgia
 to  Father Simon (Gabriel) Brute: Emmitsburg, Maryland

England writes to Brute in great haste while on visitation. He has received the two letters and sent them to the Miscellany. A Rev. B.A. Cavanaugh whom he had the misfortune to receive into his diocese and ordain deacon, he understands, has been received into the diocese if New York. On the suggestion of Bishop (Jean) Dubois he thinks that he may now be at Emmitsburg. England believed the Father O. Hallinan to be a vitreous priest. On the visitation he found the reverse. He has not been banished from the diocese. He finds that Cavanaugh is a man he would never promote to the priesthood. Besides the testimony of the people he found that he left unpaid bills for service given to him by England's direction. He is writing to the Bishop of New York and leaves Brute permission to use his opinion that Cavanaugh is not worthy to be a priest.

II-3-o - A.L.S. - (English) - 1p. {4to.} 3

1827 May 3

Purcell, John Baptist, papers of

This is a note drawn up at the Solitude of Issy in which the members of the Solitude grateful for the graces of their year there resolved:
1 - that they will always have a good intention;
2 - they will pray for each other, especially at Mass;
3 - they will try to remain united in the Sacred Heart;
4 - for each other they will say each day the prayer of FatherOlier, Jesus Living;
5 - they will not forget to pray for their superiors;
6 - the survivors will say Mass for those of them who die.
Signed by S(amuel) Eccleston, Dumaine, Verot, Letouillec, Esseul, Varenier, Galliousse, L'Homme, A. de Cambis, Purcell, Pompique, Garrigues, Malzac, Poulet, Vadaine, Rouz.

II-5-h D.S. Copy in one hand. (French) 2pp. Photostat from Mt. St. Joseph's, Cincinnati

1827 May 19

Cappellari, Maurus, Cardinal Prefect
Rome, (Papal States)

to Bishop Edward (Dominic) Fenwick, (O.P.)
Cincinnati, (Ohio)

The Sacred Congregation of the Propaganda Fide has been informed of the agreement made Oct. 9, 1826 between Bishop Henry Conwell of Philadelphia and the trustees of St. Mary's Cathedral of that city. This agreement and the declaration of the trustees tends to destroy episcopal power and ecclesiastical discipline in that diocese. After considering these matters the Sacred Congregation on April 30, 1827 decreed that the agreement and declaration should be made know to all the bishops of the country so that they will know the attitude of the Congregation on the matter. The Decision was also submitted to Pope Leo XII on May 6, and he approved of it and ordered Catholics in those regions to be informed that the agreement and declaration had been disapproved. They hope that hereafter these matters will be conducted in proper order. Pietro Caprano, Archbishop of Iconium signs as secretary. no. 15.

III-2-g D.S. (Latin) 2pp. 8vo.

1827 May 19

(Flaget), Benedict J(osep)h, Bishop of
Bardstown, Missouri

The imposter Timon mentioned in his letter had already visited Kentucky, blessing and preaching sometimes as a bishop, sometimes as a freemason. Although bold enough to pass through Bardstown, he dared not visit any clergyman. He went by the name of Bishop (Michael) Portier, lately appointed bishop for the Floridas. Flaget wrote immediately to Fathers Blanc and Jeanjean in order that he might be detected. At least it has afforded Timon and (Flaget) the occasion to renew acquaintance. (Flaget) has great satisfaction in what Timon's prelate has told him of Timon's piety and zeal.

IV-3-i A.L.S. 3pp. 4to.

1827 June 1
(Flaget, B(enedict) J(oseph) Bishop of: Bardstown, (Kentucky)
 to  Father (Simon Gabriel) Brute: Emmitsburg, Maryland

Brute can scarcely appreciate how valueable his letters are with their precious news which they get from nowhere else. He asks him to continue them even when he cannot answer letter for letter, for that is the etiquette of the world. The news from Philadelphia while less serious in the second letter than they were in the first are lamentable. Flaget and Bishop (Jean B.) David are becoming convinced that a national council would be useful in these lamentable circumstances. It is the advice of others respectable for their talents. Flaget has conveyed ideas about this to Father (Jean) Tessier. He would have the council in Pittsburg when the river was open. Despite Brute's opposition to the place Flaget says 1) it is central and all can come there 2) his secretary and helper Bishop David could come also 3) the costs to the western bishops would be half that it could cost to go to Baltimore 4) it is practically impossible for the two Bishops of Kentucky to leave their diocese together at any time. These arguments are even stronger for Bishop (Joseph) Rosati. Flaget asks Brute to examine the idea and see if it is possible. He knows that the Bishop (John England) of Charleston is zealous for a council. He feels the meeting is necessary not only to check the trouble in Philadelphia but also to prove to the world that there is a hierarchy in the United States, to prove that they have at heart the interests of religion. Flaget is grateful for the success of Brute's college and the house of St. Joseph. He does not envy his fellow religious, although in Kentucky there is the greatest peace between the bishops and their clergy. At the college they have 103 or 4 boarders and about 65 externs. The convents are doing marvelously even though attacked have never been better. It is true that they have had to go into debt to build but today that is finished and with the scholars they expect to have them aid in eighteen monthes or two years. Brute must continue to pray for his companion of the journey. P.S. Bishop (Jean) Dubois has finally given a sign of life. He sends his regards to Father John Hickey and the other coworkers of Brute and to the Sisters, especially Mother Rose.

