sabbatum : sabbath.

sacculus : purse, little bag, little sack.

sacrificum : sacrifice.

sacrilegus : sacrilegious, impious.

saepe : sepe : often, frequently, repeatedly.

saepe : sepe : hedge, fence, enclosure, haye.

saepenumero : repeated, again and again.

saepius sepius : often, frequently, repeatedly.

saeta : hair.

saeta equina : horse-hair.

saevio : to rage, be furious, take violent action.

sal : salis : salt, wit.

salsus : salty, witty.

saltem : adv, at least

saltem : at least, at all events.

salus : health, safety, well-being, salvation / salutation.

saluto : to wish well, greet, visit, reverence, pay respect to.

salutor : visitor, caller.

salveo : to be well, be in good health.

salvus : safe, sound.

sanctifico : to sanctify, make holy.

sanctimonia : purity, charity, virtue, sanctity, sacredness.

sanctimonialis : nun, sister.

sanctus : holy, sacred, / saint.

Sanctus Egidius : St. Gilles.

Sanctus Eleutherius : St. Eligius.

Sanctus Rodoenus : St. Ouen.

sane : rationally, sensibly, really, indeed, to be sure.

sane : (adverb) rationally, soberly / really, indeed

sanitas : health, soundness of mend, sanity.

sano : to heal.

Santiago : st. james.

sanus : sound, healthy, sane.

sapiens : (subs.) a wise man, philosopher.

sapiens : wise, judicious.

sapienter : wisely, judiciously.

sapientia : wisdom.

sarcina : bundle, pack, burden, load.

satago : have one's hands full, have enough to do.

satago : to pay a creditor, satisfy a creditor.

satio : to satisfy, sate.

satis : enough, sufficient / sufficiently.

sato : to sow, plant.

satura : satire.

saturo : to fill, satisfy.

satus : origin, start, beginning / planting, sowing.

scaber : scabby, rough.

scabies : the itch, mange, a rash.

scaccarium : chessboard, game of chess.

Scaldus : Scheldt.

scamnum : bench, stool.

scaphium (sciphus : Herimann, cap. 24) pot, bowl, drinking vessel.

scapulare : sword-belt.

scapulus : the shoulder.

sceleratus : scelero : to pollute with guilt, with blood, etc.

scelestus : wicked, accurse, infamous, criminal.

scelus sceleris : crime, sin, evil deed, wickedness.

schola : school / elite troop of soldiers.

scientia : knowledge, science, skill.

scilicet : evidently, certainly, of course, no doubt, assuredly.

scilicet : rightly, it is just

scindo : to cut, rend, split/ divide, separate

scio : to know, understand.

scisco : investigate, ask, inquire/ vote, ordain, resolve.

scribo, scripsi scriptum : to write, compose.

scrinium : bookcase, case for papers.

scriptor : writer, author, scribe.

se astringo : to commit oneself to.

se gero : to conduct oneself, conduct, carry on.

se habere : to keep oneself.

secedo : to go apart, withdraw.

secerno secrevi secretum : to separate.

seco : secui : sectum : to cut, hurt, wound, amputate, divide, part.

seco : to settle (as to settle an argument).

secundum : (+ inf.), following, after, during, according to.

secundum : (adv.) after, behind.

secundum : accordingly, in an accordance with

secundus : second.

securis : axe, hatchet, battle-axe.

securus : safe, secure, free from care, unworried, unconcerned.

secus : non secus, haud secus: just so.

secus : otherwise, not so.

secus : wrongly, badly, not as one would wish.

secus + atque or quam : differently from, otherwise than.

secuutus : follower, pursuer.

sed : but/ and indeed, what is more.

sedeo sedi sessum : to sit.

seditio : dissension, quarrel, insurrection, mutiny, rising.

sedo : to settle, smooth, calm, allay.

seductor : seducer.

seges : wheatfield, wheat crop, field of wheat.

semel : a single time, for the first time, even once, once, ever.

semen-inis : seed, kin

semper : always, ever.

senectus : old age, dotage.

senex senis : old, aged, old man.

sensus : feeling, sense.

sententia : opinion, thought, way of thinking, meaning, purpose.

sentio : feel, perceive, experience, hold an opinion,

sentio : to judge, suppose, vote.

seorsum : apart, separately.

