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Calendar: 1840

1840

Bailey, Reverend James Roosevelt
(New York, New York)

A sermon preached at St. Andrews, Harlaem, Septuagesima Sunday, 1840; at Zion Church, Avon, 8th Sunday after Trinity, 1840; St. Andrews, Harlaem, 4th Sunday after Trinity, 1841.

II-2-n A. Sermon 14pp. 8vo.
0


1840

Blanc, Bishop Anthony
New Orleans, (Louisiana)

Circular letter of faculties to his clergy.

V-4-j Printed L. (Latin) 1p. Folio
0


1840

DeGoesbriand
Ky Daoulay, France

to Bishop John Baptist Purcell
of Cincinnati, Ohio

Speaks of his son Father Louis DeGoesbriand, who is about to start work under the direction of Purcell. All there feel that he might have done good in France. He believes his son is too much given to deep thinking and too much an enthusiast and that he should be restrained, given the necessary bodily toll. Fells it his duty to warn Purcell.

II-4-g A.L.S. 2pp. 8vo.
3


184-

Erceville, Count E(rnest) d'
Paris, (France)

To (Bishop John Baptist Purcell)
(Cincinnati, Ohio)

(Printed circular) The Societe Francaise de l'Oceanie wish to announce the purpose for which they have been formed into an organization with the approval of many prominent French Catholics. They include in printed form a statement of their purpose and their means. (The enclosure is a printed statement to the effect that the Society seeing the neglect of Spain, Portugal, and France in the former services of carrying missionaries to distant lands, undertake to form a society which will prepare ships for that purpose. To this work they shall add the carrying of French merchandise to promote the honor of France which has always been bound up with the work of the Church.) (Other enclosures) Printed portions of the statutes of the Societe containing provisions for the subscriptions to the society and for the divisions of profits. Also a form for subscribing for an "action" of 500 francs.

II-4-g (Printed) L.S. (French) 6pp. 8vo.
2


(184?)

Graham, John
(Chelsea, Massachusetts)

To The Chelsea Nat(uralization) Society
(Chelsea, Massachusetts)

The amount of Graham's assessment is enclosed. He would have attended the meeting but for sickness. He believes that before their next there will be an important question settled in regard to the present and future prosperity of the country. The candidates for the state government are now before the people. It is said that the Society is nothing more than capital for political gamblers. They should let their actions in the coming contest settle the point. The old Whig party is rotten to its core. Every effort will be made to support its declining years. The Society should spurn them. (Found in the Orestes A. Brownson collection).

I-3-e A.L.S. 2pp. Folio
3


(1840)

Lefranc, Father (John)
(The Barrens, Missouri ?)

To Bishop (Anthony Blanc)
New Orleans, (Louisiana)

The priest who will give this to (Blanc) will tell him how little progress Lefranc has made. He would have profited more if he had always been under his direction, and even might have done something if he had remained. Here is a plan Lefranc set up today: from 9 to 10 he will attend a class in grammar; the music teacher has promised to come at 10 everyday for reading; at 4 one of the prefects of study will come to learn French and teach Lefranc English; at 5 he will go to a class in public speaking. He hopes his next letter will be in another language.

V-4-j A.L.S. (French) 2pp. 8vo.
1


(1840)

Louisiana, State of
(New Orleans, Louisiana)

To Bishop (Anthony) Blanc
(New Orleans, Louisiana)

Two receipts for 1839 state taxes; one for $1.50 on Sub. Franklin Square 61, $1500 and one for $50 on Square 48, 2nd District, $50,000. Signed by A. Fuller(?) as collector.

V-4-j Receipt S. (French) 4pp. 32mo.
2


(1840)

Purcell, John Baptist, Bishop of Cincinnati

to

(Manuscript in the hand of Father Amadeus Rappe). Gives an account of the diocese of Cincinnati after a partial visitation. The diocese founded in 1821 when Catholics were few now numbers nearly 50,000 and with the natural resources of the state and the growing number of immigrants holds great promise of growth in the future. However the pastoral care necessary in the midst of so many Protestants and those without any faith is very great. Speaks of the efforts made by the Protestants to take the Catholics away from their faith, by invitations, presents and ridicule. To combat these difficulties there is needed, a more numerous clergy, more churches and more religious communities to instruct children. He could establish twenty new congregations if he had the priests. The generosity and sanctity of those who now work draw down blessings upon the faithful and supply spiritual gifts to his children, but much more could be accomplished with greater numbers.

II-4-g L. 3pp. 4to.
3


(1840?)

Purcell, John B(aptist), Bishop of Cincinnati
(Cincinnati, Ohio)

To Archbishop Vincent Edward Milde
of Vienna, Austria

Revolving in his mind the goodness of the Archbishop when he was in Vienna, and the benefits he received from the Archbishop and from the Leopoldine Association he sends a statement of the condition of his diocese. Describes Ohio as the heart of the union with its fertile soil, freedom from slavery, etc., and Cincinnati which has lately given President-elect Harrison to the nation. It is next to New York and Philadelphia in population. Seventeen years ago there were only seven churches in the new diocese. Now there are nineteen of brick, the rest of wood, in all forty. They there were no orphan asylums, now there are two, one under the Sisters of Charity and the other for boys. There is also a school for German children of both sexes attended by 50. The growth of Catholicity has caused the construction of a new Cathedral of which he gives the dimensions. Also another church for the Germans had to be built for which a lot has been purchased but which has not been paid for yet. The old church he has turned over to the Jesuits, who conduct a college. In Cleveland, Lancaster, Marietta and other places churches have been enlarged or built for which he has expended 10,000 florens. He is pressed by these new towns for money and for pastoral instructions. He cannot supply them with his present means and he exhorts the Archbishop, the Leopoldine Association and their friends to do all they can to help him.

II-4-g A.L.S. (Latin, probably a first draft)
7


1840 Jan

Chalon, Father G(abriel)
Riviere aux Loups, (Alabama ?)

Dispensations 1840: Chalon certifies that he granted a dispensation to Cheri Dédoux and Eliza Dédoux whose marriage took place before a civil officer, January 18, 1840; also to Victor Dédoux and Myrté Dédoux, January 20, 1840; to Simon Ladner and Adéline Ladner, January 21, 1840; to Jean Morin and Adèle Ladner, January 21, 1840; to Julian Ladner and Clementine Ladner, January 21, 1840; and to Pierre Saulier and Eliza Nilaide, January 24, 1840.

V-4-j A.D.S. (French) 3pp. 12mo.
13


1840 Jan 1

Lesne, Father J(ames)
Mobile, (Alabama)

To Bishop (Anthony) Blanc
New Orleans, (Louisiana)

In Blanc's letter of a few weeks ago, Blanc gave the address of Mrs. (Laure) Piveteau. Lesne has lost it and asks Blanc to send it. He has around $600 to send to her. If Blanc can persuade Bishop (Charles Forbin) de Janson to give Lesne a draft on Parish he will send him the money or he could come to Mobile to get it as they all await him impatiently. Their hope is in him; he can revive their diocese, Bishop (Michael) Portier is dispirited; he talks of resigning but indirectly. He wishes much to have de Janson come. Father (C.) Rampon invited him in Portier's name; Blanc is to tell him not to wait for a letter from Portier who, as Blanc knows, decides to write with so much difficulty. Portier and his clergy are eager to second the zeal of this worthy prelate who left Europe to come to the aid of the American dioceses. Lesne has other matters to discuss such as the hope of founding a little seminary but the boat is about to leave.

V-4-I A.L.S. (French) 3pp. 4to.
5


1840 Jan 2

Bize, Father, St. Gaudens
Haute-Garonne, France

to Whom it May Concern and Overseas

Bize, a neighbor of the bearer, burns with zeal for souls. Upon consultation with this very honest and religious compatriot, a plan was made between them to soon unite overseas. There could be no better recommendation in their favor. (The letter bears the address of) Mr. Ouézé, jeweler, cousin of Mr. Berte leaving from Miremont for New Orleans.

V-4-j A.L.S. (French) 2pp. 4to.
2


1840 Jan 2

Evrard, Father J(osep)h
Baton Rouge, (Louisiana)

To Bishop (Anthony) Blanc
New Orleans, L(ouisia)na

He had been expecting Blanc for the distribution of prizes at St. Michael. Lacking that he takes this occasion to offer his New Year's wishes. He is much satisfied with his trip to St. Michael. The Ladies (of the Sacred Heart) gave him some fine gifts for his two poor churches. They also gave him an old vestment for the chapel at (St. John's) Plains. Repairs have been made there and Evrard is going to send necessary things there. St. Joseph's (East Baton Rouge) is always in the same state; however they have added linens and vestments so it will soon be a good parish. As for the church at West Baton rouge the altar is still to be joined to the roof and the walls to be plastered. Since there is no suitable place to say Mass Evrard has begun to say it at the church. He would like to know if he should continue. He will try to have it done by spring and asks Blanc to come to bless it. Among the children who made their First Communion is one who would like to go to the seminary. He is the son of Mrs. P. Blanchard and is about 13. His mother is not rich. They say the College of Baton Rouge is going to close. To revive it they have brought in a Protestant minister with his wife, eight children, his sister-in-law, etc. Several shareholders are trying to get rid of it. They have often made an offer to put Evrard among the administrators. He would have taken it if he had any hopes of doing any good. They think the college might be sold; they wish the Jesuits or the Ladies of the Sacred Heart would buy it. That would be an immense good for the youth who need it so much.

V-4-j A.L.S. (French) 3pp. 4to.
8


1840 Jan 2

Point, (S.J.), Father N(icholas)
(Grand Coteau, Louisiana)

To Bishop (Anthony Blanc)
New Orleans, (Louisiana)

He has just learned from "l'Abeille" and by (Blanc's) letters how God has blessed the work of his orphans. He hopes that (Blanc) will not be long in paying a visit to Grand Coteau; if Point can know some time in advance, he will be more at ease about Confirmation and several other matters. They are using the vacation time to make things more comfortable at (St. Charles College). They have arranged a little chapel at the end of the balcony near the Community; this chapel is destined to gather in the future children of the Congregation which (Blanc) has in view. Point would like (Blanc) to be there for the opening but if his visit will have to be postponed until after cold weather, he asks for permission to say Mass and have the Blessed Sacrament there. Point has heard that Father (Auguste) Jeanjean is finally back; he asks (Blanc) to give him an enclosed letter.

V-4-j A.L.S. (French) 2pp. 4to.
3


1840 Jan 2

Saillant, J(osep)h
New Orleans, (Louisiana)

To Mr. Poursine
(New Orleans, Louisiana)

Receipt for $15 for coal.

V-4-j A. Receipt S. (French) 1p. 16mo.
1


1840 Jan 2

Young, Father Joshue
Lancaster, Ohio

to Bishop John Baptist Purcell
of Cincinnati, Ohio

Asks Purcell whether he prayed for anyone in Lancaster on the Sunday before Christmas between 11 A.M. and 2 P.M. Is not disposed to cry out "miracle" but will relate an event which he has observed if Purcell gives the expected answer. Gives the good wishes of the season.

II-4-g A.L.S. 1p. 8vo.
2


1840 Jan 3

"Baltimore"
(New Orleans, Louisiana)

To Bishop (Anthony) Blanc
(New Orleans, Louisiana)

Receipt for $2.10 for one trunk (marked?) Maze from Havana. Signed by John Mavis.

V-4-j Receipt S. 1p. 16mo.
2


1840 Jan 3

Martin, Father (John)
Pointe-Coupée, (Louisiana)

To Bishop Anthony Blanc
New Orleans, (Louisiana)

Martin is sending Blanc two turkeys; the third is for Mr. Bézian, Yesterday a group of slaves and Ar(mand) Beauvais' house were sold. An American bought the house. Mr. and Mrs. Beauvais left New Year's eve and at present are at Valery Ledoux's; they believe they will go to New Orleans next Wednesday. Sunday after Mass Martin intends to go to Avoyelles where he is to perform a marriage on the 7th. This will be a short visit; Friday or Saturday he will be back at Pointe-Coupée. On the 14th he has the wedding of the son of the late Nicholas Lacour to Miss Aug(us)tin Leblanc. This week he had two and the week before, one. He could not make them wait until after Advent. They are beginning to take the road to the Church. On Christmas Day the church at Pointe-Coupée was filled with whites, which surprised him; and profound silence reigned. He needs a servant, man or woman, to keep house, take care of his poultry yard, tend his garden, etc; he will pay $100 a year. If Blanc can get one for him he will render a great service. Perhaps Martin will get to New Orleans in a few days.

V-4-j A.L.S. (French) 3pp. 8vo.
7


1840 Jan 3

Lesne, Father J(ames)
Mobile, (Alabama)

To Bishop (Anthony) Blanc
New Orleans, (Louisiana)

His heart is sad at the thought of leaving his old confreres with whom he has lived for eight years. Bishop (Michael) Portier has shown how much Lesne's going afflicts him. His sadness shakes Lesne's resolve. Portier has given him permission to leave his diocese. Lesne is not at ease here; he feels he must leave or make efforts of which he does not feel capable. So after consulting with Bishop (Mathias) Loras and Father (Ferdinand Dominic) Bach Lesne will ask Portier to go to Blanc, filling any post Blanc wants him for, for three months, to see if he could regain(?) His strength to return to Mobile. His impression is that once he goes to Blanc he will stay there. Loras will leave in a few days and probably Lesne will accompany him. Bach will leave tomorrow or the day after.

V-4-j A.L.S. (French) 2pp. 4to.
4


1840 Jan 3

Mina, Father Ve. M(odest)e
(Bonnet Carrée, Louisiana)

To Bishop Ant(hony) Blanc
New Orleans, (Louisiana)

Eugène Vierer and Geneviève Périloure (?) ask for a dispensation. At the first opportunity Mina will send the money for the candlesticks which Blanc sent.

V-4-j A.L.S. (French) 2pp. 4to.
3


1840 Jan 3

Purcell, John Baptist, Bishop of Cincinnati
Cincinnati, Ohio

to the Catholic Congregation
at Chillicothe, Ohio

Has received their letter of last December. He is surprised that they think he has not recognized their efforts, and those of Father Henry D. Junckers. It is Purcell's conviction that the congregation owes a large debt of gratitude to Father Junckers for his efforts and should not oppose him in his efforts. Union is necessary in religion as well as in politics. Purcell warns them against being unkind to Father Junckers who has been so generous with them. He tells them also that the situation in the German church in Cincinnati is not as they describe, because the congregation there are better instructed.

II-4-g L. (This is a copy) 3pp. 8vo.
3


1840 Jan 3

Roman, A(ndré) B(ienvenu)
New Orleans, Louisiana

to Bishop (Anthony) Le(!) Blanc
New Orleans, Louisiana

Governor Roman invites Blanc to aid in the celebration of the anniversary of January 8, 1815.

V-4-j Printed Letter 2pp. 4to.
1


1840 Jan 3

Tschenhenss, C.SS.R., Father Francis X.
Norwalk, Ohio

to Bishop John Baptist Purcell
of Cincinnati, Ohio

Writes to announce that the Redemptorists have been ordered by their superiors in Vienna to go to Pittsburgh. Expresses sorrow at departure and hopes that they will come again later. Recommends to Purcell's care a German priest Father Pierz, who has been working among the Indians. Recommends him for Norwalk, for the present. The congregation at Tiffin will pay $10 for his services and that at Rochland will pay $5 for week day services. The Redemptorists have resigned the house and church to the Bishop, the deed for which made with Bishop Fenwick is in Cincinnati. Asks that Barbara Remier who has built in Church property be allowed to remain because of her services to the church. Asks about taking certain small things with him. Will go to Tiffin the seventh, and the next Monday will leave Norwalk. Asks an answer from Purcell.

II-4-g A.L.S. 3pp. 8vo.
6


1840 Jan 4

Dansac, L.
(New Orleans, Louisiana)

To Bishop (Anthony Blanc
New Orleans, Louisiana)

Receipted bill for $5 for 6 barrels of coal.

V-4-j A. Receipt S. (French) 1p. 16mo.
1


1840 Jan 4

Machebeuf, Father (Joseph) P(rojectus)
Lower Sandusky, Ohio

to Bishop John Baptist Purcell
of Cincinnati, Ohio

Has heard that one of Mr. Isidore Beaugrand's friends will visit Cincinnati tomorrow. He sends this letter to tell Purcell about the results of the subscription started by the Bishop. The people of Lower Sandusky are favorable. In the town they obtained $400, then the Irish gave $136, the French $100, and the Germans $200. Others have promised Mr. Beaugrand. Has made some arrangements with the people for his support. The Germans though richest have subscribed little. Spent January 1 at McCuthensville, collected five cents. The next day at Germain Settlement, collection taken by someone. The son of Mr. Wallmar desiring to get married and to occupy Machebeuf's house. Macheneuf must move. Collection taken up by his predecessor last Christmas for a priest's house amounted to $150 but little can be done until spring. Was at Norwalk for Tschenhenss and promised to say Mass there two Sundays a month until a priest was sent there. Hopes that Purcell approves the promise. Has received no letter from Europe. (A portion of the letter has been cut away).

II-4-g A.L.S. 3pp. 8vo.
6


1840 Jan 4

Pascal, F.
New Orleans, (Louisiana)

To (Bishop Anthony Blanc
New Orleans, Louisiana)

Receipted bill for $5 for laying pipeline.

V-4-j A. Receipt S. (French) 1p. 32mo.
1


1840 Jan 4

"Vandalia"
New Orleans, (Louisiana)

Receipt for $35 from Mr. Labouret(?) for passage from New Orleans to Pratt's Landing. Signed by H.T. McMichael (?) as clerk.

V-4-j Receipt S. 1p. 16mo.
2


1840 Jan 6

Van De Velde, S.J., Father J(ames)
St. Louis, (Missouri)

To Bishop A(nthony) Blanc
New Orleans, L(ouisiana)

Blanc's letter of December 9 was delivered by Mr. C. Daron. Van De Velde brought Daron to the College where he spent several days; they were edified by his conduct. Daron plans to leave and asked Van De Velde to prepare his letters for tomorrow. In regard to the (John) Mullanphy affair there is still nothing to hope for. They were working to break the will. Van De Velde has given power of attorney to one of the leading lawyers of the town; if he succeeds by next March Van De Velde will plead the cause of the orphans.

V-4-j A.L.S. (French) 3pp. 4to.
3


1840 Jan 7

Forstall, Rosémond
(New Orleans, Louisiana)

To Miss Sophie
(New Orleans, Louisiana)

Receipted bill for $15.51 for whalebone.

V-4-j A. Receipt S. (French) 1p. 16mo.
1


1840 Jan 7

Maxis(?)
New Orleans, (Louisiana)

Two receipted bills; one for 28.82 for work done at the Ursuline Convent in the priests' quarters, and one for $5.75 for work done for the priests.

V--4-j A. Receipt S. (French) 2pp. 12mo.
1


1840 Jan 7

(Rosati), Joseph, Bishop of St. Louis
Kaskaskias, (Illinois)

To Bishop A(nthony) Blanc
New Orleans, Louisiana

(Rosati) received the ordos for Vincennes and has commissioned Bishop (Celestin) De la Ha(I)landière to have 25 Masses said. (Rosati) did not have time to write because of a trip to Kaskaskias. This letter will be delivered by Father (John) Timon, (C.M.) who is at St. Louis to go to New Orleans. (Rosati) repeats his request for Mass intentions; the stipends are to be kept until February for a payment at New Orleans. (Rosati) still does not see what arrangement he can make for a replacement during his absence. He has decided to go to Europe after the Council of Baltimore. It is not necessary for Timon to go to Texas; that would upset things here considerably.

V-4-j A.L.S. (French) 2pp. 4to.
3


1840 Jan 8

Bélaire, J(oh)n
New Orleans, (Louisiana)

Receipt for $25 received from Edward Fernandez and Company for work done.

V-4-j A. Receipt S. (French) 1p. 16mo.
1


1840 Jan 11

(Flaget), Bishop B(enedict) J(oseph)
Bardstown, (Kentucky)

to Bishop A(nthony) Blanc
New Orleans, Louisiana

The news about the health of Father (Auguste) Jeanjean makes (Flaget) sad. What a loss if Blanc's fears are realized. What Blanc says about Father (Napoleon Joseph) Perché only makes (Flaget) continue the many praises he gave him at Angers on his talent in the pulpit. His progress in the English language is such that in a few years he will be able to speak in that language as eloquently as he does in French. It is to Perché that (Flaget) is indebted for a French congregation, growing every day, and which has not only bought a fine lot for a church but has a church ready for the roof, if not already done. In these circumstances it would be impossible to replace Perché. To withdraw him would be a mortal blow to this new church and congregation. In a year or eight months Perché could preach Advent or Lent in Blanc's Cathedral. It is painful for (Flaget) to refuse this favor but if Blanc will reflect that it is (Flaget's) duty, he will retain his friendship to which (Flaget) owes much, as for instance the taking of his packages from customs. (P.S.) While he has decided to build a Cathedral at Louisville and the lot is already bought, (Flaget) is far from ready to put it into execution. Catholics and Protestants at Louisville encourage (Flaget) more than he expected. Blanc is to tell the architect who wrote to him that he will think of him when it is ready. (P.P.S.) Blanc is to be discreet about (Flaget's) praise of Perché's preaching. Bishop (John Baptist) David's health is broken; he is preparing to meet his Judge, but he is resigned. (Flaget's) young coadjutor (Bishop Guy Ignatius Chabrat) wishes Blanc a happy New Year.

V-4-j A.L.S. (French) 4pp. 4to.
7


1840 Jan 11

Lesseps, Ch(arle)s
New Orleans, (Louisiana)

To Bishop (Anthony) Blanc
(New Orleans), Louisiana

The City Council in a meeting today decided on Monday morning for the laying of the cornerstone of a monument in commemoration of the victory of January 8, 1815 and has authorized the undersigned Committee to make the arrangements. They invite Blanc with the clergy of the diocese to the celebration. The committee are Duplesis, Lesseps, F. Lefebvre, C. Delery, F. Buisson.

V-4-j A.L.S. (French) 2pp. 4to.
1


1840 Jan 12

Le Blanc, André
Paincourtville, (Louisiana)

To Bishop Ant(hony) Blanc
New Orleans, Louisiana

Since Blanc has extended his goodwill to the church they have built in Paincourtville, LeBlanc asks him to continue his help. A petition is before the court and aided by Blanc's influence they hope to offer him a presbytery and to agree on the maintenance of their church. P.S. Raphael Mollera and Thomas Pugh are their representatives.

V-4-j A.L.S. (French) 2pp. 4to.
4


1840 Jan 13

Beauprez, Father P(eter) F(rancis)
New Iberia, (Louisiana)

to Bishop Ant(hony) Blanc
New Orleans, (Louisiana)

Beauprez received Blanc's letter of December 12 and he does not doubt that charity prompts the advice given. However Father Giustiniani, (C.M.) has misled Blanc by his account of the fine discourses of which Blanc speaks. For Beauprez thinks that Blanc knows well that he cannot give fine discourses or he would not have placed him at New Iberia. Beauprez is glad to hear that Father (Auguste) Jeanjean has arrived in New Orleans. Beauprez waits impatiently for a reply to his last letter and to the commission that Father (Stephen) Rousselon was to communicate to Blanc. If Beauprez asked for Lafayette on the departure of Father (Lawrence) Peyretti it was not for an easy time as there is much to do there materially as well as spiritually but it was rather his salvation as he could then go often to confession and converse on spiritual matters with the good priests. Blanc knows his need for such help; he hopes Blanc will take this into consideration. Here the church is almost empty; most of the pews are unrented. The trustees are proud and obstinate; he has been here six weeks and has been unable to get a meeting . He sees only ill will on their part because they see they cannot pay a pastor as their debts amount to $7000. Dr. Smith does nothing but hurl invectives against Father (Charles Henry de Boutelou de) St. Aubin and against Blanc. Beauprez has taken precautions not to come into contact with Smith in order to avoid irritating him as St. Aubin seems to have done. Blanc will see that Beauprez cannot remain; there is nothing to do. It is the same at Lafayette he has been told. Beauprez has been to see the College of St. Charles at Grand Coteau and Father (Nicholas) Point, (S.J.) came with him to New Iberia to see some parents who had their children at the College and who wished to send them elsewhere. It seems they are going to lose many and Point seems troubled. (P.S.) Three marriages have been celebrated before the justice of the peace since Beauprez has been here.

V-4-j A.L.S. (French) 4pp. 4to.
11


1840 Jan 14

Kenrick, Francis Patrick, Bishop of Arath
Philadelphia, Pennsylvania

to Bishop John Baptist Purcell
of Cincinnati, Ohio

Writes in Latin because of the nature of the things discussed. Knows nothing more about the Pittsburgh matter except what he has learned from the letter of Purcell and the Archbishop. Thinks the person should go elsewhere to live and by penance wash away the faults admitted, and that the civil question can be handled by a legal instrument naming an administrator. Thinks that the appointment of bishops to Natchez and Pittsburgh should be left to the next council. As to other questions would admit to the sacraments book seller who does not sell ex professo bad books, but he should keep such bad books out of his store; also the proprietor of an open air theatre since that is not sinful in itself. Would refuse the sacraments to one joining secret societies. Sacraments are not to be denied to one who works on a sectarian church building.

II-4-g A.L.S. 3pp. 8vo. (Latin)
4


1840 Jan 14

(Mathieu), Archbishop Césaire
Besancon, (France)

To Bishop (Anthony Blanc)
New Orleans, (Louisiana)

It would be difficult to give any more information about the person to whom restitution of the $200 is to be made. If, after a year, (Blanc) can find out nothing, he is to use the sum for pious works of his own choice.

V-4-j A.L.S. (French) 2pp. 4to.
1


1840 Jan 15

Roothaan, S.J., Father J(ohn Phillip)
Rome, (Italy)

To Bishop (Anthony Blanc
New Orleans, Louisiana)

Roothaan is grateful for the details which (Blanc) gave about the work of Father (Joseph) Soller, (S.J.) and Father (Pierre) Ladavière, (S.J.) at New Orleans and also for (Blanc's) interest in their (College of St. Charles), Grand Coteau. He would like to send professors of physics, mathematics, grammar and philosophy there but how can he? The French province can only with difficulty provide for the needs of their own schools. This necessity made them join the College at Grand Coteau to the Mission of Missouri which Roothaan has just made a Vice Province. He knew that Missouri could not at first furnish subjects but it at least presented a future for the growth of that portion of the (Jesuits). Most are Belgians; but there are also several French so the French language is not neglected. As for the classical system, Roothaan would like to see it established not only at Grand Coteau but in all of America. There is some difference of opinion even among the French priests at Grand Coteau; however Father (Peter J.) Verhaegen, (S.J.) will change nothing without orders. As regards the College which the gentlemen of the Regency have just revived, if the spirit of religion was added to the talents of the professors it might eclipse Grand Coteau but Roothaan doubts that it will. (The Jesuits) are going to direct all their efforts to get eminent men in each literary and scientific field but charity, unison, zeal, patience, and time are also necessary. The priests, educated in the same places which they will serve will have advantages which those coming directly from Europe would not have.

V-4-j L.S. (French) 2pp. 4to.
6


1840 Jan 16

Barnes, M.H.
New Orleans, (Louisiana)

Receipted bill for $18 for a bed and table for Bishop (Anthony Blanc).

V-4-j A. Receipt S. 1p. 16mo.
1


1840 Jan 16

De La Haillandière, Celesltine, Bishop of Vincennes
Vincennes, Indiana

to Bishop John Baptist Purcell
of Cincinnati, Ohio

Not having seen Purcell in Cincinnati he awaited word from him that he had returned to that city, and having started his episcopal visitation he uses that also as an excuse for not writing. Speaks of his ill success in trying to see Purcell and his brother. Thanks Purcell for the part he played in his nomination to the Bishopric of Vincennes. Thinks that since the neighboring bishops have chosen him they must support him by their advice and experience. Has already had need of them since his return to Vincennes. His predecessor, Bishop Bruté has left him one affair difficult to solve as well as debts to pay. With the exception of a few priests the diocese seems to be in good condition. 27 priests, 13 seminarians, 24 churches or chapels, 2 free schools at Vincennes, a fine building just bought for a college. The Catholic population increases each day, though he believes the number less than that given by Bishop Bruté. Suggests that they exchange the powers of vicar general in their respective diocese to take care of certain situations. Will send them as soon as he understands that Purcell accepts. Has received denunciations about the priest at Fort Wayne but at present they show him guilty only of some "vivacities." Haillandière says he cannot approve those who do not come to the bishop in such matters but instead go from house to house. He thinks that Father J. Carriere has sent him the note for 600 francs which he gave him for Purcell. The money came from Cannon Roess of Strassbourg. P.S. Regards to Father Edward Purcell and Father Collins.

II-4-g A.L.S. 3pp. (French)
6


1840 Jan 16

Thompson, G(eorge) W.
Wheeling, Virginia

to O(restes) A. Brownson

After hearing his sister say that knowledge of what death is like is impossible until the final hour, Thompson is convinced that more than philosophy is needed to disarm death of terror. His own life and habits are none too consoling to him. He has been taught to look upon wealth as a mark of respectability. And already he has been sneered at in private places because of it. He has no one around him who has the same views or interests as himself. He did spend an evening with Mr. Campbell, the Baptist reformer. But Thompson's views of good and evil sent Campbell away in hasty retreat. This is the only conversation he has been able to have with a person at all conversant with such subjects. Such things as this makes him despondent at times, and fill his soul with tempests that make him seem as one possessed. He asks Brownson to contact him with a bookseller who will send him from the list of books enclosed, those which Brownson thinks suitable and helpful. Brownson may strike out such as may not be of service, and add such as will.

I-3-e A.L.S. 4pp. 8vo.
1


1840 Jan 16
Van De Velde, S.J., Father J(ames)
St. Louis, (Missouri)

To Bishop A(nthony) Blanc
New Orleans, L(ouisian)a

Since giving his letter to Mr. (C.) Daron, who leaves today, Van De Velde has bought a supply of apples and has had a barrel filled for Blanc and one for (P. Huchet) Kernion. He is sending them by the George Collier; J. Walsh is leaving on this boat right now.

V-4-j A.L.S. (French) 2pp. 4to.
4


1840 Jan 17

Armengol, (C.M.), Father B(onaventure)
Assumption, (Louisiana)

To Bishop Ant(hony) Blanc
New Orleans, (Louisiana)

(Charles) Rivière is ill again; Armengol thinks that seminary life is not good for his health. Dr. Martin agrees. So Rivière has decided to leave. Last Monday they had a visit from Bishop (Charles Forbin-Janson) of Nancy accompanied by Father (Louis) Boué and Father (John) Boullier, (C.M.); they left Tuesday morning. All their men are well.

V-4-j A.L.S. (French) 2pp. 4to.
6


1840 Jan 17

Armengol, (C.M.), Father B(onaventure)
Assumption, La Fourche, (Louisiana)

To Bishop (Anthony Blanc
New Orleans, Louisiana)

John Baptist Bourg and Helen Dupuis are related in the first degree. They wish to marry in order to give a Christian education to John's five children by his first wife. They ask for a dispensation.

V-4-j A.L.S. (Latin) 1p. 8vo.
3


1840 Jan 18

Decaux, V(ict)or
New Orleans, (Louisiana)

Receipted bill for $23.50 for clothing.

V-4-j Receipt S. (French) 1p. 4to.
1


1840 Jan 18

Lally and McCracken
New Orleans, (Louisiana)

Receipt for $3.50 for one pair of boys' boots.

V-4-j A. Receipt S. 1p. 16mo.
1


1840 Jan 18

Tiblier, C.
(New Orleans, Louisiana)

To Miss Sophie
(New Orleans, Louisiana)

Receipted bill for $27.56 1/4 for cloth.

V-4-j A. Receipt S. (French) 1p. 16mo.
1


1840 Jan 18

Tricou, Paul
New Orleans, (Louisiana)

To Mr. Poursine
(New Orleans, Louisiana)

Receipted bill for $3 for a hat.

V-4-j A. Receipt S. (French) 1p. 12mo.
1


1840 Jan 19

(De Lesqueu), Bishop C(laude) L(ouis)
Rennes, (France)

To Bishop (Anthony Blanc)
New Orleans, (Louisiana)

He recalls very well the ecclesiastic about whom (Blanc) speaks. He thanks Providence for finding an advance(?) For him which will stop his wounds. If he had had more confidence in his bishop he would not have had to leave his native land. He was at their little seminary; (De Lesqueu) is convinced that in the beginning he was more unfortunate than guilty. Also, did he do enough to save him as a curate. His bad reputation and misconduct did not inspire confidence. Blanc can attach him to his diocese or where ever he sees fit and (De Lesqueu) gives up all authority(?) Over him as bishop. The loss of Bishop (Simon Gabriel) Bruté is keenly felt. His successor's administration will be wise and enlightened.

V-4-j A.L.S. (French) 3pp. 4to.
2


1840 Jan 21

Couin (?), J.O. (?)
(Donaldson, Louisiana)

To Bishop (Anthony) Le(!) Blanc
(New Orleans, Louisiana)

Blanc's reception of him when Couin presented Father Parterre's letter emboldens him to inform Blanc of what has happened in the interest of this learned priest. Not being able to see the governor who was at the coast, Couin did not think he could successfully present himself at Jefferson College, (Convent, Louisiana). Having remained at New Orleans for a few days because of his business cards (?), he went to see one of his old acquaintances in St. James Parish where he received a cordial welcome; parents gave him their confidence for instruction in elementary education. Up to now he has 12 pupils at $50 a year for board, room, laundry. If he keeps his place, he hopes to learn a little English which is becoming indispensable and to later build up the boarding school when his family comes here. On his return to new Orleans for two days to wind up his business, he placed half of his business cards in the café on Condé Street at the corner of Madison. Blanc's reply to Parterre was sent on faithfully; Blanc can address him directly at Phalsbourg, Meurthe, France but Couin will be honored to be the intermediary if Blanc so desires.

V-4-j A.L.S. (French) 3pp. 4to.
3


1840 Jan 22

Laborde, B.
New Orleans, (Louisiana)

Receipt for $30 for three wardrobes.

V-4-j A. Receipt S. (French) 1p. 32mo.
0


1840 Jan 27

(Lynch C. Anne)
Providence (Rhode Island)

To Orestes A. Brownson
Boston, (Massachusetts)

Brownson has revealed to her truths adapted to her wants. She wishes to be enrolled among his disciples and followers. The belief that Brownson has taught her in the divinity of truth, in man's equality and progress and in universal love is perhaps a sufficiently glorious creed even if the future is doubtful. Brownson has already inspired her with new life. Brownson has changed entirely her opinion of literature and poetry. She now views them as means, not ends. She perceives poetry to be of the highest order, expressing some grand idea. She sent to Brownson some relics of her school girl days, the first born of her muse.

I-3-e (Signature missing) 3pp. 8vo.
1


1840 Jan 28

McAleer, Father Michael, St. John's Church
Canton, Ohio

to Bishop John Baptist Purcell
of Cincinnati, Ohio

After Purcell's letter of January 13th he should not write again to Purcell, but for his sense of duty, constrains him to write. A subscription has been started with a view to retain Father (Ferdinand) Kuhr. The last Sunday he announced a Mass for his friends at 8:30 o'clock and desiring regular service they started a subscription for a place to hold service. Purcell has no idea of the dissentions that have arisen. People in general refuse to sign the petitions. Were it not for Father Kuhr's presence this would not go on. James H. Cassilly told him that since the visit of Father Kuhr and William Pishback "to old Meyer's" the old man has forbidden his family to attend church. Father Kuhr with whom McAleer remains on friendly terms spoke of leaving and acknowledged Purcell's letter. Should Kuhr remain, McAleer fears the consequences.

II-4-g A.L.S. 1p. 8vo.
5


1840 Jan 29

Brogard, Father J(oseph) N.
Natchez. (Mississippi)

to Bishop (Anthony) Blanc
New Orleans, L(ouisian)a

For fear Blanc will think him negligent Brogard writes although he does not like to give negative news and hopes to follow it soon with positive news. Their board of trustees is almost complete; Mr. Lavine, former secretary, not having sent in his resignation, has no successor as yet. The others have tried to meet almost ten times to consider his salary and the building of a church but most of the time do not have a sufficient number to do business. (William St. John) Elliot who built the little palace where Brogard now lives, assured $6000 of which he himself gave $2000; Captain Nevitt, $2000; Mr. Bigaman, $1000; Dr. Mercer, $1000. $6000 to $10,000 is the amount considered necessary to put up the walls and put a roof over it. What is a difference of $4000 for a congregation of 1000 individuals? Their chapel is so filled every Sunday that the air is suffocating. A woman fainted and several complained of being ill. Up to now Brogard has not insisted on taking steps to build because they have been discussing his salary and he does not want to destroy the harmony now existing among them. Up to now the fees have been adequate for his needs. The evidence of good will which he receives every day from Catholic and Protestants are numberless. He received a complete suit of clothing costing $215 as an expression of gratitude for having stayed with them during the fever. He wore it for the first time to attend a dinner which the town gave to General (Andrew) Jackson. The ex-president came to town about 8 in the morning and at 10 one of the committee came to find Brogard to present him to Jackson. Although all the illustrious of Mississippi were at the dinner, in all about 200, Brogard was placed near Jackson at the table. A Protestant doctor has offered his services free; a tailor has done the same; more than 6 have offered him the use of a horse; and more than 6 the use of a servant. He has not had an offensive word from anyone. How Brogard regrets that he has neither the knowledge nor the virtue necessary to remain among them. But his incapability makes him await the arrival of his successor and his appointment to a more modest place. Can he marry two persons who refuse to go to Confession? Heretofore the fear of contributing to a sacrilege has made him refuse but he has learned since that Father (Constantine) Maenhaut did it differently here and at New Orleans. Brogard would like to know the rule of the diocese. Brogard has found a place at $600 for Mrs. Exley; at first he was a little prejudiced against her because she is so talkative but later believed he was mistaken. She is with a private family 5 miles from Natchez. Brogard is not sick but his chest is weak. He asks Blanc to have the vicar-general send him an ordo.

V-4-j A.L.S. 4pp. 4to.
9


1840 Jan 29

(Eccleston), Samuel, Archbishop of Baltimore
Baltimore, Maryland

to Bishop John Baptist Purcell
of Cincinnati, Ohio

According to the decree of the Provincial Council of 1837 unless, the Archbishop of Baltimore should convoke earlier the next Provincial Council (of 1840) should meet on the Fourth Sunday after Easter, 1840. Accordingly Eccleston calls them to meet May 17, and asks Purcell to send in questions to be discussed.

L.S. 1p. 8vo.

Added Letter to Purcell

Has detained this circular to answer Purcell. Purcell must have been surprised at his failure to answer previous letters. Eccleston admits that he did not know to answer, and that he could not give Father B. Testimonials although he did not feel that he should deprive him of his refuge with Purcell. Father James Reid's friends have urged that I give him employment not at Parkersburg as he wished but near Baltimore. Would not have done so much for him but for Purcell's certificate. Bishop (Frederick) Rese's affairs still unsettled and the Cardinal Prefect of the Propaganda seeks information about the tenure of church property in the Detroit diocese. Eccleston has written to the Fathers Badin on the subject. Suggests that perhaps Purcell could inform him whether and to what extent church property of that diocese is invested in the bishop.

II-4-g A.L.S. 4pp. 8vo.
8


1840 Jan 30

Alexandria, O.F.M., Father Joseph M., (Minister General)
Aracelibanus, Rome

to Bishop John Baptist Purcell
of Cincinnati, Ohio

Acknowledges Purcell's of October 27, 1839, and rejoices at the good things he hears about the Catholics, as well as in the news, that Purcell has received Father Louis Huber, O.F.M., into the diocese. He understands Purcell's needs and would like to help him but on the question of sending other Franciscans into the diocese he must consult the Congregation of the Propaganda.

II-4-g A.L.S. 1p. 8vo. (Latin)
3


1840 Jan 30

Forstall, Rosémond
(New Orleans, Louisiana)

To Miss Sophie
(New Orleans, Louisiana)

Receipt for $15.62 3/4 for whalebone.

V-4-j A. Receipt S. (French) 1p. 16mo.
1


1840 Jan 30

McKay, J.A.
Bayou St. John, (Louisiana)

To Bishop Anthony Blanc
(New Orleans), Louisiana

The Board of Directors of the "New Orleans Catholic Association for the relief of male Orphans" have resolved that the President as Bishop be asked to place a resident chaplain at the (Catholic Male Orphan) Asylum.

V-4-j A.L.S. 2pp. 4to.
2


1840 Jan 30

Parodi, C.M., Father Louis
LaSalle, Illinois

to Bishop A(nthony) Blanc
New Orleans, Louisiana

Parodi thanks Blanc for forwarding the letters. He has long expected the box which Joseph Allia mentioned; he hopes it will soon reach Orleans. It is enveloped in white cloth and directed to Blanc to be sent on to Father Joseph Giustiniani, C.M. for Parodi at LaSalle. This direction is wrong as there is nothing in it belonging to Giustiniani; they are all Parodi's so Blanc is to dispatch it for Bishop (Joseph) Rosati who will direct it to Parodi. P.S. Since writing this, Parodi received the list of all the things contained in the box: books, vestments, altar linens, beads, crucifixes, etc. The cost amounts to 1000 francs all paid by Parodi's father and some friends who knew the poor conditions of their churches in Illinois. Nothing was given from the funds of the Congregation of the Propagation of the Faith. The box landed or will land in Avanna; thence a friend of his Father will forward it to Blanc.

A.L.S. 3pp.

On the same paper:

--------
(1840) (Jan 30)

Raho, C.M., Father J. B(laise)
(LaSalle, Illinois)

To Bishop (Anthony Blanc
New Orleans, Louisiana)

There are four priests in this establishment engaged in the ministry in no less than 5250 square miles. They have very few Mass intentions. Father (John) Timon, (C.M.) furnishes them with some when he can spare any. Now they are entirely out and if Blanc can give them some, they will be forever grateful.
A.L.S. 1p.

V-4-j A.L.S. 4pp. 4to.
7


1840 Feb

Calot, A.
New Orleans, (Louisiana)

To Father (Auguste) Jeanjean
(New Orleans, Louisiana)

Receipted bill for $22 for painting, glazing, etc.

V-4-j A. Receipt S. (French) 1p. 8vo.
1


1840 Feb 3

Young, Father Joshue M.
Chillicothe, Ohio

to Bishop John Baptist Purcell
of Cincinnati, Ohio

Having been at Oldtown on a sick call, while Father (Henry D.) Juncker visited the Germans at Lancaster, he has been compelled to spend the Sunday night in Chillicothe, instead of with Father Lamy as he had expected. If Purcell insists that he visit Sapp's he may have to neglect something else. The new graveyard is to be paid for, fenced, and made to help the church. Has much to tell about Lancaster, the remarkable cure of Miss Redmond. Speaks of an unusual sick call to the bedside of Mrs. Henry Stanbery, interference nearly preventing the sacraments despite an apparent prophecy of the death made to her mother Mrs. Beecher whose son Philemon died a disciple of Voltaire. The prophecy was made by Harriet Redmond. Suggests that half of the town could be converted if the Bishop and perhaps Father McElroy visit the place and give a mission. The church remains the same, roofed and glazed but in debt $2000. Would like to make Mr. Phelan give $2000 or $3000. He is a widower and childless. Young has a new residence with the widower Riffle. Will be better off next year.

II-4-g A.L.S. 3pp. 8vo.
7


1840 Feb 10

St. Romes, J.C. de
(New Orleans, Louisiana)

To Bishop (Anthony) Blanc
(New Orleans, Louisiana)

Receipted bill for $4.00 for an advertisement on December 9, 1839 relative to a trunk left at Blanc's domicile. Signed by F.S. Nicomède.

V-4-j Receipt S. 1p. 16mo.
2


1840 Feb 11

Saillant, J(oseph)
New Orleans, (Louisiana)

Receipt for $30 for coal for the Bishop's house.