II-3-o - A.L.S. - (French) - 3pp. {4to.} 4

1827 June 2
(David), Jean B(aptist) M Bishop of Mauricastro: (Bardstown, Kentucky)
 to  Father (Simon Gabriel) Brute: Emmitsburg, Maryland

David is ashamed that he has received two or three of Brute's letters without any response. A poor head always more or less in pain is also forgetful, but the heart has always been full of friendship and gratitude for the news Brute sends. He is unhappy at the affaire of Philadelphia. He has seen in a paper of that city an account of an assembly of laymen in favor of Father (William) Harold who acts according to the principles of the Hoganites among these signatures he recognises some names such as Carey and Mead. David has written a letter to Harold in which he gave him some fraternal advice about their pretended right to name the pastor. He urged Harold to make a reconsiliation with the bishop. If he cannot get himself out of the affair he should apply to Rome and avoid a situation that would be rejected by Rome. From what Bishop (John England) of Charleston wrote Bishop (Benedict Joseph) Flaget there is little hope of getting Harold out of the affair. Bishop (Henry Conwell) thinks that we are opposed to him that they are a french faction. David thinks Conwell does not know that it is his compatroit Father (Francis Patrick) Kenrick who sent his concordat to the Propaganda. He is inclined to take the side of the Bishops but the matters are so confused he is not certain. David thinks there must be a meeting of the bishops. The need of each bishop in his own diocese is the chief obstacle to that he knows that Bishop Flaget wants to have a meeting at Pittsburgh. Of the 10 bishops whom he names, five could come by water. He thinks the bishops of Boston and New York could also come since they could come by canal and down the Allegheny. The college does not cease to grow with 105 boarders and nearly fifty externes. The agent at New Orleans will have for them $18,000 or $20,000. Their agent Hazelton will go in November for six months to collect this sum. The agent Comagere has delayed $5,000 which he has received from parents and which he has used Hazelton has finally got this money in small parcels and then only did they learn that Comagere has had a complete bankruptcy. He notes that by June 15 he has not finished the letter. He does not have ideas to finish it. Yesterday he preached on the controversy over the real presence in the cathedral since they will not have a procession this year and probably no more because of the difficulty of transporting four miles the whole group. Brute should have received from Baltimore the controversies of Saint Francis de Sales which he sent by one of their merchants with a religious book for Mother Rose. They were in the hands of Mr. A. Elder. He has asked Father Martial to get the complete edtion of that saints works. The seminary goes as usual. The College is a great obstacle for rest. There are 13 theologians. He is alone at the seminary as in 1811. Where are all the priests he has made? Father Evremont takes charge the two days he has to spend at Nazareth. Since it is impossible to find a superior of the seminary and a confessor for the religious he has to do both. Father Boone the old confessor of Bishop Flaget has written that he has found two priests who want to come. If they come he will teach them English and then he can have some rest. His head is sometimes better but his class bothers him. He is better under the directions of Rev. Dr. Celini. He lists the various medicines that he uses. He eats as little as possible, he is in his 66th year.

II-3-o - A.L.S. - (French) - 3pp.

1827 June 9
(England), John Bishop of: Charleston, S(outh) C(arolina)
 to  Father Simon (Gabriel) Brute: Emmitsburg, Maryland

He thanks Brute for his many kindnesses. Through Pitroy and Kiel of Charleston he has got the L's Ami de la religion the Memorial Catholique and the Almanach du clerge. He has the Ami to 1322 includively and the Memorial to March. He must now try to get the Canadian and Roman almanacks. Brute is to give all his advice fully and freely. He may differ but he always respects Brute's opinion. He knows that in the Philadelaphia documents all is not gold that glitters but he convinced that this affair will not be quickly terminated. He did intentionally avoid making comment on the document. He does not approve of it in any way and has been written to by both parties. When Bishop (Henry) Conwell brought Father (William) Harold England told those in whom he confide that what has happened would occur. He is convinced that if Conwell had trusted England instead of in those against him he could have him much trouble. England has been taught much since them and has still much to learn. He has hopes in his self because he realizes that he does not know so much. He has devoted the little that he has or is to the American Church. He believes that the American Church needs a system. He is convinced that the Americans must be led by their principles, that you cannot drive them. He does not fully agree with Conwell. Rome does not as yet understand the American mind. He may be deceived in thinking that it can be managed but that it cannot be forced. He is determined to stay out of thinking in which he cannot do any good. England says he does not know all the facts. Archbishop (Ambrose Marechal) says that Father Harold has gone into court, if so England knows nothing about it. England has been ill much this year. He continued the letter June 12 saying that he has had an attack of influenza and is only now able to sit up. He has much to write but must be excused now.