sepelio : to ruin, destroy, bury.

septem : seven.

sepulchrum :grave, tomb, sepulcher.

seputus : buried, sunk, immersed.

sequax : following, attending, pursuing.

sequor sequi secutus : to follow, trail.

serio : seriously.

serius : serious, grave, solemn.

sermo : discussion, talk, common talk, conversation, rumor.

sero : to sow, plant. Also, late, at a late hour.

servio : (+ dat.) to be a slave to, serve.

servitus : serviude, slavery.

servo : to watch over, keep, protect, observe, save, reserve.

servus : slave, serf.

sese : himself, herself, itself, =se

sesqui : one and a half times

sesquimellesimus : 1500th

sessio : sitting down, loitering, hanging around / chair, seat.

seu : conj : or if...,

severitas : severity, rigor, sternness, strictness.

si : if.

sibimet : to them themselves.

sic : so, thus / yes, that is so, that is right.

sicco : -are, to dry up, out

siccus : dry, thirsty/ sober, temperate.

Siclinium : Seclin.

sicut : as, just as, as it were, (+verb in subj.) just as if.

sidus : constellation, star.

signum : sign, seal, indication, sign/ mark / token.

silens : silent, still

silenti etc : the dead.

silentium : silence, stillness, quiet, repose, obscurity.

sileo : to be still, silent/ (+ acc.) be silent about / rest.

silex silicis (med. cilicis) : hard stone, sharp, rock, flint.

siligo : siliginis : wheat, wheat flour.

silva : woods, forest.

similis : -e like, similar, resembling

similis : similar, like, resembling.

similitudo : likeness, resemblance/ uniformity.

simplex : simple, unaffected.

simul : at once, at the same time, together.

simul : together

simul atque : as soon as.

simulatio : pretense,

sine : (+ abl.) without.

singularis : alone of its kind, solitary / machless, unique.

singularis : alone.

singulariter : adv, one by one, exceedingly, especialy

singuli : one each, one apiece, single, separate.

singultim : stammeringly.

singultus : sobbing, gasping, death rattle.

singulus : single, separate, one at a time, one each.

sino : allow, suffer, permit, let.

sinus : curve, fold, bend / pocket, lap / bay, gulf / inner feeling, secret heart.

siquidem : since, indeed

sis : (=si vis) if you wish, are willing, want, prefer

sis : (2nd person present subjunctive of sum) you may be.

sitio : to be thirsty.

sitis : thirst, dryness, drought, eager desire.

sive : conj, on the one hand, but if, if...or if.

sive seu : or if.

slowness, apathy, sluggishness.

socer : father in law.

socius : partner, comrade, associate, ally, fellow.

socius : sharing, associated, allied.

socius-i : m, companion

socus : plowshare

sodalitas : fellowship, companionship, secret society.

sol solis : sun.

soleo : to be accustomed, be used to.

solio : ? Herimann, cap. 28.

solitas : lonliness, solitude, being alone.

solito : to be accustomed, to have the habit of, the make a practice of.

solitudo : solitudinis : loneliness, solitude.

solitus : accustomed, usual, habitual, ordinary, customary.

solium : chair of state, throne / bath-tub.

sollers : clever, skillful.

sollicite : anxiously, worriedly.

sollicito : to stir up, incite, arouse.

sollicitudo : concern, anxiety, solicitude, worry.

sollicitudo : uneasiness, anxiety, disquiet, apprehension.

sollicitus : troubled, anxious, concerned, worried.

sollicitus : uneasy, worried, anxious, restless, agitated.

solum : (adv) alone, only.

solum : land, country, soil, ground/ bottom, floor, foundation.

solum : non solum ... sed etiam: not only ... but also.

solus : alone, only, the only.

solutio : loosening / payment / solution / explanation.

solvo : to loosen, untie, release, free, dissolve, break up.


somniculose : sleepily, drowsily.

somniculose : sleepily, drowsily

somniculosus : sleepy, drowsy

somniculosus : sleepy, drowsy

somnio : to dream /(+ acc.) to dream of, imagine foolishly.

somnio : to dream /+ acc.to imagine foolishly

somnium : dream, fancy, day-dream / foolishness, nonsense.

somnium : a dream, fancy / foolish nonesense

somnus : sleep.

sonitus : noise, sound.

sono : to make a noise / sing / celebrate/ (of words) to mean.