V-4-j A. Receipt S. (French) 1p. 12mo.
0


1840 Feb 12

(Blanc), Bishop Ant(hony)
New Orleans, (Louisiana)

To Gaume Brothers
Paris, (France)

Copy. Mr. Lelievre, bookseller of New Orleans, has asked (Blanc) for a few words of introduction to Gaume Brothers firm so that he may do business with them, especially in the way of devotional works.

V-4-j A.L.S. (French) 2pp. 8vo.
2


1840 Feb 12

Cadolini, John, Archbishop of Edessa
Rome, Italy

to Bishop John Baptist Purcell
of Cincinnati, Ohio

Has received Purcell's letter by Bishop (John) Hughes, whom he regards highly. Has presented Hughes to the Pope, who received him with great goodness. Has concerned himself with the three students of Purcell. Mr. Callion has "hemoptysie" (tuberculosis) and has been advised to go to another climate. The other two are doing well. Acknowledges Purcell's requests touching the interest of the church in these countries. The Bishop adds in his own hand that he awaits an answer on Bishop (Frederick) Rese and the diocese of Detroit. Want to know what can be done about the goods of diocese. The other American bishops have need of attending to this question to protect the goods of the diocese at their own deaths.

II-4-g A.L.S. 2pp. 4to. (French)
5


1840 Feb 12

Pavageau, Aimé
New Orleans, (Louisiana)

Three receipted bills; one to Father (Auguste) J(ean)J(ean) for $14.75 for moving furniture and a book case; one to Father (Stephen) Rousselon for $8.50 for building a partition, etc.; one to J(ean)J(ean) for the bishop's house for $25 for repairs to a fence, etc., repair of a window for Father (Constantine) Ma(e)nhaut, a coat rack for Father (Dominic) Bach, a bookcase for Mr. Solère (Father Joseph Soller, S.J.?).

V-4-j A. Receipt S. (French) 1p. 8vo.
5


1840 Feb 12

(Purcell), Bishop J(ohn) B(aptist)
Cincinnati, (Ohio)

To Bishop Ant(hony) Blanc
New Orleans, L(ouisian)a

(Purcell) introduces one of their Cincinnati Catholic merchants and a particular friend, William B. Barry who lives next door to their Female Orphan Asylum and is a munificent friend of the Church. Mrs. Barry accompanies him and Sister Regina (Smith, S.C.) or Sister Irene is to show her whatever is of interest. (Purcell) is delighted that Blanc's new church is so near completion. It will be even more delightful to see Blanc on his way to the next Provincial Council and to enjoy his society on the road to Baltimore.

V-4-j A.L.S. 2pp. to.
4


1840 Feb 13

Bernier, Father S(tanislaus) A.
South Bend, Indiana

to Bishop Ant(hony) Blanc
New Orleans, Louisiana

He is really put out not to be able to come to Blanc's diocese at the time appointed. Important business concerning the emigration of his Indians is the only cause. He might add that he had some difficulty in obtaining his exeat because of the almost total desertion of the diocese of Detroit by its priests. However, he now has his exeat and the testimonial letters required by Blanc's letter of last September. He has only to take care of his small affairs and initiate his successor in the ways of the mission and then he will be on the way to New Orleans. Since the weather is severe for travel he thinks he will not be able to set out before the 15th of next month. He will go by way of New York. P.S. Bishop (Frederick Résé) has not returned; it seems he has not resigned as announced in the 1840 Almanac. P.S. Since he has delayed considerably in getting to New Orleans, if there is any obstacle to receiving him now, he begs Blanc to let him know as it would be very painful especially in a pecuniary way, if he were to make so long a trip to no purpose.

V-4-j A.L.S. (French) 3pp. to.
4


1840 Feb 13

Nozo, (C.M.), Father J(ean)-B(aptiste)
Paris, France

to Bishop (Anthony Blanc
New Orleans, Louisiana)

It was a satisfaction to him, on receipt of (Blanc's) letter, to have already taken steps to make the change which (Blanc) thought advisable. Nozo begs (Blanc) to always speak his mind and to believe that they are always ready to share his views. Father (Jean-Baptiste) Etienne, (C.M.) has made inquiries about the loan but they have been fruitless. Father (Bonaventure) Armengol, (C.M.) has just informed Nozo of the death of Father (Patrick) Ring, (C.M.) and gave some of the details of the successes of several of their confreres which helped a little to console them for his loss which they will try to repair if God gives them the means.

V-4-j A.L.S. (French) 3pp. to.
4


1840 Feb 14

Gaux and Company
New Orleans, (Louisiana)

To (Bishop Anthony Blanc)
New Orleans, (Louisiana)

Receipted bill for $19 for 150 orders.

V-4-j Receipt S. (French) 1p. 12mo.
1


(1840) (Feb 14)

(Jamey, Father Victor)
(Natchitoches, Louisiana)

To Bishop (Anthony Blanc
New Orleans, Louisiana)

(A fragment) He had just folded this letter when Sylver Delanche and Elizabeth Delanche, related in the second degree, came to inform him that they are to be married the last of the month. He told them he would ask for the dispensation. (A notation in another hand says it was sent February 14, 1840).

V-4-j A Fragment of Letter (French) 1p. 32mo.
3


1840 Feb 15

Carvajal, Evaristo Gonzalez
Georgetown, D(istrict of) C(olumbia)

To Bishop Anthony Blanc
New Orleans, Louisiana

Carvajal notifies Blanc that his brother Francisco Pizarro Martinez died on February 9 having received Holy Communion from Father José Antonio Lopez. His remains are at the Jesuit College. Assisting at the burial were the President and cabinet of the United States and the foreign ministers. The sermon was given by Father (George) Fenwick, (S.J.) of the College. Carvajal and his sister ask Blanc and his priests to remember Martinez in their Masses. They are preparing to go to (New Orleans) in March; Teresa, Antonia, Teresita, Francisco and Sebastian ask Blanc's blessing.

V-4-j A.L.S. (Spanish) 2pp. to.
4


1840 Feb 15

Rivière, Father J.M.
Honfleur, (France)

To Bishop (Anthony) Blanc
New Orleans, (Louisiana)

He thanks Blanc for his kindness to his brother, Charles Rivière. The Bishop of Bayeux sent Rivière the letter which Blanc wrote to him about this poor prodigal and their joy was great at seeing him return to better sentiments. Rivière asks Blanc not to abandon him in case his health does not permit him to stay at Assumption Seminary. Left to himself he will be lost. It will be worse than in France and there he made them never want to see him again. He leaves Charles' letter open, asking Blanc to read it before giving it to him. He asks Blanc to do what charity inspires him to do but not to give him any money. He is to inform Rivière of what he spends for him.

A.L.S. (French) 2pp. to.

Enclosure:

--------
1840 Feb 15

Rivière, Father J.M.
Honfleur, (France)

To Charles Rivière
New Orleans, Louisiana

Yesterday he received the second letter dated December 8 and he is very sorry that Charles had to write before getting his reply. The first letter reached him January 7 on his return from Havre where M. Herval had told him some of the contents. Rivière read it while hurrying along River St. Savior Road where he was to dine. He told the news in the letter to the gathering among whom were persons interested in Charles, Messrs. Le Chevallier, Le Paulmier, Hodierne, ec. On his return he hastened to read it to Isidore and Victorire. The next day he sent it to Caen and his mother wept on reading it and his Father and all their family including Guerin and also the Marquis(?) And Aspasie were touched by it. Several days later Rivière received a letter from Bishop Robin which Robin had just received from Blanc confirming all that Charles had written. Charles can imagine that his second letter was not so pleasing to them not only because it told of his bad health but most of all because of his leaving the seminary. He had rejoiced that Charles could repair by his zeal in the priesthood, his long and sad wanderings. He is consoled by the interest of the Bishop, and the Superiors. No matter where they place him Charles is to show himself worthy of their kind protection and docile to their advice. Charles will no doubt have learned of Bishop De Quelen's death on December 31; he had been so good to Revière. Bishop Paysant, appointed Bishop of Angers, will be consecrated the 25th of this month at Caen. Rivière will go and will visit their parents which he has not done since July. (P.S.) Charles' Father and mother, brothers and sisters send their love; also Charles Emmanuel and Louise.
A.L.S. (French) 4pp. 8vo.

V-4-j A.L.S. (French) 6pp. to & 8vo
2


1840 Feb 15

Wilcock, Father Peter
Liverpool, (England)

To Bishop Anthony Blanc
New Orleans, (Louisiana)

The bearer, Captain Toole, is a very particular friend of Wilcock. Toole is accompanied to New Orleans by his wife and any kindness Blanc shows them will be gratefully esteemed by Wilcock.

V-4-j A.L.S. 2pp. to.
2


Armengol, (C.M.), Father B(onaventure)
Assumption, (Louisiana)

To Bishop Ant(hony) Blanc
New Orleans, (Louisiana)

Mr. Menard has decided to leave the seminary (of St. Vincent de Paul) tomorrow. Armengol had discovered faults in Menard's conduct and also in that of Mr. Dieudonne. It is their tongues which have done great harm. Armengol has forbidden them to attend classes until hearing from Blanc. He thinks both may leave at once. He has done his best with them. P.S. Perhaps Dieudonne will await Blanc's order.
B-4-j A.L.S. (French) 2pp. to.
4


1840 Feb 18

(Loras), Bishop Mathias
Dubuque, (Iowa)

to Bishop (Anthony) Blanc
New Orleans, Louisiana

Blanc's letter of December 6 reached (Loras) on January 7. He sympathizes with his troubles and the disasters of Mobile. A box is en route from Lyons and another will be in a short time, addressed to Blanc. They are building five new churches this year and they must have ornaments. He has received his letter from the Council and replied in the affirmative. He has said there is nothing more important than to take steps to increase Catholic schools. It seems to him they should not press the division of the diocese. A little trip to the east every 3 years is always useful. They talk much here about the territory of Oregon; if the United states succeeds it should belong to their province but who would administer it? (Loras) does not want it for himself nor his friends, nevertheless, geographically speaking, it would belong to Dubuque. One of (Loras's) priests wishes to go there on a mission. Many families from here are getting ready to go there. The See of St. Louis could have no right there never having had anything but lower and upper Louisiana. They have just discovered an easy route over the mountains; the Methodist ministers are already there. (Loras) is seriously thinking of accompanying Blanc back to New Orleans unless Blanc would like to accompany him to Dubuque. There is too much fear of their climate; it does not keep (Loras) from making his small trips. He placed his three young priests immediately and is getting a place ready for the fourth. Blanc is to be on his guard if a Father Constantin Lee presents himself; (Loras) will tell the rest viva voce. Lent and several weeks after and then they will meet.

V-4-j A.L.S. (French) 3pp. to.
5


1840 Feb 18

Michaud, Ant(hony)
New Orleans, (Louisiana)

A receipted bill for $11 for the corner stone for the church.

V-4-k A. Bill S. (French) 1p. to.
1


1840 Feb 18

Millet, Father
Port-au-Prince, (Haiti)

To Bishop (Anthony Blanc
New Orleans, Louisiana)

Millet received (Blanc's) reply of March 20 on August 2 and is much flattered by the welcome (Blanc) promises him. Millet received a letter from the Bishop of Versailles who is delighted with the plan Millet has made to go to New Orleans and urges him to carry it out; he has written to (Blanc). He wished to take the first opportunity to leave for New Orleans or a neighboring port but his affairs not being entirely settled he is forced to put off his departure which he hopes will not be too far off.

V-4-j A.L.S. (French) 1p. to.
1


1840 Feb 18

(Rosati), Bishop Joseph
St. Louis, (Missouri)

to Bishop A(nthony) Blanc
New Orleans, Louisiana

Winter has placed them at two ends of the globe, they have had no news of Blanc for a long time. Their country has become a veritable Siberia. Frost has damaged the roofs and the houses are flooded. The roof of their cathedral is no exception and a thousand piastres will not be enough to repair it. He received a letter from Bishop (Charles Forbin) de Janson in reply to one (Rosati) wrote him. Blanc is to give de Janson his respects; if he does not arrive in St. Louis until the end of the second week after Easter they will not have time to get to Baltimore for the Council which is to open the 4th Sunday after Easter. He should be in St. Louis for Holy Week; he would have time to visit the seminary and their establishments. (Rosati) has asked Blanc to get him some Mass intentions; he renews his request.

V-4-j A.L.S. (French) 2pp. to.
3


1840 Feb 20

Beauprez, Father P(eter) F(rancis)
New Iberia, (Louisiana)

to Bishop Ant(hony) Blanc
New Orleans, (Louisiana)

Beauprez cannot come for ten days as he wishes to take advantage of a boat that comes right to the town; they say the river is rising and one can soon pass through Bayou Plaquemine. Blanc would never believe the difficulty Beauprez had at the portage with his baggage on account of rain when he left for New Iberia. They say the boat, the Tomachick, is to be sold the 26th and will not return. He sees with regret from Blanc's letter that he does not intend to send him to (blank). It is probably because of the remarks Beauprez made on the occasion of Mr. St. Marc's coming or what he said about the College (of St. Charles) at Grand Coteau against which there is so much prejudice here. Also because of what he said about the marriages before justices. He thought things went badly at Baton Rouge but it is a thousand times worse here. There are some good souls but few. Two Irish families have just left for Texas. Mrs. Chevalier even approves of his taking advantage of the services he holds for instructing them on the important points. If Blanc lets it be known that he is withdrawing Beauprez soon from here it will make him lose the little salary they give him. Traveling expenses would amount to at least $80 going and returning with his boxes and trunks, his servant and her child as he would not know where to send them. P.S. Beauprez received Blanc's letter of January 23 in which Blanc humbled him. He admits that he is full of faults. However he counts on Blanc's wise advice to make him a worthy minister.

V-4-j A.L.S. (French) 3pp. 4to.
6


1840 Feb 20

Montgomery, Father C(harles) P., St. Joseph's
Somerset, Ohio

to Bishop John Baptist Purcell
of Cincinnati, Ohio

Has seen in the Telegraph that the 6th of the next month has been set for the commencement of the retreat for the clergy of the diocese. The Dominicans have been used to making their retreat at the same time. They can defer. Since they have charge of some of the parishes of the diocese it is requisite that they be acquainted with the regulations to be entered into at the synod which he supposes will take place. If Purcell thinks they should b represented he should inform Montgomery of the day on which it will be held. Otherwise he asks Purcell to send him a copy of the regulations. Asks for the privilege of bination for himself and the other members of his community.

II-4-g A.L.S. 2pp. 8vo.
4


1840 Feb 20

Verhaegen, S.J., Father P(eter) J.
St. Louis, (Missouri)

To Bishop Ant(hony) Blanc
New Orleans, L(ouisia)na

In reply to Blanc's letter of January 22, Verhaegen does not think they could take on the day school this year. Another college would be more suitable for them. Verhaegen is waiting for a letter from Rome, upon its receipt he will probably leave for New Orleans. If Bishop (Charles Forbin) de Janson is with Blanc, he is to tell him they would be charmed to have him with them. A recent letter from Father Soller tells that Father (Auguste) Jeanjean is back. Verhaegen congratulates Blanc and sends his greetings.

V-4-j A.L.S. (French) 2pp. 4to.
3


1840 Feb 24

Timon, (C.M.), Father John
Assumption, (Louisiana)

Timon as Visitator of the American province of the Congregation of the Missions presents Roman Pascual, C.M. of Assumption seminary to Bishop Anthony Blanc as a candidate for ordination to the priesthood.

V-4-j A.L.S. (Latin) 1p. 4to.
2


1840 Feb 26

Bell, John
New Orleans, (Louisiana)

Bill of lading for one-half cask wine shipped by Father Aug(uste) Jeanjean to Nashville for Messrs. Conor and M'Allister.

V-4-j A. Receipt S. 1p. 4to.
1


1840 Feb 27

(Miles), Bishop Richard Pius
Nashville, (Tennessee)

To Bishop Ant(hony) Blanc
New Orleans, (Louisiana)

His goods have not arrived. He asks Blanc to inform him whether they have been shipped for Nashville.

V-4-I A.L.S. 2pp. 8vo.
1


1840 Feb 27

O'Reily, Father M.D.
Spring Hill College, (Alabama)

To Bishop (Anthony) Blanc
New Orleans, (Louisiana)

After consultation with Father (Auguste) Jeanjean, O'Reily decided to come here as Blanc was absent on his arrival in New Orleans. He found by Blanc's letter that it was necessary to see Bishop (Michael) Portier. He told Jeanjean he would exert himself here in making collections for securing for the people of Vicksburg, (Mississippi) a place for divine worship. He is more successful than he anticipated; he hopes it may amount to about $300. He has been pressed to remain until next Sunday. P.S. This letter has been written in a hurry; Father (Ferdinand Dominic) Bach is about to set off.

V-4-j A.L.S. 2pp. 4to.
5


1840 Feb 27

(Purcell), Bishop J(ohn) B(aptist)
Cin(cinnati, Ohio)

To Bishop Ant(hony) Blanc
New Orleans, L(ouisian)a

Blanc's letter of the 12th reached (Purcell) yesterday. They heard and published the successful issue of Blanc's Fair for the Orphan Asylum. The return of Father (Auguste) Jeanjean is another auspicious event as is the society and aid of Bishop (Charles Forbin de Janson) of Nancy. His heart feels heavy at the thought of crossing the mountains to attend a Baltimore Synod. The distance is too great even for him and he is sorry he did not get a dispensation while in Rome. It is idle to talk any longer of the necessity of holding on to a single Metropolis for the sake of unity. They know what unity reigns in the Church in the U(nited) S(tates) and a few suffragans are competent to aid the Archbishop without calling a National Council every three years. Besides he does not admire the way matters are conducted in Baltimore. He concurs with the remarks of this week's Herald about the first Baltimore tract; it is anything but a tract for the times. Besides the Baltimore metropole, he would like to see one at New Orleans, one at St. Louis and one at Cincinnati which is at the very center of the union. Nor does he think the absence of slavery an inconsiderable advantage. His is a halfway house; if he could only know every morning how many priests he would have before night, his expenses would not be so great. A vagrant lady, named Thorpe, is very anxious to be readmitted at the Ursulines, where she spent some days a few years ago. (Purcell) gave her a letter to Blanc in which he stated that he did not think her called to any such life. The Religious of) the Sacred Heart are anxiously looked for here. An edifying young priest, Father (Michael E.) Olivetti of Turin, whom (Purcell) selected in Rome, has a difficulty in learning English and seems to prefer New Orleans or rather Louisiana. His expenses have been heavy on (Purcell) but he would cede him to Blanc for the ordinary amount from Rome to Cincinnati, if Blanc thinks well of adopting him. He knows French but not perfectly. (Purcell) does not care so much about honoraires for Masses but thought if Blanc had a super abundance he would give a few to his poor priests. He sends respects to Forbin-Janson; they would all be delighted to see him and many of his former diocesans long to obtain his blessing. The Archbishop of Paris is dead! Bishop De Bonald at Lyons! What a world of change! Respects to Henry Moore. (Purcell) supposes they will go to Baltimore by Lake Erie and Niagara, as short a way as any.

V-4-j A.L.S. 4pp. 4to.
10


1840 Feb 27

Rappe, Father Amadeus
Boulogne, France

To Bishop John Baptist Purcell
of Cincinnati, Ohio

His doubts about his vocation to the mission have been settled by consulting wise and pious men. He now casts himself at the feet of Purcell and prepares to depart as soon as possible. Hopes to leave at the commencement of May, for a rest to restore his health which is ailing because of the changeable climate, and his frequent preaching. Believes that a change of climate will benefit him. Presumes that he will start about the first of August. Asks: 1. If he can go to another mission if Purcell cannot use him in Cincinnati. 2. Asks to take his library if it does not cost too much. 3. Asks about the expenses of passage from Havre to New York and Cincinnati. 4. Asks that Purcell give other directions he feels necessary. Awaits Purcell's reply before applying to his ordinary, the Archbishop of D'Arras. First goes to tell his religeuse of his determination. This is his greatest sacrifice. He would like to see at least two of these religious in Purcell's diocese. Asks if Purcell expects to found a community of religious ladies, and if he counts on the Ladies of the Sacred Heart. Rappe seems to think that Purcell might hope for a colony of Ursulines.

II-4-g A.L.S. 4pp. (French)
4


1840 Feb. 29

Blache, J.B.
New Orleans, (Louisiana)

to Mr. (Poursine?) Purcines
(New Orleans, Louisiana)

Receipted bill for $32.50 for furniture.

V-4-j Receipt S. 1p. 16mo.
1


1840 Feb 29

Chalon, Father G(abriel)
Mobile, (Alabama)

To Father A(uguste) Jeanjean
(New Orleans, Louisiana)

Jeanjean is to pay Father M.D. (O'Reily) O'Reilly $21, the amount of Chalon's expenses on the missions in Mississippi.

V-4-j A.D.S. 1p. 16mo.
2


1840 Feb 29

De La Haillandière, Celestine, Bishop of Vincennes
Vincennes, Indiana

to Bishop John Baptist Purcell
of Cincinnati, Ohio

His presence at Terre Haute, to look at a building for a community of Sisters caused the delay. The pastor at Terre Haute asks that Purcell come and bless the pew building. Haillandière joins his petition to that of the pastor and suggests that great good could be accomplished by Purcell's visit. He has committerd Purcell's commission to Father Simon Lalumierre. Also sends the exchange of powers of Vicar General in this letter. Agrees with Purcell about the "quites faites par le clerge," and mentions the case of Father (Emanual) Thienpont. Thanks Purcell for his word about Father (S.T.) Badin. As to Father Louis Muller he has been obliged to send a priest to investigate his conduct. Does not know if the inquiry was conducted properly, but the result was sufficient for the withdrawal of Father Muller. Has had an ordination for one priest, one deacon, two subdeacons, and three in minor orders. Has now to keep him (?). Includes in Latin the formula for the granting of the powers of vicar general to Bishop Purcell drawn up by Father Augustus Martin, with the seal of the diocese affixed.

II-4-g A.L.S. 3pp. (French)
9


1840 Mar 3

Kelly, James, St. Charles College
Grand Coteau, (Louisiana)

To Bishop (Anthony) Blanc
New Orleans, (Louisiana)

As he feels his health getting worse it is his intention to leave here. If he had come here when he first came to this country he might now have some claim to remain but remaining when he is likely to be a trouble to them he cannot think of doing. He guessed before he left the hospital that his complaint would sooner or later come against him. He told Father (J. Francis) Abbad(I)e the nature of his complaint when he spoke of Kelly's coming here. He does not intend to return to New Orleans in a bad state of health; he has no means of traveling and is obliged to ask Blanc to lend him $20. He knows he has given Blanc some trouble but it is the last time. He also asks for a letter either to the Bishop of St. Louis or Cincinnati as he intends to go to either one. The last morning he saw Blanc at the convent he intended to ask this of Blanc but something interfered. If Father (Constantine) Ma(e)nhaut had kept his word with him Kelly would not be obliged to make this application to Blanc. The week before Blanc decided Kelly was to come here, he had prepared himself to go on to St. Louis. He did not have enough money for his passage; he wanted $3 or $4 and had some things to dispose of which he thought Ma(e)nhaut would buy for his slave. Ma(e)nhaut refused them. Blanc is not to let anyone know whether he has money, particularly people here. He often thought of settling in New Orleans that he might pass the short time he has to live there; he once tried to settle himself with the orphans at the asylum; he thought to remain at the hospital but was driven away. A boy in the College named Paul Blanc calls Blanc his uncle; Kelly wishes every boy here was of the same good disposition. Kelly asks to be remembered to Fathers Jeanjean and Soller and the Sisters.

V-4-j A.L.S. (French) 3pp. 4to.
4


1840 Mar 4

Greffil, L(oui?)s
Opelousas, (Louisiana)

Receipted bill for repairs to the bell and the church.

V-4-j A. Bill S. (French) 1p. 12mo.
1


1840 Mar 6

Livergood(?), D.H.
New Orleans, (Louisiana)

To Bishop (Anthony) Blanc, St. Patrick's Female Orphan Asylum
(New Orleans, Louisiana)

In behalf of the Committee of arrangements who superintended the benefit given at the St. Charles Theatre on February 22, and especially in behalf of James H. Caldwell, the proprietor of the theatre, they enclose certificates No. 356 (no enclosure) for 5 shares in the New Orleans Improvement of Banking Company which is tendered for the use of the institution over which Blanc presides. Signed by Livergood, as president; John B. Menny, vice-president; and W. Duplessis.

V-4-j A.L.S. 2pp. 4to.
5


1840 Mar 7

Leveque, J.A. and O. Labauve
West B(aton) Rouge, (Louisiana)

to Bishop (Anthony) Leblanc(!)
New Orleans, (Louisiana)

They have been appointed by the trustees to ask Blanc if they can have a priest as soon as the plastering and the rectory are finished. About the proposal of Father (Joseph) Evrard emanating from Blanc about having the church plastered, since they have a priest who would spend feast days there, they would prefer to have everything finished by borrowing the necessary money and to know from Blanc if when the two things are done they could have a priest.

V-4-j A.L.S. (French) 2pp. 4to.
3


1840 Mar 7

Marks(?), T.C.(?)
New Orleans, Louisiana

to Father (August) Jeanjean
(New Orleans, Louisiana)

Receipted bill for $198.20 on the account of Father Bentura Armengol, (C.M.)

V-4-j A. Receipt S. (French) 1p. 12mo.
2


1840 Mar 10

Martin, Father (John)
Pointe Coupee, (Louisiana)

To Bishop Ant(hony) Blanc
New Orleans, (Louisiana)

He is sorry that he cannot be at the retreat; the only reason is money matters. He will join his confreres in spirit. Tomorrow he begins catechism and then he has two sick persons to see. (P.S.) He sends the little boy to school to his cantor.

V-4-j A.L.S. (French) 2pp. 8vo.
1


1840 Mar 11

Choumeurt, Anne Marie
St. Louis, (Missouri)

To Bishop Anthony Blanc
New Orleans, L(ouisian)a

Blanc will render a great service to an afflicted mother by sending her the death certificate of her son, Jean Choumeurt, who died at the hospital in New Orleans in the first part of November, 1832. This must be made out in the form required to validate it in France and addressed to Anne Marie in care of M.P. Leduc at St. Louis. Blanc is also to tell her the costs. (In another hand, a form is given for the certificate).

V-4-j A.L.S. (French) 2pp. 4to.
3


1840 Mar 12

( )
(New Orleans, Louisiana)

Peter Gandolfi went to Confession. (The signature of this note is indecipherable).

V-4-j Note S. (Latin) 1p. 32mo.
2


1840 Mar 12

Evrard, Father J(osep)h
Baton Rouge, (Louisiana)

to Bishop (Anthony) Blanc
New Orleans, L(ouisia)na

Evrard delayed writing because he expected to talk to Blanc during the retreat. But he finds it impossible to go. He received a letter from Father (Bonaventure) Armengol, (C.M.) saying that he was sending a priest on the 23rd to help for a couple of weeks; a little mission would do good at (St. John's) Plains. Then they will try to stir up the people of West Baton Rouge. Evrard has thought often of what Blanc said in his last letter. Evrard would enjoy seeing this priest who accompanies Bishop (Charles Forbin) de Janson but Blanc knows how Baton Rouge is; it would be like preaching in the desert during the week. These indifferent people would not leave their shops to come to church. However, Blanc may send him if he judges it proper. Evrard has not been able to finish the church at West Baton Rouge; the trustees made up their minds to get a loan to build the presbytery and finish the church if Blanc promises them a priest. As for the College of Baton Rouge: they began with about 20 student; it was to close this year but since they were able to get $5000 from the Legislature it will go on for a time or rather it will be converted into a dancing school. They have already begun to give dancing lessons to the college students and to the young ladies at the boarding school.

V-4-j A.L.S. (French) 3pp. 4to.
7


1840 Mar 13

Haydon, Father G(eorge) W.
Galveston, (Texas)

To Bishop Ant(hony) Blanc
New Orleans,, Louisiana

On their arrival in Texas, they met about 100 Catholics from Kentucky who had settled on the Brazos. He remained with them during Christmas time until Epiphany when he commenced a circuit of Texas. He has visited all Texas except the northeast part about Nacagdoches. He has found many Catholics, made arrangements to keep church once a month in three congregations as soon as due preparations are attended to about April 1. About Refugio, Victoria, and along the La Raca he met with the warmest kind of reception. They will have 2 or 3 churches ready in a short time if wars do not unsettle the people. In some of the poor Texian cottages he has seen the greatest innocence and exemption from guile. Such, however, is not the case in towns and particularly Galveston and Houston. The opportunity for keeping abstinence is very slender; the greater part are very poor and make a diet of cornbread, beef, and coffee. Haydon obtained a chalice and vestments at San Antonio and saw these unfortunate clergymen (Fathers Refugio de la Garza and José Valdéz). The first blow should be struck by the bishop in person; a zealous priest might have a pious congregation in one year for the Mexicans are very tractable and extremely fond of church. Many generous offers for institutions have been made but as yet they have accepted none as they are determined to keep free from embarrassments. Tomorrow he proposes to say Mass and preach here in Galveston; he does not know yet the number of Catholics here; very few in Houston. Haydon left Father Ed(ward) Clarke at Richmond. He is well; on Haydon's return he goes with him. If Blanc could send the chalice they would thank him very much. Does Father (Nicholas) For expect his chalice to be returned or Masses said for it?

V-4-j A.L.S. 4pp. 4to.
11


1840 Mar 14

Brasseur, Father J(oh)n F.
St. Martinville, (Louisiana)

to Bishop A(nthony) Blanc
New Orleans, (Louisiana)

Brasseur is mortified at not attending the retreat. He wanted to go; he announced there would be no services the following Sunday. But this idea of leaving and the fear that once in (New Orleans) he would stay, stopped him at the point of leaving. This resolve which he took two years ago has become a sort of malady with him. He sees no other remedy but to carry it out. He agrees that Blanc has a great need of priests but after spending 8 years in the missions a priest feels the need to retire somewhere to refresh his spirit. The prayers and meditations of each day make him feel more and more the need of retiring and the reflections which naturally come because of the serious illness he had last autumn, have strengthened his resolve. He will leave next spring for Europe; perhaps he can be of use to Blanc in his trip. In another parish, this idea may have left him but the day he wanted to write Blanc his hand slipped and went through a glass in a door cutting a nerve and some veins at the wrist of his right hand. The thumb, index and ring finger were paralyzed for some time. The affairs of St. Martin Church are in a bad state; as always there is a wastefulness on the part of the trustees. The remedy is to have the pastor a member of the trustees. The church in spite of the rent of lands and rent of pews, owes about 1,000 piastres to (A.) Dumartrait; they could not pay him the entire salary for last year because they have been negligent for three years in making collections. The new church is up about 8 to 10 feet. Dumartrait never understood Mr. Buisson's plan; Brasseur thinks he succeeded in explaining it to him. That plan could not be carried out; Brasseur got a new plan for him. Instead of one bell-tower there are to be two; Brasseur reduced the number of openings and columns by two on each side. The money of the inheritance will not be enough; the church will be in debt for a long time if there is not an improvement in its administration. (P.S.) Father (Lawrence Peyretti) Perreyti has had the fever for ten days; Brasseur thinks he is better.

V-4-j A.L.S. (French) 4pp. 4to.
5


1840 Mar 16

Dumartrait, A.
St. Martinville, (Louisiana)

to Bishop A(nthony) Blanc
New Orleans, (Louisiana)

Dumartrait did not reply sooner to Blanc's letter of the 4th because he thought Father (John F.) Brasseur would be at the bishop's house last week. Dumartrait asks Blanc to take care of the clock he told them he had bought fore their new church and Dumartrait will send an order for the amount. He showed the trustees Blanc's letter and they join in thanking him. They met to make plans for the construction of the church as all the materials for the carpenter work are on the grounds but as four trustees are needed for a decision they postponed the meeting to next Saturday. They are charging them 5,000 to 5,500 piastres for the carpentry and woodwork. The trustees have made changes in Mr. Buisson's plan; but it will be impossible to finish by next November. The congregation will have to pay almost $4,000 in addition to the shares along the canal which are not yet sold. They will have to ask St. Charles College for the amount of the boards Father (Nicholas) Point got, having paid the sawmill to replace them. They will not neglect to carry out the intentions of the testator and the public wishes. Blanc will have heard that (Edward) Simon was appointed a judge of the Supreme Court; he is in town now. (P.S.) Mrs. Dumartrait sends her respects.

V-4-j A.L.S. (French) 3pp. 4to.
6


1840 Mar 16

(Rosati), Bishop Joseph
St. Louis, (Missouri)

to Bishop A(nthony) Blanc
New Orleans, Louisiana

(Rosati) was on the point of writing this morning, before receiving his letters to ask Blanc to give him Father (Auguste) Jeanjean during his absence in Europe. Before writing Blanc (Rosati) had asked Jeanjean if he would render him this service and Jeanjean had explained the impossibility or difficulty of doing it. Jeanjean knew his situation, but if Blanc could render (Rosati) this service he would be eternally grateful. He has asked Father (Peter) Verhaegen, (S.J.) to talk to Blanc about it. IN fairness to Jeanjean, he never promised (Rosati) anything: he does not see how anyone could say it was all arranged. As to Father (Matthew Bernard) Anduze, he would not suit (Rosati) at all. The (Vincentians) send their subjects wherever it suits them best after taking them originally from (Rosati's) diocese; the Jesuits also send their distinguished subjects to Louisiana. Verhaegen is often absent to visit the establishments of the Society; Father (John) Timon, (C.M.), also; and heaven knows where they will place Father (John Mary) Odin, (C.M.). The interests of (Rosati's) diocese make his trip a duty which he will not fulfill without great sacrifices. He needs not only workers but support for them. This is the time to sow for the future. Today there are 32,000 people in St. Louis of which 10 or 12,000 are Catholics. They need at least four more churches. The Presbyterians have 3; the Eipiscopalians, 2; the Methodists are building another very large one; the German Lutherans have already built one; while (Rosati) cannot even pay for the land he bought to build one for the German Catholics. They have had 283 conversions during 1839. If Blanc cannot send Jeanjean during his absence (Rosati) will have to resign himself to his fate; he has knocked on every door. (P.S.) He does not know what the Superior General of the Lazarists will do for a Prefect Apostolic in Texas. If they send Timon there, (Rosati) might as well close his seminary.

V-4-j A.L.S. (French) 4pp. 4to.
9


1840 Mar 17

Horstmann, Father William J.
Glandorf, Putnam County, Ohio

to Bishop John Baptist Purcell
of Cincinnati, Ohio

Regrets that he could not join in the requested spiritual exercises (?) because the Telegraph containing the request arrived too late. Will try to repair by saying prayers for those persons. Hopes that Purcell will be able to visit his congregation after Easter. Asks also for the permission to binate on Easter.

II-4-g A.L.S. 1p. 8vo. (Latin)
3


1840 Mar 18

(Hailandière) Bishop Celestin (de la)
Vincennes, (Indiana)

To Bishop Ant(hony) Blanc
New Orleans, L(ouisian)a

He received Blanc's letters of February 29 and March 1. Father (S.A.) Bernier would not try to get into Blanc's diocese if he was not afraid (Hailandière) would not keep him here. In fact, (Hailandière) has been told some serious things about him; he has not been able to find out if they are true. He is uneasy about him. What Bernier told Blanc about the emigration of the Indians and the arrangements to be made for or with his successor is not true. (Hailandière) thinks it best to wait. He regrets that Blanc cannot arrange his trip to give them several days at Vincennes. Many remember him very reverently and it would have been a great pleasure. (Hailandière) thinks as Blanc does that a new metropolitan should be asked for, why not two. He could see many advantages. He also believes that the vacant sees should be provided for, even Richmond. They say subjects are lacking; yes, subjects they desire, but ordinary ones are available and since they called him why not many others better than he. He says these things out loud to Blanc but in a whisper at Baltimore where he is bashful in such company. He congratulate Blanc on having the distinguished travelers preaching for him. They are eagerly awaited at Vincennes. Father (Stanislaus) Buteux is to send Blanc Bishop (Michael) Portier's note for $200. If he is good enough to pay it (Hailandière) will be very glad. Buteux has borrowed a like amount and if he does not get it, it will fall back on (Hailandière) and $200 is considerable for them. Added to which Buteux's church at Thralls has just burned; (Hailandière) has found some debts here and he does not have a cent which is not borrowed, and many other things which he could tell and is sure Blanc would let the poor bishop of Vincennes send a priest once again to collect in (New Orleans). He sends regards to Father Jeanjean and all the priests. P.S. He is sending Blanc a letter he received; he has no intention of asking what he writes; he does not know him at all.

V-4-j A.L.S. (French) 4pp. 4to.
5


1840 Mar 18

Llorrubias(?), J(?)
New Orleans, (Louisiana)

In four months Widow (Jean) Casimir promises to pay 80 piastres; signed by the Widow's mark.

V-4-j A. Receipt S. (French) 1p. 16mo.
1


1840 Mar 20

(Flaget), Bishop B(enedict) J(oseph)
Bardstown, (Kentucky)

To Bishop A(nthony) Blanc
New Orleans, Louisiana

(Flaget) has just received a letter from Baton Rouge. Mr. Bonnecaze has received a commission from (Flaget's) nephew, as agent, to pay (Flaget) 600 francs which were given to him in France by a charitable soul for the good of (Flaget's) diocese. Bonnecaze writes that it would be easy for him to place this money in Blanc's hands. (Flaget) hopes to be able to draw on Blanc the first or second week of April. (Flaget's) nephew who owes so much to Blanc and who responded so badly during his stay at Baton Rouge, is behaving much better since he is with his parents. His wife has made herself esteemed and loved by all in their town. They have a little girl whom (Flaget) baptized shortly before he left for le Havre. Blanc is to give his respects to Bishop (Charles Forbin) de Janson and to tell him that Father Dacheux has been ill but today his strength and appetite have returned and he has resumed his prayers and saying Mass. Bishop (Guy Ignatius Chabrat) and (Flaget) believe his character has benefited by this small trial; he is to leave soon to give a mission to about 20 German families at the mouth of the Ten(n)essee River. If he succeeds it will open a vast field for his zeal.

V-4-j A.L.S. (French) 3pp. 4to.
5


1840 Mar 21

Deguise, Ch(arle)s
Quebec, (Quebec)

To Bishop Anthony Blanc
New Orleans, (Louisiana)

Deguise is seeking information about Pierre Savard who left Canada in the summer of 1837 and went to New Orleans to the home of a Mr. Bonnabel. It seems this Pierre died about the first part of December of the same year and as he left a young wife who wishes to marry again, Bishop (Joseph) Signay does not wish to proceed with this marriage until he has a death certificate. Deguise asks Blanc to send this as soon as possible. Signay adds a note on the same paper asking Blanc to grant Deguise's request.

V-4-j A.L.S. (French) 4pp. 4to.
4


1840 Mar 21

Galeaz(?), A.H.
New Orleans, (Louisiana)

To Father Auguste Jeanjean
(New Orleans, Louisiana)

Receipt for $4.25 for freight and primage on the Barque Eleanor from Havre. Signed by L. Jaunet.

V-4-j Receipt S. 2pp. 16mo.
2


1840 Mar 23

Rousselon, Father E(tienne)
Opelousas, (Louisiana)

to Bishop A(nthony) Blanc
New Orleans, L(ouisia)na

He merits the reproach of his bishop but will try to justify his delay in writing. He knows that Mr. Labiche was commissioned by the trustees to ask for Rousselon as pastor and awaited Labiche's return to write Blanc. Before that he could only have written contrary to his thought. He could only say how much this isolated ministry, which consists only of burials, baptisms, and marriages, is opposed to all his ideas and he would have been afraid of influencing Blanc's decision. Blanc could not have announced better news than to set the time of his return as the last of April. If beautiful gardens, horses in the stable, and a good house were the only things for being a good pastor, he might be one at Opelousas but that is not the idea given him in the seminary. He doubts that in three months if he stayed, the trustees would have sent a deputation to keep him as pastor. He has preached salvation, sin, confession; he has held three catechisms a week and they are already saying that he is a Jesuit. However, he is very well received everywhere but they say they need a tolerant priest and Rousselon knows what they mean. On Sundays there are usually many people. He announced First Communion for the Thursday before Palm Sunday and he has more than 20 children he is preparing. Several adults attend catechism. He has had 65 baptisms. Father (Flavius) Rossi established a very good custom of having all the baptisms in church and performing them gratis. They bring children from 20 and 30 miles away. It would be a great loss of time if the pastor had to go to all the homes. He has heard only about 40 confessions and given Communion to about 20 persons. That is the weak part of the parish. They tell him it is customary to go once a year but here it is Easter time and few come. However he believes that with instructions this could be bettered. He is living in the new house, has a little mulatto boy servant and a colored lady brings his dinner. He went to Grand Coteau today; he saw (James) Kel(l)y who cried when Rousselon told him that his decision to leave saddened Blanc. He said he would stay until death wherever Blanc wanted him to. He is a little fatigued; Rousselon did not have time to talk to Father (Nicholas) Point (S.J.) but he will see him in a few days. The news about the retreat is very satisfying and increases his regret at not being able to attend. He would like nothing better than to listen to the zeal and experience of Bishop (Charles Forbin) de Janson. They still talk about the retreats he gave at the College and Convent at Grand Coteau; his graciousness especially won their hearts. Rousselon sends regards to Fathers Bach, Jeanjean and all his confreres.

V-4-j A.L.S. (French) 4pp. 4to.
7


1840 Mar 24

Donlin, Bernard
New Orleans, (Louisiana)

To Bishop A(nthony) Blanc
New Orleans, (Louisiana)

Donlin calls Blanc's attention to what he considers the outrageous and highhanded conduct of Father (James Ignatius) Mullon. When Mullon presented the bill for the pew he had rented Donlin told him it was not convenient to pay that day. On Sunday his name had been taken off the pew and his wife, sister, children, and he left without a pew in church where he has been among its earliest supporters. Mr. Devereaux, one of the trustees, told him that he knew nothing about the transaction; Fitzwilliam said he understood from Mullon that Donlin did not want the pew. Donlin begs Blanc to inquire into the affair that justice may be done. He believes Blanc will find some persons indebted for pew rent at least six months and others 12 months who were not deprived of their pews. It is a great inconvenience for his family to go down to the Ursuline Church for Donlin would not think of going to Mass by a priest who could carry into the sanctuary of religion any private enmity he might have against him.

V-4-j A.L.S. 3pp. 4to.
4


1840 Mar 24

Lancaster, Father James M.
Bardstown, (Kentucky)

To Bishop A(nthony) Blanc
New Orleans, L(ouisian)a

He received Blanc's letter of February 26. He has not mentioned to Bishop (Benedict Joseph Flaget) his desire to leave his diocese. He could not leave before fall for the Bishop could not supply his place until then. Besides the trustees have elected him President of St. Jos(eph) College for the coming year. As the Cardinal Prefect has referred the question to Flaget, Lancaster would most willingly remove now to Natches if it were possible. If Blanc would prefer to let things remain as they are and speak to Flaget when he sees him at the council, Lancaster is entirely willing. Since he wrote last, he thought that a Bishop would probably be nominated for Natches in the next council and that he might not want Lancaster's services. Blanc is not to consider him as shrinking from his former offers.

V-4-j A.L.S. 3pp. 4to.
4


1840 Mar 24

Parodi, C.M., Father Louis
La Salle, (Illinois)

To Bishop (Anthony) Blanc
New Orleans, L(ouisian)a

Parodi received the box Mr. Allia requested Blanc to forward and is grateful. Blanc might send by the bearer of this letter as many Masses as necessary to indemnify the expenses at the custom house. Blanc knows the great wants of all their new missions and Parodi is confident he will assist them.

V-4-k A.L.S. 2pp. 4to.
2


1840 Mar 25

Dupuy, Father Enn(emond)
Iberville, (Louisiana)

To Bishop Ant(hony) Blanc
New Orleans, L(ouisia)na

May he bless the Spanish bells and give them sponsors? This would be of some help in making collections for paying for his. He would like to have this ceremony on Easter.

