BLUE FOR THE UNION & GREEN FOR IRELAND
SOURCES AND NOTES|
INTRODUCTION AND ACKNOWLEDGEMENTS
Inquiries Relating to the Formation and Early Movements of Regiments, Companies, or Batteries of New York Volunteers . . . completed by Captain William H. Terwilliger, May 22, 1865, Muster Rolls & Loose Regimental Papers, 63rd New York Regiment Volunteers, Record Group 393, National Archives and Records Administration (hereafter cited as NARA), Washington, D.C.; Historical Notes on New York Volunteer Regiments, 1861-1865, entry for 63rd New York Regiment, Bureau of Military Statistics, New York State Archives and Records Administration, Albany, New York. The latter source explicitly states that the Second (Tiffany) Colors were not carried in the field during the war. For examples of the repetition of the statement about the brigade's regiments ‘wearing out three sets of colors during the war,' see New York Times, July 4, 1865, p. 8 and New York Tribune, July 6, 1865, p. 6.
I. THE FLAGS OF THE 63RD REGIMENT NEW YORK VOLUNTEERS, 1861-1865
Most of the sources for this chapter are reproduced in chapter IV (Historical Documents, 1861-1865). In addition: General Meagher's biography is based primarily on Robert G. Athearn, Thomas Francis Meagher: An Irish Revolutionary in America (Boulder: University of Colorado Press, 1949) and William L. Burton, Melting Pot Soldiers (Ames, Iowa: Iowa State University Press, 1988); the presentation of flags and guidons to the 69th, 88th, and 10th New York Regiments in November 1861 is described in New York Irish American, November 23, 1861, p. 2; the captures of Irish Brigade guidons are mentioned in New York Irish American, November 15, 1862, p. 2 and Frederick Phisterer, New York in the War of the Rebellion 1861 to 1865, third edition (Albany: D. R. Lyon Company, 1912), volume 1, p. 120; the existence of the 63rd New York's guidons is recorded in Phisterer, New York, vol. 1, p. 118; wartime New York City politics is discussed in Ernest A. McKay, The Civil War and New York City (Syracuse, New York: Syracuse University Press, 1990) and Iver Bernstein, The New York City Draft Riots: Their Significance for American Society and Politics in the Age of the Civil War (New York: Oxford University Press, 1990); the question of what flags led the three New York regiments at Gettysburg is touched on in a statement by Lieutenant Bernard S. O'Neill, 69th New York, August 1863, quoted in T. L. Murphy, Kelly's Heroes: The Irish Brigade at Gettysburg (Gettysburg, Pennsylvania: Farnsworth House Military Impressions, 1997), pp. 44-47, and in an unidentified newspaper story titled “Colors of the Sixty-Third,” 63rd New York Scrapbook/ Clippings File, New York State Military History Museum, Watervliet, N.Y.; one of the earliest mentions of Father Corby blessing the troops at Gettysburg appears in the New York Irish American, January 16, 1864, p. 1; and the career and works of the painter Thomas Waterman Wood are discussed in a booklet of the same name published by the Wood Art Gallery in Montpelier, Vermont, in 1972.
II. THE 63RD NEW YORK'S SECOND IRISH COLORS AT NOTRE DAME, 1896-1999
Most of the sources for this chapter are reproduced in chapter V (Historical Documents, 1892-1988). In addition, the movements of the Second Irish Colors about Notre Dame are compiled from the (Indianapolis) Catholic Columbian Record, September 26, 1913; South Bend (Indiana) News-Times, March 14, 1914; Notre Dame Scholastic, March 14, 1941; and interviews with past and present members of the Notre Dame community.
IV. HISTORICAL DOCUMENTS, 1861-1865
1861-1865 — FLAGS IN THE MILITARY SERVICE
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