II-3-o - A.L.S. - (English) - 2pp. {4to.} 3

1827 June 16
(England), John Bishop of: Charleston, (South Carolina)
 to  Father S(imon Gabriel) Brute: Emmitsburg, Maryland

England sends Brute employments enough and hopes he will not be displeased. Accompanying this is a pamphlet of 80 pages by a (Thomas) Grimke, one of their state senators. England is a member of the same society and will deliver the next ration in May. He was not present when this was delivered and will not attack it as a member of the society. The production as unphilosophical and tasteless must not go unnoticed. The Miscellany is the place to keep him on the pillory for some months and Brute is the one best fitted to supply England with the materials. He will not give it a regular review but worry him by cossack assaults week after week. England sees a thousand faults and a thousand ways of upsetting him. His wants are 1. extensive knowledge of the history of literature, 2. want of books. His object is to prove that the author is 1 very ignorant 2 that Catholics before and the Reformation did much more for literature than their opponents. This will bring down what Cobbett's call the impudence of Protestant pride and the little bits might be put together in a book. England is not well. He could not say Mass Thursday and fears he will have to take medicine tonight and be unable to say Mass tomorrow. He submits to the will of God. During his sickness he has read for first time Montosal's life of Sister Margaret Bourgois and wishes he had her spirit of piety but he forgets himself too much. He asks Brute to ask Father Michael Burgo Egan who is nephew of the Bishop (Michael) Egan whether he can furnish a memoir of his uncle. They should not lose the means of preserving their little history. He wishes also a history of Emmitsburg and St. Mary's.

II-3-o - A.L.S. - (English) - 2pp. {4to.} 1 3

1827 Jun. 24

Caprano, Pietro, Archbishop of Iconium
Rome, (Papal States)

to Bishop Edward (Dominic) Fenwick
Cincinnati, Ohio

The Holy Father Leo XII in the audience of June 24, 1827 ordered Caprano as secretary of the Sacred Congregation of the Propaganda to tell Fenwick that he has been granted the faculty of dispensing for ten cases from the impediment of disparity of cult, and of affinity in the first degree in the collateral line for very grave causes and of legitimation of the children provided that the contracting parties promise to have the children baptized and educated as Catholics and intend to live properly as a married couple. Fenwick is also granted the faculty of dispensing nuns of the Order of St. Clare and others in their respective orders from all that they cannot observe in the diocese of Cincinnati, provided that the substance of the vows are retained, despite any constitutions to the contrary.

III-2-g D.L. (Latin) 1p. 8vo.

1827 Jun. 30

Rese, Father Frederick
Rome, Italy

to Bishop Edward Fenwick
Cincinnati, Ohio

Acknowledges letter of April 23. Affairs at Philadelphia more serious. Affairs of Dominicans are like the Jesuits in Maryland - The Pope seems to favor the religious orders. The Duke of Tuscany, the Prince of Rospigliosi and the Duke of Lucca aid him. In case of M. McGreadi the vows taken at St. Rose (Kentucky) are mentioned. Special Dominican Congress on American affairs recommended. Speaks of the sisters from Belgium. Mentions Father (Stephen Theodore) Badin - Speaks of special faculties sought by Fenwick.

II-4-d A.L.S. (French) 4pp. 8vo.

1827 July 15
(Rosati), Joseph Bishop of St. Louis: Barrens, Missouri
 to  Father (Simon Gabriel) Brute: Emmitsburg, Maryland

He is going to trouble the solitude of Brute as he used to do for his old friend at the prayer of Mr. Hase whome Brute knows so well because he lived with him before he came to Missouri about a sum pay to Father Jean Dubois when he was head of Brute's establishment. He has received only a small portion of it through Bishop (William Louis) Dubourg. He has written to Dubois at Emmitsburg and New York but has never received an answer. He has asked Rosati to write to Dubois but since Rosati does not know Dubois he suggests that Brute make the inquiry. He does not know whether Brute has received his previuos letter sent by Father Bigeschi in which he hoped to share Brute's knowledge. That priest would pass through Emmitsburg on his way to New York. He needs Brute's prayers. They have recently lost $2,000 in specie which was sent partly from France and partly from Italy. It fell into the Mississippi with letters and what was worse the priest with them contracted a mortal sickness at Harve and was in such a weakened condition in the accident has had to return to Italy if he has not died on the way. He was a very worthy priest who was to be head of their community. This affliction has been counter balanced with other troubles. He has feared much that he will be named bishop of New Orleans but God has recognized has weakness and named him instead bishop of St. Louis and administrator of New Orleans until another is appointed there. The establishments in the two dioceses progress. The Ursulines in New Orleans number 25 and have 80 boarders. The Ladies of The Sacred Heart at St. Michel number 12 and have 40 boarders. The same community at Grand Coteau Louisiana number 7 and have 36 boarders. The beginning community of Loretto at Assomption Louisiana count 9 of whom 6 are novices to whom he has given the habit the week after Easter and a number of boarders. In Missouri the Madams of the Sacred Heart at Florissant are ten religious and 40 boarders. In St. Louis they have begun another establissment for orphans and externs. At the Barrens the Sisters of Loretto are 17 with 36 boarders. The Jesuits have a number of Indians. There seminary has 70 persons. His young priests have many missions in the neighborhood they live. There is much to do, much to suffer and Brute must pray for them. He has not had the opportunity to live long with Brute but the short time he was with him in Baltimore makes him have a high opinion of Brute and of his friendship.