V-4-k A.L.S. (French) 2pp. 4to.
2


1840 Mar 27

(Eccleston), Archbishop Samuel
Baltimore, (Maryland)

To Bishop (Anthony) Blanc
New Orleans, L(ouisian)a

(Eccleston) encloses (no enclosure) the questions which will be submitted to the approaching council. He envies Blanc the presence of Bishop (Charles Forbin de Janson) of Nancy for so long a time. Janson's letter is before (Eccleston) and it will not wait for an answer longer than tomorrow or the next day.

V-4-j A.L.S. 2pp. 4to.
2


1840 Mar 28

(Loras), Bishop Mathias
Dubuque, (Iowa)

To Bishop (Anthony) Blanc
New Orleans, Louisiana

Blanc's letter of February 28 announced that Bishop (Michael) Portier is going to sell his college. (Loras) is glad; he will have time now, as Blanc says, for his first and essential obligations. They should not have the care of colleges; at least they can do more by missions. Texas is happy to have a Vicar Apostolic. They should have had one for a long time in Oregon whose administration ought to be given to one of them. Bishop (Joseph) Rosati is definitely going to Europe; he will have a good harvest there, (Loras) hopes. Blanc holds out for the division of the Province. That is not (Loras's) opinion. A trip north every three years could always be useful regardless of the Council. He has heard that Bishop (Charles Forbin de Janson) of Nancy is not very popular at New Orleans. (Loras) is sorry. They say he talked against legitimism. He will lend brilliance to the Council; they will travel together to New Orleans and Mobile.

V-4-j A.L.S. (French) 2pp. 4to.
6


1840 Mar 29

Kelly, James, St. Charles College
(Grand Coteau, Louisiana)

To Bishop Anthony Blanc
New Orleans, (Louisiana)

Kelly saw Father (Stephen) Rousselon on Monday who told him he had received a letter from Blanc. He also said that Kelly's last letter had given Blanc some uneasiness. Kelly thought that it would put an end to all their troubles. Rousselon says if he leaves he will die in misery. Kelly wishes every priest was like Rousselon; there would be very little dissimulation or avarice among them. Rousselon asked him if he wished to return to the hospital and said that the Sisters were now in peace. Therefore they do not require Kelly's services; if they were obliged to be up at night he could relieve them but he would not want to renew their trouble. He asked Sister Regina (Smith, S.C.) before he left New Orleans to ask Blanc's permission to return to the hospital and he believes she did not. He was put away to the gratification of a few dissipated individuals who did not care if the Sisters were all dead and religion abolished. He (Rousselon?) Requires Kelly to stop until after Easter and he will do so but if he is not able to work it would be painful to him. He knows Blanc often had the intention of placing the asylum under the care of the Sisters or some religious man so that the orphans might be well instructed in their religion. If Blanc will place him in some employment where he could earn a good deal of money, then if Blanc could not get the Sisters, Kelly would get good religious men from Ireland for the purpose. Before Kelly met Blanc in France he had a dreadful fever but through the intercession of the Blessed Virgin he was relieved; on his recovery he made a solemn promise to devote the rest of his life to serving the poor. He understands Blanc is to go to Baltimore after Easter; if Kelly's bother should inquire about him Blanc is to tell him that he left New Orleans in a bad state of health and did not expect to return. Blanc is not to be backward in advising his brother about minding his religion and Kelly asks Blanc to give his brother the enclosed letter. Kelly sends respects to Fathers Jeanjean and Soller and to the Sisters.

V-4-j A.L.S. 4pp. 4to.
3


1840 Mar 30

Deluol, Father L(ouis) R(egis)
Baltimore, (Maryland)

To Bishop (Anthony) Blanc
New Orleans, (Louisiana)

Deluol introduces E. Guénot who is about to leave for New Orleans on business. Guénot is at present living in Mexico but his birthplace is not far from Blanc's. Several years ago he spent a year with them and won the esteem and friendship of all. He has just spent a few days at the Seminary and Deluol has found him just as he was. He hopes Blanc will give him a fatherly welcome.

V-4-j A.L.S. (French) 2pp. 4to.
2


1840 Mar 31

Boullier, C.M., Father J(ohn)
( )

To Bishop Ant(hony) Blanc
New Orleans, L(ouisian)a

After receiving Blanc's letter of the 29th Boullier consulted De. Joseph St. Martin who told him that an ocean trip would be much better for him than a trip on the river. Boullier accepts gratefully Blanc's offer to accompany him to Havana and Baltimore; Father (John) Timon, (C.M.) also seems to advise it. Boullier fears only one thing, that the fever would seize him on board, but maybe, once at sea he will not have it.

V-4-j A.L.S. (French) 2pp. 12mo.
3


1840 Mar 31

(Flaget), Bishop B(enedict) J(oseph)
Bardstown, (Kentucky)

To Bishop (Anthony) Blanc
New Orleans, Louisiana

(Flaget) wrote on March 20 that the first weeks in April he would draw on Blanc for the money which Mr. Bonnecaze placed with Blanc. The amount was 600 francs. (P.S.) W(illia)m Johnson, a merchant of Bardstown, is to receive the money. (Flaget) sends his respects to Bishop (Charles Forbin) de Janson. Blanc is to tell him that Father D(escheux) has changed for the better and has been sent on a mission. (Flaget) will send news of the results of this expedition as soon as he knows it.

V-4-j A.L.S. (French) 3pp. 4to.
5


1840 Apr 1

Jordan, Father Paul
St. John (Brusly, Louisiana)

to Bishop (Anthony) Blanc
New Orleans, (Louisiana)

Blanc knows with what simplicity Jordan agreed to come here without investigation. If he is at Father (Joseph) Evrard's as a confrere he will not be satisfied long. Evrard introduces him everywhere as his assistant; Blanc said nothing about being an assistant to someone newly ordained. Jordan has been ordained 11 years. Jordan performs baptisms, burials, High Masses, Catechism, instructions, etc.; when he has any difficulty with a French word Evrard says he is busy. At West Baton Rouge or St. John's they are glad to correct him and he is glad to be corrected. After helping at Baton Rouge for First Communions, Evrard sent him to the other side where he prepared 43 children for First Communion. Some days, and Sundays he does not leave the church for breakfast until after noon. He has just returned from a mission where he did the same. Jordan would be glad if he could understand Evrard; Evrard says one time that he is going to the other side and dress down the trustees and when he gets there he flatters them and tells them that he prefers that parish to Baton Rouge and that he would serve there for 800 piastres or even 600 and give Jordan all the Sundays; other times he says he would not do it even for a thousand piastres. Jordan tells him it is useless to talk, that actions are better and that if Jordan were in his place everything would be arranged as it should be. To which Evrard replied that he gave Jordan full power and left everything to him. If Blanc wishes to authorize Jordan he will do that. The trustees and everyone want him to remain here and Evrard repeats that if Jordan accepts he will authorize him. But Jordan deems it imprudent to accept without first consulting Blanc.

V-4-j A.L.S. (French) 4pp. 4to.
4


1840 Apr 2

Rousselon, Father E(tienne)
Opelousas, (Louisiana)

To Bishop A(nthony) Blanc
New Orleans, (Louisiana)

Rousselon does not know when Blanc will leave for the Council; he would like to receive his instructions before he leaves but he does not think he can leave the parish before Easter. If Blanc must go before that Rousselon asks him to leave a letter telling what he wants Rousselon to do during his absence; he will do his best to carry it out. He is betginning to have some Easter confessions; on two Sundays it rained all morning and there were very few at Mass.

V-4-j A.L.S. (French) 2pp. 4to.
1


1840 Apr 2

(Blanc), Ant(hony), Bishop of New Orleans
New Orleans, Louisiana

to Bishop John Baptist Purcell
of Cincinnati, Ohio

Received Purcell's letter before the retreat and waited to answer. As to the young man whom Purcell recommends he has one question. The spread of the use of English in his diocese necessitates that the priest should be able to use that language. Experience has shown that when Italians try to learn both French and English they do not acquire the latter. If the man can converse and hear confessions in English Blanc will see him on his return from the Council. He will not go to Baltimore by way of the river. Bishop de Janson desired to go by way of Havana. Blanc objected until he learned that there were six or eight regular packets between Havana and New York. Will go there if he can get a boat to Havana during Easter week, otherwise through Alabama and Georgia. Their friend of Dubuque (Bishop Matthias Loras ?) opposes the division of the province. Speaks of the retreat attended by 19 clergymen and the ceremony of renewing the clerical promises. Bishop Charles Forbin-Janson has had a large audience so that days have been assigned for men and for women. Some infidels have put some things in the newspapers but have only assured good effects. Blanc has just ordained three priests, two for the Vincentians and one deacon also for the Vincentians (Lazarists). Apparently a loss for him, but the Vincentians do all they can by the sacrifices Blanc has made for them. They have now taken over a very important post. For the one he ceded to them they give two to him. Blanc needs besides preachers for the cathedral, English speaking priests for the missions. Trusts in God for aid.

II-4-g A.L.S. 3pp. 8vo.
6


1840 Apr 3

Chabrat, Bishop Guy Ig(natius)
Bardstown, (Kentucky)

To Bishop (Anthony) Blanc
New Orleans, L(ouisian)a

He encloses a letter addressed to Father J(oseph) Stahlschmidt with a document to empower him to collect in order to liquidate the debts for building the German church in Louisville. So many German and Spanish families have written to obtain the permit and have given so favorable testimony to his good conduct that Bishop (Benedict Joseph) Flaget and Chabrat have concluded to grant it. Chabrat sends it unsealed so that Blanc may certify the signatures and call on the Mexican consul to affix his seal. The American, French, and Mexican authorities in Mexico affixed their seals to the petition addressed to Chabrat. If Blanc is too occupied he asks his Vicar General, who wrote Chabrat about this some time ago, to do this favor. Chabrat sends respects to Bishop Janson and the other priests.

V-4-j A.L.S. 2pp. 4to.
4


1840 Apr 3

Tiblier, C.
New Orleans, (Louisiana)

To Miss Sophie
(New Orleans, Louisiana)

Receipted bill for $31.75 for cloth.

V-4-j A. Receipt S. (French) 1p. 16mo.
1


1840 Apr 4

Badin, Father F(rancis) V(incent)
Detroit, (Michigan)

To Bishop Anthony Blanc
New Orleans, (Louisiana)

He gladly recommends these two ladies to Blanc. The deceased was a man of good education. Will Blanc have an investigation made to discover the $800 he had at his death? Blanc's letter of September 11, 1839 reached Badin. The priest in question, Father S(tanislaus) A. Bernier received 2 exeats from Badin. Badin tells Blanc frankly that he is not (?). Badin did not reply at the time as he was awaiting a termination in his regard and at Bishop (Benedict Joseph) Flaget's advice he probably was going to be obliged to suspend him publicly for revolting against episcopal authority with which Badin was invested. Mrs. Leon Bayard asks Badin to ask Blanc to find out about her husband, a Canadian journalist, who has not written her for three had written Bishop (Charles) Forbin Janson of Nancy to go to Badin's aid and to remain until Résé's return. This pleased Badin greatly but he is beginning to give up hope; he asks Blanc to convey his sentiments to Janson to make him decide to come to his aid. A Vicar-General never has such need of so worthy and capable a person to help him.
A.L.S. 2pp.
The above is written on:
1840 Mar 30

Mettez, Marie Gamelin, Mrs. T.
Abbott, Susanne Gamelin, Mrs. Audrain

to Bishop Anthony Blanc
New Orleans, (Louisiana)

They, the sisters of the deceased Francois H. Gamelin, buried from St. Louis Cathedral on August 12, 1837 according to the certificate of Father P. Armand, have received details of his burial but no details of his resources or his manner of living. They ask Blanc to give them information about this unexpected death; if what he left was used up for his burial, because he had much money and two chests of new clothing. They are indebted to Blanc's kindness and also to Father Vincent Badin, vicar-general of Detroit, who will tell Blanc about their family. They will be very pleased, if there is anything left belonging to their brother, to have Badin informed about it.

A.L.S. 2pp.

V-4-j A.L.S. (French) 4pp. 4to.
10


1840 Apr 4

Bonnecaze, L.
Baton Rouge, (Louisiana)

To Bishop Ant(hony) Blanc
New Orleans, (Louisiana)

Bonnecaze received Blanc's letter of March 30. In accordance with Bishop (Benedict Joseph) Flaget's request Bonnecaze encloses a draft of J. Perkins on A. Ledaux and Company for $114 which a charitable woman of Billom gave to Flaget, her nephew(?), for the needs of his diocese. Flaget wrote Bonnecaze some time ago to send him these 600 francs; Bonnecaze replied that he could not but that if Flaget knew someone at New Orleans who would receive the money for him Bonnecaze would furnish the funds. Bonnecaze is infinitely obliged to Blanc for Having thought about Leontine (Bonnecaze) and he promises to take her to the convent at St. Michael as soon as she recovers. It is not necessary then to provide a letter of recommendation as Blanc has already talked to the Mother Superior about his daughter. It would be well to send a receipt to prove that the 600 francs were paid by him as Flaget's agent. Bonnecaze expects to see Blanc in New Orleans before Blanc goes north. (P.S.) Mrs. Bonnecaze sends her respects.

V-4-j A.L.S. (French) 3pp. 4to.
5


1840 Apr 4

Herval, Father E.
Havre, (France)

To Bishop (Anthony Blanc
New Orleans, Louisiana)

Herval asks (Blanc's) kindness in favor of Mr. Fleury, who will present this letter. He belongs to a respectable family of Rouen. The House of Fleury has rendered eminent service to the church and literature by their bookstore. Fleury has some knowledge of education but he would prefer to be in some business house. He knows papermaking, cabinet making, and especially trade. He hopes under (Blanc's) patronage to find a place as soon as possible.

V-4-j A.L.S. (French) 1p. 4to.
2


1840 Apr 4

McCaffrey, Father James
Marietta, Ohio

to Bishop John Baptist Purcell
of Cincinnati, Ohio

Was sorry that on his return from Brown County to Cincinnati to find that Purcell had not yet returned from Kentucky. Nothing new has happened, but his object in trying to see him was to get some painting for his churches, some medals, etc., and some admonitions about starting the churches in Meig's Creek and Deaverstown. Father O'Mealy has promised to attend to Purcell's orders in these matters. Hopes that Purcell will inform him of the time of his going to Baltimore so that the bishop will visit in Marietta for a few days. Would give him an opportunity to give some lectures and to start off the work of erecting their church. Feels that great good would come of such a visit.

II-4-g A.L.S. 2pp. 8vo.
5


1840 Apr 7

(Eccleston), Samuel, Archbishop of Baltimore
Baltimore, Maryland

to Bishop John Baptist Purcell
of Cincinnati, Ohio

Encloses the chief question to be discussed in the Provincial Council of 1840. Asks that Purcell speak at the solemn Mass for the dead, especially because of his friendship for the late Bishop of Vincennes. In regard to Father B., since he understands that he is going to St. Louis he will not say much. He would not have given him Purcell's letter of invitation had he not asked for the letter. At that time Eccleston thought the omissions in the dimissorials was sufficient. They may speak more on this when they meet. Father Deloul did not send the Abbe Jeanman to Purcell. When he sees Purcell he will see that Father (James) Reid leaves the diocese or makes amends, if he has insulted Purcell. The collector of the Telegraph asked how much he was in arrears. Not knowing he sends the check for the amount stated by the publisher, $11.50. Asks that he be not mentioned among the correspondents.

II-4-g A.L.S. 2pp. 8vo.
5


1840 Apr 7

Gaux and Company
New Orleans, (Louisiana)

To (Bishop Anthony Blanc)
New Orleans, (Louisiana)

Receipted bill for $12 for 100 circulars.

V-4-j Receipt S. (French) 1p. 12mo.
1


1840 Apr 7

Tschenhenss, C.SS.R., Father Francis X.
Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania

to Bishop John Baptist Purcell
of Cincinnati, Ohio

Has just received that day the answer of Father (Joseph) McNamee from Tiffin, whom he had commissioned to tell Purcell what was desired. Tschenhenss's letter was missent and he asks Purcell to excuse the delay. Further he had failed to hear from Father Pierz, who is at L'Arbre Croche, Michigan, as to whether he will go to Norwalk. A friend, Father Ivo Levitz, O.F.M., has also failed to hear from Father Pierz. Father Prost, superior of the Redemptorists, suggests a Benedictine Father Paleis in New York. As to the deed for the 10 acres at Norwalk, he suggests that after Purcell's name there be a clause "in trusts or use of the German congregation." Received the bible that Purcell sent him through Father O'Reilley. Patrick Kook takes the Telegraph in his stead at Norwalk. Suggests that Purcell stop in Pittsburgh on his way to Baltimore. Is pleased that Father (Henry D.) Juncker is taking care of the missions in Huron and Seneca counties. Otherwise he would have asked permission to go himself to Norwalk and Tiffin.

II-4-g A.L.S. 2pp. 8vo.
10


1840 Apr 8

(Eccleston), Samuel, Archbishop of Baltimore
Baltimore, Maryland

to Bishop John Baptist Purcell
of Cincinnati, Ohio

In his letter of the 7th Eccleston forgot to invite the Provincial of the Dominicans to the Provincial Council of (1840). He did not invite him himself because: 1. He does not know who the Provincial is; 2. Whether he lives in Purcell's diocese or that of Bardstown; 3. And chiefly because he has learned that Purcell has suspended him. If he has not been suspended, Eccleston asks Purcell to invite him saying that Eccleston did not know who or where he was.

II-4-g A.L.S. 1p. 8vo.
5


1840 Apr 8

Johnson, William
New Orleans, (Louisiana)

To Bishop (Anthony) Blanc
(New Orleans, Louisiana)

Receipt for $114 on account of Bishop (Benedict Joseph) Flaget of Bardstown.

V-4-j A. Receipt S. 1p. 32mo.
2


1840 Apr 9

Chandy, (C.M.), Father (John)
(Assumption, Louisiana)

Chandy acknowledges receipt of 200 piastres from Father (Auguste) Jeanjean.

V-4-j A. Receipt S. (French) 1p. 32mo.
1


1840 Apr 9

DeTheux, S.J., Father Theodore
Grand Coteau, (Louisiana)

To Bishop (Anthony) Blanc
New Orleans, L(ouisian)a

DeTheux has just received Blanc's letter of March 30 and thanks him for the faculties given to him and his Society. They will be careful to conform in regard to dispensations in the second degree. The letter to Father (Robert) Doogan: DeTheux has asked Charles Smith to send it to its destination. Almost 20 years ago a Mr. Jop(?) of German descent, married Marie Babin at La Fourche before the justice of the peace. They separated 12 years ago. The man has lived for 10 years with a woman in DeTheux's parish whom he would marry if he could. He proposes to write to the pastor of La Fourche to find out if Marie is still living but he does not know his name. He would be obliged if Blanc would insert a word on this subject in his first letter to La Fourche, to see if the first marriage is valid.

V-4-j A.L.S. (French) 3pp. 4to.
5


(1840?) Apr 10

Levéque, J.A.
(West Baton Rouge, Louisiana?)

to Father (John Boullier, C.M.) Boulliez
Donaldsonville, (Louisiana)

Of all the occasions that Levéque had need of (Boullier), he could be most useful o n this one. Father (Victor Jamey?) Jamais, who is with them, continues more and more to draw people to him. Many ask if there is not some way to have him for their pastor. The most hardened Catholics want him and some Protestants gave something to their subscription and asked if Jamais would stay. Levéque asks (Boullier) to do something for them with Bishop (Anthony Blanc). Levéque does not dare address (Blanc) directly as he has already been tried by the dissension between Mr. Jourdan (Father Paul Jordan?) and the trustees. They have been very successful in their subscriptions; they have $800. If Jamais were there it certainly would be better. Jamais will do whatever the Bishop orders him to do. Levéque has learned that Father (John Peter Chandy, C.M.?) Chandi has arrived; Chandi informed Levéque that he would be there in a week or so. Chandi is to wait for Levéque so that they may go down for First Communion and come back up together.

V-4-j A.L.S. (French) 3pp. Folio
6


1840 Apr 10

(Louisiana) Orleans Parish
New Orleans, (Louisiana)

To Bishop (Anthony) Blanc
(New Orleans, Louisiana)

Receipt for $51.50 for the 1839 Parish tax on Square 48, $50,000 and Square 61, F.B. Franklin $1500.

V-4-j Receipt S. 2pp. 32mo.
1


1840 Apr 11

St. Aubin, Father F. C(harles) B(outelou) de
Franklin, (Louisiana)

Pierre Pecot and Marie Louise Celina Pecot ask for a dispensation; they are the children of two brothers and wish to marry. (Letter sent) care of Mr. Celerit (?).

V-4-j A.L.S. (French) 2pp. 4to.
4


1840 Apr 11

Young, Father Joshue M.
Lancaster, Ohio

to Bishop John Baptist Purcell
of Cincinnati, Ohio

Asks for marriage dispensation for two first cousins, George Sheltyler and Frances Ugh, on the grounds of difficulty of finding suitable Cathollic woman otherwise and danger of perversion by marriage with a Methodist. The Father consents for the same reasons. Both Father and son are contributors to the church. Asks that the ampler powers granted to them by the bishop be written out, as he nearly turned down a couple in Lent but happened to see in his notes that he had powers of dispensation in such cases. No more news but if Purcell goes by way of Lancaster to Baltimore he might see the naked walls and rafters of the church.

II-4-g A.L.S. 3pp. 8vo.
3


1840 Apr 12

Brogard, Father J(oseph) N.
Natchez, (Mississippi)

to Bishop (Anthony) Blanc
New Orleans, L(ouisian)a

Brogard received Blanc's letter several days before the opening of their retreat. It suggested that it would be for the trustees of their church to write to the bishops assembled in council to ask for a Bishop. Although the Catholics are very well disposed toward religion, there are difficulties because of the enormous depreciation of their money. They have already made great sacrifices for the building of the presbytery, they assume the obligation of Brogard's support, and are about to build a church. They feel the necessity for this but would they feel that having a Bishop would warrant the additional expense. The fear of a refusal has made Brogard keep silent in this matter. They would do what they considered their duty; would put at the Bishop's disposal the house Brogard lives in which is a little gem of architecture; would give him the salary of 1200 which they have promised Brogard and would surround him with homage and respect. As soon as the church is built, they would rent the pews and have the means to remedy their financial state. They are thinking more than ever about the erection of a cathedral. (William St. John) Elliott has drawn up a plan of great beauty. The building would be 137 feet by 60; the style Gothic. It would have a magnificent appearance and be the best in the state. Brogard has just had a visit from Elliot and (John B.) Nevitt who assured him they would start it as soon as possible. If they have not written Blanc to come to lay the corner stone it is because they have not yet come to an agreement about the price with the contractor. They could take advantage of Blanc's visit down the river to ask him. As soon as Brogard knows something definite he will write; and if it is not too late, he will send his letter to Baltimore.

V-4-j A.L.S. (French) 4pp. 4to.
4


(1840?) Apr 13

Jamey, Father V(ictor)
Opelousas, (Louisiana)

to Bishop (Anthony) Blanc
New Orleans, (Louisiana)

Jamey received Blanc's power of attorney authorizing him to settle with Mr. Bignon about the estate of the late Father (Flavius Henry) Rossi. Jamey does not know whether he should take this commission; he will not accept unless there is a way to do it in a friendly way with the administrator who does not seem disposed to give up the money which he must have in his possession. By some pretext of non-collections and debts to be paid the administrator has made arrangements with Rossi's brother whereby he makes an enormous profit. He has bought the inheritance rights at a low price and paid for them in merchandise valued well above its real worth. Jamey supposes that Bignon has treated others as he has time. He pressed them for the $600 they owed him and they satisfied him with $400 which he had owed Mr. Dupre for 2 or 3 years and $130 which the estate owed Mr. Labiche. Paying off his own debts like this, it will be difficult for him to give any money to the heirs. Jamey asked him for a detailed statement of the estate and he promised it for the 20th of this month. If it is in order and if he wishes to listen to reason, Jamey will settle with him. But if, as Jamey fears, it is necessary to use strong means and to plead the case Jamey asks Blanc to give power of attorney to Louis A. Garrique and if Blanc wants to have things move quickly perhaps he should send Jamey power of attorney for Garrique which he would not give him unless the administrator refuses to render an account. Jamey would like to know something of Father (Napoleon Joseph) Perché and their project if Blanc would let him know. If possible when Blanc announces his pastoral visit he should send his letters by the Opelousas boat as it is surer than the mail. In case Jamey is to make the tour with Blanc into the interior if Mr. Plonguete (Father Peter Victor Plunkett?) is the priest replacing Jamey during his absence if would be good if he could come sometime ahead. Since Jourdan is leaving much sooner than Jamey thought he will finish by announcing to Blanc that Jourdan has made his Easter duty.

V-4-j A.L.S. (French) 3pp. 4to.
10


1840 Apr 15

Elliot, W(illia)m St. John
Natchez,(Mississippi)

to Bishop (Anthony) Blanc
New Orleans, L(ouisian)a

He delayed writing, hoping to be able to invite Blanc to lay the corner stone of a new church for them but the unexampled distress in the pecuniary world has prevented. They may be able to build one next season with Blanc's assistance. If Blanc could spend a little time with them he could give them much good advice. Their priest, (Father Joseph N. Brogard) is a most excellent worthy man and very popular but his pronunciation is so indisti(n)ct as not to be well understood. The other denominations have talented men in their pulpits and Elliot would be glad if they could cope with them in that particular.

V-4-j A.L.S. 2pp. 4to.
3


1840 April 15

Foster, Leo
Boston, (Massachusetts)

To (Orestes A. Brownson)

Foster tells (Brownson) that the accompanying article may be used for his Quarterly, if he thinks it is suitable. If the article is unsuitable, it should be returned. One idea he wishes to direct to (Brownson's) attention: the possibility of enforcing the decision of a Civil Tribunal in cases of National; Suits, by imposing added duties on the commerce of the nation not submitting to the decision. (Enclosure: "An Essay on the possibility of Avoiding Wars.")

I-3-e A.L.S., A.D. 35pp. 12mo & 4to.
2


1840 Apr 16

St. Georges, P.A.
(New Orleans, Louisiana)

To Bishop (Anthony) Blanc
(New Orleans, Louisiana)

Receipted bill for freight and primage on the Lafayette, $3.30. Signed by Ch. MacCarthy.

V-4-j Receipt S. (French) 2pp. 16mo.
2


1840 Apr 18

Lynch, Anne C.
Providence, (Rhode Island)

To O(restes) A. Brownson
Boston, Massachusetts

She was happy to receive such a kindly letter from Brownson, and says she will say the more that she is one of his followers, though he claims she isn't. She asks if she may not seek admission to the "choice circle of friends" which are essential to Brownson's happiness. She hopes he will not look upon her as an expression of sentimentalism or romance. She has received "Charles Elwood," the "New Views," and the April "Quarterly" and has been much engaged with them. She is beginning to feel the resurgence of a new spiritual life. (Ralph Waldo) Emerson has just concluded a course of lectures here. She believes him to be very charming and of elevated character, though rather pointless in his lectures. "He is not a whole man," she says. He is more like a harp--richly musical, but mistily vague. She looks forward to the acceptance of Brownson's invitation to visit him and the family.

I-3-e A.L.S. 3pp. 8vo.
2


1840 Apr 19

Vignes, H(enriet)te Nugent
Pointe Coupée, (Louisiana)

To Bishop (Anthony) Blanc
New Orleans, (Louisiana)

She would like to write oftener but she always thinks Blanc has enough to do without writing her. She writes once a year to let him see she has not forgotten his kindness. When will she see him? Blanc said in one of his letters that his visits to Pointe Coupée were too unfruitful but there is a great change in their parish and she is sure a visit would not be without great fruit now. She was to receive Holy Communion yesterday but there were so many people and the pastor was also very busy so they put it off for another day. Almost all the women went to Holy Communion this year. Her little Joseph has been ill for two weeks. Raymond is well and sends his regards. Her sister is still somewhat ill and her little boy has been very ill. She learned that Blanc has been at Grand Coteau; when he writes he is to tell her about her dear teachers, especially Madame Lavy and Madame St. Cyr. P.S. Vignes collected 13 piastres and 5 escalins yesterday and Julia Labry 9 and 1 escalin.

(On the address side of the letter in Blanc's hand writing?)

July 28 1840; deed between Bl(anc) and Mr. Bouer(?).

V-4-j A.L.S. (French) 3pp. 4to.
5


1840 Apr 20

Dumartrait, A.
St. Martinville, (Louisiana)

to Bishop Ant(hon)y Blanc
New Orleans, (Louisiana)

They received, on the Fuselier, the clock Blanc bought for the new church. Enclosed is a certificate to Blanc's order for $150.32 which when discounted will give him $149.57, $2 being added for drayage to the boat. Today the new trustees, elected the first Monday of this month, met to contract for the continuing of the church. They also ask whether Father (John F.) Brasseur intends to leave his parish with Blanc's approval and how long Blanc gives him, so that Blanc could give them a priest whose religious and social character would keep the good harmony between him and his parishioners. Brasseur knew how to gain the esteem of this parish. Dumartrait will write when they know more about Brasseur's trip.

V-4-j A.L.S. (French) 3pp. 4to.
3


1840 Apr 21

De Theux, S.J., Father T(heodore), St. Charles College
Grand Coteau, (Louisiana)

To Bishop (Anthony) Blanc (or) Father (Auguste) Jeanjean
New Orleans, L(ouisian)a

He asks for a dispensation from second degree relationship for two of his parishioners. The young man said he could give only 10 piastres and that he would go to the justice if De Theux could not marry them.

V-4-j A.L.S. (French) 2pp. 4to.
2


1840 Apr 21

Martin, Father (John)
Pointe Coupée, (Louisiana)

To Bishop Ant(oi)ne Blanc
New Orleans, (Louisiana)

Prospère Darensbourg, bearer of this letter, will bring the $24 collected on Easter. They had Mass on Easter and there was good order and silence although the church was filled. On the 23rd Martin will have 5 First communions at Fausse Rivière and 12 at Pentecost. This year some went to the Sacraments who had not gone for years. He intends to make a little mission after Easter to Avoyelles. Two things are against it the water, which hinders him and the May session of court. He would like to get his business settled with the corporation. On May 7 he has a service to perform for the late Mrs. Steaphan Vanwickle; on the 14th the wedding of Fréderic Durive and Villeneuve Porche and the next week or so the wedding of Martin Major and Laurent Chitz. He intends to visit the pastor of Baton Rouge this week.

V-4-j A.L.S. (French) 3pp. 4to.
10


1840 Apr 21

Morgan, M.C.
Madisonville, (Louisiana)

To Bishop (Anthony) Le(?) Blanc
New Orleans, Louisiana

They have built a little church and it will be finished next week and they ask him to come to bless it. If he did not tell Blanc about it sooner, it was through ignorance. He talked about it to priests of the Parish whom he knows and hopes they spoke to Blanc and took necessary steps. If Blanc will let Morgan know in advance, he will notify those at a distance who would like to be at the ceremony. The church has no furnishings yet; there are very few Catholics in the parish and they are not well fixed but they hope to furnish it little by little.

V-4-j A.L.S. (French) 3pp. 4to.
2


1840 Apr 22

Bineaud, (Francois)
Pointe Coupée, (Louisiana)

To Bishop Anthony Blanc
New Orleans, (Louisiana)

The pastor has entrusted Bineaud with getting to Blanc the Easter collection for the Seminary. The person who is bringing it wanted Bineaud to let Blanc know that it is $24 counting the three 5 franc pieces as $3 and the 10 (centimes?) As escalins. If the pastor were at home Bineaud would have refused the commission but not wanting to delay he sends it as it is.

V-4-j A.L.S. (French) 3pp. 8vo.
2


1840 Apr 22

Brownson, Orestes (A.)
Boston, (Massachusetts)

To W(illiam) L(yon) Mackenzie
Rochester, (New York)

Though a stranger, Brownson wishes to express his sympathy with Mackenzie's attachment to the cause of Freedom for the Canadas and his regret that, in this land of professed Freedom he met no better reward than jail. We have never achieved our independence on England. The reason is to be found in our commercial relations with Great Britain; we are afraid of offending England. The colonial system must be abandoned.

I-4-h Typewritten copy from page 143, note extending to the next page, of The Life and Times of Martin Van Buren by William L. Mackenzie. Boston: Cooke & Co., 1846. Photostat received from Mackenzie Papers in Toronto and added. Seems a correct copy.
1


1840 Apr 23

Laguereseau(?) and Company
New Orleans, (Louisiana)

To Bishop (Charles Forbin de) Janson
(New Orleans, Louisiana)

Receipt for $20.75, balance.

V-4-j A. Receipt S. (French) 1p. 16mo.
1


1840 Apr 24

Nicholas Joseph, Bishop of Namur
Namur, France

to His Vicar General

He understands by Mother Ignace, Superior General of the Institute of the Sisters of Notre Dame that the project of sending sisters to the diocese of Cincinnati has made progress, and he seconds the approval of the project. But he desires that because of the importance of the project, Bishop (John Baptist) Purcell should give certain guarantees. 1. That he should make a petition in writing stating the number of sisters he feels necessary to begin the work; 2. Assure the sisters a suitable house, garden and field, to be returned in case of their departure; 3. That the Bishop be obliged to help them if their income is not sufficient from their students; 4. That on their arrival they have the more necessary things for their living; 5. That an opportunity to teach a class for the poor be provided, according to their rule. The Vicar General is to send these requests to Purcell. While awaiting the answer Mother Ignace will seek suitable subjects.

II-4-g A.L.S. 2pp. 8vo.
2


1840 Apr 25

Kohn, Dacron and Company
New Orleans, (Louisiana)

To Bishop (Anthony) Blanc
(New Orleans, Louisiana)

Four receipts: April 25, for a church bell, $131.32; April 24, 7 casks wine, shipped by Schooner Warren to Mobile, $105, freight and drayage $11.25, signed by Kirchhoff; April 24, bill of lading on claret shipped to Bishop (Michael) Portier, signed by C.C. Schwan(?); and a receipt for $14.25 from Leeds and Company for a tongue fitted to bell, signed by E.H. Wheeler.

V-4-j Receipts S. 4pp. 12mo.
5


1840 Apr 27

Baraga, (Father) Frederick
LaPointe (Wisconsin)

To Father (Francis) Vincent Badin
Detroit, Michigan

Baraga's relations had written in several letters that they have sent money to him through the Leopoldine Association. This money should be in the hands of Bishop (Frederick) Rese, as the Association never sends the money simple missionaries. But if a sum of money is given for a special missionary, the Association usually indicated that such a sum must be given to such a missionary. His eldest sister informed him that on August 17, 1838, a sum of $260 was sent specially for him. But he never received it. Then Bishop Wolf (of Laibach, Jugoslavia) (Austria), sent half of the contribution to this diocese on August, 1839 from Vienna through the Leopoldine Association to Bishop Rese for Father Baraga and (Francis) Pierz. Baraga hopes that the money is already in Detroit. A Mrs. Pepeu of Trieste mentioned in a letter of September 7, 1839 that she had deposited $250 - at the Leopoldine Association expressly for Baraga. As Baraga does not know whether the Bishop is in Detroit or not, he begs Father Badin to send him the money without delay as he needs it very badly. He has received from Bishop Rese no more than $200 altogether since he came to LaPointe five years ago. The money of which Father speaks in this letter was sent expressly for him from his parents and friends and not for the diocese. The money could be given to Mr. William Brewster, Agent of the American Fur Company in Detroit, who will send a bill of exchange to the same company in Lapointe. If the Bishop should be in Detroit, then Badin should show him this letter. Baraga would like to receive all the news, especially about the diocese.
III-2-g A.L.S. (French) 3pp.
4


1840 Apr 28

Landry, J. Trasimond and others
West Baton rouge, (Louisiana)

To Bishop Ant(hony) Blanc
New Orleans, (Louisiana)

They received Blanc's letter of March 31 informing them of Blanc's intention to send a priest to East Baton Rouge. They accept eagerly and agree to give him a fair salary and to procure temporary lodgings for him on Saturdays and vigils of feasts until the presbytery is finished. Some misinformed persons have said they were in arrears and the church was in debt but their books are balanced. Only the plastering in the church and presbytery remains to be done. If they can really count on a priest, they will prepare to receive him in 3 or 4 months as worthily as they can. This will be the last appeal the faithful, whose spokesman they are, will make for a pastor whether they succeed or not. As Blanc knows, when he was among them, a group once assembled to have a place for Mass. Their efforts were unsuccessful. So they abandoned their plan for several years. Then in the last 12 months they seem to have waked up and were building a church. But suddenly they stopped and when the subscriptions were offered to finish it they say, "In spite of our efforts we will never have a pastor." If they do not get a pastor it will be the death of their zeal. So they beg Blanc to send one for their exclusive service and they promise to pay him as generously as their means permit. They flatter themselves that Blanc, who inculcated in them these fine principles, will help them to carry them out. (Signed by) Landry, D(omini)que Labauve, Treville Landry, and Onésime Labauve, members of the Correspondence Committee.

V-4-j A.L.S. (French) 4pp. 4to.
5


(1840 May)

Chandy, C.M., Father (Peter John
Natchitoches, Louisiana)

To Father (Auguste Jeanjean
New Orleans, Louisiana)

(Jeanjean) is to send the Holy Oils to the pastor of Natchitoches who forgot to ask for them. He is also to send the dispensation for 2nd degree relationship for (Charles) Neverton Roques and Marie Anais Metoyer, first cousins and free persons of color.

V-4-j A. Note S. (French) 2pp. 8vo.
3


1840 May 1

(Louisiana), New Orleans
Treasury of the Municipality No. 3

to Bishop (Anthony) Blanc
(New Orleans, Louisiana)

Receipt for $10 tax on F. Frank(lin?) Ilet 61, $5000. Signed by Du Gany, treasurer.

V-4-j Receipt S. 2pp. 32mo.
2


1840 May 1

(Louisiana), New Orleans, Department of the Police, First Municipality
New Orleans, (Louisiana)

To Bishop A(nthony) Blanc
New Orleans, Louisiana

Receipt for $217 for his tax for 1839 on 4th District Ilet No. 48, $50,000, $125; three slaves, $4.50; 5th District Ilet No. 27, $35,000, $87.50. Signed by A.J. Guirod(?), and by Thé. Duplessis.

V-4-j Receipt S. (French) 2pp. 12mo.
3


1840 May 6

Peyretti, Father L(auren)t
Lafayette, (Louisiana)

To (A.) Dumartrait
St. Martinville, (Louisiana)

Dumartrait's silence for four years about Father (Marcel) Borella's burial makes Peyretti believe that Dumartrait's intention is not to pay him. He asks Dumartrait to give this sum of $50 to Father (John Francis) Brasseur before May 11. (Dumartrait adds a note on the letter): He sends this letter to Bishop (Anthony Blanc) that Blanc may judge what to do; the trustees were much surprised at Perretty's request; they do not admit this claim.

V-4-j A.L.S. (French) 2pp. 4to.
4


1840 May 8

Courrier des Etats-Unis
New Orleans, (Louisiana)

To Father (Auguste) Jeanjean
(New Orleans, Louisiana)

Receipt for a year's subscription to the Courrier $8, (to) E. Freniaux(?), postage, $2. Signed by J. Perisaud(?)

V-4-j Receipt S. (French) 1p. 16mo.
3


1840 May 10

(Brasseur, Father John Francis)
Grand Coteau, (Louisiana)

Brasseur, pastor of St. Martinville, cedes to the College of St. Charles the negress Ellen, aged around 54; said College to pay to Bishop (Anthony) Blanc 200 piastres. In case the mortgage on the negress is not paid and she is claimed by the legitimate owner, the college is not responsible to Blanc. Approved by Father N(icholas) Point, (S.J.).

V-4-j Note (French) 1p. 12mo.
3


1840 May 10

Bonald, Cardinal Louis de, Archbishop of Lyons
Lyons, France (In the Cincinnati Archives)

A formal document that he has placed in a golden container a relic of the True Cross and sealed it with his seal. Signed by the Vicar General.

II-4-g D.S. 1p. 12mo. (Latin)
1


1840 May 10

Cadolini, Ignace, Archbishop of Edessa
Rome, Italy

to (Bishop John Baptist Purcell)
of (Cincinnati, Ohio)

Says that he has read (Purcell's) letter to the Holy Father and witnessed the satisfaction that the Pope received. He sends a thousand benedictions. The General of the Jesuits is hastening as much as possible that which was requested. He has great care for (Purcell's) students there, and would regard it as unfortunate if they could not continue. They await the proposals of the next Council for Detroit and Bishop Rese. Asks that he present his regards to the Bishop of Dubuque and say that he will do all that he desires.

II-4-g A.L.S. 4pp. 8vo. (French)
4


1840 May 13

Lynch, Anne C.
Providence, (Rhode Island)

To O(restes) A. Brownson
Chelsea, Mass(achusetts)

She has long been at variance with the world and she feels that Brownson will absolve her from her heresy if she makes a confession to him. He is the first individual whose intellect she has looked up to sufficiently to make such a confession. Until seventeen she was a child then the realities of life closed about her. She sought for friendship and love, but in vain. Nothing remained for her in this life, so she looked towards the future. She had only the orthodox view of Christianity; the light of Unitarianism even had not yet penetrated the city of Albany. She had acquired some knowledge of the sciences and this knowledge stood out in fearful array against religion. She came to the conclusion that all was but a delusion. She went to the country for two years for intensive study in History, Philosophy, Religion, and Literature. She found the solitude unbearable, and before she knew it she was listening to Brownson lecture. She read articles in his Review and found revelations which her reason and heart acknowledged. She has not adopted all his opinions she doesn't understand them all. But she has advanced so far as to think them worthy of belief since they are his. She shall see him in Boston in a few weeks.

I-3-e A.L.S. 3pp. 8vo.
1


1840 May 13

N(ew) O(rleans) and N(ashville?) R(ail)r(oad) Company
(New Orleans, Louisiana)

To Father (Auguste) Jeanjean
(New Orleans, Louisiana)

Receipted bill for $5 for 1 cord of wood. Signed by Geo(rge) H. Sidgreaves.

V-4-j Receipt S. 1p. 16mo.
2


1840 May 14

Lafonta
New Orleans, (Louisiana)

Receipt for $6 received from Mr. Poursine for 1 cord of wood for the bishop's house.

V-4-j A. Receipt S. 1p. 16mo.
1


1840 May 17

Dumartrait, A.
St. Martinville, (Louisiana)

to Bishop A(nthony) Blanc
New Orleans, (Louisiana)

Dumartrait wrote Blanc on April 20 acknowledging receipt of the new clock for the church and sending $150.32 to reimburse Blanc for this purchase. It seems certain that Father (John Francis) Brasseur intends to leave and they will be without a priest. Brasseur left last Thursday; they have not been officially informed whether it is with Blanc's approval, or a momentary absence. Last year Brasseur evidenced a desire to return to Belgium, his native land, and Dumartrait talked to Blanc about it on leaving New Orleans in February, 1839 and Blanc said that the difficulty of replacing him was one reason for putting off consent to Brasseur's request at that time. At a meeting of the trustees held the day after Easter Brasseur did not make known his intentions and it is only lately that he let Dumartrait know he was leaving. He does not know whether Brasseur has reason to complain of his congregation; he knows Brasseur had some disagreements about the collecting of fees. Brasseur is in New Orleans and no doubt will have a conference with Blanc. They ask Blanc to appoint a new priest for them; one who will have some indulgence for his parishioners. Blanc knows that in a country so intermixed it is often necessary to close one's eyes to some things. The stipends given to Brasseur amount to 1200 piastres leaving to the fabrique the burials and services in the church and giving him the marriages and baptisms in the country which could bring about 200 piastres. (P.S.) Desparu Deblanc who is the president of the trustees has gone to the home of his nephew, Charles Deblanc, so that the Honorable Ed(ward) Simon could come to an agreement with Blanc on the choice of a pastor.