sophismata : falso conclusions, logical fallacies.

sopor : deep sleep.

sordeo : to be dirty, appear vile.

sordes : filth, meanness, stinginess.

sordesco : to become dirty.

sortitus : casting lots, deciding by lot.

spargo sparsi sparsum : scatter, strew, spread.

spatior : to stoll, walk around, take a walk, amble.

specialis : secret, confidential / initimate or special friend.

specialissimus : very strange, peculiar, individual.

specialitas : special friendship / peculiarity, special quality / speciality.

speciosus : beautiful, handsome, imposing / specious plausible.

spectaculum : spectacle, show.

specto : to look at, watch, see/ aim at, tend towards.

speculum : mirror.

specus : cave, cavern, grotto, den.

spensa : storehouse

spera : (n.pl.) hopes

sperno sprevi spretum : to scorn, despise, spurn.

spero : to hope for, hope.

spes : hope.

spiculum : sharp point, sting, spear, dart.

spiritus : breath, breathing / life / spirit.

spoliatio : plundering, looting, stripping, robbing.

spolio : to strip, plunder, despoil, rob, loot

spolium : spoils, plunder, booty.

sponte : willingly, of one's own accord, unaided.

St. Richarius : St. Riquier.

stabilis : firm, stable, steadfast.

stabilitas : firmness, stability, durability.

Stabulaus : Stavelot.

statim : adv, instantly, immediately

statim : firmly, steadfastly, on the spot, at once, immediately.

statua : statue, image.

statuo : to cause to stand, establish, place, set up.

statuo : to give a ruling, make an arrangment, decide.

statuo : to hold, to establish

status : stage.

stella : star.

sterilis : barren, useless, unproductive, vain/ + gen., deprived of.

stilla : a drop (of liquid).

stillicidium : dripping moisture, rainwater from the eaves.

stilus : a pike, pale / a stylus for writing / writing.

stipatio : a crowd of attendants, a following.

stipator : an attendant of a nobleman.

stipatores : following, retinue, attendants, bodguard.

stipes : log, stump, tree trunk, branch, post, club.

stipo : to compress / to press around, gather around / attend (a person).

stips : stipis : small coin, gift.

sto : steti : statum : to stand, stand still, stand firm.

stolidus : dull, obtuse, dull-witted, dumb.

stolide : stupidly.

strages : massacre, bloodbath, carnage / debris.

strenuus : brisk, active, vigorous/ turbulent, restive.

strues : piles, heaps, masses.

studio : (+ dat.) to study, pursue eagerly, be eager for.

studiose : eagerly.

studium : eagerness, zeal.

stultus : foolish / a fool.

suadeo : to recommend, advise (a person)

suasoria : persuasive discourse.

sub : (+ acc. or dat.) under, up under, close to, beneath, below.

subcribo : subscripsi : subscriptum : to write beneath, sign / prosecute, accuse.

subcriptio : subscription, signature / register.

subdo : subdidi : subditum : to subject to.

subiecto : to put down, to put under.

subito : adv. suddenly, unexpectedly.

subitus : sudden, unexpected.

subiungo : to yoke beneath, join, attach, subdue, subjugate.

subjectio : forgery, falsehood

subjungo : to join, yoke

subligo : to bind below, bind on.

sublime : on high, aloft.

sublimis : lofty, raised, elevated, sublime.

sublimitas : loftiness, height, elevation, sublimity.

subluceo : to gleam faintly, glimmer, glow.

subluo : to wash beneath /(rivers) flow beneath.

sublustris : faintly glimmering, faintly gleaming.

subnascor : to grow out of.

subnecto : to bind on beneath, to tie.

subnego : faintly deny, partially refuse.

subnixus subnisus : propped up, supported.

subnoto : to mark beneath, notice secretly, write underneath.

subnuba : a rival.

subnubilus : partly cloudy, somewhat cloudy.

subo : to be in heat.

subobscenus : risque, faintly obscene.

subobscurus : somewhat obscure.

subodiosus : rather unpleasant.

suboleo : (3 persons only) to give off a smell/ to make onself noticed.

suboles : shoot, sprout, offspring, progeny.

subolesco : to grow up, mature.

suborior : to arise in succession.

suborno : to furnish, equip, provide / instigate secretly, suborn.