II-3-o - A.L.S. - (English) - 2pp. {4to.} 5

1827 Jul. 16

De Neckere, C.M., Father L(eon)
(Lille, France)

to Father P(eter) Doutrelui(n)gne
Paris, (France)

De Neckere received Doutrelui(n)gne's letter and rejoices that they are again reunited under the government of the same Father and that the choice of the Holy See has fallen on a man as worthy as Father (Peter) De Wailly, (C.M.). De Neckere has desired to learn whether Doutrelui(n)gne had received his exeat, and what his superiors have determined concerning his vocation. De Neckere was at Doutrelui(n)gne's home a few weeks ago; all were well and desire news of him. The pastor of Herseaux and Father(?) Marhem are much interested in Doutrelui(n)gne. De Neckere does not know what plans to make. Since his arrival in France his health is so broken down he cannot undertake the least fatiguing trip. If Doutrelui(n)gne finds any account about the mission of Louisiana which Father ( ) Niel, American missionary, has published, Doutrelui(n)gne is to find out at St. Stanislaus College where they are and send them to Victor De Robiano at St. Acheul, to forward to Mrs. Ghyseghem. Letters to De Neckere are to be sent to Father Taffin, vicar of St. Catherine, Lille.

IV-3-i A.L.S. (French) 3pp. 4to.

1827 Aug. 17
(David), Jean B(aptist) M Bishop of Mauricastro: Bardstown, (Kentucky)
 to  Father (Simon Gabriel) Brute: Emmisburg, Maryland

David is ashamed that he has received at least two letters since he last wrote. The news from Philadelphia is better for the Bishop Henry Conwell and tends to repair the scandal and the pernicious results despite the retractations. The trustees had the right to demand the carrying out of the articles which were witnessed by signatures. Father (William) Harold has been misled. He has written to David an answer to his letter. His answer is embarrassed. He is unwilling to admit that he was in error. He says he was not part of the declaration at the meeting but defends their right to assemble and express their feelings. David urged him to make peace with the Bishop (Henry Conwell). He could take his case to Rome without involving laymen in ecclesiastical matters. They have begun their vacation after the exams and exhibition. They are examining the Sisters this week. The boarder number only 34 but they showed no will in the examinations. He speaks of the accomodations of their Sisters (of Nazareth). He has given a retreat to 43 sisters. August 1 to 8 and a second one for the 6 sisters who could not make the first retreat and a few others. He celebrated his 8th anniversary in the Cathedral at Bardstown. Father (James) Derigaud is very sick at Caisses Creek 50 miles from there where he has established his community of brothers. They have said a novena and masses for his cure and Bishop (Benedict Joseph) Flaget went there Saturday but they have had no news since. In the Bishops's absence David stays close to the seminary with the seminary prefects since they have 80 boarders mostly creoles from New Orleans and environs. David has owed Sister Rose a letter for a long time. He advised her to hold the constitutions. They have had an election for a local superior she succeed one who died after beginning her sixth year. He has the question of counting her office years, as she will undoubtedly be reelected. He notes the concindences of the two college of Baltimore and Bardstown changing their presidents and professors of physics. Father George Elder resigned and Father Ignatius Reynolds was put in his place. Elder was too easy for the disciplinarian Father Fouche and Father (Ignatius) Reynolds the grand director of studies. His demand to be changed six months ago has not been granted by the Bishop. Elder will employ himself on the mission as he had asked six months ago taking place of Father (Francis Patrick) Kenrick, he has been sent to Scott County to Lexington. Altter from the Bishop says that Derigaud is in the extremity and can recover only by a mircle. Derigaud has begun a society of brothers which will need him badly. David is much disturbed by the health of Archbishop (Ambrose Marchal), he hopes he has chansen a coadjutor but not a Frenchman nor a Sulpicien. The choice of Bishop (Jean) Dubois caused trouble. He sends his regards to Sister Rose and will write to her in the future. He sends his regards to the other priests at the Mountain.