V-4-j A.L.S. (French) 4pp. 4to
6


1840 May 18

(Armengol, C.M., Father Bonaventure)
Assumption, (Louisiana)

Dispensations granted in Assumption Parish. For 1839: May 20 Julian Blanchard and Elisa Barillion; May 13 Theodule Richard and Marcella Cuvillier; July 7 J(ohn) B(aptist) Bourg and Elena Dupuis; September 24 Nathan Webster and Magdalene Clara Blanchard; October 19 Peter Labiche and Delphine Loubiere; October 21 Thiburtus Champagne and Apollonia Melanzon; (ms. torn) Firmin Chedotal and Carmelita (ms. torn); Francis Martin and Eulalia Tempetit. For 1840: January 20 Stephen Duberque and Adelaide Romagosa; January 16 Marcellin Landry and Clementia Dupuis; January 24 J.B. Bourg and Helen Dupuis; February 3 Marcellus Rivette and Duleina LeBlanc; February 27 Peter Gaudé and Marie Delphine Staudt; March 2 Anthony Petro and Rosalia Alaman; March 2 Narcisse Guédry and Virginia Savoie; March 2 Emmanuel Trujillo and Rufina Martinez; March 18 Augustin Landry and Gertrude Dupuis; March 18 Michael Romagosa and Joanne Garcia.

V-4-j A. D. (Latin) 2pp. folio
34


1840 May 19

Dupuy, Father Enn(emond)
Iberville, (Louisiana)

To Father Aug(uste) Jeanjean
New Orleans, L(ouisia)na

John Baptist Bourgeois of St. James parish and Pauline Leblanc of Iberville, related in the 2nd degree, wish to marry and ask for a dispensation.

V-4-j A.L.S. (Latin) 2pp. 4to.
3


1840 May 20

Chanche, J.
New Iberia, (Louisiana)

to Father (Auguste) Jeanjean
New Orleans, (Louisiana)

Dr. Smith has requested Chanche to write this letter to remind Jeanjean of Bishop (Anthony Blanc)'s promise that there would always be a priest at New Iberia and so they could rent the pews with confidence. Father )Peter Francis) Beaupre(z) said from the pulpit on Low Sunday that a new priest was coming on May 3. The people are beginning to complain. Mrs. St. Marc, Mrs. Smith, and Mrs. le Chevalier who are the most influential people here also request Chanche to send their respects and ask Jeanjean to send a priest. Chanche sends his respects to Father Rousselon.

V-4-j A.L.S. (French) 3pp. 4to.
8


1840 May 21

Wood, James Frederick
Rome, Italy

to Bishop John Baptist Purcell
of Cincinnati, Ohio

Acknowledges Purcell's of January. Would have written sooner but was awaiting another letter about James McCallion. Archbishop Cadolini has determined to send him home in the company of Father (Patrick) Lynch, who is leaving Rome for Charleston. Cannot speak of the man's vocation although he has observed nothing contrary to it in McCallion's actions. Suggests that if Purcell substitute another for McCallion that he choose one older who has finished his rhetoric so as to stand the climate better. Wood has heard of his sisters marriage and of other people in Cincinnati. May 25th: - The Bavarian priest, Father Agostino, Penitentiary of St. John's, called this morning, but while willing to serve Purcell finds several difficulties in the way, which he proceeded to enumerate. However Father Agostino suggested that Wood see the Superior General of the Franciscans. May 30th: - Wood saw the Superior General who spoke of the difficulty he had experienced with the Bavarian Province over his sending Father (Louis Francis) Huber. He is willing to send Father Agostino if Purcell will get an order from the Propaganda ordering him to do so. Has received a letter from Father O'Mealy in which he sees that only religion can mitigate the plague of intemperance.

II-4-g A.L.S. 4pp. 8vo.
6


1840 May 25

Audizio, Father J(ohn B.)
Thibodeauxville, (Louisiana)

To Father (Bonaventure) Armengol, (C.M.)
Assumption, (Louisiana)

Audizio asks for a dispensation for Francois Thériot and Evaline Thériot.

V-4-j A.L.S. (French) 2pp. 12mo.
3


1840 May 27

Ladavière, (S.J.), Father A. P(ierre)
St. Michael, (Louisiana)

To Bishop (Anthony Blanc)
New Orleans, (Louisiana)

Ladavière had done his best to prepare the children for their first communion on Pentecost Sunday. When the children were assembled for their retreat he fell ill. He is up but scarcely knows what he is writing. Father (Bonaventure) Armengol, (C.M.) has come; he will replace him for a little.

V-4-j A.L.S. (French) 2pp. 4to.
2


1840 May 30

Amat, Father Thadée
Donaldsonville, (Louisiana)

To Father (Auguste) Jeanjean
New Orleans, L(ouisian)a

It is 9 days since he arrived at Amité River in the parish of Livingston for a little mission where he has been before. He knew that several had been married by the judge and wished to be married by the priest but whose poverty and shame kept them back. Amat explained that he did not ask for money, that it was not their fault they had not made their First Communion. Almost all wanted Amat to marry them the next time he came. He found that several marriages would not be valid because of impediments. They are: 1. Adam Lebel and Irene Berthelote married by the judge February 26, 1836; 2. Joseph Lambert and Cezaire Aidèle married for six months; 3. Zepherin Cambre and Elisida Mater married 14 months; 4. Francois Lebel and Marguerite Grégoire married 3 years; 5. Jean Lambert and Marguerite Guitrou married 3 years; 6. Nicolas Brignack and Delphine Aidéle, married for 2 years; 7. Louis Lebel and Magdeleine Lebel married for 17 years; 8. Jacques Vickner and Céleste Brignack married 9 years and finally, 9. Vincent Scivicque(?), widower of Eléanore Brignack married to his sister-in-law, Céleste Brignack for 4 years. There are others whom Amat cannot marry without dispensations and he asks Jeanjean to grant him the power to dispense as it is 14 leagues distant. They have just brought him a publication of banns for Antoine Falcon and Carmélite Falcon and asked him to write for the dispensation.

V-4-j A.L.S. (French) 4pp. 4to.
22


1840 May 31

Poursine, F.A.
New Orleans, (Louisiana)

To Bishop (Anthony) Blanc
(New Orleans, Louisiana)

Three receipts for postage paid: January 1, 1840 for $19.03; March 4, 1840 for $13.58 and June 1, 1840 for $17.62.

V-4-j A. Receipt S. (French) 3pp. 16mo.
1


1840 Jun 1

Nayler, Bey(?)
Louisville, (Kentucky)

To Bishop (Anthony Blanc
New Orleans, Louisiana)

Counting on (Blanc)'s continued kindness, Nayler recommends to him Mr. Jeanti(?) Rouzeau(?), a patient who has followed him here and whom (Blanc) met on board the Sultana. His health does not permit him to resume his occupation and Nayler asks (Blanc) to recommend him to those who can do something for him. They leave today for Baltimore going by way of Niagara Falls and New York. How happy they would be to meet (Blanc) on the way but fearing they will not he takes this occasion to thank (Blank) for all his kindnesses. P.S. The doctor is so busy he is obliged to use a secretary who profits by the occasion to present her respects. (P.S. signed): Caroline Nayler.

V-4-j L.S. (French) 2pp. 4to.
3


1840 Jun 2

Courrier de la Louisiane
New Orleans, (Louisiana)

To Bishop (Anthony) Blanc
(New Orleans, Louisiana)

Receipt for $6 for six months' subscription to the Courrier de la Louisiane. Signed for (J.C.) De St. Romes by (an indecipherable signature).

V-4-j Receipt S. (French) 2pp. 32mo.
2


1840 Jun 3

Gras, Jo(h)n L.
New Orleans, (Louisiana)

To Bishop (Anthony) Blanc
(New Orleans, Louisiana)

Receipted bill for $15 on the account of W.J. Walter.

V-4-j A. Receipt S. (French) 1p. 32mo.
2


1840 Jun 4

Fransonius, J., Cardinal Prefect
Urban College, Rome, Italy

to Bishop John Baptist Purcell
of Cincinnati, Ohio

James McCallion is forced to return to his own country because of ill health. He has given signs of piety and religion while in the college and Fransoni recommends him to Purcell's favor.

II-4-g L.S. 1p. 8vo. (Latin)
1


1840 Jun 4

McNair, J.R.
(New Orleans, Louisiana)

Receipt for $50 for wood sold to Father (Auguste) Jeanjean.

V--4-j A. Receipt S. 1p. 32mo.
1


1841 Jun 5

Jones, R.
(New Orleans, Louisiana)

To Bishop (Anthony) Blanc
(New Orleans, Louisiana)

The bill enclosed (no enclosure) was charged without certifying(?) it. The gentleman from whom he got it has left the city. This being Jones' only remaining note he asks Blanc to loan him $10 for a few days. He will remit it immediately on his arrival at Baton Rouge. P.S. He forgot to say that this $10 note is quite valueless.

V-4-1 A.L.S. 2pp. 4to.
1


1840 Jun 7

Francais, Father (N.)
Avoyelles, (Louisiana)

To Father (Auguste) Jeanjean
New Orleans, (Louisiana)

Francais received through Mr. Lafond the package Jeanjean sent; he will acquit the Mass intentions as soon as possible. When he goes to New Orleans he will change the altar stone. Today 24 made their First Communion. Almost the whole parish is on the verge of losing the harvest because of floods or drought. Francais does not know whether he will succeed in building a church; there are many at Mass every Sunday. Today Francais ratified a marriage and gave the dispensation from 2nd degree relationship for Francois Grémillon, son of Francois and of Eulalie Rabalais; and Eugenie Dufour, daughter of Valléry Dufour and Marie Rabalais. He asks another dispensation for Réné Rabalais, son of Martin Rabalais and Eloise Lemoine, daughter of Zénon Lemoine and Josephine Rabalais, related in the 2nd degree. He received a letter from Father (Edward) D'hauw two or three days ago.

V-4-j A.L.S. (French) 3pp. 4to.
13


1840 Jun 9

Dumartrait, A.
St. Martinville, (Louisiana)

to Father Aug(uste) Jeanjean
New Orleans, (Louisiana)

Dumartrait informed the trustees of the letter Jeanjean wrote in reply to a letter which Dumartrait sent to Bishop (Anthony Blanc). They regret (Blanc)'s absence as they thought he would replace Father (John Francis) Brasseur who left without letting the congregation know. They did not know that Brasseur was one of the priests who do not belong to the clergy of the diocese and that the Bishop could not retain him. In the 4 years and 2 months that Brasseur was pastor here, he had a respectable income; they had proposed other arrangements in place of his fees and he would have accepted them if he had stayed. They wish to have their pastor live honorably and independently; the trustees have passed a resolution fixing the annual stipends and other fees, as follows: 1. $1200 a year for the pastor, payable quarterly; 2. When the pastor is called to the country for a marriage, he is to have $20 for each ceremony, not including the fees for dispensations, etc. which go to the bishopric. 2(!) $10 for baptisms in the country or village. 3. $1 for each Mass said during the week in the church. All the casual fees for burials, anniversary services, marriages and baptisms in the church belong to the fabrique. The upkeep of the church will be furnished by the congregation; the presbytery will continue to be fittingly furnished at the expense of the fabrique. They will learn with great pleasure of the Bishop's return and that he will choose a priest for this church who by his experience and manners will win the esteem of his parishioners.

V-4-j A.L.S. (French) 4pp. 4to.
4


1840 Jun 13

Boué, Father L(ouis)
St. Michael, (Louisiana)

To Father A(uguste) Jeanjean
New Orleans, (Louisiana)

Théogène Caillouet and Marguerite Caillouet, children of 2 brothers, ask for a dispensation in order to marry. The girl's Father, Jean B(aptis)ti Caillouet, famous for his "high" deed against the convent, will likely take them to the judge to be married if the dispensation is refused.

V-4-j A.L.S. (French) 2pp. 4to.
4


1840 Jun 14

Baraga, (Father) Frederick
LaPointe, (Wisconsin)

To Father Vincent Badin
Detroit, Michigan

Father Baraga hopes that Father Badin has received his last letter (April 27, 1840) in which he specified the sums of money which were sent to him from Europe. He would also like to receive more news about the diocese and also a catalogue with all the Catholic clergy of the United States, as he wants to know the number of the priests and the state of the different dioceses. His own little mission is in good order it is already a little parish. He intends to build a new church next summer a bigger and more beautiful one. He has already begun to make plans.
III-2-g A.L.S. (French) 2pp.
2


1840 Jun 14

Evrard, Father J(osep)h
Baton rouge, (Louisiana)

To Bishop (Anthony) Blanc
New Orleans, L(ouisia)na

He delayed writing because he thought Blanc was not back from Baltimore. The reason Evrard did not go to the retreat is because he was not well. Nothing extraordinary at Baton Rouge. The pews brought $180 less than last year. He does not know how they will pay the bank what they owe; they do not even have the money for the interest. The Easter collection brought only $92; not enough to pay for the chalice which Evrard bought; it remains provisionally in his account. His church remains as it was but it is rich in linens, flowers, vases, and vestments. Blanc would be pleased with the new presbytery. It cost $900 of Evrard's money and $1800 given by the fabrique. Evrard is sending $40 for the Seminary fund. The new Association for the Propagation of the Faith does not bring much; he has formed only six groups(?). Nothing new at West Baton Rouge; he does not know when he can have the church plastered. Evrard gave Mr. Sullivan a copy of the donation of 100 arpents of land made to Bishop (William Louis) Dubourg by W(idow?) Comuyon(?); what is he to do with it?

V-4-j A.L.S. (French) 3pp. 4to.
6


1840 Jun 15

Schneider, C.
New Orleans, (Louisiana)

To Mr. Poursine
(New Orleans, Louisiana)

Receipted bill for $5.27 for 1 keg of lard.

V-4-j A. Receipt S. 1p. 12mo.
1


1840 Jun 16

Laborde, B.
New Orleans, (Louisiana)

Receipted bill for $50 for furniture for Mr. Aime.

V-4-j A. Receipt S. 1p. 16mo.
1


1840 Jun 16

Lefebvre, R.A. and Company
(New Orleans, Louisiana)

To James Kelly
(New Orleans, Louisiana)

Receipted bill for $32 for wine and corks. Signed by C. Thauveau.

V-4-j A. Receipt S. (French) 1p. 16mo.
2


1840 Jun 17

Haydon, Father G(eorge) W.
Richmond, (Texas)

To Bishop (Anthony) Blanc
New Orleans, (Louisiana)

Having just arrived from a tour of upwards of 800 miles, Haydon feels little disposed to write. Finding H. Reid on the eve of departure for Kentucky he forces himself to embrace the opportunity. He has been pretty well round Texas a second time and he thinks the prospects for Catholicity not unfavorable. All desire much Catholic schools. About 100 made their Easter Communion; there are many of every age to make their First Communion. He has baptized about 30 or 40 and married 4 or 5. The mission church of Refugio is now repaired; he intends to make it his nominal home. John Linn of Victoria is taking steps to reclaim the church of that place. There is a third in the act of building on the La Baca. They will progress rapidly is not molested by war. Father (Edward) Clarke has stood the last trip well. (P.S.) He would be glad to hear if anything is doing for Texas in the way of clergy; he would like to divide the long routes.

V-4-j A.L.S. 2pp. 4to.
7


1840 Jun 21

(Rosati), Joseph, Bishop of St. Louis
Paris, (France)

To Father John Timon, (C.M.)
St. Mary's Seminary, Missouri

How happy (Rosati) is to be among their brethren here. They left New York on the 1st and on the 17th arrived at Portsmouth after a most agreeable passage. The passage cost him only $100. At Portsmouth they saw the modest church and its pastor, Father Walsh. At Havre on Corpus Christi (Rosati) assisted at First Communion; Bishop (Michael) Portier officiated. The pastor has not forgotten Timon. On the 19th they left Havre for Paris. He and Father (Joseph A.) Lutz went to their House in Sevres Street. The Superior General was absent and (Rosati) asked for Father (Pasquale) Fiorillo. How wonderful it is to be a (Vincentian). Fiorillo, Etienne, Le Go and all the rest are so obliging. The superior General (Father Jean-Baptiste Nozo, C.M.) is all he was described to be. (Rosati) officiated at the Procession of the Blessed Sacrament in the Community of Sisters. He has been visited by Mr. Choiselat-Gallien who is much pleased with the Association of the Propagation of the Faith in (Rosati)'s diocese; they wish him to continue in the North of France the tour made by Bishop (Benedict Joseph) Flaget in the South. But (Rosati) must go first to Rome. He has seen Father (Hercule) Brassac and Father (Ignatius A.) Reynolds; the latter will leave France for the United States with some Ladies of the Sacred Heart on the 8th or 16th of next month. Timon is to write to (Rosati) at Rome and give news of the Congregation and of Texas. Four of their brethren from Piedmont are expected here shortly and after six weeks will leave for America. (Rosati) will go to Rome by Turin. Lutz is tolerably well; Bishop (Richard Pius) Miles probably will go to Flanders before he goes to Rome. P.S. They wish here a good view of the Seminary and church at the Barrens, of the churches of the Cape, St. Genevieve, and Old Mines. They think Timon ought not to sell to disadvantage any property in order to get out of embarrassment. They will send some assistance.

V-4-j A.L.S. 4pp. 4to.
13


1840 Jun 22

Caussou, Pierre
(Donaldsonville, Louisiana)

Caussou agrees to train as a cigar-maker, the orphans which the asylum gives him and to teach them and make them practice the Christian virtues. His wife promises to give them necessary instructions and both agree to treat them like their own children. On attaining majority they will have the preference for working in their establishment. Signed also by Honoring Caussou.
On the same paper:

The inhabitants of the 1st District of Ascension Parish certify that Honoring Caussou is of irreproachable character. (These signatures follow): Joseph N. Dugas, Colin Babin, V.A. Lentinssebois(?), Auguste H. Landry, Joseph Leblanc, Edmond Bujol, B(aptis)te Gaudin, Narcisse Landry, Joseph Blanchard, E(d)mond Duffel, Jr., Valery Blanchard, Adlard Landry, Albert Duffel, Edmond Duffel, judge of the parish, certifies on June 25 that the above signatures are authentic.

V-4-j D.S. (French) 1p. Folio
16


1840 Jun 22

Hèrisson
Mobile, (Alabama)

To Bishop (Anthony) de(!) Blanc
New Orleans, (Louisiana)

Hèrisson informs Blanc of his residence and expresses his thanks for his kindnesses. He is waiting for letters and a trunk from France and a box from Assumption. He will repay Blanc promptly for the expense of sending them on to him. Hèrisson has not yet written to his parents but he will do so as soon as he received Blanc's reply. He is situated 3 leagues from Mobile where he has taken a preemption on 160 arpents. He works at farming for an American who gives him 12 piastres a month and whose address is James Washincton(!) Stewart, blacksmith.

V-4-j A.L.S. (French) 4pp. 4to.
2


1840 Jun 24

Dumartrait, A.
St. Martinville, (Louisiana)

To Bishop A(nthony) Blanc
New Orleans, (Louisiana)

They hope to hear that Blanc has had a good trip and that on his return he will take under consideration the letters Dumartrait has written to him and to the vicar-general, Father (Auguste) Jeanjean. Six weeks have gone by without a priest to replace Father (John Francis) Brasseur who left suddenly. Some persons have heard that Blanc is getting ready to send them Father Molly (Father Bernard Permoli?). Dumartrait has already told Jeanjean that the pastor would receive $1200 a year which together with fees would amount to 16 to 18 piastres.

V-4-j A.L.S. (French) 3pp. 4to.
4


1840 Jun 24

L(ynch) A(nne) C.
Providence, (Rhode Island)

To O(restes) A. Brownson
Boston, Mass(achusetts)

She received a letter from his coadjutor. Since there was no P.S. she concludes that it was written without Brownson's knowledge. She says that he has more of the "Universal Soul," more of the god in him than Brownson. However, he is to be watched since he goes for Privilege and Monopoly. He tried to prove in his last letter that what people call Reality is only illusion; and that dreaming is the true existence. She says she felt a wicked satisfaction in being assured that Brownson had been disappointed at the P(ost) O(ffice) so many times. She is vexed that he asserts with such nonchalance that she must be very happy, when she has told him repeatedly that her whole life has been miserable. She is inclined to accept his new theory of waking and dreaming. She thinks something must be wrong with the way affairs are managed in the world. We seem to be created for happiness, yet happiness comes to us as more of an accident. She is leaving for Albany, but hopes to hear from Brownson before she leaves.

I-3-e A.L.S. 3pp. 8vo.
1


1840 Jun 26

McFarland, J(ohn) A.
Tiffin, O(hio)

To Francis P. McFarland
Emmit(t)sburg, M(arylan)d

He writes to tell his brother that he has just returned from Cherokee where their parents and brothers are well, except James who is recovering. They stood the trip to Cherokee well. Josiah was talking about getting into a drugstore. He also visited those at Kendall where William has about 40 acres cleared. He also visited Upper Sandusky where the Wyandotts have their headquarters. They receive about $18,000 annually from the government and there were 25 or 30 merchants on the ground. Most of the Indians are Harrison men. He passed through the battle ground where a party of Americans under Crawford were defeated in 1782. On the 11th he was at Perrysburg where the Whigs celebrated the victory of Fort Meigs of 1813. General (William Henry) Harrison was there. It is estimated that there were 35,000 there. He also saw the battleground where young Croughan fought. They expect a visit from Bishop (John Baptist) Purcell in a few days as he is making a tour of the diocese. The health of the county is generally good. P.S. It is two or three weeks since he has heard from Francis.

I-1-a A.L.S. 3pp. 4to.
3


1840 Jun 27

McKay, J.A.
New Orleans, (Louisiana)

To Bishop Anthony Blanc
(New Orleans, Louisiana)

As secretary of "the New Orleans Catholic Association for the relief of male Orphans" McKay communicated a resolultion of the Board of Directors passed on the 24th: On motion of Mr. Helsard it was resolved that no child shall be received who is not a real orphan except the case is very urgent and the Bishop is asked not to send any child who has a surviving parent.

V-4-j A.L.S. 2pp. 4to.
3


1840 Jun 27

Pavageau, A(imé)
N(ew) O(rleans, Louisiana)

To Bishop (Anthony Blanc
New Orleans, Louisiana)

Two receipted bills for work done; one for $19.50 dated March 25, 1840 and one for $23.12 dated June 27.

V-4-j A. Receipt S. (French) 2pp. 8vo.
1


1840 Jul

Abbadie, (S.J.), Father F(rancis), St. Charles College,
(Grand Coteau, Louisiana)

to Bishop Ant(hony) Blanc
New Orleans, (Louisiana)

This is the least of the trials their little college has suffered but Abbadie hopes that God who used Father (Nicholas) Point, (S.J.) to begin the work, will not delay in sending a replacement to continue it. So far they have had no sickness among their students. They are beginning to prepare for the exercises for the end of the year which will be September 15, They want Blanc to be there. Abbadie asks Blanc to tell Father (Auguste) Jeanjean to come to see them.

V-4-k A.L.S. (French) 2pp. 4to.
4


1840 Jul 2

Poissonié, C.

Bordeaux, (France)

Poissonnié, captain of Le Cardinal de Cheverus received from Messrs.(?) Huguenin, one box of French books for Mr. Rousselon(Father Stephen Rousselon); freight $1.

V-4-k Bill of Lading S. (French) 1p. 4to.
1


1840 Jul 3

L(ynch) A(nne) C.
Albany, (New York)

To O(restes) A. Brownson
Boston, Mass(achusetts)

She did not suppose that he was under any pique when he wrote her. She thinks it outrageous that he should call her ungenerous, and thinks it demands a challenge to prove it. She asks Brownson to suspend his judgment of her rather than form an unfavorable one. She received his letter of the 28th yesterday but will be unable to answer it now until she gets back to P(rovidence). Quarreling by letter is bad work, and she must lay up her grievances until she sees him again. From the tone of Brownson's letter she fears he is going to cut her as a friend, and she hopes he will give her some premonitory symptoms so she can remonstrate.

I-3-e A.L.S. 3pp. 8vo.
1


1840 Jul 4

Brownson, Orestes A.

"Oration before the Democracy of Worcester and Vicinity."

I-5-m Magnaprint of Printed Document 39pp. 8vo.
0


1840 Jul 6

Marsh, Catherine A.
Smithdale, Mississippi

to Bishop Anthony (Blanc) Blain(!)
New Orleans, Louisiana

Marsh writes about the letter she left at the parsonage for Blanc from Father (John) Barry of Augusta two years ago. It was about her daughter who is an orphan. Her stepfather is poor and has made her work in the field as she is the oldest. She will be eleven this month. There are $700 in the Commissioner's office of the Court of Equity of South carolina from her Father's estate. Her Father's greatest dread was that Marsh would not bring her up in the Cathollic religion and unless Blanc takes the child under his charge she will not as they live in the backwoods. If she could learn to teach school or learn millinery she could help Marsh support the other two children as her husband is old and infirm.

V-4-k A.L.S. 3pp. 4to.
2


1840 Jul 7

White, Father Charles I.
Baltimore, (Maryland)

To Bishop A(nthony) Blanc
New Orleans, Louisiana

A printed list for particulars of the diocese for publication in the United States Catholic Directory.

V-4-k Printed L.S. 2pp. 4to.
1


1840 Jul 8

Campbell, Timothy
Baltimore, (Maryland)

Campbell received of Fielding Lucas, Jr. on board athe Brig Pilgrim, one box of books to deliver to Bishop (Anthony) Blanc; freight and primage, $1.06.

V-4-k Bill of Lading S. 2pp. 16mo.
2


1840 Jul 8

Wright(?)
St. Martinville, (Louisiana)

Arabiane(?) Steamboat, Captain Cook, received from P. Vasseur a box marked (Father Auguste) Jeanjean to be delivered.

V-4-k Receipt S. (French) 1p. 16mo.
2


1840 Jul 9

Armengol, (C.M.), Father B(onaventure)
Assumption, (Louisiana)

To Bishop Ant(hony) Blanc
New Orleans, (Louisiana)

Armengol is sending the list Blanc asked for.Father (Joseph) Giustiniani, (C.M.) Is to go to Natchitoches as Superior. Father (R.) Pascual, (C.M.) is to go there also. Armengol has withdrawn Father (P.J.) Doutreluinge, (C.M.) who is a saint but severe in doctrine. Armengol asks Blanc to give Giustiniani the special faculties he needs in his mission.

V-4-k A.L.S. (French) 2pp. 4to.
4


1840 Jul 11

Abel, F.J.
New Orleans, (Louisiana)

Received from James Kelly one box to be delivered at Assumption Seminary. Signed by clerk W.H.J. Armstrong.

V-4-k A. Receipt S. 1p. 16mo.
2


1840 Jul 11

Martin, Father (John)
Pointe Coupee, (Louisiana)

to Bishop Anthony Blanc
New Orleans, (Louisiana)

There is talk of building a chapel on the island of Fausse Riviere opposite the house of Benj(amin) Poydras. Omeone is offering an arpent of land. To avoid difficulties this donation or sale should be made to the bishop and this land should serve only for a chapel and school. Martin asks for a fomulary in order to know how this should be done. It should not be sold unless the Cathollic religion is going to be lost and in that case should be transferred to another place. (P.S.)Sickness is beginning at Pointe Coupee.

V-4-k A.L.S. (French) 3pp. 4to.
3


1840 Jul 12

L(ynch), Anne C.
Providence, (Rhode Island)

To O(restes) A. Brownson
Boston, Massachusetts

She is returned from Albany after a fairly pleasant trip. But she wonders why men can't be better or worse than they are? Being between the two leaves her always in doubt where to find people. It is her turn to make a confession, she was offended because he was offended, and piqued because he was piqued. She received the "Quarterly" and the "Dial." She is not pleased that the next number of the "Quarterly" will mark the close of its career. It is the most widely read periodical in the reading room at Philadelphia. She believes that her visit to him has laid the corner stone of a lasting friendship between them in this world -- and in eternity.

I-3-e A.L.S. 3pp. 8vo.
1


1840 Jul 14

Montgomery, O.P., Father Charles P., St. Joseph's
Somerset, Ohio

to Bishop John Baptist Purcell
of Cincinnati, Ohio

Received Purcell's letter by Father (John G.) Alliman. Montgomery deplores the condition of Father Alliman, but feels thaqt he had done all he can to reclaim him. It was painful that he was exposed in Chillicothe but the Dominicans thought that better than that he should commit sacrileges. Alliman claimed faculties because he retained his printed faculties when he knew this was not so, and since he had stolen back these printed faculties. He had been sent to St. Rose, (Kentucky) but ran away. Montgomery tries to save him but when about to restore him Alliman broke out again and Montgomery ordered him to St. Rose again. He ran away from St. Rose again. Montgomery has begged Bishop Miles to obtain his secularization. As to the Canton property the Dominicans made out the deed to Purcell.

II-4-g A.L.S. 3pp. 8vo.
6


1840 Jul 14

Odin, C.M., Father J(ohn) M(ary)
Lynnville, (Texas)

to Bishop A(nthony) Blanc
New Orleans, L(ouisian)a

Six days after leaving New Orleans they sighted Texas and made the difficult passage of Cavallo. Sunday night they cast anchor opposite Lynnville. Their numerous companions were mostly Catholics, the Protestants also treated them very kindly. At Lynnville Odin met a merchant from Missouri whom he had known a long time and an Irish Cathollic who has been living there for several months. They say there are several Cathollic families at Victoria and a small Mexican establishment 18 miles from here. Odin is going to leave Father (Eudald) Estany, (C.M.) here and go on with the others to San Antonio. The route is exposed to Indian raids but they will join a large company of merchants and vehicles. Father (Edward) Clarke and (George) Haydon have already visited a good part of the country and were at Victoria not long ago. Odin is sorry he could not pay his respects to Blanc when he heard of his near arrival. Odin sends regards to Fathers Jeanjean, Rousselon, Manhaut, Soleri and Faure.

V-4-k A.L.S. (French) 3pp. 4to.
5


1840 Jul 15

Bach, Father Ferdinand Dominic
St. Louis, (Missouri)

To Bishop (Anthony) Blanc
New Orleans, Louisiana

Bach is for the moment acting as secretary for Bishop (Charles Forbin) de Janson. Janson wants to know how Blanc is since his return; whether his group has been sick; whether Father (Matthew B. Anduze, C.M.) is still at the Cathedral at Father (Louis) Moni's house, and especially how are the Dames (de la Providence). Since leaving Blanc they saw Bishops (Joseph) Rosati, (Michael) Portier, and (Richard Pius) Miles off to Europe on June 1. The same day Bishops (John Baptist) Purcell, (Matthias) Loras, (Celestin) De Helandière, de Janson, Father (Stephen Theodore) Badin, and Bach left for Niagara Falls. From there across Lake Erie, leaving Purcell, they stayed 8 days in Detroit. They continued by way of Lake St. Clair and Lake Huron and left Loras in Mackinac and went by Lake Michigan to Chicago where they left de la Hailandière in very bad trouble. Going across Illinois they went down the Mississippi to Dubuque, then to Prairie du Chien and even to Lake St. Croix and the Mississippi Falls. Finally they went down to St. Louis where they arrived 4 days ago. Father (John) Timon took de Janson to the Barrens where he may be for a week. Bach has asked Father (Constantine) Maenhaut to send all mail to St. Louis. If a letter has come from France Bach asks Father (Auguste) Jeanjean to address it to Cincinnati where they will spend some time after leaving Vincennes where they will go from St. Louis. Janson was sea sick on Lake Erie! They are to be in Montreal for the Assumption and to spend almost a month there. Bach does not believe Janson will spend another winter in America. Bach hopes to see Blanc at the beginning of October on his way to Spring Hill to begin his study of (English?, ms. torn). Regards to Jeanjean, Mony, Maenhaut, Rousselon, etc.

V-4-k A.L.S. (French) 4pp. 4to.
15


1840 Jul 16

Barran, Father
Paris, (France)

To Bishop (Anthony Blanc
New Orleans, Louisiana)

Barran takes advantage of one of his friends going to New Orleans. Last year Barran expressed his regrets at the results of the trip of that young man sent on the recommendations of Sister Rosalie. If Barran can repay the costs which this change of vocations caused (Blanc)'s diocese he would feel less pain about it; he would be glad to carry out any commissions for (Blanc's) diocese. Mr. Ducos(?) who will present this letter is a compatriot of Mr. Dufilho; his sister is a Daughter of Charity of St. Vincent who sends her respects.

V-4-k A.L.S. (French) 4pp. 8vo.
3


1840 Jul 16

Lefebvre, R.A., and Company
New Orleans, (Louisiana)

To (James) Kelly
( )

Receipted bill for $5 for wine; signed by C. Thauveau.

V-4-k A. Receipt S. (French) 1p. 16mo.
2


1840 Jul 19

L(ynch) A(nne) C.
Providence, (Rhode Island)

To O(restes) A. Brownson
Boston, Mass(achusetts)

She read Brownson's article and thinks that there can be but one opinion as to the ability shown in it. His style is concentrated, sparkling, and cutting when there is occasion for it. None compares with it. She likes his ideas for a correspondence, and has no intention of expostulation, or advice, however, she never gives nor takes. She still wishes to talk the subject over with him. Who knows, he may convert her. They intend (her mother and herself) to be in Chelsea early next week. She pleads guilty to not answering his last letter, but she was ill. She'll bring it to him, though, and answer it word for word.

I-3-e A.L.S. 2pp. 8vo.
1


1840 Jul 20

Elliot, W(illia)m St. John
Devereux (?Louisiana?)

to Bishop (Anthony) Blanc
New Orleans, L(ouisian)a

Believing they will be able to commence their church sometime in November, they beg Blanc's attendance at the laying of the cornerstone either in November or December. Elliot intends to rear a Gothic church for about $30,000. He is sure a they can raise 10 to $15,000 this Winter and hopes Blanc will see that they obtain at least $5000 more from the Associations of France and Vienna. This is a very poor congregation. They were disappointed last month as they had hoped to have Blanc's company and advice.

V-4-k A.L.S. 3pp. 4to.
2


1840 Jul 20

Lynch, Anne C.
Providence, (Rhode Island)

To O(restes) A. Brownson
Boston, Mass(achusetts)

She calls it the unforgivable sin, that Brownson should intimate that she doesn't sympathize with the free spirit that dares say boldly what it believes true and right. She has merely withheld her congratulations when she saw him enter the arena against such fearful odds restricting it. She is disappointed that Brownson will be absent and unable to visit her and her mother at Commencement. She would like to accept his invitation to visit Brownson, but she was on the point of going to the sea shore with her mother for the latter's health, when she received his letter. She thinks, then, it will be impossible to comply, unless they go by way of Chelsea and stop off with him. She is anxious to see him again and she has some propositions to suggest whereon they will have a most wordy encounter.

I-3-e A.L.S. 3pp. 8vo.
1


184- Jul 20

McFarland, J(ohn) A.
Kendall, (Ohio)

To F(rancis) P. McFarland, Mt. St. Mary's
Emmittsburgh, M(arylan)d

He sends him a verse, 24 lines on"Woman's Voice" and asks that the scribbling be excused. (P.S.) This morning three prisoners escaped from their jail; one for murder, two for larceny. None were tried yet. They pried up logs that formed the floor above them.

I-l-a A.L.S. 2pp. 4to.
1


1840 Jul 20

Propaganda Fide, Sacra Congregatio de, by L. Archbishop Ephesus, Apostolic Nuncio
Vienna, Austria

to Bishop John Baptist Purcell
of Cincinnati, Ohio

Through Mr. Schwarz, United States Counsul, he has transmitted to Purcell292.30 florens for the fruits of the Joffroy foundation of 5850 florens for educating priests. This is to be divided between the dioceses of Cincinnati and Detroit according to the decree of the Sacred Congregation of December 29, 1834.

II-4-g L.S. 2pp. 8vo. (Latin)
5


1840 Jul 21

Young, Father Joshue M.
Lancaster, Ohio

to Bishop John Baptist Purcell
of Cincinnati, Ohio

Pleads with Purcell to aid Lancaster as he has aided Cleveland and Liverpool. Expects Purcell to visit them about September 1, to dedicate the church and then they expect him to tarry awhile and get aquainted. At the present time Young has pressing need of $1000 for which Mr. Garaghty as one of the Building commission has let himself become indebted. The good man would sell his property to make good the sum but in the times he cannot sell. Young urges the Bishop to help him, assuring the payments of the obligations in two or three years of renewed prosperity. Young has assumed the finishing of the church at the cost of $500. Has received aid from Mrs. Becher. There are other demands for another $1000. Has raised a subscription of $1200 for a church in Logan which he expects to start in the Fall. Visited Newark to buy a church but found an agreement with the "new lights" in the way. The church was offered for $402. Visited Columbus July 5, finding people three months without religion. Goes again Friday and expects to meet Father (Henry D.) Juncker there. Young was absent when Purcell passed through Lancaster. He was visiting Father (John) Lamy where he was able to help 30 or 40 German families under his charge who lived in Holmes County. These people expect a visit from Purcell, as they hope to erect a church. Had not seen a priest who spoke German for years. Asks permission to dispense from impediment of disparitas cultus. Desires to use the dispensation when special application is impracticable.

II-4-g A.L.S. 3pp. 8vo.
8


1840 Jul 22

Armengol, (C.M.), Father B(onaventure)
Assumption, (Louisiana)

To Bishop Ant(hony) Blanc
New Orleans, (Louisiana)

The answers to Blanc's questions in his letter of July 18 are: 1. At Paincourtville there is a chapel of St. Elizabeth which they attend regularly; a house where they go every two weeks; another they visit four times a year and seven more they visit almost four times. There is also another place they visit sometime and where they will soon build a chapel. 2. Paincourtville is the nearest post office. 3. There are about one thousand Catholics. 4. There are about 200 baptisms, 70 burials, and 40 marriages a year.

V-4-k A.L.S. (French) 2pp. 4to.
2


1840 Jul 24

Lynch, Anne C.
Providence, (Rhode Island)

To O(restes) A. Brownson
Boston, Mass(achusetts)

Brownson seems to have misunderstood her last letter, and lest he still is in the dark she is sending him a commentary in plain English. She says that while she liked the style of his article on the laboring classes she felt pain because his stand would draw upon himself the whole force of the opposition and perhaps even a defeat. She likes a balance of power; she says it is not noble to be a martyr when they can accomplish the same end by other means. Martyrdom is the last resort and there are other means he has not tried. She hopes this elucidation of her last letter will leave him better pleased. She tells Brownson about the little literary society she has there in Providence. Mr. Pabodie gave a critique on the "Dial" which she will send Brownson if it is published. She and her mother will not be able to leave home until the latter part of next week or the week after. They will come directly to Chelsea.

I-3-e A.L.S. 3pp. 8vo.
1


1840 Jul 24

Timon, (C.M.), Father John
St. Mary's Seminary, M(issour)i

to Bishop A(nthony) Blanc
New Orleans, L(oouisian)a

Timon is grieved at Blanc's embarrassment; also that in a harvest so plentiful the labourers should be so few. The letter is so important that it would be rash to decide hastily. He asks Blanc to write to the superior General and explain his views on St. Michael's it might induce him to send one or two French priests of their Congregation (Vincentians). Also for Blanc to make an arrangement pro tem with Father (Bonaventure) Armengol, (C.M.) until Timon comes down in the fall. Their institution and duties require them to have the good will of the clergy; would not the acceptance of such a post give displeasure to them and leave the (Vincentians) liable to the suspicion of ambitious views? Timon would much rather detach the same two who may possibly fill this post, to go on the Ouachita or through other abandoned districts than to leave them in the richest parish of Blanc's diocese. Timon forwards a letter for Father (John) Odin, (C.M.). He thinks it will find Odin at San Antonio de Bexar but if Father (Auguste) Jeanjean knows better he may fill out the address.

V-4-k A.L.S. 3pp. 4to.
6


1840 Jul 25

Beauprez, Father P(eter) F(rancis)
Vermillionville, (Louisiana)

to Bishop Ant(hony) Blanc
New Orleans, (Louisiana)

In answer to Blanc's circular of July 18, these are the stations in La Fayette parish:
1. Cote Gelee (attended) once a month; 2. One in the offing of Cote Gelee the abandoned Valgo wharf once a month; 3. Perry's Bridgetown(?) 8 times a year; here they are about to build a chapel; 4. Carencrow, once every two months; 5. Bayou Queue Tortue six times a year; 6. One at Mentou River, 3 times a year; 7. One below the Bayou, once every two months.

The nearest post office is Vermillionville Attakapas, L(ouisian)a. Therre are about 6000 Catholics of which 4000 are white and 2000 colored or slaves. There are about 400 baptisms, 80 burials and 35 to 40 marriages.

V-4-k A.L.S. (French) 3pp. 8vo.
10


1840 Jul 25

Iasigi, J.
Boston, (Massachusetts)

To Bishop A(nthony) Blanc
New Orleans, Louis(ian)a

Iasigi received Blanc's letter of January 23. Today he received a procuration from the Archbishop of Armenian Catholics of Constantinople authorizing Iasigi to claim all money and goods of the late Father Isaac Aaron. Iasigi asks that Father (Stephen) Rousselon send him the 500 piastres Aaron left with him on leaving for Mexico; also his trunk. Iasigi encloses a letter from Bishop Benedict Fenwick to whom he showed the documents from Constantinople.
A.L.S. (French)
Enclosure:
1840 Jul 25

(Fenwick), Bishop Benedict
Boston, (Massachusetts)

To Bishop A(nthony) Blanc
New Orleans, L(ouisian)a

Mr. Iasigi, a respectable merchant of Boston has been appointed procureur in relation to the affairs of Father Isaac, Armenian priest. The document is unquestionably in due form so Blanc may have no doubt as to the propriety of committing to Iasigi whatever belongs to Isaac.
A.L.S.

V-4-K A.L.S. (French and English) 5pp. 4to.
4


1840 Jul 26

Barry, Father John
Augusta, G(eorgi)a

to Bishop (Anthony) Blanc
New Orleans, L(ouisiana)

Barry received Blanc's letter of the 24th. The lady of whom Blanc inquires is a good Cathollic, a convert and native of England. She had been a member of Barry's congregation for several years and on her departure for Mississippi he wrote a letter of introduction to Blanc. This is no doubt the letter to which Mrs. Marsh alludes. Barry would like to visit Blanc but he would easier obtain leave of absence to visit any other part of the world than where his brothers reside.

V-4-k A.L.S. 2pp. 4to.
2


1840 Jul 27

Bazin, Father J(ohn Stephen)
Spring-Hill, (Alabama)

to Bishop A(nthony) Blanc
New Orleans, Louisiana

Bazin will take the 25 copies of the Cathollic Family Library if Blanc can give him credit for two months. Bazin finds new debts on all sides which Bishop (Michael) Portier never told him about and no receipts to pay them. He thinks Portier played the Yankee in order not to discourage Bazin. They know nothing exact about Father (Francis) Martinet. Bazin received a letter addressed to the Bishop written partly at sea and partly at Nantes; his health seems to be the same. The college owes Martinet more than $400 but Bazin fears Portier made no arrangements about it. What has become of Father (Ferdinand Dominic) Bach; they have several letters for him. Blanc is to console himself; they also are in a miserable situation. They are only 8 priests for two immense states. P.S. At the moment of sealing this a letter arrived from Mobile from their bishop. It is dated June 26, London. The bishop leaves on the 29th for Lyon by the end of August. He announces that the Grand Duke (Louis) Rossat was named Bishop of Gap. Also the bishop said he would pay all the accounts and especially Martinet's.

V-4-k A.L.S. (French) 4pp. 4to.
6


1840 Jul 28

Blanc, Bishop Ant(hony)
New Orleans, (Louisiana)

Blanc, Father Aug(uste) Jeanjean, and Father Etienne Rousselon having received from Father Louis Boue before their departure for France, the sum of 3000 piastres with the duty of paying Boue an annuity of 300 piastres during his lifetime and the privilege of buying back this annuity when convenient, except for 4% of the annuity already paid, pass this act before Philippe Lacoste, public notary. Blanc, Jeanjean and Rousselon sign.

V-4-k A.D.S. (French) 1p. 4to.
4


1840 Jul 28

De Theux, (S.J.), Father (Theodore)
Grand Coteau, (Louisiana)

to Bishop (Anthony) Blanc
New Orleans, L(ouisian)a

In answer to Blanc's questions of July 18: there is no chapel in this parish nor house where they say Mass regularly. De Theux will tell Blanc more when he visits them. (The nearest post office) is St. Charles, Grand Coteau. There are about 5 or 6000 Catholics; about 300 baptisms, 100 burials, and 30 marriages.