subrepo surrepo : to creep up or crawl up from below.

subrideo subrisi subrisum : to smile.

subrigo, subrexi subrectum : to raise up, elevate.

subringor : to make a face.

subruo subruti subrutum : to undermine, overhtrow, destroy.

subseco : to cut away, pare.

subsentio : to notice secretly.

subsequens : P.A.P. of sequor, ensuing, following

subsequor : to follow after

subservio : to be subject to, comply with.

subsidarius : in reserve.

subsidium : reserve troops, auxiliary troops / support, help, assistance.

subsido : to crouch down, settle, sink, subside / stay remain / lie in ambush

subsilio : toleap up, spring up.

subsisto : to stand, withstand / stop, halt, cease / stay, remain.

substantia : substance, essence, means of subsistence, property.

substerno : to spread out beneath, lay under, set out, provide.

substo : to stand form.

substrictus : narrow, contracted, small.

substringo : to draw together, bind up.

substructio : base, foundation.

substruo : to build beneath, lay a foundation.

subsulto : to spring up, leap up.

subsum subesse : to be near, close at hand, be under, be subject.

subter supter : below, beneath, underneath.

subterfugio : to escape.

subterlabor : to glide away, flow under, slip away, escape.

subvenio : to come to the aid, succor, relieve, help, assist.

subvenio : to come up to aid, relieve.

subvertio : to destroy, overthrow

succedo : to approach, submit, etc. etc.

succendo : to kindle, set afire from below.

successio : succeeding, succession, descent, descendant.

succurro : to run up under / aid, assist, help.

sufficio : to be sufficient, suffice, be enough.

suffoco : to strangle, choke, suffocate.

suffragium : vote, franchise / approval support, aid, assistance.

suggero : to bring up, supply, provide, add, attach. place next.

sui : himself, herself, itself.

sulum : each, every.

sum fui futurus : to be, exist.

summa : the highest part / whole, sum.

summisse : humbly, softly, calmly, modestly.

summissus (from summitto) : let down, lowered, gentle, mild.

summitto : (se) to condescend, submit / raise, rear, make grow.

summitto : to send as help / to send secretly.

summitto : to let down, lower / subject, subordinate

summopere : very much, exceedingly.

sumo : to take, choose, obtain, buy./ take for granted, assume.

sumptus : expense, cost.

supellex supellectilis : furniture, apparatus, gear.

super : (adv.) over, above, besides, beyond, moreover, remaining.

super : (prep.) (+ abl.) over, above / concerning, about, besides.

superabundo-avi : to be very abundant

superbia : pride, arrogance.

superbus : overbearing, arrogant, haughty, proud.

superficies : surface, top.

superfluo : flow over, overflow, be superfluous.

superna : northeast by north wind.

superne : from above, above.

supernus : above, superior.

supero : to be above, have the upper hand, surpass, conquer, overcome.

superstes : survivor of another's death

supersum : to be superfluous, to remain.

superus superior supremus or summus : above, upper, high.

supervacuus : superfluous, unnecessary, extra :

supervenio : to arrive, come up, arrive unexpectedly.

suppellex suppellectilus : ornaments.

suppellex suppellectilus : household articles, furniture, goods.

supplanto : to trip up.

supplex : kneeling, entreating, suppliant.

supplicium : punishment.

suppono subpono : to put under, subject / put next to, add.

suppono subpono : to put in place of, substitute, forge.

supra : (+ acc.) above.

surculus : shoot, sprout.

surgo surrexi surrectum : to get up , arise.

sursum : upwards.

sursum deorsum : up and down.

suscipio : to raise up, maintain, support, accept, receive, undertake.

suscipio : take up, support, raise / accept / undertake, begin

suscitatio : -onis : f, rekindling, awakening

suscito : to stir up, arouse, excite.

suscriptor : the signer of a document.

susicivus : left over, to spare, extra, superfluous.

suspectus : suspected

suspendo suspendi suspensum : to suspend, hang.

suspicio : to look upward at, esteem, respect / to suspect.

suspiro : to sigh, draw a deep breath / long for, yearn after.

sustento : to maintain, sustain

sustineo : to hold up, sustain, endure.

sustituo : to put next, put under, put in place of.

suus sua suum : (refl. poss. adj.) his, her, its, their own.

synagoga : synagogue.