II-3-o - A.L.S. - (English) - 3pp. {4to.}

1827 Sep. 9

De Neckere, C.M., (Father) L(éon)
Amiens, (France)

to Father P(eter) Doutrelui(n)gne
Paris, (France)

De Neckere has been at the seminary several days and his health has improved. Doutrelui(n)gne no doubt noticed the old date of the letter brought by Brother Joseph, (C.M.). It was forgetfulness, caused by the sickness he has suffered from so long. De Neckere has some money given him for Father (Stephen Theodore) Badin, a missionary from Kentucky; he believes Badin is now in Rome. At the College of (St.) Stanislaus there is another American missionary through whom he could get this money to Badin. De Neckere does not know if Doutrelui(n)gne received his letter asking him to look for the accounts about the Missouri mission and to send them to (Victor) De Robiano at St. Acheul. If he has not sent them he is to send them to the Seminary of Amiens. De Neckere sends this by their confrere Father Bousquet, (C.M.).

IV-3-i A.L.S. (French) 4pp. 12mo.

1827 Sep. 29

Rese, Frederick, Father
Rome, Italy

to Bishop Edward Fenwick
Cincinnati, Ohio

Acknowledges letter and mentions letters written to Ohio missions. Also one to Bishop Flaget about the Dominican property in the two dioceses. Discusses the Dominican missions and property and the views of Bishops Flaget and David. Mentions a Madame Collette and the sisters. Thanks Fenwick for a special very charming letter - Gives plans for the winter. Visits Cardinal Cappellari - Obtains special faculties. A Mr. Savage of New York arrives apparently to discuss the cases of Fathers Harold and Ryan.

II-4-d A.L.S. (French) 4pp. 8vo.

1827 Oct. 5

Poulpiquet de Brescanvel, Bishop John Mary Dominic de
Quimper, (France)

Poulpiquet transfers his jurisdiction over Father John Mary William Guernigou to the diocese to which he goes. Father Marzin signs as secretary.

V-4-d A. Printed form L. (Latin) 1p. 4to.


1827 Oct. 6
Rosati, Joseph Bishop of: St. Louis, (Missouri)
 to  Father (Simon Gabriel) Brute: Emmitsburg, Maryland

Brute has been so good that Rosati dares to bother him with another problem. This is an act of charity. In St. Louis is a small house called a hospital which was given by a Catholic. It is very small and the sick in it do not receive the help in it that one would find in a hospital in Europe. The Emmitsburg Sisters of Charity have made it clear in Baltimore that they can perform the marvels that take place in the hospitals of Europe. Before hoping to establish a hospital in St. Louis he would like to have some of them to assume the direction of the work. He asks Brute to help him get them. If Brute gives a favorable response he will try to arouse the generosity of Americans and the French towards the charitable needs. After finding out what can be done he will plan to achieve the rest. He asks Brute to address him at St. Mary's Seminary at the Barrens. He is making a tour of his diocese to give confirmation and finds that religion not only is not losing but even gains. One would imigine he was in France when he attended the French at St. Charles, The Portage, Vid Poche. The musketters on horseback, the procession of the ingabitant etc. 120 Communicants at St. Charles and many more in the villages. He has ordained 4 Jesuits priest at Florissant they do much good. It is a pleasure to see their little Indians so well behaved. Father (Charles) Van Qickenborne has visited the Ossages and is well satisfied. They need priests for Kansas and he hopes to get them one next spring. He has a letter form Bishop (William Louis) DuBourg who promises help. His seminary at Montabaun promises to form and to send priests to help him. He is in hate and asks the prayers of all.

II-3-o - A.L.S. - (French) - 2pp. {4to.} 4

1827 Oct. 9
(David) Jean (Baptist) M of Mauricastro: Bardstown, Kentucky
 to  Father (Simon Gabriel) Brute: Emmitsburg, Maryland

David does not know where he stands with Brute, since his memory suggests that he did not answer Brute's last letter. He has a gathering on his right shoulder that affected the whole arm. He is much improved now after a detailed treatment he describes. They have had a change of presidents and professor of physics at Bardstown and at Baltimore. They has a near revolt there because the students were very much attached to their president (Father George Elder) who was a bit too easy. Father (Ignatius) Reynolds his successor by his teaching and ability will reconcile them. They have 110 boarders the number of externs is not as great as last year because they have augmented the price of tuition. They are separate except in class. The school at Nazareth although finished is in full operation. They have only 36 boarders but can handle 150. They have hopes of liquidating the debt in two or three years. Then they will increase the number of orphans or poor girls who are already a tenth. He would like to bring the sisters to their vocation which is to teach the poor. He asks if Brute has seen the prospectus of Father Wheeler; they find it ridiculis that of Father de Cloriviere is simple and clear. Bishop (Benedict Joseph) Flaget has taken up again the jubilee in the middle of September. The missionaries gave each congregation a week with ggreat success. The great preacher is Father (Francis Patrick) Kenrick who excells in so many things. He always encourges people to write their difficulties. He has these questions proposed by an interlocutor and his explanations silence the objections. He describes an exchange between Kenrick and a Presbyterian minister. He says he was like a big cat playing with a rat. There were 900 communions at St. Rose 250 confirmations, 300 communions at Lebanan, nearly 400 hundred at Holy Cross with confirmations in proportion. The Bishops continues 14 congregations have made the jubilee the Holy Father has extended the jubilee for three years and a great number of old sinners who had not confessed for 10,12,15 years made the jubilee. Many Protestants have been converted. Brute should see a notice of the jubilee in the Miscellany, also a notice the College and that of Nazareth. He does not have any answer to the questions concerning sex that Brute proposed in his before last letter. He would not allow such things not only for clergy but even for lay people. In twenty years he has not met the example proposed by Brute.