V-4-k A.L.S. (French) 2pp. 4to.
2


1840 Jul 28

Dumartrait, A.
St. Martinville, (Louisiana)

to Bishop A(nthony) Blanc
New Orleans, (Louisiana)

On his return from Opelousas, Dumartrait found Blanc's letter of the 7th. The trustees met yesterday and Dumartrait sends Blanc a copy of their deliberations. They have been without services for almost three months and the season of sickness is drawing near. They also have the young to prepare for Communion and especially at the young ladies' boarding school run by a Catholic lady, Mrs. Berault where several had been prepared before Father (John F.) Brasseur's departure. In the four years that Brasseur was pastor they found he had 151 marriages from April 9, 1836 to January 1, 1840 and 16 marriages up to May 9 which adds up to $365; baptisms outside the church amounted to about 100 to 150 piastres. So the pastor with $1200 salary would receive about $1800. In regard to the reasons this congregation gave about Father (Charles Henry Boutelou de) St. Auxin, it is not possible to destroy the prejudice against him for the present.

A.L.S. (French)

Enclosure:

--------
1840 Jul 27

Dumartrait, A.
Secretary of the Congregation

Extract from the minutes: The trustees, Messrs. Desparut Deblanc, president; Ed. Simon, Ch(arle)s Fayot, Ch(arle)s Olivier Duclozel, Zephrin Beressod, George P. Briant and Dumartrait met and passed the following resolutions: That they would not recommend St. Aubin because of the unfavorable prejudice against him while he lived at Attakapas; that they could assure their pastor of a fitting living. The pastor would receive 1200 piastres a year; he would have all fees from marriages and baptisms; 5 piastres for a marriage in the church, 10 for one away from the church; for baptisms away from the church 5 piastres. For baptisms in the church and services to the sick without fee.
A.D.S. (French)

V-4-k A.L.S., A.D.S. (French) 6pp. 4to.
5


1840 Jul 29

Amat, C.M., Father Thaddee
Donaldsonville, (Louisiana)

to Bishop Ant(hony) Blanc
New Orleans, L(ouisian)a

Beside the church in which they regularly officiate there is a chapel and a house where they officiate once a month and three other posts where they go when called. The nearest post office is Donaldson. He estimates the number of Catholics at 6000. There are about 330 baptisms, of which 170 are whites, and 160 Negroes; 112 burials - 50 Negroes and 62 whites; and 25 marriages a year.

V-4-k A.L.S. (French) 2pp. 8vo.
2


91840) Jul 29

Monnet, Superior General, Seminaire du Saint Esprit
Paris, France

to Bishop John Baptist Purcell
of Cincinnati, Ohio

Has sent to Purcell two clerics, one a zealous Priest and the other a theological student sent to him by the Bishop of Strasbourg. Purcell is to address M. Choiselat who will remit the money for their expenses for the trip.(Note in Purcell's handwriting says these were Father Henry Herzog and Mr. Arnold)

II-4-g A.L.S. 1p. 12mo. (French)
4


1840 Jul 30

Lacy(?), Tho(ma)s J.
Little Rock, (Arkansas)

To Bishop (Anthony) B(l)anc
New Orleans, (Louisiana)

Lacy writes at the request of Mrs. Erby. She and her friends have used every exertion to procure her a situation as a teacher. Their state holds as yet little encouragement for teachers. Mrs. Erby's conduct is every way commendable. Lacy is one of the supreme judges in the state.

V-4-k A.L.S. 2pp. 4to.
2


1840 Jul 30

Verhaegen, S.J., Father P(eter) J.
St. Louis, (Missouri)

To Bishop A(nthony) Blanc
New Orleans, L(ouisian)a

He received today Blanc's letter of July 5 and the accompanying piece. He will do as much as possible to procure the sum; he will present it to (John) Mullanphy and when the affair is finished he will return the document. He has just learned that a certain married man from their town has left for New Orleans with the intention of forcing a sister to leave the Ursuline convent. She was Rosine Bradshaw, her family name being Hebert. Perhaps this widow entered the Sisters of Charity. Verhaegen has not received any news of Bishop (Joseph) Rosati since his arrival in Europe. Bishop (Charles) Forbin de Janson and Father (Ferdinand Dominic) Bach spent two weeks in their diocese. The bishop visited the Barrens, Cape Giradeau, Kaskias, Ste. Genevieve, Cahos, Videpoche, Florissant and St. Charles. They left a week ago for Vincennes, from where they will go to Bardstown and finally to Canada. They are well; regards to Father Jeanjean, Rousselon, Maenhaut, etc.

V-4-k A.L.S. (French) 2pp. 4to.
7


1840 Jul 31

Brogard, Father J(oseph) N.
Natchez, (Mississipppi)

to Bishop Ant(hony) Blanc
New Orleans, L(ouisiana)

Blanc has no doubt been informed of their resolution to begin the building of their cathedral. (William St. John) Elliot said he was going to write Blanc. Brogard told the trustees about the letter from Austria; Brogard is sure that Blanc did not promise the sum mentioned in it but knows that any conditions suggested by him wold not cause the least dissatisfaction. For what could keep the trustees from changing their church, even the day following the consecration, into a Free Mason lodge or a dance hall? Blanc knows only too well how experience seems to justify such steps. Blanc's plan is lost; Brogard has another. (Page two of the letter shows a plan of the church to be built at a cost of $32,000). There is no more talk of yellow fever, but biliousness takes its victims.

V-4-k A.L.S. (French) 4pp. 4to.
3


1840 Aug 3

O'Reily, Father M.D.
V(icks)burg, Missi(ssippi)

To Bishop (Anthony) Blanc
New Orleans, L(ouisian)a

O'Reily is mortified and disappointed by Blanc's not having held the visitation here. He made a statement of his pecuniary difficulties in his letter of July 9 but Blanc makes no mention of it in his of the 27thwhich came today. If Blanc cannot get any money from Father (John Stephen) Bazin, O'Reily begs him to forward $250. He has to pay $175 house rent by September 1. He had to pay nearly $200 besides the sum he advanced to make up the $2000 for the necessary alterations to their new building. He is unable to travel because of his very feeble health. On May 7 he returned from Yazoo city and had to remain on board as the creek was impossible. His sickness and a storm prevented his going to the stations in Louisiana of which Father (John) Timon made mention. O'Reily knows that a school could not be made up here at the present. The Episcopal clergyman failed last spring to make up a school. The Methodists control everything and the Baptists are making efforts to supplant them. According to Blanc's report the see of Natches will shortly be filled and this district will pass into other hands than Blanc's. O'Reily had reason to hope that his services would be acceptable in Blanc's diocese.

V-4-k A.L.S. 4pp. 4to.
5


1840 Aug 4

Armengol, (C.M.), Father B(onaventure)
Assumption, (Louisiana)

to Bishop Ant(hony) Blanc
New Orleans, (Louisiana)

Someone told him that Blanc had written about Mr. (Robert) Doogan and Mr. (Victor Jounneault) Joinnant but Armengol has received nothing. Mr. (Anthony) Andrieux will receive the priesthood next September if Blanc approves; Mr. (Charles M.) Menard has gone to spend several days vacation with Father (Joseph) Evrard. Perhaps he should be tested a little more before conferring the sub-diaconate. Mr. Tiernan is ready for that order. Besides the three of whom Armengol talked to Blanc about admitting to the seminary, there is Bienvenu Landry, 14, who is a likely subject. They have begun the presbytery at Paincourtville. The news from their confreres at Natchitoches is good. Father (Joachim) Alabau, (C.M.), writes that he preaches in three languages; he is well satisfied with one section of Mexicans. Father (P.J.) Doutrel(u)i(n)gne, (C.M.) left on July 7 for the two farthest posts to spend a month. Up to the moment Armengol has heard nothing of Father (Joseph) Giustiniani (C.M.) nor Father (R.) Pascual. Everyone is well and sends regards.

V-4-f A.L.S. (French) 3pp. 4to.
14


1840 Aug 4

Connelly, Pierce J.
Grand Coteau, (Louisiana)

To Bishop (Anthony) Blanc
New Orleans, (Louisiana)

Connelly received Blanc's letter of July 13 as well as the one Blanc brought from Baltimore. Perhaps they may see Blanc here at the Assumption or September. Father (Peter J.) Verhaegen, (S.J.) has given them a sad blow in the removal of Father (Nicholas) Point, (S.J.) who so well understood the necessities. His work here has been crowned with a success beyond all hope. The loss of Mr. (E.) Barry too is a sad one. Connelly heartily pities Bishop (James Hervey) Otey for having allowed himself to be trepanned at Philadelphia into a sort of treachery in violating the confidence Connelly placed in him as his bishop and guest. It was while Connelly was in Europe but Otey suspects that he is aware of it. Connelly has written to Mr. Vezian that in case the box from Bishop (John Joseph) Hughes has reached New Orleans he will have an opportunity of sending it by Mr. Redmond. It is probably a box of prayer books from Canon Schmid of Vienna or some of the things they left behind at Rome.

V-4-f A.L.S. 4pp. 4to.
8


1840 Aug 5

Jaunet, L.F.
New Orleans, (Louisiana)

To Bishop (Anthony) Blanc
(New Orleans, Louisiana)

Receipted bill for freight and primage on the ship Charles from Havre, $1.10.
Signed by L.H. Gale as agent.

V-4-k A. Receipt S. 1p. 16mo.
2


1840 Aug 5

Jaunet, L.,P.
New Orleans, (Louisiana)

To Father Aug(us)te Jeanjean
(New Orleans, Louisiana)

Receipt for $18.73 for freight on the ship Charles from Havre.
L.H. Gale signs as agent.

V-4-k Receipt S. 1p. 16mo.
2


1840 Aug 6

(Louisiana), N(ew) O(rleans) C(atholic) A(ssociation) f(or) t(he) R(elief) o(f) M(ale) O(rphans)
New Orleans, (Louisiana)

to Bishop A(nthony) Blanc
(New Orleans, Louisiana)

Receipt for $6 for 12 months subscription.
Signed by Henry Boulet.

V-4-k A. Receipt S. 1p. 16mo.
2


1840 Aug 8

Dumartrait, A.
St. Martinville, (Louisiana)

to Bishop A(nthony) Blanc
New Orleans, (Louisiana)

Dumartrait sends Blanc a copy of the resolutions of the trustees of St. Martin, dated yesterday to which was added Blanc's letter of July 27 which Father (F. Charles Boutelou de) St. Aubin brought. It has been difficult to express the reasons for acting the way they did toward St. Aubin. St. Aubin has already said Mass and will probably continue but Dumartrait has told him that they cannot give him possession of the presbytery where he went a week ago and that orders have been given Dumartrait to keep the church registers until it is decided otherwise. Blanc will receive a letter from St. Aubin by the same carrier.

A.L.S. (French)

Enclosure:

--------
1840 Aug 7

Dumartrait, A.
St. Martinville, (Louisiana)

Extract from the minutes of the trustees of St. Martin:
Present were B. Desp(aru)t Deblanc, President; Hon(orable) Ed(ward?) Simon, Ch(arl)es Olivier Duclozel, George Briant, and Dumartrait; absent Ch(arl)es Fayot and Zep(her)in Broussard. The president announced that a letter from Blanc dated July 27 informed the trustees that he had appointed St. Aubin, now serving the Church of St. Mary, as pastor of St. Martin replacing Father (John F.) Brasseur. The president informed the trustees that St. Aubin was not to serve as their pastor since in their resolution of July 27 they had not recommended him. St. Aubin can only be regarded as a temporary pastor at St. Martin.

A.D.S. Copy (French)

V-4-k A.L.S., A.D.S. Copy (French) 6pp. 4to.
10


1840 Aug 8

Dumartrait, A.
St. Martinville, (Louisiana)

To Father (F. Charles Boutelou de) St. Aubin
St. Martinville, (Louisiana)

Secretary Dumartrait sends a copy of the trustees' resolutions of yesterday and is authorized to inform St. Aubin that the permanent committee appointed for the superintendence of the church and presbytery cannot give him possession of either one.
(P.S.) The committee is composed of George P. Briant, Charles Oliver Duclozel, and Dumartrait. The address on the back of this letter is to Bishop (Anthony Blanc).

V-4-k A.L.S. (French) 2pp. 4to.
4


1840 Aug 8

Francais, Father (N.)
Avoyelles, (Louisiana)

to Bishop Anthony Blanc
New Orleans, Louisiana

His parish is a good parish covered with thorns; if he counted on his own strength, he would retire into the desert to await his last end, and idea which torments him as he is far from the solace of religion. Too far to have his confreres visit him and too busy to leave. He is badly housed, badly fed, and badly paid. He does not think he can build a church in this parish. He has a servant whom he pay $12 a month, the money he brought from Natchitoches is gone. The trustees promised him $50 a month but have given him nothing. He has several boys with him gratis to serve Mass.

V-4-f A.L.S. (French) 3pp. 4to.
2


1840 Aug 8

Ladaviere, (S.J.), Father A. P(ierre)
St. Michael, (Louisiana)

To Bishop Ant(hony) Blanc
New Orleans, L(ouisian)a

Zenon Roussel, son of Zenon and the late Marie Longue; and Marie Carmel Gregoire, daughter of J. Jacq(yes) Gregoire and Madeleine Roussel, sister of the elder Zenon, ask for a dispensation to marry.

V-4-f A.L.S. (French) 2pp. 4to.
6


1840 Aug 10

Abbadie, S.J., Father F(rancis)
Grand Coteau, (Louisiana)

To Bishop Ant(hony) Blanc
New Orleans, (Louisiana)

Painful as it is to be deprived of Father (Joseph) Soller, (S.J.), Abbadie agrees with Father (Peter J.) Verhaegen, (S.J.). At Grand Coteau Abbadie tries to justify the hope Blanc seems to have in him either by helping Soller or replacing him in his absence. In this ending of the year he will have many duties. After Blanc's letter he gives up hope of seeing him for the Assumption and Mother (Julia) Bazire will be greatly put out. They hope they will be more fortunate for the distributing of the prizes on September 15.

V-4-k A.L.S. (French) 2pp. 4to.
4


1840 Aug 11

Doutreluingne, C.M., Father P.J., St. Vincent (de Paul) Seminary
(Assumption, Louisiana)

To Bishop (Anthony) Blanc
New Orleans, (Louisiana)

Father (Joachim Alabau, C.M.) Alabo and Doutreluingne, being sent to the missions of Natchitoches by their superiors, passed through New Orleans but found Blanc absent. They arrived at Natchitoches on May 21 where they found Father (John) Chandy, (C.M.) who left for the seminary on their arrival. Doutreluingne visited Cloutierville which is almost 31 miles below Natchitoches where there is a church; the interior is not yet finished; they need a good priest badly. He also visited the mulatto chapel, San Augustin(e), 10 miles above Cloutierville and 20 miles below Natchitoches. Campti, 10 miles above Natchitoches has a chapel where there are a number of free people of color who seem well disposed to instruction. He also visited the interior, saying Mass at the home of Mr. De Rocque, 35 miles from Natchitoches where there is a large congregation; they want to build a chapel. 40 miles further on at the end of the parish of Natchitoches there is another congregation called Bayou Pierre where they also have wanted to build a chapel for a long time. From there he went to a place called Quilles(?) about 20 miles further into the interior. This is in Caddo Parish not far from the Sabine where he found several disposed to receive the Sacraments. After that he went to a place called Ille des Prelles (Les Presles?) on the Red River, 10 miles below Sprissport (Shreveport ?). He stopped there 8 or 9 days and 25 persons made their First Communion. Most of the people had never seen a priest. There he started a subscription to build a chapel; he signed for 50 piastres. They are nearly all French Creoles; he promised to come back in November. He had many baptisms and several marriages. He was also in two other Spanish congregations, Grandes Lunes (?) and Adailles (Adayes). The steamboat is passing so he must finish here.

V-4-k A.L.S. (French) 3pp. 4to.
13


(184 ) Aug 12

(Brown), (O.S.U.), Sister Mary De Sales (Mary Alida)
Philadelphia, (Pennsylvania)

To Father F(rancis) P. McFarland
(Watertown, New York)

Sister De Sales and Sister Blandine enter their retreat for profession that night. The Mother and other sisters will make their annual retreat with them. The novices will be professed on August 21. She has not been well because of a cold. Sister Blandine is a convert, an English lady, and an accomplished harpist. She was delighted to see that he had an assistant and the number of churches he had built that year. She does not love crosses but fears them. Mrs. Frith is visiting a friend of her husband near Boston.

I-1-a A.L.S. 4pp. 12mo.
1


1840 Aug 14

Caussou, Pierre, Ascencion Parish
(Donaldsonville, Louisiana)

To Bishop (Anthony Blanc)
New Orleans, (Louisiana)

Caussou is convinced that (Blanc) has a generous heart and so will have forgotten their political dissension at the College of Baton Rouge. Caussou's wife wishes to start a cigar factory; they ask (Blanc's) help. They would need 8 orphans, 6 boys and 2 girls ready to work at once and whom they would treat as their own children and whom his wife would bring up in the Faith. Henry Bonnabel will bring (Blanc) their certificate, examined by the Parish Judge stating that his wife's conduct is irreproachable.

V-4-k A.L.S. (French) 2pp. 4to.
2


(1840) (Aug 15)

--------
1840 May 26

Duluc, Dolorette
New Orleans, (Louisiana)

She gives her consent for her servant, Pierre Adelson to marry Lou(i)se Boulieux.

Folded with this:

--------
1840 May 26

Armand, Father P.
New Orleans, (Louisiana)

Armand married Pierre Adelson and Louise Boilieu with the consent of the masters of the former. Ursule Péan and Dolorette Duluc sign as witnesses.

On the same paper:

--------
1840 Aug 15

Armand, Father P.
(New Orleans, Louisiana)

Armand married Celestin Guersaio, free, and Suzanne with the consent of C. Bernaudy, her master. J. Charles and Mrs. Duluc(? name is indecipherable) witnesses.

On the back of the same paper:

--------
1840 Feb 24

A(rmand), Father P.
(New Orleans, Louisiana)

Armand married Marie Barthelemy and Josephine Vaxogime with the consent of their masters.
Witnesses, Louis Descandreaux and Gustave Merant.

V-4-k A. Notes S. (French) 3pp. 32mo. & 8vo.
11


1840 Aug 16

Lynch, Anne C.
Providence, (Rhode Island)

To O(restes) A. Brownson
Boston, Mass(achusetts)

She says that she sent Brownson a few papers not long ago. One an amiable review on the Great Agitator, the other Miss Newcombe's criticism of Mr. Pabodie's article concerning the "Dial." Miss Newcombe is one of her charming circle of friends and so she thought he would like to see it. She asks Brownson whether he values fame or desires it. She says she does not although she is very desirous of being great, in the sense of being as fully developed as her nature will allow. She has been reading the oration he sent her. She thinks it is admirable. She almost believes them, even if the views are Utopian. For the first time this morning she wavered in her belief that happiness is the true end of man, and inclined towards Brownson's view that good is the true end of man. She asks Brownson to tell her mother that she will send what she requests, and that her health is much restored.

I-3-e A.L.S. 3pp. 8vo.
1


1840 Aug 17

Audizio, Father J(ohn)
Thibodeaux Ville, (Louisiana)

To Bishop A(nthony) Blanc
New Orleans, (Louisiana)

Audizio has just received Blanc's letter announcing his pastoral visit for September 6. Since Blanc wishes to relieve him of Father (Julian) Priour after Confirmation, Audizio asks to have a certain Victor (Jouanneault) Joineaux whom he saw at the seminary last week; he would willingly come to Audizio; he speaks good English and would be ideal for the Americans of Thibodeaux. Father (John) Chandy, (C.M.) told Auduzio to ask Blanc for him; Audizio wants only Blanc's wishes to be carried out.

V-4-k A.L.S. (French) 2pp. 4to.
4


1840 Aug 17

Petition signed by 79 people (of the Chapel of the Assumption)
Detroit, (Michigan)

To Very Rev. (Francis) Vincent Badin V. G.)
(Detroit, Michigan)

The Members of the Roman-Catholic German parish in Detroit express their regret that they might lose their pastor Father (Joseph) Frezgong. All the undersigned members declare emphatically that they are absolutely satisfied with Father Frezgong and they wish and hope that they may keep him, especially as there is no reason to be dissatisfied with him.

III-2-g A.L.S. (German) 3pp. 8vo.
2


1840 Aug 17

Rapp, Peter
New Orleans, (Louisiana)

To Bishop Anthony (Blanc)
New Orleans, (Louisiana)

As soon as they received (Blanc's) letter of August 10 the trustees of St. Vincent de Paul Church held a meeting on the 12th. They discussed the means of providing for the support of a priest. They want (Blanc) to name a figure. Last Saturday and Sunday their pastor did not appear and they learned that he had left. They found the church open, robbed of some ornaments, and the key missing. They ask (Blanc) to send a priest to hold services.
Signed also by De Feriot and Giguel.

V-4-k A.L.S. (French) 3pp. 4to.
4


1840 Aug 19

Sassinot, L.F.
New Orleans, (Louisiana)

To (Bishop Anthony Blanc
New Orleans, Louisiana)

Receipted bill for $21.60 for 2 dozen demijohns.
Signed by Leon J. Muller.

V-4-k receipt S. (French) 1p. 16mo.
2


1840 Aug 20

Bazin, Father J(ohn Stephen)
Spring-Hill, (Alabama)

To Bishop A(nthony) Blanc
New Orleans, Louisiana

Bazin has Blanc's letter asking him to pay an amount to Father (M.D.) O'Reily; he finds this impossible and hopes that Bishop (Michael Portier) will pay at his return. Several times whites have presented themselves wishing to marry colored girls of Blanc's diocese; they have to send them away because of lack of jurisdiction. If Blanc thinks they should perform these marriages will he send them the necessary faculties. Bazin was very sorry to hear of Blanc's accident.

V-4-k A.L.S. (French) 2pp. 4to.
3


1840 Aug 21

Poursine, F.A.
New Orleans, (Louisiana)

To Bishop (Anthony Blanc
New Orleans, Louisiana)

Receipted bill for $14.60 for postage from June 1 to August 21.

V-4-k A. Receipted S. (French) 1p. 16mo.
1


1840 Aug 24

Nicholas Joseph Bishop Namur
Namur, France

to Bishop John Baptist Purcell
of Cincinnati, Ohio

Announces that Divine Providence has so arranged things that he has sent eight Sisters of Notre Dame de Namur to work in Purcell's diocese. They are Sisters Louis de Gonzague, Superior, Xavier, Melanie, Rosine, Ignatia, Marie Pauline, Humbelina, Louise. Recommends them to the especial care of Purcell.

II-4-g A.L.S. 1p. 8vo. (French)
3


1840 Aug 24

Ledoux, Valery
Pointe Coupee, (Louisiana)

To Bishop A(nthony) Blanc
New Orleans, (Louisiana)

Estelle, his wife, has died leaving a child too young to feel the loss. She had no opportunity for confession; she talked to Henriette, her sister about it but Henriette (Vignes) thought it would be displeasing to Ledoux. Nothing would have pleased him more. He asks Blanc to pray for her. The letter is sent in care of A. Ledoux and Company.

V-4-k A.L.S. (French) 4pp. 4to.
3


1840 Aug 24

Odin, C.M., Father J(ohn) M(ary)
San Antonio, (Texas)

to Bishop A(nthony) Blanc
New Orleans, L(ouisiana)

Odin wrote Blanc from Lin(n)ville on July 14; from there he went to Victoria a little town of 55 to 60 homes; half of the inhabitants are Catholic. (John Joseph) Lin(n) offered them hospitality. At Victoria he found a little wooden church 20 by 40 but since the revolution it has been converted into a courtroom, an auction hall and a stable. Mass was celebrated at Lin(n)'s. The poor Catholics seemed indifferent and Odin thought it necessary to leave Father (Eudald) Estany, (C.M.) to try to bring them back. Estany will take charge of 20 Mexican families 18 miles from Victoria, five others who live about 9 miles away on the banks of a little river called Coleto, and the inhabitants of Goliad 30 miles from Victoria. On the 21st Odin left for San Antonio with 20 wagons carrying merchandise. It is the safest way to avoid Indian attacks. Their trip was slow and difficult. The part of Texas that Odin has been through is far from being a model for industry. Fever broke out among the company from bad water and excessive heat. Brother (Raymond) Sala, (C.M.) had some bottles of Celinian Balm and it worked miracles among them. On the 30th they arrived at San Antonio de Bexar, a very pleasant town on the river of the same name. There are 1500 to 1800 inhabitants; most of the houses are of stone in Spanish style. The land is very fertile but the frequent visits of Indians do not permit its cultivation. Everything is expensive. Most of the inhabitants are Mexicans; about 150 are Americans. And what a sad state religion is in! The church is half unroofed, everything is in disorder; no catechism, one Mass on Sundays attended by half a dozen old women, no sick calls, and two mercenary priests who do only what brings them profit. Odin called on them the day he arrived. He showed Father Refugio de la Garza, pastor of San Antonio, his letters. He told Garza that his duty obliged him to appoint a younger, more active, and more zealous pastor. Odin asked for the parish records and the keys of the church. Garza handed them over on the spot. Later he sent over two chalices, a magnificent ostensorium, and silverplate. Garza was arrested by order of the government because of a letter written to General (Mariano) Arista, informing him of the movements of the federal army. His absence for a week was very favorable to Odin. The Mexicans are so attached to their new pastor that nothing could separate them. Father (Michael) Calvo, (C.M.) carried the Viaticum publicly to a sick person, a ceremony they had not seen for 14 years. They have 80 to 100 children every day for Catechism; they are working on the repair of the church. The custom had been to ring the church bells for Protestant funerals, horse races, and cock fights. Odin told the mayor, an American, that this was contrary to the rules of the Church. The mayor boasted that he would give Odin "his walking paper" but he could get only 5 signatures to a resolution charging Odin with intolerance. A list circulated among the Mexicans in favor of Garza got no signatures. 500 Indians attacked Lin(n)ville recently; from there they went to Victoria. They attacked the house where Estany lived; he escaped but they stole his linen, vestments and even his books. Odin sends regards to Fathers Jeanjean, Rousselon, and Moni.

V-4-k A.L.S. (French) 7pp. 4to.
12


1840 Aug 25

Baraga, (Father) Frederick
Lapointe, (Wisconsin)

To Father Vincent Badin
Detroit, Michigan

Father V. Badin's two letters July 10 and 31, arrived on August 18. Baraga would like to know as soon as possible who will be the successor of Bishop (Frederick) Résé. He thanks him for sending the Almanac, containing a list of all the clergy in the US, also for the $250 which were given to a William Brewster, who was to have delivered the notification to a Mr. Borup, the Agent of the Fur Company in Lapointe. As he has not yet done so, Baraga asks Badin to see that he does. Mr. Fraushere is rather unhappy with his family. His eldest daughter died in Saut after she had lived for some time with a good-for-nothing and during that time and during that time she was not very zealous in her Catholic religion. His son is a sailor and, like all of them, has forgotten his religion. His daughter, Methilde, lives in concubinage with another good-for-nothing and will soon abandon her Catholic religion. She does not come to church even on Sundays. Baraga went to see her once, but as he could not find her alone, he could not speak to her about her salvation. It is hard for the priests to make good Christians out of the children if they see such bad example from their own Father. Outside of this family, everything is going well in the mission. There are still a few baptisms of adults. Baraga's chief concern is to keep up the practice of religion among his converts. Next spring, he intends to build a new church because the old one is too small. The congregation grows every year, partly through the conversion of the Indians, partly through the influx of Canadians, since there is a Catholic church in this place. Baraga made a contract with the (American Fur) Company to build a larger church. The cost will be about $1100. All of the material of the old church will be used on the new one, therefore the low cost. Baraga has already paid $1018 - counting the $250 which he has yet to receive from (William) Brewster. By the time they are ready to start the church, it will be already paid for.

III-2-g A.L.S. French 2pp.
4


1840 Aug 27

Hughes, Bishop John (Joseph)
New York, (New York)

To Bishop (Anthony) Blanc
New Orleans, (Louisiana)

Hughes encloses a letter in which a poor widow of the congregation is much interested. Since his return Hughes has not had a moment owing to an effort to detach the children of the Holy Faith from the dangerous influence of the public schools. Whether they succeed or not in getting their proportion of the public money, the effort will cause an entire separation of their children from these schools. Father (Louis) Boué is here preparing to sail. Hughes is looking for the arrival of Madame (Elizabeth) Gallitzin and the other Ladies of the Sacred Heart under the charge of Father (Ignatius A.) Reynolds. If she has discretionary powers from the Superior General, Hughes will encourage her to establish their house here instead of waiting until next year. This change is owing to his not being able to open the college this autumn. Hughes will commence the Theological Seminary with about 20 students. Bishop (John) DuBois' health is much better. Their trustees are all quiet and the difficulties of last year are forgotten by those who thought to oppose him.

V-4-k A.L.S. 4pp. 4to.
6


1840 Aug 27

Lynch, Anne C.
Providence, (Rhode Island)

To O(restes) A. Brownson
Boston, Mass(achusetts)

She arrived home without inconvenience, but she is not feeling so well. Her mind on the whole is more invigorated as it always is after seeing him. He has such energy, fire and spirit, that she can scarcely avoid brightening up a little even though it be borrowed lustre. She has been considering man as a self-regulating machine. But she does not include him in this class as he has never been a necessarian. She has agreed to give up necessity herself. She is trying to recall his friend's theory concerning a radical reform of body, heart and mind. She thinks, though, that his friend has already forgotten it himself. She has a skeptical view on the progress of the human race, as she thinks it can only progress through individuals. She believes it possible, but how? Here he has an opportunity to make a convert, she says. She warns him about returning to preaching. It will take as much time as editing the "Quarterly." And he owes it to himself to continue his writing.

I-3-e A.L.S. 3pp. 8vo.
1


1840 Aug 28

Boué, Father L(ouis)
New York, (New York)

to Bishop A(nthony) Blanc
New Orleans, L(ouisia)na

On Boué's arrival at St. Louis he went to the bishop's house where he found Father (Peter J.) Verhaegen, (S.J.) and Father (John) Timon, (C.M.). Convinced that he was leaving only because of his health they made great efforts to keep him at St. Louis. But he decided to make the trip to France. He left after delivering to the Ladies of the Sacred Heart, the letters confided to him at St. Michael. He went by way of Chicago to Michigan, and to Maquignau (Mackinac?) Where he visited the fort. They visited a camp of 150 to 200 Indians who were celebrating a marriage. He gave a little allocution which was translated by a person from Strasbourg. At Detroit he saw Father (Francis Vincent) Badin. On Lake Erie he met a man who said he was a priest. Later the man proposed that Boué meet his wife! After 8 or 9 years as a priest he had married at Detroit. At Buffalo Boué saw Niagara Falls. Arriving at New York on the 22nd he was welcomed by Bishop (John Joseph) Hughes who was expecting Madame (Elizabeth) Galitzin who left on the 16th with seven other religious. These Ladies (of the Sacred Heart) will not find what they are looking for here. The city has nothing for them, neither has the bishopric. Hughes told Boué that the churches of the New York diocese owe 300,000 piastres. They are decorating St. Peter's Church now. Boué leaves next Tuesday on the President for Liverpool. The passage is $136. He wrote his cousin on the 24th that he hopes to arrive at Lyon at the end of October. He intends to spend a month at Paris with the Lazarists.

V-4-k A.L.S. (French) 3pp. 4to.
9


1840 Aug 28

"Winchester"
(New Orleans, Louisiana)

To Bishop (Anthony) Blanc
(New Orleans, Louisiana)

Receipt for $2 for freight on 1 trunk, for D. Doannat.
(Signature of clerk indecipherable).

V-4-k Receipt S. 1p. 16mo.
2


1840 Aug 30

Vignes, H(enriet)te Nugent
Point Coupee, (Louisiana)

To Bishop (Anthony) Blanc
New Orleans, (Louisiana)

Her sister, Estelle (Ledoux) died after an illness of two weeks. She had asked that a priest be called if she grew worse; the day of her death the priest was not at home. Father (John) Martin was ill at the home of Mrs. Pelisse and cold not come for the burial. Estelle's conduct was exemplary during her life. Henriette showed Raymond (Vignes?) the letter Blanc wrote her; she would be as happy as he if Raymond would practice his religion. Josep is a good child but spoiled by his grandmother, who sends regards.

V-4-k A.L.S. (French) 4pp. 4to.
5


1840 Aug 31

Lucas, F(ielding) Hr.
Baltimore, (Maryland)

To Bishop (Anthony) Blanc
(New Orleans, Louisiana)

Receipt for $129.18 received per Father A(lexius) J. Elder for books per invoice of July 22, 1840.

V-4-k A. Receipt S. 1p. 16mo.
2


1840 Sep

Ducros, Ferdinand
Paris, (France)

To Bishop (Anthony Blanc
New Orleans, Louisiana)

(Letter very fragile and torn) ". . . St. Jean Evangeliste . . . .
1. What is . . . Harriet or Henriette, Captain Johnson, living in Liverpool, England.
2. Find out . . . Victor Beauclair arrived and in good health and what was his actual . . .
3. If Victor Beauclair has left New Orleans what direction . . . enclosed letters . . ."
"Royal Society of" . . . (following signature).

V-4-k A.L.S. (French) 4pp. 4to.
2


1840 Sep 1

Bineaud, (Francois)
Waterloo, (Louisiana)

To Bishop (Anthony Blanc)
New Orleans, (Louisiana)

If Blanc has received the Annals of the Propagation of the Faith, Bineaud asks him to send him the numbers which he does not have for Father (John) Martin, their pastor, does not concern himself with this.
(P.S.) He asks the Director of the Propaganda to give him a reply as soon as possible and to tell him whether Blanc is coming to Pointe Coupée as he told Bineaud in July. (Bineaud signs as schoolmaster at Waterloo).

V-4-k A.L.S. (French) 2pp. 4to.
3


1840 Sep 1

Dumartrait, A.
St. Martinville, (Louisiana)

To Bishop A(nthony) Blanc
New Orleans, (Louisiana)

Dumartrait, as secretary, acknowledges the receipt of Blanc's letter of August 22 and the preceding one from the vicar-General. The trustees express their concern over the serious accident Blanc sustained and congratulate him on so prompt a recovery. Dumartrait encloses a copy of resolutions passed by the trustees on August 30 about Father (F. Charles Boutelou de) St. Aubin. The administration wants to learn from Blanc and St. Aubin that their resolutions will reconcile the parties and make the difficulties disappear.

A.L.S. (French)

Enclosure:

--------
1840 Aug 30

Dumartrait, A.
(St. Martinville, Louisiana)

Extract from the minutes of the meeting of the administration of St. Martin. Present were Desparut Deblanc, president, Honorable Ed Simon, Ch(arl)es Olivier Duclozel, Ch(arl)es Fayot, George P. Briant and Dumartrait; absent Zep(her)in Broussard. In accordance with the resolutions of the 24th this meeting was called to communicate to them the bishop's letter of the 22nd and to make a reply. Since their preceding resolutions relative to St. Aubin's appointment were based on charges made by respectable members of the parish which seem to still exist, since Blanc in his letters says it is impossible at present to get another priest, and since the trustees are all of the same opinion as Blanc that the wisest thing to do is to permit St. Aubin to provisionally serve St. Martin's church, they have resolved not to change their former resolutions but to allow St. Aubin to serve provisionally. So St. Aubin is authorized to live in the presbytery until further notice and to serve the parish according to the resolutions of the fabrique. It was also resolved that beginning with August he is entitled to the same salary and fees as the pastor. The above in no way recognizes St. Aubin as the official pastor of St. Martin's.

A.L.S.

V-4-K A.L.S. (French) 5pp. 4to.
9


1840 Sep 1

Iasigi, J.
Boston, (Massachusetts)

To Bishop A(nthony) Blanc
New Orleans, (Louisiana)

Sight draft to Iasigi and Goddard for $500 to be charged to the account of money received from the late Father Isaac Aaron. Blanc signs and writes "Accepted September 23, 1840" on the face of the draft. Endorsed on back to Hadden and Hall for the use of Captain Francis H. Davis of Ship Adrian.
Signed for Hadden and Hall by D. Fandry.

V-4-k A. Draft S. 2pp. 16mo.
5


1840 Sep 1

St. Aubin, Father F. C(harles) B(outelou) de
St. Martin, (Louisiana)

To Bishop Anthony Blanc
New Orleans, Louisiana

St. Aubin has just received a copy of the minutes of the trustees' meeting of August 30 with a letter from (A.) Dumartrait. This last meeting heaped ignominies on St. Aubin as did the first. He sends a copy of his reply to Dumartrait and the one Dumartrait sent him. St. Aubin has not been hindered in the functions of his ministry since being forbidden to use the presbytery and church and the taking away of the registers. He has had 50 baptisms, as many in the church as in distant houses where they invite him to say Mass. Many come to the Sacraments and to Mass. St. Aubin repeats his desire to be recalled promptly from St. Martin. There are indispensable reforms to be made among servants of the Church whose lives are scandalous. The adjustment of fees is unjust. Father (Peter Francis) Beaupre(z) thinks that he would be received by the administration. If St. Aubin could only give the preference to the poor church of La Fayette! He regrets very much having opposed Blanc last year by refusing that post! He regrets that he did not beg hard enough for the Church of the Immaculate Conception of St. Mary's parish. After St. Mary's how could he be so attracted to St. Joseph's of Thibodauxville! If Blanc heard the arguments of the trustees of St. Martin's on the prerogative of bishops in the choice of pastors, he would be astounded.

A.L.S. (French) 3pp.

Enclosure:

--------
1840 Sep 1

(St. Aubin, Father Charles Boutelou de)
St. Martinsville, (Louisiana)

To (A.) Dumartrait
(St. Martinsville, Louisiana)

(St. Aubin) replies to Dumartrait's letter of this morning with which he received the resolutions of the trustees of August 30. He cannot give a definite answer until consulting with Bishop (Blanc) but in order that the Catholic religion may not suffer here, he will conform provisionally to Dumartrait's letter. St. Aubin has never desired or asked to be pastor of St. Martin. If the "charges of the responsible members of the parish" are made known to him so that he can reply to them, it will restore a respectful relationship and contribute not a little to the harmony which they are trying to maintain.

Copy in St. Aubin's hand (French)

On the same paper:

--------
1840 Aug 31

Dumartrait, A.
St. Martinville, (Louisiana)

To Father St. Aubin
St. Martinville, (Louisiana)

Dumartrait encloses a copy of the resolutions of the trustees, dated yesterday. The permanent committee composed of George P. Briant, Charles Oliver Duclozel, and Dumartrait await St. Aubin's reply.

Copy in St. Aubin's hand (French)

(St. Aubin adds at the bottom of these copies a note to Blanc) "From the arrogant fury of the trustees, Lord deliver us." He hears that (Blanc) is to come to Grand Coteau for the 15th of the month. His presence will settle everything.

V-4-k A.L.S. A. Copies (French) 5pp. 4to.
8


1840 Sep 3

Etienne, (C.M.), Father (Jean-Baptiste)
Paris, (France)

To Bishop (Anthony) Blanc
New Orleans, (Louisiana)

Etienne is just about to leave on a long trip. He recommends the clergyman who brings this letter. He is from the Diocese of Langre and esteemed by his bishop who has allowed him to work in Blanc's diocese. He has excellent qualities and abilities. He also recommends his confreres who pass through Blanc's diocese.

V-4-k A.L.S. (French) 4to.

--------
1


1840 Sep 6

L(ynch), Anne C.
Providence, Rhode Island

to O(restes) A. Brownson
Boston, Massachusetts

She is feeling quite restored bodily, but mentally she is inert. She is delighted that Brownson is going on with the "Review." She warns him that all eyes are upon him and that he should have not even so much as his heel vulnerable. She wonders how he is progressing with the New Platonic Theory and if he maintains dignified equilibrium in all he says and does. She has sent him the paper on him by Mr. Pabodie. She is sick of the society about her in Providence. Too much feeling of the aristocratic. If she had a husband and money she would flee it. Mr. Kinnicutt spoke at the Commencement, directing his attack against the article on the working classes, so it is just as well that Brownson didn't go to it. She is glad he'll continue with the "Review" since he can show to such advantage there. His views are so strongly opposed that they have a good chance of succeeding!

I-3-e A.L.S. 4pp. 8vo.
1


1840 Sep 7

Lallande, J(osep)h
New Orleans, (Louisiana)

Receipt issued to Mr. Rousselsa (Father Stephen Rousselon) for $1 for freight as per bill of lading.
Signed by P. Genois.

V-4-k A. Receipt 2pp. 16mo.
2


1840 Sep 8

Van De Velde, S.J., Father J(ames Oliver)
St. Louis University, (Missouri)

To Bishop A(nthony) Blanc
New Orleans, L(ouisiana)

Father (J.F.) Chibeaux died yesterday and was buried that evening. He arrived from the Barrens on September 5. The Sisters who lived at N(ew) O(rleans) think it was yellow fever. He was on his way to take charge of the French congregation at Charleston; Van de Velde wrote to Bishop (John) England. Chibeaux talked of a will but they did not understand if he had made one or not. Van De Velde found a roll of $5 gold pieces and two doubloons; he will use some to pay funeral expenses. He also found a note from Mr. Simon, now at Bardstown, to whom Chibeaux on August 13 had loaned 4500 francs payable at Paris to Father (Jean-Baptiste) Etienne, (C.M.). Chibeaux was from the diocese of Verdun and for three years before leaving for Louisiana had been chaplain of the Dames de la Congregation de la Ste. V(ierge?) At Versailles. Father (James) Fontbonne of the Cathedral is very ill. There is much sickness but none at the College. Fathers (Peter J.) Verhaegen, (S.J.) and (John A.) Elet, (S.J.) have gone to Cincinnati. Van de Velde is in charge of the diocese, the presidency of the University, and his office as procurator. He sends regards to Fathers Jeanjean and Maenhaut.
P.S. (John) Mullanphy does not wish to accept the document Blanc sent; he is relying on a court appeal but this will not come until the next session. The Bishop of Baltimore is in the same position, Van De Velde obtained payment of Mr. M. M.'s legacy for Bishop John (Baptist) Purcell. All the others have been paid except Philadelphia and Mobile. He has never received the power of attorney from Bishop (Michael) Portier.

V-4-k A.L.S. (French) 4pp. 4to.
12


1840 Sep 9

(Beauclerc), Maria (de)
Paris, (France)

To Bishop (Anthony Blanc
New Orleans, Louisiana)

Maria asks (Blanc) to watch over a soul gone astray and if possible save him from complete ruin. She dares not give her name but can only divulge that she is 36, of a distinguished family and married for 14 years to a man of an honorable name in France. During a trip to London he ran off with a young Protestant woman. Maria asks (Blanc) to give the enclosed letters to her husband and to the woman. Her husband left July 26 from Liverpool on a ship called the Harriet or Henriette, Captain Johnson, for New Orleans. He took the name of Victor (Beauclerc) Beauclair. He was 44, thin, black hair, with whiskers and moustache. He dressed very nicely; he used a lot of tobacco. (Blanc) is to answer to the address of the person bringing this letter and to indicate how to get the funds to him for the necessary expenses.

V-4-k A.L.S. (French) 7pp. 8vo.
2


1840 Sep 10

Giustiniani, C.M., Father J(oseph)
Natchitoches, (Louisiana)

to Bishop (Anthony) Blanc
New Orleans, L(ouisian)a

Blanc will have received the letter written by Father (John) Chandy, (C.M.) on leaving Natchitoches in which he asked Blanc for a dispensation for Charles Neverton Roques, and Marie Anaise Metoyer, daughter of Maxille Metoyer, first cousins. Both are persons of color. They have already been married by the judge because Chandy did not have the faculty to dispense them. Now they wish to be married in the Church. Giustiniani has been ill since his arrival here but is well and has been to Cloutierville. Father Pascual, (C.M.) was also ill. Father (Joachim) Alabau, (C.M.) is well. Giustiniani will take another opportunity to give an account of their affairs. They need the Holy Oils and they need a gig if they are to visit the 40 missions of their huge parish. They have the money for one and he asks Blanc to buy it.