II-3-o - A.L.S. - (English) - 2pp. {4to.} 5

1827 Oct. 10

Flaget, Benedict Joseph, Bishop of Bardstown
Bardstown, Kentucky

to Bishop Edward Fenwick
Cincinnati, Ohio

Speaks of preaching the jubilee at St. Rose, St. Rose, Libanum and Holy Cross - Received letter from Father Theodore Stephen Badin from the Minerva in Rome - Says that his young German student is good in Holy Scripture and may make a good teacher for Fenwick.

II-4-d A.L.S. 3pp. 8vo.

1827 October 18
Dubois, John Bishop: New York, New York
 to  Father John Baptist Purcell: Emmitsburg, Maryland

Dubois explains his tardiness in answering Purcell's letter because of the amount of work he has to do. Besides his work as bishop he has the duties of the ministry at all hours of the day and night. There are 30,000 Catholics in New York and he has only 6 clergymen to help him. He has two chaplains to share his bread but cannot use them because they have to attend above 800 people in the hospitals some 2 or 10 miles out of the city with their work of catechizing the children who were formerly neglected. In his old age he must trot over the city ten times a day so tired that he cannot sit up at night as he used to do at the Mountain. It is a second cause of grief that he could not claim Purcell to be a prop in his old age and could not see him when he came through the city to hear about his old friends in France and to talk about Purcell's brother whom he thought had changed (Edward Purcell). Purcell is not to blame him for accepting this present burden which he had determined not to accept until it was forced upon him. Everything seems to go better than might have been expected. He found the church there enslaved. The first thing he did was to buy a church he owned. It is his castle. The trustees have been less ready to oppose him because of it. His visit over a part of the diocese in which he traveled over 3000 miles has convinced him of his need of workers and the evil of those who overran the state until they had achieved their booty. He is a cripple until he gets the tools he needs. One of his plans is to get missionaries besides the pastors to overrun the diocese like the missionaries in France to give the jubilee and then retreats. He will then have the advantage of enclosing Protestants in the nets. That is the way the Methodists entrap so many souls. Others would form a free missionary Catholic society but the laymen would try to get control of it. But he wants the church to go in untrammelled freedom. If Purcell has not seen his first pastoral letter he will send it to him with a new one addressed to the parishoners of his new church.

II-3-o - A.L.S. - (English) - 3pp. {4to.} 2

1827 (Oct. 31)
(David), Jean B(aptiste) M of Mauricastro: (Bardstown, Kentucky)
 to  Father (Simon Gabriel) Brute: Emmitsburg, Maryland

David is surprised by Brute's letter that he is behind since he feels that he is the one who is tardy. He has abstained from writing about the man who is giving those horrible scandals during the past three years. He was placed in charge of a convent of Sisters. It began with small deeds and grew into more serious ones. The Superior of the Sisters was warned. They tried to correct the two sisters but after many insincere submission he asks for his exit for Missouri. The two Sisters who were the occasion of trouble were brought to Nazareth by the superior. They seem to be changed but the man returned and asked to take them to their parents. One refused but the other went with him and was lodged with the Sisters of Loretto. He asked Bishop (Joseph) Rosati to allow her to become his housekeeper but was refused. He clared that the girl was under his protestion. He left Missouri and went to Ohio, then Louisville and Bardstown with his protege to the great scandal of the people. She was finally presuaded to go to live with her father 150 miles from there. The man went there and they married by a Methodist minister. November 1. Today celebrated ponifically but in place of a sermon after the Gospel Bishop (Benedict Joseph Flaget) with cross and mitre announced the facts of the scandal and pronounced the excommunication of the priest Charles Coomes. The Bishop has interrupted the courses of jubilees for two weeks. He ordained last Sunday a deacon, a subdeacon one in minor orders and gave tonsure to one. Brute has seen in the Miscellany the story of the jubilees of St. Rose, Lebanon and Holy Cross. The Bishops begins with Clear Creek and then goes to Union County where the apostate lives. Father (Francis Patrick) Kenrick teaches theology, scripture and greek at the seminary. He would rather be on the mission and the Bishops would like to let him do it. David has always a dozen seminarians, others to the number of 6 acting as prefects. Father (Ignatius) Reynolds in the place of Father George Elder fulfills the job of president with wisdom and zeal. There is no comparison between the order he maintains with that under his predecessor. Brute has seen in the Miscellany the eulogy given over Father (James) Derigaud. It is well merited. His establishment the Brothers of the Mission continues. They have 6 brothers, of whom only one resides at Caisey with one novice and 3 postulants. They have two brothers at Bardstown and one is at Bethann. David is preparing their rules and constitution. That of the sisters is so vague that it cannot be adopted for the brothers. They have chosen a brother superior whom they call Brother Guardian. David is feeling better but his gathering on his right shoulder was followed by two smaller ones. He has seen the prospectus of Father (Michael Francis) Wheeler and thinks it ridiculous. Reynolds says the program physically impossible. Father (Louis) Deloul with out saying anything about Georgetown asks for the play of Nazareth. Davis has answered on the page of their own prospectus which he grew up on that of Father de Cloriviere. There are parts of it drawn up by Father Reynold which he does not approve but since the Mother approved he let them pass.

II-3-o - A.L.S. - (French) - 3pp.10

1827 Nov.

Lemaire, Ferdinand

to Bishop Edward Fenwick
Cincinnati, Ohio

Thanks him for map of Cincinnati - Thanks him for choosing him as his correspondent - Mentions various amount of money already sent to Fenwick - Ask for prayer for dead daughter. Asks to be remembered to Sister Mary Vindervoghle.
Note in Fenwick's hand noting its receipt Apr. 1828 through Mr. Gothales Vereruyssen of Courtrai.

II-4-d A.L.S. (French) 1p. 8vo.

1827 Nov. 12
(England), John Bishop of: Charleston, S(outh) C(arolina)
 to  Father S(imon Gabriel) Brute: Emmitsburg, Maryland

England has a thousand pardons to ask but Brute may remember what a summer he has spent teaching theology, philosophy, algebra, Greek and Latin to try to keep his seminary going and meeting sickness and death the loss of his good sister, keeping up the Miscellany. Though he has been severely tried he has been wonderfully consoled. God has taught him to have only his will. His sister was to him everything he could desire, a good nurse, a possible companion, a great literary aid and the gentle monitor. She did more by the sacrifice of her money and of her comfort for the diocese than anyone he knows. Her life was regular and religious and her death edifying. He has been consoled in her on that last day when she knew she was dying. He will miss her but the Lord has given him resignation. She promised not to forget him. He does not think it presumptious to indulge in humble hope that through her intercession he will have peace. He asks Brute to pardon his expressing his sentiments as he also thinks that Brute would feel pleased that he told him these sentiments. He adds that he has decided to let Grimke alone but that Brute's letters will be useful to him for a variey of other purposes. P.S. He does not know why but he has not received the Ami dela Religion since the first week of September.

II-3-o - A.L.S. - (English) - 2pp. {4to.} 2

1827 Nov. 5

Rosati, C.M., Joseph, Bishop of St. Louis
(Barrens), Missouri

Notice of the ordination in the parochial church of St. Mary of the Barrens, of Angelo Mascaroni from the diocese of Milan on November 1, 1827 to the subdiaconate, on November 3 to the diaconate, and on November 4 to the priesthood; Father Donatien Olivier, (C.M.), John (Mary) Odin, (C.M.), and Peter Vergani, (C.M.) assisting. Odin (signs as) secretary.

IV-3-i D.S. (Latin) 1p. folio

1827 Nov. 10

(Rosati, C.M.), Joseph, Bishop of St. Louis
Ste. Genev(iev)e, (Missouri)

to Father (John) Timon, (C.M.)
(Barrens), M(iss)o(uri)

( ) Rozier in the future will sell the merchandise at 25 per cent above cost price. Timon will soon have two boys, Mr. O'Connor's son from Prairie du Rocher, and Mr. Shannon's from Ste. Genev(iev)e; they must be notified to pay the semester in advance(?). (Rosati) has not had time to write to the editors of the Catholic Miscellany about visits, Confirmations, and ordinations at Florissant and the seminary. Timon can begin with that of Kaskaskia and continue; he can see the number in a little register in (Rosati)'s desk and the date and names of the ordinands in the Register of Ordinations. At Mine à Breton, Gen(eral) Jones has given a fine lot for the church. (Rosati) urges Timon to draw up this report soon and send it to the editors.
P.S. Sister Mary Layton arrived at St. Louis from Opelousas; her parents will be happy to learn this news.

IV-3-i A.L.S. (French) 3pp. 12mo.