V-4-k A.L.S. (French) 4pp. 4to.
9


1840 Sep 11

Deluol, Father L(ouis) R(egis)
Baltimore, (Maryland)

To Bishop A(nthony) Blanc
New Orleans, L(ouisian)a

Deluol has learned that Blanc arrived from Baltimore at New Orleans, after zealous work at the Council for the good of all the provinces of the diocese. Deluol asks Blanc to receive into his diocese a young theology student whom they have had for 5 years. His name is Peter (Vincent) Plunkett, born in Ireland, of the same family as Bishop Plunkett of Elphin. Upon his arrival he went into the first classes of the College where he did very well. In 1836 he began his philosophy in 1837 he began theology; and at present is the best in the class. If his health was better he would already have been a priest. He is 25 or 26. Because of the long winter at Baltimore he loses much of what he gains during the summer so that remaining here he has no hope of entirely recovering. This is what made him think of going to New Orleans. The Archbishop has consented to give him an exeat. Plunkett does not speak French but understands it very well. Deluol would like to have him leave around the first or second week of October. Deluol will pay his fare.

V-4-k A.L.S. (French) 4pp. 4to.
2


1840 Sep 11

Quays, Elisabeth I., Visitation Convent, Summerville
Mobile, Alabama

to Bishop Anthony Blanc
New Orleans, (Louisiana)

Father (John) Basin advised her to write to thank Blanc for his kindness. Not liking the place Blanc had procured for her at Sacred Heart he replaced it with this place where she thinks she will be happier. Nothing seems difficult so far. She is always busy and the time passes quickly.

V-4-k A.L.S. (French) 2pp. 4to.
2


1840 Sep 12

L(ynch), A(nne) C.
Providence, (Rhode Island)

To O(restes) A. Brownson
Boston, Mass(achusetts)

She is glad to hear that he is getting his center of gravity as firmly as he represents. Pabodie published the verses himself and does not view them as making him ridiculous. Mrs. Newcombe is incensed both with Pabodie and Mrs. Whitman. Peckham, who calls Pabodie the "Horiologoclast" or "Dial Destroyer," is getting out something ridiculous Pabodie for getting behind Mrs. Whitman's skirts. She hopes Brownson knows her better than to think Pabodie could assist her in forming her judgment on any character. He thought her letters extravagant when she wrote that his writings had done more for her than any man she ever read; and she repeats them to him now, in good faith. She does think he has improved much in his letter writing and in his memory for remembering names and faces. She will be glad to see him here. Mrs. Lynch is going to Connecticut for three or four weeks, and if he can come while she is absent, it will be pleasant on many accounts.

I-3-e A.L.S. 3pp. 8vo.
1


1840 Sep 13

Fitzsimon, P.J.
Brooklyn, (New York)

To F(rancis) P. McFarland
Emmittsburg, M(arylan)d

He is pleased to have received McFarland's letter and to hear about the old croneys at Mt. St. Mary's College but is sorry that he worried about the money. About politics between the Tippecanoe parties, Democrat Associations, school fund meetings and Steamship companies there is confusion. He is afraid that the hard cider men will make a poor turnout. The Democrats are going steadily ahead. He thinks the philosophers in the school are doing more good than the politicians. He is sorry to hear that the great O'Neal is losing his electricity. Fitzsimon sends greetings to others by name.
P.S. He asks to be remembered in their prayers. Coyle, O'Neal, Mackey and Longhi will be ordained that week.

I-1-a A.L.S. 2pp. 4to.
2


1840 Sep 13

Francais, Father (N.)
Avoyelles, (Louisiana)

to Bishop A(nthony) Blanc
New Orleans, L(ouisian)a

Francais thinks Blanc did not receive his letter written some time ago. Francais arrived in Avoyelles without any authentic title except a letter which he could not let the trustees read. Blanc knows their affair with Father (Louis) Alaux; it is difficult to establish a priest here. Because of the bad dispositions of the majority of the people, it is almost impossible to build a church or presbytery and secure enough revenue to support a pastor. It was impossible to find a boarding place. He stayed two months at the same house where Blanc stayed on his visit. They charged the trustees 15 piastres for the time Blanc was there. Francais found a cook at 12 piastres a month but does not know if he can pay her. He had 200 piastres when he came; it is all gone. The trustees offered him $600, keeping for themselves all the fees from burials, marriages, and funerals leaving him the baptisms, Masses and ratifying of marriages. He has asked in vain for the money promised him every quarter. He is very badly housed in the sacristy of the so- called church; it rains in and there is no glass in the windows and no chimney. The president of the trustees is Hyppolite Couvillon, a good man, but he can do nothing alone. There is much sickness but no deaths. The caterpillars are eating the cotton crop.

V-4-k A.L.S. (French) 4pp. 4to.
3


1840 Sep 13

Roux, Father B.
St. Chamond, (France)

To Bishop (Anthony) Blanc
New Orleans, L(ouisian)a

Roux had promised Father (Stephen) Rousselon to write as soon as he arrived in France. Roux had made Blanc hope that he would return to New Orleans after a year's absence; he is still in his native country. When roux went to see Bishop de Pins, administrator of the diocese of Lyon, on June 23, 1839, the Bishop and Fathers Baron and Cholleton seemed much pleased at Roux's return and Cholleton asked if he wanted a post as a chaplain or as a pastor. Roux replied that his health demanded rest. Roux then went to Valbenoite, his birthplace, where he remained until October. Then at the request of Father ( ) Delorme, head of the College of St. Chamond, he was named chaplain of this house and also professor of English. Several times Roux wrote Baron for permission to return to North America but he never wanted to give it. Roux explained to the new administration, Bishop (Louis) de Bonald, former bishop of Puy, Baron and Father Grange, his vicars general. They finally said he was free to return to the New World if his health permitted. Roux would like to return to Blanc's diocese but his superiors want him to go on to St. Louis. Bishop (Joseph) Rosati came to St. Chamond and talked to Bonald who conceded Roux. Roux met Blanc's brother, a railroad inspector at St. Etienne in Lyon. Roux had supper with Bishop (Michael) Portier at the home of Father Janvier, pastor of St. Julien. Portier told them that he had already secured 8 or 9 subjects for his diocese. Portier is to leave for Rome day after tomorrow. Bonald is doing wonders in the diocese of Lyon. Baron (? ms. torn) is first vicar general; Grange pastor of St. Louis in St. Etienne, the second and Father Beaujolin, Superior of the little seminary of Argentiere, the third. Pins has retired to Chartreuse, Cholleton to the Marists. Father Castet(?) Is canon of St. John's. The harvest in France has been abundant. Blanc's family is well. Father Brouat, a priest of St. Etienne, sends his respects. Roux sends regards to Fathers Jeanjean, Rousselon, the Sisters of Charity and the Ursulines.

V-4-k A.L.S. (French) 4pp. 4to.
12


1840 Sep 14

Audizio, Father J(ohn)
Thibadeaux Ville, (Louisiana)

To Bishop Anthony Blanc
New Orleans, (Louisiana)

Jean Pierre Chiasson and Anrieette Charlotte Dupre ask for a dispensation from second degree relationship.

V-4-k A.L.S. (French) 2pp. 12mo.
3


1840 Sep 16

Connelly, Pierce J., Gracemere
(Grand Coteau, Louisiana)

To Bishop (Anthony) Blanc
New Orleans, L(ouisian)a

It seems doubly hard that the loss of Father (Nicholas) Point, (S.J.) should have been one of the reasons of their not seeing Blanc at such a time as this. Father (J. Francis) Abbadie, (S.J.) will give Blanc a full account of the College (of St. Charles) and the general satisfaction. Abbadie will also tell Blanc of an intended insurrection of the Negroes and their anxiety about Nace. As for all the threats of lynching the Fathers and driving them out of the country, they have excited nothing but a general disposition to protect them. At the convent the young people continue to do better and better and his wife (Cornelia Connelly) deserves a large share of the credit. Mrs. Garesche, whose husband is here on government business, one of the most distinguished women in the country, declares there is no institution in the whole country which has the same advantages as regards music. Connelly asks Blanc to accept the copies of an English Prayer Book just forwarded from Bishop (John Joseph) Hughes. They are a present from Canon Schmid, confessor to the imperial family and compiled by his own hand. They have no imprimatur and Father (Theodore) de Theux, (S.J.) suggested that Connelly ask Blanc to give them his approbation. Mr. Vezian told of Blanc's goodness of helping him to the gold to be forwarded to Washington. Blanc is to thank Father (Auguste) Jeanjean for sending it.

V-4-k A.L.S. 4pp. 4to.
11


1840 Sep 16

Lamy, Father John
Danville, Ohio

to Bishop John Baptist Purcell
of Cincinnati, Ohio

He has read in the Telegraph that Purcell will visit him before October but now that it is late in September he fears that Purcell will not be able to come. All inquire as to his coming, including those who are not Catholics. Hopes that Purcell received the letter he sent him two months ago saying that he was uncertain whether to go on or not with the church in Danville. They will finish it before the last week of October. Purcell has promised $100 and on that promise Lamy has promised to pay the plasterer $70 and is going to get the altar made. Asks an answer from Purcell. When he came the building was under roof and since has sent more than $300. Has bought a horse and is now a great traveler. Don't stay more than two Sundays in Danville. Needs the German language very much. He is staying at this time with one of Sapp's sons. Includes a case for a marriage dispensation (in Latin) and apologizes in French for his bad English.

II-4-g A.L.S. 2pp. 8vo.
3


1840 Sep 17

McCaffrey, Father James
Marietta, Ohio

to Bishop John Baptist Purcell
of Cincinnati, Ohio

Received Purcell's of the 10th and it caused much pleasure because he had feared that Purcell could not meet Mr. Brophy's demands on the property because of the troubles of the times. Disagrees with the Bishop's suggestion that they sell half the lots in Marietta, both because the people desire to see a seminary there and because such a sale at the time would be to the disadvantage of the bishop. The people would rather do their bit by subscription to the Cincinnati Cathedral. McCaffrey has been in Deaverstown and Sunday Creek. In the former he has contracted for the work to begin and in the latter the people are building a log church. Should Purcell go to Lancaster to dedicate the church, McCaffrey asks that he also come to dedicate the church at Sunday Creek. The congregation very poor and has about 50 families. He has a very intelligent catechuman, Mr. Thompson, who formerly opposed the Church. Went to Athens and had church in a large shanty. Collected about $25 for the church at Sunday Creek. Should Father (Michael) Olivetti go to Deaverstown, he should stay with A. Gosaman or W. Geiger. McCaffrey or Olivetti should be there to prepare them before the visit of the bishop for Confirmation. Asks for word from Purcell about the visit to Sunday Creek.

II-4 g A.L.S. 3pp. 8vo.
7


1840 Sep 18

Gely, Canon
Nantes, (France)

To Bishop (Anthony Blanc
New Orleans, Louisiana)

Father Paul Jordan, Spanish Catalan missionary, escaped almost miraculously from prison, wishes to labor in the missions of North America. He has asked Gely to recommend him to (Blanc). This estimable clergyman carries recommendations from France and from Rome; he speaks French as well as Spanish and Latin. He is only 33 and could render service for a long time. Pope Gregory XVI gave him faculties for the foreign missions.
P.S. On February 15 Gely sent a package for Bishop (Benedict J.) Flaget; Gely takes the opportunity to send Sections 67 and 68 of the Annals of the Faith. Father (B.) Roux recalls that Mr. Sotta, the painter, whom Gely recommended, was the bearer of the above mentioned package.

V-4-k A.L.S. (French) 4pp. 4to.
5


1840 Sep 20

L(ynch) A(nne) C.
Providence, (Rhode Island)

To O(restes) A. Brownson
Boston, Mass(achusetts)

She conjures Brownson to stop disturbing their feeling of high friendship by voicing suspicions that he has offended her, that she has changed her opinions, that anyone has influenced her in any way. If ever that time comes, she will promise to let him know, and she asks that he be good enough to return the favor. Being not of warlike mood, she must appear fastidious to him. But she thinks he ought to forgive her for that. She has copied what he sent her of the Jew's theory. The way to cure evils, social and individual, is to regenerate the individual intellectually, morally and physically. Preaching will not do it; they must act. They must restore the individual's equilibrium wherein the powers of his soul will be manifested harmoniously and perfectly. This equilibrium is restored by ceasing to exercise the powers of soul each exclusively for its own gratification. Will is the controlling factor here, the agent of regeneration. Therefore, she says, they must exercise the will upon themselves by way of self-discipline; they must also exercise upon each other for the purposes of soul elevation. She is going to send 50 pages of the Providence Book to the printer this week. She believes its literary worth will be greater than the Annuals generally are. She is using selections of the work of Rowland Nasard, and of Dr. Nayland's discourses, which are quite Brownsonian in their devotion to the human race. Her mother has failed rapidly in health.

I-3-e A.L.S. 4pp. Folio
1


1840 Sep 21

( )
(New Orleans, Louisiana)

(The writer) permits his Negro Joseph to marry (one) belonging to L. Dansac. The names of Aime Pavajot, Madeleine, Joseph, Marie Francais, and Antoine, mother of Josephine appear on the note.

V-4-k A. Receipt (French) 1p. 12mo.
2


1840 Sep 21

O'Reily, Father M.D.
Vicksburg, Missi(ssippi)

To Bishop (Anthony) Blanc
New Orleans, L(ouisian)a

O'Reily received Blanc's letter of August 10. They have not had rain for two months and he suffers severely from the dust. He regrets his letter of July 9 did not reach Blanc. In it he gave an account of the plan he had in view if Blanc held the visitation here on his return from Baltimore. He awaited that as an opportunity of calling on the liberals of this community to aid them. They have just purchased this building paying $2000 and for alterations and repairs. O'Reily's oil stocks are nearly dry; he is likely to have some difficulty regarding banns of marriage and is anxious that Blanc give him discretionary powers. His papers restrict his jurisdiction to November 1. He wrote a few days ago to Father (John Stephen) Basin. O'Reily thanks Blanc for the $10 in his last letter; Blanc is to give credit to it on the back of the note.

V-4-k A.L.S. (French) 3pp. 4to.
2


1840 Sep 23

Pavageau, A(imé)
New Orleans, (Louisiana)

To (Bishop Anthony Blanc
New Orleans, Louisiana)

Receipted bill for $39 and $4 for work done from June 27 to date, repair of windows, confessional, etc.

V-4-k A. Receipt S. (French) 1p. 8vo.
1


1840 Sep 24

Boué, Father L(ouis)
Paris, (France)

To Bishop A(nthony) Blanc
New Orleans, L(ouisian)a

Leaving New York September 1, he was at Liverpool the 17th; at London the 19th; at Havre, the 22nd; at Paris, the 23rd. Informed that Bishop (Michael) Portier was at Lafontaine's Hotel, Boué went to see him. He found Father (Hercule) Brassac with him. Boué's cousin had received Blanc's letter so Portier was expecting him. Tomorrow Boué goes to make a retreat; the welcome given him by Father Pierre Jennes(se)au (x, S.J.?) made him decide to choose this house. After his retreat of 2 or 3 weeks he will try to get a room at the hospital. Two doctors have told him that his illness is a result of poisoning. They promised him a cure in a year or 18 months.

V-4-k A.L.S. (French) 3pp. 4to.
4


1840 Sep 24

(England), Bishop John
Charleston, S(outh) C(arolina)

To Bishop Anthony Blanc
New Orleans, Lou(isiana)

Absence, indisposition, and inability to decide whether he could accept the invitation presented an earlier reply to Blanc's letter of August 11. Poor Father (J.F.) Chibeaux; (England) would have tried him not with a convent but a congregation. He died in St. Louis on September 7. (England) could not go to New Orleans before the end of January; he is pressed with difficulties. Judge Gaston has written that he takes a deep interest in the distress of a family in an adjoining county. Mr. Brown, collector of the U.S. for the part of Ocracoke, North Carolina has a son Thomas Brown, who compelled by rheumatism to abandon his studies sought a milder climate and in Texas a party of Mexicans took him prisoner and now detain him at Matamoras. His parents have procured a letter from General Jackson to Santa Anna. Doctor Matthews interfered with the Mexican charge. Now his Father writes that he has been advised that nothing would have such influence as a letter from some distinguished ecclesiastic to a clergyman of high standing in Matamoras. As Thomas Brown is of his diocese (England) entreats Blanc to make the application at his request and in his name.

V-4-k A.L.S. 4pp. 4to.
5


1840 Sep 25

Beauprez, Father P(eter) F(rancis)
Vermillionville, (Louisiana)

to Bishop Ant(hony) Blanc
New Orleans, (Louisiana)

Beauprez received Blanc's letter of August 29 reproaching him for lodging his servant and his sacristan under the same roof. His old, pious Irish sacristan has just left for the College at Grand Coteau because he did not get paid. Beauprez doubts that the church he planned will ever be built. Four months ago they were to submit the church accounts for examination and have never done it; this caused the resignation of Moses Hebert, president. Blanc knows the troubles LaFayette has been exposed to for 4 weeks. Beauprez has also been victimized by insults and curses for having wished to assist the Negroes who were hanged. They wanted to carry their rage to the College at Grand Coteau which they wished to demolish or burn because they regarded the Jesuits as the instigators of the insurrection of the slaves. Beauprez has already prepared a letter asking Blanc to give him permission to return to his old post at New Iberia as it is now with St. Mary's Parish attached. Here is a letter Beauprez has just received: "Although they have a good pastor, she asks Beauprez to come to visit her and Mrs. (Charles) Smith; he is their spiritual Father and they would like him to hear their confessions. New Iberia, September 21, 1840; (signed) Constance Darby." Since leaving New Iberia, Beauprez has said Mass for them from time to time, heard their confessions, made sick calls, and held services since Blanc had not withdrawn his faculties and they did not want the services of Father (F. Charles Boutelou de) St. Aubin. Many men made their Easter duty; 40 whites and several slaves; Beauprez believes that Father (Julian) Priour will do well here. Dr. Smith has not made his Easter duty; after what Father (Victor) Paillasson told him Beauprez thinks he can bring him to his duty. At LaFayette they are circulating a subscription to build a college at Vermillionville, the legislature having allotted $2500; they were talking of turning the old church into a public school after building a new church; now all is to the contrary. St. Aubin proposed that Beauprez change places with him saying that Blanc would have no objection since he had already offered Beauprez LaFayette. Beauprez would be glad if this change could take place. He is afraid he cannot last much longer here unless there is a great change of spirit.

V-4-k A.L.S. (French) 4pp. 4to.
12


1840 Sep 25

Timon, (C.M.), Father J(ohn), St. Mary's Seminary
Perryville, (Missouri)

To Bishop Anth(on)y Blanc
New Orleans, L(ouisian)a

On Timon's return yesterday from Kentucky he received Blanc's letter by Father (J.M.) LeFranc. This gentleman, Timon thinks, will learn English though slowly. As to his vocation for their congregation Timon has his doubts; at any rate he will be useful in Blanc's diocese. Timon rejoices at the steps Blanc has taken with regard to St. Michael's. They will talk it over when Timon comes down; Father (John) Boullier, (C.M.) will come with Timon if not before. They are entirely out of Masses; could any be had from Europe or Louisiana through Blanc? Bishop (Joseph) Rosati wrote from Paris on June 21; his prospects seemed very flattering. Father (J.F.) Chibeaux was taken sick at St. Mary's and then against Timon's advice started to St. Louis where he expired on September 7 as Timon is informed by Father Vandenveld(e).

V-4-k A.L.S. 2pp. 4to.
6


1840 Sep 26

Armengol, (C.M.), Father B(onaventure)
Assumption, (Louisiana)

To Bishop Ant(hony) Blanc
New Orleans, (Louisiana)

Armengol received Blanc's letter of September 22 from which he learned of the death of Father (J.F. Chibeaux) Chibaud. Here is the list of their seminarians (Seminary of St. Vincent de Paul) for the account of the bishopric: Charles Menard, Felix Dechary, Joseph Landry, Clair Momus, Martin Burnes, John (?) Lee, Joseph Aucoin; at New River there is one proposed by Father (Thaddeus) Amat, (C.M.). Magin Armengol, Armengol's nephew, has assured him of his resolution to embrace the ecclesiastical state.

V-4-k A.L.S. (French) 2pp. 4to.
5


1840 Sep 26

Parmentier, S.
Brooklyn, (New York)

To Bishop Anthony Blanc
New Orleans, L(ouisian)a

Parmentier has written to Father (Peter Francis) Beaupre(z) for some instructions and asks Blanc to see that the enclosed letter reaches him.

V-4-k A.L.S. (French) 2pp. 4to.
2


(1840 Sep 27)

O'Reily, Father M.D.
(Vicksburg, Mississippi)

to Bishop (Anthony) Blanc
New Orleans, L(ouisian)a

If the secretary did his duty Blanc would have ere now, the rules of government adopted by the Catholic Association of this place, subjected to Blanc's inspection. The resolution passed some time ago and O'Reily was under the impression that the secretary had complied with the requisition. O'Reily is apprehensive that they will not be able to erect a church by the means that appear on the subscription list. There was a meeting on the 16th to receive a report from the chairman. Dr. (Thomas) Anderson appeared anxious that a lot at a part of the city called Springfield should be determined upon. He met with considerable opposition, the lot being at least a mile from the center of the city. The lot will cost $2000 and they stated that for another thousand a lot could be purchased in a central part. O'Reily will write after their next meeting. He would like to know whether the Very Reverend Mr. Roussillon (Father Stephen Rousselon) intends coming to Vicksburg. O'Reily made no objection to the place of lodgings procured for him but he is ready to enter on other arrangements as soon as he hears from Blanc or Roussilon. (This letter is written on a copy? of the) Constitution of the R(oman) C(atholic) Ass(ociation) of Vicksburg recorded by Jeremiah Collins, Secretary.

V-4-k A.L.S. 4pp. Folio
5


1840 Sep 28

Verhaegen, S.J., Father P(eter) J.
St. Louis, (Missouri)

To Bishop A(nthony) Blanc
New Orleans, Louisiana

Verhaegen thinks Blanc did not receive his last letter. He had asked Blanc to tell him if a man from St. Louis had gone to the Ursuline Convent to persuade Sister Hebert or Hubert to leave. Verhaegen had an opportunity to sound out Father (James) Fontbonne who said he wished to go to Blanc's diocese. Two things keep him here; he is the head of a society to aid the Association of the Propagation of the Faith here and Bishop (Joseph) Rosati is to establish the Brothers of the Christian Schools in his diocese and perhaps Fontbonne would be their spiritual director. It is too late to make any changes at the College of St. Charles, (Grand Coteau, Louisiana). They will see how it fares under Father (Joseph) Soller, (S.J.). Since Father (Louis M.) Pin, (S.J.) has lost his strength, Verhaegen has invited Soller to send Pin to Cincinnati and has promised Father (J.B.)Sautois, a scholastic, and a co-adjutor brother to replace him. They will leave next month. Bishop (John Baptist) Purcell has finally won his cause with the Father General. In his last letter the General asked Verhaegen to take charge of (St. Xavier) College of Cincinnati. He was there to see the buildings and make the necessary arrangements. Purcell has turned over to the (Jesuits) his college, his seminary, and his church. Father (J.A.) Elet, (S.J.) will be the rector and will have Fathers (G.L.) Gleizal, (S.J.) and Pin and Mr. Vanden Eycken, (S.J.) and Mr. Duerinkx, (S.J.), scholastics, and three co-adjutor brothers. Since this will not be enough to teach all the classes, some of the seminarians will help out temporarily. Purcell has bought a nice plot of ground and plans to build a new cathedral. Father (Peter) De Smet, (S.J.) has arrived in the Rocky Mountains. In his letter De Smet told that the Indians had welcomed him with great affection; he believes they can make conquests there similar to those in Paraguay.

V-4-k A.L.S. (French) 2pp. 4to.
18


1840 Sep 28

(L'Abeille), The New Orleans Bee
(New Orleans, Louisiana)

To Father Aug(ust) Jeanjean
(New Orleans, Louisiana)

Receipted bill for $20 for St. Mary's College of the Barrens, for advertising. Signed by Aug(ust) Herisson.

V-4-k Receipt S. 1p. 16mo.
3


1840 Sep 29

Lynch, Anne C.
Providence, (Rhode Island)

To O(restes) A. Brownson
Boston, Mass(achusetts)

She tells Brownson that she never even thought of being offended. When she is, she will make it known right speedily, in plain English. Her mother's health has declined. She received the first pages of the "Quarterly," which promise well. She thinks the first discourse better than the second, but both are to the purpose. She has been occupied wholly with copying and reading mushy pamphlets. She likes Miss Jacobs thus far. She is impressed at Miss Jacobs' susceptibility to electricity, she being unable to touch fur and even at times her own hair. And she relates to Brownson that one evening Miss Jacobs received an abusive, anonymous letter. She had no suspicion who sent it. But another evening when out, she was accompanied by a young man. As soon as she took his arm she had a conviction that he had written the letter. Her conviction was so strong that she accused him and he admitted it. This, thinks Miss Lynch, proves something tho' she doesn't know what. She is living at 14 George Street. She will be glad to see him there anytime, but asks to be let known of his visit two or three days prior to it.

I-3-e A.L.S. 3pp. 8vo.
1


1840 Sep 29

Priour, Father J(ulian)
New Iberia, (Louisiana)

To Bishop A(nthony) Blanc
New Orleans, (Louisiana)

Priour asks Blanc to excuse him for not having written as soon as he arrived; it was because of illness and the great task he found here. He arrived September 16; all welcomed him, especially Dr. Smith. The trustees have not yet been elected so nothing is settled. Priour likes his church very much and his house will be all right if it is not carried away by high water. He asks for a dispensation for Meriadec Viel D'Arby and Marie Eladie Deblanc, first cousins. He would also like the faculties Blanc would see fit to give him.
(P.S.) Mr. Chanel sends his respects.

V-4-k A.L.S. (French) 3pp. 4to.
5


1840 Sep 30

L(ynch) A(nne) C.
Providence, (Rhode Island)

To O(restes) A. Brownson
(Boston, Massachusetts)

She forgot to ask him to do a favor for her. So she writes merely on business. If it is inconvenient for him she hopes he will tell her so. She wants to buy a sofa bed, which cannot be done where they are. Mother likes the plan of Brownson's better than any she has seen. Perhaps he could find an auction room or stores where they keep secondhand furniture, and tell her the result, price, etc. She would like to have one not exceeding $40 and as much less as possible.

I-3-e A.L.S. 1p. 8vo.
1


1840 Oct 2

Odin, Father J(ohn) M.
San Antonio, (Texas)

To Bishop A(nthony) Blanc
New Orleans, L(ouisian)a

Odin received Blanc's letter sent by Mr. Cassiano.Father (Louis) Boué's leaving is a great loss for St. Michael and for Blanc's diocese. Odin wrote Blanc in August telling of the state of affairs at San Antonio. The little fit brought on by Odin's refusal to ring the bell at the burial for a Protestant has entirely blown over. They are going to publish the resolutions passed in their meeting and in the same paper, Odin has inserted his reply to the Committee. God seems to bless Father (Michael) Calvo's work; they have had a good number of Confessions and Communions. Even the Protestants send their children to English catechism. When the church is repaired he thinks even greater numbers will attend Mass. Odin visited the different missions set up before for the civilization of the Indians; the furthest is La Spada, 12 miles from here; St. John, 9 miles. The churches at these two missions are almost destroyed. St. Joseph, 5 miles away is the motherhouse; the church and convent are well preserved; what a shame this mission passed into Protestant hands. Mr. Beramendi, the owner of these 1500 arpents asks $10,000 but they say he would take $6000. The convent could easily be converted to a college or seminary. Conception, about 3 miles away from here is on the river; what a spot for a girls' school. Odin is going to Austin in a few weeks to obtain a decision from Congress to insure the buildings for the Catholic Church. During the week more than 200 men met in San Antonio and left on a campaign against the Comanches. They are preparing for another under General Felix Huston(?). The Indians have stolen so much and killed so many that the inhabitants are forced to exterminate them, if possible. Odin has just received the paper in which his reply appears; he sends the two sheets and asks Blanc to send them to Father (John) Timon. Odin intended to write Father Jeanjean but the gentleman who is taking this letter is ready to go.

V-4-k A.L.S. (French) 3pp. 4to.
10


1840 Oct 3

Labiche
Opelousas, (Louisiana)

To Bishop Ant(hony) Blanc
New Orleans, (Louisiana)

In reply to Blanc's letter of September 22 Labiche thinks Blanc's presence is not necessary at the moment, the property of the late Father (Flavius Henry) Rossi having been sold and the first payment falling due next April. Rossi's brother gave his power of attorney to John Jasse(?) Louaillier on his last trip to Opelousas.

V-4-k A.L.S. (French) 2pp. 4to.
3


1840 Oct 5

Lefranc, Father (John)
(Barrens, Missouri)

To Bishop (Anthony Blanc)
New Orleans, (Louisiana)

It is impossible to express his gratitude to Blanc for sending him to this house after all he has done. He follows all the exercises except meditation which is in English. The Blessed Virgin has always granted him favors: he celebrated his first Mass in a long time on her birthday. Lefranc's progress in English is not great but he has had very few lessons. Father (John) Timon, (C.M.) was gone, Father (Joseph Paquin, C.M.) Pasquin was gone for 12 days; most of them are on vacation. Retreat lasted 9 days followed by the retreat of the ordinands. They were then busy getting ready for classes which resumed today. Father (Donatien) Olivier has not said Mass for some days; Lefranc offered to read to him but he said it tired him too much. Lefranc believes Olivier will go suddenly when they least expect it.

V-4-k A.L.S. (French) 4pp. 8vo.
4


(1840?) Oct 6

Jamey, Father V(ictor)
St. Landry, (Opelousas, Louisiana)

to Bishop (Anthony) Blanc
New Orleans, (Louisiana)

Jamey thinks he will go to G(rand?) C(oteau?) tomorrow and the next week to Vermillionville. A long time ago Madame (Maria) Cutts, (R.C.S.J.) told Jamey that Father (Peter Francis) Beauprez gambled; he accused the players of cheating but could not prove it. Father (F. Charles Boutelou de) St. Aubin talked of 4 kings in one hand and 4 aces in another but it must be seen to be proved. When on September 13 St. Aubin talked at the College about taking the aggressor to court, Jamey had no trouble in persuading him that it would be imprudent. Father (Joseph) Soller, (S.J.) and Father (Julian) Priour were of Jamey's opinion. As to the repairs to the church, cemetery, and presbytery, Jamey believes it would be good to find out whether the trustees have sufficient funds for them. If they do not they will be angry and resign. So if Father (Joseph) Billon or anyone else wishes to follow Jamey's advice, Jamey thinks it would be best to have a priest as soon as possible. Jamey is about to buy for $500 a new store, solidly built of brick and measuring 30 by 35 feet. It cost $4000 to build; the owner died bankrupt. It is 14 miles from here and in a very convenient place for a chapel. With $200 worth of repairs Jamey will have a very nice little church. He wishes Father (Stephen) Rousselon would have a like experience on a larger scale. Jamey lives in the small house and is very busy; Billon remains in the large one and has almost nothing to do. When Jamey gets back from Vermillionville he will write.

V-4-k A.L.S. (French) 3pp. 4to.
10


1840 Oct 8

Armengol, (C.M.), Father (Bonaventure)
Donaldsonville, (Louisiana)

To Bishop Ant(hony) Blanc
New Orleans, (Louisiana)

Armengol received Blanc's last two letters. Father (P.J. Doutreluingne, C.M.) Douterlingne has exercised the ministry among the Americans for a long time and so can hear confessions in English. He is now on mission; if Armengol can find a way to reach him he will go to Blanc immediately. Their ordinances are ready for the day Blanc would like to confer Holy Orders. As for the seminarians Armengol would like to make every sacrifice possible to keep them as they have up to now. He does not know if they can take charge of Amité River; he does not think it prudent without consulting Father (John) Timon, (C.M.). If Blanc could apply to the seminary the fees for dispensations from the parishes entrusted to them, they could admit the said young man and perhaps another. Mr. Alfonse has a boy almost 10 who keeps asking to be put on the way to become a priest. His parents would furnish nearly all the expenses. If Blanc agrees, they will admit him. Armengol is about to set out for the Seminary (of St. Vincent de Paul, Assumption, Louisiana) where all are well.

V-4-k A.L.S. (French) 2pp. Folio
5


1840 Oct 8

Quiblier, Father (Joseph Vincent)
Montreal, (Quebec)

to Bishop A(nthony) Blanc
New Orleans, Louisiana

Blanc's little note which came with the letters addressed to Bishop (Charles Forbin) De Janson gave Quiblier great pleasure. He has a little rancor in his heart against the Lyonese bishops who, at the very door of an old friend, give no sign of life or friendship. What joy it would have given him to see one or several of these illustrious friends at Montreal! De Janson, invited to preach their retreat, arrived the day after the retreat closed. He let himself be persuaded by Bishop (Benedict Joseph) Flaget and Bishop (John Baptist) Purcell. On his trip to Quebec De Janson made up for it by a lay retreat of two weeks. Quiblier sends a paper (no enclosure) which will give some details of his work and success. They are trying to keep him this winter but fear their efforts will be useless. Everyone respects and loves him. Quiblier asks a charitable service for a person of Montreal. It concerns an inheritance. Catherine Prudhomme, wife of Samuel Henderson, or Anderson died at New Orleans in 1814 or 1815. There is need for her death certificate and to know if she had any children and if they are living. Since Blanc's visit 12 years ago Montreal has grown a bit. They have a Bishop and the largest diocese in North America. Quiblier has obtained a group of Brothers of the Christian Schools of Paris and bought them a house next to that of Mr. Laframboise where Blanc had tea. Quiblier built them a school 172 feet long, two stories. The seminary also, valued (?) At $40,000; without counting the annual board of the Brothers. There are only seven, they are rearing more than 500 children. They have five postulants. Montreal also has clergy retreats at the College; they are going to have the young ecclesiastics of the diocese as they do in the seminaries in France. The big question of temporal welfare is soon coming to an end and the British Government has passed a favorable law which in a few months will be sanctioned by His Majesty. All the priests who know Blanc send their respects. In the last two years they have received four new confreres from France; Father (Armand Francis) De Charbonnel arrived last winter; there are now 19 Sulpicians; there should be at least 45.
P.S. Quiblier's letter is only for Blanc. He wishes to be remembered to Father Jeanjean.

V-4-k A.L.S. (French) 4pp. 4to.
11


1840 Oct 9

Chanche, Father John J(oseph), St. Mary's Col(lege)
Bal(timore, Maryland)

To Bishop (Anthony) Blanc
New Orleans, (Louisiana)

Chanche cannot let Father (Peter Vincent) Plunket leave without telling Blanc how gratified he was to have him write upon his return to New Orleans. Blanc's stay on Chanche's side of the house renewed all the friendly feelings created many years ago in the company of one who was a Father to them both. While Chanche condoles with Blanc's loss of two of his clergy, he congratulates him on the health of his city. Ecclesiastical matters continue to flow in the usual slow channels. Archbishop (Samuel Eccleston) is indisposed with an affection of the throat. Mr. Waggaman and family will leave in a couple of weeks; they return without the eldest daughter and much afflicted at the unfortunate and daring step which she took. Chanche expected daily to see the gentleman Blanc spoke of. He had spoken to Mrs. MacTavish who expressed a great desire to have him in her family and promised to further his progress in the English language. Chanche sends regards to Father Jeanjean and Sister Regina.

V-4-k A.L.S. 3pp. 4to.
5


1840 Oct 9

Martin, Father (John)
Pointe Coupee, (Louisiana)

to Bishop Anthony Blanc
New Orleans, (Louisiana)

He could not send the list sooner because of several sick people at his house including himself. August 2 Francois Boissieux, a hatter, died at Martin's house; he carried all his belongings in a handkerchief except a trunk which Martin has not located. Martin sends his papers and asks Blanc to give them to the French consul to be sent to his parents. The enclosed letter (no enclosure) was given to Martin the first part of August by Mr. Oueze, of Besancon, who highly praised Father Bize who wished to come to America as a missionary. There has been much sickness and many deaths at Pointe Coupee this year. There have died recently: Mrs. John Baptist Bergeron, Marcelin Fabre, and Narcise Carmouche. The trustees have contracted with Claude Fabre to repair the church at Fausse-Riviere for $1200. And for five years they have furnished only two boxes of candles for the church. Recently they sold Mr. Morgan church land for $6000; a beautiful house being built on it. If Martin had not counted on Ch(arles) Poydras' word the petition signed by 116 would have been circulated among the others. Pierre Perche to whom Martin gave it, throws the blame on Poydras. The college at Fausse-Riviere is vacant; the administrators are trying to reorganize it. The donation of a piece of land of the island has not yet taken place but the person is still willing. Martin's case with the trustees is to come up in court next November. At the end of the month he plans to go to Avoyelles, a trip of 5 or 6 days. About the first of January he will go to New Orleans. He is still without a choirboy and sacristan.

A.L.S. (French) 4pp.

Enclosure:
A census for white Catholics and free persons of color of St. Francis parish made up in September, 1840: Totals for Pointe Coupée, Fausse-Rivière and Ile de la Fausse-Rivière are 1669 whites and 378 free persons of color. Totals for baptisms, marriages and deaths are given for the five years from 1835-1840 up to October 1. Two marriages were contracted between persons from Opelousas and Ile aux Chats.

V-4-k A.L.S. (French) 5pp. 8vo.
13


1840 Oct 9

Ritchie, Thomas
Richmond, Vi(rginia)

To C.A. Woodbury
( )

Ritchie is sending the copy of the Inquirer (?) Woodbury wrote for containing "The Letter." Woodbury is to send his promised conviction without a moments delay. Ritchie is in the midst of a high nervous excitement. D(aniel) Webster has not added to his own fare, nor to the Whig thought by visiting Virginia. Immediately after reading this letter Woodbury should sit down and write to George Bancroft. In place of sending him the abstract, Ritchie encloses the article from Lynchburg "Virginian" to which Ritchie would call Bancroft's attention. Ritchie hopes that the article will entirely misrepresent Bancroft. Woodbury should beg Bancroft to write to Ritchie forthwith in relation to this matter. Woodbury is to tell Bancroft that (Orestes A.) Brownson has played the deuce with them, his visionary doctrines - Wise, Bills, etc., are constantly preaching against the President for retaining such a man in office and holding him and the Whig Party responsible for Brownson's doctrine.
(Woodbury has a note after Ritchie's signature). Everybody is loud in their denunciation of him, why is he kept in office.

I-4-h A.L.S. (Photostat 2pp. 8vo. Mass. History Society)
2


1840 Oct 9

Verhaegen, S.J., Father P(eter) J.
St. Louis, (Missouri)

To Bishop A(nthony) Blanc
New Orleans, Louisiana

Blanc's letter of September 16 contained only one item that was not "sad", that is, that they do not have the yellow fever in New Orleans. Verhaegen is convinced that he has added to Blanc's trouble by appointing Father (Joseph) Soller, (S.J.) as president of St. Charles College, (Grand Coteau); he is trying to find someone to replace him. He is daily expecting two Fathers from Rome; they left Livourne in July. The three members of whom he spoke in his last letter will have left Grand-Coteau if Father (Judocus) Van Assche did not fall ill. So that they will have an adequate force to take care of Florissant, Father (J.B.) Sautois, (S.J.) and his companions will set out. Father (John A.) Elet, (S.J.) left for Cincinnati with his group. The classes are more numerous than before vacation. Yesterday, the fourth day of the term, there were 130 boarders. Verhaegen believes that the University will continue to prosper under Father (James F.) Vandevelde, (S.J.) and he has no doubt about Elet's success at their new College (St. Xavier). Father (Nicholas) Point, (S.J.) is now at St. Louis; he will leave for Westport in a few days. Since writing the above Verhaegen has received a letter from Philadelphia announcing that Father Mengarini, (S.J.), a Roman, and Father (James) Cotting, (S.J.), Swiss, had left for Missouri.

V-4-k A.L.S. (French) 2pp. 4to.
11


1840 Oct 10

Chabrat, Guy Ignatius, Bishop of Bardstown
Bardstown, Kentucky

to Bishop John Baptist Purcell
Cincinnati, Ohio

Father Joseph E. Freigang has received a letter from some Germans in Purcell's diocese who want him for their pastor. Father Stephen Theodore Badin recommends this priest and in so far as Chabrat knows him there is no objection to him. The Vicar General of Detroit, when asked said nothing that could prevent one from employing him. Chabrat would give him German congregation in his diocese had he such a congregation. Says they are not to cast off every priest that comes to them from Detroit. Recommends him to Purcell.

A.L.S. 1p. 8vo.

Added note of Father Badin dated Louisville, October 13, 1840.

Being personally acquainted with Freigang Badin recommends him to Purcell and coincides with Chabrat's statements. Says also that Freigang is learned in scripture and oriental languages.

II-4-g A.L.S. 2pp. 8vo.
4


1840 Oct 10

Patton, V.H.M., Sister Mary Lucina
Georgetown, (District of Columbia)

To Bishop Anthony Blanc
New Orleans, Louisiana

The ostensible object of her letter is to inform Blanc that she has written to Frances Ogden; her real one is to contrive a means to make her brother acquainted with Blanc by requesting Mr. Patton to deliver this in person. He has married Fredrica High of New Orleans and has a son. They rather favorably disposed to the Catholic religion. Mr. Hore is highly respected; Mr. Birdsell is a man without principles and of a bad temper; his wife is 17. Blanc can see from these particulars the field for his apostolic zeal. A Mrs. Conrad, a pious Catholic, also lives in Franklin. Their Community sends their respects; next month six novices will make solemn vows. Their Academy is still prosperous. Their Sisters in Baltimore are doing well.

V-4-k A.L.S. 4pp. 4to.
10


1840 Oct 11

L(inch), A(nne) C.
Providence, Rhode Island

to O(restes) A. Brownson
Boston, Massachusetts

Her wits never come to her aid in the crisis, so she does not doubt but that Brownson will find her letter as dull as usual. Her ride home was pleasant, and she was delighted to find mother better, and continuing to improve. She read the "Defence" and found it admirable; which was her real reason for writing him. She says that "the God has spoken out in this without any dispute." She will send Brownson the Journal with the notice of the "Horrible Doctrines," and Mr. Kinnicutt's address. She hopes he has survived these two attacks. She has decided he may as well go down to immortality in the "Boston Quarterly" as in any other vehicle. His thoughts and the spirit of the times will be a more valuable work than his sitting down to compose a book. As she will edit his literary remains, she'll do as she pleases as long as he does not leave notice to the contrary. She has not read much lately and is falling behind. And her increasing pile of manuscripts warns her to close here.

I-3-e A.L.S. 3pp. 8vo.
1


1840 Oct 11

(Milde), Vincent Edward, Archbishop of
Vienna, (Austria)

To Father F(rancis) V(incent) Badin, V.G.
Detroit, (Michigan)

The Leopoldine Association has received some gifts during the past year for Fathers (Francis) Pierz, (Frederick) Baraga and Andrew Vi(s)zo(c)zky. The sum amounts to 906 florins, 19 kreutzers which is to be sent by Arnstein & Eckeles of Vienna. In the meantime (Badin) can, if necessary, make allowance to the missionaries for the sum. For Pierz there are 309 fl. 41 k. for Masses to be said and other gifts of 209 Fl. 4 k. Totaling 518 f. 45 k. For Baraga 347 fl. 34 K. and for Viszoczky 40 fl. (Milde) asks to be informed immediately of the receipt of the money. Also he asks about the money sent to Bishop (Frederick Résé) on March 1, 1839 totaling 864 florins 40 kreutzers as follows: for Father (Simon) Saenderl, (C.SS.R.) 60 fl.; for a church, in honor of the B.V.M. in the diocese of Detroit 50 fl.: for Father (John N.) Neumann, (C.SS.R.)of the diocese of New York 85 fl. (Milde) asks Badin to give him information about the Germans in the diocese of Detroit as well as in other dioceses of North America - about their religious progress and needs and the use made for them of the money from the Leopoldine Association. This is important to him as president of the Association and because of a recent pamphlet, "Die Katholisch- Irish, bischöfliche Administration in Nord-America," by Severus Brandanus, published this year in Philadelphia. (Milde) does not believe all the publication says but he is afraid its contents will affect the liberality of the members of the Association.