1827 Nov. 24

Rese, Frederick
Rome, Italy

to Bishop Edward Fenwick
Cincinnati, Ohio

Speaks about Badin's quitting the Dominican habit - Had taken only the vows of a tertiary - Reze disgusted and will not allow Badin to interfere in his business - Expects the French ambassador will give Badin a chaplaincy in French national church at Rome - Discusses the division of the Province and asks that it be settled soon - Mentions an honor received from the Pope for Father Didier Petit - Mentions possible war between Austria and Turkey - Mentions gifts of money for Fenwick - Asks care in use of these funds since a report of them is expected. Mentions Father O'Leary and Reymaker.

II-4-d A.L.S. 3pp. 8vo.

1827 Nov. 24

Rese, Frederick
Rome, Italy

to Bishop Edward Fenwick
Cincinnati, Ohio

Speaks about Badin's quitting the Dominican habit - Had taken only the vows of a tertiary - Reze disgusted and will not allow Badin to interfere in his business - Expects the French ambassador will give Badin a chaplaincy in French national church at Rome - Discusses the division of the Province and asks that it be settled soon - Mentions an honor received from the Pope for Father Didier Petit - Mentions possible war between Austria and Turkey - Mentions gifts of money for Fenwick - Asks care in use of these funds since a report of them is expected. Mentions Father O'Leary and Reymaker.

II-4-d A.L.S. 3pp. 8vo.

1827 Nov. 27
(David) Jean B(aptiste) M Bishop of Mauricastro: (Bardstown, Kentucky)
 to  Father (Simon Gabriel) Brute: Emmitsburg, Maryland

Their correspondance is increasing with the recent events. (Charles) Coomes is fulfilling the predictions of Bishop (Benedict Joseph) Flaget. He has now become a Methodist minister. The vows of the wife have long expired and she has returned to her father whom they have seduced. But he has not been a Catholic long. When the official news came the Bishop announced the excommunications on All Saints Day. The Bishop read on the occasion the letter of repentance Coomes had written in January in which he promised he would not stain the clean record of the priests of Kentucky. Flaget continues his jubilee in St. Vincent de Paul in Union County where Coomes lives with his father-in-law. He had with him Fathers (Francis Patrick Kenrick and (Guy) Chabrat. They repeated the denunciation on November 11 that had been made at the Cathedral on November 1. Flaget writes that he is despised by both Catholics and Protestants and has not done all the evil that he could have. Kenrick says that he has not been present in the church during the jubilee as they think he has the impudence to do. But at the persuastion of some Baptists he came to the courthouse at Morganfield where they were giving some exercises. He had been counseled to speak in his defense but he kept silent. David speaks of Brute's criticism of their prospectus. On the four courses the Mother insisted and David thought her reasons good. The parents want these matters. Nor have they lost sight of the poor for which they were founded. They have accumulated their debts for that purpose and when they have paid their debts they will do more. They have a plantation of 400 acres which they manage themselves. They make their habits and he adds their accomplishments with their 40 boarders and what they hope to accomplish and how this justifies the plans of the Sisters (of Nazareth). He also explains that they must do in prudence other wise they would be reduced to two or three Catholics. Secondly if they did convert their parents would turn them back into their old errors. Instead they try to instill a respect for religion, demove their prejudices and dispose them to become Catholics some day. They assist at Catholic prayers everyday and on Sunday and feast day they hear sermons. They also assist at the explanations of the Catholic Catechism by the sisters. They hear explanations of Catholic matters, read Catholic books and the Miscellany. Brute has spoken about a laboratory. They do not have any at Nazareth but they are only a mile and a half from St. Joseph's where they from time to time use the cabinet and where the professor conducts some experiments for them. The sisters teach the ordinary classes three times a week and the professor of physics formerly Father Reynolds come once a week and say a Mass for the sisters and gives a class in chemistry or physics. He does not recall in his memory a Miss Hener of whom Brute speaks and he does not want to waste time on such matters. Father Martial has announced that MM. LeMannais, Bonald, Haller and Chateaubriand have promised their work and a subscription to Memorial Catholique. They expect Martial again in the spring with new students. He does not say how many there will be. There is one from Naples sent by the king who wants to become an ecclesiastic. He wrote to Father (Robert) Abell that he has also a Capucin with another young man. David thinks that Abell will accompany Martial and perhaps Father (Stephen Theodore) Badin who has become a Dominican at the minerva to re-or form the Dominicans at St. Rose. He sends regards to Fathers Hickey, Xaupi and to the Sisters. P.S. He received without warning certain numbers of the L'Ami de la Religion. He thinks they are sent at the request of Martial. He thinks the best way for this is to send them by Monsignor Paynter and to Baltimore to be sent on to Father Kenrick.

II-3-o - A.L.S. - (English) - 4pp.10

1827 Dec. 28

Dammers, Richard, Bishop of Tiberias
Paderborn, (Germany)

On this date Francis Bartels received the tonsure.

V-4-d Printed Form S. (Latin) 1p. folio