III-2-g A.L.S. (Latin) 4pp. 8vo.
9


1840 Oct 12

O'Reily, Father M.D.
Vicksburg, (Mississippi)

to Bishop (Anthony) Blanc
New Orleans, L(ouisian)a

Blanc's consoling letter came to hand a week ago. Blanc can conceive of O'Reily's confusion when he saw a notice of this house being offered for sale on the 26th by the Sheriff of the county. The plea of the claimant is that there is a collusion between the person who purchased the property at the Sheriff's sale last January and the owner for whose debts it was sold. If that can be proved they will lose the money they have paid as they do not have a warranted title. A Mr. Green whom O'Reily had employed reported that he believed title to be a good one and that the then owner had purchased it at $2000 in hand and $1250 a year later. Green and Mr. Councel tried to dissuade O'Reily from having the title in his name as they said it would give the malevolent an opportunity to fasten on hin the charge Anderson made when O'Reily dissolved the Association. For services on the next Sunday, he had not twenty men of his congregation present. The following Sunday the whole congregation, as if by a common understanding, assembled, and continue to do so. Had Blanc's arrangements admitted of his stay amongst them for two or three days on his way from the north, it would probably put a stop to this.

V-4-k A.L.S. 3pp. 4to.
5


1840 Oct 14

Amat, C.M., Father Thadée
Donaldsonville, (Louisiana)

To Bishop Anthony Blanc
New Orleans, L(ouisian)a

A young Frenchman wishes to marry a free girl of color and as Amat hears that the civil law forbids this he wishes to consult with Blanc. Both practice their religion and intend later to go to France.

V-4-k A.L.S. (French) 2pp. 12mo.
1


1840 Oct 14

Doogan, Father Robert
Alexandria, (Louisiana)

to Bishop (Anthony) Blanc
New Orleans, (Louisiana)

Doogan understands from Mrs. Biosssat that there is a parcel for him on board but the boat is discharging her cargo some distance down the river and is returning this evening to New Orleans. The trustees are living out in the pine woods but Doogan expects to have an interview with them shortly. He is well pleased with the family to whom Blanc recommended him. He celebrated Mass in the new church last Sunday; if Blanc will allow him to he will make a mission through the most thickly settled parts. He asks Blanc to send him the Council of Trent and Challenor's Meditations. He asks Mr. Kelley to get a box of hosts from the Sisters and forward it with the first boat. Mrs.Biossat will make a set of vestments for All Saints Day if Blanc will forward the lace.

V-4-k A.L.S. 2pp. Folio
4


1840 Oct 15

Giustiniani, C.M., Father J(oseph)
Natchitoches, (Louisiana)

to Bishop A(nthony) Blanc
New Orleans, (Louisiana)

Giustiniani is disturbed over a letter he wrote Blanc almost two months ago and which he fears Blanc has not received. In the letter Giustiniani asked for a dispensation for marriage between Mr. Roques and Miss Metoyer, both persons of color and first cousins. The pastor not having the faculty to give the dispensation they were married by a judge. They wish, however, to have the marriage ratified in the Church. Now there is a similar case. Victor Le Brun and Damase Fortolant wish to marry; they are second cousins. Giustiniani asked in the other letter for the faculty to dispense in such cases. Many families of color in this parish are related and find it difficult to meet others who are not related. Giustiniani also asked Blanc for a gig but Father (Victor) Jamey on a visit to them, bought them one at a good bargain. Giustiniani is recovered from his illness; Father (R. Pascual, C.M.) Pasqual has had two mild relapses; Father (Joachim) Alabau, (C.M.) is fine. With a little lime which Mr. Le Conte bought for them, the work goes on and in several weeks a good part will be rebuilt gratis. Giustiniani would like to make up a subscription but the church is so in debt and times so bad that he fears the result. Blanc is to pray for the three children to whom he entrusted this parish.

V-4-k A.L.S. (French) 3pp. 4to.
10


1840 Oct 15

Soller, S.J., Father J(oseph)
Grand Coteau, (Louisiana)

To Bishop (Anthony) Blanc
New Orleans, Louisiana

All his time has been taken in the first days since his arrival. He found the whole community well except Mr. P. Arnou(l)dt, (S.J.), who is better. Most of them are on a retreat renewing their forces for the beginning of the year. Blanc has no doubt seen Father (Louis Mary?) Pin, (S.J.) who is to be one of the founders of ( St. Xavier) College of Cincinnati. They expect the help Father (Peter J.) Verhaegen, (S.J.) has promised at any minute. All indications are that in spite of their enemies, their college will be as large as last year. All the inhabitants of Grand Coteau have shown great attachment to them in the persecution from the parish of Lafayette. They met at the St. Charles Hotel and decided unanimously to defend the (Jesuits). Their resolutions were published in the two Opelousas newspapers. For two weeks the young people here kept watch at night at the college. Raphael Smith has kept his horse saddled to come to their aid at the first signal. Classes resumed last Monday; there were 70 students. Today Miss Prichet(?) of Natchitoches took the habit. Father (Victor) Jamey conducted the ceremonies and was the speaker. Professors at Franklin College took offense at his speech on the day of the distribution of the prizes which was published in The Whig of Opelousas. How are the Sisters and the hospital? Soller hopes Blanc has found someone to replace him. Madame (Julia) Bazire is expecting Madame (Elizabeth) Gallitzin. The college and convent would like to have Blanc visit them at least for a few days.

V-4-k A.L.S. (French) 4pp. 4to.
14


1840 Oct 17

Beauprez, Father (Peter Francis)
Vermillionville, (Louisiana)

To Bishop Ant(hony) Blanc
New Orleans, (Louisiana)

Beauprez sees from Blanc's letter that Blanc understood that Beauprez had taken Blanc's observations as reproaches. On the contrary Beauprez took them as wise advice. It was not so much Beauprez as Father (F. Charles Boutelou de) St. Aubin who has been talking about an exchange with him. It is only since the unfortunate affair of the Negroes that he listened to St. Aubin's pleas. Beauprez was disgusted with New Iberia, seeing Father (Hercule) Brassac performing marriages at his door and hearing St. Aubin claiming rights up to 2 miles from New Iberia. New Iberia can now be regarded as a very important post having annexed St. Mary's. Beauprez told the men that since he had asked for Lafayette and Blanc had given it to him he would remain faithful to his post. Beauprez saw in advance that Blanc would make an observation about Beauprez's expression about the Sisters and the trouble he experienced. There is not the least danger that he will tell Father (Julian) Priour. This week Beauprez made a trip to Terry's Bridge and further down; he saw Mr. Young and his children who have not made their First Communion. Beauprez will go back next month; it is almost impossible to clear ground long neglected, for the Catholics of Terry's Bridge are half Protestant. He will have to quit these different missions unless the trustees give him a fixed salary as to St. Martin's, New Iberia and elsewhere.
P.S. Beauprez has just received the prospectus of the College of Baton Rouge in which he sees that a Protestant minister is the principal and that the impious Favrat is president of the committee; Beauprez is glad he is no longer at Baton Rouge. Blanc is to ask Father Jeanjean to buy a barrel of Irish potatoes from the first shipment from Liverpool and to send them in care of Mr. Hacker, New Iberia.

V-4-k A.L.S. (French) 4pp. 4to.
12


1840 Oct 17

Borjac(?), V.
New Orleans, (Louisiana)

To (The Carmelite Sisters
New Orleans, Louisiana)

Receipt for $5.50 from the Dames de St. Claude for 5 yards of gros de Naples.

V-4-k A. Receipt S. (French) 1p. 16mo.
1


1840 Oct 19

Deluol, Father L(ouis) R(egis)
Baltimore, (Maryland)

To Bishop A(nthony) Blanc
New Orleans, L(ouisian)a

The bearer is Father Pierre Vincent Plunkett whom Blanc has consented to receive. Deluol loves him like a son. If his health is restored Deluol has no doubt that he will be very useful in the diocese.

V-4-k A.L.S. (French) 2pp. 4to.
2


1840 Oct 19

Tabor, Martha Mary
Thibodeaux, (Louisiana)

To Bishop (Anthony) Le(!) Blanc
New Orleans, (Louisiana)

(Tabor addresses Blanc as) "Dear Godfather." They have left Sacred Heart which cased her much pain, to leave there before her First Communion. She has no hopes of returning and will try to prepare for that Sacrament and likewise her two sisters whom Blanc baptized when at Lafourche. Tabor's mother is desirous of joining them in the Catholic faith. Tabor was disappointed on her arrival at Lafourche to learn that Blanc had sent Father (Julian) Priour away; she hopes that Blanc will let him return to Thibodeaux and convert more of the Protestants as he had it in his power to do that much for her family. Her sister Julia (Tabor) often speaks of the instruction Blanc gave her. Nothing was more painful than to be parted from the Ladies and particularly Madame Aloysia (Hardey). Tabor will send this down by Father (John) Audizio as he speaks of leaving for the city in the morning.

V-4-k A.L.S. 2pp. 4to.
5


1840 Oct 21

Brogard, Father J(oseph) N.
Natchez, (Mississippi)

To Bishop Ant(hony) Blanc
New Orleans, L(ouisian)a

The president of the council was charmed with Blanc's reply. Blanc made no mention of the 5000 piastres from Europe; Brogard gave (William St. John) Elliot the reason - that Blanc was neither the dispenser nor the depository so that any promise on his part would be ineffective. Elliot said he would do all in his power to advance the cause of religion. This same person gave 6000 piastres to the Sisters of Charity at Louisville and a like sum to those at Baltimore. At Blanc's suggestion Elliot wrote a suitable letter to the Archbishop signed by the members of the council. Meanwhile he continues to sound out the rich to get them to subscribe toward the building. Since this building will not be ready when the diocesan bishop arrives, and since their chapel would be entirely too small they are trying to get a bigger place. They need 50 piastres to divide the chapel into two parts for a parlor and dining room. Brogard intends to use the alms of Bishop (Charles Forbin) de Janson since the funds sent for the victims of the tornado exceeded their needs by 6000 piastres which was divided between the hospital and the orphanage. Their town has come out of the ruins, money is beginning to circulate again, the principal Protestant church, that of Mr. (Pierce) Connelly where many Catholics still go, is vacant, favorable dispositions are shown on all sides. It is important that their bishop appear as soon as possible. Word got around several weeks ago that their bishop would be Father (P.E.) Moriarty of Philadelphia who has already made himself popular here by a sermon he preached about the unfortunate victims of the tornado, and also because of a little controversy with Reverend Landis about the Eucharist. If this rumor has any basis, Moriarty can count on a cordial reception. All goes well here; the trustees agree among themselves and come to Mass. They almost lost the two best members of their congregation, Mrs. Robitaille and Mrs. Julienne but they are better. All others are well.

V-4-k A.L.S. (French) 4pp. 4to.
8


1840 Oct 23

Hardey, Father Richard B.
Boston, (Massachusetts)

To Bishop Anthony Blanc or Father Al(oysius) Moni
New Orleans, Louisiana

At the direction of Bishop (Benedict) Fenwick from Maine, where he is at present, Hardey has caused the Ursulines, Sister Mary Clare and Sister Mary Ambrose to embark in the Tyrone to join their sisters near New Orleans whither they were invited last August. The superior, Sister St. Etienne Morin promises to pay their traveling expenses. Hardey has directed the nuns to Blanc's residence and asks Blanc to pay the Captain $90 for their passage.

V-4-k A.L.S. 3pp. 4to.
6


1840 Oct 25

Deluol, Father L(ouis) R(egis)
Baltimore, (Maryland)

To Bishop A(nthony) Blanc
New Orleans, L(ouisian)a

As soon as Deluol received Blanc's reply of September 20 to the letter about Father (Peter Vincent) Plunkett he booked passage for him on the "Scotland," Captain Merryman. The boat set sail on October 22. Deluol repeats all he already has said in favor of Plunkett; he should make a very useful subject if his health is reestablished, which seems probable. Deluol's intention was that Plunkett would bring his exeat but a little trouble caused by a young man who was to go with Plunkett made this impossible. Archbishop (Samuel Eccleston) will send it at the first opportunity. The Archbishop's illness could become serious; it is bronchitis. As this disease threatened to carry Deluol off three years ago he should be listened to. Father (John Joseph) Chanche, who knows that Natchez depends on him, is very uneasy. Bishop (Michael) Portier who was in Baltimore 3 days ago said that he left Rome August 24 and the proceedings of the 4thProvincial Council of Baltimore had not yet been received although Bishop (Joseph) Rosati had arrived in Paris on June 21. On seeing Portier, the Pope exclaimed, "The immobile bishop of Mobile."

V-4-k A.L.S. (French) 4pp. 4to.
6


1840 Oct 25

Verhaegen, S.J., Father P(eter) J.
St. Louis, (Missouri)

To Bishop A(nthony) Blanc
New Orleans, L(ouisia)na

Blanc will be glad to see that Verhaegen has not forgotten St. Charles College, (Grand Coteau). Father (J.B.) Sautois, (S.J.), Mr. Truyens, and Brother Donahue, (S.J.) are destined for that house. Up to now Verhaegen has not been able to find someone for New Orleans. The two priests from Rome are too young having only been ordained at the beginning of the year. He will do all he can to send help soon; Blanc will understand that not every priest of their Company can replace Father (Joseph) Soller, (S.J.). He sends regards to Fathers Jeanjean and Rousselon.

V-4-k A.L.S. (French) 2pp. 4to.
6


1840 Oct 26

McFarland, J(ohn) A.
Tiffin, (Ohio)

To F(rancis) P. McFarland
Emmittsburg, Maryland

John apologizes for not writing sooner. The sickly season gave him constant employment. The Cherokee and Kendall people should have kept Francis informed of his activities. He has been well. There has been small pox in Tiffin, about 12 cases but only one fatal. They vaccinated many. When he last heard of their Father he was preparing to move to Allen County. He asks if Frank feels the excitement of politics in his retreat. In Ohio the results give the Governorship to the Whig candidate, Corwin, with 17,000 majority. There is not doubt that Harrison will have the state. An abolition ticket will hurt but his popularity is greater than Corwin's. Maryland it seems will go for him. He intends to visit Cincinnati this winter and would like to go to Emmittsburg but cannot. He adds a few lines in verse on hope.

I-1-a A.L.S. 3pp. 4to.
1


1840 Oct 26

Rousselon, Father E(tienne)
Vicksburg, Mi(ssissippi)

To Bishop A(nthony) Blanc
New Orleans, L(ouisian)a

Rousselon's first words in French were to his mother; his first letter in English for his Father in America. He left on Wednesday on the Southland and arrived in Vicksburg on Saturday. Father (M.D.) O'Reily received him in a very kind manner; he resides in his church and has room for Rousselon; they board with an American family. O'Reily will write Blanc next week. Rousselon is anxious to know how Blanc and Father (Auguste) Jeanjean are. He hears much English but understands only a little. From the mountain where the Catholic church is Rousselon can see the Mississippi flowing along as in former times from St. Just he saw the Rhone. Vicksburg is Rome in miniature as there are seven hills but that is all it has in common. O'Reily sends his respects. Blanc is to tell Father (Edward) D'hauw to take the box of rosaries on the bench in the library and distribute whatever is left.

V-4-k A.L.S. (English and French) 3pp. 4to.
4


1840 Oct 27

Brogard, Father J(oseph) N.
Natchez, (Mississippi)

to Bishop Ant(hony) Blanc
New Orleans, L(ouisian)a

Blanc no doubt saw on reading Brogard's letter of the 21st that he had not had Blanc's of the day before when he wrote. Since then he has conferred with the president of the Council about the Church and the ceding of the land. He gave Brogard assurance of neglecting nothing to get Blanc to lay the cornerstone during November. But they will begin only next week; they are talking of nothing now but the election. The president seems determined to raise the walls of the Cathedral as high as funds will permit and to put all in the hands of the Bishop. They must obtain the consent of the majority but this should present no difficulty. Brogard's suggestion is for Blanc to write to (William St. John?) Elliott announcing that he intends to visit Natchez toward the end of next month. This would stimulate his zeal. On (November) 29 Blanc could see the members of the corporation at their meeting, on the 30th, he could preach to them, and on the 31st lay the cornerstone. Whatever Blanc's decision, he can depend on the devotion of the council and the good dispositions of the Catholics of Natchez and even the Protestants who have given them a temporary Church in Mechanic's Hall. A short time ago he had a sick call to Port Gibson; he was surprised at the number of Catholics there. Needing a cassock, Brogard will come to New Orleans the second week of November if his finances permit.

V-4-k A.L.S. (French) 4pp. 4to.
4


(1840 Oct 27)

Francais, Father (Nicholas)
(Avoyelles, Louisiana?)

To Archbishop A(nthony) Blanc
New Orleans, L(ouisian)a

Francais has had no answer to two letters; he believes Blanc has not received them. In his first letter, Francais indicated his position in this wild and immoral country; in the second letter, the arrangements made with the trustees. Francais asks Blanc to give him some sign of life by the bearer of this letter. He wrote to Father (Louis Moni) Mony to send some Mass intentions for the catechisms which Father Rousselon sent; Blanc is to speak to him about them.

V-4-k A.L.S. (French) 3pp. 4to.
2


1840 Oct 27

Nozo, (C.M.), Father J(ean) B(aptist)
Paris, (France)

To Bishop (Anthony Blanc)
New Orleans, (Louisiana)

Nozo today received Blanc's letter of August 25. He had already replied to his confreres in America about St. Michael by telling them that they need only provisionally take over the direction of the Sisters and boarders until Blanc could find another priest. Nozo also expressed his intentions about the Superior of the Seminary in line with Blanc's wish which Nozo finds very just on account of the language and Spanish character of the present superior. Nozo believes Father (John) Timon, (C.M.) is awaiting a favorable time to make a change. As soon as there are Frenchmen who are disposed to go to America, Nozo will send them.

V-4-k A.L.S. (French) 3pp. 4to.
3


1840 Oct 29

(Purcell), Bishop J(ohn) B(aptist)
Cin(cinnati, Ohio)

To Bishop (Anthony) Blanc
New Orleans, L(ouisian)a

One of their best converts, Mrs. Mary Sayre is on her way with her husband to New Orleans to spend the winter. She is the Aunt of Mary Burnham who spent two or three years at St. Michaels. Mary B. and a young sister are now at Nazareth, Kentucky. Father (Louis M.) Pin gave (Purcell) Blanc's letter; he was sorry to hear of the death danger of Father (Auguste) Jeanjean; he has too sensitive a heart and is ripening too fast for heaven. (Purcell) owes him 24 francs. If he gets well, Jeanjean ought to get some subscribers for Digby's "Ages of Faith," a most valuable book. They are now stereotyping the first volume. This week's Telegram will inform Blanc that he has been marrying one of Blanc's diocesans, F. Maywood(?); he seems to be a very fine Creole. What does Blanc think of Bishop (John England) a good bishop, a good Democrat! Bishop (Michael) Portier has returned. He brought (Purcell) a letter from Father (Hercule) Brassac. He announced that Bishop (Frederick) Résé was named archbishop in partibus, with 1000 scudi. They are going to give him a coadjutor with the right of succession when financial affairs are settled. He is to spend all his life in Italy. Bishop (Charles Forbin Janson) is feted everywhere in New France. (Purcell's) colony of Sisters of Notre Dame de Namur have arrived in New York and should be here any day. (Purcell) had made so many useless efforts to have the Ladies of the Sacred Heart that he was obliged to take the only means of providing for their forsaken youth. The Athenaeum is all changed; it is truly a beautiful building. (Purcell) is staying with the Jesuits! Blanc is to tell Sister Angela that (Purcell) has had only one chance to see her niece who is very much exposed to losing her faith; (Purcell) will do his best. Blanc is to tell Jeanjean "ut curam sui agat"!

V-4-k A.L.S. (English and French) 3pp. 4to.
15


1840 Oct 30

Audizio, Father J(ohn B.)
Thibodeaux Ville, (Louisiana)

To Bishop A(nthony) Blanc
New Orleans, (Louisiana)

Severin Guillot and Pauline Guillot ask for a dispensation from second degree relationship.

V-4-k A.L.S. (French) 2pp. 4to.
3


1840 Oct 31

L(ynch), A(nne) C.
Providence, Rhode Island

to O(restes) A. Brownson
Boston, Massachusetts

She did not write last Sunday as arranged because her mother was leaving town. She was thus engaged, and later with helping their friend the Pole, who was in distress. The Rhode Island book has taken much of her time, but it will be printed soon. It is quite good of its kind, and she will send him a copy as soon as it is out. Mrs. Whitman spent the evening with her, and showed her Brownson's letters to her (Mrs. Whitman). She hopes that Brownson will have Mrs. Whitman write for the "Quarterly" as she has probably written the best articles outside of the editor's. She is getting interested in politics. She asks whether she should become a politician or not. She wants to know the difference between the Whigs and the Administration. What between the Treasury, sub-treasury and the National Bank? What the evils of the Banks; what the advantages? When did the Chartists originate and what are their principles and objects. She met Mr. Dorr and Dr. Channing. The latter she believes to be an enthusiast. If the Rhode Island book is successful she will make a selection of American poetesses, similar to Mrs. Hale's "Ladies Month." But she will make hers entirely American and feminine.

I-3-e A.L.S. 4pp. 8vo.
1


1840 Nov 2

Martinet, Father F(rancis)
Mont-luel, (France)

To Bishop (Anthony) Blanc
New Orleans, Louisiana

Martinet is astonished that Blanc has not received the amount of his bill given to Father Tissot and a sum left with Father (Louis) Moni. The things left with Moni were not for sale but they were sold during the last year; he wanted to pay Martinet but Martinet asked him to give the money to Blanc. Foster owes him $13. The books were sold to Tissot as cost and he was to give Blanc $274.25. The amounts are: $73 given to Moni: $13.50 to be collected from foster and $274,25 for the books given to Tissot, making a total of $360.75. This is equivalent to 1857 francs giving him 3 per cent as they were giving at New Orleans when Martinet left. He is sorry to pay his debt to Blanc in this way but Bishop (Michael) Portier forced him to it. Portier owes him for the whole year of professorship; he has not given him a cent. Martinet had a sum on deposit with Mr. Kernion; he hastened to withdraw it and they showed him a receipt from Portier who took this money to buy flour. Martinet is without money as he has just paid his passage on the Majestueux. He has been obliged to beg his way from Nantes to Lyons. At Mont-luel he is living on alms as his health does not permit him to exercise the ministry. Portier also owes him 200 and some piastres advanced for the house. Of all this Portier paid half which settled part of Martinet's debts and that was when Martinet saw him at Lyons. Portier seemed little satisfied by the purchases Martinet has been making for three years; to date Portier has spent 22,000 francs. He does not really need a gun and a pair of pistols. Martinet sends his respects to Fathers Jeanjean, (Maenhaut) and Rousselon.

V-4-k A.L.S. (French) 4pp. 8vo.
6


1840 Nov 3

(Purcell), Bishop J(ohn) B(aptist)
Cin(cinnati, Ohio)

To Bishop (Anthony) Blanc
New Orleans, L(ouisian)a

This letter is to be presented by Father (Thomas R.) Butler who goes to New Orleans to visit a brother. Butler has been engaged in organizing a numerous congregation since his arrival in the diocese and has incurred a debt of some $500 for which he can obtain funds only by begging. (Purcell) alludes to the matter so that should Butler speak of this subject, Blanc may know of its truth.

V-4-k A.L.S. 2pp. 4to.
2


1840 Nov 3

(Rosati), Joseph, Bishop of St. Louis
Rome, (Italy)

To Bishop Anthony Blanc
New Orleans, Louisiana

Since Father John Timon declines the appointment of Pope Gregory XVI to become (Rosati's) coadjutor, and the Sacred Congregation allows him to chose another in his place (Rosati) recommends Father (Peter) Richard Kenrick of Philadelphia, Father Peter Verhaegen, S.J. and Father Edward Purcell of Cincinnati. According to the decree of Propaganda of May 18, 1834, (Rosati) notifies Blanc and asks him to write to Propaganda and make his opinion of these priests known.

V-4-k L.S. (Latin) 2pp 4to.
5


1840 Nov 3

(Rosati), Joseph, Bishop of St. Louis
(Rome, Italy)

To Bishop John Baptist Purcell
of Cincinnati, Ohio

Since Father John Timon nominated by Pope Gregory XVI to the coadjutorship of St. Louis has declined the episcopal dignity he has requested the Sacred Congregation of the Propaganda to name another in his place. He has recommended as most suitable for the office, Father Richard Kenrick of Philadelphia, Father Peter Verhaegen, S.J., and Father Edward Purcell of Cincinnati. According to the decree of the Propaganda of May 18, 1834 he notifies Purcell of this and asks him to send his opinion of these men to Rome.

II-4-g L.S. 1p. 8vo. (Latin)
6


1840 Nov 3

Verhaegen, S.J., Father P(eter) J.
St. Louis, (Missouri)

To Bishop A(nthony) Blanc
New Orleans, L(ouisia)na

Verhaegen received Blanc's letter of October 10 yesterday. Father (Timothy) Conway has a brother at New Orleans who plans to return to Ireland. Verhaegen has given him permission to go down to see him before he leaves. Verhaegen can say only good things about Conway. Verhaegen has found no one to fit Father (Joseph) Soller's place; he hopes Soller may soon be returned to Blanc. Verhaegen hopes Father (Auguste) Jeanjean has recovered; to lose him would be difficult. Today is election day at St. Louis. The Missouri is solid as a rock. If the intelligence of the Missourians carries him over that of the states who oppose Van Buren he is certainly the man who merits the first place in the republic.

V-4-k A.L.S. (French) 2pp. 4to.
4


1840 Nov 4

Armengol, (C.M.), Father B(onaventure)
Assumption, (Louisiana)

To Bishop Ant(hony) Blanc
New Orleans, (Louisiana)

Armengol is uneasy because Father (P.J.) Doutreluingne, (C.M.) has not returned from his mission, he hopes he will arrive at the seminary this week. Everyone at the Seminary (of St. Vincent de Paul) has made the retreat and Armengol is well satisfied. The last son of Mrs. Aucoin, mother of three Religious of St. Claude (Carmelites) asks for admission into the seminary. The boy is 14 and of good character. Father (John) Chandy, (C.M.) has gathered a few trifles of fruit from the seminary to present to Blanc as an expression of affection.

V-4-k A.L.S. (French) 2pp. 4to.
6


1840 Nov 4

Chanche, Father John J., St. Mary's College,
Balt(imore, Maryland)

To Bishop (Anthony) Blanc
New Orleans, (Louisiana)

Chanche sends this by Mrs. Waggaman who leaves next Saturday. She has procured everything for an altar and hopes Blanc will sometimes let them have Mass. Mr. Waggaman is preparing to build a church big enough for the whole neighborhood. Meanwhile Mrs. Waggaman has prepared a large room in her house for services. Could not Father (Peter Vincent) Plunkett begin his ministry in a budding parish? The Archbishop told them that Father (Auguste) Jeanjean was very ill. They hope he is entirely recovered.

V-4-k A.L.S. (French) 3pp. 4to.
4


1840 Nov 6

Mix, James D.
(New Orleans, Louisiana)

To Bishop (Anthony) Blanc
(New Orleans, Louisiana)

Receipted bill for $60 for coal. Signed by W.A. Mix.

V-4-j Receipt S. 1p. 16mo.
2


1840 Nov (6)

O'Reily, Father M.D.
Vicksburg, Missis(sippi)

to Bishop A(nthony) Blanc
New Orleans, L(ouisian)a

The threats lately made by a claimant against this property are for the present withdrawn. The man of whom O'Reily purchased and the claimant have compounded and consequently O'Reily will not be interfered with. Several other claims can be proffered upon the same score if the allegations of the first claimant could be proved. The sum yet due would be sufficient to liquidate all other claims. He is not in such despondency as he was when he wrote last on the subject. He hopes Blanc will inform them as soon as he can when they may expect him. The Very Reverend Mr. Roussilon (Father Stephen Rousselon) is very attentive to his studies; he has furnished a bedroom in this house and they board out together. Roussilon has suffered a little from the American mode of cooking but is now well and presents his affectionate respects.
P.S. Blanc will do them a favor by bringing a supply of large and small wafers.

V-4-k A.L.S. 2pp. 4to.
3


1840 Nov 7

Conahan, Charles
Cincinnati, (Ohio)

To Bishop (Anthony) Blanc
New Orleans, (Louisiana)

There is a box of engravings to come to Blanc's port by some reverend gentlemen from France for Conahan's bookstore. They will probably leave the box at Blanc's residence and Conahan requested it to be forwarded by the "Ohio Belle."
P.S. He hopes Blanc received the books sent.

V-4-k A.L.S. 2pp. 4to.
1


1840 Nov 8

Folse, S., President of the Trustees
Thibodaux, (Louisiana)

to Bishop (Anthony Blanc)
New Orleans, L(ouisian)a

At a meeting held today at St. Joseph's rectory, Folse was asked to write to Blanc about their critical position. Today, Father (John) Audizio offered him resignation giving as the formal reason that he could not pay his assistant out of his own revenues and said that it was their duty to do so if they could. Their financial situation does not permit them to do so. They are already in debt and fear lawsuits. The cotton crop is almost nothing. Folse asks Blanc for himself and his fellow citizens to leave Audizio among them. They have been attached to him for a number of years. It is not that they do not appreciate the merits of the assistant; they believe him worthy of respect and praise. But they repeat their request for Audizio who has aided them since their childhood.

V-4-k A.L.S. (French) 3pp. 4to.
3


1840 Nov 9

Hérisson, A.
Mobile, (Alabama)

To Bishop (Anthony) De(!) Blanc
New Orleans, (Louisiana)

Hérisson received Blanc's letter with much joy. From now to the first of January he expects to receive a trunk from France. If Blanc receives one he is to let Hérisson know and he will come for it or give an address to which it can be sent. Last August 2 he mailed a letter for France and hopes to get a reply by the first of the year 1841. If Blanc received it Hérisson asks him to send it to James Washington Stewart, surveyor near Mobile.

V-4-k A.L.S. (French) 3pp. 4to.
2


(1840) Nov 9

Jouanneault, Father V.
Thibodaux, (Louisiana)

To Bishop (Anthony) Blanc
New Orleans, L(ouisian)a

Jouanneault has just mailed a letter to Blanc and now he must immediately write another. Father (John) Audizio no longer wishes to have Jouanneault as his assistant; he refuses to pay him for the two months he owes him. Jouanneault thinks Audizio fears a revelation of his faults.

V-4-k A.L.S. (French) 3pp. 4to.
2


1840 Nov 9

Jouanneault, Father V.
Thibodaux, (Louisiana)

To Bishop (Anthony) Blanc
New Orleans, L(ouisian)a

Jouanneault is entirely satisfied with the parish of Thibodaux in general. In spite of that he ardently desires to leave because of Father (John) Audizio who keeps saying he does not want an assistant. Is he not a martyr to be obliged to live with a person who, in order to make Jouanneault understand that his presence irks him, has left the presbytery and gone to live in the little house on his plantation. If not for that Jouanneault would be bringing before Blanc all the same complaints presented by his predecessor. Is there not some place where Jouanneault could earn his bread without bring under someone? He begs Blanc to help him.

V-4-k A.L.S. (French) 3pp. 4to.
2


1840 Nov 9

Jouanneault, Father V.
Thibodaux, (Louisiana)

To Bishop (Anthony) Blanc
New Orleans, L(ouisian)a

Now that he is a little composed he must explain at greater length what he talked of in his last letter. The only way he can excuse Father (John) Audizio is to say that if he does not lose his head all day long he does at least after an excess of strong liquor. This is a grave accusation but one which can be upheld by Father (Julian) Priour. Audizio never reads a prayer book or other book; marries people who are related without a dispensation. Since Jouanneault knows that a priest would be on the point of being suspended for that by the Archbishop of Baltimore, he supposes it would be the same in Blanc's diocese. Audizio calls Priour a thief, etc., and makes Jouanneault fear he does the same about him. Audizio confides his secrets only to his Negroes and opens his heart to old Rosalie. Jounneault thinks if Blanc could come immediately to Thibodaux or send someone, it would be the best way to get things on a better footing. Why should a man like that remain as pastor; must the parish fall into the state that it was before Priour's arrival? Blanc's heart will be torn but Jounneault must let him know. Jouanneault will remain at his post as long as possible while awaiting Blanc's decision.

V-4-h A.L.S. (French) 4pp. 4to.
3


1840 Nov 9

Rousselon, Father E(tienne)
Vicksburg, (Mississippi)

To Bishop A(nthony) Blanc
New Orleans, L(ouisian)a

For more than a fortnight Rousselon has heard nothing but English and he cannot yet attend a conversation. Father (M.D.) O'Reily is very good to him. It is very hard to accustom himself to the American manners of life. They are boarding in a good American family. The family is composed of Mr. Creery, an American from North Carolina; Mrs. Creery, born in Maryland; Mrs. Crumps, her sister, a good Catholic; Mr. Crump, a substantial Whig, who is an inspector on the railroad from Vicksburg to Jackson; Mr. Willson, brother of the two sisters; a boy of 12, son of Creery's first marriage. Rousselon wrote Blanc the first week of his arrival and O'Reily wrote last week. A letter bringing news of Blanc and Father Jeanjean would give him much pleasure. He sends regards to Fathers Jeanjean, Maenhaut and Fort.

V-4-k A.L.S. (English and French) 4pp. 4to.
7


1840 Nov 9

Tiblier, C.
New Orleans, (Louisiana)

To Father (John) Chandy, (C.M.)
(Assumption, Louisiana)

Receipted bill for $65.41 for cloth and materials. Signed by Dreyfour.

V-4-k A. Receipt S. (French) 1p. 4to.
2


1840 Nov 10

Amat, C.M., Father Thaddeus
Donaldsonville, (Louisiana)

To Bishop Anthony Blanc
New Orleans, L(ouisian)a

Amat has just seen the young Frenchman who wishes to marry a Negress. Amat thinks he intends to go to see Blanc at New Orleans. His name is Louis Marciacq.

V-4-k A.L.S. (French) 2pp. 8vo.
2


1840 Nov 10

Chabrat, Bishop Guy Ig(na)t(ius)
(Bardstown, Kentucky)

To Bishop (Anthony) Blanc
New Orleans, L(ouisian)a

The bearer of this, Father (Napoleon Joseph) Perché, is parish priest of Portland, near Louisville. His congregation, chiefly French lately come from Europe, are making great efforts to build a church and it is already far advanced. Some of them having influential friends in New Orleans have persuaded Perché to visit them. He is an excellent, zealous missionary. Chabrat recommends him to Blanc's charity as also Father (Ignatius A.) Reynolds who has been sent to the South to collect what is due to St. Joseph's college; his journey to Europe has wrought a great change in him for the better. Father Gelly of Nantes has informed Chabrat he has sent Blanc several articles for Bishop (Benedict Joseph) Flaget. Blanc is to forward them by the first safe occasion. Chabrat sends regards to Jeanjean.
P.S. Flaget is absent on a mission. Father (Stephen Theodore) Badin is at St. Thomas' but not well, having had an attack of palsy occasioned by a fall from his horse.

V-4-k A.L.S. 2pp. 4to.
6


1840 Nov 10

Lefebvre, R.A., and Company
New Orleans, (Louisiana)

To Mr. Vezian
(New Orleans, Louisiana)

Receipted bill for $14 for one barrel of wine; signed by C. Thauveau.

V-4-k A. Receipt S. (French) 1p. 16mo.
2


1840 Nov 10

Sage(?), M.
(New Orleans, Louisiana)

Receipt for 2 piastres from Mrs. (Jean) Casimir, widow, for salary.

V-4-k A. Receipt S. (French) 1p. 16mo.
1


1840 Nov 12

Soller, S.J., Father J(oseph)
Grand Coteau, (Louisiana)

To Bishop (Anthony) Blanc
New Orleans, (Louisiana)

Soller announces the sudden death of Father (Victor) Paillason, (S.J.); he died a little before 9 o'clock. It is a great loss for the College and the parish; he was beloved by all. Father (J.B.) Sautois, (S.J.) and his companions arrived day before yesterday. Their little College (of St. Charles) is going marvelously. They have several American Protestants. Two of them had been at Franklin College. Father (Victor) Jamey who was unjustly attacked by the professors of the above college suffered terrible blows. Victory has already been awarded him; his adversaries have vanished. Their case is about to appear in court; they are trying to reach a friendly arrangement. Soller learns with pleasure that Father (Auguste) Jeanjean is so much better. Blanc is to invite him to complete his recovery at Grand Coteau.

V-4-k A.L.S. (French) 4pp. 8vo.
7


1840 Nov 13

Armengol, (C.M.), Father B(onaventure)
Assumption, (Louisiana)

To Bishop Ant(hony) Blanc
New Orleans, (Louisiana)

Armengol wishes to explain his conduct in regard to the admission of Joseph Aucoin into the seminary. It seemed to Armengol that Blanc had said to admit him. Armengol has no right to admit any seminarian and does not want to usurp it. Armengol is sorry about Father (Auguste) Jeanjean's illness and also Father (Nicholas) Fort.

V-4-k A.L.S. (French) 2pp. 4to.
4


1840 Nov 14

(Rosati), Joseph, Bishop of St. Louis
Rome, (Italy)

To Father John Timon, (C.M.)
St. Mary's Seminary, Missouri

(Rosati) has received four of Timon's letters and already answered some. He will not leave Italy before May, then to Paris at their House. He has sent some money to Mr. Leduc for continuing the building of the Seminary and Trinity Church (St. Louis, Missouri). So far (Rosati) has received nothing except from the Association of Lyons and the Superior General; they must create resources at home. He has obtained a place in the College of Propaganda; if Mr. Murphy is in the same disposition Timon may send him or another. He must be a native of America and (Rosati's) diocese. Timon may confer with Father (Peter J.) Verhaegen, (S.J.). (Rosati) has been promised a marble altar by Mr. Masturyi at Naples for Trinity Church. It is very difficult to find Bullarium at Rome; what they are printing here is only its continuation. He will try to obtain some books from Propaganda for the Seminary in St. Louis and something for the Church. He has been received with the greatest kindness everywhere; the (Vincentians) have treated him with the greatest affection. He cannot describe what his countrymen of Sora have done for him. His brother and others of the family waited for his arrival at Rome three weeks; he went with them to Sora. At Veroli some clergymen took him in their carriage to the Cathedral. The next day he was received by the Trappists at Casamari. From Isola of Sora he was accompanied by the mayor and other officials and by canons of the Cathedral to Sora to the Cathedral. At his brother's house he found only three of those he had left when he went to America and in their place thirteen children of his brother and six of his sisters. He said Mass in every church and on Sunday assisted pontifically at High Mass. After two weeks he went to Naples where he found Father (Joseph Anthony) Lutz. After two weeks he returned to Sora. He returned to Rome at the end of October and brought with him one of his nephews about 20 years old who has since joined the Congregation at Monte Cavallo. Another of his nephews, his sister's son is studying philosophy there. They are daily expecting three other young clergymen from Sora who are to be received in the Congregation. The first audience (Rosati) received from the Pope (Gregory XVI) was at Castel Gandolfo; he spoke of the American Church in the most loving manner and read to (Rosati) the encyclical letter which was afterwards published. (Rosati) asked his blessings for all the Diocese, the clergy, the nuns, the Sisters of Charity. The Pope said he would speak of them in the Encyclical. (Rosati) had the second audience on November 4. He presented to the Pope the Indian biography; all have admired the progress which the arts have made in America. The Pope expressed his great satisfaction for (the American) Council, the letter written to the Archbishops of Cologne and Posen, the Pastoral letter to all the Faithful, etc. The decrees of the Provincial Council have been read with pleasure; they will soon receive the solemn approbation. (The Vincentians) here have heard with pleasure of their establishments in America. Father (Marcantonio) Durando, (C.M.) shows the greatest interest for them. By this time, (Rosati) supposes, the new colony of one priest, two subdeacons, and a clergyman and a Brother sent by Durando must be arrived. At Naples there are several who wish to go but the visitor seems unwilling.

V-4-k A.L.S. 4pp. 4to.
10


1840 Nov 15

L(ynch) A(nne) C.,
Providence, (Rhode Island)

To O(restes) A. Brownson
Boston, Mass(achusetts)

She received the Nantucket papers and the address to the working men. She says it should circulate through the Union, and if they don't maintain their rights when they know them, they deserve to be slaves. She can conceive of nothing more glorious than a revolution that should give all men the enjoyment of their rights, and equality. She has procured a copy of the Freeman's A.B.C. through a friend in N(ew) Y(ork). She would like an introduction from Brownson to the author, so she could meet him the next time she is in N(ew) Y(ork). Brownson and his cause has her sympathy and influence as far as it goes. Mrs. Whitman can probably be made into an active Democrat. She was delighted by the A.B.C. It has been a great misfortune that she has met so few women with whom she could have sympathy in the big affairs of life. Her intellect is much more at home with the other sex. The book she has proposed editing she will do at her own responsibility. She asks him to decide whether he will use the Poles' article. She reminds him to send her back her sermon and that it is her twenty-fifth birthday.

I-3-e A.L.S. 4pp. 8vo.
1


1840 Nov 17

Fisher, W(illia)m Logan
Clarks Ferry, Percy County, Pa.

To O(restes) A. Brownson
(Boston, Massachusetts)

Fisher had never heard Brownson's name until a volume of "Charles Elwood" fell into his hands. Then, just lately, he read Brownson's defense of the "Article on the Laboring Classes." He has long considered inequality of property the greatest moral evil; but he believes that the means by which Brownson proposes to remedy it is greater than the evil itself. He thinks it to be much more Utopian than Robert Owen's scheme. He finds nothing displeasing in Brownson's work but is surprised that he should identify important truths with Democracy, which truth may lead to, but not necessarily which leads to truth. He thinks that Brownson has mistaken the means for the end. One plan of reformation, which Brownson only touched upon, is the operation of the spirit of truth on individual minds. It may be doubted whether, in the present state of the world, food would result from the suppression of war or drunkenness by arbitrary means. They should try to ascertain how individual righteousness may best be prompted; so far as it is attained, the work is accomplished. (Written by) E. R. Fisher.

I-3-e A.L.S. 4pp. 8vo.
3


1840 Nov 17

(Hailandière), Bishop Celestin (de la)
Vincennes, (Indiana)

To Bishop (Anthony) Blanc
New Orleans, (Louisia)na

(Hailandière) received the 45 ordos; he has begun to say the Masses. Blanc congratulated him on getting rid of Father (James) O'Meara but alas, he is back with letters, he says, from the Archbishop and the Bishops of New York and Boston. He has begun again the sacrilegious exercise of his ministry. Several bishops have talked to him in vain; they are French and wish to destroy the Irish. Blanc ought to send Father (Auguste) Jeanjean to help (Hailandière). He regrets that several priests have left. He reproaches himself for contributing to preventing Father (Stanislaus A.) Bernier from going to Blanc. (Hailandière) knows a priest who would do marvelously with Blanc if he only knew a little more about the country. He is Father (Louis) Dufour and he is at Detroit and thinking of returning to France if he has not already done so. One of (Hailandière's) priests, Father (Maurice) Berel, a Eudist, like Father (John) Vabret, wants to go down South; he has been advised to seek a milder climate for the Winter. If he arrives and stays in (New Orleans), Blanc could use him.

V-4-k A.L.S. (French) 4pp. 4to.
7


1840 Nov 17

Walter, W.J.
Philadelphia, (Pennsylvania)

To Bishop (Anthony) Blanc
(New Orleans, Louisiana)

Blanc's favor of September 18 reached Walter by way of Baltimore. He repeats his acknowledgments of Blanc's interest in behalf of Walter and his family in disposing of his "Catholic Family Library." He has shipped 150 copies of Numbers 2 and 3 which he prays may find an equal sale to the "Memoir of Sir Thomas More" in order to relieve the wants of Mrs. Walter and her children; two of whom, Leocadia and Margaret, have been near death. Blanc knows Walter's connection with Mr. Martinez, one of whose last acts of his life was to send an order to draw on him for $400, a portion of last year's salary for Walter's services as his secretary which amounts to $2400. Urged by Father (A.) Lopez, (S.J.) of Georgetown College, Madame Martinez signed the bill of $400 and has received from Washington the balance of the $5000 paid her by Mexico out of which she was to pay Walter the $400 to enable Mrs. Walter and his children to join him in Philadelphia. Mr. Gras assures Walter that Madame Martinez was under the delusion that Walter had obtained the draft by wrong means. It was honestly earned by important services to Martinez and his country. To prove how just his claim is Walter has sent copies to Mr. Gras of Martinez's last letters which he will show Blanc.

V-4-k A.L.S. 4pp. 4to.
4


1840 Nov 18

Baines, H.
St. Francisville, (Louisiana)

To Bishop Anthony Blanc
New Orleans, (Louisiana)

Baines received Blanc's letter a few days ago and made inquiries at the Parish Judge's office. No person of the name of W(illi)m Terence McElroy died in this parish but James McElroy's will was opened on April 19, 1821 and John Swift was appointed executor. This estate has been a long time settled; should it be the estate Blanc alludes to Baines can procure a copy of the will. Baines' wife and daughter are gratified by Blanc's remembrance of them.

V-4-k A.L.S. 2pp. 4to.
4


1840 Nov 18

McGraw, D.H. and Edw(ar)d J. Elder
Natchez, (Mississippi)

to Bishop A(nthony) Blanc
New Orleans, L(ouisian)a

Past experience having taught them, as trustees of the Roman Catholic congregation at Natchez, that they will probably not be able to erect a church suitable to the wants of the city and vicinity, they have thought the object could be best accomplished by making a transfer of the real and personal property to the Bishop-Elect of Natchez as soon as they hear of his acceptance of the See. They ask Blanc to take on the office of trustee for their Bishop-Elect until his arrival. The amount of liabilities is now $1227.76 which they hope to liquidate in a very short time. They transmit to Blanc a copy of their proceedings on this subject (which follows).

V-4-k A.L.S. 4pp. 4to.
3


1840 Nov 23

Doogan, Father Robert
Alexandria, (Louisiana)

To Bishop (Anthony) Blanc
New Orleans, (Louisiana)

Having returned from a short mission Doogan briefly gives Blanc its results. He met with the kindest reception and success beyond expectation. The assembly was large; some came nearly twenty miles. They would build a small church if he would promise to visit them once a month. The place is about 16 northeast. Doogan baptized 26 on Tuesday and three the following morning before he started. Three Protestants made application for baptism; he left a catechism. Doogan's congregation in town is increasing daily and some are beginning to approach the sacraments. Mrs. (Louise) Biosset tells him that all the Protestant females attend every Sunday. The parish judge and lawyers and doctors have attended. A minister who advertised he would preach at the union church had only three Yankees. They have had no meeting of the trustees as yet as some were absent. They have returned but the district judge is on the circuit. He is an Irishman and Doogan expects him to be a warm friend of the Church. Doogan requires the Council of Trent and Challoner's Meditations which he asked for in the last letter. He is no judge of wine so asks Blanc to send some. Also, to allow Mr. Kelly to make a cassock for him. Blanc is to let him know if Father (Stephen) Rousselon has received his letter and if not to call at Mr. Rush's and get it. The vestments for which Mrs. Biosset wants the lace are black. His suit is rich but he would be glad if he had an old one on the mission.

V-4-k A.L.S. 4p. 4to.
4


1840 Nov 23

L(ynch), A(nne) C.,
Providence, (Rhode Island)

To O(restes) A. Brownson
Boston, Mass(achusetts)

She delayed writing because, as she was unable to leave town, she had intended to ask Brownson to her home for Thanksgiving. But again she must defer his long promised visit until another time. She would like to spend a day or two at his home, but it is just impossible at present. She approves his sagacity in selecting women for assistants in his reforms. She is writing this in haste as she is expecting some people to call for her. She is going to a lecture by Mr. Simmons. She is much pleased with him, and is in a fair way to catch the Shakespeare mania which she has never had, having read little of him. She thanks him for obliging her in several things, is much pleased with the utterance of Brownson's disciple at Columbus. She will return the paper to him soon.

I-3-e A.L.S. 3pp. 8vo.
1


1840 Nov 26

Schneider, C.
New Orleans, (Louisiana)

To Mr. Poursine
(New Orleans, Louisiana)

Receipted bill for 1 box sperm candles, $14.62.

V-4-k A. Receipt S. 1p. 16mo.
1


1840 Nov 27

Foster, Simeon
Cooper, ( ? )

To Benjamin H. Greene
Boston, Massachusetts

He has now obtained three dollars of Calais money which he encloses to Mr. Greene who stated that he would take Calais money. He wishes to inquire of (Orestes A.) Brownson if the Almighty qualified the children of men with capacities to become an independent laborer on his own capital. It is not necessary that there be those whose intellectual capacities are such as to make it their highest ambition to perform all the offices of society from the menial to the president? A mistake in the adaptation of the talents of mankind to the various pursuits of life, is the trouble. Our colleges have spoiled many who would be good cobblers and tailors; and many who are now tailors might, by proper development of their talents, shine in literature. If Brownson condescends to reply to these off-hand remarks, he will be greatly honored. He is a plebian by birth, education and choice. Whatever his intellectual powers, they are the result of the individuality that Brownson advocates. He is indebted to no seminary, having pursued an independent course, and acknowledges no authority save the Holy Writ.

I-3-e A.L.S. 2pp. Folio
1


1840 Nov 27

Francais, Father (N.)
Alexandria, (Louisiana)

To Bishop (Anthony) Blanc
New Orleans, L(ouisian)a

Francais arrived in Alexandria yesterday on horseback to pay a visit to Father (Robert) Doogan and to find out about the satisfaction of the people in his regard. From what he can learn from Mrs. Bierntal(?) it seems every one is delighted with him and Francais believes Doogan is the only priest who is suitable for this parish. Francais is very happy to have a confrere nearby as he is only 30 miles away. He no longer feels his infirmity; he has gone to all parts of his parish without bandages. The president of the trustees has not yet received Blanc's letter; Francais has received only two letters, Blanc's latest and the one he sent by Doogan. When Francais pressed the trustees to better his temporal situation all resigned except the president. Francais was obliged to call another meeting and two of those elected resigned immediately so he had to call a third meeting. Francais has bought a house near the church land, so not having the expenses of his lodging they can more easily build a church. He has already given First Communion to 47; has had catechism every Sunday. He bought the house with 60 arpents of land for $1050 payable in 3 installments so he cannot pay Blanc for a long time.
P.S. He sends his respects to Fathers Jeanjean and Rousselon. Doogan asks Rousselon to send him a pair of altar cruets with a tray and a small bell.

V-4-k A.L.S. (French) 3pp. 4to.
3


1840 Nov 27

Rapp, Peter
New Orleans, (Louisiana)

To Bishop (Anthony) Blanc
New Orleans, (Louisiana)

Rapp is sending Blanc a notebook containing the name of the persons who wish to have a pastor for this community. Besides the names on the list there are 7 or 8 who will do their part. The trustees promise the pastor that from March 16, 1841, the day the pews are rented, they will give him this rent except for 140 to 150 piastres which the church still owes; and that from the day he takes possession all collections will be reserved for paying for light and other expenses for the church. If Blanc can give them a pastor, they ask that the choice be Father (N.) Fort who is known by a large part of the people of the third municipality. Rapp has know him for 6 years; he found him not in rich houses but in the cottages of the sick.

V-4-k A.L.S. (French) 3pp. 4to.
2


1840 Nov 30

Lambruschini, Cardinal
Rome, Italy

to Father Brassac, V.G. of Cincinnati

Has received along with Brassac's letter of April 2, the copy of the work on the American antiquities sent by Bishop (John Baptist) Purcell. The cardinal asks Brassac to express to Purcell his sincere thanks for the honor and his felicitations on the fruits of Purcell's work in the Cincinnati diocese, and upon his assistants, including Brassac. He has given to the Pope the book addressed to him by Purcell, and the Holy Father has accepted the homage.

II-4-g L..S. 2pp. 8vo. (French)
1


1840 Nov 30

Poursine, Amedée
(New Orleans, Louisiana)

To (Bishop Anthony Blanc
New Orleans, Louisiana)

Receipted bill for $11.77 for postage from Oct. 1 to November 30. Signed by F.A. Poursine.

V-4-k Receipt S. (French) 1p. 16mo.
2


1840 Dec 1

Biossat, Louise
Alexandria, (Louisiana)

To Bishop Anthony Blanc
New Orleans, (Louisiana)

After many vain efforts, her hope is in Blanc. Her husband owes debts and it is impossible to pay them without borrowing money or making a great sacrifice. They would have to sell the house they occupy or a family of slaves which would cost them dearly as the Negro, who is a carpenter, brings in a piastres and a half a day. If Blanc could get 3000 piastres to loan them for a year or two, Mr. Biossat would give a mortgage on the slaves and the house. Suits have already been started against them. If Blanc can get this sum, Biossat will be able to continue his business and repay it little by little. Louise has not spoken of Father (Robert) Doogan, knowing the Father (N.) Francais has written to Blanc on this subject. Her daughter sends regards.

V-4-k A.L.S. (French) 3pp. 4to.
3


1840 Dec 1

Paris, Father (Augustus)
St. Mary's, Pine Bluff, Ark(ansas)

to Bishop (Anthony) Blanc
New Orleans, (Louisiana)

The Sisters (of Loretto) have just received a letter from Mr. Mollen threatening to bring them into court to pay the balance which they owe him. Last year some of the farmers who owed the Sisters went back on their promises. Paris asks Blanc to beg Mollen to wait a few months. Times are hard in Arkansas; the fathers of the children have not paid. Since Bishop (Joseph) Rosati could not furnish anything to the three priests of the mission, it falls entirely on the Sisters. Since Paris' return from New Orleans they have built two churches, one at Little Rock, the other at Post Arkansas. These churches will be finished in March. Sickness and decline of trade have taken many Catholics out of the state. Paris thinks the church at Post Arkansas will be entirely paid for by subscription. They have already given a good sum on the Little rock church; the rest will be paid by the sale of articles they brought from France. The sectarians pose great obstacles. The Sisters' house will be ready in January; that is the principal reason the preachers of Little rock are so excited. Paris' confrere, up to now, has remained at the convent and has gone out only to carry out his ministry at Little Rock. Paris has continued his trips over all the lower part of the state. He is just about spent, in 4 months he has had several dangerous sicknesses. If the Superiors would replace him he would leave the mission.

V-4-k A.L.S. (French) 3pp. 4to.
7


1840 Dec 1

Rapp, Peter
New Orleans, (Louisiana)

To Bishop (Anthony) Blanc
New Orleans, (Louisiana)

Blanc will find enclosed a copy of the resolution of the meeting of the trustees held November 30, 1840. He hopes it will please Blanc and if he succeeds, he himself will be especially obliged to Blanc, to have a priest. Rapp signs as president of the trustees of St. Vincent de Paul (Church).

A.L.S. (French)

Enclosure:

--------
1840 Nov 30

Viavant(?) Aug(us)tin
New Orleans, (Louisiana)

Meeting of November 30; present were Rapp, Giguel and L. de Feriet. Resolved that at the demand of the subscribers of the Church of St. Vincent de Paul asking for a priest, the president is authorized to ask the Bishop to send them Father N. Fort?) Lefort as pastor. They guarantee him 50 piastres a month up until March 16, 1841 when the pew rent is due which will be turned over to him and also the collections made by the president will be for the pastor for the support of the church.

A.L.S. (French)

V-4-k A.L.S. (French) 4pp. 4to.
3


(1840) Dec 2

Beauclerc, (Victor)
(New Orleans, Louisiana)

To Bishop (Anthony Blanc
New Orleans, Louisiana)

Beauclerc will be at Blanc's house tomorrow at 6; it will be a very happy moment.

V-4-k A.L.S. (French) 1p. 32mo.
1


1840 Dec 2

(Beauclerc, Victor)
New Orleans, (Louisiana)

To Bishop (Anthony Blanc
New Orleans, Louisiana)

A Frenchman with a rather well known name and high rank arrived in this country a short time ago as an adventurer. In the midst of mistakes often criminal, God gave him the grace to keep some religious sentiments in his heart. This is what brings him to (Blanc) today to confess his faults. He is known here as Beauclerc; (Blanc) is to let him know when he will hear him.

V-4-k A.L. (French) 2pp. 8vo.
1


1840 Dec 2

Rousselon, Father S(tephen)
Vicksburg, (Mississippi)

to Bishop A(nthony) Blanc
New Orleans, L(ouisia)na

He has waited in vain for a letter. Since the departure of Father )(John) Timon, (C.M.), Father (M.D.) Oreily has been sick and Rousselon not very well. Oreily is better now; he was unable to preach last Sunday so Rousselon did but he does not know if they understand him entirely. He is no more able to attend a conversation than the first time. He thinks Timon told Blanc of the Catholic congregation at Vicksburg. There are no less that 200 souls, all Irish but 2 or 3 American families, loving their priest but too poor to support him. One hundred or more attend Mass regularly, the men as numerous as the women. The church is on one of the several hills of Vicksburg; it was a family house. The ground floor is for the church, 32 feet wide by 44 feet long with 20 pews; they live on the second. $2000 has been paid; $1250 to be paid. Rousselon had finished this letter when Blanc's of November 23 arrived. Blanc can imagine how pleased he was; he has need of his encouragement. He would be more at rest if he knew that Father (Auguste) Jeanjean had recovered. Blanc must also be anxious and Rousselon cannot be the least bit of use to him, which afflicts him. Blanc also gave him surprising and sad news in the death of Father (Victor) Paillasson, (S.J.) and the loss to the missions of the East in the person of Bishop Taberd, two Lyonese. How are the Sisters of St. Claude (Carmelites)? Has Angelique gone? And Mrs. Landreau and the rosary? He hopes that, thanks to the winters, no one is still thinking of visiting(?) At Vicksburg. Oreily wrote to Blanc before Timon left for fear Blanc had not received his letter; he will ask the rest when Blanc comes. Rousselon believes that right now Blanc's visit will not be of great use; there are only 2 or 3 to confirm. Oreily is a little disgusted; he seems to want a place at New Orleans. Rousselon has told him that he absolutely must learn French. The fact is that he is almost 100 piastres in debt and does not know where to find it. Rousselon has offered as Blanc told him to, but Oreily refuses. Rousselon would like to make an observation about Father (Parodi, C.M.) Parodier if Blanc keeps him to preach at New Orleans: he is not always prudent and he is somewhat of a "brasseur"; this was his reputation in France.

V-4-k A.L.S. (French) 4pp. 4to.
9


1840 Dec 3

Fernandez, R(ufi)no
(New Orleans, Louisiana)

To The Estate of Felicité D'abat
New Orleans, (Louisiana)

Receipted bill for $25.62 for black percale and crepe furnished for the funeral of Felicité D'abat, a free Negress, widow of the late Jean Casimir; paid by Bishop Anthony Blanc, executor of the deceased's estate on February 2, 1841.

Receipt S. (French) 2pp. 4to.

Folded in the above:

--------
1840 Dec 3

(Louisiana), New Orleans, St. Louis Church
New Orleans, (Louisiana)

To The Estate of Felicité D'abat
(New Orleans, Louisiana)

No. 1 Bill for $136,50 for the funeral and burial of Felicité.

Bill (French) 1p. 4to.

No. 2 A copy of the bill from Fernandez.

--------
1840 Dec 2

Louisiana Advertiser
New Orleans, (Louisiana)

To Bishop (Anthony) Blanc
New Orleans, (Louisiana)

No. 3 Receipted bill for $6 for publishing a notice to claimants of the succession of D'Abat, 3 times. Signed by Louis P. Collins for Snithen(?) And Company.

Receipt S. 2pp. 32mo.

--------
1840 Dec 24

(L'Abeille) New Orleans Bee
(New Orleans, Louisiana)

To Bishop A(nthony) Blanc
(New Orleans, Louisiana)

No. 4 Receipt for $4 for notice to persons having any claims against Felicité's estate; signed for Bullet, Magne and Company by H.M. O'Driscoll.

A. Receipt S. 2pp. 32mo.

V-4-k A. Receipts and Bill S. (French and English)

7pp. 4to. and 32mo.
9


1840 Dec 4

Conahon, D.
Cincinnati, (Ohio)

To Bishop (Anthony) Blanc
(New Orleans, Louisiana)

A bill for $5.38 for 8 copies of the Poor Man's Catechism, bought of the Catholic Society. They have just received a large supply of all kinds of religious books from the Eastern cities. In next week's Telegraph there will be a list.

V-4-k A.L.S. 1p. 4to.
1


1840 Dec 6

Armengol, C.M., Father Bonaventure, St. Vincent Seminary
Assumption, (Louisiana)

To Bishop Anthony Blanc
New Orleans, (Louisiana)

Armengol presents James Tiernan to receive the order of subdeacon.

V-4-k A.L.S. (Latin) 1p. Folio
2


1840 Dec 7

Baines, H.
St. Francisville, (Louisiana)

to Bishop A(nthony) Blanc
New Orleans, (Louisiana)

There are many Catholics in this community who have long bee deprived of practicing the duties of the faith. The bearer, Father (Stephen?) Montgomery has been with them a short time and he has made a very favorable impression. If he were located here he would be of great service. Baines' wife and daughter send regards.

V-4-k A.L.S. 2pp. 4to.
3


1840 Dec 7

Smith, Jo(h)n
New Orleans, (Louisiana)

Bill of lading, $1.00 for one case of engravings shipped on the Norfolk by James Kelly to be delivered at Cincinnati to Archbishop (John Baptist) Purcell.

V-4-k Bill S. 1p. 4to.
2


1840 Dec 7

Timon, (C.M.), Father J(ohn)
Galveston, Texas

to Bishop A(nthony) Blanc
New Orleans, L(ouisian)a

They landed Saturday at 10. On Sunday they had a large congregation; a subscription was begun for building a church. About $800 is already subscribed; in about a week the building committee will begin providing materials and contract. Timon asks Blanc to mail the enclosed letters. He starts for Houston tomorrow.

V-4-k A.L.S. 2pp. 4to.
2


1840 Dec 8

Blanchard, Elmer and Company
New Orleans, Louisiana

to Bishop (Anthony) Blanc
(New Orleans, Louisiana)

Receipted bill for $2.70 for freight from Havre on the ship Andelle. Signed by Reyne(?).

V-4-k Receipt S. 1p. 16mo.
1


1840 Dec 8

Doogan, Father Robert
Alexandria, (Louisiana)

To Bishop (Anthony) Blanc
New Orleans, (Louisiana)

Doogan has just received Blanc's letter which informs him that Mr. Rush lost his on the boat. The sum was $20. The letter was for Father (Stephen) Rousselon requesting him to add $30 and get a draft on an Irish or English bank in the name of Father John McKenna of County Derry. The sum is for M'Davitt. As Doogan believes M'Davitt has already received it out of the $2000 from Mexico, he thinks it prudent to place it in M'Kenna's hands. Doogan would be glad to know if there is a vcessel for Tampico in port as he has a parcel of letters to send. Doogan is sorry to hear that Father (August) Jeanjean has not yet recovered; he hopes Blanc will not be deprived of so good a man. Judge Boué, principal man of the trustees, has returned; he is a fine man and Doogan anticipates something liberal will be done. The coat does not fit but he had so much need of one he commenced wearing it. Anthing he had to say about present circumstances was said in his last letter.

V-4-k A.L.S. 4pp. 4to.
7


1840 Dec 9

St. Aubin, Father F. C(harles) B(outelou) de
St. Martin, (Louisiana)

to Bishop Anthhony Blanc
New Orleans, (Louisiana)

St. Aubin is distressed by the delay of the death certificate for Father (Marcel) Borella which Blanc asked for in his letter of November 12. He believes Blanc will have received his reply since Blanc's last letter of November 26 which St. Aubin did not receive until yesterday at New Iberia where it had remained in the post office with three others addressed to him. Mr. De Valcourt, the postmaster, explained how this mistake came about. St. Aubin is a little less discouraged at St. Martin than he was in his other letter as the gentlemen to whom he wrote two letters have left him without a reply; he will await Blanc's orders about formal procedure. Having occasion to tell (A.) Dumartrait about this resolution, they invited St. Aubin to a meeting of the council held on October 15. These gentlemen told him that his zeal and the satisfaction he had given the corporation would not longer permit them to defer admitting him as pastor. These grand beautiful words were expressed by the presiden, Desparu (?) De Blanc. However, St. Aubin does not like his position at St. Martin; he does not know whether it is because of the bad reception he got or the desire he has always had for Bayou Lafourche. He does not like it at Attakapas. There is so little religion! However, the people in the country up above toward Pont-Br(e)aux are an exception they have zeal, their chapel is finished. St. Aubin will try to have Blanc come to bless it on his pastoral visit; he promised them he would ask Blanc. They will then ask for an assistant for St. Martin who could go two Sundays a month to say Mass at Pont-Br(e)aux. The trustees at St. Martin would be glad to see this. St. Aubin then could get rid of the chanter, Nicollas, who leads a scandalous life with a mulatress. St. Aubin is awaiting Blanc's visit to bring order out of this scandal. He has forbidden the chanter to answer him at Mass and has chosen a sacristan. The trustees understand that as soon as Blanc can send an assistant to St. Martin he will get the chanter's salary. If it is impossible for Blanc to grant this request Blanc is to tell St. Aubin how to send this man away. Would Blanc wish to authorize St. Aunin to bless the chapel at Pont-Br(e)aux, inviting Father (Julian) Priour and Father (Peter Francis) Beauprez to the ceremony or could St. Aubin say Mass in it while waiting for Blanc's visit. Priour enjoys New Iberia. St. Aubin is so well reconciled with Dr. Smith that Smith promised him a barrel of his good sugar yesterday; St. Aubin expressed his concern over Father Jeanjean's illness.

V-4-k A.L.S. (French) 3pp. 4to.
13


1840 Dec 9

Soller, S.J., Father J(oseph)
Grand Coteau, (Louisiana)

To Bishop (Anthony) Blanc
New Orleans, (Louisiana)

Madame (Elizabeth) Gali(t)zin, R.S.C.J. wants Father (Theodore) de Theux, (S.J.) to give a retreat at St. Michael; if he goes they will be seriously inconvenienced. Soller asks Blanc to give him permission to hear the confessions of the Ladies of the Sacred Heart and also the faculty of giving it others if necessary. He presents his respects to Father Jeanjean. The only one who can hear these confessions is de Theux. Perhaps it would be good to appoint Father (Victor) Jamey as extraordinary confessor.

V-4-k A.L.S. (French) 3pp. 4to.
4


1840 Dec 10

Whitney, S. and D.P.
New Orleans, (Louisiana)

To Father A(uguste) Jeanjean
(New Orleans, Louisiana)

Receipt for $5.99 for freight and primage on the ship Tallehasse. Signed by: G. Hofman(?). On the back is written: Ursuline Convent.

V-4-k Receipt S. 2pp. 16mo.
3


1840 Dec 11

Audizio, Father J(ohn)
Thibodeaux Ville, (Louisiana)

To Bishop A(nthony) Blanc
New Orleans, L(ouisian)a

It is impossible for him to remain any longer at La Fourche. His debts and other business oblige him to sell what little he has and retire from the parish. His auction will take place about January 15 and he will retire about the first of February.
P.S. He thanks Blanc for sending him a chalice.

V-4-k A.L.S. (French) 2pp. 4to.
2


1840 Dec 11

Brassac, Father H(ercu)le
Marvejols, (France)

To Bishoop Anthony Blanc
New Orleans, Louisiana

Blanc's letter of September 18 reached Brassac here where he is spending several weeks with his father and sister. He thanks Blanc for his approval of his plan of an ecclesiastical agency submitted to the Vicar General in a letter of July 30. The encouragement of Bishops (Michael) Portier and (Richard Pius) Miles led him to make the same proposition to all the bishops of the United States. He does not wish to make any profit but cannot do it on his own means. He will be at Blanc's service if he can do anything for him in Paris. He saw Father (Louis) Boué in Paris. Priests suitable for the missions are very scarce; he has sought several for Philadelphia and the dioceses of the West. He plans to stop at several seminaries on his way.
P.S. His regards to Fathers Jeanjean, Maenhaut, and others.

V-4-k A.L.S. (French) 4pp. 4to.
4


1840 Dec 12

(Beauclerc), Maria
Paris, (France)

To Bishop (Anthony Blanc
New Orleans, Louisiana)

Maria does not know (Blanc) but in the name of charity, she addresses him with confidence. She does not know whether he received her first letter. It told how a man, married 14 years and with 8 children became infatuated by a beautiful young woman he knew in London and went away with her, leaving two families in sorrow and dishonor. This man is Maria's husband and she has just learned from him that he is in New Orleans. The young woman's parents have also urged her to return to her duties and to Europe but she refuses. Maria believes that her husband could influence her and he writes that he is ready to make reparation. What stops him is that he does not know the fate of the young woman. For this reason Maria encloses a letter to her from one of her aunts in Paris. The young woman's Father and uncles have decided to assassinate Maria's husband. If she comes back the aunt says a room will be ready for her and she will find asylum and friendship. Maria asks (Blanc) to add his voice and prevent the crime and the murder. The young woman has credit and could arrange passage through the agent who forwards letters from her family. She is Protestant. Her husband's name is Mr. Beauclerc, Hotel d'Orleans.
P.S. If (Blanc) replies he is to address it in care of Mr. Ducros, Paris.

V-4-k A.L.S. (French) 4pp. 12mo.
3


1840 Dec 12

Martin, Father (John)
Pointe Coupée, (Louisiana)

To Bishop Anthony Blanc
New Orleans, (Louisiana)

Not having received any news of the Vicar General, Father (Auguste) Jeanjean Martin presumes his health is better. Martin's case was called at the last court but was not pleaded. His lawyer told him that the trustees seemed disposed to keep him as long as they can without giving him anything and that in order to avoid a second lawsuit it would be to Martin's advantage to give a second summons. And that they would have to pay Martin interest and pay the court costs which are already $94. His lawyer said that Charles Morgan had told him that he would pay $500 to continue the case as he saw that it was an injustice to Martin. Martin has been too busy to go to Avoyelles. He received two letters from Father (D.) Francais inviting him to come to see him. On the first Sunday of Advent, just as Martin was leaving, he received a letter asking him to be at the Church on Monday for a burial; a boy of Valerie Bergeron's wished to marry on the following Monday; at the wedding he learned that Alfred Fusilier had died from a fall from a horse. Martin went to Bayou Sarah to see Mrs. Smith who has been very ill. They told him that Father (C.P.) Mon(t)gomery had ministered to her and that he was at Mrs. Stall's and would leave at the end of the week. As Martin set out for Avoyelles, it began to rain; he has put off his trip until after Christmas. Since Martin's affair at Avoyelles in 1832 his enemies never tire of calumnies and lies to make him look odious in the eyes of the public. Mr. Stoa, then a representative and now a senator of New Orleans conceived a very bad idea of Martin. No one but Blanc can destroy this idea by explaining all that took place in the visit made by Bishop (Leo) de Neckere, accompanied by Blanc. The inhabitants of Fausse Riveère seeing that the church at Pointe Coupée was in need of bricks, some persons talked about it so much that the trustees decided to make repairs; perhaps the work will be done by Christmas. If Martin does not get to New Orleans in the first days of January it will be because of the marriage of the son of the late Francis Lebeau to Miss Z. Demorouelle, his cousin.

V-4-k A.L.S. (French) 4pp. 4to.
15


1840 Dec 13

L(ynch), A(nne) C.
Providence, (Rhode Island)

To O(restes) A. Brownson
Boston, Mass(achusetts)

She sends her congratulations to Mrs. Brownson on the recent addition to his family, she sends her particular regards to the young radical. She says the New Age she sent him is edited by a young man by the name of Congdon. She heard that there was a kind of colony formed of which Mr. Ripley was to be a member, and they have bought land in Roxbury. She was asked if Brownson was to join it. The R(hode) I(sland) book will be out this week and she will send him a copy. She fears that Brownson will accuse her of plagiarism in the preface where she speaks of political and spiritual freedom. She asks when she is to have the long promised sermon.

I--3-e A.L.S. 4pp. 8vo.
1


1840 Dec 14

Conahan, Charles
Cincinnati, (Ohio)

To Bishop (Anthony) Blanc
New Orleans, (Louisiana)

The books Blanc ordered on November 27 were sent per the "Amazon" on October 28 and must be in the store of the boat agents Walton and Cockayne. The balance were forwarded 8 or 10 days ago. Father (Hercule) Brassac did not mention by what vessel the engravings, etc. were being shipped. They were directed to Father Jeanjean. Ordering through a commission house in New Orleans will prevent delay.

V-4-k A.L.S. 2pp. 4pp.
2


1840 Dec 15

Amelia(?), Sister
Cayenne, (French Guiana)

To Father Guérres(?)
Paris, (France)

While waiting her turn to go to confession to Father Lafond she will write a few lines. As Lafond goes to Mana in two weeks they take the first; next week the Sisters of St. J(oseph?). She does not find in Lafond the simplicity of her dear Father Guérres(?) But they are very happy to have him. Father Philipe has already returned from Mana and Lafond does not want to remain in Mana. Mr Belliere they say is to go to Macourin. Madame Tiérce(?) Is displewased with her Father since Fifine got married. The little box of which she spoke in her first letter left for Cayenne with that letter. He will find in it a coat, a rochet, a napkin ring, three pairs of suspenders, (etc.). In the coat he will find a long letter. Her turn finally came; tomorrow (Lafond) will take the Sisters of St. J(oseph?). Afterwards he will leave for Mana for three months. Guérres will always live in her memory and that of her companions. She talked of (Sister?) St./ Paul and he advised her to do nothing. She hopes Guérres will put on some flesh now that he is leading the life of a Canon. She sends the respects of his daughters; they pray for him.
(P.S.) She asks Guérres to write. (Added to the Paris address is the note): Left for New Orleans.

V-4-k L.S. (French) 4pp. 4to.
1


1840 Dec 15

Doogan, Father R(obert)
Alexandria, (Louisiana)

To Bishop (Anthony) Blanc
New Orleans, (Louisiana)

Blanc's letter of the 4th reached Doogan yesterday. Doogan has an opportunity through Mr. Ryan, a young lawyer, of informing Blanc that he can find a tailor to make him a cassock. He asks Blanc to send some cloth. Judge Boué), one of the trustees is going to New Orleans.

V-4-k A.L.S. 2PP. 4TO.
3


1840 Dec 15

Verhaegen, S.J., Father P(eter) J.
St. Louis, (Missouri)

To Bishop A(nthony) Blanc
New Orleans, L(ouisian)a

Verhaegen would have written but he has been quite ill. He received the orders and stipends. The death of Father (Victor) Paillasson, (S.J.) caused Verhaegen much grief. He will be difficult to replace. One of their scholastics who was a prefect at the Univeristy died of consumption. Verhaegen has not forgotten the residence but does not know how to begin until they have more priests. He hopes Father (John) Timon, (C.M.) will help. Bishop (Joseph) Rosati sent an account of the welcome he received from His Holiness. Verhaegen gave it to Loras to read and asked him to share it with Blanc. They have lately received six young men from Belgium; they show promise. Their novitiate is well filled at present. In a year or two their colleges will provide youn professors and the old ones will be ready to work in the ministry. Sister (Francis) Xavier (Lane), (S.C.), Superior of the hospital, was buried yesterday. It is another great loss for St. Louis. Verhaegen is glad to hear that Father (Auguste) Jeanjean is fully recovered.
P.S. Verhaegen talked to Father (James) Vandevelde about the (John) Mullanphy will; he said that at present there is opposition on the part of the son who seems determined not to give in.

V-4-k A.L.S. (French) 2pp. 4to.
8


1840 Dec 16

Sauchon, E.
(New Orleans, Louisiana)

Bill for $3 for silverplating(?) a ciborium(?); delivered to Aimé Pavajou.

V-4-k A. Bill S. (French) 1p. 32mo.
1


1840 Dec 18

Cathokic Herald
New Orleans, (Louisiana)

To Father A(uguste) Jeanjean
(New Orleans, Louisiana)

Receipt for $3 for 12 months' subscription to the Catholic Herald; J.A. McKay signs as agent.

V-4-k Receipt S. 1p. 16mo.
2


1840 Dec 20

DeTheux, S.J., Father T(heodore)
St. Michael, (Louisiana)

To Bishop (Anthony) Blanc
New Orleans, Louisiana

De Theux has just received Blanc's letter of the 14th and thanks him for the faculties. As to the retreat for the Ursulines, he believes he should defer to Father (Joseph) Soller, (S.J.); Blanc is to read the enclosed and pass it along to Soller.

V-4-k A.L.S. (French) 2pp. 4to.
3


1840 Dec 20

L(ynch), A(nne) C.
Providence, (Rhode Island)

To O(restes) A. Brownson
Boston, Massachusetts

She cannot believe that Brownson wishes to see her again so soon. She asks would it not be possible to have a cousinship in some way, for cousins, you know, have a right to go as often and stay as long as they please. She requested Mr. Follen to send Brownson a book. She will be disappointed if Brownson cannot get one in time to notice it in the next Qu(arterly Review).

I-3-e A.L.S. 1p. 8vo.
1


1840 Dec 20

Van De Velde, S.J., Father J(ames)
St. Louis, (Missouri)

To Bishop A(nthony) Blanc
New Orleans, L(ouisian)a

Van De Velde [VanDeVelde] sent the death certificate of Father (J.F.) Chibeaux but he waited until Father (Peter) Verhaegen, (S.J.) had recovered to get his verification. They refused to verify it in court and they said that it was useless to send it to Jefferson. Chibeaux's effects are at the bishopric and VanDeVelde has the rest of the money Chibeaux had on him amounting to $129 and the receipts of the expenditures for him. Also a promissory note of Father (John) Timon, (C.M.) of August 13 for 4500 francs payable by Father (Jean- Baptiste) Etienne, (C.M.). There is also a watch and one or two gold snuffboxes. When Blanc hears from France he is to let VanDeVelde know what to do. All goes well here; Father (Timothy?) Conway has just arrived; they dined together today at the Cathedral. Regards to Fathers Jeanjean, Maenhaut, and D'hauw. (The letter is) care of Cha(rles)s H(uchet) Kernion, Louisiana Sugar Refining Company.

V-4-k A.L.S. (French) 2pp. 4to.
7


1840 Dec 21

Conrey, Peter
New Orleans, (Louisiana)

To Bishop (Anthony) Blanc
(New Orleans, Louisiana)

Conrey received Blanc's letter and has weighed well the arguments Blanc offers. He cannot feel it is his duty to swerve from his first decision and allow feeling to predominate over what he considers his line of instructions. He is but an agent of others. His feelings are directed in behalf of the unfortunate young lady who has placed herself in so an unpleasant a dilemma. All Conrey can do to effect a separation and convey the lady to France is to write to her friends and inform them of her wishes; then to place funds in her hands. He has only to abide by injunctions given him. He regrets he must disappoint Blanc's expectations.

V-4-k A.L.S. 4pp. 4to.
1


1840 Dec 21

Lesne, Father J(ames)
Mobile, (Alabama)

To Bishop (Anthony) Blanc
New Orleans, (Louisiana)

Blanc knows that for a long time Lesne has wished to leave this diocese. Last year he agreed to remain longer because the bishop needed a priest. Today that reason no longer exists since Father (Ferdinand Dominic) Bach and confreres arrived. Lesne asks again if Blanc can receive him and use him in his diocese. His temporal affairs are almost arranged; he will learn by experience.

V-4-k A.L.S. (French) 2pp. 4to.
2


1840 Dec 22

B(eauclerc, Victor), M(arqu)is(?) De
New Orleans, (Louisiana)

To Bishop (Anthony Blanc
New Orleans, Louisiana)

B(eauclerc) regrets that (Peter) Conrey is determined not to swerve from the instructions received from London. This is going to delay a separation which would be much better if it were more prompt. Miss de L. still cannot decide to return to her parents; she did not conceal this in her letter to her Father two months ago. They are awaiting a reply. In two weeks B(eauclerc) will know the result of steps he has taken to obtain employment. If the result is as he wishes, he will have the means to provide for Miss de L. the only asylum where she can find the example and encouragement to become worthy to return to her family. B(eauclerc)'s sole ambition is to be reconciled with God; he hopes (Blanc) will continue to help him.

V-4-k A.L.S. (French) 2pp. 16mo.
2


1840 Dec 22

(Eccleston), Archbishop Samuel
Baltimore, (Maryland)

To Bishop (Anthony) Blanc
New Orleans, L(ouisian)a

The bishops of this Province in the 1837 Council decided on the 4thSunday after Easter in 1840 for the next council but it was not called. They now appoint May 17th for the meeting; the 21 questions to be treated are submitted. (There are two copies of the covering letter, one unsigned).

V-4-k A.L.S. (Latin) 7pp. 4to.
1


1840 Dec 24

Ste. Thérèse, Sister(?)
(New Orleans, Louisiana)

To Father (Stephen) Rousselon
(New Orleans, Louisiana)

Receipted bill for $11.4 for 6 cinctures(?) And lining for a vestment.

V-4-k A. Receipted S. (French) 1p. 16mo.
1


1840 Dec 26

Lesne, Father J(ames)
Mobile, (Alabama)

To Bishop (Anthony) Blanc
New Orleans, (Louisiana)

Lesne wrote several days ago about his desire to leave this diocese. He asks Blanc to let him know if Blanc could use him; otherwise Lesne will look for another place. Lesne asks a favor for a marriage he is trying to rectify. The woman, lately arrived in the town, cannot give proof t hat she is not already married. Her name is Marie Ann Ross, 20 years old. Her brother Thomas Ross is a watchman at the Consolidated Bank of New Orleans and her cousin Mr. Lenert is cashier in the same bank; they can give information on her. Lesne asks Blanc to send a statement. The brother is opposed to the marriage and the young lady is dangerously ill. Lesne asks if he can accept Blanc's invitation given last year to come to see him and which he could not accept because of Bishop (Michael) Portier. Lesne has not yet talked to Portier but he may well think that since Lesne has remained so long against his will, that he cannot oppose his departure since he now has more priests than he can use.

V-4-k A.L.S. (French) 3pp. 4to.
5


1840 Dec 27

DeTheux, S.J., Father T(heodore)
St. Michael, (Louisiana)

To Bishop (Anthony) Blanc
New Orleans, L(ouisian)a

DeTheux received Blanc's letter of the 23rd on the 25th. Father (Pierre) Ladaviere, (S.J.) had already decided that all would be as Blanc wished so Blanc's letter put the seal on the hope DeTheux had that Father (Joseph) Soller, (S.J.) would approve of his conduct. He asks Blanc to let the Ursulines know that he will begin their retreat on New Year's.

V-4-k A.L.S. (French) 2pp. 4to.
4


1840 Dec 26

(Rosati), Joseph, Bishop of St. Louis
Rome, (Italy)

To Bishop Anthony Blanc
New Orleans, (Louisiana)

(Rosati) sends the letters of the election of Bishop (John Mary) Odin to Blanc because of the difficulties of the postal service and communication between the United States and Texas. The surest way would be to call Odin to New Orleans telling him that there is important business from Propaganda. He should be consecrated as soon as possible and go to Detroit. Blanc is to tell him that it is useless to refuse; it will only cause a delay which will be fatal to that poor diocese. Blanc is to get Bishop (Michael) Portier to help to persuade Odin. All the decrees of the Council have been approved; Bishop (John Joseph) Chanche, and Bishop (Richard Vincent) Whelan have also received their bulls. (Rosati) will not leave Rome until after Easter. Bishop (Richard Pius) Miles is still there but will leave after the holy days. (Rosati) saw Bishop (William) Clancy yesterday at the Pope's chapel of St. Peter.

V-4-k A.L.S. (French) 2pp. 4to.
7


1840 Dec 28

Cucullu, Lapeyre Company
(New Orleans, Louisiana)

To Mr. Vezian
(New Orleans, Louisiana)

Receipted bill for $54.79 for sugar and coffee for the bishop's house and a December 29 receipt for $40.66 for Mr. Fortier (this latter amount is crossed off on the bill. An added note): Postage $2.10 3/4.

V-4-k Receipt S. (French) 2pp. 12mo.
2


1840 Dec 28

Schneider, C.
New Orleans, (Louisiana)

To Mr. Poursine
(New Orleans, Louisiana)

Receipted bill for 1 box sperm candles, $14.95.

V-4-k A. Receipt S. 1p. 16mo.
1


1840 Dec 28

Soller, S.J., Father J(oseph)
Grand Coteau, (Louisiana)

To Bishop (Anthony) Blanc
New Orleans, (Louisiana)

Father (Theodore) de Theux, (S.J.) [DeTheux] writes that Blanc wants him to give a retreat to the Ursulines. Although he is needed at Grand Coteau Soller told de Theux to go. Soller sent his greetings for the next year to Blanc and to Father Jeanjean.

V-4-k A.L.S. (French) 2pp. 4to.
3


1840 Dec 29

Armengol, (C.M.), Father B(onaventure)
Assumption, (Louisiana)

To Bishop Ant(hony) Blanc
New Orleans, (Louisiana)

Their new arrivals are full of talent and piety; they are nearing the end of their theology. Would Blanc like to confer the diaconate on two and the sub-diaconate on a third? If Blanc came to St. Michael they could meet him there. (Charles M.) Menard does catechism very well and he preached for Christmas with universal approval. (Anthony) Andrieux does also. Their seminarians (of the Seminary of St. Vincent de Paul) are doing very well.

V-4-k A.L.S. (French) 2pp. 4to.
4


1840 Dec 29

Dupuy, Father Enn(emond)
Iberville, (Louisiana)

To Bishop Ant(hony) Blanc
New Orleans, L(ouisia)na

Yesterday Dupuy received Blanc's letter containing the obligation of George Doyle to the Sisters of Charity. Dupuy went to Plaquemine today to find out about it; it is good, and payable during the year of 1841. Dupuy gave it to Attorney Zenon Labaute for collection; he also has charge of collecting for the Ladies of the Sacred Heart of St. Michael, 3 or $400 against this same Doyle for his own daughter, Labaute said he was afraid the Ladies would lose almost $1000 by prescription. Dupuy is losing more than half of his fees. Almost no one wants to talk about dispensations; they shamelessly prescribe the most legitimate debts. He also wants to give over for collection the interest on the estate of Father (Paul de) St. Pierre; he has found no one willing to take it.

V-4-k A.L.S. (French) 2pp. 4to.
6


1840 Dec 29

Helsard, P.A.
New Orleans, (Louisiana)

To The President of the Catholic Association for the Help of Orphans
(New Orleans, Louisiana)

The executive committee wishes to call a special meeting for Sunday at 11:30 A.M. to submit an important communication. Helsard signs as chairman; Peter Rapp, Agi Rasch, and John Sharkey also sign.

V-4-k A.L.S. (French) 2pp. 4to.
1


1840 Dec 29

Pavageau, A(imé)
New Orleans, (Louisiana)

To (Bishop Anthony Blanc
New Orleans, Louisiana)

Receipted bill for $38.50 for work sone.

V-4-k A. Receipt S. (French) 1p. 16mo.
1


1840 Dec 31

Armengol, (C.M.), Father B(onaventure)
Assumption, (Louisiana)

To Bishop Ant(hony) Blanc
New Orleans, (Louisiana)

Armengol talked to Manuel Fernandez who asked him to tell Blanc that he could not do this favor because he needs his money to buy a beautiful house next door to his. Nothing new at the Seminary; everyone is well.

V-4-k A.L.S. (French) 2pp. 4to.
2


1840 Dec 31

Poursine, F.A.
(New Orleans, Louisiana)

To (Bishop Anthony Blanc
New Orleans, Louisiana)

Receipt for $14.101/2 for letters taken from the post office from December 1 to 31.

V-4-k A. Receipt S. (French) 1p. 16mo.
1